U.

hauls in $12 million of stimulus grants
By syDney emBer Senior Staff Writer

Daily Herald
the Brown
vol. cxliv, no. 80 | Wednesday, October 7, 2009 | Serving the community daily since 1891
“It’s quite exciting and speaks to the strengths of Brown that there are competitive rewards coming in,” said Professor of Medical Science Christine Biron, who conducts research on immune responses to viral infections. “It’s very difficult to get grant funding right now.” “We think there is both a need and a desire for research in society and an opportunity for exciting federal funding,” Clyde Briant, vice president for research, told The Herald last month, before the recent Congressional announcement. At the time, he said he was optimistic that more funding was on the way, adding the University was “really at a stage where we’re building very strongly.” Among the 42 professors who secured funding through the NIH’s most recent venture is Barry Connors, chair of the neuroscience department and the principal investigator behind several neurological projects. His ability to bring in funding, he said, is a testament to Brown’s immediate response to opportunities continued on page 3

Rhode Island institutions will receive more than $22 million in federal stimulus funds to promote medical research beginning this month — and Brown is leading the charge. The University has procured 52 of 91 federal grants distributed to the state by the National Institutes of Health, adding $12 million to the total amount of stimulus funds Brown has already received through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The awards, announced by the Rhode Island Congressional Delegation on Sept. 30, come on the heels of aggressive efforts by Brown to secure federal research grants since Congress passed the stimulus package in February. In the past two years, the University has sought to increase its appeal to national foundations and the federal government, hiring a Washingtonbased political consulting firm and forging strategic partnerships with other research institutions.

Departments to oversee writing requirement
By lauren FeDor Senior Staf f Writer

Kim Perley / Herald

Associate Professor of Medical Science Kristi Wharton (right) and Maryanna Aldrich GS at work in Wharton’s lab. Wharton received a NIH grant for her work using fruit flies to research the development of cell-to-cell signaling.

Simmons presses case against pending tax bills
By niCole FrieDman Senior Staff Writer

President Ruth Simmons, speaking at a faculty meeting Tuesday, reiterated the University’s opposition to proposed state legislation levying fees on private universities for their out-of-state students and valuable real estate. She also emphasized the ways

Brown already contributes to the local economy by creating jobs and paying taxes on properties that are not exempt. The University is “working closely with other colleges and universities to convey our opposition” to the two bills being reviewed in the Rhode Island General Assembly, Simmons said. One bill would allow cities to

tax private colleges up to $150 per semester, per out-of-state student. The other bill would let cities collect up to 25 percent of property taxes from nonprofits — which are usually tax-exempt — whose holdings are valued at more than $20 million. Both bills would cost Brown millions. The four private colleges and universities in Providence agreed

in 2003 to pay the city a combined contribution of $2.4 million per year for 20 years in an effort to somewhat offset the revenue the city forfeits because of the schools’ tax-exempt status. The majority of Brown’s properties — though not all — are tax-exempt. In fiscal year 2009, the University continued on page 2

Green’tings from rhody for latest enviro-queen
mall in Swansea, Mass., where a recruitment booth caught her attention at age 13. She began comIn Amy Diaz’s world, beauty queens peting in “natural pageants,” which aren’t afraid of a little dirt. put less emphasis on contestants’ Diaz, who grew up in Provi- appearance, and where she could dence, is a national advocate for compete with “bushy eyebrows and the environment and green living puffy hair,” she said. — and the new Miss Diaz fell in love with pageantry and Earth United States. FeaTure The goal of the Miss its “positive influence” Earth competition, which began in on her life. She said competitions 2001, is to “reinvent the concept of taught her public speaking skills, the pageant” by having the partici- increased her confidence and inpants focus on the environment, said stilled in her the “desire to achieve Evan Skow, national director of Miss greatness.” In 2001, Diaz earned the title of Earth United States. Though Diaz’s zeal for the envi- Miss Rhode Island Teen USA. She ronment now even extends to her then went on to win the adult version e-mails — she starts every one with of the state competition in 2008 and “‘Green’tings” — her pageant life continued on page 3 began in a less green setting, at a
By marlee Bruning Staff Writer

Courtesy of Amy Diaz

Responsibility for monitoring students’ writing competency will be centralized in concentration advising, Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron said at a monthly faculty meeting Tuesday. Bergeron, who presented the latest statement from the College Curriculum Council on the undergraduate writing requirement, said the committee had determined that the best way to ensure students fulfill the College’s only academic requirement might be to lean on departments. “Concentrations are traditionally responsible for clearing students for graduation,” Bergeron said, so consolidating oversight of writing competency with their existing responsibilities makes sense. Beginning with the Class of 2012, sophomores declaring concentrations will be required to include information on their writing abilities and experiences, Bergeron told The Herald after the meeting. Bergeron said the CCC plans to collaborate with departments and concentrations to “help them work out a plan.” The CCC is currently working to make funds available for faculty who want to create courses in their discipline that would support the writing requirement, she said. Those courses, Bergeron said, would emphasize the writing process, encouraging students to work with professors to receive feedback and make revisions to their writing. In an effort to highlight these courses, they will be marked with a “W” in the Course Announcement Bulletin, she said. “We want to provide opportunities to ensure that students have completed this,” she said. The CCC, which Bergeron chairs, has worked to clarify and strengthen the implementation of the writing requirement since the final report of the Task Force on Undergraduate Education was issued last fall, she said. The Task Force, also chaired by Bergeron, recommended that the University take a “much more coherent approach to its writing requirement.” The writing requirement has been part of Brown’s undergraducontinued on page 2

Providence resident Amy Diaz’s passion for the environment recently earned her the title of “Miss Earth USA.”

inside

News.....1-4 Sports......5 Editorial.....6 Opinion.....7 Today..........8

Higher Ed, 3
going up Tuition is on the rise at the state’s public colleges and universities 195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

