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c

$ [ngrha kfs
#fFU $ fh fhknfho rfuhrha th ghjnah ek :

$rjUa tzuk ghuhaz


$ Mrfu gft ghjhrha guguhfj _yhdha [tP
lhgfS, mZlhd ufhJ bfhoUgtfSkhd $fh
fhknfho #fFU $k runrfnuu [ut thf
mDuAij KL, #fFU $ #nau [ut thf
mDuAij KL, #fFU $ rfu #nau [ut
thf

mDuAij

KL,

15-4-2015

Kj

30-4-2015 tiu 16 ehf jgu nfh $ eluh# rd


16 [yBz fdghofis bfhL eilbgwUF $ rjUa
tzuk ghuhaz jhf mtJ bfhL nkY Jl
mDUF tzuk gjia mD[J nkgo ghuhazij
wghf el bfhLJ, $ tfh [&j [nkj [ngr
mDuAF

ghuf

MfntLbkW

jfis

uhnwh.
ekfhu.
goF,
Mf kAh #df

c
$ kAh bgath Jiz
$ kAh fzgjna ek :

$ rjUa tzuk ghuhaz


ntjf ekJ [dhjdjkF Mnt. ntjf mdh
fhykhf fz gugiuahf W tiu mnkhfkhf ufhJ
bfhoUwJ.
ntjfis ugjfhf uhd kAf mndfjkhd U
ghlfis cgnjr brUwhf.
_yghl uU vdgL. Uf gj, uk, #il, fd,
tzuk

vW

IJjkhf

UZz

a#&

ntj

uahUwd.
[hjhuzkhf uhd fhy vF _y, uk vw uL
ghuhazf kLnk UJ tjd.
maad fhy gj, uk, #il, fd itf UJ tjd.
[g

fhy

fh

kAh

bgath

fUzhuthAdhny #il, fd, tzuk itfSila


ghuhazK mofo MffSila uijdh elJ tUwd.
fhyuk tzuk maadkhdJ kiwJL
vgjfhd xU iyik tjJ. mgo tzuk kiwaTlhJ
nyhf rhtjkhf Uf ntL vw nehfJl $ kAh
bgath yBz, tzuk maad brFgo mndf
thfis

nuuiz

brjhf.

mjDila

gy

Wfzfhd thf tzuk ghuhaz zfshf


sFwhf.

-2-

c
$ fh kl ntjyBz giBf bfhLjtfSF
$ kAh bgath tzffz (njhlh) [khd brjhf. j
[ka $ kAhbgath kuz vnyhUila Ujaij
gwJ.
tzuk ghuhz gyid tF xU nyhf fhj
uhz csJ idF tUwJ.

[jh ghl khnuz


agy nuhanj ij : ll
gnj J Fz ah
unkJ r rJ Fz ll
tzunk rjFz
#lhahJ [Auf ll
j nyhf brhygoUF gyUJ tzuk
ghuhaz vts cajJ vW eh Rygkhf mnwh.
tzuk xbthU mBuF, ah[iB crhuz
gyid brhY ufuz j brhygoUwJ.
t jhd r fuz
uad : fhyjh tu : ll
njtjh #h : Vij r
tzh nPah rBiz : ll
(ah[Bh m:28tJ nyh 29)
j nyhf brhygl vL (8) mrf ghuhaz
eF bjatU. j vL (8) mrfSF tz (mBu) _ykhdJ.
_ykhd j mBuf (vGJf) vgo njhd vgij,
Ujht[hnd eluh# uhn#h
eehj lfh etgrthu ll

-3-

c
cjJ fhk : [dfh jh
Vj knr t[]u #hy ll
(enftuUj fhfh U)
j nyhfUJ $gunktu eluh# %g [dfhfSF
nuai[ mgjfhf jDila lkUit (cLifia) gdhF
(14) jlit mirJ gdhF (14) []ufis btlh.
mitfns khnAtu []uf vW brhygLw
1.

mc

2.

US

3.

VX

4.

Ixs

5.

Aatu

6.

7.

kPze

8.

