SERI TAFSIR TEMATIS

IBNU KATSIR
( ARABIC – INDONESIA - ENGLISH )

KEBAHAGIAAN
( THE HAPPINESS )

COMPILED BY
ABU NABILA IBNU DJUMAN AL INDUNISY

PUSTAKA AL GHURABA
( MENYERU KEPADA AL QURAN DAN AS SUNNAH BERDASARKAN FAHAM SALAFUSHSHALIH )

1

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

CONTENT/ DAFTAR ISI / ‫ا ت‬
DEDICATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
BASIC PRINCIPLES
FISIOLOGY OF MOSLEM SOCIETY
THE TREE OF MOSLEM SOCIETY PROBLEM SOLVING
ISLAMIC EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGYCAL THEORIES
SUPERMETHODOLOGY
THE ISLAMIC LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT
THE PYRAMIDE OF HAPPYNESS
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 1 : Kebahagiaan QS H U U D 11:108.....................................................15
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 2 : Kebahagiaan QS H U U D 11:9-11....................................................17
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 3 : Kebahagiaan QS A R - R A ' D U 13 : 26-29.....................................19
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 4 : Kebahagiaan QS A L - Q A S H A S H 28 : 76-77.............................25
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 5 : Kebahagiaan QS A Z - Z U M A R 39 : 73-75...................................27
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 6 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Lail 92 : 4-10.....................................................35
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 7 : Kebahagiaan QS Ath Thuur 52:17-28................................................40
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 8 : Kebahagiaan QS Ar Ra'du 13 : 38-39................................................48
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 9 : Kebahagiaan QS At Taubah 9: 117-119.............................................52
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 10 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Mujadilah 58:20-22.........................................61
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 11 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Insaan 76 : 5-22...............................................66
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 12 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Haqqah 69 : 19-24...........................................79
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 13 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Insyiqaq 84 : 6-9..............................................83
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 14 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Imran 3 : 169-175............................................86
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 15 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Qashash 28 : 10-13..........................................97
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 16 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Ankabut 29 : 26-27........................................100
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 17 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Ahzab 33 : 56.................................................104
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 18 : Kebahagiaan QS Yasin 36 : 13-17..................................................117
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 19 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Baqarah 2:25..................................................120
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 20 : Kebahagiaan QS Adz Dzariat 51: 15-23........................................123
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 21 : Kebahagiaan QS Muhammad 47:32-35.........................................129
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 22 : Kebahagiaan QS An Nisa' 4:57......................................................132
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 23 : Kebahagiaan QS Az Zukhruf 43:66-73..........................................133
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 24 : Kebahagiaan QS Asy Syuura 42 : 47-48........................................137
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 25 : Kebahagiaan QS Fushilat 41 : 30-35..............................................140
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 26 : Kebahagiaan QS Az Zumar 39 : 61................................................147
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 27 : Kebahagiaan QS Az Zumar 39 : 73-75...........................................148
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 28 : Kebahagiaan QS Yunus 10:9-10.....................................................156
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 29 : Kebahagiaan QS Yunus 10:1..........................................................158
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 30 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Imran 3:30......................................................160
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 31 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Qashash 28:85-88..........................................161
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 32 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Qashash 28:33-35..........................................165
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 33 : Kebahagiaan QS A T - T A U B A H 9:72......................................168
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 34 : Kebahagiaan QS An Naml 27:15-19..............................................171
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 35 : Kebahagiaan QS An Nuur 24:22....................................................175
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 36 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Hajj 22:1-2.....................................................177
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 37 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Anbiya 21:105-107........................................183
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 38 : Kebahagiaan QS Thaha 20:123......................................................187
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 39 : Kebahagiaan QS Maryam 19:49-50...............................................188
13

Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 40 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Fatihah 1:2.....................................................190
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 41 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Isra' 17:71.......................................................194
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 42 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Isra' 17:19-21.................................................197
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 43 : Kebahagiaan QS I B R A H I M 14:23-25......................................199
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 44 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Maaidah 5:35.................................................202
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 45 : Kebahagiaan QS An Nisa' 4:80......................................................204
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 46 : Kebahagiaan QS An Nisa' 4:66-70.................................................205
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 47 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Baqarah 2:62..................................................210
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 48 : Kebahagiaan QS Yunus 10:24-26...................................................213
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 49 : Kebahagiaan QS An Naba' 78 : 31-36............................................218
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 50 : Kebahagiaan QS Al Imran 3:130-136............................................221
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 51 : Kebahagiaan QS AL GHAASIYAH 88:8-16.................................230
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 52 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS AL Baqarah 2:45-46.....................233
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 53 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS Al Anfaal 8 : 27-28.......................237
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 54 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS Al A'Raf 7 : 42-43........................240
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 55 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness )QS AL HADID 57:16-24 ...................243
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 56 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS AL An'am 6:133-135 ...................255
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 57 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS AL MUTHAFFIFIN 83:18-28......258
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 58 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS AL Baqarah 2:177........................262
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 59 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS M A R Y A M 19:59-63................268
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 60 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS Al Fatihah 1:6-7............................275
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 61 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS Al An'am 6 : 66-69.......................279
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 62 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS 'Abasa 80 : 38-39.........................283
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 63 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS Al Baqarah 2 : 261-265................284
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 64 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS AL HADID 57:7-12......................292
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 65 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS AL Jinn 72:25-28..........................301
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 66 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS An Nahl 16:97-100.......................305
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 67 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS AL WAQI'AH 56:88-91................308
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 68 : Kebahagiaan ( Happiness ) QS Al An'am 6:32-36.........................312
Maraji' or Referency or Daftar Pustaka ...........................................................................................317
Khatimah / penutup / Close .............................................................................................................318

walhamdulillahirabbil'alamin
Sydney, 13 january 2010
Sydney, 24 January 2010
Sydney, 27 January 2010
Manajemen Pustaka Al Ghuraba
Akhukum Fillah

Abu Nabila As Sundawy Al Indunisy
Al Faqir Ila Maghfirati Rabbihi

14

1. QS H U U D 11:108 
‫ُوذ‬
ْ
َ َ ْ
َ ‫َ ًء‬
َ َ ‫ض ِإ 
َ َ َء َر‬
ُ ْ‫ت وَا ر‬
ُ !َ ‫َـ‬#$ 
%‫& ا‬
ِ
َ ‫* )ِ (َ
َ دَا‬
َ +ِ,ِ-‫َـ‬. /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ2َ) ْ‫ُوا‬,ِ34
ُ *
َ +ِ%‫ َوَأ 
ا‬6
11:108. Adapun orang-orang yang berbahagia, maka tempatnya di dalam surga mereka kekal
di dalamnya selama ada langit dan bumi, kecuali jika Tuhanmu menghendaki (yang lain);
sebagai karunia yang tiada putus-putusnya.
(108. And those who are blessed, they will be in Paradise, abiding therein for all the time that
the heavens and the earth endure, except as your Lord wills: a gift without an end.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
ٍ‫ُوذ‬
ْ
َ َ ْ
َ ‫َ ًء‬
َ 
َ  ‫
َ َ َء َر‬%‫َ;رْضُ ِإ‬%ْ ‫ت وَا‬
ُ ‫َوَا‬#$ 
%‫& ا‬
ِ
َ ‫* )ِ (َ
َ دَا‬
َ +ِ,ِ%َ. ِ/0 
َ %ْ ‫ِ< ا‬2َ) ‫ُوا‬,ِ34
ُ َ*+ِ%‫َوَأ 
ا‬ 

" ‫ا‬,‫ * ) ( أ‬7‫* ) ( " أي 
آ‬+,%. "/0%‫;واه? ا‬#) ‫ " أي‬/0%‫< ا‬2) " A4 %‫ع ا‬C9‫وا " وه? أ‬,34 *+%‫ " وأ 
ا‬1%39 ‫!ل‬E+
!‫ ه‬A F9‫ ا‬CG‫ أ
ا وا‬H % ? 30%‫
* ا‬F ) ?‫ ه‬# ) ?(
‫ أن دوا‬0(‫ء ه‬07J4‫ ا‬103
" ‫رض إ 
ء ر‬K‫وات وا‬#$%‫دا
& ا‬
*$L%‫ك وا‬LN%‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬. H20%‫!ن ا‬#(-+ #‫ آ‬, #LJ%‫ وا‬Q C$J%‫!ن ا‬#(-+ ‫(ا‬%‫ و‬#R‫ (? دا‬- /0#%‫ ا‬F-) 1%39 S‫ ا‬/T U
1%‫
!آ!ل إ‬
‫ " ء 
وذ " أي‬F%!E %‫ ذ‬VE‫( و‬0
‫!ا‬G .‫? أ‬W ‫ر‬0%‫!ا )< ا‬X‫* آ‬+%‫* ا‬+,Y!#%‫\ [ة ا‬Y <) <‫ ه‬: ‫[ ي‬C%‫ا‬
F% ?JY A ‫ أو <ء‬HC% ‫ع أو‬EX‫? ا‬W ‫ أن‬/T U#%‫ ذآ ^ ا‬,3 ?‫!ه‬J+ _T% ,Y‫ و وا‬/ %3%‫س وأ! ا‬C *‫ وا‬,‫ 
ه‬F%O ‫!ع‬E

‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ (? و‬FJ#aY‫ و‬F%,3 FX‫ وأ‬FJT U
1%‫
دود إ‬#R‫ر دا‬0%‫ر )< ا‬0%‫ ا‬A‫ك أن اب أه‬0‫  * ه‬#‫ع آ‬EX‫م ا‬,‫وام و‬,%
‫ ء‬F%!E "‫[!د‬E#%‫& ا‬CW‫!ب و‬-E%‫ ا‬V d 0‫!ن " وه‬%;$+ ?‫ وه‬A32+ # ‫;ل‬$+  " ‫ل‬O #‫ " آ‬,+ + #% ‫ل‬3) ‫" إن ر‬
_) ‫!د‬-. /0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬+ ‫ل‬E+ ?W ‫ر‬0%‫ وا‬/0%‫  * ا‬Q ) Q-
‫ أ‬eC‫!رة آ‬f <) ‫!ت‬#% 19g+ "* L L[%‫ء )< ا‬G ,O‫ 
وذ " و‬
‫? أن‬a% ‫ا وإن‬,‫!ا أ‬9!#9 _) ‫!ا‬U 39 ‫? أن‬a% ‫ إن‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬+ ‫ل‬E ) " N+‫ أ‬Q L[%‫!د )_
!ت " و)< ا‬-. ‫ر‬0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬+‫
!ت و‬
‫ا‬,‫!ا أ‬4;C9 _) ‫!ا‬#309 ‫? أن‬a% ‫ا وإن‬,‫!ا أ‬#E$9 _) ‫!ا‬L[9 ‫? أن‬a% ‫ا وإن‬,‫(
!ا أ‬9 _) ‫!ا‬CU9 "
Allah, the Exalted, says, ‫ُوا‬,ِ34
ُ َ*+ِ%‫ َوَأ 
ا‬6 (And those who are blessed.) These are the followers of
the Messengers. /0
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ2َ)6 (they will be in Paradise,) This means that their final abode will be
Paradise.
6َ( ِ) *
َ +ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬.
(abiding therein for all the time) This means that they will remain there forever.
6َ ‫ض ِإ 
َ َ َء َر‬
ُ ْ‫ت وَا ر‬
ُ !َ ‫َـ‬#$ 
%‫& ا‬
ِ َ
‫
َ دَا‬
(that the heavens and the earth endure, except as your Lord wills:) The meaning of the
exception that is made here is that the condition of eternal pleasure that they will experience
therein is something that is not mandatory by itself. Rather, it is something that is dependent
upon the will of Allah. Unto Him belongs the favor of immortality upon them. For this reason
they are inspired to glorify and praise Him, just as they are inspired to breathe. Ad-Dahhak
and Al-Hasan Al-Basri both said, "It is about the right of the disobedient people of Tawhid
who were in the Fire and then brought out of it.'' Then Allah finished this statement by
saying,
6ٍ‫ُوذ‬
ْ
َ َ ْ َ ‫َ ًء‬
َ
(a gift without an end.) This means that it will never be cut off. This has been mentioned by
Mujahid, Ibn `Abbas, Abu Al-`Aliyah and others. This has been mentioned so that the
suspicious person will not doubt after the mention of the will of Allah. Someone may think
15

that the mention of Allah's will here means that the pleasure of Paradise may end or change.
To the contrary, it has been decreed that this pleasure will truly be forever and will never end.
Likewise, Allah has clarified here that the eternal torment of the people of the Fire in Hell also
is due to His will. He explains that He punishes them due to His justness and wisdom. This is
why He says,
6ُ,+ِ +ُ َ#h% ٌ‫ل‬3)َ َ ‫ن َر‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, your Lord is the doer of whatsoever He intends.) Similarly, Allah says,
6‫ن‬
َ !ُ-‫َـ‬$
ْ +ُ ْ?‫ َو ُه‬Aُ َ32ْ +َ #
َ ‫َْ; ُل‬$+ُ َ 
(He cannot be questioned as to what He does, while they will be questioned.)21:236 Here,
Allah soothes the hearts and affirms the intent, by His saying,
6ٍ‫ُوذ‬
ْ
َ َ ْ َ ‫َ ًء‬
َ
(a gift without an end.) It has been recorded in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah
said,
«‫َ َ
!ْت‬-)َ ٌ‫ُ!د‬-ُ. ‫ ِر‬0%‫ ا‬Aَ ‫َ َأ ْه‬+َ‫ و‬،َ‫َ َ
!ْت‬-)َ ٌ‫ُ!د‬-.
ُ ِ/0 َ%ْ ‫ ا‬Aَ ‫َ َأ ْه‬+ :ُ‫َل‬Eُ+ ? Wُ ،ِ‫ر‬0%‫ وَا‬/ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ ْ َ Q
ُ َ ُْ )َ َQ-َْ
‫ َأ‬e
ٍ Cْ َ‫ُ! َر ِة آ‬f <ِ) ‫ت‬
ِ ْ!#َ %ْ ِ 1َ9gُ+»
(Death will be brought in the form of a handsome ram (on the Day of Judgement) and it will
be slaughtered between Paradise and the Hellfire. Then, it will be said, "O people of Paradise!
Eternity and no death! O people of Hellfire! Eternity and no death!'') In the Sahih it is
recorded that the Messenger of Allah said,
،‫ًا‬,َ ‫ُ!ا َأ‬#Eَ $
ْ 9َ َ-)َ ‫!ا‬L[
ِ 9َ ْ‫?ْ َأن‬aُ %َ ‫ن‬ 
‫ َوِإ‬،‫ًا‬,َ ‫ ْ( َ
ُ!ا َأ‬9َ َ-َ) ‫!ا‬CU
ِ 9َ ْ‫?ْ َأن‬aُ %َ ‫ن‬ 
‫ َوِإ‬،‫ًا‬,َ ‫ُ!ا َأ‬9!ُ#9َ َ-َ) ‫ُ!ا‬U ِ39َ ْ‫?ْ َأن‬aُ %َ ‫ن‬ 
‫ ِإ‬/ِ 0 
َ ْ%‫ ا‬Aَ ‫َ َأ ْه‬+ :‫َ ُل‬E ُ َ)»
«‫ًا‬,َ ‫ُ!ا َأ‬4;َCْ َ9 َ-)َ ‫ُ!ا‬#َ30ْ َ9 ْ‫ُ?ْ َأن‬a%َ ‫ن‬ 
‫َوِإ‬
(It will be said, `O people of Paradise, verily you will live and you will never die. You will
remain young and you will never grow old. You will remain healthy and you will never
become ill. You will be happy and you will never grieve.)

16

2. QS H U U D 11: 9-11 
‫ُ!ر‬2‫ُ!سٌ َآ‬Tَ %َ Fُ X ‫ ِإ‬Fُ 0ْ
ِ َ‫َه‬0
ْ mَ َX ? Wُ /ً #َ ْY‫ َر‬0
ِ *
َ ‫َـ‬$Xْ nِ ‫َ ا‬0Oْ ‫*ْ َأ َذ‬Tِ َ%‫َو‬
- ‫ُ!ر‬o)َ ٌ‫َ ِ ح‬2%َ Fُ X ‫< ِإ‬h0
َ ‫ت‬
ُ َT h $ 
%‫َ ا‬V‫* َذ َه‬%َ!ُE َ َ% Fُ Jْ $ 

َ ‫ َء‬q r
َ ,َ 3ْ َ َ‫َء‬#3ْ Xَ ^ُ َ0Oْ ‫*ْ َأ َذ‬Tِ %ََ‫و‬
- ِC‫ ٌ َآ‬G
ْ ‫ِ َ ةٌ َوَأ‬2sْ 
ْ?(ُ %َ َTِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫َتِ ُأو‬L-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫َ ُواْ َو‬Cf
َ *
َ +ِ%‫ ِإ  ا‬6
11:9. Dan jika Kami rasakan kepada manusia suatu rahmat (nikmat) dari Kami, kemudian
rahmat itu Kami cabut daripadanya, pastilah dia menjadi putus asa lagi tidak berterima
kasih.
11:10. Dan jika Kami rasakan kepadanya kebahagiaan sesudah bencana yang menimpanya,
niscaya dia akan berkata: "Telah hilang bencana-bencana itu dari padaku"; sesungguhnya
dia sangat gembira lagi bangga,
11:11. kecuali orang-orang yang sabar (terhadap bencana), dan mengerjakan amal-amal
saleh; mereka itu beroleh ampunan dan pahala yang besar.
(9. And if We give man a taste of mercy from Us, and then withdraw it from him, verily, he is
despairing, ungrateful.)
(10. But if We let him taste good (favor) after evil (poverty and harm) has touched him, he is
sure to say: "Ills have departed from me.'' Surely, he is exultant and boastful (ungrateful to
Allah).)
(11. Except those who show patience and do righteous good deeds: those, theirs will be
forgiveness and a great reward (Paradise).)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
ٌ‫ُ!ر‬2‫ُ!سٌ َآ‬Tَ %َ Fُ X ‫ ِإ‬Fُ 0ْ
ِ َ‫َه‬0
ْ mَ َX ? Wُ /ً #َ Y
ْ ‫ َر‬0
ِ ‫ن‬
َ َ$Xْ ِt%ْ ‫َ ا‬0Oْ ‫*ْ َأ َذ‬Tِ َ%‫َو‬
F% A[Y /#3X ,3 ‫ة‬, FJf‫ إذا أ‬FX‫ * أ‬0
g#%‫د^ ا‬C *
S‫? ا‬Y‫ إ
* ر‬/# 
%‫ت ا‬2[%‫
* ا‬F ) 
‫ن و‬$Xn‫ * ا‬1%39 Co+ 
G ) %‫ ذ‬,3 ‫ ج‬+ ?%‫ ا و‬. + ?% FX;‫ل آ‬L%‫< ا‬r#% ‫!د‬LG‫ و‬2‫ وآ‬ACEJ$#%‫ ا‬1%‫ إ‬/C$0% o%‫!ط
* ا‬0O‫;س و‬+ .
ٌ‫ُ!ر‬oَ) ٌ‫َ ِ ح‬2%َ Fُ X ‫< ِإ‬h0
َ ‫ت‬
ُ َTh $ 
%‫ ا‬V
َ ‫* ذَ َه‬ 
%َ!ُE َ َ% Fُ Jْ $ 

َ ‫َ ا َء‬r ,َ 3ْ َ ‫َ َء‬#ْ3Xَ ُ^َ0Oْ َ‫ِ*ْ َأذ‬T%َ‫َو‬
" ‫!ر‬o) ‫ ح‬2% FX‫!ء " إ‬4 ‫ ? و‬r ‫ ها‬,3 <0%0+ 
‫!ل‬E+ ‫< " أي‬0 ‫ت‬T $%‫ ا‬V‫* ذه‬%!E % " /#EX ,3 /#3X FJf‫ا إن أ‬a‫وه‬
^ 1- ‫!ر‬o)  ^,+ <) # ‫ أي ) ح‬.
ٌ ِC‫ْ ٌ َآ‬G‫ َةٌ َوَأ‬2ِ sْ
َ ْ?(ُ %َ 
َ Tِ َ%‫ت أُو‬
ِ َL%ِ[%‫ُ!ا ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫َ ُوا َو‬Cf
َ *
َ +ِ%‫ ا‬%‫ِإ‬
‫ ة‬2s
?(% T%‫ " أو‬/ )3%‫ء وا‬. %‫ت" أي )< ا‬L%[%‫!ا ا‬-#‫ر^ " و‬a#%‫ وا‬,R‫ا‬,U%‫ ا‬1- ‫ وا " أي‬Cf *+%‫ " إ ا‬1%39 S‫ل ا‬O
V [+  ^,  <$2X ‫ي‬%‫ " وا‬w+,L%‫ء )< ا‬G #‫ء آ‬. %‫!^ )< ز
* ا‬2-4‫ أ‬# " C‫ آ‬G‫ اء " وأ‬N%‫(?
* ا‬C [+ # ‫" أي‬
" * L L[%‫^ " و)< ا‬+. *
( F0 S‫ ا‬2‫آ( إ آ‬U+ /‫!آ‬U%‫ ا‬1JY ‫ن‬mY ‫ و‬Vf‫ و و‬V[X ‫
* ه? و ? و‬g#%‫ا‬
C[) ‫ اء‬r FJf‫ وإن أ‬F% ‫ ا‬. ‫ آن‬aU) ‫ اء‬4 FJf‫ إن أ‬: F% ‫ ا‬. ‫ء إ آن‬NO *
g#-% S‫< ا‬NE+  ^,  <$2X ‫ي‬%‫وا‬
‫!ا‬-#‫!ا و‬0
q *+%‫ إ ا‬$. <2% ‫ن‬$Xn‫[ إن ا‬3%‫ " وا‬1%39 S‫ل ا‬O ‫(ا‬%‫
* " و‬g#%‫ ا‬,YK %‫ ذ‬H %‫ و‬F% ‫ ا‬. ‫آن‬
‫ت‬+y‫! " ا‬-‫\ ه‬-. ‫ن‬$Xn‫" إن ا‬1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ " و‬C[% ‫!ا‬f‫!ا‬9‫\ و‬L% ‫!ا‬f‫!ا‬9‫ت و‬L%[%‫ ا‬.

17

Allah, the Exalted, informs about mankind and the blameworthy characteristics that he
possesses, except for those believing servants upon whom Allah has bestowed His mercy. Allah
explains that when any hardship befalls man, after he has experienced blessings, he is
disheartened and he despairs of any good in the future. He denies and rejects (the bounties of)
his previous condition. Thus, he behaves as if he has never seen any good and he loses all hope
for relief (from his situation). Likewise, if any blessing befalls him after displeasure, 
<h0
َ ‫ت‬
ُ َT h $ 
%‫ ا‬V
َ ‫* َذ َه‬%َ!ُE َ %َ6 (he is sure to say, "Ills have departed from me.'') This means that he will
claim that no harm or calamity will afflict him after this (blessing). 
‫ُ!ر‬o)َ ٌ‫َ ِ ح‬2%َ Fُ X ‫ِإ‬6 (Surely, he is exultant and boastful (ungrateful to Allah).) This means that he is
pleased with what he has in his hand and ungrateful (to Allah). At the same time he is boastful
towards others. Allah, the Exalted, then says, 
‫ ُوا‬Cَ َf *
َ +ِ%‫ِإ  ا‬6 (Except those who show patience) meaning, those who show patience during
times of hardship and adversity. In reference to Allah's statement, 
‫َت‬L-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫ َو‬6 (and do righteous good deeds) This means that they perform the good deeds in
times of ease and good health. Concerning the statement, 
‫ِ َة‬2sْ 
ْ?(ُ َ% 
َ Tِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫ُأو‬6 (those, theirs will be forgiveness) meaning, that they will be forgiven due to the
calamities that afflicted them. Concerning Allah's statement, 
ِC‫ْ ٌ َآ‬G‫ َوَأ‬6 (and a great reward.) This great reward is due to them because of what they sent
forth (of good deeds) in their times of ease. This is similar to what is mentioned in the Hadith,

َ(ِ Fُ 0ْ 
َ ُS‫ َ ا‬2 ‫ َآ‬%‫َآُ(َ ِإ‬U+ُ /ُ ‫!ْ َآ‬U 
%‫ ا‬1JَY ،ٌ‫ن‬mَ Y
َ َ%‫ٌ َو‬Vf
َ ‫َ َو‬%‫ٌ َو‬Vَ[Xَ َ%‫ ? َو‬
َ َ%‫* َه ? َو‬
َ
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬V
ُ ِ[+ُ َ% ^ِ ,ِ َ ِ <ِ$ْ2Xَ ‫ِي‬%‫»وَا‬
«^َ+َ.
َ
(By He in Whose Hand is my soul! No worry, calamity, distress, illness, or grief strikes a
believer, even the prick of a thorn, except that Allah will expiate his sins for him because of it.)
In the Sahih it is recorded that the Prophet said,
َC[
َ َ) ‫ ا ُء‬r
َ Fُ Jْ ََf‫ وَِإنْ َأ‬،ُF%َ ‫ ْ ًا‬.
َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ َ آ‬aَ U
َ )َ ‫ ا ُء‬4
َ Fُ ْJَ َf‫ ِإنْ َأ‬،ُFَ% ‫ ْ ًا‬.
َ َ‫ آَن‬%‫َ ًء ِإ‬NOَ *
ِ
ِ ْg#ُ -ْ ِ% S
ُ ‫ِ< ا‬NْE+َ َ% ^ِ ,ِ َ ِ <ِ$ْ2Xَ ‫ِي‬%‫»وَا‬
«*ِ
gْ #ُ %ْ ‫ ْ ِ ا‬
َ ٍ,َY;َ%ِ َ%ِ‫ َذ‬H
َ ْ %ََ‫ و‬،ُFَ% ‫َ ْ ًا‬. ‫ن‬
َ َ‫آ‬
(By He in Whose Hand is my soul! Allah does not decree any matter for the believer except
that it is good for him. If any blessing befalls him, he is thankful (to Allah) and that is good for
him. If any harm comes to him, he is patient and that is also good for him. This is (a bounty)
exclusively for the believer.) For this reason, Allah, the Exalted, says,
6 ِ ْC[ 
%ِ ْ‫!ْا‬f
َ ‫َ!َا‬9‫\ َو‬
h َL%ْ ِ ‫!ْ ْا‬f
َ ‫َ!َا‬9‫& َو‬
ِ ‫َـ‬L-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫ُ!اْ َو‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫ ِإ  ا‬- ٍ $
ْ .
ُ 1ِ2%َ *
َ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫ن ا‬ 
‫ ِإ‬- ِ [
ْ 3َ %ْ ‫وَا‬
(By Al-`Asr (the time). Verily, man is in loss. Except those who believe and do righteous good
deeds. And recommend one another to the truth and recommend one another to patience.) 
103:1-36 Allah also says, 
!ُ-َ‫\ ه‬
َ ِ-.
ُ *
َ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫ن ا‬ 
‫ ِإ‬6 (Verily, man was created very impatient.) 70:196

18

3. QS A R - R A ' D U 13 : 26-29 
{‫َـ‬J
َ  ‫ َ ةِ ِإ‬.
ِ  ‫ ا‬1ِ) َ ْX,%‫ َ! ُة ا‬L
َ %ْ ‫ْ َ َو
َ ا‬X, %‫َ َ! ِة ا‬L%ْ ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬Y ِ َ)‫ِ ُر َو‬,Eَ +َ ‫َءُ َو‬Uَ+ ْ*#َ ِ% ‫ق‬
َ ْ‫ ز‬h %‫} ا‬
ُ$
ُ Cْ +َ Fُ -%‫ ا‬6 
‫َب‬X‫ َ
*ْ َأ‬Fِ ْ َ%‫ِى ِإ‬,(ْ +َ َ‫َ ُء و‬U+َ *َ
AN
ِ +ُ Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ْ ِإ‬AُO Fِ h ‫* ر‬h
ٌ/+َ ‫ِ ءَا‬F ْ -ََ ‫ َل‬mِ Xُ‫َ!ْ َ أ‬% ْ‫َ ُوا‬2‫*َ َآ‬+ِ%‫ُ! ُل ا‬E+َ ‫َو‬
- ‫ُ!ب‬-Eُ %ْ ‫* ا‬Tِ #َ 
ْ 9َ Fِ -%‫ِ َأ َ ِ ِآْ ِ ا‬F-%‫ُ! ُ ُ(?ْ ِ ِ ْآ ِ ا‬-ُO * 
Tِ #َ ْ9َ ‫ُ!اْ َو‬0
َ ‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ%‫ا‬
- ‫* َ
ـَب‬
ُ$
ْ Y
ُ ‫ ُ(?ْ َو‬%َ 1َ!ُd ‫ت‬
ِ َL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫ُ!اْ َو‬0
َ q *
َ +ِ%‫ ا‬6
13:26. Allah meluaskan rezeki dan menyempitkannya bagi siapa yang Dia kehendaki. Mereka
bergembira dengan kehidupan di dunia, padahal kehidupan dunia itu (dibanding dengan)
kehidupan akhirat, hanyalah kesenangan (yang sedikit).
13:27. Orang-orang kafir berkata: "Mengapa tidak diturunkan kepadanya (Muhammad)
tanda (mukjizat) dari Tuhannya?" Katakanlah: "Sesungguhnya Allah menyesatkan siapa
yang Dia kehendaki dan menunjuki orang-orang yang bertobat kepada Nya",
13:28. (yaitu) orang-orang yang beriman dan hati mereka menjadi tenteram dengan
mengingat Allah. Ingatlah, hanya dengan mengingat Allah-lah hati menjadi tenteram.
13:29. Orang-orang yang beriman dan beramal saleh, bagi mereka kebahagiaan dan tempat
kembali yang baik.
(26. Allah increases the provision for whom He wills, and straitens (it for whom He wills), and
they rejoice in the life of the world, whereas the life of this world compared to the Hereafter is
but a brief passing enjoyment.)
(27. And those who disbelieved say: "Why is not a sign sent down to him from his Lord'' Say:
"Verily, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides unto Himself those who turn to Him in
repentance.'')
(28. Those who believed and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah. Verily, in the
remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest.)
(29. Those who believed, and work righteousness, Tuba is for them and a beautiful place of
(final) return.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
ٌ‫َع‬J
َ %‫ َ ِة ِإ‬.
ِ ْ%‫ َ )ِ< ا‬Xْ ,%‫ َةُ ا‬L
َ ْ%‫ َ َو
َ ا‬Xْ ,%‫ َ ِة ا‬L
َ %ْ ِ ‫ُ!ا‬Yِ )َ ‫ِ ُر َو‬,ْE+َ ‫َ ُء َو‬U+َ ْ*#َ %ِ ‫ق‬
َ ْ‫ز‬h %‫} ا‬
ُ$
ُ Cْ َ+ Fُ -%‫ا‬
‫ر‬2a%‫ء ا‬g‫ل و) ح ه‬,3%‫ وا‬/#aL%‫
* ا‬%‫ )< ذ‬F% #% ‫ء‬U+ *
1- JE+‫ء و‬U+ *
1- ‫ زق‬%‫{ ا‬4!+ ‫ي‬%‫ ه! ا‬FX‫ أ‬1%39 ‫آ‬+ 
A ‫ ات‬o%‫(? )< ا‬% ‫رع‬$X * 0‫
* 
ل و‬F ?‫ه‬,#X #X‫!ن أ‬C$L+‫ل " أ‬O #‫(? وإ
( آ‬% G‫را‬,J4‫  ا‬X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫!ا
* ا‬9‫ أو‬#
‫ ة‬.y‫  )< ا‬X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫ل " و 
ا‬E) ‫ ة‬.y‫ار ا‬,%‫ * )< ا‬0
g#%‫د^ ا‬C3% 1%39 ^ .‫ 
اد‬1%‫ إ‬/C$0%  X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫ ا‬EY ?W " ‫ ون‬3U+
‫ ة‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫ ون ا‬Wg9 A " ‫ل‬O‫ _ " و‬J) ‫!ن‬#-9 ‫ و‬1E9‫* ا‬#% . ‫ ة‬.y‫ وا‬A -O  X,%‫ع ا‬J
AO " ‫ل‬O #‫ع " آ‬J
‫إ‬
<.‫!رد أ‬J$#%‫ * ا‬H O * ,%. <‫ * أ‬A #4‫ إ‬0W,Y : O , 34 * 1 L+ * { ‫ وآ‬0W,Y : ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫ " و‬1E‫ وأ‬.
{G 9 ? 0 -) ? %‫ ه^ )< ا‬F3Cf‫آ? أ‬,Y‫ أ‬A3+ #‫ ة إ آ‬.y‫  )< ا‬X,%‫?" 
ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫< )( ة‬0 
4K‫
& وا‬4‫ي أ‬,
?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ أن ر‬.y‫ ا‬w+,L%‫ و)< ا‬FL Lf <) ?-$
^‫ روا‬/C$% ‫" وأر‬
^!E%‫ * أ‬Y F-‫ أه‬1- ‫
* ها‬S‫ ا‬1- ‫  أه!ن‬X,-% S‫ل " وا‬E) * X‫ذ‬K‫ ا‬s[%‫" ا‬
‫ب‬
َ َX‫ َ
*ْ َأ‬Fِ ْ %َ‫ِي ِإ‬,(ْ +َ ‫َ ُء َو‬U+َ ْ*
َ A N
ِ +ُ Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ْ ِإ‬AOُ Fِ h‫ٌ ِ
*ْ َر‬/+َ q Fِ ْ -ََ ‫ َل‬mِ Xْ ‫َ ُأ‬%ْ!َ% ‫ ُوا‬2َ ‫* َآ‬
َ +ِ%‫ُ! ُل ا‬E+َ َ‫و‬
S‫ ها
ة وإن ا‬1- ‫_م‬a%‫م ا‬,E9 ,O‫!ن " و‬%‫و‬K‫ ا‬A4‫ أر‬#‫ آ‬/+ 09; -) " ?(%!E‫ " آ‬F‫
* ر‬/+q F - ‫ل‬mX‫! " أي ه_ " أ‬%
‫! وأن‬C0+ ?(% ‫ ي‬+ ‫ وأن‬C‫ ذه‬2[%‫(? ا‬% ‫!ل‬L+ ‫!^ أن‬%;4 #% F%!4‫ ر‬1%‫ إ‬1Y‫ أو‬S‫ إن ا‬w+,L%‫!ا و)< ا‬%;4 
/G‫ إ‬1- ‫در‬O
‫ا‬,Y‫ أ‬F‫ وا أ(? ا  أ‬2‫ن آ‬t) %‫(? ذ‬J ‫ أ‬,#L
+ &T ‫ إن‬: * 9$‫(
وج و‬Xa
[ ) /a
‫!ل‬Y *
‫ل‬C%‫ ا‬Q+m+
‫ إن‬AO " F%!4 % ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ " و‬/#Y %‫ وا‬/!J%‫(? ب ا‬% QJ29 A "‫ل‬E) /#Y %‫ وا‬/!J%‫ (? ب ا‬- &LJ) &T ‫ * وإن‬#%3%‫
* ا‬
19

