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Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

Contents

Data Export and Conversion

Data Export and Conversion


Introduction
What Is in This Manual? ....................................................................................

About This Manual Set ......................................................................................

PetroWorks/LogEdit Documentation .........................................................

StratUtils Documentation ............................................................................

OpenWorks Documentation ........................................................................

Manual Conventions ....................................................................................

Exporting Log Data


Overview .............................................................................................................

Opening Log Export Utility ...............................................................................

Main Window Layout .........................................................................................

Main Window Partitions ...............................................................................

Main Menu Options ......................................................................................

Main Window Buttons ..................................................................................

10

Wells Selection Buttons .........................................................................

10

Curve Selection Buttons ........................................................................

10

Export Processing Button .....................................................................

10

Communicating Between Landmark Applications ...................................

11

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Contents

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Data Export and Conversion

Log Export Workflow ........................................................................................

12

Selecting an Export Format and Setting Export Options .........................

13

SM1 ..........................................................................................................

13

LAS ...........................................................................................................

13

Initializing Log Export Utility .......................................................................

14

Steps for Exporting Log Data .....................................................................

15

Example Export Files ...................................................................................

22

SM1 Export File .......................................................................................

22

LAS 1.2 File .............................................................................................

23

LAS 2.0 File .............................................................................................

24

Converting Wellbore Data


Opening Wellbore Data Converter ...................................................................

27

Window Layout ..................................................................................................

29

Menu Options ...............................................................................................

29

Display Areas ...............................................................................................

29

Buttons ..........................................................................................................

29

Converting Wellbore Data .................................................................................

31

Index ....................................................................................................................

36

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Contents

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Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

Introduction

What Is in This Manual?


PetroWorks offers several tools for importing, exporting, and
converting data.
This manual describes the following tools:

Log Export Utility (page 6) allows you to export log data to an


ASCII data file. Supported formats are SMI (for use in
Stratamodel), LAS 1.2, and LAS 2.0.

Wellbore Data Converter (page 25) provides a way to create


pseudo log curves from conventional core analysis data such as
porosity and oil saturation that can then be manipulated like any
other nonresampleable curves within PetroWorks and OpenWorks
applications.

To access this manual online, select Help > Online Manual from the
PetroWorks Pro, PetroWorks Asset, or LogEdit Command Menu.

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Introduction: What Is in This Manual?

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

About This Manual Set


PetroWorks/LogEdit Documentation
The PetroWorks/LogEdit documentation manual set consists of the
following.

PetroWorks/LogEdit Documentation Manual Set


Book
Introduction to PetroWorks
Family of Products

Chapters
Introduction to PetroWorks Family of
Products

Application

PetroWorks Basics
Glossary

Overview of PetroWorks Pro,


PetroWorks Asset, and LogEdit
applications and command menus
Cross-application concepts and
activities

PetroWorks/LogEdit Project
Management

Introduction
Curve Alias List Manager
PetroWorks Preferences

Curve Alias List Manager


Preferences

PetroWorks/Log Edit Data


Import, Export, and
Conversion

Introduction
Exporting Log Data
Converting Wellbore Data

Log Export
Wellbore Data Converter

PetroWorks Data
Preparation

Introduction
Environmental Corrections
Creating a Temperature Curve
Smoothing Curves

Environmental Corrections
Temperature Curve Creation
Curve Smoothing

PetroWorks/LogEdit Well
Data Management and
Editing

Introduction
Editing Curve Data in LogEdit
Editing Wellbore Parameters
Editing StratUnits, Surfaces, and Picks
Managing Curves with Curve Utility

LogEdit
Wellbore Parameter Editor
StratUnit Editor
Curve Utility

PetroWorks Basic
Interpretive Applications

Introduction
Preliminary Reconnaissance
Log Functions
QuickInterp

Preliminary Reconnaissance
Log Functions
QuickInterp

About This Manual Set: Introduction

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Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

PetroWorks/LogEdit Documentation Manual Set (Continued)


Book

Chapters

Application

PetroWorks Progressive
Interpretive Applications

Introduction
Shale Volume
Complex Lithology
OnePhiSw
Shaly Sand
Dual Water
MultiMineral
Pulsed Neutron
PreMRIAN
SwbMRIAN
MRIAN
Appendix A: Water Saturation Equations
Used in Shaly Formations

PetroWorks/LogEdit User
Programming

Introduction
Model Builder
Building Algorithms with Mathpack
User Models

Model Builder
MathPack
User Models

PetroWorks/LogEdit
Visualization

Introduction
Generating Crossplots
Tabular List
Viewing Reports with Report Viewer

CrossPlot
Tabular List
Report Viewer

PetroWorks Volumetrics

Introduction
Summation
Determining Sensitivity

Summation
Sensitivity

PetroWorks Parameters

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Shale Volume
Complex Lithology
OnePhiSw
Shaly Sand
Dual Water
MultiMineral
Pulsed Neutron
PreMRIAN
SwbMRIAN
MRIAN

available online only; describes the


parameters required for all interpretive
applications.

Introduction: About This Manual Set

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

StratUtils Documentation
PetroWorks/LogEdit applications share a set of project management,
data management, visualization, and mapping utilities with StratWorks.
Documentation for these utilities appears in the following StratWorks
manuals:

StratWorks Documentation Manual Set


Book

Section

Introduction to StratWorks

Using the Color Control Tools

Application

Using the Marginalia Editor


Defining Headers and Trailers
Generating Lithology Log Curves

Color Control Seismic & Log


Variable Fills
Color Control Contour &
GeoCellular
Marginalia Editor
Header/Trailer Editor
Lithology Curve Generator

Setting Up StratWorks

Creating and Transferring Well Templates


Previewing Your Well Data
Creating Stratigraphic Columns

Well Template Editor


Single Well Viewer
Strat Column Editor

Mapping and Cross Sections

Creating Basemaps; Making Structure and


Isochore Maps

MapView

Wellbore Manager User


Guide

All

Wellbore Manager

OpenWorks Documentation
In addition to the PetroWorks/LogEdit and StratWorks manuals, you
may occasionally need to refer to several OpenWorks manuals to
perform certain tasks. These manuals include

Using OpenWorks. Refer to this manual for an explanation of the


OpenWorks environment .

OpenWorks Data Management. Refer to this manual for


instructions on creating and managing projects. You must create a
project with a Cartographic Reference System (described in the
Project Management and Map Projection Editor chapters)
before you can load data. This manual also provides instructions
for using some of the OpenWorks utilities like the Well Data
Manager and Well List Manager.

OpenWorks Data Import/Export. Refer to this manual for


instructions on how to load and transfer data between applications
running under the OpenWorks environment.

About This Manual Set: Introduction

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Data Export and Conversion

Manual Conventions
This manual uses certain conventions to explain how to use various
features of the program:

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Menu options

Menu options and button names are printed in


boldface, for example, Setup.

key

Press the indicated key on the keyboard, for


example, Return.

type startow

Text that you are required to type in is printed


in a different typeface (Courier).
Type exactly what you see.

type
projectname

A different typeface in italics (Courier


Italics) indicates that you are to supply
information. At projectname, for example,
you should enter the name of your project.

Click on

Move the cursor to the option or object


specified and quickly press and release the
mouse button. Unless otherwise specified,
use Button 1.

Press and drag

Press the mouse button and continue to hold it


down while moving the cursor to the option
you want or to a new location in the graphic
display area; then release the button.

Highlight

In a dialog box, move the cursor to the name of


the item you wish to use and select it with the
mouse.

Select

Move the cursor to the option or object you


want to select and click on it.

Double-click

Click the mouse button twice rapidly without


moving the mouse. The first click highlights
the option, object, or text beneath the cursor;
the second click is equivalent to pressing the
OK button to accept the selection.

Triple-click

Click the mouse button three times rapidly


without moving the mouse to highlight a string
of text (more than one word) beneath the
cursor.

Introduction: About This Manual Set

Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

Exporting Log Data

Overview
Log Export Utility allows you to export log data to an ASCII data file in
any of three formats:
SMI, as defined for use with the Stratigraphic Geo-cellular
Model (SGM) that StataModel uses
the common log ASCII Standard (LAS) 1.2
the common log ASCII Standard (LAS) 2.0
Log Export Utility outputs an ASCII file for each selected well.
This utility supports both single well and multi-well/multi-log
processing. In addition, it supports conventional depth processing by
total well, specified depths, or units (as defined by the current
interpreters source priority list).
The Log Export Utility now offers optional outputs for TVD (true
vertical depth) and TVDSS (true vertical depth subsea) along with
periodic MD (measured depth values. TVD and TVDSS values are
those associated with periodic MD depths, and are themselves
aperiodic.

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Exporting Log Data: Overview

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

Opening Log Export Utility


To access Log Export utility, select Utilities > Log Import/Export >
Log Export Utility from the PetroWorks or LogEdit Command Menu.

Upon initialization, this utility uses the current OpenWorks project,


interpreter, well list, and well.

Opening Log Export Utility: Exporting Log Data

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Data Export and Conversion

Main Window Layout


The main window for Log Export Utility may be divided into the
following sections:
main menu options
list of wells in the
current well list
well selection buttons
list of curves in the
project

List of wells in the


current well list

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List of curves
in the project

log curve selection buttons


depth and sampling parameters
status area
export curve button

Depth and sample


parameters

Exporting Log Data: Main Window Layout

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

Main Window Partitions


List of Wells consists of a set of wells in the current well list.
List of Curves consists of a set of curves in the current well list. The
well list may be filtered to display all curves in the selected wells or just
the curves that are common to all selected wells.
Depth and Sample Parameters consist of parameter fields for
specifying depth units, depth range and sampling rate.
Status Area, at the bottom of the display window, displays information
about the data being exported.

Main Menu Options


Log Export Utilitys main menu consists of the File, View, Options, and
Help menus.
Select File to exit the application.
Select View to:

clear the status area.


view curve details when you are working with one well

Select Options to:

set the depth type: MD, TVD, TVDSS


specify the export format: SM1, LAS 1.2, or LAS 2.0
bring up a panel specific to the currently selected export format

Main Window Layout: Exporting Log Data

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Data Export and Conversion

Main Window Buttons


Main window buttons consist of those that support the well and log
curve lists and the export processing button. These are described below.

Wells Selection Buttons


The following buttons apply only to the well panel. Use these buttons to
select wells and apply your selections.
Select None: Press this button to clear all currently selected
(highlighted) wells.
Select All: Press this button to select (highlight) all wells in the well
list.
Apply Selections: After you have selected all the wells you want to
use, press this button. The log curve panel will be updated to reflect just
the log curves found in the selected wells.

Curve Selection Buttons


The following buttons apply only to the curve panel. Use these buttons
to filter curves.
Select None: Press this button to clear all currently selected
(highlighted) curves.
Select All: Press this button to select (highlight) all curves in the
project.
Display All Curves in Selected Wells: Toggle this button on to view a
union of all of the curves associated with the selected wells.
Display Curves Common to Selected Wells: Toggle this button on to
view just those curves that the selected wells have in common, i.e., the
intersection of the curves in the selected wells.

