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u' dHA[ l'Hg xvp fjr{ mm
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iek GVI idnsu mo kau bhuqu idhwry ]


mnu n rhY kYsy imlau ipAwry ]

22

bjlj q^ 5@ b>e 374

b,e'G zirjvg V[ e,v a'ig dw q{} rg faj hg Vj v,ej dw


Rpl r[v[ q,a dwM qjig eHg m us'G V.Wisji V[ dwhj ##l.a fjSg
Whpa c'vsj h{ m$$ dul $a[ v'w dHaiju wis[ hV dw v.zSj
qpLwv h' debj h{ m q[i[ qP>h dry'G lpFjrw hg dVwv debj dw
dHh e,v h{ aJ ngw m njwij dl>z V[ dwhj ##dw aP. wgag aJ e,v
V.Wisji Vjv lg fi Rph b>aiujqg fdhvj hg lqN eH[ a[ q{}
Wpvj w[ N,B hg wdh ds,aj$$ dw njwij dl>z bjfSg Lia Bp,B eHg
h{ m$$ q[ig lqN dr,y Vj bjdHbj dxi q{G sPug rji fpdAbj dw
##wg e,v h{$$ aJ RpV%J V[ urjW ds,aj dw ##bjfSg faVg } hg
fp,A vrgG$$ m us'G aP> Wjhi'G fjSg v{ w[ bjHg lg aJ q[i[ fp,AS a[
aP. ljig drdobj lpSjHg m dHh drdobj lpVS Rpfi.a q{G dxi ypWji[
dr,y debj aJ RpV%J dxi dwhj ##dw Lia Bp,B eHg h{$$ q{G Rpo[
bc'v hg tCj idh debj m o'Cg hg s[i Wjbs b{lg hV[ig bjHg
dul s[ dr,y dslSj hg W.s h' debj m hV[ig s[ s"ijV hg WjWj
ug dwZi[ yv[ eH[ m q{} Rpl r[v[ hg faj v,ej us'G hV[ig W.s
h'Hg m dHh e,v wis[-wis[ njwij dl>z dxi V[ai Fi bjdHbj m
dHh i'Sj dfbji sj i'Sj h{ m
dur[G epirjw h{ -

mY nIru vhy vih clY jIau ]

qjN q^ 4@ b>e 84

dHh W{ije qHg brloj dwl[ f+FP dfbji rjv[ } hg bjMsg


h{ m u[ i'Sj h{ aJ dwl rjla[ i'HgH[ m u[ dwl[ sj ZV yvj ujr[
aJ Rpl r[v[ i'Gsj h{ dwl[ sj fp,ai uJ dq,ai dr,AC debj Rpl
lq[G i'Gsj h{ m Fjr ljij l.lji f+FP s[ Vjq a'G dr,AC w[ i' dihj
h{ m i'e v,e eH[ hV sptg i' dihj h{ m Vjq sj dlqiV VhgG wisj
VhgG aJ i'e sPi h'S rg dw,Do'G m uVq a'G Wjbs rg@ urjVg r[v[
a[ b>a r[v[ rg i'Gsj hg yvj debj fi dlqiV VhgG wgaj m uea
23

epiP V[ lji[ l.lji sj qp,T a'G v{ w[ b>a a,w ds=L f[L wgaj h{ m

duK
duKu
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duKu AgY AwKIAY piV@ piV@ krih pukwr ]
kIAw pMfw Kul@IAw suKu n inkilE koie ]
ivic jIau jlwieAw duKIAw cilAw roie ]

\b>e 1240|

bevg f>eagbJ dr,y lptg h'S sj T>e xpiqjMs[ hV^-

nwnk isPqI riqAw mnu qnu hirAw hoie ]


duK kIAw AgI mwrIAih BI duKu dwrU hoie ]

lji.e rji q^ 1@ b>e 1240

l.ljig bjsqg Rpl lq[G i"Gsj h{ m us'G Rpl } sp,t hp.sj h{ m


us'G Rpl h,Do'G spdVbjrgG fsjio uJsj h{ m fi ldal.e wiV rjvj
Rpl rwa i'Gsj h{ us'G Rpl } dqvsj h{ bjfS[ fiqjaqj sj
qhJfpit sj drA'Cj m fi dHh i'Sj dqvsj h{ dwl[ driv[ hg dfbji
rjv[ } -

nwnk ruMnw bwbw jwxIAY jy rovY lwie ipAwro ]

rch.l q^ 1@ b>e 579

dul ai%J Vsg dr,y hC% bjMsj h{ Rph fjSg bjfS[ Vjv
hg lF wpN i'C% w[ v{ uJsj h{ m dHl[ ai%J W{ije sj hC% spVgbJ
s[ y.e[ q>s[ dtbjvJ } ljx wi ds>sj h{ ba[ dxi dHl ljx dhis[
Rpfi bj w[ qjvw sj rjlj hp.sj h{ epirjw h{ ^

mU QIAwaU syj nYxw iprI ivCwvxw ]

qjiP rji c,tS[ q^ 5@ b>e 1098

njwij dl>z sg faVg V[ h'L l.Fjv w[ dwhj ##q{G i'Bg dvbj


ihg hJ aplgG A,w v{Sj ##urjW$$ VJh dr,y hg dqdvbj m faVg
V[ dwhj ##dw dw>Vj lqJ h' debj bjf } Wjhi debj a[ bjf
} bu[ a,w Fp,t rg VhgG v,eg m$$ b,e[ a'G urjW dqdvbj ##u[ ;iPia
24

h'Hg aJ q{G bjf tj vrJej m dHl a'G Wjbs ljij fdirji f+Ljsj
A,w v{Gsj h{ fi zirjvg V[ VhgG tjZj m fi njwij dl>z s[ qV
dr,y aJ Rphg dryji y,wi vj dihj h{ m njwij dl>z sg zirjvg
Rpl s[ w'v rg fhp.y eHg fi Rph qla hg lV m Rpl lq[G hg dWiag
tpv%g us'G dHl V[ bjrj; ds,ag dw ##hpS wg WS[ej m$$
##h'r[ej aJ Rphg u' RpV%J sg iuj h{$$
##y.ej x[i hpS bjijq wi vr'G$$
##bjijq aJ Rpl lq[G hg dqv[ej us'G siLV wi vrJej m
hJ q{} dH,w rji WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj lg dw u[ a[i[ wpN lqN
dr,y Vj bjr[ aJ lpia u'C w[ W{n ujrgG a[ Rpl l,y[ sj dlqiV
wig a{} lF yjVS h' ujr[ej m dxi q{G b,u dHwjei dy,a h'
w[ lpiag u'C hg s[tj@ b,u VhgG aJ w,v a[ x[i fil'G b>a dwl[
lq[G aJ siLV s[ w[ wpN s,lSe[ q{} Ijs bjdHbj ##dw s' wp
qhgV[ sj lqJ h' debj q{} dH,w dsV h,l w[ dwhj lg$$ njwij
dl>z dH,w rji x[i a{} dwa[ dqvJe[ m$$ lpS w[ Rpl r[v[ aJ q[ig
lqN dr,y VhgG bjdHbj dw fp,A hg W{nJ dHl sj wg Fjr h{
fi hpS lqN bjHg wg Fjr lg ##dxi dqvJe[$$ sj dHh hg aJ
s,l ih[ lV dw blgG yp,f yjf hg yv[ ujSj h{ m rjhp rjhp a[igbJ
aP. hg ujS[ m

uJ wpbjig aj yjRp rgrjhg aJ qjqv[


lV-

WjWj ug dwl[ i.e dr,y W{n[ wdraj s[ iPf dr,y ejRpS v,es[
##r[dtbj a[ij Ldhi Wdn>cj duo[ Vj a'ig Vj dB>cj
VhjRpS Z'S } dqv[ Vj fjSg@ FPa riej h' ujH[ df>cj$$
25

dHl dHvjw[ dr,y dB,DW[ aJ bu[ rg dsls[ hV fi fjSg sg


w'Hg wqg VhgG h{ m fdhvj wHg qgv lxi adh wiV a'G Wjbs
rg fjSg VhgG lg dqvsj m Rpl lq[G a[ hpS s[ rwa dr,y wjxg
b>ai h{ m Rpl rwa aJ Zp,f rg d;bjsj v,esg dwMdw i[a A[ag
eiq h' uJsg lg spfdhi s[ lq[G aJ f>Ag rg Wjhi VhgG lV dVwv
lws[ fi qhJfpitJ V[ dxi rg dHh uej } Fje vjH[ du>V%J dyi
ligi iPfg ujq[ dr,y ih[ dHl dHvjw[ dr,y idh w[ bV.s dr,y ih[
a[ WyV wis[ lV dw dHl dHvjw[ dr,y ljcgbJ da>V ue%J hV m
1! iP.qg rjvj
2!Fp,Dy' wvJ rjvg
3!v[v[ rjvj df>c \avr.cg ljW' dr,y h{ m|
dHh ljc[ dfAv[ lq[G s[ a,f blojV hV m fi dHl ligiw
ujq[ dr,y hpwq Fp,Dy' wvJ a[ i.Pqg dr,y idhS sj hg h{ bjf wdh>s[
lV dw dHl dHvjw[ s[ v'w dl,Z[ a[ F'v[ Fjv[ hV m dHV%J dr,y
w'Hg Rpaijb yCjb VhgG m dHl wiw[ lj} Whpa fl.s
bjMs[ hV m
WjWj bV.s dl>z ug WyV wis[ lV m
##dw l[rw lda WyV wdh w[ u' hpwq h'r[ q>V vr[ hgv hpua
Vj wi[ Fjr[G fdC%bj Fjr[G bVfC% ljc[ vHg xiw VhgG m$$ l' dHh
hg qdiIjsj WjWj ug s[ si a[ ihg m lji[ l[rw hg lda WyV
s[ bdZwjig lV m ws[ ws[ w'Hg bjsqg qV dr,y l[rj wiV sj
dtbjv aJ f{sj wi v{Gsj@ fi us'G l[rj wiVg fr[ aJ Rpl lq[G
dHZi RpZi wiV v,e uJsj h{ wHg rji aJ ldawji wiVj rg
A,c ds>sj h{ dul sj xv lprjsg VhgG hp.sj m dHl ai%J sg RpsjhiS
dHo[ i.Pqg dr,y dqvg h{ m
l[qJ df>c sj dwLV dl>z wqjv f,ag s[ idhS rjvj lg@ duV%J
26

sg ##z'B[ qji$$ sg bv rg f{Gsg h{ m byjVw dH,w dsV WjWj ug


} dqv dfbj a[ WjWj ug } W[Vag wgag ##dw h;Pi q[i[ t[a dr,y
dihjdHL wi vr' m$$ WjWj ug V[ urjW ds,aj ##VhgG) hpS dwl[ rg
dHh' duhg oj a[ VhgG idhSj duo[ dwl[ rg dH,w sg qvwgba h'r[@
liW,a sg lJNg ue%j dr,y dVrjl wiJe[ m$$ dwMdw h;Pi ujSs[
lV dw bjRpS rjv[ lq[G dr,y l.ea V[ ljc[ w'v bjRpSj h{ a[
RpV%J s[ sp,t sdvsi sPi wiV[ hV ba[ qP>h q>egbJ qpijsJ WtLL
wiVgbJ hV m dHh ljigbJ e,vJ Rpo[ hg h'SegbJ duhCg ue%j
lF sg lJNg h'r[ dHl wiw[ Rpl } urjW s[ ds,aj m
Rpl V[ spWjij dxi idhS vHg W[Vag wgag WjWj ug V[ dxi
urjW s[ ds,aj a[ dwhj ##dw aP. bjfS[ wga[ rjdHs[ a[ VhgG idhSj
hpS aJ W[Vag wisj h[ m dxi us'G v'wJ sg bjrjujHg h'S v,e
fHg aJ aP. dHaiju wi[ej a[ lj} yv[ ujS vHg q;WPi wi[ej
a[ blgG ujSj VhgG m
dwLV dl>z V[ dwhj ##dw hpS dHl lq[G aJ aplgG ila[ dr,y
hg tC[ h' eiqg Whpa f{ ihg h{ m q{G bjf bjfS[ h,ogG bjfS[ t[a
dvbj w[ bjf ug } ujS vHg VhgG whJej m$$ h,n wiV wiw[
WjWj ug ujS vHg iujq>s h' w[ Rpl s[ Vjv api fH[ m
rS a[ wigiJ s[ dr,y dH,w oC%j u' dH,BJ sj WdSbJ h'dHbj
lg dHl V[C[ fhp.y w[ dwLV dl>z V[ bjf } dHl oC[% Rpfi W{nS
sj dHLjij wgaj a[ dwhj ##dw dHh ue%j bjfSg hg lqN' m$$
WjWj ug V[ dwhj ##dHh a[i[ t[a sj dryjv[ h{ m dHh ngw
VhgG dHo[ ai%J ai%J s[ v'w bjRpSe[@ du>V%J V[ c.cgbJ fj s[SgbJ
hV m a[i[ w'v'G dHh WisjLa VhgG wgag ujSg dHh aP. bjf
l'ySj h{ m$$
dHM WyV wdhS a'G Wjbs bjf V[ Rpo[ bjlS vj dvbj m
V'B^- dHl ue%j a[ WjWj ug dw>Vj lqJ ih[ m dwl dwl f+jSg
27

a[ dwifj wgag dHl Wji[ v[tw } r[irj VhgG dqdvbj l' dtqJ
sj ujyw hJ m dul oJ a[ oC%j lg Rpl oJ a[ dH,w q,B hg dstjHg
s[ dihj h{ u' dw dHl lq[G q"uPs h{ m dHh q,B WjWj ug a'G df,A'G
l.a Vi{S dl>z ug \qdhSj rjv[| V[ dabji wirjdHbj m
WjWj qhJ hiVjq dl>z ug WyV wis[ hp.s[ lV$$ dHh oC%j
ljcj t;jVj h{ duo[ W{n w[ blgG af,Ddlbj wgag h{ dHh ue%j WCg
wgqag h{$$
dHl Wji[ qhJfpitJ } hg faj h'r[ej dw dh t;jVj qjdHbj
sj h{ uJ Vjq sj t;jVj uJ wpN h'i m
dHw rji l.a Vi{S dl>z ug q,B dabji wirjRpS v,e[ lV
aJ l[rwJ } dwhj dw dH,w aJ dHl sg VgGh cP.zg VhgG wiVg m
sPuj ue%J sj ldawji wjdHq i,tSj h{ m fi l[rjsji dHV%J e,vJ
a'G dxwi q>s Vj ih[ a[ RpV%J Rpo[ fhp.y w[ q,B sg VgGh cP.zg fp,B
ds,ag m bjdtbj WyV sg W[firjhg lg dxi wg dH,w Whpa q'Bj
l,f dVwv bjdHbj l.aj V[ Rpo[ hg l[rjsji i'w ds,a[ m Wjbs
dr,y dq,Bg Vjv VgGh W.s wirj w[ Rpfi hg q,B sg Rpljig wij
ds,ag m dHh q,B dHl lq[G rg Rpl[ hjva dr,y h{ w'Hg fdiriaV
VhgG wgaj debj m
WjWj ug du>V%g s[i dHo[ ndhi[ h'i w'Hg ue%j VhgG fjHg lg
dli` si?a hg lV m dur[G xigs ljdhW sg epiWjSg dr,y b>dwa
h{^-

kir cwkrI idl dI lwih BrWid ]


drvysW no loVIAY ruKW dI jIrWid ]

lv'w l[t xigs 1381

dHl qhJrjw bVplji WjWj ug V[ lqJ Waga wgaj m lqJ


bjRpS a[ l.ea sg bjrjujHg h'S v,e eHg ljij dsV v'w bjfS[
28

zi[vP sp,t awvgxJ sPi wijRpS vHg bjRpS v,e[ m t[a s[ dr,y
c.cgbJ f{S v,e eHgbJ m wpN dsV aJ dwLV dl>z bjfSg drL
b>si[ b>si z'vsj dihj fi bjti RpAv hg dfbj a[ wdhS v,e
dfbj ##dw q[ig xlv tijW h' ihg h{ m lji[ t[a dr,y ila[ hg WSj
ds,a[ hV m$$ dHh lpS w[ WjWj ug V[ dwhj ##blgG aJ fdhvJ hg
dwhj lg fi aP. lj} quWPi wiw[ dvbJsj lg@ hpS dHh a{} ldhS
hg wiVj fr[ej$$ o'C%g s[i aJ yp,f dihj fi Wjbs dr,y dxi W'v
Rpdnbj m dHl[ ai%J wHg rji d;wi hp.sj dihj WjWj ug ws[ urjW
s[ s[S ws[ yp,f hg idhS m \dHh qhJfpit sg dlxa h{ VhgG aJ
w'Hg spdVbjrgG W.sj WisjLa VhgG wisj| m
qhJfpit lsj i,W dr,y bF[s idh>s[ hV@ bjf dr,y wpN VhgG
W'vs[@ u[ W'vs[ rg hV aJ rjw bVplji W'vjdHbj W'vg a[ij m

l'idn q^ 5@ b>e 623

u[ hpwq Vj h'r[ aJ w'Hg wpN rg wdh ujr[ m dur[G hrj sj


N'wj bjdHbj a[ v.z debj dHM lqNs[ hV dur[G epirjw h{ m
ljwa wj WwVj dHRp ujVRp u{l[ frV NpvjHg mm

l'idn q^ 5@ b>e 609

lqJ f{S a[ dwLV dl>z s[ qV dr,y dVijsig f{sj h' eHg m


hi i'; bj w[ NeCj wiV v,e dfbj wi[ m dH,w dsV h,l w[ WjWj
ug V[ wdh hg ds,aj ##dw dHl ai%J blgG VhgG uJs[ u[ aP. a'iVj
hg yjhp.sj h{G aJ ljcg WJh xC w[ dwl[ oJ rg A,c bj m$$
Rph dHh lpS w[ yp,f wi debj m wpN dsV lqJ h'i v.z debj m
V'B ^ dHh f+l.e N.cj dl>z l[qj dl>z a'G dqdvbj m

29

ibnu pRIqI krih bhu bwqw


kUVu boil kUVo Plu pwvY ]
ijqwvg q^ 4@ b>e 881

dHw dsV dwLV dl>z bjfS[ t[a r,v bj dihj lg aJ ila[


dr,y Rpl sj dH,w dq,ai ugaj dl>z dqv dfbj dul V[ fp,dAbj
##dwLV dl>z dwl fjl[ uj dihj h{ m$$
Rpl V[ dwhj ##q[i[ t[a sj Whpa VpwljV h' dihj h{ v'w rjhg
Wgug ;qgV dr,y c.cgbJ fj ih[ hV m q[i[ w'v'G dHh ldhS VhgG
wgaj uJsj q[ij w'Hg ;'i rg VhgG yvsj m$$
uga dl>z V[ dwhj ##q[i[ lqN dry VhgG bjdHbj dw dHl
dry wg F[s h{ m v'w dwM c.cgbJ fjMs[ hV m$$
dHl a'G Wjbs dwLV dl>z V[ bjfSg dfAvg rjiaj lpiP
wgag a[ wdhS v,ej w'Hg s' wp qhgV[ fdhvJ spfdhi sj lqJ
lg dH,w ljZP Fer[G F[l dr,y dHl i[iP o,v[ tCj lg \V[C[ tC[ epiP
r,v dHLjij wiw[ wdh>sj h{| q{G Rph} bjfS[ t[a dr,y W{nS vHg
wdh ds,aj m us'G a'G l.a dHo[ W{n[ hV v'wJ V[ Rpo[ bjRpSj LpiP
wi ds,aj h{ a[ t[a dr,y sg v.zs[ hV m xlv sg WiWjsg hp.sg h{ m
l' dHl ai%J e,vJ wis[-wis[ api[ uJs[ WjWj ug w'v fhp.y
ujs[ hV m l.ea WjWj ug w'v bj uj ihg h{ m wpN w'v rg W{n[
hV m ##dHh lF bjfS[ b,tgG s[t v{$$@ dwLV dl>z V[ dwhj m
uga dl>z V[ h{ijV duhj h' w[ dwhj ##b{Vj dHw,n m$$ dHh
dHw,n aP. aJ b,u hg s[dtbj h{@ q{G hi i'; hg s[tsj hJ m hpS
aP. s,l q{G wg wiJ ##dwLV dl>z V[ dwhj m$$
30

#H[V[ v'w dwM bjMs[ hV($


##q{} aJ w'Hg faj VhgG v,e dihj$$@ dwLV dl>z V[ RpKai
ds,aj m ugaj dl>z s[ qV dr,y dtbjv bjdHbj m dwLV dl>z }
dHl r[v[ ep,lj bj dihj h{ q{G dHl } lvjh s[rJ ) aJ uga dl>z
V[ dwhj@ ##dwLV dl>z@ s[t ) dHo[ dw>V[ v'w bjMs[ hV m ws[ dwl[
ljZ w'v dH>V[ v'w bjMs[ VhgG s[t[ m FpdvbJ FBdwbJ w'Hg dH,w
b,Zj bj ujr[ m fi dHo[ aJ bV[wJ hg bjMs[ uJs[ hV m ;iPi
hg dHl ljZP dr,y w'Hg Lwag uJ wijqja h'r[eg m a[;g dr,y bj
w[ w'Hg eva w.q Vj wi W{ng m dwa[ Wjbs dr,y qV } fAyjajf
h'r[ m l' aP. dHo[ ndhi q{G dHw,vj hg l.aJ w'v uj w[ bjMsj hJ m$$
ugaj dl>z WjWj ug w'v fhp.y w[ Vqlwji wiw[ W{n debj m
WjWj ug dwl[ f+[qg Vjv WyV wi ih[ lV ugaj dl>z lpSsj dihj m
ugaj dl>z V[ wHg rji WjWj ug s[ qp,t r,v s[tS sg w'dLL wgag
fi blxv dihj m WjWj ug w'v W{n[ f+[qg ziJ } rjfl ujS v,e[
aJ dHh rg Rpl[ ai%J Rpn w[ Vjv hg api dfbj a[ rjfl dwLV
dl>z w'v bj fhp.dybj m
ugaj dl>z V[ fhp.y w[ dwLV dl>z } dwhj ##dw q{G aJ Whpa
wpN s[t bjdHbj hJ m q{} aJ Lwag rjv[ qhJfpit ves[ hV@
dwMdw q{G RpV%J r,v dVejh RpKyg wiw[ rg VhgG s[t ldwbj m
wHg rji w'dLl wgag fi blxv hg dihj m Rpo[ h'i rg l.eg
RpV%J s[ dyhi[ r,v Njw VhgG lws[ lV m RpV%J sg wqjHg b,e[
dli Npw uJsj h{ a[ dsv w.W Rpnsj h{ m q[i[ lqN dr,y wpN wpN
bj debj ] m fi wpN e,vJ bjfS[ bjf Vjv rg wi uJs[ lV m
Wjwg q{} u' bV.s RpV%J s[ w'v W{n w[ bjdHbj h{ Rpl ai%J sj
il ws[ d;>seg dr,y VhgG bjdHbj m u[ dHh q[i[ t[a dr,y idhS
aJ q{G du>seg Fi dHV%J sg l[rj wiJ m q[i[ wdhS a[ dHV%J s[ vHg
oC[% rjvg oJ a[ w'Hg wqij dabji wis[ m fi dwLV dl>z V[ dHl
31

sj RpvB ep,lj wgaj a[ Vijueg duhg dstj w[ dwhj ##dw q[ij


t[a RpuC dihj h{ aP. wdh>sj h{ A,a fj s[ m dwl[ s[ zi b,e v,eg
Wl.ai vesg h{ m$$
bjf s[ zi } v,eg h'r[ b,e dslsg h{ m
dHl[ ai%J epKl[ sj Fdibj dwLV dl>z WjWj ug s[ w'v fhp.y
debj a[ W'dvbj A[ag dHo'G ydvbj ujh fi WjWj ug V[ w'Hg Rpai
Vj ds,aj m Rpl V[ dxi dHhg e,v sphijHg aJ bjf ldhu Vjv
W'v[ aP. Rpnj w[ duo[ a[ig qi;g h{ dWnj s[ m dHV%J wpN wdhS sg
s[i lg dw dwLV dl>z V[ WjWj ug sg WJh xC vHg dul } s[t
w[ ugaj dl>z rg w'v F,u w[ debj a[ wdhS v,ej ##dwLV dl>z
dHh w.q Vj wi m$$
aJ dwLV dl>z V[ dwhj ##aP. q[i[ w.q dr,y stv s[S rjvj
w"S h{G df,A[ h' uj m$$
dHh lpS w[ ugaj dl>z df,A[ h' debj a[ dwhj ##dw hpS aJ
q[ij ;'i VhgG yvsj fi q{G dH,w zpqj ;qgV v{ w[ dHo[ hg V[C[
l.aJ sg ue%J WSj dsbJej dxi s[tJej w"DS dHV%J } Rpnj
lw[ej m$$ b,e'G WjWj ug V[ ugaj dl>z } hsjdHa wgag dw bjfJ
wpN VhgG W'vSj m Rpl } h,o s[ dHLji[ Vjv lqNj ds,aj dw dul
ai%J q{G dHh qpwg r,B w[ h,o qPZj wgaj h{ dHh dHl[ ai%J hg qPZj
h' ujH[ej@ dxi h,l fH[ m dwLV dl>z bjf } Rpo'G dt,y w[ f>u
l' eu s[ xjlv[ a[ s,tS rjv[ fjl[ v{ bjdHbj m duo[ dw dH,w
u.c sj ip,t lg m hpS rg dHo[ oC[% sg dVLjVg q,B s[ iPf dr,y q"uPs
h{ m Rpo[ dwLV dl>z bjfS[ rv'G WjWj ug } lp,B w[ yvj debj m
dHl W[bsWg s[ Wjbs dxi dwLV dl>z a[ q"a s[ W,sv q>cvjRpS
v,e fH[ m wpN wp dsVJ Wjbs hg dwLV dl>z bjfS[ zi s[ c.ei
q,NJ a[ r,A[@ WdhCw[ fjSg dfvjS vHg V[C[ s[ A,fC a[ v{ debj m
Rpls[ bjfS[ hg WdhCw[ V[ Rpls[ df,A[ h' w[ Rpl sgbJ v,aJ s[
32

dryjv[ dl>e fjw[ Rpfi yp,w w[ us'G o,v[ lp,DdBbj aJ dwLV dl>z
spVgbJ a'G yvsj WdSbj m dHl ljtg Wji[ wpN q"uPs W;pie s,ls[
hV dw WjWj ug V[ dwhj lg dur[G aP. lj} dt,dybj aP. rg dHl[ ai%J
dt,y w[ qi[Gej m l' dwLV dl>z bjfS[ s' WdhCdwbJ } fjSg
dfvjRpS debj lg a[ Rph Rpl} dt,y w[ v{ eH[ a[ Rpl[ lq[G hg
Rplsg ujV dVwv eHg m ldaepiP s[ rjw l,y h' eH[ m dwMdw
l.aJ sg W[bsWg u' wgag lg ^-

sMq kw lIAw Driq ibdwrau ]


sMq kw inMdku Akws qy twrau ]

e"Gc q^ 5@ b>e 867

sMq kw doKI AD bIc qy tUtY ]

eRpCg lptqVg q^ 5@ b>e 280

wdW,a ^-

sptjH[ uq seV w[ lh.l+WjhP dq+a FH[

f+dhvjs s[ sptjH[ hipSjwL tfjdHY h{ mm


wdfv qpVg spt[ a[ leC lpa Vjl FH[

ijq w[ spdta W.l ijrS VJ fjdHY h{ mm

spdta lpe+gr w[ lp Wjvg dAV qjhg qjdiRp

si'fag sptjHg wBw w'irV w' zjdHY h{ mm


spdta spiWjlj w[ lp Vjq FdHY IjsrV

ljZ w[ sptjHg wh' dwVg lpt fjdHY h{ mm

l.aV spt fjH[ a[ sptg m lpt fjdH ljZV w[ lptg


y"fHg fjaLjhg slrgG

hir Bgqw kir rwKy Apny dInI nwmu vfweI ]


ijin ijin krI AvigAw jn kI qy qYN dIey ruVweI ]

lji.e q^ 5@ b>e 1235

dHw wpsia sj dVIq h{@ u' epiPbJ V[ bjfSg WjSg dr,y


33

sKdlbj h{ m u' fdhvJ ria yp,wj h{ a[ b,e[ } riasj ih[ej m

Bgqw dI sdw qU rKdw hir jIau Duir qU rKdw AwieAw ]


l'idn q^ 3@ b>e 637

us'G a'G dl+LBg sg ljuVj h'Hg h{ Rpl[ lq[G a'G f+FP FeaJ sg
itrjvg wisj h{ m dHdahjl dr,y riVS bjMsj h{ dw epiP VjVw
s[r ug qhjiju dH,w s[L dr,y eH[ a[ uJs[ h'H[ ila[ dr,y dH,w
dW+A o,v[ bjlS vj dvbj m dH>V[ dr,y hg dHl dHvjw[ sj ijuj
bjfSg f+uj a[ x"u s[ lq[a bj debj us'G V[C[ fhp.dybj a[ dlfjhg
} dHLjij wi ds,aj dHV%J da>V f+s[lgbJ dr,y'G dH,w } xC vRp m
iju[ sj hpwq lpSs[ hg dH,w dlfjhg V[ bj w[ Wjvj ug } h,owCg
vj w[ xC dvbj m epiP VjVw fjaLjh ug rg qisjV[ lq[a Vjv
hg h' api[ a[ qisjVj ila[ dr,y Wjv[ } awgs wi dihj lg dw
b,u a{} dHV%J VhgG A,cSj@ fdhvJ q{} xC dvbj wis[ lg b,u
a[ig rjig h{ m fi Wjvj ug aJ bc'v h'dHbj Vjv api dihj lg
dHhVJ } v{ w[ ijuj dH,w q>si dr,y uj fhp.dybj a[ l[rw }
hpwq ds,aj ##qVp,t } y.eg ai%J dHLVjV wirj dsRp aJ dw bjfJ
y.cg qjaj } dHl sg Wvg s[HgH[ m dul a[ qjaj WCg f+l.V
h'r[eg m$$ RpV%J hpwq q>V w[ Wjvj ug } dHLVjV wirj w[ y.e[
Wlai fpbj w[ y.cg qjaj sg qPiag b,e[ dvbj w[ tCj wi ds,aj m
ldaepiP ug rg Rpo[ fhp.y eH[ a[ wg s[ts[ hV dw ijuj bjfS[
h,o dr,y V.eg avrji v{ Wjvj ug w'v uj w[ tCj ] m dHh ljhqS[
h' ih[ ;pvq } qisjVj s[t w[ lhji Vj ldwbj a[ WjWj ug }
W[Vag wgag dw ldaepiP dHl sg iwLj wi'@ dHh aphjcj l[rw
h{@ q[ij ljog h{ m h;Pi V[ qisjV[ } h"Glvj ds,aj dw dVi.wji Fvg
wi[ej r[t Rpl s[ i.e dul lq[G ijuj Wjvj ug a[ avrji sj rji
wiV hg v,ej Rpl rwa q>si dr,y i"LVg h' eHg m y.cg qjaj
V[ f+eB h' w[ iju[ sj dli ZC a'G r,t wi ds,aj m dHh f+a,t s[t
34

w[ ldaepiP V[ y.cg } fpdAbj ##h[ y.cg ijuj aJ a[ij Fea lg


aP. dHl sg ujV v{ w[ Wjv[ sg i,Ddtbj dwM wgag m$$
y.cg V[ Rpai dr,y iju[ }[ spLB s,Ddlbj a[ dwhj dw dHh
q[ij Fea VhgG lg a[ f+FP rv'G q{} hpwq h[ dw duo[ rg w'Hg FeaJ
} sp,t ds>sj h{ q{G Rpl sj VjL wisg hJ m
Rpfiv[ f+l.e sj iPf dHo[ dwLV dl>z a[ bj ridabj m
V'B- \Rpfi'wa f+l.e ugaj dl>z s[ Fagu[ fjl'G f+jfa h'dHbj m|

PrIdw swihb dI kir cwkrI


idl dI lwih BrWid ]
lv'w l[t xigs@ b>e 1381

qhJfpit hpwq dr,y idhS rjv[ hp.s[ hV@ dur[G hpwq h'dHbj
api fH[@ hpwq h'dHbj Wdh eH[ u[ dqv debj aJ tj dvbj VhgG
FpKt[ hg bV.s hV m epirjw h{^-

jy BuK dyih q ieq hI rwjw duK ivic sUK mnweI ]3]

lPhg q^ 4@ b>e 757

b>si'G i,W Vjv bF[s dH,w iPf hp.s[ hV m fi wpsia RpV%J


s[ hpwq dr,y h{ u' yjhp.s[ hV wi ds>s[ hV m fi wis[ Rpl f+q[Li
sg iuj Vjv hg hV m Rpl f+q[Li s[ hpwq } qhJfpit hg lqN
lws[ hV m dur[G l.ega f{sj wiV vHg iWjWj sgbj ajiJ
rusgbJ hV@ Rpl dr,y ajiJ aJ wHg hp.sgbj hV@ fi RphVJ
lF sg ZpV a[ aji dHw' hg hp.sg h{ m wis[ Rphg hV u' f+DFP sj
hpwq hp.sj h{ m qhJfpit dH,w il@ dH,w i.e dVi.wji } dlqis[ hV m
ldaepiP V[ WjSg dr,y xpiqjdHbj h{ m
35

wWgdi dZbjdHY H[ i.e mm

Wl.a q^ 5@ b>e 1192

dul ai%J wWgi ug V[ rjdhepiP sj dH,w il@ dH,w i.e ujf


wgaj m i.e dr,y F.e VhgG f{S ds,aj m wWgi ljdhW } hjog b,e[
W.V w[ e.ej dr,y lpdBbj fi i.e dr,y F.e Vj f{S ds,ag m dHh'
hg aJ ljdhW sg yjwig h{ m dHh yjwig qhJfpit hg dVFjMs[
hV bjf rg a[ bjfS[ l[rwJ } rg dHhg qjie s,ls[ hV m
qhJfpitJ sj siuj dHV%J RpKyj hp.s[ h'H[ rg a[ dHaVg ajwa
s[ qjvw hp.s[ rg ljdhW V[ b>dwa wgaj h{^

kIqw loVin soeI krwiein dir Pyru n koeI pwiedw ]

qjiP l'^ q^ 5@ b>e 1076

dur[G df,A[ fjnwJ V[ fC% dvbj h{ dw dwlV dl>z WjWj ug


} ZPh w[ lp,B uJsj h{ m dur[G ZPh w[ A,c debj WjWj ug Rpo[ hg
W[-fiWjh W{n[ hV m h[nJ w,fCj VhgG@ yiVJ dr,y up,ag VhgG@ v,w
Vjv t,si sj spfBj \w,fCj| aV a[ A'Bj duhj wqg; dli a[ t,si
sg slaji a[ dH,w t,si sg yjsi m dxi rg spVgbJ s[ qjvw
u.c s[ dW+A o,v[ dWijuqjV hV m dHw,v[ hg spVgbJ a'G b,c hV m
dur[G rjw h{^-

syeI pUry swh ijnI pUrw pwieAw ]


ATI vyprvwh rhin iekqY rMig ]
drsin rUip AQwh ivrly pweIAih ]
krim pUrY pUrw gurU pUrw jw kw bolu ]
nwnk pUrw jy kry GtY nwhI qolu ]

rji qjN wg q^ 2@ b>e 146

hi r[v[ dH,w i.e dr,y idhS rjv[ dHh fPi[ hV dHV%J V[ fPi[
} f+jfa wi dvbj m dHh RpV%J dry'G hV dur[G siLV iPf bojh
driv[ fjHgbdh m uea dry'G Rpaq rg hV m dul a[ dHhVJ sg
36

V;i h' ujH[ Rph rg fPij WS uJsj h{ m dHhVJ s[ fPi[ wga[ }


w'Hg zBj VhgG lwsj m dHl sj a'v rg fPij a[ dHlsj W'v rg
fPij a[ dHh bjf rg fPij m dHl sg WtdLL rg fPig m

Awqm rsu ijh jwinAw hir rMg shjy mwxu ]


nwnk Din Din DMin jn Awey qy prvwxu ]

eRpCg WjrV btig q^ 5@ b>e 252

dul w.q vHg epiP VjVw s[r ug l.lji dr,y bjH[ a[ bj w[


wg r[ts[ hV m FjHg episjl ug sj woV h{ m
WjWj s[t{ dZbjV Zi uvag lF df+org dsl bjHg mm

WjNhp epiP epWji h{@ h{ h{ wisg lpSg vpwjHg mm

aJ dxi bjf V[ l.lji s[ ugrJ } Vjq sj Rpfs[L WtdLbj m


dul ue%J a[ bjf V[ yiV fjH[ a[ l.eaJ V[ bjfs[ siLV wga[
f+q[Li iPf epiP VjVw s[ siLV wiw[ lF s[ qV dlqiV sg vCg
dr,y fi'H[ lF oJ a[ zi b>si ZiqLjvj rjvg e,v WS eHg
epiP VjVw fjaLjh ug sg d*fj Vjv dxiepirjw h{^-

bilE crwgu AMDw r mih sB, kil auDrI iek nwm Drm ]
b>e 1387

bevgbJ fjaLjhgbJ V[ dHl Vjq s[ dyije sg i"LVg rZjHg


b>a sLq[L dfaj V[ dl,tJ } l+g epiP ei.o ljdhW s[ vC vj w[
hpwq ds,aj ##lF dltV w' hpwq h{ epiP qjdVRp ei.o$$ dHl hpwq
b,e[ w'Hg svgv uJ bfgv VhgG m lF dl,tJ V[ q>VSj h{ u' bjfS[
bjf } epiP wj sjl lqNsj h{ m slJ hg fjaLjhgbJ V[ bjfS[
lq[G dr,y epi dl,tJ } qjV WtdLbJ@ dVrjdubj m Rph Vjq sj
dyije u' epiP VjVw s[r ug V[ uejdHbj lg m qhJfpitJ V[ wjdHq
i,Ddtbj m l.ljig ugrJ r,v'G u' rg lvPw wgaj debj fjnw df,A[
fC yp,w[ hV ba[ b,e[ rg fCVe[ m
37

dul ai%J epiP VjVw s[r ug } wpijhgbj dwhj m


epiP b>es ljdhW sj fv.z qgGh sj WhjVj wiw[ tcPi ljdhW
a'G Wjhi w,T ds,aj lg m
epiP bqisjl ug Rpa[ bwWi s[ siWji dr,y dLwjdHaJ
wiVgbJ m
epiP biuV s[r ug sg Lhjsa m
lji[ hg dHl rjiaj Vjv l.W.Z i,tS rjv[ dHl vCg dr,y bj
uJs[ hV m duV%J } fjaLjh V[ dHl dyije } wjdHq i,tS vHg
hpwq vjdHbj RpV%J V[ bjfSg wpiWjVg s[ w[ rg dHl Vjq s[ sgr[
} hrj sj Wp,vj VhgG v,eS ds,aj m dHh RphVJ dry'G hg dH,w
qhJfpit hV m duV%J Wji[ aplgG fC% ih[ h'^-

qyrw jnu rwm rswieix mwqw ]


pRym rsw iniD jw kau aupjI Coif n kqhU jwqw ]1]
rhwau ] bYTq hir hir sovq hir hir hir rsu Bojnu Kwqw ]
duVJ sj dHh siuj h{ RpV%J sg l.ea wiV sj wg xv h{^-

ATsiT qIrQ mjnu kIno swDU DUrI nwqw ]1]


sPlu jnmu hir jn kw aupijAw
ijin kIno sauqu ibDwqw ]
sgl smUh lY auDry nwnk pUrn bRhmu pCwqw ]

s[r e.Zjig q^ 5@ b>e 532

dHl ai%J s[ qhJfpit Zpi a'G hg dVrju[ h'H[ bjH[ dwl[ W.s[
s[ dVrju[ VhgG bjH[ -

siqgur kI vifAweI siqguir idqI


Durhu hukmu buiJ nIswxu ]

38

b>e 853

dHl[ ai%J WjWj ug V[ dHh hpwq eujdHbj h{ m dHl sj r[irj


dHV%J s[ dHdahjl dry'G dqvsj h{ m l.lji dr,y h'i w"qJ s[
fiRpfwjig bjH[ m duV%J V[ eigWJ sj qpxa dHvju wirjdHbj@
dwl[ V[ Fp,DdtbJ } b>V ds,aj V>DdebJ } Wlai ds,a[@ bjfSg
rdcbjHg wirjRpS vHg i'egbJ s[ i'e sPi wirj ds,a[ m cjwBi
V[ V[aihgSJ } V[ai ds,a[ m dH,w cjwBi V[ dH,w b>V[ sj dHvju
wgaj m wpN lq[G Wjbs cjwBi V[ s[dtbj dw dul } q{G ngw wgaj
h{ Rpl } fpvgl xC w[ dvuj ihg lg m cjwBi V[ Rpl } fAjS
w[ fpdAbj ##dw fpvgl a{} dwM dvuj ihg h{ m$$ dlfjhg V[ urjW
ds,aj ##dw dHh u[W wBsj xdCbj debj h{ dHh qp;iq h{$$ Rpl
cjwBi V[ u[W w,BS rjv[ a'G fpdAbj ##wg dHh l,y h{$$ fCajv
wiV a'G faj v,ej dw dHh ngw h{ m dHl Vjv cjwBi s[ qV
} Whpa fAajrj h'dHbj@ dwM u' q{G dHl s[ V[ai ngw wga[ aJ
hg dHl V[ y'ig wgag VhgG aJ dHh b>VJ hg ngw lg m cjwBi
V[ dxi rg dHh' duh[ w.q wis[ bjfS[ i'eg s[t[ aJ RplV[ qV dr,y
l'dybj dw q{G dHh' duh[ fiRpfwji Vjv'G RpGu hg y.ej hJ m fi
dHh epiP VjVw sj zi h{ duV%J w'C%gbJ s[ ligiw w'hC sPi wiw[
RpV%J s[ qV sj w'hC rg sPi wgaj dur[G f+l.e h{ m
dHw dsV epiP VjVw s[r ug uj ih[ lV ija sj lqJ h'
debj m dH,w df>c s[ w'v fhp.y[@ fi dwl[ V[ qpvjwja Vj wgag m
qisjV[ V[ W[Vag wgag@ ##qhjiju dHh v'w dwl ai%J s[ hV w'Hg
W'vsj hg VhgG m$$ ljdhW V[ dwhj ##qisjdVbJ bjfSg f,e } h,o
fj vHg dwa[ w'Hg vjh hg Vj vr[ m df>c dry'G v.zs[ v.zs[ wHg
bjsqg dqv[ dwl[ V[ ija w,BS vHg W[Vag Vj wgag le'G b,e[
yv[ ujS vHg ajwgs wis[ ih[ m o'Cg hg sPi df>c s[ Wjhiv[
39

dh,Dl[ dr,y wpN bjsqg b,e Wjv w[ W{n[ lV m RphVJ } fjaLjh


V[ fp,DdAbj ##blgG ija idhSj h{ dHl df>c dr,y w'Hg i,t lwsj
h{$$ RphVJ fp,DdAbj ##bjf w"S h' a[ dwo'G bjH[ h'$$ aJ bjf V[
Rpai dr,y dwhj ##f+s[lg hJ$$ m
RphVJ dwhj ##df>c dr,y w'Hg ue%J VhgG b"h ljhqS[ Np,eg
dr,y dH,w xwgi idh.sj h{ Rpl w'v yv[ ujY$$
ldaepiP qisjV[ } dHLjij wiw[ Np,eg r,v api fH[ m qisjVj
df,A[ df,A[ apdibj uj dihj h{ qV l'yJ l'y dihj h{ dw ZV h{ ldaepiP
aphjcg fAjS rg wiVg dwaVg qpLwv h{ m epirjw h{^-

ijs no qU jxwieih soeI jnu jwxY ]

b>e 365

l'ys[ l'ys[ qisjV[ s[ qV b>si dtbjv sj RpAjvj bjMsj


h{ dw liW wvj lqi,o ldaepiP bjf Z.V h' dwh' duhg bjf sg
vgvj h{ m w'Hg dW+A h[n W{nS vHg ue%j rg VhgG s[ dihj m fi
bjf dxi rg spVgbJ sj Fvj hg wis[ uj ih[ h' m dVqjdSbJ
} qjS a[ dVajdSbJ } ajS WtLs[ uj ih[ h' m spVgbJ s[
v'Cr>sJ sgbj spdVbjrg v'CJ fPigbJ wis[ uj ih[ h' m dHh l'yJ
dr,y hg qisjVj ldaepiP s[ df,A[ df,A[ apdibj uJsj h{@ xwgi sg
N"fCg b,e[ fhp.ys[ hV m
ldaepiP V[ xwgi } bjrj; s[ dwhj ##h[ xwgi ljHgG WPhj
t'v m$$
b>si'G xwgi h{ijV h' w[ fp,Asj h{ ##bjf w"S h' m$$ ##qV dr,y
l'ysj h{$$ Fpv[tj tj w[ bj eH[ h'Se[ m q[i[ w'v dHl r[v[ w"S
bj lwsj h{ m

40

ldaepiP ug V[ dxi bjrj; ds,ag ##blgG qpljdxi hJ ija


w,BSg h{ m sirj;j t'v s[$$ m
bjrj; lpS w[ xwgi V[ sirj;j t'v ds,aj m
ldaepiP b,e[ v.z eH[ ba[ qisjVj rg df,A[ hg b>si yvj
debj qisjV[ V[ V,w b,e[ w,fCj wiw[ dwhj dw fjaLjh dHo[
aJ WCg WsWP bj ihg h{ m ljdhW qisjV[ } l.W'ZV wiw[ wdhS
v,e[ ##qisjdVbJ dHl WsWP } aJ tpLWP dr,y WsvSj h{@ iWjW
t'v wgiaV LpiP wigH[ m
qisjV[ V[ Vj yjhp.s[ h'H[ rg iWjW t'v dvbj a[ ljdhW V[
bjf hg WjSg sj RpyjiV LpiP wi ds,aj m LWs RpyjiV wgaj^-

jIau qpqu hY bwro bwr ]


qip qip KpY bhuqu bykwr ]

b>e 661

dur[G dur[G LWs sg li'a w'hCg s[ w>VJ dr,y f{Gsg eHg hjH[
hjH[ wiV rjv[ sptg sj qV LJa hp.sj debj m LWs sj F'e f{S
sg s[i hg lg dw WsWP@ tpLWP dr,y Wsv yp,wg lg ba[ w'hCg sj
q,oj ldaepiP s[ yiVJ a[ dBdwbj h'dHbj lg m ldaepiP VjVw s[r
ug sj fdr,ai a[ qpWjiw h,o w'hCg s[ dli a[ dBw debj lg a[
w'hCg } dVhjv wig uj dihj lg m
ih[ m

dHl[ ai%J WjWj ug rg spVgbJ s[ ugrJ a[ fiRpfwji wis[

spVgbJ s[ Vjldaw qVp,tJ rv'G W[bsWgbJ h'S a[ rg v'wJ


sj Fvj hg wis[ ih[ m dwl[ f+jSg } dVijL VhgG q'dCbj lF sgbJ
v'C bVplji bjlJ fPigbJ wis[ ih[ m

41

icMq AicMqw sglI geI ]


pRB nwnk nwnk nwnk meI ]
b>e 1157

dHw dsV byjVw njwij dl>z } WjWj ug s[ siLV h' eH[


a[ Rpl s[ qV b>si tpLg sg vdhi s"C eHg m tpLg Vjv qV NPq
Rpdnbj a[ F,uj-F,uj zi r,v bjdHbj m WCg hg tpLg s[ b>sju
dr,y bjfSg faVg } dwhj ##WjWj ug s[ siLV h' eH[ hV m
A[ag wi RphVJ vHg sp,Z dabji wiw[ fi"Gn[ rg vjh s[ aJ dw
q{G RphVJ w'v v{ w[ uvsg ujrJ m
zi rjvg V[ fpdAbj ##dwo[ hV LdhVLjh$$
##i.Pqg rjv[ t[aJ dry$$ njwij dl>z V[ RpKai ds,aj m
##aphj} dwr[G faj v,ej$$
##b,u lr[i[ us'G q{G t[aJ r,v uj dihj lg aJ ijh dr,y q{}
dH,w xwgi dqdvbj m q{G Vqlwji wgag a[ fp,DdAbj@ ##h;Pi w'Hg
q[i[ u'eg l[rj sl' m$$ xwgi ljHgG V[ urjW ds,aj ##q{} aJ wpN
VhgG yjhgsj m b"h A,fC s[ w'v lqi,o epiP W{nj h{ u[ l[rj wiV
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42

l[rj wiV vHg W[Vag wgag aJ RpV%J dwhj a[ij w.q h' debj h{
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bj ih[ lV m dxi dH,w dsV aphjcj wgaj h'dHbj WyV q[i[ qV
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dHhg ZjiVj qV dr,y v{ w[ q{G bjlJ sj qdhv Rpljisj dihj
dw dwa[ aJ siLV h'Se[ m fi fdhvJ bjf WyV wis[ hp.s[ lg
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43

dxi qV fjfg dr,y dtbjv bjMsj ##dwa[ bev[ uVq dr,y


hg Vj wdh eH[ h'S m l' b,u q[i[ qV s[ Rpaijb yC%jb taq
h' eH[ hV a[ qV } LJag dqvg h{ m$$
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h' debj h{ m$$

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njwij dl>z V[ h,o u'C w[ W[Vag wgag ##qhjiju ) u[ apn[


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44

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b>e 384

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njwij dl>z dli Npwj w[ zi r,v } yv dfbj m dHl ai%J dHo[
45

rg l[rj wisj dihj m


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bfVg l[rj bjdf wijHg


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LpZ h{ m$$
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46

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47

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dur[G WjSg dr,y xpiqjS h{^

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b>e 1264

rjw bVplji WjWj ug rg W,DdybJ Vjv t[cs[ t[cs[ wHg w"aw


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tjSj yjhp.s[ h'($$
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48

l.a Whjv sjl s[ qV b>si xpiVj WVSj


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idh w[ rg wpN f+jfa VhgG wi lwsj m dwMdw RpV%J sj qV VhgG


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51

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52

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s[SegbJ m$$
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53

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hsqI isir ijau AMksu hY Ahrix ijau isru dyie ]


mnu qnu AwgY rwiK kY aUBI syv kryie ]
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nwnk gurmuiK buJIAY jw Awpy ndir kryie ]
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sjx imly sjxw ijn siqgur nwil ipAwru ]


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RpV%J s[ qV sg dHh hjva h' uJsg h{ m
dur[G xpiqjV h{^-

AMqir guru AwrwDxw ijhvw jip gur nwau ]


nyqRI siqguru pyKxw sRvxI sunxw gur nwau ]

ePuig rji q^ 5@ b>e 517

dul lq[G Rpfi'wa xpiqjV sg ai%J udebjlP sg brloj h'


uJsg h{ m dxi Rph fPiV fsrg sj h,wsji h' uJsj h{ m
dHl hjva dry'G hpS l.a Whjv sjl ug v.z ih[ lV m zi
yv[ ujSj@ Rpo[ dsv Vj veSj@ dxi bj ujSj WjWj ug fjl m
qV b>si l[rj wiV sj fPiV dHijsj WS debj lg m
dHw dsV Whjv sjl ug V[ dwhj ##qhjiju q{} dHh' duhg
l[rj dsRp aJ dw q{} aphjc[ w'v'G drA'Cj Vj dqv[ m$$
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##Whjv sjl dHl ai%J sg l[rj
dVFjRpSg b"tg h{ m fPiV l[rj vHg bjfSj bjf epbjRpSj
f{Gsj h{ m
xpiqjV h{ ^-

siqgur kI syvw gwKVI isru dIjY Awpu gvwie ]

b>e 649

dHw a[ig Rpqi A'Bg h{ Wjwg a[ig F{S s[ zi sg du>q[Grjig


sj Fji wpN a[i[ q'dTbJ Rpfi h{ m s'rJ fjdlbJ sg du>q[Grjig
sg f>c \enCg| Whpa Fjig h' ujr[eg m dHV%J Fji dHaVg A'Bg
bjIP dr,y RpnjSj WCj wdnV h{ m u[ yp,wS s[ wjWv h' lwsj
h{ aJ dH,w hg du>q[rjig l.Fjv v{$$
dHh WyV lpS w[ Whjv sjl ug zi rv api fH[ m ila[ dr,y
wHg ai%J s[ dryji qV dr,y bjMs[ ih[ fi bjdti dHwaixj
63

x{lvj wi hg dvbj dw WjWj ug sg l[rj wiJej m us'G y.e[ Fje


h'S aJ qV bjf hg f+[dibj uJsj h{ m zi fhp.y w[ ija } F{S
ug b,e[ W[Vag wgag ##wg F{S ug u[ aplgG Vij; Vj h'r' aJ q{G
WjWj ug sg l[rj dr,y yvj ujrJ m$$
F{S ug s[ dhis[ b>si tpLg hg vdhi s"C eHg a[ N,B f,B
bjdebj s[ ds,ag m
dul ai%J y.V yCV r[v[ sg yw'i sj dhisj f+l.V h' uJsj
h{ Rpl hg ai%J Whjv sjl ug sj qV bjdebj dqvS a'G Wjbs
tpL h' debj m Rpl r[v[ hg ujS vHg dsv wi dihj lg m fi ija
b,Zg hg h'Hg lg VgGs bjMsg VhgG lg m f+[q dH,w b{lg yg; h{
dul Vjv ljig Fp,t@ a=[h@ VgGs bjds taq h' uJsg h{ m us'G dxi
bjfS[ bjf a[ wjWP Vj dihj@ b,Zg ija hg i.Pqg r,v } api fH[ m
ila[ dr,y WjdiL LpiP h' eHg m fi dHh' duhg hjva dr,y f+[qg
uV ljigbJ spt awvgxJ a'G W[firjh h' uJsj h{ m
WjWj bV.s dl>z ug WyV wdibj wis[ lV ##Rph f+[q hg
wg h'dHbj dul V[[ ligi rv'G W[f+rjh Vj wgaj m$$