Sports, 5
De-ClaweD Women’s soccer downed the Columbia Lions in New York City this weekend

Opinions, 7
peer pressure Jonathan Topaz ’12 questions the wisdom of eliminating peer tutoring herald@browndailyherald.com

www.browndailyherald.com

PAGE 2

C ampUS n ewS
Carbon reductions far ahead of schedule
By niCole FrieDman Senior Staf f Writer

THE bROWN DAILY HERALD

WEDNESDAY, OCTObER 7, 2009

“This is not a change in the writing requirement.”
— Katherine bergeron, dean of the College, on a new enforcement model

Departments will oversee writing competency
continued from page 1 ate education since the introduction of the New Curriculum in 1969. But mechanisms for enforcement have generally been ill-defined and at times unreliable. The CCC drew upon the Task Force report, faculty suggestions and student opinions to address how to “strengthen and qualify” the writing requirement, Bergeron said yesterday. The CCC’s statement was last updated in April, she said. The statement, Bergeron said, was “written for students,” but the CCC wanted to “discuss it with faculty first.” She said the new adjustments would be introduced to students later this semester. “This is not a change in the writing requirement,” she said. “This is a change in how we go about doing this.” In recent years, the writing requirement was considered fulfilled by default as long as a student was not flagged by a professor for a demonstrated lack of writing skills. But that policy, Bergeron said, amounted to a system in which “the only way students demonstrated their ability to write well was not demonstrating an inability.” Although students’ concentration departments would take a greater role in overseeing writing competency, students would not be expected to take a specific course to fulfill the requirement, Bergeron said. Bergeron emphasized to the faculty yesterday that she knew many departments already make efforts to ensure writing competency for their concentrators. “We know a lot of this is already happening,” she said. “It’s just that students don’t always know.”

The University lowered its energy-related carbon footprint by 18.8 percent in the last two years according to a progress report released by the Office of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Initiatives. The reduction significantly outpaces benchmarks called for in the Greenhouse Gas Goals announced by President Ruth Simmons in Januar y 2008. Simmons presented highlights from the report at a monthly faculty meeting Tuesday afternoon and emphasized the University’s goal of lowering greenhouse gas emissions to 42 percent below 2007 levels by 2020. That translates to an annualized four-percent drop each year, meaning the University has already lowered emissions well beyond the 8 percent necessar y to remain on pace. To reduce emissions, the University switched to natural gas in its central heating plant and an electricity supplier which is less dependent on carbon. It also set efficiency standards more demanding than existing codes for newly built and renovated buildings, according to the report. The University’s recycle rate was 38 percent this year, up from 33 percent last year, Sim-

mons told the faculty. Adding that “some of this gets a little dirty,” she reported that Brown Dining Ser vices also increased composting and lowered its total food waste in the past year. The repor t also highlights other efforts by the University to reduce its environmental footprint. For example, the Transportation Office runs an online forum for carpooling, and has increased both Zipcar membership and the number of vehicles available to Zipcar members. Graphic Services switched to a new press that generates no hazardous waste and attained certification from the Forest Stewardship Council. Dining Ser vices, additionally, has diverted around 180,000 pounds of pre-consumer food waste to its composting program in the past year. BDS also gives used fr y-oil from the two dining halls — about 100 gallons a week from the Sharpe Refectory and up to 200 gallons a week from the Verney-Woolley Dining Hall — to Newport Biodiesel to be turned into fuel for diesel engines and home heating. The report is available on the Facilities Management Web site, and the administration will be making presentations to the student body about the University’s sustainability efforts, Simmons told the faculty yesterday.

Simmons: U. already pays its share
continued from page 1 paid $3.34 million to Providence, both in property taxes and the agreedupon voluntary payment, Simmons said. “We understand, appreciate and would like to assist” Providence’s and Rhode Island’s “very dismal” economic situation, Simmons said, adding that the University wants to work as a “constructive partner with the city and state.” The only property the University recently purchased that will come off the city’s tax rolls is the site for the Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts between Angell and Olive Streets, Simmons said. The University has established a formula with the city for gradually reducing tax payments on the property over 15 years, Vice President for Public Affairs and University Relations Marisa Quinn wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. The passage of either of the two pending bills would have “significant consequences for Brown,” Simmons told the faculty. Though the proposed student tax is now limited to $150 per semester, Simmons said, the tax, once passed, “could be increased at will.” “We believe this is not only bad, but highly risky public policy,” she said. As the eighth-largest employer in the state, the University “indirectly creates” almost 2,000 full-time equivalent jobs through its local hiring and spending, according to Quinn. Simmons told the faculty on Tuesday that on-campus construction work this past summer provided 300 jobs. In the fiscal year spanning parts of 2005 and 2006 — the most recent year for which data are available — Brown spent over $243 million on purchases and construction, Quinn wrote. Of that spending, $64.3 million went to Rhode Island companies, and 72 percent of that local amount went to Providence-based companies. Simmons also cited student spending as a source of economic activity. In the 2004-05 academic year, she said, Brown students spent over $40 million locally, generating more than 840 jobs for the state. The University and its hospital partners also received 80 percent of the total money awarded to Rhode Island institutions by the federal National Institutes of Health, Simmons wrote in a June letter to the University. Simmons also touched upon the University’s own financial difficulties in her comments at the faculty meeting. Compared to its peer institutions, the University is “somewhat better off in many regards,” Simmons said, mentioning that she had just met with the presidents of several of Brown’s peers and discussed the “issues they’re facing and what they’re doing.” “In listening to them, I feel that our situation is very strong,” Simmons said. “We are certainly no worse off than our peers.”

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Daily Herald
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The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown University community daily since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the academic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and once in July by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Single copy free for each members of the community. POSTMASTER please send corrections to P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail herald@browndailyherald.com. World Wide Web: http://www.browndailyherald.com. Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2009 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.

C ampUS n ewS
JUICY CAMPUS

WEDNESDAY, OCTObER 7, 2009

THE bROWN DAILY HERALD

PAGE 3

“We were very well positioned to apply for these grants,” —
Professor of Medical Science Kim boekelheide, on brown’s securing of stimulus money

higher ed news round-up
by sarah husk
senior staff writer

tuition to rise steeply at r.I.’s public colleges
The Rhode Island board of Governors for Higher Education voted Monday to increase in-state tuition for its public colleges, according to the Providence business News. The tuition hike will take effect in September 2010 and will raise tuition fees between eight and 10 percent. Of the three public institutions in the state, the University of Rhode Island will see the largest percentage increase in tuition, at 9.9 percent. The Community College of Rhode Island, the state’s only community college, will raise tuition by 8.2 percent, PbN reported. Out-of-state tuition fees, which already run significantly higher than in-state fees, will also increase, but by smaller percentages. The tuition hikes are in response to the state’s multimillion-dollar budget deficit. yale murder suspect in court Raymond Clark III, the primary suspect in the murder of Yale graduate student Annie Le, appeared in court Tuesday. A probable cause hearing, the first step in determining whether the case against Clark will move forward, was tentatively scheduled for Oct. 20 during the brief appearance by the 24-year-old, who worked as an animal lab technician at the New Haven university. Le was strangled and killed on Sept. 8. Her body was later found in a wall in the lab where she worked. Clark was arrested Sept. 17 after his DNA was matched to a sample found at the crime scene. Binghamton prof says athletics criticism led to firing A faculty member who spoke out against perceived special treatment for students on binghamton University’s basketball team was let go early last week by the upstate New York school, according to a report in the New York Times last week. Sally Dear, a lecturer in human development at binghamton, claimed she was fired for speaking out in an earlier Times article against the preferential treatment the university’s basketball players receive from faculty and staff. Dear had told the Times that members of the university’s athletic department requested that some faculty in Dear’s department alter the grades of students on the basketball team. The university has denied that it fired her for making the allegations — which it says are untrue — and cited financial reasons for Dear’s dismissal. Over the past two weeks, six members of binghamton’s basketball team have been dismissed from the university. One was arrested on counts of selling and possessing crack cocaine. Dear had taught at binghamton for 11 years. She will finish out the fall semester before leaving the university. Discrimination alleged in emerson tenure process Emerson College is facing allegations that its tenuregranting process is unfair to minorities, the Times reported Tuesday. The criticism comes after the school denied tenure to the only two blacks under consideration last year. Emerson has granted tenure to only three black professors in its history. The boston chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination have both spoken out against the paucity of black tenured faculty at Emerson, and the commission has launched an inquiry into the school’s practices. While the college’s administrators maintain that Emerson’s tenure process is non-discriminatory, they have been pressured by the faculty to take action on the matter and have recently appointed an external panel to examine the issue.

Nicholas Sinnott-Armstrong / Herald

Sample drinks at the annual Juices of the World. The event featured over 15 different juices to try.

Brown wins $12 million in stimulus funding
continued from page 1 for additional stimulus funding, a sentiment shared by many professors interviewed this week. “Brown was pretty good about giving us the support and administrative help to hit the ground running,” Connors said. “This stimulus funding was a boost for everyone.” Connors said the stimulus funds earmarked for the NIH — which has seen competition for its limited number of grants rise since its own budget flatlined after 2003 — has allowed many Brown professors to apply for supplements to long-standing grants that were already in progress. The two grants Connors secured last week were awarded to support undergraduates working in research over the summer and to supplement a long-standing grant to study neural synapses and inhibition. One of the most important reasons the NIH decided to award him the most recent round of stimulus money, Connors said, was so he could hire people in his lab. Professor of Neuroscience John Donoghue, director of the Institute for Brain Science, and Associate Professor of Engineering Leigh Hochberg, who lead Brown’s BrainGate research, are also recipients of significant NIH grants. The BrainGate system — a brainimplant technology developed at Brown in conjunction with the biotech company Cyberkinetics in 2003 — is focused on improving communication and mobility for patients with neurological diseases or injuries. With nearly $1.4 million in stimulus funds spread out over five years — the first two supported by the NIH awards — Hochberg plans to use additional funding to develop a communication system to help people with locked-in syndrome, a condition in which a patient is mentally alert but unable to move or communicate due to complete paralysis. He said Donoghue has plans to use the NIH grant — worth $500,000 per year for two years — to create an new system involving a robotic assistive device for people with paralysis. “Everybody involved with the BrainGate research team at Brown and Massachusetts General Hospital is thrilled” about receiving the grants, Hochberg said. The NIH grants will also support collaborative projects between Brown and other universities. Brown’s Superfund Research Program, led by Professor of Medical Science Kim Boekelheide, received stimulus funds to work with Boston University in a study of a neighborhood in the Boston area contaminated with hazardous waste. Researchers in the program will also study contamination in nail and hair clippings from newborns in collaboration with Dartmouth. “We were very well positioned to apply for these grants,” Boekelheide said. “It’s something to be very proud of.”

