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Gutierrez, Kim D.


POL1N Mr. Agnes

Article II, Sec.10

The State shall promote social justice in all phases of national

It is the duty of the State to give attention to the welfare and the well-being
of the less fortunate members of the community, which includes the poor, the
disabled, the underprivileged, and those who are uneducated. This is more
elaborately discussed under Article XIII (Social Justice and Human Rights).
Social Justice is not just a mere slogan or an inspirational movement. It is a
requirement that is imposed by the Constitution that the State guarantees the right
of all the people to have equal opportunities in all fields of human activities, and
that everyone can have a share of all social and economic developments, that
enables everyone to improve on the standard of living, especially those unprivileged
members of the society.
Those who are less favored in life be more favored in law. Those who are
unfortunate enough that has less in life the poor, sick and disabled, and
unprivileged are prioritized by the law, to make sure that when it comes to having
opportunities and experiencing development, everyone should be equal in this
aspect less fortunate or not.
In all phases of national development social, economic, political, and
cultural social justice must be promoted. It aims to protect the right of people to
their human dignity, to avoid or lessen social, economic, and political inequalities,
and to remove cultural inequities.
Diffusion of wealth is also a measure that the Congress should give priority
to. Regulating ownership, wealth, disposition of property. They seek to equitably
(diffuse) wealth and political power for the common good. Inequality among
individuals is inevitable and will always be present, so it only may be reduced. But
inequities or injustices must be eradicated or removed, for it is considered evil and
it should not be permitted to exist.
To promote social justice, promoting a commitment to create economic
opportunities for all the citizens is a must. While it is the duty of the State to make
opportunities, it also comes with the obligation of the citizens to exert effort and
acquire skills and knowledge that is necessary for being a productive employee and
to have work or livelihood, in order to provide for his own needs in life without
having to dependent on the State. The State provides the opportunity, and the

individual citizen is obligated to continue to exert his/her own effort to live through
his own.

Government Implementation:
The Commission on Human Rights is an independent office formed by the
Constitution of the Philippines. Its primary function is to investigate all forms of
human rights violations involving civil and political rights in the Philippines.
Under Section 18, Article XIII of the Philippine Constitution, the Commission is
has the power to investigate all forms of human rights violations involving civil and
political rights, implement rules of procedure, and provide legal measures for the
protection of human rights of all the citizens of the Philippines.
These are some of the projects and services the Commission on Human
Rights are currently conducting:

Human Rights Protection Program

Investigation and Forensic


Legal Services

Human Rights Assistance

Visitorial Services

Human Rights Promotion Program

Web Services

Human Rights Linkages

Development and Strategic

Rights-Based Planning in

Education and Training

Human Rights Information and

Public Advocacy

Human Rights Performance

System in Governance

Harnessing Competence in
Government and None-State
Actors for Good Human Rights

Executive Cooperation Program

Legislative and Judicial

Cooperation Program

Human Rights Research and


Compliance Monitoring of
International Human Rights
Standards in Governance

Special Programs

Rights-Based Approach
Barangay Human Rights Action
Center (BHRAO List)

Human Rights Teaching


Child Rights Center

Women's Rights Program Center

Asia-Pacific Institute of Human