PrIdw glIey ickVu dUir Gru nwil ipAwry nyhu ]


clw q iBjY kMblI rhW q qutY nyhu ]24]
iBjau isjau kMblI Alh vrsau myhu ]
jwie imlw iqVJ sjxw qutau nwhI nyhu ]25]

lv'w xigs@ b>e 1379

lisg s[ q"lq sg WjdiL f{ ihg h{@ hrj rg Whpa a[; ixaji


Vjv yvsg h{ m fi bjf bc'v api[ uj ih[ hV m

JKVu JwgI mIhu vrsY BI guru dyKx jweI ]13]


smud
M u swgru hovY bhu Kwrw gurisKu liG gur pih jweI ]14]
lPhg q^ 4@ b>e 757

64

f+[qg W>dsbJ } dHh' duh[ N,tCJ sg f+rjh hg VhgG hp.sg Rph


aJ Rpl[ yjv Vjv hg yvs[ uJs[ hV m l' dHl[ ai%J Whjv sjl
apis[ WjWj ug sg wpBgbj w'v fhp.y eH[ ija wjxg Wjwg lg bjf
yp,f yjf Wjhiv[ fjl[ W{n eH[ m qgGh f{Gsj dihj bjf zWijH[ VhgG m
fhp xpBg aJ WjWj ug Wjhi bjH[ m WjWj ug dHV%J } s[t w[ fp,AS
v,e[ ##Whjv sjl dwl r[v[ sj bjdHbj h'dHbj h{($$
bjf V[ RpKai ds,aj ##qhjiju b,Zg ija sj@ qgGh LpiP h'S
a'G o'C%g s[i Wjbs m$$
##WjiL f{Gsg dr,y dHo[ hg W{nj dihj($$ h;Pi V[ WyV wgaj m
##hJ ug$$
WjWj ug V[ Rpnj w[ bjfSg evrwCg dr,y v{ dvbj a[
tpL h' w[ dwhj ##hpS aP. l[rj wi lwsj h{ m$$
Whjv sjl ug qjaj dfaj@ F{S Fij a[ zi bjds dabje
w[ l[rj dr,y up,B eH[ m duV%J bjfS[ ligi sg firjh Vj wgag@
RpV%J } h'i dwl[ sg wg f+rjh h{ m dur[G-

mwqr ipqr iqAwig kY mnu sMqn pwih bycwieE ]

lji.e q^ 5@ b>e 1230

dHh l.a Whjv sjl ug sg fdhvg f+gdtbj hg lg dul dry'G


bjf fjl h'H[ fi bu[ aJ Whpa lta dHqdahjV v{S[ Wjwg hV m
dxi blvg l[rj sg sja WtLSg h{ m
V'B ^- dHh f+l.e l.a Whjv sjl ug V[ v[tw s[ qjaj dfaj
ug } bjfS[ qp,t a'G s,l[ lV m

65

ijsih BulweI pMD isir iqsih


idKwvY kauxu ]
ijqwvg rji q^ 3@ b>e 952

duhC[ qVp,t qhJfpitJ sg blvgba } fAjS v{S Rph aJ


v'w f+v'w sj lpt fj v{Gs[ hV m wHgbJ sg WpZg dHVg qvgV hp.sg
h{ dw Rph w'v idh w[ f+a,t s[t w[ rg W[tWi idh>s[ hV m dHh
lF vgvj f+q[Li sg bjfSg hg h{ m

qUM Awpy gurmuiK mukiq krwieih ]


qUM Awpy mnmuiK jnim Bvwieih ]
nwnk dws qyrY bilhwrY sBu qyrw Kylu dswhrw jIau ]

qjN q^ 5@ b>e 97

dHo[ idh>dsbJ WjWj ug ws[ v'wJ sg ai%J qV fiyjrj wiV


v,e uJs[ m l[qj df>c s[ wHg f+[qgbJ Vjv z'v wiV v,e uJsj m
RpV%J sg df,n vj s[Sg ba[ dxi WC[ f+l.V h'Sj m dHl ai%J s[ r[ir[
dW+Z N.cj dl>z a'G dqv[ hV m
dHw dsV dWLV dl>z f+[qg WjWj ug w'v bj debj m WjWj
ug V[ dlha y.eg s[t w[ h,l w[ dwhj ##bj dWLV dl>z z'v wigH[$$
Rpl } wg faj lg dw dHh zp,vS rjv[ b>si'G wg hV m Rph zp,vS
v,e dfbj@ WjWj ug V[ Rpl sg df,n vj ds,ag m dWLV dl>z }
##t{Wi$$ wdh>s[ lV m
bev[ dsV Rph bjfS[ ljog wjwC dl>z } v{ bjdHbj m
WjWj ug } wdhS v,ej m
##b,u l.a ug dHl Vjv z'v wi' m$$
66

WjWj ug V[ h,l w[ dwhj ##bjuj WHg m$$


WjWj ug V[ Rpl } rg Tjh dvbj m Rph Lidq>s[ hp.s[ zi qpC
eH[ m sPu[ dsV s'VJ V[ bjfl dr,y dHijsj wgaj m bjfj dwl[
lwgq bZgV wigH[ dwMdw WjWj ug dHl ai%J dHw,v[ dHw,v[ a'G
awC[ hV m lwgq WSjHg bjfJ s'V'G hg dHw,n[ z'v wiJe[ a[ yp,w
w[ l[qj df>c dr,y v{ bjrJe[ m
wpN dsVJ Wjbs WjWj ug w'v yv[ eH[ m WjWj ug } zp,vS
vHg wdhS v,e[ m
dWLV dl>z V[ dwhj ##b,u blgG s'V'G dH,w fjl[ ba[ aplgG
dHw,v[ m u[ blgG Tjh dvbj aJ l[q[ v{ ujrJe[ m$$
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##q{G z'v wiJej fi aplgG q{} l[q[
Vj v{ ujSj dwMdw q[ij f+S wgaj h{ dw l[q[ df>c VhgG ujSj m$$
dHl a'G Wjbs WjWj ug Vjv z'v wiV v,e fH[ m Rph s'
a[ WjWj ug dHw,v[ m us'G WjWj ug o,w eH[ wdhS v,e[ ##Wl WHg
hpS VhgG zpvSj m$$
fi Rph bVujS wg ujVS dw dHh ljc[ Vjv dwl ai%J
s[ vjc wi ih[ hV m dWLV dl>z V[ WjWj ug } bjfSg df,n
a[ yp,w dvbj a[ wdhS v,e[ ##l[q[ v{ w[ ujSj h{ bjf } m$$
bjf V[ dxi ridubj ##q{G VhgG ujSj q[ij f+S h{ m$$ us'G
Rpl V[ du,s wgag@ Vj A,dcbj aJ bjfs[ qptC[ a'G lpFjdrw hg
dHh LWs dVwv eH[ m
##a[igbJ uC%J f,BgbJ ujS A,cs[ m$$
Rpl V[ A,c ds,aj ba[ W[tWi h'dHbj hg zi ydvbj debj m
qV dr,y dryji Vj bjHg dw dHh wg WyV h' debj m x[i wg@
Rphg h'dHbj u' qhJfpitJ sj WyV lg m dWLV dl>z s[ s' vCw[
lV m s'V'G hg vCw[ wpN lqJ fj w[ lrierjl h' eH[ m hpS dWLV
67

dl>z sg w'Hg uC% VhgG h{ m uC% s[ Vjv hg WPBj hp.sj h{ m


l' qhJfpitJ sj lpFjdrw hg dVwdvbj WyV rg W[bioj VhgG
uJsj m dHhVJ a'G ci w[ idhSj yjhgsj h{ m s' Zjig avrji u'
h'Hg@ faj VhgG dwhC[ fjl[ yv ujr[ m

Awpy syvw lwieAnu Awpy bKs kryie ]


epidltJ epidlt l[r wqjrSg mm

yjdi fsjido dFt xwgiJ fjrSg mm


v[t bv[t bdvt WjSg ejrSg mm

FjdH Feda il dHt bdqRp ypbjrSg mm


adpv V FPa Fdrt V wgqda fjrSg mm
epiqpdt qjie drt vr{ Vj vjrSg mm

FjHg episjl ug rji 14 fRpCg 17 mm

dH>s= fpig vt iju@ Vgi FijrSg m

vt lpie dliaju evj fghjrSg m

didZ dldZ dVdZ vt lju@ ypdv NpwjrSg mm


ljZ eigW dVrju@ eigWg bjrSg mm

bVhs lWds beju@ WjSg ejrSg mm

FjHg episjl ug rji14 fRpCg 18

W,y[ } lwPv dr,y sjtvj dqv uJsj h{ m dxi Rph bjfS[


Rplajs a'G wpN dldtbj v{Gsj h{ m u[ Rplajs sg s,lg h'Hg e,v
a[ bqv wisj ih[ aJ fC%jHg dr,y lxv h' uJsj h{ VhgG aJ
dry'G hg A,c uJsj h{ m
dHl[ hg ai%J Whjv sjl ug sg fC%jHg LpiP h'S v,eg m WjWj
ug V[ l[rj dr,y hjui wi v{S Rpfi.a wpN du>q[rjig sg f'Bvg
W.V w[ dli a[ i,t ds,ag h{ m qhJfpitJ s[ f+LV f[fi h'i hg dwlq
68

s[ hp.s[ hV m hpwq h'dHbj e'dW>sfpij WgWg rjvj@ w,yg Fp,Dy' ba[


qdhSj df>c dr,y bjBj q>eSj h{ m l[qj df>c dry'G sp,Z v{ w[
bjRpSj h{ m
dHh q>e[ h'H[ bjB[ } dwl[ spwjVsji } r[y s[Sj m dHl sg
du>Vg qjdHbj WS[ Rpl Vjv dH,w ljv sg fpijSg wSw ba[
t>c@ dzY@ sjv bjdsw tigs w[ itSg m fpijSg wSw } ljx
wiw[ Z'Sj h{@ lpwj wi dHh bjfS[ h,o Vjv fghSj h{ m
Whjv sjl aphjcj uVq Rpsjlg qhJfpitJ s[ hpwq Vjv
h'dHbj h{ m l' dHl sg qdibjsj bVplji q>a= fdhvg fRpCg ba[
WjWj l+g y.s sj q>a= i'; fCSj h{ m dHh qPv q>a= hi ai%J sg
brloj dr,y \dur[G W{dnbJ@ apidsbJ@ v.q[ dfbj| wis[ idhSj
ws[ rg f+q[li } qV dry'G VhgG dWljiVj m a[ij lW.Z Rpsjlg
ljZPbJ Vjv h{ m blgG dViqv[ ljZP hJ dHh F[s Fjr qV dr,y
VhgG dvbjRpS[ m dHl Vjv qV sg dHwjeiaj ?aq h' uJsg h{ m
l[rj sj lswj blgG a[ig qV sg dW+ag RpKyg wiVg h{ m bjsqg
dwl[ rg ila[ fhp.y[@ fi q>d;v dH,w h'Sg yjhgsg h{ m u[ ila[
hg r,ti[ h'H[ a[ q>d;v rg h'i aJ wg dqvSj h'dHbj m Rpsjlg
ljZPbJ ijhgG uJ dViqv[ ljZPbj ijhgG m Fjr[G dwl[ L+'qSg epiP
ijhgG h'r[@ l.fiw aJ wiVj f+q[Li Vjv h{ m l' dul ljZP sg dwifj
Vjv a[ij uVq h'dHbj h{ ba[ Vjq rg RpV%J hg i,Ddtbj h{ m blgG
Rpl ljZP s[ vjH[ h'H[ WPB[ } fjSg Vjv dl>u w[ hdibj Fdibj
wiVj h{ m fpBSj VhgG@ v[dwV Rplsg ijtg wiVg h{ m ljZP wg h'dHbj
dul s[ qV dr,y F[sFjr h'dHbj m spdVbjrg v'w Hgitj sg b,e
dr,y lCs[ idh.s[ hV fi ljZP sg dWiag h'i hp.sg h{ m
dHl s[ bjZji a[ hg WjWj ug bV.s dl>z ug WjegG Vei
d;v%j N.e u' b,u w,v% fjdwlajV dr,y ]@ wpN l.ea Vjv eH[ m
dHV%J sg l.ea s[ hjui f+[qg u' Rpl Vjv lV h[nj V'B dr,y siu
69

hV m wjegG Vei dr,y sgrjV l,Ddubj h'dHbj h{ m WjWj bV.s


dl>z ug l.eaJ Vjv WyV wi ih[ lV m l.ea dry'G dH,w f+[qg
l,Igbs qplvqjV ujag Vjv l.W.Z i,tS rjvj lg m Rph sgrjV
dry'G Rpn w[ tCj h' debj m WjWj ug V[ Rpl r,v a,Ddwbj ba[
WyV wgaj ##wg e,v h{ FjHg($$
Rpl V[ WjWj ug V[C[ bj w[@ e,v dry fjdHbj spf,Bj vjh
w[ ;qgV Rpfi dWAj ds,aj a[ wdhS v,ej##b,u aJ N'vg Fi w[ ujrJej@ tjvg VhgG qpCVj m$$
dHl ai%J sg hiwa s[t w[ l.ea h{ijV h' eHg m dwMdw
WjWj ug s[ WyV widsbJ lq[G w'Hg drywji VhgG W'vsj lg m
yp,f idh w[ lji[ WyV lp,Ss[ lV m fi RplV[ dw>Vg sv[ig Vjv lrjv
wgaj ba[ yjsi rg dr,Aj ds,ag lF h{ijVg FigbJ V;iJ Vjv
s[t ih[ lV ba[ dtbjv spCj ih[ lV dw WjWj ug dHl } dw>Vj
Wpij q>VjRpSe[ m i,W sg wiVg dry idhS rjv[ qhJfpit W[firjh
hp.s[ hV m dwl[ spdVbjrg lrjv sj urjW Vj s[S aJ w'Hg e,v
VhgG fi fiqjio Wji[ u[ w'Hg f+LV wi[ aJ ;iPi urjW ds>s[ hV m
dwMdw Rph l.lji dry##ugb sjVp s[ Feag vjdHdV hdi dlRp v{dV dqvjH[ mm$$
s[ rjw bVplji idha i,ts[ hV m
WjWj ug V[ WyV wi ds,aj ##FjHg N'vg aJ dr,Aj ds,ag h{
fi dHl dr,y f{S rjvg yg; sg wgqa sj faj h{($$
lIgbs V[ dwhj ##hJ ug@ aplgG hpS[ hg WyV wgaj lg@ ##dli
s[ r,DB[ \Wsv[| dqvsj h{ m
WjWj ug V[ dwhj@ ##duhCg yg; dHw rjig r[y s[HgH[ wg
Rph spWjij rg r[yg uj lwsg h{ m$$
Rpl V[ dwhj ##VhgG r[yg uJsg m u[ r[y[ej aJ luj sj h,wsji
70

h'r[ej m WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj@ ##aP. bjfS[ b>si Njag fj m$$


Rph ljig e,v lqN debj a[ W'v dfbj ##hJ ug q[ij dHw
qpidLs h{ m fi Rph w,yj h{ m$$
WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj ## Rph w,yj VhgG@ aP. w,yj h{ m aP. RpV%J
s[ sKl[ h'H[ qjie a'G vJF[ h' debj h{ m RpV%J s[ WyVJ a[ xpv yCj@
wqjHg wi m b{r[G dwr[G dqv ujH[ m lF wpN dqv ujH[ej@ i,W Rpo[
rg r,lsj h{ m
u' wjhP w' y[i' h'ra njwpi hg fdh ujr{ mm

Rpl V[ w,fCj yp,w dvbj ba[ h,o u'C w[ W[Vag wgag


##qhjiju q{G Fp,vShji hJ m q{} aplgG qpidLs Vjv u'C ds,aj h{ m$$
V'B ^ WjWj bV.s dl>z ug Vjv ujS rjvg l.ea u' hj;i h{ m
h;Pig l[rw WjWj huPij dl>z@ WjWj HgLi dl>z ug@ l.a WjWj
t[q dl>z ug c[ij iP.qg rjvj Fp,Dy' wvJ@ FjHg l.aj dl>z ug@ FjHg
l[rj dl>z ug FjHg dVhjv dl>z ug debjVg wiaji dl>z ug FjHg
hig dl>z FjHg iaV dl>z ci"vg m
l' qhJfpit u'Cs[ hV m dwl[ h'i sg ds,ag h'Hg sja a'G dB,fSg
VhgG wis[ m Wvdw Rplsg qvgV h'Hg WpZg } dxi ilaj s,l ds>s[
hV m fi a'is[ Rphg ila[ r,v hV@ dul q>uv rv RplV[ dHijsj
wgaj hp.sj h{G m
l' WjWj ug V[[ l.a Whjv sjl } RpV%J sg Rpsjlg ljZPbJ
rjvg fi>fij dr,y hg i,Ddtbj m dHl[ ai%J h'i rg ljZP@ l.a dy>a
ijq ug@ l.a dlig ijq ug@ u' Wjbs dr,y bjfS[ bjf } rg
bjfS[ dHLB uJ Ziq a'G fjl[ h'S vHg VhgG f+[dibj m
bjl[ fjl[ s[ df>cJ dry'G bjBj q>e w[ Rplsg ria'G sg drZg
lqNj w[ bjf V[ Whjv sjl } w'v idh w[ l[rj sg fi>fij lqNjHg m
bjf V[ s,Ddlbj dw dul lq[G sp,Z uJ f+Ljsj v{ w[ q[i[ w'v bjRpSj
71

h{@ w'Hg bjrj; VhgG s[Sg m yp,fyjf bj w[ df,Av[ fjl[ W{n ujSj
h{m b,e[ bjf VhgG bjRpSj ba[ Vj w'Hg yg; b,e[ wiVg h{ m u'
wpN tjS vHg s[ s[HgH[ Rph hg tjSj h{ m u[ bjdebj dqv[ aJ
hg zi ujSj h{ m zi uJs[ lq[G ila[ dr,y w'Hg dqv[ Rpl Vjv
bjfS[ Wji[ w'Hg e,v VhgG wiVg ba[ Vj lpSVg h{ m dVaV[q ds=C
dHijs[ Vjv yjvP i,tSj h{ a[ qeV h' w[ idha i,tSg h{ m u[ qV
dr,y dwl[ dwlq sj Fiq Rpaf>V h'r[ aJ dul lq[G a[i[ Vjv e,vJ
wis[ h'HgH[ Rpl r[v[ sPi wi v{Sj m dHl ai%J s[ dVIqJ dr,y
idhSj m dHl hpwq sg Rpv.zSj VhgG wiVg m dHh h{ qhJfpitJ
sg yjwig ##epi fgiJ wg yjwig@ qhJ wiCg lpt lji mm$$

dHh yjwig duV%g wiCg h{ RpV%J xv rg zSj dqvsj h{ m


Whpa dqhVa sj xv dq,nj hg h'r[ej m FjHg episjl ug dHh' duh[
l[rw sg f+'Caj wis[ hV m
qpisj h'dH qpigs@ V evg h'rSj mm

ljWip dlsdw lhgs@p Fiq FRp t'rSj mm


e'vj qpv tigsp@ wji[ u'rSj mm

Vj dalp Fpt V VgGs V tjSj l'rSj mm


fghdS h'dH usgs fjSg T'rSj mm

ft[ sg ajegs@ fe qdv Z'rSj mm

l[rw h'dH l.ugsp V hlS i'rSj mm

si sir[l ilgsp dfiq ilp F'rSj mm


y.s qpqjidt Hgs@ fpde tv'rSj mm

rji 3 f"Cg 18

FjHg episjl ug s[ dryjiJ bVplji hg u[ l[rj wi' dxi hg


bjfS[ qpdiLs a'G wpN f+jfa wi lwsj h{ m l.a Whjv sjl V[
dHl ai%J l[rj wgag m hi lq[G hj;i idh>sj m dul r[v[ f+Ljs[ sj
72

hpwq h'Sj@ Rpl[ hg ai%J t>c fjSg dr,y z'v w[ Rpl Vjv bjBj
ep.V w[ i'Bg WSjRpS vHg dabji wiVj m dlix dHw' fi"Gnj dabji
wiVj m sp,Z df>cJ dry'G q>e w[ v{ bjRpSj m WjWj ug V[ ws[ fi"Gn[
dry'G dH,w Wpiwg ws[ s' l[rV wiVgbJ a[ wHg dsV v.zj s[S[ m
Whjv sjl ug V[ ws[ WjWj ug sj ds,aj sp,Z rg A,w v{Sj m ws[
bjdebj dqvSg aJ zi uj bjSj m wHg rji b,Zg ija } bjRpS
vHg WjWj ug V[ hpwq s[ s[Sj m bjf dl,sw s[ f,w[ lV m hpwq
dli q,Do[ q>VSj m
h{($$

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V[ s[t w[ dwhj ##LpZ h{$$ qhJfpitJ sg vgvj dwl ai%J sg hp.sg
h{ m dH>Vg r,cg ajwa a[ qjvw hp.s[ h'H[ rg Np,egbJ dr,y idhSj m
dxi spVgbjsjiJ a'G bjfS[ bjf } Apfj w[ i,tSj ljdhW dl>z
dHh dabji wiw[ bjdebj v{ w[ yvj debj m
o'C%g s[i Wjbs Whjv sjl ug bj eH[ m WjWj ug } Vqlwji
wiw[ w'v tC[ h' eH[ m WjWj ug V[ dul w.q F[dubj lg Rpl dr,y
fpA de,A wiw[ WyV wgaj ##r[t Whjv sjl bjfSj zi ngw h{ m$$
Whjv sjl ug V[ dwhj ##qhjiju lda h{ m$$
wpN lq[G Wjbs Whjv sjl V[ sp,Z q>e dvbJsj ba[ dH,w
fi"nj dabji wirj dvbjdHbj m fi"Gnj qdibjsj bVplji fglg
h'Hg wSw sj bjfSg F{S s[ zi'G dabji wiw[ dvbJsj lg m
WjWj ug V[ v'C bVplji fi"Gnj A,w dvbj m sp,Z fg dvbj m fi"n[
sj dh,lj a[ Wjwg sp,Z Whjv sjl ug } s[ ds,aj a[ WyV wgaj m
##v{ A,w vRp a[ bV.s h' ujRp mm$$
Whjv sjl ug V[ lda WyV wdh w[ A,w dvbj ba[ h,o ljx
wiw[ dxi l[rj bj fp,Ag m
WjWj ug V[ hpwq wgaj ##b" ljhqS[ uj w[ W{n uj m$$
84

Whjv sjl ug h,o u'C w[ Wdh eH[ m Whjv sjl ug duaVg


s[i l[rj dr,y ih[ WjWj ug w'v tC[ uJ W{n[ hp.s[ aJ hq[LJ h,o
u'C w[ i,ts[ lV m

AwT phr kr joiV rhu qau BytY hir rwie rI ]3]

bjlj q^ 5@ b>e 400

AMdir scw nyhu lwieAw pRIqm AwpxY ]


qnu mnu hoie inhwlu jw guru dyKw swm@xy ]1]

lPhg blBfsgbJ 4@ b>e 758

V'B ^ f+l.e l! WtLgL dl>z z'BSj a'G f+jfa wgaj m

ivCuiVAw myly pRBU


hir drgh kw bsITu ]
b>e 957

Whjv sjl ug sp,Z l[qj df>c dry'G v{ w[ bjH[ m RpV%J sp,Z dvbj
w[ i,t ds,aj ba[ bjf df,A[ h' w[ W{n eH[ m wpN lq[G Wjbs WjWj
ug V[ df,A[ Njag fj w[ Whjv sjl ug } hpwq ds,aj m$$
##Whjv sjl ljhqS[ tC[ wigi s[ df,A[ dH,w ##x,wi1$$ bjsqg
dfbj h{ m Rpl} Wpvj w[ dHo[ dvbj m
##lda WyV$$ wdh w[ Whjv sjl ug Rpl} WpvjS yv[ eH[ m
##xwgi lJHg@ bjf } WjWj ug Wpvj ih[ hV m$$ RplV[ RpKfi r,v
r[dtbj a[ tCj h' w[ Vjv h' apdibj m WjWj ug w'v fhp.y w[ bjsi
Vjv lgl NpwjdHbj a[ W'dvbj ##h;Pi hpwq m$$
WjWj ug V[ fp,DdAbj ##x,wi ug dwo'G bjH[ h'$$
1! x,wi W[f+rjh bjsqg dul } tjS fdhVS sj dtbjv Vj h'r[ m
85

##qhjiju ) WgwjV[i r,v'G bjdHbj hJ$$ urjW ds,aj m


##blvg dBwjSj dwo[ h{($$ WjWj ug V[ fpdAbj m
##f,wg dihjdHL buq[i Ldhi dr,y h{ m$$
dul oJ a[ Fea xigs ug V[ idh w[ Feag wgag lg@ Rpl[
hg fgi sg siejh dr,y q{ idh dihj hJ m Rpl fgi sj ujVLgV
fgi dul } q{G bjfSj fgi q>dVbj lg m
RpV%J V[ hg q{} W.seg rjv[ fjl[ vjdHbj lg@ dHl spVgbJ
a'G rxja h' eH[ hV \qi eH[ hV| RpV%J s[ spVgbJ a'G yv[ ujS
a'G Wjbs q[i[ epiFjHg \drdsbj f+jfa wiV rjv[ ljog| bjfl
dr,y vCjHg NeCj wiV v,e[ m dHl Wsv[ \Hgit[| sg FjrVj dr,y
q{} rg fj dvbj m fi q{G dHh lF wpN s[tw[ l'dybj zi rg
A,Ddcbj@ spVgbJ a'G Vjaj a'dCbj m dxi rg Hgit[ sg b,e dr,y
wps fH[ hJ m dHl ai%J dul f+FP sg f+jfag wiV rjla[ api[ hJ m!!!!!
f+jfa VhgG h'Sj m i,W sg W.seg wiV rjv[ s[ qV b>si WpijHgbJ
bjMsgbJ ihgbJ aJ Rph i,W } dwr[G dqv[ej ##qjdHbj wg dwida
A'dc erjHg@ Feag lji V ujV{ m$$
dHh s[t w[ qV sp,tg h'S v,e dfbj m q[i[ fgi ug V[ hpwq
ds,aj lg dw f>u yjvgl[ wiV[ hV m fi q[i[ bu[ s' yjvgl[ hg
h'H[ lV dw fgi ug i,W } dfbji[ h' eH[ m Rpl r[v[ q[i[ dsv }
Whpa Fjig l,B v,eg m qpdiLs sg zjB qdhlPl h'S v,e fHg m
W.seg wiV vHg qV WKdNbj h'dHbj lg fi epiP dWVJ ea VhgG
hp.sg m u[ drdsbj s[S rjvj hg Vj dqdvbj@ drdsbj dqv[eg rg
dwl a'G m dHhg dy>aj dsV ija v,eg idh>sg h{ ^

PrIdw icMq Ktolw vwxu duKu ibrih ivCwvx lyPu ]


eyhu hmwrw jIvxw qU swihb sKDcy vyKu ]

lv'w l[t xigs@ b>e 1379

86

f+q[Li V[ q{} hpS fPiV epiP w'v F[u ds,aj h{ m bjf lqi,o
h' a[ d*fj wi dsRp dHl q>ea[ Rpfi m u' aphjc[ si Fgt q>eS
bjdHbj h{ m$$
WjWj ug h,l w[ wdhS v,e[ ##aP. qplvqjV sj qpigs h{@ blgG
dl,tJ Vjv l.W.Z i,ts[ hJ m
dHh WyV rg Rpl sg f+gdtbj vHg h'dHbj m RplV[ h,o u'Cw[
W[Vag wgag m
##fjaLjh ) epiP VjVw s[r ug dh>sPbJ s[ epiP@ qplvqjVJ s[
fgi@ lF s[ lJN[ epiP hV m q[i[ qpidLs dwhj wis[ lV ##epiP VjVw
s[r ug s[ zi a'G lF ai%J sgbJ qpijsJ dqvsgbJ hV m l' aplgG
q[i[ a[ d*fj wi lws[ h' q[hi s[ zi dr,y bjRp m$$
WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj ##dryji wi v{ m dul fjl[ blgG F[uSj
h'r[ ujSj fr[ej m u' whJe[@ Rph wiVj fr[ej m$$
x,wi V[ dwhj ##lda WyV ug$$ a[ W[Vag wi ds,ag m ##q{}
wvjq WtL'$$
##wvjq Rphg ih[eg duhCg fdhvJ fC%sj h{ m dH,w rji dHh
lj} fC w[ lpSj$$ WjWj ug V[ hpwq wgaj m x,wi V[ wvjq lpSjHg m
WjWj ug V[ ajwgs wgag ##dHhg wvjq sj fjn yjvg dsV wiVj
fr[ej m dHh ljhqS[ dstjHg s[ dihj@ l[q[ df>c dry'G y"o[ dsV
sp,Z q>e w[ v{ bjdHbj wi a[ A,w dvbj m i'; VhgG q>eS ujSj m
x,wi ##lda WyV$$ wdh w[ dH,w fjl[ yvj debj m WjWj ug
s[ sKl[ h'H[ WyVJ sg fjvSj wiV v,e dfbj m sl wp dsV fjn
wgaj aJ Rplsg brloj hg wpN h'i h' eHg m hpwq bVplji sp,Z
q>e w[ A,w v{Sj VhgG aJ ljij dsV fjn wis[ idhSj m dHl
ai%J wis[ us'G yjvg dsV h' eH[@ WjWj ug V[ Whjv sjl ug }
wdh w[ w'v Wpvj dvbj m
87

w'v WpvjRpS sg hg s[ig lg Tdh dfbj yiVJ Rfi m WjWj


ug Rpl sj dli Rpfi yp,wS m Rph dxi yiVJ a[ i,t s[r[ m
b{ uh{ qPidLs dw Wj h,w bjLVj mm
wis xjie bu eq[ i.u' Wvj mm

FjHg V.s vjv ljdhW

\Rph ldaepiP Z.V h{ dul V[ rjdhepiP Vjv ljcj q[v wij ds,aj
h{ m sptJ i'eJ l'eJ a'G ApBwjij wi ds,aj h{ m|

so siqguru Dnu DMnu ijin Brm gVu qoiVAw ]


so siqguru vwhu vwhu ijin hir isau joiVAw ]

epuig rji q^ 5@ b>e 522

dHl ai%J Rpl } l,y[ Vjv u'C w[ f+l.V wi ds,aj m dul sg


Fjv b>si FBw dihj lg m dxi hpwq ds,aj ##dwl[ oJ W{n w[ W.seg
wi' u' a{} yjhgsj lg Rph dqv debj h{ m$$
qhJfpit idhqa s[ zi b>si bj ujS aJ WtLLJ WtL ds>s[
hV m tjvg N'vgbJ Fi ds>s[ hV m qhJfpitJ sj dfbji a[ RpV%J
sg idhqa lF a'G wgqag rlaP h{ m dHh rjdhepiP bjfS[
dfbjdibJ s[ ijhgG bjf wisj h{^
dudV dwV{ fjdHbj ljZ l.eag fPi{ Fjde W{ijde mm

x,wi } tpL h'dHbJ V[ dxi WyV wgaj ##h'i dwl[ yg; sg


v'C h{ hpS aJ F.cji[ tpv[% hV$$ x,wi V[ dwhj@ qhjiju Whpa dqv
debj h{ epiP VjVw s[r ug s[ zi dr,y dwl[ yg; sg wqg VhgG m
Rpl V[ bjdebj q>eg aJ bjf V[ dldtbj ds,ag ##dwl[ dHh'
duhg ue%J a[ W{nSj duo[ w'Hg NeCj Vj h'r[ m qV dHwjeiaj
dr,y ih[ a[ W.seg wisj ih[ m h'i w'Hg dtbjv hg Vj h'r[ W.seg
wis[ wis[ dHh yg; rZ[eg m dHl} RpevASj VhgG yp,f idhSj m
dwl[ bjH[ w'v dHM dryiVj h{ dur[G wpN ujSsj hg VhgG
88

spVgbjsji a'G fjl[ dVejh i,tSg h{ dlqiV dr,y qV dBwjSj m$$


dHh dldtbj s[ w[ WjWj ug V[ dfbji Fig dVejh Vjv
a,Ddwbj m dur[G bjfS[ vjH[ h'H[ WPB[ r,v@ r[t w[ bV.s bjMsj
h{ m FjHg episjl ug V[ dHl dfbji } f[L wgaj h{ ^
qjf[ h[ap Vj fpuVg@ ldaepi h[ap lpy[a lhjHg mm

ljh drljh V fpuVg@ ldaepi ljhp bojhp lqjHg mm

ljdhW apdv V ljdhWg@ ldaepi ljdhW lyj ljHgG mm


sja[ sjda V fpuVg@ ldaepi sjaj lyp ds+CjHg mm

r{s V fPudV r{seg@ ldaepi hRpq{ i'de dqBjHg mm

s[rg s[r V l[r apdv@ ldaepi l[r lsj lptsjHg mm

ljdHi iaV V fpuVg@ ljZ l.eda epdi lWsp lpFjHg mm


bwo woj rcg rdcbjHg mm1mm

V'B ^ Rpfi'wa f+l.e FjHg iaV dl>z ug ci"vg rjdvbj V[


l.a Whjv sjl ug w'v'G lpdSbj lg m

hukmu n jwxY bhuqw rovY ]


AMdir DoKw nId n sovY ]
b>e 85

qjVlj adhlgv N'dibj rjvg df>c sj dH,w f+[qg F,vP dl>z


l[q[ df>c rjv[ sj diLa[sji lg m bjfSg F{S s[ zi bjdHbj m
WjWj ug sg Lphia lpS w[ siLV wiV vHg iP.qg bj debj m WjWj
ug s[ siLV wga[ a[ qV dr,y l[rj wiV sj dtbjv Rpaf>V
h'dHbj m NjCP@ fjSg sg l[rj wis[ idhSj@ dxi zi yv[ ujSj m
wpN lq[G Wjbs dxi bj ujSj m dH>u ws[ wis[ dH,w dsV WjWj
ug b,e[ W[Vag wi ds,ag m
89

##qhjiju ) q[i[ Rpfi d*fj wi' m q{G eigW hJ@ b>V fjSg sg
a'B idh>sg h{ m$$
WjWj ug h,l w[ wdhS v,e[ ##Whpa wjhv wi dihj h{G m dHl
ai%J hg lF wpN dqv uJsj h{ m rwa Vjv ljig yg; dqv
ujH[eg m$$
wpN dsV dHl[ ai%J hg v.z[ m fi dul } Fp,t v,eg h'r[ Rpl
V[ aJ i'Bg sg hg e,v wiVg h{ m qhJfpitj a'G w'Hg yg; v{Sg
h'r[ a[ lWi a[ l.a't i,tSj f{Gsj h{ m Rpl f+[qg } aJ wjhv lg
q{G A[ag wpN v{ vrJ m dxi fp,A dvbj ##qhjiju WtL'$$
WjWj ug V[ dxi sphijdHbj ##dwM dH>VJ Rpajrvj h' dihj
h{ m blgG a[i[ Vjv'G rg wjhv[ hJ fi bu[ lqJ VhgG bjdHbj m
dul r[v[ rwa bjdHbj bjf[ Wpvj vrJe[ m$$
epiP ljdhW sls[ hV dw l[rw l[rj wi[ a[ q>e[ wpN Vj aJ
dHh hg h' lwsj h{ m

AYsI syvku syvw krY ] ijs kw jIau iqsu AwgY DrY ]


swihb BwvY so prvwxu ] so syvku drgh pwvY mwxu ]3]
ZVjlig q^ 1@ b>e 661

duV%J dyi iuj dr,y bj w[ l[rj Vj h'r[@ l[rj lxv VhgG


hp.sg m u' f+jSg hpwq dr,y idh w[ l[rj wqjMsj h{@ Rpl sg l[rj
v[[t[ vesg h{ a[ firjV yCsg h{ m epiP ljdhW hpwq b>si idhS
rjv[ a[ Vj idhS rjv[ } wg dqvsj h{@ dHM xpiqjMs[ hV m

hukmu n jwxY bhuqw rovY ] AMdir DoKw nId n sovY ]


jy Dn KsmY clY rjweI ] dir Gir soBw mhil bulweI ]
nwnk krmI ieh miq pweI ] gur prswdI sic smweI ]
dlig ije wg rji q^ 3@ b>e 85

dHl ai%J Rpl f+[qg V[ wpN dsV h'i v.zjH[ m dwo[ idh hp.sj
90

h{ spVgbjsjiJ a'G@ A[ag N'vgbJ FiV sg hp.sg h{ m b>si'G wvfVj


wisj ih[ qP>h dry'G w'Hg b,ti Vj W'v[ m dHl ai%J idh>s[ } s[t
WjWj ug V[ Rpl } Rpajrvj h'dHbj s[t w[ wdh ds,aj ##u[ Whpa
A[ag h{ aJ uj w[ dH,w l[i t>c l[i dzY a[ dH,w l[i wSw v{
w[ bj ujrgG m$$
Rph dHh lpS w[ WCj f+l.V h'dHbj m NB hg F,uj bjdHbj dHh
ljigbJ yg;J v{S m yg;J v{ w[ WjWj ug w'v uj fhp.dybj m W[Vag
wgag@ ##qhjiju@ v{ bjdHbj hJ m$$
WjWj ug V[ da>V[ hg yg;J r,v a,dwbj a[ dxi Rpl } ajwgs
wi ds,ag m ##dHh ljigbJ yg;J zi v{ uj m wSw FC'vg dr,y
fj w[ Rpfi'G W.s wi s[Sg h{@ duaVg v'C h'r[ h[nj a'G w,T v{Sg
h{ a'B VhgG bjr[eg m dzRp a[ t>c dH,w bvqjig dr,y i,t w[ du>sij
qji s[Sj@ v'C r[v[ w,T v{SgbJ fi w,Ts[ lq[G dHh VhgG s[tSj
dw dw>VgbJ wp Wjwg idh eHgbJ hV m$$
dHh ljigbJ yg;J v{ w[ Rph bjfS[ zi yvj debj m dul
ai%J lqNjdHbj lg@ Rpl ai%J riaV v,e dfbj l+! N.cj dl>z
l[qj s,ls[ hV dw RplV[ dH,w ljv ridabj m w'Hg faj Vj v,e[
Rpl WiaV dr,y dwVj wp t>c a[ dzRp@ wSw lg m us'G ljv h'
debj Rpl sg faVg V[ f,pDdAbj ##dHV%J dr,y dwhCg Lwag h{
duhCg qpwsg hg VhgG m$$
f+[qg V[ dwhj WjWj ug sj hpwq h{ dw s[tSj VhgG m rias[
ujRp fi Rpfi'G s[tSj VhgG m fi uVjVg sg du,s b{lg hp.sg h{
u' Rpls[ qV dr,y r,l ujH[ Rph wiw[ A,c[eg m Rph faVg s[ h,n
b,e[ Np,w debj wSw rjvg FC'vg a[ t>c sg WvSg a[ dzRp rjvg
WvSg Rpfi'G dstj ds,ag m x[i wg lg@ u' VhgG h'Sj Rph h' w[ hg
dihj m lF wpN ?aq h' debj m qhJfpitJ s[ WyVJ Vjv hg lF
wpN lg m us'G Rpv.zSj h' eHg dxi wg h'r[ Rpl FC'vg a[ WvSgbJ
91

dry m u' wpN lg Rph aJ RpV%J sg d*fj lswj hg lg m Wiwa


aJ qhJfpit s[ WyV sg h'i dwl[ yg; sg h'Gs wjdHq VhgG idh>sg m
lF yg;J sj b>a h' uJsj h{ m
##ljZ WyV bBvjZj$$

qhJfpitJ sj WyV bB,v h{ dul s[ f+ojdH WyV h' ujH[ Rph


rlaP rg bB,v h' uJsg h{ m epiqpdt aJ dHl} f+a,t lqNsj h{ m
u' WyV h'dHbj dHh Rpl b,e[ dli Npwj ds>sj h{ m fi qVqpdt dHh
l'y[ej dHh dwr[G h'dHbj@ dHh w'Hg ujsP BPSj h{ m u' WyV qhJfpit
wi s[S Rpl dr,y hg ljigbJ WiwaJ hp.sgbJ hV m Rpfi'wa f+[qg
V[ du>Vg s[i WyV sg fjvSj wgag lF wpN f+jfa wisj dihj m
fi dul lq[G hpwq a'G Wjhi h' w[ y,vS v,ej WiwaJ Vj ihgbJ m
dxi r[v[ } fAajMsj h{ fi v.dzbj lqJ h,o VhgG bjMsj m us'G
lF wpN erj dvbj h'L bjHg a[ dxi WjWj ug w'v bj fhp.dybj m
fhp.y w[ q,oj B[dwbj a[ i' w[ rjiaj s,lS v,e dfbj m WjWj ug
V[ xpiqjdHbj ##aP. wjhvg Whpa wisj lg@ dHl wiw[ hg dHh e,v
h' eHg m hpS x[i dqv ujH[ej m

nwnk AYsy siqgur kI ikAw


Ehu syvku syvw kry gur AwgY jIau Dryie ]
siqgur kw Bwxw iciq kry siqguru Awpy ikpw kryie ]
ePuig q^ 3@ b>e 490

dHl ai%J Rph f+[qg dxi l[rj dr,y v,e debj m Vjq ufS
v,e dfbj m dH,w dsV Rplsg faVg V[ bj w[ WjWj ug fjl W[Vag
wgag ##fjaLjh@ ljc[ w'v'G Fp,v h' eHg lj} WtL' m
WjWj ug h,lw[ wdhS v,e[ ##aP. wjhvg u' lg m l' duhCg yg;
blgG a[i[ fag } ds,ag lg Rph aJ qpCw[ ljc[ w'v rg Vj bjHg m
aphjc[ w.q sg VhgG ihg ljc[ w.q a'G rg eHg m$$ dHl ai%J WyV
wiw[ ypf wi eH[ m
92

qjHg l'yJ dr,y cp,Wg h'Hg bjfS[ wga[ h'H[ a[ bjfS[ bjf
} vjhSaj fjMsg rjfl yvg eHg m dHl ai%J qhJfpitJ a'G dqvg
Wiwa rg l.FjvSg WCg qpLwv h{ m
l[rj o'ig qjeV Whpaj mm lPhg q^ 5

V'B ^ f+l.e l+! N.cj dl>z a'G f+jfa wgaj m

ljZ l[rj rcFjeg fjHgb{


fdhvJ rg d;wi bj yp,Ddwbj h{ dw WjWj ug fjSg wjxg
qjaij dr,y rias[ lV m f{i Z'S v,e[ wHg-wHg zC[ rias[
lV m f{i Z'S v,e[ f>u A[ zC[ fjSg s[ fj ds>s[ lV m l' fjSg
sg ;iPia wjxg idh>sg lg m e'dW>sfpi[ bjRpS ujS sj ilaj wiw[
rg ijhg fjSg fgS vHg ipw uJs[ lV m fjSg vHg dHh dHvjwj
dHl ai%J lg dur[G b,u w,v WgwjV[i d;vj h{ m l.a Whjv sjl
ug h'i l[rj wis[ lV m fjSg sg l[rj wiV vHg dHV%j w'v lqJ
VhgG lg m dHh l[rj FjHg bai dl>z@ njwij dl>z ba[ dH,w qjHg
t[q w"i wdibj wis[ lV m njwij dl>z } aJ WjWj ug wdh ds>s[
lV a[ig l[rj fdhvj hg Whpa h{@ dHV%gG t[yv Vj wdibj wi m
fi dHh l[rj dr,y hg dihj m l.a Whjv sjl ug } hpwq lg u[
dwa[ w'Hg zCj tjvg V;i bjr[ aJ Fi dvbjdHbj wi w'Hg tjvg
VhgG h'Sj yjhgsj m
qjHg t[q w"i V[ zi'G ujS r[v[ zCj fjSg sj dli a[ yp,wg
ujSj m Rpo[ fhp.y w[ WjWj ug s[ bjlS s[ bjl[ fjl[ sPi sPi aw
ue%j sg lxjHg wiVg m dxi fjSg sg l[rj wis[ idhSj m dH,w
dsV WjWj ug V[ qjHg } ajwgs wgag ##dw Vjq udfbj wi m$$
qjHg V[ dwhj ##WjWj ug q{G fC%g VhgG hJ ba[ zi sj w.q
rg idh>sj h{ m$$
93

WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj ##dHl dr,y Whpag fC%jHg sg v'C VhgG


a[ w.q A,cS sg rg v'C VhgG m
qjHg V[ h{ijV duhj h' w[ dwhj ##dHh dwr[G h' lwsj h{ m$$
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##rjdhepiP$$ sj ujf wisg dihj wi m
w.q wis[ lq[G rg rjdhepiP ufs[ idhSj r[hv[ lq[G rg rjdhepiP
ufs[ idhSj m dHl s[ vHg aJ fC%jHg sg v'C VhgG m

hwQ pwau kir kwmu sBu cIqu inrMjn nwil ]

lv'w wWgi@ b>e 1376

aUTq bYTq sovq nwmu ] khu nwnk jn kY sd kwm ]

b>e 286

us'G WjWj ug Fp,Dy' bj eH[ lV@ Rpl lq[G rg dHh qjHg l[rj
wisg ihg a[ hpwq bVplji ujf wisg ihg m WjWj ug V[ bjfSg
bojh d*fj spbjij qjHg s[ fp,ai } wpwiq wis[ h'H[ rg Vjq
ufS vj ds,aj m
dHl a[ d*fj wgag Rph f+l.e b,e[ bjr[ej m us'G qV dlqiV
dr,y h'r[ ligi } dwl[ ai%J sg awvgx VhgG hp.sg m qVp,t sj qV
l[rj dr,y Rpaljh Vjv v,esj h{ m

suKu nwnk sMqn kI syvw crx sMq Doie pIvnw ]


##bdVw dWzV a[ ljZP ijt{$$

qjiP q^ 5@ b>e 1018

dHw dsV qjHg t[q w"i sg r,cg VP.h WgWg y.s w"i w.q wiV
vHg lr[i[ Rpng m Rpl sg V;i drhC[ dr,y dH,w q'Bg ljig vgh
s[ dVLjV Rpfi fHg m RplV[ sPli[ firji s[ q{GWiJ } dstjHg aJ
IwgV h' debj dw dHh dwl[ q'B[ l,f sg vgh h{ m u' dw bjfS[
zi dr,y bj debj m l,f sj ci aJ Whpa hp.sj dwMdw ;dhigvj
ujVri h'dHbj m dwl r[v[ c,l s[r[ a[ q"a h' ujr[ m wHg dsV
dHh vgh dslsg ihg dwMdw w,y[ qwjV dr,y tp,cJ Whpa hp.sgbJ
94

hV m dHl wiw[ dsV yCV a[ bv'f h' ujr[ m wpN dsVJ Wjbs
qjHg sg VP.h WgWg y.s w"i } l,f V[ w,B dvbj m dH>V[ u'i Vjv
l,f V[ s.s qji[ dw y.s w"i a' a'C w[ l,f } vJF[ lp,BSj dfbj m
l,f aJ F,u w[ dwa[ vp,w debj a[ WgWg V[ i"vj fj ds,aj m ljij
fdirji zWij debj dw hpS wg h' lwsj h{ m
qjHg t[q w"i V[ Rpl[ rwa dwhj ##dw yv' l.aJ w'v v{
yvs[ hJ m$$
qjHg bjfSg VP.h lq[a N,B hg WjWj ug w'v fhp.y a[ eHg
Vqlwji wgag m wjhvg Vjv WjWj ug } hwgwa s,lS v,eg m
WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj ##Rpl r[v[ e,v wiVg lg dul lq[G
aphj} vgh dslg lg m l,f } dHo[ hg Wpvj v{Gs[ m$$
qjHg V[ dwhj ##qhjiju u' h'Sj lg Rph h' debj@ hpS d*fj
wi' m q[ig }h } Wyj vr'G m$$
##qjHg dHl } Rpl r[v[ hg bjijq bj debj lg dul lq[G
aplgG dHZi } y,v fHgbJ lg m$$ WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj m
WgWg y.s w"i V[ dwhj ##WjWj ug fdhvj q{} Whpa awvgx
h' eHg lg@ fi dul r[v[ blgG dHZi qP>h wgaj lg awvgx sPi
h' eHg lg m hpS aJ dHl ai%J v,e dihj h{ dur[G ws[ l,f V[ qP>h
hg VhgG vjdHbj m hpS d*fj wi' Rph l,f rg ljc[ zi dry'G yvj
ujr[ m$$
WjWj ug o'C%j duhj qplwij wi wdhS v,e[ ##dHo[ hg Wpvj
v{Gs[ hJ m fAjS vr[Geg Rpl } dwMdw aP. a'C w[ lpdBbj h{ m
##hJ qhjiju fAjS vrJeg$$ y>s w"i V[ dwhj m
##y.ej dxi bjfSg l,l Vjv o'C%g s[i l[rj dr,y h,o rBj fjSg
Fi dvbjRp a[ NjCP dsRp$$ WjWj ug V[ hpwq wgaj m
Rph l[rj dr,y v,e eHgbJ m s' wp z>B[ Wjbs WjWj ug V[
95

bjrj; s[ w'v WpvjdHbj a[ wdhS v,e[ m$$


##bjRp r[t vRp l,f m Rph ljhqS[ tCj h{ h,o sj dHLjij
wiw[ m$$
qjHg a[ Rplsg VP.h V[ us'G l,f r,v s[dtbj aJ wdhS v,egbJ
##hJ qhjiju Rphg h{ m$$
dxi WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##hpS dHh aphjc[ zi VhgG
ujH[ej$$ dHl a'G Wjbs RpV%J s[ zi w'Hg dWzV Vj dfbj a[
dHh s[t w[ lji[ fdirji sg LiZj r,Z eHg a[ l[rj dr,y up,B debj m

ibGn ibnwsn siB duK nwsn


ldaepdi Vjqp ds+CjdHbj mm
V'B ^ Rpfi'wa woj l+! N.cj dl>z a'G lpSg m

duhw isirAw kw Awip suAwmI ]


KylY ibgsY AMqrjwmI ]
b>e 277

FjHg bai dl>z dur[G df,A[ s,Ddlbj h{ WjWj ug sg l[rj wiV


bj ujdHbj wisj lg m ws[ ws[ Whjv sjl ug sg qss wiV
v,e uJsj@ ws[ fjSg sg l[rj wisj@ ws[ WjWj ug } dHLVjV
wirjMsj m Rpl f+[qg s[ s' vCw[ a[ dH,w vCwg lg m Rpl s[ r,c[
vCw[ sj Vjq wjwC dl>z a[ A'B[ sj epids,a dl>z lg m epidsa
sg Rpqi WjiJ wp ljv sg lg m dul ai%J Whjv sjl ug fdhvJ
fLP yjiV dHo[ bjMs[ lV@ Rpl[ hg ai%J epidsa dl>z rg fLP
yjisj lg m RplV[ WjWj ug s[ V[C[ bj w[ VqLwji wgag m
96

WjWj ug V[ dHl } ##WjsLjh$$ wdh w[ WpvjdHbj m epidsa


dl>z V[ bjfS[ dfaj ug w'v e,v wi ds,ag dw WjWj ug q{}
##WjsLjh$$ wdh>s[ hV m
bai dl>z us'G l[rj dr,y debj aJ wdhS v,ej ##fjaLjh
epidsa dl>z } WjsLjh dwM wdh>s[ h' m blgG aJ l[rjsji hJ m$$
WjWj ug h,l w[ wdhS v,e[ ##Fdvbj v'wj dHh dfAv[ uVq
WjsLjh lg m u[ s[tSj yjhp.sj h{G aJ dstjHgH[ m$$
bai dl>z dHh lpSw[ ypf wi debj m wHg dsVJ Wjbs
epidsa dl>z dxi fLP yjiV bj debj m WjWj ug w'v Wpvj w[
wdhS v,e[ ##WjsLjh@ bj a{} a[ig f+uj dstjHgH[ m$$
W,y[ } w"aw s[tS sj yjb hp.sj h{ m Rph A[ag Vjv w'v
bj debj a[ wdhS v,ej ##dstj dsY$$
WjWj ug V[ dH,w vwgi dty ds,ag a[ hpwq wgaj m
##dHl Rpfi Wdh uj$$
##Rph W{n debj$$
WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj ##b,tJ W.s wiw[ dxi t'v% s[Hg m$$
RplV[ Rpl[ ai%J wgaj b,tJ W.s
s[dtbj m ljhqS[ W[b>a dli a'G V.e[
h'H[@ h,oJ dr,y hdobji xC[ h'H[ bj
epidsa dl>z ldhq debj a[ wdhS
qjiV bj ih[ hV m$$

wiw[ x[i t'vgbJ aJ wg


Vgv[ i.e s[ adhqa W.V[
ih[ hV m dHh lF s[t w[
v,ej ##WjWj ug dHh q{}

b,e'G WjWj ug V[ dwhj ##ciVj VhgG$$ dHh aJ a{} lvjq


wiV bj ih[ hV dHh a[ig x"u a[ fiuj h{ m$$
us'G dHl V[ dxi dwhj ##ci v,esj h{$$ WjWj ug V[ hpwq ds,aj
##b,tJ dxi W.s wiw[ t'v% s[ m$$
97

