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GCE

Chemistry

Data booklet

Edexcel Advanced Subsidiary GCE in Chemistry (8CH01)


Edexcel Advanced GCE in Chemistry (9CH01)
Issue 3
November 2008

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Acknowledgements
This specification has been produced by Edexcel on the basis of consultation with
teachers, examiners, consultants and other interested parties. Edexcel acknowledges
its indebtedness to all those who contributed their time and expertise to the
development of Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced GCE specifications.

Data from Nuffield Advanced Science Book of Data, Longman 1984


Reproduced by permission of the Nuffield Foundation

References to third-party material made in this specification are made in good


faith. Edexcel does not endorse, approve or accept responsibility for the content of
materials, which may be subject to change, or any opinions expressed therein.
(Material may include textbooks, journals, magazines and other publications and
websites.)

Authorised by Roger Beard


Prepared by Sarah Harrison
All the material in this publication is copyright
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Contents
Introduction

Selected Elements: Physical and Thermochemical Data

Infrared Spectroscopy

Correlation of infrared absorption wavenumbers with molecular structure


Infrared correlation table

5
6

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Ionization Energies

Atomic Radii and Pauling Electronegativities

10

Electron Affinities

11

Lattice Energies

12

Bond Lengths and Bond Energies

13

Standard Electrode Potentials

14

Standard Reduction Potentials

17

Equilibrium Constants for Acids and Bases in Aqueous Solution

18

Indicators

19

Organic Compounds: Physical and Thermochemical Data

20

Selected Inorganic Compounds: Physical and Thermochemical


Data

24

The Periodic Table of the Elements

30

Introduction
This data booklet is for use with the Edexcel GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) assessments for
units 4, 5 and 6.
Students will be provided with a clean copy of this data booklet for these assessments, which
should be kept under the same conditions as the assessment papers (examination papers and
internal assessment tasks).
Student may have a copy of this data booklet for their personal use in lessons and for
homework, to allow them to become familiar with how to use it.

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Selected Elements: Physical and Thermochemical Data


Z
St
A
Tm
Hb
S
Z

Element

1
2

Hydrogen
Helium

3
4
5
6

Lithium
Beryllium
Boron
Carbon
(graphite)
Carbon
(diamond)
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Fluorine
Neon

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
15

Atomic number
State under standard conditions
Molar mass of element (to one decimal place)
Melting temperature (at 1 atm)
Standard molar enthalpy change of vaporization at Tb
Standard molar entropy at 298 K

Sodium
Magnesium
Aluminium
Silicon
Phosphorus
(red)
Phosphorus
(white)

St

H
He

2
1

g
g

A
/g mol1
1.0
4.0

/g cm3
0.07 20 K
0.15 3 K

Li
Be
B
C

1
1
1
1

s
s
s
s

6.9
9.0
10.8
12.0

0.53
1.85
2.34
2.25

12.0

3.51

N
O
F
Ne

2
2
2
1

g
g
g
g

14.0
16.0
19.0
20.2

0.81
1.15
1.51
1.20

Na
Mg
Al
Si
P

1
1
1
1
4

s
s
s
s
s

23.0
24.3
27.0
28.1
31.0

31.0

Tb
Hm
Hat

Tm
/K
14
1 26 atm
454
1551
2573
3925 -70

Number of atoms per molecule (atomicity) at Tb


Density (at 298 K) or density of liquid at Tb for gases
Boiling temperature (at 1 atm)
Standard molar enthalpy change of fusion at Tm
Standard molar enthalpy change of atomization at 298 K
For this table, the mole applies to single atoms.
Tb
/K
20
4
1615
3243
2823
5100

Hm
/kJ mol1
0.06
0.02

sub

Hb
/kJ mol1
0.45
0.08

S
/J mol1 K1
65.3
126.0

Hat
/kJ mol1
218.0

3.02
12.50
22.18

134.68
294.60
538.90
716.70

29.1
9.5
5.9
5.7

159.4
324.3
562.7
716.7

>3823

5100

2.4

714.8

63
55
53
25

77
90
85
27

0.36
0.22
2.55
0.34

2.79
3.41
3.27
1.77

95.8
102.5
158.6
146.2

472.7
249.2
79.0

0.97
1.74
2.70
2.33
2.34

371
922
933
1683
863

1156
1380
2740
2628
473

2.60
8.95
10.67
46.44
4.71

89.04
128.66
293.72
376.80
30.10

51.2
32.7
28.3
18.8
22.8

107.3
147.7
326.4
455.6
332.2

1.82

317

553

0.63

41.1

314.6

77 K
90 K
85 K
27 K

43 atm

143 atm

12.40

sub

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Element

16

17
18

Sulfur
(rhombic)
Sulfur
(monoclinic)
Chlorine
Argon

19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
42
45
46
47
48
49

16

St

A
/g mol1
32.1

/g cm3
2.07

Tm
/K
386

Tb
/K

32.1

1.96

392

718

1.41

9.62

32.6

278.5

Cl
Ar

2
1

g
g

35.5
39.9

1.56
1.40

172
84

238
87

3.20
1.18

10.20
6.52

82.5
154.7

121.7

Potassium
Calcium
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Manganese
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel
Copper
Zinc
Gallium
Germanium
Arsenic
Selenium
Bromine
Krypton

K
Ca
Sc
Ti
V
Cr
Mn
Fe
Co
Ni
Cu
Zn
Ga
Ge
As
Se
Br
Kr

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
2
2
1

s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
l
g

39.1
40.1
45.0
47.9
50.9
52.0
54.9
55.8
58.9
58.7
63.5
65.4
69.7
72.6
74.9
79.0
79.9
83.8

0.86
1.54
2.99
4.50
5.96
7.20
7.20
7.86
8.90
8.90
8.92
7.14
5.90
5.35
5.73
4.81
3.12
2.15

336
1112
1814
1933
2163
2130
1517
1808
1768
1728
1356
693
303
1210
1090
490
266
116

1033
1757
3104
3560
3653
2943
2235
3023
3143
3003
2840
1180
2676
3103
886
958
332
121

2.32
8.66
16.11
15.48
17.57
13.81
14.64
15.36
15.23
17.61
13.05
7.38
5.59
31.80
27.61
5.44
5.27
1.64

77.53
149.95
304.80
428.86
458.57
348.78
219.74
351.04
382.42
371.83
304.60
115.31
256.06
334.30
129.70
26.32
15.00
9.03

64.2
41.4
34.6
30.6
28.9
23.8
32.0
27.3
30.0
29.9
33.2
41.6
40.9
31.1
35.1
42.4
174.9
164.0

89.2
178.2
377.8
469.9
514.2
396.6
280.7
416.3
424.7
429.7
338.3
130.7
277.0
376.6
302.5
227.1
111.9

Rubidium
Strontium
Molybdenum
Rhodium
Palladium
Silver
Cadmium
Indium

Rb
Sr
Mo
Rh
Pd
Ag
Cd
In

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s

85.5
87.6
95.9
102.9
106.4
107.9
112.4
114.8

1.53
2.60
10.20
12.40
12.02
10.50
8.64
7.30

69.20
138.91
594.13
495.39
393.30
255.06
99.87
226.35

76.8
52.3
28.7
31.5
37.6
42.6
51.8
57.8

80.9
164.4
658.1
556.9
378.2
284.6
112.0
243.3

238 K
87 K

293 K
121 K

312
1042
2883
2239
1827
1235
594
429

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

28 atm

959
1657
5833
4000
3243
2485
1038
2353

Hm
/kJ mol1

sub

2.34
9.20
27.61
21.76
16.74
11.30
6.07
3.26

36 atm

Hb
/kJ mol1

S
/J mol1 K1
31.8

Hat
/kJ mol1
278.8

Element

50
50
51
52
53
54

Tin (white)
Tin (grey)
Antimony
Tellurium
Iodine
Xenon

55
56
57
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
94

St

Sn
Sn
Sb
Te
I
Xe

1
1
4
2
2
1

s
s
s
s
s
g

A
/g mol1
118.7
118.7
121.8
127.6
126.9
131.3

Caesium
Barium
Lanthanum
Tungsten
Rhenium
Osmium
Iridium
Platinum
Gold
Mercury
Thallium
Lead
Bismuth
Polonium
Astatine
Radon

Cs
Ba
La
W
Re
Os
Ir
Pt
Au
Hg
Tl
Pb
Bi
Po
At
Rn

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1

s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
l
s
s
s
s
s
g

132.9
137.3
138.9
183.8
186.2
190.2
192.2
195.1
197.0
200.6
204.4
207.2
(209)
(210)
(210)
(222)

1.88
3.51
6.14
19.35
20.53
22.48
22.42
21.45
18.88
13.59
11.85
11.34
9.80
9.40

4.40

Francium
Radium
Actinium
Thorium
Protactinium
Uranium
Plutonium ()

Fr
Ra
Ac
Th
Pa
U
Pu

1
1

s
s
s
s
s
s
s

(223)
(226)
(227)
232
(231)
238
(242)

5.00
10.07
11.70
15.37
19.05
19.84

1
1
1
1

/g cm3
7.28
5.75
6.68
6.00
4.93
3.52 164 K

211 K

Tm
/K
505
505
904
723
387
161

Tb
/K
2533
2543
2023
1263
457
166

302
998
1194
3683
3453
2973
2683
2045
1337
234
577
601
544
527
575
202
300
973
1323
2023
<1870
1405
914

Hm
/kJ mol1
7.20

19.83
17.49
7.89
2.30

Hb
/kJ mol1
290.37

67.91
50.63
20.85
12.64

942
1913
3730
5933
5900
>5570
4403
4100
3353
630
1730
2013
1833
1235
610
211

2.13
7.66
11.30
35.22
33.05
29.29
26.36
19.66
12.36
2.30
4.27
4.77
10.88
12.55
11.92
2.90

