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Code No: N0302 Set No.

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IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009
CAD-CAM
( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgy & Material Technology,
Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. What is a 21/2 D model? Sketch some examples. [16]

2. Given three points P1 , P2 and P3 that belong to a geometric model and given three
other points Q1 , Q2 and Q3 find the transformation matrix [T] that:

(a) Transforms P1 to Q1
(b) Transforms the direction of the vector (P2 - P1 ) into the direction of the vector
(Q2 - Q1 )
(c) Transforms the plane of the three points P1 , P2 and P3 into the plane of Q1 ,
Q2 and Q3 . [16]

3. The figure 3 shows six points.

Figure 3

(a) Find the equation of the Bezier surface defined by the six data points. Use
the u and v directions shown. Find the surface tangent and normal vectors at
point u = 0.5 and v = 0.5.
(b) Find the two quadratic Bezier curves that bound the Bezier surface. Find
the equation of the ruled surface that uses the two curves as its rails. Is it
identical to Bezier surface? [16]

4. Three point sets in E 2 define three valid polygonal solids S1 , S2 and S3 . The three
solids are bounded by three boundary sets bS 1, bS2 and bS3 given by their comer
points as: bS1 := {(2, 2), (5, 2), (5, 5), (2, 5)}, bS2 = {(3, 3), (7, 3), (7, 6), (3, 6)} and
bS3 = {(4, 1), (6, 1), (6, 4), (4, 4)}. Find S1 ∪ S2 ∪ S3 , S1 ∩ S2 ∩ S3 and S1 - S2 - S3 .
[16]

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Code No: N0302 Set No. 1
5. (a) An end milling operation is performed on an NC machining center. The total
length of travel is 625 mm along a straight line path to cut a particular work
piece. Cutting speed = 2.0 m/sec and chip load (feed/tooth) = 0.075 mm.
The end milling cutter has two teeth and its diameter = 15.0 mm. Determine
the feed rate and time to complete the cut.
(b) Write the NC manual part programming to reduce the diameter of component
from 40mm to 30mm over a length of 40mm. Assume suitable data. [8+8]

6. Apply the rank order clustering technique to the following part-incidence matrix to
group parts into part families. Minimum duplication of machines is allowed. [16]

Machines Parts
A B C D E F G H I
1 1 1 1 1
2 1 1
3 1 1 1
4 1 1 1
5 1 1
6 1 1
7 1 1 1

7. What is meant by AS/RS? How is it implemented in FMS? [16]

8. Discuss the various network topologies used in CIM. Explain their relative advan-
tages and disadvantages. [16]

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Code No: N0302 Set No. 2
IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009
CAD-CAM
( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgy & Material Technology,
Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) Specify a digitizer for the CAD application and justify your choice
(b) What are the various constructional methods employed in the making of a
digitizer? [16]

2. A square with an edge length of 15 units is located in the origin with one of the
edge at an angle of 300 with the +X axis. Calculate the new position of the square
if it is rotated about Z axis by an angle 300 in the clockwise direction. [16]

3. The figure 3 shows four points.

Figure 3

(a) Find the equation of the Bezier surface defined by the four data points. Use
the u and v directions shown. Find the surface tangent and normal vectors.
Are they constant? What is your conclusion?
(b) Using the same data points, find the equation of the ruled surface. Is it
identical to Bezier surface. [16]

4. Three point sets in E 2 define three valid polygonal solids S1 , S2 and S3 . The three
solids are bounded by three boundary sets bS 1, bS2 and bS3 given by their comer
points as: bS1 := {(2, 2), (5, 2), (5, 5), (2, 5)}, bS2 = {(3, 3), (7, 3), (7, 6), (3, 6)} and
bS3 = {(4, 1), (6, 1), (6, 4), (4, 4)}. Find S1 ∪ S2 ∪ S3 , S1 ∩ S2 ∩ S3 and S1 - S2 - S3 .
[16]

5. (a) What is meant by numerical control of machine tools? Explain.


(b) List the nature of jobs that are suitable for NC manufacturing. [8+8]

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Code No: N0302 Set No. 2
6. Four machines used to produce a family of parts are to be arranged into a GT cell.
The From-To data for the parts processed by the machines are shown in the Table
below.

