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Wisdom behind the Creation of Satan: Know your Enemy

" "
The Prophet (

) told Abu Bakr (

If Allah never intended to be disobeyed Ibliss would never have been created1

Benefits for this subject:

Allah says: See you not that We have sent the Shayatin (devils) against the disbelievers
to push them to do evil.2

Allah says : So, verily you (pagans) and those whom you worship (idols). Cannot lead
astray [turn away from Him (Allah) anyone of the believers], Except those who are
predestined to burn in Hell! 3

Allah says : And We have assigned them (devils) intimate companions (in this world),
who have made fair-seeming to them, what was before them (evil deeds which they were
doing in the present worldly life and disbelief in the Reckoning and the Resurrection,
etc.) and what was behind them (denial of the matters in the coming life of the Hereafter
as regards punishment or reward, etc.). And the Word (i.e. the torment) is justified


Collected by: Al-Lalakaee (Sharh As-Sunnah 1101) Graded as being Hasan Li Ghayrahi by Al-Albani in As-Saheeha (1642)

Al-Marayam 83
As-Saffat 161-163

against them as it was justified against those who were among the previous generations of
jinns and men that had passed away before them. Indeed they (all) were the losers.4
Shaykh Rabee Al-Madkhali ( ) said: Whoever Allah has decreed
misguidance, misery and disbelief for He sends Satan to them in order make Kufr,
Shirk ,misguidance and injustice appear fair seeming. 5

Allah created Satan. Satan is the main ingredient of evil whose wickedness spreads
everywhere in this World. Our adversarys evil corrupts belief, causes doubts and arouses
desires. Satan is the main cause for the slaves misery and actions that angers Allah. Ibn
Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah highlighted some of the most important reasons behind Satans

To show the servant the Omnipotence of Allah the Most High. In His creation
He has created and fashioned opposites that encounter each other. Allah created
Satan who is the wickedest of existence and the reason for all evil, and on the
opposite side He created Jibril who is the most noblest and the purest of creation.
The Angel Jibril is a factor for the well being of the slave in this life. The
creation of night and day, hot and cold, water and fire, the sickness and the cure,
life and death, and beauty and ugliness are all noticeable signs of Allahs
Greatness. The beauty of a thing can only be identified through its opposite; and
this is among the strongest proofs for Allahs complete Greatness, His Might, His
Authority, and His Sovereign Power over the Universe. Allah has created these
opposites that encounter each other. The Most Wise created these things in order


Fussilat 25.
Ath-Thareea ila Bayyan Maqasidi kitabi Ash-Sharee vol 2/ pg 92 , By Shaykh Rabee ibn Hadi Al-Madkhali (may Allah bless him)

to direct our attention to His existence and for us to contemplate over the wisdom
in His creation.6

Allah completes the various levels of worship for the Saints and the Holy
people. This takes place from the struggle against Satan and his soldiers by
irritating them through the worship of Allah and seeking His refuge against
Satans plots. Through these acts the servant is able to achieve his well-being in
this life and in the Hereafter. Having love, being repentant, having reliance on
Allah and exercising patience are among the most beloved acts of worship to the
Most High. The results of these acts of worship can only be realized by struggling
against evil and making sacrifices for Allahs love over everything else. The
creation of Satan is a reason for these kinds of acts of worship.7

The creation of Satan is a reason to go through hardships. Satan is a

touchstone to test the human-being. Its through these tests the wicked and
righteous are distinguished. Allah created different kinds of people in this World.
There are some who are injurious and some who are harmless; therefore its a
must for a person to manifest his true colors.8

[Refer to Madarujus Salakeen, vol 2/ 190-191, By Al-Alamah Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyah (may Allah have mercy on him)

refer to Hikmahtu wa At-Taleel fee Afali Al-Abbadd pg 205, By Dr. Muhammad ibn Rabee Al-Madkhali (May Allah preserve

[ Ibid pg 205]

To produce an outcome for Allah servants regarding His Names and their
meanings. Among Allahs Names are;

Ar-Rafi : The One Who raises, lifts and exalts His servants as He wills in
this life and in the Next.

Al-Khafid : The One Who humiliates the oppressors and tyrants, lowering
their ranks due to their evil speech and actions. Their life in this World is
darkness and in the Next life its misery.

Al-Mu`izz": The One Who honors whomsoever He pleases from among His

Al-Muthill : The One Who abases or humiliates whomsoever He pleases.

Al-Hakam : The One in Whose promise there should be no doubt at all,and

in Whose action there is no single fault.

Al-`adl :

The One who is above oppressing or being inequitable to anyone

in His decrees and actions.9

Satans existence is a reason for the effect of these names to be manifest, because
if all of creation were obedient believers, then the outcome these names produce
wouldnt be manifested.10

To extract the good or the evil from mans nature. The Son of Adams nature
is made up of upright and bad character; and righteous and unrighteous behavior.

Refer to Al-Amalu Al-Asna Nathmu wa Sharhu AsmaI Allahi Al-Husna, By Al-Alamah Zayd ibn Muhammad Al-Madkhali (may Allah
have mercy on him

[Refer to Madarujus Salakeen, vol 2/ 190-191]

This nature of the human-being is concealed the same way a fire is hidden in fire
steel. Satans existence causes evil people to act according to their nature. Allah
sent Prophets as a basis for the people of righteousness to act kindly. The best of
Judges draws out the character of the upright and wicked in order to execute His
Judgment for the acts He knew they would commit.


Satans existence allows the signs and the wonders of Allah to manifest. A
wonder occurs as a sign of Allah due to the disbelievers actions and their denial
of Allah. Among some of the signs and wonders of Allah are; the flood of Noah,
The wind that punished Ad, the destruction of Thamud and Lut, the fire cooling
for Ibrahim and the signs of Moses. If the disbelief of the Kuffar and the atheists
wasnt decreed, then these signs and wonders wouldnt have happened.12

Conclusion. Allah granting Ibliss respite until the Day of Judgment is not in his honor, in
fact, it is a disgrace. The reason Allah is delaying Satans punishment until the Last Day
is so he can earn more disobedience and be punished severely. Allah has made Satan a
benchmark to distinguish between the pious and the immoral. 13


[ Shafa Aleel pg 493-494, By Al-Alamah Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyah


[Refer to Madarujus Salakeen, vol 2/ 193]



Prepared by:
Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Lamont Battle
Phd Student (Hadith and its Sciences )
Doha, Qatar 1436