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Technological Institute of the Philippines Quezon City

938 Aurora blvd., Cubao, Quezon City


January 16, 2011

Timber Design

Submitted by;
Dela Cerna, Rena Jimenez
CE-5TH Year-2nd Semester

Submitted to;
Engr. Rhonnie Estores

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Design Load Specification


Dead Load
Gypsum
Board
(12mm
thickness)
________0.096kPa
Gypsum
Board
(20mm
thickness)
________0.16kPa
Sub-flooring
(19mm)
__________________0.14kPa
Ceramic Tile (20mm Rest Room)
On 25mm mortar bed _________________
1.10kPa
Mechanical
Load
______________________0.1kPa
Plumbing
____________________________
0.1kPa

Live Load
Basic
Floor
Area
______________________1.9kPa
Library
______________________________2.9kPa
Storage
_____________________________1.9kPa
Balcony
(Exterior)
_____________________2.9kPa
Ceiling (0ver 60 m2 in tributary area)
______ 0.60kPa

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Design of Ceiling joist 3

VIII Ceiling Joist Observation


If we try to look at the roof ceiling
plan, we can observe that the longest
span can be found in Ceiling Joist 3D (CJ3D). From here, we can already say that
among the Ceiling Joist schedule CJ-3D
will govern in maximum dimension since
the dead load and live load carrying by
these members are constant.
Because of this reason, I the
designer decided not to show all the
computation of ceiling joist design.
NOTE:
The designer have computed all
floor joist schedule but because of the
repeatable solution, I decided not to show
all the solution, instead only those
members with the most critical loading
and span.

I Wood Data
Species ____________________Yakal
____________________50 % Stress
Grade
Bending and Tension
Parallel to grain ____________15.5MPa
Modulus of Elasticity _________3110MPa
Compression Parallel to grain __9.55Mpa
Compression
Perpendicular to grain ________3.92MPa
Shear parallel to grain ________1.55MPa
Relative Density _____________0.76 Kg/m3
Span ______________________2.70m
Allowable Deflection _________L/360

II Compute the Total Load


W total = DL+LL
= 0.378 + 3
= 3.378kPa
II.A Uniformly Distributed Load
W total = 3.378kPa(S)
= 3.378kPa (0.40)
= 1.351KN/m
III Design by Bending
M
= Wtotal(L)2/8
= 1.351KN/m (12)/8

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= 0.169kN-m
= 168875N-mm
Assume
dimension
for
(B=50mm)
fb= 6M/bd^2
15.5 = (6*168875)/(50*d^2)
d
= 36.158mm
Use d
= 75mm

Le
breadth

III.A Compute the dead load of the


floor joist
Breadth = 50mm
Depth = 75mm
Relative Density = 0.76kg/m3
= 7600N/m3
Wwood
= ybd
= 7600(.05*.075)
= 28.5N/m
Add this dead weight to the weight
carried by the floor joist
III.B Check the adequacy of the floor
joist
III.C Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 1.351KN/m
= 1.351KN/m+ .0285
= 1.380KN/m
III.D Compute the slenderness factor
and flexural stress
Lu
= 1000mm

= 1.92(1000)
= 1920mm
Cs
= ((Le*d)/(b^2))1/2
= ((1920*75)/ (50^2))1/2
= 7.589 < 10
Ck
= 0.811((E/fb)) 1/2
= 0.811((3110/15.5)) 1/2
= 11.488
10>Cs<Ck
fb = 15.5MPa
III.E Check the actual bending stress
and compare to the allowable
fb = 15.5MPa
Fb = 6M/bd2
M= Wtotal(Lu2)/8
= 1.380 (12)/8
= 172500N-mm
Fb = (172500*6)/(50*752)
= 3.68MPa
The 50x75mm floor joist is safe in
bending stress
IV Design by Shear
IV.A Compute the maximum shear
Since the floor joist is simply supported
the maximum shear will occur at the
support.
Vmax = Wtotal(L)/2

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= 1.351 (1)/2
= 0.676KN
IV.B Compute the design Depth
Assume
dimension
for
breadth
(B=50mm)
Fv
= 1.55MPa
1.55 = 3Vmax/(2bd)
= 3(0.676*1000)/(2*50*d)
d
= 13.084mm
Use d = 75mm
IV.C Compute the dead load of the
floor joist
Breadth
= 50mm
Depth
= 75mm
Relative Density = 0.76kg/m3
= 7600N/m3
Wwood = ybd
= 7600(.05*.075)
= 28.5N/m
Add this dead weight to the weight
carried by the floor joist
IV.D Check the adequacy of the floor
joist
IV.E Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 1.351KN/m
= 1.351+ .0285
= 1.380KN/m

IV.G Check the actual Shear stress


and compare to the allowable shear
stress
Vmax = Wtotal(Lu)/2
= 1.380(1)/2
= 0.690KN
fv
= 1.55MPa
Fv
= 3Vmax/(2bd)
= 3(0.690*1000)/(2*50*75)
= 0.276MPa<1.55MPa
The 50x100mm floor joist is safe for
shear
V Design by Deflection
Wtotal = DL+LL
= 0.378 + 3
= 3.378kPa
V.A Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 3.378(S)
= 3.378(0.40)
= 1.351KN/m
Allowable Deflection _____________ L/360
Modulus
of
Elasticity
_____________
3110MPa
V.B Compute the design depth by
assuming
bredth
= 100mm
I
= bd3/12

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Lu/360
= (5WtLu4)/(384EI)
d
= 78.768mm
use d
= 100mm
V.C Compute the dead load of the
floor joist
Breadth
= 05mm
Depth
= 100mm
Relative Density = 0.76kg/m3
= 7600N/m^3
Wwood = ybd
= 7600(.05*.100)
= 38N/m
Add this dead weight to the weight
carried by the floor joist

Check the adequacy of the floor joist


IV.D Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal
= 1.351KN/m
= 1.351KN/m+ 0.038
= 1.389KN/m
IV.E Check the actual deflection and
compare it to the allowable
I

actual

allowable = L/360
= 1000/360
= 2.778mm>1.387 Safe
The 50x100mm ceiling joist is safe in
deflection
V Compute the required depth of
notch at support
fv
= 3Vmax(d)/(2bdd)
1.55 = 3(0.690*1000)(100)/(2*50*d2)
D
= 36.544
Use d
= 30mm
VI Observation and Conclusion
In the preceding computation we have
found the following dimensions of ceiling
joist according to their area of analysis.
For bending we have computed a safe
ceiling joist dimension of 50x75mm,
50x75mm for shear and finally a safe
value of 50x100mm for deflection. We
can then observe that the safest value to
be applied in our ceiling joist 3 is
50x100mm with a notch depth of 30mm

= bd3/12
= (5WtLu4)/(384EI)
=1.387mm

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Design of Ceiling joist 3B


I Wood Data
Species ____________________Yakal
___________________________50 % Stress
Grade
Bending and Tension
Parallel to grain ____________15.5MPa
Modulus of Elasticity _________3110MPa
Compression Parallel to grain __9.55Mpa
Compression
Perpendicular to grain ________3.92MPa
Shear parallel to grain ________1.55MPa
Relative Density _____________0.76kg/ m3
Span ______________________2.70m
Allowable Deflection _________L/360
II Compute the Total Load
Wtotal = DL+LL
= 0.378 + 3
= 3.378kPa
II.A Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 3.378kPa(S)
= 3.378kPa (0.40)
= 1.351KN/m
III Design by Bending
M
= Wtotal(L)^2/8
= 1.351KN/m (1.1252)/8

= 0.214kN-m
= 214000N-mm
Assume
dimension
for
(B=50mm)
fb= 6M/bd^2
15.5 = (6*214000)/ 50*d2)
d
= 40.703mm
Use d = 75mm

breadth

III.A Compute the dead load of the


floor joist
Breadth
= 50mm
Depth
= 75mm
Relative Density = 0.76kg/ m3
= 7600N/ m3
Wwood = ybd
= 7600(.05*.075)
= 28.5N/m
Add this dead weight to the weight
carried by the floor joist
III.B Check the adequacy of the floor
joist
III.C Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 1.351KN/m
= 1.351KN/m+ .0285
= 1.380KN/m
III.D Compute the slenderness factor
and flexural stress
Lu
= 1125mm

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Le

= 1.92(1125)
= 2160mm
Cs
= ((Le*d)/(b^2)) 1/2
= ((2160*75)/(50^2)) 1/2
= 8.05 < 10
Ck
= 0.811((E/fb)) 1/2
= 0.811((3110/15.5)) 1/2
= 11.488
10>Cs<Ck
fb
= 15.5MPa
III.E Check the actual bending stress
and compare to the allowable
Fb
= 15.5MPa
Fb
= 6M/bd^2

Vmax

M= Wtotal(Lu^2)/8
= 1.380(1.1252)/8
= 218000N-mm
Fb = (218000*6)/(50*752)
= 4.651MPa
The 50x75mm floor joist is safe in
bending stress

= Wtotal(L)/2
= 1.351 (1.125)/2
= 0.76KN
IV.B Compute the design Depth
Assume
dimension
for
breadth
(B=50mm)
Fv
= 1.55MPa
1.55 = 3Vmax/(2bd)
1.55 = 3(0.76*1000)/(2*50*d)
D
= 14.701mm
Use d
= 75mm
IV.C Compute the dead load of the
floor joist
Breadth = 50mm
Depth
= 75mm
Relative Density = 0.76kg/m3
= 7600N/m3
Wwood = ybd
= 7600(.05*.075)
= 28.5N/m
Add this dead weight to the weight
carried by the floor joist

IV Design by Shear
IV.A Compute the maximum shear
Since the floor joist is simply supported
the maximum shear will occur at the
support.

IV.D Check the adequacy of the floor


joist
IV.E Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 1.351KN/m
= 1.351+ .0285
= 1.380KN/m

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IV.G Check the actual Shear stress and


compare to the allowable shear stress
Vmax = Wtotal(Lu)/2
= 1.380(1)/2
= 0.690KN
fv
= 1.55MPa
Fv
= 3Vmax/(2bd)
= 3(0.690*1000)/(2*50*75)
= 0.276MPa<1.55MPa
The 50x100mm floor joist is safe
from shear failure
V Design by Deflection
Wtotal = DL+LL
= 0.378 + 3
= 3.378kPa
V.A Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 3.378(S)
= 3.378(0.40)
= 1.351KN/m
Allowable Deflection _____________ L/360
Modulus
of
Elasticity
_____________
3110MPa
V.B Compute the design depth by
assuming
bredth = 100mm
I
= bd3/12
Lu/360
= (5WtLu4)/(384EI)

d
= 88.614mm
use d
= 100mm
V.C Compute the dead load of the
floor joist
Breadth = 05mm
Depth = 100mm
Relative Density = 0.76kg/m3
= 7600N/m^3
Wwood = ybd
= 7600(.05*.100)
= 38N/m
Add this dead weight to the weight
carried by the floor joist
Check the adequacy of the floor joist
V.D Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 1.351KN/m
= 1.351KN/m+ 0.038
= 1.389KN/m
V.E Check the actual deflection and
compare it to the allowable
I
= bd3/12

= (5WtLu4)/(384EI)
actual=2.236mm
allowable= L/360
= 1125/360
= 3.125mm>1.387mm Safe

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The 50x100mm ceiling joist is safe


from deflection failure
VI Compute the required depth of
notch at support
fv
= 3Vmax(d)/(2bdd)
1.55 = 3(0.690*1000)(100)/(2*50*d2)
D
= 36.544mm
Use d
= 30mm
VII Observation and Conclusion
In the preceding computation we have
found the following dimensions of ceiling
joist according to their area of analysis.
For bending we have computed a safe
ceiling joist dimension of 50x75mm,
50x75mm for shear and finally a safe
value of 50x100mm for deflection. We
can then observe that the safest value to
be applied in our ceiling joist 3B is
50x100mm with a notch depth of 30mm
Design of Ceiling joist 3C
I Wood Data
Species ____________________Yakal
___________________________50 %
Grade
Bending and Tension

Stress

Parallel to grain ____________15.5MPa


Modulus of Elasticity _________3110MPa
Compression Parallel to grain __9.55Mpa
Compression
Perpendicular to grain ________3.92MPa
Shear parallel to grain ________1.55MPa
Relative Density _____________0.76kg/m3
Span ______________________1.875m
Allowable Deflection _________L/360
II Compute the Total Load
Wtotal = DL+LL
= 0.378 + 3
= 3.378kPa
II.A Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 3.378kPa(S)
= 3.378kPa (0.40)
= 1.351KN/m
III Design by Bending
M
= Wtotal(L) 2/8
= 1.351KN/m (1.8752)/8
= 0.594kN-m
= 594000N-mm
Assume
dimension
for
breadth
(B=50mm)
fb= 6M/bd^2
15.5 = (6*594000)/ 50*d2)
D
= 67.814mm
Use d
= 100mm

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III.A Compute the dead load of the


floor joist
Breadth = 50mm
Depth = 100mm
Relative Density = 0.76kg/m3
= 7600N/m3
Wwood = ybd
= 7600(.05*0.1)
= 38N/m
Add this dead weight to the weight
carried by the floor joist
III.B Check the adequacy of the floor
joist
III.C Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 1.351KN/m
= 1.351KN/m+ .038KN
= 1.389KN/m
III.D Compute the slenderness factor
and flexural stress
Lu
= 1875mm
Le
= 1.92(1875)
= 3600mm
Cs = ((
Le*d)/(b^2)) 1/2
= ((3600*75)/(50^2)) 1/2
= 10.392 > 10
Ck = 0.811((E/fb)) 1/2
= 0.811((3110/15.5)) 1/2
= 11.488 > Cs
10<Cs<Ck

Fb

= Fb((1-(1/3)(Cs/Ck)^4)
=15.5((1-(1/3)(10.392/11.488)^4)
=
12.040MPa_________________
allowable
III.E Check the actual bending stress
and compare to the allowable
Fb
= 12.040MPa
Fb
= 6M/bd^2
= Wtotal(Lu2)/8
= 1.389(1.8752)/8
= 0.610KN-m
= 610000N-mm
Fb
= (610000*6)/(50*752)
= 7.325MPa < 12.040MPa Safe
The 50x100mm floor joist is safe in
bending stress
M

IV Design by Shear
IV.A Compute the maximum shear
Since the floor joist is simply supported
the maximum shear will occur at the
support.
Vmax = Wtotal(L)/2
= 1.351 (1.875)/2
= 1.266KN
IV.B Compute the design Depth
Assume
dimension
for
breadth
(B=50mm)

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Fv
= 1.55MPa
1.55 = 3Vmax/(2bd)
1.55 = 3(1.266*1000)/(2*50*d)
D
= 24.503mm
Use d = 75mm
IV.C Compute the dead load of the
floor joist
Breadth = 50mm
Depth = 75mm
Relative Density = 0.76kg/m3
= 7600N/m3
Wwood = ybd
= 7600(.05*.075)
= 28.5N/m
Add this dead weight to the weight
carried by the floor joist
IV.D Check the adequacy of the floor
joist
IV.E Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 1.351KN/m
= 1.351+ .0285
= 1.380KN/m
IV.F Check the actual Shear stress
and compare to the allowable shear
stress
Vmax = Wtotal(Lu)/2
= 1.380(1.875)/2
= 1.294KN
fv
= 1.55MPa

