June 2008 - Mechanics M2 | Physics & Mathematics | Mathematics

GCE

Edexcel GCE Mathematics Mechanics 2 M2 (6678)

June 2008
Final Mark Scheme

Mathematics

Edexcel GCE

General Marking Guidance
• • • • • All candidates must receive the same treatment. Examiners must mark the first candidate in exactly the same way as they mark the last. Mark schemes should be applied positively. Candidates must be rewarded for what they have shown they can do rather than penalised for omissions. Examiners should mark according to the mark scheme not according to their perception of where the grade boundaries may lie. There is no ceiling on achievement. All marks on the mark scheme should be used appropriately. All the marks on the mark scheme are designed to be awarded. Examiners should always award full marks if deserved, i.e. if the answer matches the mark scheme. Examiners should also be prepared to award zero marks if the candidate’s response is not worthy of credit according to the mark scheme. Where some judgement is required, mark schemes will provide the principles by which marks will be awarded and exemplification may be limited. When examiners are in doubt regarding the application of the mark scheme to a candidate’s response, the team leader must be consulted. Crossed out work should be marked UNLESS the candidate has replaced it with an alternative response.

• • •

June 2008 6678 Mechanics M2 Mark Scheme
Question Number Scheme Marks

1. Tr

1600 Resolve

: Tr + 2000 g × sin α = 1600

M1 A1 A1 M1 A1ft A1 cso (6) [6]

α

2000g

(Tr = 816 ) P = 816 × 14 ( W ) ft their Tr ≈ 11 ( kW ) accept 11.4

2.

(a)

3u 4m

2u 3m

LM NEL

x y = 4eu 12mu + 6mu = 4mx + 12meu 4eu − x = eu Eliminating x to obtain equation in e 3 Leading to e= 4

B1 M1 A1 DM1

cso

A1

(5)

9 u or 4.5u – 3eu seen or implied in (b) 4 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 ⎛9 ⎞ 1 Loss in KE = 4m ( 3u ) + 3m ( 2u ) − 4m ⎜ u ⎟ − 3m ( 3u ) 2 2 2 ⎝4 ⎠ 2 ft their x 5 3 = 24mu 2 − 23 mu 2 = mu 2 = 0.375mu2 8 8

(b)

x = 3eu or

B1
M1 A1ft

A1

(4) [9]

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

3.

1 (a ∆ KE = × 3.5 (122 − 82 ) ( = 140 ) or KE at A, B correct separately 2 ∆ PE = 3.5 × 9.8 × 14sin 20° ( ≈ 164.238 ) or PE at A, B correct separately
∆ E = ∆ KE + ∆ PE ≈ 304 , 300

B1 M1 A1 DM1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1 ft
(5)

(b) Using Work-Energy Fr = µ × 3.5 g cos 20° 304.238 ... = Fr × 14 304.238 ... = µ 3.5 g cos 20°×14 µ ≈ 0.674 , 0.67

ft their (a), Fr

A1

(5) [10]

Alternative using N2L

µR
mg

R

Fr = µ × 3.5 g cos 20°
2 2 2 2

M1 A1

v = u + 2as ⇒ 8 = 12 − 2a × 14 20 ⎞ ⎛ ⎜ a = ⎟ (2.857 ….) 7 ⎠ ⎝ N2L R : {their Fr}- mg sin 20° = ma M1 A1ft ft their Fr. Leading to µ ≈ 0.674 or 0.67 (5) A1

4.

(a)

N2L

( 6t − 5) i + ( t 2 − 2t ) j = 0.5a a = (12t − 10 ) i + ( 2t 2 − 4t ) j
⎛2 ⎞ v = ( 6t 2 − 10t ) i + ⎜ t 3 − 2t 2 ⎟ j ( +C ) ⎝3 ⎠ ⎛2 ⎞ v = ( 6t 2 − 10t + 1) i + ⎜ t 3 − 2t 2 − 4 ⎟ j ⎝3 ⎠ ft their a

M1 A1

M1 A1ft+A1ft A1 M1
(6)

(b) When t = 3 ,

−5i + 12 j = 0.5 ( v − ( 25i − 4 j) )

v 3 = 25i − 4 j

ft their v 3

M1 A1ft A1
(6) [12]

v = √ (15 + 20
2

v = 15i + 20 j
2

) = 25 ( ms )
−1

cso M1 A1

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

5.

(a) R

P
α

0.5a

α µR

1.5a

W

R ( ↑ ) R + P cos α = W
M ( A) P × 2a = W × 1.5a cos α

M1 A1 M1 A1

3 ⎛ ⎞ ⎜ P = W cos α ⎟ 4 ⎝ ⎠ 3 R = W − P cos α = W − W cos 2 α 4 1 = ( 4 − 3cos 2 α ) W 4 (b) Using cos α = 2 , 3 2 R= W 3

DM1 cso A1
(6)

B1 M1 A1

R ( →)

µ R = P sin α

3 Leading to µ = sin α 4 4 sin α = √ (1 − 9 ) = 35

(

)
awrt 0.56 DM1 A1
(5) [11]

µ=√

5 4

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

6.

(a)

M ( Oy )

(8 + k ) m × 6.4 = 5m × 8 + km × 8
1.6k = 11.2 ⇒ k = 7 cso
27 mx = 12m × 4 + 5m × 8 + 7 m × 8

M1 A1 DM1 A1 M1 A1 5.3 or better A1 M1 A1 2.6 or better A1
(6) (4)

(b)

M ( Oy )

x=
M ( Ox )

16 3

27 my = 12m × 2.5 + 8m × 5

y=

70 27
y 35 = x 72 θ ≈ 26°

(c)

tan θ =

M1 A1ft awrt 25.9 ° A1
(3) [13]

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

7.

(a)

(↓)

u y = 25sin 30° ( = 12.5 )

B1
−1 each error

12 = 12.5t + 4.9t 2 Leading to t = 0.743 , 0.74
(b)

M1 A2 (1, 0) (5) A1
B1

( →)

⎛ 25 3 ⎞ u x = 25cos 30° ⎜ = √ ≈ 21.65 ⎟ 2 ⎝ ⎠ OB = 25cos 30°× t ( ≈ 16.094 58 )

ft their (a) awrt 1.09

TB ≈ 1.1 (m)
(c)

M1 A1ft A1 (4)

( →)

15 = u x × t ⇒ t =

15 2 3 (= ≈ 0.693 or 0.69) 5 ux

M1 A1 M1

either

(↓)

v y = 12.5 + 9.8t ( ≈ 19.2896 ) V 2 = u x 2 + v y 2 ( ≈ 840.840 )

V ≈ 29 ( ms −1 ) , 29.0
2

M1 A1 M1

(5) [14]

or

(↓)

sy = 12.5t + 4.9t (≈ 11.0) 1 1 m × 25 2 + mg × s y = mv 2 2 2 −1 V ≈ 29 ( ms ) , 29.0

M1A1