Brown admits 10.

8% in most selective year ever UCS gets high marks Regular decisions go online today in poll
By SuzAnnAH WEiSS Contributing Writer

Daily Herald
the Brown
vol. cxliv, no. 41 | Tuesday, March 31, 2009 | Serving the community daily since 1891
tions for the this year’s application surge, Miller said. “One is that we have changed the way we recruit,” he said, adding that Brown now joins other institutions such as Yale and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to give information sessions and lure prospective students. “When we travel we get significant crowds of people,” he said. The recent improvement in Brown’s financial aid program may also be a factor in making the schoolmore accessible, Miller added. The board of admissions met every day and night for months, even on weekends and holidays in order to reach decisions, according to Miller. “It was really quite an extraordinary commitment of time and effort,” he said. “We had to make some very hard choices, but it’s a nice position to be in.” High school seniors know that competition is especially fierce this continued on page 4

Months of nerves and anticipation will finally come to an end today for 22,645 regular decision applicants to the University, who can go online to view their decisions at 5 p.m. Eastern. Dean of Admissions James Miller ’73 said this year’s applicant pool was the largest ever, representing a 21 percent increase from the previous year — the greatest reported rise in applications among Ivy League schools this year. “It’s a very, very talented applicant pool ... the most talented applicant pool I’ve ever seen,” Miller said. Of the total 24,988 applicants — including both early and regular decision — 2,708 will be admitted. According to Miller, the Office of Admissions sent out acceptance letters to 10.8 percent of applicants, while 13.3 percent were admitted last year. There could be several explana-

By BEn SCHRECKingER Senior Staff Writer

Herald File Photo

The Office of Admissions read through nearly 25,000 applications in recent months, even working weekends and holidays.

Concentration merges laboratory with Lyceum
By DAn ALExAnDER Staff Writer

Justin Coleman / Herald

The European Union needs to become a bigger player in the international system, Italian Prime Minister of Italy Romano Prodi said.

Former Italian P.M. discusses europe’s future
By HannaH Moser Senior Staff Writer

For Europe to emerge as a stronger player in the global arena today, countries within the European Union must push for greater cooperation, flexibility and unity, former Prime Minister of Italy Romano Prodi told a packed Salomon 101 Monday afternoon. Prodi, who served as Italy’s prime minister twice from 1996 to 1998 and from 2006 to May 2008, is a professor-at-large at the Watson Institute for International Studies through 2014. Prodi’s Monday lecture, entitled

“Is there a New Role for Europe in Today’s World?” was part of a memorial series held annually since 1965 in honor of Stephen Ogden Jr. ’60, who died in an automobile accident in 1963. Prodi also delivered a lecture as part of the series in 1999 when he was president of the European Commission. He is currently chairman of the United Nations’ African Union Panel for Peacekeeping in Africa. President Ruth Simmons, who introduced Prodi before the lecture, acknowledged the value of his “insider’s perspective” in world continued on page 4

Physicists and philosophers rarely share the same equipment, methods or theories to understand the world around them. But beginning this semester, they may share the same concentration. A new concentration, “physics and philosophy,” which was created by faculty from the Departments of Physics and Philosophy and was approved last December by the College Curriculum Council, is now available to students. “The concentration represents an intriguing merger of the science and the humanities, which will offer students (among other

things) new ways to think about time and space,” Dean of the College and the council’s chair Katherine Bergeron wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. The concentration includes a final project for senior concentrators and 11 classes — five from the physics department, four from the philosophy department, an intermediate calculus class and an elective about either philosophy or the history of science. Assistant Professor of Philosophy Doug Kutach, who helped create the new concentration, said it gives students the option of exploring interesting physics questions continued on page 2

The approval rating of the Undergraduate Council of Students increased 13 percentage points from the fall to 52 percent — the highest figure in three years. Though relatively few students, just 13 percent, said they strongly or somewhat disapproved of UCS’s performance, more than a third of students had no opinion of the Council. UCS Communications Chair Clay Wertheimer ’10 said he considered the numbers “positive.” “More people are now informed about what UCS is doing ... and people like the projects we’ve been working on,” he said. UCS President Brian Becker ’09 said he had “no idea what accounts for the change.” “I think all year long UCS has been working really hard,” he said. The number of students who approve of the way UCS is handling its job is at its highest point since the spring of 2006, according to the results of a recent Herald poll. In a similar poll conducted last semester, UCS received the lowest approval rating in at least three years, just 38.1 percent. The poll, conducted from March 16 through 18, has a 3.6 percent margin of error with 95 percent confidence. A total of 676 Brown undergraduates completed the poll, which The Herald administered as a written questionnaire to students in the University Mail Room at J. Walter Wilson, outside the Blue Room in Faunce House and in the Sciences Library. Other members of the UCS executive board cited the effects of increased outreach as a possible source of the improved poll results. “It’s certainly possible that some changes in our communications strategy and outreach have made people more aware of what we try to do,” continued on page 2

Bill promises big bucks for researchers
By SyDnEy EmBER Senior Staf f Writer

Brown researchers stand to gain significant funding as part of the $787 billion economic stimulus package recently passed by Congress. As part of the bill, the American Recover y and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the National Institutes of Health was allocated $10.4 billion to fund biomedical and human
12

health research. The National Science Foundation was also allotted $3 billion. “Government agencies are looking to find proposals that will have a high impact for the populace and provide jobs,” said Anne Windham, director of research opportunities in the Office of the Vice President for Research. “We’re really hopeful that we’ll have a number of successful pro-

posals,” she said, adding that the package’s benefits for research and education are “aligned with Brown’s priorities.” To increase awareness, Windham said agencies such as the NIH are sending out requests to many researchers for proposals that cover biomedical concerns of particular interest. continued on page 2

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SLEEP THROugH CLASS? Brown grapples with notesharing Web sites

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C aMPUS n ewS
Do you approve or disapprove of the way the undergraduate Council of Students (uCS) is handling its job?
Stongly approve

THE BROWN dAILy HERALd

TUESdAy, MARCH 31, 2009

“There will always be a bloc of students that will just not have enough information to answer the question.” — Ryan Lester ’11

new concentration tries to attract students
continued from page 1 without being bogged down by difficult math — an option he didn’t have when he majored in physics as an undergraduate at Texas A&M University. “I ended up just kind of getting bored doing problem sets, and it seemed like we never got to the cool stuff,” he said. The physics and philosophy concentration “seems like the perfect degree where you just do all of the fun stuff without having to do a lot of the grunt work that you’re required (to do) if you’re taking a physics degree,” he said. Kutach said he thought the program would be popular because similar programs have been wellreceived at other schools, such as Yale and Harvard. “I certainly know from other universities that there is definitely a segment of students for whom this degree is a perfect fit,” he said. At Brown, the physics and philosophy concentration may face competition from similar concentrations, such as the standalone physics concentration and the Department of Philosophy’s logic and philosophy of science concentration. Jeremy Goodman ’10, a triple concentrator in philosophy, cognitive neuroscience and physics, said he still would have done separate concentrations instead of a physics and philosophy concentration, even if the new concentration had been approved earlier in his time at Brown. Goodman said he wanted to take the introductory physics classes, so he was already very close to earning an A.B. in physics. Goodman expressed some doubt about the new concentration. “I don’t really know how popular it’s going to be,” he said. “There already is a philosophy of science concentration in the philosophy department.” According to Kutach, the physics and philosophy concentration will be geared more towards students interested in physics specifically, whereas the logic and philosophy of science concentration is more for students with a general interest in science philosophy. The process of creating the new concentration began in the fall of 2007, but according to Kutach, he and others did not meet with the council until December 2008. He said the council discussed the

10.1%
Don't know/No answer

35.5%

Somewhat approve

41.1% 10.9%
Somewhat disaprove

Strongly disapprove

2.1%

Students higher on UCS
continued from page 1 UCS Vice President Mike MacCombie ’11 said. MacCombie said office hours in the Sharpe Refectory allowed the Council to better address students’ concerns. Students can meet with UCS members during the office hours, while other members circulate throughout the dining hall and approach students about campus issues. Wertheimer and Student Activities Chair Ryan Lester ’11 both said that UCS’s implementation of monthly e-mail updates to the student body and a decision to box-slip a midyear report for every undergraduate have increased student awareness of what the group does. Lester said UCS had not done a good enough job in the past of educating first-year students about its activities, but that it is making improvements. Lester said changing the rules to confer membership on any student who collects a certain number of signatures has been a step in the right direction. Still, a large number of Brown students, 35.5 percent, hold no opinion of UCS. Becker said some students “underestimate UCS” and its impact on

daily life at Brown. Lester said “there always will be a bloc of students that will just not have enough information to answer the question.” “We can always do better (educating students) but I think we’ve done a great job,” he said. UCS members said they planned to further expand outreach efforts to reach proportion of students uninformed about the Council’s activities. “There’s a lot that could be done,” Wertheimer said. Positive reaction to the midyear report has led Wertheimer to plan a similar report for the end of the academic year, he said, outlining “what we delivered on and what goals remain for the following year.” Becker said the report will allow students to “hold UCS more accountable.” MacCombie said he would like to add office hours at the SciLi or the Blue Room to reach students who are not on meal plan. Sparing no avenue of communication, UCS members are also attempting to keep the Brown community abreast of the Council’s activities in real time. “UCS has also recently jumped on the Twitter bandwagon,” Wertheimer said.