(a) Determine the most logical sequence of machines for this data using Hollier
Method .
(b) Construct the flow diagram for the data, showing where and how many parts
enter and exit the system,
(c) Compute the percentage of in-sequence moves and the percentage of back-
tracking moves in the solution.
(d) Develop a feasible layout plan for the cell. [16]

From To
1 2 3 4
1 0 10 0 40
2 0 0 0 0
3 50 0 0 20
4 0 50 0 0

7. A flexible machining system consists of two machining workstations and a load/unload


station. Station 1 is the load/unload station. Station 2 performs milling operations
and consists of two servers (two identical CNC milling machines). Station 3 has
one server that performs drilling (one CNC drill press). The stations are connected
by a part handling system that has four work carriers. The mean transport time
is 3.0 min. The FMS produces two parts. A and B. The part mix fractions and
process routings for the two parts are presented in the table below. Compute the
production rate, manufacturing time and waiting time when the number of units
in the system is 4. [16]
Part Part Mix Operation Description Station Process time (min)
A 04. 1 Load 1 4
2 Mill 2 30
3 Drill 3 10
4 Unload 4 2
B 0.6 1 Load 1 4
2 Mill 2 40
3 Drill 3 15
4 Unload 1 2

8. Discuss the various network topologies used in CIM. Explain their relative advan-
tages and disadvantages. [16]

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Code No: N0302 Set No. 3
IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009
CAD-CAM
( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgy & Material Technology,
Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. A 60 Hz non interlaced colour display terminal has a resolution of 1024 horizontal


x 768 vertical pixels with the ability to display 256 colours simultaneously. Find:

(a) The RAM size of the bit map (frame buffer)


(b) The time required to display a scan line and a pixel.
(c) The optimal resolution design if the bit map size is to be reduced by half. [16]

2. Show that

(a) Translation is commutative.


(b) Mirror and 2D rotation about the Z axis are not commutative.
(c) Scaling and 2D rotation about the Z axis are commutative. [16]

3. Find the condition that degenerates a cubic Bezier curve to a line connecting P0
and P3 . Derive a method by which you can force a Bezier curve to pass through a
given point in addition to the starting and end points of its polygon. Achieve that
by changing the position of only one control point, say P2 . [16]

4. What information do you need to define a coordinate system? Why do CAD/CAM


systems allow you to define a coordinate system (i.e., what is the use of it)? Provide
an example. [16]

5. The part in the following figure 5 is to be drilled on a turret-type drill press. The
part is 15.0 mm thick. There are three drill sizes to be used: 8 mm, 10 mm, and 12
mm. These drills are to be specified in the part program by tool turret positions
T01,T02, and T03. All tooling is high-speed steel. Cutting speed = 75 mm/min
and feed = 0.08 mm/rev. Use the lower left corner of the part as the origin in
the x-y axis system. Write the NC part program. Use absolute positioning. All
dimensions are given in mm. [16]

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Code No: N0302 Set No. 3

Figure 5
6. (a) What is meant by a part family in GT? What is the need of grouping parts
into part families?
(b) What are the differences between Design attributes and Manufacturing at-
tributes? [8+8]

7. Describe the following operational issues related to FMS.

(a) Scheduling and dispatching


(b) Machine loading. [8+8]

8. Describe the role of Manufacturing Automation Protocol (MAP) in integrating the


various programmable devices in CIM. [16]

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Code No: N0302 Set No. 4
IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009
CAD-CAM
( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgy & Material Technology,
Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. A 60 Hz non interlaced colour display terminal has a resolution of 1024 horizontal


x 768 vertical pixels with the ability to display 256 colours simultaneously. Find:

(a) The RAM size of the bit map (frame buffer)


(b) The time required to display a scan line and a pixel.
(c) The optimal resolution design if the bit map size is to be reduced by half. [16]

2. Show that

(a) Translation is commutative.


(b) Mirror and 2D rotation about the Z axis are not commutative.
(c) Scaling and 2D rotation about the Z axis are commutative. [16]

3. Find the equation of an open quadratic B-spline curve defined by five control points.
[16]

4. Explain linear, diameteral, radial and angular dimensioning in AutoCAD with a


neat sketch. [16]

5. (a) Explain the working of BTR type of interface used in DNC?


(b) What are the differences between CNC and DNC? [8+8]

6. Explain the Retrieval CAPP with an example. What are its relative advantages
when compared to the Generative CAPP? [16]

7. Describe the various methods of work and tool probing in FMS. What are its
benefits? [16]

8. Describe the role of Manufacturing Automation Protocol (MAP) in integrating the


various programmable devices in CIM. [16]

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