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V

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QMG BRANCH

II
KNOW YOUR MES WORKS

CHAPTER - FOUR

CHECK LIST FOR


SITING BOARD OF OFFICERS

SITING BOARD

KLP

Whether the accommodation is for KLP or for non KLP unit?

Whether the accommodation is for long term (more than 10 years) or for s h o r t
term?

Whether the specifications are for permanent or temporary accommodation?

Are all inter services aspects taken care of to avoid duplication of common
items/facilities?
TERMS OF REFERENCE

Are the terms of reference comprehensive and complete?


COMPOSITION OF BOARD

Is the Board represented by all the concerned parties such as DEO, Land
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SITING BOARD

Acquisition Officer, State Electricity Board, Water Supply And Sewage Board,
Civil Aviation Authority, Corporation Town Planning Authorities as applicable?
ZONAL PLAN

Whether the Zonal/Master plan is available?

If not, have you prepared tentative one to avoid haphazard growth?

Have you clearly explained this in the Board Proceedings?

Does the Zonal Plan cater for any expansion? If so, what?
LAND

To whom does the land belong? (Centre, State, Private etc)

Is there any re-classification of land required?


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SITING BOARD

If so, what action is to be taken?

Is any acquisition of land involved?

Is a No Objection Certificate required from state Govt / DEO?

If so, has it been obtained?

Has the case for acquisition, hired, leased and private land been floated?

If so, give present position?

What is approximate cost of land for acquisition if any?

Is there any other factor pertaining to land which may hold up the execution of
the project?

88

SITING BOARD

RAILWAY WORKS

Does the project include any railway works?

If so, has the matter been properly taken up with railway authorities?

What is the PDC of the railway work?

SITE CLEARANCE

Have the details of site clearance including filling, cutting of rocks or demolition
been given?

Whether any roads belonging to other agencies such as State PWD/


Corporation exist?

Whether any telephone lines, water mains and so on, lie in the site?
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SITING BOARD

If so, has any action been taken to divert or shift them?

Is tree cutting required?


ELECTRIC SUPPLY AND WATER SUPPLY

Has the requirement of water and power been worked out?

If the source of water and power is not MES, has the certificate from the
concerned authorities been obtained?

Whether the cost of connection charges and cost of new works to be executed
by civil organisation been furnished?
SPECIAL ITEMS

Whether statement of case is attached for full justification for all the special
items?
90

SITING BOARD

Whether approval has been obtained for the special items?


ACCOMMODATION

Whether accommodation statement has been given in the approved proforma?

Have the requirements of accommodation been worked out?

Have the full requirements of the users been taken into account and is the
project complete in all respects?

Does WE or Govt letter authorizing the establishment exist?

Whether the 10% cut on the WE is applied while planning married


accommodation?

Whether the disposal/utility of all the existing assets has been clearly
indicated?
91

SITING BOARD

If any of the existing accommodation is not taken as asset for calculating


deficiency, state the reasons thereof?

Whether the number of blocks/number of storeys to be constructed have been


clearly given?

Whether the demolition of work is involved?

If so, has the following been furnished?


v
Age of the building
v
Book value
v
Nature of building
v
Condition of building
v
Alternative arrangement for the demolished building.

Whether surplus accommodation available at the station?

If so, how the surplus accommodation is proposed to be utilised?


92

SITING BOARD

Whether the project is to be completed in phases?

If so, state the number of phases?

In case of special repairs/addition and alteration whether the programme or


phasing for handing/taking over the building by users is given.

Is there any extra height required for the building?

Whether the accommodation required is fully justified with facts and figures
particularly :v
Technical accommodation.
v
Storage accommodation based on size and number of machinery, nature of
material to be stored and so on.

Whether any justification has been given for providing compound wall/
security fencing?

Whether the accommodation catered for MES key personnel and


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SITING BOARD

constructional staff is justified?

Whether full justification is given for the provision of items like :v


Lift
v
Crane
v
Gas supply
v
Compressed air supply
v
Air-conditioning
v
Fly proofing
v
Machine foundation
v
Special type of floor and finishes
v
Anti-termite treatment
v
Precautions for seismic effects
v
Built-in furniture
v
Cooking range
v
Guard bars
v
Grills
v
Telephone conduit
v
Water cooler
94

SITING BOARD

v
Geyser
v
Stabiliser
v
Standby generator
v
Special items of furniture

Whether the PDC of the project is given? Or is the project a time bound project.

Has the nature of sewage disposal been given? If sewage is to be connected to


sewage system maintained by civil authorities, have they given the permission
and indicated connecting changes?

Is there any residual aspect to be followed up at the ministry level in respect of:v
Terms for water
v
Terms for power
v
Terms for land
v
Terms for resumptions
v
Effluent discharge point
v
Water and power for construction
v
Railway works
95

SITING BOARD

If so, whether the short brief on each of the affected items is attached?.
FURNITURE

Is full provision made for new furniture?

If partial, to what extent it has not been provided for and why?
CERTIFICATES

Has the non-availability certificate for the surplus furniture, signed by GE and
countersigned by OC of the station, been obtained?

Has the certificate for provision of guard bars/grills for the windows in ground
floor of married accommodation been obtained from Station Commander?

Has the 'No Objection Certificate been obtained from DEO/State/Govt Land
Acquisition Officer?
96

SITING BOARD

Have the certificates from representative of State Electricity Board, Water and
Sewage Board, Corporation for supply of power, electricity and for sewage
connections been obtained?
SITE PLANS

Has the environmental plan of the area showing adjoining boundaries/building


along with the buildings to be sited been prepared?

