Standard of Weights and Measures Act 1985

by : DR. T.K. JAIN AFTERSCHO☺OL centre for social entrepreneurship sivakamu veterinary hospital road bikaner 334001 rajasthan, india FOR – PGPSE PARTICIPANTS mobile : 91+9414430763
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WHAT IS METROLOGY?
It is science related to measurements. Legal metrology means laws related to measurements. OIML (International Organisation for Legal Metrology) frames rules for laws relating to measurements & sets standards, which are enforced by each member countries.
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Authorities in India
Indian Institute of Legal Metrology, Ranchi (under ministry of food and civil supplies) Regional reference laboratory at Ahmedabad & Bhubeneshwar Regional units at Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi & Bangalore Offices for registration in every city at DIC (district industries centre)
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What is calibration?

All the process to determine errors in weights and measures or other problems in weights and then giving it appropriate values. (sec. 2(a) )

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Who is a dealer?
A person who deals in weights / measurements – who sells weights. A person who imports such weights / measures, is also a dealer. He has to be registered. Interstate trade of weights / measures is also regulated.
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Manufacturer (sec. 2(o)

A person / firm who makes / assembles / puts weights and measures.

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What are standards ...
Reference standards – sec. 2(t)- made by central government – so that these standards are enforceable secondary standards – made by state govt. / central govt. For verification of working standards (sec. 2(x) stamp: means weights are certified as per standards.
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Important provisions
Sec. 20,21 mention that only standard weights and measures must be used. Sec. 22 says that only standard weights be manufactured and sec. 23 says that only standard weigts should be put on weights – and as per govt. Rules. No person can deal in non-standard weights. Govt. Keeps reference / secondary standards in different places for verification (Sec. 24,25).
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Legal requirements
All the packaged commodities must contain detailes of weights / measures in standard format along with the detials like manufacturer, date of packing etc. There should be declaration which can identify the measurement of the commodity, its units, and its packaging. Petrol for example is in liters, but Ghee is in KG - this is as per rules.
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Other rules...

There are detailed rules regarding weights and measures, which have to be enforced. Penalties are also prescribed for failure to follow the law. Penalties upto Rs. 5000 / imprisonment upto 2 years are prescribed under the law.
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