#g

9.

fljZ

10. #gflj
11. fgrljrlj
12. fg
13. r [
14. A
[Uj ghiB cs vyh mBufS nkny brhygl
j gdhF (14) []uf mlsd.
Mfnt $ eluh#hDila mDuAdh bttj j
tzfSF (mBufSF) vL mrfSl nrJ mtUila
Fghnf [ka mtUF mgzkhf Uu ud KGtjF

-4-

c
(1234 gjf myJ 6387 mBufSF) tzukJl mndf
yBz thfis bfhL ghuhaz brJ mtUF mgz
brtJ vgJ,
ug{thyh t[fu uh#d : l
[&jh[]nj rnuhgy #yyitua ureh ll
tia ungh: [y b[safuz ll
tah thjt #d thrh Ja ll
($ b[sjayA 100)
vW Mrfu gft ghjh $ b[sja yA brhd kh
knAhja Kjyhd a fhyf [Kudhd brJL [Ku
uh#id U brJ itf [Ku #yij bfhnl [Ku ma
bfhLgJnghy

mt

mDuj

tzfis

bfhnl

$ [nttudhd $ tfhk[&j [nkj $ eluh#hF j tzuk


ghuhazkhdJ bghUjkhd Muhjd vW idJ $ fh kAh
bgath a mDuAdh tzuk ghuhazij ajhrhu
brJ $ eluh#hF mgz bra vfSF xU ma [jg
ilUgJ t agy vg [njAiy.
j

rjUa

tzuk

ghuhazkhdJ,

[ntudhd

$ tfhk[&j [nkj $ eluh#hDila [fg vgnj


vfSila Ahjkhd Phgd.
Rgah
goF,
Mf kAh #df

-5-

c
$ kAh fzgjna ek :
$ fh kAh bgat Jiz

$rjUa tzuk ghuhaz Ff bgaf


1.
K Dr. P.S. mdjehuhaz n[hk
ah, uk$ ghZaud, kAh,
th#ngaah, gA&ah, [dhjd jk uBf
ud, ntj, busj, khj ntj rhu
[&jh, President Awardee, ah nAh,
[yBz fdgho, aha kh[h, ntjhj
nuhk, busj jk rhu utjh, ntj ghfu, knAhghaha,
Mu uh{a [khj, Ex. Principal, Sri Venkateswara Veda, Sastra, Agama
Vidya Kendra, T.T. Devasthanam, Tirumala (AP). Address : South North Agraharam,
Musiri P.O.

2. rhj}
uk$
UZz_
fdghof.
[yBzfdhj, ntjghZaud, Mdhatk
fdghuhaz
[huh,
Door
No. 11 tlF , Uthidfht, U khtl.

3.

kJyg uk$ Naehuhaz fdghof,


T.T.D.V.
Padr.
Rtd.
[yBz
fdhj,
Mdhatk,s fdhrhah, ntjhj nfhj,
a#&ntjud. No. 2-23/2, Telcom Colony, Srinivasapuram,
Tiruchanur Road, Tirupathi Post.

4. ikyh uk$ Dr. V.G. Subramania Ghanapatigal,


Nuhahp, [yBzfdhj, ntjghZaudh,
ntjud Mdha thrg, ntjghZa ud, ntj
nfhj, ntjahyfhu, ntjk, U knAhj,
ntj{nah, ntjntjhj nfhj, fdhrha, Mylapore,
Chennai.
-6-

c
5. brid, uk$ K. [athtu fdghof.
[yBzfdhj, ntjghZak, kh[h nuhk,
25/36, bjF t nfh bjU, nfhlghf, brid
- 24.

6.
nrfhu uk$ Kfy R. Rjuuhk
j. [yBzfdhj, busj ghfu,
busjah ghufj, busj ah thrg,
busj udhfu, busj ah[huh, buhs ud,
ntjahyfhu, ntj_, jk kkP,
ntjaPfyh, ntj ntjhf ghuhthu ghz,
RgFry fdrut, Ujhjth#ng fgua
uAa , 47, fahzuhk bjU, Fgnfhz.
7. nrhHtjh, uk$ K. nfhghy fdghof, T.T.D.
ntjghuhazjh
(Rtd.)
[yBzfdhj
uk[]ughZa, thJ rhu, n#h,
[fynjtjh uZlh rhuj :
1. $fh fhknfho rfukl, fhu,
2. $ntfnltu ntjrhu Mf t [j,
Ukiy, Ug
3. fdhlfh busl ahah[ gBh kAh[gh, bgfq
4. $uf $k Mlt [, $ntj t [gh, $uf
Ma [jhdf fdyBz tzuk giBf bfhLJ
nj bgwt. ntj rhnuhnj#f [gh, nd (Pune) [khj :
ikyh, brid - 600 004.

