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ASYNCHRONOUS MOTOR SQUIRREL CAGE: CONNECTIONS STARTING

STAR Y DELTA

ANDRES CRUZ 45101371


DIEGO A PEREZ L 45111700
FRANKLIN RODRIGUEZ 45101370
DANIEL S RODRIGUEZ H 45121009

Submitted to:
Ing. JOSE LUIS RUBIANO

LASALLE UNIVERSITY
FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AUTOMATION
ELECTRO-MECHANICAL MACHINES
BOGOTA D.C.
2015

ASYNCHRONOUS MOTOR SQUIRREL CAGE: CONNECTIONS STARTING


STAR Y DELTA
I.

INTRODUCTION
An electrical motor has two states, boot and stable state, the boot is
transitory, for the motor boot its necessary that the starting torque of the
motor is greater than the resistive load torque, so its produced one
deceleration spinning the engine at an increasing speed, having stable
state when resistant and motor torque are equal. The boot process is
accompanied by very high power consumption, which is the highest
during engine operation. Usually, design rules and manufacturing of
electric motors, set a three phase induction motor, which is fed to the
nominal voltage and frequency must withstand for 15 seconds, without
accelerating sharply, a starting torque equal to 1.6 times the nominal
value. A kind of boot is the delta-star boot.

II.

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
Star connection:
The star connection is denoted by the letter Y is achieved by joining the
negative terminals of the three coils in a common point, neutral normally
is grounded. The positive terminals are connected to the phases.

Delta connection:
This connection is made by attaching the end of a reel with the beginning
of the next, to close the connection forming a triangle. It is a connection
without neutral. The phases leave the vertices of the triangle.

In this type of connection, the phase voltages and line are equal,
because the line leads out of the vertices of the triangle and the voltage
between them is produced by the corresponding coil.
This boot is based on connecting the motor in star over a network where
it needs to connect using delta. Thus during start the stator windings are
at a voltage

3 less than the nominal

Taken from: http://www.cifp-mantenimiento.es/e-learning/index.php?


id=15&id_sec=6

In the previous graphic we can see the behavior of the current and the
torque for the direct boot in triangle and the star-delta boot.
III.

MATERIALS
Power Module DL1013M3
Squirrel cage motor DL1021
Operating manual feed module DL1013M3
Manual operation of the engine cage DL1021
Multimeter
Ammeter

IV.

METHODOLOGY
The methodology Followed in practice was first triangle connecting the
engine DE LORENZO DL 1021 (Figure 1), then was provided with a
voltage from 0 volts to 220 volts varying between intervals of 20%
(Figure 2). Starting current of the engine in each interval was measured
with the current clamps (Figure 3) and also the voltage between the
terminals, all in original data were recorded in the respective tables was
measured. The same procedure for connection and recording star was
performed on the results obtained the respective tables. In a second part
of the practice was supplied voltage to 340 volts for the starting current
and voltage variables behave. Should be clear that some data starting
currents are not reliable to obtain because the starting current was too
large or the phenomenon happening in a short time the ammeter clamps
which failed to grasp. With the data obtained we proceeded to analyze
and finally to close up commercial practice.

Figure 1. Motor DE LORENZO DL 1021

Figure 2. DE LORENZO PANEL DL 1013 M3

Figure 3. The current clamps


V.

TABLES AND ANALYSIS OF RESULTS


We proceed to perform measurements of voltage and current, between
each of the lines and motor phases.
a. Connection in triangle.

Figure 1. Connection in triangle.


The position potentiometer range in values: 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100.
Then the measurement is made between: U1 and U2, V1 and V2,
and W1 and W2.
The nominal current when have connection in triangle is in motor
phases is for V, W and U, the same is 1.01A.
Table 1. Measurements in U1-U2
V(v)
1,2
52,07
111,3
165,3
217,6
0

0
20
40
60
80
100

I(A)
0,08
3,95
8,88
11,9
1,9
0

Measurements in U1-U2
250

217.6

200

165.3

150
111.3

Voltage 100
52.07

50
1.2

0
0

6
Current

10

12

14

Table 2. Measurements in V1-V2


V(v)
1.206
51.97
112.5
164.5
216.9
0

0
20
40
60
80
100

I(A)
0.08
4.07
7.37
13.78
3.25
0

Measurements in V1-V2
250

216.9

200

164.5

150
112.5

Voltage 100
51.97

50
1.21

0
0

10

12

Current

Table 3. Measurements in W1-W2


V(v)
0
1.2
20
51.41
40
111.3
60
163
80
214.3
100
0

I(A)
0.08
3.95
9.11
10.92
14.84
0

14

16

Measurements in W1-W2
250
200

f(x) = 14.52x - 4.74


R = 0.99

150
Voltage 100
50
0
0

10

12

14

16

Current

b. Connection in star.

Figure 2.Connection in star.


The nominal current when have connection in star is in motor phases is for
V is 1.26A, for W is 1.03A and U is 1.91A.
Table 4. Measurements in U
0
20
40
60
80
100

V(v)
1.317
49.11
112.3
163.6
216.8
268.6

I(A)
0.04
2.16
4.59
8.73
8.06
0

Measurements in U
300
200
Voltage

100
0
0

f(x) = 22.18x + 4.01


R = 0.92
1

10

Current

Table 5. Measurements in V
V(v)
1.6
50.17
110.8
164.5
219.3
289.9

0
20
40
60
80
100

I(A)
0.05
2.16
4.63
7.18
6.22
5.86

Measurements in V
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
0

Table 6. Measurements in W
0

V(v)
1.193

I(A)
0.03

20
40
60
80
100

48.71
114.8
165.2
219.2
271.8

1.98
2.38
4.34
5.64
1.05

Measurements in W
300
200
Voltage

100
0
0

f(x) = 22.97x + 77.77


R = 0.22

Current

VI.

CONCLUSIONS
It is important to keep in mind in this practice, that low speed in the
motor could overheat the inductors causing a short-circuit, having
temperatures over Curie's.
The machines that transform electrical energy in mechanical are known
as motors.
Alternating current motors are the most common in the industries and
factories.

VII.

REFERENCES

http://www.motortico.com/biblioteca/MotorTico/2013%20NOV%20%20Corriente%20de%20Arranque%20en%20Motores%20Electricos.pdf
http://educativa.catedu.es/44700165/aula/archivos/repositorio/3000/3020
/html/132_conexin_en_estrella.html
http://educativa.catedu.es/44700165/aula/archivos/repositorio/3000/3020
/html/133_conexin_en_tringulo.html