65.90
150.92
399.57
799.14
707.10
627.60
563.58
510.45
324.43
59.15
162.09
179.41
151.50
60.20
45.20
16.40

85.2
62.8
56.9
32.6
36.9
32.6
35.5
41.6
47.4
76.0
64.2
64.8
56.7
62.8
60.7
176.1

76.1
180.0
431.0
849.4
769.9
790.8
655.2
565.3
366.1
61.3
182.2
195.0
207.1
144.1
90.4

950
<1410
3473
5060
4300
4091
3505

2.09
8.37
14.23
15.65
14.64
15.48
2.09

63.60
136.82
397.5
543.92
460.2
422.60
317.10

95.4
71.1
56.5
53.4
51.9
50.2

72.8
161.9
405.9
598.3
606.7
535.6

S
/J mol1 K1
51.5
44.1
45.7
49.7
180.7
169.6

Hat
/kJ mol1
302.1
304.2
262.3
196.7
106.8

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Infrared Spectroscopy
Correlation of infrared absorption wavenumbers with molecular structure
Intensity: w weak absorption; m medium absorption; s strong absorption;
v variable intensity of absorption; sh sharp absorption; b broad absorption.
Group
CH stretching vibrations
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Arene
Aldehyde

Intensity

Wavenumber range/cm-1

m-s
m
s
v
w and w

2962-2853
3095-3010
3300
3030
2900-2820 and 2775-2700

CH bending variations
Alkane
Arene
5 adjacent hydrogen
4 adjacent hydrogen
3 adjacent hydrogen
2 adjacent hydrogen
1 adjacent hydrogen

v
v, s and v, s
v, s
v, m
v, m
v, m

1485-1365
750 and 700
750
780
830
880

NH stretching vibrations
Amine
Amide

m
m

3500-3300
3500-3140

OH stretching vibrations
Alcohols and phenols
Carboxylic acids

v, b
w

3750-3200
3300-2500

CO stretching vibrations
Esters
methanoates
ethanoates
propanoates
benzoates

s
s
s
s and s

1200-1180
1250-1230
1200-1150
1310-1250 and 1150-1100

Carbon-halogen stretching vibrations


CF
CCl
CBr
CI

s
s
s
s

1400-1000
800-600
600-500
about 500

C=C stretching vibrations


Isolated alkene
Arene

v
v, m, v, m

1669-1645
1600, 1580, 1500, 1450

C=O stretching vibrations


Aldehydes, saturated alkyl
Ketones, aryl, alkyl

s
s

1740-1720
1700-1680

atoms
atoms
atoms
atoms
atoms

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Group
Carboxylic acids

alkyl
aryl
Carboxylic acid anhydrides
Acyl halides
chlorides
bromides
Esters, saturated
Amides

Intensity
s
s
s and s
s
s
s
s

Wavenumber range/cm-1
1725-1700
1700-1680
1850-1800 and 1790-1740
1795
1810
1750-1735
1700-1630

Triple bond stretching vibrations


CN
CC

m
v

2260-2215
2260-2100

Infrared correlation table


Wavenumber range/cm-1
3750-3200
3500-3300
3500-3140
3300
3095-3010
3030
2962-2853
2900-2820
2775-2700
3300-2500
2260-2215
2260-2100
1850-1800
1810
1790-1740
1795
1750-1735
1740-1720
1730-1717
1725-1700
1700-1680
1700-1630
1669-1645
1600, 1580, 1500 and 1450
1485-1365
1400-1000
1310-1250
1250-1230
1200-1180
1200-1150
1150-1100
880-700
800-600
600-500
About 500
6

Group
Alcohols and phenols
Amine
Amide
Alkyne
Alkene
Arene
Alkane
Aldehyde
Aldehyde
Carboxylic acid
CN
CC
Carboxylic acid anhydride
Acyl bromide
Carboxylic acid anhydride
Acyl chloride
Ester
Aldehyde
Aryl ester
Carboxylic acid
Aryl and alkyl ketones, aryl carboxylic acid
Amides
Alkene
Arene
Alkane
Fluoroalkane
Benzoate
Ethanoate
Methanoate
Propanoate
Benzoate
Arene
Chloroalkane
Bromoalkane
Iodoalkane

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance


CH3OH

3.39
HCC=C
alkenes
arenes

ethene

5.28

benzene

7.27

propanone

2.10
HCN
amine
amide

CONH
amide

COOH
carboxylic acid

ArNH
phenylamines

CNH
amine

HCC=O
aldehyde
ketone
ester
amide
acid

ArOH
phenol

TMS
HCO
alcohol
ether
ester
OH
alcohol

ArH
arene ring

O
C H
aldehyde

12.0

11.0

10.0

9.0

8.0

7.0

HC=C
alkene

6.0

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

HC halogen
halogenoalkane
R2CHF>R2CHCl>
R2CHBr>R2CHI

5.0

4.0

3.0

Chemical shifts for


hydrogen relative to
TMS
(tetramethylsilane)

HCC
alkane
R3CH>R2CH2>
RCH3

2.0

1.0

0.0

/ppm for TMS

Ionization Energies
-

Z
1 H
2 He

j=1
1312
2372

2
5251

Emj/kJ mol 1
6
7

10

11

12

13

14

189371
201276
50512
54074
54483
57119
59654

222313
235211
59037
62876
63364
66201

257928
271807
68232
72342
72920

60701

68896

75950

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Li
Be
B
C
N
O
F
Ne

520
900
801
1086
1402
1314
1681
2081

7298
1757
2427
2353
2856
3388
3374
3952

11815
14849
3660
4621
4578
5301
6051
6122

21007
25026
6223
7475
7469
8408
9370

32828
37832
9445
10989
11022
12177

47278
53268
13327
15164
15239

64362
71337
17868
19999

84080
92040
23069

106437
115382

131435

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

Na
Mg
Al
Si
P
S
Cl
Ar

496
738
578
789
1012
1000
1251
1521

4563
1451
1817
1577
1903
2251
2297
2666

6913
7733
2745
3232
2912
3361
3822
3931

9544
10541
11578
4356
4957
4564
5158
5771

13352
13629
14831
16091
6274
7012
6542
7238

16611
17995
18378
19785
21269
8496
9362
8781

20115
21704
23296
23787
25398
27107
11018
11996

25491
25657
27460
29253
29855
31671
33606
13842

28934
31644
31862
33878
35868
36579
38601
40761

141367
35463
38458
38734
40960
43140
43963
46188

159079
169996
42655
45935
46274
48706
51068
52003

19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29

K
Ca
Sc
Ti
V
Cr
Mn
Fe
Co
Ni
Cu

419
590
631
658
650
653
717
759
758
737
746

3051
1145
1235
1310
1414
1592
1509
1561
1646
1753
1958

4412
4912
2389
2653
2828
2987
3249
2958
3232
3394
3554

5877
6474
7089
4175
4507
4740
4940
5290
4950
5300
5330

7975
8144
8844
9573
6294
6686
6985
7236
7671
7285
7709

9649
10496
10720
11517
12362
8738
9200
9600
9840
10400
9940

11343
12320
13320
13586
14490
15540
11508
12100
12400
12800
13400

14942
14207
15313
16259
16760
17822
18956
14576
15100
15600
16000

16964
18192
17370
18640
19860
20200
21400
22679
17960
18600
19200

48577
20385
21741
20833
22240
23580
23960
25290
26600
21660
22400

54433
57050
24106
25592
24609
26130
27600
28020
29400
30990
25700

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Z
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

Zn
Ga
Ge
As
Se
Br
Kr

j=1
906
579
762
947
941
1140
1315

2
1733
1979
1537
1798
2045
2100
2368

3
3833
2963
3302
2736
2974
3500
3565

4
5730
6200
4411
4837
4144
4560
5070

5
7970

Emj/kJ mol 1
6
7
8
10400 12900 16800

9021
6043
6590
5760
6243

12312
7883
8549
7574

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54

Rb
Sr
Y
Zr
Nb
Mo
Tc
Ru
Rh
Pd
Ag
Cd
In
Sn
Sb
Te
I
Xe

403
550
616
660
664
685
702
711
720
805
731
868
558
709
834
869
1008
1170

2632
1064
1181
1267
1382
1558
1472
1617
1745
1875
2074
1631
1821
1412
1595
1790
1846
2047

3900
4210
1980
2218
2416
2621
2850
2747
2997
3177
3361
3616
2705
2943
2440
2698
3200
3100

5080
5500
5960
3313
3700
4480

6850
6908
7429
7863
4877
5905

8144
8761
8973
9500
9900
6600

5200
3930
4260
3610

6974
5403
5668

10400
6820

55
56
78
79
80
86

Cs
Ba
Pt
Au
Hg
Rn

376
503
870
890
1007
1037

2420
965
1791
1980
1810

3300

14990
9938
10710

18600
12158

22230

9572
10200
11200

13100
11800
12400

14500
15600
14137

12100
12230

14800

10
23000

11
26400

26740
17100
18400

31270
19900

12

13

14

13200

3300

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

9
19600

Atomic Radii and Pauling Electronegativities


This table is arranged according to the periodic table.

rv
rcov
ri
NP

Van der Waals radius


rm Metallic radius for coordination number 12
Covalent radius
Ionic radius for coordination number 6, except where superscript number 4 3
indicates different coordination number (figures in parentheses give charge
state)
Pauling electronegativity index