Has the dimensioned site plan showing the following items been prepared:v
Prevailing wind direction in relation to earth point and highest flood level.
v
Spot levels, at 10m grids indicating contour at 1m intervals on flat ground
and 2.5m interval on undulating ground.
v
Roads and path ways.
v
Existing services with sizes of mains such as :
Water supply lines.

Electric supply lines, source, capacity, etc.


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SITING BOARD

Telephone line.

Sewage-Sewerage-surface drains.

Fencing obstructions.
v
Bearing capacity of soil-sub strata-sub soil water.
v
Means of access, right of way if any.

Has the tentative layout plan showing all proposed buildings along with
services been prepared?

Has the siting of buildings been verified at site by pegging out on the ground
based on the tentative layout plan?

Is the proposed building in restricted area?

If so, state the condition and timings of working hours?

98

SITING BOARD

PRIORITIES FOR HANDING TAKING OVER OF COMPLETED BUILDINGS.

Have the users indicated their functional priorities for taking over building when
completed ?

Whether type of trees / shrubs / bushes mentioned?

Whether the maintenance responsibility of the plantation is clearly given along


with the period of maintenance?

Whether the dissenting notes of members if any, been recorded ?

Have all the members signed on the board proceedings ?

99

SITING BOARD

ADDITIONAL POINTS
FOR CONSIDERATION IN
BOARD PROCEEDINGS

SITING BOARD : OTM ACCOMMODATION

ADM BUILDING
v
Front margin of the building should be kept minimum 50m.
v
Such buildings should be as far as possible on high ground.
v
Approach road should be two way with a median. Avenue plantation must be
made along with approach road.
v
Parking spaces must be provided to the sides or the back.
v
Building should as far as possible follow symmetry within main VIP entrance
at the centre. Additional entrances must be made from the rear and sides for
the different category of pers coming to the building.
v
Whenever three storey bldg is planned, lift may be catered as a special item.
v
The main car porch should be able to hold at least two cars.
v
The entrance lobby should be sufficiently large enough.
v
The entrance door should be between 2 to 2.5m wide.
v
Each entrance must have ramps so that physically handicapped persons can
enter the building without any difficulty.

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SITING BOARD : OTM ACCOMMODATION

v
The connecting passage should be 1.5m wide in case rooms are on one side of
the passage and minimum 2.0m wide whenever rooms are provided on either
side of the passage.
v
Toilets should be provided as per authorisation. However, it should be located
as per requirment.
v
Provision of officers tea room and cafeteria for other ranks must be catered.
v
Architectural design to cater for future expansion both vertically and
horizontally.
v
Light and ventilation aspects must be given due care.
v
Besides the main approach, the building should have approach road from rear
or the side.
v
Compound wall with decorative grill must be part of the project.
v
Sentry post at all gates must be designed to match the main building.
v
As far as possible, avoid locating any building along either side of the main
approach road.

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SITING BOARD : OTM ACCOMMODATION

OFFERS MESSES AND INSTITUTES


v
Front margin should be minimum 30m from the road.
v
All the parking areas should be to the side or rear.
v
Car porch should be big enough to accommodate at least two cars.
v
Wide entrance doors with wide entrance lobby to cater to the need of the
reception during any social.
v
The main approach road should be 7.5 m wide.
v
Messes of strength up to 14 officers could be of single storey but above 15
officers it should preferably be of two storeys.
v
Design should be flexible to cater for varying strength. The provision of movable
partitions may be adopted for this purpose.
v
Toilets for ladies and gents should preferably be on different sides. As far as
ladies toilet is concerned, it should be located with the private dining room.
v
Compound wall with decorative grill must be part of the project.
v
Sentry post at all gates must be designed to match the main building.

102

SITING BOARD : OTM ACCOMMODATION

SCHOOL BUILDING
v
Irrespective of the size of the school, compound must have main gate, gate for
students coming on school buses, students coming on foot, students coming
on two/four wheelers.
v
Adequate parking spaces must be created on side/rear of the school for
parking/offloading of buses, students and teachers vehicles. Separate parking
for parents and guests.
v
Classrooms must be planned only on one side of the corridor.
v
Classrooms must be so located that students do not get the glare of the Sun.
v
Classroom furniture should be based on different age groups.
v
Adequate No of staircases must be provided. There should be one ramp for
handicapped children.
v
Toilets should be separate for staff and students. The boys and girls toilet must
be at different corners. In the toilet blocks, provision must exist for physically
challenged students too.
v
Adequate number of play fields must be catered for all age groups.
v
Adequate number of drinking water points must be catered.
103

SITING BOARD : OTM ACCOMMODATION

HOSPITALS
v
Entrance to the building must be wide.
v
Location of staircases must be well defined and not tucked into corners.
v
Adequate lawns and gardens should be located within the hospital for patients.
v
Parking spaces for visitors and doctors must be made available for outstation
visitors of patients.
v
Guest room with catering facility must be made available for outstation
visitors of patients.
v
For physically challenged persons, adequate ramps, lifts and toilets should be
provided.
SHOPPING COMPLEXES
v
The location should be central to all the married accommodation of the station.
v
Layout should be open type with scope for expansion.
v
Separate entrance for pedestrian and vehicle traffic.
104

SITING BOARD : OTM ACCOMMODATION

v
Adequate parking for two-wheelers and cars.
v
Separate service lane for heavy vehicle carrying goods.
v
Area around shopping complex should be landscaped similar to a park.
v
Adequate toilets for ladies & gents must be provided.
v
Provisions of ramps and toilets must made for physically challenged persons.
OTM ACCOMMODATION FOR UNITS
v
The entire master plan must be finalized during the Phase-I stage of the board.
v
The entire layout should be based on functional relationship between various
spaces of the unit.
v
The line plans of the each and every building should be finalised during board
stage with active participation of the user.
v
Characteristics of each and every building with a unit must have similarity.
v
The inner space management must be done to optimize the functional
efficiency of the unit.
v
Similarly Kote and facilities for parking of guns & Armoured Vehicles must be
done as per requirements of unit administration.
105

CHAPTER - FIVE

EXHAUSTIVE LIST
OF OBSERVATIONS BY
TECHNICAL EXAMINERS

STORAGE OF MATERIAL

CEMENT

Should be stored in godowns with proper cover.

