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moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)

This print-out should have 37 questions.


Multiple-choice questions may continue on
the next column or page find all choices
before answering.
Message from Dr. Williams: The deadline
for completing this homework is on Tuesday,
March 3, 2015, at 12 noon, local Tallahassee
time. These problems cover Chapters 20, 21,
22 and 23 in the textbook.
SPECIAL PROBLEMS FROM CHAPTER 20 ON A STATISTICAL VIEW OF
ENTROPY. At the end of Chapter 20 in
your textbook, do the following problems on
your own: 45, 47 and 48.
Read Chapter 20 in the textbook. I recommend that you study the Sample Problems
20.01, 20.02, 20.03, 20.04, 20.05 and 20.06 (or
9th edition Sample Problems on pages 540,
541, 547, 548, 552 and 553.).
Read Chapter 21 in the textbook. I recommend that you study the Sample Problems
21.01, 21.02, 21.03 and 21.04 (or 9th edition
Sample Problems on pages 567, 569, 570 and
571).
Read Chapter 22 in the textbook. I recommend that you study the Sample Problems
22.01, 22.02, 22.03, 22.04 and 22.05 (or 9th
edition Sample Problems on pages 583, 585,
588, 590, 593 and 596.).
Read Chapter 23 in the textbook. I recommend that you study Sample Problems 23.01,
23.02, 23.03, 23.04, 23.05, 23.06 and 23.07 (or
9th edition Sample Problems on pages 607,
608, 611 (2 problems), 614, 616 and 618.).
Problems 28 through 37 of this homework
set are for students to do for themselves.
These problems are mostly straight-forward
and/or multiple choice. These problems will
not be demonstrated in lecture nor recitation.
Try to do as many problems as you can
before seeking assistance, and before coming
to recitation. Always have your homework
sets printed out when you come to recitation.
The exam problems will be very similar to the
homework problems and sample problems.
STUDENTS ARE REQUIRED TO HAVE
STUDY PARDNERS.
001

10.0 points

A charge of 4.59 C is located at the origin,


and a charge of 2.05 C is located along the
y axis at 2.46484 m.
At what point along the y-axis is the electric
field zero? The value of the Coulomb constant
is 8.99 109 N m2 /C2 .
Correct answer: 1.47746 m.
Explanation:

Let : q1 = 4.59 C ,
q2 = 2.05 C , and
d = 2.46484 m .
Call the point where the fields cancel y. Since
the charges are of equal sign, the only place y
can be is somewhere between them.
The field from the particle q1 at the origin
is
q1
E 1 = ke 2
y
pointing down (since q1 is negative). The
field from the charge q2 at a point d along the
y-axis is
q2
E 2 = ke
(d y)2
pointing up (since q2 is negative). Cancellation occurs at d provided
E1
q1
ke 2
y
q2 y 2
r
q2
y
q1

= E2

q2
(d y)2
= q1 (d y)2

= ke

=dy

y=
1+

d
s

=
q2
q1

2.46484 m
s
2.05 C
1+
4.59 C

= 1.47746 m .

002 10.0 points


Three point charges are arranged as shown.

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)

4 nC

3.2 nC

3.5 nC

0.57 m

0.89 m

What is the electric field strength at


1.8 m to the right of the middle charge?
The value of the Coulomb constant is
8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 .
Correct answer: 40.4625 N/C.
Explanation:
Let :

q1 = 4 nC = 4 109 C ,
q2 = 3.2 nC = 3.2 109 C ,
q3 = 3.5 nC = 3.5 109 C ,
r12 = 0.57 m ,
r23 = 0.89 m ,
x = 1.8 m , and
ke = 8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 .
E1

q1

q2
+

q3
+

r3

E3
+ E2

r2
r1
The distances between the observing point
and each charge are
r1 = x + r12 = 1.8 m + 0.57 m = 2.37 m
r2 = x = 1.8 m
r3 = x r23 = 1.8 m 0.89 m = 0.91 m ,
respectively. The contribution of each charge
to the total electric field is
~ i = ke qi ~ex (for i = 1, 2, 3) ,
E
ri2
so the x component of the total electric field
is
Etotal = E1 + E2 + E3


q2
q3
q1
+
+
= ke
r12 r22 r32


= 8.98755 109 N m2 /C2

4 109 C 3.2 109 C
+

(2.37 m)2
(1.8 m)2

3.5 109 C
+
(0.91 m)2
= 40.4625 N/C
in the +x direction.
003 10.0 points
A rod 5.7 cm long is uniformly charged and
has a total charge of 23 C.
Find the magnitude of the electric field
along the axis of the rod at a point 33.0132 cm
from the center of the rod. The Coulomb constant is 8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 .
Correct answer: 1.91092 106 N/C.
Explanation:
Let : = 5.7 cm = 0.057 m ,
Q = 23 C = 2.3 105 C ,
r = 33.0132 cm = 0.330132 m ,

and

ke = 8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 .


