You are on page 1of 15

# BASIC ELECTRIC AND

ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

PART-A
(2-marks)

QUESTIONS

14. 2. 22. Define an ideal voltage source. What is average value? 21. 3. What are the different types of dependent or controlled sources? 18. What are dependent sources? 17. Define active and passive elements. Find the current through the 4Ω resistor if this entire circuit is connected to a 15V DC supply. 3. Define form factor. Define Power factor. What is RMS value of a periodic current? 11. SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING. It is required to convert a 5mA meter with 20Ω internal resistor into 5A ammeter. Find the effective value of the cosine wave vm ( ). Write down the V-I relationship of circuit elements. 14. Define Krichoff’s current law. Two resistances are connected in parallel with values 6Ω and 3Ω. 10.M. State the Principle of Dynamo meter type Watt meter. 5. What are independent sources? 16. What is a circuit? 7. This combination is connected to a 3Ω resistor in Series. SUB: BASIC ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING UNIT-I ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS & MEASURMENTS 1. Define current. 7. Distinguish between a branch and a node a circuit. Define RMS value. 4. State the principle of Moving Iron Instrument. This combination is connected in series With 8Ω. 10. What is charge? 2.A. 15. Distinguish between a mesh and a loop a circuit. How is the electrical energy sources classified? 13. 23. BASIC OF CIRCUIT ANALYSIS 1. Define form factor. DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRTICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGG. 12. 9. What is network? 6. 11. Define Power 5. Define linear and non –linear elements. 8. . What is voltage? 4. Define peak factor. Define Ohms law. 15. Define unilateral and bilateral elements. 12. Define Lumped and distributed elements. Define the term Power factor. 6. Write the expression to find the average value of a sinusoidal wave. 8. Define an ideal current source. What is resistance? 19.M. 20. 9. Define Root Mean Square value? 13. Calculate the value of Resistance required and multiply factor the shunt. Find the equivalent resistance. Two resistors of value 6 and 4Ω are connected in parallel.

Obtain the equivalent conductance and susceptance for series and parallel connections. Distinguish between a cycle.24. What is power triangle? 22. Define phasor diagram. Define Krichoff’s voltage law. . What is the impedance? 11. 32. What is instantaneous value? 4. What is instantaneous power? 17. State voltage division rule. 3. What is average value? 6. What is apparent power? 19. 25. What is average power? 18. Define line voltage and phase voltage. 16. Obtain the equivalent impedance and reactances for series and parallel connections. 4. 13. Two capacitors with equal value of “C” are connected in series and parallel. What re the responses of the linear electric circuit? 8. Define voltage sources in series? 28. Define line currents and phase currents. 21. Write down the formula for a star connected network is converted into a delta network? 35. Write the expression to find the average value of a sinusoidal wave? SINGLE PHASE AND THREE PHASE CIRCUITS 1. Define admittance. time periods and frequency. 15. Define current sources in parallel? 29. Define complex impedance? 23. 33. Define power factor? 20. What is the equivalent Capacitance? 31. Define effective value or RMS value of a sinusoidal voltage? 7. Define the expression for finding reactive power. What are peak value and peak to peak value? 5. Define phase angle? 10. What is complex admittance? 24. Write down the formula for a delta connected network is converted into a star network? SINUSOIDAL STEADY STATE ANALYSIS 1. What is the equivalent Resistance? 30. Define source transformation. 14. What is phase sequence? 2. Define phasor? 9. What are the methods of connections of 3phase windings? 3. Write few advantages of sinusoidal waveform? 2. 12. Two resistance with equal value of “R” are connected in series and parallel. Obtain the equivalent admittance for series and parallel connections. What is reactive power? 25. State current division rule. 34. What is the single node pair circuit? 27. What is single loop circuit? 26.