Bags placed on proper dunnage.

Clearance from walls.


STEEL

Should have proper dunnage.

Dia wise stacking.

Coat of cement slurry.


SAND AND AGGREGATES

Should be stored on bins/platforms.

106

SITE DOCUMENTS

SITE DOCUMENTS

Works Diary, Site Order Book, Stage Passing Register, Sample Approval
Register, Material Testing Register, Cement and Steel Acceptance R e g i s t e r ,
DO Register, Cement Consumption Register, Cement Requirement R e g i s t e r,
Steel Reinforcement Register.

Stages to be passed by GE /AGE / JE shall be indexed in Stage Passing


Register and timely approval shall accordingly be given.

Level sheet showing levels of existing ground duly signed by GE.

Various stages of sample quarter are duly passed by GE and the sample
quarter is complete in all respects within the time fixed for its completion.

107

SITE LABORATAORY

SITE LABORATORY

List of equipment required to be kept in site lab shall form part of contract and
all equipment as per CA shall be available at site.

All equipment shall be duly calibrated.

Contractor shall employ separate technician for site lab.

108

DESIGN MIX

DESIGN MIX

Whether design mix got done from approved laboratory/institution.

RMC or batch mix plant at site.

In case of RMC, requirements for visiting the RMC plant complied or not.

Approval for admixtures to be added given or not.

Cement content and w/c ratio as per approved design mix to be deliberated
(As per IS 456 : 2000 max cement content is 450kg/m3).

Trial mixes carried out or not and record for the same is maintained.

Test samples of three reserve test cubes should be available, record of test
cubes casted commensurate with the quantum of concrete.

Acceptance criteria as per IS 456 : 2000 or not.

Weighing arrangements for cement and water provided or not.

Potability of water used for concrete verified or not.

In case of mechanical mixers, sufficient number available at site or not.

109

RCC CHAJJAS AND PLINTH PROTECTION

RCC CHAJJAS

Thickness and width.

Throating/drip mould.

Length of chajjas with respect to the opening length.

Slope at top.

Finish of plaster at top and coving.


PLINTH PROTECTION

Mix of PCC and hardcore below it.

Width of plinth protection.

Joints and filling material.

110

STONE MASONARY

STONE MASONARY

Size of stones.

Thickness of mortar joints.

PCC bond stone:v


Cast-in-situ/precast.
v
Size.
v
Numbers provided per sqm.

Hollowness of mortar.

Weep holes in case of retaining/drain walls.

PCC coping- thickness, projection and throating.

Raking of mortar joints and its depth.

Type of masonry- coarsed / un-coarsed / brought to coarse etc.

Dressing of stones.

111

FOUNDATION

FOUNDATIONS

Plinth beams provided at plinth level or not to avoid DPC.

In case of pile foundations, initial load test report, routine load test report,
depth of pile, mix design for pile to be perused with reference to CA and IS
specification.

If any rock met with during excavation, whether mechanical means adopted
and how the DO paid including credit for rock obtained.

In case water met during excavation whether any DO paid for removal of water
or not.

ATT chemical firm approved.

Soil investigation report.

Dimension of excavation, adequate room for working, deweeding etc.


112

STEEL REINFORCEMENT

STEEL REINFORCEMENT

Procurement from main producers or secondary producers as specified in CA.

In case of main producers, manufacturer's test certificate and vouchers to be


seen and also independent testing carried out by GE.

In case of secondary producers, thermax


allowing procurement.

facilities verified by GE before

Cement slurry application to prevent rusting provided or not.

Centering of reinforcement properly done or not (in case of columns, generally


non-uniform cover is obtained due to not holding of reinforcement in place).

Lap length at splicing portion and anchorage length at beam-column junctions


shall not be less than development length.

In slabs, chairs between two layers of reinforcement near supports shall be


provided.
113

BRICK WORK & FORMWORK

BRICK WORK

Bricks- class, quality, dimensions and source.

Filling of vertical joints.

Raking of joints , depth and thickness.

Line and level of brickwork.

Curing of brickwork.

Mix and strength of mortar joints.

Efflorescence on brick masonry surfaces.

Testing of bricks.
FORM WORK

Only steel props for scaffolding are to be provided as per latest instructions.

Plywood or steel shuttering to be used.

Removal of form work to be planned as per number of days given in CA.

114

ROOF TREATMENT

WATER PROOFING TREATMENT

Localised depressions on top surface.

Primer - make, grade, rate of application testing.

Bitumen make, grade rate of application testing.


POLYMERIC WATER PROOFING

Make , thickness of central core.

Manufacturer and independent test certificate.

Side and end overlaps.

Torching of overlapped portions.

Filleting in parapet walls.

Bubble formation.

Turning on vertical face of roof projections.

Weight per sqm.

Treatment below and around water tanks placed on roof.

Treatment on mouth of rain water pipes.


115

ROOF TREATMENT

Also the treatment at parapets (upward) and downward fascias should be


inserted in grooves in parapets.

In case of non-accessible roofs, there should be no further treatment over


polymeric membrane except if required from thermal insulation consideration.

In case of accessible roofs, the quality and thickness of PCC machine pressed
tiles to be seen.
BRICK TILE PROTECTION OVER MEMBRANE

Size and thickness of brick tiles.