Group
1

Li
Na
K
Rb
Cs
NH4+

Be
Mg
Ca
Sr
Ba

B
Al
Ga

d
block

10

rv
/nm
0.180
0.230
0.280

0.170

0.190

rm
/nm
0.157
0.191
0.235
0.250
0.272

rcov
/nm
0.134
0.154
0.196

ri
/nm
0.074(+1)
0.102(+1)
0.138(+1)
0.149(+1)
0.170(+1)
0.150(+1)

0.112
0.160
0.197
0.215
0.224

0.125
0.145

0.027(+2)4
0.072(+2)
0.100(+2)
0.113(+2)
0.136(+2)

1.5
1.2
1.0
1.0
0.9

0.098
0.143
0.153

0.090
0.130
0.120

0.012(+3)4
0.053(+3)
0.062(+3)

2.0
1.5
1.6

Sc
Ti
V

0.164
0.147
0.135

0.075(+3)
0.061(+4)
0.054(+5)

Cr
Mn
Fe
Co
Ni
Cu
Zn
Mo
Ag
Cd
Au
Hg

0.129
0.137
0.126
0.125
0.125
0.128
0.137
0.140
0.144
0.152
0.144
0.155

0.030(+6)4
0.026(+7)4
0.055(+3)
0.053(+3)
0.056(+3)
0.073(+2)
0.075(+2)
0.060(+6)
0.065(+3)4
0.095(+2)
0.070(+3)4
0.102(+2)

C
Si
Ge
Sn

0.160
0.140
0.140
0.160
0.170
0.175
0.170
0.170
0.210
0.190

etc

0.092
0.132
0.139
0.158

0.139
0.125
0.126
0.121
0.135
0.120
0.152
0.148
0.148
0.077
0.118
0.122
0.140

0.040(+4)
0.054(+4)
0.069(+4)

NP
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.7

0.067(+3)
0.059(+4)
0.062(+3)
0.058(+3)
0.061(+2)
0.065(+2)
0.070(+2)
0.046(+1)2

0.086(+2)
0.064(+3)
0.079(+2)
0.073(+2)
0.067(+2)

1.3
1.5
1.6

0.137(+1)
0.097(+1)3

1.6
1.5
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.9
1.6
1.8
1.9
1.7
2.4
1.9

0.122(+2)8

2.5
1.8
1.8
1.8

0.065(+4)
0.115(+1)

0.067(+3)
0.089(+2)

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Group

rv
/nm
0.200

rm
/nm
0.175

rcov
/nm

ri
/nm
0.078(+4)

N
P
As
Sb
Bi

0.155
0.185

0.075
0.110
0.122
0.143

0.200

0.088
0.128
0.139
0.161
0.182

0.171(-3)
0.017(+5)4 0.190(-3)
0.050(+5) 0.220(-3)
0.061(+5) 0.080(+3)5
0.102(+3)

3.0
2.1
2.0
1.9
1.9

O
S
Se
Te

0.150
0.180
0.190
0.210

0.089
0.127
0.140
0.143

0.073
0.102
0.117
0.135

0.140(-2)
0.102(+6)4 0.185(-2)
0.029(+6)4 0.195(-2)
0.052(+4)3 0.220(-2)

3.5
2.5
2.4
2.1

H
F
Cl
Br
I

0.120
0.155
0.180
0.190
0.195

0.078

0.037
0.071
0.099
0.144
0.133

0.208(-1)
0.133(-1)
0.180(-1)
0.195(-1)
0.215(-1)

2.1
4.0
3.0
2.8
2.5

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe

0.180
0.160
0.190
0.200
0.220

Pb
5

0 (8)

NP
0.118(+2)

0.020(+7)4 0.012(+5)3
0.026(+7)4
0.095(+5)

1.8

Electron Affinities
U

Element
H
N
O
P
S
Br

Electron affinity*, that is, molar internal energy change (at 0 K) for
process: Xn(g) + e X(n+1)(g) (n = zero or positive).
U/kJ mol1
72.8
0 (19)
+798
72
+640
324.6

Element

U/kJ mol1

C
O
F
S
Cl
I

122.3
141.1
328.0
200.4
348.8
295.4

* Some chemists define electron affinity for the reverse process.


Reference: Hotop.

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

11

Lattice Energies
The lattice energy U of a crystal XmYn is the molar internal energy change for the process:
mXn+(g) + nYm-(g) XmYn(s, 1 atm)
The main entry in the table is the experimental value of U (based on the Born-Haber cycle and using data in this booklet); the second entry in
parentheses is the theoretical value based on calculations.

Lattice

12

F-

Cl-

BrU/kJ mol-1
803
(799)
742
(735)
679
(674)
656
(653)
635
(623)

Li+
Na+
K+
Rb+
Cs+

1031
918
817
783
747

(1031)
(912)
(807)
(772)
(739)

848
780
711
685
661

(845)
(770)
(702)
(677)
(643)

Ag+
Be2+
Mg2+
Ca2+
Sr2+

958
3505
2957
2630
2492

(920)
(3150)
(2913)
(2609)
(2476)

905
3020
2526
2258
2156

(833)
(3004)
(2326)
(2223)
(2127)

891
2914
2440
2176
2075

Ba2+
Zn2+
Cd2+
Hg2+
Pb2+

2352
3032
2809

2522

(2341)
(2930)
(2740)
(2757)
(2460)

2056
2734
2552
2651
2269

(2033)
(2690)
(2526)
(2569)
(2229)

Mn2+
Cu2+
NH4+

829

(2644)
()
(834)

2537
993
705

(2368)
(904)
(688)

I-

O2-

S2-

759
705
651
628
613

(738)
(687)
(636)
(617)
(592)

2814
2478
2232
2161
2063

(2799)
(2481)
(2238)
(2163)
()

2499
2198
2052
1944
1850

(2376)
(2134)
(1933)
(1904)
()

(816)
(2950)
(2097)
(2132)
(2008)

889
2800
2327
2074
1963

(778)
(2653)
(1944)
(1905)
(1937)

2910
4443
3791
3401
3223

(3002)
(4293)
(3795)
(3414)
(3217)

2677
3832
3299
3013
2848

()
(3841)
(3318)
(3038)
(2874)

1985
2678
2507
2628
2219

(1950)
(2632)
(2468)
(2598)
(2169)

1877
2605
2441
2610
2163

(1831)
(2549)
(2406)
(2569)
(2086)

3054
3971

(3029)
(4142)
(3806)
(3907)
(3502)

2725
3322
3121
3037

(2711)
()
()
()
()

2471
976
673

(2304)
(870)
(658)

963
641

(2212)
(833)
(629)

3745
3189

(3724)
(3273)
()

3238
2865
2026

(3376)
()
(2008)

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Bond Lengths and Bond Energies


L
E(X-Y)

Bond length
Bond energy

Bond

in
Br2
HBr
Cl2
HCl
F2

L
/nm
0.228
0.141
0.199
0.127
0.142

E(X-Y)
/kJ mol-1
192.9
366.3
243.4
432.0
158

Bond

in

1
2
3
4
5

BrBr
BrH
ClCl
ClH
FF

6
7
8
9
10

FH
II
HI
HH
HSi

HF
I2
HI
H2
SiH4

0.092
0.267
0.161
0.074
0.148

11
12
13
14
15

HGe
HN
HP
HAs
HO

GeH4
NH3
PH3
AsH3
H2 O

16
17
18
19
20

HS
HSe
NaNa
KK
NN

21
22
23
24

N=N
NN
NO
N=O

33
34
35
36
37

OSi
O=Si
OSi
PP
PP

SiO2(s)
SiO2(g)
SiO
P4
P2

0.221
0.189

E(X-Y)
/kJ mol-1
466
638
805
198
485

568.0
151.2
298.3
435.9
318

38
39
40
41
42

CC
C=C
CC
CH
CH

average
average
average
average
CH4

0.154
0.134
0.120
0.108
0.109

347
612
838
413
435

0.153
0.101
0.144
0.152
0.096

285
391
321
297
464

43
44
45
46
47

CF
CF
CF
CCl
CCl

average
CH3F
CF4
average
CCl4

0.138
0.139
0.132
0.177
0.177

467
452
485
346
327

H2S
H2Se
Na2
K2
N 2 H4

0.134
0.146
0.308
0.392
0.145

364
313
72
49
158

48
49
50
51
52

CCl
CBr
CBr
CI
CI

C6H5Cl
average
CBr4
average
CH3I

0.170
0.194
0.194
0.214
0.214

290
285
228
234

0.120
0.110
0.120
0.114

410
945.4
214
587

53
54
55
56

CN
C=N

average
average
average
phenylamine

0.147
0.130
0.116
0.135

286
615
887

25 NP

C6H14N2
N2
HNO2
NOF,
NOCl
PN

0.149

582

57 CO

average

0.143

358

26
27
28
29
30

OO
OO
O=O
SS
S=S

H2 O2
O3
O2
S8
S2

0.148
0.128
0.121
0.205
0.189

144
302
498.3
266
429.2

58
59
60
61
62

CH3OH
CO2
HCHO
aldehydes
ketones

0.143
0.116
0.121
0.122
0.122

336
805
695
736
749

31 OSi
32 SiSi

SO3
Si(s),
SiH4

0.143
0.235

469
226

63 CO
64 CSi

CO
(CH3)4Si,
SiC(s)

0.113
0.187

1077
307

CN
CN

CO
C=O
C=O
C=O
C=O

L
/nm
0.161

References: Sutton, Johnson, Cottrell.

