0 Up votes0 Down votes

101 views5 pagescourse

Mar 11, 2015

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

course

© All Rights Reserved

101 views

course

© All Rights Reserved

- bracing connection
- Asme Case 2328
- BS en 764-4-2014 Establishment of Technical Delivery Conditions for Metallic Materials
- DME Q Bank-1_1.pdf
- Diseño de Atiesador Triangular
- Group d Mech Jimforbes
- Comparison of Theoretical & ANSYS FEA
- AFRINNNNN.pdf
- DSA
- JAST_2011_Campilho_Strength Improvement of Adhesively-Bonded Joints Using
- Constitutive Equations in Concrete Gravity Dam
- ME 312 lab report 1
- V_psi_am_2
- Shear and torsion interaction in prestressed hollow core units
- 14147083_Stresses in Connected Parts
- Tutorial 02 Materials and Stagings
- 98 Indrect Tensile
- ff
- (Shirvani 1998) Behavior of Tensile Anchors in Concrete Statistical Analysis and Design Recommendations
- Plugin ATENA Troubleshooting

You are on page 1of 5

2 Material properties

1R32 EN.dog

Contents

3.2.0

General

Page

76

3.2.1

Component values according to standards

3.2.1.0 General

3.2.1.1 Component values according to standards

of semi-finished products or test pieces

3.2.1.2 Component values according to

the drawing

3.2.1.3 Special case of actual component values

77

3.2.2

3.2.2.0

3.2.2.1

3.2.2.2

General

Dependence on the effective diameter

Effective diameter

78

3.2.3

Anisotropy factor

80

shear strength factor

3.2.4.0 General

3.2.4.1 Compression strength factor

3.2.4.2 Shear strength factor

using nominal stresses

76

Rm,N

Values

according

to standards

Component

values -

3.2.4

3.2.5

3.2.5.0

3.2.5.1

3.2.5.2

3.2.5.3

81

Temperature factors

General

~ormal temperature

Low temperature

Elevated temperature

3.2.0 General

de ff .N

-deff

(Jg)

Figure 3.2.1 Values according to standards and component values according to standards, Rm and Rp, or

values specified by drawings, Rm,z and Rp,Z .

Top: All kinds of material except GG, Rm ::: Rm.N, R" ::: R",N

Semi-logarithmic decrease of the mechanical material properties with the

effective diameter d.n- .

Bottom: GG, Rm ::: or ~ Rm.N . Double-logarithmic decrease of the

mechanical material properties with the effective diameter dell'.

properties like tensile strength R.n, yield strength R, and

further characteristics for non-welded and welded'

components are to be determined.

material test specimen. Values according to standards,

component values and component values according to

standards are to be distinguished, Figure 3.2.1.

correspond to an average probability of survival

Po = 97,5 % and depend on the effective diameter deff

and on the technological size factor.

Component values

specimen is an unnotched polished round specimen of

do = 7,5 mm diameter *1.

for the effective diameter deff of the component, they

may correspond to different probabilities of survival Po,

however.

R",z.

specimens for tensile tests may usually have diameters different from

7,5 mm.

determined experimentally, they normally apply to a

probability of survival Po = 50 % , and therefore they

are valid only for the particular component, but not for

the entirety of all those components. They may be used,

for instance, for a subsequent assessment of the strength

using nominal stresses

77

if for that purpose all safety factors are set to 1,00 in

addition.

is the value from the test piece according to the material

standard.

value specified for the smallest size of the semi-finished

product *3 or for the test piece defined by the material

standard *4.

apply to an average probability of survival PD = 97,5 %

and are valid for the effective diameter, c1eff, of the

component. Their application is not limited to a

particular component, and therefore they may be used

for an assessment of strength, valid for the entirety of

all those components.

To determine the tensile strength Rm and the yield

strength R, *2 the technological size factor, the

anisotropy factor and the temperature factors are to be

considered in general. Furthermore compression

strength and shear strength values are to be considered.

standards

3.2.1.0 General

The component values according to standards,

Rm

and

R, , are to be determined from the values of semifinished products or of test pieces defined by standards,

Rm.N and Rp,N , or from the component value specified in

the drawing, Rm,z . As a special case the experimentally

determined actual component values, Rm.r and Rp,r , can

be applied.

