138 views

Original Title: Oscillating Couette Flow Fluid Dynamics Handouts

Uploaded by samity

Oscillating Couette Flow Fluid Dynamics Handouts

Oscillating flow

© All Rights Reserved

- ISAExpo2004 Stratton VelocityCalculator
- One-Dimensional Navier-Stokes Finite Element Flow Model
- -- - Steady Flow in Pipes
- thesis
- Test Schedule ace
- Transient Pressure Behavior for a Well With a Finite-Conductivity Vertical Fracture
- Lecture Notes CFD 2014-2015
- BURGERS_SOLUTION - Exact Solution of Time Dependent 1D Viscous Burgers Equation
- Chapter 2 fluid
- Lect 12 - 13 - Velocity Distributions - More Independent Variables
- IC+9162+COMPUTATIONAL+FLUID+DYNAMICS
- Ham Rock 1988
- Talk on MTS moel for 6061T6 Al
- 36111572-MIT.pdf
- resume academic ver10
- Exam_3
- SYSTEMS2-20
- QB-CFD
- ProcessTechnologyMod5FluidFlow[1].doc
- praktikum fisika

You are on page 1of 17

EE C245

Lecture 17

Microfluidic

a chip Lab

Picture

credit:mixing

Sandiaon

National

Lecture Outline

Reading

From S. Senturia, Microsystem Design, Chapter 13, Fluids,

p.317-334.

Todays Lecture

Basic Fluidic Concepts

Conservation of Mass Continuity Equation

Newtons Second Law Navier-Stokes Equation

Incompressible Laminar Flow in Two Cases

Squeeze-Film Damping in MEMS

EE C245

U. Srinivasan

Viscosity

Fluids deform continuously in presence of shear forces

For a Newtonian fluid,

N/m2 [=] (N s/m2) (m/s)(1/m)

Centipoise = dyne s/cm2

No-slip at boundaries

EE C245

Ux

water = 8.91 10-4

lager = 1.45 10-3

honey = 11.5

3

U. Srinivasan

Density

Density of fluid depends on pressure and

temperature

For water, bulk modulus =

Thermal coefficient of expansion =

but we can treat liquids as incompressible

EE C245

PV = nRT

U. Srinivasan

R

P = m

T

MW

4

Surface Tension

Droplet on a surface

Capillary wetting

2r

EE C245

h=

2 cos

gr

5

U. Srinivasan

Lecture Outline

Todays Lecture

Basic Fluidic Concepts

Conservation of Mass Continuity Equation

Newtons Second Law Navier-Stokes Equation

Incompressible Laminar Flow in Two Cases

Squeeze-Film Damping in MEMS

EE C245

U. Srinivasan

Conservation of Mass

Control volume is region fixed in space through which fluid moves

rate of mass efflux

Rate of accumulation

dS

EE C245

U. Srinivasan

Conservation of Mass

m

dV + S m U n dS = 0

V

t

EE C245

dS

U. Srinivasan

Operators

Gradient and divergence

U y U z

U x

i+

j+

k

z

x

y

= e x + e y + ez

x

y

z

U x U y U z

U = div U =

+

+

x

y

z

EE C245

U =

U. Srinivasan

Continuity Equation

Convert surface integral to volume integral using Divergence

Theorem

EE C245

V + ( U ) dV = 0

t

U. Srinivasan

+ ( U) = 0

t

Continuity Equation

10

Continuity Equation

Material derivative measures time rate of change of a

property for observer moving with fluid

+ (U ) + U = 0

t

D

=

+ ( U )

Dt t

D

+ U y + Uz

= + U = + Ux

z

t

x

y

Dt t

For incompressible fluid

EE C245

D

+ U = 0

Dt

D

+ U = 0

Dt

U. Srinivasan

11

Lecture Outline

Todays Lecture

Basic Fluidic Concepts

Conservation of Mass Continuity Equation

Newtons Second Law Navier-Stokes Equation

Incompressible Laminar Flow in Two Cases

Squeeze-Film Damping in MEMS

EE C245

U. Srinivasan

12

Newtons 2nd Law:

