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Embraer E145 Cockpit Panels

The following pages depict the various instrument panels located in the cockpit of the Embraer E145 Regional
Jet. Along with these depictions are text box captions that describe the function of most of the buttons and
switches that control the various systems on the aircraft. Keep in mind that as aircraft modifications occur,
such as ADs, Service Bulletins, etc., the captions may become inaccurate or incomplete.
The captions are not all inclusive and are intended as a supplemental study aid to be used in conjunction with
the appropriate approved aircraft systems and operations manuals. Because space is limited for the captions
the use of acronyms and abbreviations is necessary. The table that follows lists the acronyms and
abbreviations used that may not be readily discernable by the reader.
Warning and Disclaimer
Every effort has been made to make this information as accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is
implied. The information provided is on an as is basis. The author shall have neither liability or
responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damages arising from the information
contained herein. - Captain Bill de Groh

Abbrev.

Meaning

Abbrev.

Meaning

&

and

CCW

Counter-clockwise

_x

Multiplier (4x = 4 times)

Cmd

Command

Cmpt.

Compartment

<

Smaller/Less/Below

Com

Communication

>

Greater/More/Above

CVR

Cockpit Voice Recorder

Ampere

CW

Clockwise

A/C

Aircraft

DAP

Digital Audio Panel

A/I

Anti-ice

DC

Direct Current

ABV

APU Bleed Valve

DCP

Display Control Panel

AC

Alternating Current

Decr.

Decrease(s)

DFDR

Digital Data Flight Recorder

AEO

All Engines Operating

EBC

Essential Bus Contactor

AGL

Above Ground Level

EIC

Essential Interconnection Contactor

AHRS

Attitude Heading Reference


System

EBV

Engine Bleed Valve

ECS

Environmental Control System

AMM

Airplane Maint. Manual

EDL

Electrical Distribution Logic

Amp

Ampere

EICAS

Engine Indicating And Crew Alerting


System

AP

Autopilot

Elect.

Electric(al)

Approx.

Approximately

ESU

Electronic Sequence Unit

APU

Auxiliary Power Unit

F/A or FA

Flight Attendant

Auto

Automatic

FADEC

Full Authority Digital Electronic Control

BACV

Bleed Air Check Valve

FD

Flight Director

BC

Battery Contactor

FI

Flight Idle

BTC

Bus Tie Contactor

FO

First Officer

CA

Captain

CBV

Cross Bleed Valve

25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

Abbrev.

Meaning

Abbrev.

Meaning

Fpm

Feet per minute

Nm

Nautical mile

FSBY

Forced Standby Mode

O2

Oxygen

Ft

Feet

OEI

One engine inoperative

Fwd

Forward

Pax.

Passenger

GCU

Generator Control Unit

PCA

Power Control Actuator

GI

Ground Idle

PCU

Power Control Unit

GMAP

Ground Map Mode

PFD

Primary Flight Display

GPC

Ground Power Contactor

PRSV

Pressure Regulating and Shutoff Valve

GPU

Ground Power Unit

Psi

Pounds per square inch

Grnd

Ground

PSU

Passenger Service Unit

GS

Glideslope

PTT

Push-To-Talk

Hdg

Heading

RCP

Radar Control Panel

Horiz.

Horizontal

Rcvr

Receiver

hPa

hectopascals

Rdr

Radar

HSCU

Horizontal Stabilizer Control


Unit

REACT

Rain Echo Attenuation Compensation


Logic

HSV

High Stage Valve

Ref.

Reference(d)

Hyd.

Hydraulic

RH

Right Hand

Hz

Hertz (cycles per second)

RTA

Receiver/Transmitter/Antenna

ICU

Interphone Control Unit

Sec.

Second(s)

Incr.

Increase(s)

SOV

Shut Off Valve

Kts

Knots

SPS

Stall Protection System

Lbs

Pounds

SRN

Short Range Navigation

LH

Left Hand

Sync.

Synchronize(s)

LRN

Long Range Navigation

Sys.

System

Mag.

Magnetic

TCS

Touch Control Steering

Man.

Manual

Temp.

Temperature

Max.

Maximum

Tgt

Target

MFD

Multi-Function Display

TL

Thrust Lever

Mic.

Microphone

TLA

Thrust Lever Angle

Min.

Minimum or Minute

Volt

Msg.

Message

WX

Weather radar mode

MSL

Mean Sea Level

Xmtr

Transmitter

Nav

Navigation

YD

Yaw damper

NiCad

Nickel-Cadmium

25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

EMBRAER 145 RIGHT MAIN INSTRUMENT & GLARESHIELD PANELS


Rain Echo Attenuation Compensation Technique (REACT)

Pressing cycles antenna


stabilization. When off
STAB on PFD and OFF
on RCP.

Pushed enables REACT


Avail in all mode except GMAP
Always selected when in TEST mode.

Used to invoke
stabilization Trim mode

Calibrated Gain
Range Select Buttons
In WX, REACT, & GMAP
modes 5 to 300 nm available.
In FP mode 5 to 1000 nm
available

On ground, after warmup, pressing 4x within 3


sec. inhibits FSBY

Radar
Control
Panel
(RCP)

Selects Target Alert


Mode. Mode monitors for
red (level 3) or greater
beyond selected range &
+/- 7.5 of A/C hdg. TGT
label if target detected.

Radar in Forced Standby Mode (FSBY) when A/C


on grnd and Radar Mode knob not set to OFF;
FSBY label displayed. FSBY inhibits the xmtr and
antenna scan; can override through the STAB
button.
REACT Automatic rcvr calibration to
compensate for attenuation losses. RCT label
displayed. A blue field indicates ranges where
further compensation not possible. Active in all
modes except GMAP. Tgts within blue field
cannot be calibrated & should be considered
dangerous.

Min. target depth of 5


nm
TGT label with no target
Calibrated Gain
Radar operational if FP
mode selected.

TEST mode, auto set 100 nm

OFF On-side controller slaved to cross-side


controller; SLV displayed on RCP.
SBY Standby mode. STBY label displayed.
WAIT label displayed during 40-100 sec. warm-up.

Cycles between 120 or 60


azimuth sweep for on-side
AND cross-side displays.

Pushed Calibrated Gain

WX Weather detection mode. CA & FO RTA


settings alternate on each sweep, CAs on left
sweep & FOs on right. To get 100% duty factor
one Radar Control Panel must be set OFF. WX
label if rdr selected for display on MFD; otherwise
TX label

Pulled Manual gain active &


VAR label displayed on PFD
Interior Lights
Control Panel

GMAP Ground map mode. GMAP label


displayed.
Antenna Tilt +/- 15
Range indicators between +5
& -5 are expanded

FP Flight Plan mode. Radar put in standby &


no radar data presented. A singular display of nav
data & a FLTPLN label displayed.

Clock
Avionic Switched
DC Bus

TEST Test pattern displayed with a TEST label.

Antenna beam width 7.9

Primary Flight
Display (PFD)
[Avionic Switched
DC Bus]

Digital Audio Panel (DAP)


Foot Warmer
Valve

Gasper vent

Switch altimeter ref.


between Inches and HPa.

Standard altimeter setting


button

Causes MFD to present PFD or


EICAS displays from on-side IC-600.

Switch on fwd side of


yoke disengages nose
wheel steering

DG AHRS hdg channel


operates as free nonslaved gyro.
SLVD AHRS slaved to
flux valve.

PAX reroutes audio signal from


crew mic to pax cabin when any
PTT is pressed.
EMER directly connects mic &
headphones to com/nav radios.
CA to Com/Nav 1, FO to Com/Nav
2.

Allows slewing of hdg


when AHRS not slaved to
mag hdg of flux valve.
Panel not present in
AH900 equipped a/c.

PSU O2 latches energized;


6 sec. timer
Remote
Start/Stop/Reset for
chronograph

Down Off
Center Hot Mic
Up - PTT

CLOSED Disables PSU


O2 latches. Also resets O2
ON indicator & cabin signs
after system activation on
AUTO or MANUAL.
Pitch Trim with 3
sec. timer

Touch Control Steering (TCS)

Disengages AP

While pressed allows manual


maneuvering without disengaging
the AP
When released syncs to new pitch
attitude & vertical mode &
maintains it.
Lateral control returned to
previously selected mode.
Pressing & releasing after GS
capture in APR mode with AP
engaged releasing AP will return to
ILS center beam.

Capts has priority


Quick Disconnect Button
Disconnects AP; AUTOPILOT voice msg self
canceled above 2500 ft with a valid radar
altimeter
Inhibits stick pusher
Disconnects all trim systems while pressed.

ADC selects cross-side ADC. ADC 1(2) on


PFD.
PFD comparison montiors
HDG
> 6 for a/c roll < 6
or >12 for a/c roll > 6
ROL
>6
PIT
>5
ATT
if both ROL and PIT set
ALT
200 ft or more
IAS
> 5 kts
LOC
.> 1/2 dot (below 1200 ft.)
GS
.> 2/3 do (below 1200 ft.)
ILS
if both LOC and GS set
25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

AHRS selects cross-side AHRS. ATT 1(2) &


MAG 1(2) on PFD.
SG selects cross-side symbol generator (IC600). ADC 1(2), ATT 1(2), MAG 1(2), & SG 1(2)
on PFD.

Slide, with mask


stowed, tests the mask.
Flow indicator turns
yellow momentarily &
OXY ON flag appears
Slide, with mask not
stowed & left door
closed, shuts off O2 to
the mask.

Rotated CW to
EMERGENCY position
supplies 100% O2 under
positive pressure
Pressed, tests regulator
demand mechanism

Vertical CDI Scaling per dot


For CN: GS = 0.35
For FMS: ENR = 750
TERM = 0.35
APPR = 0.35
VNAV = 250

AUTO PSU O2 latches


energized & cabin signs on
when cabin altitude
> 14,000 ft.
MANUAL activates PSU
O2 latches at any altitude.

N O2/Air mixture
based on cabin
altitude; pure O2 above
33,000 ft.
100% - Pure O2 at all
altitudes. Must be
selected with
EMERGENCY position
for protective breathing

Horizontal CDI Scaling per dot


For CN: LOC = 1.25
VOR = 5
For FMS: ENR = 2.5 nm
TERM = 1.0 (0.5 nm)
APPR = 0.15 nm

EMBRAER 145 CENTER MAIN INSTRUMENT & GLARESHIELD PANELS


Bank angle reduced from
27 to 14 in HDG mode .
Auto selected climbing >
25,000 ft & canceled <
24,750 ft in HDG mode.
Annunciated only in HDG
Select mode

Couples FD to nav
source selected on
flying pilots DCP.
VOR/LOC if NAV
selected and LNAV if
FMS selected

Engages AP & YD

Same as NAV but


with higher gain.
Also enable GS
Mode.