providence native Diaz miss earth USa
continued from page 1 placed in the top 15 in the national Miss USA competition. A year later, Diaz captured the crown in the Miss Earth United States contest. The transition to Miss Earth competitions was a natural switch for Diaz, who is passionate about the environment. “Every pageant has a platform. Miss USA focuses on breast and ovarian cancer and Miss Earth focuses on the environment and green programs,” she said. Miss Earth’s eco-friendly emphasis brings Diaz — who grew up in a Dominican family with a small carbon footprint — back to her roots. “Growing up, we were pretty green,” she said. “I didn’t grow up with a washing machine or dishwasher. I used to wear cloth diapers. My mom had a big garden.” Diaz’s environmentalism is more than a passing fad. “For me, it really was going back to who I was as a person and my core values instilled in me by my parents,” she said. This return extends to her hometown. Diaz works with several local environmental non-profits including Groundwork Providence, Save the Bay and Runway Earth, an eco-friendly fashion show hosted by Brown and RISD students. “It’s been really about giving back to the community, and pageants have been my vehicle to do so,” Diaz said, adding that she believes people with titles have even more power to execute change. “Protecting the environment is something we all have responsibility in doing, and if I can do it with a title, that’s great.” And the race for the most important title is yet to come. On Nov. 1, over 100 delegates will gather for nearly a month at Boracay Ecovillage in the Philippines to compete in the world pageant. Throughout their time in Boracay, the contestants are under constant observation by undercover judges who score them on overall personality at the end of the month, said Skow, the national director. During this time, contestants perform shows in ecofriendly costumes, plant trees, pose for photo-shoots and attend meetand-greets. The undercover format helps judges understand the true personality of each delegate so that Miss Earth “will be seen for who she really is,” he said. The actual competition is held on Nov. 22, and features the usual evening gown, swimsuit and interview lineup of more conventional pageants. The contest doesn’t limit its titles to Miss Earth — it also awards crowns for Miss Fire, Miss Air and Miss Water, the runners up. But Diaz said she hopes to take the big one. “I’m well educated, very personable,” she said. “I care very much for the environment and the activities that affect our earth.” Regardless of the outcome, however, Diaz said that pageants and the environment will always be a part of her life. “I love being one with nature,” she said. She drives a convertible to enjoy the weather in transit, frequents the beach to “enjoy the sand and the shells” and has even tried skydiving. Diaz said that, despite their “bad rap,” pageants have been a positive experience that has given her opportunities to travel and meet interesting people. Her advice to aspiring beauty queens: “Try it. Like anything else in life. It’s like if you have an itch or an urge to go skydiving — what’s the worst that can happen?”

PAGE 4

with support in place, more women flock to science
By aliCia Dang Staff Writer

C ampUS n ewS
est in science, math or engineering has increased 42 percent since 2006, jumping to 162 from 113, according to statistics from the Office of Admission. “It does seem like there’s a trend upward,” said David Targan, associate dean of the College for science education. But he cautioned that “the statistics fluctuate from year to year.” The general increase in women

THE bROWN DAILY HERALD

WEDNESDAY, OCTObER 7, 2009

“It does seem like there’s a trend upward.” —
David Targan, associate dean of the College for science education, on women in sciences

The University has recently observed a large increase in the number of female students pursuing study in the physical sciences — and administrators say they have the necessary support programs in place to help sustain the gain. The number of women in the freshman class who indicated inter-

indicating interest in the physical sciences does not reflect a change in the University’s admission policy, Targan said. But admissions officers are “aware of imbalances” and try to reach out to underrepresented groups of students, he said. Brown received a grant of $3 million in 2006 from the National Science Foundation to support women scientists and engineers. This grant has been used primarily to give women faculty members the support and resources that they need to advance in their careers, Targan said. “It has a big impact on undergrads, who look up to them as role models,” he said. One goal of the University’s Plan for Academic Enrichment is to improve the diversity of faculty. In some departments, more women faculty have been hired to eliminate a gender gap or to provide more role models for female students, Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron said. support and retention The Women in Science and Engineering program, formed 15 years ago to encourage women to pursue study and careers in science, may have contributed to the successful retention of students in the field. WiSE activities “create a community so you don’t feel like you’re the only girl in science,” said Katherine

Phillips ’10, a chemistry and mathematics concentrator who serves as a WiSE mentor. But being a student in a maledominated field can sometimes be a benefit, too, Phillips said. “I also feel the pressure to prove that I could do it,” Phillips said. “It drives me to succeed.” Nikhita Raman ’11, an applied math concentrator, said she had a helpful experience in her freshman year when she was paired with a WiSE mentor. “It was better than having a Meiklejohn,” she said. WiSE activities “foster conversation about science” and help female students “see each other in similar situations and not get discouraged,” said Meenakshi Narain, a professor of physics who is active with the group. It is important that women “can sustain their interests (in the science) past Brown,” Narain said. Another affinity group, Women in Computer Science, aims to “make the field more attractive to women,” said Thomas Doeppner, an associate professor of computer science who directs undergraduate studies for his department. The Women in Computer Science program has hosted a number of events featuring female guest speakers who are top executives in high-tech companies, said Doepp-

ner. The program also has female undergraduates make presentations to high school students in the department’s yearly open-house events, he said. “We want to make clear that we welcome female students,” Doeppner said, despite the fact that only about 15 percent of the undergraduates in the department are women. Brown is not the only school where the number of women in the sciences has increased. According to Forbes Magazine, engineering is now one of the biggest majors at the all-women Smith College. Smith’s Achieving Excellence in Mathematics, Engineering and Sciences program was introduced in 2008 to increase women’s access to science and make the transition to college easier for freshmen, said Laura Katz, a professor of biological sciences at Smith. “Smith’s central mission at the moment is to provide support for women’s professional pursuits in the sciences,” she said. “We’re becoming much more aware of supporting students going for medicine or other Ph.D. programs.” At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Society of Women Engineers has been around for over 10 years and is also one of the largest organizations on campus, according to Tina Ro, a senior at MIT who is president of the society.

