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Un Comparable And Intelligent Traffic Control System Using Ir

And Gsm
ABSTRACT
AIM:
The main objective of this project is to develop an embedded system, which is
used to monitor and control the traffic without manual intervention.
IMPLEMENTATION:
This project is implemented 8051 based At89s52 developed board interfaced with
IR Sensor and GSM to send a message whenever road is jammed.
BLOCK DIAGRAM:

FOUR ROAD
JUNCTIONS

RPS

MICROCONTROLLER
AT89S52

MAX232

GSM MODEM

CRYSTAL

POWER SUPPLY:

Step Down
Transformer

Bridge
Rectifier

Filter
Circuit

Regulator
section

DESCRIPTION:
Density based traffic control system was developed where the traffic load is
continuously measured by sensors connected to a microcontroller-based system. In this
project a four road junction is assumed and the traffic at the junction is controlled based
on the density measured using IR recievers and transmitters. One IR transmitter and one
IR receiver is placed on each side of the road (opposite to each other) at each of the four
roads of the junction. IR transmitters will continuously transmits the light with 38 khz
and receivers will continuously receive the signal sent by the transmitters.
Each road by-default gets a time slot of 10 seconds (Initially it is given to the first
road in the junction). After each time slot, the condition of the road is checked using the
IR receiver. A high output from IR receiver indicates the absence of traffic and vice versa.
If traffic is still present after a 10 seconds of time slot, one more time slot will be allotted
otherwise the access is given to the next road and the procedure repeats with a condition
that no road will get more than continuous six time-slots. If any road takes upto six time
slots, the next slot will be allotted to the next road. If at any time the junction is jammed
our board will automatically sends a message to the nearest traffic control office.
Using this procedure, the roads at the junction gets access time in proportion to
the density of the traffic. The road having more density of traffic will get more time slots
and vice versa.

The system uses a compact circuitry build around flash version of AT89S52
microcontroller with a non volatile memory
Programs are developed using Embedded C, compiled using RIDE tool. ISP is
used to dump the code into microcontroller.
SOFTWARE:
Embedded C
RIDE to write code
ISP to burn the chip
HARDWARE:
At89s52 based our own developed board
Power Supply
IR Sensor
LCD
GSM modem
ADVANTAGES: Low cost, automated operation, Low Power consumption.
REFERENCES
1. The 8051 micro controller and embedded systems by Mazidi.
2. www.wikipedia.org
3. WWW.atmel.com
4. www.8051projects.com
5. Embedded systems with 8051 by kenith j ayala