Hdg Hold (ROL) holds


present hdg when
selected

Cycles between full


rose HSI & sector
format on PFD

Pressed again
disengages AP but
keeps YD

First press enters


Elapsed Timer Mode

In sector format WX
radar can be displayed

Start/Stop/Reset

Allows CAs or FOs FD


to control the AP

Cycles between on-side


VOR/LOC SRN source
(green) or cross-side
VOR/LOC SRN source
(yellow)

Speed Hold Mode


Flight Level Change

Hdg Select (HDG)


follows hdg bug

Vertical Speed Hold Mode


Allows hdg selection

Cycles between on-side


FMS LRN source
(magenta) and crossside FMS LRN source
(yellow)

Altitude Hold Mode

Pressing synchronizes
hdg bug to current hdg

Displays FD bars

Master Warning Button

Allows crs selection

Engages YD

Pressing synchronizes
selected course to VOR
bearing

Setting
Knobs

Pressing again disengages


both AP & YD

Cycles between ground


speed and time-to-go.

Display Control
Panel (DCP)

OFF Associated bearing


pointer sources disabled
NAV Selects associated VOR
as bearing pointer source

Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System (EICAS)

ADF Selects associated ADF


as bearing pointer source

Standby Attitude Indicator


Pull to cage & rotate to
adjust miniature airplane

FMS Selects associated FMS


as bearing pointer source

Power warning flag


Power off
Caged

Rotation allows setting


Radio Altimeter decision
height

Open motor winding


Loss of power
Essential DC Bus 2

On grnd, pressing activates


IC-600 first level IBIT test. If
held > 6 sec. activates IC600 second level IBIT test.
EICAS test commanded from
CAs panel only.

Multi Function
Display (MFD)

Standby Airspeed Indicator

Standby Altimeter

In flight, pressing activates


Radio Altimeter Test

Backup Ess Bus


Avionic Switched
DC Bus

Optional Integrated Standby


Instrument System (ISIS)
Replaces the three
electromechanical standby
instruments with a single LCD
screen
CAGE button resets attitude
only

Inhibits EGPWS when approaching


airports not covered by EGPWS
database thus avoiding unwanted
terrain alerts.

STD button sets standard


barometer setting
The + or keys adjust
brightness
Rotary knob allows altimeter
setting

Striped bar in button when pressed

Cancels LANDING GEAR voice


msg. in case of Radio Altimeter loss
only when flaps < 22

TEST/RESET function
enabled by pressing ON,
waiting 1 sec. then
pressing ARM
RESET function
deactivates ELT after
manual or auto activation

Some EICAS messages inhibited

Rotation allows setting


airspeed bug values

Rotation allows pilot to


scroll through EICAS
messages if display limit
of 15 exceeded.

Striped bar in button when pressed

Flight Level Change Mode

Striped bar extinguishes if TLs


advanced or flaps set above 22 , or
gear down & locked

Climb

ON Activates ELT
ARM Allows automatic
activation

100 +/- 10 ft

Indicates when
emergency/parking
brake is applied

Flashing ELT alert


light indicates ELT
transmitting

Powered from Essential Bus 2

TEST displayed

240 kts / 0 to 10,000 ft


240 kts to 270 kts / 10,000 to 12,000 ft
270 kts / 12,000 to 17,377 ft

LANDING GEAR voice msg activated when:


Flaps < 22, one TL < 45 (59 if OEI), and
Radio Altitude < 1200 ft. Can be canceled.
Flaps set at 22, one TL < 45 (59 if OEI), and
Radio Altitude < 1200 ft. Cannot be canceled.

0.56M / 17,377 to 37,000 ft


Descend
-2,000 fpm / 37,000 to 12,000 ft
-2,000 to -1,000 fpm / 12,000 to 10,000 ft
-1,000 fpm / less than 10,000 ft

Flaps set at 45. Cannot be canceled.


FMS Roll Cmds for Direct To changes
30 bank up to 20K
Dec. linearly above 20K up to 32K
20 bank above 32K
Roll rate limited to 3/sec

Takeoff: V1-15 to 400 RA


Landing: 200 RA to 3 sec. after W-on-W

25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

FMS Roll Cmds for Leg-to-Leg changes


27 bank up to 20K
Dec. linearly above 20K up to 32K
15 bank above 32K
Roll rate limited to 3/sec

EMBRAER 145 CENTER PEDESTAL

Disconnects CAs
elevator control from
FOs

Inhibition Logic
Takeoff
Active > V1-15
Deactive. RA > 400 ft,
or < 60 kts, or > 1 min.
Landing
Valid < 200 ft
Deactve. WOW > 3
sec., or > 1 min.

Checks takeoff configuration warning by


simulating TLs advanced
If ok, TAKEOFF OK voice message

Mechanical gust lock secures only the elevator


Electromechanical gust lock does the same thing but
uses a solenoid and locking pins installed in the
horizontal stabilizer. Powered by DC Bus 2 &
incorporates an amber indication light on the glareshield.

If fail, TAKEOFF ___ voice message & NO


TAKEOFF CONFIG EICAS msg
FLAPS
SPOILERS
TRIM

CAs side has all AP


servos & stick pusher

BRAKES

Cannot be reset in flight

Disconnects CAs
aileron control from FOs

Illuminates when
disconnection
mechanism activated

FOs side has roll trim


actuator & artificial feel
unit
Cannot be reset in flight
Illuminates when
disconnection
mechanism activated

Thrust Reversers have


3 locking systems. The
Primary & Secondary
are electrically
controlled &
hydraulically actuated.
The third lock is
completely electric.
Loss of electric power
latches locks closed

MAX max. takeoff


rating mode at any time
THRUST SET
FADEC controls engine
to achieve N1 target
IDLE GI~ 64% N2, FI~
68% N2
MAX REV max.
reverse thrust. Doors
cmdd open when TLs
at soft detent (TLA 14)

Cmds outboard spoiler


panels to open when:

If OEI or one reverser


not deployed FADEC
will only cmd reverse
from good engine if TL
requesting reverse
and OEI TL set to
IDLE

TLA of both
engines < 50
Flaps < 13
No intermediate
positions

Thrust Lever
Friction Knob

Electrically controlled
thru DC Bus 1 & 2

Electrically actuated &


controlled

Hydraulically actuated

DC Bus 1 & 2
If one channel fails,
remaining motor can
drive flaps at half speed
Pulling actuates
emergency brakes (no
anti-skid)

3 asymmetrical limit
disables system for
duration of flight

Pull & rotate to set


parking brake
Always have toe
brakes applied when
setting or releasing to
prevent hydraulic fluid
transfer

Thrust Mode select buttons


(no ATTCS)

All 4 brakes supplied


by Hyd Sys 2
proportional to handle
displacement with no
protections

Pedal brking
Hyd Sys 1 supplies outbd brakes
Hyd Sys 2 supples inbd brakes
Anit-skid protection > 10 knots
wheel speed
Locked wheel protection through
anti-skid system > 30 knots wheel
speed
Touchdown protection allows
braking 3 seconds after
touchdown, or when wheel speed
> 50 knots.

25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

Joystick controls
MFD designator
With control column held full back, momentary push
actuates SPS test (stick shaker, clacker, & stick pusher)
TEST button illuminated after an unsuccessful test or if
system has not been tested.
TEST button inhibited inflight till 30 sec. after landing,
above 70 KIAS, or with gear not downlocked.
Ice compensation of SPS inhibited for 5 min. after takeoff.
Ice compensation reset if:
airborne & flaps set to 45. SPS ICE SPEED msg
remains,or
on ground after pressing TEST button. SPS ICE
SPEED msg cleared.

CON thrust if one of the following:


Cuts out SPS channel
1 or 2 in case of failure

>300 ft AFL & gear not locked down, or

Striped bar in button


when pressed

Limited to OEI only

Pusher inhibited
On grnd (except for test)
Below 0.5 G
While Quick Disconnect
button pressed
< 200 ft if RA failed
Any Cutout button
pressed
> 200 knots
At least 1 channel inop

>1700 ft AFL

CLB or CRZ thrust if one of the following:


>500 ft AFL, gear not locked down, AEO, or
>1700 ft AFL and AEO
TO thrust
T/O-1 for the EMB 145
T/O RSV for the EMB 135/140

EMBRAER 145 AFT CENTER PEDESTAL

Control Display Unit (CDU) of


Universal UNS-1K Flight Management
System (FMS)

Actuates yaw trim


3 sec. timer in case of
trim knob failure
Pitch control wheel
inhibited if any Vertical
Mode selected in FD

Cuts out (pressed) or


enables (released)
HSCU Main or Backup
Pitch Trim systems
Striped bar in button
when pressed

Manually controls roll


attitude when AP
engaged

Actuates pitch trim


through the HSCU
backup channel

Actuates roll trim by


repositioning neutral
position of aileron
command

ARINC Communications And


Reporting System (ACARS)
Printer

Must be in DN position in
AUTO mode
In MAN Mode:
Controls pneumatic
outflow valve by
metering vacuum
pressure to that valve
-1500 fpm to +2500 fpm
in MAN mode

On (pressed)
Dumps cabin up to
14,500 ft +/-500 ft
Landing Gear Freefall Compartment
On floor between co-pilots seat and control pedestal

ON inscription when
pressed

Electrical Override Switch

Inhibited in MAN mode

NORMAL Extension/retraction controlled by LGEU


DOORS Bypasses LGEU to open nose landing
gear doors
GEAR DOORS Bypasses LGEU extending landing
gear while keeping nose landing gear doors open.
Free-Fall Lever
Initial movement operates the free fall selector valve
relieving hydraulic pressure and connecting the lines
to the return. Further movement mechanically
unlocks the landing gear uplocks allowing the gear to
free-fall to the down and locked position.

25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

Auto mode (released) or


Manual mode (pressed)
MAN inscription
illuminated when pressed

EMBRAER 145 OVERHEAD CHANNEL A


ELEC EMERG. Loss of all generators in flight. The batteries supply the Central & Essential Buses, sharing the load & not being
charged. The Inverter, Shed and DC Buses not energized.
ELEC EMERG. ABNORMAL The EDL configured for an electrical emergency when not required. The generator supplied DC
Buses are isolated from the battery supplied Central & Essential Buses & the batteries are not being charged.
ELEC ESS XFER FAIL The EDL failed to configure for an electrical emergency when required. DC Bus 1 and/or DC Bus 2 are
not isolated from the batteries & the batteries are not being charged.
Erases data only on the ground with
parking brake set. Only the
manufacturer can recover the erased
data.

Connects (pressed) or disconnects


(released) the GPU to/from the
electrical system.
GPU AVAIL inscription illuminates
when operating GPU is physically
connected to aircraft; does not indicate
good power.
Inscription goes out when button
pressed & GPU connected to electrical
network. Priority over alll batts & gens.
Striped bar in button when pressed.
Verify 26.0 - 29.0 V before selecting.
Ground Service Bus is energized when
BATT 1 & 2 OFF (BC1 & BC2 open)
and GPU AVAIL inscription in GPU
button (GPC open). Cockpit dome,
courtesy, galley, cabin, lav, bagg, &
service cmpt. lights
On (pressed), overrides auto transfer
to electrical emergency configuration &
ensures batteries powering only
Essential Buses regardless of EDL.
Isolates batteries from DC Buses.
(EBC 1 & 2, and EIC closed, BC1 and
BTC 2 open).
Auto (released), power contactors
operate automatically according to
EDL. (EBC 1 & 2, and EIC open, BC1
and BTC 2 closed).
Striped bar in button when pressed.

OVRD BTCs kept closed regardless


of EDL provided no overcurrent
detected by one of 5 GCUs.
AUTO BTCs controlled by EDL.
OFF Opens BTCs regardless of EDL.

Connects (pressed) or disconnects


(released) the 250 VA/400 Hz Static
inverter to/from the system.
Inverter supplied from DC Bus 1 &
provides 115 vAC to 115 vAC Bus.
115 VAC BUS OFF msg. if Bus
deenergized

Tests integrity of CVR


Green STATUS LED illuminates for
1 sec. if test is good

DC Bus 2, 2 hr recording,

Jack for a 600 ohm headphone to monitor


audio signals & tones.
2 sec. 800 Hz tone for successful CVR
test
3 sec. 400 Hz tone for successful CVR
erase

5g switch
Connects (pressed) or disconnects
(released) the 28 vDC, 400 Amp enginedriven generators to/from respective DC
Bus
Gens online when N2 > 56.4%
Cycling resets GCU if generator is
running.
If current > 400 A, GEN 1 (2, 3, 4) OVLD
msg.
Striped bar in button when released.
Connects (pressed) or disconnects
(released), 28 vDC 400 Amp, APU StarterGenerator when APU rotor speed > 95% +
7 sec.
BATT 2 used to start APU
Striped bar in button when released.

OFF BC kept open disconnecting


battery from electrical system.
AUTO BC controlled by EDL
Two 24vDC, 44 amp-hour NiCad
batteries, located in battery cmpt. (Nose
left side).
BATT 2 supples power for APU starting,
while BATT 1 isolated to provide
stabilized power to voltage transient
sensitive equipment.
Both BCs open if GPU connected to
system
During an Electrical Emergency both
batteries can supply Essential Buses for
40 min., which includes 3 APU starts.
If batt > 70C, BATT 1 (2) OVTEMP msg.

OVRD Closes Shed Bus contactors


while on ground with at least one
generator on line.
AUTO EDL controls Shed Bus
contactors.
OFF Opens Shed Bus contactors
manually regardless of EDL.

Powers TCAS II & GPWS


Striped bar in button when released.

Connects (pressed) or disconnects


Connects (pressed) or disconnects
(released) the Backup Battery to/from
the electrical system.
24 vDC, 5A lead acid battery, in fwd
avionic cmpt. in front of FO.
Backup Batter y charged when
button pressed with BATT 1 in AUTO
BKUP BATT OFF BUS msg when
button released.
Supplies Backup Hot Bus, providing
stablized power for the GCU's
protective function in case of a shortcircuit or near zero system voltage.
25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

(released) the com/nav supplied by


Avionics Switched Buses.

Allows prevention of undesirable voltage


transients during APU battery starts on
the ground.

Striped bar in button when released.

ON Emergency lights ON using the 4 dedicated batteries; 15 min. duration; batteries not charging - EMER LT NOT ARMED
OFF Emergency lights turned off if EMER LTS button on F/A Panel in NORM; batteries not being charged - EMER LT NOT ARMED.
(Switch that turns on the lights is the only switch that can turn them off)
ARM Emergency lights off & batteries being charged; lights illuminate automatically in Elec. Emerg.

EMBRAER 145 OVERHEAD CHANNEL B

FUEL 1 (2) LOW LEVEL


Fuel remaining ranges from 463 to 584
lbs.

Illuminates red upon fire detection


Pulling will send close cmd to:

FUEL IMBALANCE

Hyd. Pump SOV

Comes on at 800 lbs difference

Bleed Air SOV

Goes off at 100 lbs difference

Engine Intake Lip Anti-ice SOV


Fuel SOV (on Hot Bus).
Remember H.A.L.F.
Rotate CCW fires bottle A & CW fires
bottle B
Fire bell can be canceled but visual
warning cannot as long as fire signal
exists.