8.
ey uk$ uh#nfhghy fdghof.
[yBzfdhj ntjah myfhu, ahd, ntj
ah rhuj, Mthngil, brid - 600 018.
-7-

c
9. nfhaK,
uk$
#ehj
fdghof.
[yBzfdhj. ghlrhiy thahlfhahp, lf
Za[gd, nfhaK.

10.
brjyg uk$
Ruka fdghof.
[yBzfdhj. ghlrhiy thah, khlghf, brid.

nfhaK A. fha Ruka fdghof


[yBzfdhj, ntjghlrhiy mahgf, nunfh,
rhujhya, nfha.
11.

12.
Uth, uk$ btflUZz fdghof.
[yBzfdhj, ntjghZaud, ntj ghlrhiy thah,
Uth, brid. Ph : 09442 018092

13. Unfhofht, uk$ UZz fdghof,


[yBzfdhj, busj. 336, S. Kaveri Nagar, Pattani Street,
Tiruvisainallur, Tanjore District. 6 Ph : 08012162263.

14.
nfhit, uk$ nfhghyUZzg (fdghof)
[yBzfdhj, ghlrhiy mahgf, nfhit.

-8-

c
15. thuhz, uk$ ehuhaz fdghof.
[yBzfdhj
Mgjgbusj,
khj,
jkrhu, fhaehlfh kh[h, ntjghZa, 5/305,
ADkhfh, thuhz - 221001. (kijbt, brid).
16. ey, uk$ R. UZz fdghof
(ey) [yBzfdhj, Mthngil, brid.

17.
Ug, uk$ K. Sivaramasubramanya Sarma
[yBzfdhj, MA ntjghZa. 8-3-272, New Street,
Tirupati.

18. Fgnfhz, R. nfhghyUZz fdghof [yBzfdhj


lfhah, Fgnfhz.

19.
jgu,
uk$
fdf[ghg
j.
[yBzfdhj, ghlrhiy mahgf, jgu.

20.
jgu,
uk$
nrhknrfu
j
[yBzfdhj (ghlrhiy mahgf, jgu).

21.
jgu, uk$ S. tz rngrj
[yBzfdhj (ghlrhiy mahgf, jgu).

22.

goF,
Mf kAh #df
-9-

c
$ kAh fzgjna ek :
$ fh kAh bgath Jiz
$ tfhkRj [nkj $[ngrha Mdj eluh#ha ek :

$rjUa tzuk ghuhaz mtF fd yBz


ahf bgaf (tf uk$ #ehj fdghof
Zaf).
1. jgu, uk$

[jhdj fnzr j

2. jgu uk$

M. ehfuh# j

3. jgu uk$

K. tuh rkh

4. jgu uk$

V. ndZ rkh

5. jgu uk$

ahjntr g

6. jgu uk$

rfuehuhaz rkh

7. jgu uk$

S. thej rkh

8. jgu uk$

C.V.R. btfnlr rkh

9. jgu uk$

C.V.R. AZ rkh

10. jgu uk$

S. $uh rkh

goF,
Mf kAh #df

- 10 -

lr H$m{#mH$m_H$mo{R> OJ`moZ_

lr_hmJUnV`o Z_
SUB : METHOD OF VARNAKRAMA CHANTING
Description of Varnakramas are classified under five heads.

(ewdUH$_)
2.Swaravarnakrama (dadUH$_)
3.Matravarnakrama (_mmdUH$_)
4.Angavarnakrama (AdUH$_) and
5. Varna Saaabhutha varna Krama. (dUgma^yVdUH$_)
1. ewdUH$_
1. Suddha Varna krama

In sudhdha varnakrama the mere letters in a word are uttered in the order.
2.

dadUH$_
In swara varnakrama the letters in a word are mentioned in the order with the

additon of prayathna and Swara to the Vowels.


3.

_mmdUH$_
In Maatra varna krama the time taken for the utterence of every letter in a world

is revealed.
4.