Quality of brick walls, mix and thickness of mortar bedding layer.

Width of joints.

Mix of mortar in joints.

Thickness of pointing.

Mixing of crude oil.

Level and slope of top surface of brick tiles.

116

ROOF TREATMENT

PCC PADDING PROTECTION OVER MEMBRANE

Thickness.

Finish of top surface.

Size of grooves and filling materials.

Cracks.

Weight of wire mesh.

117

DOORS AND WINDOWS

WOODEN FRAMES

Type of timber.

Dimensions.

Surface finish.

Preservative treatment.

Chamfering/rounding of edges.

Tongued and grooved joint.

Length & thickness of hold fast.

Size of PCC block for hold fast.


PRESSED STEEL FRAMES

Profile dimensions.

Thickness of sheet.

Make.

Pipe sleeve for door bolt.

Stiffener at bottom.

Length & thickness of hold fast.

Size of PCC block for hold fast.


118

DOORS AND WINDOWS

WOODEN SHUTTERS

Dimension of stiles, rails & thickness.

Sub-tenoned or full tenoned.

Factory made or locally fabricated.

Type of timber used.

Preservative chemical treatment.

Surface finish.

Type of particle board for panel inserts.

Testing of door/window shutters.

Nos & dimensions of sash bars in mosquito proof doors are mitred.

Dia of wire and aperture of wire cloth.

Wooden door stoppers.

Self closing arrangement in mosquito proof door shutters.

Aluminium sheet lining on doors of WC / Bath / Toilet.


v
Thickness
v
Height of coverage

119

DOORS AND WINDOWS

PELMET BOXES

Length shall be more than opening.

Width of pelmet box.

Type and thickness of particle board/plywood used.

Fixing arrangement with walls.

Stiffeners between top face and front face.

Wooden edging.
CURTAIN ROD

External dia and wall thickness.

Type: Aluminum or MS.

Tie Hanger (Al): Length & thickness.

Type of door spring and its length.

ISI marking and make of tower bolts, sliding, door bolt, handles, door spring etc.

Types of screws for fixing the hardware.

120

BUILDERS HARDWARE

MS BUTT HINGES

Type: Heavy or medium.

Flap length and thickness.

ISI marking and make.


TOWER BOLTS

Material: Aluminium/MS/ Brass.

Length of bolt and dia of shoot.


SLIDING DOOR BOLT

Material: Aluminium / MS / Brass.

Length of bolt and dia of shoot.

Backside screws provided or not.


HANDLES

Material and type of handles.

Grip length.

Base plate.
121

STEEL AND ALUMINIUM WORK

ALUMINIUM DOORS/WINDOWS

Dimensions of stiles, rails & chowkat.

Wall thickness of members.

Degree of anodizing.

Manufacturer's test certificate.

Floor spring.

Locks- make, type and No of levers.

Rubber gasket lining.

Type of insert panel.


v
Glass thickness.
v
Prelam particleboard: int/ext grade.
STEEL WINDOWS

Configuration of windows.
v
Glazed and wire gauged shutter on common frame.
v
Glazed and wire gauged shutter on separate frame.
122

STEEL AND ALUMINIUM WORK

v
Glazed bars in wire gauged shutters.

Width and thickness of 'Z' section, glazing bars and sash bars.

Hinges:v
Projecting/friction/box type.
v
Electro galvanizing of hinge pin.
v
Thickness/length of sheet, washer Nos & thickness.
v
Oil paper used for covering during plaster.

Nos of lugs used on sides.

Size of PCC block for lugs.

Lugs welded or bolted, length and thickness of lugs.

Fixing arrangement of windows flush with RCC columns.

Smoothening of flash butt welding.

Length, thickness and finish of peg stay.

Window handles.
123

CEILING

CEILING

Size of aluminum tee including wall thickness.

Method of suspension from roof.

Level adjustor.

Holding clips.

Tiles.
v
Perforated particle board.
v
Plain AC board.
v
Other material/type.

Gypsum false ceiling.


v
GI channel size & wall thickness.
v
Thickness & make of gypsum board.
v
Fixing screws: Brass/GI.
v
Tape at joints.
124

FLOORING

PCC FLOORING

Thickness.

Finish & level and slope of top surface.

Size of panels.

Dividing strips, material and size.

Test for hollowness by tapping.


KOTA STONE

Size and thickness of kota stone slabs/tiles.

Uniformity of colour.

Scratch marks on surface.

Width of joints.

Test for hollowness by tapping.

Level of top surfaces and slope.

Cutting & polishing normal/mirror finish.


125

FLOORING

CERAMIC AND GLAZED TILES

Make and quality of tiles.

Colour.

Size & thickness.

Finish: Matt or non-skid.

Width of joint.

Depth of filling of white cement.

Level of top surface.

Testing for hollowness by tapping.


MARBLE AND GRANITE FLOORING

Thickness and size of tiles/slab.

Width of joint.

Cutting/polishing normal/mirror finish.

Type of granite.
126

FLOORING

Type of marble.

Thickness of screed layer.

Level of top surface.

Test for hollowness by tapping.


TILE DADO

Type, make and quality of tiles.

Colour.

Height of dado.

Size & thickness of tiles.

Width of joint.

Depth of filling of white cement.

Rounding of edges on jamb locations.

Test for hollowness by tapping.

127

PLASTERING AND POINTING

PLASTERING

Thickness.

Surface finish.

Line and level.

Mix and strength.

Plaster grooves.

Number of layers in external plaster.

Plaster on chajja tops and coving.

Type of sand used in plaster.

Cracks.
POINTING

Type of pointing specified, incorporated and its adequacy.

Quality of workmanship.

128

PAINTING

PAINTING

Surface preparation.

Removal of mortar deposits from door/windows frames.

Primer.

Brush marks and uniformity of colour.

Class of synthetic enamel paint.

Curing of cement paint.

Whether cement paint coming out on rubbing by hands.

Removal of stains from plinth protection and glass panes.

129

WATER SUPPLY AND PLUMBING

BIB COCKS & PILLAR COCKS

Material and type.

Long/short shank.

Weight.

Make & ISI marking.


STOP COCK

Type-brass or copper /fancy type.

External or internal threading.

Weight.
PLUMBING

Soil/Waste/Vent pipes.
v
Material and class/grade and conformity to specifications/IS.
v
Make & ISI marking.
v
Type of jointing material.
130

WATER SUPPLY AND PLUMBING

v
Fixing arrangements with walls.
v
Height of vent pipe above roof level.
v
Size of pipes.

Nahani/Floor Traps
v
Material.
v
Long body or short body.
v
Make & ISI marking.
v
Weight & size.
v
Type of grating CI or CP/hinged or non hinged.
SANITARY FITTINGS

WHB/WC/Urinals.
v
Make, ISI marking and quality.
v
Sizes.
v
Fixing arrangement.
131

WATER SUPPLY AND PLUMBING

Flushing cistern.
v
Type and capacity.
v
Make and ISI marking.
v
Fixing arrangement with walls.
v
Waste pipe, its type & specification and fixing to cistern & WC.
v
Overflow pipe.

EWC Seat & Cover.


v
Colour.
v
Make and ISI marking.
v
Hinges MS CP or brass CP.

Towel Rails.
v
Material and type.
v
Length.
v
Outer dia and wall thickness.

Testing of plumbing and sanitary fittings.


132

SEWAGE DISPOSAL

SGSW PIPES
v
Size, make and ISI marking.
v
Thickness of bedding layer.
v
Returning/fitting of soil in trenches.
v
Haunching / surrounding.
v
Precaution in black cotton soil areas.
v
Depth/precaution in portions under roads.

MANHOLES
v
Type of cover RCC or CI.
v
Size and finish of covers.
v
Smoothness of plaster.
v
PCC coping on top of walls.
v
Handle.

133

SEWAGE DISPOSAL

SEPTIC TANK / SOAK WELL


v
Overall dimensions.
v
Thickness, grade of concrete and finish of top slab.
v
Finish of inside and outside plaster.
v
Filter material type and thickness of each layer.
v
Vent pipes.
v
Manhole covers.
v
Twin septic tanks preferred.

Testing of sewage system

134

INTERNAL ELECTRIFICATION

BATTEN WIRING
v
Quality of wood in battens, thickness and width, surface finish, varnishing.
v
Fixing arrangement with wall and spacing of gutties.
v
Thickness, size and spacing of aluminium clips.

PVC CASING AND CAPPING


v
Whether proper specifications are given in the contract and if given whether
execution is as per IS.
v
Screws used for wiring(should be cadmium plated).
v
Accessories to casing and capping size and quality.

CONDUIT WIRING
v
Type of conduit PVC or MS.
v
Type of fittings PVC or MS.
v
Make and ISI marking on conduits and fittings.
v
Fixing arrangement with wall/in chases.
v
Grade of conduit, outer dia and wall thickness.
v
Number of cables in one conduit.
135

INTERNAL ELECTRIFICATION

CABLES FOR WIRING


v
Make grade and ISI marking and size.
v
Type aluminum or copper, solid or stranded.
v
Size of the cable.
v
Dia of strands and number of strands.
v
Colour coding.
v
Purchase vouchers.

Provision of sleeves at all wall crossings.

EARTHING
v
Type and dia of wire.
v
Earth dolly connection to sunken boxes.
v
Light fittings connected with earth wire.
v
Earthing wire connected to main earthing.
v
Size and thickness of earth plate.
v
Watering and protection pipe.
v
Earth pit covers.
v
Funnel and wire mesh.
136

INTERNAL ELECTRIFICATION

SUNKEN BOXES
v
Type MS or CI.
v
Size and wall thickness and depth.
v
Bituminous paint on embedded surfaces.
v
Paint on exposed surfaces.
v
Cover sheet bakelite or PVC, thickness, make and ISI marking , screws
GI or brass.

LIGHT FITTINGS
v
Make and ISI marking.
v
Thickness of sheet.
v
Fixed on wooden boards or directly on walls.
v
Purchase vouchers.

137

INTERNAL ELECTRIFICATION

MCBs
v
Make and ISI marking.
v
Rating.
v
Wires connected with thimbles.
v
Purchase vouchers.

DBs
v
Make.
v
Thickness of sheet enclosure.
v
Ways 2,4,6 or 8 ways.
v
Blanking plates.
v
Purchase vouchers.
v
On wooden boards or directly embedded on walls.

138

ROAD AND PATH WORK

AGGREGATE
v
Type: Trap/Basalt/Granite.
v
Tests: Sieve analysis, flakiness index, abrasion value, stripping value,
soundness, and water absorption.

Earth work in embankments/sub grade.

Camber.

SOLING AND WBM


v
Size of stones.
v
Filling of gaps chippings/moorum.
v
Camber.
v
Brick edging.
v
Compaction.
v
Testing of stones.

PREMIX CARPET AND SEAL COAT


v
Grading of aggregate and sand.
139

ROAD AND PATH WORK

v
Thickness of carpet.
v
Voids on surface.
v
Seal coat type and its suitability and uniformity.
v
Rolling and compaction.
v
Edges.
v
Camber.
v
Localised depressions.
v
Temperature of mix at laying and rolling.
v
Paver used or not.
v
Hot mix plant or mixed at site.