Export Processing Button


Export Log Curves: Press this button to export the specified log data.
The data are exported to an ASCII file in the specified format. You can
view the data in any text editor, or you import the ASCII data into
appropriate software applications.

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Exporting Log Data: Main Window Layout

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

Communicating Between Landmark Applications


You can communicate between applications via the Pointing
Dispatcher. The OpenWorks (PD) (Pointing Dispatcher) allows you to
import single and multiple wells from other Landmark applications into
Log Export Utility. You can send and receive wells, as long as the PD
frame is listening.
Press <Ctrl-l> to activate/deactivate the PD utility. When the PD border
is green, PD is listening for other well data. When the border is red, PD
is deactivated for this application.
Iconified windows can receive information.
You can PD information to a window that is iconified as long as the border on the
icon is green. If the iconified window is a StratUtil application and the border is red,
you can use the key combination Ctrl+l (lowercase letter el) or click on the
iconified window and select PD Listen from the menu that appears to turn the
border green and to enable listening capability.

Main Window Layout: Exporting Log Data

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Data Export and Conversion

Log Export Workflow


You can access Log Export Utility by selecting Utilities > Log Export
Utility from the PetroWorks Command Menu. The following flowchart
describes the steps involved in exporting log data. This path is
discussed in more detail on the following pages.

Enter Log Export Utility

Select one or more wells.

Select a set of log curves.

Set depth units to either feet or meters.

Specify the depth range for processing:


total depth, a specified depth interval, or a selected unit.

Indicate whether to use the default sample interval or


enter a user-specified interval.

Select an export format: SM1, LAS 1.2, or LAS 2.0.

Review the export options for the selected format

After specifying all parameters, press the Export Log Curves


button to export the log data to an ASCII file.

Export additional curves?


YES
NO

Enter another application


or exit OpenWorks

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Exporting Log Data: Log Export Workflow

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

Selecting an Export Format and Setting Export Options


Select an export format. Log data can be exported in any of the
following three formats:

Stratamodel Deviated Well (SM1)1


Log ASCII Standard (LAS) version 1.22
Log ASCII Standard (LAS) version 2.03

SM1
SM1 format is designed for use with the Stratigraphic Geo-cellular
Model (SGM) of StrataModel.
SM1 format is always generated using True Vertical Depth (TVD)
mode. All elevations and Total Depth values, as well as all Z-axis depth
values, reflect this depth type. The log data is retrieved and sampled as
Measured Depth. The corresponding positions and equivalent TVD
values are exported as X, Y, Z data points. The measured depth values
are also exported as Z.
This utility can produce an SM1 export file only when all X,Y, Z
information is found for a well. Consequently, downhole position
information must exist for a well. If downhole position information is
not available for a given well, it is assumed that it is a straight hole and
all x,ys will be the same. If no surface x,y coordinates are associated
with the well, the export file is not created.
The well symbol produced in SM1 format files is always zero.
Consequently, SM1 format ignores the OpenWorks well symbol id that
is associated with the exported well.

LAS
LAS formats can be exported as MD, TVD, or TVDSS. You may
specify a depth interval in MD, TVD, or TVDSS for the input and

1.
2.
3.

Importing and Exporting Data in the Stratamodel manual set, Attribute Extract-Load Chapter.
Canadian Well Logging Society, Floppy Disk Committee, LAS, a Floppy Disk Standard for Log Data,
September 1, 1991.
Canadian Well Logging Society, Floppy Disk Committee, LAS Version 2.0, a Floppy Disk Standard for
Log Data, September 25, 1992
Log Export Workflow: Exporting Log Data

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Data Export and Conversion

convert these depths to another format for export by toggling on the


desired format on the Export Format Options panel.

Initializing Log Export Utility


Upon initializing OpenWorks and then initializing Log Export Utility,
you must:

select a project
specify an interpreter
choose a well list
create and save your source priority preferences

If you have not yet selected a project or an interpreter, you are


prompted for this information. You are prompted to select a well list.
However, you may cancel the prompt for the well list, and initialize the
application without a well list.
It is always a good idea to create and save your own source priority
preferences to an ASCII file in Utilities > Interpreter/Source Priority.
Otherwise, Log Export Utility will create a source priority file for you
and give you (the current interpreter) highest priority.Once this
information has been entered, you can begin setting up your data for
processing.

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Exporting Log Data: Log Export Workflow

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

Steps for Exporting Log Data


1.

Select one or more wells from the Well List by placing the cursor
over the name of the well and clicking MB1.
Single Well

Multi-Well

Use the Select All and Select None buttons to help select your
wells.
2.

Once you have made your selection, press the Apply Well
Selections button. The appropriate list of log curves and the units
are updated.

3.

Next, select the log data you wish to export.


Note that not all logs may be present in the selected wells. Toggle
on the Display Curves Common to Selected Wells button to
determine which (if any) logs are not available for the selected set
of wells.

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Log Export Workflow: Exporting Log Data

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Single Well

Data Export and Conversion

Multi-Well (the curves that appear in the list depend on


whether you choose to display all curves or common curves)

4.

Set the depth units. Depth units may be in feet or meters. The
application defaults to the depth units for the current project.
However, you can switch between units of measurement.
Moreover, if you switch from one unit to another after inputting
the top and base depths for the depth interval, the top and base
depth values will be converted to reflect the selected unit.

