The biquadratic equation with 5 unknown given by is analyzed for its patterns of non – zero distinct integral solutions. A few interesting relations between the solutions and special polygonal numbers are exhibited.

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The biquadratic equation with 5 unknown given by is analyzed for its patterns of non – zero distinct integral solutions. A few interesting relations between the solutions and special polygonal numbers are exhibited.

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ISSN 2250-3153

FiveUnknowns = +

M.A.Gopalan*, S. Vidhyalakshmi**, E.Premalatha**

*,**

Abstract-The biquadratic equation with 5 unknown given by x y 8( z w) p is analyzed for its patterns of non

zero distinct integral solutions. A few interesting relations between the solutions and special polygonal numbers are exhibited.

4

Index Terms- Bi-quadratic equation with 5 unknowns, Homogeneous biquadratic, Integer solutions, Special polygonal

numbers, Centered polygonal number

I. INTRODUCTION

Biquadratic diophantine equations, homogeneous and non- homogeneous, have aroused the interest of numerous Mathematicians since

antiquity as can be seen from [1-7]. In the context one may refer [8-24] for varieties of problems on the diophantine equations with

two, three and four variables. This communication concerns with the problem of determining non-zero integral solutions of yet

another biquadratic equation in 5 unknowns represented by

and special polygonal numbers are presented.

II.

NOTATIONS

Ct m, n - Centered polygonal number of rank n with size m .

CPm, n - Centered pyramidal number of rank n with size m

III.

METHOD OF ANALYSIS

The diophantine equation representing the biquadratic equation with five unknowns under consideration is

x 4 y 4 8( z w) p3

(1)

x u v , y u v , z ruv 1 , w suv 1

in (1) leads to

u 2 v 2 (r s ) p 3

(2)

(3)

To solve (3), we apply the method of factorization. For this, choose r and s such that r+sis expressed as the product of complex

conjugates. A few illustrations are presented below.

A. Illustration 1

Assume

p a2 b2

(4)

so that r s 10 (3 i)(3 i)

(5)

Using (4) & (5) in (3) and employing the method of factorization, define

(u iv ) (3 i)(a ib) 3

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International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2014

ISSN 2250-3153

u u (a, b) 3a 3 9ab 2 3a 2b b 3

v v(a, b) a 3 3ab 2 9a 2b 3b 3

Hence in view of (2), the corresponding solutions of (1) are

given by

x x(a, b) 4a 3 12ab 2 6a 2 b 2b 3

y y (a, b) 2a 3 6ab 2 12a 2 b 4b 3

z z (a, b) 7[(3a 3 9ab 2 3a 2 b b 3 )(a 3 3ab 2 9a 2 b 3b 3 )] 1

w w(a, b) 3[(3a 3 9ab 2 3a 2 b b 3 )(a 3 3ab 2 9a 2 b 3b 3 )] 1

p p ( a, b) a 2 b 2

A few interesting properties observed are as follows:

1. 2 x(a, a) y(a, a) 5soa 0(mod 25)

2.

3.

5

z (a, b) w(a, b) [ x 2 (a, b) y 2 (a, b)]

2

4.

5.

B. Illustration 2

The choice r=20 , s=5

so that

r s 25 (1 2i) 2 (1 2i) 2

v v(a, b) 4a 3 12ab 2 9a 2b 3b 3

Hence in view of (2), the corresponding solutions of (1) are

given by

y y (a, b) 7a 3 21ab 2 3a 2 b b 3

z z (a, b) 20[(3a 3 9ab 2 12a 2 b 4b 3 )(4a 3 12ab 2 9a 2 b 3b 3 )] 1

w w(a, b) 3[(3a 3 9ab 2 12a 2 b 4b 3 )(4a 3 12ab 2 9a 2 b 3b 3 )] 1

p p ( a, b) a 2 b 2

A few interesting properties observed are as follows:

1. 7 x(a, b) y(a, b) 0(mod 50b)

2.

3.

4.

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International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2014

ISSN 2250-3153

5.