proposal of the new concentration, which initially required only eight classes. “We needed to make some additions to make sure that there was a kind of unity to the degree so that students didn’t feel as if they were just taking courses in physics and just in philosophy, but actually had some kind of integration of the material towards the end,” Kutach said. The result was the addition of three more classes and a required final project for seniors — a thesis, conference course or seminar. “There is at least a significant branch of philosophy that’s dedicated towards understanding fundamental reality,” Kutach said. “This specific project is one in trying to understand the fundamental reality.” But though people with similar interests may be attracted to physics and philosophy, Goodman recognized one major difference between those who pursue either discipline. “The things that physicists say are almost certainly right, and the things that philosophers say are almost certainly wrong,” he said.

Stimulus package to fund Brown scientists
continued from page 1 The funding, largely limited to science-related research at universities, will support an array of projects ranging from basic science research to studies on obesity and cancer, Windham said. Though some funds have been designated for the National Endowment for the Arts in order to support humanities research, many of those grants will probably go to small non-profits, not universities. But Windham said she was worried that faculty members were not necessarily aware of the individual opportunities for grants because of the relatively recent announcement of the package. That concern prompted her office to launch a Web site relaying information about various grants to faculty members.. According to a written announcement by Vice President for Research Clyde Briant, released Feb. 19 on the new Web site, the increase in available federal funds represents an “unparalleled opportunity” to enhance research at Brown. “We want to develop a process whereby we can easily get information to you and then assist you in preparing proposals for these funds,” Briant wrote in a follow-up announcement earlier this month. With many Brown faculty members “in the pipeline” for existing NIH research grants, Windham said she hoped there would be a fair number of researchers whose projects would be propelled by the new funding. “Our faculty are excited about getting their research funded,” Windham said. “I think we’re all very hopeful that there will be funding available.” If faculty members do secure grants through the new stimulus package, they will be held to strict standards of accountability, Windham said. They will have to disclose their research status and expenditures quarterly — a break from the current policy that requires researchers to report on their projects only once a year. Though it is uncertain when researchers will receive federal funding through the stimulus package, Windham said the NIH will allot funds for “high-impact” projects that can be completed in two years or less. Susan Gerbi, a professor of biology who studies ribosomes and DNA replication related to hormonally sensitive cancers, wrote in an e-mail to The Herald that she and her team of researchers “are planning to apply for some of the NIH stimulus money,” adding that she had “strong thoughts on this program.”

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The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown University community daily since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the academic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and once in July by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. POSTMASTER please send corrections to P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail herald@browndailyherald.com. World Wide Web: http://www.browndailyherald.com. Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2009 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.

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By LuiSA ROBLEDO Staff Writer

TUESdAy, MARCH 31, 2009

THE BROWN dAILy HERALd

PAGE 3

“I feel like a trained capitalist monkey.”
— Joe Hernandez-Kolski, poet and comedian

new nanoparticle speeds reactions humor, reflection open
annual Chicana week
By SARAH JuLiAn Contributing Writer

Fuel cells, devices that convert chemical energy to electrical energy, now have their own Red Bull: palladium. Professor of Chemistry Shouheng Sun and Vismadeb Mazumder GS have created palladium nanoparticles — a new catalyst that give fuel cells the boost needed to start chemical reactions. Before this breakthrough, most fuel cells used platinum as the catalyst driving chemical reactions forward. The new palladium nanoparticle offers a more effective alternative to the expensive platinum surfaces. “Palladium nanoparticle catalyst is an exciting and the most promising non-platinum catalyst for fuel cell reactions,” Sun wrote in an e-mail to The Herald, adding that “for future fuel cell applications, highly active and stable” catalysts are crucial. Palladium-catalyst fuel cells are an alternate source of energy that could be used to power laptop computers and cell phone batteries in the future, Mazumder said, adding that his and Sun’s goal was to make chemical energy production more efficient. The palladium nanoparticles last four times longer than other “commercially available catalysts” — such as platinum — and require half the amount of energy to catalyze, Mazumder said. Palladium is “twice as active and four times as stable,” he added. By using a binding material called

Jesse Morgan / Herald A new palladium nanoparticle developed by Professor of Chemistry Shouheng Sun and Vismadeb Mazumder GS speeds up fuel cell reactions.

ligands, Sun and Mazumder were able to keep the particles separate, increasing their surface area by 40 percent and creating more space for the reaction to occur. In previous experiments, the removal of ligands had caused particles to lose rigidity and group together, slowing the reactions. The ligands Sun and Mazumder used “can easily be removed” using a “mild chemical wash” that does not alter the basic chemical structure of the particles, making the chemical reactions more efficient, Mazumder said. But while palladium is cheaper than platinum and other industrial catalysts, it is still expensive — costing about $200 an ounce, Mazumder said.

Both scientists will continue researching new ways to make fuel cell devices more efficient and allow them to be “commercialized in the future.” “The main goal is to find a cheaper alternative” to palladium, Mazumder said. “The challenge is to make affordable energy applications so that everyone can use them.” In his e-mail, Sun wrote that their achievement demonstrates that “palladium nanoparticle catalyst can be improved with good activity and stability for practical applications.” “This is just the tip of the iceberg,” Mazumder said. The scientists’ discovery was published in the online edition of the Journal of the American Chemical Society earlier this month.

Freshman flock to note-sharing sites
By HEEyOung min Staf f Writer

Note-sharing services have become increasingly common on Brown’s campus, with more freshmen registered with sharing networks than any other class year. Almost 400 Brown undergraduates are registered with the notesharing network StudyBlue and 25 are members of UniversityJunction, a similar service launched last February. Only a quarter of the students who use StudyBlue — a free Web site where students are paid to post their notes online — are upperclassmen, according to the company’s chief communications officer Ben Jedd, who added that about half of the registered users are freshman. UniversityJunction, which is also free, allows students to collaborate on academic forums and upload course-relevant material, including old exams and audio files, to a digital library. Containing 1.1 million pieces of data, according to Communications Director Liz Mitchell, the service markets itself as an ethical alternative to notebuying Web sites. “We are very strict on our ethics policy. We have functions in place to stop students from unethical behavior,” Mitchell said. For instance, users can flag in-

formation they feel may infringe copyright and intellectual property laws, Mitchell said, adding that the network’s staff will review and — if necessary — remove the information. The infringers also risk account termination. But while the UniversityJunction team monitors copyright violations for materials uploaded to the Web site, the ethical usage of the materials taken from the site is left to user discretion. StudyBlue, founded in 2006, has the same outlook on the ethical policy of sharing academic resources online as UniversityJunction. “Yes, there are free notes on the site, but if you miss class, you’ll get your notes from your friends,” Jedd said. “And even if you were in class, you might collaborate with your friends anyway.” “The first thing we like to point out is that we’re not a cheating service or a shortcut. We’re a suite of online study tools” Jedd said. Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron wrote that professor consent is required before students take advantage of online notesharing services. “Note-sharing ser vices are not forbidden by any particular policy,” Bergeron wrote in an email to The Herald, “but students should always check with a professor to verify, first, that the professor knows about the service and,

second, that the professor finds it acceptable.” Still, note-sharing services run the risk of aiding students in violating Brown’s Academic Code. Bergeron wrote, “If class notes are to receive a grade, it follows that turning in notes taken by a service — and not by the student — would be in violation of the code.” Mitchell said UniversityJunction hoped to mitigate such student and faculty concern over potential academic code violations by forging links with the academic community. Professors from Carleton University, McGill University, Oxford University and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute “advise” and promote the network as a collaborative academic resource. StudyBlue has also teamed up with faculty members, many of whom had initial qualms about the online resource, Jedd said. “We’ve had a lot of faculty members, at first, have questions about the site,” Jedd said, adding that they “later became enthused about it, finding that the service is really a tool to help students study.” Francesca Zetar ’12, a registered user of StudyBlue, said that she did not see any ethical problems with note-sharing ser vices, but that there aren’t enough Brown students on the network for it to continued on page 4