‫ا‪U+ *
AN+ S‬ء و‪,(+‬ي إ‪ *
F %‬أ‪X‬ب " أي ه! ا‪ AN#%‬وا‪(%‬دي ‪!4‬اء ‪ w3‬ا‪ 1- /+ A4 %‬و)\ 
ا‪!Y JO‬ا أو‪ ?(C+ ?%‬إ‪1%‬‬
‫‪g4‬ا‪t) ?(%‬ن ا‪,(%‬ا‪ /+‬وا‪_rn‬ل ‪ % d!0
H %‬و ‪ F
,‬آ‪O #‬ل " و 
‪ <0s9‬ا‪+y‬ت وا‪0%‬ر * ‪!O‬م  ‪!0
g+‬ن" و‪O‬ل " إن‬
‫ا‪ ?( - &EY *+%‬آ‪ /#-‬ر  ‪!0
g+‬ن و‪G !%‬ء‪ ?(9‬آ‪ + 1JY /+q A‬وا ا‪3%‬اب ا‪ " ? %K‬و‪O‬ل " و‪ !%‬أ‪ 0%mX 0X‬إ‪ ?( %‬ا‪ /aR_#%‬وآ‪?(#-‬‬
‫ا‪ 19!#%‬و‪ ?( - X UY‬آ‪< A‬ء ‪ 
_CO‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪!0
g %‬ا إ أن ‪U+‬ء ا‪ S‬و‪ *a%‬أآ‪ 7‬ه? ‪!-(+‬ن " و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل " ‪ AO‬إن ا‪*
AN+ S‬‬
‫‪U+ .‬ء و‪,(+‬ي إ‪ *
F %‬أ‪X‬ب " أي و‪,(+‬ي إ‪ *
F %‬أ‪X‬ب إ‪ 1%‬ا‪S‬‬
‫ب‬
‫* ا ْ‪ُ !ُ-ُE%‬‬
‫ َ‪ Tِ #‬‬
‫* ‪ْ ِ ِ ْ?(ُ ُ!ُ-ُO‬آ ِ ا‪ Fِ -%‬أَ‪ْ ِِ َ%‬آ ِ ا‪ْ 9َ Fِ -%‬‬
‫ َ‪ Tِ #‬‬
‫ا‪!ُ0
َ q َ*+ِ%‬ا َو َ‪ْ 9‬‬
‫" أي ‪ V 9‬و‪ 9‬آ* إ‪ VXG 1%‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ,0 *a$9‬ذآ ^ و‪ 1%!
F 1r 9‬و‪ [X‬ا و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل " أ آ ا‪ *T#9 S‬ا‪!-E%‬ب‬
‫ب‬
‫*
َ ٍ‬
‫‪ُ$‬‬
‫‪ْ Y‬‬
‫ت ‪َ ْ?(ُ َ% 1َ!ُd‬و ُ‬
‫ ِ‪!ُ-#‬ا ا‪ِ َL%ِ[%‬‬
‫ا‪!ُ0
َ q َ*+ِ%‬ا َو َ‬
‫‪O‬ل ا* أ< ‪ * /L-d‬ا* ‪C‬س ) ح و‪ O‬ة  * ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل ‪ ?(%
?3X /
a‬و‪O‬ل ا‪LN%‬ك ‪ ?(% /C‬و‪O‬ل إ اه ? داود ‪; ?(% .‬‬
‫و‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة ه< آ‪!E+ /   /#-‬ل ا‪ % 1!d AG %‬أي أ‪ . &Cf‬ا و‪O‬ل )< روا‪ " ?(% 10$Y ?(% 1!d : /+‬و‪
*$Y‬ب" أي‬

‪ {G‬وه^ ا‪!OK‬ال <ء وا‪)0
 ,Y‬ة  ‪ (0‬و‪O‬ل ‪ * CG * , 34‬ا* ‪C‬س " ‪O " ?(% 1!d‬ل ه< أرض ا‪/ UCL% /0%‬‬
‫و‪O‬ل ‪!$
* , 34‬ع ‪ 1!d‬ا‪ ?4‬ا‪ /+,0(% /0%‬وآا روى ا‪,$%‬ي * ‪ ?(% 1!d /
a‬أي ا‪ /0%‬و‪O F‬ل 
ه‪ ,‬و‪O‬ل ا‪<)!3%‬‬
‫* ا* ‪C‬س ‪ \-. #%‬ا‪ S‬ا‪ /0%‬و) غ
‪O (0‬ل " ا‪!0
q *+%‬ا و‪!-#‬ا ا‪L%[%‬ت ‪ ?(% 1!d‬و‪
*$Y‬ب " وذ‪ * Y %‬أ‪. FJC‬‬
‫و‪O‬ل ا* ‪ 0W,Y : + G‬ا* ‪!E3+ 0W,Y , #Y‬ب * ‪O V!Y * ( * 23G‬ل ‪  1!d :‬ة )< ا‪ /0%‬آ‪  A‬ا‪(0
/0%‬‬
‫أ [‪ *
(X‬وراء ‪!4‬ر ا‪ /0%‬وه‪a‬ا روي * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة وا* ‪C‬س و
‪# -4 * w s‬ن وأ< إ‪L4‬ق ا‪ <3 C$%‬و وا‪*
,Y‬‬
‫ا‪ ‚-$%‬أن ‪  1!d‬ة )< ا‪ <) /0%‬آ‪ A‬دار
‪ (0
*[ (0‬وذآ ‪ ?(N3‬أن ا‪C9 *#Y %‬رك و‪g%g% /CY *
^,  (4 1%39‬ة‬
‫وأ
ه أن ‪,J 
) ,J#9‬ت إ‪U+ w Y 1%‬ء ا‪C9 S‬رك و‪ 1%39‬و‪ *
&G .‬أ‪ { 0+ (-f‬أ‪(X‬ر ا‪ A$ *
/0%‬و‪ #.‬و 
ء و‪ *C%‬و‪,O‬‬
‫‪O‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * S‬وه‪ # 0W,Y : V‬و * ا‪L%‬رث أن درا‪ G‬أ ا‪ * FW,Y Q#$%‬أ< ا‪ * ?7 (%‬أ< ‪ , 34‬ا‪,o%‬ري
)! " ‪1!d‬‬
‫ ة )< ا‪ $
/0%‬ة 
‪ W /04 /R‬ب أه‪ A‬ا‪ o9 /0%‬ج
* أآ‪ . " ( 
#‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪,C &3#4 14!
* *$Y 0W,Y : ,#Y‬‬
‫ا‪ 0W,Y /3 (% * S‬دراج أ! ا‪ Q#$%‬أن أ ا‪ * FW,Y ?7 (%‬أ< ‪ , 34‬ا‪,o%‬ري * ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أن ر‪O _G‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ *#% 1!d S‬ر‪q‬ك و‪O  *
q‬ل" ‪ *#% 1!d‬ر‪ <Xq‬و‪ < *
q‬و‪ < *
q *#% 1!d ?W 1!d ?W 1!d‬و‪O " <X + ?%‬ل‬
‫‪ F%‬ر‪ : AG‬و 
‪ 1!d‬؟ ‪O‬ل "  ة )< ا‪ /R
(9 $
/0%‬م ‪ W‬ب أه‪ A‬ا‪ o9 /0%‬ج
* أآ‪ " ( 
#‬وروى ا‪oC%‬ري و
‪?-$‬‬
‫‪ * 3 #G‬إ‪L4‬ق * راه!‪ s
* F+‬ة ا‪mo#%‬و
< * وه ‪ * V‬أ< ‪Y‬زم * ‪ ,34 * A(4‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ F%q 1-‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " وإن )< ا‪  /0%‬ة ‪ $+‬ا‪ %‬اآ‪ /R
(-… <) V‬م  ‪O " (3E+‬ل )‪ F &W,L‬ا‪#30%‬ن‬
‫* أ<  ش ا‪m%‬ر‪E) <O‬ل ‪ <0W,Y :‬أ! ‪ , 34‬ا‪,o%‬ري * ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ F%q 1-‬و‪O ?-4‬ل" إن )< ا‪  /0%‬ة ‪ $+‬‬
‫ا‪ %‬اآ‪ V‬ا‪!%‬اد ا‪ #N#%‬ا‪ /R
{+ $%‬م  ‪ " (3E+‬و)< ‪ Q Lf‬ا‪oC%‬ري
* ‪ * ,+m+ w+,Y‬زر‪ * , 34 * {+‬روي *‬
‫أ‪ HX‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!O <) ?-4‬ل ا‪ " 1%39 S‬و…‪,#
A‬ود " ‪O‬ل " )< ا‪  /0%‬ة ‪ $+‬‬
‫ا‪ %‬اآ‪ /R
(-… <) V‬م  ‪ " (3E+‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ * Q -) 0W,Y Q+  0W,Y : ,#Y‬ه_ل * ‪ ,C * <-‬ا‪ * *#Y %‬أ<‬
‫‪ #‬ة * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ <) " ?-4‬ا‪  /0%‬ة ‪ $+‬ا‪ %‬اآ‪ /04 /R
(-… <) V‬ا‪ O‬ءوا إن‬
‫‪ " ?JT‬و…‪,#
A‬ود " أ‪ <) ^G .‬ا‪ * L L[%‬و)< ‪ ,#YK ‡2%‬أ‪ 23G * ,#L
0W,Y N+‬و‪Y‬ج ‪ &3#4 /C3 0W,Y : O‬أ‬
‫ا‪LN%‬ك ‪,L+‬ث * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة * ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أ‪O FX‬ل " إن )< ا‪  /0%‬ة ‪ $+‬ا‪ %‬اآ‪ - * 3C4 (-… <) V‬أو‬
‫ 
‪ - /04 /R‬ه<  ة ا‪ ",-o%‬و‪O‬ل
‪ * ,#L‬إ‪L4‬ق * ‪C * 1 L+‬د * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * S‬ا‪ * m%‬أ ‪ * F‬أ‪#4‬ء ‪ &0‬أ< ‪ a‬‬
‫ر‪ <r‬ا‪ &3#4 : &%O F0 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬ذآ ‪,4‬رة ا‪E) 1(J0#%‬ل " ‪ A… <) $+‬ا‪ (0
*[s%‬ا‪ %‬اآ‪/R
V‬‬
‫‪ - /04‬أو ‪O‬ل ‪ <) AJ$+ -‬ا‪ /R
(0
*02%‬راآ‪ ) ( ) V‬اش ا‪%‬ه‪ V‬آ;ن ‪ #W‬ه ا‪_E%‬ل " روا^ ا‪
J%‬ي ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل إ‪  * A #4‬ش‬
‫* ‪ * 1 L+ * ‚4!+ * , 34‬أ< آ‪ * 7‬أ< ‪_-4‬م ا‪!4K‬د ‪O‬ل ‪ &3#4 :‬أ أ 

‪ /‬ا‪C%‬ه‪O <-‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ F -‬و‪ *
?a0

" ?-4‬أ‪ A.,+ ,Y‬ا‪ /0%‬إ ا‪ F \-X‬إ‪ F% QJ2J) 1!d 1%‬أآ‪ *
.; ) ( 
#‬أي ذ‪ %‬ء إن ء أ ˆ وإن‬
‫ء أ‪ #Y‬وإن ء أ‪ 2f‬وإن ء أ‪!4‬د
‪ \RE A7‬ا‪#30%‬ن وأرق وأ‪ " *$Y‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ! ‪* ,#L
0W,Y : + G * 23G‬‬
‫‪ ,C‬ا‪!W * ,#L
0W,Y 1-K‬ر *
‪ * #3‬أ‪ ,C * w3‬ا‪ * V!Y * ( * S‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪1!d :‬‬
‫ ة )< ا‪!E+ /0%‬ل ا‪,C3% <EJ29 (% S‬ي ‪ #‬ء )‪ * F% \J2J‬ا‪ $ A o%‬و‪ (G‬و‪ (#%‬و* ا‪; An‬ز
‪ (J‬و‪ #‬ء
*‬
‫ا‪!$a%‬ة و‪ ,O‬روى ا* ‪ * + G‬وه‪ FC0
* V‬هه‪ 0‬أ‪ W‬ا ‪O C  C+‬ل وه‪ V‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪ : S‬إن )< ا‪  /0%‬ة ‪E+‬ل ‪1!d (%‬‬
‫‪ $+‬ا‪ %‬اآ‪ /R
(-… <) V‬م  ‪ (3E+‬زه ه ر‪+‬ط وور‪  (O‬ود و‪ C0 (XCNO‬و‪L‬ؤه ‪!O+‬ت و‪ 9‬ا( آ)!ر وو‪(-Y‬‬

‪ o+ $‬ج
* أ‪ (-f‬أ‪(X‬ر ا‪ #o%‬وا‪ *C-%‬وا‪ A$3%‬وه< 
‪K H-‬ه‪ A‬ا‪ #0 C) /0%‬ه? )< 
‪ ?($-‬إذ أ‪ *
/aR_
?(J9‬ر(?‬
‫‪!E+‬دون ‪ *
A4_$ /
!
m
CX‬ذه‪ V‬و‪!G‬ه( آ‪ 0$Y Q [#%‬وو ه آ‪ mo‬ا‪m #%‬ي
* ‪ ( - F0 %‬ر‪Y‬ل أ‪!%‬ا‪*
(Y‬‬
‫‪!O+‬ت ود)!)(
* ذه‪ V‬و‪,04 *
( W‬س وإ‪ CJ4‬ق ) ‪!%!E+ (X!LJ2‬ن إن ر‪ 0‬أر‪ 0-4‬إ‪mJ% ?a %‬ورو^ و‪!#-$9‬ا ‪O F -‬ل‬
‫) آ‪ <() (X!C‬أ‪ 4‬ع
* ا‪ R%‬وأو‪ *
;d‬ا‪ 2%‬اش ‪ $+ /0(
*
CX‬ا‪ AG %‬إ‪ V0G 1%‬أ‪ F .‬وه! ‪ F#-a+‬و‪V [9  F G0+‬‬
‫أذن را‪ (0
/-Y‬أذن ا‪ .K‬ى و  ك را‪  /-Y‬ك ا‪ .K‬ى ‪ 1JY‬إن ا‪ U%‬ة ‪ 29 _T% ?(E+ d * 1L0JJ%‬ق  * ا‪ AG %‬وأ‪O F .‬ل‬
‫‪20‬‬

\Y‫_م و‬$%‫ ا‬0
‫_م و‬$%‫& ا‬X‫(? أ‬-%‫ ا‬: ‫!ا‬%O ^‫ذا رأو‬t) F %‫ وا إ‬0+ 1JY ?+ a%‫ ا‬F(G‫(? * و‬% 2$ ) ? Y %‫* ا‬#Y %‫ ا‬1%‫!ن إ‬9; )
*+%‫دي ا‬C3 CY
<JCL
‫< و‬J#Y‫& ر‬EY ?a -‫_م و‬$%‫< ا‬0
‫_م و‬$%‫ ا‬X‫ أ‬: %‫ ذ‬,0 1%39 ‫!ل‬E ) ‫ل‬O ‫آ ام‬n‫_ل وا‬%‫ ا‬%
‫!ل‬E ) ‫ل‬O 
‫ا‬,O ‫!د‬$%‫ )< ا‬0% ‫ن‬R) ‫رك‬,O \Y ‫رك‬,EX ?%‫ و‬9‫د‬C \Y ‫ك‬,C3X ?% 0‫!ن ر‬%!E ) ‫ل‬O ‫!ا أ
ي‬d‫ وأ‬V s <X!U.
?a0
AG‫ ر‬Aa% ‫ن‬t) ?JT 
<X!-$) ‫دة‬C3%‫ ا‬V[X ?a0 &3)‫ ر‬,O <X‫ ? وإ‬3X‫ و‬-
‫( دار‬0a%‫دة و‬C ‫ و‬V[X ‫ار‬, &$ % (X‫ إ‬S‫ا‬
F ) ‫!ا‬X‫ <ء آ‬A‫ آ‬A7
<09;) ‫!ا ) ( رب‬E+NJ) ?‫ ه‬X‫  )< د‬X,%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬H)09 <‫!ل ر‬E % / 0
‫[ ه? أ‬O‫ أن أ‬1JY FX!%;$ ) FJ 0
‫أ‬
<) H % FXK <0
% ‫ ها‬J%m0
‫& دون‬%;4 ,E%‫ و‬J 0
‫[ ت  أ‬O ,E% 1%39 S‫!ل ا‬E )  X,%‫(& ا‬JX‫ أن ا‬1%‫( إ‬JE-. ‫!م‬+ *

1JY ?( - ‫!ن‬r 3 ) ‫ل‬O ‫ ل‬1- ?(% o+ ?%‫ (? و‬X
‫Š أ‬-C+ ?% 
‫دي‬C 1- ‫!ا‬r ‫!ل ا‬E+ ?W ‫ل‬O ,+ [O ‫ و‬,aX <R
1- ‫ة‬,Y‫ وا‬/9!O+ *
+ 4 (0
/3‫ أر‬A‫ آ‬1- /X E
*+‫ (?  اذ‬- ‫!ن‬r 3+ # ) ‫!ن‬a ) ?($2X‫< )< أ‬J%‫ (? ا‬X
‫[ (? أ‬E9
* 3%‫!ر ا‬L%‫ن
* ا‬J+‫ر‬G (0
/CO A‫ه ة )< آ‬J
/0%‫( ) ش
* ) ش ا‬0
/CO A‫ )< آ‬/ 2
V‫
* ذه‬/CO (0
+ 4 A‫آ‬
‫!ء‬r 20+ #( \C ,O ‫ إ‬V d ‫ و‬Q+‫ و ر‬#( ) !‫!ن إ وه‬% /0%‫ )< ا‬H %‫ و‬/0%‫ ب ا‬W *
‫!ن‬W *(0
/+‫ر‬G A‫ آ‬1-
‫ن‬+ + ‫ اء‬#Y /9!O+ <) ˆ K‫ ا‬-$%‫ آ‬#(O!4 ‫
* )!ق‬#(o
‫ ى‬+ /CE%‫ دون ا‬#(X‫ أ‬#‫ اه‬+ *
*+ 1JY /CE%‫‡ ا‬- #(‫!ه‬G‫و‬
FX_CE+‫ و‬FX L ) #( %‫ إ‬A.,+‫ و‬%‫ ذ‬A7
#(% !‫ ى ه‬+‫ و‬AN)‫رة أو أ‬L%‫ ا‬1- H#U%‫ ا‬AN2‫ آ‬FCYf 1- AN2%‫
* ا‬F%
A‫(< آ‬J0+ 1JY /0%‫ )< ا‬2f ?( ‫ ون‬$ ) /aR_#%‫ ا‬1%39 S‫;
ا‬+ ?W -7
\-o+ S‫ أن ا‬00… 
S‫ وا‬F% ‫!ن‬E+‫ و‬F ‫ن‬E-3J+‫و‬
?a‫
!ه!ب ر‬1%‫ وا إ‬X) ‫ وزاد‬FC0
* V‫^ * وه‬,0$ ?9Y <‫ ا* أ‬WK‫ روى ها ا‬,O‫ و‬F% ‫ت‬,‫< أ‬J%‫ ا‬FJ%m0
1%‫(? إ‬0
AG‫ر‬ 
( )‫!ت و‬O+ *
‫ ره‬4‫ و‬V‫ن أ!ا(
* ذه‬G #%‫ر وا‬,%‫
* ا‬/ 0C
‫ و ف‬1-K‫ ) \ ا‬%‫ب )< ا‬CE !‫ذا ه‬t) ?a% V‫ي وه‬%‫ا‬
‫(ر‬0%‫ري )< ا‬,%‫ ا‬V‫!آ‬a%‫ ا‬A7
^,0 H#U%‫ع ا‬3 A7
‫!ر‬X (f‫!ر
* أ!ا( و ا‬2+ ‫!ر‬X *
‫ ه‬0
‫ ق و‬CJ4‫س وإ‬,04 * 

-9 *
‫ آن‬#) ‫[ر‬K‫{ ا‬#J% ‫ إذا‬o$
FX‫! أ‬-) ‫!ره‬X !‫ه‬m+ ‫!ت‬O %‫ *
* ا‬- 1-‫ )< أ‬/o 
‫[!ر‬E ‫<ء وإذا‬N#%‫ا‬ 

‫ و‬#YK‫ ي ا‬EC3% ‫ وش‬2
!() #YK‫!ت ا‬O %‫ ˆ و 
آن ) (
* ا‬K‫ ا‬+ L% ‫ وش‬2
!() ˆ K‫!ت ا‬O %‫[!ر
* ا‬E%‫ا‬
2fK‫!ان ا‬G‫ر‬K ‫ وش‬2
!() 2fK‫!ت ا‬O %‫ و 
آن ) (
* ا‬N.K‫س ا‬,0$% ‫ وش‬2
!() N.K‫!ت ا‬O %‫آن ) (
* ا‬
‫( ف‬G‫ و و‬g%g% *
‫ب‬CO () ‫!ه و‬%‫(
* ا‬X‫( وأرآ‬#R‫!ا‬O ‫ء‬N C%‫ ا‬/N2%‫ وا‬#YK‫ ا‬V‫ه‬%‫ وا‬N.K‫
د ا‬m% /!C

‫ون‬,-o#%‫ان ا‬,%!%‫( ا‬C09 ‫ وح‬%‫!خ ) ( ا‬20
ˆ ‫!ت أ‬O+ *
*+‫(?  اذ‬% & O ?(‫ 
أه? ر‬1%‫[ )!ا إ‬X‫ ا‬#-) ‫ن‬G #%‫
* ا‬
‫ ر‬4 (G‫ و‬4 ‫!ت‬O %‫ر وا‬,% /
!0
‫ء‬N  /N) *
(J0‫( وأ‬#%‫* و‬+‫ اذ‬C%‫ ا‬-9 *
‫  ذون‬/#aY ?(0
, %‫ و‬A‫ آ‬, 
‫وا‬,G‫(? و‬%‫ز‬0
1%‫(!ا إ‬JX‫ ا‬#-) /0%‫ض ا‬+‫* ر‬C ?( ‫ف‬m9 *+‫ اذ‬C%‫ ا‬-9 ?( \-X) ‫ ق‬CJ4n‫س وا‬,0$% /‫ و‬2
/X!r! 

( ) ‫وا‬,G‫[!ره? و‬O ‫!ا‬-.‫ د‬#-) ?(‫ ر‬/
‫!ه? آ ا‬T0(+‫!ه? و‬L)[+‫وروه? و‬m % ?(X‫ و‬J0+ ‫!ر‬X *
0
1- ‫!دا‬3O /aR_#%‫ا‬
‫ن‬J0G‫ن و‬0)‫ أ‬9‫ن ذوا‬J0G : ‫ن‬0G /3‫[!ر أر‬E%‫ ا‬-9 *
[O A‫ ب آ‬1- ‫!ا وإذا‬0#9‫!ا و‬%;4 
‫ (? و‬- F ‫ول‬9 
{ #G
‫ وا‬EJ4‫(? وا‬%‫ز‬0
‫!ءوا‬C9 #-) ‫ م‬o%‫[!رات )< ا‬E
‫!ر‬Y‫ن و‬G‫ زو‬/(‫ )آ‬A‫
* آ‬#( )‫ن و‬J.NX ‫ن‬0  #( )‫ن و‬J 
‫ه‬,

‫ل‬O 0 ‫ )رض‬0 r‫ ر‬0‫!ا ر‬%O ‫? ؟‬a‫!اب ر‬W ?J r‫ ر‬A‫ل ه‬O 0‫? ور‬3X ‫!ا‬%O EY ?a‫ ر‬,‫? 
و‬9,G‫ و‬A‫(? ر(? ه‬% ‫ل‬O ?‫ اره‬O 
‫  و‬s09 F ) H % " ‫? " ء 
وذ‬a% T 0‫ ه‬T 0() <JaR_
?aJL)f‫(< و‬G‫ و‬1%‫? إ‬9 X‫? داري و‬J--Y ?a0 ‫ي‬r 
. ‫!ب‬s% ( ) 0$#+ ‫ و‬V[X ( ) 0$#+  F-N) *
/ 
E#%‫ دار ا‬0-.‫ن وأد‬mL%‫ ا‬0 V‫ي أذه‬%‫ ا‬S ,#L%‫!ا ا‬%O %‫ ذ‬,03) ,+ [O
‫ ون‬+ ‫ي‬%‫ ا‬AG %‫ ا‬%% ‫!ل‬E+ 1%39 S‫ * أن ا‬L L[%‫< ا‬2) ,‫ !اه‬FN3C%‫ و‬V  W‫ وأ‬V+ ‫ ق‬4 ‫ وها‬. ‫!ر‬a ‫!ر‬2s% 0‫إن ر‬
‫!ل‬E+ ?W ^ ‫آ‬+ ‫*
* آا‬#9‫*
* آا و‬#9 : 1%39 S‫!ل ا‬E+ <X
K‫ ا‬F &(JX‫ إذا ا‬1JY 10#J ) *#9 : /0%‫! ا‬.‫ د‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬.q
‫! أن‬% ‫دي‬C + " AG‫ و‬m S‫? * ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫? * أ< ذر * ر‬-$
Q Lf <)‫ و‬. F%7
‫ ة أ‬U‫ و‬% %‫ذ‬ 
#‫ إ آ‬T  <a-
*
%‫ ذ‬EX 
FJ%;$
‫ن‬$X‫ إ‬A‫< ); & آ‬X!%;$) ,Y‫ وا‬, 3f <) ‫
!ا‬O ?a0G‫? و‬a$X‫ آ? وإ‬.q‫? و‬a%‫أو‬ 
(-‫ وع آ‬r (% 1!d (% ‫ل‬E+ ‫  ة‬/0%‫ان إن )< ا‬,3
* ,%. ‫ل‬O‫ و‬F%! w+,L%‫ " ا‬LC%‫ )< ا‬A.‫ } إذا أد‬o#%‫ ا‬E0+
^‫ روا‬/04 * 3‫ ا* أر‬w3C ) / 
E%‫!م ا‬E9 1JY F ) V-EJ+ /0%‫(ر ا‬X‫(
* أ‬X <) ‫!ن‬a+ ‫ أة‬#%‫} ا‬E4 ‫ وإن‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫ ن أه‬Cf {r 9
?9Y <‫ ا* أ‬.
Allah states that He alone increases the provisions for whom He wills and decreases it for
whom He wills, according to His wisdom and perfect justice. So, when the disbelievers rejoice
with the life of the present world that was given to them, they do not know that they are being
tested and tried. Allah said in other Ayat,
6 َ‫ ُون‬3ُ U
ْ +َ  Aَ ‫ت‬
ِ َ ْ َo%ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ?(ُ َ% ُ‫َ ِرع‬$Xُ - *
َ ِ0َ ‫
ِ* 
ٍل َو‬Fِ ِ ?ْ ُ‫ه‬, #ِ Xُ َ#X‫ُ!نَ َأ‬Cَ$L
ْ +َ ‫َأ‬
(Do they think that in wealth and children with which We enlarge them. We hasten unto them
with good things. Nay, but they perceive not.)23:55-566 Allah belittled the life of the present
world in comparison to what He has prepared for His believing servants in the Hereafter,
6ٌ{‫َـ‬J
َ  ‫ِ َ ةِ ِإ‬. ‫ ا‬1ِ) َ Xْ , %‫ َ!ةُ ا‬L
َ %ْ ‫ َو
َ ا‬

21

(whereas the life of this world compared to the Hereafter is but a brief passing enjoyment.)
Allah said in other Ayat,
6ً_ ِJ)َ َ‫ُ!ن‬#-َ
ْ 9ُ َ ‫ َو‬1َE9 ‫* ا‬
ِ #َ h% ٌ ْ .
َ ‫ِ َ ُة‬. ‫ٌ وَا‬A ِ-َO َ Xْ , %‫َـ ُ{ ا‬J
َ ْAOُ 
(Say: "Short is the enjoyment of this world. The Hereafter is (far) better for him who has
Taqwa, and you shall not be dealt with unjustly even equal to the amount of a Fatila.)4:776
and,
6 1َEْ ‫َ ْ ٌ َوَأ‬. ‫ِ َ ُة‬. ‫ وَا‬- َ Xْ ,%‫َ َ! َة ا‬L%ْ ‫ن ا‬
َ ‫ِ ُو‬Wْg9ُ ْAَ 
(Nay, you prefer the life of this world, although the Hereafter is better and more
lasting.)87:16-176 Imam Ahmad recorded that Al-Mustawrid, from Bani Fihr, said that the
Messenger of Allah said,
«{ِGْ َ9 ?َ ِ ْ ُ0ْ َ -ْ َ) ،h? َ %ْ ‫ َه ِ^ِ )ِ< ا‬Fُ 3َ Cَ f
ْ ‫ ُآ?ْ إ‬,ُ Y
َ ‫ َأ‬Aُ 3َ 
ْ +َ َ#‫ َآ‬%ِ‫ِ َ ِة إ‬.ْ%‫ َ )ِ< ا‬Xْ , %‫»
َ ا‬
(The life of the present world, compared to the Hereafter, is just like when one of you inserts
his finger in the sea, so let him contemplate how much of it will it carry.) and he pointed with
the index finger. Imam Muslim also collected this Hadith in his Sahih. In another Hadith, the
Prophet passed by a dead sheep, whose ears were small, and said,
«^!َE%ْ ‫* َأ‬
َ ِY Fِ -ِ‫ َأ ْه‬1َ-َ ‫ ِ
*ْ َهَا‬S
ِ ‫ ا‬1َ-
َ ‫ن‬
ُ !َ ‫ َ َأ ْه‬Xْ ,-َ% S
ِ ‫»وَا‬
(By Allah! The life of this present world is as insignificant to Allah as this sheep was to its
owners when they threw it away.)
Allah says that the idolators said,
6َْ!%َ
(Why is not), meaning, there should be,
6ِFh ‫* ر‬h
ٌ/+َ ‫ ءَا‬Fِ ْ -َ
َ ‫ِ َل‬mXُ‫أ‬
(a sign sent down to him from his Lord) The idolators also said,
6َ‫ُ!ن‬%‫ ا  و‬Aَ 4
ِ ْ‫َ ُأر‬#‫ َآ‬/ٍ +َ َ‫َ ِـ‬09ِ ْ;َ -ْ )َ 
(Let him then bring us an Ayah like the ones (Prophets) that were sent before (with signs)!) 
21:56 We mentioned this subject several times before and stated that Allah is able to bring
them what they wanted. There is a Hadith which mentions that the idolators asked the
Prophet to turn Mount As-Safa into gold and, they also asked him for a spring to gush forth
for them and to remove the mountains from around Makkah and replace them with green
fields and gardens. Allah revealed to His Messenger : "If You wish, O Muhammad, I will give
them what they asked for. However, if they disbelieve thereafter, I will punish them with a
punishment that I did not punish any among the `Alamin (mankind and the Jinns). Or, if you
wish, I will open for them the door to repentance and mercy.'' The Prophet said,
«/َ#Y
ْ  %‫ وَا‬/ِ َ !J%‫ب ا‬
َ َ ْ?(ُ َ% Q
ُ Jَ 2ْ 9َ ْAَ »
22

