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# DESIGN OF RAFT

DL
LL
WL
SL

The following load combinations,which are critical only are considered for the raft design as per working stress method
Case 1
Case 2
Case 3
Case 4
Case 5

1 x (DL+LL)
1 x (DL+WL)
1 x (DL+LL+WL)
1 x (DL+SL)
1 x (DL+LL+SL)

Complete Chimney

DESIGN OF RAFT
The size of raft is arrived based on the following criteria
1) Maximum gross pressure below the raft not exceeding the limit
2) Overturning moment is within the limit
For calculating the radial and circular moments on the raft at different locations,
"Tall Cimneys - Design and construction" by SN.Manohar is used.
RAFT FOUNDATION FOR CHIMNEY
Data
FGL
D th off raft
Depth
ft bottom
b tt
from
f
FGL
Bottom of raft level
Raft depth
Top of raft level
Depth of soil on raft top
Unit weight of water
Weight of soil
Weight of concrete
Finishing
PCC
Acidresistant tile 25thk

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

## Internal Diameter of the shell at bottom

Thickness of shell at bottom

=
=

3.873 m
300 mm

Soil Parameters:
Net SBC at 2.5m deep from FGL for DL & LL

2
50 t/m

2
62.5 t/m

## Allowable FOS against overtuning (wind & seismic)

Allowable FOS against overtuning (DL +LL)
Allowable factor of safety against friction
Allowable base friction

=
=
=
=

1.5
2.0
1.5
0.30

47
2.5
2
5
44.5
1.2
45.7
1.3
1.0
1.8
2.5
0.5
2.4
2

m
m
m
m
m
m
t/m3
t/m3
t/m3
t/m3
t/m3
t/m3

1. Sand filling inside chimney shell upto floor level
Inside diameter of RCC shell at bottom
Inside plan area filling

=
=

3.873 m
2
11.78 m

## Weight of sand filling

27.57 t

2. Floor finish
Thickness of tile (25mm)
Weight of tile

=
=

0.025 m
0.59 t

=
=

0.15 m
4.42 t

Weight of PCC

=
=

0.1 m
2.83 t

## Total Weight of floor finish

7.83 t

Diameter of raft
Plan area of raft

=
=

8m
2
50.27 m

Weight of raft

150.80 t

## 4. Weight of soil outside Chimney shell on raft top

Plan area of filling
Plan area of raft
Plan area of out side soil

=
=
=

2
15.71 m
2
50.27 m
2
34.55 m

80.85 t

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

## Self weight of raft

Wt.of compacted sand + finishing
Weight of soil outside chimney
Weight of chimney shell
Weight of corbels & beams
Weight of platform
Weight of brick lining

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

150.80
35.40
80.85
447.48
12.06
20.03
185.17

DL DL +LL -

1+2+3+4+5+10+12
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+10+11+13+14+15

=
=

746.61 t
931.78 t

t
t
t
t
t
t
t

## Lateral load & moment due to static wind (WL)

(For shell alone condition)
1
Moment due to wind at bottom
2
Shear due to wind at bottom
(For duct support condition)
1
2

## Moment due to wind at bottom

Shear due to wind at bottom

=
=

713.5 t-m
20 t

=
=

0.0 t-m
0t

=
=

741.3 t-m
21 t

=
=

0.0 t-m
0t

=
=

205.7 t-m
7t

## (For complete chimney)

1
Moment due to wind at bottom
2
Shear due to wind at bottom
(For duct support condition)
1
2

## Moment due to wind at bottom

Shear due to wind at bottom

## Lateral load & moment due to seismic (SL)

(For shell alone condition)
1
2

## Moment due to seismic at bottom

Shear due to seismic at bottom

1
2

## Moment due to seismic at bottom

Shear due to seismic at bottom

=
=

0.0 t-m
0t

=
=

248.4 t-m
9t

=
=

0.0 t-m
0t

1
2

## Moment due to seismic at bottom

Shear due to seismic at bottom

1
2

## Moment due to seismic at bottom

Shear due to seismic at bottom

## Net SBC at 2.5m deep from FGL for DL & LL

Gross SBC
Net SBC at 5.5m deep from FGL for wind/seismic
25% increment for SBC for wind load
Gross SBC

2
50 t/m

2
54.5 t/m

2
62.5 t/m

=
=

2
62.5 t/m
2
t/m
67

2
50% increment for SBC for Seismic load
=
93.8 t/m
(For raft foundation, 50% increase in SBC as per IS 1893:2002, Table 1)
2
Gross SBC
=
98.25 t/m

STABILITY CHECK
1
2
3
4
5

t
931.78
746.61
931.78
746.61
931.78

DL +LL
DL+WL
DL+LL+WL
DL+SL
DL+LL+SL

Moment
tm
t-m
0.00
713.00
741.34
205.71
248.44

Description
t
0.00
complete chimney
20.48
Shell+Wind
21.18
complete chimney + wind
6.98
Shell + seismic
9.39
complete chimney + seismic

## Check for gross pressure

Base area of raft
Section modulus of raft

A
Z

Gross pressure

=
=

50.27 m 2
50.27 m 3

=
=
SAFE FOR SBC

931.78 t
18.54 t/m 2

<54.5

T/m 2

<67
<67

T/m 2
T/m 3

Moment
Total moment
Pressure due to moment
Total maximum pressure
Total minimum pressure

=
=
=
=

746.61
713.00
20.48
737.57

t
t-m
t
t-m

P/A
M/Z

=
=

14.85 t/m 2
14.67 t/m 2

P/A + M/Z
P/A - M/Z

=
=

29.53 t/m 2
0.18 t/m 2

Moment
Total moment

=
=
=
=

931.78
741.34
21.18
766.75

t
t-m
t
t-m

## Pressure due to vertical loads

Pressure due to moment
Total maximum pressure
Total minimum pressure

P/A
M/Z

=
=

18.54 T/m 2
15.25 T/m 2

P/A + M/Z
P/A - M/Z

=
=

33.79 T/m 2
3.28 T/m 2

<67
<67

T/m 2
T/m 3

<98.25
<98.25

T/m 2
T/m 3

<98.25
<98.25

T/m 2
T/m 3

Moment
Total moment

=
=
=
=

## Pressure due to vertical loads

Pressure due to moment
Total maximum pressure
Total minimum pressure

746.61
205.71
6.98
214.09

t
t-m
t
t-m

P/A
M/Z

=
=

14.85 T/m 2
4.26 T/m 2

P/A + M/Z
P/A - M/Z

=
=

19.11 T/m 2
10.59 T/m 2

Moment
Total moment

=
=
=
=

## Pressure due to vertical loads

Pressure due to moment
Total maximum pressure
Total minimum pressure

931.78
248.44
9.39
259.71

t
t-m
t
t-m

P/A
M/Z

=
=

18.54 T/m 2
5.17 T/m 2

P/A + M/Z
P/A - M/Z

=
=

23.70 T/m 2
13.37 T/m 2

## Check for overturning

Overturning moment
0.0
737.6
766.8
214.1
931.8

Restoring moment
3727.1
2986.5
3727.1
2986.5
3727.1

FOS
0.00
4.05
4.86
13.95
4.00

Allowable FOS

Sliding force
0.0
20.5
21.2
7.0
9.4

Resisting force
279.5
224.0
279.5
224.0
279.5

FOS
0.00
10.94
13.20
32.09
29.77

Allowable FOS

1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50

Check
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe