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Romans: The Salvation Plan of God

Copyright 2002, Glenridge Church International


Revision: 31 July, 2002
Print Date: 1 August, 2002
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Published by Glenridge Church International


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__________________________

Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW


INTERNATIONAL VERSION. Copyright
1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society.
Used by permission of Zondervan Publishing
House.
Scripture taken from the North American Edition
of the NIV Bible, unless otherwise indicated.

THE SALVATION PLAN OF GOD

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D EFINITIONS

OF

T HEOLOGICAL T ERMS F OUND

IN

R OMANS

Sin

Falling away or missing the mark. Any action contrary to


Gods expressed will. From the Greek hamarthia meaning
to transgress or miss the mark.

Faith

From the Greek pistis meaning firm persuasion.


Heb 11:1: Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for,
the evidence of things unseen. John Stott calls it a
reasoning trust.

Grace

From the Greek charis meaning graceful or agreeable.


In the New Testament it refers to the unmerited favour that
God shows to sinners by forgiving them and treating them
in a way that they do not deserve.

Righteousness

Means to be in agreement with divine and moral law and be


free from guilt or sin.

Salvationa

In the New Testament this refers to Gods deliverance of


man from sin and its effects on body, soul and spirit,
wrought through the cross.

Justification

From the Greek dikaioo meaning to pronounce, accept


and treat as just. Refers to God absolving sinners and
restoring them to a state of righteousness.

Sanctification

From the Greek hagiasmos meaning to separate from that


which is sinful in order to devote to that which is holy. For
Christians it refers to practically rejecting sinful
involvements in order to be devoted to and used of God.

Glorification

In the scheme of salvation it refers to the eternal state of the


believer, after the resurrection of the dead, when we will
dwell with God in the new heaven and new earth with our
resurrected and glorified bodies.

The interpretation of the word salvation in the Bible depends on the context. For example, in the context of
Heb 9:28 the word salvation indicates the completion of the salvation process, that is, glorification. In
Php 2:12 the context indicates the workings of salvation, that is, sanctification.

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Reconciliation

The restoration of an estranged relationship. Biblically this


refers to the restoration of the relationship between God and
man that was broken due to sin (originally the sin of Adam).

Atonement

The work that Jesus did for us on the cross that makes the
restoration of fellowship between God and man possible.
At-one-ment!

Redemption

From the Latin redemptio meaning to buy back again. It


represents the understanding that Jesus bought back
mankind by delivering us from the punishment of sin,
therefore making salvation possible for us. The historical
relevance of the word would relate to a slave-market trade
whereby we were bought back from our slavery to sin and
became the slaves of God.

Election

Election has to do with Gods choosing of man for


salvation, service or for fulfilling an office. It has close
connections with the word predestination.

Predestination

From the Latin pre meaning before and destinare


meaning to destine. In theology, the teaching that God has
decided (or foreordained) every event (or certain events),
past, present and future. Theories of predestination
regarding salvation:
General predestination: God wills everyone to be saved
and foreknows who will respond in faith.
Single predestination: God chooses those who will be
saved.
Double predestination: God chooses who will be saved
and who will be damned.

Resurrection

Refers to the physical rising of both Jesus (past) and


believers (future) from the state of physical death. For the
believer this will involve a glorified body that is immortal
and incorruptible. Also includes the spiritual resurrection
from being dead in transgression to being alive in
Christ (same as regeneration).

Revelation

From the Latin revelare meaning to reveal or to unveil.


Basically means to make something known which was
previously unknown. Subdivided as follows:

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General revelation: Gods revelation about Himself


available to all mankind through creation, history and
His image in mankind.
Special revelation: More specific revelation from God
through Jesus Christ, Scripture, angels, the Holy Spirit
and so on.
Sovereigity
of God

Eschatology

The doctrine that God is supreme in rule and authority over


all things.
The study of the end times or last things. The four major
camps of opinion are:
Dispensational premillennialism.
Historic premillennialism.
Postmillennialism.
Amillennialism.

Dispensationalism The belief that God deals with man according to different
criteria during different periods of history. It generally
involves strict, literal interpretation of Scripture, an abiding
distinction between Israel and the Church and a
premillennial eschatology. (I reject the dispensational
concept.)
Millennium

Refers to the thousand-year period spoken of in Rev 20:1-3.


Eschatological views vary based on different interpretations
of this period.

Gospel

From the Greek euangelion meaning good news. The


good news of salvation through Jesus Christ.

Regeneration

The resurrection of our dead, human spirit. The Bible


presents man as a body, soul and spirit (1Th 5:23). Before
receiving Christ we are described as dead in sin (Eph 2:1)
thus we are living corpses: alive in body and soul but dead
in spirit. Upon receiving salvation we become alive in
Christ (Eph 2:4). Thus we have an abundance of life
alive in body, soul and spirit. This term is synonymous with
being born again (Jn 3:3,7).

Repentance

To turn around and go the opposite direction. Repentance


involves acknowledging our sin (that we were wrong before

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God) and making a choice to change by coming into


agreement with God. Initial repentance is a prerequisite to
salvation but the life of a believer involves a continuous
attitude of repentance before God as deeper sins are
revealed or when we submit to temptation (1Jn 1:9).
Arminianism

A theological position developed by James Arminius (15601609). Teaches that God gives salvation based on His
foreknowledge to all who believe, not on a sovereign choice
made before the foundations of the world of some to be
saved and others to be damned as in Calvinism.
Arminianism teaches that Christ died for all people, that
saving grace is not irresistible and that believers can lose
their salvation. It upholds the free will of man.

Calvinism

A theological system associated with John Calvin (15091564) and his followers. Calvinism upholds the doctrines of
the sovereignty of God and predestination. This involves
the beliefs that nothing happens without Gods council
and that God has decided who will be saved and who will be
damned before the foundations of the world. The theory
can be summarised by the acronym TULIP:
T: Total depravity of man.
U: Unconditional election.
L: Limited atonement.
I: Irresistible grace.
P: Perseverance of the saints.

Ecclesiology

From the Greek ekklesia meaning church or called-out


ones and logos meaning the study of. Ecclesiology is
the study of the Church and all its aspects. The Church
(ekklesia) is called out of the world.

Hypostatic
Union

Intermediate
State

Refers to the union of Jesus divine and human natures


during the incarnation. Jesus was both fully God and fully
man during his life on earth. Although he became man he
never ceased to be God.

The period between a persons death and the final


judgement. There is a preliminary suffering for the wicked
and preliminary blessing for the godly (see Lk 16:19-31).

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Kenosis

From the Greek kenosis meaning empty. The teaching


that Christ emptied Himself of His divine powers during
the incarnation. This means that he operated as a man and
did not use His divine qualities while on earth. This does
not however mean that Jesus ever ceased to be God (see Php
2:6-9).

Omnipotence

The teaching that God is all powerful.

Omnipresence

The teaching that God is present everywhere.

Omniscience

The teaching that God is all knowing.

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