The nearly 50 Brown students gathered outside Salomon 001 yesterday didn’t seem to mind the wait. While sound checks and other final preparations took place within, the lobby outside buzzed with excited chatter. Minutes later, the poetic stylings of Joe Hernandez-Kolski and Christopher Johnson transformed the initial excitement into fullblown enthusiasm for the opening convocation of Semana Chicana 2009. In its eighth year, Semana Chicana, organized by the Semana Chicana Steering Committee and sponsored by the Third World Center, is a week-long celebration of Mexican heritage. This year’s theme — “breaking a monolithic image: encontrando la raza,”— included reflections from several Brown students about their experiences as Mexican-Americans. The featured performer at the convocation was spoken word poet and comedian HernandezKolski, who started his performance with a startlingly accurate imitation of Beyonce’s “Single Ladies” dance routine. HernandezKolski seemed completely at ease performing for and bantering with the audience. In a surprising admission, Hernandez-Kolski confessed his secret love for Justin Timberlake’s music. “I feel like a trained capitalist monkey,” he said. But the performance wasn’t all comedy. Hernandez-Kolski’s theme was finding identity, and he drew from his experience as a half-Polish, half-Mexican Chicagoan educated at Princeton. One poem traced his self-perception through the lens of music. From receiving a Prince CD at a birthday party as a kid to rocking out to Ozzy Osbourne and Van Halen and taking Intro to Jazz, Hernandez-Kolski used music as a metaphor for his understanding of self. “If its gonna be another rough day, Lord I pray my boom box don’t break,” Hernandez-Kolski said in a halting pseudo-rap. He also spoke about other forms of identity. In a piece about gender, he said he is a feminist and that he has “always been addicted, addicted to that female spirit.” Though he asked at one point, “Why can’t I just be an asshole? Why can’t I be the bad boy who’s dark and mysterious and leaves women wondering, ‘What did I do wrong?’ as I disappear from their life forever,” Hernandez-Kolski’s tone was one of appreciation for women.

Jesse Morgan / Herald

Poet and comedian Joe Hernandez-Kolski was featured in the convocaton of La Semana Chicana

“I challenge all men to think, ‘Would you want to change places for one day?’” he said. We wouldn’t have the strength.” Other speakers at the event included Hector Hernandez ’12, who spoke about his admiration for his godfather who came to the United States alone and led the way for the rest of his family. Carmen Jimenez-Robbins ’09 reflected on the Mexican saying, “to remember is to live,” and on her times and memories at Brown. Irene Castillon ’09 spoke of her acceptance to Brown and of her high school teachers’ attitudes that a Mexican woman like Castillon who went to college was merely the exception to the rule. In a spoken word performance, Christopher Johnson took the audience back to a time when “gear only had to be fresh, it didn’t have to be labeled,” and when “the word was supreme.” The event was organized by Semana Chicana programmers Kimberly Arredondo ’11 and Rocio Rodarte ’11. According to Arredondo, the steering committee invited Hernandez-Kolski because they were “looking for something a little different and we wanted something performance-oriented.” But she added that they “told him to be a little mild if you can.” Hernandez-Kolski apologized for the one time he let the “Fbomb” slip. Both Arredondo and Rodarte expressed their surprise at and appreciation for the number of students in attendance. “It’s a celebration of Mexican culture,” Rodarte said. “Mexicans have been here a pretty long time, and its important to celebrate culture and bring up political issues and celebrate our roots.”

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C aMPUS n ewS
Before his lecture Monday, Romano Prodi, former prime minister of Italy and professor-at-large at the Watson Institute for International Studies, sat down with The Herald to talk about a variety of topics, including his love for teaching, his view of President Obama’s administration and his thoughts on Europe’s future. Herald: What brought you to the United States to teach, and more specifically, why did you choose Brown? Prodi: I have already been teaching (for) many years in the United States, and so I came back very happily, especially to Brown because I am an honorary graduate ... I hope this will be useful for the students, because I am not anymore a professor at my university, because when I started the political life, I retired, of course. But I like to teach. I have done (so) for 27, 28 years of my life. And I accepted immediately, you know. There was no need to bargain or discuss. How has your time at Brown been so far? I enjoy it. I hope that it will be a little warmer in the next days, but this morning I went jogging ver y early. And this is a great campus, beautiful campus. All this part of the city is dominated by the University. How do you feel President Obama has handled his first months in of fice? In foreign policy, the message is new. Honestly, I think that (it has) not yet translated in actions — specific actions — because you need time, you know. But I never — during the previous administration — I never (heard) the word “dialogue.” Never, never, never. And I think that at least this will positively change the image of the United States. Because Obama is not giving any signal of weakness. ... It’s not rhetoric — it’s change, it’s fact. For the internal policy, not going into the details, the package envisioned by the American government is in the right direction to give a strong impulse to the economy. My only preoccupation is that this must be implemented very quickly. Timing is vital. … The American engagement is not big, it’s not sufficient. … This new blood must be put in circulation very soon, otherwise the body dies. This is my real worr y. And my second worr y is concerning rules ... we must have strong global rules. What are the most pressing problems facing Italy today? You have to forgive me if I am reluctant to answer that because I am not anymore in politics and I have been (the leader) of the government for almost five years in two phases. But (in) Italy, from the government’s point of view, we have a big problem because the country bases on exporting goods. The number of people ... suffering is increasing because when an exporting country ex-

THE BROWN dAILy HERALd

TUESdAy, MARCH 31, 2009

“As a political entity, Europe is not an actor, but a spectator.” — Romano Prodi, former prime minister of Italy

Q&A with Romano Prodi

record applications, but same anxiety as ever
continued from page 1 year. “Since this is such a competitive year ... everyone applied to at least one top-tier school,” said Claire Gianotti, a senior at Friends Academy in Locust Valley, N.Y. She said she is also anticipating responses from other high caliber schools such as Dartmouth and Princeton. “It’s not a torturous time for us, but pretty anxiety-provoking,” said Temple Shipley, a student at the Dallas School for the Talented and Gifted. D.J. Pain, a senior at Livingston High School in Livingston, N.J., said the halls of his school are filled with discussion on who got in where. “Especially if you’re in the higher (Advanced Placement) classes, college is a big topic,” he said. While news spreads quickly on days when multiple universities release decisions, few students are visibly “freaking out” beforehand, said Molly Berenhaus, also a senior at Livingston, whose top choice is Brown. There are about 15 students in her class applying to each Ivy League school, she said. “It’s hard to really think about it because no matter how you look at it, that doesn’t determine the decision you actually hear,” she said. Some students are “hush hush” about where they’ve applied to avoid attention in case they get rejected, she added. According to Gianotti, fewer students from her school are getting into their top choice schools than in the past. Toby Hollis, a senior at Piedmont High School in Piedmont, Calif., said applying to schools was “psychologically less straining” than waiting for the decisions. But “now I’m very nervous,” he said. Despite their ner ves, the seniors are ready to finally know their fates. “I’m excited to know because I feel like I’ve been waiting two or three years to find out if I was going to get in,” Gianotti said According to Shipley, the question of what schools she will get into has “been on my mind since my freshan year of high school.” “It’s been essential for conversations at the dinner table and a lot of conversations at the lunch table with my friends,” Shipley said, adding that “there’s almost too much emphasis placed on getting into college.” Shipley said Brown is her top choice because it has well-rounded, intelligent students as well as a “less intense environment” that is “equally as rigorous.” Miller said the most important piece of advice he can give to students counting down the minutes is that “they should all be very proud of what they accomplished, and they should all take pride in their successes.”

Justin Coleman / Herald

Former Italian Prime Minsister Romano Prodi.

periences a drop of exports of two figures in one shot, clearly it’s a (problem). How is Europe’s role in the world now dif ferent? There is a challenge and a role. The challenge is that Europe, if you took macroeconomic figures, is the biggest economic protagonist in the world. The national GNP is bigger than the U.S. in terms of exports, but as a political entity, Europe is not an actor, but a spectator…. Because we have no governance, no rules. …. Europe is, in my opinion, the greatest achievement of the last century. Because to put together the old enemies and organize one entity ... is a fantastic achievement.