Write the formula for finding shunt resistance of DC ammeter? 15.C. State few advantages and disadvantages of PMMI instrument. Define Generator? 2. 10. What are basic requirements of measuring equipment? 2. Mention few advantages and disadvantages of PMMI instrument? 8. What are the types of damping? 5. Classify D. Write down the torque equation of moving iron instrument? 13. Write down the principle of moving iron repulsion type instrument? 11. Draw a single Permanent Magnet Moving coil meter? 24. generator? 8. State the principle of Energy meter? 21. Write few methods available for power measuring power in a 3-phase load. Mention few advantages and disadvantages type instrument? 20. List out the major parts of the D. List the available types of D.C. 7. Classify moving iron repulsion type instrument? 12.C. Write down the condition for maximum efficiency in case of D. List the methods used for power measurement with single wattmeter. Classify measuring instrument. motor? 10. 9.C.C.C. generator? 5. What are the major parts of dynamometer type instrument? 18. Give the line and phase values in star connection. Write down the principle of DC motor? . Define motor? 11. State the principle of Dynamometer type instrument? 17. 14. Write the expression for power factor in a balanced 3-phase circuit. Write the formula for finding multiplier resistance of DC voltmeter? 16. Define D. Classify moving iron instrument? 9. Give the line and phase values in delta connection. List the methods used for unbalanced star connected load. generator? 7. What are the major parts of energy meter? 22. Write torque equation for PMMC instrument? 7. motor? 3. generator? 6.C. Write down the emf equation of D. MEASUREMENTS 1. What is the principle of D. 8. What are the purposes of using brushes in D.C. motor? 12. What are the major advantages of D. Write down the principle of moving iron attraction type instrument? 10. machine? 4. 6. What are the functional elements of an instrument? 3. Comment on “Deflecting torque “with respect to both MC and MI meters? UNIT-II ELECTRICAL MACHINES 1. motors 9. State few advantages and disadvantages of induction type energy meter? 23.5. What is the principle of PMMC instrument? 6.C. Write the torque equation of dynamometer instrument? 19. 4.

Mention few speed control method of D. What is Ideal Transformer? 44. What are the major characteristics of D.C. Define leakage flux? 48. Motor? 16. Define Transformers? 32. What are the methods to reduce iron loss in a transformer? 54.f? 14. State Fleming’s left hand rule? 30. Write the expression for voltage transformer ratio? 36. Define all day efficiency of the transformer? 57. What are the major parts of transformer? 34. Classify transformer based on duty of operation? 59. Classify voltage control method of speed control? 22. Write down the voltage equation of generator and motor? 15. series motor? 23. Motor? .C.13. Define linear transformer? 60. Write down Fleming’s right hand rule? 25. Draw the symbolic representation of a D. Why transformer is so called as flux machine? 49. Draw the equivalent circuit for an Ideal transformer? 39. State few application of D.f. Write down the E. What are the types of losses occurring in transformers? 37. motor? 18. Efficiency and what is efficiency? 43. motor? 20. equation for a transformer? 35. What is meant by magnetizing component in transformer? 55.C.C. What are the advantages of transformer? 46.C. What is the condition for maximum power in case D. Generator? 29. Define back or counter e.C. What is lap and wave winding? 27. Classify armature winding? 26. generator? 28.m. What is meant by active (or) working (or) Iron loss component in transformer? 56.C. shunt motor? 21.m. Classify the transformer based on construction? 33. motor? 17. What is the expression of armature torque in case of D. Mention few speed control methods of D. Define Iron and Copper losses/ 52. Mention few three phase transformer connection? 45. Define hysteresis and Eddy current losses? 53. series motor? 24.C. Define regulation of a transformer? 40. Define step-up and step. Classify transformer based on voltage? 58. Write down the power equation of D. Define efficiency of transformers? 41. What is called the back emf of D. Define shaft torque? 19. IF full load copper loss.C.down transformer? 47. Classify flux control method of speed control of D. Application of D. Draw the core and shell type transformer? 62. Draw the vector diagram for transformer on no load? 38. Iron loss are given what is the condition for max. motor? 31. What is the condition for maximum efficiency in case of transformer? 42.C. Write any four advantages of 3-phase transformer? 61.C. Write the expression for equivalent resistance and reactance of transformer referred to secondary? 51. Write the expressions for equivalent resistance and reactance of transformer referred to primary? 50.