5.

Select Options > Depth Type to indicate how the application will
interpret the top/base depth interval values. Selections include:
Measured Depth (MD)
True Vertical Depth (TVD)
True Vertical Depth Sub Sea (TVDSS)
When interpreted as Measured Depth (MD) or True Vertical Depth
(TVD), the top depth must be less than the base depth.
Example:
Top Depth
+1000

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Base Depth
+5000

Exporting Log Data: Log Export Workflow

11

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

When interpreted as True Vertical Depth Sub-Sea (TVDSS), the


top depth must be greater than the base depth.
Example:
Top Depth
-1000

Base Depth
-5000

It is especially important that you know which mode is being used


when processing by specified depths and using the LAS format.
6.

Toggle on the appropriate button to specify the depth interval.

Press the Total Depth Range toggle button to export log curve
data from the highest top to the deepest bottom of the currently
selected wells. The exported depth interval may vary between
wells.
Press the Depth Interval toggle button to enter user-specified
values for the top and bottom depth range. You can specify any
value between 0 and 10000. Press Button 3 to view the
minimum, maximum and default interval values. The values are
interpreted as the currently selected depth units (feet or meters).
What if my log curve values lie partially or completely outside
logged intervals?
When exporting data from multiple wells, you may end up specifying top and
base depths that define an interval that lies outside the logged interval for a
selected well. When this occurs, log curve values for intervals that lie partially
(or completely) outside logged intervals are exported as nulls.

12

Log Export Workflow: Exporting Log Data

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Data Export and Conversion

Press the Unit Selections toggle button to define depth range in


terms of one or more units. The list of units that appears is
ordered according to the prevailing source priority. Log Export
displays all units where the picks for boundary surfaces are
present in all wells. The exported depth interval ranges from the
highest bounding pick to the lowest bounding pick for the
selected units.
Indicate whether you wish null values to be placed between
non-contiguous units by toggling on or off the Fill with NULLs
between Non-Contiguous Units button.

7.

Enter a value for the sample interval. All curves will be resampled
at the specified sample interval. Two options are available:
Default guarantees you the smallest sampling frequency from
all periodic log data input into the algorithm. If none of the data
is periodic, a default is chosen based on depth units. The default
for feet is 0.5. For meters, the default is 0.125.
User Specified allows you to specify any value between 0.001
and 10. The values are interpreted as the currently selected
depth units, i.e. feet or meters. The selections for this parameter
include the minimum and maximum values and a clear all
option. For both feet and meters, the minimum value is 0.001,
the maximum value is 10.0. The default for feet is 0.5. For
meters, the default is 0.125. Note that the default value, which
is shown in the User-specified field, changes when you change
depth units.

8.

Select an export format. Log data can be exported in any of the


following three formats:
Stratamodel Deviated Well (SM1,as defined for use with the
Stratigraphic Geo-cellular Model (SGM) of StrataModel.
LAS version 1.2
LAS version 2.0

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Exporting Log Data: Log Export Workflow

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New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

SM1 Options

9.

LAS Options

Select Options > Export Format Options to review the controls


associated with the selected format. As shown on the previous
page, a separate dialog box is displayed for each format type.
Export Directory: You can export files to any directory, as
long as you have write privileges. By default, your files are
written to the current directory.
File extensions: The application automatically assigns an
extension to the file. The default extension for SM1 files is .dev;
the default extension for LAS files is LAS. You can specify a
different extension, if you like.

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Log Export Workflow: Exporting Log Data

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Data Export and Conversion

Filename: The export filenames are based on information


found in the well header. The filename may be created from the
common well name or from the wells Unique Well Identifier
(UWI). If a unique filename cannot be generated for the current
export process, a unique file name is created using the internal
OpenWorks well ID, and a warning message appears.
Substitution Rule: Because the well name or UWI may
contain characters that are inappropriate for use in an external
filename, you are asked to indicate how these characters should
be treated. There are three options:
remove restricted characters
replace restricted characters with an underbar character
replace restricted characters with a lowercase letter x
Export Null: To generate an export file with uniform null
values for all log curves, you may specify a value that
represents a null or empty value. When specified, this value will
be generated and placed wherever there is a null value in the log
data. The default export null value is 999.0.
Internal Well Identifier (required for SM1 format): For SM1
format, an internal well identifier is placed in a brief header
inside the file. The file format currently limits the length of this
well identifier to 12 characters. Identifiers that exceed this
number of characters are truncated. To ensure unique well
identification, you can choose to identify the well inside the
export file by entering its common well name or UWI.
The application removes blank characters from the UWI before
inserting it into the export file. As a result, it is possible to have
multiple export files with nonunique well identifiers in SM1
files.
Export TVD/TVDSS Depths (optional for LAS formats):
Toggle on the Export TVD Depths or Export TVDSS Depths
button to convert from MD to the desired format.
10. Now that you are ready to export the selected data, press the
Export Log Curves button.
A progress bar graphically shows the number of wells that have
been completely exported. The status area notifies you as each
well is exported.

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Exporting Log Data: Log Export Workflow

15

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

To abort the process, press the <Escape> key. The application will
terminate the export process as soon as it completes processing the
current well.
If the selected log curve does not exist for a well...
SM1: If a log curve that is being exported in SM1 format does not exist for a
given well, the utility displays a warning message and outputs null value arrays
to the export file.
LAS 1.2 and 2.0: If a log curve that is being exported in LAS format does not
exist for a given well, the utility displays a warning message, and suppresses
the corresponding log header and values array in the export file.
Regardless of the format, if none of the selected log curves exist for a well, a
warning message is displayed and no export file is created.