Time rate of change of momentum of a system equal to net

force acting on system

Sum of forces

acting on control

volume

EE C245

F =

Rate of

momentum efflux

=

from control

volume

dp

d

= V U dV

dt

dt

Net momentum

accumulation rate

Rate of

accumulation of

momentum in

control volume

+ S U (U n ) dS

Net momentum

efflux rate

13

U. Srinivasan

Momentum Conservation

Sum of forces acting on fluid

F =

pressure and shear

stress forces

gravity force

EE C245

S ( Pn + )dS + V gdV =

U. Srinivasan

d

UdV + S U(U n ) dS

dt V

14

Navier-Stokes Equation

Convert surface integrals to volume integrals

2 U + ( U ) dV

=

dS

S

V

3

Pn dS = P dV

S

U( U n ) dS = U( U ) dV

V

EE C245

15

U. Srinivasan

2

P + g + U + ( U ) dV =

V

3

U dV + U( U ) dV

V

V

t

EE C245

DU dV

V

Dt

DU

= P + g + 2 U + ( U )

Dt

3

U. Srinivasan

16

Incompressible fluid

U = 0

DU

= P + g + 2 U + ( U )

Dt

3

DU

= P + g + 2 U

Dt

EE C245

17

U. Srinivasan

Cartesian Coordinates

DU

= P + g + 2 U

Dt

x direction

U x

U x

U x

U x

+ Ux

+U y

+ Uz

=

x

y

z

t

EE C245

U. Srinivasan

2U x 2U x 2U x

Px

+ g x + 2 + 2 +

x

y

z 2

x

18

Dimensional Analysis

DU

P

2 U

=

+g+

Dt

dimensionless group

EE C245

inertia/viscous

pressure /inertia

flow v/sound v

=

=

=

P/U2

=

=

=

Reynolds number

Euler number

Mach number

equal, systems are dynamically similar

U. Srinivasan

19

U

h

EE C245

U. Srinivasan

w

w

High h

P

Low

P

y

Ux

U

Ux

Umax

20

10

Couette Flow

Couette flow is steady viscous flow

between parallel plates, where top plate is

moving parallel to bottom plate

No-slip boundary conditions at plates

U = 0 U = Uxix

U = U x ( y )i x

DU x

2U x 2U x

1 P

=

+ gx +

+

y 2

Dt

x

x 2

U x = 0 at y = 0

2U x

=

and

0

,

U x = U at y = h

y 2

EE C245

Ux =

Ux

U

U. Srinivasan

21

Couette Flow

Shear stress acting on plate due to motion, $, is dissipative

Couette flow is analogous to resistor with power dissipation

corresponding to Joule heating

w =

U

EE C245

U. Srinivasan

RCouette =

U x

y

=

y =h

w A A

U

PCouette = RU 2

22

11

Poiseuille Flow

Poiseuille flow is a pressure-driven flow between stationary

parallel plates

No-slip boundary conditions at plates

2U x 2U x

DU x

1 P

=

+ gx +

+

2

2

Dt

x

y

x

P

P

=

L

x

2U x

P

=

,

2

y

L

U x = 0 at y = 0, h

Ux =

EE C245

w

w

Highh

P

Low

P

U max =

Ux

Umax

U. Srinivasan

23

Poiseuille Flow

Volumetric flow rate Q ~ [h3]

Q = W 0 U x dy =

h

dissipative

Force balance

Net force on fluid and plates is zero

since they are not accelerating

Fluid pressure force PWh (+x)

balanced by shear force at the walls

of 2$WL (-x)

EE C245

must exert equal and opposite force

on walls, provided by external force

U. Srinivasan

w

w

Ux

W

w =

U x

y

=

y =h

Ph

2L

Q

Wh

2

h P 2

= 3 U max

U=

12L

U=

24

12

Poiseuille Flow

Flow in channels of circular cross section

Ux

(r

=

r 2 )P

4L

ro 4 P

Q=

32L

Dh =

4 Area

Perimeter

P = f D (12 U 2 )

L

Dh

f D Re D = dimensionless

constant

EE C245

R pois =

P 12L

=

Q Wh 3

U. Srinivasan

25

Velocity Profiles

Velocity profiles for a

combination of

pressure-driven

(Poiseuille) and plate

motion (Couette) flow

If Re << 1 , inertial term may

be neglected compared to

viscous term

Development length

EE C245

steady-state profile

U. Srinivasan

26

13

Lecture Outline

Todays Lecture

Basic Fluidic Concepts

Conservation of Mass Continuity Equation

Newtons Second Law Navier-Stokes Equation

Incompressible Laminar Flow in Two Cases

Squeeze-Film Damping in MEMS

EE C245

27

U. Srinivasan

EE C245

parallel plates

Gap h depends on x, y, and t

When upper plate moves

downward, Pair increases and

air is squeezed out

When upper plate moves

upward, Pair decreases and

air is sucked back in

Viscous drag of air during

flow opposes mechanical

motion

U. Srinivasan

F

moveable

h

fixed

28

14

Assumptions

Motion slow enough so gas moves under Stokes flow

No P in normal direction

Lateral flow has Poiseuille like velocity profile

Gas obeys Ideal Gas Law

No change in T

( Ph )

EE C245

Reynolds equation

12

= [(1 + 6K n )h 3 PP ]

Law

Knudsen number Kn is ratio of mean

free path of gas molecules to gap h

Kn < 0.01, continuum flow

Kn > 0.1, slip flow becomes important

1 m gap with room air, =

h

29

U. Srinivasan

Approach

EE C245

motion of upper plate, h(t)

Begin with non-linear partial

differential equation

Linearize about operating

point, average gap h0 and

average pressure P0

Boundary conditions

At t = 0, plate suddenly

displaced vertically amount

z0 (velocity impulse)

At t > 0+, v = 0

Pressure changes at edges

of plate are zero: dP/dh = 0

at y = 0, y = W

U. Srinivasan

( Ph ) h 3

[ 2 P 2 ]

=

24

t

h = h0 + h and

p = P0 + P

h02 P0 2 p 1 dh

p

=

t 12W 2 2 h0 dt

P

y

p=

and =

P0

W

30

15

General Solution

Laplace transform of response to general time-dependent source z(s)

96LW 3

1

sz ( s )

F(s ) =

4 3

4

S

h0 n odd n (1 + n )

EE C245

plate velocity

b

96LW 3

2h02 P0

F(s ) =

sz ( s ), b =

, c =

1 + Sc

12W 2

4 h03

1st term for small

amplitude oscillation

damping

constant

cutoff

frequency

31

U. Srinivasan

Squeeze Number

Squeeze number d is a measure of relative

importance of viscous forces to spring forces

< c : model reduces to linear resistive damping element

> c : stiffness of gas increases since it does not have

time to squeeze out

2 12W 2

= 2

h0 P0

c

EE C245

squeeze number d =

U. Srinivasan

32

16

Examples

EE C245

results of damping and spring

forces vs. squeeze number for

square plate

Transient responses for two

squeeze numbers, 20 and 60

U. Srinivasan

33

17

- ISAExpo2004 Stratton VelocityCalculatorUploaded byakhileshkuniyil
- One-Dimensional Navier-Stokes Finite Element Flow ModelUploaded byTaha Sochi
- -- - Steady Flow in PipesUploaded bykasandra01
- thesisUploaded byVedant Dubey
- Test Schedule aceUploaded byAbinash Kumar Puhan
- Transient Pressure Behavior for a Well With a Finite-Conductivity Vertical FractureUploaded bymiguel_jose123
- Lecture Notes CFD 2014-2015Uploaded byshowbhut
- BURGERS_SOLUTION - Exact Solution of Time Dependent 1D Viscous Burgers EquationUploaded bydhdhdhd6719
- Chapter 2 fluidUploaded byLeonard Tan
- Lect 12 - 13 - Velocity Distributions - More Independent VariablesUploaded bySatyajit Samal
- IC+9162+COMPUTATIONAL+FLUID+DYNAMICSUploaded bydraj1875977
- Ham Rock 1988Uploaded bysamuele
- Talk on MTS moel for 6061T6 AlUploaded byb.banerjee.nz6800
- 36111572-MIT.pdfUploaded byWilmar Gómez
- resume academic ver10Uploaded byapi-305290368
- Exam_3Uploaded byMustafa Abd Elhamid
- SYSTEMS2-20Uploaded bycarlvig
- QB-CFDUploaded byAbhishek Ajansondkar
- ProcessTechnologyMod5FluidFlow[1].docUploaded byCleto Tundumula
- praktikum fisikaUploaded byRetno Purwaningsih
- Articulo_Jaime_Gonzalez.pdfUploaded byFélix Gallo Cruz
- Test NameUploaded bySahil Sankalp Patel
- Pokriefke_CADFEM04Uploaded byAbkar Ahmed
- Slow Steady Motion of a Thermo-Viscous Fluid BetweenUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- A Review of Tesla Valve - CopyUploaded byMogambo Khushua
- Fluent v6.1.11.MovingzonesUploaded byYenugu Srinivasa Rao
- 743Uploaded byشيماء الهاشمي
- Workbook4Uploaded byNate Rodriguez
- P324_09A_Exam_01_Study_Guide.pdfUploaded byrahulscribd007
- Reporte Heat ExchangerUploaded byMarjory Artieda

- Mexican RecipesUploaded byjoan
- World toiletUploaded bysamity
- Load shedding Map.pdfUploaded byYas@786
- ENERGY Values of Foods and ExcretaUploaded bysamity
- The Belgian CookbookUploaded bymefjak
- Beef RecipesUploaded byro_xanne
- Energy recovery from human faeces.pdfUploaded bysamity
- Conceptual energy.pdfUploaded bysamity
- Chocolate and Cocoa RecipesUploaded bymefjak
- Liming Pretreatment Reduces Sludge Build Up on the Dryer Wall During Thermal DryingUploaded bysamity
- Respiration Rate ModelingUploaded bysamity
- Cold ChainUploaded byMegha Jhawar
- Dell Precision T3600 Workstation Technical GuidebookUploaded bysamity
- Handbook Grid Generation 99Uploaded byMiguel Montejo
- Simple Italian Cookery Antonia IsolaUploaded byIreneRains
- Many Ways for Cooking EggsUploaded byMAX PAYNE
- 365 Foreign DishesUploaded byapi-3808325
- OscillatingUploaded bysamity
- JFENumAccuracyUploaded bynagu1981
- Relative Resource ManagerUploaded bysamity
- HP10 Requirements for Shipping Perishable Products in Open Door General Purpose ContainersUploaded bysamity
- HP01 -Handling Procedure for Citrus Fruit Rev 14Uploaded bysamity
- HP 44 - Cold Store Inspection Certification Rev 00Uploaded bysamity
- Energy AuditUploaded bysamity
- 10.1.1.104Uploaded byAbdul Khayuum
- L_9_4bUploaded byferchosb12
- Eddy Viscosity Turbulence ModelUploaded bysamity

- 180-CelikUploaded byNima Asghari
- Structural Steel Design and ConstructionUploaded bySivashankar Dhanaraj
- Buble Eliminator - QuicktronUploaded byhpss77
- WORK INPUT AND EFFICIENCY OF CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR.pptxUploaded byVaibhav Chavan
- WewUploaded byteguh
- enthalpyUploaded bysfa_hbk9473
- Structural Analysis of Micro Compressor BladesUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- ISA 75.02 Control Valve Capacity Test ProcedureUploaded bysiva_hps
- Sheet 1Uploaded bylawan
- Models.mph.Cylinder FlowUploaded byfatemedarlik
- Reinforced Concrete Shear WallsUploaded byJaime Vega
- EpanetUploaded byshakiru
- Elliptic WingsUploaded byairloader
- Project Standards and Specifications Flow Measurment Rev01Uploaded byadw0804
- 261 C.v. English a.pineau May 2012Uploaded byamd mhm
- 13387-6Uploaded byWilliam Ivans
- Chapter 13Uploaded byMarco Luigi
- Phe Abstract (2)Uploaded byDhaval Bhayani
- FigureUploaded byHussien Elmasry
- 1-s2.0-S0749641909001120-mainUploaded byBoris Josef Sekula
- Ringbom Engine by SirthiUploaded bysierthin
- Manufacturing Processes (ME361) Lecture 25 and 27Uploaded byRandhirKumar
- entropy-20-00022.pdfUploaded byAllan Paolo
- chap13no1Uploaded byapi-263830904
- heat pumpUploaded byJasmine Lau
- t Nav User Manual EnglishUploaded byjuankjb
- LSD+Doubly+reinforced+Simple+supported++Beam.xlsUploaded byRamachandra Sahu
- sequence guide - soda can calorimeter student sampleUploaded byapi-334553540
- Strength SivakuganUploaded byAsif Khan
- Karthy Padeye DesignUploaded byghoshamit4