a new York win for women’s soccer
By Tony Bakshi Contributing Writer

Sportswednesday
The brown Daily Herald
s p o rt s i n b r i e f
effort to stay positive and work hard in each game,” Chun said. “My goals were just rewards that enabled us to reflect our hard work with wins on the scoreboard.” The Bears also received an outstanding performance from goalie Steffi Yellin ’10, who earned the shutout with two saves off nine shots faced overall. The Lions ratcheted up their offense in the second half — taking six shots to Brown’s three — but Yellin was up to the challenge. In the 57th minute, Yellin made a diving save off a shot from Columbia midfielder Ashley Mistele. Later on, in the tense final minutes following Chun’s goal, Yellin came up big once more. She dove to her left and blocked Lauren Cooke’s blistering free kick to preserve the victory for the Bears. “Steffi played really well,” said defender Sylvia Stone ’11. “Columbia plays a lot of direct soccer, a lot of long balls over the defense, and Steffi isn’t afraid to come off the line at all.” The Bears will look to build on this conference victory in their two scheduled games this week. They face the University of Maine (4-4-2) in an away game tonight and come back to the friendly confines of Stevenson Field on Saturday to face Princeton (4-6-1, 0-2-0). Time will tell if the Bears continue their climb up the Ivy League standings, but players agree that the win against Columbia was an excellent start. “This definitely puts us back in the run for the Ivy (Championship),” Stone said. “It’s definite motivation for us to keep winning.” “Last season we had a couple of opening losses, which hurt us,” she added. “This year, we’re hoping to start winning in the beginning and keep going until the end.” Chun agreed. “Each Ivy League game is a 50/50 battle, but this team is probably the most talented team I’ve been on since my three years here at Brown,” she said. “I truly believe we have a shot at winning this year.”

WEDNESDAY, OCTObER 7, 2009 | Page 5

wideout Farnham ’10 decorated
Wide-receiver buddy Farnham ’10 picked up a pair of honors after starring in the football team’s rain-soaked 2820 victory over URI Saturday, securing the Governor’s Cup for the first time in his four years at brown. Farnham was named the National Special Teams Player of the Week by The Sports Network and the Ivy League Offensive Player of the Week. Among his five catches for 100 yards, Farnham snagged touchdown passes of 32 and 42 yards. His four punt returns for 97 yards, the third-best return yardage in school history, included a 67-yard return that set up another brown touchdown. He also returned three kickoffs for 77 yards. — Sports Staff Reports

The women’s soccer team (3-5-0, 1-1-0 Ivy League) bounced back from an opening loss 1 Brown in league play Columbia 0 this weekend, pulling out a 1-0 victory over the Columbia Lions in New York. Joyce Chun ’11 scored the decisive goal once again, marking the second time in the last three games she has notched a game-winner late in the second half. Chun capitalized on a through ball played by Gina Walker ’11 in the 81st minute, and tucked the ball into the back of the net before Lions goalie Lillian Klein could come off her line. Chun said she did not want to take too much credit for her recent goal-scoring streak, attributing her success to the overall effort of her teammates. “My opportunities to score were a result of the team’s collaborative

Volleyball falls to yale in ivy opener, 3-0
The volleyball team lost to Ivy champion Yale, 3-0, on Friday in a rough start to its Ivy League season. The bulldogs (11-1, 1-0 Ivy) have lost only four sets thus far in one of their best starts in school history. The loss drops the bears’ record to 4-8 this season and 0-1 in the league. “The scores may not show it, but the girls fought all the way through the match,” said Head Coach Diane Short. “I think it was a really good learning experience for the team.” The bulldogs immediately established their comfort on their home court, dominating the first set, 25-15. And despite the bears’ best efforts, Yale proved resilient, overcoming brown in the second and third sets by a 25-11 score in each. Despite the disappointing score, Alexandra Ilistad ’13 put up a good fight, recording 14 assists and two digs. Christina berry ’13 led brown’s offense with five kills and added four digs. Carly Cotton ’13 recorded a team-high nine digs for the defense, and bailey Wendzel ’13 added seven digs. Megan Toman ’11 tallied four kills and Katrina Post ’13 notched three kills and six digs. The bears host Penn on Friday at 7 p.m. and Princeton on Saturday at 4 p.m. at the Pizzitola Center. “We are excited to play our first at home Ivy matches this weekend,” Short said. “Last year we split, so it will be good to see how we compare to these two teams this year.” —Elisabeth Avallone

mLB playoffs picks: am I feeling lucky?
It’s that time of year again! Baseball Playoffs! I know what you’re thinking — okay, fine, I only got Jonathan hahn Sports Columnist four of the eight playof f teams in my preseason predictions — this kid sucks at predictions. Blame the World Baseball Classic. But this year, we’re in luck. Break out your baseball gear, you bandwagoners! For those unfamiliar with the spectacle, not only will we see the sudden emergence of all things Red Sox, but with four other major-market teams (and their major payrolls), we also get to see the New York, Philadelphia and Los Angeles pockets magically find their colors. Apparently, you can buy playoff appearances. So buckle up — we’re in for some obnoxious big-city fun this October. But before we begin, repeat after me: The playoffs are a crapshoot. Anything can happen in one series. The regular season is about being the best team. The playoffs are about being the luckiest team. So you could throw me season split stats, career postseason numbers, or some other obscure stat, but this sabermagician knows better. The random variation in a fiveor seven-game series is far too great to tr y to back up your playoff predictions. So sorr y, A-Rod haters or Manny fanatics, I don’t want to hear the word “clutch.” They’re great players, but the results of those crucial postseason at-bats come down to luck. It’s like any regular season series, where someone is on a hot streak (the playoff hero) or a cold streak (the playoff goat). Luck. And timing. Did I mention luck? There’s been a lot of work done on the probability of favorites and underdogs advancing in the playoffs. While there are issues such as home-field advantage and starting starters on short rest, the goal is to show how likely it is for an upset to occur. In general, take two teams, A and B, and put them in a five-game series, first to three. Team A always has a 60 percent chance of winning a game — thus, B always has a 40 percent chance of winning the game. If you do the math, it turns out that team B has a 31.7 percent chance of taking the series. Those are pretty good odds for the underdog to pull off an upset. Of course, in real life, teams don’t usually follow the 60/40 split — that was for dramatic effect. It’s usually a lot closer to 50 percent, which means the chances for upsets are higher. Having said that, let’s make predictions anyway. Half the fun is guessing, the other half is watching. Red Sox vs. Angels: Angels in 5. That .300, switch-hitting, walktaking, versatile offense will be too much. More simply: I’ll take .350 OBP 1-9 over El Capitan — Jason Varitek — and Alex Gonzalez any day. Just pray Brian Fuentes learns how to pitch. Twins vs. Yankees: Yankees in 3. So the pitching’s shaky. But that offense is insane, and that sandbox park helps too. Cardinals vs. Dodgers: Cardinals in 4. For the NL, Chris Carpenter, Adam Wainwright, Albert Pujols and Matt Holliday are the names of the Four Horsemen. Rockies vs. Phillies: Phillies in 4. This is less the Phanatics than the Rockies — they’re just worse ever ywhere, and starting on the road doesn’t help either. ALCS — Angels vs. Yankees: Yankees in 5. I really don’t want to see the Angels’ flyball pitchers in the Bronx. That shiny stadium will go well with that shiny pennant. NLCS — Cardinals vs. Phillies: Cardinals in 6. Chase Utley, Ryan Howard and Raul Ibanez are just begging to be Tony LaRussa’d. Your pick: Joel Piniero vs. Joe Blanton. And no, I’m not bitter over last year, I swear. World Series — Cardinals vs. Yankees: Yankees in 6. You know that miracle nobody-team that struggled through adversity and overcame ridiculous odds to win? This isn’t them. How good are the Yanks? Scar y good. Scar y “what happens when they buy more players next year?” good.

Jonathan Hahn ’10 is hoping they ask about Pujols in job interviews.

editorial & Letters
The brown Daily Herald
Page 6 | WEDNESDAY, OCTObER 7, 2009

l e t t e r to t h e e d i to r

Zucconi Fellowship lives on
To the editor: I appreciated The Herald’s recent coverage about the Zucconi Fellowship and its value for many graduates of Brown (“Fellowship suspended due to lack of funds,” Oct. 1). The article reported that the Zucconi would not be offered this year. I am writing to let you know that we have very good news: Brown’s Advancement Division is planning to raise enough currentuse gifts to cover one Zucconi Fellowship in 2010, and another in 2011. And they will continue to seek gifts to endow the Fellowship in perpetuity. I wanted not only to inform readers about this very important development, but also to take the opportunity to thank Ronald Vanden Dorpel, and all the staff in the Advancement Division, for supporting the excellence of the Brown undergraduate experience. katherine Bergeron Dean of the College Oct. 5

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ALEx YULY

Can’t hurt — too much — to ask the advice columnists!
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track to the future
A new project to help revitalize Providence is in the works, and we have a chance to be a part of it. Next month, the Metro Transit Study Working Group will announce a proposal for a streetcar system to augment the existing public transportation routes in central Providence. The group’s conclusions call for two streetcar lines intersecting in Kennedy Plaza — one connecting Providence Station and Rhode Island Hospital and the other running from College Hill to the southwest of downtown Providence. The system is aimed, in part, at connecting the city’s colleges and universities with its hospitals. A great deal of planning and decision-making remains, but an extensive streetcar network costing between $66 million and $86 million could be in place within a decade. The working group includes representatives from Rhode Island Public Transit Authority, local highereducation institutions and development organizations, and the city and state governments. If the pattern of careful consideration and diverse input the group has established continues, the streetcar network is likely to be an enormous boon to Providence and the surrounding area. It could propel the city’s economic revival by impressing investors with a durable commitment to efficient transportation. It could allow the city to decrease congestion and pollution by offering an alternative to automobiles instead of piling more punitive restrictions on drivers. It could provide a chance to restructure the RIPTA routes that inefficiently crowd Kennedy Plaza, easing the burden onto smaller transport hubs at key locations such as Providence Station. And it could do all this at a fraction of the cost of a comparably extensive light-rail system. This is a rosy picture, to be sure, but Providence would hardly be the first city to reap an enormous benefit from a well-executed streetcar system: In the years following the completion of its original $57 million streetcar network in 2001, Portland, Ore., received $3.5 billion of investment within two blocks of the new tracks. Brown also stands to benefit enormously. Easier access to hospitals and the University’s diffuse medical school facilities is an obvious godsend to the future doctors among us. But every Brown student could benefit from more efficient access to Providence’s various attractions. And a streetcar track would intensify the benefits that Brown and Providence provide to each other. The city would receive more economic stimulation from Brown development projects, freeroaming students and graduates who choose to stay; meanwhile, the University would be able to draw in prospects with a more vibrant and accessible surrounding community. Brown administrators have contributed to the working group, and we applaud them for it. They should continue their cooperation and seriously consider pitching in for the streetcars’ operating budget, preferably in return for free ride for staff, students and faculty, as with the current RIPTA arrangement. But the University’s involvement with the project should extend further than the upper echelons. Students observe the strengths and weaknesses of the city’s current public transportation system at the ground level. Through UCS and other forums, we can provide important advice to help guide this process in its early stages, and administrators should take heed. Odds are you will be living elsewhere by the time the streetcars make their first trips, but a soundly designed new transport system will deliver a sizeable and lasting benefit to the community that hosted you for four or more years, and it will help to magnify the value and prestige of your degree. Get on board. Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board. Send comments to editorials@browndailyherald.com.