For a rod of length and linear charge density
(charge per unit length) , the field at a distance d from the end of the rod along the axis
is
E = ke

= ke

d+

d+


dx = ke
x2
x d

,
d ( + d)

where dq = dx. The linear charge density


Q
(if the total charge is Q) is =
so that

ke Q

=
.
E = ke
d ( + d)
d ( + d)
In this problem, we have the following situation (the distance r from the center is given):

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)


r

l
d
r

13.22 C/cm2
2 (8.85419 1012 C2 /N m2 )
 
2

100 cm
1C

1 106 C
1m

= 7.46539 109 N/C .

The distance d is

0.057 m
= 0.330132 m
2
2
= 0.301632 m ,

d=r

and the magnitude of the electric field is


Q
d ( + d)

= 8.98755 109 N m2 /C2

E = ke

|2.3 105 C|
(0.301632 m)(0.057 m + 0.301632 m)

= 1.91092 106 N/C .


The direction must be toward the rod, since
the charge distribution is negative (a positive
test charge would be attracted), so the sign
should be positive, according to the convention stated in the problem.

005 10.0 points


Consider a charged semicircular arc with radius 129 cm and total charge 71.1 C distributed uniformly on the semicircle.
y
y

A
II
I

x
r

III IV

B
Find the magnitude of the electric field at
O . The value of the Coulomb constant is
8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 .
Correct answer: 2.44462 105 N/C.
Explanation:

004 10.0 points


A nonconducting plate with infinite dimensions carries a uniform surface charge density
of 13.22 C/cm2 .
What is the electric field 10.9 cm in front
of the plate? The permittivity of free space is
8.85419 1012 C2 /N m2 .
Correct answer: 7.46539 109 N/C.
Explanation:
Let :

= 13.22 C/cm2
r = 10.9 cm , and
0 = 8.85419 1012 C2 /N m2 .

The electric field of an infinite plane of surface


charge density is
E=

2 0

Let : q = 71.1 C = 7.11 105 C ,


r = 129 cm = 1.29 m , and
k = 8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 .
y

r

E

II

I
x

III

IV

By symmetry of the semicircle, the ycomponent of the electric field at the center is Ey = 0 . We need consider only the
x-component of the electric field, so
ds = r d

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)


q
q
r d = d
r

k |q|
k |q| cos
=
cos ,
Ex =
r2
r2
q = ds = r d =

and the magnitude of the electric field at the


center is
Z /2
2 k |q|
k |q|
E = Ex =
cos
d
=
2
r2
/2 r
=

2 (8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 )


(1.29 m)2
|(7.11 105 C)|

= 2.44462 105 N/C

| 1.602 1019 C|(409 N/C)


9.109 1031 kg
(3.1 108 s)

= 2.22986 106 m/s .


007 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
Calculate the speed of the proton after 31 ns.
Correct answer: 1214.09 m/s.
Explanation:
Let :

mp = 1.673 1027 kg
qp = 1.602 10

19

and

with direction along the negative x axis.


006 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
An electron (of mass 9.109 1031 kg) and
a proton (of mass 1.673 1027 kg) are each
placed at rest in an external uniform electric
field of 409 N/C.
Calculate the speed of the electron after 31 ns.
The fundamental charge is
19
1.602 10
C.
Correct answer: 2.22986 106 m/s.
Explanation:
Let : E = 409 N/C ,
t = 3.1 108 s ,
me = 9.109 1031 kg , and
qe = 1.602 1019 C .

Fe = F g
qE = ma
qE
a=
.
m
vf = a t since vo = 0, so


q E
t

vf =
m
|qe | Et
vf,e =
me

vf,p


qp E
=
t
mp
(1.602 1019 C) (409 N/C)
=
1.673 1027 kg
(3.1 108 s)
= 1214.09 m/s .