11. Examine the export file using any text editor.

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Log Export Workflow: Exporting Log Data

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Data Export and Conversion

Example Export Files


SM1 Export File
Well ID
Type
Surface_X
Surface_Y
K.B.
T.D.
WS
====================================================================
TALC
dev
263847.0
265142.0
437.00 12164.48 0
X_coord
Y_coord
Depth
M_Depth
CALI
GR
SP
================================================= =========== =========== ===========
264244.22 265377.84 11765.7900 11775.0000 -99999.0000 -99999.0000 -99999.0000
264244.23 265377.85 11766.2891 11775.5000
13.7660
37.1371 -99999.0000
264244.25 265377.86 11766.7891 11776.0000
13.1691
31.7653
-20.1554
264244.27 265377.87 11767.2891 11776.5000
12.7378
27.8834
-21.0295
264244.29 265377.88 11767.7881 11777.0000
12.7378
29.4746
-21.7829
264244.30 265377.89 11768.2881 11777.5000
12.7173
32.2700
-21.9702
264244.32 265377.90 11768.788
11778.0000
12.6428
39.1427
-22.1250
264244.34 265377.91 11769.2871 11778.5000
12.5886
49.1821
-22.0516
264244.35 265377.92 11769.7871 11779.0000
12.7786
67.6354
-22.0000
264244.37 265377.93 11770.2871 11779.5000
13.1520
84.0090
-23.0617
264244.39 265377.94 11770.7861 11780.0000
14.1209
94.8561
-23.9028
264244.41 265377.95 11771.2861 11780.5000
14.8267
102.7585
-24.4340
264244.42 265377.96 11771.7861 11781.0000
14.0679
88.8217
-24.8750
264244.44 265377.97 11772.2852 11781.5000
13.4914
78.9467
-24.2900
264244.46 265377.98 11772.7842 11782.0000
12.9697
71.9862
-23.6787
264244.47 265377.99 11773.2842 11782.5000
12.5886
66.9018
-22.5236
264244.49 265378.00 11773.7842 11783.0000
12.5886
70.6901
-21.3108
264244.51 265378.01 11774.2832 11783.5000
12.6485
72.8756
-19.8123
264244.52 265378.02 11774.7832 11784.0000
12.8723
62.9211
-18.4381
264244.54 265378.03 11775.2832 11784.5000
13.0363
57.1692
-17.6888
264244.56 265378.04 11775.7822 11785.0000
12.5643
59.0931
-16.9805
264244.58 265378.05 11776.2822 11785.5000
12.2902
62.7904
-16.4805
264244.59 265378.06 11776.7822 11786.0000
13.2330
72.5739
-15.9857
264244.61 265378.07 11777.2812 11786.5000
13.8020
79.7778
-15.5174
264244.63 265378.08 11777.7803 11787.0000
13.8766
74.6472
-15.0491
264244.64 265378.09 11778.2803 11787.5000
13.9315
69.5167
-14.5808
264244.66 265378.10 11778.7793 11788.0000
12.9897
61.3968
-14.1425
264244.68 265378.11 11779.2793 11788.5000
12.4394
55.4020
-13.8612
264244.70 265378.12 11779.7793 11789.0000
12.4394
61.2369
-13.6250
264244.71 265378.13 11780.2783 11789.5000
12.6717
65.0443
-13.6612
264244.73 265378.14 11780.7783 11790.0000
13.5661
66.5230
-13.7320
264244.75 265378.15 11781.2783 11790.5000
14.2299
67.9127
-14.0129
264244.76 265378.16 11781.7773 11791.0000
13.1039
69.0456
-14.2988
264244.78 265378.17 11782.2773 11791.5000
12.4394
70.0648
-14.6113

R2003.12.1

Exporting Log Data: Log Export Workflow

17

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

LAS 1.2 File


~VERSION INFORMATION
VERS. 1.2 : CWLS Log ASCII Standard - version 1.2
WRAP. NO : One line per depth step
~WELL INFORMATION
#MNEMONIC
.UNIT
DATA TYPE
INFORMATION
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------STRT
.FT
11848.0000:
STOP
.FT
11858.0000:
STEP
.FT
0.5000:
NULL
.
-999.2500:
COMP
.
COMPANY: ADVENTURE
WELL
.
WELL: QUARTZ
FLD
.
FIELD: MINERAL CITY
LOC
.
LOCATION: UNKNOWN
CNTY
.
COUNTY: GALVESTON
STAT
.
STATE: TEXAS
CTRY
.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
SRVC
.
SERVICE COMPANY: UNKNOWN
DATE
.
LOG DATE: UNKNOWN
UWI
.
UNIQUE WELL ID: 444444
XCOORD
.
SURFACE X:
266831.000000
YCOORD
.
SURFACE Y:
264516.000000
LAT
.
LATITUDE:
0.000000
LON
.
LONGITUDE:
0.000000
ELEV
.FT
SURFACE ELEV:
439.000 (type = KB)
~CURVE INFORMATION
#MNEMONIC.UNIT
API CODE
: CURVE DESCRIPTION
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------DEPTH
.FT
: Measured Depth
CALI
.inches
UNKNOWN
: CALI, run 1, version 10
GR
.API
UNKNOWN
: GR, run 1, version 46
SP
.mV
UNKNOWN
: SP, run 1, version 4
~A
DEPTH
CALI
GR
SP
11848.0000
12.0000
20.0000
11.0000
11848.5000
12.0000
20.0000
10.0000
11849.0000
12.0000
20.0000
9.0000
11849.5000
12.0000
20.0000
8.2500
11850.0000
12.0000
20.0000
7.5000
11850.5000
8.9960
20.0000
7.2500
11851.0000
8.9960
20.0000
7.0000
11851.5000
9.0045
76.5205
7.3750
11852.0000
9.0130
83.2890
7.7500
11852.5000
9.0045
77.9385
7.8750
11853.0000
8.9960
72.5880
8.0000
11853.5000
8.9960
62.9635
8.6250
11854.0000
8.9960
53.3390
9.2500
11854.5000
8.9960
53.5375
9.6250
11855.0000
8.9960
53.7360
10.0000
11855.5000
9.0045
64.7460
10.2500
11856.0000
9.0130
75.7560
10.5000
11856.5000
9.0130
76.1720
10.3750
11857.0000
9.0130
76.5880
10.2500
11857.5000
9.0130
78.9165
10.1250
11858.0000
9.0130
81.2450
10.0000

