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Republic of the Philippines

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Region XII
Division of Sarangani
East Alabel District
ALABEL CENTRAL INTEGRATED SPED CENTER

STATISTICS
(Module I)

As Partial Fulfillment of
Requirements for the 4th Grading Period in Mathematics IV

Group

Republic of the Philippines


DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Region XII
Division of Sarangani
East Alabel District
ALABEL CENTRAL INTEGRATED SPED CENTER

Table of Contents:

1. Define statistics, sample, and population. -----------------------------------------------------

2. Give the history and importance of the study of statistics ---------------------------------

3. Use the rules of summation to find sums -----------------------------------------------------

4. Explain the different sampling techniques ----------------------------------------------------

5. Collect statistical data and organize in a table -----------------------------------------------

6. Construct frequency distribution tables ------------------------------------------------------

7. Find the measures of central tendency using ungrouped data --------------------------------

Mean ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Median ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Mode -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

What this module is


This module is designed for students in 4 th year students (RBEC). It
serves as a prerequisite. It will introduce the main ideas of statistical
inference emphasising the use of likelihood for estimation and testing. These
ideas are fundamental to the use of statistics in modern applications such as
mathematical finance, telecommunications, bioinformatics as well as more
traditional areas such as insurance, engineering and the social sciences.

What are you expected


This module is designed for you to:
1. Define statistics, sample, and population.
2. Give the history and importance of the study of statistics
3. Use the rules of summation to find sums
4. Explain the different sampling techniques
5. Collect statistical data and organize in a table
6. Construct frequency distribution tables
7. Find the measures of central tendency using ungrouped data
3

mean median mode

How much do

1. The science of statistics includes which of the following:


A.
Organizing data
B.
Presenting data
C.
Interpreting data
D.
All of the above
2. Which of the following statements is true regarding a population?
A.
It must be a large number of values
B.
It must refer to people
C.
It is a collection individuals, objects, or measurements
D.
None of the above
3.
A.
B.
C.
D.

The ordinal scale of measurement


Has a meaningful zero point
Is based on ranks
Cannot assume negative values
All of the above

4.
A.
B.
C.
D.

A qualitative variable
Always refers to a sample
Is not numeric
Has only two possible outcomes
All of the above are correct

5.
A.
B.
C.
D.

A nominal scale variable is


Usually the result of counting something
Has a meaningful zero point
May assume negative values
Cannot have more than two categories

6.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Which of the following are examples of continuous variables?


Birth weight of babies
Distance between tollbooths on the New Jersey Turnpike
Age of the CEOs of the Fortune 500 companies
All of the above

7. Which of the following statements is true regarding a sample?


A.
It is a part of population
B.
It must contain at least five observations
C.
It refers to descriptive statistics
D.
All of the above are correct
8.
A.
B.
C.
D.

In descriptive statistics our main objective is to


Describe the population
Describe the data we collected
Infer something about the population
Compute an average

9.
A.
B.
C.
D.

The ratio scale of measurement


Usually involves ranking
Cannot assume negative values
Has a meaningful zero point
Is usually based on counting

10.
A.
B.
C.
D.

A discrete variable is
An example of a qualitative variable
Can assume only whole number values
Can assume only certain clearly separated values
Cannot be negative

What will you do?

Lesson 1
Definition of Terms Related to Statistics
Statistics is the study of the collection, analysis, interpretation,
presentation, and organization of data. In applying statistics to, e.g., a
scientific, industrial, or societal problem, it is conventional to begin with a
statistical population or a statistical model process to be studied. Populations
can be diverse topics such as "all persons living in a country" or "every atom
composing a crystal". It deals with all aspects of data including the planning of
data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments.