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ELECTIVE

VIANZON, REYNALDO JR., M.
BSN3
8. EFFECTS OF CHILDLESS MARRIAGE
Children are precious gifts of God and our expressions of our love. They
enrich our lives and provide line of lineage to sustain humanity. Children are
also status symbol that all married adults are expected to have children.
All couples therefore love to have children. Unfortunately about 5 -10 % of
couples may have problems no matter how hard they try. Some are born not
to enjoy pregnancy and childbirth.
CAUSES OF CHILDLESSNESS:
Voluntary
- Celibacy (sexually abstinent)
- Personal choice, that is, having the physical, mental, and financial capability
to have children but choosing not to.
Involuntary
- Infertility, defined as the inability of a person or persons to conceive, due to
complications related to either or both the woman or the man. This is
regarded as the most prominent reason for involuntary childlessness.
Biological causes of infertility vary due to the many organs of both sexes that
must function properly for conception to take place.
- The death of an infant or child either before, during, or shortly after birth.
Infant death can happen for any number of reasons, usually being medical or
environmental. Death can be attributed to factors such as, inadequate access
to proper medical care, biological malformations, maternal complications,
and/or accidents and unintentional injuries. An unsuitable environment with
little to no resources may also play a role in infant mortality.
- Medical or gynaecological problems, including a lack of maternal medical
care before or after birth and damage obtained from a previous pregnancy. [3]
- Environment, this is related to availability of resources, whether emotional,
physical, or biological.
- Lack of a partner, or lack of willingness from partner.
EFFECTS:
- Infertility may cause stress, frustration and disappointment. Loses respect
and may be ridiculed. always tense and sorrowful.
- Men simply refuse to accept that they could be the problem and the women
in their desperation from social pressures have been forced to help their men
to bring in children from outside. (In-denial)

RA 8552 . 9. D. RA 9231 – Special Protection of Children Against child abuse. social. • Recognizing family strengths and individuality and respecting different methods of coping.An act Regulating Domestic Adoption When care of the biological parents is unavailable or inappropriate and no suitable alternative parental care or adoption within the child’s extended family is available. 10. crying or lying on the floor with head banging and heels drumming C. strengths and individuality within and . The risk of being sterile can be a heavy burden. Colic – May be due to over feeding. exploitation and discrimination.The behavior takes the form of screaming.Constant thumb sucking is strongly related to the emotional satisfaction of the infant. the best information regarding their child's health care. • Facilitating child/family/professional collaboration at all levels of service. restricts the hours of work of working children.Childlessness causes constant fights. PARENTING AN INFANT . expands working children’s access to education. B. adoption by an unrelated person shall be considered. Including Physical.COMMON BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS OF INFANTS A. Sexual. Specifically limits the employment of children below 15 years old. RA 9262 . Thumb sucking . The woman risk divorce and in some cases gets rivals. . medical and legal assistance. However.. • Recognizing and honoring diversity. • Sharing with the family.An Act Defining Violence Against women and their children providing for protective measures for victims. Sex becomes mechanical and unfulfilling. Sleep problems – Infants have different sleeping pattern. reflux or may also be a serious cond. while the service systems and personnel within those systems fluctuate. RA 8043 – An act Regulating Inter-country adoption Allow aliens to adopt Filipino children if such children cannot be adopted by qualified Filipino citizens B.ROLE OF THE NURSE IN THE CARE OF A FAMILY WITH HEALTHY/ILL INFANT • Recognizing that the family is the constant in a child's life. Temper tantrums . and Psychological abuse. D. Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children. • Understanding and incorporating the developmental needs of infants and their families in health care delivery. on a continuing basis and in a supportive manner. C. CHILD ABUSE INCLUDING LAWS PROTECTING CHLDREN: A. misunderstanding and suspicion in the marriage. no direct placement of a child to a non-related shall be countenanced.