18

Log Export Workflow: Exporting Log Data

R2003.12.1

Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

LAS 2.0 File


#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------#
#
Created by : [OpenWorks] Log Export Utility (LEXP)
#
Created on : 1999-12-18 21:13:24
#
Project
: PETROTRAIN_DAYTONA
#
User
: DSCHUELLER
#
Interpreter : DAS
#
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------~VERSION INFORMATION
VERS. 2.0 : CWLS Log ASCII Standard - version 2.0
WRAP. NO : One line per depth step
~WELL INFORMATION
#MNEMONIC
.UNIT
VALUE :DESCRIPTION
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------STRT
.FT
11848.0000 :START DEPTH
STOP
.FT
11852.0000 :STOP DEPTH
STEP
.FT
0.5000 :STEP
NULL
.
-999.2500 :NULL VALUE
COMP
.
ADVENTURE :COMPANY
WELL
.
QUARTZ :WELL
FLD
.
MINERAL CITY :FIELD
LOC
.
UNKNOWN :LOCATION
CNTY
.
GALVESTON :COUNTY
STAT
.
TEXAS :STATE
CTRY
.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA :COUNTRY
SRVC
.
UNKNOWN :SERVICE COMPANY
DATE
.
UNKNOWN :LOG DATE
UWI
.
444444 :UNIQUE WELL ID
XCOORD
.
266831.000000 :SURFACE X
YCOORD
.
264516.000000 :SURFACE Y
LAT
.
0.000000 :LATITUDE
LON
.
0.000000 :LONGITUDE
ELEV
.FT
439.0000 :SURFACE ELEV
ELEV_TYPE
.
KB :ELEV TYPE
~CURVE INFORMATION
#MNEMONIC.UNIT
API CODE
: CURVE DESCRIPTION
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------DEPTH
.FT
: Measured Depth
CALI
.inches
UNKNOWN
: CALI, run 1, version 10
GR
.API
UNKNOWN
: GR, run 1, version 46
SP
.mV
UNKNOWN
: SP, run 1, version 4
~A
DEPTH
CALI
GR
SP
11848.0000
12.0000
20.0000
11.0000
11848.5000
12.0000
20.0000
10.0000
11849.0000
12.0000
20.0000
9.0000
11849.5000
12.0000
20.0000
8.2500
11850.0000
12.0000
20.0000
7.5000
11850.5000
8.9960
20.0000
7.2500
11851.0000
8.9960
20.0000
7.0000
11851.5000
9.0045
76.5205
7.3750
11852.0000
9.0130
83.2890
7.7500

R2003.12.1

Exporting Log Data: Log Export Workflow

19

Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

Converting Wellbore Data

Overview
Some quantitative well bore data, in particular core analysis data, are
stored in the tables in the OpenWorks database that PetroWorks
applications cannot directly access. Wellbore Data Converter provides
a way to create pseudo log curves from these conventional core analysis
data.
Each interpreter can then have a personal working copy of these pseudo
log data curves and can manipulate them like any other
nonresampleable curves within PetroWorks and OpenWorks
applications. The original data in the core tables are not modified.
For example, the following Single Well Viewer plot portion shows
pseudo log curves of porosity, oil saturation, and water saturation data
along with depth and CN and ZDEN curves for a well. The core data
are also plotted as numeric values.

R2003.12.1

Converting Wellbore Data:

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

Three OpenWorks tables are queried for Wellbore Data Converter:

Well Core Sample Analysis


This table contains 39 common quantitative core parameters such
as Grain Density, Oil Saturation, Water Saturation, and Porosity.
You cannot add additional parameters to this table.

Well Core Sample Property


This table extends the model by allowing you to add your own
core data parameters to the OpenWorks database. Note that if a
parameter name in this table is identical to one in the Well Core
Sample Analysis table, Wellbore Data Converter will display only
the data from the Well Core Sample Analysis table.

Well Core Shift


This table allows interpreters to provide depth shift information so
that when core data are converted, depth shifts over selected
intervals occur automatically on the basis of petrophysics source/
priority if data exist at depths specified for the interval(s). To avoid
automatic depth shifting, remove the interpreter(s) using Session >
Source Priority List Manager.

If the core sample tables are not already populated, use the OpenWorks
ASCII Data Loader to load core data. Create core shifts using LogEdit.

: Converting Wellbore Data

R2003.12.1

Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

Opening Wellbore Data Converter


To access Wellbore Data Converter from PetroWorks or LogEdit:

R2003.12.1

1.

