BDS workers, U.

extend negotiations Simmons takes another voluntary salary cut
By alexandra ulmer Senior Staff writer

Daily Herald
the Brown
vol. cxliv, no. 83 | Tuesday, October 13, 2009 | Serving the community daily since 1891
their current labor contract — which was due to expire Monday at midnight — be extended for 48 hours because the parties were unable to resolve key differences, chiefly a disagreement over employees’ health care contributions. A federal mediator will assist the parties during the next round of negotiations on Wednesday, said Roxana Rivera, the chief negotiator for the Service Employees International Union, Local 615, which represents the workers. Rivera said negotiations collapsed on Monday when the University issued a new proposal, offering a 1 to 2 percent wage increase coupled with continued on page 2
By sydney emBer Senior Staf f writer

The fate of a new contract for dining workers remains uncertain after workers and University officials negotiating over the long weekend agreed to extend a Monday deadline. The University accepted Brown Dining Services workers’ request that

rally against ‘Fall weekend’ takes on U.’s name change
By alex Bell Contributing writer

“This is another example of political correctness, and it’s wrong,” local radio talk show host John DePetro said during Monday’s rally for Columbus Day, a demonstration against the University’s decision last spring to change the name of the holiday weekend to Fall Weekend. DePetro’s rally, hosted on the Main Green in conjunction with the Brown College Republicans and the conservative and libertarian magazine the Brown Spectator, drew an audience of about 50 — mostly community members — along with Department of Public Safety officers, who stepped in at least once to calm protesters.

Alex Bell / Herald

dPS Sergeant kevin Pepere steps in to calm 2006 Providence mayoral candidate Chris Young during a heated exchange at Monday’s pro-Columbus rally.

“As the ultimate politically correct move, the naive, arrogant, haughty Brown faculty last year decided to side with American Indians, less than 1 percent of Brown’s student body,

and change the name of Columbus Day weekend to Fall Weekend,” said Keith Dellagrotta ’10, president of the Brown Republicans, in a speech continued on page 3

With administrators scrambling to cut costs in a difficult financial climate, President Ruth Simmons is trying to do her part. Simmons requested and received a roughly 10 percent reduction in her annual compensation this past year and will temporarily forgo contributions to her deferred compensation plan, according to Chancellor Thomas Tisch ’76 and top administrators. Simmons stands to make about $536,000 for the fiscal year ending this summer, down from her approximately $600,000 salary in the previous 12 months, officials said. This is the third straight year in which Simmons’ salary declined. According to the University’s most recent public tax filings, she received $636,158 in salary in the 12 months ending June 2008, with an additional $182,304 in benefits and deferred compensation. Combined, that made Simmons’ total compensation of $818,462 during the 2007-2008 academic year her highest ever, even though her salary declined. Data on any benefits and deferred compensation Simmons may receive have beyond her salary last year, or may this year, are not yet available, officials said. Tisch, the University’s top offi-

cer, said Simmons initially had the instinct to request a decrease in her salary several years ago when she noticed that the University had a growing revenue gap — a steep increase in financial aid grants was not being offset by a comparable increase in tuition. Tisch said he saw the president’s request as “a statement of recognition of a new financial paradigm.” The Corporation agreed to Simmons’ initial request in late 2007, Tisch said. “She had a very early instinct that there were going to be some tougher times ahead,” he said. Simmons’ “recognition and world view,” he added, “allowed the administration to operate through the cataclysms of last fall in a very measured way.” The president’s leadership in asking for a salary reduction has inspired many other top administrators to do similarly, Tisch said. “The president sets some awfully good standards,” he said. “It’s a great statement as to her character and her leadership.” He declined to provide further details on the number of officials who made such requests. Simmons declined to comment on her request to reduce her compensation. “I don’t feel continued on page 3

researchers find link between ‘killer cells’ and immunity
By anita mathews Contributing writer

d R I N k T O C O Lu M B u S

Brown and McGill University researchers have discovered an important relationship between cells of the immune system — a finding that might someday benefit patients receiving bone marrow and organ transplants. T-cells — named for the thymus, where they mature — attack pathogens in the body but can sometimes harm healthy tissue. Natural killer cells, or NK-cells, were previously known to respond to viral illnesses by destroying infected cells, but have now been found to also play a key role in regulating T-cells by secreting a protein that controls inflammation. Because NK-cells prevent the immune system from over-activating, controlling the cells’ growth could help prevent organ rejection. Professor of Medical Science

Christine Biron, who has been working with NK-cells for more than two decades and was senior author of a paper on the discovery, said the finding, published in last month’s Journal of Experimental Medicine, was somewhat unexpected. “The relationship hinted at in the paper is surprising and novel,” Biron said. “It helps explain a lot of observations that were difficult to explain in the past.” Still, there is much to be done before the finding affects patient care, said Biron and Seung-Hwan Lee, a postdoctoral research associate and first author of the team’s published paper. “To tell you the truth, we are doing very basic immunology,” Lee said. “To see a translation might take some time.” Before medical procedures can continued on page 2

Frederic Lu / Herald

The 11th annual Columbus day festival was held on Federal Hill this weekend. Above, a vendor offered Italian spirits to the celebratory crowd.

inside

News.....1-3 Metro.......5 Editorial....6 Opinion......7 Today.........8

Sports, 2
holy smokes The Bears’ aerial assault overwhelmes the Crusaders in the final seconds 195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

Metro, 5
hey — recycle that! Local politicians seek to increase the city’s recycling rate with a new change

Opinions, 7
not a solution Tyler Rosenbaum ’11 says criminalizing drugs is an ineffective strategy herald@browndailyherald.com

www.browndailyherald.com

PAgE 2

Contract talks extended Football wins in final seconds
continued from page 1 an across-the-board hike in health care contributions from the current 6 percent to 12 percent. The University’s previous health-care proposal, which entailed converting health-care contributions to a ‘sliding scale’ — whereby employees would each pay a percentage tied to their income — was also contested by the union. Negotiators for the workers were “very disappointed with what management came to the table with,” Rivera said. Rivera’s counterpart at the negotiating table, director of labor relations Joseph Sarno ’91, did not respond to phone calls from The Herald Monday and has declined previously to discuss details of the ongoing negotiations. “The University appreciates the cordial and professional manner that have characterized these bargaining sessions and is hopeful that the remaining issues will be resolved during the contract extension,” Vice President for Public Affairs and University Relations Marisa Quinn wrote in an e-mail to The Herald Monday night. A proposed change in retirement benefits for future hires — another flash point of negotiations — also remains unresolved, Rivera said. The union’s bargaining committee felt unable to respond to the University’s proposal without consulting its members, and thus asked for the extension to call a membership meeting, she added. On Tuesday, the committee will inform workers of the new stakes and possibly ask them to formally authorize union negotiators to call a strike, if they deem one necessary after Wednesday’s negotiating session. A strike authorization would not preclude a negotiated agreement. Federal mediators, like the one who will join the negotiation Wednesday, aim to “improve labor-management relations, to promote collective bargaining and to enhance organizational effectiveness,” according to the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service Web site. The same mediator was involved Dining Services’ contract renegotiations in 2006, Rivera said.
By dan alexander Senior Staf f writer

C ampUS n ewS

THE BROWN dAILY HERALd

TuESdAY, OCTOBER 13, 2009

“He’s got to have ice in his veins.”
— Phil Estes, Brown football head coach

profs. demystify immune cells
continued from page 1 incorporate the new research, Biron said, host-pathogen relationships and the delicate balances within the immune system must be understood better. “The challenge of the immune system is that it is very well-armed and can do a lot of good, but it has to be regulated,” Biron said. “It’s more like Goldilocks and the three bears: There’s too much and there’s too little, and there’s just right. You have to optimize responses.” Lee voiced a similar view regarding immune cell dynamics: “The body knows what is best. As long

as we maintain NK-cells and T-cells, they will know what to do.” Biron and her research team hope to build on their current understanding of NK-cell function. Though basic NK-cell biology has been established, there is still uncertainty regarding the behavior and activation of cell receptors and signaling pathways in the immune system, Biron said. With a better understanding of the intricacies of immune responses, Lee said he anticipates finding more mechanisms beneficial to host organisms. “We have just found the tip of the iceberg of NK-cell function.”

sudoku

With the ball at the 17-yard line and just seconds left in a 31-31 game against Holy Cross on Saturday, Brown Head Coach Holy Cross 31 34 Brown Phil Estes didn’t turn to his kicker for the Bears’ field goal attempt. He sent in a wide receiver instead. Before Saturday, Patrick Rooney ’11 hadn’t kicked a field goal in a varsity game since high school. In fact, he hadn’t even been in a varsity game at Brown. But with just seconds left, he lined up for the 34-yard attempt that would either win the game for the Bears or force them into overtime. “He’s got a pretty strong leg. It just kind of goes a lot of different directions,” Estes said. Rooney put it right down the middle when it mattered most, giving Brown (2-2, 0-1 Ivy) a win over Holy Cross (4-1), which was ranked 19th in the Football Championship Subdivision. “He’s got to have ice in his veins. I mean, he didn’t even hesitate,” Estes said. Rooney said he needed to take a huge breath to calm himself before the snap. After the ball split the uprights, he and the rest of the Bears let their emotions show. “Everybody rushed the field,” Rooney said. “We were lucky we didn’t get penalized for that because it looked like three-fourths of the team was out there.” Drew Plichta ’10, who had attempted all three of the Bears’ field goals this season but had yet to make one, missed two field goals and an extra point earlier in the game, prompting Estes to give Rooney a try. At the start of the fourth quarter, Rooney made his first varsity field goal on an attempt from 31 yards out. His two field goals won Rooney the Ivy League Special Teams Player of the Week. Rooney’s second kick was the final play in a 1:39 drive engineered by quarterback Kyle Newhall ’11. Newhall started the drive at the Brown 26-yard line with 1:42 left on the clock. He completed his first six passes, hitting four different receivers, on his way to the Holy Cross 17-yard line.

The final drive capped a game in which Newhall broke the Ivy League record for most completions in a single game, with 46. On 61 attempts, Newhall had 431 yards, two touchdowns and one interception. Newhall won the Ivy League Offensive Player of the Week on Oct. 12 after the win. “He just made a lot of plays,” said Holy Cross Head Coach Tom Gilmore. “When we did get pressure on him, he did a great job of escaping. … He made the plays, and we didn’t.” Gilmore said his team was focused on limiting Brown’s standout receivers Buddy Farnham ’10 and Bobby Sewall ’10. Farnham had a relatively quiet day with

sPorts
only four catches for 30 yards, but Sewall had 14 receptions for 97 yards. With the Crusaders focusing on Farnham and Sewall, Newhall linked up with an unfamiliar target, time and time again. Wide receiver Trevan Samp ’10 had 15 catches for 206 yards and a touchdown. Saturday’s performance vaulted Samp to the top of the Ivy League in receiving yards, with 293 on the season. “They took (Sewall and Farnham) away a few times,” Newhall said. “Trevan got open, so we took advantage.” But the Bears’ offense was only half of an aerial show in which both quarterbacks passed for over 400 yards. Crusader Dominic Randolph was 38-of-53 passing with 411 yards, four touchdowns and two interceptions. All that slowed Randolph down were penalties and a couple of errant throws. Three of Holy Cross’s drives ended after penalties, and another two ended with interceptions. But nothing could stop the Holy Cross quarterback late in the game. On the Crusaders’ last two possessions, Randolph passed on every play. Both drives ended with touchdowns. With his Crusaders trailing 3124 and just 3:14 left in the game, Randolph drove 64 yards in just five plays. He completed five passes on the drive, including a 30-yard strike to wide receiver Rob Koster in the end zone.

“Wow,” Gilmore said of his quar terback’s four th-quar ter performance. “If you don’t think Dominic Randolph is the best quarterback in the countr y, just look at those last two drives. … He is absolutely the best player I’ve seen at this level in a long, long time.” But the game didn’t start off as a Newhall-Randolph duel. On its first two possessions, Brown rushed once in their first three plays. Both possessions were three-and-outs. Holy Cross also tried to establish the run early in the game, with more success than Brown. In their first drive, the Crusaders ran on four of their 10 plays. The drive ended with a field goal. Holy Cross’s first touchdown drive was half running, half passing. But midway through the second quar ter, with Holy Cross leading 17-7, Brown turned to its passing game. Holy Cross quickly followed suit. “There was just that one point, we just said forget it,” Estes said. “We tried to run the ball a little bit. Let’s just go to what we know works.” For most of the second half, Newhall stayed in the shotgun, leading a no-huddle offense with five receivers spread out and no running back in the backfield. The Brown offensive line gave Newhall time to pick apart Holy Cross’s zone defense. By the end of the game, the Bears were running strictly out of the five-wide set. Brown running back Zachar y Tronti ’11 didn’t have a single carry in the fourth quarter. The evolution of this game into a pass-dominated shootout was expected. Since the Holy CrossBrown series resumed in 2006, every game but one has featured two 400-yard passers. The only quarterback to throw for less than 400 yards was Randolph in 2006, when he passed for 329 yards. “Too many people had been talking about what Dominic Randolph had done to us in the past — all of the yards, all of the completions,” Estes said. “He’s a terrific quarterback. But on this day — offense, defense, special teams — we needed to be better than Holy Cross, and not by much, but we were.”

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Daily Herald
the Brown

The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown University community daily since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the academic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and once in July by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Single copy free for each member of the community. POSTMASTER please send corrections to P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail herald@browndailyherald.com. World Wide Web: http://www.browndailyherald.com. Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2009 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.

Students trek to washington for LGBt rights march
By emily rosen Staff writer

C ampUS n ewS

TuESdAY, OCTOBER 13, 2009

THE BROWN dAILY HERALd

PAgE 3

“Everyone was blown away.”
— Andrew Bergmanson ’11, of the National Equality March

Courtesy of gene goldstein-Plesser

Brown students were among the estimated 200,000 people who marched in Washington this weekend in support of gay rights.

Thousands of people from across the country, including a number of Brown students and Providence community members, gathered in Washington, D.C. over the long weekend for the inaugural National Equality March, an event calling for equal civil rights for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender Americans. “It was an incredible experience to be a part of the march. It was really energizing,” said Gene GoldsteinPlesser ’11, who attended the march after publicizing it in Providence. While the march itself only lasted a few hours — culminating in a rally at the Capitol Building on Sunday — workshops, lectures and social mixers for the march began on Friday and lasted all weekend. During the march, various activists, politicians and performers — including gay rights activist Cleve Jones, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Chairman Julian Bond, pop singer

Lady Gaga and poet Staceyann Chin — spoke to the crowd about the importance of demanding equal rights. Approximately 200,000 people attended the march, according to Time Magazine. Goldstein-Plesser said the crowd marching to the Capitol stretched for many blocks. Marriage Equality Rhode Island, a local nonprofit, and the Providence Equality Action Committee, chartered a bus to shuttle people from Providence to the march. Tickets for the bus were sold on campus, but some Brown students decided to organize carpools to drive to the event. In the weeks leading up to the event, Lindsay Goss GS and Goldstein-Plesser, who enlisted support from the Brown Queer Alliance, worked to publicize the event at several Providence colleges and universities by putting up posters, e-mailing and selling bus tickets. “We’ve got some Brown students ready to represent,” Goss said the Friday before the event. “Lots of

first-timers are going and people who don’t usually consider themselves activists,” she said. Goss said activist and author Sherry Wolf’s lecture at Brown last month about oppression of gay, lesbian, transgender and bisexual people helped raise awareness about the march on campus. Wolf addressed the National Equality March participants over the weekend. Students who attended the rally said it was a positive experience. “I was excited I was able to go and show support for the cause,” said Andrew Bergmanson ’11, who attended the march with Goldstein-Plesser. “Everyone was blown away.” Organizers said a march and rally on the steps of the Rhode Island State House organized by Marriage Equality NOW on Oct. 17 will continue the momentum gained from the national event. “Some people think it’s a waste of time to just wave signs, but people are starting to realize that this is something we need,” Goldstein-Plesser said.

Simmons accepts salary reduction
continued from page 1 comfortable discussing my taking a pay cut,” she wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. “This was a personal decision.” “The Corporation is responsible for my salary,” she added. In addition to the total compensation she receives from the University — which includes health-care benefits and housing — Simmons also receives compensation for serving on the boards of directors of Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. and Texas Instruments, Inc. In 2008, she received a total $323,539 from Goldman Sachs in compensation and stock awards, and $223,322 from TI in salar y, stock awards and other compensation, according to data provided by the companies. newcomers, new regulations The University — along with all nonprofit organizations — is required to file public annual reports on the Internal Revenue Service’s Form 990, which must include a list of the organization’s five highestpaid officials and their salaries. The most recent tax report available, from the fiscal year ending June 2008, contains the last set of data before the financial crisis hit. In that year, Simmons trailed only Vice President and Chief Investment Officer Cynthia Frost on the list of the University’s highestpaid officials. In 2008, Frost received $1,076,060 in compensation and benefits, down from $1,351,639 in 2007. Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98 was the highest-paid administrator after Simmons, taking home a salary of $420,000 and benefits of $56,473. Beppie Huidekoper, executive vice president for finance and administration, received a $400,000 salary, plus $36,701 in benefits. For the first time in recent memor y, the five highest-paid employees — not including officers, directors and trustees of the organization — were all investment officers, according to the 2008 tax report. Following Frost, Kenneth Shimberg, the Investment Office’s director of real assets and private equity, received $936,455 in total compensation, representing a 20 percent increase in compensation from 2007, when he received $785,880. Andrew Wert and David Schofield — the Investment Office’s directors of marketable securities, and Michael Speidel, the office’s director of real assets and private equity, rounded out the top five, with each receiving significantly more than their reported total compensation from 2007. The year before that, in contrast, two top administrators in the Division of Biology and Medicine were able to crack the top five. The across-the-board increase in total compensation for investment of fice staf f — and their subsequent filling of the top five positions on the list — is a result of high turnover before 2005, according to Huidekoper. “We were losing investment staff,” she said, adding that the University realized that the existing salaries for these officials were not allowing Brown to compete with peer institutions. reductions from the top Though these figures are from last year, the current financial situation — along with new IRS regulations stipulating a new method for compensation and benefits reporting — has made the 2008 tax filings outdated, Huidekoper said, as many senior officials have voluntarily requested substantial pay cuts and a significant reduction or complete elimination of deferred compensation. For example, she said, Frost has taken a voluntary decrease in her deferred compensation, with the resulting difference being added to the University’s endowment. The compensation figures reported in Form 990 for 2008 also reflect inflated total compensation, Huidekoper said, adding that new IRS regulations require the University — and all nonprofits who fill out the annual tax filings — to “double-count” contributions, meaning Brown must report benefits and deferred compensation twice to satisfy the requirement. According to Huidekoper, Simmons’ request for reduced compensation is part of an across-theboard effort to partially alleviate the effects of last year’s financial crisis, which resulted in an endowment loss of nearly $740 million and forced University officials to plan budget cuts totaling nearly $90 million. She said one of the ways Brown has tried to offset the effects is by implementing salary freezes, which the University began last year for those in the administration earning $175,000 or more. This year, Huidekoper said, all administrators are facing a freeze regardless of salary. Many individuals have voluntarily offered to take pay cuts, she said, though she added that she would not provide the exact number because she did not want anyone to feel pressure to request reductions of their salaries. Simmons has “been very selfless,” Huidekoper said. “It allows us not to have to reduce in other areas.”

Dozens rally on Green to support Columbus
continued from page 1 at the rally. “Universities like Brown seek to diminish the importance of Christianity in the founding of the United States, but they will never win that battle,” Dellagrotta said. “American Indians knew not Christianity, and thus lacked the bedrock to construct a great United States of America as we know it today. Columbus, however, was their saving grace.” Several speakers, including Raymond Dettore, Jr., a national orator for the Order Sons of Italy in America group, said though they did not condone Columbus’ transgressions against Native Americans, they did not believe those misdeeds detracted from the explorer’s successes. He said finding fault with Columbus was “an attempt to attribute 21stcentury conduct to a 15th-century explorer.” Because slavery and brutality were more common in those days, Columbus was just following cultural norms, Dettore said. “What (Brown) forgot — or ignored and gave no consideration to — is that Christopher Columbus is also a symbol of pride to Italian Americans,” said Anthony Gianfrancesco ’79, a Providence lawyer. “Now he’s going to become this great symbol of evil.” Several speakers and demonstrators at the rally said there would be significant financial ramifications for the University’s decision to do away with Columbus Day. Many demonstrators said Brown’s decision to change the name of a national holiday is a political statement, which should strip the University of its non-profit status. Reiko Koyama ’11, one of the students who spearheaded the name change last spring, said in a phone interview after the rally that the University is not concerned about a loss of non-profit status. The University “has expressed opinions on political issues multiple times,” Koyama said. “It has nothing to do with ItalianAmerican pride,” Koyama said. “The protestors are looking at this issue as a way to cause divisiveness, but it should be a day to come together.” She said both Italian Americans and Native Americans have suffered their share of persecution throughout history. But a holiday in Columbus’ name need not be the primary expression of Italian-American pride, she said. Though the vast majority of protesters avoided confrontation, 2006 mayoral candidate Chris Young was more aggressive, shouting at counter-protester Jerry Wolf Duff Sellers ’09. Duff Sellers — who is of both Italian and Native American descent — stood beside a statue of a caricaturized Italian chef with a toy sword, on which he rested a sign reading, “Columbus spilled BABIES BLOOD (sic) like I spill tomato sauce.” “Brown should pay property taxes if they’re going to become politically active by removing a national holiday,” Young shouted at Duff Sellers, and demanded that he respond to questions about Brown’s tax-exempt status. The event drew television crews from the local news affiliates of NBC, ABC and Fox, and has already brought Brown into the headlines. “I went to the rally because I wanted to see what it was about,” said Oliver Rosenbloom ’13, one of just a handful of student spectators.

metro
The Brown daily Herald
By Ben schreckinger Senior Staff writer

TuESdAY, OCTOBER 13, 2009 | PAgE 5

r.I. unemployment hits 12.8%
Percentage of Labor Force unemployed,
not seasonally adjusted
15
Rhode Island’s unemployment remains among the highest in the nation as a recent report ranks the state’s business tax climate one of the worst countrywide. Rhode Island ranked 44th in the 2010 State Business Tax Climate Index released last month by the Tax Foundation, a Washington think tank. According to the most recent data from the United States Bureau of Labor and Statistics, the state’s unemployment rate in August was 12.8 percent — lower only than that of Michigan and Nevada. The state lost 2,400 jobs that month, according to the Rhode Island Department of Labor and Training. Tax laws are “one of the few things that legislators can have a direct impact on,” said Kail Padgitt, a staff economist at the Tax Foundation and the report’s author. Lawmakers cannot significantly boost a state’s infrastructure or human capital within a short time frame, he said. “We have strong evidence that there is a strong correlation between a state’s business tax climate and the overall business climate in the state,” Padgitt said. Last month, Forbes Magazine ranked Rhode Island last in a special report on “The Best States for Business.” But in an e-mail to The Herald, Jennifer Leigh, director of communications at Rhode Island College’s Poverty Institute, wrote, “Much of the analysis we have done shows that lowering taxes on business, especially during a recession, is not a cost-effective strategy for economic development.” State and local taxes account for just 3 percent of the average business’s expenses, she wrote. Instead, businesses are attracted by a skilled workforce and quality infrastructure. The Tax Foundation ranking represents a modest rise from last year, when Rhode Island was ranked 46th. A comparison between the Tax

Percentage (%)

12

Rhode Island

9 United States 6

Herald File Photo

Starting next month, residents must recycle if they want trash removal.

Source: U.S. Department of Labor

Feb 08 Mar 08 Apr 08 May 08 Jun 08 Jul 08 Aug 08 Sep 08

Marlee Bruning / Herald

‘no bin, no barrel’ the new rule for recycling
By sarah mancone Contributing writer

Starting Nov. 2, Providence residents will have to put their recycling bins on the curb — even if they are empty — or their trash will not be collected. A centerpiece of Mayor David Cicilline’s ’83 “Green Up Providence” campaign, the policy aims to double the city’s recycling rate by next August. To work toward compliance with a state law requiring a 30 percent recycling rate by 2012, the campaign seeks to ensure that by 2010, 20 percent of the city’s waste is recycled , said Associate Director of Environmental Services of the Department of Public Works Daisy Diaz ’02. Neighborhood representatives and nonprofit organizations worked with the city to come up with a cost-effective solution to increase recycling, Diaz said.

The “no bin, no barrel” policy offers “great results for minimal investment,” she said. At a press conference last month, Cicilline said the unprecedented campaign will “protect our environment and, at the same time, save taxpayer dollars.” By increasing recycling, fees at the state landfill could be reduced by as much as $300,000, Cicilline said. Radio adver tisements and mass mailings about the program, as well as neighborhood presentations and bin distribution, have helped to inform Providence residents of the change. Though doubling the recycling rate may appear daunting, “I don’t have any doubt that we will reach this ambitious goal,” Cicilline said at the press conference. The campaign will help “make Providence one of the greenest and cleanest cities in the nation.”

Foundation’s rankings and current unemployment figures — one indicator of a state’s economic health — yields mixed results. South Dakota comes in first in the organization’s rankings and has the country’s second lowest rate of unemployment. But Nevada has the fourth best tax climate for businesses according to the rankings, while its unemployment stands at 13.2 percent — second worst in the nation. Padgitt pointed to Michigan’s poor showing in the index and the state’s stagnant economy as evidence of a correlation between the index and actual economic vitality. Like Rhode Island, Michigan has yet to recover from the loss of manufacturing as the foundation of its economy. Rhode Island could lower its tax rate but offset consequent revenue losses by eliminating “a lot of exemptions,” which would broaden the tax

base, Padgitt said. Exemptions, such as tax credits for job creation and research, “sound like a nice idea” but turn into a “zero-sum game” when all states offer them, Padgitt said. At that point the exemptions lower tax revenue without offering any state a competitive edge. According to Leigh, the economic downturn in Rhode Island “should be used to invest in training,” rather than focusing on the tax code. She cited a study by the Workforce Alliance that found that more than 40 percent of openings in coming years will be for “jobs that require more than a high school diploma, but less than a fouryear degree.” “If Rhode Island seeks real economic recovery and long-term prosperity, we must ensure our workforce has the necessary education and training to meet the labor demands of the future,” Leigh wrote.

Apr 09 May 09 Jun 09 Jul 09 Aug 09

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editorial & Letters
The Brown daily Herald
Page 6 | TuESdAY, OCTOBER 13, 2009

l e t t e r to t h e e d i to r

U. should re-think africa focus
to the editor: We were surprised to recently read that Brown University is planning to expand Africana Studies (“In hiring, hallmark of a broader push on Africa by University,” Oct. 6). We have to wonder what could possibly lead Brown administrators and faculty to think they have neglected this area. Brown has a Department of Africana Studies with 14 full-faculty members — not counting seven visiting and affiliated professors. In addition, Brown has the Third World Center, the Center for the Study of Race and Ethnicity in America and the Africa Group Colloquium, and the University recently sponsored the Focus on Africa speaker series as well as the Steering Committee on Slavery and Justice. All are related to Africana studies. We are especially concerned over the hiring of Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe to the faculty of the Africana Studies Department. Achebe is known for denouncing British author Joseph Conrad as a “bloody racist” and claiming his book Heart of Darkness “celebrates” the “dehumanization” and “depersonalization” of African people. The University should consider more creative ways to teach its students about the classics of Western literature than calling them racist. Students deser ve to appreciate great books on their own merits, without having them cut down into caricatures of European colonialism. stephen Beale ’04 christopher mcauliffe ’05 travis rowley ’02 Sept. 12

FRANNY CHOI

e d i to r i a l

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editor-in-chief steve delucia ManaGinG editors michael Bechek chaz Firestone deputy ManaGinG editors nandini Jayakrishna Franklin kanin michael skocpol senior editors rachel arndt isabel gottlieb scott lowenstein

Inter(net)ionalization
This week Brown will become the latest university to post an official page on iTunes U. A smattering of Brown-related content is already available through a pilot program that started in May. Future generations of prospective students may one day look at Brown’s iTunes U page for a glimpse at life on campus, and we hope that the University will capitalize on the opportunity to make a good first impression. The Brown-specific material now available on iTunes leaves something to be desired. While curious students can find a full two episodes of BTV sitcoms, a dozen student recitations of Brazilian poems and several songs by Andy Suzuki ’09, they cannot access full course lectures — the main draw on other universities’ pages. More content is, thankfully, forthcoming. The University has taken the first steps toward making iTunes U a productive service for former, current and future students. According to Scott Turner, the University’s director of Web communications, some members of the faculty have been trained to produce and publish content for the page, and the University is “open to the idea” of online courses. We emphatically support this endeavor. Brown’s courses are its most prized product. Advertising them would give prospective students across the globe a small sample of what awaits them on College Hill. Which courses to select is a more complicated matter. Not all of Brown’s offerings are appropriate for home viewing. Lay audiences would be perplexed by upper-level courses in the hard sciences and bored by classes whose professors aren’t especially telegenic. We feel that the University should put its best foot forward and, in that spirit, suggest recording and uploading the following courses: • CSCI0150: “Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming and Computer Science” Lecture slides and audio for CSCI0150 are already publicly available through Brown’s Web site. Online video seems like the logical next step. This course makes an intimidating and abstract field understandable and exciting to the masses, and Andy Van Dam has been called “one of the best professors at Brown” by the Critical Review. Plus, you get to write your own Tetris program. • POLS0110: “Introduction to Political Thought” This course provides a clear introduction to central issues of political theory and a welcome exposure to the rigors of a humanities education at Brown. Students read widely from a selection of works by the classic thinkers who have shaped the development of modern politics. • ECON0110: “Principles of Economics” An online version of ECON0110 would show prospective students one the most popular courses in one of Brown’s most popular concentrations. • BIOL0200: “The Foundation of Living Systems” Professor Ken Miller ’70 P’02 is an engaging and articulate lecturer able to intelligibly impart complex ideas and concepts without over-simplifying them. This course provides vital background on biological fundamentals — especially in evolution, genetics and physiology. These courses would provide an academic tour of the University. Unlike campus tours, online lectures would attract a previously unthinkable number of visitors. Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board. Send comments to editorials@browndailyherald.com.

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opinions editor opinions editor

editorial paGe board James Shapiro editorial Page editor Matt Aks Board member Nick Bakshi Board member Zack Beauchamp Board member Debbie Lehmann Board member William Martin Board member

correction
The calendar in last Friday’s paper incorrectly placed the Dash for Diabetes on Saturday Oct. 10. The Dash for Diabetes will take place on Saturday Oct. 24.
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opinions
The Brown daily Herald

TuESdAY, OCTOBER 13, 2009 | PAgE 7

Should I stay or should I go?
MARY BATES
opinions coluMnist
For most of your time in graduate school, there is little time for self-reflection. It is easy to get caught up in the details of completing your degree and forget about the big picture — that is, until you schedule that dissertation defense. Suddenly, the end is in sight and you have a decision to make — stay in academia or leave your cozy ivory tower for a non-academic career. In many ways, grad school is like training in how to become an assistant professor. But what if you have doubts about teaching being the right career for you? Maybe you want to make more money or have more freedom to choose where you live, or perhaps you are feeling increasingly stifled about refining your interests and sub-specializing to a point where you can count on two hands the number of people who actually understand your research. There is a lot of peer pressure from other academics to try for those coveted tenure-track faculty positions, and it can often feel easy to drift into academia after graduation only because that’s what is expected of you. Certainly, there are perks to academic careers — job security (once you have tenure), freedom to make your own schedule, day-to-day variety and all the fulfilling aspects of teaching and research. But there is also the tough job market, the geographic restrictions of academic job-hunting, the endless grant submissions and the single-minded pursuit of a sometimes obscure topic. Deciding to leave academia can feel like a betrayal. You might worry about losing the respect of your colleagues and disappointing the adviser who has put so much time and effort into your training. But choosing a nonacademic career after graduate school is not admitting failure, nor is it a last resort for those who can’t “cut it” in academia. So if you are interested in non-academic your interests, what you like to do, what skills you want to make use of in your career. Does the topic you chose for your dissertation reflect a particular interest that could be nurtured outside of the academy? What have your experiences in grad school taught you about yourself and the kind of work that would make you happy? After the panicking and soul-searching comes a step which, to a grad student, should feel very familiar: research. There are all kinds of resources for exploring non-academic caresource, and can give you tips on how to use the knowledge and skills you obtained in grad school to succeed in a non-academic job. Remember that everyone is a potential contact. Don’t be afraid of networking. There are myriad non-academic career possibilities for Ph.D.s, including jobs in industry, non-profits, publishing and media, business and consulting. The CDC offers counseling, career fairs and resources to help you research career possibilities and search for jobs. It’s also a good place to hear about the experiences of other grad students making similar decisions and to connect with alumni who have built successful careers outside of academia. While the merry-go-round of post-doctoral positions, grant applications and searches for that elusive tenure-track faculty spot may seem inevitable, remember that you do have choices. It may be scary to admit to your adviser that you’re not sure you want to follow in his or her footsteps, but going through the motions when you know an academic career isn’t for you is much scarier. Convince yourself that you’re not overeducated and unemployable outside of academia — haven’t you learned to think critically, self-motivate, collaborate with colleagues and read and evaluate large amounts of information? You’ve got skills. And there’s a whole world out there beyond the ivory tower.

Choosing a non-academic career after graduate school is not admitting failure, nor is it a last resort for those who can’t “cut it” in academia.

career options, what can you do? First, think of your time in grad school as a valuable experience, even if you don’t plan on staying in academia. Though it might not feel that way, you have developed real-world skills while in grad school that can translate into other areas. Next, assess your situation. Think about

reer options. The Brown Career Development Center regularly holds events focused on nonacademic job searches, resume writing and interviewing. Once you have an idea about the sort of career in which you’re interested, talk to anyone and everyone in that field. Alumni who have pursued similar careers are an excellent

mary Bates gS is a Ph.d. candidate in the department of Psychology. She can be reached at mary_bates@brown.edu.

Criminalization doesn’t work
TYLER ROSENBAuM
opinions coluMnist
When I first set foot in this great state, I knew there was something special about it. Something unique. Rhode Island makes New England’s other small states look gigantic by comparison, and yet it has the longest name of any state in the union. Also — and I learned this interesting little bit of trivia when I recovered from shock after first opening the Providence Phoenix — indoor prostitution is not illegal. These are just a few examples of Rhode Island’s little peculiarities. Later this month, the Rhode Island General Assembly will do its best to remove at least these two distinctions. The General Assembly seems intent on applying the tactics of this nation’s tremendously successful War on Drugs to commercial sexual encounters. Just think, my fellow Rhode Islanders, what a paradise our fair state will be when prostitution is as rare — and as effectively deterred — as marijuana use! None of this is meant to minimize, whitewash or excuse the individual and societal evils prostitution engenders. Books — and letters to the editor — can be written about these problems. There are concrete ills, such as disease transmission and sexual exploitation, along with more abstract concerns like moral decay. The people of Rhode Island need to have a conversation with their legislators about the best way to tackle the problems prostitution causes. Broadly, there are three paths the state could take. First, like other societal ills, prostitution could be heavily regulated. The state could test the participants to prevent the spread of disease. It could assert itself vigorously to ensure that the prostitution is consensual. If a woman (or man, for that matter) wants out, the state could provide any training or help necessary for him or her to find different employment. Additionally, the state could heavily discourage unsafe and exploitative prostitution by strenuously prosecuting pimps and johns who attempt to circumvent the regulated establishments. proach favored by the House of Representatives, which proposed a bill that, in its current draft, would punish prostitutes and johns equally with six months’ jail time for the first offense. But this strategy, followed by most of our fellow states, is highly problematic. As with drugs and other sources of societal problems, criminalization of commercial sex does not eliminate the difficulties it causes. Rather, it exacerbates them. Consider, for example, whether a sex worker is more likely to be exploited by a john if she can safely notify the police of any misconduct, or if she has to skulk around in focusing the state’s attention on helping the prostitutes rise out of their desperate situation. This kind of law is a sensible compromise. The state would rehabilitate prostitutes by providing them the social services necessary to allow them to end their dependence on the sex trade and exploitative pimps and johns. Moreover, by bringing the hammer down on the johns and pimps, the state would send an important signal that it will not tolerate the abuse and degradation that prostitution engenders. Most impor tantly, this approach has proven to be very effective. After its implementation, the number of street prostitutes in Stockholm, Sweden’s capital, has decreased by two-thirds, and the number of johns by four-fifths. Sex trafficking is now almost nonexistent in Sweden. Obviously, this is a very emotional issue. To many people — the author included — prostitution is morally wrong. It might seem callous to look at the issue through such an academic lens when the reality on the ground is so much more complex. But the status quo in Rhode Island is unacceptable. Legislators should step up to the plate and fix the problem, but not by making criminals of desperate men and women. Prostitution is unfortunate for everyone involved. The state should do its best to discourage prostitution, but the focus should be on helping exploited sex workers escape and build new lives.

As with drugs and other sources of societal problems, criminalization of commercial sex does not eliminate the difficulties it causes.

However, experience in countries that have followed this path (and in Nevada), shows that this leads to many unintended consequences, such as increased trafficking. Moreover, governments rarely have the capacity or desire to regulate prostitution as much as would be necessary. Most disturbingly, interviews with women in jurisdictions where prostitution is permitted and regulated demonstrate that the conditions are generally barbaric, and most women would leave if they could. As one prostitute put it, “It’s like you sign a contract to be raped.” Alternatively, the state could close the loophole in current prostitution laws and throw prostitutes and johns in jail. This is the ap-

the shadows, avoiding the authorities for fear of criminal sanctions. But there is a third way, a sort of middle ground, which would allow the state to spend its resources mitigating the damage prostitution causes, without throwing poor, exploited sex workers into prison or morally condoning and permitting prostitution and its ills. The Senate bill comes closer to this path, refusing to permit prostitution, but slapping first- and second-time violators only with small fines, the proceeds of which go toward victim compensation. But it could still be changed for the better. The ideal law would follow Sweden’s successful model of punishing only the johns, while

tyler rosenbaum ’11 is an international relations and economics concentrator from Seattle. He can be reached at tyler@brown.edu.

Today
The Brown daily Herald

2

Football wins in last-second upset

to day

to M o r r o w

Li’l Rhody, big unemployment problems
57 / 36

tuesday, octoBer 13, 2009

5

53 / 34
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w a l k o n w a s h i n G to n

coMics
alien weather Forcast | Stephen Lichenstein and Adam Wagner

3
c a l e n da r
today, octoBer 13 2:30 Pm — A Reading by Novelist Rikki ducornet, McCormack Family Theater 7 Pm — Multiracial Identity Week 2009 Convocation, MacMillan 117 tomorrow, octoBer 14 11 am — Seasonal Flu Clinics, Jo’s 6:30 Pm — “The Environmental Crisis in Haiti: A growing Threat,” Joukowsky Forum

Birdfish | Matthew Weiss

Menu
sharPe reFectory lunch — grilled Tuna Sandwich with Cheese, Vegan Sloppy Joes, Corn Cobbets dinner — Sesame Chicken Strips, Vegan Vegetable Saute with Tempeh, Sticky Rice with Edamame Beans Verney-woolley dining hall lunch — Shaved Steak Sandwich, Spinach Strudel, Mandarin Blend Vegetables dinner — Roast Pork Ouvert, Pastito, Carrot Casserole

cabernet Voltaire | Abe Pressman

RELEASE DATE– Tuesday, October 13, 2009

Los Angeles Timess s w o r d c r o Daily Crossword Puzzle
Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis
3 Harry Potter’s creator 4 Bit of granola 5 Bamboo-eating critters 6 __ superiority: obvious confidence 7 Juan’s “one” 8 Was in first place 9 King Arthur’s realm 10 Giraffe relative 11 “Let’s eat!” 12 Like a catty remark 14 Expensive furs 17 Dance company founder Alvin 21 La., on old U.S. maps 23 Bug in a colony 24 “__ Said”: Neil Diamond hit 25 Minimum-range tide 26 March 15th, e.g. 27 First of 13 popes 30 “__ Believes in Me”: Kenny Rogers hit 31 His name wound up on a lemon 32 Plaintiff 33 Partner of turn 35 “__, vidi, vici”: Caesar’s boast 36 Mountain goat’s perch 39 Words after “Look, Ma” 40 Sanctified 41 Way beyond pleasingly plump 42 Prez on a penny 44 Kind of electricity 45 Big name in garden care ACROSS 1 Magic amulet 5 With 13-Across, “Lonely Boy” singer 9 UPS deliveries requiring payment 13 See 5-Across 14 Ship to remember 15 Related 16 Window treatment support 18 Christmas trio 19 “__ Beso (That Kiss!)”: 5- & 13Across hit 20 Prefix with China 21 Lukewarm 22 Proceed cautiously 26 The flu, for one 28 Dynamic start? 29 God 30 Most intelligent 34 Looooong time 35 Blocker of offensive TV material 37 Penn & Teller, e.g. 38 “Put your John Hancock on this line” 41 Desert rest stops 43 Chaplin’s fourth wife 44 Weepy people 46 Sports show staple 50 Orderly display 51 Has a meal 52 Repair 55 Reddish horse 56 No longer in trouble 59 Oklahoma city 60 Numerical relationship 61 One-named Deco artist 62 Personnel dept. IDs 63 Greenish-yellow pear 64 Treos and iPhones, briefly DOWN 1 Riot squad spray 2 Weighty obligation 46 Rabbit look-alikes 47 Smooths, as hair 48 Smidgen of sand 49 Tests by lifting 53 Greek “i” 54 Vintage Jaguars 56 Planet 57 Toy magnate __ Schwarz 58 Like cool cats

dot comic | Eshan Mitra and Brendan Hainline

ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE:

hippomaniac | Mat Becker

xwordeditor@aol.com

10/13/09

stw | Jingtoa Huang

By Fred Jackson III (c)2009 Tribune Media Services, Inc.

10/13/09

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