including racial.the repetition of sounds or syllables – such as saying “mumu-mu-mummy” H. • Ensure small objects are kept out of reach of children. Stammering . demanding a bottle or cuddle at awkward times. start wetting his clothes. excitement. lack of supervision. Jealousy . Head banging – Occurs in bored kids and with mental retardation.Constant thumb sucking is strongly related to the emotional satisfaction of the toddler.Unstable gait of the toddler. educational and geographical diversity.You may first notice it when a new baby arrives. covering of head by blankets. fear. Breath holdings . • Designing accessible service systems that are flexible.Accidental swallowing of foreign body. G.Child is usually intelligent and easily frustrated and reacts in a dramatic way to gain attention. Temper tantrums . insecurity or apprehension. strangulation. • Never leave babies unattended on raised surfaces. B.Emotional or social factors. quiet. C.The behavior takes the form of screaming. worry or embarrassment. . spiritual. • Implementing comprehensive policies and programs that provide support to meet the diverse health care needs of families. They may become sad. • Check constantly floor surface for wear and tear. Nail biting – Occurs in during boredom. SUFFOCATING & CHOKING . E. • Keep floor dry.across all families. presence of objects on floor. F. sensitive. Bed wetting .COMMON BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS A. PARENTING A TODDLER .ACCIDENT PREVENTION FALL . and responsive to family-identified health care needs. economic. 11. may not be able to know when their bladder is full. • Pull cords on curtains and blinds should be kept short and out of reach of . • Encouraging and facilitating family-to-family support and networking. • Exercise close supervision when toddler learns to walk. Thumb sucking . crying or lying on the floor with head banging and heels drumming D. curiosity of the children Prevention: • Keep floors free of toys and obstructions. Avoid toys with detachable small parts. social. accidental suffocation by pillow while baby sleeps in a prone position Prevention: • Choose toys appropriate to the age of children.

• Never use pillow for baby under one year of age. . . • Ensure toys and dining utensils bought meet the international standard. • Instruct children not to play while eating.ROLE OF THE NURSE IN THE CARE OF A FAMILY WITH HEALTHY/ILL TODDLER . . while the service systems and personnel within those systems fluctuate.children. accidental swallowing of drugs.g. detergents.Facilitating child/family/professional collaboration at all levels of service.Scald by hot water. • Avoid sleeping with baby on the same bed. • While cooking.Recognizing and honoring diversity. • Never let children use milk bottle by themselves without adult’s supervision. • Strings and plastic bags should be kept out of reach of children. coloring materials being non-toxic.Recognizing that the family is the constant in a child's life. . Prevention: • Keep medicines and chemicals out of sight and reach of children. • When running a bath for a child. insecticides. • Ensure proper fence or door is installed at the entrance of kitchen. always test water temperature beforehand.Understanding and incorporating the developmental needs of toddlers and their families in health care delivery. BURNS . . pay extra attention to the stove fire and the cooking utensil. Such must be closed at all times. never hold a hot drink/food and a child at the same time. • Never tell children drugs are “sweets” as this may give a wrong idea to children. • Always store chemicals in their original containers with appropriate labels. burn by fire. POISONING .Recognizing family strengths and individuality and respecting different methods of coping. • Ensure milk.Sharing with the family. • Instruct children not to wander around when adults are preparing for a meal. . strengths and individuality within . etc.Food poisoning. locked cabinet. preferably in an isolated. • Warn children never play with fire. e. and close to the wall. the best information regarding their child's health care. touch on hot objects such as cooking utensils Prevention: • For adults. Instruct children not to go into kitchen. Turn the pan handle away from the front. Do not use large and heavy blanket. • Install proper cover to sockets. congee or other foodstuff is at a reasonable temperature before feeding. on a continuing basis and in a supportive manner.

and responsive to family-identified health care needs. economic. including racial. educational and geographical diversity. sensitive. . Encouraging and facilitating family-to-family support and networking. social. Implementing comprehensive policies and programs that provide support to meet the diverse health care needs of families. spiritual. Designing accessible service systems that are flexible.- and across all families.