AdUH$_
In anga varnakrama whether a consonant(`OZ) is the former or the latter part

of a vowel is disclosed.
5.

dUgma^yVdUH$_
In varna saara bhuta varnakrama the eight angas.

H$mb, gda, XodVm and Om{V Every letter in a word.


11

d{Z, WmZ, H$aU, `Z,

dUH$_n{V
`~H$ `Om_ho gwJpY nw{>dYZ_& CdmH${_d ~YZmV _`mo_wjr`_mVVmV&& B`
`~H$ B`` nX` n#m{dYdUH$_nmR> C`Vo
1.

`~H$_
(ewdUH$_) VH$ma ao\$ `H$ma AH$ma, _H$ma ~H$ma AH$ma, H$H$ma AH$ma,
ZmXgkH$_H$mam&&

2.

`~H$_
(dadUH$_) VH$ma ao\$ `H$ma T>Va `Z jd[aV AH$ma, _H$ma ~H$ma M`
AH$ma, H$H$ma M` AmH$a ZmX gkH$ _H$mam&&

3.

`~H$_
(_mmdUH$_) AY_m{H$VH$ma, AUw_m{H$ ao\$, AY_m{H$ `H$ma, EH$_m{H$ XT>Va
`Z jd[aV AH$ma AY_m{H${dam_&
AUw_m{H$ _H$ma AY_m{H$ ~H$ma EH$_m{H$ M` AH$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_,
AY_m{H$ H$H$ma EH$_m{H$ M`AH$ma AUw_m{H${dam_, {_m{H$ ZmXgkH$ _H$ma
{_m{H$ {dam_m&&

4.

`~H$_
(AdU H$_) AUw_m{H$ nam^yVVH$ma, AUw_m{H$nam^yV ao\$, AY_m{H$
nma^yV `H$ma, EH$_m{H$ T>Va`Z j d[aV AH$ma, AY_m{H$ {dam_&
AUw_m{H$ nydm^yV_H$ma, AY_m{H$ na^yV~H$ma, EH$_m{H$ M` AH$ma,
AUw_m{H$ {dam_&
AY_m{H$ nam^yV H$H$ma EH$_m{H$ M` AH$a AUw_m{H$ {dam_, {_m{H$ nydm
^yV ZmX gkH$ _H$ma {_m{H$ {dam_m&&

12

c
5.

`~H$_

(V) (dUgma^yVdUH$_) {ddV H$R>mopWV {ddmamYmofmn mUm` ~mn`Z {d{e>


mgd{ZO{ZV CmaXV_yb Ymo^mJWmZ {OmJH$aU n> `ZmY_m{H$ nam^yV
dm`wXodVmH$ ~mUOm{VH$ VH$ma,
(a)

gdVH$R>mopWVgdmaKmofn nmUm` ~m`Zg{hV ZmX d{ZO{ZV CmaXV_yb


`m^mJWmZ {OmJ_` H$aUofn> `ZmUw_m{H$ nam^yV A{XodVmH$ d`Om{VH$
ao\$&

(`) gdVH$R>mopWVgdmaKmofn nmUm` ~m`Zg{hV ZmX d{Z O{ZV VmbwWmZ {Om_`


nm^mJH$aUofgn> `ZmY_m{H$ nam^yV dm`w XodVmH$ dOm{VH$ `H$ma &
(A) gdVH$R>mopWV gdmam` ~m`Z g{hV ZmXd{Z O{ZV A`wngV H$nhZwWmZ VWm
^yVm> H$aU gdV `ZH$ _m{H$,
M XodVmH$ d` Om{V aOmoJwU g{hVmZm{_H$mx``aoIm `mg`mo` CQ> ZrMQ> Y_`
g_m{V O{ZV VXml` {dOmVr` JO~{hV Vw` {ZfmX dahoVw ^yVH$U_ybWmZmon T>Va n`Z
jd[aV daJwUH$ dm`wXodVmH$ ~mU Om`H$ma AY_m{H$ {dam_&
(_) g d V H$R> m o p Wg d maKmo f mnmUm` ~m`Zg{hV ZmX d{Z O{ZV
{ddVZm{gH$momamo>WmZmYamo> H$aU n> `ZmUw_m{H$ nydm^yV gy` XodVmH$ d`
Om{VH$_H$ma,
(d) gdV H$R>mopWV gdmaKmofmnmUm` ~m`Zg{hV ZmX d{Z O{ZV Cmamo>WmZmYamo>
H$aU n> `ZmY_m{H$ nam ^yV ^y{_XodVmH$j{` Om{VH$ ~H$ma,
gdV H$R>mopW gdmam` ~m`Zg{hV ZmX d{Z O{ZV A`wngV H$n hZwWmZ VWm
^yVmRH$aU gdV `ZZ _m{H$ &
(M``) gy` XodVmH$ ey Om{V V_moJwU g{hV _`_mx{b _` aoIm`mg`mo`
CH$nV{bjUH$m#m $UZVw` _`_dahoVw ^yV gdm`WmZmon M`daJwUH$ dm`w XodVmH$
~mU Om`H$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_&
13

