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SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS

Ateneo School of Law


Course Outline
Second Semester, SY 2014-2015
Ronald C. Chua
PRELIMINARIES
Define Action
Define Special Proceeding
Action v. Special Proceeding
Cases:
1) Hagans v. Wislezenus, 42 Phil 880 (1920)
2) Natcher v. Court of Appeals, 366 SCRA 386 (2001)
3) Vda. De Manalo v. Court of Appeals, 349 SCRA 135 (2001) 366 SCRA 752
(2001)
JURISDICTION
Extent of Jurisdiction BP 129, as amended
Cases:
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Mangaliman v. Gonzales, 36 SCRA 462 (1970)


Baybayan v. Aquino, 149 SCRA 185 (1987)
Fernandez v. Maravilla, 10 SCRA 589 (1964)
Manalo v. Paredes, 47 Phil 938 (1925)

RULE 72 - SUBJECT MATTER AND APPLICABILITY OF GENERAL RULES


Relate to other provisions of the ROC
Case:
1) Fernandez v. Maravilla, supra
RULE 73 VENUE AND PROCESS
Steps to determine which court has jurisdiction
When does the court acquire jurisdiction?
Settlement of estate upon dissolution of marriage
Presumption of Death - Article 390 to 392 of the CC
Cases:
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Salazar v. CFI of Laguna, 64 Phil 78 (1937)


Cayetano v. Leonidas, 129 SCRA 522 (1984)
In re Kaw Singco, 74 Phil 239 (1943)
Garcia Fule v. Court of Appeals, 74 SCRA 189 (1976)
Cuenco v. Court of Appeals, 53 SCRA 360 (1973)
Ongsingco v. Tan, 97 Phil 330 (1955)
Eusebio v. Eusebio, 100 Phil 593 (1956)
Sandoval v. Santiago, 83 Phil 784 (1949)
Vda. De Manzanero v. CFI of Batangas, 61 Phil 850 (1935)

10) Benedicto v. Javellana, 10 Phil 197 (1908)


11) Casiano v. Maloto, 70 SCRA 232 (1977)
12) Cuizon v. Ramolete, 129 SCRA 495 (1984)
13) Bernardo v. Court of Appeals, 7 SCRA 367 (1963)
14) Uriarte v. CFI of Negros Occidental, 33 SCRA 252 (1970)
15) Del Rosario v. Del Rosario, 67 Phil 652 (1939)
16) Dolar v. Roman Catholic, 68 Phil 727 (1939)
17) Alfonso v. Natividad, 6 Phil 240 (1906)
18) Cruz v. De Jesus, 52 Phil 870 (1929)
19) De la Rama v. De la Rama, 7 Phil 745 (1907)
20) Villacorte v. Mariano, 89 Phil 342 (1951)
21) Calma v. Tanedo, 66 Phil 594 (1938)
22) Ocampo v. Potenciano 89 Phil 160 (1951)
23) Prado v. Natividad, 47 Phil 776 (1925)
24) De la Rama v. De la Rama, 25 Phil 437 (1913)
25) Fulgencio v. Gatchalian, 21 Phil 252 (1912)
26) Lukban v. Republic, 98 Phil 574 (1956)
RULE 74 SUMMARY SETTLEMENT OF ESTATES
Different modes of intestate settlement
Requisites of a valid extrajudicial settlement
Nature of summary settlement
Requisites for a valid summary settlement of an estate of small value
Extrajudicial Settlement v. Summary Settlement
Cases:
1)
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Utulo v. Vda. De Garcia, 66 Phil 302 (1938)


Hernandez v. Andal, 78 Phil 196 (1947)
Torres v. Torres, 10 SCRA 185 (1964)
Arcillas v. Montejo, 26 SCRA 197 (1968)
Ermac v. Medelo, 64 SCRA 359 (1975)
Carreon v. Agcaoili, 1 SCRA 521 (1961)
McMicking v. Sy Conbieng, 21 Phil 211 (1912)
Pereira v. Court of Appeals, 174 SCRA 154 (1939)
Jerez v. Nietes, 30 SCRA 905 (1969)

RULE 75 PRODUCTION OF WILL, ALLOWANCE OF WILL NECESSARY


RULE 76 ALLOWANCE OR DISALLOWANCE OF WILLS
Nature of probate of a will
Effect of allowance or disallowance of a will
Jurisdictional requirements for probate of a will
Scope of inquiry on proceeding to probate will
Proof required on probate hearing
Binding force of trial court order allowing or disallowing a will
When jurisdiction vest
Cases:
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Fernandez v. Dimagiba, 21 SCRA 428 (1967)


Mercado v. Santos, 66 SCRA 215 (1938)
Sumilang v. Ramagosa, 21 SCRA 1369 (1967)
Balanay v. Martinez, 64 SCRA 452 (1975)
Pastor Jr. v. Court of Appeals, 122 SCRA 885 (1983)
US v. Chiu Guimco, 36 Phil 917 (1917)
Rodriguez v. Borja, 17 SCRA 418 (1966)

8) Teotico v. Del Val, 13 SCRA 406 (1965)


9) Fernando v. Crisostomo, 90 SCRA 585 (1951)
10) Araujo v. Celis, 6 Phil 459 (1906)
11) Lim Billian v. Suntay, 63 Phil 793 (1936)
12) Basa v. Mercado, 61 Phil 632 (1935)
13) De Aranz v. Galing, 161 SCRA 628 (1988)
14) In re Estate of Johnson, 39 Phil 156 (1918)
15) Abut v. Abut, 45 SCRA 326 (1972)
16) Rodelas v. Aranza, 119 SCRA 16 (1982)
17) Gan v. Yap, 104 Phil509 (1958)
18) Gago v. Mamuyac, 49 Phil 902 (1927)
19) Aldanese v. Salutillo, 47 Phil 548 (1925)
20) Cabang v. Delfinado, 34 Phil 291 (1916)
21) Avera v. Garcia, 42 Phil 145 (1921)
22) Solivio v. Court of Appeals, 182 SCRA 119 (1990)
23) Manalo v. Paredes, supra
24) Riera v. Palmaroli, 40 Phil 105 (1919)
25) Manahan v. Manahan, 58 Phil 448 (1933)

RULE 77 ALLOWANCE OF WILL PROVED OUTSIDE OF THE PHILIPPINES


Article 815 to 817 of the CC
Requisites of probate of a will allowed in a foreign state
Cases:
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Suntay v. Suntay, 95 Phil 500 (1954)


Fluemer v. Hix, 54 Phil 610 (1930)
Miciano v. Brimo, 50 Phil 867 (1924)
Leon & Ghezzi v. Manufacturers Life Insurance Co., 90 Phil 459 (1951)

RULE 78 RULE 85 AND RULE 87


Who may serve as executors and administrators
Executor v. Administrator
Other ground for disqualification or incompetency
When are letters of administration granted
Kinds of administrators
Interest required to oppose issuance of letters testamentary
Special Administrator
Bond of executor and administrator
Inventory and Appraisal
Powers and duties of executor and administrator
Accountability and compensation of executor and administrator
Action by and against executor and administrator
Cases:
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Guerrero v. Teran, 13 Phil 212 (1909)


Navas v. Garcia, 44 Phil 711 (1923)
Mercado v. Vda. De Jaen, 64 Phil 75 (1937)
Ozaeta v. Pecson and BPI, 93 Phil 416 (1953)
De Guzman v. Limcolioc, 68 Phil 673 (1939)
Gonzales v. Aguinaldo, 190 SCRA 112 (1990)
Johannes v. Harvey, 43 Phil 175 (1922)
Gutierrez de Ocampo v. Valera Calderon, 59 Phil 631
Trillana v. Crisostomo, 89 Phil 710

10) Gutierrez v. Villegas, 5 SCRA 313 (1962)