Prodi calls for greater e.U. unity
continued from page 1 politics. Many community members and students attended the hour-long lecture and asked questions about Europe’s future. As the largest exporter of goods in the world, Europe is viewed as an important actor in international relations, Prodi said. But he said the difficult task of uniting the European Union’s 27 countries and 496 million people often stymies decision-making and resigns Europe to the role of a “spectator” in the international arena. To illustrate the EU’s challenge of reaching unanimous decisions, Prodi gave the example of European countries’ opposing positions over the conflict in Kosovo. The problem, he said, was one that “needed to be solved by Europeans,” but with the EU divided, the United States intervened. Prodi suggested doing away with the rule of unanimity and called for more flexibility within the organization. If the EU continues to be divided, Prodi said, “All the power that we have will disappear.” Prodi also acknowledged China’s increasing role as an important global actor. “No decision in the world will be made without China,” he said. At the end of the lecture, Prodi fielded several questions, including those about Turkey’s position in Europe’s future and the EU’s role in environmental stewardship. Prodi said Turkey, a predominantly Muslim country which has been formally seeking EU membership since 2005, would be an important addition to the organization. “Turkey will be very positive inside the union,” he said, but added that the organization should move forward “with wisdom in terms of time.” As for Europe’s role in environmental issues, Prodi said its various governments must seek to work together as ecological problems cannot be solved by any one government alone. Many audience members seemed excited that Prodi is at Brown as part of the Watson faculty. Ilana Nelson-Greenberg ’10 said she was glad to hear from a leader of a Western power, especially because she felt that Brown students often hear perspectives from developing countries, but not often from established states. “He brought in a perspective that we don’t hear much at Brown,” she said. But not everyone was satisfied with Prodi’s presentation. “I feel like the questions were much more interesting than the lecture,” Carlo Coppetti ’11 said after the event. “He talked about political development but not much about the cultural implications.” Prodi will give another lecture on Thursday entitled “Italy Today: Priorities, Politics and Prospects.” He will also head a study group with students that will meet to discuss peacekeeping in Africa and the Euro as a currency.

Students find StudyBlue ethical but not useful
continued from page 3 be a useful resource. “I haven’t really used it. I haven’t been on it since last semester,” she said, adding that “it could be very helpful if everyone was on it.” Zetar said that professors probably won’t have a problem with their students using these services. “I think professsors would think that they are a great study tool.” Aaron Foo ’11, also a registered member of StudyBlue, agreed that using note-sharing networks is not unethical, but also not particularly helpful. “I don’t think it’s the best for students to share notes online,” Foo said, “because the process of making your own notes helps you to synthesize the information from class and strengthens your understanding of the material.”

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By mELiSSA SHuBE Senior Staf f Writer

Proposed budget seeks Fifth-highest unemployment for r.I. to lower state deficit
By LAuREn fEDOR Senior Staff Writer

Metro
The Brown daily Herald

Sixty-six percent of R.I.’s residents have a friend or family member who recently lost his or her job. — Taubman Center poll
TUESdAy, MARCH 31, 2009 | PAGE 5

The Rhode Island House Finance Committee approved a budget plan last Friday which would dramatically cut state aid to cities and towns and increase taxes on cigarettes and gas. The plan was proposed by Democratic leaders in the House of Representatives and Senate, and will go before the House on Wednesday for a full vote. The proposal is an attempt to close the Ocean State’s record budget deficit — $357 million for the fiscal year ending in June. And the problem will probably worsen in the coming months. The budget shortfall is predicted to be $504.3 million for the 2010 fiscal year, according to Providence Business News.

While the proposed budget plan would raise the state’s budget to $7.2 billion, the majority of the increase will come from federal stimulus funding. In an effort to decrease state spending, the plan will cut $55 million in aid to cities and towns. The gas tax will increase by two cents per gallon to $0.33, sending “millions of dollars” to fix local roads and to the Rhode Island Public Transportation Authority, Finance Committee Chairman Steven Costantino told the Providence Journal on March 28. The cigarette tax will increase by $1.00 to $3.46, the highest such tax in the nation. The budget plan will also allow Rhode Island to tax unemcontinued on page 6

Statewide election to fill state’s U.S. Senate seat
By SARA SunSHinE Senior Staf f Writer

In the wake of scandals involving Illinois and New York Senate seats, the Rhode Island Senate and House of Representatives have voted to change state law so that a vacated U.S. Senate seat would be filled through a special statewide election. Seats left open before their term expires are currently filled by gubernatorial appointment. After a similar bill stalled in the House last year, a newer version

passed 64-6 in the House and 33-1 in the Senate this month. If either chamber approves the other’s version of the bill, it will be sent to the desk of Gov. Donald Carcieri ’65 for final approval. Carcieri has not made a decision yet about whether to approve or veto the bill, according to Amy Kempe, the governor’s press secretar y. However, there are many reasons to be hesitant about the bill, Kempe said. In addition to being concerned continued on page 6

Despite record joblessness in the state, Rhode Island fell from third to fifth in national unemployment rankings, according to information released last week by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics. Data from the month of February shows that the state is tied for fifth place with California, with an unemployment rate of 10.5 percent. In September and October of 2008, Rhode Island posted the highest jobless rate in the nation. In November and December, the state ranked second and by January 2009 had fallen to third nationwide. The drop in ranking comes as unemployment rates continue to rise in Rhode Island — February’s jobless rate was the highest for the state since such record-keeping began in 1976. Nearly 60,000 Rhode Islanders are unemployed, and a poll conducted last month by Brown’s Taubman Center for Public Policy found that 66 percent of Rhode Islanders had a friend or family member who recently lost his or her job. But other states have seen even more dramatic increases in joblessness. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Michigan led the nation in February with a jobless rate of 12 percent, followed by South Carolina (11.0 percent), Oregon (10.8 percent) and North Carolina

States with highest jobless rates
12

Unemployment Rate (%)

11

Oregon

Rhode Island

State

Marlee Bruning / Herald Rhode Island ranks fifth-worst in the country for unemployment rate, after Michigan, South Carolina, Oregon and North Carolina.

(10.7 percent). The national unemployment rate stands at 8.1 percent, representing a quarter-century high. The recently passed federal

stimulus bill is expected to create or save 12,000 jobs in Rhode Island and 3 to 4 million in the nation, according to a White House press release last month.

California

Michigan

South Carolina

10

North Carolina

PAGE 6

M etro

THE BROWN dAILy HERALd

TUESdAy, MARCH 31, 2009

“The only people who like gubernatorial appointments are political insiders.”

— Matt Sledge ’08, FairVote R.I. director

Special elections may fill vacated Senate seats
continued from page 5 about the added cost and delay that a special election would pose to the state, Carcieri does not think the bill is “necessar y,” Kempe said. “There has really never been an issue outside of the extraordinar y circumstance in Illinois,” where then-Gov. Rod Blagojevich was caught on a federal wiretap attempting to sell the Senate seat vacated by Barack Obama to the highest bidder. But according to Matt Sledge ’08, director of FairVote Rhode Island, these concerns are outweighed by the fact that the most important statewide federal elected official could be sent to Washington without the backing of a popular vote. The policy could af fect the Ocean State as soon as this year if Sen. Jack Reed takes an appointment in the Obama administration as some state politicians have speculated, according to a March 11 Providence Journal article. Though Sledge said he believes Carcieri would fill any vacant Rhode Island seat honestly, he said that gubernatorial appointments allow for the selection of “outright crooks” or the perception of corruption, which can be just as damaging. There is also a concern about separation of powers, Sledge said. “Allowing the executive to directly appoint a member of the legislative branch” is something that Rhode Island voters might object to, he said. Sledge said he did not find the opposition’s arguments convincing, particularly the idea that gubernatorial appointments are the speediest way to fill a vacant Senate seat. “You can hold a special election pretty quickly and the results are much better,” Sledge said, adding that Gov. David Paterson of New York took months to replace Secretar y of State Hillar y Clinton. A similar bill has been introduced in nine states, but its passage is furthest along in Rhode Island, Sledge said.