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

13

Standard Electrode Potentials


E

Standard electrode potential of aqueous system at 298 K, that is, standard emf
of electrochemical cell in which Pt [H2(g)]|2H+(aq) forms the left-hand side
electrode system

1
2
3
4
5

Right-hand electrode system


Li+(aq)|Li(s)
Rb+(aq)|Rb(s)
K+(aq)|K(s)
Ca2+(aq)|Ca(s)
Na+(aq)|Na(s)

E /V
-3.03
-2.93
-2.92
-2.87
-2.71

6
7
8
9
10

Mg2+(aq)|Mg(s)
Ce3+(aq)|Ce(s)
U3+(aq)|U(s)
Al3+(aq)|Al(s)
Mn2+(aq)|Mn(s)

-2.37
-2.33
-1.80
-1.66
-1.19

11
12
13
14
15

V2+(aq)|V(s)
[SO (aq) + H2O(l)], [SO (aq) + 2OH (aq)]|Pt
Zn2+(aq)|Zn(s)
Cr3+(aq)|Cr(s)
[As(s) + 3H+(aq)], AsH3(g)|Pt

-1.18
-0.93
-0.76
-0.74
-0.60

16
17
18
19
20

[2SO(aq) + 3H2O(l)], [S2O(aq) + 6OH(aq)]|Pt


Fe(OH)3(s), [Fe(OH)2(s) + OH-(aq)]|Pt
S(s), S2-(aq)|Pt
Fe2+(aq)|Fe(s)
Cr3+(aq), Cr2+(aq)|Pt

-0.58
-0.56
-0.48
-0.44
-0.41

21
22
23
24
25

Cd2+(aq)|Cd(s)
[Se(s) + 2H+(aq)], H2Se(g)|Pt

-0.40
-0.40
-0.36
-0.28
-0.28

26
27
28
29
30

V3+(aq), V2+(aq)|Pt
Ni2+(aq)|Ni(s)
Sn2+(aq)|Sn(white, s)
Pb2+(aq)|Pb(s)

14

PbSO4(s), [Pb(s) + SO-(aq)]|Pt


Co2+(aq)|Co(s)
[H3PO4(aq) + 2H+(aq)], [H3PO3(aq) + H2O(l)]|Pt

[CrO42-(aq) + 4H2O(l)], [Cr(OH)3(s) + 5OH-(aq)]|Pt

-0.26
-0.25
-0.14
-0.13
-0.13

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Right-hand electrode system


2H+(aq)|[H2(g)]Pt

31
32
33
34
35

S4O(aq), S2O(aq)|Pt
[2H+(aq) + S(s)], H2S(aq)|Pt
[Sn4+(aq)1.0M HCl], [Sn2+(aq)(1.0M HCl)]|Pt
Cu2+(aq), Cu+(aq)|Pt

E /V
0
+0.09
+0.14
+0.15
+0.15

36
37
38
39
40

[4H+(aq) + SO-(aq)], [H2SO3(aq) + H2O(l)]|Pt


AgCl(s), [Ag(s) + Cl-(aq)]|Pt
[PbO2(s) + 2H2O(l)], [Pb(OH)2(s) + 2OH-(aq)]|Pt
Hg2Cl2(s), [2Hg(s) + 2Cl-(aq)]|Pt
[PbO2(s) + H2O(l)], [PbO(s) + 2OH-(aq)]|Pt

+0.17
+0.22
+0.25
+0.27
+0.28

41
42
43
44
45

Cu2+(aq)|Cu(s)
[VO2+(aq) + 2H+(aq)], [V3+(aq) + H2O(l)]|Pt

+0.34
+0.34
+0.36
+0.40
+0.40

46
47
48
49
50

[S2O(aq) + 6H+(aq)], [2S(s) + 3H2O(l)]|Pt


[IO-(aq) + H2O(l)], [I-(aq) + 2OH-(aq)]|Pt
[4H2SO3(aq) + 4H+(aq)], [S4O(aq) + 6H2O(l)]|Pt
Cu+(aq)|Cu(s)

51
52
53
54
55

[MnO-(aq) + 2H2O(l)], [MnO2(s) + 4OH-(aq)]|Pt


[2H+(aq) + O2(g)], H2O2(aq)|Pt
[C6H4O2(aq) + 2H+(aq)], C6H4(OH)2(aq)|Pt
Fe3+(aq), Fe2+(aq)|Pt

56
57
58
59
60

Ag+(aq)|Ag(s)

Fe(CN)-(aq), Fe(CN) -(aq)|Pt


[O2(g) + 2H2O(l)], 4OH-(aq)|Pt
[2H2SO3(aq) + 2H+(aq)], [S2O-(aq) + 3H2O(l)]|Pt

I2(aq), 2I-(aq)|Pt

Hg+(aq)|Hg(s)

[2NO(aq) + 4H+(aq)], [N2O4(g) + 2H2O(l)]|Pt


[ClO-(aq) + H2O(l)], [Cl-(aq) + 2OH-(aq)]|Pt
2Hg2+(aq), Hg+(aq)|Pt
[NO(aq) + 3H+(aq)], [HNO2(aq) + H2O(l)]|Pt

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

+0.47
+0.49
+0.51
+0.52
+0.54
+0.59
+0.68
+0.70
+0.77
+0.79
+0.80
+0.80
+0.89
+0.92
+0.94

15

61
62
63
64
65

Right-hand electrode system


[HNO2(aq) + H+(aq)], [NO(g) + H2O(l)]|Pt
[HIO(aq) + H+(aq)], [I-(aq) + H2O(l)]|Pt
[VO(aq) + 2H+(aq)], [VO2+(aq) + H2O(l)]|Pt
[N2O4(g) + 4H+(aq)], [2NO(g) + 2H2O(l)]|Pt
Br2(l), 2Br-(aq)|Pt

66
67
68
69
70

Br2(aq), 2Br-(aq)|Pt
[2IO(aq) + 12H+(aq)], [I2(aq) + 6H2O(l)]|Pt
[MnO2(s) + 4H+(aq)], [Mn2+(aq) + 2H2O(l)]|Pt

71
72
73
74
75

[PbO2(s) + 4H+(aq)], [Pb2+(aq) + 4H2O(l)]|Pt


Mn3+(aq), Mn2+(aq)|Pt

76
77
78
79
80

[2HClO(aq) + 2H+(aq)], [Cl2(aq) + 2H2O(l)]|Pt


[2HBrO(aq) + 2H+(aq)], [Br2(l) + 2H2O(l)]|Pt

81
82
83
84
85

[Cr2O-(aq) + 14H+(aq)], [2Cr3+(aq) + 7H2O(l)]|Pt


Cl2(aq), 2Cl-(aq)|Pt

[MnO(aq) + 8H+(aq)], [Mn2+(aq) + 4H2O(l)]|Pt


2BrO(aq), [Br2(aq) + 6H2O(l)]|Pt
[2HBrO(aq) + 2H+(aq)], [Br2(aq) + 2H2O(l)]|Pt

[H5IO6(aq) + H+(aq)], [IO(aq) + 3H2O(l)]|Pt


[2HClO(aq) + 2H+(aq)], [Cl2(g) + 2H2O(l)]|Pt
[2HCl(aq) + 6H+(aq)], [Cl2(g) + 4H2O(l)]|Pt
Pb4+(aq), Pb2+(aq)|Pt
[2ClO(aq) + 8H+(aq)], [Cl2(g) + 4H2O(l)]|Pt
[Cl2O(g) + 2H+(aq)], [Cl2(g) + H2O(l)]|Pt
[PbO2(s) + SO-(aq) + 4H+(aq)], [PbSO4(s) + 2H2O(l)]|Pt
[MnO(aq) + 4H+(aq)], [MnO2(s) + 2H2O(l)]|Pt

E /V
+0.99
+0.99
+1.00
+1.03
+1.07
+1.09
+1.19
+1.23
+1.33
+1.36
+1.46
+1.49
+1.51
+1.52
+1.57
+1.59
+1.60
+1.60
+1.63
+1.64
+1.66 (in 1.1M HClO4)
+1.68
+1.68
+1.69
+1.70

86
87
88
89
90

Ce4+(aq), Ce3+(aq)|Pt
[H2O2(aq) + 2H+(aq)], 2H2O(l)|Pt
Co3+(aq), Co2+(aq)|Pt
Ag2+(aq), Ag+(aq)|Pt
S2O-(aq), 2SO-(aq)|Pt

+1.70 (in M HClO4)


+1.77
+1.81 (in M HNO3)
+1.98
+2.01

91
92
93

[O3(g) + 2H+(aq)], [O2(g) + H2O(l)]|Pt


[F2O(g) + 2H+(aq)], [2F(aq) + H2O(l)]|Pt
F2(g), 2F(aq)|Pt

+2.08
+2.15
+2.87

References: Latimer, de Bethune, Parsons, US National Bureau of Standards.

16

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Standard Reduction Potentials


Values at 298K (in alphabetical order).