(Rather, open for them the door to repentance and mercy.) This is why Allah said to His
Messenger next,
6َ‫َب‬X‫ َ
*ْ َأ‬Fِ ْ %َ‫ِى ِإ‬,(ْ +َ َ‫َ ُء و‬Uَ+ *َ
AN
ِ ُ+ Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ْ ِإ‬AOُ 
(Say: "Verily, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides unto Himself those who turn to
Him in repentance.'') Allah states that He brings misguidance or guidance whether the
Messenger was given a sign (a miracle) according to their asking or not. Verily, earning the
misguidance or the guidance are not connected to the miracles or the lack of them. Allah said
in other Ayat, f
6َ‫ُ!ن‬0
ِ ْg+ُ  ٍ‫!ْم‬Oَ *َ ُ‫ ُر‬0 %‫& وَا‬
ُ ‫َـ‬+y‫ ا‬1ِ0ْs9ُ َ
‫ َو‬
(But neither Ayat nor warners benefit those who believe not.) 10:1016
6 ?َ ِ% ‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬3َ %ْ ‫ َ ُواْ ا‬+َ 1JY
َ /ٍ +َ ‫ ءا‬A‫ ُ(?ْ ُآ‬9ْ ‫َ َء‬G ْ!َ%‫ َو‬- َ‫ُ!ن‬0
ِ ْgُ+ َ َh ‫ َر‬/ُ #َ -ِ‫ ْ ِ(?ْ َآ‬-َ
َ ْ&EY
َ *
َ +ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Truly, those, against whom the Word of your Lord has been justified, will not believe. Even if
every sign should come to them, until they see the painful torment.)10:96-976, and,
?ُ‫َ َ ه‬7‫* َأ ْآ‬ 
aِ ‫َـ‬%َ‫ و‬Fُ -%‫َ َء ا‬U+َ ‫ُ!اْ ِإ  أَن‬0
ِ ْg ُ %ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬Xَ‫_ 
آ‬
ً Cُ ُO ‫ْ ٍء‬1
َ A ‫ ْ ِ(?ْ ُآ‬-ََ َXْ U
َ Y
َ ‫ َو‬1َ9ْ!#َ ْ%‫ ُ(?ُ ا‬#َ -‫ َو َآ‬/َ aَ Tِ ‫َـ‬-#َ %ْ ‫ ْ ِ(?ُ ا‬%َ‫َ ِإ‬0ْ%m Xَ َ0X ‫!ْ َأ‬%َ‫ َو‬
6 َ‫ُ!ن‬-َ(
ْ +َ
(And even if We had sent down unto them angels, and the dead had spoken unto them, and
We had gathered together all things before their very eyes, they would not have believed,
unless Allah willed, but most of them behave ignorantly.) 6:1116 Allah said here,
6َ‫َب‬X‫ َ
*ْ َأ‬Fِ ْ %َ‫ِى ِإ‬,(ْ +َ َ‫َ ُء و‬Uَ+ *َ
AN
ِ ُ+ Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ْ ِإ‬AOُ 
(Say: "Verily, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides unto Himself those who turn to
Him in repentance.'') meaning, He guides to Him those who repent, turn to Him, beg Him,
seek His help and humbly submit to Him.
Allah said,
6ِF-%‫ُ! ُ ُ(?ْ ِ ِآْ ِ ا‬-Oُ * 
ِT#َ 
ْ 9َ َ‫ُ! ْا و‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫ا‬
(Those who believed, and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah.) for their hearts
find comfort on the side of Allah, become tranquil when He is remembered and pleased to
have Him as their Protector and Supporter. So Allah said,
6ُ‫ُ!ب‬-ُE%ْ ‫* ا‬ 
Tِ #َ 
ْ 9َ Fِ -%‫َأ َ ِ ِ ْآ ِ ا‬
(Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest.) and surely, He is worthy of it.
Allah said,
6‫ب‬
ٍ َ‫* َ
ـ‬
ُ$
ْ ُY‫َ ُ(?ْ َو‬% 1َ!ُd ‫ت‬
ِ َL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫ُ!اْ َو‬0َ
q َ*+ِ%‫ا‬
(Those who believed, and work righteousness, Tuba is for them and a beautiful place of (final)
23

return.) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said that Tuba means, "Happiness and
comfort or refreshment of the eye.'' `Ikrimah said that Tuba means, "How excellent is what
they earned,'' while Ad-Dahhak said, "A joy for them.'' Furthermore, Ibrahim An-Nakh`i
said that Tuba means, "Better for them,'' while Qatadah said that it is an Arabic word that
means, `you have earned a good thing.' In another narration, Qatadah said that `Tuba for
them' means, "It is excellent for them,''
6ٍ‫* َ
ـَب‬
ُ$
ْ ُY‫ َو‬
(and a beautiful place of return.) and final destination. These meanings for Tuba are all
synonymous and they do not contradict one another. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa'id
Al-Khudri said that a man asked, "O Allah's Messenger! Tuba for those who saw you and
believed in you!'' The Prophet said,
«<ِXَ +َ ْ?%ََ‫* ِ< و‬
َ
َ q ْ*#َ %ِ 1َ!ُd ? Wُ 1َ!ُd ?Wُ 1َ!ُd‫ َو‬،<ِ *
َ
َ qَ‫ِ< و‬Xqَ‫*ْ ر‬#َ %ِ 1َ!ُd»
(Tuba is for he who saw me and believed in me. Tuba, and another Tuba, and another Tuba
for he who believed in me, but did not see me.) A man asked, "What is Tuba'' The Prophet
said,
«َ(
ِ َ#‫ج ِ
*ْ َأ ْآ‬
ُ ُ o
ْ 9َ /ِ 0
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ب َأ ْه‬
ُ َ Wِ ٍ‫ َم‬/ُ Rَ ِ
َ(9ُ َ ِ$
َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ َ ةٌ )ِ< ا‬
َ
َ »
(A tree in Paradise whose width is a hundred years, and the clothes of the people of Paradise
are taken from its bark.) Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded that Sahl bin Sa`d said that the
Messenger of Allah said,
«َ(ُ3
َ ْE+َ َ% ٍ‫ َم‬/َ Rَ ِ
َ(h-…
ِ <ِ) V
ُ ‫ ا ِآ‬%‫ِ ُ ا‬$+َ ً‫ َ ة‬
َ
َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ن )ِ< ا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(There is a tree in Paradise, if a rider travels in its shade for one hundred years, he would not
be able to cross it.) An-Nu`man bin Abi `Ayyash Az-Zuraqi added, "Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri
narrated to me that the Prophet said,
«َ(3ُ َEْ +َ َ
‫َ َ ٍم‬/Rَ ِ
{َ +ِ $%‫ َ ا‬# N
َ #ُ %ْ ‫َ!َا َد ا‬%ْ ‫ ا‬V
ُ ‫ ا ِآ‬%‫ِ ُ ا‬$+َ ً‫ َ ة‬
َ
َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ن )ِ< ا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(There is a tree in Paradise, if a rider travels in its shade on a fast, sleek horse for one hundred
years, he would not be able to cross it.)'' In his Sahih, Imam Muslim recorded that Abu Dharr
narrated that the Messenger of Allah said that Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said,
<ِa-ْ
ُ ْ*
ِ 
َ %َِ‫ ذ‬
َ Eَ Xَ َ
Fُ َJَ%;َ$
ْ
َ ‫ن‬
ٍ َ$Xْ ‫ ِإ‬A ‫& ُآ‬
ُ ْ َ
ْ َ;َ) <ِX!ُ%;َ$
َ َ) ,ٍ ِY‫ٍ وَا‬, ِ3f
َ <ِ) ‫َ
ُ!ا‬O ْ?aُ 0 G
ِ ‫?ْ َو‬aُ $
َ Xْ ‫ َ ُآ?ْ َوِإ‬.
ِ qَ‫?ْ و‬aُ %َ‫ن َأ و‬ 
‫!ْ َأ‬%َ ‫َدِي‬Cِ َ+»
« ْLCَ %ْ ‫ )ِ< ا‬Aَ ِ.‫} ِإذَا ُأ ْد‬
ُ َ ْo#ِ ْ%‫ُ ا‬Eُ 0ْ +َ َ#‫ َآ‬%‫ً ِإ‬Tْ 
َ
(O My slaves! If the first and the last among you, mankind and Jinns among you, stood in one
spot and asked Me and I gave each person what he asked, it will not decrease from My
dominion, except what the needle decreases (or carries) when entered into the sea.) Khalid bin
Ma`ddan said, "There is a tree in Paradise called Tuba, that has breasts that nurse the
children of the people of Paradise. Verily, the miscarriage of a woman will be swimming in one
of the rivers of Paradise until the Day of Resurrection commences, when he will be gathered
with people while forty years of age.'' Ibn Abi Hatim collected this statement.

24

4. QS A L - Q A S H A S H 28 : 76-77 
‫ َح‬2ْ 9َ َ Fُ
ُ !ْ َO Fُ %َ ‫َ َل‬O ْ‫! ِة ِإذ‬Eُ %ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ%ْ‫ ُأو‬/ِ Cَ [
ْ ُ3%ْ ِ ‫ُ!ُأ‬0َJ%َ Fُ L
َ 9ِ َ2
َ ‫ُ! ِز
َ ِإن‬0aُ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ُ^َ0ْ 9َ ‫ ْ (ِ?ْ َوءَا‬-َ
َ 1َsCَ )َ 1َ4!ُ
ِ‫!ْم‬Oَ *ِ
‫ن‬
َ َ‫ن آ‬
َ ‫َـ ُو‬O ‫ن‬ 
‫ِإ‬
* ِY ِ 2َ ْ%‫ ا‬V 
ِL+ُ َ Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
-  Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ ا رْضِ ِإ‬1ِ) ‫َ َد‬$2َ %ْ ‫Šِ ا‬Cْ 9َ َ ‫ َو‬
َ ْ َ%‫ ِإ‬Fُ -%‫* ا‬
َ$
َ Y
ْ ‫َ َأ‬#‫ِ* َآ‬$ْY‫ َ َوَأ‬Xْ ,%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ َCَ ِ[Xَ H
َ 0َ9 َ ‫ِ َ َة َو‬.‫ارَ ا‬,%‫ ا‬Fُ -%‫ك ا‬
َ َ9‫َ ءَا‬# ِ) Šِ Jَ ْ ‫وَا‬
*+ِ,$
ِ ْ2#ُ ْ%‫ ا‬V 
ِL+ُ 6
28:76. Sesungguhnya Karun adalah termasuk kaum Musa, maka ia berlaku aniaya terhadap
mereka, dan Kami telah menganugerahkan kepadanya perbendaharaan harta yang kuncikuncinya sungguh berat dipikul oleh sejumlah orang yang kuat-kuat. (Ingatlah) ketika
kaumnya berkata kepadanya: "Janganlah kamu terlalu bangga; sesungguhnya Allah tidak
menyukai orang-orang yang terlalu membanggakan diri".
28:77. Dan carilah pada apa yang telah dianugerahkan Allah kepadamu (kebahagiaan) negeri
akhirat, dan janganlah kamu melupakan bahagianmu dari (kenikmatan) duniawi dan
berbuat baiklah (kepada orang lain) sebagaimana Allah telah berbuat baik kepadamu, dan
janganlah kamu berbuat kerusakan di (muka) bumi. Sesungguhnya Allah tidak menyukai
orang-orang yang berbuat kerusakan.
(76. Verily, Qarun was of Musa's people, but he behaved arrogantly towards them. And We
gave him of the treasures, that of which the keys would have been a burden to a body of
strong men. Remember when his people said to him: "Do not exult. Verily, Allah likes not
those who exult.'')
(77. "But seek, with that which Allah has bestowed on you, the home of the Hereafter, and
forget not your portion of lawful enjoyment in this world; and be generous as Allah has been
generous to you, and seek not mischief in the land. Verily, Allah likes not the mischiefmakers.'')
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
‫ َحْ إِن‬2ْ 9َ َ% Fُ
ُ ْ!َO Fُ %َ َ‫َل‬O ْ‫! ِة ِإذ‬Eُ %ْ ‫ِ< ا‬%‫ أُو‬/ِ Cَ [
ْ ُ3%ْ ِ ‫ُ! ُء‬0Jَ %َ Fُ َL9ِ َ2
َ ‫ن‬ 
‫ُ! ِز
َ ِإ‬0aُ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ُ^َ0 ْ 9َ qَ‫َ ْ ِ(?ْ و‬-
َ 1َsCَ )َ 1َ4!ُ
‫َ!ْ ِم‬O ْ*
ِ َ‫ن آَن‬
َ ‫َرُو‬O ‫ِإن‬
* ِY ِ 2َ %ْ ‫ ا‬V 
ِL+ُ َ% Fَ -%‫ا‬
F# *‫ل آن ا‬O "14!
‫!م‬O *
‫رون آن‬O ‫ " إن‬: ‫ل‬O ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬CG * ,34 * ‫ و‬# * ‫(ل‬0#%‫ * ا‬e#K‫ل ا‬O
‫ آن‬FX‫Ž و ه? أ‬+ G *‫ر وا‬0+‫ * د‬%
‫دة و‬JO‫ ب و‬Y * ‫ك‬#4‫ و‬A)!X * ‫رث‬L%‫ * ا‬S‫ ا‬,C‫< و‬3o0%‫ل إ اه ? ا‬O ‫ا‬a‫وه‬
‫ق‬L4‫ * إ‬,#L
?‫ وز‬w‫ه‬O * ‫ ان‬# * 14!
‫ و‬w‫ه‬O * V([+ * ‫رون‬O !‫Ž ه‬+ G *‫ل ا‬O . ‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬F - 14!
? *‫ا‬
‫ل‬O‫? و‬-‫ أ‬S‫ وا‬F# *‫ آن ا‬FX‫ أ‬1- ?-3%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬7‫Ž وأآ‬+ G *‫ل ا‬O . ‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬F - ‫ ان‬# * 14!
? ‫رون آن‬O ‫ر أن‬$+ *
\)X #‫)\ آ‬X S‫و ا‬, *a%‫!راة و‬J% F9!f *$L% ‫!ر‬0#%‫ ا‬1#$+ ‫ وآن‬14!
? *‫ آن ا‬FX‫ث أ‬,LX 0‫ آ‬/ 
‫دة * د‬JO
*
^0 9q‫ " و‬: F%!O‫ و‬. F
!O 1- 3) 9 !d ‫ ا‬C F W <) ‫ زاد‬V!Y * ( ‫ل‬O‫ و‬: F%
‫ ة‬7a% <sC%‫ ا‬Fa-‫
ي );ه‬$%‫ا‬
* e#K‫ل ا‬O .(9 7a% ‫س‬0%‫م
* ا‬T2%‫( ا‬-#Y AE7 % ‫!ة " أي‬E%‫< ا‬%‫ أو‬/C[3% ‫!ء‬0J% FL92

!ال " 
إن‬K‫!ز" أي ا‬0a%‫ا‬
* J4 1- &-#Y V‫ذا رآ‬t) F9,Y 1- /X‫ا‬m. 1- ‫ح‬J2
A‫{ آ‬Cfn‫ ا‬A7
‫ح‬J2
A‫!د آ‬-G *
‫رون‬O ‫!ز‬0‫ آ‬Q 92
&X‫ آ‬/#7 .
F ) !‫ ه‬# ) F‫ *" أي و‬Y 2%‫ ا‬VL+  S‫ ح إن ا‬29  F
!O F% ‫ل‬O ‫ " إذ‬: F%!O‫ و‬. ?-‫ أ‬S‫ وا‬%‫ ذ‬A O‫_ و‬L
‫_ أ‬s
VL+  S‫ل " إن ا‬#%‫
* ا‬F ) &X‫ أ‬# C9  ‫!ن‬03+ F ) &X‫ أ‬# ‫ ح‬29  : ‫رد‬n‫ وا‬Q[0%‫ ا‬A C4 1- ‫!ا‬%E) F
!O !L%f
?‫ 
أه‬1- S‫ ون ا‬aU+  *+%‫* ا‬+ C%‫* ا‬+ K‫< ا‬03+ ,‫ل 
ه‬O‫ * و‬Y #%‫< ا‬03+ ‫س‬C *‫ل ا‬O " * Y 2%‫ا‬
VِL+ُ َ% Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ْ;َ ْرضِ ِإ‬%‫َدَ )ِ< ا‬$2َ %ْ ‫ ِŠ ا‬Cْ َ9 َ%َ‫ و‬
َ ْ %َ‫ ِإ‬Fُ -%‫*َ ا‬$
َ Y
ْ ‫َ َأ‬#‫*ْ َآ‬$
ِY
ْ َ‫ َ َوأ‬Xْ , %‫* ا‬
َ
ِ 
َ Cَ ِ[َX H
َ 0ْ 9َ َ%‫ َ ةَ َو‬.
ِ ْ%‫ا َر ا‬,%‫ ا‬Fُ -%‫ك ا‬
َ َ9q َ# ِ) ِŠJَ ْ ‫وَا‬
*+ِ,$
ِ ْ2#ُ %ْ ‫ا‬
25

/#30%‫ وا‬A+m%‫ل ا‬#%‫
* ها ا‬S‫ ا‬C‫ 
وه‬A#3J4‫  " أي ا‬X,%‫
* ا‬C [X H09 ‫ ة و‬.y‫ار ا‬,%‫ ا‬S‫ك ا‬9q # ) ŠJ‫ " وا‬: F%!O‫و‬
" X,%‫
* ا‬C [X H09 ‫ ة " و‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫!اب )< ا‬7%‫ ( ا‬% A[L+ <J%‫ ت ا‬E%‫!اع ا‬X; F %‫ ب إ‬EJ%‫ ر وا‬/d <) /-R%‫ا‬ 
- -‫ه‬K‫ و‬EY  - $20%‫ و‬EY  -  % ‫ن‬t) Q‫آ‬0#%‫آ* وا‬$#%‫ وا‬H_#%‫رب وا‬U#%‫ وا‬A‫آ‬#%‫ ) (
* ا‬S‫ أح ا‬#
‫أي‬
ŠC9 ‫  " و‬%‫* ه! إ‬$Y‫ أ‬#‫ آ‬FE-. 1%‫* إ‬$Y‫ " أي أ‬%‫ إ‬S‫* ا‬$Y‫ أ‬#‫* آ‬$Y‫ " وأ‬FEY \Y ‫ ذي‬A‫ )ت آ‬EY  - ‫ورك‬m%‫ و‬EY
*+,$2#%‫ ا‬VL+  S‫ " إن ا‬S‫\ ا‬-. 1%‫<ء إ‬$9‫رض و‬K‫ )< ا‬F ,$29 ‫ أن‬F ) &X‫ أ‬# J#‫* ه‬a9  ‫رض " أي‬K‫د )< ا‬$2%‫" ا‬
It was recorded that Ibn `Abbas said: 
1َ4!ُ
‫!ْ ِم‬Oَ *ِ
َ‫ن آَن‬
َ ‫َـ ُو‬O ‫ن‬ 
‫ِإ‬6 (Verily, Qarun was of Musa's people,) "He was the son of his paternal
uncle.'' This was also the view of Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, `Abdullah bin Al-Harith bin Nawfal,
Sammak bin Harb, Qatadah, Malik bin Dinar, Ibn Jurayj and others; they all said that he was
the cousin of Musa, peace be upon him. Ibn Jurayj said: "He was Qarun bin Yashar bin
Qahith, and Musa was the son of `Imran bin Qahith. 
‫ُ!ز‬0ُa%ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ^ُ َ0ْ 9َ ‫ َوءَا‬6 (And We gave him of the treasures,) meaning, of wealth; 
‫!ة‬Eُ %ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ%ْ‫ ُأو‬/ِ Cَ [
ْ ُ3%ْ ِ ُ‫ُ!أ‬0Jَ َ% Fُ َL9ِ َ2
َ ‫ن‬ 

َ ِإ‬6 (that of which the keys would have been a burden to a body of
strong men.) Groups of strong men would not have been able to carry them because they were
so many. Al-A`mash narrated from Khaythamah, "The keys of Qarun's treasure were made
of leather, each key like a finger, and each key was for a separate storeroom. When he rode
anywhere, the keys would be carried on sixty mules with white blazes on their foreheads and
white feet.'' Other views were also given, and Allah knows best. 
* ِY ِ َ2%ْ ‫ ا‬V 
L
ِ +ُ َ Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ح ِإ‬
ْ َ 2ْ 9َ َ Fُ
ُ ْ!َO Fُ َ% ‫َ َل‬O ْ‫ِإذ‬6 (Remember when his people said to him: "Do not exult.
Verily, Allah likes not those who exult.'') means, the righteous ones among his people exhorted
him. By way of sincere advice and guidance, they said: "Do not exult in what you have,''
meaning, `do not be arrogant and proud of your wealth.' 
* ِY ِ 2َ ْ%‫ ا‬V 
ِL+ُ َ Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬6 (Verily, Allah likes not those who exult.) Ibn `Abbas said, "This means,
those who rejoice and gloat.'' Mujahid said, "It means those who are insolent and reckless,
and do not thank Allah for what He has given them.'' His saying: 
َ Xْ ,%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ َCَ ِ[Xَ H
َ 0َ9 َ ‫ِ َ َة َو‬. ‫ارَ ا‬,%‫ ا‬Fُ -%‫ك ا‬
َ َ9‫َ ءَا‬# ِ) Šِ Jَ ْ ‫وَا‬6 (But seek, with that which Allah has bestowed
on you, the home of the Hereafter, and forget not your portion of lawful enjoyment in this
world;) means, `use this great wealth and immense blessing Allah has given you to worship
your Lord and draw closer to Him by doing a variety of good deeds which will earn you
reward in this world and the Hereafter.' 
َ Xْ ,%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ َCَ ِ[Xَ َH0َ9 َ ‫ َو‬6 (and forget not your portion of lawful enjoyment in this world;) `That
which Allah has permitted of food, drink, clothing, dwelling places and women. Your Lord has
rights over you, your self has rights over you, your family has rights over you, and your
visitors have rights over you. So give each of them their due.' 
ْ %َ‫ ِإ‬Fُ -%‫* ا‬
َ$
َ ْY‫َ َأ‬#‫ِ* َآ‬$ْY‫ َوَأ‬6 (and be generous as Allah has been generous to you, ) `Be generous to
His creatures, as He has been generous to you.' 
‫ ا رْض‬1ِ) َ‫َد‬$2َ %ْ ‫ ِŠ ا‬Cْ 9َ َ ‫ َو‬6 (and seek not mischief in the land.) meaning: `do not let your aim be to
spread corruption on earth and do harm to Allah's creation.' 
*+ِ,$
ِ ْ2#ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬V 
ِL+ُ َ Fَ -%‫ِإن ا‬6 (Verily, Allah likes not the mischief-makers.)
26

5. QS A Z - Z U M A R 39 : 73-75 
*+ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. َ‫ُ!ه‬-ُ.ْ‫?ْ )َد‬Jُ Cْ ِd ْ?‫ُـ‬a ْ َ-
َ ٌ?‫َـ‬-4
َ َ(Jُ Xَ َm.
َ ْ?(ُ َ% ‫َ َل‬O‫& َأ ْ َ! ُ(َ َو‬
ْ َLJِ ُ)‫َءُوهَ َو‬G ‫ ِإذَا‬1JY
َ ‫ ُز
َ ًا‬/ِ 0 
َ %ّ‫ ا‬1َ%‫َ!ْاْ َر  ُ(?ْ ِإ‬E9 ‫* ا‬
َ +ِ%‫\ ا‬
َ ِ4‫َو‬
- * ِ-ِ#‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ْ ُ ا‬G‫?َ َأ‬3ْ 0ِ )َ ‫َ ُء‬UXَ w
ُ ْ Y
َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ‫ !ُأ‬Cَ Jَ Xَ َ‫َ ا رْض‬0َW‫^ُ َوَأوْ َر‬,َ 
ْ ‫َ َو‬0َO,َ f
َ ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ُ,#ْ ‫َـ‬L%ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬%‫َـ‬O‫ َو‬6
* ِ#-َ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ب ا‬
h ‫ َر‬Fِ -%ِ ُ,#ْ L
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aَ ِO‫\ َو‬
h َL%ْ ِ ?ْ (ُ 0َ ْ َ 1
َ ِNOُ ‫ ِ(?ْ َو‬h ‫ِ َر‬,#ْ L
َ ِ َ‫ُ!ن‬LCh $
َ +ُ ‫ش‬
ِ ْ 3َ %ْ ‫!ْ ِل ا‬Y
َ ْ*
ِ *
َ h)َY /َ aَ Tِ ‫َـ‬-#َ %ْ ‫ َى ا‬9َ َ‫ و‬6
39:73. Dan orang-orang yang bertakwa kepada Tuhannya dibawa ke dalam surga
berombong-rombongan (pula). Sehingga apabila mereka sampai ke surga itu sedang pintupintunya telah terbuka dan berkatalah kepada mereka penjaga-penjaganya: "Kesejahteraan
(dilimpahkan) atasmu, berbahagialah kamu! maka masukilah surga ini, sedang kamu kekal
di dalamnya".
39:74. Dan mereka mengucapkan: "Segala puji bagi Allah yang telah memenuhi janji-Nya
kepada kami dan telah (memberi) kepada kami tempat ini sedang kami (diperkenankan)
menempati tempat dalam surga di mana saja yang kami kehendaki." Maka surga itulah
sebaik-baik balasan bagi orang-orang yang beramal.
39:75. Dan kamu (Muhammad) akan melihat malaikat-malaikat berlingkar di sekeliling
Arasy bertasbih sambil memuji Tuhannya; dan diberi putusan di antara hamba-hamba Allah
dengan adil dan diucapkan: "Segala puji bagi Allah, Tuhan semesta alam".
(73. And those who had Taqwa will be led to Paradise in groups till when they reach it, and its
gates will be opened and its keepers will say: "Salam `Alaykum (peace be upon you)! You
have done well, so enter here to abide therein forever.'')
(74. And they will say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah Who has fulfilled His promise
to us and has made us inherit the land. We can dwell in Paradise where we will; how excellent
a reward for the workers!'')
(75. And you will see the angels surrounding the Throne from all round, glorifying the praises
of their Lord. And they will be judged with truth. And it will be said, "All the praises and
thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exits.'')
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
َ*+ِ,ِ%َ. َ‫ُ!ه‬-ُ.ْ‫?ْ )َد‬Jُ ْCِd ْ?aُ ْ -ََ ٌ‫َم‬-4
َ َ(Jُ Xَ mَ َ. ْ?(ُ َ% ‫َ َل‬O‫َ&ْ َأ ْ!َا ُ(َ َو‬LJِ )ُ ‫َءُوهَ َو‬G ‫ ِإذَا‬1JY
َ ‫ زُ َ
ًا‬/ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1َ%‫!ْا َر ُ( ْ? ِإ‬Eَ 9‫*َ ا‬+ِ%‫\ ا‬
َ ِ4َ‫و‬
‫ !ن‬E#%‫ ا‬: /#G ,3 /#G ‫ " ز
ا " أي‬/0%‫ ا‬1%‫ا إ‬,)‫ و‬VR0%‫ ا‬1- ‫!ن‬O$+ * Y * 0
g#%‫اء ا‬,3$%‫ل ا‬Y * ‫ر‬C.‫وها إ‬
{
‫اء‬,(U%‫(? وا‬%a‫!ن
{ أ‬E+,[%‫ ء وا‬CXK‫ ء
{ ا‬CXK‫ ا‬: ?(C40+ *
{
/2Rd A‫(? آ‬X!-+ *+%‫? ا‬W ?(X!-+ *+%‫? ا‬W ‫ ار‬K‫? ا‬W
‫ أ!اب‬1%‫!ا إ‬-f‫ءوه " أي و‬G ‫ إذا‬1JY " N3 (N3 V409 ‫ ز
ة‬A‫‚ آ‬0f {
‚0f A‫(? وآ‬X‫ ا‬O‫ء
{ أ‬#-3%‫ ا(? وا‬r‫أ‬
‫!ا أذن‬EX‫ إذا ه!ا و‬1JY  X,%‫(? )< ا‬0  &X‫? آ‬%
?(% JO) ‫ر‬0%‫ وا‬/0%‫ ة  * ا‬0O 1- ‫!ا‬$CY ‫[ اط‬%‫ 
وزة ا‬,3 /0%‫ا‬
‫!ل‬.,%‫(? )< ا‬% ‫;ذن‬J$+ *# ) ‫وروا‬U9 /0%‫ أ!اب ا‬1%‫(!ا إ‬JX‫ * إذا ا‬0
g#%‫[!ر أن ا‬%‫ ا‬w+,Y <) ‫ ورد‬,O‫ و‬/0%‫!ل ا‬.‫(? )< د‬%
S‫ ا‬1%‫(? إ‬2UJ4‫ ا‬,0 ‫ت‬f 3%‫!ا )< ا‬-3) #‫ * آ‬3#G‫ (? أ‬-‫ا و‬,#L
?W 1$  ?W 14!
?W ? ‫? إ اه‬W Y!X ?W ‫دم‬q ‫ون‬,[E )
Q Lf <) &CW ,O‫( و‬-‫* آ‬d‫!ا‬#%‫ )< ا‬UC%‫ ا‬R4 1- ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ,#L
‫ (  ف‬% ‫ء‬NE%‫ ا‬A[2% <9;+ ‫ أن‬AG‫ و‬m
‫ أول‬X‫? " وأ‬-$#% ‡2% <)‫ " و‬/0%‫ { )< ا‬2 ‫ أول‬X‫? " أ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬HX‫? * أ‬-$

‫!ل‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬%
* HX‫& * أ‬W * ‫ن‬# -4 0W,Y ?‫ ه‬0W,Y ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬. " /0%‫ ع ب ا‬E+ *

‫!ل  أ
ت أن‬E ) - ‫ل‬O - ,#L
‫!ل‬O;) ‫& ؟‬X‫زن
* أ‬o%‫!ل ا‬E ) QJ2J4;) / 
E%‫!م ا‬+ /0%‫< ب ا‬9q " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫ا‬
‫ن‬# -4 * ?4E%‫ ه? * ا‬N0%‫ * أ< ا‬#‫ ب آ_ه‬Y * ‫ وزه‬,O0%‫ ا‬,#L
* ‫ و‬# * ?-$
^‫ " وروا‬-CO ,YK QJ)‫ أ‬
* ‫م‬#‫ * ه‬#3
0W,Y ‫ زاق‬%‫ ا‬,C 0W,Y ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬. F F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬HX‫& * أ‬W * <$ E%‫ ة ا‬s#%‫وه! ا* ا‬
#E%‫!رة ا‬f 1- ?‫!ره‬f /0%‫Ž ا‬-9 ‫? " أول ز
ة‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ة ر‬+ ‫ * أ< ه‬FC0

?(L‫!ة ور‬%K‫ و 

ه? ا‬/N2%‫ وا‬V‫ه‬%‫(? ا‬dU
‫(? وأ‬J Xq ( ) ‫!ن‬d!sJ+ ‫!ن ) ( و‬oJ#+ ‫!ن ) ( و‬E[C+  ‫ر‬,C%‫ ا‬/- %
,Y‫ وا‬V-O 1- ?(!-O ˆ C9 ‫(? و‬0  ‫_ف‬J.‫*  ا‬$L%‫?
* ا‬L-%‫
* وراء ا‬#(O4 
‫ ى‬+ ‫ن‬JG‫(? زو‬0
,Y‫ وا‬Aa%‫ و‬$#%‫ا‬
27

‫‪!LC$+‬ن ا‪ a 1%39 S‬ة و‪ "  U‬وروا^ ا‪oC%‬ري *
‪ * A9E
* ,#L‬ا* ا‪C#%‬رك وروا^
‪ * ,#L
* ?-$‬را){ * ‪,C‬‬
‫ا‪ %‬زاق آ_ه‪04t #3
* #‬د^ ‪ ^!LX‬وآا روا^ أ! ا‪Xm%‬د * ا‪ K‬ج * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪ * F0 1%39 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ . ?-4‬و‪O‬ل ا‪ ‡)L%‬أ! ‪ 0W,Y 1-3+‬أ! ‪# * + G 0W,Y /#7 .‬رة * ا‪E3E%‬ع * أ< زر‪ * /‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة‬
‫ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬أول ز
ة ‪!-.,+‬ن ا‪!f 1- /0%‬رة ا‪ /- % #E%‬ا‪,C%‬ر وا‪?(X!-+ *+%‬‬
‫‪!r 1-‬ء أ‪ ,‬آ!آ‪ V‬دري )< ا‪#$%‬ء إ‪r‬ءة  ‪!%!C+‬ن و ‪!d!sJ+‬ن و ‪!-2J+‬ن و ‪!oJ#+‬ن أ
‪ ?(dU‬ا‪%‬ه‪ V‬ور‪?(L‬‬
‫ا‪ $#%‬و 

ه? ا‪!%K‬ة وأزوا‪ ?(G‬ا‪!L%‬ر ا‪ * 3%‬أ‪ \-. 1- ?(O_.‬ر‪ AG‬وا‪!f 1- ,Y‬رة أ (? ‪q‬دم ‪!J4‬ن ذرا )< ا‪#$%‬ء " ‪.‬‬
‫وأ‪ ^G .‬أ‪ . + G w+,Y *
N+‬و‪O‬ل ا‪m%‬ه ي * ‪ * , 34‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪ * F0 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل‬
‫" ‪ A.,+‬ا‪ *
/0%‬أ
‪ <J‬ز
ة ه? ‪!3C4‬ن أ‪<N9 2%‬ء و‪!G‬ه(? إ‪r‬ءة ا‪ /- % #E%‬ا‪,C%‬ر " )‪E‬م ‪E) *[L
* /a‬ل ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ S‬ادع ا‪ S‬أن ‪E) ?(0
<0-3+‬ل " ا‪ ?(-%‬ا‪O ?W " ?(0
F-3G‬م ر‪ *
AG‬ا‪[XK‬ر )‪E‬ل ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬ادع ا‪ 1%39 S‬أن ‪<0-3+‬‬

‪E) ?(0‬ل ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " /a ( EC4 " ?-4‬أ‪ ^G .‬و‪ ,O‬روى ها ا‪ <) - w+,L%‬ا‪ * 3C$%‬أ‪!-.,+ 2%‬ن ا‪ s /0%‬‬
‫‪$Y‬ب ‪ -‬ا‪oC%‬ري و
‪ * ?-$‬ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 1%39 S‬و‪ ,C * G‬ا‪ S‬و‪ #‬ان * ‪ * [Y‬وا*
‪!3$‬د ور)‪* /‬‬
‫ ا‪ /‬ا‪ <0(%‬وأم ‪ *[L
&0 H O‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ ?(0 S‬و‪ * #(%‬أ< ‪Y‬زم * ‪ ,34 * A(4‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 1%39 S‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " ‪ *-., %‬ا‪ *
/0%‬أ
‪!3C4 <J‬ن أ‪ 2%‬أو ‪ /R#3C4‬أ‪ A.,+ 1JY ˆ3C ?(N3 .q ‚%‬أو‪ ?(%‬و‪ .q‬ه?‬
‫ا‪ /0%‬و‪!G‬ه(? ‪!f 1-‬رة ا‪ /- % #E%‬ا‪,C%‬ر " ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل أ! ‪ * a‬أ<  ‪ 0W,Y /C‬إ‪  * A #4‬ش *
‪ * ,#L‬ز‪+‬د ‪O‬ل‬
‫‪ &3#4‬أ أ 

‪ /‬ا‪C%‬ه‪ <-‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪!E+ F0 S‬ل ‪ &3#4‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!E+ ?-4‬ل " و‪ <X,‬ر< ‪ m‬و‪ AG‬أن ‪A.,+‬‬
‫ا‪ *
/0%‬أ
‪ * 3C4 <J‬أ‪ {
2%‬آ‪ A‬أ‪!3C4 ‚%‬ن أ‪$Y  2%‬ب ‪ ?( -‬و اب و‪_W‬ث ‪ 7Y‬ت
* ‪ 7Y‬ت ر< ‪ m‬و‪ " AG‬وآا‬
‫روا^ ا‪!2f * ?-$
* , %!%‬ان * ‪ #‬و * ‪ * 
* ? aY‬أ< ا‪# %‬ن 
* ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * 1 L+ * S‬أ< أ 