Carcieri ’65 opposes proposed budget’s gas tax increase
continued from page 5 ployment benefits — a prospect that has drawn protest because the first $2,400 of unemployment benefits are exempt from federal income tax. Providence Mayor David Cicilline ’83 and the mayors of Cumberland, Johnston and North Providence held a press conference last Sunday to request that the budget plan return to the House Finance Committee for restructuring. Gov. Donald Carcieri ’65 has also spoken out against the plan. “Simply put, I cannot support a budget that increases the broadbased gasoline tax, provides no help to our cities and towns, avoids necessar y pension reforms and refuses to provide additional help to unemployed Rhode Islanders,” Carcieri told the ProJo. If Carcieri decides to veto the plan, both the House and the Senate could override his veto.

www.browndailyherald.com

Baseball overcomes rough road start
By BEnJy ASHER SportS editor

Sportstuesday
The Brown daily Herald
By AnDREW BRACA SportS editor

TUESdAy, MARCH 31, 2009 | Page 7

Gymnastics finishes out season at eCaCs in sixth
The gymnastics team closed out the season with a sixth-place finish at the ECAC Championships in New Haven on March 21, totaling 188.175 points to beat out host Yale by 3.725 points in the seven-team event. “I think we did well,” said Head Coach Sara Carver-Milne. “We were really hoping to finish off the season with a 190, so that was a little bit disappointing, but I think we definitely made improvements.” “The girls went into the meet focused and not intimidated, which was great to see,” Carver-Milne said. Towson University scored 193.325 points to take home the title, followed by Cornell (193.050), Temple (191.475), William and Mary (190.125) and Penn (190.075). Whitney Diederich ’09 and co-captain Jennifer Sobuta ’09 both turned in strong performances in the final meet of their careers. After the meet, Victoria Zanelli ’11 was selected to compete in the all-around at the USA Gymnastics Collegiate Nationals. The Bears took a big step forward from the 2008 ECAC Championships, when they tallied 183.050 points and finished last out of eight teams. “We definitely improved on last year’s performance,” Zanelli said. “We had a couple mistakes and we could have done better, but overall it was a

The baseball team had a rocky start to its road stretch over spring break but closed it out on a positive note, winning three of its first four games in Ivy League play over the weekend. The Bears got strong play from cocaptain Matt Nuzzo ’09, who is batting a team-high .368 on the season, and Graham Tyler ’12, who is second on the team with 14 RBI. The stretch began with a fourgame series at the University of San Diego, where the Bears dropped three of four games to the Toreros. In the first game of the series, on March 21, Brown (6-11, 3-1 Ivy) got a strong start from pitcher Rob Wilcox ’10, who allowed just three runs on 13 hits, in seven and one-third innings. But the Bears dropped a 4-3 decision in extra innings despite three hits from Ryan Zrenda ’11, who is hitting .311 on the season. Later that day, the Toreros jumped out to a 7-0 lead in the third inning and never looked back, securing the 11-5 win over the Bears, whose losing streak extended to six games. The following day, Brown appeared on the verge of continuing its skid, trailing 8-5 after six innings. But the Bears picked up two runs in the top of the seventh to make it an 8-7 game. With the game tied in the top of the ninth, a sacrifice fly by Mike DiBiase ’12 drove in the go-ahead run for Bruno. Relief pitcher Matt

Herald File Photo / Herald

The Bears had a rough start to its spring break games, but won three of its first four games in Ivy League play over the weekend.

Kimball ’11 then came on to pitch a scoreless inning, securing the 9-8 win for Brown. “We had to do something to propel us over that hump and get the win and become a team that can not only play in close games, but can pull them out,” Nuzzo said. “If we get in the habit of doing that, then that can definitely help us down the road to win close games.” After a 10-2 loss in the final game

of the series, Bruno’s bats woke up on March 24 in a 20-8 rout of Pepperdine University. After the Bears jumped out to an early 6-0 lead, Pepperdine crept back into the game with four runs in the bottom of the fifth inning, but Brown blew the game open with back-to-back sixrun innings in the sixth and seventh. Zrenda led the team with four hits, continued on page 9

pretty good performance.” The Bears totaled a 46.825 on the vault, led by Lilly Siems ’12 and Carli Wiesenfeld ’12, who each scored a 9.425 to tie for 26th place. Three Bears secured 32nd through 34th places, as Lauren Tucker ’12 posted a 9.350, Chelsey Binkley ’11 followed with a 9.325 and Helen Segal ’10 notched a 9.300. Sobuta posted Brown’s highest finish of the day, taking eighth on the bars with a 9.575. Vida Rivera ’11 followed in 19th with a 9.450, while Melissa Bowe ’11 finished in 22nd with a 9.375. Izzy Kirkham-Lewitt ’10 posted a 9.275 for 26th place, and Zanelli placed 28th with a 9.100, as the Bears combined for a 46.775 on the bars. Tucker led Bruno on the beam with a 9.650, good for 21st place. “She had a tremendous performance on all three events,” CarverMilne said. Siems trailed just behind in 24th place with a 9.625. Binkley posted a 9.350 for 34th, Wiesenfeld notched a 9.150 for 38th and Sobuta turned in a 9.075 to finish in 40th place. The Bears totaled 46.850 on the beam. The Bears posted their strongest showing on the floor exercise, combining for 47.725. Binkley took 15th with a 9.650, while Segal and Katie Goddard ’12 followed just behind in continued on page 8

M. tennis splits spring break matches
By ERin fRAuEnHOfER Spor tS Staf f Writer

In Florida over Spring Break, the men’s tennis team faced off against Florida Atlantic University on Thursday and No. 67 New Mexico State University on Saturday. The Bears lost a close match — in which all of the singles matches went to three sets — by a score of 6-1 to FAU, then fell to New Mexico State, 4-3, in another close match. “Both matches were over fourand-a-half hours, grueling battles that will really help us prepare for some tough Ivy League matches,” said Head Coach Jay Harris. “In the last two matches, we’ve had to deal with a lot of pressure and tough situations, and the guys have really pushed through and dealt with them pretty well.” Brown battled the University of Portland and No. 25 Wake Forest University at home the previous weekend. On Saturday, the Bears defeated the Pilots, 4-3, before narrowly dropping another 4-3 decision to the Demon Deacons the next day. “We don’t get too many chances to play ranked teams,” said Kendrick Au ’11, “and I think the urgency to improve and step up against these good teams was evident in how we all fought to the end in each match.” Brown 4, Portland 3 Against the Pilots at home, the Bears won two of the three doubles

matches to jump out to a 1-0 lead. Though co-captains Noah Gardner ’09 and Sam Garland ’09 dropped an 8-5 match at first doubles, the second doubles pairing of captain Chris Lee ’09 and Jonathan Pearlman ’11 and the third doubles pairing of Au and Charlie Posner ’11 earned 8-5 victories to clinch the doubles point. The point would prove crucial as the teams went on to split the singles matches. At second singles, Pearlman soundly defeated Joel Kincaid, 6-1, 6-4. Skate Gorham ’10 overpowered Nikoloz Kurdadze at third singles by a score of 6-1, 6-2, and Garland trounced Geoff Hernandez at fourth singles by a score of 6-1, 6-0. “The eight active guys that we have contain the ability to play exceptionally well on any given day,” Au said. Lee and Au dropped their respective matches at first and sixth singles to Filip Zivkovic and Evan Schleining, and Gardner retired from the fifth singles match after splitting sets with Br yan Thorp. Wake forest 4, Brown 3 The following day, the Bears edged out the Demon Deacons in doubles play. In the first doubles match, Garland and Gardner fell to the No. 1-ranked doubles team in the nation, Cor y Parr and Steven Forman, by a score of 8-5. At second doubles, Lee and Pearlman battled back from being down match

point to defeat Jonathan Wolff and David Hopkins, 9-8 (1). “Jon and Chris remain undefeated,” Harris said. “The doubles was solid there.” Au and Posner were also one point away from losing the third doubles match but rebounded to record a 9-8 (7) victor y over Jason Morgenstern and Andrew Brasseaux. “Kendrick played great the whole weekend,” Harris said. The Bears faced a harder time in singles play. At first singles, Pearlman fell to No. 26-ranked Parr by a score of 6-2, 7-5 to even up the match score at 1-1. Lee gave Brown back the lead with a win at second singles, outlasting Forman, 6-4, 6-7 (10), 7-5. Gorham and Garland lost close three-set matches at third and fourth singles, respectively. Gorham fell in a third-set tie-breaker to Wolf f for a final score of 6-3, 3-6, 7-6 (5), and Garland dropped his match by a score of 4-6, 7-6 (5), 6-4. The Demon Deacons clinched the match with a straight-set win over Posner at sixth singles. Au earned a three-set victory over David Hopkins at fifth singles to make the final match score 4-3. “I, like all the guys on the team, have been progressively playing well, which will hopefully translate in all of us reaching our peak come continued on page 9

two nail-biters and one blowout for w. lax over break
By DAn ALExAnDER SportS Staff Writer

While most students were relaxing at home or in the sun this spring break, the women’s lacrosse team was on the field for three games. The Bears (4-4, 1-1 Ivy) split their first two contests — winning in double overtime against Connecticut (2-9) before falling to Oregon (8-3) by one. Though the first two games came down to the wire, the Bears’ third contest was out of reach early on, as Dartmouth (5-3, 2-0) took a 15-0 lead before Brown got on the scoreboard. The Bears’ attack was nearly dead on Saturday, but the lone goal came from leading scorer Katelyn Caro ’12, who netted 11 goals in

the three games. Fellow freshman Kaela McGilloway ’12, helped out Caro in the first two games, contributing four goals and three assists. On the other end of the field, Isabel Harvey ’12 had 17 saves between the pipes, but allowed 39 goals over the three games. Harvey came into the weekend off a strong showing against Harvard the previous Saturday, when she recorded eight saves in the Bears’ 12-8 win.