Electrode reaction

Eo/V

Ag+(aq) + e- Ag(s)

+0.80

Al3+(aq) + 3e- Al(s)

-1.66

Ba2+(aq) + 2e- Ba(s)

-2.90
+1.07

Br2(l) + e Br (aq)
-

Ca2+(aq) + 2e- Ca(s)

-2.87
+1.36

Cl2(g) + e Cl (aq)
-

HClO(g) + H+(aq) + e- Cl2(g) + H2O(l)

+1.59

Cr2O (aq) + 14H (aq) + 6e 2Cr (aq) + 7H2O(l)

-0.41
+1.33

Cr3+(aq) + e- Cr2+(aq)
-

3+

Cu+(aq) + e- Cu(s)

+0.52
+0.34

Cu2+(aq) + 2e- Cu(s)

+0.15

Cu2+(aq)+ e- Cu+(aq)
F2(g) + e- F- (aq)

+2.87

Fe3+(aq) + e- Fe2+(aq)

-0.44
+0.77

Fe2+(aq) + 2e- Fe(s)

+0.00

H+(aq) + e- H2(g)

+0.54

I2(s) + e- I- (aq)
Li+(aq) + e- Li(s)

MnO(aq) + 8H (aq) + 5e Mn (aq) + 4H2O(l)


+

2+

MnO(aq) + e- MnO-(aq)
MnO-(aq) +2H2O(l) + 2e- MnO2(s) + 4OH- (aq)

-3.03
+1.51
+0.56
+0.59

H2O2(aq) + H+(aq) + e- H2O(l)

+1.77

O2(g) + 2H+(aq) + 2e- H2O2(aq)

+0.68

O2(g) + 2H+(aq) + 2e- H2O(l)


Pb4+(aq) + 2e- Pb2+(aq)

Sn4+(aq) + 2e- Sn2+(aq)


S + 2H+ + 2e- H2S
Zn2+(aq) + 2e- Zn(s)

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

+1.23
+1.66
+0.15
+0.14
-0.76

17

Equilibrium Constants for Acids and Bases in Aqueous


Solution
Acid or ion

Equilibrium
(all in aqueous solution)

Sulfuric

H2SO4 H+ + HSO

Nitric

Phosphonic
Hydrogensulfate ion
Chloroethanoic

Benzoic
Ethanoic
Propanoic
Dihydrogen phosphonate ion
Carbonic

1.8

H3PO3 H + H2PO

1.6 x 10

-2

1.8

HClO2 H+ + ClO

1.0 x 10

-2

2.0

1.0 x 10-2

2.0

H3PO4 H+ + H2PO

7.9 x 10-3

2.1

CH2ClCO2H H + CH2ClCO

1.3 x 10

-3

2.9

HNO2 H + NO

4.7 x 10

-4

3.3

HCO2H H+ + HCO

1.6 x 10

-4

3.8

6.3 x 10-5

4.2

C6H5NH H+ + C6H5NH2

2.0 x 10-5

4.6

CH3CO2H H + CH3CO

1.7 x 10

-5

4.8

CH3(CH2)2CO2H H+ + CH3(CH2)2CO

1.5 x 10

-5

4.8

1.3 x 10-5

4.9

H2PO H+ + HPO-

6.3 x 10-7

6.2

H2O + CO2 H + HCO

4.5 x 10

-7

6.4

H2S H+ + HS-

8.9 x 10

-8

7.1

6.2 x 10-8

7.2

6.2 x 10-8

7.2

HClO H+ + ClO-

3.7 x 10-8

7.4

HBrO H + BrO

2.1 x 10

-9

8.7

H3BO3 H+ + H2BO

5.8 x 10

-10

9.2

5.6 x 10-10

9.3

4.9 x 10-10

9.3
9.9
9.9

CH3CH2CO2H H+ + CH3CH2CO
+

Hydrogen sulfide
Hydrogensulfite ion
Dihydrogenphosphate(V) ion
Chloric(I)
Bromic(I)

HSO H+ + SOH2PO H+ + HPO-

Boric
Ammonium ion

NH H+ + NH3

Hydrocyanic
Ethane-1,2-diammonium ion

18

1.5 x 10-2

Butanoic

Water

H2SO3 H+ + HSO

C6H5CO2H H+ + C6H5CO

Phenylammonium ion

-1.0
0.7
1.3

Methanoic

-1

5.0 x 10-2

Nitrous

-1.4

0.8

HSO H+ + SO-

Phosphoric(V)

pKa
(at 298 K)

1.7 x 10-1

Chloric(III)

Hydrogensulfide ion

2.3 x 10

CHCl2CO2H H+ + CHCl2CO

Sulfurous

Hydrogenphosphate(V) ion

CCl3CO2H H + CCl3CO
HIO3 H+ + IO

Dichloroethanoic

Hydrogen peroxide

10

Iodic(V)

Butylammonium ion

H2CrO4 H + HCrO
+

Trichlororethanoic

Hydrogencarbonate ion

40

HNO3 H+ + NO

Chromic(VI)

Phenol

Ka (298 K)
/mol dm-3
Very large

HCN H+ + CNCH2NH2CH2NH H + CH2NH2CH2NH2

1.3 x 10

-10

C6H5OH H+ + C6H5O-

1.3 x 10

-10

HCO H+ + COC4H9NH H+ + C4H9NH2


H2O2 H+ + HO

4.8 x 10-11

10.3
10.8

2.4 x 10-12

11.6
12.4

HPO H + PO

4.4 x 10

-13

HS- H+ + S2-

1.2 x 10

-13

12.9

1.0 x 10-14

14.0

H2O H+ + OH-

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Indicators

1
2
3
4
5

Methyl violet
Malachite green
Thymol blue (acid)
Methyl yellow (in ethanol)
Methyl orangexylene
cyanole solution

6
7
8
9
10

Methyl orange
Bromophenol blue
Congo red
Bromocresol green
Methyl red

11
12
13
14
15

Azolitmin (litmus)
Bromocresol purple
Bromothymol blue
Phenol red
Thymol blue (base)

16 Phenolphthalein (in ethanol)


17 Thymolphthalein
18 Alizarin yellow R

pKin
(at 298 K)
0.8
1.0
1.7
3.5
3.7

pH range
acid
yellow
yellow
red
red
purple

0.01.6
0.21.8
1.22.8
2.94.0
3.24.2

alkaline
blue
blue/green
yellow
yellow
green

3.7
4.0
4.0
4.7
5.1

red
yellow
violet
yellow
red

3.24.4
2.84.6
3.05.0
3.85.4
4.26.3

yellow
blue
red
blue
yellow

6.3
7.0
7.9
8.9

red
yellow
yellow
yellow
yellow

5.08.0
5.26.8
6.07.6
6.88.4
8.09.6

blue
purple
blue
red
blue

9.3
9.7
12.5

colourless
colourless
yellow

8.210.0
8.310.6
10.113.0

red
blue
orange/red

Note: Most indicators are 0.1% solutions in H2O unless stated otherwise.
Warning: Certain indicators are poisonous and should be handled carefully, particularly when
concentrated.

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

19

Organic Compounds: Physical and Thermochemical Data


St

Tm
H
S

State: s solid, l liquid, g gas


M
Density at 298 K or density of liquid at just below Tb for gases,
Melting temperature (at 1 atm unless stated)
Tb
Standard molar enthalpy change of combustion at 298 K H
Standard molar entropy at 298 K (the values of
p
standard entropy of diatomic gaseous elements is for
mol of the element)

Compound

Formula

St

Carbon monoxide
Carbon dioxide
Straight chain alkanes
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
Pentane
Hexane
Heptane
Octane
Decane
Eicosane
Branched alkanes
2-methylpropane
2-methylbutane
2-methylpentane
2-methylhexane
2-methylheptane
2,2-dimethylpropane

CO
CO2

g
g

CH4
CH3CH3
CH3CH2CH3
CH3(CH2)2CH3
CH3(CH2)3CH3
CH3(CH2)4CH3
CH3(CH2)5CH3
CH3(CH2)6CH3
CH3(CH2)8CH3
CH3(CH2)18CH3

g
g
g
g
l
l
l
l
l
s

(CH3)2CHCH3
(CH3)2CHCH2CH3
(CH3)2CH(CH2)2CH3
(CH3)2CH(CH2)3CH3
(CH3)3CH(CH2)4CH3
C(CH3)4

g
l
l
l
l
g

20

M
/g mol1

Molar mass
unless otherwise indicated
Boiling temperature (at 1 atm unless stated)
Standard molar enthalpy change of formation at 298 K
Dipole moment in the gas phase (debye D)

/g cm3

Tm
/K

Tb
/K

H
/kJ
mol1

H
/kJ
mol1

S
/J mol1
K1

p
/D

28.0 1.25 x 103 gas


44.0 1.98 x 103 gas

74.1
216.5

81.6
194.0

283.0

110.5
393.5

197.6
213.6

16.0
30.1
44.1
58.1
72.2
86.2
100.2
114.2
142.3
282.6

0.466liq
0.572liq
0.585liq
0.601liq
0.626
0.660
0.684
0.703
0.730
0.789

91.1
89.8
83.4
134.7
143.1
178.1
182.5
216.3
243.4
309.9

109.1
184.5
231.0
272.6
309.2
342.1
371.5
398.8
447.2
616.9

890.3
1559.7
2219.2
2876.5
3509.1
4163.0
4816.9
5470.2
6777.9

74.8
84.7
104.5
126.5
173.2
198.6
224.0
250.0
300.9

186.2
229.5
269.9
310.1
261.2
295.9
328.5
361.1
425.9

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

58.1
72.2
86.2
100.2
114.2
72.2

0.557liq
0.620
0.653
0.679
0.698
0.591liq

113.7
113.2
119.4
154.8
164.1
256.6

261.4
301.0
333.4
363.1
390.7
282.6

2868.5
3503.4
4157.0
4811.4
5465.2
3492.5

134.5
178.9
204.6
229.5
255.0
189.8

294.6
260.4

306.4

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Compound

Cyclo-alkanes
Cyclopropane
Cyclobutane
Cyclopentane
Cyclohexane
Alkenes
Ethene
Propene
But-1-ene
E-But-2-ene (trans-But-2-ene)
Z-But-2-ene (cis-But-2-ene)
Cyclohexene
Phenylethene (styrene)
Alkynes
Ethyne (acetylene)
Arenes
Benzene
Naphthalene
Methylbenzene (toluene)
Amines
Methylamine
Dimethylamine
Trimethylamine
Ethylamine
1-Aminobutane
2-Aminobutane
Phenylamine (aniline)
Halogenocompounds
Fluoromethane
Chloromethane
Bromomethane