LOW 1 opens cross-feed valve & shuts off


left selected electric fuel pump
OFF closes cross-feed valve & returns
electric fuel pump to normal operation

Selects which electric fuel pump will be


operating continuously for that engine

LOW 2 opens cross-feed valve & shuts off


right selected electric fuel pump

Remaining pumps of associated side are


kept in auto standby

To cross-feed select tank with lower fuel

If fuel pressure < 6.5 psi remaining two


pumps come on line & will cycle with
inoperative pump causing clicking in relay
box.

Switch powered by Ess DC Bus 2

Fuel Pump A on associated Essential Bus


Fuel Pump B on cross-side Essential Bus

Fuel tank temperature taken from left tank


only & displayed on MFD, FUEL page.

Fuel Pump C on associated DC Bus

FUEL TANK LO TEMP msg. indicates fuel


temp. inside left tank is < -40C
ON Energizes selected pump

E1 (2) FUEL LO TEMP msg. indicates engine


fuel temp. (leaving FCOC) is < 5C.

OFF De-energizes selected pump

Pressure refueling to full leaves 7.9 U.S.


gallons below fuel tank capacity; must fuel
over wing to get that last 7.9 U.S. gallons.
To de-fuel left tank set XFEED to LOW 2 and
Tank 1 - ON with de-fuel SOV open
Interphone Control Unit (ICU)
Allows interphone com
between FA and pilots.
Generates a cabin chime to call FA

Generates cabin chime


On FAs Call Panels:
PILOT

Allows interphone com between pilots and


FA in case of normal mode failure

Striped bar when button


when pressed

Illuminated CABIN and CAB EMER buttons


on ICU, and PILOT and EMER PILOT
annunciators on Attendants Call Panel
Striped bar in button when pressed

Same as CABIN button


except on F/As Call Panels:
EMER
PILOT

Turns on or off the associated lights


DFDR begins recording when RED
BCN switch in ON or A/C is airborne

25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

EMBRAER 145 OVERHEAD CHANNEL C


Permits testing the fire detection system

Class C baggage compartment

On grnd, if pressed & held > 10 sec. APU


auto shut down in the same manner as if
the FUEL SHUTOFF button was pressed.

Two cargo extinguisher bottles located in


rear Electrical Compartment

If necessary to repeat fire test, wait at least


6 sec.

In the case of APU fire detection, the APU


will NOT auto shutdown in flight but will
auto shutdown if A/C on the ground.

Causes APU Normal Shutdown, and


closes APU Fuel Feed SOV in wing stub
(APU FUEL SOV CLSD EICAS msg) &
closes APU Main Fuel Solenoid Valve (at
APU)
Discharges APU fire bottle
Does NOT illuminate
30 sec delay, per EPC, before pressing
OFF De-energizes FADEC, closes APU
Fuel Feed SOV in wing stub (APU FUEL
SOV CLSD EICAS msg) & closes APU
Main Fuel Solenoid Valve (at APU)
R.emoves APU indications & alarms when
RPM < 10%, cmds APU shutdown.
ON Energizes FADEC (Ess DC Bus 2 or
HOT Bus 1), opens APU Fuel Feed SOV,
enables APU indications & alarms on
EICAS. FADEC performs self-test.
START Initiates start cycle

Two smoke detectors Maintenance must


reset
Sight glass in lavatory
Button illuminated if smoke detected in
baggage compartment
When pressed
Discharges both bottles; the high rate &
metered discharge bottles
Deactivates baggage compartment fans
(if not previously deactivated by smoke
detection)
50 minutes of protection
Sends stop request to FADEC, and
Closes APU Fuel Feed SOV in wing stub
(APU FUEL SOV CLSD EICAS msg) & closes
APU Main Fuel Solenoid Valve (at APU)
Striped bar in button when pressed
APU Normal Shutdown
Sends stop request to FADEC and closes the
APU Main Fuel Solenoid Valve (at the APU).

APU start cycle:


3% (0% airborne): ignition energized & Main
Fuel Solenoid Valve opens
50%: Starter de-energized

Abnormal APU Shutdown:


In Flight: Overspeed, underspeed, loss of
speed data, failure to start, accelerate, or
light, external short, or FADEC failure or
loss of signal.
On Ground: Fire (APU FIRE aural warning
of 10 sec. or more), EGT over-temperature,
Loss of EGT, high oil temperature, low oil
pressure, oil pressure switch short.

70%: ignition exciter de-energized


95%+7sec: Max Fuel Solenoid Valve
energized, pneumatic & electrical power
available
If no EGT rise then 1 auto restart (swing start):
starter de-energized at 20% & re-energized at
5%.

OFF De-energizes ignition system


AUTO Active FADECs control ignition
system automatically

RESET Resets FADEC & clears faults


ALTN Alternates FADEC in control
Inoperative if held > 3 sec.

One channel for grnd start (14% N2)


Both channels for airstart (10% N2)
Auto-relight (above 53% N2)
ON Cmds FADECs to continuously
activate both ignition channels; A & B.

