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Long sentence: The number of Japanese tourists who travelled abroad

increased dramatically from just under 5 million to around 15 million


between 1985 and 1995, a rise of 10 million in 10 years.
Alternative: there was a dramatic increase in the number of Japanese tourists
who travelled abroad from just under 5 million to around 15 million between
1985 and 1995, a rise of 10 million in 10 years.
Problem:

In contrast, the houses of Newtown improved slightly from 50 houses


in 1900 to 60 houses in 1910. Then, in 1920, there was a dramatic
decrease by 40 houses, but The number of hoses of newtown recoverd
gradually. The houses grew sharply from 20 houses in 1920 to 80
houses in 1950, but a dramatic fail occurred in 1960. the number of
the houses fell to a dip at around zero, but In 1970, there were 210
houses that were built. However, there was a rapid decrease again, the
number of houses stood at only 10 houses. Finally, in the last of
century the number of house of Newtown reached a peak at about 270
houses.
Overall, the number of houses of both Frakletown and Newtown had
many changes, but the increase of frakletown was more gradual and

the number of houses of frankletown were more than the number of


houses of Newtown.

It is clearly seen from the graph that Frakletown has a steady rise from 40 new houses in
the first 10 years of the century to just under 120 during the 30 years. Over the next 40
years, new house construction in Farkletown remained constant at just under 120. In the
last two decades, the number of houses that went up dramatically to 280 houses in 1980
and 350 houses in 1990.

In contrast, more houses were erected in Newtown than in Farkletown over the
first two decades of the century. In 1920, however, the number of houses declined to
only 20 houses. House numbers that rose steadily over the next three decades and
dropped practically to zero in 1960. There was then a dramatic increase in 1970 with over
200 houses. However, there was a rapid decrease again, the number of
houses stood at only 10 houses. Finally, in the last of century the
number of house of Newtown reached a peak at about 270 houses.

Overall, the number of houses of both Frakletown and Newtown had


many changes, but the increase of frakletown was more gradual and
the number of houses of frankletown were more than the number of
houses of Newtown.

Example 7
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The bar chart shows the scores of teams A, B and C over four
different seasons.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the
main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS Bar Graph - Model Answer


The bar chart shows the scores of three teams, A, B and C, in four consecutive seasons.
It is evident from the chart that team B scored far higher than the other two teams
over the seasons, though their score decreased as a whole over the period.
In 2002, the score of team B far exceeded that of the other two teams, standing at a
massive 82 points compared to only 10 for team C and a very low 5 for team A. Over
the next two years, the points for team B decreased quite considerably, dropping by
around half to 43 by 2004. In contrast, team As points had increased by a massive
600% to reach 35 points, nearly equal to team B. Team C, meanwhile, had managed
only a small increase over this time. In the final year, team B remained ahead of the
others as their points increased again to 55, while team A and C saw their points drop
to 8 and 5 respectively.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts give information about two genres of TV programmes watched by men and women and
four different age groups in Australia.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons
where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

IELTS Tip

With graphs, make sure you understand what each axis is measuring.
With bar and pie charts, there is often a key which tells you what each different bar or area
represents.
With tables, read the data across the rows and down the columns to identify the key features.

Fill in the gaps in the model answer.


The charts give information about the genres of TV programmes that Australian men and women and
different age groups watch. It is clear from the charts that women tend to watch more television than man
overall, although they watch slightly fewer game shows. The people who watch the mosttelevision are in
the 45+ age group.
Nearly 70% of women watch reality shows, which is almost twice as many as the percentage of men who
choose this genre of programme. Nevertheless, most age groups watch more reality shows than game
shows revealing that game shows are generally less popular than reality shows.
The percentage of people watching reality shows increases steadily from ages 16 to 45 with thelowest /
smallest percentage of viewers, at just over 50% of the age group 16-24 and the highest / biggest /
largest / greatest percentage, at 68% of the over-45s.
However, the pattern is different for game shows. The number of programmes watched by 25- to 44-yearolds is significantly / considerably lower than the number watched by 16- to 24-year-olds and those
over 45. Just over 50% of 16- to 24-year-olds watch game shows, but this share is not ashigh as the
share of people aged 45 and over watching game shows, at nearly 70%. Only 41% of 35- to 44-year-olds
watch game shows, and the share of 24- to 34-year-olds is slightly / even lower at 38%.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar chart below shows shares of expenditures for five major categories in the United States,
Canada, the United Kingdom, and Japan in the year 2009.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.
Write at least 150 words.

Read the following sample answer. Complete the answer by filling the gaps with the words in
the box.

by contrast

indicates

lowest

compares

overall

whereas

except

higher

highest

however

largest

among

The bar chart compares how consumers in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Japan
allocated different shares of total spending to categories such as food, housing, and transportation in
2009.

We can see that the United States had the highest housing expenditure share, 26% of total expenditures
in 2009. The United Kingdom and Japan followed, with 24% and 22%, respectively. Canada had
the lowest housing share at 21%. Housing was the largest expenditure component in all
countries except Japan.
By contrast, Canada had the largest transportation share of all four countries at 20%. The United States
and the United Kingdom had the next-highest transportation shares, 17% and 15%, respectively. Japan
had the lowest, at 10%.
However, in Japan, consumers spent 23% of their total expenditures on food in 2009. The United
Kingdom had the second-highest share at 20%. Canada, with 15%, and the United States, with 14% had
the lowest food expenditure shares among the countries studied.
Overall, the data indicates that housing and health care shares of total expenditures were higherin the
United States than in Canada, the United Kingdom, and Japan in 2009, whereas Americans had the
lowest clothing share. Canada had the highest clothing and transportation shares, and Japan had the
highest food share, among the countries compared.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar chart below gives information about the percentage of the population living in urban
areas in the world and in different continents.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons
where relevant.

The bar graph beneath gives data about the rate of the populace living in urban regions
on the planet and in distinctive landmasses.
Read the following sample answer. Complete the answer by filling the gaps with the words in
the box.

by contrast

in spite of

compares

smaller

shows

marked

double

highest

The bar chart shows the urbanization percentage of the world in 1950 and compares this with the
percentage in 2007 and the projected percentage for 2030.
Between 1950 and 2030, the proportion of the world's population residing in cities is expected todouble,
growing from 29% to 60%. However, this rate is less marked in some continents than others.
For example, 64% of the population of North America was urban in 1950, increasing to 79% by 2007. By
contrast, just 15% of the African population was urban in 1950, but this rose to 37% by 2007. This
represents one of the highest urbanization rates in the world, even though the percentage of Africans in
urban areas is still smaller than the world average.
It is also clear from the graph that, urbanization in Latin America is projected to be higher than Europe in
2030, in spite of being lower in 1950.
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(151 words)
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The bar chart below gives information about the number of students studying Computer Science
at a UK university between 2010 and 2012.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons
where relevant.

Model answer
The bar chart illustrates the number of male and female students studying Computer Science at a UK
university over three years. It also indicates whether they were home or international students. Compared
to the number of home students, the number of international students was significantly smaller.
Nevertheless, there was clear statistical growth in the latter group from 2010-2012. Furthermore, the
number of female home students eventually overtook the number of males from the same group, reaching
a high of 45 in 2012.
The year 2011 saw the most dramatic developments; the number of male home students fell from just
below 40 to 24 and the number of females rose from 32 to 44. There was also significant growth in the
number of male students from overseas, climbing from 20 in 2010 to 39 in 2012. Overall, we can see an
upward trend in the number of students at the university.