‪ /‬وروا^‬
‫ا‪ C%‬ا‪ ,C * /0  * <X‬ا‪ {
?W " <#-$%‬آ‪ A‬أ‪ * 3C4 ‚%‬أ‪ " 2%‬و‪ +‬وى
‪!W * F-7‬ن وأ< ‪ , 34‬ا‪#XK‬ري و‪! F%‬اه‪*
,‬‬
‫و‪ ^!G‬آ‪ 7‬ة و‪ 1JY " 1%39 F%!O‬إذا ‪G‬ءوه و)‪ &LJ‬أ!ا( و‪O‬ل ‪_4 (JXm. ?(%‬م ‪) ?JCd ?a -‬د‪!-.‬ه ‪+ ?% " *+,%.‬آ ‬
‫ا‪!%‬اب ه(‪ 0‬و‪ 1JY ^ +,E9‬إذا ‪G‬ءوه وآ‪ &X‬ه^ ا‪!
K‬ر
* )‪ QJ‬ا‪!K‬اب ‪ ?(%‬إآ ا 
و‪ # 39‬و‪ ?(JE-9‬ا‪ /aR_#%‬ا‪UC% /Xmo%‬رة‬
‫وا‪_$%‬م وا‪07%‬ء آ‪ 1E-9 #‬ا‪ / Xm%‬ا‪ 2a%‬ة ‪ V+ 7J%‬وا‪ ^ +,EJ) V X;J%‬إذا آن ها ‪,34‬وا و‪!d‬ا و‪ 4‬وا و) ‪!Y‬ا ‪,E‬ر آ‪!a+ 
A‬ن‬
‫‪ ? 3X F ) ?(%‬وإذا ‪Y‬ف ا‪!%‬اب ه(‪ 0‬ذه‪ V‬ا‪%‬ه* آ‪
A‬ه‪ <) V‬ا‪G %‬ء وا‪ A
K‬و
* ز? أن ا‪!%‬او )< ‪C9 F%!O‬رك و‪" 1%39‬‬
‫و)‪ &LJ‬أ!ا( " واو ا‪ / X#7%‬وا‪,J4‬ل ‪ 1- F‬أن أ!اب ا‪ ,E) / X#W /0%‬أ‪ ,3‬ا‪ /30%‬وأ ق )< ا‪m0%‬ع وإ‪2J$+ #X‬د آ!ن أ!اب‬
‫ا‪ *
/ X#W /0%‬ا‪YK‬د‪ w+‬ا‪O . /L L[%‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ ,C 0W,Y ,#Y‬ا‪ %‬زاق أ‪ * #3
X C.‬ا‪m%‬ه ي * ‪ ,C * , #Y‬ا‪* *#Y %‬‬
‫أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ *
" ?-4‬أ‪ \2X‬زو‪ A C4 <) F%
*
* G‬ا‪ 1%39 S‬د<
*‬
‫أ!اب ا‪ /0%‬و‪ /0-%‬أ!اب )‪ *#‬آن
* أه‪ A‬ا‪_[%‬ة د<
* ب ا‪_[%‬ة و
* آن
* أه‪ A‬ا‪ /O,[%‬د<
* ب ا‪ /O,[%‬و
*‬
‫آن
* أه‪ A‬ا‪(%‬د د<
* ب ا‪(%‬د و
* آن
* أه‪ A‬ا‪ [%‬م د<
* ب ا‪+ %‬ن " )‪E‬ل أ! ‪ a‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪+ F0 1%39 S‬‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1- 
S‬أ‪ r *
,Y‬ورة د<
* أ‪ (+‬د< )(‪ (0
1,+ A‬آ‪ (-‬أ‪ + ,Y‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬؟ ‪O‬ل ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?3X " ?-4‬‬
‫وأر‪ !G‬أن ‪!a9‬ن
‪ " ?(0‬روا^ ا‪oC%‬ري و
‪ w+,Y *
?-$‬ا‪m%‬ه ي ‪ ^!L0‬و) (‪ w+,Y *
#‬أ< ‪Y‬زم ‪ * /#-4‬د‪0+‬ر * ‪* A(4‬‬
‫‪ ,34‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " إن )< ا‪ / X#W /0%‬أ!اب ب
‪ 1#$+ (0‬ا‪+ %‬ن  ‪ F-.,+‬إ‬
‫ا‪!#R[%‬ن " ‪ .‬و)< ‪ * # * ?-$
Q Lf‬ا‪o%‬ب ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪*
?a0

" ?-4‬‬
‫أ‪ Š-C ) ;r!J+ ,Y‬أو ) ‪ ŠC$‬ا‪!r!%‬ء ‪!E+ ?W‬ل أ(‪ ,‬أن  إ‪ F%‬إ ا‪ S‬وأن
‪,#L‬ا ‪ ^,C‬ور‪ F%!4‬إ )‪ F% &LJ‬أ!اب ا‪ /0%‬ا‪/ X#7%‬‬
‫‪ *
A.,+‬أ‪ (+‬ء " ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل ا‪ 0W,Y /)  * *$L%‬إ‪  * A #4‬ش * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ ,C * S‬ا‪ * *#Y %‬أ< ‪ ( * * $Y‬‬
‫* ‪3
* V!Y‬ذ ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ‪ <%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪J2
" ?-4‬ح ا‪  /0%‬إ‪ F%‬إ ا‪ " " S‬ذآ ‪/34‬‬
‫أ!اب ا‪;$X - /0%‬ل ا‪ F-N) *
S‬ا‪ ? 3%‬أن ‪ *
0-3+‬أه‪ <) . " (-‬ا‪ w+,Y *
* L L[%‬أ< زر‪ * /‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ w+,Y <) F0‬ا‪ /2U%‬ا‪!E ) " A+!%‬ل ا‪ ,#L
+ 1%39 S‬أد‪$Y  *
A.‬ب ‪ *
F -‬أ
‪ *
J‬ا‪C%‬ب ا‪ *#+K‬وه?  آء ا‪0%‬س‬
‫)< ا‪!K‬اب ا‪ .K‬وا‪%‬ي ‪ ^,  ,#L
H2X‬إن 
 * ا‪ [#%‬ا *
*
[ر‪ {+‬ا‪N *  
/0%‬د‪ <9‬ا‪C%‬ب ‪ /a
*  #a%‬وه ‪-‬‬
‫أو ه و
‪ - /a‬و)< روا‪ /a
- /+‬و[ ى " ‪ .‬و)< ‪m * /CJ * ?-$
Q Lf‬وان أ‪E) /C. ?(C. FX‬ل ) ( و‪ ,E%‬ذآ ‪0%‬‬
‫أن 
 *
[ ا *
*
[ر‪ {+‬ا‪ $
/0%‬ة أر‪ /04 * 3‬و‪!+ F - * 9; %‬م وه! آ ‡
* ا‪Ym%‬م و)< ا‪* ? aY * ,0$#%‬‬

‪3‬و‪ * /+‬أ ‪ F‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ * F0 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ F-7
?-4‬و‪O‬ل ‪ 0W,Y , #Y * ,C‬ا‪ 0W,Y 14!
* *$L%‬ا*‬
‫‪ 0W,Y /3 (%‬دراج * أ< ا‪ * ?7 (%‬أ< ‪ , 34‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ * F0 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " إن 
 *
[ ا *‬
‫)< ا‪ $
/0%‬ة أر‪ " /04 * 3‬و‪C9 F%!O‬رك و‪ " 1%39‬و‪O‬ل ‪_4 (JXm. ?(%‬م ‪ " ?JCd ?a -‬أي ‪ &d‬أ‪ ?a%#‬وأ‪!O‬ا‪ ?a%‬و‪d‬ب‬
‫‪ ?a 34‬و‪d‬ب ‪mG‬اؤآ? آ‪ #‬أ
ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أن ‪0+‬دى  * ا‪ ˆ3 <) * #-$#%‬ا‪ms%‬وات " إن ا‪(-.,+  /0%‬‬
‫‪.‬إ ‪ - /#-$
H2X‬و)< روا‪ " /0
g
- /+‬و‪) " F%!O‬د‪!-.‬ه ‪ " *+,%.‬أي 
آ‪ ( ) * 7‬أ‪,‬ا  ‪!sC+‬ن ‪!Y (0‬‬
‫‪ُ َUَX w‬ء َ) ِ‪َ َ?3ْ 0‬أ‪ ُ ْG‬ا ْ‪َ* ِ-
ِ َ3%‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ Y‬‬
‫‪َ /ِ 0‬‬
‫* ا ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫ض َ‪! Cَ َJX‬أُ ِ
َ‬
‫ َ‪َ ُ^,‬وَأوْرَ َ‪ َ0W‬ا‪;َْ%‬رْ َ‬
‫‪َ َ0َO,َ f‬و ْ‬
‫‪ Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L‬ا‪ِ%‬ي َ‬
‫َو‪!ُ%َO‬ا ا ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫أي ‪!E+‬ل ا‪!0
g#%‬ن إذا ‪!0+‬ا )< ا‪ /0%‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪!7%‬اب ا‪!%‬ا) وا‪3%‬ء ا‪ ? 3%‬وا‪ ? 30%‬ا‪ ? E#%‬وا‪ -#%‬ا‪!%!E+ Ca%‬ن ‪ ,0‬ذ‪ " %‬ا‪,#L%‬‬
‫‪ S‬ا‪%‬ي ‪ 0O,f‬و‪ " ^,‬أي ا‪%‬ي آن و‪ 1- X,‬أ‪ /0$%‬ر‪ F-4‬ا‪ a%‬ام آ‪ #‬د!ا )< ا‪ "  X,%‬ر‪ 0‬و‪ 
09q‬و‪ 1- 09,‬ر‪ -4‬و‬
‫‪!+ Xmo9‬م ا‪ / 
E%‬إ‪ ‚-o9  X‬ا‪3 #%‬د " " و‪!%O‬ا ا‪ S ,#L%‬ا‪%‬ي ه‪,‬ا‪(% X‬ا و 
آ‪,J(0% 0‬ي ‪ !%‬أن ه‪,‬ا‪ X‬ا‪G ,E% S‬ءت ر‪A4‬‬
‫‪28‬‬

‫ر‪ " " \L% 0‬و‪!%O‬ا ا‪ S ,#L%‬ا‪%‬ي أذه‪ 0 V‬ا‪mL%‬ن إن ر‪!2s% 0‬ر ‪!a‬ر ا‪%‬ي أ‪ 0-Y‬دار ا‪( ) 0$#+  F-N) *
/ 
E#%‬‬
‫‪ V[X‬و ‪!s% ( ) 0$#+‬ب " و‪ " ?(%!O‬وأور‪ 0W‬ا‪K‬رض ‪!CJX‬أ
* ا‪UX w Y /0%‬ء )‪ ?30‬أ‪ G‬ا‪O . " * - 
3%‬ل أ! ا‪ / %3%‬وأ!‬
‫‪ Q%f‬و‪JO‬دة وا‪,$%‬ي وا* ز‪ ,+‬أي أرض ا‪ ^() /0%‬ا‪ /+y‬آ‪ " 1%39 F%!E‬و‪ ,E%‬آ‪ <) 0CJ‬ا‪!m%‬ر
* ‪ ,3‬ا‪%‬آ أن ا‪K‬رض ‪(W +‬‬
‫‪C‬دي ا‪!L%[%‬ن " و‪(%‬ا ‪!%O‬ا " ‪!CJX‬أ
* ا‪UX w Y /0%‬ء " أي أ‪ ?30) 0--Y 0T *+‬ا‪ GK‬أ‪ 0-# 1- X G‬و)< ا‪* L L[%‬‬

* ‪ w+,Y‬ا‪m%‬ه ي * أ‪ HX‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ /[O <) F0 S‬ا‪ 3#%‬اج ‪O‬ل ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬أد‪ &-.‬ا‪t) /0%‬ذا ) ( ‪0G‬‬
‫ا‪ g%g-%‬وإذا ‪ 9‬ا( ا‪ . " $#%‬و‪O‬ل ‪ 0W,Y , #Y * ,C‬روح * ‪C‬دة ‪#Y 0W,Y‬د * ‪ * /#-4‬ا‪ + %‬ي * أ< ‪ NX‬ة * أ<‬
‫‪ , 34‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل إن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪;4 ?-4‬ل ا* ‪ / 9 * ,Rf‬ا‪E) /0%‬ل ‪ :‬در
‪N  /a‬ء
‪%. $‬‬
‫)‪E‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪,f " ?-4‬ق " وآا روا^
‪ w+,Y *
?-$‬أ< ‪ * /#-4‬أ< ‪ NX‬ة * أ< ‪ , 34‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ F F0‬وروا^
‪ ?-$‬أ‪ * N+‬أ< ‪ * /C  * a‬أ< أ‪ * / 
4‬ا‪ + %‬ي * أ< ‪ NX‬ة * أ< ‪ , 34‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل إن‬
‫ا* ‪;4 ,Rf‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ / 9 * ?-4‬ا‪E) /0%‬ل " در
‪N  /a‬ء
‪ " %. $‬و‪O‬ل ا* أ< ‪0W,Y ?9Y‬‬
‫أ< ‪ 0W,Y‬أ! ‪$‬ن 
‪ * %‬إ‪ 0W,Y A #4‬إ‪ 4‬ا‪ * A R‬أ< إ‪L4‬ق * ‪ #r * ?f‬ة * ‪ * <-‬أ< ‪ V%d‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ " F%!O <) F0‬و‪ \ 4‬ا‪ *+%‬ا‪!E9‬ا ر(? إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ /0%‬ز
ا " ‪O‬ل ‪!E 4‬ا ‪ 1JY‬ا‪!(JX‬ا إ‪ 1%‬ب
* أ!اب ا‪,G!) /0%‬وا ‪,0‬ه  ة‬
‫‪ o+‬ج
* ‪0  (O4 &L9‬ن )‪,#3‬وا إ‪ 1%‬إ‪,Y‬اه‪ (J) #‬وا
‪ ) (0‬ت ‪ NX ?( -‬ة ا‪ s9 ?-) ? 30%‬أ‪U‬ره? ‪,3‬ه أ‪,‬ا و‪?%‬‬
‫‪ w3U9‬أ‪3‬ره? أ‪,‬ا ‪,3‬ه آ;‪ #X‬ده‪!0‬ا ‪,%‬هن ‪,# ?W‬وا إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ .K‬ى آ;‪ #X‬أ
وا ( )‪! U‬ا
‪;) (0‬ذه‪ 
&C‬آن )< !‪*
?(X‬‬
‫أذى أو ‪O‬ى و‪ ?(JE-9‬ا‪ 1- /aR_#%‬أ!اب ا‪_4 " /0%‬م ‪) ?JCd ?a -‬د‪!-.‬ه ‪ " *+,%.‬و‪ 1E-9‬آ‪#- A‬ن ‪!)!+ ?(CYf‬ن ‪F‬‬
‫)‪ A3‬ا‪,%!%‬ان ‪G ? #L%‬ء
* ا‪ /C s%‬أ‪ ,O U‬أ‪ ,‬ا‪ *
% S‬ا‪ a%‬ا
‪ /‬آا وآا ‪ ,O‬أ‪ ,‬ا‪ *
% S‬ا‪ a%‬ا
‪ /‬آا وآا ‪O‬ل و‪_ \-0+‬م‬

* ‪ FX#-‬إ‪ 1%‬أزوا‪ *
FG‬ا‪!L%‬ر ا‪!E ) * 3%‬ل ها )_ن ‪ <) F#4‬ا‪ *-E ) -  X,%‬أ‪ &X‬رأ‪!E ) FJ+‬ل ‪ *(2oJ$ ) ?3X‬ا‪ 2%‬ح ‪1JY‬‬
‫‪ o9‬ج إ‪ 1%‬أ‪ /2a4‬ا‪C%‬ب ‪O‬ل ) <ء )‪t‬ذا ه! ‪#0‬رق
[‪ /)!2‬وأآ!اب
!‪ /!r‬وزرا<
‪O /W!7C‬ل ‪ 0+ ?W‬إ‪FX 0 H 4;9 1%‬‬
‫)‪t‬ذا ه! ‪ ,O‬أ‪,0G 1- H4‬ل ا‪ *  g%g-%‬أ‪ #Y‬وأ‪ N.‬وأ‪ 2f‬وأ ˆ و
* آ‪!% A‬ن ‪ F) d {) + ?W‬إ‪ !-) F2E4 1%‬أن ا‪1%39 S‬‬
‫‪,O‬ر^ ‪% F%‬ه‪ ^ [C V‬إ‪ A7#% FX‬ا‪ C%‬ق ‪ 0+ ?W‬إ‪ 1%‬أزوا‪ *
FG‬ا‪!L%‬ر ا‪ 1- ‘aJ+ ?W * 3%‬أر‪!E+ ?W /a+‬ل " ا‪ S ,#L%‬ا‪%‬ي ه‪,‬ا‪X‬‬
‫‪(%‬ا و 
آ‪,J(0% 0‬ي ‪ !%‬أن ه‪,‬ا‪ X‬ا‪O ?W . " S‬ل ‪ 0W,Y‬أ< ‪ 0W,Y‬أ! ‪$‬ن 
‪ * %‬إ‪ A #4‬ا‪,(0%‬ي ‪ 23G * /#-$
0W,Y‬‬
‫ا‪O <-C%‬ل ‪ &3#4 :‬أ
‪3‬ذ ا‪ [C%‬ي ‪!E+‬ل إن ‪  -‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬آن ذات ‪!+‬م ‪ ,0‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪E) ?-4‬ل ا‪<C0%‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬وا‪%‬ي ‪ ^,  <$2X‬إ‪ ?(X‬إذا ‪!G .‬ا
* ‪!CO‬ره? ‪!-CEJ$+‬ن ‪ -‬أو ‪!9g+‬ن ‪!0 -‬ق ‪ (%‬أ‪ /L0G‬و‪ ( -‬ر‪Y‬ل‬
‫ا‪%‬ه‪  V‬اك ‪!X ?(%3X‬ر ‪ K’J+‬آ‪!. A‬ة
‪ ,
(0‬ا‪!(J0 ) [C%‬ن إ‪  1%‬ة ‪ *
{C0+‬أ‪0  (-f‬ن ) ‪! U‬ن
* إ‪,Y‬اه‪A$sJ) #‬‬
‫ 
)< !‪ *
?(X‬د‪ HX‬و‪!-$Js+‬ن
* ا‪ .K‬ى )_ ‪ w3U9‬أ‪U‬ره? و أ‪3‬ره? ‪,3‬ه أ‪,‬ا و‪ 9‬ي ‪ NX ?( -‬ة ا‪!(J0 ) ? 30%‬ن ‪-‬‬
‫أو ) ;‪!9‬ن ‪ -‬ب ا‪t) /0%‬ذا ‪ #Y /9!O+ *
/E-Y‬اء ‪ QR2f 1-‬ا‪%‬ه‪! N ) V‬ن ‪ 1- /E-L%‬ا‪<- + * 0d (% {#$ ) /L 2[%‬‬
‫) ‪ Š-C‬آ‪!Y A‬راء أن زو‪ ,O (G‬أ‪t) F% QJ2 ) (# O w3CJ) ACO‬ذا ر‪O - F% . ^q‬ل
‪ /#-$‬أرا^ ‪O‬ل ‪,G4‬ا ‪!E ) -‬ل ار){ رأ‪#Xt) 4‬‬
‫أ‪ # O X‬وآ‪
; &-‬ك ) ‪ F3CJ‬و‪ !2E+‬أ‪ ‚oJ$J) ^ W‬ا‪!L%‬راء ا‪ oJ) /-3%‬ج
* ‪ .‬م ا‪,%‬ر وا‪!O %‬ت ‪!E9 ?W FE0J39 1JY‬ل أ‪<CY &X‬‬
‫وأ‪ CY X‬وأ‪ X‬ا‪,%o%‬ة ا‪  <J%‬أ
!ت وأ‪ X‬ا‪ /#0%‬ا‪  <J%‬أ;س وأ‪ X‬ا‪ %‬ا‪ / r‬ا‪  <J%‬أ‪ }o4‬وأ‪ X‬ا‪ /# E#%‬ا‪  <J%‬أ…‪J  A., ) *3‬‬

* أ‪ F4‬إ‪ 1%‬أ‪ /R
F2E4‬أ‪ ‚%‬ذراع ‪0‬ؤ^ ‪,0G 1-‬ل ا‪ d g%g-%‬ا‪ \R‬أ‪ 2f‬وأ‪ N.‬وأ‪U9 /E+ d (0
H % #Y‬آ‪<) (JCYf A‬‬
‫ا‪!3C4 & C%‬ن ‪ + 4‬ا ‪ 1-‬آ‪!3C4 + 4 A‬ن ‪ 1- / UY‬آ‪!3C4 / UY A‬ن زو‪ 1- /G‬آ‪ A‬زو‪!3C4 /G‬ن ‪ + /-Y‬ى
 ‪*
(O4‬‬
‫‪ *d‬ا‪,E
<) (#G <NE+ A-L%‬ار ‪ ?a % % *
/- %‬ه^ ا‪(XK‬ر
* ‪ 9 ?(JL9‬د أ‪(X‬ر
* 
ء ‪O - *4q‬ل ‪f‬ف  آ‪,‬ر ) ‪F‬‬
‫ وأ‪(X‬ر
* ‪O - F#3d sJ+ ?% *C%‬ل ‪ o+ ?%‬ج
* ‪ r‬وع ا‪ - / #%‬وأ‪(X‬ر
* ‪% #.‬ة ‪U-%‬ر * ‪O -‬ل ‪ [39 ?%‬ه ا‪G %‬ل‬‫;‪,O‬ا
(? ‪ -‬وأ‪(X‬ر
* ‪O - 12[
A$‬ل ‪ o+ ?%‬ج
* !ن ا‪ <0J$+ - AL0%‬ا‪#7%‬ر )‪t‬ن ء ‪ #RO‬وإن ء ‪,O‬ا وإن ء‬

‪ " _9 ?W - TaJ‬ودا‪ (%_… ?( - / X‬وذ‪ <(JU ) - " _ %9 ()!O &-%‬ا‪3%‬م ) ;‪ d F 9‬أ ˆ ‪O -‬ل ور‪O #‬ل أ‪O N.‬ل ‪-‬‬
‫)‪ {) J‬أ‪; ) (JL0G‬آ‪ (!0G *
A‬أي ا‪!%K‬ان ء ‪ ) + ?W‬ه‪ A., ) V‬ا‪!E ) -#%‬ل ‪_4 :‬م ‪ ?a-9 ?a -‬ا‪ /0%‬أور‪!#JW‬ه ‪ #‬آ‪?J0‬‬
‫‪!-#39‬ن ‪ .‬و‪ !%‬أن ‪ 3‬ة
* ‪ 3‬ا‪!L%‬راء و‪ <) &3O‬ا‪K‬رض ‪rK‬ءت ا‪!4 (3
H#U%‬ادا )< ‪!X‬ر " ها ‪ V+ w+,Y‬وآ;‪FX‬‬
‫‪ A4
.‬وا‪ S‬أ‪?-‬‬
‫*‬
‫ب ا ْ‪َ ِ#%ََ3%‬‬
‫‪َ Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L‬ر ‪h‬‬
‫\ َو‪ Aَ ِO‬ا ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫‪hL‬‬
‫< َ ْ َ‪َ ْ%ِ ْ?(ُ 0‬‬
‫‪َN‬‬
‫‪َ ِ,#ْ L‬ر ‪َ ْ?(ِ h‬و‪ِ ُO‬‬
‫‪!ُLhC$‬نَ ِ َ‬
‫ش ُ‪َ +‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ!Y‬ل ا ْ‪ِ ْ َ3%‬‬
‫* ِ
*ْ َ‬
‫وَ َ‪َ 9‬ى ا ْ‪َ h)َY /َ aَ Rِ َ-#َ %‬‬
‫‪ #%‬ذآ ‪ <) F#aY 1%39‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ /0%‬وا‪0%‬ر وأ‪ FX‬آ_ )< ا‪ AL#%‬ا‪%‬ي ‪ F \ -+‬و‪ F% Q-[+‬وه! ا‪3%‬دل )< ذ‪ %‬ا‪%‬ي  ‪!+‬ر أ‪* C.‬‬

_‪ FJaR‬أ‪!O,L
?(X‬ن
* ‪!Y‬ل ا‪ 3%‬ش ا‪!LC$+ , #%‬ن ‪ ,#L‬ر(? و‪,#+‬و‪ FX‬و‪ FX!#3+‬و‪ FX!4,E+‬و‪m0+‬ه!‪ * FX‬ا‪RE0%‬‬
‫وا‪!%‬ر و‪ A[) ,O‬ا‪ / NE%‬و‪ 1NO‬ا‪
K‬و‪,3% ?aY‬ل و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل ‪ m‬و‪ " AG‬و‪ " ?(0  <NO‬أي  * ا‪O ?W ." \L% " \R_o%‬ل "‬
‫و‪ A O‬ا‪ S ,#L%‬رب ا‪ " * #%3%‬أي ‪ \X‬ا‪!a%‬ن أ‪ FEdX F3#G‬و( ‪ S F#‬رب ا‪ F#aY <) ,#L% * #%3%‬و‪ F%,‬و‪(%‬ا ‪ ,0$+ ?%‬ا‪!E%‬ل‬
‫إ‪ A ARO 1%‬أ‪,) FE-d‬ل ‪ 1-‬أن ‪ { #G‬ا‪O!-o#%‬ت (‪,‬ت ‪O ,#L% F%‬ل ‪JO‬دة ا)‪ QJJ‬ا‪ " F%!O <) ,#L% \-o%‬ا‪ S ,#L%‬ا‪%‬ي ‪\-.‬‬
‫" ا‪#$%‬وات وا‪K‬رض " وا‪C9 F%!O <) ,#L% ?JJ.‬رك و‪ " 1%39‬و‪ \L% ?(0  <NO‬و‪ A O‬ا‪ S ,#L%‬رب ا‪* #%3%‬‬
‫‪Allah tells us about the blessed believers, who will be taken to Paradise in groups, one group‬‬
‫‪after another, starting with the best of them: those who are closest to Allah, then the most‬‬
‫‪29‬‬

righteous, then the next best and the next best. Each group will be with others like them,
Prophets with Prophets, the true believers with their peers, the martyrs with their
counterparts, the scholars with their colleagues, every group composed of people of the same
kind.
6َ‫َءُوه‬G ‫ ِإذَا‬1JY
َ
(till when they reach it,) means, when they arrive at the gates of Paradise, after passing over
the Sirat, where they will be detained on a bridge between Paradise and Hell, and any
injustices that existed between them in this world will be settled until they have all been
purified from sin through this trial. Then permission will be granted for them to enter
Paradise. It was recorded in the Hadith about the Trumpet that when the believers reach the
gates of Paradise, they will consult one another as to who should ask permission for them to
enter. They will ask Adam, then Nuh, then Ibrahim, then Musa, then `Isa, then Muhammad
(may blessings and peace be upon them all). This is akin to what will happen in the arena of
judgement, when they will ask for someone to intercede for them with Allah when He comes to
pass judgement. This is to show the noble position of Muhammad above the rest of mankind
in all situations. In Sahih Muslim, it is reported that Anas, may Allah be pleased with him,
said, "The Messenger of Allah said:
«/0
َ %ْ ‫ِ ٍ{ )ِ< ا‬2
َ ‫َ َأو ُل‬X‫»َأ‬
(I will be the first intercessor in Paradise.) According to the wording of Muslim:
«/0
َ %ْ ‫ب ا‬
َ َ ‫ع‬
ُ َ ْE+َ ْ*
َ ‫َ َأو ُل‬X‫» َوَأ‬
(I will be the first one to knock at the gates of Paradise.) Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin
Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Messenger of Allah said:
«َ-ْCOَ ,ٍ Y
َ َ;%ِ َQJَ )ْ ‫َ َأ‬% ْ‫ت َأن‬
ُ ْ
ِ ‫ ُأ‬
َ ِ :‫ُ! ُل‬E َ َ) :‫َ َل‬O ٌ,# L
َ
ُ :‫ُ! ُل‬O;ََ) ‫&َ؟‬Xْ ‫ َ
*ْ َأ‬:‫ن‬
ُ ‫َ ِز‬oْ%‫ُ!لُ ا‬E َ َ) Q
ُ ِJ2ْ Jَ 4
ْ َ;)َ /ِ
َ َ Eِ %ْ ‫!ْمَ ا‬+َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ب ا‬
َ َ <ِ9q»
(I will come to the gate of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection and will ask for it to be opened.
The gatekeeper will say, "Who are you'' I will say "Muhammad.'' He will say, "I was told
about you and that I was not to open the gate for anyone before you.'')'' It was also recorded
by Muslim. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said,
"The Messenger of Allah said:
?ُ(Jُ َ Xِ q ،َ( ِ) ‫ن‬
َ !ُd! sَ Jَ َ+ َ%‫ َو‬،َ( ِ) َ‫ُ!ن‬o
ِ Jَ #ْ +َ َ%‫ َو‬،َ( ِ) َ‫ُ!ن‬E[
ُ ْC+َ َ% ،ِ‫ْر‬,Cَ %ْ ‫ ا‬/َ -َ ْ %َ ِ #َ Eَ %ْ ‫ُ! َرةِ ا‬f 1َ-َ ْ?‫ َ! ُر ُه‬f
ُ ،َ/‫ـ‬0
َ %ْ ‫Ž ا‬
ُ -َِ9 ‫»َأ و ُل ُز ْ
َ ٍة‬

?ِ ْL-%‫َ ِ
*ْ َورَا ِء ا‬#(ِ ِOَ4  

ُ ‫ َى‬+ُ ،ِ‫َن‬JَGْ‫ ُ(?ْ َزو‬0ْ
ِ ,ٍ ِY‫ وَا‬Ah aُ %ِ‫ َو‬،ُ$
ْ #ِ %ْ ‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬L
ُ
ْ ‫ !ةُ َو َر‬%َُ;%ْ ‫ َو َ 
َ ِ
ُ ُه ُ? ا‬،ُ/N 
2ِ %ْ ‫ وَا‬V
ُ ‫ َه‬%‫ُ ُ( ُ? ا‬dَU
ْ ‫َوَأ‬
«“ U
ِ َ‫ َ ًة َو‬aْ ُ 1َ%َ39َ S
َ ‫ُ!نَ ا‬LCh $
َ +ُ ،ٍ,Y
ِ ‫ وَا‬V
ٍ -ْ َO 1-َ ْ?(ُ ُ !ُ-Oُ ،َˆ
ُ َC9َ َ%‫َ ُ(?ْ َو‬0 ْ َ ‫ف‬
َ َ-Jِ .
ْ ‫َ ا‬% ،ِ*$
ْ L
ُ %ْ ‫ا‬
(The first group to enter Paradise will enter looking like the moon on the night when it is full.
They will not spit there, or blow their noses, or defecate. Their vessels and combs will be of
gold and silver, their censers will be of aloeswood and their sweat will be musk. Each of them
will have two wives, the marrow of whose shin bones will be visible from beneath the skin
because of their beauty. There will be no disputes between them and there will be no hatred;
their hearts will be as if one heart. They will glorify Allah morning and evening.)'' This was
also recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim. Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la recorded that Abu Hurayrah,
may Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Messenger of Allah said:

30

،َ‫ُ!ن‬%!ُCَ+ َ% ،ً‫َ َءة‬r‫َ ِء ِإ‬#$ 
%‫ي )ِ< ا‬
َ h‫ ُدر‬V
ٍ ‫ َآ!ْ َآ‬,h 
َ ‫!ْ ِء َأ‬r
َ 1-َ ْ?(ُ Xَ !ُ-+َ َ*+ِ%‫ وَا‬،ِ‫ْر‬,Cَ ْ%‫ ا‬/َ -َ ْ َ% ِ َ#Eَ %ْ ‫ُ! َر ِة ا‬f 1-َ /َ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ن ا‬
َ !ُ-ُ.ْ,+َ ٍ‫»َأ و ُل ُز ْ
َ ة‬
،ُ* ِ3%ْ ‫ُ! ُر ا‬L%ْ ‫ُ ُ( ُ? ا‬G‫ وََأزْوَا‬،ُ‫ !ة‬%َُ;%ْ ‫ َو َ 
َ ِ
ُ ُه ُ? ا‬،ُ$
ْ #ِ %ْ ‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬L
ُ
ْ َ‫ َور‬،ُV‫ َه‬%‫ُ ُ( ُ? ا‬dَU
ْ ‫ َأ‬،َ‫ُ!ن‬o
ِ Jَ #ْ +َ َ%‫ َو‬،َ‫ُ!ن‬-2ِ Jْ +َ َ%‫ َو‬،َ‫ُ!ن‬d! sَ Jَ َ+ َ%َ‫و‬
«‫َء‬#$ 
%‫ن ذِرَاً )ِ< ا‬
َ !J4
ِ ،َ‫ َدم‬q ْ?(ِ ِ‫ُ! َرةِ َأ‬f 1-َ ،ٍ,ِY‫ وَا‬Aٍ ُG‫\ َر‬
ِ -ُُ. 1-َ ْ?(ُ ُOَ-ْ.‫َأ‬
(The first group to enter Paradise will look like the moon on the night when it is full. They will
be followed by a group which looks like the brightest star shining in the sky. They will not
urinate or defecate or spit or blow their noses. Their combs will be of gold, their sweat will be
musk and their censers will be of aloeswood. Their wives will be Al-Hur Al-`Iyn, and they will
all look the same, as if they are one person in the image of their father Adam, sixty cubits
tall.)'' They Al-Bukhari and Muslim6 also produced this from the Hadith of Jabir. It was
reported that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Messenger of Allah
said:
«‫ْر‬,Cَ %ْ ‫ ا‬/َ -َ ْ َ% ِ #َ Eَ %ْ ‫َ َءةَ ا‬r‫ُ! ُه(ُ?ْ ِإ‬G‫ِ<ءُ ُو‬Nُ9،ً2%ْ ‫ن َأ‬
َ !ُ3Cْ 4
َ ْ?‫ ُه‬،ٌ‫ِ< ُز ْ
َ ة‬J 
‫ ِ
*ْ ُأ‬/َ 0 َ%ْ ‫ ا‬Aُ .
ُ ْ,+َ »
(A group of my Ummah, seventy thousand, will enter Paradise with their faces shining like the
moon on the night when it is full.) `Ukkashah bin Mihsan stood up and said, `O Messenger of
Allah, pray to Allah to make me one of them.' He said,
«?ُ(ْ0
ِ Fُ -ْ َ3G
ْ ‫ْ ُ( ? ا‬-%‫»ا‬
(O Allah, make him one of them.) Then one of the Ansar stood up and said, `O Messenger of
Allah, pray to Allah to make me one of them.' He said,
«/َa
ُ َ(ِ 
َ Eَ َC4
َ»
(Ukkashah has beaten you to it.)'' This was recorded by (Al-Bukhari and Muslim). This
Hadith -- about the seventy thousand who will enter Paradise without being brought to
account -- was also recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be
pleased with him, Jabir bin `Abdullah, `Imran bin Husayn, Ibn Mas`ud, Rifa`ah bin `Arabah
Al-Juhani and Umm Qays bint Mihsan -- may Allah be pleased with them all -- and also from
Abu Hazim from Sahl bin Sa`d, may Allah be pleased with them, who said that the Messenger
of Allah said:
‫ُ!رَة‬f 1-َ ْ?(ُ ُ‫ُ!ه‬G‫ ُو‬،َ/0 
َ %ْ ‫ِ ُ ُه?ُ ا‬.qَ‫ُ ُ(?ْ و‬%‫ َأو‬Aَ ُ.ْ,+َ 1ْJY
َ ،ٍˆْ3Cَ ِ ْ?(ُ N
ُ 3ْ َ ٌ.
ِq‚
ٍ %ْ ‫ َأ‬/ِ Rَ ِ#3ُ Cْ 4
َ ْ‫ً َأو‬2%ْ ‫ُ!نَ َأ‬3Cْ 4
َ <ِJ 
‫ ِ
*ْ ُأ‬/َ 0 
َ %ْ ‫* ا‬ 
َ-.
ُ ْ, َ َ%»
«‫ْر‬,Cَ ْ%‫ ا‬/َ -َْ %َ ِ َ#Eَ %ْ ‫ا‬
(Seventy thousand or seven hundred thousand of my Ummah will surely enter Paradise,
holding on to one another, such that the first and last of them will enter Paradise together,
with their faces looking like the moon on the night when it is full.)''
6َ*+ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. َ‫ُ!ه‬-.
ُ ْ‫?ْ )َد‬Jُ Cْ ِd ?ْ ‫ُـ‬a ْ َ-
َ ٌ?‫َـ‬-4
َ َ(Jُ Xَ mَ َ. ْ?(ُ %َ َ‫َل‬O‫َ&ْ َأ ْ َ!ُ(َ َو‬LJِ )ُ ‫َءُوهَ َو‬G ‫ ِإذَا‬1JY
َ
(till when they reach it, and its gates will be opened and its keepers will say: "Salam `Alaykum
(peace be upon you)! You have done well, so enter here to abide therein forever.'') This is a
conditional sentence that is not complete. What it implies is that when they come to the gates
of Paradise the gates will be opened for them as a sign of honor, and the angelic gatekeepers
will meet them with glad tidings, greetings of peace and praise. Unlike the gatekeepers of Hell
who will meet the disbelievers with rebuke and reprimand, the believers will be filled with
happiness and joy, each according to his degree of luxury and delights. What happens after
31

this is not mentioned; it is left for the imagination to think of its dearest wishes and be filled
with hope. It is known from the Sahih Hadiths that Paradise has eight gates. Imam Ahmad
recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Messenger of Allah
said:
‫< ِ
*ْ َب‬
َ ِ‫َ ِة ُد‬-[ 
%‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ن ِ
*ْ َأ ْه‬
َ َ‫*ْ آ‬#َ )َ ،ٌ‫ َأ ْ!َاب‬/ِ 0 
َ -ْ ِ%‫ َو‬،ِ/0 َ%ْ ‫ب ا‬
ِ ‫< ِ
*ْ َأ ْ!َا‬
َ
ِ ‫ ُد‬1َ%َ39َ S
ِ ‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ <ِ) Fِ %َِ
ْ*
ِ *
ِ ْ G
َ ْ‫\ زَو‬
َ َ2Xْ ‫» َ
*ْ َأ‬
Aْ‫ن ِ
*ْ َأه‬
َ َ‫ َو َ
*ْ آ‬،ِ‫ِ(َد‬%ْ ‫< ِ
*ْ َبِ ا‬
َ
ِ ‫ِ(َدِ ُد‬%ْ ‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ن ِ
*ْ َأ ْه‬
َ َ‫ َو َ
*ْ آ‬،ِ/Oَ ,َ [ 
%‫ب ا‬
ِ َ ْ*
ِ <
َ ِ‫ ُد‬/ِ Oَ ,َ [ 
%‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ن ِ
*ْ َأ ْه‬
َ َ‫ َو َ
*ْ آ‬،ِ‫َة‬-[ 
%‫ا‬
«‫ن‬+ %‫ب ا‬
ِ َ ْ*
ِ <
َ
ِ ‫[ َمِ ُد‬
h %‫ا‬
(Whoever spends a pair of something from his wealth for the sake of Allah, will be called from
the gates of Paradise. Paradise has (several) gates. Whoever is among the people of prayer,
will be called from the gate of Prayer; whoever is among the people of charity, will be called
from the gate of Charity; whoever is among the people of Jihad, will be called from the gate of
Jihad; whoever is among the people of fasting, will be called from the Gate of Ar-Rayyan.)''
Abu Bakr said, `O Messenger of Allah, it does not matter from which gate one is called, but
will anyone be called from all of them' He said,
«?ُ(0ْ
ِ ‫ن‬
َ !ُa9َ ْ‫ُ! َأن‬Gْ‫ َوَأر‬،ْ?3َ Xَ »
(Yes, and I hope that you will be one of them.)'' Something similar was also recorded by AlBukhari and Muslim. It was reported from Sahl bin Sa`d, may Allah be pleased with him, that
the Messenger of Allah said:
«‫ُ!ن‬#Rِ [%‫ ا‬%‫ ِإ‬Fُ -ُُ.ْ,+َ َ% ،َ‫ن‬+ %‫ ا‬1#$
َ +ُ َ(0ْ
ِ ٌ‫ َب‬،ٍ‫ َأ ْ!َاب‬/َ َ Xِ َ#Wَ /ِ 0 
َ ْ%‫ن )ِ< ا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(In Paradise there are eight gates; one of them is called Ar-Rayyan, and no one will enter it
except those who fast.)'' In Sahih Muslim, it is recorded that `Umar bin Al-Khattab, may
Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Messenger of Allah said:
‫ َأ ْ!َاب‬Fُ %َ ْ&L
َ Jِ ُ) %‫ ِإ‬،ُF%ُ!ُ4‫^ُ َو َر‬,ُ Cْ 
َ ‫ًا‬,# L
َ
ُ ‫ َوَأن‬S
ُ ‫ ا‬%‫ ِإ‬Fَ %ِ‫َ إ‬% ْ‫ َأن‬,ُ (َ 
ْ ‫ َأ‬:‫ُ! ُل‬E+َ ? Wُ ،َ‫ُ!ء‬r!ُ %ْ ‫ ُŠ ا‬Cِ $
ْ ُ َ) ْ‫ِ ُŠ َأو‬-Cْ ُ )َ ُ;r 
!َ Jَ َ+ ,ٍ Y
َ ‫?ْ ِ
*ْ َأ‬aُ 0ْ
ِ َ
»
«‫(َ َء‬h+‫ ِ
*ْ َأ‬Aُ ُ.ْ,+َ ،ُ/ َ ِXَ#7 %‫ ا‬/ِ 0
َ %ْ ‫ا‬
(There is no one among you who performs Wudu' and does it well, or -- amply --, then he
says: "I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His
servant and Messenger, '' but the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and he will
enter through whichever one he wishes.)''
We ask Allah to make us among its people. In the Two Sahihs, it is reported from Abu
Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, in the lengthy Hadith about intercession (that the
Prophet said):
‫ِي‬%‫ وَا‬،ِ َ.Kُ ‫ب ا‬
ِ ‫َ;ْ!َا‬%ْ ‫س )ِ< ا‬
ِ 0%‫ َ آَ ُء ا‬
ُ ْ?‫ َو ُه‬،ِ*#َ +ْ َ;%ْ ‫ب ا‬
ِ َC%ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ َJِ 
‫ ِ
*ْ ُأ‬Fِ ْ -ََ ‫ب‬
َ َ$Y
ِ َ% ْ*
َ ْAِ.ْ‫ َأد‬،ُ,# L
َ
ُ َ+ :1َ%َ39َ ُS‫ُ! ُل ا‬E َ َ)»
/+‫ و)< روا‬/َ a
َ ‫ َو َهَ ٍ َأوْ َهَ ٍ َو‬/َ a
َ *
َ ْ َ َ#aَ %َ ‫ب‬
ِ َC%ْ ‫<ِ ا‬9َ ‫َ َد‬Nِ *
َ ْ َ َ
/ِ 0 
َ ْ%‫ ِ{ ا‬+ِ‫* ِ
*ْ َ
[َر‬
ِ ْ َ‫[ َا‬
ْ #ِ %ْ ‫ن
َ َ ْ *َ ا‬ 
‫ ِ^ ِإ‬,ِ َ ِ ٍ,# L
َ
ُ H
ُ ْ2Xَ
«‫[ َى‬
ْ ُ ‫ َو‬/َ a
َ
(Allah will say: "O Muhammad, admit those of your Ummah who are not to be brought to
account, through the right-hand gate, and they will be counted among those who will enter
from other gates as well.'' By the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, the distance
between the two gateposts of the gates of Paradise is like the distance between Makkah and
Hajar -- or Hajar and Makkah.)'' According to another report: (between Makkah and Busra.)
32

It was recorded in Sahih Muslim from `Utbah bin Ghazwan that (the Prophet ) gave them a
speech in which he told them that the distance between the two gateposts of Paradise was the
distance of a forty-year journey, but there would come a day when they would be packed with
crowds of people. Allah says,
6ْ?Jُ Cْ ِd ْ?‫ُـ‬a ْ -َ
َ ٌ?‫َـ‬-َ4 َ(Jُ Xَ َm.
َ ْ?ُ(َ% ‫َ َل‬O‫ َو‬
(and its keepers will say: "Salam `Alaykum (peace be upon you)! You have done well,'')
meaning, `your deeds and words were good, and your efforts were good, and your reward is
good.' The Messenger of Allah issued commands during some of his military campaigns that it
should be shouted out to the Muslims:
«/َ0
ِ ْg
ُ /+‫ٌ و)< روا‬/#َ -ِْ$
ُ ٌH2ْ Xَ %‫ُ(َ ِإ‬-ُ.ْ,+َ َ% /َ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫( »ِإ‬No one enters Paradise except a Muslim soul) or,
according to one report, (A believing soul.)'' Allah says, 
*+ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. َ‫ُ!ه‬-ُ.ْ‫)َد‬6 (so enter here to abide therein forever.) means, to dwell therein, never seeking
any change.
6ُ^َ,
ْ ‫َ َو‬0Oَ َ,f
َ ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ ‫َـ‬L%ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬%‫َـ‬O‫ َو‬
(And they will say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah Who has fulfilled His promise to
us...'') means, when the believers see the great reward and splendors, blessing and grand
generosity, they will say, 
^َ,
ْ ‫َ َو‬0Oَ َ,f
َ ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ ‫َـ‬L%ْ ‫ا‬6 (All the praises and thanks be to Allah Who has fulfilled His promise to
us) meaning, `the promise which He made to us through His Messengers who called us to this
in the world.' 
‫َد‬3 ِ#%ْ ‫‚ ا‬
ُ ِ-o
ْ 9ُ َ 
َ X ‫ ِإ‬/ِ #َ ‫ َـ‬Eِ ْ%‫!ْ َم ا‬+َ َXِmo
ْ 9ُ َ ‫ َو‬
َ -ِ4
ُ ُ‫ ر‬1َ-َ َ09 ,َ‫َ
َ َو‬09ِ ‫َ َوءَا‬0 ‫ َر‬6 (Our Lord! Grant us what You
promised unto us through Your Messengers and disgrace us not on the Day of Resurrection,
for You never break (Your) promise)(3:194),
6h\L
َ ْ%ِ َ0h ‫ َر‬Aُ 4
ُ ‫َ َءتْ ُر‬G ْ,Eَ %َ Fُ -%‫َ ا‬X‫َا‬,‫َ!ْ َأنْ َه‬% ‫ى‬
َ ,ِ َJ(ْ 0َ %ِ 0‫ِ(َـَا َو
َ ُآ‬% َX‫َا‬,‫ِى َه‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -%ِ ُ,#ْ L
َ %ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬%َO‫ َو‬
(and they will say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has guided us to this, and
never could we have found guidance, were it not that Allah had guided us! Indeed, the
Messengers of our Lord came with the truth.'') (7:43), and 
َ0$ 
#َ +َ َ ‫ َو‬V
ٌ َ[Xَ َ( ِ) َ0$ 
#َ َ+ َ ِF-ِN
ْ َ) *ِ

َ َE#ُ %ْ ‫َ دَا َر ا‬0-َY‫ِى َأ‬%‫ ا‬- ٌ‫ُ!ر‬a
َ ٌ‫ُ!ر‬2sَ %َ َ0 ‫ن َر‬ 
‫ن ِإ‬
َ mَ َL%ْ ‫ ا‬0
َ V
َ ‫ِى َأذْ َه‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ L
َ %ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬%َO‫ َو‬
6‫ب‬
ٌ !ُs%ُ َ( ِ)
(And they will say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah Who has removed from us (all)
grief. Verily, our Lord is indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (good deeds). Who,
out of His grace, has lodged us in a home that will last forever, where toil will touch us not nor
weariness will touch us.'') (35:34-35)
6َ* ِ-#ِ ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ ُ ا‬G
ْ ‫ َ? َأ‬3ْ 0ِ َ) ‫َ ُء‬UXَ w
ُ ْ َY /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ !ُأ ِ
*َ ا‬Cَ َJXَ ‫ض‬
َ ْ‫َ ا ر‬0Wَ ‫ َوَأوْ َر‬
(and has made us inherit (this) land. We can dwell in Paradise where we will; how excellent a
reward for the (pious) workers!) Abu Al-Aliyah, Abu Salih, Qatadah, As-Suddi and Ibn Zayd
33

said, "This means the land of Paradise.'' This is like the Ayah: 
‫ُ!ن‬L-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫َ ِدىَ ا‬C
ِ َ(Wُ ِ +َ ‫ض‬
َ ْ‫ن ا ر‬ 
‫آْ ِ َأ‬h %‫ِ ا‬,3ْ َ *ِ
‫ُ! ِر‬m %‫ ا‬1ِ) َ0Cْ Jَ ‫ْ َآ‬,Eَ %َ‫ َو‬6 (And indeed We have written in AzZabur after Adh-Dhikr that My righteous servants shall inherit the land. ) (21:105) they will
say:
6ُ‫َء‬UXَ w
ُ ْ Y
َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ !ُأ ِ
*َ ا‬Cَ Jَ Xَ 
(We can dwell in Paradise where we will) meaning, `wherever we want, we can settle; how
excellent a reward for our efforts.' In the Two Sahihs, it was reported in the story of the
Mi`raj which was narrated by Anas bin Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, that the
Prophet said:
«ْ$#ِ ْ%‫ َا ُ(َ ا‬9ُ ‫ َوِإذَا‬،ِg%ُْg-%‫َ ُِ ا‬0G
َ َ( ِ) ‫ذَا‬tَِ) ،َ/0 
َ %ْ ‫& ا‬
ُ ْ-.
ِ ْ‫( »ُأد‬I was admitted into Paradise where I saw that its
domes were pearls and its soil was musk.)''
6*
َ ِ#-َ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ب ا‬
h ‫ َر‬Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L
َ %ْ ‫َ ا‬A ِO‫\ َو‬
h َL%ْ ِ ْ?(ُ 0َ ْ َ 1
َ ِNOُ ‫ ِ(?ْ َو‬h‫ َر‬,ِ #ْ َLِ َ‫ُ!ن‬LCh $
َ +ُ ‫ش‬
ِ ْ َ3%ْ ‫!ْ ِل ا‬Y
َ ْ*
ِ *
َ h)َY /َ aَ Tِ ‫َـ‬-#َ %ْ ‫َ َى ا‬9‫ َو‬
(75. And you will see the angels surrounding the Throne from all round, glorifying the praises
of their Lord. And they will be judged with truth. And it will be said, "All the praises and
thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exits.'') Allah tells us how He will pass judgement on
the people of Paradise and Hell, and put each of them in the place fitting for him and for
which he is suited; this is justice from Him and He is never unjust. Then He tells us of His
angels who surround His majestic Throne, glorifying the praises of their Lord, extolling and
magnifying Him, and declaring Him to be above any shortcomings or injustice whatsoever, for
He has passed judgement in the fairest and most just manner. He says: 
?ُ(َ0 ْ َ 1
َN
ِ ُO‫ َو‬6 (And they will be judged) meaning, all of creation. 
\َL%ْ ِ6 (with truth.) Then He says:
6َ* ِ#-َ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ب ا‬
h ‫ َر‬Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aَ ِO‫ َو‬
(And it will be said, "All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exits.'')
meaning, all of creation, whether animate or inanimate, will speak words of praise to Allah,
the Lord of all that exists, for His wisdom and justice. These words are not attributed to any
specific speaker, which indicates that the whole of creation will testify to His praise. Qatadah
said, "Allah began His creation with praise, as He said, 
‫ت وَا رْض‬
ِ !َ ‫َـ‬#$ 
%‫\ ا‬
َ َ-.
َ ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ َL%ْ ‫ا‬6 (All praises and thanks be to Allah, Who created the heavens
and the earth) (6:1). and He ended it with praise, as He says: 
* ِ#-َ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ب ا‬
h َ‫ ر‬Fِ -%ِ ُ,#ْ L
َ %ْ ‫َ ا‬A ِO‫ َو‬h\L
َ %ْ ِ ْ?(ُ 0َ ْ َ 1
َN
ِ ُO‫ َو‬6 (And they will be judged with truth. And it will be said,
"All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.'').''

34

6. QS Al Lail 92 : 4-10
1JU
َ %َ ْ?aُ َ ْ34
َ ‫ِإن‬
- 1َE9 ‫ وَا‬1َ
ْ ‫)ََ; 
َ
*ْ َأ‬
- 1َ0ْ$L
ُ %ْ ِ ‫ق‬
َ , f
َ َ‫و‬
- ‫ َى‬$
ْ ُ -ْ ِ% ^ُ ُ $
h َ ُ0$
َ )َ
- 1َ0sْ Jَ 4
ْ ‫ وَا‬Aَ ِoَ *َ

‫َوَأ‬
- 1َ0$
ْ ُL%ْ ِ ‫ب‬
َ  ‫َو َآ‬
- ‫ َى‬$
ْ 3ُ ْ-%ِ ^ُ ُ $
h َ ُ0$
َ )َ 92:4. sesungguhnya usaha kamu memang berbeda-beda.
92:5. Adapun orang yang memberikan (hartanya di jalan Allah) dan bertakwa,
92:6. dan membenarkan adanya pahala yang terbaik (surga),
92:7. maka Kami kelak akan menyiapkan baginya jalan yang mudah.
92:8. Dan adapun orang-orang yang bakhil dan merasa dirinya cukup,
92:9. serta mendustakan pahala yang terbaik,
92:10. maka kelak Kami akan menyiapkan baginya (jalan) yang sukar.
(4. Certainly, your efforts and deeds are diverse.)
(5. As for him who gives and has Taqwa,)
(6. And believes in Al-Husna.)
(7. We will make smooth for him the path of ease.)
(8. But he who is greedy and thinks himself self-sufficient,)
(9. And denies Al-Husna.)
(10. We will make smooth for him the path to evil.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
1JU
َ %َ ْ?aُ َ ْ34
َ ‫ِإن‬
‫  ا‬A) *
‫ ا و‬. A) *#) /2%oJ
‫ و‬.N+‫دة أ‬NJ
‫!ه‬C$J‫< اآ‬J%‫د ا‬C3%‫ل ا‬#‫" أي أ‬1JU% ?a 34 ‫ إن‬.
1َE9 ‫ وَا‬1َ
ْ ‫َ);َ 
َ
*ْ َأ‬
" ^‫ )< أ
!ر‬S‫ ا‬1E9‫ وا‬FG‫ ا‬.t
‫ 
أ‬1‫" أي أ‬1E9‫ وا‬1‫); 

* أ‬.
1َ0$
ْ L
ُ %ْ ِ ‫ق‬
َ ,f
َ ‫َو‬
" ,+‫ وز‬Q%f !‫ وأ‬/
a‫ و‬,‫س و 
ه‬C *‫ل ا‬O‫!اب و‬7% ‚ [. ‫ل‬O‫دة و‬JO F%O %‫ ذ‬1- ‫زاة‬#% ‫ " أي‬10$L% ‫ق‬,f‫و‬
<)‫ و‬S‫ إ ا‬F%‫ " أي _ إ‬10$L% ‫ق‬,f‫ك " و‬LN%‫< وا‬#-$%‫* ا‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C !‫ل أ‬O‫‚ و‬-o% ‫ " أي‬10$L% ‫ق‬,f‫?" و‬-4‫* أ‬
‫آة‬m%‫[_ة وا‬%‫ل ا‬O " 10$L% ‫ق‬,f‫?" و‬-4‫ * أ‬,+‫ ز‬/+‫ و)< روا‬F - S‫? ا‬3X‫ أ‬# ‫" أي‬10$L% ‫ق‬,f‫ " و‬/
a * /+‫روا‬
?-$
* , %!%‫ ا‬0W,Y <EU
,%‫ ا‬Q%f * ‫!ان‬2f 0W,Y /‫ أ! زر‬0W,Y ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ و‬2%‫ ا‬/O,f‫ و‬: ‫ل
ة‬O‫[!م و‬%‫وا‬
* ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬%;4 : ‫ل‬O V3‫ث * أ< * آ‬,L+ <Y+ %‫ ا‬/ %3%‫{ أ ا‬#4 *
<0W,Y ,#L
* ‫ زه‬0W,Y
/0%‫ ا‬10$L%‫ل " ا‬O : 10$L%‫ " ا‬.
‫ َى‬$
ْ ُ ْ-%ِ ^ُ ُ $
h َ 0ُ $
َ )َ
/0$L%‫!اب ا‬W *
‚-$%‫ˆ ا‬3 ‫ل‬O‫ و‬/0%‫< ا‬03+ ?-4‫ * أ‬,+‫ل ز‬O‫ و‬o-% <03+ ‫س‬C *‫ل ا‬O " ‫ ى‬$ -% ^ $ 0$) " 1%39 F%!O 
‫ه‬,3 /T $%‫ ا‬/T $%‫ء ا‬G *
‫ و‬, ‫ه‬,3 /0$L%‫ا‬.
35

‫‪1َ0sْ َJ4‬‬
‫َوَأ 
َ
*ْ َ‪ Aَ ِo‬وَا ْ‬
‫‪O.‬ل ‪ " 1%39‬وأ 

* ‪ " Ao‬أي ‪ " ^,0 #‬وا‪O " 10sJ4‬ل ‪ * /
a‬ا* ‪C‬س أي ‪ F%# Ao‬وا‪ * 10sJ4‬ر‪ m F‬و‪AG‬‬
‫‪1َ0$‬‬
‫ب ِ ْ‪ْ ُL%‬‬
‫َو َآ َ‬
‫‪ .‬وآب ‪ " 10$L%‬أي ‪m%‬اء )< ا‪,%‬ار ا‪ .y‬ة "‬
‫‪َ $‬ى‬
‫‪ْ ُ3-ْ %ِ ُ^ ُ $‬‬
‫‪h َ 0ُ $‬‬
‫)َ َ‬
‫)‪ $3-% ^ $ 0$‬ى " أي ‪ \+ %‬ا‪ U%‬آ‪O #‬ل ‪ " 1%39‬و‪ V-EX‬أ)‪ ?(9,T‬وأ[ره? آ‪!0
g+ ?% #‬ا ‪ F‬أول
ة و‪X‬ره? )< "‬
‫‪!(#3+ ?(X sd‬ن " وا‪+y‬ت )< ها ا‪ 103#%‬آ‪ 7‬ة دا‪ 1- /%‬أن ا‪ m S‬و‪+ AG‬زي
* ‪ ,[O‬ا‪ F% \ )!J% o%‬و
* ‪ ,[O‬ا‪ U%‬‬
‫‪o%‬ن وآ‪ A‬ذ‪,E %‬ر
‪,E‬ر وا‪YK‬د‪ w+‬ا‪,%‬ا‪ 1- /%‬ها ا‪ 103#%‬آ‪ 7‬ة " روا‪ /+‬أ< ‪ a‬ا‪ \+,[%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O " F0 S‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪,#Y‬‬
‫‪  * <- 0W,Y‬ش ‪ <0W,Y‬ا‪3%‬ف * ‪ <0W,Y ,%.‬ر‪ *
AG‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ [C%‬ة * ‪ ,C * /L-d‬ا‪ ,C * S‬ا‪ * *#Y %‬أ< ‪ a‬‬
‫ا‪ * \+,[%‬أ ‪O F‬ل ‪ &3#4‬أ< ‪+‬آ أن أ^ ‪ {#4‬أ ‪ a‬وه! ‪!E+‬ل ‪!4 % &-O :‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ + ?-4‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أ‪A#3X‬‬
‫‪ ) 
1-‬غ
‪ F0‬أو ‪ 1-‬أ

‪ ‚09g‬؟ ‪O‬ل " ‪ 1- A‬أ
‪ ) ,O‬غ
‪O " F0‬ل )‪ ? 2‬ا‪ + A#3%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬؟ ‪O‬ل " آ‪\-. #% $
A‬‬
‫‪ " " F%‬روا‪ <- /+‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O " F0 S‬ل ا‪oC%‬ري ‪ 0W,Y‬أ! ‪ 24 0W,Y ? 3X‬ن * ا‪, C * , 34 * e#K‬ة * أ< ‪,C‬‬
‫ا‪ *#Y %‬ا‪ * <- * <#-$%‬أ< ‪ V%d‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪ :‬آ‪ {
0‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ { E <) ?-4‬ا‪0G <) ,O s%‬زة‬
‫)‪E‬ل " 

‪ *
?a0‬أ‪ ,Y‬إ و‪ ,O‬آ‪ *
^,3E
VJ‬ا‪ /0%‬و
‪ *
^,3E‬ا‪0%‬ر " )‪!%E‬ا ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أ)_ ‪ AaJX‬؟ )‪E‬ل" ا‪!-#‬ا )‪ $
Aa‬‬
‫‪ O ?W " F% \-. #%‬أ " ); 

* أ‪ 1‬وا‪ 1E9‬و‪,f‬ق ‪ $ -% ^ $ 0$) 10$L%‬ى ‪ -‬إ‪ $3-% - F%!O 1%‬ى " وآا روا^
* ‪\+ d‬‬
‫‪ /C3‬ووآ { * ا‪ ?W . ^!L0 e#K‬روا^ * ‪#7‬ن * أ<  ‪![0
* + G * /C‬ر * ‪, C * , 34‬ة * أ< ‪,C‬‬
‫ا‪ * <- * *#Y %‬أ< ‪ V%d‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪ :‬آ‪0G <) 0‬زة )< ‪ { E‬ا‪ 19;) ,O s%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪,3E) ?-4‬‬
‫و‪ F%!Y X,3O‬و
‪ [o
F3‬ة )‪O ?W F9 [o# &a0+ A3) Ha0‬ل " 

‪ *
?a0‬أ‪ - ,Y‬أو 

* ‪ - /4!20
H2X‬إ آ‪(Xa
VJ‬‬

* ا‪ /0%‬وا‪0%‬ر وإ ‪ ,O‬آ‪ / E &CJ‬أو ‪, 34‬ة " )‪E‬ل ر‪ + AG‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أ)_ ‪ 1- AaJX‬آ‪ 0J‬و‪,X‬ع ا‪ A#3%‬؟ )‪ *#‬آن
‪ *
0‬أه‪A‬‬
‫ا‪3$%‬دة )‪ [ $‬إ‪ 1%‬أه‪ A‬ا‪3$%‬دة و
* آن
‪ *
0‬أه‪ A‬ا‪EU%‬ء )‪ [ $‬إ‪ 1%‬أه‪ A‬ا‪EU%‬ء ؟ )‪E‬ل " أ 
أه‪ A‬ا‪3$%‬دة ) ‪ $‬ون‬
‫‪ A#3%‬أه‪ A‬ا‪3$%‬دة وأ 
أه‪ A‬ا‪EU%‬ء ) ‪ $‬ون إ‪ A# 1%‬أه‪ A‬ا‪EU%‬ء" ‪ O ?W‬أ " ); 

* أ‪ 1‬وا‪ 1E9‬و‪,f‬ق ‪^ $ 0$) 10$L%‬‬
‫‪ $ -%‬ى وأ 

* ‪ Ao‬وا‪ 10sJ4‬وآب ‪ $3-% ^ $ 0$) 10$L%‬ى " و‪ ,O‬أ‪ / E FG .‬ا‪ d *
/#%‬ق * ‪, C * , 34‬ة ‪F‬‬
‫" روا‪ ,C /+‬ا‪O " # * S‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ ,C 0W,Y ,#Y‬ا‪ , C * ?f * /C3 0W,Y *#Y %‬ا‪O S‬ل ‪ ,C * ?%4 &3#4‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪,L+‬ث * ا* ‪O #‬ل ‪O :‬ل ‪ + #‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أرأ‪ F ) A#3X 
&+‬أ)< أ
‪ ) ,O‬غ أو
‪,JC‬أ أو
‪,JC‬ع ؟ ‪O‬ل " ) ‪ ) ,O #‬غ
‪F0‬‬
‫)‪ + A#‬ا* ا‪o%‬ب )‪t‬ن آ_
‪ $‬أ 

* آن
* أه‪ A‬ا‪3$%‬دة )‪3$-% A#3+ FXt‬دة وأ 

* آن
* أه‪ A‬ا‪EU%‬ء )‪A#3+ FXt‬‬
‫‪EU-%‬ء " وروا^ ا‪
J%‬ي )< ا‪,E%‬ر * ‪,0‬ار * ا*
(‪,‬ي ‪ F‬و‪O‬ل ‪ *
.q w+,Y " Q Lf *$Y‬روا‪O " G /+‬ل ا* ‪ + G‬‬
‫‪ HX!+ <0W,Y‬أ‪ X C.‬ا* وه‪ V‬أ‪ # <X C.‬و * ا‪L%‬رث * أ< ا‪ ,C * G * m%‬ا‪ S‬أ‪O FX‬ل ‪ + :‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أ‪
K A#3X‬‬
‫‪ ) ,O‬غ
‪ F0‬أو ‪ F2X;J$X
K‬؟ )‪E‬ل " ‪ ) ,O
K‬غ
‪E) " F0‬ل ‪ 4‬ا‪ ? 2) /O‬ا‪ A#3%‬إذا ؟ )‪E‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬آ‪A‬‬
‫
‪ " F-#3% $
A‬وروا^
‪ * ?-$‬أ< ا‪%‬ه * ا* وه‪O " .q w+,Y " F V‬ل ا* ‪ 24 0W,Y HX!+ <0W,Y + G‬ن *‬
‫‪ #‬و * د‪0+‬ر * ‪ * U * V CY * \-d‬آ‪ V3‬ا‪,3%‬وي ‪O‬ل ‪;4 :‬ل _ 
ن ن ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ + E) ?-4‬ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ S‬أ‪ F &2G # ) A#3X‬ا‪_OK‬م و‪ G‬ت ‪ F‬ا‪E#%‬د‪ +‬أو )< <ء ‪ ‚X;J$+‬؟ )‪E‬ل " ‪ F &2G # ) A‬ا‪_OK‬م و‪ G‬ت ‪ F‬ا‪E#%‬د‪O " +‬‬
‫)‪ ? 2‬ا‪ A#3%‬إذا ؟ ‪O‬ل " ا‪!-#‬ا )‪ F-#3% $
A 
Aa‬ا‪%‬ي ‪ ,X O " F% \-.‬و‪ " A#3X‬روا‪ /+‬أ< ا‪,%‬رداء" ‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪,#Y‬‬
‫‪ 0W,Y‬ه‪. * ? U‬ر‪ 0W,Y /G‬أ! ا‪# -4 {  %‬ن * ‪ /CJ‬ا‪ $
* HX!+ * <#-$%‬ة * ‪ * HC-Y‬أ< إدر‪ * H+‬أ<‬
‫ا‪,%‬رداء ‪O‬ل ‪!%O :‬ا ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أرأ‪ A#3X 
&+‬أ
‪ ) ,O‬غ
‪ F0‬أم <ء ‪ F2X;J$X‬؟ ‪O‬ل " ‪ A‬أ
‪ ) ,O‬غ
‪!%E) "F0‬ا )‪‚ a‬‬
‫‪ + A#3%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬؟ ‪O‬ل " آ‪ A‬ا
ئ
( ; ‪ 29 " F% \-. #%‬د ‪ F‬أ‪ *
,#Y‬ها ا‪O " .q w+,Y " FG!%‬ل ا* ‪<0W,Y + G‬‬
‫ا‪ * /#-4 * *$L%‬أ< آ‪ ,C 0W,Y /UC‬ا‪ # * -#%‬و ‪C 0W,Y‬د * را‪JO * ,‬دة ‪ , -. <0W,Y‬ا‪ [3%‬ي * أ< ا‪,%‬رداء‬
‫‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!+ *