Write down few advantages of transistor? 16. What are the working regions of Transistors? 20. What is leakage flux? 67. What is universal motor? 8. What is the relationship between α and β? . Classify the semiconductor? 2. Neglect any leakages? 65. What is Transistor? 15. What is punch through? 23. What is extrinsic semiconductor? 4. What is N-type semiconductor? 7. What is early effect? 22. Give the importance of a commutator in a DC machine. What is Zener diode? 11. Classify bi-polar transistor? 18. Define slip? 5. State few applications of zener diode? 12. 68. What is doping? 5. What are the advantages of Induction motor? 3. Classify transistor? 17. State Faradays laws of electromagnetic Induction? 66. Classify transistor configurations? 21. What is rectifier? 14. In a single phase induction motor what are the two windings and what is their purpose? UNIT-III SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND APPLICATION 1. The net cross sectional area of the core is 60cm2. Classify capacitor motor? 7. Classify Rectifiers? 13. Write few disadvantages of Induction motor? 4. Write major parts of universal motor? 9. Mention few arrangements employed to make single phase induction motor? 6. Write down few application of PN diode? 10. Why a transformer core laminated? INDUTION MACHINES 1. If the primary is connected to a 50Hz supply at 500V determine the peak value of the flux density in the core. A single phase transformer has 400 primary and 1000 secondary turns. Which type of motor is used in electric traction and why? 11. Classify PN junction breakdown? 9. Why the single phase induction motor is not self starting? 10. Based on doping classify semiconductor? 6. What is P-type semiconductor? 8. Write down the main parts of Induction Motor? 2. What is biasing? 19. What is intrinsic semiconductor? 3.63. What is the significance of a commutator in a DC generator? Give its electronic analogy? 64.

What is transport factor of a CE amplifier? 34. Draw the logic symbol and truth table for NOT gate? 9. Apply Demorgan’s theorem to implement A. Add the numbers (101101101)2 (1110011)2. What is meant by zener effect? 31.B=A=B with any gate? 27. 38. Draw the VI characteristics of the BJT in CE mode and name different regions? UNIT-IV DIGITAL ELECTRONICS 1. Draw the logic symbol for “OR” gate and its truth table? 6. What are the applications of diode? 25. Write the equation that relates current with voltage at a PN junction? 27. Draw the logic symbol and truth table for “NOR” gate? 12. Write down the characteristics equation for RS flip-flop? 16. Why CE configuration of a BJT us widely used? 30. Draw the characteristics table for D flip-flop? 18. 26. What is A/D converter? 21. Draw the logic symbol for “AND” gate and truth table? 4. Classify D/A converter? 24. What is Register? 19. What are the bias conditions of the base-emitter and base-collector junction for a transistor to operate as an amplifier? 26. Draw the logic symbol for “Exclusive OR” gate and its truth table? 8. Why a BJT is called a current controlled device? 29. Write down NOT laws? 10. Write down AND laws? 5. Sketch a bridge rectifier circuit? 37. Write down the “OR” laws? 7. Convert the binary fraction 101 into decimal equivalent? 25. Define current Amplification factor? 32. What is the form factor value for a half-wave rectifier? 28. Draw the VI characteristics of a zener diode? 36. Draw logic diagram of full adder with two hail adders? 29. What are the main objectives of Boolean algebra? 13. What is D/A converter? 23. State Demorgan’s theorem? 14. What are the types of number system used? 2.24. Classify A/D converter? 22. Convert 101012 to decimal? 3. Define classify counters? 20. What is T-flip-flop? 17. Draw the truth table and logic diagram for half adder? 15. What is the different between Half adder and Full adder? . What is junction capacitance? 35. Give the circuit symbol of a PNP and a NPN BJT. Draw the symbol and truth table for NAND logic? 11. Give the truth table of XNOR Gate? 28. Define: Avalanche break-down? 33.

