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Structural engineering

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Structural engineering deals with the making of complex systems like theInternational Space Station,
here seen from the departing Space ShuttleAtlantis.

Structural engineers investigating NASA's Mars-bound spacecraft, thePhoenix Mars Lander

Structural engineering design utilizes a number of simple structural elements to build complex structural systems. Structural engineers must ensure their designs satisfy given design criteria. Structural engineers are responsible for making creative and efficient use of funds.e. medical equipment. predicated on safety (i.The Eiffel Tower is a historical achievement of structural engineering. building sway must not cause discomfort to the occupants). Structural engineering is a field of engineering dealing with the analysis and design of structures that support or resist loads.[2] Contents [hide]  1 Structural Engineer (Professional)  2 History of Structural Engineering  3 Timeline  4 Specializations .[1] Structural engineers are most commonly involved in the design of buildings and large nonbuilding structures[2] but they can also be involved in the design of machinery. vehicles or any item where structural integrity affects the item's function or safety.e. structural elements and materials to achieve these goals. Structural engineering theory is based upon applied physical laws and empirical knowledge of the structural performance of different materials and geometries. structures must not collapse without due warning) or serviceability and performance (i.

ships or aircraft. they may be accredited (or licensed) as just structural engineers.[3] The aim of that association is to exchange knowledge and to advance the practice of structural engineering worldwide in the service of the profession and society.the master builder. Another international organisation is IABSE (International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering). or as civil engineers. building engineering. followed by a minimum of three years of professional practice before being considered fully qualified. A structural engineer will typically have a four or five year undergraduate degree. It became a more defined and formalised profession with the emergence of the architecture profession as distinct from the engineering profession during the industrial revolution in the late 19th century. pipeline engineering. Entry-level structural engineers may design the individual structural elements of a structure. 5 Structural elements  6 See also  7 References  8 External links  9 Further reading Structural Engineer (Professional)[edit] Main article: Structural Engineer Structural engineers are responsible for engineering design and analysis. History of Structural Engineering[edit] Main article: History of structural engineering . such as bridge engineering. for example the beams. or as both civil and structural engineers. the architect and the structural engineer were usually one and the same . the Institution of Structural Engineers in the UK). columns. such as a building. and floors of a building. Structural engineers often specialize in particular fields. Structural engineering has existed since humans first started to construct their own structures. Until then. industrial structures. The complexity of modern structures often requires a great deal of creativity from the engineer in order to ensure the structures support and resist the loads they are subjected to. Depending on the degree course they have studied and/or the jurisdiction they are seeking licensure in. and the structures that are available to resist them. Only with the development of specialised knowledge of structural theories that emerged during the 19th and early 20th centuries did the professional structural engineer come into existence. More experienced engineers may be responsible for the structural design and integrity of an entire system. The role of a structural engineer today involves a significant understanding of both static and dynamic loading. Structural engineers are licensed or accredited by different learned societies and regulatory bodies around the world (for example. or special mechanical structures such as vehicles.

E. The .C. which cannot be linearly increased in size in proportion to increased loads). it is important to note that the structural stability of the pyramid is not primarily a result of its shape. Pyramids were the most common major structures built by ancient civilizations because the structural form of a pyramid is inherently stable and can be almost infinitely scaled (as opposed to most other structural forms. when the step pyramid for Pharaoh Djoser was built by Imhotep.[4] However. Structural engineering dates back to 2700 B. the first engineer in history known by name. France.Pont du Gard. a Roman era aqueduct circa 19 BC.