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SFL/METU

Dept. of B.E
Intermediate Group
Grammar Revision

May - June 2011

Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.


1. Experiments __________ represent a giant step into the medicine of the future.
a) using gene therapy
c) they use
b) use gene therapy
d) gene therapy uses
2. People who reverse the letters of words __________ to read suffer from dyslexia.
a) when trying
c) when tried
b) if they tried
d) if the tries
3. Rubber __________ from vulcanized silicones with a high molecular weight is difficult to
distinguish from natural rubber.
a) is produced
c) that produces
b) producing
d) produced
4. __________ appears considerably larger at the horizon than it does overhead is merely in optical
illusion.
a) The Moon
c) When the Moon
b) That the Moon
d) The Moon which
5. According to the World Health Organization, __________ any of the six most dangerous diseases to
break out, it could be a cause for quarantine.
a) were
c) there were
b) they were
d) were they
6. Still a novelty in the late nineteenth century, __________ limited to the rich.
a) was it photography
c) it was photography
b) was photography
d) photography was
7. __________ sucked groundwater from below, some parts of the city have begun to sink as much as
ten inches annually.
a) Pumps have
c) So pumps have
b) As pumps have
d) With pumps
8. Case studies are the target of much skepticism in the scientific community, __________ used
extensively by numerous researchers.
a) they are
c) yet they
b) are
d) yet they are
9. Scientists are now beginning to conduct experiments on _____ trigger different sorts of health risks.
a) noise pollution can
c) how noise pollution
b) that noise pollution
d) how noise pollution can
10. The Apollo 11 astronauts __________ of the Earths inhabitants witnessed on the famous first
moonwalk on July 20, 1969, were Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin.
a) whom
c) were some
b) whom millions
d) whom some were
11. _______ will be carried in the next space shuttle payload has not yet been announced to the public.
a) It
c) When
b) What
d) That
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12. The same symptoms that occur __________ occur with cocaine.
a) amphetamines can
c) so amphetamines
b) with amphetamines can
d) with amphetamines they
13. __________ in the first draft of the budget will not necessarily be in the final draft.
a) Although it appears
c) What appears
b) It appears
d) Despite its appearance
14. __________ behind government secrecy for nearly half a century, the Hanford plant in central
Washington produced plutonium for the nuclear weapons of the Cold War.
a) It is hidden
c) Which is hidden
b) Hidden
d) The plant is hiding
15. __________ artifacts from the early Chinese dynasties, numerous archeologists have explored the
southern Silk Road.
a) They were searching for
c) Searched for
b) It was search for
d) Searching for
16. __________ in North American waterways less than a decade ago, zebra mussels have already
earned a nasty reputation for their expensive habit of clogging water pipes in the Great Lakes area.
a) The first sighting
c) Zebra mussels were first sighted
b) Although first sighted
d) First sighting
17. __________ a cheese shop has since grown into a small conglomerate consisting of a catering
business and two retail stores.
a) In the beginning of
c) Its beginning which was
b) It began as
d) What began as
18. __________, early approaches for coping with workplace stress dealt with the problem only after
its symptoms had appeared.
a) Although well intending
c) Although a good intention
b) Although it is a good intention
d) Although well intended
19. Rarely __________ located near city lights or at lower elevations.
a) observatories are
c) in the observatories
b) are
d) are observatories
20. Nowhere __________ more skewed than in the auto industry.
a) that retail trade figures
c) are retail trade figures
b) retail trade figures
d) retail trade figures
21. The economic background of labor legislation will not be mentioned in this course, ____ be treated.
a) trade unionism will not
c) nor will trade unionism
b) nor trade unionism will
d) neither trade unionism will
22. __________ test positive for antibiotics when tanker trucks arrive at a milk processing plant,
according to federal law, the entire truckload must be discarded.
a) Should milk
c) If milk is
b) If milk
d) Milk should
23. Located behind __________ the two lachrymal glands.
a) each eyelid is
c) each eyelid are
b) is each eyelid
d) each eyelid which is
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24. Only for a short period of time __________ run at top speed.
a) cheetahs
c) that a cheetah can
b) do cheetahs
d) can
25. __________ that Emily Dickinson wrote, 24 were given titles and 7 were published during her
lifetime.
a) Of the 1,800 poems
c) Because the 1,800 poems
b) There were 1,800 poems
d) The 1,800 poems
26. Individual differences in brain-wave activity may shed light on why some people are more prone to
emotional stress disorders __________.
a) that others are
c) others are
b) and others are
d) than are others
27. __________ squeezed, the orange juice in a one-cup serving provides twice the minimum daily
requirement for vitamin C.
a) It is freshly
c) You freshly
b) If freshly
d) If it freshly
28. __________ of economic cycles been helpful in predicting turning points in cycles, they would
have been used more consistently.
a) Psychological theories
c) Had psychological theories
b) Psychological theories have
d) Psychologists have theories
29. Truman Capotes In Cold Blood is neither journalistically accurate __________.
a) a piece of fiction
c) or written in a fictitious way
b) nor a fictitious work
d) nor completely fictitious
30. Vitamin C is necessary for the prevention and __________ of scurvy.
a) it cures
c) cure
b) cures
d) for curing
31. The fire __________ to have started in the furnace under the house.
a) is believed
c) they believe
b) that is believed
d) that they believe
32. One difference between mathematics and language is that mathematics is precise __________.
a) language is not
c) but language not
b) while language is not
d) while is language
33. When __________ on July 4, 1789, the federal tariff, intended by the Founding Fathers to be the
governments primary source of revenue, was remarkably evenhanded.
a) was first enacted
c) was enacted first
b) first enacted
d) it first
34. __________ inclined to push for such a reduction, it would probably not be successful.
a) The Office of Management
c) In the Office of Management
b) The Office of Management was
d) Were the Office of Management
35. __________ with about fifteen times its weight in air does gasoline allow the carburetor to run
smoothly.
a) It is mixed
c) When mixed
b) To mix it
d) Only when mixed
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36. Evidence suggests that one-quarter of operations __________ bypass surgery may be unnecessary.
a) they involve
c) involving
b) involve
d) which they involve
37. Sports medicine is a medical specialty that deals with the identification and treatment of injuries to
people __________.
a) sports are involved
c) they are involved in sports
b) involved in sports
d) sports involve them
38. Contrary to the beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church, __________ the door to female priests could
help solve many problems of Catholic patriarchy.
a) having opened
c) opening
b) after opening
d) after having opened
39. __________ by three bodyguards, the family checked in under the assumed surname of Jovanovic
at Belgrade airport.
a) Escorting
c) Having escorted
b) Escorted
d) Having been escorted
40. Until __________ incorrect, astronomers had assumed that the insides of white dwarfs were
uniform.
a) they
c) they have recently proven
b) their proof
d) recently proven
41. __________ all the money without restraint, the Argentine government is now more desperately out
of money than Russia or the Asians and does not have the dollars to back its pesos.
a) Having spent
c) Being spent
b) Spending
d) Having been spent
42. __________ to every conceivable torture and humiliation for years, the Israeli people were expected
__________ a more humanitarian policy.
a) Having been subjected / to have adopted c) Having subjected / adopting
b) Being subjected / to be adopted
d) After having subjected / for adopting
43. Id rather __________ home right after dinner at the restaurant last night but my friends insisted on
gong back to Johns apartment to listen to some music and talk.
a) come
c) have come
b) came
d) coming
44.