Write down four demerits of satellite communication system? 29. Based on the coverage. Define modulation lined in case of FH? 12. Define modulation? 6. What is microwave? 22. Write few merits of satellite communication system? 28. Give the frequency range of amplitude modulation? 37. Draw the shift left register using D-flip-flop? UNIT-V FUNDAMENTALS OF COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING 1. Classify angle modulation? 11.30. receiver? 20. Write down few waveforms coding technique? 8. What is the purpose of an antenna? 43. Based on the modulation index classify AM modulator? 9. Why divide-by-n counter called so? 32. What are the types of modulation? 34. What is ratio communication? 16. Define the term modulation index for frequency modulation? 35. Define total internal reflection? . List few advantages of optical fiber communication? 33. Compare NBFM and WBFM? 15. Write down the formula for time taken by the satellite for encircling the earth? 25. Give the application of FAX? 41. Define Angle modulation? 10. Write down few advantages of satellite communication system? 30. What is meant by carrier signal? Give a typical value for a satellite TV Channel? 36. What are the two types of T.V Transmitter? 19. What are the types of signals? 3. Classify Ratio receivers? 17. List few applications of microwave communication? 24. List few applications of optical fiber communication? 32. Comment on the other name of a flip-flop? 38. What is need for carrier signals in modulation? 42. List few advantages of microwave communication? 23. List out the type of flip-flops? 31. Compare between FM and AM? 13. Give few examples of digital signal? 5. What are the basic sections of satellite system? 27.V? 18. Draw the simplified block diagram for T. List few applications of satellite communication? 31. List four advantages of Fiber-optic communication? 39. classify the orbits? 26. What is the process involved in analog to digital conversion? 7. Sketch the NOR implementation of an RS-flipflop? 33. What is facsimile? 21. What is communication? 2. Define Demodulation of a signal? 40. Draw the block diagram of monochrome T.V. Compare FM and PM? 14. Give few examples of analog signal? 4.

Define frequency modulation and Draw the frequency modulated wave? . Draw block diagram of a satellite communication system? 45. Compare analog and digital signals? 46.44.

BASIC ELECTRIC AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING PART-B QUESTIONS .

Using nodal method find current through 8Ω resistor of figure. (8) 3. 13.C. Explain the working of a Dynamometer type watt meter with neat diagram? (12) 4. Drive an expression for RMS value of an A. With neat sketches. Why the PMMC instruments are not used for AC measurements? (4) 5. Derive the following quantities for a sinusoidal waveform.UNIT-I ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS & MEASURMENTS 1.006H inductance in series. expressed as V (t) =110sin ( t+314)? (4) 7. With neat diagram explain the operating principle of attraction type Moving iron instruments? (16) 10. Sate Krichoff’s current and voltage law? (4) 12. Describe the various damping systems in measuring instruments? (6) 9. Using Krichoff’s law. Explain the working principle of dynamometer type Wattmeter? (12) 11. R2 and R3 and the potential across AB in the circuit shown in Figure. supply? (8) 2. three wire. explain the repulsion type MI instrument? (6) 8. Calculate the phase voltage and the phase current. Three impedances of 42/-350Ω are connected in delta to a three phases. (8) 6. and 350 volts ABC system. What is three phase circuit? The load in each branch of star connected three phase circuit consists of 10Ω resistance and 0. Find the line currents. Explain briefly about dynamometer type wattmeter? Drive the torque equation and give its error? (12) . 14. find the current flowing in resistances R1. The line voltage is 430V.