Brown 14, uConn 13 (2OT) Coming off of the Harvard victory, the Bears searched for their first consecutive wins of the season continued on page 8

PAGE 8

w. lax has mixed results over break
continued from page 7 on March 21 when they headed to Storrs, Conn., to take on the Huskies. UConn, meanwhile, was searching for its first victory since March 2008 — its lone win in a 1-15 season. “We knew they were a really good team,” said Head Coach Keely McDonald ’00. “They had lost by pretty small margins to really good teams.” In a thriller of a game that came down to a sudden-death double overtime, the Huskies almost broke their losing streak. But wide-open Lauren Vitkus ’09 received a cross-field pass from Molly McCarthy ’10 with under a minute left on the clock. Vitkus took her time and lined up the gamewinning goal, her third of the contest, with just 43 ticks left. Vitkus did most of her scoring late in the game, with all three of her goals coming after halftime. Caro led the Bears on the attack throughout the game, scoring a hat trick by halftime and adding another three goals in the remainder of the game. Oregon 10, Brown 9 The Oregon Ducks headed to Providence for their Tuesday game on a five-game winning streak. Despite a four-goal performance from Caro and another two-goal, two-assist game from McGilloway, the Ducks came away with the victory. Though the contest was as close as the UConn game, the Bears didn’t get the last cheer this time. Ilsa van den Berg scored a free-position shot with 1:02 left in regulation to put Oregon up 10-9. The Bears could not match the firepower of Oregon’s freshmen twins, Jana and Jess Drummond, who combined for seven of Oregon’s 10 goals. “They had a huge second half,” McDonald said of the Drummonds. They “finished their shots and played without any holding back. Because they’re freshmen, I think they just went hard.” no. 16 Dartmouth 16, Brown 1 The Big Green headed into the game on a two-game winning streak but were just one game above .500 on the year with two losses to ranked opponents in No. 11 Notre Dame and No. 2 Maryland. They got off to a strong start when Dana Brisbane scored her first of two goals on the night just 1:25 into the game. Brisbane was one of six Dartmouth players with a multi-goal game. The Big Green was led by midfielders Kat Collins and Greta Meyer, who each had a pair of assists to add to their hat tricks. On the opposite end of the field, Dartmouth goalie Julie Wadland locked up the cage, allowing just one goal and recording nine saves. “I think that’s just us playing tentative,” McDonald said of her team’s difficulty on the attack. “They have a nice defense, but I think we made it look a lot better.” Dartmouth blew the game open, getting out to a 15-0 lead with 21 minutes remaining. “I don’t think we were ready,” McDonald said. “I don’t think we were on our toes. I think it’s more about them just gaining momentum and then us just feeling defeated as a team. ... If we had gotten one goal early, it would have been a really different game. But we didn’t do that, so we just kind of fell apart and didn’t play at all to our potential.” Caro stopped the bleeding 9:46 into the second half when she scored an unassisted goal. But Dartmouth re-opened the wound by scoring the final goal of the game with 16 minutes left, reclaiming the Big Green’s 15-goal advantage. The Bears return to their home field for a noon game on Saturday against Columbia (5-3, 0-2), which has dropped three straight games after starting the season 5-0. “It’s great that it’s an Ivy game, so I think the team will be pumped up,” McDonald said. “I think Columbia is a really strong team. They’ve gotten better and better, and it’s always a really close battle with them.”

S PortS tuesday

THE BROWN dAILy HERALd

TUESdAy, MARCH 31, 2009

“I don’t think we were ready.”
— W. lacrosse coach Keeley Mcdonald ’00, on the team’s 1-16 loss to dartmouth

Gymnastics ends season on strong team, individual results
continued from page 7 19th place with a 9.625. Zanelli took 29th with a 9.450, while Diederich and Tucker each notched a 9.375 to finish in 32nd place. Zanelli posted a 36.650 in the allaround to finish in 13th place. “It wasn’t one of my best performances this season, but I did all right,” Zanelli said. “I didn’t contribute as much as I could have — I let the pressure get to me, but I didn’t collapse completely.” Both Carver-Milne and Zanelli praised the final performances of Sobuta and Diederich. “Jen made her dismount (on the bars) for the first time this season,” Zanelli said. “Whitney hit her routine as consistently as she has this whole season. I was really proud to see them both hit their routines.” Though all six of Brown’s opponents notched at least one top-five finish on an event, Carver-Milne said she was not upset that no Bear finished higher than eighth. “I think our scores weren’t completely reflective of our performances, so I’m not disappointed in how they performed,” Carver-Milne said. “I think in our minds we definitely did well, especially on the floor exercise, and whether or not we were rewarded with great scores was out of our control.” The season is over for most of the team, but Zanelli will return to New Haven on April 9-11 to compete at the USAG Collegiate Nationals at Southern Connecticut State University. Binkley was named an alternate for the floor exercise. Zanelli will be named an AllAmerican if she qualifies for each event’s finals, but to do that she will need to improve on her showing at last year’s Nationals, when she struggled to earn a 34.925 all-around score. “Last year I kind of spazzed and was really nervous,” Zanelli said. “This year I’m expecting to do as well as I have been this season and to hit four-for-four and hopefully come back an All-American on an event.” Meanwhile, the rest of the team will prepare for next season and dream big, hoping to improve on this year’s second-place finish at the Ivy Classic. “We definitely want that Ivy title,” Carver-Milne said. “I think we had a taste of success this year with this team. We’re losing two seniors, which obviously is going to be tough, because they’ve given so much to the program and they’ve had such great leadership and consistency. But we’re gaining five freshmen next year, and I think this team will only get stronger.”

PAGE 9

S PortS tuesday
M. tennis go 1-3 over break in close matches
continued from page 7 Stoisavljevic and Eduardo Sales, 8-6, while at second doubles, Lee and Pearlman edged out Arthur Surreaux and Jim Brouleau, 9-8 (4). At third doubles, Au and Posner dropped a 9-7 match to Gustave Diep and Stefan McKinney. “Against New Mexico State, a stronger team than FAU, we came out and played a great doubles point,” Garland said. Au kicked off singles play with a quick win at sixth singles, overpowering McKinney, 6-0, 6-4, to give Brown a 2-0 lead. “After Kendrick lost at No. 3 doubles, he came out on fire in his singles match because of that,” Harris said. “He kind of had something to prove. He won the first set in about 12 minutes and won the second in 40.” The Bears ultimately came up short by one match in singles play. Gorham and Gardner lost straight-set matches at third and fifth singles, respectively, to even the score at 2-2. Lee fell, 6-4, 6-4, to Diep at second singles, “after fighting extremely hard,” Garland said. At four th singles, Garland dropped the first set, 6-4, to Surreaux, then battled back to take the second set, 6-3, but fell in the third set, 3-6. Pearlman outlasted Brouleau in three sets at first singles by a score of 6-2, 1-6, 6-1, for a final score of 4-3. “During the spring break trip, although as a team we went 0-2, we played two tough teams and grew individually through the hardships of losing close ones,” Garland said. The Bears will begin Ivy play at home this weekend. Brown will face Penn on Friday at 2 p.m, and Princeton on Saturday at 2 p.m. “I’m expecting us to play really well because of the preparation we’ve had with the matches over spring break,” Harris said.

THE BROWN dAILy HERALd

TUESdAy, MARCH 31, 2009

“It’s fun to pitch out there when you have a five-run lead for most of the game” — Pitcher John Feit, on his performance against Princeton