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opinions
The brown Daily Herald

WEDNESDAY, OCTObER 7, 2009 | PAGE 7

a lopsided tradeoff
JONATHAN TOPAZ
opinions coluMnist
The next time the Brown administration wants to cut an extremely popular program that accommodates struggling students and employs hundreds of others, perhaps they should take a simple poll first. This is the question that should have been posed to the Brown community: Would you prefer to be tutored in a one-on-one context, or in groups of three to six? On second thought, though, perhaps the poll would be unnecessary. The result would be too obvious. Surely anyone who thinks rationally would prefer to be given private lessons—in which they would have their individual needs met — than group lessons. One only needs to look at the free market for lessons in any context (SAT prep, tennis, music lessons, etc.), and they will invariably find that private tutoring is significantly more expensive than group tutoring. Neglecting conventional wisdom and public opinion, the Brown administration eliminated the Peer Tutoring program (“Peer tutoring program axed, cited as ineffective,” Sept. 29) long a staple at our University. Dean Bergeron, who notified the Brown community by e-mail on Sept. 28, assured students and faculty that “this (decision) was not driven by the budget. It is about maximizing resources.” This is more disconcerting than what I had originally thought. After a spring and summer full of budget cuts, it would seem more reasonable to cut the program to save a few extra bucks after a couple of tough economic seasons. That this is a decision devoid of financial considerations exhibits extremely questionable judgment. In a most lopsided trade, the University has “replaced” the Peer Tutoring program with the “Facilitated Group Study” program, a plan in which “academic coaches” will oversee study groups of three to six students. The Peer Tutoring program offered individual help for more than 200 courses, while the Facilitated Group Study program curhundreds of its own students. Because the new program offers many fewer courses, and more students will be assigned to each tutor, hundreds of these Brown tutors are now unnecessary. These students lost not only a source of compensation, but also a major extra-curricular activity. The administration is, plain and simple, throwing these students under the bus. Third, it is apparent that individual study sessions are much more helpful for the students who needed tutoring the most. “One-onone tutoring is needed to get to the root of the rate. On the other hand, if the study group caters to the most challenged in the group, the study session will cease to be helpful for the others. Every student is unique. Every student understands different things with different depth and at a different pace. Every student has a different learning style. Remedial tutoring is lost in this new group study format. Van Dam also points out that students who are struggling intensely will be less likely to speak up in a group session. “In small group interactions, students who are in most need of help are often so shy, demoralized or even plain scared that they wouldn’t speak up and be intimidated by others who seem to them to be ‘getting it.’” This new group setting too closely resembles a class or section in which students are often intimidated to admit that they do not understand. While the Brown administration stands by to see if this program works, students are struggling. At an institution that prides itself on independence and self-sufficiency, the Peer Tutoring program was a valued and comforting resource for students who felt themselves slipping through the cracks. If this new experiment is really about the budget problem, the Brown community deserves to know. If not, we deserve our Peer Tutoring program back.

That eliminating the Peer Tutoring program is a purely academic decision exhibits extremely questionable judgment.
rently offers only 18. Furthermore, the new program currently does not offer tutoring in any humanities or social sciences disciplines besides economics and is restricted to certain foreign languages, sciences and math. The new program is of course in its infant phase, and will presumably dramatically expand. However, as the first round of midterms start up, students are struggling now. While the administration has made provisions to allow individual tutoring on a very selective basis, it seems impossible that the Facilitated Group Study program can accommodate anywhere near 200 courses within the semester. The University is effectively laying off struggling student’s difficulty,” says Computer Science Professor Andries Van Dam. Group study cannot begin to replace the individual attention granted in a one-on-one setting. Much of the problem is that, in a group study, students are not all in the same place. Foreign language students who are in between levels and are looking to be tutored so they can catch up to a level that Brown offers are completely left out in this group study plan. More to the point, though, group study is simply an ineffective strategy for students who are truly struggling. When placed with students who understand course material better, these students will be left in the dust as the study group progresses at a more accelerated

Jonathan Topaz ’12 will probably be in desperate need for a tutor once he gets his first graded assignments back. He can be reached at Jonathan.Topaz@gmail.com

women’s rights bargained for health care reform
bY AbIGAIL CHANCE
guest coluMnist
While skimming the front page of the New York Times on Sept. 28, I was appalled, and yet not completely surprised, when I read about the current debate in President Obama’s proposed health care reform: abortion. For those who missed it, the article, titled “Abortion Fight Complicates Debate on Health Care,” detailed the right-wing opposition to any health care legislation that would include the “controversial” procedure. This opposition has delayed necessary reform that would benefit many Americans, and could also prevent private companies, including those that now include abortion coverage, from continuing the service under the limited proposed reform. What is the most upsetting, however, is not the age-old prolife/pro-choice debate, but instead the fact that Congress is listening to anti-abortion extremists. Not only has this become a class issue, but again, women are defending their equality and basic rights, including access to a legal medical procedure. Restricting access, particularly for middle- and lower-income women, because of religious pressure on healthcare reform is simply unacceptable. Speakers for women’s rights are being drowned out by the well-funded, forceful conservative voice in Congress, so it is important, especially for young women like us, to respond. Many female Brown students fought the negative effects of Bush administration policies on access to birth control, so why aren’t we protesting this too? A united support for the Obama administration seems important, especially for many passionate, liberal college students. However, excluding women’s rights from reform is simply not progressive. We need to be speak out and be loud. Otherwise, without access, we will not have the choice to make our own decisions. Reproductive freedom and access to contraception are central to women’s health to get in between women and doctors to decide what might be considered “elective,” and therefore prohibited, when it comes to reproductive health. Yet I have not heard any talk about men’s sexual health, including erectile dysfunction medication and vasectomies. Will Viagra be publicly funded? Many on the right argue against paying taxes for something they do not support, but that is simply how our democracy works. I know many people, including myself, who ised for months that the health care overhaul would not provide federal money to pay for elective abortions.”Is he, the president I enthusiastically voted for, really willing to sacrifice women’s health care to get opponents such as the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops on-board? If so, I have lost complete faith and respect in his ability as our leader. Limiting access and insurance coverage for a legal medical procedure because of religious and moral beliefs is outrageous, and until there exists a truly secular state, with a president who can take a stand and treat women as equals, the female body will continue to be used as a politicized object. If women’s rights are ignored, what then does health care reform mean and for whom is it intended? From what I understood, reform meant that everybody, no matter one’s race, class, sex, gender, sexual orientation or religion would have sufficient access to health care and the right to make informed decisions. Abortion is legal and should be covered under any and every plan, no matter whether it is public or private. I will not have others’ political or religious views imposed on my body or on the bodies of other women in this country. I will no longer allow others, including Democrat politicians, to place their politics in my womb. I am outraged. Please tell me I am not alone.