(H$) {ddV H$R>mopW{damKmofmn mUm` ~m `Z {d{e> mg d{ZO{ZV hZy_ybWmZ


{Om_ybH$aU n> `ZmY_m{H$ nam^yV dm`wXodVmH$ ~mU Om{VH$ H$H$ma,
(A) gdV H$R>mopWV gdmam`~m`Zg{hV ZmX d{Z O{ZV A`wngV H$n hZwWmZ
VWm ^yVm H$aU gdV `ZH$ _m{H$,
gy ` X o d VmH$ ey Om{V V_mo J w U g{hV _`_mx { b _` ao I m`mg`mo `
CH$nV{bjUH$m#m $UZVw` _`_dahoVw ^yV gdm`WmZmon M`daJwUH$ dm`w
XodVmH$ ~mU Om`H$ma AUw_m{H${dam_&
gdV H$R>mopWgdmaKmofmnmUm` ~m`Zg{hV ZmX d{Z O{ZV Zm{gH$momamo>
WmZmYao>H$aU n> `Z {_m{H$ nydm-^yV gy`XodVmH$ d Om{V ZmXgkH$_H$ma, {_m{H$
{dam_m&& `~H$_ Amo_&&
&& ew^_ ^y`mV &&
From
HUMBLE AASTHIKAS

14

lr H$m{#mH$m_H$mo{R> OJ`moZ_

lr_hmJUnV`o Z_
SUB : METHOD OF VARNAKRAMA CHANTING
Description of Varnakramas are classified under five heads.
1. Suddha Varna krama

(ewdUH$_)

2.Swaravarnakrama

(dadUH$_)

3.Matravarnakrama

(_mmdUH$_)

4.Angavarnakrama

(AdUH$_) and

5. Varna Sarabhutha varna Krama. (dUgma^yVdUH$_)


1.

ewdUH$_
In sudhdha varnakrama the mere letters in a word are uttered in the order.

2.

dadUH$_
In swara varnakrama the letters in a word are mentioned in the order with the

additon of prayathna and Swara to the Vowels.


3.

_mmdUH$_
In Maatra varna krama the time taken for the utterence of every letter in a world

is revealed.
4.

AdUH$_
In anga varnakrama whether a consonant(`OZ) is the former or the latter part

of a vowel is disclosed.
5.

dUgma^yVdUH$_
In varna saara bhuta varnakrama the eight angas.

H$mb, gda, XodVm and Om{V Every letter in a word.


15

d{Z, WmZ, H$aU, `Z,

dUH$_n{V
Am| Z_ g^m` g^mn{V` dmo Z_&&
1.

g^mn{V`

(ewdUH$_) gH$ma AH$ma, ^H$ma AmH$ma, nH$ma AH$ma, VH$ma BH$ma, AmJ_ ~H$ma
^H$a `H$ma AH$ma, {dgOZr`m&&
2.

g^mn{V`

(dadUH$_) gH$mamZwXmm AH$ma, ^H$mamoXmm AmH$mam, nH$mamnVa`Z Vamo`OZ


d[aV AH$ma VH$ma M`BH$ma, AmJ_~H$ma ^H$ma `H$ma AH$ma, {dgOZr`m
3.

g^mn{V`

(_mmdUH$_) AY_m{H$ gH$ma EH$_m{H$mZwXmm AH$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_,


