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Free me,
Free me,
Free me from this world.
I don't belong here.
It was a mistake imprisoning my soul
Can you free me,
Free me from this world?...
(Explorer, Muse The Second Law)
Those words strike me lately, even since I started my translation projects on
Socrates. Without ignoring the full lyrics of this song, I would like to sum up some
ideas that I found connected to this reffrain. We will start this by questioning the
lyrics above
First, what is soul?
According to Cambridge digital dictionary, soul is the spiritual part of a person which
some people believe continues to exist in some form after their body has died, or
the part of a person which is not physical and experiences deep feelings and
Then, lets try to look at the sould from philosophical perspective and...
This seems to be the idea of Plato of the soul. Plato, (and also socrates, and was
also preceeded by Phytagoras and some Ancient Greek thinkers like Homer who
have already mentioned the word soul in his writings [1]) believes in the duality of
the human. Human consists of the corporeal (corps, you can say it as body) and
incorporeal (in this case soul). Although Soul and body can actually integrate on
human, the philosophers insisted that those two are totally different, in some ways.
First, the body is mortal, on the other hand, soul is immortal. As years go by, our
body degrades and then we die. This will not happen with the soul. Soul is immortal.
Our soul already exist before and it will stay exist after we die.
The idea that soul is immortal came from the idea of Socrates that there is the
world of idea, the world of concept that is totally different with the reality. Before we
were born, we already see the world of ideas and somehow we take this knowledge
with us and then apply this knowledge in our reality. Soul have existed before our
body existed and somehow it was trapped within our body. Just like ideas, soul is
immortal and can not be changed.
Why we have to freethe soul (in this case)?
According to Plato, the essence of the human is the soul, not the body. Phytagoras
also said that the body is a prison for the soul. As explained by the song, the soul
is trapped in our body by somewhat metaphysical mistake[2]. Other sources cite

that Plato actually ilustrates this as the fight of two horses that takes the cart.
Imagine a cart that was tied to two horses that went in different direction. The one
goes up, to the world of idea and the other goes down to the world of desires. The
second horse then win and then take the soul into a prison of lust and desires [3].
Please keep in mind that the soul is associated to wisdom (sophia), knowledge and
the truth, justice and courage. On the other hand, the body is the one who
corrupted the soul, full of bodily desires and will.
The paradox of freeing the soul: the death of the mortal is the resurrection of the
Death is the key to free the soul, when the body is dead and then decayed, the soul
will be free again. Because of its immortality, it could not die like the body. The soul
that has been set free will live according to its nature and live in the virtue of
thought and intelligence[1]. It will be free from the will of the body, the need of the
body and also our senses.
The world .. or the body.
In the reffrain, the soul asked to be free from the world. What does it mean?
According to plato, its the body that set our soul in the prison. Some negative
virtues of the body like our insatiable feelings or needs corrupted the soul.
According to the song, humans soul is tortured. It is trapped in our body and it feels
pain. Not only because it was trapped and imprisoned in the body, but also the body
corrupted it with negative things like the will to poses things, the greed, and the
tendency to destroy things. According to Plato this negative virtues come from the
body. Thus, the willingness to come back as who we are means that we have to free
our souls from these negative virtues.

IHowever, it should be clear that the soul, as it is conceived of here, is not simply the mind, as
we conceive of it.

According to the last line of argument that Socrates offers in the Phaedo, the soul is immortal
because it has life essentially, the way fire has heat essentially. It is plain that both of these
arguments apply to the souls of all living things, including plants
Connections between the soul and morally significant characteristics such as courage,
temperance and justice, and with cognitive and intellectual functions, notably with planning and
practical thought, are firmly established in fifth century Greek usage

Given the idea that soul is the distinguishing mark of all living things, including plants, the
Greek notion of soul is, as we have seen already, broader than our concept of mind. For it is
Socrates attributes a large variety of mental states (etc.) not to the soul, but to the (animate) body,
such as, for instance, beliefs and pleasures (83d), and desires and fears (94d). At the same time,
the soul is not narrowly intellectual: it too has desires (81d