For GG the yield strength is not defined and Eq. (3.2.1)

is not applicable.

stresses the compression strength factor fa , Chapter

3.2.4, for shear stresses the shear strength factor f, ,

Chapter 3.2.4, and for elevated temperature the

temperature factors Kt,m , ..., Chapter 3.2.5.

The component value of the tensile strength, Rm, is

Rm =

0,94 . Rm.z.

(3.2.2)

the tensile strength of the material specified on the

drawing. As the value Rm.z is normally verified by

random inspection of small samples only *5, it is

assumed to have a probability of survival less than

PD= 97,5 % . Eq. (1.2.2) converts the value Rmz to a

component value Rm that is expected to conform with

the probability of survival of Pr, = 97,5 %.

The yield strength R, corresponding to the tensile

strength Rm is *6 .

R, = Kd,p

. Rp,N

Kd,m

Rm,N

. Rm,

(3.2.3)

values of the semi-finished product or

of a test pieces defined by standards,

Chapter 5.1 .

The component values according to standards of the

tensile strength, Rm , and of the yield strength, Rp, are

Rm = Kd,m . KA ' Rm.N,

R, = K<J,p . KA ' Rp.N,

K<J,m, K<J,p

KA

Rm.N, Rp.N

(3.2.1)

anisotropy factor, Chapter 3.2.3,

values of the semi-finished product or

of a test piece according to standards,

Chapter 5.1 .

tensile strength, Rm.N , is the guaranteed minimum value

specified for the smallest size of the semi-finished

2 The term yield strength is used as a generalized tenn for the yield

stress (of milled or forged steel as well as cast steel) and for the 0.2

proof stress (of nodular cast iron or malleable cast iron as well as

aluminum alloys).

the standard.

4 A probability of survival Pii = 97,5 % is assumed for the component

properties according to standards Rm,N , Rp,N . This probability of

survival should also apply to the values Rm ' Rp is calculated therefrom.

5 The value R m Z is checked by three hardness measurements

(n=3) for exampl~, where every test has to reach or to exceed the

required value. The probability of survival of the lowest of n = 3 tests

may be estimated to 75 % (= I - I/(n+ 1) = 1 - 1/(3+1) = 0,75), and

may be assigned to R m Z . With a likely coefficient of variation of

4% the conversion to P; = 97,5 % follows from Eq. (3.2.2).

6 A conversion proportional to R p N f R m N would not be correct

since the technological size effect is more pronounced for the yield

strength than for the tensile strength.

using nominal stresses

78

If only an experimental value of the tensile strength

Rm,I

computed from Eq. (3.2.3) with Rm = Rm,I.

For all other kinds of material there are no upper limit

values deff,max, ... ,

(3.2.11)

deft:max.m = deft:max.p = 00 ,

Aluminum alloys

3.2.2.0 General

The technological size factor accounts for a decrease of

the material strength values usually observed with

increasing dimensions of the component. It is specified

as a function of the effective diameter, Figure 3.2.1. It

is different for non-welded and for welded components

*7

for the tensile strength and for the yield strength are as

follows: For deft':::; deft:N,m = deft:N,p = 12 mm

Non-welded components

:KI.m = :KI.p =

(3.2.4)

Kd,m = 1,207' (deff/7,5 mm)-0,1922.

(3.2.5)

material standards there is

Kd,m = Kct,p =1.

(3.2.7)

For all other kinds of steel and cast iron materials the

technological size factor is: For deff s deff,N,m

KcI,m = Kd,p =1,

for deff,N,m < deff :s; deff,max,m *9:

KcI,m

(3.2.8) .

(3.2.9)

,

1-0, 7686ad,m .lg(deff,N,m /7,5mm)

~m = ~m (deff,max,m).

deff

deff,N,m, ad,m

(3.2.12)

1,

to the tensile strength: For deff :s; 7,5 mm

Kd,m = 1,207,

the tensile strength, Rm , and of the yield strength, Rp,

are given in Chapter 5 according to the type of material

and its condition, and depending on the thickness or

diameter of the semi-finished product. To these values

the technological size factors Kj., = :KI.p = 1 apply.

(3.2.10)

constants, Table 3.2.1 and 3.2.2.

and act,m have to be replaced by the values ~p , deff,N,p ,

and ad,p (except for GG).

deft:max.p =

v.

= v.