008 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points


An electron traveling at 1 106 m/s enters a
0.09 m region with a uniform electric field of
198 N/C , as in the figure.
0.09 m

1 106 m/s

+++++++++
Find the magnitude of the acceleration of
the electron while in the electric field. The
mass of an electron is 9.109 1031 kg and
the fundamental charge is 1.602 1019 C .
Correct answer: 3.48223 1013 m/s2 .
Explanation:
Let : qe = 1.602 1019 C ,
me = 9.109 1031 kg , and
E = 198 N/C .

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)


F = ma = qE
qe E
a=

me
(1.602 1019 C)(198 N/C)

=
9.109 1031 kg
= (3.48223 1013 m/s2 ) ,
with a magnitude of 3.48223 1013 m/s2 .
009 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
Find the time it takes the electron to travel
through the region of the electric field, assuming it doesnt hit the side walls.
Correct answer: 9 108 s.

011 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points


A proton accelerates from rest in a uniform
electric field of 535 N/C. At some later time,
its speed is 9.6 105 m/s.
What is the magnitude of the acceleration
of the proton? The fundamental charge is
1.602 1019 C.
Correct answer: 5.12418 1010 m/s2 .
Explanation:
Let :

E = 535 N/C ,
qp = 1.602 1019 C ,

and

mp = 1.6726 1027 kg .

Explanation:

The net force is


Let :

= 0.09 m , and
v0 = 1 106 m/s .

The horizontal distance traveled is


= v0 t

0.09 m
t=
=
v0
1 106 m/s
= 9 108 s .
010 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
What is the magnitude of the vertical displacement y of the electron while it is in the
electric field?
Correct answer: 0.14103 m.
Explanation:
Using the equation for the displacement in
the vertical direction and the results from the
first two parts of the problem,
1 2
at
2
3.48223 1013 m/s2
=
2
8 2
(9 10 s)
= 0.14103 m ,

Fe = m a
qp E = mp a
qp E
a=
mp

1.602 1019 C (535 N/C)
=
1.6726 1027 kg
= 5.12418 1010 m/s2 .

012 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points


How long does it take the proton to reach this
speed?
Correct answer: 18.7347 s.
Explanation:
Let : vf = 9.6 105 m/s .
Since vi = 0 m/s, the final velocity is

y =

with a magnitude of 0.14103 m .

vf = a t
vf
t =
a
106 s
9.6 105 m/s

=
5.12418 1010 m/s2
s
= 18.7347 s .

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)

The torque is
013 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points
How far has it moved in this time interval?
Correct answer: 8.99266 m.
Explanation:
Since vi = 0 m/s,
1
a (t)2
2

1
5.12418 1010 m/s2
=
2
(1.87347 105 s)2

x =

= 8.99266 m .
014 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points
What is its kinetic energy at the later time?
Correct answer: 7.70734 1016 J.
Explanation:
1
mp vf2
2

1
1.6726 1027 kg
=
2
2
9.6 105 m/s

Kf =

~
~ = ~p E
() = p E sin .
Since
p E = (5 1010 e m)(70000 N/C)
1.602 1019 C

e
= (5.607 1024 N m) , then

= (5.607 1024 N m) sin 0


= 0 Nm .
016 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points
What is the magnitude of the torque on the
dipole when the dipole is perpendicular to the
electric field?
Correct answer: 5.607 1024 Nm.
Explanation:
Let :

= 90 .

= 7.70734 1016 J .

= (5.607 1024 N m) sin 90


015 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points
A dipole of moment 0.5 e nm is placed in
a uniform electric field with a magnitude of
70000 N/C .
What is the magnitude of the torque on
the dipole when the dipole is parallel to the
electric field? The fundamental charge is
1.602 1019 C .

= 5.607 1024 Nm .
017 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points
What is the magnitude of the torque on the
dipole when the dipole makes an angle of 40
with the electric field?
Correct answer: 3.60411 1024 Nm.

Correct answer: 0 Nm.


Explanation:

Explanation:
Let :

Let :

p = 0.5 e nm = 5 1010 e m ,
E = 70000 N/C ,
= 0 , and
e = 1.602 1019 C .

= 40 .

= (5.607 1024 N m) sin 40


= 3.60411 1024 Nm .

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)


018 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points
Find the potential energy of the dipole in the
electric field at 40 .
Correct answer: 4.29521 1024 J.
Explanation:
Let :

A spherical shell of radius 4 m is placed


in a uniform electric field with magnitude
2110 N/C.
Find the total electric flux through the
shell.
Correct answer: 0 N m2 /C.
Explanation:

= 40 .