Many female brown students fought the negative effects of bush administration policies on access to birth control, so why aren’t we protesting this too?
care, and I will not allow politicians to negotiate away those rights. Democratic politicians are proving to be more interested in their current and potential financial backers than in representing the interests of women. And yet again, the GOP is masterfully using abortion and its patriarchal, sexist discourse as tools to delay much needed healthcare reform that would benefit many in need. For those who want to talk about funding and government control, let’s talk about how the same people who have been calling the Obama administration “socialist” for increased government intervention now want do not want our tax money funding unnecessary wars, torture or the death penalty. Why is abortion any different? Frankly, I am also saddened by President Obama. I was right there among the many Brown students parading on the Main Green that marvelous night when he was elected and promised real change. But recently he has made it quite clear that future re-election and maintaining his appeal to those on the “middle ground” (including those who oppose women’s basic right to comprehensive health care) are more important. As the Times article explains, Obama has “prom-

Abigail Chance ’11 is a Hispanic studies and gender and sexuality studies concentrator.

Today
The brown Daily Herald

3

R.I. hikes public college costs

to day

to M o r r o w

Lions and bears and soccer — and a win

weDnesDay, oCToBer 7, 2009

5

67 / 48

68 / 47
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t h e n e w s i n i M ag e s

Kayleigh butera / Herald

Former female Israeli soldiers Danielle blumenstyk and Noah Ouziel discussed women’s role in the military.

Kim Perley / Herald

brown University Movement Experiments constructed a trash sculpture.

c a l e n da r
ToDay, oCToBer 7 11 am — Marrow/Peripheral bloodForming Cell Donor Drive, Sayles Hall 11 am — Seasonal Flu Clinics, Jo’s ThursDay, oCToBer 8 4 pm — “Doing Good or Doing Well? Ethics in the Pharmaceutical Industry,” Salomon 101 6 pm — Celebrate Taubman Center 25th Anniversary: “An Evening with Jeffrey Toobin,” Salomon 101

coMics
Vagina Dentata | Soojean Kim

Menu
sharpe reFeCTory lunCh — Cornish Pasty, Vegan Tempeh Fajita, barley Pilaf Dinner — Wisconsin Ziti with Four Cheeses, Paella, Red Rice Verney-woolley Dining hall lunCh — Chicken Chimichangas, Vegan Roasted Vegetable burritos, Mexican Corn Dinner — Lemon broiled Chicken, Tomato basil Pie, Herb Rice

Cabernet Voltaire | Abe Pressman

RELEASE DATE– Wednesday, October 7, 2009

Los Angeles Timess s w o r d c r o Daily Crossword Puzzle
Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis
2 Ice cream holder 3 Diplomat’s forte 4 Has a crush on 5 NYC’s Bronx, e.g. 6 Bread purchase 7 Thus, to a logician 8 __ win: go all out 9 Afflict 10 Beginning of time, figuratively 11 Film lioness 12 Korean soldiers 13 Trade 18 “Steppenwolf” writer Hermann 19 Way off the turnpike 24 Young cow 26 Lubricates 27 Health Net rival 28 One with a trade 29 Moving about 30 Needle-toothed fish 31 Give the slip 32 “Hawaii Five-O” nickname 33 Figure of speech 34 Stars, in Latin 39 Thomas __ Edison 40 Scuff or scratch 41 Suffix with differ 44 Interpret via mouth movements 46 Neatness 48 Paris palace 49 Moore of “Ghost” 50 Maps within maps 53 Vice squad action 54 A single time 55 “The African Queen” co-screenwriter ACROSS 1 Perform in a play 4 Skilled 8 Check signers 14 1950 Edmond O’Brien suspense classic 15 Sliding __ 16 Hide out 17 49th state’s largest city 20 Parking spot money taker 21 Sly 22 Grating sound 23 1/60 of a min. 25 “Was __ hard on him?” 27 E.M. Forster classic set in fictional Chandrapore 35 “What __ is new?” 36 Washroom, briefly 37 Is ahead 38 __ for tat 39 Houses with sharply angled roofs, and what this puzzle’s four longest answers literally have in common 42 Point to pick 43 Sam of “The Piano” 45 Dapper guy? 46 __ about: approximately 47 Classic Italian “farewell” song 51 Far from tanned 52 Conclude 53 Loud crowd noise 56 Community service org. 59 Popeye’s creator 63 Two-part drama that won two Best Play Tonys and a Best Miniseries Emmy 66 Freezing period 67 Pesky kid 68 Acne spot 69 Clinton press secretary Myers 70 Tax time VIPs 71 Commercials DOWN 1 Eve’s mate 57 “The Suze Orman Show” channel 58 50-and-over org. 60 City near the Sphinx 61 Word before rain or rock 62 Sewer rodents 64 The “L” in XL: Abbr. 65 Goat’s cry

Dot Comic | Eshan Mitra and brendan Hainline

ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE:

hippomanic | Mat becker

xwordeditor@aol.com

10/07/09

Classic Deep-Fried kittens | Cara FitzGibbons

By Lee Glickstein (c)2009 Tribune Media Services, Inc.

10/07/09

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