Formula

St

M
/g mol1

H
/kJ
mol1

H
/kJ
mol1

S
/J mol1
K1

p
/D

(CH2)3
(CH2)4
CH2(CH2)3CH3
CH2(CH2)4CH3

g
g
l
l

42.1
56.1
70.1
84.2

0.694liq
0.745
0.779

145.5
182.4
179.2
279.6

240.4
285.1
322.3
353.8

2091.4
2720.9
3289.4
3919.5

+53.3
+3.7
107.1
156.3

204.3
204.4

CH2=CH2
CH2=CHCH3
CH2=CHCH2CH3
CH3CH=CHCH3
CH3CH=CHCH3
CH2(CH2)3CH=CH
C6H5CH=CH2

g
g
g
g
g
l
l

28.1
42.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
81.2
104.2

0.610liq
0.514liq
0.595liq
0.604liq
0.621liq
0.811
0.906

104.1
87.9
87.8
167.6
134.2
169.6
242.5

169.4
225.7
266.8
274.0
276.8
356.5
418.3

1410.8
2058.1
2716.8
2705.0
2709.4
3751.9
4395.0

+52.2
+20.2
0.4
12.2
7.8
38.1
+103.8

219.5
266.9
305.6
296.4
300.8

345.1

0
0.35
0.38
0

0.55
0

CHCH

26.0 0.618liq

192.3

189.1

1300.8

+228.0

200.8

C6H6
C10H8
C6H5CH3

l
s
l

278.6
353.6
178.1

353.2
491.1
383.7

3267.4
5155.9
3909.8

+49.0
+77.7
+12.1

172.8

319.7

0.36

CH3NH2
(CH3)2NH
(CH3)3N
CH3CH2NH2
CH3(CH2)3NH2
CH3CH2CHNH2CH3
C6H5NH2

g
g
g
g
l
l
l

31.1
45.1
59.1
45.1
73.1
73.1
93.1

0.660liq
0.656liq
0.633liq
0.683liq
0.739
0.734
1.022

179.6
180.1
155.9
192.1
224.0
201.1
266.8

266.8
280.5
276.0
289.7
350.9
336.6
457.1

1085.0
1768.8
2442.9
1739.8
3018.3
3008.4
3392.6

23.0
18.5
23.7
47.5
127.6
137.5
+31.3

243.3
280.5
287.0

1.30
0.93
0.71
0.99
1.32

1.53

CH3F
CH3Cl
CH3Br

g
g
g

34.0 0.557liq
50.5 0.916liq
94.9 1.676liq

131.3
176.0
179.5

194.7
248.9
276.7

764.0
769.9

247.0
82.0
37.2

234.5
246.3

1.86
1.79

78.1 0.879
128.2 1.101
92.1 0.867

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

/g cm3

Tm
/K

Tb
/K

21

Compound

Formula

St

M
/g mol1

Iodomethane
Dichloromethane
Trichloromethane
Tetrachloromethane
Tetraiodomethane
1-Chlorobutane
1-Bromobutane
1-Iodobutane
2-Chloro-2-methylpropane
2-Bromo-2-methylpropane
2-Iodo-2-methylpropane
Chlorobenzene
Alcohols
Methanol
Ethanol
Propan-1-ol
Propan-2-ol
Butan-1-ol
Pentan-1-ol
Hexan-1-ol
Ethane-1,2-diol
Propan-1,2,3-triol
2-Methylpropan-2-ol
Cyclohexanol
Aldehydes
Methanal (formaldehyde)
Ethanal (acetaldehyde)
Propanal
Butanal
Benzaldehyde
Ketones
Propanone (acetone)

CH3I
CH2Cl2
CHCl3
CCl4
CI4
CH3(CH2)3Cl
CH3(CH2)3Br
CH3(CH2)3I
(CH3)2CClCH3
(CH3)2CBrCH3
(CH3)2CICH3
C6H5Cl

l
l
l
l
s
l
l
l
l
l
l
l

141.9
84.9
119.4
153.8
519.6
92.6
137.0
184.0
92.6
137.0
184.0
112.6

2.279
1.316
1.479
1.594
4.320
0.886
1.276
1.615
0.842
1.221
1.571
1.106

206.7
178.0
209.6
250.1

150.0
160.7
170.1
247.7
256.9
234.9
227.5

CH3OH
C2H5OH
CH3CH2CH2OH
CH3CHOHCH3
CH3(CH2)2CH2OH
CH3(CH2)3CH2OH
CH3(CH2)4CH2OH
CH2OHCH2OH
CH2OHCHOHCH2OH
(CH3)3COH
CH2(CH2)4CHOH

l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
s

32.0
46.1
60.1
60.1
74.1
88.2
102.2
62.1
92.1
74.1
100.2

0.793
0.789
0.804
0.787
0.810
0.815
0.820
1.114
1.260
0.789
0.962

HCHO
CH3CHO
CH3CH2CHO
CH3CH2CH2CHO
C6H5CHO

g
g
l
l
l

30.0
44.1
58.1
72.1
106.1

CH3COCH3

22

/g cm3

Tm
/K

Tb
/K

p
/D

315.5
313.1
334.8
349.6
403-13sub
351.5
374.7
403.6
323.8
346.4
373.1
405.1

H
/kJ
mol1
814.6
605.8
474.0
359.9

2704.1
2716.5

2692.8

3111.6

H
/kJ
mol1
15.5
124.1
135.1
129.6

187.9
143.8

191.1
163.4
107.4
+11.0

S
/J mol1
K1
163.2
177.8
201.8
216.4

1.64
1.54
1.02
0
0
2.16
1.93
1.88
2.13

1.67

179.2
155.8
146.6
183.6
183.6
194.1
226.4
261.6
293.1
298.6
298.2

338.1
351.6
370.5
355.5
390.3
411.1
431.1
471.1
563.1
355.4
434.2

726.0
1367.3
2021.0
2005.8
2675.6
3328.7
3983.8
1179.5
1655.2
2643.8
3727.0

239.1
277.1
302.7
317.9
327.4
353.6
377.8
454.8
668.5
359.2
348.8

239.7
160.7
196.6
180.5
228.0
259.0
289.5
166.9

1.70
1.69
1.66
1.68
1.66

1.60
2.00

0.815
0.778
0.797
0.801
1.050

181.1
152.1
192.1
174.1
247.1

252.1
293.9
321.9
348.8
451.1

570.6
1167.1
1820.8
2476.0
3525.1

108.7
191.5
217.1
241.2
86.8

218.7
160.2

2.27
2.49
2.54
2.57
2.96

58.1 0.789

177.8

329.3

1816.5

248.0

2.95

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Compound

Formula

Butanone
Cyclohexanone
Carboxylic acids
Methanoic (formic)
Ethanoic (acetic)
Propanoic
Butanoic
Chloroethanoic
Dichloroethanoic
Trichloroethanoic
1-Aminoethanoic (Glycine)
2-Hydroxypropanoic (lactic)
Ethanedioic (oxalic)
Hexanedioic (adipic)
Benzenesulfonic
Benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic
Benzoic (benzenecarboxylic)
Carboxylic acid derivatives
Ethanoyl chloride
Ethanamide (acetamide)
Ethanoic anhydride
Esters
Ethyl ethanoate
Miscellaneous
Carbamide (urea)
Nitrobenzene
Phenol
Glucose
Sucrose

CH3CH2COCH3
CH2(CH2)4CO

l
l

HCO2H
CH3CO2H
CH3CH2CO2H
CH3CH2CH2CO2H
ClCH2CO2H
Cl2CHCO2H
Cl3CCO2H
NH2CH2CO2H
CH3CHOHCO2H
CO2HCO2H
CO2H(CH2)4CO2H
C6H5SO3H
C6H4(CO2H)2
C6H5CO2H

l
l
l
l
s
l
s
s
l
s
s
s
s
s

46.0
60.1
74.1
88.1
94.5
128.9
163.4
75.1
90.1
90.0
146.1
158.2
166.1
122.1

CH3COCl
CH3CONH2
(CH3CO)2O

sub

Sublimes

liq

Liquid

St

M
/g mol1

Tm
/K

Tb
/K

H
/kJ
mol1
275.7
270.7

S
/J mol1
K1

p
/D

186.8
256.7

352.7
428.7

H
/kJ
mol1
2441.5
3519.3

1.220
1.049
0.993
0.958
1.404
1.563
1.617
1.607
1.206
1.653
1.360

1.266

281.5
289.7
252.3
268.6
336.1
286.6
331.1
535dec
326.1

426.0
338.1
Sub
395.3

373.7
391.0
414.1
438.6
460.9
467.1
470.6

376.1
430sub
dec

7573sub
522.0

254.3
874.1
1527.2
2183.3
715.5

388.3
981.1
1343.9
243.3
2795.7

3189.3
3227.0

425.0
484.5
510.7
533.9

513.8
528.6
694.0
829.5
994.3

816.1
384.9

129.0
159.8

1.52
1.74
1.74

1.71

l
s
l

78.5 1.104
59.1 1.159
102.1 1.082

161.1
355.4
200.0

324.0
494.3
412.7

1184.6
1794.2

272.9
317.0
637.2

200.8

2.45
3.44
2.80

CH3CO2CH2CH3

88.1 0.900

189.6

350.2

2237.9

479.3

1.78

NH2CONH2
C6H5NO2
C6H5OH
C6H12O6
C12H22O11

s
l
s
s
s

408.1
278.8
316.1
423.1
458.0

dec
483.9
454.8

632.2
3087.9
3053.4
2802.5
5639.7

332.9
+12.4
165.0
1273.3
2226.1

104.6

4.56
4.22
1.45

dec

72.1 0.805
98.1 0.948

60.1
123.1
94.1
180.2
342.3

1.320
1.203
1.076
1.562
1.580

Decomposes

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

/g cm3

23

Selected Inorganic Compounds: Physical and


Thermochemical Data
St

Tm
Tb
H
S
sub
dhd

State: s solid, l liquid, g gas


M
Molar mass
Density at 298 K or density of liquid at just below Tb for gases, unless otherwise indicated
Melting temperature
Boiling temperature (both at 1 atm unless otherwise stated)
Standard molar enthalpy change of formation at 298 K
Standard molar entropy at 298 K (the values of standard entropy of diatomic gaseous
elements is for mol of the element)
Sublime
dec
Decomposes
Dehydrated