Find the impedance of the circuit. L= 0. Explain the working of a permanent moving coil (PMMC) instrument with neat diagram? (16) 17. (ii) The voltage induced in the secondary winding. Derive the EMF equation of single phase transformer? (8) 18. series motor runs at 700rev/min when operating at its full-load current of 20A. List all the types of DC Machines? 16.3H and C= 66µ Farad is supplied at 220V. The cross sectional area of the core is 60 cm2. Explain the construction and operation of single phase alternator? (8) 5. Explain the working principle of single phase induction motor? (8) 19. Explain the operation and principle of a DC motor? (8) 3. Calculate the induced emf if armature resistance is 0. reactive power and power factor? (16) 18. With neat sketch explain three phase energy meter? 20. explain the construction and operation of moving iron instrument. calculate (i) The peak value of flux density in the core. A single transformer has 400 primary and 1000 secondary turns. Explain the construction and working of a DC motor with necessary sketches? 8. What will be the speed if (i) The load torque is increased by 44% (ii) The motor current is 10A. Explain about the construction of D. Measured speed at 423V= 2990 rpm. also mention its applications? (16) 19. 50Hz.6Ω and field resistance is 8Ω. Discuss the principle and operation of single phase transformer? .C. (8) 15. Name plate full speed = 2980 rpm. The motor resistance is 0. (8) 2. generator? 21.C. Drive the emf equation of as generator? (8) 13.of. (8) 4. Explain Basic DC ammeter and DC voltmeter? UNIT-II ELECTRICAL MECHANICS 1. Motor? 20. Rated voltage =415V. No. A dc shunt generator supplies a load of 7. (8) 12. Explain the working principle of single phase induction motor? (8) 6.5Ω and the magnetic circuit may be assumed unsaturated. power. Explain the construction and working principle of DC Machine? (8) 17.5kW at 200V. With necessary diagram explain the working principle of transformer and obtain its EMF equation? 11. Frequency =50 Hz. Explain the principle of operation of a single phase transformer? (8) 14. With neat diagram.C. Explain the principle and operation of D. Derive the EMF and Torque equation of a DC machine. Find the current through 6Ω resistor of the given circuit? (12) 16. If the primary winding be connected to a 50Hz supply at 520V.15. A series RLC circuit with R= 5Ω. With a neat sketch explain the working of split-phase induction motor. voltage across each element. 7. Derive the emf equation of a DC generator? 9. poles =2. Name plate rated power = 22kW. A 220V D. With neat diagram explain the construction and working principle of DC Generator? 10. Determine the actual output power of an induction motor using the following data.

Discuss briefly about the small signal amplifier. (12) 8. (4) 9. Explain the operation of Zener diode and how it is used for voltage regulation. Drawn the circuit diagram for full-wave rectifier and explain its working. Determine whether or not the transistor in circuit below is in saturation. Explain the input and output characteristics of transistors in CB configuration. Explain the V-I characteristics of a diode? 2. Assume VCE(sat) =0. efficiency and voltage regulation. (8) 6. Explain the input and output characteristics of transistors in CE configuration. Each silicon diode has a barrier potential of 0. Explain the working of PN diode in forward and reverse bias conditions. 13. 10. . 11. 20. Voltage regulations and ripple factor. Compare CE. With a neat sketch explain transformer on no-load? 25. (i) Common base configuration. Write advantages of 3-phase transformers? UNIT-III SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND APPLICATION 1.22. 19. Define the term biasing.2V.7 V and a dynamic resistance of 2Ω. output impedance. Explain the following configuration of BJT along with its characteristics. (ii) Draw the output characteristics of CE configuration and mark its region of operation.(4) 3. CC transistor configurations. Give waveforms of input and output voltage. (8) 7. Derive the emf equation of transformer? 23. (6) 5. ripple factor. 18. CB. Explain the operation and V-I characteristics of a BJT in common Emitter configuration. Draw the circuit diagram of a transistor amplifier and explain how it amplifiers the input signal? 17. (i) In terms of input impedance. Discuss its operation with necessary sketches. Explain briefly Ideal transformer and linear transformer? 24. 14. Explain in detail 3-phase transformers? 27. Explain the working of Zener diode along with its characteristics. (ii) Common emitter configuration. current gain and voltage gain. What are the different terminals in a transistor? Draw the symbol of npn transistor and explain its working. With a neat diagram explain the operation of a full-wave bridge rectifier. Draw the common base mode of a BJT. 12. 15. Explain the principle and operation of a Half wave rectifier. With neat sketch explain the VI characteristics of PN junction diode. Explain regulation and efficiency of the transformer? 26. (10) 4. Find the current through the 20Ω resistor shown below. Also derive its rectifier efficiency. 16. Explain the action of the full wave bridge rectifier.