Bitumen source of procurement, purchase vouchers and test certificate.

SEMI DENSE ASPHALTIC CONCRETE


v
Job mix design.
v
Percentage of binder used.
v
Gradation of aggregate.
v
Filler type cement/lime/stone dust and gradation.
140

ROAD AND PATH WORK

v
Camber.
v
Localised depressions.
v
Thickness and compaction.
v
Voids and surface finish.

QUALITY CONTROL MEASURES


v
Marshall stability test.
v
Temperature records.
v
Rolling hours.
v
Gradation, flakiness test, abrasion test, stripping value test, water
absorption test of aggregate.
v
Gradation of filler material.

Laying by paver and mixing by hot mix plant.

Stack measurements.

141

AREA DRAINAGE

AREA DRAINAGE

Location, grid, direction and slopes of drains with respect to topography and
slope of natural ground.

Adequacy of size/cross section of drain with respect to discharge.

Section of culverts with respect to discharge.

Precautions in black cotton soil area.

Quality of brickwork, PCC and plaster of drains adequacy of laid down


specifications vs executed.

Coping at top of walls.

Weep holes.
142

EXTERNAL ELECTRIFICTION

CABLES
v
Grade HT/LT.
v
Voltage 660/1100 volt or 1100 volt for LT-6.5 KV/11 KV for HT.
v
Specifications, make-drum No and ISI marking.
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.
v
Trench width and depth.
v
Sand cushioning.
v
Protection covers (Brick/PCC, size/shape and mix of concrete, their
make and testing).
v
Insulation test at site.
v
UG cable for LT preferred.

TRANSFORMERS
v
Specifications, capacity, make and winding (Aluminium/Copper).
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.
v
Oil level.
v
Various accessories.

143

EXTERNAL ELECTRIFICTION

v
Neutral and body separately earthed.
v
Type indoor or outdoor.
v
Insulation test at site.
v
Plinth of transformer.

OCB/ACB/VCB
v
Specifications, make and rating.
v
Configuration and various parameters.
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.

MCCB
v
Specifications, make and rating.
v
Configuration and various parameters.
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.

DG SETS
v
Specifications, make and rating.
v
Various gauges, dampers in outlet soak pipe.
v
Asbestos rope ,fuel tank.
144

EXTERNAL ELECTRIFICTION

v
Make and rating of engine and alternators.
v
Vibration isolation.
v
Foundation, mounting channel frame.
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.
v
Testing.

STEEL TUBULAR POLES


v
Specifications, make and ISI marking on tubes.
v
Smoothening of welding.
v
Final tapers at top.
v
PCC plinth.
v
Painting and pole numbering.
v
Danger plate and anti climbing device in HT poles.
v
Earthing of poles.
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.

PANELS
v
Specifications and make.
145

EXTERNAL ELECTRIFICTION

v
Size and thickness of sheet.
v
Voltmeter, ammeter and CTs bus bar aluminum/copper and size.
v
Earthing.
v
Rubber gasket lining and locking arrangement.
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.
v
CPRI approval.

LIGHTING ARRESTORS
v
Specifications, make and rating.
v
Type linear resistance type or expulsion type.
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.
v
Fixing of strip conductors or porcelain saddles.
v
Testing joints.

HT / LT CABLE END JOINTS


v
Specifications, make and rating.
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.

146

EXTERNAL WATER SUPPLY

CI PIPES
v
Specifications, class, make and ISI marking.
v
Size and weight.
v
Pressure rating.
v
Lead/Tyton joints.
v
Width and depth of trench.
v
Laying.
v
Returning/filling of soil in trench.
v
Testing.

GI PIPES
v
Specifications, grade, make and ISI marking.
v
Size, weight and grade.
v
ISI marking of fittings.
v
Width and depth of trench.
v
Anti corrosive paint on exposed threaded positions.
v
Laying.
v
Returning/filling of soil in trench.
v
Testing.
147

EXTERNAL WATER SUPPLY

SLUICE VALVES
v
Specifications, make and ISI marking.
v
Size and class.
v
Spindle Brass/Steel.
v
Serial No on sluice valve.
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.

PUMPS
v
Type submersible/centrifugal.
v
Discharge head and RPM.
v
Make and ISI marking.
v
Purchase vouchers and test certificate.
v
Noise.
v
Earthing.
v
Starter.
v
Testing.

148

CHAPTER - SIX

TESTS TO BE CARRIED OUT


ON BUILDING MATERIALS

BRICKS

VISUAL AND DIMENSIONAL CHARACTERISTICS


v
Testing as per IS 1077.
v
Frequency-as per table 1 of IS 1077 given as under :Lot Size (Nos)

Sample (Nos)

Permissible No Of Defective Bricks

20
32
50

1
2
3

2001 to 10000
10001 to 35000
35001 to 50000

v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
v
Testing as per table 2 of IS 3495.
v
Frequency-as per table 2 of IS 5454 given as under :149

BRICKS

Lot Size (Nos)


2001 to 10000
10001 to 35000
35001 to 50000

Sample (Nos)

Permissible No Of Defective Bricks

05
10
15

0
0
1

v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

Water absorption tests as per compressive strength above.

EFFLORESCENCE
v
Test as per IS 3495 part II.
v
Frequency-as given for compressive strength above.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory.

150

COARSE AGGREGATE

SIEVE ANALYSIS
v
Testing as per IS 2386 part-I.
v
Frequency-as per table 3 of IS 2430 given as under :Lot Size (Nos)

Sample (Nos)

Up to 100
101 to 500
501 to 1500
1501 to 5000

1
3
5
7

v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

Flakiness index tests as per sieve analysis above at Site Laboratory.