Fv

= 3Vmax/(2bd)
= 3(1.294*1000)/(2*50*75)
= 0.518MPa<1.55MPa
The 50x100mm floor joist is safe
from shear failure
V Design by Deflection
Wtotal = DL+LL
= 0.378 + 3
= 3.378kPa
V.A Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 3.378(S)
= 3.378(0.40)
= 1.351KN/m
Allowable Deflection _____________ L/360
Modulus
of
Elasticity
_____________
3110MPa
V.B Compute the design depth by
assuming
bredth = 100mm
I
= bd^3/12
Lu/360
= (5WtLu4)/(384EI)
d
= 147.690mm
Use d
= 150mm
V.C Compute the dead load of the
floor joist
Breadth = 50mm
Depth = 150mm

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Relative Density = 0.76kg/m3


= 7600N/m3
Wwood = ybd
= 7600(.05*.150)
= 57N/m
Add this dead weight to the weight
carried by the floor joist

VI Compute the required depth of


notch at support
fv
= 3Vmax(d)/(2bdd)
1.55 = 3(1.294*1000)(150)/(2*50*d2)
D
= 61.293mm
Use d
= 50mm
VII Observation

Check the adequacy of the floor joist


V.C Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal = 1.351KN/m
= 1.351KN/m+ 0.057
= 1.408KN/m

V.E Check the actual deflection and


compare it to the allowable
I
= bd3/12

= (5WtLu4)/(384EI)
actual=5.181mm
allowable= L/360
= 1875/360
= 5.208mm>5.181mm Safe
The 50x150mm ceiling joist is safe in
deflection

In the preceding computation we have


found the following dimensions of ceiling
joist according to their area of analysis.
For bending we have computed a safe
ceiling joist dimension of 50x75mm,
50x75mm for shear and finally a safe
value of 50x100mm for deflection. We
can then observe that the safest value to
be applied in our ceiling joist 3C is
50x150mm with a notch depth of 50mm

Design of Ceiling Joist 3D


I Wood Data
Species
Bending and Tension Parallel to
grain MPa
Compression Parallel to Grain Mpa
Compression Perpendicular to
Grain Mpa

Yakal 50% Stress


Grade

=
=

15.5
9.55

3.92

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Shear Parallel to Grain Mpa

Modulus of Elasticity Mpa

Relative Density Kg/m3

Allowable Deflection mm
Span (mm)
Spacing (mm)
DL (kPa)
LL (kPa)

=
=
=
=
=

Load
Wtotal (KN/m)

II.A Uniformly Distributed Load


Wtotal (KN/m)

1.3512

III Design by Bending


Mmax (N-mm)
Assummed Breadth (mm)
Depth (mm)
Use Depth (mm)

=
=
=
=

1055625

III.B Check the Adequacy of


the Joist
III.C Uniformly Distributed

Le (mm)

Cs

Ck

fb (Mpa)

fb (Mpa)
Use fb (MPa)

=
=

4800
8.2623
64
11.487
76
14.117
43
10.322
01
15.5

III.E Check the actual


BeNDING Stress

73.81319053

Mmax (N-mm)
fb
fb

actual

=
=

10912
50
13.640
63

15.5
Safe
The 75x100mm Ceiling joist is safe from
bending stress failure

III.A Compute the dead looad


of the wood
Wwood (KN/m3)

1.3968

III.D Compute the Slenderness


Factor

II Compute the Total Load


Wtotal (kPa)

Allowable

0.0456
IV Design by Shear
IV.A Compute the Maximum
shear
Vmax (N)

1689

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IV.B Compute the design


depth
Assumed Breadth (mm)
Fv (MPa)