Enabled on grnd only with TLA < 50

First flt of day

1st press enables T/O Mode setting

Cold eng. starts SAT or oil < 5C

2nd

press REF TO TEMP

External air or Crossbleed start

3rd press REF A-ICE

Contam.runway TO AND < 10C.

4th press stores values. Data accepted if


REF TO TEMP within +/-10C & both
engines running

Moderate or > turb. or heavy precip.

STOP Cmds FADEC to shut engine


down provided TLA is IDLE
RUN Allows normal engine operations
START Initiates engine start cycle, and
automatically switches FADEC from the
FADEC that had the last successful engine
start. If held > 3 sec. knob becomes
inoperative. In this case select STOP and
reset the FADEC to reset knob

T/O Mode: DEC ALT T/O-1,


INC T/O-1 or T/O (135/140 only)
REF TO TEMP: DEC decreases temp.
setting, INC increases temp. setting
REF A-ICE: DEC OFF, INC - ON

Turns on/off wing landing lights

Turns on/off both taxi lights & nose


landing light, respectively
Taxi & nose landing lights automatically
extinguished when nose gear not down &
locked, regardless of switch position
Shed Bus 2 must be energized (OVRD
with < 3 generators on line)

25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

EMBRAER 145 OVERHEAD CHANNEL D

Illuminates red upon fire detection


Automatic Rudder Shutoff Through Speed Switch

Pulling will send close cmd to:

Rudder limiter for high speed

Hyd. Pump SOV

Rudder Sys 1 auto shutoff > 135 kts to reduce


rudder authority at high speed

Bleed Air SOV


Engine Intake Lip Anti-ice SOV

If Sys 2 fails Sys 1 comes back on line


automatically with EICAS message

Fuel SOV.

RUDDER OVERBOOST if neither Sys shuts off


> 135 kts

Remember H.A.L.F.
Rotate CCW fires bottle A & CW fires
bottle B
Fire bell can be canceled but visual
warning cannot as long as fire signal
exists.

Rudder Hardover Protection (for low speed)


Both Sys 1 & 2 auto shutoff
Force on any pedal > 130 lbs, and
Rudder deflected > 5 to opposite side, and
Both engines running (N2 > 56.4%)
Inhibited at higher speeds due to speed switch
logic that reduces rudder authority. Rudder
deflection will not achieve 5
Inhibited with OEI operation

Enables (pressed) or disables


(released) associated hydraulic
system pressure to both aileron
actuators.

Enables (pressed) or disables


(released) associated rudder hydraulic
actuator.

Striped bar in button when released

Striped bar in button when released

Hyd. Pump driven by engine accessory


gear box
Priority Valve

Provides 3000 + 100 psi @ 9.2 gal/min

Only on Hyd Sys 1

E1 (2) HYD PUMP FAIL msg < 1600


psi or N2 < 56.4%

Priority valve closes during ldg


gear operation with only electric
hyd. pump supplying system, to
isolate ldg. gear giving priority to
the flight controls.

HYD 1 (2) LO QTY msg if reservoir < 1


liter
Reservoir capacity 6 liters

24 hr parking brake or 6 full


emerg. brake applications

Accumulator

Emerg. Brake
Accumulator

An accumulator is basically a
hydraulic battery storing
hydraulic energy & providing
surge protection.
Closes (pressed) or opens (released)
engine-driven Hyd. Pump SOV
Hyd. Pump continues to run if engine
running
Striped bar in button when released

OFF Electric Hyd. Pump off


ON Electric Hyd. Pump on. Provides
2900 + 100 psi @ 1 gal/min
AUTO Electric Hyd. Pump in standby
ready to come on line if engine driven
pump outlet pressure < 1600 psi or N2 <
56.4%
HYD SYS 1 (2) FAIL msg if hyd.
pressure < 1300 psi

Control logo lights on


underside of
horizontal stabilizer

25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

Control cockpit
dome lights at a
fixed intensity

Turns signs on or off with a


chime
Both signs are automatically
activated when pax O2
dispensing units open

EMBRAER 145 OVERHEAD CHANNEL E


Off (released) or selects auto mode
(pressed) of wing and/or horizontal stabilizer
A/I valves. L pneumatic supplies horizontal.

Off (released) or permits (pressed)


automatic activation of engine lip anti-icing
OPEN inscriptions indicates engine lip antiice valve open

OPEN inscription means valves open with


system cmdd open or at least one valve
open with system not cmdd open.

Striped bar in button when released


Source is a valve upstream of HSV with no
temperature control (i.e. EBVs can be
closed & still operate)

Striped bar in button when released

Can be open on the grnd without limitation

On (pressed) or off (released)

Off (released) or auto mode (pressed)

Striped bar in button when released

Striped bar in button when released

Defog mode if no ice detected - maintains


windshield at 26 C. If ice cond. anti-ice
mode holds windshield at 43 C

Pitot 1/2, Pitot/Static 3, AOA 1/2, ADS Static


Ports 1,2,3,4, & Press. Static Ports 1/2 are
heated with at least one engine N2 > 56.4%

3 sensors, 1 temp control, 1 overheat


protection, 1 spare

Separate logic ensures Pitot/Static 3 & Press.


Sys. Static Port 2 heated in any flight condition

Should be off when OAT > 10C on grnd

TAT 1 & 2 heat when TLs > 65 TLA (~78.5 to


82.5% N1) and assoc. engine A/I system on,
OR anytime inflight.

ENG Inlet A/I valve open with engine


running. On grnd. with wheel speed > 25 kts
an ICE CONDITION will open WING and
TAIL A/I valves.

EICAS msg inhibited during takeoff & landing.

AUTO Allows automatic operation of


bleed air anti-ice system. On grnd. no A/I
valves open. But at wheel speeds > 25 kts
an ICE CONDITION will open all A/I valves
(ENG, WING, & TAIL)

Permits testing wing, horizontal stabilizer,


and engine anti-ice valves by simulating an
ice condition on ice detectors 1 & 2.

ALL Turns on entire bleed air anti-ice


system in flight regardless of ice detection.
On grnd inlet A/I valve open & when wheel
speed > 25 kts the WING and TAIL A/I
valves open, regardless of ice condition.

Pressed- right pack automatically


controlled between 18C and 29C by
Digital Temperature Controller
Pull for manual operation
ATTD Control transferred to FA Panel
where green ON light illuminates.

Pressed- left pack automatically controlled


between 18C and 29C by Digital
Temperature Controller.

On (pressed) or off (released) AIRBORNE


ONLY

Pull for manual operation

Gasper ON with DC Bus 2 energized on grnd


regardless of button position

On (pressed) or off (released)

Striped bar in button when released

Controls both recirc fans. On grnd


during hot soak days must be OFF;
during cold soak days must be ON

Supplies gaspers, and ventilation for the O 2


cyl. cmpt., relay boxes, and rear elect. cmpt.

Striped bar in button when released

CLOSED Closes CBV


OPEN Opens CBV (CROSS BLD OPEN)
AUTO Automatic operation of CBV

Opens (pressed) or closes (released) the


Pack Pressure Regulating and SOV (PRSOV)

Electrically controlled, pneumatically


actuated

Striped bar in button when released


On grnd, with main door open & pack <
227C PRSOV operates in high mode, other
times in low mode

EBV (PRSOV) open (pressed) only when


bleed air demanded or closed (released).

PACK 1 closes with A/I on below 24,600 ft


provided PACK 2 operating

Engine inlet lip A/I taken upstream of HSV

LEAK inscription indicates duct leakage.


HSV (14th stage) open during low thrust,
crossbleed starts, and A/I operations

Max thrust (takeoffs & go-arounds) with EBVs


open, Pack Valves automatically close by
FADEC when:

9th stage air joins 14th stage, both with


BACVs, then thru precooler upstream of EBV

OEI up to 9700 MSL & TAT >19C at


S.L. decreasing to -5C at 9700 MSL

EBV closed by Fire Handle or automatically


with intense hot air leak (BLD VLV CLOSED)

AEO up to 1700 AGL & TAT >19C


decreasing to -5C at 9700 MSL

Used for engine start, ECS, pressurization,


& ice protection

Must reset Pack Valves after auto shutdown


If both Pack Valves closed in flight the ram
air valves open & recirculation fans auto
shutdown.

Opens (pressed) or closes (released) ABV.


Striped bar in button when pressed

On the ground the ram air valves are always


closed, regardless of Pack Valve position.
LOW 80 strokes/min
HI 140 strokes/min

BLEED TEMP on ECS page of MFD is


taken downstream of precooler.

APU bleed air not sufficient for A/I

TIMER Intermittent operation, 2 strokes at high


speed with 8 sec. delay

Auto closes if LH EBV or RH EBV with CBV


are open to prevent reverse flow. BACV
downstream of ABV for same purpose.

Dry windshield protection parks blades until knob


cycled to OFF to reset.

Electrically controlled & pneumatically


actuated

Maximum speed for operation - 160 KIAS


25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

OPEN inscription indicates ABV in open


position

EMBRAER 145 FORWARD CENTER PEDESTAL

DAU 1: Forward aircraft & engine 1 parameters.


Ch A: Ess DC Bus 1 & Backup Ess Bus (default)
Ch B: DC Bus 1
DAU 2: Aft aircraft & engine 2 parameters.
Ch A: Ess DC Bus 2 & Backup Ess Bus (default)
Ch B: DC Bus 2

Radio Management Unit (RMU)

Pressing allows Data


Acquisition Unit (DAU) Channel
B to supply both IC-600
Striped bar in button when
pressed

First press: Splits the NAV window into


two windows. Top window displays
active VOR frequency. The lower
window, with the DME Label, displays
the active DME frequency in VHF
format. An H (DME Hold) is displayed
in the DME window and on the PFD to
show DME not paired with active
VOR/ILS freq. The DME may then be
tuned directly by pressing the LSK
beside the DME window.
Second press: Displays the TACAN
channel format and will allow tuning to
the DME portion of any TACAN station.
Third press: Reverts NAV window to
normal DME operation.

25 February
2006, William
May
2008 William
de Grohde Groh

NORM RMU tuning available


EMERG tuning through RMU
inhibited

Activates internal self-test of component


selected with yellow cursor box.
COM transceiver Hold button 2 sec.
DME, ATC, and ADF Hold for 5 to 7 sec.

Tuning Backup Control Head (TBCH)


Allows alternative means of tuning Com
2 and Nav 2

NAV (VOR/ILS) Hold for 20 sec.