C. Illustration 3

Let r=6 , s=2

so that

r s 8 (1 i)3 (1 i) 3

Following a similar procedure as in illustration-2, the corresponding solutions of (3) are as follows

u u (a , b) 2a 3 6ab 2 6a 2 b 2b 3

v v(a , b) 2a 3 6ab 2 6a 2 b 2b 3

Hence in view of (2), the corresponding solutions of (1) are

given by

x x(a, b) 4b 12a b

3

y y (a, b) 4a 3 12ab 2

z z (a, b) 6[(2a 3 6a 2 b) 2 (2a 3 6ab 2 ) 2 ] 1

w w(a, b) 2[(2a 3 6a 2 b) 2 (2a 3 6ab 2 ) 2 ] 1

p p ( a, b) a 2 b 2

A few interesting properties observed are as follows:

1.

x(a, a) y(a, a) 0

2.

3.

2w(a, b) 2 x 2 y 2

4.

5.

D. Illustration 4

Let r=13 , s=3

so that

r s 16 (1 i) 4 (1 i) 4

Following a similar procedure as in illustration-1, the corresponding solutions of (3) are as follows

u u (a, b) 4a 3 12ab 2

v v(a, b) 12a 2b 4b 3

Hence in view of (2), the corresponding non-zero integral solutions of (1) are

given by

y y (a, b) 4a 3 12ab 2 12a 2 b 4b 3

z z (a, b) 13(12ab 2 4a 3 )(4b 3 12a 2 b) 1

w w(a, b) 3(12ab 2 4a 3 )(4b 3 12a 2 b) 1

p p ( a, b) a 2 b 2

A few interesting properties observed are as follows:

1.

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International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2014

ISSN 2250-3153

2.

3.

4.

5.

E. Illustration 5

Take r=1 , s=3

so that

rs4

(1 i) 2 n 2 (1 i) 2 n 2

2 2n

(u iv )

(1 i) 2 n 2

(a ib ) 3

n

2

(u iv ) 2[cos(2n 2)

i sin(2n 2) ](a ib ) 3

4

4

v v(a, b) 2[(a 3 3ab 2 ) sin(2n 2)

Hence

in

view

of

(2),

y y (a, b) 2{(a 3 3ab 2 )[cos(2n 2)

(3a 2 b b 3 ) cos(2n 2) ]

4

4

corresponding

solutions

of

are

given

by

4

4

4

4

4

4

(1)

4

4

4

4

[cos 2 (2n 2)

the

4

4

4

4

[cos 2 (2n 2)

(3a 2 b b 3 ) sin(2n 2) ]

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

2

2

p p ( a, b) a b

REFERENCES

[1]

L.E.Dickson, History of Theory of numbers, vol.2,Diophantine Analysis, New York, Dover, 2005.

[2]

[3]

[4]

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ISSN 2250-3153

[5]

H.Weyl, Algebraic theory of numbers, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University press, 1998.

[6]

Oistein Ore, Number theory and its History, NewYork , Dover, 1988.

[7]

[8]

J.H.E.Cohn,

The

Diophantine equation

331-335.

W.J.Leabey and D.F.Hsu, The Diophantine equation

[9]

[10]

300.

[12]

1265.

[13]

[14]

Sandorszobo, Some fourth degree Diophantine equation in Gaussian integers, Electronic Journal of combinatorial Number theory, Vol .4, 2004, 1-17.

[15]

M.A.Gopalan, A.Vijayasankar and ManjuSomanath, Integral solutions of Note on the Diophantine equation

[16]

[17]

x 2 y 2 xy z 4 Impact Journal

[18]

x 2 ky3 z 4

[19]

[20]

Journal

of

Science

and

Technology,4(1),2010,57-60.

[21]

[22]

x 4 y 4 ( z W ) p3

x 4 y 4 ( x y) z 3 2(k 2 3) 2n w4 Bessel

J Math ,2(2) ,

2012,87-91.

[23] M.A.Gopalanand B.Sivakami., Integral solutions of quartic equation with four unknowns x 3 y 3 z 3 3xyz 2( x y)w3 , Antarctica

J.Math.,10(2) ,2013,151-159.

AUTHORS

First Author M.A.Gopalan,Ph.D,Srimathi Indira Gandhi College,Trichy-2.e-mail:mayilgopalan@gmail.com.

Second Author S.Vidhyalakshmi,Ph.D.,Author name,Srimathi Indira Gandhi College,Trichy-2.e-mail:vidhyasigc@gmail.com.

Third Author E.Premalatha,M.Phil.,Srimathi Indira Gandhi College,Trichy-2.e-mail:premalathaem@gmail.com

Correspondence Author M.A.Gopalan .e-mail:mayilgopalan@gmail.com.,Mobile:9944848938.

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