The operation Sue had last week __________ a major one, for they let her out of the hospital the
following day.
a) was not supposed to be
c) cant have been
b) shouldnt have been
d) neednt have been

45. The roads are treacherous this morning. In places, they are nothing but a sheet of ice. I __________
the bus to work this morning instead of driving my car. I thought Id never make it!
a) should have taken
c) had to take
b) could take
d) must have taken
46. Public discussion of our international and domestic problems __________ by members of
parliament who are actually interested only in re-election.
a) is being overpolitisized
c) overly politicizes
b) have overpolitisized
d) are overpolitisized
4

Our school sports were held last week, and the whole afternoon was a disaster. For a start, ___(47)___
people bothered to turn up, and there is nothing ___(48)___ trying to win a race with only three or four
people ___(49)___ you on. It rained all afternoon from the moment the first starting pistol was fired
___(50)___ the last medal was presented. I was in the high jump, which meant ___(51)___ up to do my
best jump and then landing on a pool of cold muddy water. It was...
47. a) very few
b) too many
c) enough
d) as few

48. a) as bad
b) the worst
c) worse than
d) so bad

50. a) by that time


b) meanwhile
c) at the time
d) until

51. a) running
b) to run
c) for running
d) run

49. a) cheer
b) cheering
c) cheered
d) were cheering

Last year I stayed for a few days in an old house in Scotland ___(52)___ famous for its ghost. I dont
really believe in ghosts, so Im not afraid of them, of course. When my host suggested that ___(53)___ up
all night to see their ghost, I simply laughed at them. Then they told me about the woman who haunted
their house. She appeared quite regularly, walking through the house as if she was searching for
something. I agreed to be on the watch that evening ___(54)___ it would mean sitting for hours in the
cold. I was expecting one of my friends to appear in a ghost costume, and so when the figure of a woman
finally came towards me, I pretended ___(55)___. You can imagine my surprise when ...
52. a) people said that
b) which was said to be
c) where it was said
d) to have said

53. a) us to stay
b) staying
c) our stay
d) we stay

54. a) consequently
b) since
c) although
d) nevertheless

55. a) to being terrified


b) to terrify
c) terrifying
d) to be terrified
The event that provided the impetus for a genuine international response to drug use in sport occurred
during the 1998 Tour de France. ___(56)___ performance enhancing drugs in the possession of some of
the teams and athletes in the race, the French police launched a thorough search and investigation. The
sight of athletes and others ___(57)___ to jail was a wake-up call of great significance. ___(58)___ with
the prospect that sports ___(59)___ criminalized, sport authorities raised the concern about doping.
___(60)___ advantage of this occasion, the IOC (International Olympic Committee) called for a World
Conference on Doping in Sport in 1999 and thus the World Anti-Drug Agency (WADA) ___(61)___ in
November 1999.
56. a) After they had been found
b) Having been found
c) Having found
d) They were found

57. a) to take
b) taking
c) to be taken
d) being taken

59. a) are becoming


b) to become
c) that they become
d) to have become

60. a) Having taken


b) Taken
c) Taking
d) Having been taken

58.

a) Faced
b) Facing
c) Having faced
d) After facing

61. a) founded
b) was founded
c) had founded
d) had to found

It was the sublime self-confidence that led Galileo, Columbus, Michelangelo, Magellan Copernicus and
Leonardo da Vinci ___(62)___ their immense discoveries. It is no coincidence that the Renaissance was
the only cultural period ___(63)___ itself its own name the Second Birth. During the Renaissance, all
the arts ___(64)___ a polish, sophisticated beauty and an intellectual edge which ___(65)___ invariably
fine. Of all forms of art, although soon ___(66)___ by the Baroque Era, which followed it, the music of
the Renaissance has a power and beauty that seem ___(67)___ one of he peaks of achievement in the last
1000 years.
62. a) make
b) to make
c) to have made
d) made

63. a) to have given


b) having been given
c) being given
d) to have been given

64. a) achieving
b) having achieved
c) achieved
d) had achieved

65. a) were
b) was
c) had been
d) having been

66. a) being forgotten


b) forgetting
c) having forgotten
d) forgotten

67. a) to remain
b) to have remained
c) remaining
d) having remained

On 9/11, suicide hijackers ___(68)___ more people that single day than the number of Americans who
died in the entire American Revolution or at Pearl Harbor. On that bright, sunny day, long before
Americans realized what ___(69)___, jetliners had already turned into guided missiles, ___(70)___ the
most iconic symbol of American capitalism, the WTC while bombing the nerve center of the US military
might, the Pentagon. ___(71)___ the attack carefully, the terrorists achieved a definite victory that day.
68. a) killed
b) had killed
c) were killed
d) had been killed

69. a) was going on


b) went on
c) had gone on
d) were going on

70. a) to be destroying
b) to destroy
c) to be destroyed
d) destroying

71. a) They had planned


b) Having planned
c) Having been planned
d) It had been planned
___(72a)___ in the hands of evildoers, ___(72b)___ cause countless tragedies. ___(73)___ the fact that
technology can be used against civilization, scientists are now unveiling the wonders of biotechnology,
___(74)___ will undoubtedly make ___(75)___ bacteria and viruses more accessible to doctors, business
and bio-terrorists. ___(76)___ has not happened yet, according to Bill Joy, Sun Microsystems chief
scientist. The more sophisticated our tools get, ___(77)___, especially when ___(78)___ against us.
72. a) Placed / high tech tools
b) Placing / high tech tools
c) Placed / terrorists
d) Placed / terrorists

73. a) Ignored
b) Having ignored
c) Ignoring
d) Being ignored

75. a) programming
b) programmable
c) program
d) being programmed

76. a) Those concerned


b) What concerns those in charge
c) Whoever it concerns
d) That concerns those in charge

77. a) the less dangerous they are 78. a) it is turned


b) the less complicated they are
b) turning
c) the more dangerous they are
c) being turned
d) the least dangerous they are
d) turned

74. a) which
b) that
c) it
d) of which

SFL/METU
Dept. of B.E
Intermediate Group
Grammar Revision

May - June 2011

ANSWER KEY
1. d

11. b

21. c

31. a

41. a

51. a

61. b

71. b

2. a

12. b

22. a

32. b

42. a

52. b

62. b

72. a

3. d

13. c

23. c

33. b

43. c

53. d

63. a

73. c

4. b

14. b

24. b

34. d

44. c

54. c

64. c

74. a

5. a

15. d

25. a

35. d

45. a

55. d

65. a

75. b

6. d

16. b

26. d

36. c

46. a

56. c

66. d

76. b

7. b

17. d

27. b

37. b

47. a

57. d

67. b

77. c

8. d

18. d

28. c

38. c

48. c

58. a

68. a

78. d

9. d

19. d

29. d

39. b

49. b

59. a

69. a

10. b

20. c

30. c

40. d

50. d

60. c

70. d

SFL/METU
Dept. of B.E
Intermediate Group
Grammar Revision

May - June 2011

ANSWER KEY
1. d

11. b

21. c

31. a

41. a

51. a

61. b

71. b

2. a

12. b

22. a

32. b

42. a

52. b

62. b

72. a

3. d

13. c

23. c

33. b

43. c

53. d

63. a

73. c

4. b

14. b

24. b

34. d

44. c

54. c

64. c

74. a

5. a

15. d

25. a

35. d

45. a

55. d

65. a

75. b

6. d

16. b

26. d

36. c

46. a

56. c

66. d

76. b

7. b

17. d

27. b

37. b

47. a

57. d

67. b

77. c

8. d

18. d

28. c

38. c

48. c

58. a

68. a

78. d

9. d

19. d

29. d

39. b

49. b

59. a

69. a

10. b

20. c

30. c

40. d

50. d

60. c

70. d