" ?-4‬م & ) ‪ F$# F‬إ و‪a-
( JC0‬ن ‪0+‬د‪+‬ن ‪ \-. #(3#$+‬ا‪ S‬آ‪ ?(-‬إ‬
‫ا‪ : * -E7%‬ا‪ ?(-%‬أ}
‪ 2-. E20‬وأ}
‪ " 2-9 a$#‬وأ‪mX‬ل ا‪ <) S‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪q E%‬ن " ); 

* أ‪ 1‬وا‪ 1E9‬و‪,f‬ق ‪^ $ 0$) 10$L%‬‬
‫‪ $ -%‬ى وأ 

* ‪ Ao‬وا‪ 10sJ4‬وآب ‪ $3-% ^ $ 0$) 10$L%‬ى " وروا^ ا* أ< ‪ * ?9Y‬أ ‪ * F‬ا* أ< آ‪04t /UC‬د^‬

‪O " .q w+,Y " F-7‬ل ا* أ< ‪ <0W,Y ?9Y‬أ! ‪ ,C‬ا‪ S‬ا‪ (%‬ا‪ # * 2Y 0W,Y <X‬ا‪ 0W,Y <X,3%‬ا‪ * ?aL%‬أن *‬
‫‪ * /
a‬ا* ‪C‬س أن ر‪ _G‬آن ‪ A oX F%‬و
‪ <) ( ) /-oX (0‬دار ر‪ E) Q%f AG‬ذي  ل )‪t‬ذا ‪G‬ء ا‪ A.,) AG %‬دار^‬
‫) ;‪ .‬ا‪ #J%‬ة
* ‪ }E$J) FJ-oX‬ا‪ #J%‬ة ) ;‪.‬ه ‪ Cf‬ن ا‪ AG %‬ا‪m0 ) E2%‬ل
* ‪m0 ) FJ-oX‬ع ا‪ #J%‬ة
* أ‪ ?(+,+‬وإن أد‪ A.‬أ‪,Y‬ه?‬
‫ا‪ #J%‬ة )< )‪ F#‬أد‪ A.‬أ‪ \-Y <) F3Cf‬ا‪_s%‬م و‪mX‬ع ا‪ #J%‬ة
* ‪ aU) FE-Y‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪ AG %‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وأ‪ # ^ C.‬ه!‬
‫) ‪ VYf *
F‬ا‪E) /-o0%‬ل ‪ F%‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬اذه‪ " V‬و‪ <E%‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ VYf ?-4‬ا‪E) /-o0%‬ل ‪" F%‬‬
‫أ‪ J-oX <0‬ا‪ <) ( ) <J%‬دار )_ن و‪ <) /-oX ( %‬ا‪E) "/0%‬ل ‪ ,E% F%‬أ ‪ J‬و‪ #9 <0C3+ *a%‬ه وإن ‪ _o0% <%‬آ‪ 7‬ا 

‫‪36‬‬

F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫_م
* ر‬a%‫{ ا‬#$+ ‫ آن‬AG‫ ر‬F3CJ) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫ ا‬V‫ ه )ه‬#W *
^ #W <%‫ إ‬V‫ أ‬/-oX ( ) 
( FJ ‫< 
أ‬0 39‫ه أ‬+‫ إ‬J ;) /-o0%‫< ا‬% ‫ )[رت‬/-o0%‫ت ا‬.‫ أ‬X‫ إن أ‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ AG %‫ل ا‬E) /-o0%‫ ا‬VYf *
‫? و‬-4‫و‬
<) /-R#%‫< ا‬J-o0 <X‫ا أ‬,#L
‫ ك أن‬C.‫ أ‬F% ‫ل‬E) AoX #‫_ه‬a%‫ و‬/-o0%‫ ا‬VYf <E% AG %‫? إن ا‬W " ?3X " ‫ل‬O ‫ ؟‬/0%‫ )< ا‬/-oX 
( 1‫ل  إ أن أ‬O (J3 ‫ أراك إذا‬F% ‫ل‬E) AG %‫ ا‬F0 &a$) ‫ ه‬#W <0C3+ <0a%‫ أ & و‬,O F% &-E) /0%‫ )< ا‬/-oX ‫دار )_ن‬ 
Ja4 ?W ‫ ؟‬/-oX * 3‫ ( أر‬V-9 J-oX ? 
; &TG ,E% AG %‫ل ا‬E) /-oX ‫!ن‬3‫ل أر‬O ‫ك ؟‬0

‫ل و‬O ^‫< أ‬00…‫ و أ‬T 
FJ ‫ أ‬,O <X‫وا أ‬,(‫ل ا‬E) ?‫ه‬,) ‫س‬X;
;) ‫دق‬f &0‫< إن آ‬% ,(‫ل أ‬E) /-oX * 3‫ أر‬J ‫ أ‬X‫ل أ‬O ?W .q ‫; )< آ_م‬UX‫وأ‬
H % ,3 ‫ل‬O ?W & r‫ ر‬,O /-o0%‫ ا‬VYf ‫ل‬E) ‫!ل‬E9 
‫ل‬O ?W ‫< ) ( )< دار )_ن * )_ن‬J%‫ ا‬FJ-o0 /-oX * 3‫< أر‬-oX *

,O /-o0%‫ ا‬VYf ‫ل‬E) /-R#%‫ ا‬J-o0 /-oX * 3‫ أر‬J ‫ * أ‬Y \#Y; &$%‫ و‬S‫ ا‬%O‫ أ‬,O F% ‫ل‬E) ‫ ق‬J2X ?% {  0 ‫< و‬0 
‫ (!دا‬F% ‚O‫ق وأو‬4 1- % <‫ل ه‬O ?W /4 wa
?W ‫ق‬4 1- ( 039 ‫ل‬O ,+‫ 
أر‬1- * 3‫ر‬K‫< ا‬0 39 ‫ أن‬1- & r‫ر‬
<) /-R#%‫ ا‬/-o0%‫ إن ا‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ ‫ل‬E) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬1%‫ إ‬AG %‫ ا‬V‫ )ه‬O 2J) ‫ق‬4 1- /-oX * 3‫ أر‬F% ,‫و‬
‫ل‬O "% 3%‫ و‬% /-o0%‫ " ا‬F% ‫ل‬E) ‫ار‬,%‫ ا‬VYf AG %‫ ا‬1%‫? إ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬V‫ )ه‬% <() <% ‫رت‬f ,O ‫دار )_ن‬
^ $ 0$) 10$L% ‫ق‬,f‫ و‬1E9‫ وا‬1‫ ); 

* أ‬- F%!O 1%‫ إ‬- 1Us+ ‫ إذا‬A -%‫" وا‬AG‫ و‬m S‫ل ا‬mX;) ‫س‬C *‫ل ا‬O /
a
V+ w+,Y !‫? وه‬9Y <‫ا روا^ ا* أ‬a‫!رة ه‬$%‫ ا‬.q 1%‫ ى" إ‬$3-% ^ $ 0$) 10$L% ‫ وآب‬10sJ4‫ وا‬Ao *

‫ ى وأ‬$ -%
,C 0W,Y ?fK‫ ا‬H+‫ هرون * إدر‬0W,Y F0 S‫< ا‬r‫\ ر‬+,[%‫ ا‬a <‫& )< أ‬%mX /+y‫ وذآ أن ه^ ا‬+ G *‫ل ا‬O . ‫ا‬,G
<r‫\ ر‬+,[%‫ ا‬a <‫* * أ‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C * ,#L
* S‫ ا‬,C * ,#L
* ‫ق‬L4‫ * إ‬,#L
0W,Y <‫ر‬L#%‫ ا‬,#L
* *#Y %‫ا‬
‫ء إذا‬$X‫ و‬mR \J3+ ‫ن‬a) /a# ‫_م‬4n‫ ا‬1- \J3+ F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬a !‫ل آن أ‬O m%‫ * ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * 
* F0 S‫ا‬
‫ل أي‬E) 0 ‫!ن‬3),+‫ و‬X!30#+‫ و‬3
‫!
!ن‬E+ ‫اء‬,-G G‫\ ر‬J39 X‫! أ‬-) ‫ء‬23r 4X‫\ أ‬J39 ‫< أراك‬0 ‫ أ!^ أي‬F% ‫ل‬E) *#-4‫أ‬
‫ق‬,f‫ و‬1E9‫ وا‬1‫" ); 

* أ‬F ) &%mX‫ أ‬/+y‫< أن ه^ ا‬J  A‫ˆ أه‬3 <0W,L) ‫ل‬O S‫ ا‬,0 
- ‫ل‬O F0…‫ أ‬- ,+‫ أر‬#X‫أ& إ‬
‫ ى‬$ -% ^ $ 0$) 10$L% .
This is why Allah says,
6 1JU
َ %َ ْ?aُ َ 3ْ 4
َ ‫ن‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Certainly, your efforts and deeds are diverse. ) meaning, the actions of the servants that they
have performed are also opposites and diverse. Therefore, there are those who do good and
there are those who do evil. Allah then says,
6 1َE9 ‫ وَا‬1َ
ْ ‫)ََ; 
َ
*ْ َأ‬
(As for him who gives and has Taqwa.) meaning, he gives what he has been commanded to
give and he fears Allah in his affairs.
6 1َ0$
ْ L
ُ ْ%ِ ‫ق‬
َ ,f
َ ‫ َو‬
(And believes in Al-Husna.) meaning, in the compensation for that. This was said by Qatadah.
Khusayf said, "In the reward.'' Then Allah says, 
‫ َى‬$
ْ ُ ْ-%ِ ^ُ ُ $
h َ ُ0$
َ )َ 6 (We will make smooth for him the path of ease.) Ibn `Abbas said, "Meaning
for goodness.''
Thus, Allah says, 
Aِoَ *َ

‫ َوَأ‬6 (But he who is greedy) meaning, with that which he has.
61َ0sْ Jَ 4
ْ ‫وَا‬
(and thinks himself self-sufficient,) `Ikrimah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, "This means he is
stingy with his wealth and considers himself to be in no need of his Lord, the Mighty and
Majestic.'' This was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim.
37 

1َ0$
ْ ُL%ْ ِ ‫ب‬
َ ‫ َو َآ‬6 (And denies Al-Husna.) meaning, the recompense in the abode of the Hereafter. 
‫ َى‬$
ْ ُ3-ْ %ِ ^ُ ُ $
h َ 0ُ $
َ )َ 6 (We will make smooth for him the path to evil.) meaning, the path of evil. This
is as Allah says, 
‫(ُ!ن‬#َ 3ْ +َ ْ?(ِ ِXَ ْsd
ُ 1ِ) ?ْ ‫َ ُر ُه‬Xَ ‫ َأو َل َ
 ةٍ َو‬Fِ ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬0
ِ ْgُ+ ْ?%َ َ#‫َ ُ(?ْ َوَأ ْ[َـ َ ُه?ْ َآ‬9,َ Tِ )ْ ‫ َأ‬V
ُ -hَEXُ ‫ َو‬6 (And We shall turn their hearts
and their eyes away, as they refused to believe therein for the first time, and We shall leave
them in their trespass to wander blindly.) (6:110)
And there are many Ayat with this meaning, proving that Allah rewards those who intend
good with success, while whoever intends evil is abandoned, and all of this is in accordance
with a preordained decree. There are also many Hadiths that prove this.
Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Bakr that he said to the Messenger of Allah , "O Messenger
of Allah! Do we act according to what has already been decided, or is the matter just
beginning (i.e., still undecided)'' He replied,
«Fْ0
ِ ‫غ‬
َ ِ ُ) ْ,َO ٍ
ْ ‫ َأ‬1َ-
َ ْAَ » (Indeed it is according to what has already been decided.) Then Abu Bakr
said, "Then what (good) are deeds, O Messenger of Allah'' He replied,
«Fَ% \
َ -ُِ. َ#%ِ ٌ $ 
َ
ُ A‫( » ُآ‬Everyone will find it easy to do such deeds that will lead him to what he
was created for.)
Al-Bukhari recorded from `Ali bin Abi Talib that they (the Companions) were with the
Messenger of Allah at the cemetery of Baqi` Al-Gharqad for a funeral, when the Prophet said,
«‫ر‬0%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ^ُ ُ,3َ Eْ
َ ‫ َو‬/ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ^ُ ,ُ َ3Eْ
َ V
َ Jِ ‫ْ ُآ‬,Oَ ‫ َو‬%‫ٍ ِإ‬,Y
َ ‫?ْ ِ
*ْ َأ‬aُ 0ْ
ِ َ
» (There is none among you except that his
place has already been written, a seat in Paradise and a seat in the Hellfire.) They said, "O
Messenger of Allah! Should we depend on this'' He replied,
«Fَ% \
َ -ُِ. َ#ِ% ٌ $ 
َ
ُ Aaُ )َ ، ‫ُ!ا‬-#َ 
ْ ‫( »ا‬Perform deeds for everyone will have the deeds of what he was
created for (Paradise or Hell) made easy for him.) Then he recited the Ayah 
‫ َى‬$
ْ ُ -ْ ِ% ^ُ ُ $
h َ 0ُ $
َ َ) - 1َ0ْ$L
ُ %ْ ِ َ‫ق‬,f
َ ‫ َو‬- 1َE9 ‫ وَا‬1َ
ْ ‫ َ);َ 
َ
*ْ َأ‬6 (As for him who gives and has Taqwa, and
believes in Al-Husna. We will make smooth for him the path of ease.)'' until the Ayah:
6‫ َى‬$
ْ 3ُ -ْ ِ%
(the path to evil) He (Imam Al-Bukhari) also recorded another similar narration from `Ali bin
Abi Talib in which he said, "We were at a funeral in the cemetery of Baqi` Al-Gharqad when
the Messenger of Allah came and sat down. So we came and sat around him and he had a stick
with him. Then he bowed his head and he began to scratch the ground with his stick. He then
said,
«‫َة‬, ِ34
َ ْ‫ َأو‬/ً  Eِ 
َ ْ&Cَ Jِ ‫ْ ُآ‬,Oَ %‫ َوِإ‬،ِ‫ر‬0%‫ وَا‬/ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ َ(ُXَa
َ V
َ ِJ‫ ُآ‬%‫ ِإ‬/ٍ 4
َ !ُ20ْ
َ H
ٍ 2ْ Xَ ْ*
ِ َ
ْ‫ٍ َأو‬,Y
َ ‫?ْ ِ
*ْ َأ‬aُ 0ْ
ِ َ
»
(There is not anyone among you -- or is not a single soul (that has been created) -- except that
his place has been written in Paradise or in the Fire, and it has been written that he will be
miserable or happy.) A man said, "O Messenger of Allah! Should we just depend on what has
been written for us and give up performing deeds For whoever of us is of the people of
38

happiness then he will be of the people of happiness, and whoever among us is of the people of
misery then he will be of the people of misery.'' The Prophet replied,
:‫َ َ َأ‬O ? Wُ ،ِ‫َء‬EU 
%‫ ا‬Aِ ْ‫ َأه‬Aِ #َ 
َ 1َ%‫ ُونَ ِإ‬$ 
َ ُ َ) ‫َ ِء‬EU%‫ ا‬Aُ ‫ َوَأ 
َأ ْه‬،ِ‫َدَة‬3$ 
%‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ َأ ْه‬Aِ #َ 3َ ِ% ‫ن‬
َ ‫ ُو‬$ 
َ ُ َ) ‫َدَ ِة‬3$ 
%‫ ا‬Aُ ‫»َأ 
َأ ْه‬
(Those people who are the people of happiness, they will have the deeds of the people of
happiness made easy for them. And those people who are the people of misery, they will have
the deeds of the people of misery made easy for them.) Then he recited the Ayah:
6 1َ0sْ Jَ 4
ْ ‫ وَا‬Aَ o
ِ َ *َ

‫ َوَأ‬- ‫ َى‬$
ْ ُ -ْ ِ% ُ^ ُ $
h َ 0ُ $
َ َ) - 1َ0$
ْ ُL%ْ ِ ‫ق‬
َ , f
َ َ‫ و‬- 1َE9 ‫ وَا‬1َ
ْ ‫)ََ; 
َ
*ْ َأ‬
«6-‫ َى‬$
ْ ُ3-ْ ِ% ^ُ ُ $
ّ َ 0ُ $
َ )َ -1َ0$
ْ ُL%ْ ِ َ‫َو َآ ب‬
(As for him who gives and has Taqwa, and believes in Al-Husna. We will make smooth for him
the path of ease (goodness). But he who is greedy and thinks himself self-sufficient, and belies
Al-Husna. We will make smooth for him the path to evil.)) The other compilers of the Group
have also recorded this Hadith.
Imam Ahmad recorded from Ibn `Umar that `Umar said, "O Messenger of Allah! Do you
think that the deeds that we do are a matter that is already predetermined or are they
something just beginning or new'' The Prophet replied,
Aْ‫ َوَأ 
َ
*ْ آَنَ ِ
*ْ َأه‬،ِ‫َدَة‬3$ 
-ِ% Aُ #َ 3ْ +َ Fُ X tَِ) ‫َدَ ِة‬3$ 
%‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ن ِ
*ْ َأ ْه‬
َ َ‫ َأ 
َ
*ْ آ‬،ٌ $ 
َ
ُ “-ُ‫ن آ‬ 
tَِ) ،ِ‫َب‬o%ْ ‫* ا‬
َ ْ ‫َ ا‬+ ْA#َ 
ْ َ) ،ُF0ْ
ِ ‫غ‬
َ ِ ُ) ْ,َO َ# ِ)»
«‫َء‬EU 
-ِ% Aُ #َ 3ْ +َ Fُ X ِt)َ ‫َ ِء‬EU 
%‫ا‬
(It is something that has already been predetermined. Therefore, work deeds, O son of AlKhattab! For verily, each person will have things made easy for him. So whoever is from the
people of happiness, then he will work deeds for happiness, and whoever is from the people of
misery, then he will work deeds for misery.)'' This Hadith has been recorded by At-Tirmidhi
in the Book of Al-Qadar and he said "Hasan Sahih.'' Another Hadith Narrated by Jabir Ibn
Jarir recorded from Jabir bin `Abdullah that he said, "O Messenger of Allah! Are we
performing deeds for something that has already been predetermined or is the matter based
upon what we are just doing (now)'' The Prophet replied,
«Fْ0
ِ ‫غ‬
َ ِ ُ) ْ,َO ٍ
ْ ;َ%ِ» (It is a matter that has been predetermined.) Then Suraqah said, "Then what is
the purpose of deeds'' The Messenger of Allah then said,
«Fِ-#َ 3َ %ِ ٌ $ 
َ
ُ Aٍ
ِ َ A‫» ُآ‬
(Everyone who does deeds will have his deeds made easy for him.) Muslim also recorded this
Hadith. Ibn Jarir recorded from `Amir bin `Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr that he said, "Abu Bakr
used to free servants upon their acceptance of Islam in Makkah. He used to free the elderly
and the women when they accepted Islam. So his father said to him, `O my son! I see that you
are freeing people who are weak. But if you freed strong men they could stand with you,
defend you and protect you.' Abu Bakr replied, `O my father! I only want -- and I think he
said -- what is with Allah.' Some people of my family have told me this Ayah was revealed
about him: 
‫ َى‬$
ْ ُ -ْ ِ% ^ُ ُ $
h َ 0ُ $
َ َ) - 1َ0ْ$L
ُ %ْ ِ َ‫ق‬,f
َ ‫ َو‬- 1َE9 ‫ وَا‬1َ
ْ ‫ َ);َ 
َ
*ْ َأ‬6 (As for him who gives and has Taqwa, and
believes in Al-Husna. We will make smooth for him the path of ease.)''
39

7. QS Ath Thuur 52:17-28

ٍ? ِ3Xَ َ‫& و‬
ٍ ‫ـ‬0G
َ 1ِ) َ* ِEJ #ُ %ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
6 ِ? ِL
َ ْ%‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬
َ ْ?(ُ  ‫َـ ُ(?ْ َر‬O‫َـ ُ(?ْ َر  ُ(?ْ وَ َو‬9‫َ ءَا‬#ِ *
َ ِ(ِa‫ )َـ‬‫ن‬
َ !ُ-َ#3ْ 9َ ْ?Jُ 0ُ‫َ آ‬#ِ ًTَ ِ0‫ َ ُ!اْ َه‬
ْ ‫ُ!اْ وَا‬-‫ ُآ‬
6*
ٍ ِ ٍ‫ُ!ر‬Lِ ?ُ(‫َـ‬0G
ْ ‫ٍ َو َزو‬/)َ !ُ2[
ْ 
‫ ُ ٍر‬4
ُ 1َ-
َ *
َ ِTaِ J
ُ ٌ* َ‫ رَه‬V
َ $
َ ‫َ َآ‬#ِ ‫ ا ْ
ِى ٍء‬A ‫ْءٍ ُآ‬1
َ *h
?ِ(-َِ#
َ ْ*
h ْ?(ُ ‫َـ‬0Jْ %َ‫ ُ(?ْ َو
َ َأ‬Jَ + ‫ر‬h ‫َ ِ ِ(?ْ ُذ‬0Eْ L
َ ْ%‫* َأ‬
ٍ ‫َـ‬#+ِtِ ?ُ(Jُ + h‫ ُ(?ْ ُذر‬Jْ 3َ َC9 ‫ُ!اْ وَا‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫وَا‬
َ‫(ُ!ن‬Jَ U
ْ +َ #
h ٍ?L
ْ %َ‫ٍ َو‬/(َ aِ ‫َـ‬2ِ ?ُ(‫َـ‬Xْ‫د‬,َ
ْ ‫ َوَأ‬ٌ? ِW;ْ َ9 َ ‫!ٌ )ِ (َ َو‬sْ %َ  ً4ْ;َ‫ُ!نَ )ِ (َ آ‬mَ ‫َـ‬0Jَ َ+ ٌ‫ُ!ن‬0ْa 
ٌgُ%ْg%ُ ْ?(ُ X ;َ‫ ُ(?ْ َآ‬% ٌ‫َن‬#-ْ ِ ْ?(ِ ْ -ََ ‫ف‬
ُ !ُ+َ ‫ َو‬َ‫ُ!ن‬%‫َ َء‬$Jَ +َ ٍˆ3ْ َ 1َ-َ ْ?(ُ ُNْ3َ Aَ Cَ ْO‫َوَأ‬
*
َ ِE2ِ U
ْ
ُ َ0-ِ‫ َأ ْه‬1ِ) Aُ Cْ Oَ 0‫ ُآ‬X‫ُ!اْ ِإ‬%َO
ِ‫ُ!م‬#$ 
%‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬
َ َ0‫َـ‬O‫َ َو َو‬0 ْ -ََ Fُ -%‫* ا‬ 
#َ )َ
6 ?ُ ِY  %‫  ا‬Cَ %ْ ‫ ُه َ! ا‬Fُ X ‫ُْ! ُ^ ِإ‬,Xَ Aُ ْCَO *ِ
0‫ ُآ‬X‫ِإ‬
52:17. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang bertakwa berada dalam surga dan kenikmatan,
52:18. mereka bersuka ria dengan apa yang diberikan kepada mereka oleh Tuhan mereka;
dan Tuhan mereka memelihara mereka dari azab neraka.
52:19. (Dikatakan kepada mereka): "Makan dan minumlah dengan enak sebagai balasan dari
apa yang telah kamu kerjakan",
52:20. mereka bertelekan di atas dipan-dipan berderetan dan Kami kawinkan mereka dengan
bidadari-bidadari yang cantik bermata jeli.
52:21. Dan orang-orang yang beriman, dan yang anak cucu mereka mengikuti mereka dalam
keimanan, Kami hubungkan anak cucu mereka dengan mereka, dan Kami tiada mengurangi
sedikit pun dari pahala amal mereka. Tiap-tiap manusia terikat dengan apa yang
dikerjakannya.
52:22. Dan Kami beri mereka tambahan dengan buah-buahan dan daging dari segala jenis
yang mereka ingini.
52:23. Di dalam surga mereka saling memperebutkan piala (gelas) yang isinya tidak
(menimbulkan) kata-kata yang tidak berfaedah dan tiada pula perbuatan dosa.
52:24. Dan berkeliling di sekitar mereka anak-anak muda untuk (melayani) mereka, seakanakan mereka itu mutiara yang tersimpan.
52:25. Dan sebahagian mereka menghadap kepada sebahagian yang lain saling tanyamenanya.
52:26. Mereka berkata: "Sesungguhnya kami dahulu, sewaktu berada di tengah-tengah
keluarga kami merasa takut (akan diazab)".
52:27. Maka Allah memberikan karunia kepada kami dan memelihara kami dari azab
40

neraka.
52:28. Sesungguhnya kami dahulu menyembah-Nya. Sesungguhnya Dia-lah yang
melimpahkan kebaikan lagi Maha Penyayang.

(17. Verily, those who have Taqwa will be in Gardens and Delight.) (18. Enjoying in that which
their Lord has bestowed on them, and (the fact that) their Lord saved them from the torment
of the blazing Fire.) (19. "Eat and drink with happiness because of what you used to do.'') (20.
They will recline on thrones Masfufah. And We shall marry them to Hur (fair females) with
wide lovely eyes.)
(21. And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in faith, -- to them shall We join
their offspring, and We shall not decrease the reward of their deeds in anything. Every person
is a pledge for that which he has earned.) (22. And We shall provide them with fruit and meat
such as they desire.) (23. There they shall pass from hand to hand a cup, free from any idle
talk, and free from sin.) (24. And there will go round boy-servants of theirs, to serve them as if
they were preserved pearls.) (25. And some of them draw near to others, questioning.) (26.
Saying: "Aforetime, we were afraid in the midst of our families.'') (27. "So Allah has been
gracious to us, and has saved us from the torment of the Fire.'') (28. "Verily, We used to
invoke Him before. Verily, He is the Most Subtle, the Most Merciful.'')
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
ٍ? ِ3َX‫ت َو‬
ٍ 0G
َ <ِ) *
َ ِEJ #ُ %ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
‫ل‬a0%‫اب وا‬3%‫
* ا‬F ) T%‫ 
أو‬,N %‫ ?" وذ‬3X‫ت و‬0G <) * EJ#%‫ل " إن ا‬E) ‫اء‬,3$%‫ل ا‬Y * 1%39 S‫ ا‬C.‫أ‬.
?ِ ِLَ%ْ ‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬
َ ْ?(ُ  ‫َ ُه?ْ َر‬O‫َ ُه?ْ َر ُ(?ْ َو َو‬9q َ#ِ *
َ ِ(ِ‫)َآ‬
" V‫آ* و
اآ‬$
‫ و‬H_
‫رب و‬U
‫ و‬A‫_ذ
* 
آ‬#%‫ف ا‬0f‫ ?
* أ‬30%‫
* ا‬S‫ه? ا‬9q # ‫(!ن‬a2J+ ‫ه? ر(? " أي‬9q # * (‫)آ‬
‚ r‫(
{ 
أ‬9,Y 1- (9‫ ا‬/-EJ$
/#3X -9‫ر و‬0%‫ه?
* اب ا‬X ,O‫ ? " أي و‬L%‫ه? ر(? اب ا‬O‫ " وو‬%‫و ذ‬
U V-O 1- . ‫& و‬3#4 ‫ ور 
  * رأت و أذن‬$%‫< ) (
* ا‬J%‫ ا‬/0%‫!ل ا‬.‫ (
* د‬%‫ إ‬.
‫ن‬
َ !ُ-َ#3ْ 9َ ْ?Jُ ْ0‫َ ُآ‬#ِ ًT ِ0َ‫ َُ!ا ه‬
ْ ‫ُ!ا وَا‬-‫ُآ‬ 
X$Y‫ وإ‬F0
_N29 ‫ " أي ها اك‬/ %o%‫م ا‬+K‫? )< ا‬J2-4‫ أ‬# T 0‫!ا وا !ا ه‬-‫ " آ‬1%39 F%!E‫ آ‬.
*
ٍ ِ ٍ‫ُ!ر‬Lِ ْ?‫َ ُه‬0G
ْ ‫ وَ َز و‬/ٍ )َ !ُ2[
ْ
َ ‫ ُ ٍر‬4
ُ 1َ-
َ *
َ ِTِaJ
ُ
<‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ل و‬L%‫ ر )< ا‬$%‫س ا‬C *‫ * ا‬,‫[ * * 
ه‬Y * ‫!ري‬7%‫ل ا‬O " /)!2[
‫ ر‬4 1- * TaJ
" 1%39 F%!O‫و‬
?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫!ل إن ر‬E+ <R%‫ ا‬%
* ?7 (%‫{ ا‬#4 FX‫ و أ‬# * ‫!ان‬2f 0W,Y ‫ن‬# %‫ أ! ا‬0W,Y <‫ أ‬0W,Y ?9Y 
X C.‫ أ< أ‬0W,Y‫ و‬. " F0  ‫ت‬%‫ و‬F$2X &(J‫ 
ا‬F 9;+ F-#+ ‫ و‬F0 ‫!ل‬LJ+ 
/04 * 3‫ار أر‬,E
;aJ#%‫‘ ا‬aJ % AG %‫ل " إن ا‬O 

‫ و‬F
,.‫ و‬FG‫^
* أزوا‬,0 /04 * 3C4 /0%‫‘ )< ا‬aJ % AG %‫ أن ا‬0s- ‫ل‬O &W * ‫ ة‬s#%‫ن * ا‬# -4 * ,%. * /,‫ه‬ 
C [X 0
0% A39 ‫ أن‬% ‫ن‬q ,O *-E ) %‫ ذ‬ACO *‫ه‬q‫* ر‬a+ ?% F% ‫ذا أزواج‬t) ‫ ة‬X F0
&XY ‫ذا‬t) ? 30%‫ وا‬/
‫ ا‬a%‫
* ا‬S‫أ^ ا‬
?(% 0-3G‫!ر  * " أي و‬L ?‫ه‬0G‫ * " " وزو‬-EJ
‫ ر‬4 1- " F%!E‫ˆ آ‬3 1%‫(? إ‬N3 ^!G‫ " أي و‬/)!2[
" 103
‫و‬
<) ?(2f‫م و‬,E9 ,O‫!ر  * و‬L ?‫ه‬0LaX‫ه? " أ‬0G‫ " وزو‬,‫ل 
ه‬O‫ * و‬3%‫!ر ا‬L%‫ن
* ا‬$Y ‫ت‬G‫ت وزو‬L%f ‫ت‬0+ O 
0(‫ ه‬F9‫ * إد‬10 ‫ أ‬# {r!
.
ٌ* ِ‫ َره‬V
َ $
َ ‫َ َآ‬#ِ ‫ئ‬
ٍ ِ
ْ ‫ ا‬A‫<ْ ٍء ُآ‬
َ ْ*
ِ ْ?(ِ -ِ#َ 
َ ْ*
ِ ْ?‫َ ُه‬0Jْ %ََ‫ ُ(?ْ َو
َ أ‬Jَ +‫ر‬h ‫َ ِ ِ(?ْ ُذ‬0Eْ َL%ْ ‫ن َأ‬
ٍ َ#+ِtِ ْ?(ُ Jُ + ‫ر‬h ‫ْ ُ(?ْ ُذ‬J3َ Cَ 9 ‫ُ!ا وَا‬0
َ q َ*+ِ%‫وَا‬

41

‫‪ F-N) * 1%39 Co+‬وآ
‪ F‬وا
‪ FX0J‬و‪ FE-o F2%‬وإ‪ FX$Y‬أن ا‪ * 0
g#%‬إذا ا‪ ?(J3C9‬ذر‪ <) ?(9+‬ا‪#+n‬ن ‪<) ?(R ?(EL-+‬‬
‫ا‪ /%m0#%‬وإن ‪!s-C+ ?%‬ا ‪ EJ% ?(-#‬أ * ا‪y‬ء ‪0K‬ء ‪,0‬ه? )<
‪0‬ز‪ 1- ?(0  {# ) ?(%‬أ‪ *$Y‬ا‪; ^!G!%‬ن ‪ {) +‬ا‪O0%‬‬
‫ا‪ A 
a A#3%‬ا‪ A#3%‬و ‪ E0+‬ذ‪ F-# *
%‬و
‪$J-% FJ%m0‬وي  ‪ F0‬و * ذاك و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل" أ‪ ?( 0EL%‬ذر‪ ?(J+‬و 
أ‪0J%‬ه?
*‬
‫‪< *
?(-#‬ء " ‪O‬ل ا‪!7%‬ري * ‪ #‬و *
ة * ‪ * CG * , 34‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪O‬ل ‪ :‬إن ا‪ {) % S‬ذر‪ /+‬ا‪ <) *
g#%‬در‪FJG‬‬
‫وإن آ‪!X‬ا دو‪ <) FX‬ا‪ O ?W F0  ?( EJ% A#3%‬أ " وا‪!0
q *+%‬ا وا‪ ?(J3C9‬ذر‪#+t ?(J+‬ن أ‪ ?( 0EL%‬ذر‪ ?(J+‬و 
أ‪0J%‬ه?
* ‪?(-#‬‬

* <ء " وروا^ ا* ‪ + G‬وا* أ< ‪ 24 w+,Y *
?9Y‬ن ا‪!7%‬ري ‪ . F‬وآا روا^ ا* ‪ # * /C3 w+,Y *
+ G‬و *‬