= 1, 1 . (d

.J..~m

.J..~p

Ueff /7 , 5 mm)

for deft'~

deft:max.m

deft:max.p

Welded components

150 mm

-0,2 ,

(3.2.13)

= 150 mm

(3.2.14)

*10

the toe section and for the throat section of welded

components is *11

KcI,m = Kct,p = 1.

(3.2.15)

stainless steel or weldable cast iron the subsequent

calculation is provisional and therefore it is to be

applied with caution.

For components with a simple shape of the cross section

- as far as a cross section may be defined - the effective

diameter is given according to the cross section in Table

3.2.3.

In general the upper limit of the effective diameter is

specified in the material standards.

cases are to be distinguished as to the kind of material.

steel

7 The influence factors according toChapter 3.2.3 (KA), Chapter 3.2.4

(fer, f't) and Chapter 3.2.5 (KT m- ...) are supposed tobe valid for both

non-welded and welded compon~nts.

8 Footnote an Eq. (3.2.6) cancelled.

9 0,7686 = 1 fig 20.

11 For structural steel and fine grain structural steel according to

DIN 18800, part 1, page 40.

134

5 Appendices

Table 5.1.4 Mechanical properties in MFa for quenched and tempered steels in the quenched and tempered

condition, after DIN EN 10 083-1 (1996-10-00) --1. Notes? 1 to --4 see next page.

Type of

material,

after DIN EN

10 027-1

C22E

C22R

C22

C25E

C25R

C25

C30E

C30R

C30

C35E

C35R

C35

C40E

C40R

C40

C45E

C45R

C45

C50E

C50R

C50

C55E

C55R

C55

C60E

C60R

C60

28Mn6

38Cr2

38CrS2

46Cr2

46CrS2

34Cr4

34CrS4

37Cr4

37CrS4

41Cr4

41CrS4

25CrMo4

25CrMoS4

34CrMo4

34CrMoS4

42CrMo4

42CrMoS4

50CrMo4

36CrNiMo4

34CrNiM06

30CrNiMo8 -- 1

36NiCrMo16?1

51CrV4

Type of

material,

after

DIN 17200

Ck 22

Cm22

C 22

Ck 25

Cm25

C25

Ck 30

Cm30

C 30

Ck 35

Cm35

C 35

Ck40

Cm40

C40

Ck45

Cm45

C45

Ck 50

Cm50

C 50

Ck 55

Cm55

C 55

Ck60

Cm60

C60

28Mn6

38 Cr 2

38 CrS 2

46 Cr 2

46 CrS 2

34 Cr4

34 CrS 4

37 Cr4

37 CrS 4

41 Cr 4

41 CrS 4

25 CrMo4

25 CrMoS 4

34 CrMo 4

34 CrMoS 4

42 CrMo 4

42 CrMoS 4

50 CrMo4

36 CrNiMo 4

34 CrNoMo6

30 CrNiMo 8

50 CrY 4

Material

No.