The potential energy of the dipole is


~
U = ~p E
U () = p E cos
= (5.607 1024 N m) cos 40
= 4.29521 1024 J .
019 10.0 points
A 50 cm diameter loop is rotated in a uniform
electric field until the position of maximum
electric flux is found. The flux in this position
is measured to be 4.11 105 N m2 /C.
What is the electric field strength?

Let :

r = 4 m and
E = 2110 N/C .

The uniform field enters the shell on one side


and exits on the other, so the total flux is zero:
I
~ dA
~ = 0 .
= E

Correct answer: 2.09321 106 N/C.

021 10.0 points


A point charge of 0.03297 C is inside a pyramid.
Determine the total electric flux through
the surface of the pyramid. The permittivity
of a vacuum is 8.85419 1012 C2 /N m2 .

Explanation:

Correct answer: 3723.66 N m2 /C.


Explanation:

Let : r = 25 cm = 0.25 m and


= 4.11 105 N m2 /C .
I
~ dA
~ . The position of
By Gauss law, = E

maximum electric flux will be that position in


which the plane of the loop is perpendicular
~ dA
~ = E dA.
to the electric field; i.e., when E
Since the field is constant,

= E A = E r2

4.11 105 N m2 /C
E=
=
r2
(0.25 m)2
= 2.09321 106 N/C .
020

10.0 points

Let :

q = 0.03297 C = 3.297 108 C


0 = 8.85419 1012 C2 /N m2 .

and

By Gauss Law,
~ dA
~ = q
E
0
3.297 108 C
=
8.85419 1012 C2 /N m2

= 3723.66 N m2 /C .

022 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


A thin spherical shell of radius 5.46 m has a
total charge of 8.87 C distributed uniformly
over its surface.

5. 4

+
+
6 m+
+
+

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)

same result can be obtained using Coulombs


law and integrating over the charge distribution. This calculation is, however, rather
complicated.

~
E
+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+

Correct answer: 7.09501 108 N/C.

Correct answer: 9.62952 106 N/C.

Explanation:

Explanation:

Let :

+
+
+
+
+

Find the electric field 10.6 m from the center of the shell. The Coulomb constant is
8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 .

024 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points


The charge per unit length on a long, straight
filament is 60 C/m.
Find the electric field 11.2 cm from
the filament, where the distance is measured perpendicular to the length of the
filament.
The Coulomb constant is
8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 .

a = 5.46 m ,
Q = 8.87 C ,
r = 10.6 m .

and

If we construct a spherical Gaussian surface


of radius r > a (concentric with the shell) the
enclosed charge is Q, so the field at a point
outside the shell is equivalent to that of a
point charge Q at the center. For r > a,
kQ
r2
(8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 )(8.87 C)
=
(10.6 m)2

Let :

= 60 C/m + 6 105 C/m ,


a = 11.2 cm = 0.112 m , and
ke = 8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 .

In all the three cases we use the formula


for the electric field of an uniformly charged
filament, derived from Gausss Law:
E=

E1 =

= 7.09501 108 N/C .


023 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
Find the electric field 1.78 m from the center
of the shell.

2k
,
r

where r is the distance from the filament.


2 ke
a
2 (8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 )
=
0.112 m
5
(6 10 C/m)

Ea =

= 9.62952 106 N/C .

Correct answer: 0 N/C.


Explanation:
The electric field inside the spherical shell
is zero. This also follows from Gauss law applied to a spherical surface of radius r < a.
Since the net charge inside the surface is zero,
and because of the spherical symmetry of the
charge distribution, application of Gauss law
shows that E = 0 in the region r < a. The

025 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points


Find the electric field 28 cm from the filament.
Correct answer: 3.85181 106 N/C.
Explanation:
Let :

b = 0.28 m .

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)

2 ke
Eb =
b
2 (8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 )
=
0.28 m
5
(6 10 C/m)
= 3.85181 106 N/C .
026 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
Find the electric field 94 cm from the filament.

Correct answer: 1.12941 105 N m2 /C.


Explanation:

Let :

q1 = 1 C = 1 106 C and
0 = 8.8542 1012 C2 /N m2 .

The surface S encloses only the point charge


q1 , so by Gausss Law
~ dA
~ = qencl = q1
E
0
0
S
6
1 10 C
=
8.8542 1012 C2 /N m2

S =

Correct answer: 1.14735 106 N/C.