=
=

depth (mm)
Use depth (mm)

=
=

IV.C Compute the dead load of


the joist
Wwood (N/m)
IV.D Check the Adequacy of the
joist
IV.E Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal (N/m)

IV.G Check the actual Shear


Vmax (N)
Fv
Fv

actual

(Mpa)

Allowable

(Mpa)

=
=
=

50
1.55
32.690
32
75

Wtotal (kPa)

3.378

V.A Uniformly Distributed Load


Wtotal (KN/m)
Allowable Deflection
E (MPa)

=
=
=

1.3512
6.944444444
3110

V.B Compute the Depth


Depth (mm)
Use Depth (mm)

=
=

156.3029831
175

V.C Compute the dead weight


of the Joist
Wwood (N/m)
1379.7 V.D Uniformly Distributed
Load
Wtotal (KN/m)

actual (mm)

allowable(mm)
=
=
The 50x75mm ceiling joist is safe from shear failure
VI Compute the required d of
notch
=

133

1.4842

1724.625 V.E Check the actual


deflection
0.68985

Use dimension

V Design by Deflection
Assumed breadth (mm)

Vmax (N)

=
=

5.4349
8
6.9444
44
Safe

1855.2
5

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d' (mm)
Use d' (mm)

=
=

56.053
15
115

If we try to look at the second floor


framing plan, we can observe that the
longest span can be found in second floor
The 50x100mm ceiling joist is safe from
Joist 2F with a span of 2500mm (FJ-2D).
deflection failure
However our schedule of loading varies
depending upon the type of area inside
VII Observation
the dwellings. From here, we cannot say
immediately what schedule of joist will
govern. From this reason we will then try
In the preceding computation we have found the
to compute FJ-2B, FJ-2D, and FJ-2F.
following

Dimensions of ceiling joist according to their area of


analysis.
NOTE:
For bending we have computed a safe ceiling joist
The designer have computed all
dimension
floor joist schedule but because of the
of 75x100mm, 50x75mm for shear and finally a safe
repeatable solution, I decided not to show
value of
all the solution, instead only those
100x175mm for deflection. We can then observe that the
members with the most critical loading
safest
and span.
value to be applied in our ceiling joist 3 is 100x175mm
with a
notch depth of 115mm.
Design of Floor Joist 2B
I Wood Data

Floor Joist Observation

Species
Bending and Tension Parallel to
grain MPa
Compression Parallel to Grain Mpa
Compression Perpendicular to
Grain Mpa

Yakal 50% Stress


Grade

=
=

15.5
9.55

3.92

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P a g e | 17

Shear Parallel to Grain Mpa

Modulus of Elasticity Mpa

Relative Density Kg/m3

Allowable Deflection mm
Span (mm)
Spacing (mm)
DL (kPa)
LL (kPa)

=
=
=
=
=

Load
Wtotal (KN/m)

1.9689

Le (mm)

2160

Cs

8.049844719

Ck
fb (Mpa)
fb (Mpa)
Use fb (MPa)

=
=
=
=

11.48775592
14.25428224
10.32200584
15.5

III.E Check the actual Bending


Stress
Mmax (N-mm)

311486.1328

actual

6.6450375

Allowable

15.5
Safe

1091.475

50

III.D Compute the Slenderness


Factor

II Compute the Total Load


Wtotal (kPa)
II.A Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal (KN/m)
III Design by Bending
Mmax (N-mm)
Assummed Breadth (mm)
Depth (mm)
Use Depth (mm)

fb
=
=
=
=

III.A Compute the dead looad


of the wood
Wwood (KN/m3)
III.B Check the Adequacy of
the Joist
III.C Uniformly Distributed

306977.3438

fb

The 50x75mm floor joist is


48.75037221
safe from
bending stress failure
IV Design by Shear
IV.A Compute the Maximum
shear
Vmax (N)
IV.B Compute the design depth
Assumed Breadth (mm)

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Fv (MPa)

depth (mm)
Use depth (mm)

=
=

IV.C Compute the dead load of


the joist
Wwood (N/m)
IV.D Check the Adequacy of the
joist
IV.E Uniformly Distributed Load
Wtotal (N/m)

Fv
Fv

actual

(Mpa)

=
=

(Mpa)

Use dimension

=
=

Allowable

The 50x75mm floor joist is


safefailure
from shear
V Design by Deflection
Assumed breadth (mm)
Wtotal (kPa)
V.A Uniformly Distributed Load

=
=
=

1.9404
3.125
3110

V.B Compute the Depth


Depth (mm)
Use Depth (mm)

=
=

87.34068008
100

V.C Compute the dead weight


of the Joist
Wwood (N/m)

57

V.D Uniformly Distributed Load


Wtotal (KN/m)

1.9974

actual (mm)

2.143253339

allowable(mm)

3.125

IV.G Check the actual Shear


Vmax (N)

21.12532258

Wtotal (KN/m)
Allowable Deflection
E (MPa)

=
=

1107.50625
V.E Check the actual deflection

Safe
VI Compute the required d of
notch
Vmax (N)
d' (mm)
Use d' (mm)

=
=
=

1123.5375
38.07526502
60

The 75x100mm floor joist is


safe from
deflection failure
VII Observation

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In the preceding computation we have found the


following

Spacing (mm)
DL (kPa)
LL (kPa)

Dimensions of floor joist according to their area of


analysis.
II Compute the Total Load
For bending, we have computed a safe floor joist
Wtotal (kPa)
dimension
of 50x75mm, 50x75mm for shear and finally a safe value
of
II.A Uniformly Distributed Load
75x100mm for deflection. We can then observe that the
Wtotal (KN/m)
safest
value to be applied in our floor joist 2B is 75x100mm
with a
III Design by Bending
notch depth of 60mm.
Mmax (N-mm)
Assummed Breadth (mm)
Depth (mm)
Design of Floor Joist 2D
Use Depth (mm)
I Wood Data
Species
Bending and Tension Parallel to grain
MPa
Compression Parallel to Grain Mpa
Compression Perpendicular to Grain
Mpa
Shear Parallel to Grain Mpa

Modulus of Elasticity Mpa

Relative Density Kg/m

Allowable Deflection mm
Span (mm)

=
=

=
=
=

300
2.568
4

6.568

1.9704

=
=
=
=

311723.4375
50
49.1257849
75

0.0285

III.A
Compute the dead looad of
Yakal 50%
Stress
the wood
Wwood (KN/m3)

=
=
=
=
=

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Error! Not a valid link.


Error! Not a valid link.

Floor Joist Observation


If we try to look at the ground floor
framing plan, we can observe that the
longest span can be found in ground floor
Joist 1C with a span of 2500mm (GJ-1C).
However our schedule of loading varies
depending upon the type of area inside
the dwellings. From here, we cannot say
immediately what schedule of joist will
govern. From this reason we will then try
to compute GJ-1B, GJ-1C.
NOTE:
The designer have computed all
floor joist schedule but because of the
repeatable solution, I decided not to show
all the solution, instead only those
members with the most critical loading
and span.
Error! Not a valid link.

VI Compute the required d of


notch
Vmax (N)

d' (mm)
Use d' (mm)

=
=

6029.25
170.80336
74
75

The 50x100mm Ground joist is


safe from
deflection failure
VII Observation

In the preceding computation we have found the


following
dimensions of Ground joist according to their area of
analysis.
For bending, we have computed a safe Ground joist
dimension
of 50x100mm, 50x100mm for shear and finally a
safe value of
50x100mm for deflection. We can then observe that
the safest
value to be applied in our Ground joist 1B is
50x100mm with a

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notch depth of 60mm.

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