ة ‪ F‬وروا^ ا‪mC%‬از * ‪ * L * A(4‬ا‪#Y * *$L%‬د ا‪!%‬راق * ‪ * H O‬ا‪ # * {  %‬و *
ة * ‪ * , 34‬ا*‬
‫‪C‬س
)! )آ ^ ‪O ?W‬ل و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪!7%‬ري * ‪ #‬و *
ة * ‪ * , 34‬ا* ‪C‬س
!‪ . )!O‬و‪O‬ل ا* أ< ‪0W,Y ?9Y‬‬
‫ا‪C3%‬س * ا‪ ,+m+ * , %!%‬ا‪ C%‬و‪ <9‬أ‪ , 34 * ,#L
<X C.‬أ‪C  <X C.‬ن أ‪ * V CY * w % <X C.‬أ< ‪ &W‬ا‪,4K‬ي * ‪, 34‬‬
‫* ‪ * CG‬ا* ‪C‬س )< ‪!O‬ل ا‪ "1%39 S‬وا‪!0
q *+%‬ا وا‪ ?(J3C9‬ذر‪#+t ?(J+‬ن أ‪ ?( 0EL%‬ذر‪O " ?(J+‬ل ه? ذر‪ /+‬ا‪*
g#%‬‬
‫‪!9!#+‬ن ‪ 1-‬ا‪#+n‬ن )‪t‬ن آ‪0
&X‬زل ‪ ?(Rq‬أر){
*
‪0‬ز‪ ?(%‬أ‪!EL%‬ا ‪ ?(R‬و‪![E0+ ?%‬ا
* أ‪ ?(%#‬ا‪!-# <J%‬ه  ‪ . T‬و‪O‬ل‬
‫ا‪ ‡)L%‬ا‪ C%‬ا‪ 0W,Y <X‬ا‪ * * $L%‬إ‪L4‬ق ا‪ J$J%‬ي ‪ ,C * ,#L
0W,Y‬ا‪m * *#Y %‬وان ‪ ?%4 * +  0W,Y‬ا‪* H)K‬‬
‫‪ * CG * , 34‬ا* ‪C‬س أ…‪ * F0‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " إذا د‪ A.‬ا‪ AG %‬ا‪;4 /0%‬ل * أ!‪ F+‬وزو‪ FJG‬وو‪^,%‬‬
‫) ‪E‬ل إ‪!s-C+ ?% ?(X‬ا در‪!E ) JG‬ل ‪ +‬رب ‪ <% &-# ,O‬و‪ " F ?(OL%t
g ) ?(%‬و‪ O‬أ ا* ‪C‬س " وا‪!0
q *+%‬ا وا‪?(J3C9‬‬
‫ذر‪#+t ?(J+‬ن " ا‪ . /+y‬و‪O‬ل ا‪ * <)!3%‬ا* ‪C‬س )< ه^ ا‪!E+ /+y‬ل وا‪ *+%‬أدرك ذر‪ ?(J+‬ا‪#+n‬ن )‪!-#3‬ا ‪ <J‬أ‪?(JEL%‬‬
‫‪ ?(X#+t‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ /0%‬وأوده? ا‪s[%‬ر ‪ ?( \L-9‬وها را‪ {G‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ $2J%‬ا‪K‬ول )‪t‬ن ذ‪ $2
%‬ا أ‪ f‬ح
* ها ‪ .‬وه‪a‬ا ‪!E+‬ل‬
‫ا‪ <C3U%‬و‪ CG * , 34‬وإ اه ? و‪JO‬دة وأ! ‪ Q%f‬وا‪ * {  %‬أ‪ HX‬وا‪LN%‬ك وا* ز‪ ,+‬وه! ا‪ J.‬ر ا* ‪ + G‬و‪O ,O‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪S‬‬
‫* ا‪
n‬م أ‪#7 0W,Y ,#Y‬ن * أ<  ‪#7 * ,#L
* A N) * ,#L
0W,Y /C‬ن * زاذان * ‪O <-‬ل ‪ /+,. &%;4‬ا‪<C0%‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ * ?-4‬و‪ <) (% 9
*+,%‬ا‪%‬ه‪E) / -‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬ه‪ <) #‬ا‪0%‬ر" )‪ #-‬رأى ا‪ a%‬اه ‪/‬‬
‫)< و‪O ((G‬ل " ‪ !%‬رأ‪ + &%O " #(JNsK #(Xa
&+‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪,%!) S‬ي
‪O 0‬ل" )< ا‪O " /0%‬ل ‪O ?W‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ F -‬و‪ " ?-4‬إن ا‪ * 0
g#%‬وأوده? )< ا‪ /0%‬وإن ا‪ U#%‬آ * وأوده? )< ا‪0%‬ر " ‪ O ?W‬أ ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪" " ?-4‬‬
‫وا‪!0
q *+%‬ا وا‪ ?(J3C9‬ذر‪#+t ?(J+‬ن " " ا‪ /+y‬ها )‪ 1- 1%39 F-N‬ا‪0K‬ء ‪ C‬آ‪ A# /‬ا‪y‬ء وأ 
)‪ 1- F-N‬ا‪y‬ء ‪ C‬آ‪/‬‬
‫دء ا‪0K‬ء )‪O ,E‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪#Y 0W,Y ,+m+ 0W,Y ,#Y‬د * ‪ * ?f * /#-4‬أ< ا‪!0%‬د * أ< ‪ * Q%f‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪<r‬‬
‫ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬إن ا‪ {) % S‬ا‪,%‬ر‪ ,C3-% /G‬ا‪ <) Q%[%‬ا‪!E ) /0%‬ل ‪ +‬رب أ‪ <% 1X‬ه^ ؟‬
‫) ‪!E‬ل ‪2sJ4‬ر و‪,%‬ك ‪ " %‬إ‪04‬د^ ‪ Q Lf‬و‪ *
^!G o+ ?%‬ها ا‪ FG!%‬و‪ F% *a%‬ه‪ * ?-$
Q Lf <) ,‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة * ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬إذا 
ت ا* ‪q‬دم ا‪ F-# {EX‬إ
* ‪_W‬ث ‪G /O,f‬ر‪ /+‬أو ‪ F {2J0+ ?-‬أو و‪" F% !,+ Q%f ,%‬‬
‫و‪ " 1%39 F%!O‬آ‪ A‬ا
ئ ‪ #‬آ‪ V$‬ره * " ‪ #%‬أ‪E
* C.‬م ا‪ AN2%‬وه! ر){ در‪ /G‬ا‪%‬ر‪ /+‬إ‪ /%m0
1%‬ا‪y‬ء * ‪A#‬‬
‫‪ <NJE+‬ذ‪ %‬أ‪E
* C.‬م ا‪,3%‬ل وه! أ‪g+  FX‬ا‪ .‬أ‪,Y‬ا ‪ VX‬أ‪E) ,Y‬ل ‪ " 1%39‬آ‪ A‬ا
ئ ‪ #‬آ‪ V$‬ره * " أي
‪ F-#3 *(9‬‬
‫‪ F - A#L+‬ذ‪ *
^ VX‬ا‪0%‬س ‪!4‬اء آن أ أو ا‪ 0‬آ‪O #‬ل ‪ " 1%39‬آ‪ # H2X A‬آ‪ &C$‬ره ‪ /0‬إ أ‪Lf‬ب ا‪0G <) * # %‬ت‬
‫‪$J+ .‬ء‪!%‬ن * ا‪* 
#%‬‬
‫ن‬
‫‪َ !ُ(Jَ U‬‬
‫‪ْ +َ #
ِ ٍ?L‬‬
‫َوَأ ْ
َ‪,‬دْ‪ُ َX‬ه?ْ ِ‪ِ َ2‬آ َ( ٍ‪ /‬وََ‪ْ %‬‬
‫أي وأ‪0EL%‬ه? ‪!2‬اآ‪ F‬و‪!L%‬م
* أ‪!X‬اع ‪J$+ #
1J‬ب و‪ . 1(JU+‬و‪0J+ " F%!O‬ز!ن ) ( آ;‪ "4‬أي ‪!d3J+‬ن ) ( آ;‪ 4‬أي‬

* ا‪ F%O #o%‬ا‪LN%‬ك"  ‪ ( ) !s%‬و ‪ " ? W;9‬أي  ‪!#-aJ+‬ن ) ( ‪_a‬م غ أي ه‪+‬ن و إ‪ ?W‬أي )‪ eL‬آ‪ F ?-aJ+ #‬ا‪/ U%‬‬

* أه‪ A‬ا‪O  X,%‬ل ا* ‪C‬س ‪ :‬ا‪ !s-%‬ا‪ AdC%‬وا‪ ? W;J%‬ا‪a%‬ب و‪O‬ل 
ه‪!CJ$+  ,‬ن و ‪!#Wg+‬ن و‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة آن ذ‪ <) %‬ا‪{
 X,%‬‬
‫ا‪ U%‬ن )‪ ^m0‬ا‪ #. S‬ا‪ .y‬ة * ‪O‬ذورات ‪ #.‬ا‪  X,%‬وأذاه آ‪,E9 #‬م )‪,f (0 120‬اع ا‪ %‬أس وو‪ {G‬ا‪ *C%‬وإزا‪ /%‬ا‪AE3%‬‬
‫‪ / -a%‬وأ‪ C.‬أ‪ 1- ?(-#L9  (X‬ا‪_a%‬م ا‪ ‘ $%‬ا‪2%‬رغ * ا‪,R2%‬ة ا‪ *#NJ#%‬ه‪ X+‬و)‪ UL‬وأ‪ 0
*$L C.‬ه و‪(#3d V d‬‬
‫و
‪ Co‬ه )‪E‬ل "  ‪N‬ء ‪%‬ة ‪U-%‬ر *  ) ( !ل و ه? ‪!)m0+ (0‬ن " و‪O‬ل "  ‪!,[+‬ن ‪ (0‬و ‪!)m0+‬ن " و‪O‬ل ه(‪" 0‬‬
‫‪0J+ " .‬ز!ن ) ( آ;‪ ( ) !s%  4‬و ‪? W;9‬‬
‫ن )ِ (َ َآ;ْ‪َ َ( ِ) ٌ!sْ %َ َ% ً4‬و‪ٌ? ِWْ;9َ َ%‬‬
‫َ‪َ َ0Jَ +‬زُ! َ‬
‫أي وأ‪0EL%‬ه? ‪!2‬اآ‪ F‬و‪!L%‬م
* أ‪!X‬اع ‪J$+ #
1J‬ب و‪ . 1(JU+‬و‪0J+ " F%!O‬ز!ن ) ( آ;‪ "4‬أي ‪!d3J+‬ن ) ( آ;‪ 4‬أي‬

* ا‪ F%O #o%‬ا‪LN%‬ك"  ‪ ( ) !s%‬و ‪ " ? W;9‬أي  ‪!#-aJ+‬ن ) ( ‪_a‬م غ أي ه‪+‬ن و إ‪ ?W‬أي )‪ eL‬آ‪ F ?-aJ+ #‬ا‪/ U%‬‬

* أه‪ A‬ا‪O  X,%‬ل ا* ‪C‬س ‪ :‬ا‪ !s-%‬ا‪ AdC%‬وا‪ ? W;J%‬ا‪a%‬ب و‪O‬ل 
ه‪!CJ$+  ,‬ن و ‪!#Wg+‬ن و‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة آن ذ‪ <) %‬ا‪{
 X,%‬‬
‫ا‪ U%‬ن )‪ ^m0‬ا‪ #. S‬ا‪ .y‬ة * ‪O‬ذورات ‪ #.‬ا‪  X,%‬وأذاه آ‪,E9 #‬م )‪,f (0 120‬اع ا‪ %‬أس وو‪ {G‬ا‪ *C%‬وإزا‪ /%‬ا‪AE3%‬‬
‫‪ / -a%‬وأ‪ C.‬أ‪ 1- ?(-#L9  (X‬ا‪_a%‬م ا‪ ‘ $%‬ا‪2%‬رغ * ا‪,R2%‬ة ا‪ *#NJ#%‬ه‪ X+‬و)‪ UL‬وأ‪ 0
*$L C.‬ه و‪(#3d V d‬‬
‫و
‪ Co‬ه )‪E‬ل "  ‪N‬ء ‪%‬ة ‪U-%‬ر *  ) ( !ل و ه? ‪!)m0+ (0‬ن " و‪O‬ل "  ‪!,[+‬ن ‪ (0‬و ‪!)m0+‬ن " و‪O‬ل ه(‪" 0‬‬
‫‪0J+ " .‬ز!ن ) ( آ;‪ ( ) !s%  4‬و ‪? W;9‬‬
‫‪42‬‬

ٌ‫ُ!ن‬0aْ
َ ٌgُ%ْg%ُ ْ?(ُ X َ;‫َ ُ(?ْ َآ‬% ٌ‫َن‬#-ْ ِ ْ?(ِ ْ -ََ ‫ف‬
ُ !ُ+َ ‫َو‬
Vd %‫ ا‬g%g-%‫(? ا‬X;‫ آ‬/0%‫(? )< ا‬#UY‫
(? و‬,. * ‫ر‬C.‫!ن " إ‬0a
g%g% ?(X;‫(? آ‬% ‫ن‬#- ?( - ‫!ف‬+‫ " و‬1%39 F%!O‫و‬
*
‫\ وآ;س‬+‫ون ;آ!اب وأر‬,-o
‫ان‬,%‫ (? و‬- ‫!ف‬+‫ل " و‬O #‫(? آ‬$_
*$Y‫(? و‬J)X‫(? و‬R(‫(? و‬0$Y <) ‫!ن‬0a#%‫ا‬
* 3
" .
‫ن‬
َ !ُ%‫َ َء‬$Jَ َ+ ˆ
ٍ 3ْ َ 1َ-َ ْ?(ُ N
ُ ْ3َ Aَ َCْO‫َوَأ‬
‫ اب‬U%‫ ) (? ا‬.‫  ا(? إذا أ‬1- ‫ اب‬U%‫ ا‬A‫ث أه‬,LJ+ #‫  وها آ‬X,%‫(? )< ا‬%‫!ا‬Y‫(? وأ‬%#‫!ن * أ‬%‫ء‬$J+‫!ن و‬W‫د‬LJ+ ‫!ا‬-CO‫أي أ‬
?‫ آن
* أ
ه‬# .
َ* ِE2ِ U
ْ
ُ َ0-ِْ‫ )ِ< َأه‬Aُ Cْ Oَ 0‫ ُآ‬X‫ُ!ا ِإ‬%َO
‫!م أي‬#$%‫ اب ا‬XO‫ وو‬0 - S‫* ا‬#) FE‫ و‬F‫ *
* ا‬E2U
0‫ *
* ر‬2R. 0 -‫*  * أه‬LX‫  و‬X,%‫ار ا‬,%‫ )< ا‬0‫أي آ‬
? Y %‫ ا‬C%‫ ه! ا‬FX‫ " إ‬0%‫ا‬g4 X‫ وأ‬0% ‫ب‬J4) F %‫ ع إ‬NJX ‫!^ " أي‬,X ACO *
0‫ آ‬X‫ف" إ‬oX #
X‫ر‬G‫ وأ‬0 - ‫ق‬,[J) "
.
/+K‫(^ ا‬% $29 ,G!+ 
?ُ ِY  %‫  ا‬Cَ %ْ ‫ ُه َ! ا‬Fُ X ‫ُْ!^ُ ِإ‬,Xَ ُACْ Oَ ْ*
ِ 0‫ ُآ‬X‫ِإ‬
{  %‫ ا‬0W,Y ‫ر‬0+‫ * د‬, 34 0W,Y V C * /#-4 0W,Y ‫ل‬E) ^,0$
<) ‫ار‬mC%‫ ا‬a !‫)‡ أ‬L%‫ روا^ ا‬w+,Y ‫م‬E#%‫ ورد )< ها ا‬,O‫و‬
‫!ان ) <ء‬.n‫ ا‬1%‫!ا إ‬OJ‫ ا‬/0%‫ ا‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬A.‫? " إذا د‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O HX‫* * أ‬$L%‫ * ا‬Q Cf *
‫ري‬,9 ‫ )_ن‬+ FCY[% #‫ه‬,Y‫!ل أ‬E )  X,%‫ آن )< ا‬# ‫ن‬W,LJ ) ‫‘ ها‬aJ+‫‘ ها و‬aJ ) ‫ن‬W,LJ ) ‫ ها‬+ 4 ‫ذي‬L+ 1JY ‫ ها‬+ 4
‫د‬04n‫ وى إ (ا ا‬+ F) 3X  ‫ار‬mC%‫ل ا‬O ?W " 0% 2s) AG‫ و‬m S‫ ا‬X!,) ‫{ آا وآا‬r!
<) 0‫!م آ‬+ ‫ ؟‬0% S‫ ا‬2 ‫!م‬+ ‫أي‬
!‫ وه‬F2Y /(G *
,Y‫ وا‬F ) ?-a9 ,O‫ و‬Q Cf * {  %‫ ا‬Fo ‫? ه! 
(!ل و‬9Y !‫ل أ‬O <EU
,%‫ر ا‬0+‫ * د‬, 34‫& و‬-O
* 1LN%‫ * أ< ا‬e#K‫ وآ { * ا‬0W,Y ‫ودي‬K‫ ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * ‫ و‬# 0W,Y ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ و‬. F$2X <) /EW Q%f AG‫ر‬
&%E) " ? Y %‫ ا‬C%‫ ه! ا‬FX‫!^ إ‬,X ACO *
0‫ آ‬X‫!م إ‬#$%‫ اب ا‬XO‫ وو‬0 - S‫* ا‬#) " /+y‫ أت ه^ ا‬O (X‫ أ‬/UR * ‫ وق‬$

?3X ‫ل‬O ‫[_ة ؟‬%‫ )< ا‬e#’% A O . ? Y %‫ ا‬C%‫& ا‬X‫ أ‬X‫!م إ‬#$%‫ اب ا‬0O‫ و‬0 - *
?(-%‫ ا‬.

Allah the Exalted described the destination of the happy ones,
6 ?ٍ ِ3Xَ ‫& َو‬
ٍ ‫ـ‬0G
َ 1ِ) *
َ ِEJ #ُ %ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, those who have Taqwa will be in Gardens and Delight.) in contrast to the torment and
punishment of the miserable;
6ْ?(ُ ‫َـ ُ(?ْ َر‬9‫َ ءَا‬#ِ *
َ ِ(aِ ‫)َـ‬
(Enjoying in that which their Lord has bestowed on them,) meaning, enjoying the various
types of delight that Allah has granted them therein, such as various types of foods, drinks,
clothes, dwelling places, mounts, and so forth,
6ِ? ِL
َ ْ%‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬
َ ْ?(ُ ‫َـ ُ(?ْ َر‬O‫ َو َو‬
(and (the fact that) their Lord saved them from the torment of the blazing Fire.) He saved
them from the torment of the Fire, which is a bounty itself. Added to this blessing is the fact
that they were entered into Paradise, which has delights that no eye has ever seen, no ear has
ever heard, nor has a heart ever imagined. The statement of Allah the Exalted,
43

6‫ن‬
َ !ُ-#َ 3ْ 9َ ْ?Jُ 0ُ‫َ آ‬#ِ ًTَ ِ0‫ُ!اْ وَاْ َ ُ!اْ َه‬-‫ ُآ‬
("Eat and drink with happiness because of what you used to do'') is similar to another of His
statements,
6 /ِ َ ِ%َo%ْ ‫ ِم ا‬+ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ?Jُ 2ْ َ-4
ْ ‫َ َأ‬#ِ ًTَ ِ0‫ َ ُ!اْ َه‬
ْ ‫ُ!اْ وَا‬-‫ ُآ‬
(Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past!)(69:24)
meaning this is the just reward for your deeds; surely, all this is a favor from Allah and a
reward from Him. Allah the Exalted said,
6ٍ/)َ !ُ2ْ[ 
‫ ُ ٍر‬4
ُ 1َ-
َ َ* ِTaِ J
ُ 
(They will recline (with ease) on thrones Masfufah.) Ath-Thawri reported from Husayn, from
Mujahid, from Ibn `Abbas: "Thrones in howdahs.'' And the meaning of, (Masfufah) is they
will be facing each other,
6*
َ ِ-Cِ ‫َـ‬EJَ 
‫ُ ُ ٍر‬4 1َ-
َ
(Facing one another on thrones.)(37:44) Allah said next,
6ٍ* ِ ‫ُ! ٍر‬Lِ ?ُ(‫َـ‬0ْG‫ َو َز و‬
(And We shall marry them to Hur (fair females) with wide lovely eyes.) We made for them
righteous spouses, beautiful wives from Al-Hur Al-`Ayn. We mentioned the description of AlHur Al-`Ayn in several other places in this Tafsir, and therefore, it is not necessary to repeat
their description here.
In this Ayah, Allah the Exalted affirms His favor, generosity, graciousness, compassion and
beneficence towards His creation. When the offspring of the righteous believers imitate their
parents regarding faith, Allah will elevate the latter to the ranks of the former, even though
the latter did not perform deeds as goodly as their parents. Allah will comfort the eyes of the
parents by seeing their offspring elevated to their grades. Surely, Allah will gather them
together in the best manner, and He will not decrease the reward or the grades of those higher
in rank for joining them together, hence His statement,
6ٍ‫ْء‬1
َ *h
?ِ(ِ-#َ 
َ ْ*
h ْ?(ُ ‫َـ‬0Jْ َ%‫ ُ(?ْ َو
َ َأ‬Jَ + h‫َ ِ ِ(?ْ ُذر‬0ْEL
َ %ْ ‫َأ‬
(to them shall We join their offspring, and We shall not decrease the reward of their deeds in
anything.) Ath-Thawri reported that Ibn `Abbas said, "Verily, Allah elevates the ranks of the
believers' offspring to rank of their parents, even though the latter have not performed as well
as the former, so that the eyes of the parents are comforted.'' Ibn `Abbas then recited this
Ayah,
6ٍ‫ْء‬1
َ *h
?ِ(-َِ#
َ ْ*
h ْ?(ُ ‫َـ‬0Jْ %ََ‫ ُ(?ْ َو
َ أ‬Jَ + ‫ر‬h ُ‫َ ِ ِ(?ْ ذ‬0Eْ L
َ ْ%‫* َأ‬
ٍ ‫َـ‬#+ِtِ ?ُ(Jُ + h‫ ُ(?ْ ُذر‬Jْ َ3Cَ 9 ‫ُ!اْ وَا‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫وَا‬
(And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in faith, -- to them shall We join their
offspring, and We shall not decrease the reward of their deeds in anything.) Ibn Jarir and Ibn
Abi Hatim recorded this statement from Sufyan Ath-Thawri from Ibn `Abbas. Ibn Abi Hatim
also recorded that Ibn `Abbas commented on Allah's statement,
44

6ْ?(ُ Jَ + ‫ر‬h ُ‫َ ِ ِ(?ْ ذ‬0Eْ L
َ ْ%‫* َأ‬
ٍ ‫َـ‬#+ِtِ ?ُ(Jُ + h‫ ُ(?ْ ُذر‬Jْ َ3Cَ 9 ‫ُ!اْ وَا‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫وَا‬
(And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in faith, -- to them shall We join their
offspring.) saying, "They are the offspring of the believers who died on the faith. If the ranks
of their parents are higher than their ranks, they will be joined with their parents. No part of
the reward their parents received for their good deeds will be reduced for them.'' `Abdullah,
son of Imam Ahmad, recorded that `Ali said, "Khadijah asked the Prophet about two of her
children who died during the time of Jahiliyyah, and the Messenger of Allah said;
«‫ر‬0%‫َ )ِ< ا‬#‫» ُه‬
(They are both in the Fire.) When he saw sadness on her face, he said,
«َ#(ِ Jِ ْNsَ ْ ;ََ% َ#(ُ Xَ َa
َ &
ِ +ْ ‫َ!ْ َرَأ‬%»
(If you saw their dwelling place, you would hate them.) She said, `O Allah's Messenger! What
about my children with you.' He said,
«/0
َ %ْ ‫»)ِ< ا‬
(They are in Paradise.) The Messenger of Allah said,
«‫ر‬0%‫َدَ ُه?ْ )ِ< ا‬%ْ‫* َوَأو‬
َ ِ‫ ِ آ‬U
ْ #ُ %ْ ‫ َوِإن ا‬،ِ/0
َ %ْ ‫َ َد ُه?ْ )ِ< ا‬%ْ‫* َوَأو‬
َ ِ0
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(Verily, the believers and their offspring will dwell in Paradise, while the idolators and their
offspring will dwell in the Hellfire.) The Prophet then recited the Ayah,
6ٍ*‫َـ‬#+ِtِ ?ُ(ُJ+ h‫ ُ(?ْ ُذر‬Jْ َ3Cَ 9 ‫ُ! ْا وَا‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫وَا‬
(And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in faith...)'' Certainly, it is Allah's
grace and favor that He grants the children this blessing because of the good deeds of their
parents. He also grants His favor to parents on account of their offspring invoking Allah for
them. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said that
the Messenger of Allah said,
«َ% ‫ك‬
َ ,ِ %ََ‫َ ِر و‬2sْ Jِ 4
ْ ِ :‫ُ! ُل‬E َ )َ ‫ِ< هِ^ِ؟‬% 1ْX‫ب َأ‬
h ‫َ َر‬+ :‫ُ! ُل‬E َ )َ /ِ 0 
َ ْ%‫ )ِ< ا‬Q
ِ %ِ[%‫ ا‬,ِ Cْ َ3-ْ %ِ /َ G
َ ‫ َر‬,%‫ َ ْ َ) ُ{ ا‬%َ S
َ ‫نا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(Verily, Allah shall elevate the grade of a righteous servant in Paradise, who will ask, "O
Lord! How did I earn this'' Allah will reply, "Through your son's invoking Me to forgive
you.'') This Hadith has an authentic chain of narration, but it was not recorded in the Sahih
this way. However, there is a witnessing narration for it in Sahih Muslim, from the Hadith of
Abu Hurayrah, who said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«Fَ% !ُْ,+َ Q
ٍ ِ%َf ,ٍ َ%‫ َأوْ َو‬،ِFِ ُ{2َ Jَ 0ْ +ُ ٍ?-ْ ِ ْ‫ َأو‬،ٍ/+َ ‫َ ِر‬G /ٍ Oَ َ,f
َ :‫ث‬
ٍ َ-Wَ ْ*
ِ %‫ ِإ‬Fُ -ُ#َ 
َ {َ َEَ Xْ ‫دَ َم ا‬q *
ُ ْ ‫ت ا‬
َ َ
‫»ِإذَا‬
(When the Son of Adam dies, his record of deeds will cease except in three cases: an ongoing
charity, knowledge that people are benefiting from and a righteous son who invokes Allah for
him.)
Allah the Exalted said,
45

6ٌ* َ‫ رَه‬V
َ $
َ ‫َ َآ‬#ِ ‫ ا ْ
ِى ٍء‬A ‫ ُآ‬
(Every person is a pledge for that which he has earned.) After Allah mentioned His favor of
elevating the offspring to the ranks of their parents, even though the deeds of the former did
not qualify them, He affirmed His fairness in that, He does not punish anyone for the mistakes
of others,
6ٌ* َ‫ رَه‬V
َ $
َ ‫َ َآ‬#ِ ‫ ا ْ
ِى ٍء‬A ‫ ُآ‬
(Every person is a pledge for that which he has earned.) Therefore, every person will be
responsible for his actions. No sin committed by others shall ever be added to one's load, even
if committed by his or her parents or offspring. Allah the Exalted said,
6*
َ ِ
ِ ْ#ُ %ْ ‫* ا‬
ِ
َ - َ‫ُ!ن‬%‫َ َء‬$Jَ +َ &
ٍ ‫ـ‬0G
َ 1ِ) - *
ِ ِ# َ ْ%‫ ا‬V
َ ‫َـ‬Lf
ْ ‫ ِإ  َأ‬- /ٌ 0َ ِ‫&ْ َره‬Cَ $
َ ‫َ َآ‬#ِ H
ٍ 2ْ Xَ A ‫ ُآ‬
(Every person is a pledge for what he has earned, except those on the Right. In Gardens, they
will ask one another about the criminals.)(74:38-41)
Allah said,
6 َ‫(ُ!ن‬Jَ U
ْ +َ #
h ٍ?L
ْ %َ‫ َو‬/ٍ (َ ِa‫َـ‬2ِ ?ُ(‫َـ‬Xْ‫د‬,َ
ْ ‫ َوَأ‬
(And We shall provide them with fruit and meat such as they desire.) meaning, `We shall
provide them with various types and kinds of fruits and meat, whatever they wish for and
desire,'
6ً4ْ;‫ُ!نَ )ِ (َ َآ‬mَ ‫َـ‬0Jَ +َ 
(There they shall pass from hand to hand a cup,) meaning, of wine, according to Ad-Dahhak,
6ٌ? ِW;ْ َ9 َ ‫!ٌ )ِ (َ َو‬sْ %َ  
(free from any Laghw, and free from Ta'thim) meaning, when they drink, they do not say any
idle, vain words or utter dirty, sinful speech like the drunken people in this life do. Ibn `Abbas
said that Laghw means `falsehood' while Ta'thim means `lying'. Mujahid said, "They do not
curse each other nor sin.'' Qatadah said, "These were the consequences of drinking in this life,
and Shaytan helped in this regard. Allah purified the wine of the Hereafter from the ills and
harm caused by the wine of this life.'' Therefore, Allah has purified the wine of the Hereafter
from causing headaches, stomachaches and intoxication like the wine of this life. Allah stated
that wine of the Hereafter shall not cause those who drink it to utter false, vain words that
carry no benefit, full of foolishness and evil. Allah also described the wine of the Hereafter as
beautiful in appearance, tasty and fruitful,
6 َ‫)ُ!ن‬mَ 0ُ+ َ(ْ0
َ ْ?‫ َ )ِ (َ َ!ْلٌ َو َ ُه‬- *
َ ِ ِ ‫ـ‬U-h% ‫ ٍة‬%َ ‫َ َء‬N ْ َ
(White, delicious to the drinkers. Neither will they have Ghawl from that nor will they suffer
intoxication therefrom.)(37:46-47) and,
6‫ن‬
َ !ُ)mِ 0ُ+ َ ‫ْ(َ َو‬0
َ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ, [
َ ُ+  

46

(Wherefrom they will get neither nay aching of the head nor any intoxication.)(56:19) Allah
the Exalted said here,
6 ٌ? ِW;ْ َ9 َ َ‫!ٌ )ِ (َ و‬sْ %َ  ً4ْ;‫ن )ِ (َ َآ‬
َ !ُmَ ‫َـ‬0Jَ +َ 
(There they shall pass from hand to hand a (wine) cup, free from any Laghw, and free from
sin.) Allah said,
6 ٌ‫ُ!ن‬0aْ 
ٌg%ُْgُ% ْ?(ُ X ;ََ‫ ُ(?ْ آ‬% ٌ‫َن‬#ْ-
ِ ْ?(ِ ْ َ-
َ ‫ف‬
ُ !ُ+َ ‫ َو‬
(And there will go round boy-servants of theirs to serve them as if they were preserved
pearls.) This is a description of the servants and aids, the believers will have in Paradise. Their
servants will be beautiful, graceful in appearance, clean and neat as well-preserved pearls,
6*
ٍ ِ3 
*h
‫س‬
ٍ ;ْ َ‫\ َوآ‬
َ +ِ‫ب َوَأَر‬
ٍ ‫ َِ;آْ!َا‬- َ‫ُون‬,-o
َ 
ٌ‫َن‬,%ْ ‫ ْ ِ(?ْ ِو‬-َ
َ ‫ف‬
ُ !ُ+َ 
(Immortal boys will go around them with cups, and jugs, and a glass of flowing wine.)
(56:17-18) Allah the Exalted said,
6‫ن‬
َ !ُ%‫َ َء‬$Jَ َ+ ˆ
ٍ 3ْ َ 1َ-
َ ْ?(ُ N
ُ 3ْ َ َACَ ْO‫ َوَأ‬
(And some of them draw near to others, questioning.) meaning, the believers will draw near to
each other talking and remembering their actions and conditions in this life, just as people in
this life talk while drinking, especially when they become intoxicated,
6 َ* ِE2ِ U
ْ
ُ َ0-ِْ‫ َأه‬1ِ) Aُ ْCOَ 0‫ ُآ‬X‫ُ!اْ ِإ‬%َO
(Saying: "Aforetime, we were afraid in the midst of our families.'') meaning, `in the life of
world and in the midst of our families, we were afraid of our Lord and fearful of His torment
and punishment,'
6 ‫ُ! ِم‬#$ 
%‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬
َ َ0‫َـ‬O‫َ وَ َو‬0 ْ َ-
َ Fُ -%‫* ا‬ 
#َ )َ 
(So Allah has been gracious to us, and has saved us from the torment of the Fire.) meaning,
`He has granted us a favor and saved us from what we feared,'
6ُ^!ُْ,Xَ Aُ ْCOَ *ِ
0‫ ُآ‬X‫ِإ‬
(Verily, We used to invoke Him before.) meaning, `we used to invoke Him with submission and
humility, and He accepted our invocation and gave us what we wished,'
6ُ? ِY %‫  ا‬Cَ ْ%‫ ُه َ! ا‬Fُ X ‫ِإ‬
(Verily, He is the Most Subtle, the Most Merciful.)

