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thorndyke (ct27427) Forces brown (11111)

This print-out should have 27 questions.


Multiple-choice questions may continue on
the next column or page find all choices
before answering.
001 2.0 points
Angelina jumps off a stool. As she is falling,
the Earths gravitational force on her is larger
in magnitude than the gravitational force she
is exerting on the earth.
1. This may happen in a few cases, but it is
very rare.
2. None of these
3. This may happen in many cases, but not
in every case.
4. False
5. True
002 2.0 points
If F1 is the magnitude of the force exerted
by the Earth on a satellite in orbit about the
Earth and F2 is the magnitude of the force
exerted by the satellite on the Earth, then
which of the following is true?
1. F1 = F2 .
2. F1 > F2 .
3. F2 > F1 .
4. F2 F1 .
5. F1 F2 .
003 (part 1 of 3) 5.0 points
An object has a mass of 13 kg.
The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
What is its weight on the earth?
Answer in units of N.
004 (part 2 of 3) 5.0 points
What is its mass on the moon where the force

1
of gravity is that of the earth?
6
Answer in units of kg.
005 (part 3 of 3) 5.0 points
What is the weight of that object on the
moon?
Answer in units of N.
006 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points
Two forces, 354 N at 12 and 289 N at 27 are
applied to a car in an effort to accelerate it.
354 N
12
3398 kg
27
289
N
What is the magnitude of the resultant of
these two forces?
Answer in units of N.
007 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
Find the direction of the resultant force (in relation to forward, with counterclockwise considered positive).
Answer in degrees from the positive x-axis,
with counter-clockwise positive, within the
limits of 180 to 180 .
Answer in units of .
008 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
If the car has a mass of 3398 kg, what magnitude of acceleration does it have?
Ignore friction.
Answer in units of m/s2 .
009 10.0 points
A loaded truck can accelerate at 4.6 m/s2 . It
loses its load so that it is only 0.1 as massive.
By what factor must the acceleration
change for the same driving force?
010 10.0 points
A person weighing 0.8 kN rides in an elevator
that has a downward acceleration of 2.6 m/s2 .
The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
What is the magnitude of the force of the
elevator floor on the person?
Answer in units of kN.

thorndyke (ct27427) Forces brown (11111)


4 kg

011 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


A child holds a sled on a frictionless, snowcovered hill, inclined at an angle of 25 .
F

74

~
T
3 kg

N
25
What is the minimum coefficient of static
friction such that the objects remain at rest?

If the sled weighs 74 N, find the force exerted on the rope by the child.
Answer in units of N.
012 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
What force is exerted on the sled by the hill?
Answer in units of N.
013 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
Your car is stuck in a mud hole. You are alone,
but you have a long, strong rope. Having
studied physics, you tie the rope tautly to a
telephone pole and pull on it sideways at the
midpoint, as shown.

381 N 3.5

016 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


If the coefficient of static friction is less than
that found above, and if the coefficient of
kinetic friction between the block and the
table is 0.2, find the time it takes for the 3 kg
mass to fall 6 m to the floor if the system
starts from rest.
Answer in units of s.
017 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
A block with a mass of 4.5 kg is held in
equilibrium on a frictionless incline of 32.0
~ , as shown.
by the horizontal force F
The acceleration of gravity is 9.81 m/s2 .

32
F

23 m
Find the force exerted by the rope on the
car when the angle is 3.5 and you are pulling
with a force of 381 N but the car does not
move.
Answer in units of kN.

4. 5

kg

32

What is the magnitude of F ?


Answer in units of N.

014 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


How strong must the rope be if it takes a force
of 612 N to move the car when is 4.1 ?
Answer in units of kN.

018 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


What is the magnitude of the normal force?
Answer in units of N.

015 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


A 4 kg block rests on a horizontal table, attached to a 3 kg block by a light string as
shown in the figure.
The acceleration of gravity is 9.81 m/s2 .

019 10.0 points


A 2 kg object hangs at one end of a rope that
is attached to a support on a railroad boxcar.
When the car accelerates to the right, the
rope makes an angle of 19 with the vertical

thorndyke (ct27427) Forces brown (11111)

The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

3. 7

19

8k

27.7

2 kg

Find the acceleration of the car. (Hint:


~aobject = ~acar )
Answer in units of m/s2 .
020 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
A light, inextensible cord passes over a light,
frictionless pulley with a radius of 14 cm. It
has a(n) 24 kg mass on the left and a(n)
6.7 kg mass on the right, both hanging freely.
Initially their center of masses are a vertical
distance 1.9 m apart.
The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

14 cm

What minimum force F must be applied to


the crate perpendicular to the incline to prevent the crate from sliding down the incline?
Answer in units of N.
023 10.0 points
Two blocks are arranged at the ends of a massless string as shown in the figure. The system
starts from rest. When the 3.47 kg mass has
fallen through 0.422 m, its downward speed is
1.35 m/s.
The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
a
4.98 kg

3.47 kg
24 kg
1.9 m
6.7 kg
At what rate are the two masses accelerating when they pass each other?
Answer in units of m/s2 .
021 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
What is the tension in the cord when they
pass each other?
Answer in units of N.
022 10.0 points
The coefficient of static friction between the
3.78 kg crate and the 27.7 incline is 0.317.
The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

What is the frictional force between the


4.98 kg mass and the table?
Answer in units of N.
024 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
An inventive child named Chris wants to
reach an apple in a tree without climbing the
tree. Sitting in a chair connected to a rope
that passes over a frictionless pulley, Chris
pulls on the loose end of the rope with such
a force that the spring scale reads 245 N.
Chriss true weight is 404 N, and the chair
weighs 72 N.

Find the magnitude of the acceleration of


the system. The acceleration due to gravity
is g = 9.8 m/s2 .
Answer in units of m/s2 .
025 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
Find the magnitude of the force Chris exerts
on the chair.
Answer in units of N.
026 10.0 points
A 43.5 kg wagon is towed up a hill inclined
at 17.8 with respect to the horizontal. The
tow rope is parallel to the incline and exerts
a force of 151 N on the wagon. Assume that
the wagon starts from rest at the bottom of
the hill, and disregard friction.
The acceleration of gravity is 9.81 m/s2 .
How fast is the wagon going after moving
23.6 m up the hill?
Answer in units of m/s.
027 3.0 points
Extra Credit
A cart of mass mA = 8.6 kg is pushed
forward by a horizontal force F . A block of
mass mB = 1.2 kg is in turn pushed forward
by the cart as show on the picture:

8.6 kg

= 0.48

9.8 m/s2

thorndyke (ct27427) Forces brown (11111)

1.2 kg

If the cart and the block accelerate forward


fast enough, the friction force between the
block and the cart would keep the block suspended above the floor without falling down.
Given g = 9.8 m/s2 and the static friction
coefficient s = 0.48 between the block and
the cart; the floor is horizontal and there is no
friction between the cart and the floor.
Calculate the minimal force F on the cart
that would keep the block from falling down.
Answer in units of N.