ESTIMATION OF DELETERIOUS MATERIALS


v
Test as per IS 2386 part- II.
v
Frequency-as given for sieve analysis above.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.
151

COARSE AGGREGATE

TEST FOR ORGANIC IMPURITIES


v
Testing as per IS 2386 part -I.
v
Frequency-as given for sieve analysis above.
v
Test to be conducted at National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg College.

MOISTURE CONTENT
v
Test as per IS 2386 part -I.
v
Frequency-as given for sieve analysis above.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

152

CEMENT

SETTING TIME
v
Test as per IS 4031.
v
Frequency-once for each consignment of 50 MT or part thereof.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory and National Test House/SEMT
Wing/Engg College.

SOUNDNESS AS GIVEN FOR SETTING TIME ABOVE


v
Test as per IS 4031.
v
Frequency-once for each consignment of 50 MT or part thereof.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory and National Test House/SEMT
Wing/Engg College.

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH AND FINENESS


v
Test as per IS 4031.
v
Frequency-once for each consignment of 50 MT or part thereof.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory and National Test House/SEMT
Wing/Engg College.

153

STRUCTURAL CONCRETE

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
v
Test as per IS 516.
v
Frequency test as under :Quantity Of Concrete ( in m)

No Of Samples

1-5
6-15
16-30
31-50
51 and above

1
2
3
4
4 Plus one addl sample for each
addl 50m or part thereof.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory /National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg
College.

SLUMP/COMPACTION FACTOR FOR WORKABILITY


v
Test as per IS 516.
v
Frequency-as given for compressive strength above.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.
154

STRUCTURAL STEEL SECTIONS

TENSILE STRENGTH
v
Test as per IS 1608, IS 1663 and IS 1894.
v
Frequency-one test for every 25 tonnes of steel or part thereof.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory /National Test House/SEMT
Wing/Engg College.

BEND TEST
v
Test as per IS 1403, IS 1599 and IS 1500.
v
Frequency-one test for every 10 tonnes of steel or part thereof.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory /National Test House/SEMT
Wing/Engg College.

IMPACT TEST
v
As given for bend test above.

HARDNESS TEST
v
As given for bend test above.

155

PCC HOLLOW BLOCKS

DIMENSION AND VISUAL DEFECTS


v
Test as per IS 2185.
v
Frequency-20 blocks from every consignment of 5000 blocks or part thereof.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
v
Test as per IS 2185.
v
Frequency-8 blocks out of 20 randomly selected blocks.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

DRYING SHRINKAGE
v
Test as per IS 2185.
v
Frequency-3 blocks out of 20 randomly selected blocks.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory.

156

PCC HOLLOW BLOCKS

MOISTURE MOVEMENT
v
Test as per IS 2185.
v
Frequency-3 blocks out of 20 blocks.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

DENSITY
v
Test as per IS 2185.
v
Frequency-3 blocks out of 20 blocks.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

157

PCC SOLID BLOCKS

DIMENSION AND VISUAL DEFECTS


v
Test as per IS 2185.
v
Frequency-20 blocks from every consignment of 5000 blocks or part thereof.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
v
Test as per IS 2185.
v
Frequency-8 blocks out of 20 randomly selected blocks.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

DRYING SHRINKAGE
v
Test as per IS 2185.
v
Frequency-3 blocks out of 20 randomly selected blocks.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory.

158

PCC SOLID BLOCKS

MOISTURE MOVEMENT
v
Test as per IS 2185.
v
Frequency-3 blocks out of 20 blocks.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Lab.

DENSITY
v
Test as per IS 2185.
v
Frequency-3 blocks out of 20 blocks.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Lab.

159

FLOORING TILES

FLATNESS, PERPENDICULARITY, THICKNESS OF WEARING LAYER


v
Test as per IS 1237.
v
Frequency-18 tiles from each source of supply.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

WATER ABSORPTION
v
Test as per IS 1237.
v
Frequency-06 tiles out of 18 randomly selected tiles.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

WET TRANSVERSE STRENGTH


v
Test as per IS 1237.
v
Frequency-06 tiles out of 18 randomly selected tiles.
v
Test to be conducted at National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg College.

Resistance to wear as given for wet transverse strength above.


160

BURNT CLAY ROOF TILES

WATER ABSORPTION
v
Test as per IS 3495 part-II.
v
Frequency-as per table 2 of IS 5454 given as under :Lot Size (Nos)
2001 to 10000
10001 to 35000
35001 to 50000

Sample (Nos)

Permissible No Of Defective Tiles

5
10
15

v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
v
Test as per IS 3495 part - I.
v
Frequency-as given for water absorption above.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

161

0
0
1

MANGALORE PATTERN ROOF TILES

DIMENSION AND WEIGHT


v
Test as per IS 654.
v
Frequency given as under :Lot Size (Nos)
Upto 3000
3001 to 10000
10001 to 3 5000
35001 and above

Sample (Nos)

Permissible No Of Defective Bricks

32
50
80
125

3
5
7
10

v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

Breaking load as given for dimension and weight above.

162

TIMBER FOR WOOD WORK

SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND WEIGHT


v
Test as per IS 1708
v
Frequency as per clause 3.3 of IS-8720(amendment-1) given as under.
Lot Size (Nos)

No Of Scantlings

Up to 150
151-300
301-500

20
32
50

v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory.
.

Moisture content as given for weight test above.

163

WATER FOR CONSTRUCTION PURPOSE

TEST FOR ACIDITY AND ALKALINITY (PH VALUE)


v
Test as per IS-456.
v
Frequency-test once at the stage of approval of source of water.
v
Test to be conducted at National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg College.