Baseball strong in Ivy contests
continued from page 7 In the first game, the Bears held a 3-2 lead in the top of the sixth inning, when outfielder Dan Shapiro ’09 blasted a three-run shot to right field, giving Bruno a 6-2 lead. After a solid start from pitcher Matt Boylan ’10, Kimball closed out the game, surrendering just one run in two and two-thirds innings of work in a 7-3 win for Brown. Centerfielder Steve Daniels ’09 led the Bears with three hits, while also scoring two runs and stealing two bases. In the second game of the doubleheader, pitcher Josh Feit ’11 had a rough start, as back-to-back singles and a throwing error gave Princeton a 1-0 lead and put a runner on second with no outs in the first inning. After an infield single put runners at the corners, Feit picked the runner off at first. After an RBI single gave the Tigers a 2-0 advantage, Feit induced a double-play grounder to escape a potentially catastrophic first inning with only two runs allowed. After that, Feit settled down and pitched eight scoreless innings for Brown, giving up just two hits after the first inning. “Momentum kind of swung our way, getting out of that inning with just a couple runs,” Feit said. “I just kind of got in my rhythm, throwing strikes and keeping the ball down to keep us in the game.” In the top of the fourth, Brown finally got on the board when first baseman Rob Papenhause ’09 connected for a two-run homer to tie the game. In the fifth inning, the Bears added to the lead with a four-run, two-

the start of this weekend,” Au said. “Our team looks great heading into the Ivies. The combination of the improvement in each individual’s game and the added cohesiveness to our team that these tight matches have brought have prepared us for the great conference battle ahead.” florida Atlantic 6, Brown 1 The final score did not reflect how close the Bears and Owls were in both doubles and singles. At first doubles, Lee and Pearlman upset the No. 63-ranked doubles duo of Eddie Majcher and Marc Abdelnour, 8-7 (4). But the Bears surrendered the doubles point, dropping the second and third doubles matches by respective scores of 8-5 and 8-2. All of the singles matches went to three sets. The Bears only came away with one singles victor y, but according to Garland, “with a little luck on some big points and a few more big shots, we could have beaten FAU by the same score they beat us, 6-1.” At first singles, Pearlman lost to No. 98-ranked Abdelnour, 2-6, 6-1, 6-2. Lee dropped a close 7-6 (6), 5-7, 12-10 match at second singles to Daniel Vardag, and Gorham dropped the third singles match to Lawrence Harradine by a score of 2-6, 6-3, 6-0. Garland notched the only singles victor y of the day, defeating Joshua Scholl at fourth singles, 4-6, 7-6 (4), 6-4. At fifth singles, Au fell to Majcher, 7-6 (4), 4-6, 6-4, and at sixth singles, Jimmy Cr ystal ’12 lost to Santiago Nieto by a score of 2-6, 6-3, 6-2. new mexico State 4, Brown 3 Facing close matches again in doubles, the Bears prevailed with wins at the first and second spots. Gardner and Garland led the way at first doubles, defeating Roman

while Tyler went 3-for-5 with a gamehigh seven RBI. On March 25, Brown wrapped up its West Coast swing with a doubleheader at USC. The Bears struggled to muster much run production, losing the two games by scores of 7-4 and 5-1. Despite the final outcomes, Brown felt optimistic heading into Ivy League play. “Even though we dropped two, we played them tough, and that translated over into our first Ivy League weekend,” Nuzzo said. After two days off, the Bears took the field again on Saturday for a doubleheader at Cornell. In the first game, Nuzzo had a strong day at the plate, going 3-for-3, but the Big Red (3-11, 1-1) tagged pitcher co-captain Will Weidig ’10 for eight runs, cruising to an 8-4 victory over Brown. The Bears rebounded in the second game that day, when Mark Gormley ’11 pitched all seven innings, giving up just two runs while recording seven strikeouts. In the fifth inning, designated hitter Pete Greskoff ’11 hit a three-run homer to give the Bears a 5-0 lead, and Brown added five more insurance runs in the top of the seventh to get the 10-2 victory. Nuzzo went 3-for-3 once again, and Zrenda, Tyler and catcher Matt Colantonio ’11 each registered two hits on the day for the Bears. Brown carried the momentum into Sunday’s doubleheader at Princeton, where the Bears took two games from the Tigers (8-9, 1-3).

out rally, which included a two-run homer by Greskoff, an RBI double from Papenhause and an RBI single from Shapiro. In the top of the sixth, Daniels hit a solo homer to widen the lead to 7-2, where the score would remain for the rest of the game. “It’s fun to pitch out there when you have a five-run lead for most of the game — that made my life a lot easier,” Feit said. Papenhause, Zrenda and Nuzzo each had three hits for the Bears, and Papenhause also had a gamehigh three RBIs, while Daniels and Greskoff each had two hits. With the win, the Bears improved to 3-1 in Ivy League play. “It’s crucial to get off to a good start in the Ivy League, because it’s a short conference season, only 20 games, and as we found out last year, if you get off to a bad start, or get in a little slump, it’s very difficult to pull yourself out of that,” Nuzzo said. “But it’s still just one weekend, and we have to become more consistent and continue to play like we did this weekend.” Brown will resume play on Wednesday with a home doubleheader against URI, with games at 2 p.m. and 4 p.m. at Murray Stadium, and will then play at cross-state rival Bryant University on Thursday afternoon. “I feel if we just let our talent take over and play our game, I think that will translate into winning,” Nuzzo said. “The team has great chemistry, we bond well together and we have great depth, which is something we haven’t had in the past.”

Thanks for reading.

editorial & Letters
The Brown daily Herald
Page 10 | TUESdAy, MARCH 31, 2009

Brown’s pharmaceutical problem

e d i to r i a l

Contentious ethical questions about relationships between medical schools and pharmaceutical companies rocked Brown last September, when The Herald reported that a member of the Alpert Medical School faculty with ties to pharmaceuticals was being investigated by the Senate Finance Committee. The investigation was sparked by allegations that Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Martin Keller accepted large sums from pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline in exchange for lending his name to a study that found the antidepressant medication Paxil to be safe for use in adolescents despite significant evidence that the drug can induce suicidal tendencies in youth. We are in no position to make judgments about the validity of the accusations against Keller. But we do find it troubling that the University’s conflict of interest policy is vague enough to permit even the appearance of such egregious impropriety. The University has recently proposed addressing this concern by codifying guidelines suggested by the Brown Pharmaceutical Policy Task Force that clarify the application of its conflict of interest policy to pharmaceuticals. This proposal, though still tentative, is a good step forward. However, it does not go far enough. The University needs a far more transparent and stringent pharmaceutical policy if it wishes to maintain the Med School’s academic integrity. The strength of the Task Force revisions is in the tight restrictions imposed on medical student contact with pharmaceutical companies — under the proposal, students would be forbidden from having any contact or financial relationship with pharmaceutical companies. The policy would also require professors to disclose their relationships with such corporations in any course they teach, an admirable rule that we wish extended across the University (if only to buy whatever stock our econ professors own). But that’s all it has to say about professors. There is no mention of, for example, the conditions under which professors can accept gifts from pharmaceutical companies or the common practice of signing articles ghostwritten by employees of the companies. These issues are specific to research and medical practice relating to pharmaceuticals and, as such, are not adequately covered by Brown’s generic conflict of interest policy. Without a transparent policy describing precisely what relationships between faculty and pharmaceutical companies are acceptable and when such connections must be disclosed, we fear significant harm could be done both to patients and the Med School’s credibility as a place of independent thought and inquiry about medicine. Though it may seem hard to implement such a uniform policy given that Brown does not own the hospitals it operates in, other schools in a similar position have adopted comprehensive pharmaceutical conflict of interest policies that cover faculty behavior. We only hope the University will be quick to do the same. Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board. Send comments to editorials@browndailyherald.com.

ALEx YULY

l e t t e r to t h e e d i to r s

The true meaning of an open mind
To the Editor: The phrase “false equivalency” came to mind when reading Fatima Aqeel’s ’12 recent column (“A tale of two speakers,” March 18). Equating John Edwards’ marital indiscretions to John Yoo’s legal work as part of the Department of Justice is highly unfair to John Edwards. John Yoo’s legal opinions, which allowed the Bush Administration to ignore the Geneva Convention’s legally binding statutes on terror, directly led to the illegal torture and rendition of many accused terrorists on the flimsiest of legal scholarship. Yoo has been roundly denounced by many legal scholars, and some of his memoranda were dismissed by the Bush Department of Justice itself, not exactly noted as a paragon of unbiased legal opinions. Moreover, Brown students came to hear John Edwards discuss electoral politics and his work in the public sphere. His marital troubles lie squarely outside this; I would accept criticism of his trial lawyer past as hypocritical considering his new proletariat bent totally legitimate. However, legitimizing the shoddy and dangerous legal views that John Yoo espoused by providing him a platform at Brown is a slap in the face to students actually interested in debates over the constitutionality of Bush-era actions characterized as war crimes and constitutional abuses. The main point of my letter though, is that being open-minded is not considering every opinion as equally deserving; instead, it is giving equal time to worthy debaters (not those who are considered deficient at their own profession by their peers). gabriel miller ’09 March 18

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opinions
The Brown daily Herald