Select Utilities > Wellbore Data Converter from the PetroWorks


or LogEdit Command Menu.

2.

If you have not yet selected the following parameters, the system
prompts you to select them: Project, Measurement System,
Interpreter, and Well List, and Well List Format.

3.

If you have not yet selected a well, a popup window listing all
wells in the current well list appears. Select a well from this list
and click OK. You can select another or multiple wells later in
Wellbore Data Converter.

Converting Wellbore Data: Opening Wellbore Data Converter

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

The Wellbore Data Converter window appears.

Well
Name
display
area

Wellbore Data
display area

Status area

The elements of this window are explained in the following section.

Opening Wellbore Data Converter: Converting Wellbore Data

R2003.12.1

Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

Window Layout
The Wellbore Data Converter window consists of the following
elements:

Menu Options
File > Exit allows you to exit the application.
Options and Tools menu items are not available for the 1998.5 release.

Display Areas
There are three display areas:

Wells area displays a list of all the wells in the current OpenWorks
session well list. The number of selected wells and total number of
wells display below the well list.

Wellbore Data area displays all the conventional core analysis data
stored in the Well Core Sample Analysis table and Well Core
Sample Property table in the OpenWorks database for the currently
selected well. Data do not appear until you select wells and click
on the Apply Well Selections button.

Status area displays prompts and messages.

Buttons
Wellbore Data Converter buttons have the following functions:

R2003.12.1

Select All allows you to select all wells in the Wells list.

Select None deselects any selected wells in the Wells list.

Type allows you to select the type of core data you want to display
in the Wellbore Data area. For the 1998.5 release, only the
Standard Core Analysis Data type is available.

Converting Wellbore Data: Window Layout

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

Apply Well Selections causes Wellbore Data Manager to display


in the Wellbore Data area any core analysis data present in the
OpenWorks database core tables for currently selected wells.

Convert/Store as Log Curve causes the selected rows of wellbore


data in the Wellbore Data area to be stored as pseudo log curves in
the OpenWorks database. Data are converted and stored on the
basis of Source/Priority and are stored as single points. The pseudo
log curves follow the five-key curve naming scheme. Core data are
automatically depth shifted according to data presented in the Well
Core Shift table. To avoid automatic depth shifting, remove the
interpreter(s) from your petrophysics source/priority list using
Session > Source Priority List Manager.

Window Layout: Converting Wellbore Data

R2003.12.1

Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

Converting Wellbore Data


To convert wellbore data to pseudo log curves, do the following:
1.

From the Well list, select the well or wells that contain the
wellbore data you want to convert by clicking on the well names.
If you want to select all wells, click on the Select All button.

2.

Select the type of wellbore data to display by clicking on the Type


button and choosing an option. (For the 1998.5 release, only the
Standard Core Analysis Data type is available.)

3.

Click on Apply Well Selections.


Generating the display may take several minutes, depending on the
number of wells selected and the amount of data in the database.
You may need to increase the window size to see all the columns
of data.
The display area displays all the wellbore data for the selected
wells. If a wellbore property does not occur in a selected well, the
property is not displayed. You cannot filter the data display on the
basis of interpreter/source priority. (Interpreter/Source Priority
does apply when converting data.)

R2003.12.1

Converting Wellbore Data: Converting Wellbore Data

New Features for PetroWorks

Landmark

The wellbore data display area contains the following data fields
(columns) for standard core analysis data:

Column

Description/Remarks

ID

Well id as stored in the OpenWorks database

Property

Field name in the OpenWorks Well Data Manager table Well


Core Sample Analysis.

Src

Interpreter, Vendor, or other provider of the data

Core

unique, alphanumeric, OpenWorks-assigned identifier for each


physical core sample within a borehole

Obs#

number for each unique analysis observation, sequentially


assigned by OpenWorks

UOM

Unit of Measurement associated with the property within


OpenWorks

Smps

Number of samples for each unique Property-Obs#


combination

Interval

Depth interval (in feet or meters of measured depth), i.e., the


interval defined by the samples at top and bottom depths for the
unique Property-Obs# combination

Converting Wellbore Data: Converting Wellbore Data

R2003.12.1

Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

The rows are sorted by well ID, then Interval top depth, then CoreObs# combination, then alphabetically by property.
The data come from the OpenWorks Well Core Sample Analysis
table and the Well Core Sample Property table. The Well Core
Sample Analysis table contains 39 common core properties.

4.

Select the rows that contain the properties (and intervals) you want
to convert to log curves by clicking on the rows. To deselect a row,
click on it.
You can convert multiple properties in a single operation. Separate
log curves are created for each property. If you select a property
over more than one depth interval, the data for each interval are
appended such that the new log curves top depth and bottom
depth correspond to the top depth of the shallowest selected
interval and the bottom depth of the deepest selected interval,
respectively.

R2003.12.1

Converting Wellbore Data: Converting Wellbore Data

New Features for PetroWorks

5.

Landmark

Click on Convert/Store as Log Curve.


The application creates log curves composed of single
(nonresampleable) points for each of the Properties you specified.
The resulting curve names have the following syntax:
<PROPERTY NAME>:CORE:rC:NONE:v#

where <PROPERTY NAME> is the Property, CORE is the service,


C (composite) is the run, NONE is the pass, and v# is an
automatically incremented number providing the version of the
curve in the OpenWorks database.
For example,
POROSITY:CORE:rC:NONE:v2
OIL SATURATION:CORE:rC:NONE:v1

The creation routine is WBD CNV.


