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Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Structural Framework
Burgos Basin

Integrated Geophysics Corporation


Structural framework of the Super Burgos Basin
Correlation to production trends:
Tertiary Plays: Frio, Vicksburg & Wilcox
Cretaceous Play: Eagle Ford (Agua Nuevo & San Felipe)
Jurassic Play: La Casita (Pimienta)
Distinctions between South Texas Basin & Mexican Burgos
Current Shale Wells
Basement structure & depths
Why structure is important in the Burgos Basin

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Reduced-to-Pole Magnetic Intensity

Northeastern Mexico
Coahuila State

Data Map

Source: World Digital

Magnetic Anomaly
(WDMAM) grid file Sept

Onshore area: 24,200sq mi.


Grid: 1 kilometer data


Southern extension of the

Maverick Basin Texas
Western extension of the
South Texas Basin

Range: -186 to 413nT

RTP: IGC calculation
Unfortunately, the regional
data control of the World Map
data allows only for a
qualitative analysis.

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Reduced-to-Pole Magnetic Intensity

This aeromagnetic map

was selected to illustrate
complex relationship of
the sub-basins bounded
by significant structural
basement structures
surface geology

Super Burgos :
name coined for the area
bounded by the megashears.

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Sub- Basins

Mexicos Shale

Sub Basins

-appears to be of
good quality.

- a complex of related
sub-basins bounded
by the significant
structural elements.

- geologic
structure of the
basins are
more complex.


-South Texas &

Burgos are outlined as
the one sub-basin
within the Super
Burgos area.

- compared to US
Coastal gently
dipping shale
belts, Mexicos
coastal shale
zone is narrower,
less continuous
and structurally
more disrupted.

-All other sub-basins

outlined lie within
Burgos Basin; all are
correlate to Border
Rift System.

Reduced-to-Pole Magnetic Intensity

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Frio, Vicksburg and Wilcox Trends

Frio 1948 -Reynosa
Vicksburg 1945 - Mision

Wilcox 1959 -Penalva

East-Central Mexico Stratigraphy

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Frio, Vicksburg and Wilcox Trends


exploration started

Tertiary Plays

generally described as

growth fault related


Tertiary sequence rocks have

a regional dip toward the east
and are affected by a serious
of major normal faults roughly
parallel to the coastline and
with displacement downward
to the Gulf Coast.

Today - 3,500 active

natural gas wells


80% from
Upper Jurassic
(Tithonian) & Paleogene

Reduced-to-Pole Magnetic Intensity

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Miocene & Tertiary Growth Fault Plays

Conventional Sandstone Reservoirs

20 distinct plays

Source: Echanove, 1986

Growth faults are the dominant trap

which includes anticlines, tilted blocks,
and sedimentary wedges on the
downside of the fault.

Source: Hernandez-Mendoza, 2008

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Agua Nuevo (Eagle Ford) and La Casita (Haynesville) Trends

As of Sept 2013:
343 Tcf gas & 6.3bb

Eagle Ford

Agua Nuevo (San Felipe)

Late 2010- 6 shale wells


La Casita (Pimienta)
March 2013 PEMEX
Anhelido-1 400b/d
of shale liquids

East-Central Mexico Stratigraphy

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Aqua Nuevo San Felipe

Shale plays - Cretaceous and
Upper Jurassic sequence contains
basinal, organic-rich and thermally
mature argillaceous rocks.
This includes the Aqua Nuevo and
La Casita including the Pimienta.

1st shale oil well
La Casita formation
(dry gas)
March 2013

Reduced-to-Pole Magnetic Intensity

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Production Summary
As of Sept 2013

Modest gas flows

(>3 million cft/day)
Wells exhibit steep declines
Well cost: $20-25 million
per well
PEMEX plans to drill 75
Burgos shale wells thru
2015 & increase production
to 2B cft/day by 2025

To-date 7 shale related wells have

been drilled:

dry gas




dry gas


















dry gas


oil & gas



Reduced-to-Pole Magnetic Intensity

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Regional Cross-Section of Wells across the Six Basins

Note: the influence of the basement structure to the

success of deep Jurassic play: La Casita & Pimienta.

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Fault Composite & Regional RTP

Megashear (Jurassic)
Megashears & Transforms
have influence the
generation of the depocenters for oil & gas
generation (sub-basins) &
therefore the prospective
area for shale exploration.

Discontinuities parallel to
the direction of Atlantic

Transforms (Cretaceous)

Northern Burgos Basin is

related to the South Texas

These features are

recognized by:
- linear block boundaries
- block offsets
- fold offsets
- stratgraphic changes.

Southern Burgos Basin is

best described as the
Border Rift System.

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Chittim Arch located in the Maverick Basin US

illustrates the structural complexity of the reservoir sands


Chittim Anticline is an interesting feature.

Located in center Maverick county runs NW-SE for 30 miles (18km) & is 2 miles (1.2km) wide
Source: Ewing 2012
Good example of possible systems that underlie other folds in the Burgos Basin.
The surface structure reflects the fold cover over a deep half-graben complex
Similar structures can be identified with regional gravity & magnetic data.
Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Barrel of Oil Equivalent is high: 343 Tcf & 6.3bb gas & oil projected by
ARI June 2013.

Burgos Basin & South Texas Basin are related as bounded by Jurassic
mega tectonic shears

Basins have the same Miocene & Tertiary structures regional normal faults
roughly parallel to the coastline and with displacement downward to the Gulf
Basins differ in their deep structural configurations.

Structural framework of Burgos is complicated by close-spaced

Cretaceous transfer systems.

Aqua Nuevo (San Felipe) will be impacted by these K transfer faults; unlike the
US Eagle Ford.
Jurassic Play: La Casita (Pimienta) will be governed by rift geometries.
Cross-trend structures, rift valleys, tilted blocks

Exploration strategy will have to be cost efficient & include state-of-theart technology and multiple data sources

Integrated Geophysics Corporation

Advanced Resources International, Inc. for U.S. Energy Information Administration & U.S. Department of Energy, Technically Recoverable Shale Gas
and Shale Oil Resources: An Assessment of 137 Shale Formations in 41 Countries Outside the United States, EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil
Resource Assessment, Mexico, section II p. 1-26, June 2013
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Integrated Geophysics Corporation