Explanation:
Let :

c = 0.94 m .

= 1.12941 105 N m2 /C .

2 ke
c
2(8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 )
=
0.94 m
5
(6 10 C/m)

Ec =

028 10.0 points


Consider a uniformly charged insulating
sphere with radius R .

= 1.14735 106 N/C .


027 10.0 points
Consider a conducting spherical shell with
inner radius 0.9 m and outer radius 1.2 m.
There is a net charge 3 C on the shell. At
its center, within the hollow cavity, there is a
point charge 1 C.
3 C

0.2 m
0.9 m
1.2 m

q2
q2

1 C

Determine the flux through the spherical


Gaussian surface S, which has a radius of
0.2 m. The value of the permittivity of free
space is 8.8542 1012 C2 /N m2 .

R 2R

If the total charge in the sphere is Q, what is


R
the magnitude of the electric field at r = ?
2
1
.
The Coulomb constant is ke =
4 0
~ = ke Q
1. kEk
4 R2
~ = 2 ke Q R
2. kEk
~ = ke Q
3. kEk
R2
~ = ke Q
4. kEk
8 R2
~ = ke Q correct
5. kEk
2 R2
~ = ke Q
6. kEk
32 R2

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)


~ = ke Q
7. kEk
16 R2
~ = 8 ke Q R
8. kEk
~ = ke Q R
9. kEk
~ = 4 ke Q R
10. kEk
Explanation:
Pick a spherical Gaussian surface with raR
dius r =
concentric with the sphere of
2
charge. From Gauss law, = E 4 r 2 .
3Q
Q
, so the net charge
=
=
4
4 R3
R3
3
R
is
inside the Gaussian surface of radius
2




4
3Q
4
3
3
qencl =
r =
r
3
4 R3 3
r3
=Q 3
R
and the electric field at r is
E=

Q r3
Qr
1
c
=
=
,
2
3
2
4r
0 R 4 r
4 0 R3

so at r =

R
,
2
E=

Q
ke Q
R
=
.
3
4 0 R 2
2 R2

029 10.0 points


A uniformly charged conducting plate with
area A has a total charge Q which is positive.
Consider a cross-sectional view of the plane
and the electric field lines due to the charge
on the plane.
+Q
+
E
E
+
+
+
+
+
+ P
+
+
+
+

10

Find the magnitude of the field at point P ,


which is a distance a from the plate. Assume
that a is very small when compared to the
dimensions of the plate, such that edge effects
can be ignored.
~ = 0 Q A
1. kEk
~ =
2. kEk

Q
4 0 A

~ = 0 Q a2
3. kEk
~ = 4 0 a Q
4. kEk
~ = Q
5. kEk
0 A
~ = Q
6. kEk
4 0 a
Q
~ =
7. kEk
4 0 a2
~ = 4 0 a2 Q
8. kEk
~ =
9. kEk

Q
correct
2 0 A

~ = 2 0 Q A
10. kEk
Explanation:
Consider the Gaussian surface
+Q
+
+
+
+
E
E
+
+
+
S
+
+
+
+
Due to the symmetry of the problem, there
is an electric flux only through the right and
left surfaces and these two are equal. If the
cross section of the surface is S, then Gauss
Law states that

1 Q
S
0 A
Q
.
E=
2 0 A

TOTAL = 2 E S =

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)


(a)

11
(b)

030 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


Two point charges, 3 pC and 3 pC, are
separated by 2 m.
What is the dipole moment of this pair of
charges?
Correct answer: 6 1018 C m.
Explanation:
q1 = 3 pC = 3 1012 C ,
q2 = 3 pC = 3 1012 C ,
L = 2 m = 2 106 m .

Let :

~,
The dipole moment is ~p = q L

and

so

p = q L = (3 1012 C)(2 106 m)

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

(c)

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

(d)

For which situation(s) shown above is the


net force on the dipole equal to zero?

= 6 1018 C m .

031 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


Sketch the pair of charges, including the direction of the dipole moment.

1. Some other combination


2. (c) only
3. (c) and (d) correct

1.

~p

+q

5. (a) only

~p

2.
q

+q
~p

3.
q

+q

correct

4.

~p

+q

Explanation:
032

4. (a) and (c)

10.0 points

A dipole (electrically neutral) is placed in


an external field.