You can view and manipulate these curves in any PetroWorks or
OpenWorks applications that support log curves, for example,
Curve Utility, Single Well Viewer, LogEdit, CrossPlot, and
Tabular Edit in PetroWorks and Well Curve Viewer and Well Data
Exporter in OpenWorks.
Note the following about pseudo log curves created from core
data:

10

Pseudo curves are made of discrete points, so are


nonresampleable.

The core data tables do not contain NULL values, so no null


values appear in the resulting pseudo log curves.

Bulk shifts are automatically applied to data when conversion


occurs, if a a data point falls within an interpreted depth range
as shown in the Well Core Shift table and if the interpreter who
created the shift is part of your petrophysics source priority list.
To avoid depth shifting the data, go to the Interpreter/Source
Priority List Manager and deselect the petrophysics
interpreters whose shifts you do not want to apply.

Converting Wellbore Data: Converting Wellbore Data

R2003.12.1

Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

My wellbore data log curves do not plot in another application.


If your converted wellbore data to log curves do not appear correctly in other
applications, make sure, within each application, that the minimum and maximum
scale values for the curves are appropriate and that you have selected appropriate
interpreters in Source Priority List Manager.

My pseudo log core data appear to have incorrect units.


When converting data, Wellbore Data Converter assigns a unit type based on the
unit of measurement (UOM) associated with the core data. The unit type is the
basis for conversion among measurement systems. However, Curve Dictionary
assigns a default, or preferred, UOM to unit types, and this UOM is used when
converting between systems of measurement. The preferred UOM may not match
the UOM assigned to your native core data, and therefore incorrect units may
result. For example, native core data may have units of g/cm3 in a US Oil Field
(metric) units project. When Wellbore Data Converter converts the data into
pseudo log curves, the resulting data has units of lb/ft3. Why? When WDC
converts the data, it assigns the unit type mass per volume. However, Curve
Dictionarys preferred UOM for mass per volume in the US Oil Field (metric)
measurement system is lb/ft3, so this UOM is assigned to the pseudo log
curves.
If the converted data appear to have incorrect units, use the OpenWorks Curve
Dictionary (OpenWorks command menu > Data Management > Curve
Dictionary) to view and edit the units associated with the pseudo log curve(s).

Exiting Wellbore Data Converter


When you have finished converting wellbore data to pseudo log curves,
select File > Exit to quit Wellbore Data Converter.

R2003.12.1

Converting Wellbore Data: Converting Wellbore Data

11

Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

Index

Data Export and Conversion

B
buttons
mouse
Button 1
clicking 5
press and drag 5
C
conventions
reference list 5
curve selection buttons
display all curves in selected wells 10
display curves common to selected wells 10
select all 10
select none 10
D
depth-Log Export Utility
setting the depth units 16
directory, export 19
documentation
for OpenWorks 4
dragging
defined 5
E
export, log
behavior 21
directory 19
filename 20
format options
export directory 19
export null 20
file extensions 19
filename 20
R2003.12.1

internal well identifier 20


substitution rule 20
formats 13, 18
LAS 13
SM1 13
null 20
exporting log data 6-24
extensions, file
.dev 19
.LAS 19
F
file extensions 19
files
exporting log data 6
H
highlighting or selecting
one word or value 5
how to, Log Export Utility
export log data 15
initialize the application 14
open the application 7
select an export format 13
how to, Wellbore Data Converter
convert wellbore data 31-35
correct incorrect units 35
exit the application 35
open the application 27
I
internal well identifier 20
Introduction
PetroWorks and LogEdit documentation 2
introduction
Index

36

Landmark Graphics Corporation

conventions used in this user guide 5


L
LAS
file extension 19
formats 13
versions 18
when curves dont exist for a well 21
Log Export Utility 6-24
communicating between Landmark applications 11
depth interval 17
depth parameters 9
display all curves in selected wells 10
display curves common to selected wells 10
export
directory 19
format options 19
export log curves 10
export null 20
file extensions 19
file menu 9
filename 20
initializing 14
internal well identifier 20
introduction 6
list of curves 9
log export work flow 12
main menu options 9
main window buttons 10
main window layout 8
main window partitions 9
options menu 9
pointing dispatcher 11
progress bar 20
resampling 18
sample interval 18
sample parameters 9
selecting an export format 13
setting the depth units 16
status area 9
steps
setting up your data 15
steps for exporting 15
substitution rule 20
R2003.12.1

Data Export and Conversion

total depth range 17


unit selections 18
view menu 9
well list 9
log export work flow 12
M
main window buttons, Log Export
curve selection 10
export processing 10
wells selection 10
main windows
Log Export 8
mouse buttons
selecting items with 5
multiple export files 20
N
null, export 20
O
online documentation, accessing 1
P
press and drag
defined 5
progress bar 20
R
rule, substitution 20
S
sample interval
default 18
user specified 18
selecting an export format 13
shortcuts
double-clicking to select data 5
triple-clicking to highlight 5
SM1
when curves dont exist for a well 21
Index

37

Landmark Graphics Corporation

Data Export and Conversion

substitution rule 20
U
unique well identifier 20
utilities
Log Export Utility 6-24
W
well identifier, internal 20
Wellbore Data Converter
accessing 27
converting data 31-35
exiting 35
incorrect units after converting 35
overview 25
viewing converted data in other applications
25, 34, 35
wellbore data display area 32
window layout 29
wells selection buttons
apply selections 10
select all 10
select none 10

R2003.12.1

Index

38