164

TIMBER PANELED DOORS AND WINDOWS

DIMENSION,SIZES,WORKMANSHIP AND FINISH


v
Test as per IS 1003 part-I
v
Frequency-as per table 4 of IS 1003 given as under :Lot Size (Nos)
Sample (Nos)
Permissible No Of Defects
26 to 50
5
0
51 to 100
8
0
100 to 150
13
1
151 to 300
20
2
301 to 500
32
3
501 to 1000
50
5
1001 & above
80
7
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

Strength test- all as above but at National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg College.

Slamming Impact indentation Shock resistance Edge loading as given for


dimension test above.
165

PLYWOOD

MOISTURE CONTENT
v
Test as per IS 1734 part-I
v
Frequency-as per table 1 of IS 7638 for value of Acceptance Quality Level
(AQL) given as under :For value of AQL=1.5%
Lot Size (Nos)

Sample (Nos)

Up to 50
51 to 150
151 to 300
301 to 500
501 to 1000
1001 to 3000

5
8
13
20
32
50

166

Permissible No Of Defects
0
0
0
0
1
2

PLYWOOD

For value of AQL= 4%


Lot Size (Nos)

Sample (Nos)

Permissible No Of Defects

Up to 50
51 to 150
151 to 300
301 to 500
501 to 1000
1001 to 3000

5
8
13
20
32
50

0
0
0
1
2
3

v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

WATER RESISTANCE TEST


v
Test as per IS 1734 part VI.
v
Frequency-as per moisture content.
v
Test to be conducted at National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg College.

167

WOODEN PARTICLE BOARD

DENSITY
v
Test as per IS 635 part-III.
v
Frequency-as per table 1 of IS 7638 as given for plywood above.
v
Test to be conducted at National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg College.

Moisture content all as per particle board given above but at Site Laboratory.

WATER ABSORPTION
v
Test as per IS 635 part XVI.
v
Frequency-as given for plywood above.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

SWELLING DUE TO SURFACE ABSORPTION


v
Test as per IS 635 part XVII.
v
Frequency-as given for plywood above.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

Swelling in water-as given for swelling due to surface absorption test above.
168

WOODEN PARTICLE BOARD

MODULUS OF RUPTURE
v
Test as per IS 635 part- IV.
v
Frequency-as given for plywood above.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Laboratory.

SCREW AND NAIL WITHDRAWAL STRENGTH


v
Test as per IS 635 part- XIV.
v
Frequency-as given for plywood above.
v
Test to be conducted at National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg College.

169

GLAZED TILES

WATER ABSORPTION
v
Testing as per IS 777
v
Frequency as under :Lot Size (Nos)
3000 to 10000
Over 10000

Nos Of Sample
32
50

v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

CRAZING
v
Test as per IS 777.
v
Frequency-as given for water absorption above.
v
Test to be conducted at National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg College.

Chemical resistance as given for crazing tests above.

Impact strength as given for crazing tests above.


170

AGGREGATE FOR ROAD WORKS

IMPACT
v
Test as per IS 2386 part - IV.
v
Frequency-1 test per 100 m.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Lab/National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg
College.

CRUSHING VALUE
v
Test as per IS 2386 part- IV.
v
Frequency-1 test per source.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Lab/National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg
College.

Loss angles abrasion value all as given for crushing value tests above.

FLAKINESS
v
Test as per IS 2386 part - II.
v
Frequency-1 test per 100 m.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.
171

AGGREGATE FOR ROAD WORKS

WATER ABSORPTION
v
Test as per IS 2386 part III.
v
Frequency-1 test per 100 m.
v
Test to be conducted at Site Laboratory.

SPECIFIC GRAVITY
v
Test as per IS 2386 part III.
v
Frequency-1 test per source.
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal Lab/National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg
College.

Density all as given for specific gravity above.

Stripping value of aggregate for BM/AC - All as given for specific gravity tests
above.

172

BITUMEN FOR ROAD WORKS

PENETRATION VALUE
v
Test as per IS 73
v
Frequency-1 test per batch of bitumen supplied in bulk or drums
v
Test to be conducted at Zonal National Test House/SEMT Wing/Engg
College.

Softening points all as given for penetration value above.

Elongation - all as given for penetration value above.

WAX CONTENT
v
Test as per IS 1209
v
Frequency-as given for penetration value above.
v
Test to be conducted as given for penetration value above.

FLASH POINT/FIRE POINT


v
Test as per IS 1208
v
Frequency-as given for penetration value above.
v
Test to be conducted as given for penetration value above. Ductility- all
as given for for flash point above
173

CONCLUSION

Quality is defined as 'fitness to purpose' i.e. Providing a product


(a building) which provides an appropriate quality for the purpose for
which it is intended. The price to be paid for a building is a reflection of the
expectations of quality. A building of inferior material is likely to be less
attractive and less durable. The quality is also related to the timing of when it is
delivered. Therefore quality control can be looked at as having following three
elements:v
To produce a building which satisfies the users?
v
To produce a building where quality is related to the price.
v
To produce a building in which sufficient time is allowed to obtain the
desired quality.

Like most other aspects of construction management, quality control has to


be planned. Planning seeks 'order' and a quality control system for a
construction project reflects this sense of order. It may be seen to
174

CONCLUSION

be in following five basic stages:v


Setting the quality standard or quality of design required by user
v
Planning how to achieve the required quality, construction methods,
equipments, materials and personnel to be employed.
v
Construct the building right first time.
v
Correct any quality deficiencies.
v
Provide for long term quality control through establishing systems and
developing a quality culture.

This booklet would definitely be handy in ensuring monitoring of Quality in


a project and by no means is exhaustive. It is recommended that these
guidelines be read in conjunction with all existing instructions regarding
Construction Management and various policies issued from time to time.

175