TUESdAy, MARCH 31, 2009 | PAGE 11

have you hugged your ta today?
MARy BATES
opinions coluMnist
One of the goals of graduate education is to transform the student from a consumer of knowledge to a producer of knowledge. A major aspect of this training involves developing one’s own line of independent research. But another integral part of this transition, one that is often overlooked, is learning how to impart that knowledge to others. The glamorous side of this involves traveling to conferences, hobnobbing with the big dogs in your discipline and publishing your results. But there is another, more pedestrian facet of this training — TAing undergraduate classes. Serving as a TA while in grad school is virtually inevitable. Most graduate students wind up teaching before receiving their degree, although the amount of work varies across departments. Neuroscience falls on the lighter side, with only one semester of teaching required, while other programs, such as English, require four semesters. Many grad students find themselves teaching more than the minimum amount to earn their stipend, in lieu of external support or an advisor’s grant. In the fall of 2007, 30 percent of Brown grad students were supported by a teaching assistantship. But how do graduate students really feel about their positions as TAs? The answer, according to a recent survey of teaching assistants at Brown, is, on average, pretty positive. A large majority of grad students — 77 percent of those responding — reported that they were very satisfied or somewhat satisfied with their TA position. Surprisingly, there was no significant correlation between job satisfaction and any of the following factors: number of hours worked, number of students taught, prior teaching experience or the professor leading the course. Variables that did affect job satisfaction included being female, being assigned to a course in line with one’s own interests and feeling that one is a valued member of the teaching team. Although more than 90 percent of grad All that work can take its toll: A full 43 percent of TAs reported that their TA responsibilities frequently caused them to fall behind in their own work, and about a third of all TAs said their responsibilities frequently or very frequently caused them emotional stress. While the TA experience isn’t perfect, the Graduate School is committed to making it more than just a means to a paycheck. For grad students who are interested in going on to careers in academia, either at research institutions or smaller liberal arts colleges, teaching may last from one to several weeks and include students from many age ranges. Having taught a group of middle school students last summer, I can say that they were some of the most selfmotivated and intellectually curious students I have ever had, and their enthusiasm was both endearing and infectious. For those graduate students seeking a more demanding teaching experience, there is the Brown/Wheaton Faculty Fellows Program, which allows advanced graduate students at Brown to teach their own course at nearby Wheaton College. For students thinking about a career at a small liberal arts college, where undergraduate teaching is a priority, this can be both a unique opportunity to try it out firsthand and gain experience that could give them an edge in the job market. Ultimately, the teaching experience for grad students at Brown is what they make it — the opportunities to stand out and develop their skills as an instructor are there, if they seek them out. While many graduate student TAs (myself included) bemoan the time lost and the stress gained from our positions, most of us understand the value of the teaching assistantship. We are giving back to our department and nurturing skills that will help us in our future careers. So please, undergraduate students, go easy on your TAs. We’re students, too, and we’re learning right along with you.

A full 43 percent of TAs reported that their TA responsibilities frequently caused them to fall behind in their own work and about a third of all TAs said that their responsibilities frequently or very frequently caused them emotional stress.

students surveyed agreed that TAing was “a valuable part” of their professional training at Brown, the position has its drawbacks. A major concern for graduate students is the amount of time that teaching duties take away from time spent on their own classes and research. The survey found substantial variation in the workload (due to differences in the number of students, sections and assignments) among TAs, with those in the social sciences reporting the heaviest and those in the life and medical sciences the lightest.

will be an essential skill for them to develop. Fortunately, the University offers numerous opportunities for gaining valuable teaching experiences. The Sheridan Center for Teaching and Learning provides seminars, consultations and other resources for grad students looking to improve their teaching skills and to build up their CVs. Brown summer programs offer another avenue for gaining a more varied teaching experience. Grad students have the opportunity to design and implement their own courses, which

Mary Bates GS is a Ph.d. candidate in the department of Psychology. She can be reached at Mary_Bates@brown.edu.

taken for a ride
JONATHAN TOPAZ
opinions coluMnist
Hundreds of thousands of American men and women have had extramarital affairs, including American icon and Brown hero President John F. Kennedy. George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, among other early United States presidents, owned slaves. And President Barack Obama has admitted to drug use during his early adulthood. So, to answer a question posed at John Edwards’ lecture in the De Ciccio Family Auditorium a couple of weeks ago, it seems that the voting public has no business holding politicians to a “higher moral standard.” Governance and purity may not be mutually exclusive, but if Americans are so concerned with a candidate’s share-a-beer-ability, can we really expect the moral fiber of Mother Teresa? And, judging by how far our misplaced moral values have gotten us on Wall Street and in Iraq, shouldn’t we just drop the whole moral litmus test? As a public figure who made a grave mistake, Edwards made a laudable decision in coming to a university to speak and reconnect with young people. I respected him for wanting to come to Brown “to help” and “hear from students” who are interested in public policy and who are interested in America and the world. In a national scene saturated with politicians who seem only disingenuously interested in connecting with college students, Edwards seemed refreshingly sincere. And so as members of the Brown community tried to ignore the elephant in the room, Edwards began his “Beautiful America” speech, a title aptly nauseating for the lecture that followed. Without a realistic shot at a return to national politics, Edwards had the distinct opportunity to give a speech that was, above all, specific and candid. What ensued was on strategies for shouldering the massive federal spending that comes along with it. Sure, Edwards identified problems — 47 million Americans uninsured, insurance companies with inconsistent and unfair coverage policies — but pulled short on offering any tangible solutions. “Universal healthcare” is a nice tagline that will get plenty of audience applause at a liberal institution, but leaving it unfortified sion, Edwards instead proceeded to merely identify them as “moral issues.” Here we are, back replacing academic debate with this lofty, unattainable ideal of morality. Ultimately, we were treated to an impersonal, cautious political ploy in order to help Edwards get his public image back on track. Edwards had little intention of hearing from students and adding to campus debate. After all, what people — Republicans or Democrats — are going to contend that responsibly insuring all Americans and eradicating global poverty is a poor cause? At a time when we need workable solutions more than ever, Edwards’ empty rhetoric accomplishes nothing. However he wants to frame it, Edwards effectively used us. His main intention was not to spur debate, or connect with young people, but to rehabilitate his public image in a safe, liberal environment. Al Gore, one of Edwards’ heroes and a figure referenced numerous times in Edwards’ speech, was able to make a massive impact on the environmental world after politics. A major reason: distance from the political and bureaucratic realm allowed him to speak frankly and act decisively. By stepping back into politics by preaching moral values, Edwards backtracked from an opportunity at respect and sincerity.

Instead of using his podium to address how we can possibly pay for universal healthcare and poverty eradication during a widespread, international recession, Edwards instead proceeded to merely identify them as “moral issues.

a broad, politically safe stump speech that contained little policy specificity and even less pertinence to Brown. Edwards spent his time discussing his two major passions — healthcare and global poverty. For a public figure who has spent so much of his life dealing with these issues, Edwards discussed them in off-putting abstraction. He first discussed the inherent need for universal healthcare, without even touching

with funding specifics warrants it hollow. Further, Edwards’ discussion of global poverty lacked a compelling and intellectual argument. Stories of mothers who have to choose food over heat are both heartbreaking and infuriating. But, again, specifics eluded Edwards, and we were left with a gaping void for a huge problem. So instead of using his podium to address how we can possibly pay for these things during a widespread, international reces-

Jonathan Topaz ’12 is from New york. He can be reached at Jonathan.Topaz@gmail.com

Today
The Brown daily Herald

5

R.I. unemployment slips to fifth worst

to day

to M o r r o w

Baseball hits stride against Ivy foes

TuESDAy, mARCH 31, 2009

7

55 / 32

52 / 39
PAgE 12

the news in images

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c a l e n da r
TODAy, mARCH 31 5:30 P — Birds and American Indi.m. ans in the South, Haffenreffer Museum at Manning Hall 6:30 P — 9th Annual Casey Shearer .m. Memorial Lecture, “Equal Play: Title IX and Public Policy,” Salomon 101 TOmORROW, APRiL 1 4P .m. — “Religion, Community and Class in Iraqi Politics and Society,” List 120 7 P — “The Color of Fashion: Expe.m. riences of The Style Industry’s Black Professionals,” Barus & Holley 166

3
even More selective
20

7
Brown’s undergraduate acceptance rate
15.2%

yet another record low admit rate
Anxious high school seniors will log on today starting at 5 p.m. to view the decisions on their applications to the college.

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Menu
SHARPE REfECTORy LunCH — Vegan Tofu Pups, Sweet Potato Fries, Hot dogs, Falafel, Hard Boiled Eggs DinnER — Sugar Snap Peas, Baked Potatoes, Honey Wheat Bread, Birthday Cake VERnEy-WOOLLEy Dining HALL LunCH — Shaved Steak Sandwich, Spinach Strudel, Mandarin Blend Vegetables, Sugar Cookies

10.8%
10

5
DinnER — Rice and Orzo Pilaf, Broccoli, Summer Squash, Honey Wheat Bread, Grilled Caesar Chicken

dean of Admissions James Miller ’73 said Brown will issue 2,708 acceptance letters, including early decisions — a record-low 10.8 percent acceptance rate. (see story, page 1). The University received almost 25,000 applications this cycle — 21 percent more than last year.

RELEASE DATE– Tuesday, March 31, 2009

c r o Daily Crossword Puzzle Los Angeles Timess s w o r d
Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis
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