AY_m{H$ ^H$ma {_m{H$moXmm AmH$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_, AY_m{H$nH$ma EH$_m{H$mnVa
`Z Vamo`OZ d[aV AH$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_, AY_m{H$ VH$ma EH$_m{H$ M` BH$ma
AY_m{H$ {dam_, AUw_m{H$ AmJ__ ~H$ma, AUw_m{H$ ^H$ma AY_m{H$ `H$ma EH$_m{H$
M` AH$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_& AY_m{ {dgOZr` {_m{H$ {dam_m&&
4.

g^mn{V` -

(A dU) AY_m{H$ nam^yV gH$ma EH$_m{H$mZwXmm AH$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_,


AY_m{H$ nam^yV^H$ma {_m{H$moXmm AmH$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_, AY_m{H$ namx^yV nH$ma,
EH$_m{H$ AnVa `Z Vamo`OZ d[aV AH$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_, AY_m{H$ nam^yV
VH$ma EH$_m{H$ M`BH$ma AY_m{H$ {dam_,AUw_m{H$ nydm^yV AmJ_~H$ma, AUw_m{H$
nam^yV ^H$ma, AY_m{H$ nam^yV `H$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_, AY_m{H$ nydm^yV {dgOZr`
{_m{H$ {dam_m&&
5.

g^mn{V`

(g) (dUgma^yV dUH$ _) {ddVH$R>mpo WV {ddmamYmof _hmmUm` ~mVZ {d{e>mg


d{ZO{ZV CmaXV_yb AYmo^mJWmZ {ddV _{OmJH$aU{ddV `ZmW_m{H$ nam^yV
^y{_XodVmH$ eyOm{VH$ gH$ma&
16

(A) gdV H$R>mopWV gdmam` ~m `Z g{hV ZmXd{Z O{ZV A`wngV H$nhZwVmZ


VWm^yVm>H$aU gdV `ZH$_m{H$ A{XodVmH$j{Om{V V_moJwUg{hV H${Z>mx`maoIm`mg
`mo`, eara mg{YV Ji{db{d{ZgV _Xw d{ZH$ df^V Vw` F$f^dahoVw ^yV X` WmZmon
dmZwXmm daJwUH$ dm`wXodVmH$ ~mU Om`H$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_&
(^) _`H$R> m o p WV g d ma Kmo f _hmmUm` ~ m `Z g{hV hH$ma d{ZO{ZV
Cmmao>WmZmYamo>H$aU n> `ZmY_m{H$ nam^yV M XodVmH$ j{` Or{VH$ ^H$ma&
(Am+CXmm`) gdVH$R>mopWV gdmam` ~m`Zg{hV ZmXd{ZO{ZV A{V`$
H$nhZwWmZ VWm^yVm> H$aU {ddV`Z{_m{H$ ^y{_XodVmH$ ~mU Om{V gdJwU
g{hVVO`x{i _`aoIm`mg`mo` earam`m_mcUr H$V Ji{~b{d{ZgV nfd{ZH$mOmV
Vw` JmYma dahoVw^yV _yYWmZmonmoXmV da JwUH$ dm`wXodVmH$ ~mU Om`H$maUw_m{H$
{dam_&
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(A+Vamo`OZd[aV`) gdV H$R>mopWV gdmam` ~m`Z g{hV ZmX d{Z O{ZV
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~mUOm{VH$ VH$ma,
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17

V_moJwU g{hV _`_mx{b _`aoIm`mg `mo` CH$n V{bjU H$m#m$UZVw` _`_


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(^) _`H$R> m o p WV g d ma Kmo f _hmmUm` ~m `Z g{hV hH$ma d{Z O{ZV
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(A) gdV H$R>mopWV gdmam` ~m`Z g{hV ZmXd{ZO{ZV A`wngV H$n hZwWmZ
VWm ^yVm> H$aU gdV `ZH$_m{H$ gy`XodVmH$ eyOm{V V_moJwUg{hV _`_mx{b
_m`aoIm`mg `mo` CH$n V{bjU H$m#m$UZVw` _`_dahoVw^yV gdm`WmZmon
M` da JwUH$ dm`w XodVmH$ ~mU Om`H$ma AUw_m{H$ {dam_&
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&&ew^^y`mV&&
From
HUMBLE AASTHIKAS

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