Rpl a'G Wjbs dHl } lF wpN ds,lSj W.s h' debj m ljhqS[
aJ lF wpN ds,lsj VhgG lg fi Rpls[ dsqje b>si Rphg ds+L
WSsj dihj m dHl[ hg zWijhB Vjv Rpl } zi fhp.y w[ Wptji
yC% debj m dHl Wji[ bai dl>z V[ Rpvjqj duhj ds,aj dw #l.aJ
V[ q[i[ qp>c[ } cij ds,aj h{$ wdhS v,ej u[ q[i[ qp>c[ } wpN h'
debj aJ q{G l.a a[ ##sjbrj wi dsbJej m$$
us'G Whjv sjl ug rjdfl WjWj ug w'v bjH[@ RpV%J ljig
rjiaj s,lg u' bai dl>z Vjv h'Hg lg m WjWj ug wdhS v,e[
##aP. hpS[ hg uj w[ bai dl>z } wdh s[ dw ljcj arga qp>c[ s[
ev[ dry'G vjh s[ a[ dxi sjbrj wi s[rgG m
Whjv sjl V[ Rpl[ ai%J hg lpV[hj fhp.yj ds,aj m
dHh lpS w[ bai dl>z l'yJ dr,y f{ debj a[ b>si'G b>si
cdibj dwa[ evag Vj wi vrJ m
dul r[v[ Whjv sjl ug V[ bai dl>z sg dy>aj sg WjWj
ug } tWi ds,ag@ aJ WjWj ug V[ dxi Whjv sjl ug } hpwq
ds,aj #dHh q,Bg dry'G uv v{ w[ Rpl qp>c[ } s[ bjrgG ngw h'
ujH[ej a[ bai dl>z hpS sjbrj VhgG wisj m$
Whjv sjl ug uv v{ w[ zi fhp.y eH[ m epids,a dl>z }
uv ds,aj Rph ngw h' debj m dHh lF s[t bai dl>z h{ijV
h' debj ba[ bjfS[ wga[ Rpfi fLyjajf wiV v,ej m Rpl lq[G
qjxg q>eS vHg b>si'G f+[iVj h'Hg m WjWj ug b,e'G h,l w[ wdhS
v,e[ ##aP. aJ sjbrj wiV uj dihj lg m$$ bai dl>z Lidq>sj
duhj h' w[ tCj dihj a[ dxi qjxg sg biu wgag a[ wdhS v,ej
##qhjiju@ Rl arga sg q{} lqN VhgG bjHg dwhCj lg m$$ WjWj
ug V[ WyV wgaj Rph ljcj siejhg fdhij u' v,ej h'dHbj ] m
Rphg ljcj arga ] m
98

bai dl>z V[ dwhj ##fjaLjh Rph VhgG q'CVj q[i[ w'v'G Fpv
h' eHg h{ m$$
WjWj ug qplwij w[ wdhS v,e[ ##y.ej dxi LpZ h{$$ m ljcg
a[i[ Vjv w'Hg Vij;eg VhgG@ blgG dlix a{} bdhljl wijdHbj
h{ dw a[ij ljcj wg l.W.Z h{ m ujh l[rj wi m$$
dHl a'G Rpfi.a bai dl>z l[rj wisj dihj m
V'B ^ WyV dqdvbj \r,cj N>cj dl>z l[qj| a[ m

##l.a lidS l.a Bhv wig$$

sMq srix sMq thl krI ]


DMDu bMDu Aru sgl jMjwro Avr kwj qy CUit prI ]

b>e 822

Whjv sjl ug WjWj ug sg l[rj dr,y qeV hV m dwl[ h'i


f+jSg Vjv e,v VhgG wiVg@ dwl[ w'v tCVj W{nSj VhgG m lF
sg l.ea dabje w[ dHw' hg dvr v,eg h'Hg h{ ^

jn kI thl sMBwKnu jn isau


aUTnu bYTnu jn kY sMgw ]

dWvjrvp q^ 5@ b>e 828

dHl brloj dr,y idhw[ l[rj wi ih[ hV dw v'w s[t w[


h{ijV h' eH[ hV m ai%J ai%J sgbJ dryjiJ wis[ hV dHw,n[ W{n
w[ m fi blvgba } lqNS rjv[ aJ qp,T a'G z,B fpiL hV m
spVgbJsjiJ V[ aJ bjfSg bjfSg Wp,Zg qpajdWw hg bVpqjV vjH[
aJ wWgi ug V[ woV wgaj ^

logu khY kbIru baurwnw ]


kbIr kw mrmu rwm pihcwnW ]

99

F{iRp wWgi@ b>e 1158

wHgbJ V[ Whjv sjl ug s[ V[C[ h' w[ e,v wiV sg w'dLL


wiVg fi bjfV[ fdhvJ aJ V[C[ h'Sj hg VhgG m u[ V[C[ h' rg eH[
aJ lpSg e,v bSlpSg wi s[Sg m dwMdw WjWj ug sg ajwgs
lg dw #Whjv sjl spVgbJ a'G Wy w[ idhSj h{ m$
dHw dsV l[qj df>c sj bZtC Rpqi sj qVp,t Whjv sjl
ug } wdhS v,ej@ ##Whjv sjl@ q{} faj v,ej h{ dw duV%J l.aJ
w'v aP. uJsj h{ RpV%J w'v ipfH[ Whpa hV m us'G dsv wi[ ipfH[
WSj s[Gs[ hV m Rph idh>s[ RpujC dr,y hV m u' ws[ ija } cjwPbJ
V[ Rpl} f{l[ v{S Wsv[ qji ds,aj aJ fpvgl qpw,sqj a[i[ a[ siu
wi[eg m aP. Ro[ Vj ujdHbj wi m dHl ai%J Rph wHg dsV wdh>sj
dihj m dH,w dsV WjWj ug V[ Whjv sjl ug } b,Zg ija } bjRpS
vHg hpwq ds,aj m dul r[v[ Whjv sjl ug b,Zg ija } bjH[ aJ
WjWj ug s[ ligi s[ b>e bc' b,c r[t w[ ci eH[ m Rpl dsV
Rph ila[ dr,y dqv[ Rpl fpiL sg e,v ljhqS[ bj eHg m ci w[
df,A[ qpC fH[ m us'G Wjbs dr,y fhp.y[ aJ WjWj ug V[ bjrj; ds,ag
##dH>Vj lqJ vj ds,aj aP. bjRpSj aJ fdhvj lg$$ Whjv sjl V[
V[C[ fhp.y w[ ljig hwgwa s,lg m WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##dw
aP. us'G dHh lF wpN s[dtbj Rpl r[v[ LWs sj ujf VhgG wisj
lg m$$
Whjv sjl ug V[ dwhj #VhgG fjaLjh ) q{G lF wpN F,pv
debj lg m$
WjWj ug V[ lqNjdHbj #dw us'G ujf Vj wigH[ Rpl lq[G hg
dHh lF wpN ds,lsj h{ m l' dlqiV VhgG A,cSj dHh a[ig dH,w fit
lg m dwM u' aP. Vjq drlji ds,aj lg m u[ wpN yjhgsj h{@ aJ dlqiV
VhgG FpvSj m
V'B ^ WyV lpdSbj l.a Whjv sjl ug fjl'G FjHg iaV dl>z
ug ci"vg rjv[ f+[qg V[ m
100

u' u' dyardh ljZ uV l' v[aj qjdV


dHw rji WjWj ug Whjv sjl ug } FPawjv sgbJ rjiaj
lpSj ih[ lV m WjWj ug wdhS v,e[ dH,w f+[qg ljc[ w'v l[rj wisj
hp.sj lg m dH,w dsV RplV[ dwhj@ WjWj ug Vi dl>z braji s[
siLV wirjRp m blgG Rpl} dwhj dw ##ci ujr[Gej m$$ RplV[ dwhj
##VhgG ug$$ m blgG dwhj ##y.ej dxi s[t v{ m$$ Rph s[t w[ dHaVJ
cdibj dw qpC blj w'v hg Vj bjdHbj m
dHh WyV lpS w[ Whjv sjl ug s[ qV dr,y dtbjv bjdHbj
dw q{G Vi dl>z s[ siLV wiw[ s[tJ m dH,w rji dHl V[ W[Vag
wi ds,ag dw ##qhjiju q{} rg siLV wirj dsY m$$ WjWj ug
V[ h,l w[ dwhj ##y.ej x[i sp,Z dvbj$$ WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj m
sp,Z A,w w[ wdhS v,e[ m ##Rph ljhqS[ u.c s[ Rpfi yC uj ciVj
VhgG m$$
Whjv sjl ug hpwq bVplji u.c Rpfi yC eH[ m WjWj ug
r,v VgN Vjv a,wS v,e[ m WjWj ug bjlS a'G tC[ h' eH[ a[
wigiJ r,v api fH[ m o'C%g hg s[i Wjbs WjWj ug wigiJ s[ df,A[
bv'f h' eH[ m wpN wp dq>Bj Wjbs Whjv sjl V[ s[dtbj dw dH,w
f+wjL qHg L[i sj dyhij F{ sjdHw liPf eiuV h'Hg bjrj; dul
Vjv Ziag rg w.Wsg h{@ ljhqS[ bj dihj h{ m RpV%J dH,w rji a,w
w[ b,tJ W.s wi vHgbJ m dxi Rpl r[v[ a,w Vj t'v%gbJ us'G a,w
WjWj ug V[ bjrj; s[ w[ h[nJ Rpai bjRpS vHg Vj WpvjdHbj m
h[nJ Rpai WjWj ug b,e[ VqLwji wgag m WjWj ug V[ h,l w[ WyV
wgaj ##aP. wjhvj aJ Whpa lg dxi b,tJ dwM W.s wi vHgbJ
lV m$$
101

Whjv sjl ug V[ h,o u'Cw[ biu wgag ##qhjiju dH,w rji


aJ qpLwv Vjv s[t ldwbj hJ Whpa ci bjMsj lg m
WjWj ug V[ s,Ddlbj dw ##Whjv sjl dul r[v[ dHh braji
h'dHbj lg Rpl lq[G dH,w f+vhjs VhgG cdibj lg Wjwg lji[ s[ra[
ci eH[ lg m$$

dyv kulI liKmI kau krih jYkwru ]


mwqw nrisMG kw rUpu invwru ]
liKmI Bau krY n swkY jwie ]
pRhlwdu jnu crxI lwgw Awie ]

F[iRp q^ 3@ b>e 1154

##l' Whjv sjl Fea VhgG cis[ hp.s[ dwMdw FeaJ sj f+q[Li
ljog hp.sj h{ m aP. Vjq dr,y qla dihj wi dHh' duh[ dtbjv
qV dr,y Vj dvbjdHbj wi u' a[i[ Vjv WyV hp.s[ hV RpV%J sj
Vaguj Vj wTjdHbj wi m$$
##qV Vjqp udf Vjqp bjijdZ bVdsVp Vjqp rtjSg mm

Rpfs[Lp lpdS ljZ l.aV wj lF yPwg wjdS uqjSg mm$$


Whjv sjl V[ dwhj ##eigW dVrju@ us'G q{G cjvg wiV uJsj
h{ q[i[ b,e[ df,A[ W.s[ ujfs[ lV@ fi fiAjrj VhgG hp.sj m$$
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##Whjv sjl Vjq ufS Vjv a[ig
lpiag RpKyg h' eHg m dHl vHg dHh a[ig lhjdHaj rjla[ hV m
dHh wpN VhgG wdh>s[ m dHh dVi.wji s[ l[rjsji r.c[ h'H[ hV m dvr
v,eg h{ hpS aP. bjfSg q>d;v r,v r,Z dihj h{ m$$

102

priK KjwnY pwie sy bhuiV n KoitAw ]


b>e 520

l.lji dr,y epiPbJ a[ y[dvbJ Vjv hg dHdahjl WSsj h{ m


epiP bjfS[ y[dvbJ } fCjMsj h{ dxi RpV%J sg f+gdtbj rg wisj
h{ m dur[G lwPv sj bdZbjfw fdhvJ W,DdybJ } fCjMsj h{ dxi
dHqdahjV v{Gsj h{ dHl ai%J spVgbJ dr,y u' rg qhJfpit bjH[
hV RpV%J bjfS[ dLLJ sg f+gdtbj wgag h{ m fdhvJ fC%jMs[ hV
dxi y'BJ qjis[ hV bjti h[nJ h,o rg i,ts[ hV m dur[G epiP VjVw
s[r ug V[ dwhj lg ^
##ujh Y vdhdSbj qpisj tjh$$

fi us'G vdhSj ug tjS } eH[ b,e[ h,o i,t ds,aj dw wCjh


f+Ljds dfbj h{ m y'B qjig r,v dr>e u' w,TS[ h'H[ h,o i,t ds,aj
aJ u' l,B Vj v,e[ m dxi vdhSj ug WS[ epiP b>es s[r ug a[
fit wgag epiP bqi sjl ug sg m dHLVjV wiV vHg WjiJ ljv
fjSg v{S F[us[ ih[ dWbjl sdibj a'G m wg ila[ dr,y h'i w'Hg
avjW uJ tPh VhgG lg m fit u' wiVg lg m v.ei rjla[ fjSg
bjMsj lg tcPi ljdhW a'G m
duM hg WjWj ug V[ Whjv sjl ug sg f+gdtbj LpiP wgag
WjWj ug V[ fp,DdAbj ##Whjv sjl@ uj w[ wg wisj hp.sj h{($$
Whjv sjl ug yp,f wi eH[ wpN Vj W'v[ m dxi bjf hg wdhS
v,e[ ##drhvj Vj dihj wi tPh f,DdBbj wi m$$ Whjv sjl ug V[
lda WyV dwhj m
ija } us'G zi uJs[ tPh fpBV v,e uJs[ wHg dsV dHl
103

ai%J v.z eH[ dxi WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ## zi rjvj tPh A,c
s[ a[ dHo[ tPh fpB s[ m$$ l[rw V[ dxi lda WyV dwhj m$$
hpwq bVplji zi a'G f"Cg yp,w dvbjH[ a[ dVLjV v{ w[ tPh
fpBV v,e fH[ m fdhvJ aJ RpGN hg fpdBbj us'G cP.zj h' debj aJ
f"Cg Vjv dq,Bg Wjhi w,TS v,e fH[ m dHh w.q wHg dsV yvsj
dihj m hi r[v[ dHl[ l[rj sj dtbjv idh>sj dwMdw ^
##V dalp Fpt V Vgs V tjSj l'rSj$$

wHg dsV Wjbs WjWj ug V[ r[t w[ dwhj@ ##LpZ h{ m hpS blgG


dHl dr,y dsV r[v[ idhSj h{ dwMdw eiqg Whpa h{ m$$ dxi bjf
wsg dsV r[v[ wsg ija } dHl dr,y idh>s[ lV m dHl a'G Rpfi.a
WjWj ug V[ hpwq vjdHbj ##Whjv sjl@ dHl rji us'G wSw sg
xlv w,BS a'G df,A[ duhCg W,vg \dlBj| Bp,B w[ dc,e[ Rph dHw,n[
wiw[ wSw w,TVg h{ m Rpl sj bjBj WSjw[ tJrje[ m$$ dHl ai%J
hg Whjv sjl ug V[ wgaj m wSw s[ dlKB[ dHw,n[ wiw[ wSw
w,T vHg m Rpl a'G Wjbs Z'ag ba[ dxi lpwj w[ bjfS[ h,ogG bjf
fgl w[ dvbJsg fpijV[ aigw[ rJe m fi"nj dabji wiVj m WjWj
ug w'v bj w[ i,t s[Sj bjf df,A[ h' w[ W{n ujSj WjWj ug V[
dH,w eijhg a'C v{Sg a[ fi"Gn[ sg dH,w eijhg hg l.a Whjv sjl
ug } s[Sg m Wpiwg a'G Wjbs wdhSj@ Whjv sjl@ fjSg fg v{
ba[ bV.s h' uj m$$ y"rgG z>B[ s[ b>si Whjv sjl@ ug V[ fjSg
a'G dWVJ h'i dwl[ yg; } h,o Vj vjRpSj \w'Hg yg; Vj tjSg| m
qhJfpiLJ sg d*fj hg dHh' duhg hp.sg h{ m dur[G FjHg V.s vjv
sj woV h{ dxsj bla ujV' dsdv qV W-tjdw qw,sdl fjw mm
fs bio ^ hi bJ wl[ dw WlPH[ a[ ih VqPs qij
dxs bla \wpiWjV h{|
W-tjdw \ZPCg a'G|
104

qw,sdl fjw \yiS i,tS sg fdr,ai oJ|


hi bJ wl[ \hi[w Rpl fpiL a'G|
dw WlPH[ a'G \a[ig dsLj r,v|
Vqps \drtjr[ IJ s,Dl[|
lij \q{}|
a[ij ijh \ilaj| drtjMsj h{ m
ZPdC daVj sg yiVj Rpfi aV qV F[B yCjdHbj
bjf erjdHbj mm
duhC[ ldaepiP fPi[ V[ apZ rv qjie fjdHbj
si dstvjdHbj mm

Whjv sjl sg l[rj } i.e yCV v,e dfbj m qV Vjq dr,y


i.debj debj m spVgbJ rjv[ h'i rg l,uS Vjq ufs[ hV Rph
qV dr,y w'Hg Vj w'Hg fsjio sg wjqVj i,t w[ ufs[ hV m dlqiV
sj blvg il aJ Rpl r[v[ hg bjMsj h{ us'G b>si sg w'Hg wjqVj
Vj h'r[@ le'G Rpl } dqvS sg hg aq>Vj h'r[ m dur[G dw v'h[ sg
c,Wg dr,y fjil sg r,Bg wje; dr,y vf[B w[ i,t s[HgH[ Rph l'Vj
VhgG WS[eg dwM dw Rpl s[ dryjv[ wje; u' h{ m dHl[ ai%J
spVgbjsji a[ f+q[Li s[ dryjv[ spdVbjrg fsjio hV m Rph l,y[
epiP } dqvV s[ ila[ dr,y wje; sj w.q wis[ hV m duhC[ fpil
s[ dryjv[ dHh wje; w,T s[HgH[ aJ Rph c,Wg rg l'Vj WS ujH[eg m
l' dHl ai%J u' rg fpiL dHh spdVbjrg fsjioJ sg sgrji a'C
w[ fjil iPfg f+q[Li s[ Vjv bjfSj Vjaj u'Csj h{ m Rpl Vjv
v,e w[ l'Vj WS uJsj h{ m dHh' duhg hjva hg h' eHg lg l.a
Whjv sjl ug sg duV%J V[ WjWj ug l+g qhJ hiVjq dl>z ug
qhjiju sg l[rj wqjHg lg m

syvw krq hoie inhkwmI ] iqs kau hoq prwpiq suAwmI ]


eRpCg lp^ q^ 5@ b>e 286

105

dHh f+jfag aJ hg hp.sg h{ u[[@ WjWj ug riej qhJfpit h'r[


a[ l[rjsji h'r[ l.a Whjv sjl ug riej m
qpidLs wjdqv-qpigs bjdqv-tpsj Ljdqv m
fi dHh f+jfagbJ Rpl[ f+jSg } hp.sgbJ hV dul Rpfi f+q[Li
bjf d*fj wi[ m dur[G ldaepiJ sj xpiqjV h{ m

khu nwnk iqsu BieE prwpiq ijsu purb ilKy kw lhnw ]


l'idn q^ 5@ b>e 642

srb rog kw AauKdu nwmu ]


b>e 274

ws[ ws[ hpwq h'Sj aJ Whjv sjl ug V[C[ s[ df>c e'dW>sfpi[


euj wiV ujdHbj wis[ lV m dH,w dsV hpwq bVplji euj wiV
eH[ m dH,w zi s[ WPh[ b,e[ bvt uejHg m zi rjv[ Whpa Rpsjl
W{n[ lV m Whjv sjl ug V[ euj fjRpS bjH[ f+[qg } Rpsjlg sj
wjiV fpdAbj m Rpl V[ Rpai ds,aj dw ljc[ vCw[ } y[yw dVwvg
h{ m Rpl sg Wy ujS sg Rpqgs VhgG h{ m dHl wiw[ ljij B,Wi
dVijL W{nj h{ m RpV%J Whjv sjl ug } ljZP lqN w[ W[Vag wgag
##qhjiju w'Hg d*fj wi' m$$ dwMdw cp,Ws[ } daVw[ sj lhjij m
sptg W.s[ } aJ dHh hp.sj h{ dw dwl[ } sp,t s,Ddlbj w'Hg srjHg
hg v,F fr[ m ujV WyjRpS vHg qVp,t hi ai%J Vjv h,o f{i
qjisj h{ m
Whjv sjl ug V[ dwhj ##q[i[ epiP i.Pqg W{n[ hV RpV%J w'v'G aphj}
t{i f{ lwsg h{@ q[i[ w'v aJ wpN VhgG m Rph fPiV f+q[Li hV@ u'
yjhpS wi lws[ hV m$$ dHh e,v lpSw[ f+[qg s[ dsv } wpN h"Glvj
h'dHbj Whjv sjl ug rjfl i.Pqg bj eH[ m RpV%J bu[ WjWj ug
b,e[ sp,Z i,Ddtbj hg lg dw e'dW>sfpi[ df>c sj f+[qg rg bj fhp.dybj m
106

WjWj ug } Whjv sjl ug V[ lF wpN s,l ds,aj lg m WjWj ug


V[ hpwq vjdHbj ##dw dHl } df,A[ hg tCj idhS vHg wdh s[rgG m$$
Whjv sjl ug V[ Rpl } i'w ds,aj ba[ df,A[ W{n ujS sg
ajwgs wgag m WjWj ug s[ sp,Z A,wS a'G Wjbs l[rw } dwhj
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Whjv sjl ug V[ Rpl } Wpvj dvbj m Rpl f+[qg V[ V[C[ bj w[
VqLwji wgag a[ Fi[ h'H[ ev[ Vjv drbjdtbj lpSjHg ba[ b,tJ
dry'G Vgi rdh apdibj m WjWj ug V[ Zgiu ds,aj a[ WyV wgaj
##dVi.wji s[ hpwq a'G dWVj w'Hg rjv dr>ej VhgG wi lwsj m aP.
w'Hg yg; Vjv \f+ljds bjds| v{ w[ bjdHbj h{ m
VhgG ug q{ wjhvg dr,y Fpv bjdHbj hJ m$$
WyV h'dHbj ##y.ej W[ig a'G W[i hg a'C vRp m$$
RplV[ tC%j h' w[ W[ig s[ W[i a'C vH[ m WjWj ug V[ hpwq wgaj
##Whjv sjl@ s' W[i dHl a'G v{ w[ q[i[ w'v dvbj s[$$ m Whjv
sjl ug V[ s' W[i dvbj w[ WjWj ug } ds,a[ m WjWj ug V[ W[i
h,oJ dr,y zp,B w[ s' f>eagbJ fC%gbJ m

nwrwiex khq jmu Bwig plwiex ]

e'c q^ 5@ b>e 899

dHl ai% dHh f>eagbJ daV rji fC%gbJ a[ us'G WjWj ug


V[ h,o t'hv[ aJ W[i BpB[ h'H[ lV m NB WyV wgaj ##r[dtbj s.s
F.V w[ dfAjh q'Cg h{ m ujh zi fhp.y uj m hpS W,y[ } bjijq
h{ m$$ dHh w"aw r[t w[ Rph f+[qg h{ijV h' debj m lda WyV wdh
w[ a[ Vqlwji wiw[ zi } api dfbj m qV dr,y bu[ rg W,y[
sj dxwi h{ m qhJfpit sg vgvj s[t w[ rg bjsqg sj qV VhgG
dBwsj m dHh qV W[-qphjij u' h'dHbj m zi fhp.y w[ s[dtbj aJ
ljij firji tpL V;i bj dihj lg m qp>cj a.sipla h' w[ t[c
dihj lg m
107

dxi Rph f+[qg wHg dsVJ Wjbs WjWj ug fjl bjdHbj a[


W[Vag wgag ##qhjiju w'Hg fp>VsjV aJ VhgG wiVj dwMdw Rpl
dsV A[ag Vjv q[i[ w'v'G fp,DdAbj Vj debj m$$
WjWj ug wdhS v,e[@ ##u[ wi lwsj h{ aJ wis[ m$$

jYsw ibqu qYsw hoie vrqY Apunw blu nhI hwrY ]

ZVjlig q^ 5@ b>e 679

fi u[ zi dr,y dHaVg fhp.y VhgG aJ Vjq uf dvbj wi m$$


rjdhepiP rjdhepiP wisj dihj wi m dHl b>si hg lF fp>V sjV
bj uJs[ hV m

puMn dwn jp qp jyqy sB aUpir nwmu ]

b>e 401

dHl ai%J dHl f+[qg } lF FiqJ Fpv[dtbJ dry'G WjWj ug V[


w,T ds,aj a[ Vjv hg Vjq ufS vj ds,aj m
l.a d*fj a[ dhis{ rjl{ m

f+q[Li sj Vjq lpVS wiw[ sp,tJ sj Vjl h' uJsj h{ dur[G


rugi tJ sj spt sPi h'dHbj lg m
uhJegi WjsLjh sj@ r;gi@ r;gi tJ lg m dHl } f[B sj
uv'Zi i'e h' debj m dHl V[ WC[ cjwBi l,s[ fi i'e sPi Vj
h'dHbj m dH,w dsV dfAvg ija b,t tp,v% eHg ujes[ h'H[ s[ w.VJ
dr,y bjrj; fHg m dHh brj; dHr[G lg dw dur[G w'Hg dl,t lptqVg
ljdhW fC%sj uj dihj lg m brj; f{S sg s[i lg i'eg } wpN
bjijq bjdHbj m dxi us'G rg Rph dl,t WjSg fC%sj v.z[@ r;gi
tJ WC[ dZbjV Vjv lpdSbj wi[ m i'; lpSdsbJ h'i bijq h'
debj m
dHw dsV dHl V[ dl,t } bjfS[ zi Wpvj dvbj ba[ WCj
ldawji wgaj m Rpl fjl'G lptqVg ljdhW ug sj ljij fjn lpdSbj m
108

fjn lpSdsbJ qqPvg i'e Wjwg idh debj m


r;gi tJ V[ fp,DdAbj ##dHh dwl sg wvjq h{($$
epidl,t V[ dwhj ##dHh WjSg epiP biuV s[r ljdhW ug sg
h{ m u' dHl r[v[ l+g epiP VjVw ug sg e,sg a[ dWijuqjV hV m$$
r;gi tJ V[ dwhj@ ##q{} RphVJ w'v v{ y,v m$$
r;gi tJ } v{ w[ dl,t b>dq+ali fhp.y debj m epiP ug b,e[
F[Bj i,t w[ yiVJ a[ Tdh dfbj m Rpl r[v[ epiP ljdhW wji l[rj
wirj ih[ lV m r;gi tJ V[ bjfSg drdobj lpSj w[ W[Vag wgag
##qhjiju ) bjf sg q[hi lswj lptqVg ljdhW sj fjn lpVS Vjv
q[ij i'e aJ sPi h' debj h{ fi bu[ f[B dr,y fjSg h{@ ci h{
dwZi[ x[i Vj fgC h' ujr[ m d*fj wi' m$$
epiP ljdhW V[ Rpl} WjWj Wp,Tj ug w'v F[u ds,aj m dul oJ
WjWj Wp,Tj ug sg W[ig h{ m dul r[v[ r;gi tJ bjdHbj WjWj ug
bjf B'wij yp,w w[ l[rj wi ih[ lV m us'G dHh V[C[ h' w[ W[Vag
wiV v,ej WjWj Wp,Tj ug V[ dwhj ##h,B u fi[ l[rj wi v{S s[h$$ m
dHh lpS r;gi tJ zWijdHbj VhgG Rpo[ hg LiZj Zji w[ tCj
dihj m dHh LiZj r[t WjWj Wp,Tj ug V[ B'wig Rpl rv qjig m B'wig
Rpl s[ f[B a[ r,ug m Rpl r[v[ hg bi'e h' debj m
dHl f+wji Vjq lpVS Vjv sptJ sj VjL h' uJsj h{ m dur[G
l.aJ fjl'G Vjq lpVS Vjv bujqv fjfg s[ fjf VLB h' eH[ lV
ZjCrg Wjvqgw a[ lZV[ wljHg rie[ ai eH[ lV m l' Vjq hg
lF sptJ sj sjiP h{ m
##Vjqp lpVa sis spt voj mm

lpdSb{ sPt fjf wj Vjlp mm8mm$$

109

u' dHA[ l'Hg xvp fjr{ mm


qhJfpit dul lq[G bV.s h' ujS Rpl r[v[ RpV%J s[ ljhqS[
w'Hg rg f+jSg bj ujr[@ Rpl sg qV'wjqVj fPig wi ds>s[ hV m
idhqa s[ zi dr,y bjH[ h'S aJ lF dLwr[ dev[ dqBj ds>s[ hV m
v'hj t[Cj df>c sj rjlg@ dul} q'sV wdh>s[ lV@ Rph btjC[
vj w[ ega ejdHbj wisj lg m RpV%J ldqbJ dr,y T,c lji.eg
hg l.ega sj ljZV lg m b,u w,v aJ wHg ai%J s[ lju l.ega
} h'i rg dq,nj@ lpigvj WSjMs[ hV m fi Rpl r[v[ s[ v'wJ sj
hiqV dfbjij l.ega T,c lji.eg hg lg a[ ega hg hp.s[ lV@
wvgbj@ Wga eH[ bjLwJ sgbJ rjiJ rg ejHgbJ uJsgbJ lV m
iju[ qhjiju[ rg bjfS[ qV'i.uV vHg dHh wvgbJ lpSs[ lV m
T,c Vjv ejRpS rjvj q'sV dH,w dsV WjWj ug s[ siLV wiV
iP.qg bjdHbj m WjWj ug fjl fhp.y w[ RplV[ Vqlwji wgag ba[
w'v W{n debj m WjWj ug V[ bjfSg qiIjsj bVplji Rpl sj Vjq
df>c e'a zi s[ q{GWiJ s[ Vjq@ wWgv[ sj Vjq w.q@ bjdsw fp,DdAbj
\WjWj ug hi Vr[G bjRpS rjv[ f+[qg } Rplsj Vjq@ df>c@ e'a@
VjVw[@ FPbj@ l"hi[ bjds lF wpN fp,As[ lV| m
RplV[ RpKai dr,y lF wpN s,l ds,aj ba[ bjfSj dw,aj
ejRpSj rg s,Ddlbj m WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##lj} rg wpN lpSj
s[ m$$ q'sV dH,w rjig aJ dN,uw debj dwMdw Rph l'ysj lg
u' Rph ejRpGsj h{@ WjWj ug LjdHs lpS w[ Vij; Vj h'S m WjWj
ug Rpls[ b>si sg e,v Wp,N w[ wdhS v,e[ ##LiqJ VhgG m u' a{}
bjMsj h{ Rphg lpSj s[ m$$
RplV[ WyV q>V w[ hgi sg dH,w wvg RpKyg bjrj; dr,y
110

lpSjHg m WjWj ug wvg lpS w[ f+l.V h'H[ a[ hpwq wgaj dw ##h'i


rg lpSj m$$ Rpl V[ h'i lpSj ds,agbJ m WjWj ug fp,AS v,e[ dw>Vg
wp bjqsV h' uJsg h{ ejRpS r[v[ m
RplV[ RpKai ds,aj #qhjiju ) xlv z,B hp.sg h{ m wjv f{ uJsj
h[ m v'wJ sj h,o a.e h'S wiw[ w'Hg bjVj w'Hg s' bjV[ s[ ds>sj
h{ m u[ w'Hg lisji bj ujr[ aJ dH,w ipdfbj s[ ds>sj h{ m bjqsV
aJ i'Bg u'eg hg hp.sg h{ m
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ejRpS r[v[ qla h' w[ ejdHbj wi m
lpVS rjv[ bjfS[ bjf qla h' ujdHbj wiVe[ m dxi a[i[ w'v
w'Hg wqg VhgG ih[eg m qjHgbJ rg a[i[ b,e[ edhS[ vjh w[p lp,B
dsbJ wiVegbJ m fi b,n fdhiJ dr,y r[hv[ lq[G ##rjdhepiP
rjdhepiP$$ wdibj wi m

jp qp kw bMDu byVulw ijqu lGih vhylw ]


nw srvru nw auClY AYsw pMQu suhylw ]1]

lPhg q^ 1@ b>e 729

dHh WyV lpS w[ RplV[ ##lda WyV$$ dwhj a[ dxi bjdebj


v{ w[ yvj debj m dW+Z l^ lirS dl>z df>c Fjeg WJsi rjv[
s,ls[ hV dw dHh WyV l,y h'dHbj m q'sV } w'Hg wqg Vj ihg
v'w WC[ f+[q Vjv Rpls[ ega lpSs[ lV m qhJfpitJ sj WyV
dxi W[bio dwr[G h' lwsj h{ m dHl ai%J WjWj ug V[ q'sV }
i';g a'G W[dxwi wi ds,aj m Vjv hg Vjq ufS sg ajwgs wi
ds,ag aJ dw Rpl sj v'w f+v'w lpZi ujH[ m
f+ga hig w[ Vjq wg v'w f+v'w lhjdH mm

brip f+gaj NPngbJ bje{ idhS Vj fjdH mm

111

sB rog imtwvy nvw inroAw ]


nwnk rKw Awpy hoAw ]
b>e 744-45

iP.qg wHgbJ df>cJ } bjRpS s[ ila[ dr,y f{Gsj h'S wiw[


bjq v'w WjWj ug s[ bjlV w'v' sg hg v.zs[ lV m dwl[ Rpfi
u[ d*fj wiVg hp.sg Rplsj qV bjf hg siLV wiV vHg f=[dibj
uJsj m RpGN a[ ljij l.lji hg sptg h{ m w'Hg ZV r,v'G@ w'Hg b"vjs
r,v'G@ w'Hg i'e Vjv aJ hg epiP VjVw s[r ug V[ xpiqjdHbj h{VjVw sptgbj lF l.ljip mm

dHl[ ai%J dH,w f+[qg u' ligiw a"i a[ sptg lg WjWj ug sg


Lphia lpS w[ iP.qg bj debj m WjWj ug s[ bjlS w'v fhp.y w[
VqLwji wgag m WjWj ug V[ h,o s[ dHLji[ s[ Vjv W{nS vHg dwhj m
fdhvJ rJe hg WjWj ug V[ Rpls[ Vjq df>c a[ e'a bjds Wji[
fp,DdAbj m
Rpl f+[qg V[ RpKai dr,y lF wpN s,l ds,aj a[ dxi bjfSg
e,v wiV v,ej dul s[ vHg Rph WjWj ug w'v bjdHbj lg m wdhS
v,ej #fjaLjh ) hi ljv q[i[ l,f vC ujsj h{ m w'Hg d*fj wi'
dHl a'G q[ij Wyj h' ujr[ m$
WjWj ug V[ fp,dAbj ##dHl s[ vCV sj wg wjiV h{ m$$ dHh
f+LV lpS w[ Rpl epidlt V[ bjfSg dfAvg h,c Wgag hwgwa
LpiP wi ds,ag m wdhS v,ej ##dHw rji q{G bjfS[ zi'eg w.q wiV vHg qpvajV debj m
Rpo[ q{} dH,w xwgi V;i bjdHbj m dtbjv bjdHbj xwgi h{@
w'Hg l[rj hg wi s[tgH[ m V[C[ fhp.y w[ q{G l[rj fp,Ag aJ xwgi ug
112

V[ aqjwP sg q>e wgag m q{G RpV%J } wdh ds,aj dw q{G dl,t hJ q[i[
w'v'G f{l[ v{ vr'G m dHh aplgG bjf v{ bjRpSj uJ dwl[ a'G q>erj
v{Sj m q{G aJ apqjwP } h,o VhgG vjRpSj m #q[ij dHh urjW lpS
w[ xwgi V[ ep,Dl[ Vjv dwhj$ dHl } h,o vjRpS Vjv wg a[i[ l,f
vC ujH[ej m$ q{G dHh vx; lpS w[ ypf wi debj a[ rjfl yvj
bjdHbj m
dHl a'G Rpfi.a hpS wHg ljv h' eH[ hV q[i[ hi ljv l,f
vC ujsj h{ m l' qhjiju ) d*fj wi' q{G Whpa sptg hJ m$$
dHh ljig rjiaj lpVS a'G Wjbs WjWj ug Rpl f+[qg }
lqNjRpS v,e[ ##dHh dHvjhg ajwa uJ Lwag f+jfa wiVg du>Vg
d;bjsj wnV h{ mRpVg hg Rpl a'G r,Z l.Fjv w[ i,tSg m w'Hg
qhJfpit hg dHl Lwag } bjfS[ b>si Apfj lws[ hV m y.ej
wgaj aP. aqjwP } h,o VhgG vjdHbj m u' Rpl V[ a[i[ Ziq sg firjh
Vj wis[ h'H[ dHh WyV wgaj h{@ Rpl sj wgaj@ Rph bjf F'e
dihj h{ m dHl Vjv a[ij wpN VhgG dredCbj Rpl sj VpwljV h'dHbj
h{ m
WjWj ug V[ Whjv sjl ug } Wpvj w[ hpwq wgaj$$ dHl f+[qg
} uv Awjb \dfvj s[| m$$ Whjv sjl ug V[ uv dfvj ds,aj m
dxi WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##uj hpS LpZ h{ m$$ Vjv hg ajwgs
wgag dw b,nJ fdhiJ dry'G lqJ dqvS a[ WjSg fdCbj wi m u[
fdC%bj VhgG aJ dlix dHV%J hg fC% dvbj wi m
O ldaVjq wiaj fpit m dHh wjxg h{ dHl sj ujf wisj
dihj wi lF wpN ngw ih[ej m wpN lqJ ypf idhS Rpfi.a WjWj
ug V[ WyV wgaj ##zi dr,y dH,w b,Zg dH,B i,t w[ Rpl Rpfi
Ljq } upagbJ qjdibj wigG m
Rpl V[ dHh WyV lpdSbj ba[ lda WyV sj LWs bvjf
w[ api dfbj m f+[qg V[ zi fhp.y w[ dHh wgaj m dH,w b,Zg dH,B
zi i,t w[ Rpl Rpfi i'u upagbJ qjdibj wi[ m up,agbJ qji[ aJ
113

dH,B Rpfi@ fi f{S Rpl xwgi s[ m us'G wHg dsV dHl ai%J hp.sj
dihj aJ xwgi dy>aJ dr,y e'a[ tjS v,e dfbj dH,w dsV WjWj ug
V[ xwgi } lpfV[ dr,y siLV s[ w[ iP.qg fhp.y ujS sg
ajwgs wgag m
lPiu sgbJ dwiVJ hV[i[ } drsjdHeg s[S vHg dVwvgbJ
aJ xwgi lJHg V[ rg iPq
. g r,v rhgiJ z,a vHgbJ m Rph f+q
[ g rg
WjWj ug w'v s' dsVJ sj bjdHbj h'dHbj lg m WjWj ug V[ WyV
wgaj ##b,u Rph xwgi dHo[ bj dihj h{ aP. Rpl} fAjS vr[Gej m
f+[qg V[ RpKai ds,aj ##ug h;Pi@ fAjS vrJej m$$
WjWj ug V[ hpwq wgaj ##Ljq sg e,cg a[ bj dihj h{ Fp,Dy'
q>cg lB[LV a'G Rpl} v{ w[ bj m$$
f+[qg lB[LV a[ fhp.y debj m e,cg bj eHg xwgi ug } N,B
fAjS dvbj a[ WjWj ug w'v bjRpS vHg f+[iVj wgaj m f+[qg b,e[
h' apdibj a[ xwgi df,A[ df,A[ m WjWj ug w'v fhp.ys[ hg xwgi V[
WjWj ug s[ y[hi[ r,v aK,dwbj aJ N,B lqN debj m WjWj ug V[
Vjq bjds fp,A w[ WyV wgaj ##wg f+LV h{($$
xwgi V[ ljig bjf Wgag t'v% w[ s,lg m WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj
##a[ij wlPi lg@ dHl vHg luj dqvSg hg lg m$$
xwgi V[ evag q>Vg ba[ W[Vag wgag ##hpS d*fj wi' m$$ WjWj
ug idhqa s[ zi bjH[ ba[ dlKdtbj ds,ag dw ##b,e[ a'G dHl ai%J
sg evag VhgG wiVg m$$ l' dHl xwgi } rg f+FP sg iuj dr,y
idhS sj ajwgs wgag m qhJfpit f+q[Li s[ hpwq dr,y idh w[
sp,t rg dVrjis[ hV m

bwrM bwr bwr pRBu jpIAY ] pI AMimRqu iehu mnu qnu DRpIAY ]
eRpCg l^ q^ 5

V'B ^ f+l.e FjHg iaV dl>z ug ci'vg rjdvbJ l.a Whjv


sjl ug fjl'G lpdSbj m
114

Z>Vp l[rj l[rwp firjVp


dHw dsV WjWj ug Whpa f+l.V lV RpV%J V[ Whjv sjl ug
} bjfS[ V[C[ Wpvj dvbj m us'G l[rw bjfS[ epiP sg l[rj l,yg
LiZj Vjv wi[ Rpl sg V[Caj bjf hg r,Z uJsg h{ m dfbji Vjv
dWnjw[ fp,AS v,e[ ##ws[ qV dr,y dHh rg l'ysj h{ dw ljij dsV
w.q hg vjHg i,ts[ hV m bijq Vjv s' zCg W{nS rg VhgG ds>s[ m$$
Whjv sjl ug V[ WCg dVqiaj Vjv RpKai ds,aj ##qhjiju )
dul dsV a'G l[rj dr,y bjdHbj hJ Rpl dsV a'G hg bV.s dr,y
hJ m hi Vr[G dsV } VrJ yjb yC%sj h{ dw b,u h'i l[rj dqv[eg
a[ dxi tpLg tpLg wiJej ba[ aphjc[ fjl'G rg tpLgbJ f+jfa wiJej m
ws[ rg qV dr,y VhgG bjMsj dw dHh l[rj b"tg h{ m hi r[v[
qV tpLg Vjv b>Wi dr,y RpcjigbJ vjMsj h{ m hi fv u' bjf
s[ fdrai yiVJ dr,y Wga dihj h{ m Rph l,y[ sg siejh dr,y
v[t[ v,e dihj h{ m ugrV sj dH,w dAV rg W[bio sj VhgG uj
dihj m bjf ug sg bfji d*fj h{ q{G dHl[ dr,y hg bjfSj lpFje
lqNsj hJ m$$
dHh RpKai lpS w[ WjWj ug WC[ f+l.V h'H[ m dxi WyV h'dHbj
##Whjv sjl hpS Rph lqJ V[C[ h{ us'G a{} dH,w blojV a[ c[ij
fj dsbJe[ m aP. Rpo[ bjfSj w.q bjf yvjHgG m y[v[ Wjvw[ a[i[
w'v h'dHbj wiVe[ m dxi a[ig qdhqj rZ[eg m$$
WyV lpS w[ Whjv sjl ug V[ W[Vag wgag ##LdhVLjh d*fj
wi'@ lj} aJ l[rj hg WtLg i,Dt' m bjfV[ Vjv'G drA'C' Vj m dHh
drA'Cj q[i[ w'v'G N,dvbj VhgG ujSj m q[hi s[ zi dr,y bjRp m
u[ q{ dWihp sg vf[B dr,y bj debj aJ q[ig hjva rg xigs ug
115

s[ woV bVplji h' ujr[eg m$$

PrIdw icMq Ktolw vwxu duKu ibrih ivCwvx lyPu ]


eyhu hmwrw jIvxw qU swihb scy vyKu ]
l' q{} bjfS[ a'G sPi Vj wi' m
WjWj ug dHh lpS w[ Whpa tpL h'H[ a[ WyV wgaj ##sPi VhgG
wis[ m dHh rg l[rj h{ ba[ duhCj w.q aP. Rpl r[v[ wiVj h{@ Rph
rg l[rj hg h'r[eg m$$

gurmuiK sKIAw isK gurU mylweIAw ]


ieik syvk gur pwis ieik guir kwrY lweIAw ]

l'idn rji q^ 4@ b>e 648

slr[G fjaLjh l+g e'dW>s dl>z ug s[ lq[G dH,w epidlt lpujV


dl>z } l[rj wiV sg Rpa[uVj h'Hg m RplV[ epiP ljdhW w'v fhp.y
w[ l[rj q>eg m huPi V[ hpwq wgaj ##u[ epiP sg l[rj wiVg h{ aJ
ljZ l.ea sg l[rj wi' m dHh hg l,yg l[rj h{ ml=g bV.sfpi ljdhW
a'G i'fC rjv[ fjl[ r,v ypila[ a[ W{n w[ l[rj wiVg h{ m dHl ue%j
a'G v.zV rjvgbj l.eaJ } fjSg dfvjRpSj h{ a[ u[ h' lw[ aJ
A'v[ Fp.V w[ i,Ddtbj wigG m ljc[ w'v bjRpS rjv[ hi dl,t } uv
AwjRpSj a[ A'dvbj sg dH,w qpng s[Sg m$$
dHh WyV lpS w[ lpujV dl>z ##lda WyV$$ wdh w[ bjdebj
v{ bjdHbj m A'v[ a[ fjSg ypi,la[ a[ v{ w[ W{n debj m duhCg
l.ea epiP fjl ujr[ Rpl} e,v f,vj fj w[ bjt[@ ##q[i[ r,v'G
ldaepiJ } q,oj B[wVj m$$ duV%J V[ Rpo'G rjdfl bjRpSj RpV%J
} wdhSj ##w'Hg ldaepiJ sj WyV lpVjRp m$$
lpujV dl>z o'C%g Whpa srjHg bjds rg wi s[Gsj lg m dul
} v'C h'r[ srjHg rg s[ s[Sg m dHl ai%J dHV%J sg f+'Caj dl,t
l.eaJ dr,y h'S v,e fHg m h"vg h"vg dHh li'a epiP ljdhW s[
116

w.Vg f{ eHg m
lpujV dl>z dHLVjV wiw[ dVaV[q wiV v,esj aJ ljhqS[
ldaepiJ sj bjlS drAj s[Gsj m dH,w dsV dVaV[q wis[ WCj
bV.s bj dihj lg m dVaV[q wis[ us'G ws[ b,t tp,v[% aJ Fpv[tj
duhj fr[ dw ldaepiP bjlS Rpfi W{n[ hV m dHh lg aJ f+a,t
fi qV Vj q>V[ m byjVw hg Wjhi'G brj; bjHg m ##FjHg lpujV
dl>z q{G awvgx dr,y hJ q[i[ f,Bg W.V% m$$ lpujV dl>z y"dwbJ m
wg wiJ Wjhi w'Hg sptg fpwji dihj h{ m dHZi dVaV[q sj bV.s
rg WCj bj dihj h{ m dxi Rph brj; w.VgG fHg m
##FjHg lpujV dl>z q{G sptg hJ q[i[ f,Bg W.V s[ m$$
hpS sptg sg brj; ldhS Vj wi ldwbj m N,B tCj h' debj
a[ Wjhi bjdHbj m Wjhi W{n[ f+[qg s[ ;tq s[t w[ RpV%J } ljx
wgaj m dxi bjfS[ spf,DB[ sj wpN dh,lj fjC w[ f,Bg W.V%g m f+[qg
LJa h'dHbj aJ lpujV dl>z b>si bj w[ dxi dVaV[q wiV v,e
dfbj m us'G b>ai dZbjV h' w[ fjn wgaj dxi b,t bjlV a[
eHg aJ wg r[dtbj ldaepiP bjlS a[ W{n[ hV a[ f,Bg W,Ng h'Hg
h{ m s[t w[ Tdh dfbj yiVJ a[ m h;Pi V[ WyV wgaj ##Wjhi q{G
hg brj;J s[ dihj lg m dul oJ q[ij ?jvlj q{} Ijs wi[ej
q{G hj;i hp.sj hJ m ##l' epidlt ug q{} Ijs wgaj lg q{G hj;i
h' debj m aphjcg l[rj firjV h{ hpS dHh ypi,laj A,c w[ q[i[
w'v bV.sfpi ljdhW fhp.y ujRp m$$ l' dHl ai%J lpujV dl>z epiP
a'G tpLg f+jfa wiw[ RpV%J Vjv dH,w h' debj m dxi Vjq hg ufs[
h'H[ bjfSj qjVl uVq rg l.rji dvbj m siejh dr,y rg oJ
WSj vHg m$$

117

nwnk dwsu muK qy jo bolY


eIhw aUhw scu hovY ]
b>e 681

qhJfpit s[ ugrV Wji[ u[ w'Hg dvtjig dvtSj yjh[ aJ wg


dvt lwsj h{ m Rph aJ lpS@ b,tgG dcn[ uJ lpS[ h'H[ w"aw hg
dvt lwsj h{ m u' qhJfpit ija } lqjZg v,eg lq[G wis[ hV
Rpl Wji[ w"S ujSsj h{ m Rph dHhg dvt lwsj h{ dw lqjZg v,eg
lg s' z.B[ uJ s' dsV VhgG Rpn[ m fi dHl lq[G b>si wg wgaj
Rpl sj wg dvt[ej m qhJfpit s[ f+a,t wia,r hg dvt lws[ hV m
dHl ai%J s[ wia,r Wji[ f>dca l.a ijq ug Fp,Dy' wvJ rjv[ s,ls[
hV dw dH,w dsV WjWj ug iP.qg dr,y bjfS[ bjlS a[ W{n[ lV m
wpN qp>c[ Fp,Dy' wvJ s[ u' bjfS[ fLP yjiV vHg iP.qg bjH[ lV m
Rph lji[ WjWj ug w'v fhp.y eH[ m WjWj ug tpL W{n[ lV m W,dybJ
} s[t f+l.V h' w[ wdhS v,e[ m$$
##W,dyY b,u wg tjSj h{ m$$
ljdibj V[ dwhj ##WjWj ug b,u epC hg trj dsY m$$
WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj ##epC Fp,Dy' q>cg a'G bj dihj h{ m$$
e'dW>sfpi[ } q>cg hg V[C[ f{Gsg h{ m dHl df>c s[ s' f+[qg bjfS[
RPnJ Rpfi epC dvbj ih[ hV m us'G dHh iP.qg s[ ila[ e'dW>sfpi[
} ujS v,e[ aJ WjWj ug V[ Whjv sjl ug } hpwq ds,aj ##dHV%J
w'v wg v,Ddsbj h'dHbj h{($$ Whjv sjl ug hpwq lpS w[ RpV%J
w'v fhp.y w[ fp,AS v,e[@ ##aphjc[ w'v wg h{ m$$
RpV%J V[ urjW ds,aj ##ljc[ w'v aJ vPS h{$$ NPn qji ds,aj m
118

RphVJ Fdibj v{ aJ epC lg m fi dtbjv bjdHbj dw dHh ljZP


epC v{Se[ m b{Gr[ f>u l,a l[i epC q>eSe[@ vPS hg wdh dsRp m
Whjv sjl ug WjWj ug fjl bj w[ wdhS v,e[ ##qhjiju Rph aJ
vPS s,ls[ hV m$$
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##y.ej FjHg RpV%J fjl aJ epC lg@
Wjwg dur[G Rph yjhp.s[ hV@ Rpl[ ai%J h' ujr[ej m$$ ljZP W'v[ ldhu
lpFjH[ ljZ wj W'dvbj dWioj Vj ujH[ m u' RpV%J dwhj lg Rph hg
WS debj hpS epC epC Vj dihj vPS dr,y Wsvg h' debj m
qhJfpit b,e[ NPn W'vS sj xv dqv debj m dul r[v[ zi fhp.y[
bjfS[ RPnJ } W{nj w[ epC Rpajdibj m us'G r[dtbj aJ ljij vPS
hg WS debj m N,B y'B v,eg qV } m vjhVaJ fjRpS v,e fH[
dw bjfj WjWj ug } dwM NPn W'dvbj lg m dxi Wga[ r[v[ } fAaj
ih[ lV m dtbjv bjdHbj WjWj ug fjl uj w[ qjxg q.e vHgH[
dwMdw NPn s[ drRpfji sj vjF ljhqS[ lg m
e'dW>sfpi[ a'G rjdfl qpC fH[ m Whjv sjl ug } W[Vag wgag
##qhjiju bjdebj h'r[ aJ WjWj ug b,e[ biu wiVg h{$$ Whjv
sjl ug V[ WjWj ug b,e[ W[Vag wgag ##fjaLjh@ e'dW>sfpi[ a'G
epC rjv[ f+[qg bjH[ hV RpV%J w'Hg W[Vag wiVg h{ m WjWj ug
V[ xpiqjdHbj ##bj ujS dsRp$$ m
Rph WjWj ug w'v bj w[ yiVg Tdh fH[ m ##LdhVLjh@ lj}
WtL' m ljc[ w'v'G Fp,v h' eHg h{ m blgG NPn qjdibj m dulsj Vaguj
ljc[ ljhqS[ bj debj h{ m aplgG WtLVhji h' m ljc[ a[ q[hi wi' m
ljcj ljij epC vPS dr,y Wsv debj h{ m
WjWj ug o'C%j qplwij w[ wdhS v,e[ ##aplgG vPS dwhj lg@
vPS hg h'Sj lg m
RpV%J aiv[ Vjv dwhj ##qhjiju@ blgG eigW hJ m blgG h'i
epC dvbjRpS a'G blqi,o hJ m hpS dwifj wi' m idhqa s[ zi
119

dr,y bjRp m$$ us'G w'Hg dVqjSj h' w[ qhJfpit s[ yiVg bj Tdh>sj
h{@ qhJfpit WC[ idhq dsv hp.s[ hV@ WtL ds>s[ hV m
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##u' h'Sj lg h' debj m fi aphjcj
vPS hg epC s[ Fjb drw ujr[ej m dHl } r[y bjRpSj m l' dHh
WyV q>V w[ RpV%J V[ vPS r[y ds,aj m Rpl[ ai%J hg h'dHbj vPS
epC s[ Fjr drw debj m qhJfpitj sj WyV bB,v hp.sj h{ m
dHl[ hg ai%J s[ f+a,t wia,r epiP ljdhW s[ lq[G rg hp.s[ ih[ m
vjh"i Ldhi s[ b>si hpS rg dH,w ue%J FjHg WpZP s[ bjr[ \FJc[
w,y[ a'G f,w[ wiV sg F,ng| s[ Vjq Vjv qLhPi h{ m
dHw rji FjHg WpZP u' zpdqbji lg V[ bjfS[ dw,a[ bVplji
bjr[ dr,y w,ygbJ dH,BJ sg dyVjHg wgag m Rpl } fwjRpS s[
vHg dul lq[G b,e s[Sg lg aJ fdhvJ f>ur[G fjaLjh epiP l+g
biuV s[r ug fjl W[Vag wgag ##qhjiju@ q{G bjr[ } b,e s[Sg
h{ q[ij bjrj ngw f,w ujr[ m$$
ldaePiJ V[ WyV wgaj ##dul lq[G bjr[ } t'vSj h{ Rpl a'G
dH,w dsV fdhvJ f+Ljds dabji wiVj h{ ba[ dHh f+Ljds fdhvJ
l.ea } AwjRpSj h{ dxi bisjl wiVg h{ m$$
FjHg WpZP ##lda WyV$$ wdh w[ rjdfl bj debj m bjrj
dabji h' debj m t'vS sj lqJ bj debj RplV[ WCg igN Vjv
f+Ljs dabji wirjdHbj m dxi ljig l.ea dHw,ng wgag a[ f+Ljs
Awj ds,aj m bisjl wiV sj lqJ h' debj m Wjhi dH,w dl,t FjHg
v,tP wqvj duhj F[l WSj w[ bj debj a[ f+Ljs A,wS vHg biu
wgag m f+Ljs riajRpS rjdvbJ wqvj \fjev| lqN w[ wdh
ds,aj dw f+Ljsj ?aq h' debj m bisjl LpiP h' eHg m ljig l.ea
bisjl wi[ dw ##FjHg WpZP sj bjrj f,wj h'r[ m$$
fi FjHg v,tP wh[ ##w,yj h'r[ m$$ dHh lpS w[ ljig l.ea V[
dwhj ##a[i[ wdhS Vjv dHh w,yj h' ujr[ej($$ aP. epiP a'G rg r,cj
120

h{$$( FjHg v,tP yp,f yjf yvj debj m


us'G bjrj t'dv%bj aJ w,yj dVwdvbj m FjHg WpZP Whpa
zWijdHbj a[ N,B ldaepiJ w'v fhp.dybj@ W[Vag wgag ##fjaLjh
q[ij bjrj w,yj idh debj m$$
ldaepiP WyV wgaj ##w'Hg dl,t Fp,tj yvj debj h'r[ej m##
RplV[ dwhj qhjiju Wjhi dH,w wqvj duhj tCj lg Rph idh debj
lg a[ Vjv hg wdh dihj lg ##w,yj ih[ej$$ m
ldaepiP e.Fgiaj Vjv wdhS v,e[ ##Rph wqvj VhgG lg m aplgG
wqv[ h' u' Rpl} lqN V lw[ m Rph aJ FjHg v,tP lg m$$ ##qhjiju@
lj} wg faj lg m hpS lj} WtL s[r' m evag h' eHg@ l' qjx
wi dsRp m$$
ldaepiJ WyV wgaj ##y.ej u' h' debj l' h' debj fi a[igbJ
w,ygbJ dH,BJ sg rg f,w[ s[ Fjb drwig h' ujr[eg m$$
ldaepiP sj WyV bdq,B lg m vjh"i s[ dwv[% sj dH,w dh,lj
dc,e dfbj m VrjW V[ W,pZP sj w,yj bjrj hg f,w[ s[ Fjb tigs
dvbj m

nwnk dwsu muK qy jo bolY eIhw aUhw scu hovY ]

b>e 681

jo jo icqvY dwsu hir mweI ]


so so krqw Awip krweI ]
b>e 202

lr[i[ WjWj ug V[ Whjv sjl ug } hpwq ds,aj ##Whjv sjl@


bai dl>z l[qj } Wpvj w[ dvbj m$$
121

##lda WyV ug$$ wdh w[ Whjv sjl ug api fH[ m l[q[ fhp.y
eH[ m bai dl>z ug sj WPhj uj tCwjdHbj m ##WjWj ug Ijs wis[
hV$$ RphVJ hpS[ hg WpvjdHbj h{ m
bai dl>z V[ fp,dAbj@ ##b,u euj VhgG wgaj m$$ Whjv sjl
ug wdhS v,e[ m ##b,u fdhvJ aphjc[ w'v hg F[dubj h{ m$$
bai dl>z V[ bjRpS lq[G dH,w r,c[ WiaV dr,y sp,Z fj
dvbj m o'C%j epC a[ dzRp v{ dvbj m dHh da>V[ yg;J v{ w[ WjWj
ug w'v fhp.y debj ba[ VqLwji wgag WjWj ug WiaV yp,w w[
a[ s[t w[ wdhS v,e[@ ##dHhVJ dr,y wg h{@ bai dl>z m$$ lF wpN
ujSs[ h'H[ rg bVujV WS uJs[ lV m spdVbjsji } Fpv[tj fjRpS
vHg aJ dw lj} lqN Vj lw[ m Rpl V[ dwhj ##WiaVJ dr,y sp,Z
h{ m Wjwg epC a[ dzRp h{ m$$
##dHh t[yv wiV sg wg v'C lg$$@ WyV wgaj m
##qhjiju m lF bjf sj hg h{ m sp,Z A,w vRp m$$
##ndhi ujRp wpN lq[G vHg m wpN qhjaqj bj ih[ hV m fdhvJ
dHh ue%J ljx wi dsRp m$$ WjWj ug sj WyV lpS w[ Whjv sjl
ug a[ bai dl>z ug oJ ljx wiV v,e fH[ m lxjHg h' ujS
a'G o'C%g hg s[i Wjbs sl ljZP Fer[G F[l b>si WjWj ug w'v
bj fhp.y[ m RpV%J WjWj ug s[ yiV ApH[ a[ dfA[ h' w[ W{n eH[ m WjWj
ug V[ ugb bjdHbj dwhj a[ Whjv sjl ug } hpwq ds,aj@ ##sp,Z
dr,y dq,nj a[ dzRp fj w[ l.aJ } Awj dsRp m$$
bai dl>z a[ Whjv sjl ug V[ sp,Z WiaVJ dr,y fj w[ l.aJ
b,e[ i,t ds,aj m dHh fgS Rpfi.a h'i fj ds,aj l.aJ } i,u w[
sp,Z AwjdHbj m h'i rg l.eaJ ila[ a'G v.zgbj lF } sp,Z
AwjdHbj m ljZPbJ dry'G dH,w V[ sPli[ r,v s[t w[ u' dw dHLjij
WjWj ug sgbJ b,tJ Rpfi i,tg h'Hg f,Bg r,v lg mWjWj ug NB
122

lqN eH[ m dsvJ sgbJ ujSs[ lV m b>sivgbJ Wp,N v{Gs[ lV m


wdhS v,e[@ ##dHLji[ dwM wis[ h' b,tJ a'G f,Bg ypwgH[ m$$ Rpl
ljZP V[ h,o u'C ds,a[ ba[ W[Vag wgag ##fjaLjh dul i.e dr,y
h' ngw h{ m q{} qjx wi dsRp m$$ WjWj ug qplwij w[ wdhS v,e[ m
##blgG aJ aphjc[ qV sj l.wvf fpij wgaj h{ m aplgG ila[ dr,y
e,vJ wis[ lg dw dwZi[ sp,Z dqv ujH[@ sPli[ V[ dwhj lg dq,nj
fj w[ dqv ujr[ dxi ngw h{ m aguj wdh>sj lg dzRp rg fjdHbj
h'r[ m l' dHh da>V[ hg aphj} dqv eHgbJ hV m aplgG i,u w[ lF
##wpN A,w dvbj h{ m hpS bjdebj h{ m$$
dxi Whjv sjl ug } hpwq ds,aj ##ljZPbJ } sp,Z rjvj
WiaV dstj s[rgG m$$
dul r[v[ ljZPbJ V[ WiaV dr,y Njag qjig aJ sp,Z RpaVj
hg dfbj lg m l.a Whjv sjl ug RpV%J } drsjdHeg s[S o'C%g
sPi a,w Vjv yv fH[ a[ wdhS v,e[ ##s[dtbj l.a ug@ sp,Z fdhvJ
du>Vj hg dihj m dHo[ a'B VhgG epiP VjVw sj zi h{ m$$
ljZP aJ fdhvJ hg WiaV s[t w[ blyiu lV@ wdhS v,e[
##Whjv sjl ug@ l[rj wis[ ih' m aphjc[ epiP lqi,o hV ba[ aphjc[
Rpfi f+l.V hV m aphjc[ Rpfi A[ag d*fj h'r[eg m$$
Whjv sjl ug o'Cg sPi uj w[ lda l+g bwjv Wpvj w[ qpC
bjH[ m
WjWj ug fp,AS v,e[ ##Whjv sjl ljZP wg wdh>s[ lV($$
RpV%J dwhj@ ##bjf lF wpN ujSs[ h' q{G wg s,lJ@ ldaepiP m$$
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##u' Rph wdh eH[ hV ngw h{ m$$

123

miq QoVI syv gvweIAY ]


bjlj sg rji@ b>e 647

fjnw df,A[ fC% yp,w[ hV dw Whjv sjl ug wSw s[ dlKB[


dHw,n[ wiw[@ ljx wiw[ dxi Z'@ lpwj w[@ bjf bjBj fgl w[ fi"Gnj
l[q[ df>c bjfSg F{S s[ zi'G dabji wiw[ dvbjMs[ lV m
dHw dsV Whjv sjl ug wSw ljx wiw[ bjBj dfljRpS
vHg l[q[ df>c yv[ eH[ m Rph zi hg eH[ m fdhvJ bjBj h,o Vjv
y,vS rjvgbJ y,wgbJ a[ fgdlbj uJsj lg m b,u w,v aJ q'BiJ
uJ dH>uS yvs[ hV m Rpl zi rjvg qjHg y.s w"i } ep,Dlj bjdHbj
h'dHbj lg m qjHgbJ sj ep,lj u[ dwl[ Vjv vC w[ n.cj Vj h'r[
aJ h'i fLP } wp,B w[ uJ w'Hg yg; zi sg a'C F.V w[ hg sPi
wisgbJ hV m u[ vCg VP.h Vjv h'r[ aJ ejvJ erJTgbJ }
w,T[eg m dwMdw bjq whjra h{ ##dc,eg t'a[ a'G ep,lj zpdqbji
a[$$ m y.s' qjHg } dtbjv bjdHbj dw Whjv sjl dHo[ hg bjBj
fglS bjMsj h{ dwM Vj q{G y,wg } hg tijW wi dsbJ m
RplV[ y,wg sg dw,vg s[ yx[i[ vgiJ sg w,o \e'v wiw[ i,lg
r,B w[| WSj w[ W.V% ds,ag m Whjv sjl ug y,wg w'v eH[ a[ bjBj
fglS v,e fH[ m bjf bjBj WVjRpS vHg Rpfi'G wSw fjRpS fi
wSw sj svgbJ duhj WS ujr[ bjBj Vj WS[ m us'G s' da>V
rji Whjv sjl ug V[ bjBj WVjRpS sg w'dLL wgag Rph Vj
WdSbj m bjf V[ y.s w"i } fp,DdAbj ##y,wg } wg h' debj h{ m$$
qjHg V[ ep,Dl[ dr,y urjW ds,aj ##aP. hg wpN wi ds,aj h'r[ej m$$
124

Whjv sjl ug V[ dwhj ##q{G dHl} tijW VhgG wgaj m dHh fdhvJ
hg tijW lg m$$
qjHg wdhS v,eg ##dHh aJ dHr[ hg fgl[eg m h'i dwl[ w'v
fgl v{ m$$ dwMdw bu[ e,pDl[ sj FPa lrji lg m
dHl qjHg } dHh faj VhgG lg dw q{G bjfSg wgag wqjHg
tPh dr,y fj vHg h{ m dwMdw dHl sg hjva aJ dHh lg dw dur[G
v'h[ sg a,ag h'Hg w'Hg yg; dul Vjv v,e ujr[ Rpl } ljC
s[r[eg m dHl ai%J bjsqg sj ep,Dlj rg afs[ h'H[ v'h[ s[ dw,v riej
hp.sj h{ m dul Vjv v,e[ej@ qavW NeC[ej Rpl } ljC[ej m u[
b,e Vjv VhgG ljC[ej aJ qjC[ WyV wi[ej m dul Vjv b,e[ tC[
f+jSg sg qV sg wvfVj rZ[eg dur[G^
##bedV *'Z y.cjv mm$$
Whjv sjl dHh w"C[ W'v lpS w[ zWijH[ VhgG m qjHg }
VqLwji wiw[ api fH[ m WjWj ug w'v fhp.y w[ ljig Wgag lpSjHg m
WjWj ug V[ lpFjrw hg WyV wgaj ##y.ej dur[G y,wg tjvg
y,vg h{ bjBj VhgG WdSbj m qjHg rg tjvg hg ih[eg m$$
dxi wg h'Sj h{ m WyV qhjaqj sj tjvg dwr[G ujr[ v,e debj
dur[G yPV[ dr,y dH,B m qjHg s[ w'Hg Rpvjs Vj h'Hg a[ Rph tjvg
hg eHg m qhJfpitJ } sptg wiV rjvj dxi luj fjMsj hg h{ m
l.a wj s'tg bZ Wgdy a[ BPB{ m
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125

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qhJfpit epiWjSg s[ qjhi hp.s[ h'H[ rg bjq v'wJ a'G Rphvj


i,ts[ hV m dHl[ ai%J WjWj ug wHg rji epBwj v{ w[ fjn wiV
v,e uJs[ lV m dH,w dsV iP.qg s[ A,fC w'v W{n w[ fjn wi ih[
lV m dvr v,e eHg f+qjaqj Vjv a[ qla h' eH[ m epBwj h,o
dry'G dVwv w[ ;qgV a[ dc,e dfbj m dul r[v[ bjf ug sg dWiag
tp,v%g Rpn w[ tC[ h' eH[ m epBw[ sj dtbjv Fp,v debj m FpvShji
aJ spVgbjsji h{ m i,W Vjv dqv[ h'H[ lprjqg ws[ F,pvs[ Vhk m dHh
aJ dwl[ f+[qg s[ qV sj fisj hBjRpSj lg Rpl sg dWiag Vjq
ufS dr,y vjRpSg lg m dtcjig hjwg@ wW,cg uJ B{dVl t[csj
h{ fi fPiV fpit v'wJ s[ qV Vjv t[cJ t[cs[ hV m dwl[ } du,a
v{Gs[ hV ba[ dwl[ } bjfSg vgvj s[ q{sjV dry'G w,T ds>s[ hV m
dul } du,a v{Gs[ hV dxi Rph hji q>V w[ yiVJ a[ Tdh f{Gsj
h{ m bjfSj b,ej rg l.rji v{Gsj h{ a[ spVgbJ } rg du,a v{Gsj h{ m
qdhajW dl>z df>c l[q[G bjlV w'v sg v.dzbj m Rpl sg
dVejh epBw[ Rpfi f{ eHg m RplV[ epBwj yp,w dvbj m epBwj vpwj
w[ bjfS[ zi v{ debj m WjWj ug lF ujSs[ lV m WjWj ug V[
Whjv sjl } ug hpwq wgaj ##qdhajW dl>z bjfSj epBwj v{
debj h{ m Rpl a'G epBwj v{ w[ bj m$$
Whjv sjl ug ##lda WyV$$ wdh w[ epBwj v{S rjla[ l[q[
126

df>c qdhajW dl>z w'v yv[ eH[ m bjf V[ f+[qg } W[Vag wgag
##dw WjWj ug sj epBwj s[ dsRp m$$
fi qdhajW dl>z f{i a[ fjSg Vj f{S s[r[ m q[i[ w'v w'Hg
epBwj VhgG m dHh WyV lpS w[ Whjv sjl ug WjWj ug w'v iP.qg
bj fhp.y[ m
WjWj ug fjl W[Vag wgag ##qhjiju Rph epBwj VhgG ds>sj m
Rpl V[ aJ dwhj h{@ q[i[ w'v VhgG h{ m$$
WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj ##u[ Rpl V[ hpS VhgG ds,aj aJ bjfS[
bjf v{ w[ bjr[ej m$$ hpwq wgaj ##Rpl s[ zi uj ba[ dWVj wpN
W'v[ r[C[% dr,y tC w[ hg qpC bjRpSj h{ m$$
WyV lpS w[ Whjv sjl dxi qdhajW dl>z s[ zi yv[ eH[ m
drhC[ dr,y dH,w l{dw>c vHg tC[% h' w[ qpC bjH[ m bjf WjWj ug
w'v fhp.y[ hg h'Se[ dw qdhajW dl>z s[ zi s[ lji[ zC[ BpBS[
LpiP h' eH[ fjSg ljij cpv% debj m qdhajW dl>z } zi s[ lji[
zC[ Bp,BS sj wjiS lqNS dr,y s[i Vj v,eg m Rpl[ r[v[ Rph iP.qg
r,v y,v dfbj m WjWj ug w'v fhp.y w[ yiVJ a[ Tdh dfbj a[
epBwj b,e[ i,t w[ wdhS v,e[ ##WjWj ug qjx wi dsRp m q[i[ w'v'G
evag h' eHg h{ m$$ WjWj ug h,l w[ wdhS v,e[ ##aP. wdh>sj lg
q[i[ w'v epBwj VhgG h{ m dHh dwo'G bj debj h{($$
Rpl sj Liq Vjv dli Np,w debj m W[Vag wiV v,ej
##qhjiju ) d*fj wi' zi s[ lji[ zC[ Bp,B eH[ hV m ljij B,Wi
fjSg dWVJ a.e h' ujr[ej m fjSg aJ WCg qpLwv Vjv dqvsj h{ m
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##y.ej u' h'Sj lg h' debj@ hpS LpZ
h{$$ ba[ ajwgs wgag fdhvg fjRpCg sj ujf wisj dihj wi m
127

zC[ VhgG BpBSe[ m


l' dHl upeag Vjv f+q[Li sj dlqiV wiV vj ds,aj m l' dHl
ai%J WjWj ug V[ Lwag Vjv Vjq ufV vj ds,aj dur[G-

eyqw qwxu hovY mn AMdir krI iB AwiK krweI ]


jyvfu swihbu qyvf dwqI dy dy kry rjweI ]
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dHw rji bnr[G fjaLjh l+g hdi d*LV ug qhjiju ds,vg


uJs[ ila[ dr,y f>u't[Cj df>c dr,y ndhi[ m dH,w f>ca V[ dHw,n
s[tw[ dl,tJ } fp,DdAbj m ##dHh dwl ai%J sj dHw,n h{ m dl,tJ V[
sKdlbj dHo[ bnr[G fjaLjh bjH[ hV m f>dca V[ b,e[ h' w[ s[dtbj
aJ fp,AS v,ej m ##dHh dH>Vg A'Bg Rpqi dry m dHV%J sg Rpqi aJ
ljig A[ l,a wp ljv sg v,esg h{ m wg dHV%J dr,y w'Hg Lwag h{(
u[ h{ aJ egaj s[ bio lpVjS m dHh e,v dl,tJ V[ ldaepiJ w'v
fhp.yj ds,ag m fjaLjh V[ f>dca } w'v Wpvj dvbj m WyV wgaj
##wg lpVSj h{($$ m
f>dca V[ dwhj ##egaj s[ bio$$ m
fjaLjh V[ dl,tJ } hpwq wgaj A,uP ijq dNRpi } l,s
dvbjRp m dl,tJ V[ A,uP } Wpvj dvbJsj m qhjiju V[ A,uP ijq }
b,e[ dWnj dvbj ba[ Rpl s[ dli Rpfi l'Bg i,t ds,ag@ dxi f>dca
} wdhS v,e[ m ##fpKA' hpS u' fpASj h{ m A,uP ijq urjW s[r[ej@
##f>dca } wdhS v,e[ m f>dca V[ egaj sj lv'w fdC%bj m A,uP
ijq } bio wiV vHg dwhj m N,B hg Rpl V[ bio wi ds,a[ m
f>dca yiVg Tdh dfbj m
128

dxi f>dca V[ A,uP Vjv hg wHg f+LV RpKai wga[ m dHl ai%J
ldaepiJ V[ f+a,t dstj w[ f>dca s[ Fpv[t[ sPi wi ds,a[ m

jn Bgqn ko kho n mwno


kIE Apno peIhY ]
b>e 524

WjWj ug wHg rji dfAv[ uVqJ s[ ljog s,lS v,e uJs[ lV m


dwifjv dl>z du>V%J } bai dl>z qjV rg wdh ds>s[ lV m e'dW>s
fpij df>c s[ rjlg lV m Rph wHg rji WjWj ug w'v bj uJs[ lV m
dH,w dsV WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj ##bai dl>z dfAv[ uVq dr,y
bjfJ s'V'G Fij lg m$$
Rpl dwhj ##qhjiju@ q{G wg ujSsj hJ aphj} hg faj
h'r[ej m$$
bai dl>z Whpa w.uPl lg m f{l[ } tiyS v,DdebJ WCj l.w'y
a'G w.q v{Gsj lg m fpV sjV wiV dr,y w'Hg dsvylfg VhgG
i,tsj lg m
WjWj ug w'v siLV wiV bjdHbj m WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj@
##bai dl>z fpV sjV rg wi dvbj wi m f{l[ } w.uPlg Vjv u'CVj
VhgG m dul dsV a[i[ w'v dH,w v,t ipdfbj h'r[ej aP. qi ujr[Gej m$$
RplV[ WjWj ug sj dHh dwhj h'dHbj WyV bSlpdSbj wi
ds,aj m bjfSg bjsa qpajWw f{l[ s[ vjvy v,ej dihj m b>a
Vaguj Rphg h'dHbj m us'G Rpl w'v dH,w v,t ipdfbj h' debj m
Rph Wgqji h' debj m o'C[% dsVJ dr,y spVgbJ } bvdrsj wdh
129

debj m fi Rph wi rg wg lwsj lg dwMdw qjdHbj riaV sj


dwl[ dwl[ } r,v rg VhgG hp.sj m
dur[G dH,w whjSg h{ dw w'Hg l[n qwjV fj dihj lg m Rpl}
f{l[ sg v'C f{ eHg m l[n V[ bjfS[ dq,ai } fpKdAbj dw dwl[ w'v'G
f{lj dqv lwsj h{ m dH,w V[ s,Ddlbj dw xvjV[ u,B w'v'G dqv lwsj
h{ m l[n Rpl w'v fhp.y debj m us'G u,B r,v s[dtbj Rpl } f{l[
h'S sj IwgV Vj bjr[ m fi dNuw w[ fp,A hg dvbj m b,e'G u,B
V[ dwhj ##dwhC[ l.V s[ yjhgs[ hV($$ l[n dHh lpS w[ h{ijV h'
debj m l[n V[ duhC[ l.V s[ ipdfbj sg q>e wgag duqgGsji V[
dvbj ds,a[ m wpN lq[G Wjbs u,B f{l[ v{S vHg l[n w'v debj m
wg r[tsj h{ l[n sj dw>Vj l'hSj qwjV h{ dw>Vg Ljhg njng Vjv
idh>sj h{ m qV dr,y l'ysj h{ q{G rg uj w[ qwjV fjrJej m dHh
q[i[ w'v'G drbju Rpfi f{l[ v{ w[ q"GuJ wi dihj h{ q[i[ w'v hp.s[
h'H[ rg VhgG vj lwsj m
zi fhp.y w[ bjfS[ fp,aiJ } bjrj;J qjiV v,e uJsj h{ m
us'G Rph V[C[ bj uJs[ hV aJ f{l[ b,e[ lp,B wdh>sj h{ dH,BJ dvbjRp@
lgq{GB dvbjRp@ v'hj dvbjRp vj dsRp dHh lji[ f{l[ m$$
dHh s[t w[ qp>c[ lqNs[ hV dw WjfP aJ w.uPl lg b,u dHl}
wg h' debj h{ m dHh dwZi[ fjev hg h' debj h'r[ m RpV%J xC
w[ Wp,T[ } o.q Vjv W.V ds,aj m l' dHl ai%J f+qjaqj rv'G dwl[ }
dHh ri hg hp.sj h{ dw Rph f{lj ria VhgG lwsj m
dHl[ ai%J hg qdhajW dl>z V[ WjWj ug s[ wdhS bVplji fp>V
sjV Vj wgaj du>seg a'G h,o Z' W{nj m
V'B ^ l! wiaji dl>z Wg!H[! e'dW>sfpi a'G f+l.e dqdvbj m
130

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b>e 279

iP.qg s[ w'v sg dH,w iurjhj \lPbj| ijqfpij q>cg rjv[ fjl[


fp,BSj LpiP h' debj m dHl s[ fp,BS sj n[wj h' debj m qdhwq[ V[
iurjhj fp,BS vHg q;sPi vjH[ lV m eiqg sj q"lq lg m dH,w
dsV Whpa eiqg f{ ihg lg m qusPi Whpa drbjwpv h' ih[ lV m
spfdhi s[ lq[G bjijq wiV vHg WjWj ug w'v iP.qg dr,y tC[ dW+A
sg AJ o,v[ bj W{n[ m
WjWj ug WyV wgaj ##epiqpt' uv fjSg fg vRp m$$
RpV%J } WjWj ug s[ zdCbJ dry'G Whjv sjl ug V[ fjSg
dfvjdHbj m fjSg fg w[ Whpa tpL h'H[ m wdhS v,e[@ ##qhjiju fjSg
b>dq+a hg h{ m$$
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj@ aplgG eiqg dr,y b"t[ h' ih[ h' m dxi
fp,B v{Sj us'G lisg ip,a bj eHg m ##qusPiJ V[ RpKai dr,y dwhj@
WjWj ug blgG dHl } fp,BS sj n[wj v{ i,Ddtbj h{ m Rplsj lqJ
z,B h{ m dHl wiw[ fp,Bs[ hJ m fi qhjiju ) dq,Bg Whpa lta h{ m
qpLwv Vjv o'C%j hg oJ fpKdBbj uJsj h{ m$$
WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj ##s' dsV ndhi w[ fp,B v{Sj m$$
##dxi wg h'r[ej($$
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s[r[ej$$ WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj m
131

qusPi s' dsV bjfS[ dBwjS[ a[ yv[ eH[ m dH,w dsV Wjbs
qgGh f{ hg debj m ljig dq,Bg Viq h' eHg m RpV%J bj w[ s[dtbj
lji[ fjl[ fjSg hg fjSg lg m Rph Whpa tpL h'H[ ba[ WjWj ug fjl
fhp.y w[ W[Vag wgag aplgG ljc[ Rpfi d*fj wgag h{ m ljc[ vHg
w'Hg l[rj sKl' m$$
WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj ##fjSg a[ ijLV dvbjRpS vHg ljc[
w'v l[rjsji h{ m h'i dwl[ yg; sg ;iPia VhgG m$$
qusPiJ V[ dxi W[Vag wgag ##qhjiju@ w'Hg l[rj dsRp m$$
##y.ej x[i ljcg l[rj dHh h{ dw duhCj dl,t h{ Rph rjdhepiP
sj ujf wi dvbj wi[@ qplvqjV b,v%j b,v%j a[ dh>sP ijq ijq sj
Vjq v{ dvbj wi' m dHhg blvg l[rj h{ m$$
WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj m l' dHl ai%J WjWj ug V[ RphVJ }
f+q[Lri s[ epS ejrS vj ds,aj m
V'B ^ l! N.cj dl>z a'G WyV f+jfa h'dHbj m

krn krwvn krnY jogu ]


e'dW>sfpij df>c sj bjlj ijq Fpy' q>cg a'G bj dihj lg m eiqg
sj q"lq lg m f{sv ujS vHg iP.qg s[ w'v sg ilaj lg Rph eiqg
Vjv drbjwpv h'dHbj WjWj ug fjl iP.qg fhp.y debj m WjWj ug
w'v fhp.y w[ VqLwji wgag ba[ bijq wiV v,e dfbj m W'hC
sg n.Tg AJ Vjv Rplsg owjrB sPi h' eHg m us'G wpN lqJ bijq
wiV wiw[ apiV v,ej WjWj ug V[ hpwq wgaj ##Feaj o'C%g l[rj
hg wisj uj$$ m
132

bjlj ijq V[ ##ldaWyV$$ wdh w[ l[rj fp,Ag m WjWj ug V[ dq,Bg


s[ fH[ T[i r,v dHLjij wiw[ hpwq wgaj m ##dHl } yp,w w[ Rph
ljhqS[ B'H[ w'v lp,B s[ m eiqg Whpa@ spfdhi sj lqJ bjlj ijq
zWij debj m fi b>siv[ ci s[ qji[ W,nv \alvj@ wCjhgbJ|
a[ whg yp,w T[i w'v yvj debj m Rpl V[ whg Vjv W,nv dq,Bg
sj Fi dvbj ba[ yp,w dvbj Rpl } dli Rpfi W,nv yp,wg uJs[
dHl ai%J qdhlPl h'dHbj dur[G Rpl s[ df,A[ dwl[ s[ f{iJ sg bjrj;
bj ihg h'r[ m Rph dq,Bg s,lg h'Hg ue%j a[ lp,B w[ rjfl bjdHbj
aJ wg s[tsj h{ m dq,Bg o'C%g hg Wjwg idh eHg h{ m Rpl V[ dq,Bg
W,nv dr,y dxi fj vHg m fdhvJ sg ai%J hg qdhlPl wiV v,ej m
dul r[v[ agli[ y,wi bjdHbj aJ ljig dq,Bg yp,w ue%j ljx wgag
fHg lg m
dHh lF wpN s[t wi Rph h{ijV h' debj m WjWj ug w'v bj
w[ W[Vag wgag m$$ dq,Bg aplgG bjf hg yp,wj ds,ag h{ m bjf aJ
fhp.y[ h'H[ ljZP h' m$$
WjWj ug V[ Rpl } WyV wgaj$$ dHh e,v b,e[ Vj wiVg dw
blgG wg hJ dHo[ yp,f wi uj m$$

kir kir dyKY ApnI vifAweI ]


nwnk sB mih rihAw smweI ]

b>e 277

l' dHl ai%J bjf lF wpN wi lwS sg lqi,oj i,ts[ h'H[ rg


Ap,f w[ idh>s[ lV m dul f+jSg a[ d*fj wiVg hp.sg Rpl s[ qV }
hg f+[is[ lV WjwgbJ } Bjv qB'v wi ds>s[ lV m
V'B ^ l! wiaji dl>z Wg!H[! a'G f+l.e dqdvbj m
133

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b>e 146

l'Vj dul ai%J wpnjvg dr,y fj w[ eiq wgaj uJsj h{ m dxi


w,T w[ LpZ hp.sj h{ Rpl ai%J yqw yCsj h{ dul ai%J l'Vj BPq WS[ Rpl r[v[ us Tvsj dr,y wpnjvg mm
lisg Zpf lh[ us dli a[ aJ xv xCsj vjvg mm
siug fjC wi[ us vgiJ aJ WS[ wqg; W.ejvg mm
qwls daVj hjlv hp.s[ du.Vj qpLwv Njvg mm
dHl ai%J WjWj ug V[ Whjv sjl ug } h'i l[rj vjHg aj
dw dHh l'V[ sg ai%J y.eg ai%J yqw xC ujS m WjWj ug V[ hpwq
wgaj ##Whjv sjl b,u a'G Lpip wis[ dH,w h'i l[rj Rph dHh h{
dw ljc[ w'v idh w[ qPv q>a= sj lrj v,t fjn yjvg dsV dr,y
wiVj h{ m b,Zg ija a'G Wjbs duh' duhj uv dqv[ Rpl Vjv hg
dHlVjV wiw[ dVaV[q LpiP wiVj h{ m bev[ sl dsV ev[ a,w
fjSg dr,y tC[ h' w[ wiVj h{ m bev[ sl dsV i'CJ Rpa[ W{nw[ m
dxi sl dsV fsq bjlV wiw[ ba[ btgiv[ sl dsV \h,o sj
dHLjij wiw[| ljhqS[ sita s[ BjhS[ Rpfi W{n w[ wiVj h{ m
dHh fjn wiV lq[G dwl[ Vjv w'Hg e,v VhgG wiVg ba[ RpKyg
dVejh wiw[ s[tSj rg VhgG m q'V Zji w[ i,tSj h{ u[ W'vVj h'r[
aJ qPv q>a= hg W'v w[ fC%V v,e ujSj m
Whjv sjl ug V[ ##lda WyV$$ wdh w[ dli Npwj ds,aj m dxi
134

W[Vag wgag ##qhjiju ) u' l[rj Vei dr,y v,eg h{ Rph dwl ai%J
h'r[eg m$$
WjWj ug V[ xpiqjdHbj bjf hg f+q[Lri wirjdHbj wi[ej m
yjvg dsV qV b>si dHh xpiVj rg VhgG WVjRpSj dw dHh l[rj
w"S wi[ej m dxi Whjv sjl ug V[ dHh wqjHg LpiP wi ds,ag m
dxi wg h'dHbj dHh' duhg brloj WS eHg@ dur[G wWgi ug
RpyjiV wi eH[^

AlauqI kw jYsy BieAw bryfw


ijin pIAw iqin jwinAw ]

eRpCg wWgi ug@ b>e 333

dHh wiq Vjv fdhv[ sl dsV dr,y bxpi brloj h' eHg m
dxi bVhs LWs dxi da=wpBg dry'G f+wjL V;i bjRpS v,e
dfbj m bjdti bufj ujf b{lj bi.F h'dHbj dw wpsiag
ylq[ rJe dlqiV sg vCg y,v fHg m dH,w dHh' duhj bV.s
bjdHbj dw wqjHg rjvg qV' brloj WS eHg m us'G yjvg dsV
fPi[ h' eH[ dxi WjWj ug V[ w'v Wpvj w[ WyV wgaj ##aP. sgrjVj
l.a h{ m$$

BieAw idvwnw swh kw nwnku baurwnw ]

qjiP q^ 1@ b>e 991

Fpy' idhS lq[G WjWj ug ws[ ws[ WyV wdibj wis[ lV


##blgG da>V ai%J s[ ljZP WSjH[ hV@ sjV[@ sgrjV[ ba[ qlajV[$$
sjV[ WjWj bV.s dl>z ug qhjiju wv[iJ rjv[ ljZP hV m
l.a Whjv sjl ug } qhjiju sgrjV[ dwhj wis[ lV ba[
l.a dy>a ijq ug } qlajV[ sg RpfjZg ds,ag h'Hg lgm
le VjVw sgrjV ##qlajVj$$ dVa yC{ lrjdHbj mm
135

WjWj ug s[ WyVJ a[ fPi[ RpaiV a'G Wjbs Whjv sjl ug


dH,w l.a sg RpfjZg fj eH[ m Whjv sjl ug s[ ujf wiV lq[G
bai dl>z yjvg dsV l[rj wisj dihj m l[rj aJ fdhvJ rg wisj
lg fi dHV%J dsVJ dr,y ljig l[rj bai dl>z V[ wgag m WjWj ug
V[ bai dl>z } w'v Wpvj w[ WyV wgaj ##bai dl>z u' dH,Aj
h{ q>e v{ m$$
bai dl>z yp,f hg tv'aj dihj m dHhg WyV da.V rji h'dHbj
fi bai dl>z yp,f dihj m qhJfpit a'G q>eS r[v[ yp,f hg idhSj
ngw h{ dwMdw qVp,t sj sjdHij A'Bj h'S wiw[ spdVbjrgG yg;
WtL ds>s[ hV m yp,f dihj ujr[ aJ qhJfpit faj VhgG dw>Vg r,cg
yg; WtL ds>s[ hV m bai dl>z yp,f hg dihj aj WjWj ug V[ WyV
wgaj ##y.ej x[i a{} b,e[ uj w[ Whpa wpN dqv[ej m$$

swD kI mihmw brnY kaunu pRwnI ]


nwnk swD kI soBw pRB mwih smwnI ]

eRpCg lptqVg q^5@ b>e 271

dHl ai%J l.a Whjv sjl ug dHqdahjV dr,y fjl h' w[ dVwv[
ba[ WjWj ug sg d*fj spbjij dWVJ wpN q>e[ hg lF wpN fj eH[ m
dur[G ySpw ditg ug Whpa l.a'tg h'H[ hV m RpV%J } wHg wHg dsV
dWVJ wpN tjZ[ hg Wga uJs[ lV m dxi rg f+q[Lri s[ epS
ejMs[ lV m
ySpw ditg ug fdirji s[ yji ugb lV m du>V%J rg F'uV
dabji h'Sj Rpl s[ yji dhKl[ wiw[ r.c v{S[ m dxi o'C%j o'C%j hi
dH,w V[ w,T w[ fjl[ i,t s[Sj m zi be' v.zS rjv[ qVp,t } dHh
f>urj dh,lj Awj wiw[ dxi bjf F'uV A,wSj m
ritj sg ip,a lg m qgGh l,a dsV vejaji rilsj dihj m ditg
136

ug s[ fdirji V[ ijLV dWVJ hg l,a dsV wKB[ us'G b,nr[G dsV


ditg ug F'uV sg Fjv dr,y eH[ aJ wgdCbJ s[ F"S Rpa[ wpN
svgbj dfbj lg@ Rph yp,w dvbjH[ m zi bj w[ Rpl } z'B w[
l,aP rJe WSj dvbj m
dxi yji dh,Dl[ wga[ m fdhvj sg ai%j dh,lj w,T w[ dwl[ f+[qg
} RpcgwS v,e[ m l.a't fitS vHg f+q[Lri W+jhqS sj iPf Zji
w[ bj eH[ m
##ditg s[ fdirji V[ bjsi Vjv dWnjH[ ba[ l,aP b,e[ iKt[ m
FerjV A,w w[ wdhS v,e[ ##bu[ Fp,t Wjwg h{ h'i dsRp m dHl
ai%J wiw[ lji[ l,aP fg eH[ m dHh s[t ditg s[ fdirji b>si w'Hg
dziVj rjvg dryji Vj bjHg m$$
Rpl[ r[v[ FerjV Whpa tpL h'H[ a[ wdhS v,e[ ##ditg ug )
bjf duhj l.a'tg w'Hg drivj h{ m dHl r[v[ u' dH,Aj h{ q>e vY m$$
ditg yp,f hg dihj wpN Vj q>debj m FerjV V[ tpL h' w[ yji[
fsjio WtL ds,a[ m

iqn jn kI syvw Qwie peI


ijn@ kau ikrpwl hovqu bnvwrI ]

b>e 1201

dHw rji Whjv sjl ug o'C%g ija v.zS a'G l[q[ df>c } uj
ih[ lV m ila[ dr,y uJdsbJ RpV%J sg V;igG F[cJ s[ dH,uC
W,wigbJ s[ dH,uC wHg bjsqg h,wg uj ih[ hV m bjf } dtbjv
bjdHbj dw w'Hg y'i df>c s[ dH,uC y'ig wiw[ dvuj ih[ hV m
df>c fhp.y w[ du>V%J w'v dH,uC lV RpV%J fjl eH[ m hi dH,w }
137

fp,AS v,e[ ##wg aphjcj dH,uC aJ y'ig Vhg h'dHbj($$ fi dwl[


sj dH,uC y'ig VhgG h'dHbj lg m lF s[ bjfS[ bjfS[ zi lg m
wjxg ija Wga ujS a'G Wjbs Whjv sjl ug zi fhp.y[ m
lr[i a'G fdhvJ hg WjWj ug w'v iP.qg fhp.y w[ ija sg
drbjdtbj lpSjHg m
WjWj ug wdhS v,e[ ##dHh dH,uC VhgG lg m dHh y[yw sg
Wgqjig lg m dHh Wgqjig fr[eg m dur[G bjuCg F[cJ v{ uj ih[ lV m
dHl[ ai%J uqsPa bjuCg v'wJ } dvuj ih[ lV m hpS us'G a{}
dHh wpN V;i bjRpS v,e dfbj h{@ a[ig dWiag RpKyg h' eHg
h{ m hpS aP. ajwa v{S s[ wjWv h' debj h{ m dHl[ vHg Whjv sjl
hpS a{} ajwa ds>s[ hJ m$$
Whjv sjl ug V[ bjsi Vjv dli Npwj ds,aj m WjWj ug V[
hpwq ds,aj ##Whjv sjl V[ ljcg sl ljv l[rj wgag h{ m dHl
vHg a[ig l[rj s[ WPB[ } xv v,eSj yjhgsj h{ m l' ija v.zg a'G
bj ujrgG m$$
Ljq } Whjv sjl ug zi yv[ eH[ m b,Zg ija h'Hg a'G WjWj
ug w'v fhp.y eH[ m VqLwji wgag m WjWj ug V[ WC[ dfbji Vjv
bjfS[ df,A[ W{n ujS vHg dwhj ba[ hpwq wgaj ##Whjv sjl@
s[t ljhqS[ w'Hg yg; aJ VhgG m$$
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WjWj ug V[ b,tJ a'G f,Bg t'v%g aJ ljhqS[ q,wg s[ BJc[ fH[
lV RpV%J } b,e v,e eHg m hpwq wgaj ##Whjv sjl b,e[ bj
w[ W{n uj m$$
138

WjWj ug s[ b,e[ W{n w[ Whjv sjl ug hpwq sg Rpcgw wiV


v,e[ m hpwq h'dHbj ##u' wpN rg dsl[ s[ts[ idhSj@ W'vSj VhgG m$$
Whjv sjl s[ts[ ih[ dw WjWj ug s[ b,e[ df,A[ dw>V[ hg s[rgbj
s[ra[ dxis[ hV m Whpa wpN V;i bjdHbj m bjf yp,f yjf s[ts[
ih[ m Rpl lq[G lF fjl[ f+wjL hg f+wjl dsdlbj m dur[G epi rjw h{-

Acrj rUp sMqn rcy nwnk nwmih rMg ]

b>e 319

wpN lqJ dHh V;jiJ b,tJ b,e[ idhbj m dul rwa bjfSg
vgvj lqjfa wgag m dHh lF wpN dstj w[ WjWj ug V[ WyV wgaj m
##Whjv sjl w'v bj uj m$$
Whjv sjl ug w'v bj w[ W{n eH[ m WjWj ug V[ df,n a[ dH,w
qp,wg qjig ba[ dxi fp,AS v,e[ ##fgC aJ VhgG v,eg m$$
Whjv sjl ug V[ Rpai ds,aj ##VhgG qhjiju ) eigW dVrj;$$
dxi WjWj ug WyV wgaj ##v{ Whjv sjl@ hpS spVgbj s[
v'w ba[ qjdHbj a[i[ df,A[ df,A[ dxiVe[ m duo[ ug wi[ Wdh ujrgG m
dHh a[i[ l.a't sj lswj h{ m$$

syv kIqI sMqoKIeI ijn@I sco scu iDAwieAw ]


En@I mMdY pYru n riKE kir suikqu Drmu kmwieAw ]
En@I dunIAw qoVy bMDnw AMnu pwxI QoVw KwieAw ]
qUM bKsIsI Aglw inq dyvih cVih svwieAw ]

b>e 466-67

l' dHl ai%J Whjv sjl ug } ajwa Wtl w[ bjf dWyiV


vHg bs[L s[ ds,aj m Whjv sjl ug sj r,t h'S } dsv VhgG
wisj lg m fi quWPi lV m WyV q>VSj f{Sj lg m l' Whjv sjl
ug V[ l[rj wiw[ bjfSj v'w f+v'w lrji dvbj m
139

siqgur kI syvw sPl hY jy ko kry icqu lwie ]

b>e 522

bdZbjfw lwPv sj h'r[ uJ wjvu sj h'r[ uJ Ljdeis us'G


bjfSg drdsbj f+jfa wiw[ lwPv uJ wjvu } A,c w[ uJsj
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bjf@ lwPv a[ bdZbjfw s[ Vjq } yji y.V vjr[ m
dHl[ ai%J Whjv sjl ug a'G sl ljv sg wnV l[rj v{ w[
ba[ hi f+gdtbj dry'G fjl h'S a'G Wjbs WjWj ug V[ RpV%J }
l.a Whjv sjl sg RpfjZg s[ w[ drsjdHeg s[ ds,ag m bojh dfbji
h'S wiw[ l.a Whjv sjl ug sj drACV } dsv Vj wi[ m fi
bjf epiP s[ lda WyV s[ bdZwjig lV m
WjWj ug V[ Whjv sjl } a'iV a'G fdhvJ wpN dVIq s,Dl[ m
fdhvJ dHh dw dwl[ Vjv Whpa d;bjsj q'h VhgG m \dfbji VhgG|
wiVj m Vj dwl[ } sPi hg wiVj h{ ba[ Vj V[C[ wiVj h{ m sPuj
u' w'Hg l[rj wi[ aJ fPig l[rj a[ fit a'G Wjbs wpN WyV wiVj
h{ b{r[G VhgG wis[ idhSj m dVaV[q sg vCg VhgG Bp,BS s[Sg m
dHhVJ blPvJ a[ WS[ idhSj h{ m

riv pRgws rjnI jQw giq jwnq sB sMswr ]


pwrs mwno qwbo Cuey knk hoq nhI bwr ]

b>e 346

Whjv sjl ug } drsj wiw[ huPi dHw,v[ hg dVi.wji sg


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ldhVLjh f+q[Lri s[ epS ej ih[ hV m w'Hg l[rjsji VhgG@ w'Hg
F'uV dvbjRpS rjvj VhgG m fi c'ig A,cg h{ Rpl l,y[ RpKfi bjf
hg lF wpN s[r[ej m
140

ijn kau ndir krmu iqn kwr ]


ufpug ljdhW@ b>e 8

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##f+[qgbJ lj} sp,Z yjhgsj h{ l' aP. f{l[ v{ w[ sp,Z s[ m$$
l'hS dl>z V[ dwhj ##l.a ug f{l[ VhgG v{S[ m$$
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wHg dsV dHl[ ai%J WyV hp.s[ ih[ m us'G Rph Vj hg q>dVbj WjWj
ug wdhS v,e[@ ##y.ej ) dH,w eRp v{ w[ bj blgG bjf sp,Z w,T
v{Gs[ hJ m$$
WjWj ug V[ dH,w eRP sj sp,Z w,T w[ A,w dvbj m l'hS dl>z
dT,v'G V[ dwhj ##h;Pi ) q{G i'; sp,Z dvbj dsbJ wiJej m$$
WjWj ug xpiqjdHbj@ ##a[ig dH,Aj h{ aJ ngw h{ m$$
dHl ai%J Rph i'; sp,Z fhp.yjS v,e dfbj m WjWj ug V[ bjfS[
w'v dWnj v{Sj ba[ WyV wis[ idhSj m fi dHh WyV Rpl sg
lqN a'G Wjhi hp.s[ m dH,w dsV RplV[ V[C[ hg bjfS[ epbJTg FjHg
rdibjq dl>z u' dw wpN fdCbj h'dHbj lg ba[ hdispbji bjds
blojVJ a[ uj w[ l.aJ@ qhjaqJ sg l.ea wisj idh>sj lg Vjv
WjWj ug Wji[ e,v wgag m Rpl } f+[iVj wgag dw iP.qg dH,w l.a
hV q[ig lqN dr,y aJ bjMs[ VhgG m u' aplgG uj w[ siLV wi'
aJ RpV%J Wji[ ujSwjig v{ vr'Ge[ m
FjHg rdibjq dl>z iP.qg ujS vHg l'hS dl>z Vjv dabji
141

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WjWj ug fjl fhp.y w[ VqLwji wgag ba[ W{n eH[ m WjWj ug V[
sp,Z A,wS Rpfi.a RpV%J Vjv WyV wiV[ LpiP wga[ m rdibjq dl>z
s[ f+LVJ s[ RpKai WjWj ug V[ dHl T.e Vjv ds,a[ dw Rpl s[ qV
s[ lji[ L.w[ sPi h' eH[ m wpN s[i w'v idhS Wjbs q,oj B[w w[
s'V[ f+[qg rjfl h' eH[ m ila[ dr,y bjMdsbJ rdibjq dl>z V[
dwhj ##l'hS dl>z dHh fPiV fpit hV dHV%J sg l[rj wisj uJ
du>Vg aV'G qV'G wi lwsj h{G m w'Hg WyV q'Cg Vj m lda WyV sj
bdZwjig ihg m q{G wHg qhjaqj s[t[ fi dHl ai%J s[ qhjaqj s[
siLV ws[ VhgG wga[ m
u[ v'Cdh lsj lptp FjHg mm ljZP l.eda epidh WajHg mm

borj-qjSl l[rj tig sph[vg m ljZ wg l[rj lsj lph[vg mm

Wl.ap q^ 5

hpS l'hS dl>z Vjv l[rj wiV dr,y rdibjq dl>z rg Ligw
h' debj m dHh f+[qg df>c dr,y WjWj ug Wji[ e,vJ wis[ idh>s[ m
l.a sv dl>z ug Fp,Dy' wvJ s[ hg rlVgw dViqv[@ l.fisj dry'G
qhjaqj lV m dHV%J } rg WjWj ug sg Li'a fHg dw iP.qg l[q[ df>c
w'v fhp.y eH[ m WjWj ug s[ siLV wga[ ba[ WyV wga[ m Rpl
dsV a'G Wjbs l.a sv dl>z ug V[ sp,Z sg l[rj bjfS[ d;>q[
v{ vHg m
i'; WjWj sv dl>z ug V[ sp,Z dH,w r,c[ bwji s[ eCr[ dr,y
dHw,nj wiVj m V[C[ ziJ sgbJ qjHgbJ V[ sp,Z fhp.yj s[Sj m wHg
rjig dHh v'Bj rgi dl>z qjV s[ zi ws[ biuV dl>z s[ zi
i,t ds>s[ lV m us'G dHh Fi uJsj WjWj ug w'v iP.qg fhp.yj s[Sj m
l.a sv dl>z ug sg bjfSg ;qgV lg dul } dh,Dl[ 1/2 a[ ds>s[
lV m bjf V[ bjfS[ dh,Dl[sji sg dcRPBg vj ds,ag lg i'; sp,Z
142

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wiV sj dVaV[q WSj dvbj m Rph bjfS[ f+[qgbJ dry'G dwl[ Vj
dwl[ } F[u ds>s[ lV m dH,w l[rjsji bjfS[ h,og a'i ds,aj v'C
qpajdWw l[rj v{ w[ Wjwg h'i rg f+[qgbJ } l[rj sj q"wj ds,aj m
V'B ^ f+l.e l! l'hS dl>z s[ fC'ai[ l! u'de>si dl>z dT,v'G
a'G f+jfa h'dHbj m

sMqn kI suix swcI swKI ]


so bolih jo pyKih AwKI ]

ijqwvg q^ 5@ b>e 894

l.a sv dl>z ug Fpy'G rjdvbJ V[ sp,Z s[ w[ l[rj dr,y dH,w


dsV biuV dl>z z'BSj } F[dubj m biuV dl>z V[ sp,Z sj
eCrj Fdibj ba[ iP.qg r,v api dfbj m dHh f+[qg us'G iP.qg w'v
fhp.dybj aJ WjWj ug bjfS[ bjlS a[ uj dWiju[ m dHh Wjhi
tCj dihj dwMdw l[rjsji } fdhvJ rJe hg hsjdHa lg dw
w'Hg f+jSg dWV%J bjdebj b>si Vj bjr[ m
WjWj ug b>si W{n[ hV m Rph Wjhi sp,Z i,t w[ W{nj h{ m l'y
dihj h{ dwl[ r[v[ Wjhi bjRpS ba[ sp,Z A,wS m q{G zi qpC ujrj
w.q wiJ zi s[ sjS[ w,TS sj q"lq lg m b,u w,v qLgVig sj
Ip,e h{ m Rpl lq[G d;bjsj ai wpsiag ljZVj a[ hg dViFi idhSj
f{Gsj lg m u[ hrj yv fHg aJ sjS[ a[ aPCg r,t r,t wi vHg
VhgG aJ wHg wHg dsV dfCJ dr,y v,e uJs[ lV hrj y,v ihg
lg Wjhi W{n[ biuV dl>z } dtbjv bjRpS dw u[ WjWj ug sp,Z
143

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wiVg fHg m dH,w z>B[ Wjbs WjWj ug Wjhi bjH[ wdhS v,e[ ##wg
l'ysj lg$$ m b>aiIjqg lF wpn ujSs[ lV m biuV dl>z yp,f
dihj dxi bjf hg wdhS v,e[ ##hrj Wji[ hg dw.aP wisj lg dw
sjS[ hg w,T v{Gs[ m hrj bjfJ W.s wi ds>s[ hJ m$$

jo jo khY Twkur pih syvku qqkwl hoie AwvY ]

b>e 503

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##hpS tpL h{ m$$
biuV dl>z V[ W[Vag wgag ##eigW dVrju m hrj W.s Vj
wijRp m q{G VhgG w,T ldwbj aJ q[i[ h'i Fij aJ w,T v{S m$$
WjWj ug h,l w[ wdhS v,e[@ ##y.ej dxi aP. uj w[ sjS[ w,T
v{ m hpS hrj W.s VhgG hp.sg m$$
biuV dl>z df>c qpC bjdHbj ba[ sjS[ w,TS v,e dfbj m
Rpl V[ lji[ sjS[ w,T[ fi hrj W.s Vj h'Hg m
dul ai%J FjHg episjl ug V[ dvdtbj h{ m

hpwq{ b>sdi lF w'@ wpsida dwl sg wi{ uWjWj mm


rji 24@ fRpCg 4@ FjHg episjl ug

144

siqgur bcn qum@wry ] inrgux insqwry ]


bjlj q^ 5@ b>e 406

WjWj ug wHg rji l[rwJ } bjfS[ Wga[ lq[G sgbJ e,vJ s,ls[
hps
. [ lV m dH,w rjig sj d;wi bjfS[ qpt
, a'G l.eaJ } s,Ddlbj m
w'Hg dLwjig dLwji sg Fjv dr,y iP.qg fhp.y debj m WjWj
ug w'v fhp.y w[ LgL NpwjdHbj ba[ W{n debj m WjWj ug Vjv
dH,w s' WyV wga[ qV } dtbjv bjdHbj dw dHh f+q[Li iPf
qhJfpit hV m Rpl V[ WjWj ug fjl'G i'Bg q>eg m WjWj ug V[ WjlgbJ
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Wji[ faj Vj v,Ddebj dHh dHo'G bjdHbj m dLwjig } i'BgbJ tjS
sj WCj bV.s bjdHbj m WjWj ug b>si bjlS a[ yv[ eH[ m Rph
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iPf wp,wC s[ WjS[ dr,y Wsdvbj fi dLwjig df,A[ hg apdibj
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152