(i) 1101 and 1100 (ii) 1000 and 1010 10. 21. Draw the logical diagram of clocked RS flip-flop and explain its truth table. 4. 12. 18. 16. Represent the given function THREE AND gates ONE OR gate. 7. Explain with a neat sketch the working of a successive approximation ADC. State and explain De-Morgan’s theorem. 2. Explain the operation of following with neat diagram. With the help of a ladder network how D/A conversion is done. Compare Analog and Digital signal. realize the basic AND.UNIT-IV DIGITAL ELECTRONICS 1. 22. 6. Explain the following. 3. Draw a full adder with two half adders and explain its operation. OR. 24. Construct a 3 bit synchronous counter using suitable flip-flop. Discuss A/D conversion. 11. With necessary diagram. Explain the operation of a 4-bit synchronous UP counter with a peat diagram. 5. explain the principle of operation of any one counter. 13. 8. (i) Successive approximation type ADC (ii) Single ramp type ADC (iii)R-2R type DAC. . Draw the logical diagram of clocked RS flip-flop and explain its working. Draw the logic diagram of a 4 bit buffer register and explain its working. Explain Shift Register with neat diagram. Modify the inputs of a master-slave JK flip-flop so that it will perform like a D flip-flop. Explain the operation of full adder with neat diagram. 14. Explain the operation of half adder with a neat diagram. (i) Shift Register (ii) Ripple Counter. Explain the operation of NAND gate with its truth table. 20. 17. Express the function XOR gate using NAND gates. 19. 9. Also. ABC+ABC+ABC+ABC. not NOT gates using NAND gates. Multiply the following binary numbers. Construct a half adder and full adder circuits from its truth table and draw its logical diagram. 23. Explain A/D Conversion technique with neat diagram. 15.

6mV find the frequency components of the resultant modulated wave and their amplitudes. Draw the block diagram of radio broadcasting and reception system and explain the function of each block. Compare AM and FM modulation. Draw the circuit diagram of balanced modulator and explain its operation. With neat block diagram. Draw and explain the functional block diagram of Monochrome TV. 4. Explain the principle of Amplitude and Frequency Modulation. Compare NIFM and WBFM modulation. 9. Explain the operation of a FAX machine. 14. 18. 7. With neat block diagram explain the operation of optical fiber communication technique and mentions its application. Explain with suitable diagram Diode detector for AM signals. Write short notes on: Microwave give necessary diagram. 13. Discuss the usage of satellite for long distance communication with a neat block diagram of basic satellite transponder. explain the operation of the following (i) Satellite communication systems (ii) Optical fiber communication systems. Describe with neat diagram of Amplitude Modulation. 19. Draw the block diagram of Radio Transmission and receiving system and explain each block. 3. 11. 16. 15. A 10MHz sinusoidal carrier wave of amplitude 10mV is modulated by a 5 kHz sinusoidal audio signal wave of amplitude. Explain the need for modulation. 5. . 10. 8. 17. Explain microwave communication system with the luCP of real block diagram.UNIT-V FUNDAMENTALS OF COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING 1. With help of a neat diagram explain the basic components of satellite communication. 20. Draw any four different types of analog signal and name them. 2. What are the advantage and disadvantage of OFC. 12. 6.