1.1151

1.1149

1.0402

1.1158

1.1163

1.0406

1.1178

1.1179

1.0528

1.1181

1.1180

1.0501

1.1186

1.1189

1.0511

1.1191

1.1201

1.0503

1.1206

1.1241

1.0540

1.1203

1.1209

1.0535

1.1221

1.1223

1.0601

1.1170

1.7003

1.7023

1.7006

1.7025

1.7033

1.7037

1.7034

1.7038

1.7035

1.7039

1.7218

1.7213

1.7220

1.7226

1.7225

1.7227

1.7228

1.6511

1.6582

1.6580

1.6773

1.8159

R,N

crW,zd,N

crSch,zd,N

crW,b,N

LW,s,N

LW,t,N

ad,rn

llci,p

?2

--3

--3

?3

?3

?3

?4

?4

340 225

210

250

130

145

0,19

0,43

370 250

225

275

145

160

0,29

0,40

600

400 270

245

295

155

175

0,26

0,37

630

430 285

255

310

165

185

0,20

0,39

650

460 295

260

320

170

190

0,12

0,36

700

490 315

275

345

180

205

0,16

0,36

750

520 340

290

365

195

215

0,21

0,35

800

550 360

305

390

210

230

0,19

0,35

850

580 385

320

415

220

245

0,18

0,34

800

800

590 360

550 360

305

305

390

390

210

210

230

230

0,30

0,37

0,38

0,52

900

650 405

335

435

235

260

0,41

0,54

900

700 405

335

435

235

260

0,33

0,49

950

750 430

345

460

245

270

0,32

0,46

1000

800 450

360

480

260

285

0,30

0,44

900

700 405

335

435

235

260

0,33

0,49

1000

800 450

360

480

260

285

0,30

0,44

1100

900 495

385

525

285

315

0,32

0,43

1100 900 495

1200 1000 540

1250 1050 565

1250 1050 565

1100 900 495

385

385

410

420

420

385

525

525

570

595

595

525

285

285

310

325

325

285

315

315

340

355

355

315

0,28

0,32

0,33

0,36

0,28

0,28

0,38

0,38

0,39

0,42

0,32

0,33

Rm,N

500

550

135

5 Appendices

Table 5.1.5 Mechanical properties in MPa for quenched and tempered steels in the normalized condition,

after DIN EN 10 083-1 (1996-10-00) -9-1.

Type of

material,

after DIN EN

10 027-1

C22E

C22R

C22

C25E

C25R

C25

C30E

C30R

C30

C35E

C35R

C35

C40E

C40R

C40

C45E

C45R

C45

CSOE

C50R

C50

C55E

C55R

C55

C60E

C60R

C60

28Mn6

Type of

material,

after

DIN 17200

Material

No.

Ck22

Cm22

C 22

Ck 25

Cm25

C 25

Ck 30

Cm30

C 30

Ck 35

Cm35

C 35

Ck40

Cm40

C40

Ck45

Cm45

C45

Ck50

Cm50

C 50

Ck 55

Cm55

C 55

Ck60

Cm60

C60

28Mn6

1.1151

1.1149

1.0402

1.1158

1.1163

1.0406

1.1178

1.1179

1.0528

1.1181

1.1180

1.0501

1.1186

1.1189

1.0511

1.1191

1.1201

1.0503

1.1206

1.1241

1.0540

1.1203

1.1209

1.0535

1.1221

1.1223

1.0601

1.1170

Rn,N

Re,N

crW,zd,N

CJSch,zd,N

CJW,b,N

't W,s,N

'tW,I,N

-9-2

~m

ad,p

-9-3

-9-3

430

240

195

185

215

110

125

0,08

0,19

470

260

210

200

235

120

140

0,10

0,18

510

280

230

215

255

135

150

0,10

0,19

550

300

250

225

275

145

160

0,10

0,19

580

320

260

235

285

150

170

0,09

0,19

620

340

280

250

305

160

180

0,10

0,20

650

355

295

260

320

170

190

0,10

0,19

680

370

305

270

335

175

195

0,09

0,20

710

380

320

280

350

185

205

0,09

0,19

630

345

285

250

310

165

185

0,07

0,17

-9- 2 Re,N / Rm,N < 0,75 for all types of material listed.

-9- 3 More specific values for the individual types of material compared to the average values given in Table 1.2.1 and 3.2.1.

-9- 1 Effective diameter deff,N;= 40 rom for 30 CrNiMo 8 and 36 NiCrMo 16, deff,N = 16 rom for all other types of material listed.

-9- 2 Re,N / Rm,N < 0,75 up to and including 46 Cr 2, 46 CrS 2; Re,N / Rm,N > 0,75 from 34 Cr 4, 34 CrS 4 on.

-9- 3 The fatigue strength values of the sulphur bearing steels 38 CrS 2 to 42CrMoS 4 are lower than the values listed for 28 Cr 2 to 42 CrMo 4.

-9- 4 M ore specific values for the individual types of material compared to the average values given in Table 1.2.1 and 3.2.1.