6. (b) and (d)


7. None of these
Explanation:
The force on a charge in the electric field is
~ = qE
~ and the torque is defined as
given by F
~
~
T = ~r F .
X
~ =
~i.
~ = k q r and E
E
E
r2

Symmetry of the configuration will cause


some component of the electric field to be
zero.
Gauss law states
I
~ dA
~ = Q.
S = E
0

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)


The electric dipole consists of two equal and
opposite charges separated by a distance. In
either situation (c) or (d), the electric field
is uniform everywhere between the infinite
parallel plates. Thus, the electric force on
one charge is equal but opposite to that on
another so that the net force on the whole
dipole is zero. By contrast, electric fields are
nonuniform for both (a) and (b).
033 10.0 points
What is the net electric flux through a closed
surface?
1. Zero if only negative charges are enclosed
by the surface
2. Infinite only if the net charge enclosed by
the surface is zero

6Q
0
6 Q
2.
0
2Q
3.
0
Q
4.
0
1.

5. 0
Q
0
2 Q
7.
correct
0
Explanation:
The total charge within the Gaussian surface is 2 Q, so the total electric flux is
6.

3. Zero if the net charge enclosed by the


surface is zero correct
4. Infinite only if there are no charges enclosed by the surface
5. Zero if only positive charges are enclosed
by the surface
Explanation:
According to Gausss Law,
I
~ dA
~ = Q =0
E
0

Gaussian surface

+Q

-Q

2 Q
.
0

035 10.0 points


The point charge Q shown is at the center of
a metal box that is isolated, ungrounded, and
uncharged.

Which of the following is true?

034 10.0 points


Pictured below is a distribution of 6 point
charges and their surrounding electric field.

-Q

only when Q = 0.

+Q

12

+Q

-Q

What is the total electric flux through the


closed Gaussian surface shown?

1. The electric field outside the box is zero


everywhere.
2. The electric field inside the box is zero.
3. The electric field outside the box is the
same as if only the point charge (and not the
box) were there.
4. The electric field inside the box is the
same strength everywhere.
5. The net charge on the outside surface of
the box is Q. correct

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)


Explanation:
Consider a Gaussian surface between the
outside and inside surface of the box and apply Gausss law. The electric field on such
surface is zero, because the box is a conductor
and there is no current, so the charge on the
inside surface of the box is Q. Since the box
is neutral, the charge on the outside surface
of the box is Q.

13

1
r2

M.
036 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

1
r2

R radius
0

L.

1
r

Consider a solid conducting sphere of radius R and total charge Q. Which diagram
describes the E(r) vs r (electric field vs radial
distance) function for the sphere?
G.
1
2
r

1
r2

1. P correct
2. S

P.

3. G
4. L

1
2
r

0
S.

5. M

Explanation:
Because the charge distribution is spherically symmetric, select a spherical Gaussian
surface of radius r and surface area 4 r 2 concentric with the sphere. The electric field due
to the conducting sphere is directed radially
outward by symmetry and is therefore normal
~ is parallel
to the surface at every point and E
~
to dA at each point.
There is no charge within the Gaussian surface, so E = 0
for r < R .
For the region outside the conducting

moore (bm34492) Homework 8 williams (152049)


sphere,

=
I

I
I
~
~
E = E dA = E dA = E
dA
 qin
= E 4 r2 =
0
Q
qin
=
for r > R .
E=
4 0 r 2
4 0 r 2

1
3Q
by definition and k =
, so
3
4R
4 0
E=

4
3Q
kQ
k
r = 3 r.
3
3 4R
R

In the region outside the uniformly charged


non-conducting sphere, we have the same conditions as for the conducting sphere when applying Gauss law, so

1
r2

E=

Q
.
4 0 r 2

M.
0

037 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


Which diagram describes the E(r) vs r
(electric field vs radial distance) function if
the sphere is instead a uniformly charged,
non-conducting sphere?
1. G
2. S
3. P
4. M correct
Explanation:
Select a spherical Gaussian surface of radius
r and volume V , where r < R, concentric
with the uniformly charged non-conducting
sphere. The charge qin within the Gaussian
surface of the volume V is less than Q; from
Q
the volume charge density ,
V


4

3
qin = V =
.
r
3
Applying Gauss law, for r < R,
 qen
dA = E 4 r 2 =
0
4
r3

qen
3
=
=
r.
E=
2
2
4 0 r
4 0 r
3 0

E dA = E

1
r2

P.

14