Compound
Aluminium
AlCl3
AlBr3
Al2O3
Al(OH)3
Al(NO3)3.6H2O
Al2(SO4)3
Barium
BaCl2
BaO
BaO2
Ba(OH)2
BaCO3
Ba(NO3)2
BaSO4
Bismuth
BiCl3
BiOCl
Boron
B2H6
BF3
BCl3
B2O3
BN
Caesium
CsF
CsCl
CsBr
CsI
Calcium
CaH2
CaF2
CaCl2
CaCl2.6H2O
CaBr2
CaO
Ca(OH)2
CaC2

24

St

M
/g mol1

/g cm3

Tm
/K

Tb
/K
2.5 atm

sub

S
/J mol1 K1

704.2
527.2
1675.7
1287.4
2850.5
3440.8

110.7
163.2
50.9
85.4
467.8
239.3

858.6
553.5
634.3
944.7
1216.3
992.1
1473.2

123.7
70.4
65.7
99.7
112.1
213.8
132.2

s
s
s
s
s
s

133.3
266.7
102.0
78.0
321.1
342.1

2.44

3.97
2.42

2.71

463
371
2345
573

1043

s
s
s
s
s
s
s

208.2
153.3
169.3
171.3
197.3
261.3
233.4

3.91
5.72
4.96
4.50
4.43
3.24
4.50

1236
2191
723
681
1123
865
1853

s
s

315.3 4.75
260.4 7.72

505

720

379.1
366.9

177.0
120.5

g
g
g
s
s

27.7
67.8
117.2
69.6
24.8

2.46
2.25

108
129
166
723
3300

181
173
286
2133

35.6
1137.0
403.7
1272.8
254.4

232.0
254.0
290.0
54.0
14.8

s
s
s
s

151.9
168.4
212.8
259.8

4.11
3.99
4.44
4.51

955
918
909
899

1524
1563
1573
1553

553.5
443.0
405.8
346.6

92.8
101.2
113.1
123.1

s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s

42.1
78.1
111.0
219.1
199.9
56.1
74.1
64.1

1.90
3.18
2.15
1.71
3.35
3.35
2.24
2.22

1089
1696
1055
303
1003
2887
853
720

186.2
1219.6
795.8
2607.9
682.8
635.1
986.1
59.8

42.0
68.9
104.6
284.9
130.0
39.7
83.4
69.9

0.45
2.99

dhd
dec

1833
2273
1073
dec

dec

dec

sub

in H

dhd

451
536
3253

H
/kJ mol1

873
2773
1873

1083
3123
dec
2573

dec

dec

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Compound

St

CaCO3 (calcite)
Ca(NO3)2
CaSO4
CaSO4.H2O
CaSO4.2H2O
Ca3(PO4)2
Carbon
HCN
C2N2
CS2
Chlorine
Cl2O
ClO2
Chromium
CrCl3
CrO2Cl2
Cr2O3
Cr2(SO4)3.18H2O
Cobalt
CoCl2
CoCl2.6H2O
CoO
Co(OH)2
CoSO4
CoSO4.7H2O
Copper
CuCl
CuCl2
CuI
Cu2O
CuO
Cu(OH)2
Cu(NO3)2.6H2O
Cu2S
CuS
CuSO4
CuSO4.5H2O
Fluorine
F2O
Hydrogen
HF
HCl
HBr
HI
HIO3
H2O
H2O
H2O2
HNO3
H2S
H2SO4

s
s
s
s
s
s

M
/g mol1
100.1
164.1
136.1
145.1
172.2
310.2

/g cm3
2.71
2.50
2.96

2.32
3.14

Tm
/K
1612
834
1723
436
401
1943

1025atm

dhd
dhd 1.5

Tb
/K
1172

436

dec

dhd

l
g
l

27.0 0.70
52.0
76.1 1.26

259
245
162

299
252
319

g
g

86.9 3.89273K
67.4 3.01214K

253
214

277
283

exp

1573
390
4273

sub

s
l
s
s

158.3
154.9
152.0
716.4

2.76
1.91
5.21
1.70

1423
177
2538
373

s
s
s
s
s
s

129.8
237.9
74.9
92.9
155.0
281.1

3.36
1.92
6.45
3.60
3.71
1.95

997
359
2078
dec
1008
370

s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s

99.0
134.4
190.4
143.1
79.5
97.6
295.6
159.1
95.6
159.6
249.7

4.14
3.39
5.62
6.0
6.40
3.37
2.07
5.6
4.6
3.60
2.28

703
893
878
1508
1599
dec
299.4
1373
376
473
383

54.0 1.9040 k

g
g
g
g
g
s
l
g
l
l
g
l

20.0
36.5
80.9
127.9
175.9
18.0
18.0
34.0
63.0
34.1
98.1

0.99
1.64159K
2.77206K
2.85268K
4.63
1.00

1.44
1.50
1.54188K
1.84

dhd 12
in HCl

dec

dhd 3

dhd 4

1322
383

693
1763
1266
1563
2073

493
923
423

dhd

dhd

dec
dec

dec
dec
dhd

S
/J mol1 K1
92.9
193.3
106.7
130.5
194.1
236.0

108.9
307.9
89.7

112.8
242.1
151.3

80.3
102.5

266.1
256.7

556.5
579.5
1139.7
8339.5

115.3
221.8
81.2

312.5
2115.4
237.9
539.7
888.3
2979.9

109.2
343.0
53.0
79.0
118.0
406.1

137.2
220.1
67.7
168.6
157.3
449.8
2110.8
79.0
53.1
771.4
2279.6

86.2
108.1
96.7
93.1
42.6
75.0

120.9
66.5
109.0
300.4

49

128

21.7

247.3

190
158
185
222
383
273
273
273
231
188
283

293
188
206
238

373
373
323
356
212
611

271.1
92.3
36.4
26.5
230.1
285.8
241.8
187.8
174.1
20.6
814.0

173.7
186.8
198.6
206.5
118.0
69.9
188.7
109.6
266.3
205.7
156.9

dec

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

exp

H
/kJ mol1
1206.9
938.4
1434.1
1576.7
2022.6
4120.8

25

Compound

St

H3PO4
H3BO3
Iodine
ICl
ICl3
I2O5
Iron
FeCl2
FeCl3
FeCl3.6H2O
FeO
Fe2O3
Fe3O4
Fe(OH)2
Fe(OH)3
FeCO3
FeS
FeSO4.7H2O
Fe2(SO4)3
Lead
PbCl2
PbCl4
PbI2
PbO
Pb3O4
PbO2
PbCO3
Pb(NO3)2
PbS
PbSO4
PbCrO4
Pb(CH3CO2)2.3H2O
Pb(C2H5)4
Lithium
LiH
LiF
LiCl
LiBr
LiI
Li2O
LiOH
Li2CO3
LiNO3
Li2SO4
LiAlH4
Magnesium
MgCl2
MgCl2.6H2O
MgO
MgCO3
Mg3N2

26

s
s

1
/g mol
/g cm3
98.0 1.83
61.8 1.44

Tm
/K
316
442

s
s
s

162.3 3.18
233.3 3.12
333.8 4.80

300
374
573

s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s

126.7
162.2
270.3
71.8
159.7
231.5
89.9
106.8
115.8
87.9
278.0
399.9

3.16
2.90

5.7
5.24
5.18
3.4

3.8
4.74
1.90
3.10

945
579
310
1642
1838
1867
dec

dec
1468
337
753

s
l
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
l

278.1
349.0
461.0
223.2
685.6
239.2
267.2
331.2
239.2
303.2
323.2
379.3
323.4

5.85
3.18
6.16
9.53
9.1
9.37
6.6
4.53
7.5
6.2
6.12
2.55
1.66

774
258
675
1159
773
563
588
743
1387
1443
1117
348
137

s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s

7.9
25.9
42.4
86.8
133.8
29.9
23.9
73.9
68.9
109.9
37.9

0.82
2.64
2.07
3.46
4.08
2.01
1.46
2.11
2.38
2.22
0.92

953
1118
878
823
722
>1973
723
996
537

398

s
s
s
s
s

95.2
203.3
40.3
84.3
100.9

2.32
1.57
3.58
2.96
2.71

987
390
3125
623
1073

Tb
/K
486 dhd
573dhd1
16 atm
dec

dec

dec
dec
dec
dec

dhd 1

dec

dec
dec
dec

371
350

dec

sub
588 dec
553-558

dec
363 dhd 6

1223
378
1127
1745

1553

dec
473
473

1949
1613
1538
1444

1197
1583
873
1118

1685

3873
1173
973

dec
dec

dec
dec
dec

CO
dec

H
/kJ mol1
1279.0
1094.3

S
/J mol1 K1
110.5
88.8

35.1
89.5
158.1

167.4

341.8
399.5
2223.8
271.9
824.2
1118.4
569.0
823.0
740.6
100.0
3014.6
2581.5

117.9
142.3

58.5
87.4
146.4
88.0
106.7
92.9
60.3
409.2
261.7

359.4
329.2
175.5
217.3
718.4
277.4
700.0
451.9
100.4
919.9
899.6
1851.5
52.7

136.0

174.8
68.7
211.3
68.6
131.0
213.0
91.2
148.6
152.7

472.5

90.5
616.0
408.6
351.2
270.4
597.9
484.9
1215.9
483.1
1436.5
116.3

20.0
35.6
59.3
74.3
86.8
37.6
42.8
90.4
90.0
115.1
78.7

641.3
2499.0
601.7
1095.8
460.7

89.6
366.1
26.9
65.7
90.0

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Compound

St

Mg(NO3)2.6H2O
MgSO4
MgSO4.7H2O
Mg2Si
Manganese
MnO2
MnSO4
Mercury
Hg2Cl2
HgCl2
HgS red
Nickel
NiCl2
NiSO4
NiSO4.7H2O
Ni(CO)4
Nitrogen
N2H4
N2O
NO
N2O3
NO2
N2O4
N2O5
Ammonia
NH3
NH4Cl
NH4Br
NH4I
NH4NO3
(NH4)2SO4
Oxygen
O3
Phosphorus
PH3
PCl3
PCl5
POCl3
P4O6
P4O10
Potassium
KF
KCl
KClO3
KClO4
KBr
KI
KIO3
KIO4
K2O
KO2