- bracing connectionUploaded byrajedmaglinte
- Asme Case 2328Uploaded byDinh Nguyen Gia
- BS en 764-4-2014 Establishment of Technical Delivery Conditions for Metallic MaterialsUploaded byomereker67
- DME Q Bank-1_1.pdfUploaded byMobin Thomas
- Diseño de Atiesador TriangularUploaded byMauricio Sierra
- Group d Mech JimforbesUploaded bysehmbi001
- Comparison of Theoretical & ANSYS FEAUploaded byrbachalli
- AFRINNNNN.pdfUploaded byAhmad
- DSAUploaded bypavanoena
- JAST_2011_Campilho_Strength Improvement of Adhesively-Bonded Joints UsingUploaded byJorge Vieira
- Constitutive Equations in Concrete Gravity DamUploaded byJesús Egor Espinoza Ramírez
- ME 312 lab report 1Uploaded byRichard
- V_psi_am_2Uploaded bykissistvan
- Shear and torsion interaction in prestressed hollow core unitsUploaded byMarkoGlamuzina
- 14147083_Stresses in Connected PartsUploaded byprajakt_pie
- Tutorial 02 Materials and StagingsUploaded bywerew
- 98 Indrect TensileUploaded byyas
- ffUploaded byMuhammad Iqbal
- (Shirvani 1998) Behavior of Tensile Anchors in Concrete Statistical Analysis and Design RecommendationsUploaded bymanoelmangabeira
- Plugin ATENA TroubleshootingUploaded byTeguh Hanapi
- Rear upright.docxUploaded byCheppalli Rahul Harsha
- REU Report - Process of Seismic Simulation of a 2-Bay, 2-Story Reinforced Concrete BuildingUploaded byfslurrehman
- Problems S.4-1 & S.4-2Uploaded byAltammar13
- 1-s2.0-S0379711208000830-mainUploaded byEngr Arbab Faisal
- Behaviour-of-composite-haunched-beam-connection_2002_Engineering-Structures.pdfUploaded byHugo Ramirez Carmona
- Failure criterion.docxUploaded byslitant
- Experimental tests on pure aluminium shear panels with welded stiffeners.pdfUploaded bydjordjeue
- 19670013957Uploaded byYusvari Harza Irawan
- bdadbdce233964bdde29e1ba7c88743e2baaUploaded byokta
- Problem Sets-StressUploaded byZie Agustin

- FAQ HEPAs and ULPAs Technical Bulletin_Parte1Uploaded byNicolás Vargas
- [Arxiv]About Spin Electromagnetic Wave-particle With Ring Singularity(AA Chernitskii)(2011)Uploaded by0113581321
- Mcq 60Uploaded byravi_ldh2003
- 08055C104KAT4AUploaded bykarthik4096
- HK-40Uploaded byhawyeg
- backhus-a30Uploaded byLeo Mancini
- ABCs of calculusUploaded byJeffrey Lim
- Noise Pollution and Its Impact on HealthUploaded byAlexander Decker
- RESERVES RE-ESTIMATION USING SCAL TO VALIDATE Sw MODEL FROM NEURAL NET PROCESSED OLD LOGS.Uploaded byari_si
- 295Ch14MCUploaded byDulshan Gunawardana
- LAB PROGS - 2018-19-converted.pdfUploaded byGanesh Arena
- EXPERIMENT 1 ThrottlingUploaded byJaphet Mmari
- ThermistorCatalog5-02Uploaded bygeorgdi
- Ancore Chimice CHEMOFASTUploaded byPopa Andrei
- Automatic Texture Atlas GenerationUploaded bynaigar
- Nanocrystalline metals crystallized from amorphous solids: nanocrystallization, structure, and propertiesUploaded byFelipe Perissé Duarte Lopes
- Reviewer PhysicsUploaded byIrish Mae T. Espallardo
- Dayco - Hydraulic HosesUploaded byjbarr58
- Gfa Eng 2016 CopiaUploaded byAnonymous gq7UQAw
- joan confirmationUploaded byLiza Pagaspas
- 1 - RF Fundamentals (4)Uploaded bythedon1611
- leph101Uploaded byShannon Fernandes
- Soil Pressure Under FootingsUploaded bySherwin Sr Macaraeg Sarmiento
- PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OFCURVED U-SLOT PATCH ANTENNA WITH ENHANCED BANDWIDTH AND ISOLATION FOR MIMO SYSTEMSUploaded byIJeete
- Light Intensity Affecting the Rate of PhotosynthesisUploaded byAndrei Piciorus
- distillation column design 2Uploaded byferns_12
- NseUploaded byThomas Victor
- Hiromasa Moriuchi- A Table of Handcuff Graphs with up to Seven CrossingsUploaded byYokdm
- Yu Lian-Chun et al- Suppression of Spiral Waves by Voltage Clamp Techniques in a Conductance-Based Cardiac Tissue ModelUploaded byGretymj
- Sigma Coatings - MarineUploaded bytheboodler

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.