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Connectors of Addition and Contrast

Read the pairs of sentences below. Which pair expresses similar ideas?
Which pair expresses contrasting ideas?
1. Their team has got the best players. Moreover, their coach is fantastic.
2. Their team has got the best players. Nevertheless, they lost the last game.

CONNECTORS OF ADDITION: in addition, furthermore, moreover, as well as, also,
and
CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST: however, nevertheless, on the one hand / on the
other hand, in spite of / despite, although /even though, but
1.

Choose the correct connector:

1. María seems to be quite clever. Nevertheless/ Furthermore, she often gets low
marks.
2. The service at this restaurant is excellent. However/In addition, the food is
delicious.
3. I've never been to Argentina, as well as / despite having relatives there.
4. Jaume is a careful driver. Moreover / However, he’s had several accidents.
5. Lucía loves playing sport, and / but she’s not very good at it.
6. Edu is talented at music as well as / in spite of art.

Some connectors have got similar meanings but are followed by DIFFERENT
STRUCTURES.
Despite and in spite of are followed by a noun phrase or a gerund.
We did not wear coats despite the cold weather.
I tried to look happy in spite of feeling terrible.

Even though and although are followed by a clause.
My car constantly needs repairs even though it’s new.
My cousin and I aren’t very close, although we’re the same age.

2.

Write the correct connector.

1. We're studying now _______________there's an interesting film on TV.
2. I’d like to talk to you _______________ I know you’re busy.
3. ______________ her efforts, she failed the exam.
4. _______________we were having difficulties, we felt optimistic.

Either at the beginning or in the middle: despite. I’d love to come. (in spite of) ________________________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 4. I really haven’t got the time. He’s also a good student. Alvaro wouldn’t speak to her. y otra con although/even though + sujeto + verbo. (despite) ________________________________________________________________ 4. . although. moreover. nevertheless. Furthermore. una con in spite of/despite + sustantivo. Me dormí pronto a pesar del ruido. you haven’t brought your books. (However) ________________________________________________________________ 7. A pesar de sus problemas era una buena madre. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 2. on the other hand. You’re late again. also. Para cada frase haz dos versiones en inglés. however. 1.5. Javi works very hard to help his parents. Nevertheless. (and) ________________________________________________________________ 6. Traduce estas frases al inglés. in spite of. 1. Laura apologised several times.  Connectors are usually written in SPECIFIC PLACES in a sentence: At the beginning of a sentence: in addition. on the one hand. Rewrite the following sentences using the connector in brackets. In addition. furthermore. Rome is a great place to visit. (In addition) ________________________________________________________________ 4. I’m keen on Ice cream. I’m keen on chocolate. but it has got terrible traffic problems. On the other hand. but. even though . A pesar de nuestras diferencias nos llevamos bien. A pesar del tráfico llegamos a tiempo. We decided to walk even though it was raining. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 3. as well as - 3. (but) ________________________________________________________________ 2. On the one hand. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ .Only in the middle of a sentence: and. We didn’t win the game _______________ all all our hard work. (as well as) ________________________________________________________________ 5.

We arrived on time in spite of the traffic. 8. . 7. she’s a good mother.ANSWER KEY 4./I fell alseep early even though it was noisy. Although she has problems. she’s a good mother. Despite our differences we get along well./In spite of her problems. I fell asleep early despite the noise. 6./We arrived on time even though there was traffic. 9./Even though we have our differences we get along well.

_____________________________________________________________________ 12. Aprobó el examen aunque no había estudiado. Fue al trabajo aunque estaba cansado. Me dormí pronto a pesar del ruido. son muy felices. No conozco a su hermano. 1. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Traduce estas frases al inglés. Aunque no tienen dinero. A pesar de sus problemas era una buena madre. Ana es simpática. una con in spite of/despite + sustantivo. Aunque es muy famoso no gana mucho dinero. Aunque no come mucho es muy gordo. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________________________ . pero nunca nos vemos. _____________________________________________________________________ 15. pero no me gusta su marido.Ejercicios: though/although/even though y in spite of/despite. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Traduce estas frases utilizando although o even though. y otra con although/even though + sujeto + verbo. No está nevando. Haz dos versiones de cada frase. _____________________________________________________________________ 11. _____________________________________________________________________ 13. pero sí hace frio. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 4. una con but y otra que termine con though. Para cada frase haz dos versiones en inglés. 10. Traduce estas frases al inglés. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 5. pero conozco a su hermana. Hablamos por teléfono todos los días. A pesar del tráfico llegamos a tiempo. A pesar de nuestras diferencias nos llevamos bien. ¡No la vi aunque estaba sentada justo al lado de mí! _____________________________________________________________________ 14. pero tengo uno de 10. 6. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 2. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 7. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 8. No tengo un billete de 5 euros. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 9.

I didn’t see her even though she was sitting right next to me! 14./I don’t have a 5-euro bill. though./Even though we have our differences we get along well.Respuestas 1. I don’t have a 5-euro bill. 15. I have a 10euro bill. Even though he’s famous he doesn’t make much money. 13. though. 2. Despite our differences we get along well. but I know her sister. Ana’s nice. though. /I don’t know her brother. I fell asleep early despite the noise. Although she has problems. 5. We never see each other. 8. I don’t know her brother.Even though he doesn’t eat much he’s really fat. I don’t like her husband. He went to work even though he was tired. though./We arrived on time even though there was traffic. She passed the exam even though she hadn’t studied./I fell alseep early even though it was noisy. 3. 12. I know her sister. but I don’t like her husband. Even though they don’t have money they’re happy. 4./It isn’t snowing. 9. 11. 7. 6. We talk on the phone every day but we never see each other. she’s a good mother./In spite of her problems. We arrived on time in spite of the traffic. . It is cold./Ana is nice. she’s a good mother. though. but I have a 10-euro bill./We talk on the phone every day. 10. It isn’t snowing but it’s cold.