11) Duran v. Duran, 20 SCRA 379
12) De Guzman v. Angeles, 162 SCRA 347 (1988)
13) Garcia Fule v. Court of Appeals, supra
14) Roxas v. Pecson, 82 Phil 407 (1948)
15) Pijuan v. Vda. De Gurrea, 18 SCRA 898 (1966)
16) Tan v. Go Chiong Lee, 46 Phil 200 (1924)
17) Lizzarga Hermanos v. Abada, 40 Phil 124
18) Warner Barnes v. Luzon Surety, 95 Phil 924 (1954)
19) Wilson v. Rear, 55 Phil 44
20) Luzon Surety v. Quebral, 127 SCRA 295 (1984)
21) Cosme de Mendoza v. Pacheco, 64 Phil 134 (1937)
22) Gustilo v. Sian, 53 Phil 155 (1929)
23) Degala v. Ceniza and Umipig, 78 Phil 791
24) Chua Tan v Del Rosario, 57 Phil 411 (1932)
25) Adapon v. Maralit, 69 Phil 383 (1940)
26) Moore & Sons Mercantile Co. v. Wagner, 50 Phil 128 (1927)
27) Santero v. CFI of Cavite, 153 SCRA 728
28) Concepcion Jocson de Hilado v. Nava, 69 Phil 1 (1939)
29) San Diego v. Nombre, 11 SCRA 165 (1964)
30) Jaroda v. Cusi Jr., 28 SCRA 1008 (1969)
31) Garcia v. Escudero, 43 Phil 437
32) Nicolas v Nicolas, 63 Phil 332 (1936)
33) Uy Tioco v. Imperial, 53 Phil 802 (1928)
34) Dacanay v. gernandez, 53 Phil 824 (1928)
35) Lacson v. Reyes, 182 SCRA 729 (1990)
36) Rosenstock v. Elser, 48 Phil 708 (1925)
37) Joson v. Joson, 2 SCRA 83
38) Philippine Trust Co. v. Luzon Surety, 2 SCRA 122 (1951)
39) Dela Cruz v. Camon, 16 SCRA 886 (1966)
40) Quirino v. Gorospe, 169 SCRA 702 (1989)
41) Aguas v. Lllemos, 5 SCRA 959 (1962)
42) Melgar v Buenviaje, 179 SCRA 196 (1989)
43) Pajarillo v. IAC, 176 SCRA 340
44) Bernardo v. CA, 7 SCRA 367 (1963)
45) Guanco v. National Bank, 54 Phil 244 (1930)
46) Alafriz v Mina, 28 Phil 137 (1914)
47) Heirs of Gregoire v. Baker, 51 Phil 75 (1927)
48) Velasquez v. George, 125 SCRA 456 (1983)
RULE 88 PAYMENT OF THE DEBTS OF THE ESTATE
Cases:
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Timbol v. Cano 1 SCRA 1271


Jaucian v. Qeurol, 38 Phil
Cu Unjieng v. Tiaoqui, 64 Phil
Intestate of Januaria Gonzales, 72 Phil 245
Echaus v. Blanco, 179 SCRA 704

RULE 89 SALES, MORTGAGES AND OTHER ENCUMBRANCES OF PROPERTY OF


DECEDENT
Cases:
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Estate of Gamboa v. Florenza, 12 Phil. 191


Boaga v. Soler, 2 SCRA 755
Vda. De Celis v Vda. De la Santa, 93 Phil 909
De Jesus v. De Jesus, 3 SCRA 548

RULE 90 DISTRIBUTION AND PARTITION OF THE ESTATE

Cases:
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Lopez v. Lopez, 68 Phil 227


Heirs of Perfecto Santiesban v. Santiesban, 68 Phil 367
Solivio v. CA, 183 SCRA 119
Salvador v. Sta. Maria, 20 SCRA 604
Timbol v. Cano, supra
Uriarte v. CFI of Negros Occidental, 33 SCRA 252

RULE 91 ESCHEAT
Cases:
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Municipal Council of Laguna v. Colegio de San Jose, 65 Phil


Republic v. IAC, 148 SCRA 271
Vicente Tan v. City of Davao, 166 SCRA 73
Bermudo v. CA 55 SCRA 8
Republic v. CFI of Manila, 165 SCRA 11

RULE 92 GUARDIANSHIP
Cases:
1) Francisco v. CA 127 SCRA 371
2) Lavides v. City Court of Lucena, 114 SCRA 187
RULE 93 APPOINTMENT OF GUARDIANS
Cases:
1) Encarnacion Lopez Vda. De Baluyot v. Leonor Ines Luciano, 72 SCRA 52
2) Yangco v. CFI of Manila, 21 Phil 184
RULE 94 BONDS OF GUARDIANS
Cases:
1) Delfin Nario v. Philippine American Life Insurance Co., 20 SCRA 434
2) Arroyo v. Jungsay, 34 Phil 589
RULE 95 SELLING AND ENCUMBERING PROPERTY OF WARD
Cases:
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De Pua v. San Agustin, 106 SCRA 7


Gonzales v. Ordonez-Benitez, 181 SCRA 401
Lindain v. CA, 212 SCRA 725
Maneclang v. Baun, 208 SCRA 179

RULE 96 GENERAL POWERS AND DUTIES OF GUARDIANS


Cases:
1) Parco v. CA, 111 SCRA 262
2) Cui v. Piccio, 91 Phil 712
RULE 97 TERMINATIONS OF GUARDIANSHIP
Cases:
1) Ypil v. Salas, 89 SCRA 172
RULE 98 TRUSTEES
Cases:
1) Tiangco v. Francisco, 68 Phil 639

2) Roman Catholic Bishop of Jaro v. de la Pea. 26 Phil 144