s
s
s
s

M
/g mol1
256.4
120.4
246.5
76.7

/g cm3
1.64
2.66
1.68
1.94

Tm
/K
362
1397
423
1375

dec
dhd 6

s
s

86.9 5.03
151.0 3.25

808
973

dec

s
s
s

472.1 7.15
271.5 5.44
232.6 8.10

673
549
857

sub

s
s
s
l

129.6
154.8
280.9
170.7

3.55
3.68
1.95
1.32

l
g
g
g
g
g
s

32.0
44.0
30.0
76.0
46.0
92.0
108.0

1.01
1.98182 K
1.27123 K
1.45171 K
1.49262 K
1.45262 K
1.64

275
182
110
171
262
262
303

g
s
s
s
s
s

17.0
53.5
97.9
144.9
80.0
132.1

0.77195K
1.53
2.43
2.51
1.72
1.77

195
613
725
824
443
508

48.0 2.1481K

1274
1121
372
248

sub

dec

Tb
/K
603

473

1123

sub
sub
dec

dec

1246

376
316

240
793
508
493
483
786

sub
dhd 6

dec

dec

>1 atm
vac
vac
>1 atm

S
/J mol1 K1
452.0
91.6
372.0
75.0

520.0
1065.2

53.1
112.1

265.2
224.3
58.2

192.5
146.0
82.4

305.3
872.9
2976.3
633.0

97.7
92.0
378.9
313.4

50.6
82.0
90.2
83.7
33.2
9.2
41.3

121.2
219.7
210.7
312.2
240.0
304.2
178.2

46.1
314.4
270.8
201.4
365.6
1180.9

192.3
94.6
113.0
117.0
151.1
220.1

81

161

142.7

238.8

185
349
440
378
448
573

5.4
319.7
443.5
597.1
1640.1
2984.0

210.1
217.1
166.5
222.5

228.9

567.3
436.7
397.7
432.8
393.8
327.9
501.4
467.2
361.4
284.9

66.6
82.6
143.1
151.0
95.9
106.3
151.5
176.0

116.7

g
l
s
l
s
s

34.0
137.3
208.2
153.3
219.9
283.9

1.57
2.12
1.67
2.13
2.39

140
161
435
275
297
853

s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s

58.1
74.6
122.5
138.5
119.0
166.0
214.0
230.0
94.2
71.1

2.48
1.98
2.32
2.52
2.75
3.13
3.93
3.62
2.32
2.14

1131
1043
629
883
1007
954
833
855
623
653

sub

>1 atm

sub

1778
1773
673
673
1708
1603
373
573

dec

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

dhd

575

387
185
121
277
294
294
320
sub

dec

H
/kJ mol1
2613.3
1284.9
3388.7
77.8

dec

sub

sub
dec
dec

dec
dec

27

Compound

St

KOH
K2CO3
KHCO3
KNO2
KNO3
KCN
KCNS
K2SO4
KMnO4
K2CrO4
K2Cr2O7
KAl(SO4)2.12H2O
K3Fe(CN)6
K4Fe(CN)6
Rubidium
RbCl
Silicon
SiH4
SiCl4
SiO2 (quartz)
Sodium
NaH
NaF
NaCl
NaClO3
NaClO4
NaBr
NaI
Na2O
Na2O2
NaOH
Na2CO3
Na2CO3.10H2O
NaHCO3
NaNO2
NaNO3
Na2S
Na2SO4
Na2SO4.10H2O
NaHSO4
Na2S2O3
Na2S2O3.5H2O
Na3PO4
Na2SiO3
(water glass)

s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s

28

M
/g mol1
56.1
138.2
100.1
85.1
101.1
65.1
97.2
174.3
158.0
194.2
294.2
474.4
329.3
368.3

/g cm3
2.04
2.43
2.17
1.92
2.11
1.52
1.89
2.66
2.70
2.73
2.68
1.76
1.85

120.9 2.80

g
l
s

32.1 0.68188 K
169.9 1.48
60.1 2.65

s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s

24.0
42.0
58.4
106.4
122.4
102.9
149.9
62.0
78.0
40.0
106.0
286.1
84.0
69.0
85.0
78.0
142.0
322.2
120.1
158.1
248.2
164.1
122.1

0.92
2.56
2.17
2.49

3.20
3.67
2.27
2.81
2.13
2.53
1.44
2.16
2.17
2.26
1.86

1.46
2.43
1.67
1.73

2.4

Tm
/K
633
1164
373
713
607
908
446
1342
<513
1241
671
366
dec
dec

dec

dec

Tb
/K
1593
dec

dec
673

773
1962

773
473

dec
dec

dec
dhd

H
/kJ mol1
424.8
1151.0
963.2
369.8
494.6
113.0
200.2
1437.8
837.2
1403.7
2061.4
6061.8
249.8
594.1

S
/J mol1 K1
78.9
155.5
115.5
152.1
133.1
128.5
124.3
175.6
171.7
200.1
291.2
687.4
426.1
418.8

991

1663

435.3

95.9

88
203
1883

161
331
2503

34.3
687.0
910.9

204.5
239.7
41.8

1968
1686
dec
dec
1663
1577

930
1663
dec
306

593
653

373
dec

373

56.3
573.6
411.2
365.8
383.3
361.1
287.8
414.2
510.9
425.6
1130.7
4081.3
950.8
358.7
467.9
364.8
1387.1
4327.3
1125.5
1123.0
2607.9
1917.4
1554.9

40.0
51.5
72.1
123.4
142.3
86.8
98.5
75.1
95.0
64.5
135.0
564.0
101.7
103.8
116.5
83.7
149.6
592.0
113.0
155.0
372.4
173.8
113.8

1073
1266
1074
521-534
755
1020
934
1548
733
592
1124
306-8
543
544
580
1453
1157
306
588

313-318

1361

dec

dec

sub
dec

dec

dec

dhd
dec
dec

dhd

dhd

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Compound
Sulphur
SF4
SF6
SCl2
SOCl2
SO2Cl2
SO2
SO3
Tin
SnCl2
SnCl4
SnO2 (cassiterite)
Titanium
TiO2
Xenon
XeF2
XeF4
XeF6
XeO3
Uranium
UF6
UO2(NO3)2
Vanadium
VCl2
VCl3
VCl4
VO2
V2O5
Zinc
ZnCl2
ZnO
ZnCO3
Zn(NO3)2
ZnS (blende)
ZnSO4

St

M
/g mol1

/g cm3

Tm
/K

g
g
g
l
l
g
l

108.1
146.1
103.0
119.0
135.0
64.1
80.1

1.88223 K
1.62
1.66
1.67
1.43200 K
1.97

149
223
195
168
219
200
290

s
l
s

189.6 3.95
260.5 2.23
150.7 6.95

519
240
1903

925
387
2123

79.9 3.84

2103

4.3
4.1

4.6

Tb
/K

H
/kJ mol1

S
/J mol1 K1

774.9
12.9.0
19.7
245.6
394.1
296.8
441.0

291.9
291.7
282.2
307.9
216.7
248.1
95.6

325.1
511.3
580.7

258.6
52.3

939.7

49.9

413
387
319
dec

133.9
261.5
380.7
401.7

133.9
146.4

338

329

2112.9
1377.4

379.7
276.1

452.0
580.7
569.4

1550.6

97.1
131.0
255.2

131.0

415.1
348.3
812.8
483.7
206.0
982.8

111.5
43.6
82.4

65.3
119.7

233
209
332
352
342
263
318

s
s
s
s

169.3
207.2
245.3
179.3

g
s

352.0 4.68
394.0

s
s
l
s
s

121.8
157.3
192.8
82.9
181.9

3.23
3.00
1.82
4.34
3.36

dec
245
2240
963

422

2023

s
s
s
s
s
s

136.3
319.2
125.4
189.4
97.4
161.4

2.91
4.74
4.40

4.10
3.54

556
719
573

1293
873

1005
897

dec

dec

sub
dec

sub

dec

1936sb301008S:\LT\PD\Support\GCE Chemistry Data booklet Issue 3.doc.1-35/0

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008
in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

29

in this format Edexcel Limited 2008

Data booklet Edexcel AS/A GCE in Chemistry (8CH01/9CH01) Issue 3 November 2008

The Periodic Table of the Elements

30

November 2008
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