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The Uttar Pradesh Land Revenue Act, 1901

Originally the act was
named as the United
Provinces Land Revenue
Act, 1901 but it was
changed to UP Land
Revenue Act by an order
of 1950. The state of UP
is divided into districts
and this act regulates the
collection and
administration of the

The purpose of the act is to
regulate the land revenue
collection and administration
in Uttar Pradesh.

Brief Outline
The land revenue administration in UP is in the hands of two
authorities, revenue courts and revenue officers. Under the act each
authority has been given specific meaning. When an authority deals
with judicial matters, it becomes the revenue court which is under
the control of the Board of Revenue (highest authority for judicial
matter connected with the land revenue in UP). These revenue
courts while trying a case, act judicially and ordinary principles
governing trial of cases in law courts apply to them.
When an authority deals with non-judicial matters it is called as
revenue officer who acts under the control of the state government.
The functions of revenue officers are purely ministerial.
The state of UP is divided into division and each division id divided
into districts. Thus, there are eighteen divisions and 72 district in UP.
There is a collector in each district. These collectors are appointed
by the State Government.

The U.P. Imposition of Ceiling on Land Holdings Act, 1960

The act regulates,
whereas it is necessary in
the interest of the
community to ensure

An act to provide for
imposition of ceiling on land
holdings in the state of UP
and certain other matters

Brief Outline
Though the Act is applicable to the whole of UP but it has not been
extended to the areas to which the Urban Zamindari Abolition and
Land Reform Act, 1956 applies. Under section 2 of the act, the
applicability of the act in certain area with exception and

increased agricultural
production and to provide
land for landless
agricultural laborers and
for other public purposes
as best to subserve the
common goods; and
whereas a more equitable
distribution of land is
essential and therefore, it
is expedient to provide
for the imposition of
ceiling on land holdings in
UP for the aforesaid

connected therewith

modifications are listed. The chapter 2 of the act contains the whole
scheme of determination of the ceiling area as well as exemption
from ceiling on holdings and after determination of ceiling area
declaration on acquisition of surplus land under the provision of the
Under chapter 3 of the act, the role of the prescribed authority is
very important which has already been seen by us that since the
determination of surplus land the Prescribed Authority invites the
objections from tenure-holders, disposes the same and declares the
land as surplus and order passed by him is final and which can be
challenged before appellate authority otherwise becomes confirmed
and binding on the parties. After the declaration of the surplus land
the role of Prescribed Authority does not come to an end at this
stage. In fact, fresh duties and liabilities come on the Prescribed
Authority to determine the compensation against the declared
surplus land and pay the amount to the tenure-holders in
proportionate way. The entire procedure has been laid don in sec 17
to 23 of the act. Lastly, the chapter 4 of the act deals with the
question of settlement of the land i.e. the surplus land which is
done by the collector on behalf of the State Government.