47

8. QS Ar Ra'du 13 : 38-39

ٌ‫َب‬J‫ ِآ‬Aٍ َG‫ َأ‬hAaُ %ِ Fِ -%‫ذْنِ ا‬tِِ  ‫ٍ ِإ‬/+َ َ‫ ِـ‬1
َ 9ِ ;ْ َ+ ‫ُ!لٍ أَن‬4 َ %ِ َ‫ َو
َ آَن‬/ً + ‫ر‬h ُ‫ً َوذ‬G‫َ ُ(?ْ َأزْوَا‬% َ0ْ-3َ G
َ ‫ َو‬
َ ِ-Cْ َO *h
_
ً4
ُ ‫َ ُر‬0-ْ 4
َ ْ‫ْ َأر‬,Eَ %َ‫ َو‬
6V
ِ ‫َـ‬Jaِ %ْ ‫َ ُ^ ُأ م ا‬,0ِ‫& َو‬
ُ ِC7ْ +ُ ‫َ ُء َو‬Uَ+ َ
Fُ -%‫ُ! ا‬L#ْ +َ 13:38. Dan sesungguhnya Kami telah mengutus beberapa Rasul sebelum kamu dan Kami
memberikan kepada mereka istri-istri dan keturunan. Dan tidak ada hak bagi seorang Rasul
mendatangkan sesuatu ayat (mukjizat) melainkan dengan izin Allah. Bagi tiap-tiap masa ada
Kitab (yang tertentu).
13:39. Allah menghapuskan apa yang Dia kehendaki dan menetapkan (apa yang Dia
kehendaki), dan di sisi-Nya-lah terdapat Umulkitab (Lohmahfuz).
(38. And indeed We sent Messengers before you, and made for them wives and offspring. And
it was not for a Messenger to bring a sign except by Allah's leave. (For) every matter there is a
decree (from Allah).)
(39. Allah blots out what He wills and confirms (what He wills). And with Him is the Mother
of the Book.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
ٌ‫َب‬J‫ٍ ِآ‬AG
َ ‫ َأ‬Ah aُ ِ% Fِ -%‫ن ا‬
ِ ْ‫ذ‬tِِ %‫ ِإ‬/ٍ +َ ِ <
َ 9ِ ;ْ َ+ ْ‫ُ! ٍل َأن‬4 َ %ِ َ‫ َو
َ آَن‬/ً + ‫ر‬h ‫ً َو ُذ‬G‫َ ُ(?ْ َأزْوَا‬% َ0ْ-3َ G
َ ‫َ َو‬-ِCْ Oَ ْ*
ِ ً-4
ُ ‫َ ُر‬0-ْ 4
َ ْ‫ْ َأر‬,Eَ %ََ‫و‬
‫!ن‬9;+‫!اق و‬4K‫!ن )< ا‬U#+‫م و‬3%‫!ن ا‬-‫;آ‬+ ‫ ا‬U -CO * -4 #%‫ ا‬073 ,O %‫ آ‬+ U !4‫ ر‬,#L
+ ‫ك‬0-4‫ أر‬#‫ وآ‬1%39 ‫!ل‬E+
<)‫< " و‬%‫ إ‬1Y!+ ?a-7
U X‫ أ‬#X‫ إ‬AO " ?(#9.‫ و‬A4 %‫ ف ا‬K 1%39 ‫ل‬O ,O‫ و‬/+‫ وذر‬G‫(? أزوا‬% 0-3G‫(? و‬% ,%!+‫ت و‬G‫و‬m%‫ا‬
*#) ‫ء‬$0%‫وج ا‬m9‫? وأ‬L-%‫ ا‬A‫آ‬q‫م و‬X‫!م وأ‬O‫!م وأ) وأ‬f;) X‫ل " أ 
أ‬O ?-4‫ و‬F%q‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ * أن ر‬L L[%‫ا‬
S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O ‫!ب‬+‫ل أ! أ‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫!ل‬La
* ‫ة‬d‫ج * أر‬L%‫ ا‬X;CX‫ أ‬,+m+ 0W,Y : ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O " <0
H -) <J04 * V ‫ر‬
* ‫ 
ي‬J%‫ ا‬1$  !‫ روا^ أ‬,O‫ء " و‬0L%‫!اك وا‬$%‫ح وا‬a0%‫ وا‬3J%‫ ا‬: * -4 #%‫* ا‬04 *
{‫? " أر‬-4‫ و‬F%q‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f
*
Qf‫ل وها أ‬O ?W ^ ‫!ب )آ‬+‫ك * أ< أ‬#$%‫ ا‬1‫!ل * أ‬La
* ‫ج‬L%‫ * _ن * ا‬2Y * { ‫ ن * وآ‬24
‫رق إ إذا‬o F
!O <9;+ *a+ ?% ‫ " أي‬S‫ذن ا‬t ‫ إ‬/+ <9;+ ‫!ل أن‬4 % ‫ " و 
آن‬F%!O‫ و‬. ‫ك‬#$%‫ أ! ا‬F ) ‫آ‬+ ?% ‫ي‬%‫ ا‬w+,L%‫ا‬
‫!ب‬Ja
‫ب‬J‫ آ‬/‫ و‬N
‫ة‬,
Aa% ‫ب " أي‬J‫ آ‬AG‫ أ‬Aa% " ,+ + 
?aL+‫ء و‬U+ 
A32+ AG‫ و‬m S‫ ا‬1%‫ إ‬A F %‫ إ‬%‫ ذ‬H % F ) F% ‫أذن‬
‫ " وآن‬$+ S‫ ا‬1- %‫ب إن ذ‬J‫ )< آ‬%‫رض إن ذ‬K‫ء وا‬#$%‫? 
)< ا‬-3+ S‫? أن ا‬-39 ?%‫ار " أ‬,E# ^,0 ‫ <ء‬A‫( وآ‬
S‫ ا‬,0 /‫ و‬N
‫ة‬,
‫ء‬#$%‫
* ا‬F%mX‫ب أ‬J‫ آ‬Aa% <03+ AG‫ب أ‬J‫ آ‬Aa% ‫ب " أي‬J‫ آ‬AG‫ أ‬Aa% "F%!O <) ‫!ل‬E+ ?Y‫ا‬m
* ‫ك‬LN%‫ا‬
* 3
‫ار‬,E
‫ و‬.
‫ب‬
ِ َJِa%ْ ‫ ُ^ ُأ م ا‬,َ 0ْ ِ‫& َو‬
ُ Cِ 7ْ +ُ ‫َ ُء َو‬Uَ+ َ
Fُ -%‫ُ!ا ا‬L#ْ +َ
F - F
_4‫ و‬S‫!ات ا‬-f F%!4‫ ر‬1- S‫ ا‬F%mX‫ي أ‬%‫ن ا‬q E% (-‫& آ‬o$X 1JY <03+ " &C7+‫( " و‬0
" ‫ء‬U+ 
S‫! ا‬L#+
* ‫(ل‬0#%‫ * ا‬1- % <‫ ? * ا* أ‬U‫!ري ووآ { وه‬7%‫ل ا‬E) %‫ ون )< ذ‬$2#%‫‚ ا‬-J.‫&" ا‬C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
S‫! ا‬L#+ " F%!O‫و‬
" /+‫!ت و)< روا‬#%‫ ة وا‬L%‫دة وا‬3$%‫ء وا‬EU%‫ء إ ا‬U+ 
S‫! ا‬L# ) /0$%‫ أ
ا‬,+ : ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬CG * , 34 * ‫ و‬# 

S‫! ا‬L#+ " ,‫ل 
ه‬O‫ و‬#(0
‫ ) غ‬,O #(Xt) ‫دة‬3$%‫ء وا‬EU%‫ ة وا‬L%‫!ت وا‬#%‫ <ء إ ا‬A‫ل آ‬O " &C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
S‫! ا‬L#+
: ‫!ل‬E+ X,Y‫& دء أ‬+‫& أرأ‬-E) ‫ا‬,‫& 
ه‬%;4 ‫[!ر‬0
‫ل‬O‫ ان و‬sJ+  #(Xt) ‫دة‬3$%‫ء وا‬EU%‫!ت وا‬#%‫ ة وا‬L%‫& " إ ا‬C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
%‫ ذ‬,3 FJ E% ?W : *$Y ‫ل‬E) ‫اء‬,3$%‫ )< ا‬F-3G‫(? وا‬0 FL 
) ‫ ء‬EK‫ ) (? وإن آن )< ا‬FJCW;) ‫اء‬,3$%‫< )< ا‬#4‫(? إن آن ا‬-%‫ا‬

* رزق‬/0$%‫!ن )< ا‬a+ 
‫ر‬,E%‫ ا‬/- % <) <NE+ ‫ل‬O * J+y‫ " ا‬/‫رآ‬C
/- % <) ^0%mX‫ أ‬X‫ل " إ‬E) %‫ * ذ‬FJ%;$) 7‫!ل أو أآ‬L
* \ E AR‫ * أ< وا‬e#K‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬s+  &W !() ‫ء‬EU%‫دة وا‬3$%‫ب ا‬J‫ء ); 
آ‬U+ 
.g+‫ء و‬U+ 
‫م‬,E+ ?W /C [
‫أو‬
48 

Xt) 0JCW;) ‫اء‬,34 0JCJ‫& آ‬0‫اء وإن آ‬,34 0CJ‫ واآ‬FL 
) ‫ ء‬E‫ أ‬0JCJ‫& آ‬0‫(? إن آ‬-%‫ ا‬: ‫ء‬,%‫! (ا ا‬,+ 
‫ ا‬7‫ آن آ‬FX‫ أ‬/#-4
/# aY <‫ أ< * أ‬0W,Y ‫م‬U‫ذ * ه‬3
0W,Y <- * ‫ و‬# 0W,Y N+‫ أ‬+ G *‫ب روا^ ا‬Ja%‫ك أم ا‬,0‫& و‬C79‫ء و‬U9 
!L#9
<- &CJ‫& آ‬0‫(? إن آ‬-%‫ ا‬: <aC+ !‫ & وه‬C% ‫!ف‬+ !‫ل وه‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ب ر‬o%‫ * ا‬# ‫ي أن‬,(0%‫ن ا‬#7 <‫ * أ‬/#[
/_O <‫اء * أ‬L%‫ ا‬,%. * ‫د‬#Y ‫ل‬O‫ ة و‬2s
‫دة و‬34 F-3G) ‫ب‬Ja%‫ك أم ا‬,0‫& و‬C79‫ء و‬U9 
!L#9 Xt) FL 
) CX‫!ة أو ذ‬E
*‫ ? * ا‬- * S‫ ا‬,C * , #Y * ‫ * ه_ل‬+  ^‫ وروا‬N+‫ء أ‬,%‫! (ا ا‬,+ ‫ آن‬FX‫ أ‬F0 S‫< ا‬r‫!د ر‬3$
*‫* ا‬
‫ب‬o%‫ * ا‬#3% ‫ل‬O C3‫ة * إ اه ? أن آ‬m#Y <‫[ف * أ‬. 0W,Y ‫ج‬Y 0W,Y 107#%‫< ا‬0W,Y : + G *‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬F-7# ‫!د‬3$ 

S‫! ا‬L#+ " 1%39 S‫!ل ا‬O ‫ل‬O ‫ل و 
ه< ؟‬O / 
E%‫!م ا‬+ 1%‫* إ‬R‫ ه! آ‬# 9;CXK S‫ب ا‬J‫ )< آ‬/+q !% * 0
g#%‫ أ
ا‬+ :
‫ 
م‬n‫ روا^ ا‬# ‫!ل‬E%‫(ا ا‬% HX;J$+ ,O‫ء و‬U+ 
(0
&C7+‫( و‬0
‫ء‬U+ 
S‫ ا‬$0+ ‫ار‬,OK‫!ال أن ا‬OK‫ ه^ ا‬103
‫ و‬/+y‫ء " ا‬U+
‫ " إن‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫!ن‬W * ,3%‫ * أ< ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * 1$  * S‫ ا‬,C * ‫!ري‬7%‫ ن ه! ا‬24 0W,Y { ‫ وآ‬0W,Y ,#Y‫أ‬
w+,Y *
FG
*‫< وا‬R$0%‫ " وروا^ ا‬C%‫ إ ا‬#3%‫ )< ا‬,+m+ ‫ء و‬,%‫ر إ ا‬,E%‫ د ا‬+ ‫ و‬FC [+ VX% ‫ زق‬%‫ م ا‬L % AG %‫ا‬
‫ء‬#$%‫ن  * ا‬-J3 % ‫ء‬NE%‫ء وا‬,%‫ " إن ا‬.q w+,Y <)‫ و‬#3%‫ )< ا‬,+m9 ?Y %‫ ا‬/-f ‫ أن‬Q L[%‫& )< ا‬CW‫ و‬F ‫!ري‬7%‫ ن ا‬24
‫ إن‬: ‫ل‬O ‫س‬C *‫ * ء * ا‬+ G *‫ ا‬X‫ زاق أ‬%‫ ا‬,C 0W,Y a$ * A(4 * ,#L
<0W,Y : + G *‫ل ا‬O‫رض" و‬K‫وا‬
/R#W_W ‫!م‬+ A‫ آ‬AG‫ و‬m S - ‫ن‬Y!% ‫ن‬J),%‫ وا‬- ‫!ت‬O+ *
‫ن‬J)‫( د‬% ‫ء‬N  ‫ م
* درة‬/R#$#. ‫ ة‬$
…!2L
Y!% S
* <… E%‫ ا‬V3‫ * آ‬,#L
* ,#L
* ‫د‬+‫ * ز‬,34 * w -%‫ل ا‬O‫ب و‬Ja%‫^ أم ا‬,0‫& و‬C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
!L#+ /L% ‫!ن‬J4‫و‬
<) A -%‫ *
* ا‬EC+ ‫ت‬4 ‫_ث‬W <) ‫آ‬%‫ ا‬QJ2+ " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫رداء‬,%‫ * أ< ا‬, C * /%N)
‫ل‬O‫ و‬+ G *‫ روا^ ا‬w+,L%‫م ا‬#9 ‫& " وذآ‬C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
!L# ) ^ ,Y‫ أ‬F ) 0+  ‫ي‬%‫آ ا‬%‫ )< ا‬0+ (0
1%‫و‬K‫ ا‬/$%‫ا‬
!‫ل أ‬E) ‫ (ا ؟‬W,Y *
F% A E) F ) ,+m+‫ و‬AGK‫!
* ا‬L#+‫ و‬F ) ,+m+ ‫ زق‬%‫!
* ا‬L#+ ‫ل‬O "&C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
S‫! ا‬L#+ " <C-a%‫ا‬
‫ إذا‬1JY F-‫!ل آ‬E%‫ ا‬VJa+ ‫ل‬E) /+y‫ * ه^ ا‬%‫ ذ‬,3 AT4 ?W ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫ب * ا‬R‫ * ر‬S‫ ا‬,C * G * Q%f
!‫_م وه‬a%‫
* ا‬%‫! ذ‬LX‫& و‬G .‫& و‬-.‫& و & د‬-‫ أآ‬%!O A7
‫ب‬E ‫!اب و‬W F ) H % ‫ <ء‬A‫ آ‬F0
‫ ح‬d H #o%‫!م ا‬+ ‫آن‬
&C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
F0
S‫! ا‬L#+ ‫ب‬Ja) ‫ن‬J‫ب آ‬Ja%‫ ا‬: ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬/
a ‫ل‬O‫ب و‬E3%‫ ا‬F -‫!اب و‬7%‫ ا‬F ) ‫& 
آن‬C7+‫دق و‬f
A#3+ AG %‫!ل ه! ا‬E+ " ‫ب‬Ja%‫^ أم ا‬,0‫& و‬C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
S‫! ا‬L#+ " F%!O <) ‫س‬C *‫!)< * ا‬3%‫ل ا‬O‫ب و‬Ja%‫^ أم ا‬,0‫و‬
F% \C4 ‫ آن‬,O‫ و‬S‫ ا‬/ [3# A#3+ AG %‫& ا‬C7+ ‫ي‬%‫! وا‬L#+ ‫ي‬%‫ )(! ا‬/%_r 1- ‫!ت‬# ) S‫ ا‬/ [3#% ‫!د‬3+ ?W S‫ ا‬/ ‫ 
ن‬m%‫ا‬
‫ء‬U+ *
‫ب‬3+‫ء و‬U+ *#% 2s+ " 103# (X‫ أ‬CG * , 34 * ‫& وروي‬C7+ ‫ي‬%‫ وه! ا‬S‫ ا‬/d <) !‫!ت وه‬#+ 1JY .
Fo$0 ) ‫ء‬U+ 
‫ل‬,C+ ‫!ل‬E+ " &C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
S‫! ا‬L#+ " ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬/L-d <‫< * أ‬- ‫ل‬O‫ " و‬+,O ‫ <ء‬A‫ آ‬1- S‫وا‬
‫ل‬O‫ب و‬J‫ )< آ‬%‫ ذ‬A‫& آ‬C7+ 
‫ل و‬,C+ 
‫ و‬40%‫ب ا‬Ja%‫^ )< أم ا‬,0 %‫ ذ‬/-#G‫ب " و‬Ja%‫^ أم ا‬,0‫ " و‬F%,C+ _) ‫ء‬U+ 
&C7+‫و‬
F%!O <) ,‫ * 
ه‬Q X <‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ و‬/+y‫( " ا‬$0X ‫ أو‬/+q *
$0X 
" F%!E‫& " آ‬C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
S‫! ا‬L#+ " F%!O <) ‫دة‬JO 
-#+ ‫ا‬,#L
‫ ى‬X 
"S‫ذن ا‬t ‫ إ‬/+ <9;+ ‫!ل أن‬4 % ‫&" و 
آن‬%mX #% e+ O ‫ر‬2‫& آ‬%O : ‫ل‬O " &C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
S‫! ا‬L#+ "
‫ن‬N
‫ ر‬A‫ث )< آ‬,LX‫ و‬0T 

* أ
ك‬F% 0W,Y‫ أ‬0T ‫ إن‬X‫(? إ‬% ‫ا‬, ‫ وو‬2+!o9 /+y‫& ه^ ا‬%mX;)
K‫ ) غ
* ا‬,O‫ و‬T  

S‫! ا‬L#+ " ‫[ ي‬C%‫* ا‬$L%‫ل ا‬O‫(? و‬% ?$E+ 
‫ (? و‬3+ 
‫(? و‬CR[
‫س و‬0%‫ء
* أرزاق ا‬U+ 
&C7+‫ء و‬U+ 
!L# )
S‫ ا‬F#Y‫ ر‬+ G * 23G !‫!ل أ‬E%‫ر ها ا‬J.‫ ا‬,O‫ و‬F-G‫ أ‬1%‫ ي إ‬+ <Y !‫ي ه‬%‫& ا‬C7+‫ و‬V‫ه‬+ F-G‫ء أ‬G *
‫ل‬O " &C7+‫ء و‬U+
‫ب‬J‫ل آ‬O " ‫ب‬Ja%‫^ أم ا‬,0‫ك " و‬LN%‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬F-f‫ب وأ‬Ja%‫ ا‬/-#G ‫دة أي‬JO ‫ل‬O‫ ام و‬L%‫_ل وا‬L%‫ل ا‬O " ‫ب‬Ja%‫^ أم ا‬,0‫ " و‬F%!O‫و‬
S‫? ا‬- : ‫ل‬E) ‫ب‬Ja%‫ * أم ا‬C3‫;ل آ‬4 FX‫س أ‬C *‫ر * ا‬$+ * F ‫ * أ‬#J3
<0W,Y ‫ * داود‬, 04 ‫ل‬O‫ * و‬#%3%‫ رب ا‬,0
‫ل‬O " ‫ب‬Ja%‫^ أم ا‬,0‫س " و‬C *‫Ž * ا‬+ G *‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬J‫ن آ‬a) J‫ آ* آ‬: F#-3% ‫ل‬O ?W , ‫!ن‬- 
FE-. 
‫\ و‬%. !‫ 
ه‬
‫آ‬%‫ ا‬.
Allah says, `Just as We have sent you O Muhammad, a Prophet and a human, We sent the
Messengers before you from among mankind, that eat food, walk in the markets, and We gave
them wives and offspring.' Allah said to the most honorable and Final Messenger,
61%َ‫ ِإ‬1َY!ُ+ ْ?ُa-ُْ7
h ٌ U
َ َ ْXَ ‫َ َأ‬#X ‫ْ ِإ‬AOُ 
(Say: "I am only a man like you. It has been revealed to me.'') 18:1106 It is recorded in the
Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah said,
«<h0
ِ H
َ ْ َ-َ) <ِJ04
ُ ْ*
َ V
َ ِ ‫*ْ َر‬#َ )َ ،َ‫َء‬$0h %‫ج ا‬
ُ ‫ و‬mَ َ9‫ َوَأ‬،َ?L
ْ -%‫ ا‬Aُ ُ‫آ‬qَ‫ و‬،ُ‫َم‬X‫ُ! ُم َوَأ‬O‫ َوَأ‬،ُ 
ِ )ْ ‫ُ! ُم َوُأ‬fَ;)َ َX‫»َأ 
َأ‬
(As for me, I fast and break the fast, stand in prayer at night and sleep, eat meat and marry
women; so whoever turns away from my Sunnah is not of mine.)
Allah said,
49

6ِF-%‫ن ا‬
ِ ْ‫ذ‬tِِ  ‫ ِإ‬/ٍ +َ َ‫َ ِـ‬19ِ ;ْ َ+ ‫ُ! ٍل أَن‬4َ %ِ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ َو
َ آ‬
(And it was not for a Messenger to bring a sign except by Allah's leave.) meaning, no Prophet
could have brought a miracle to his people except by Allah's permission and will, for this
matter is only decided by Allah the Exalted and Most Honored, not the Prophets; surely Allah
does what He wills and decides what He wills.
6ٌ‫َب‬J‫ ِآ‬Aٍ G
َ ‫ َأ‬Ah aُ %ِ
((For) every matter there is a decree (from Allah).) for every term appointed, there is a record
(or decree) that keeps it, and everything has a specific due measure with Allah,
6 ٌ ِ$+َ Fِ -%‫ ا‬1َ-َ َ%ِ‫ن ذ‬ 
‫ ِإ‬V
ٍ ‫َـ‬J‫ ِآ‬1ِ) 
َ %ِ‫ن ذ‬ 
‫ض ِإ‬
ِ ْ‫َ ِء وَا ر‬#$ 
%‫ ا‬1ِ) َ
?ُ -َ3ْ +َ Fَ -%‫?ْ َأن ا‬-َ3ْ 9َ ْ?%َ‫َأ‬
(Know you not that Allah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth Verily, it is (all) in
the Book. Verily, that is easy for Allah.)22:706
Allah said,
6ُ‫َء‬U+َ َ
Fُ -%‫ُ! ا‬L#ْ +َ 
(Allah blots out what He wills) of the divinely revealed Books,
6ْ&Ch 7َ +ُ ‫ َو‬
(and confirms), until the Qur'an, revealed from Allah to His Messenger peace be upon him,
abrogated them all. Mujahid commented;
6ُ&Cِ 7ْ +ُ َ‫َ ُء و‬U+َ َ
Fُ -%‫ُ! ا‬L#ْ +َ 
(Allah blots out what He wills and confirms (what He wills).) "Except life and death, misery
and happiness i.e., faith and disbelief6, for they do not change.'' Mansur said that he asked
Mujahid, "Some of us say in their supplication, `O Allah! If my name is with those who are
happy (believers), affirm my name among them, and if my name is among the miserable ones
(disbelievers), remove it from among them and place it among the happy ones.'' Mujahid said.
"This supplication is good.'' I met him a year or more later and repeated the same question to
him and he recited these Ayat,
6ٍ/‫َـ َ َآ‬C 
/ٍ -َ ْ َ% 1ِ) Fُ ‫َـ‬0%ْ mَ Xَ‫ أ‬X‫ِإ‬
(We sent it (this Qur'an) down on a blessed night.) Mujahid commented next, "During
Laylatul-Qadr (Night of the Decrees), Allah decides what provisions and disasters will occur
in the next year of. He then brings forward or back (or blots out) whatever He wills. As for the
Book containing the records of the happy (believers) and the miserable (disbelievers), it does
not change.'' Al-A`mash narrated that Abu Wa'il, Shaqiq bin Salamah said that he used to
recite this supplication often, "O Allah, if You wrote us among the wretched ones, remove this
status from us and write us among the blessed ones. If You wrote us among the blessed ones,
please let us stay that way, for surely, You blot out and confirm what You will, and with You is
the Mother of the Book.'' Ibn Jarir At-Tabari collected this. Similar statements were collected
from `Umar bin Al-Khattab and `Abdullah bin Mas`ud, indicating that Allah blots out (or
50

abrogates) and affirms what He wills in the Book of Records. What further supports this
meaning is that Imam Ahmad recorded that Thawban said that the Messenger of Allah said,
« ِC%ْ ‫ ا‬%‫ ِ ِإ‬#ْ 3ُ %ْ ‫ )ِ< ا‬,ُ +ِmَ+ َ%َ‫ و‬،ُ‫َء‬, %‫ ا‬%‫رَ ِإ‬,َ Eَ %ْ ‫ ُ د ا‬+َ َ%‫ َو‬،ُFCُ ِ[+ُ V
ِ ْX %ِ ‫ق‬
َ ْ‫ز‬h %‫ْ َ ُم ا‬L ُ َ% Aَ ُG  %‫ن ا‬ 
ِ‫»إ‬
(A man might be deprived of a provision (that was written for him) because of a sin that he
commits; only supplication changes Al-Qadar (Predestination); and only Birr (righteousness)
can increase the life span.'') An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah collected this Hadith. There is also a
Hadith recorded in the Sahih that affirms that maintaining the ties of the womb increases the
life span. Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said about Allah's statement,
6V
ِ ‫َـ‬Jِa%ْ ‫َ ُ^ ُأ م ا‬,0ِ‫& َو‬
ُ Cِ 7ْ +ُ َ‫َ ُء و‬U+َ َ
Fُ -%‫ُ! ا‬L#ْ +َ 
(Allah blots out what He wills and confirms (what He wills). And with Him is the Mother of
the Book.) "A man might work in Allah's obedience for a while but he reverts to the
disobedience of Him and then dies while misguided. This is what Allah blots out, while what
He confirms is a man who works in His disobedience, but since goodness was destined for him,
he dies after reverting to the obedience of Allah. This is what Allah confirms.'' It was also
reported that Sa`id bin Jubayr said that this Ayah is in the meaning of another Ayah,
6ٌ +ِ,Oَ ‫<ْ ٍء‬
َ hA‫ ُآ‬1َ-َ Fُ -%‫َ ُء وَا‬U+َ *َ
‫ب‬
ُ h3َ +ُ ‫َ ُء َو‬U+َ *َ#%ِ ُ 2ِ sْ َ َ)
(Then He forgives whom He wills and punishes whom He wills. And Allah is able to do all
things.) 2:2846

51

9. QS At Taubah 9: 117-119 
?ِ( ْ َ-
َ ‫ب‬
َ َ9 ? Wُ ْ?(ُ 0ْ h
\
ٍ +ِ )َ ‫ب‬
ُ !ُ-Oُ Šُ +ِmَ+ ‫ِ
َ آَ َد‬,3ْ َ *ِ
‫ َ ِة‬$
ْ 3ُ ْ%‫ ا‬/ِ 
َ َ4 1ِ) ُ^!ُ3َC9 ‫* ا‬
َ +ِ%‫[َـ ِ ا‬X‫*َ وَا‬+ِ 
ِ ‫(َـ‬#ُ %ْ ‫ وَا‬h1Cِ 0 %‫ ا‬1َ-
َ S‫ب ا‬
َ َ9 ْ,Eَ %َ
? ِY‫ف ر‬
ٌ ‫ ِ ِ(?ْ َرءُو‬Fُ X‫ ِإ‬6
?ُW Fِ ْ %َ‫ ِإ  ِإ‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ َ;
َ ْ-
َ  ‫!اْ أَن‬0…
َ ‫ ُ(?ْ َو‬$
ُ 2ُ Xَ‫ ْ ِ(?ْ أ‬-ََ ْ&َOَr‫&ْ َو‬Cَ ُY‫َ َر‬#ِ ُ‫ ْرض‬Kَ ‫ ْ ِ( ُ? ا‬-َ
َ ْ&َOَr ‫ ِإذَا‬1JY
َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬2-h.
ُ َ*+ِ%‫ ا‬/ِ 7َ ‫َـ‬-7 %‫ ا‬1َ-
َ ‫ َو‬
ُ? ِY  %‫ب ا‬
ُ ‫!ا‬J %‫ ُه َ! ا‬Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ُ!ُ!اْ ِإ‬Jَ ِ% ْ?(ِ ْ -ََ ‫ب‬
َ َ9
- * ِO,ِ ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ َ
َ{ ا‬X!ُ‫ َوآ‬Fَ -%‫ُ!اْ ا‬E9 ‫ُ!اْ ا‬0
َ ‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ%‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ‫َـ‬+ 6
9:117. Sesungguhnya Allah telah menerima tobat Nabi, orang-orang muhajirin dan orangorang Ansar, yang mengikuti Nabi dalam masa kesulitan, setelah hati segolongan dari mereka
hampir berpaling, kemudian Allah menerima tobat mereka itu. Sesungguhnya Allah Maha
Pengasih lagi Maha Penyayang kepada mereka,
9:118. dan terhadap tiga orang yang ditangguhkan (penerimaan tobat) mereka, hingga
apabila bumi telah menjadi sempit bagi mereka, padahal bumi itu luas dan jiwa mereka pun
telah sempit (pula terasa) oleh mereka, serta mereka telah mengetahui bahwa tidak ada
tempat lari dari (siksa) Allah, melainkan kepada-Nya saja. Kemudian Allah menerima tobat
mereka agar mereka tetap dalam tobatnya. Sesungguhnya Allah-lah Yang Maha Penerima
tobat lagi Maha Penyayang.
9:119. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, bertakwalah kepada Allah, dan hendaklah kamu
bersama orang-orang yang benar.
(117. Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the Muhajirin and the Ansar who followed him in the
time of distress (Tabuk expedition), after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated
(from the right path), but He accepted their repentance. Certainly, He is unto them full of
kindness, Most Merciful.)
(118. And (Allah has forgiven) the three who stayed behind, until for them the earth, vast as it
is, was straitened and their souls were straitened to them, and they perceived that there is no
fleeing from Allah, and no refuge but with Him. Then, He forgave them, that they might beg
for His pardon. Verily, Allah is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful.)
(119. O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and
deeds).)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
?ِ( ْ َ-
َ ‫ب‬
َ َ9 ?Wُ ْ?(ُ 0ْ
ِ \
ٍ +ِ َ) ‫ب‬
ُ !ُ-Oُ Šُ +ِm+َ َ‫
َ آَد‬,ِ 3ْ َ ْ*
ِ ِ‫ َ ة‬$
ْ ُ3%ْ ‫ ا‬/ِ 
َ َ4 <ِ) ^ُ !ُ3Cَ 9 ‫*َ ا‬+ِ%‫[َ ِر ا‬Xْ َ;ْ%‫* وَا‬
َ +ِ ِGَ(#ُ %ْ ‫< وَا‬
h Cِ 0 %‫ ا‬1َ-
َ Fُ -%‫ب ا‬
َ َ9 ْ,Eَ َ%
? ِY‫ف َر‬
ٌ ‫ ِ ِ(?ْ َرءُو‬Fُ X‫ِإ‬
,+, Y‫ و‬/,
/04 <)
K‫ة
* ا‬, <) ( %‫!ا إ‬G . ?(X‫ أ‬%‫!ك وذ‬C9 ‫وة‬m <) /+y‫& ه^ ا‬%mX ,Y‫ و وا‬,‫ل 
ه‬O
,(G ( ) ?(f‫ 
أ‬,(%‫
* ا‬S‫? ا‬-3+ 
1- L%‫ن ا‬C(% <) ‫!ك‬C9 ‫م م‬U%‫ ا‬1%‫!ا إ‬G . ‫دة‬JO ‫ل‬O . ‫ء‬#%‫اد وا‬m%‫
* ا‬$‫و‬
?W ( - ‫ ب‬U+ ?W ‫[( ها‬#+ ?(0  ‫ ة‬#J%‫!ن ا‬%‫او‬,J+ 20%‫ وآن ا‬#(0  ‫ ة‬#J%‫ن ا‬EU+ X‫ * آ‬-G %‫ أن ا‬0% ‫ ذآ‬,E% 1JY ,+,
52

‫‪ ([#+‬ها ‪ U+ ?W‬ب ‪J) ( -‬ب ا‪ ?( - S‬وأ‪m *
?(-2O‬و‪ , ?(9‬و‪O‬ل ا* ‪ ,C * HX!+ <0W,Y + G‬ا‪ 1-K‬أ‪ X C.‬ا* وه‪V‬‬
‫أ‪ # <X C.‬و * ا‪L%‬رث * ‪ * , 34‬أ< ه_ل * ‪ * /CJ‬أ< ‪ ,C * ?3
* CG * {)X * /CJ‬ا‪C * S‬س أ‪FX‬‬
‫‪ * #3% A O‬ا‪o%‬ب )< ;ن ا‪ $3%‬ة )‪E‬ل ‪ * #‬ا‪o%‬ب ‪ {
0G .‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إ‪!C9 1%‬ك )< ‪,+, ‡ O‬‬
‫)‪ 00… 1JY e F ) 0f;) m0
0%m0‬أن ر‪ {E0J4 0O‬و‪ 1JY‬إن آن ا‪ % AG %‬ه‪ H#J-+ V‬ا‪#%‬ء )_ ‪ *+ 1JY {G +‬أن‬
‫ر‪ {E0J4 FJCO‬و‪ 1JY‬إن ا‪ F U ) FW ) [3 ) ^ 3 L0 % AG %‬و‪ 1- <E 
A3+‬آ‪E) ^,C‬ل أ! ‪ a‬ا‪ + \+,[%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إن ا‪ m S‬و‪! ,O AG‬دك )< ا‪,%‬ء ‪ .‬ا )دع ‪E) 0%‬ل " ‪ VL9‬ذ‪ %‬؟ " ‪O‬ل ‪#(3G + ?-) F+,+ {) ) ?3X‬‬
‫‪ &%4 1JY‬ا‪#$%‬ء );ه‪!T-#) &0a4 ?W &-‬ا 

‪ ?W ?(3‬ذه‪,X ?-) 0X 0C‬ه ‪G‬وزت ا‪ a$3%‬و‪O‬ل ا* ‪9 ,E% " F%!O <) + G‬ب‬
‫ا‪ 1- S‬ا‪ <C0%‬وا‪ *+ G(#%‬وا‪[XK‬ر ا‪ *+%‬ا‪ /4 <) ^!3C9‬ا‪ $3%‬ة " أي
* ا‪ /E20%‬وا‪ (%‬وا‪m%‬اد وا‪#%‬ء "
* ‪ 
,3‬آد‬
‫‪!-O Š+m+‬ب ) ‪ " ?(0
\+‬أي * ا‪ \L%‬و‪ <) U+‬د‪ *+‬ا‪!4 %‬ل ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬و‪9 +‬ب ‪-%‬ي ‪ *
?(%X‬ا‪ /EU#%‬وا‪,U%‬ة )<‬
‫‪ 24‬ه? و ‪m‬وه? " ‪9 ?W‬ب ‪!E+ " ?( -‬ل ‪ ?W‬رز‪ ?(O‬ا‪ " /Xn‬إ‪ 1%‬ر(? وا‪!G %‬ع إ‪ 1%‬ا‪C7%‬ت ‪ 1-‬د‪ " F0+‬إ‪ ?( FX‬رءوف ر‪? Y‬‬
‫‪".‬‬
‫* ا‪ِ Fِ -%‬إ‪ِ %‬إَ‪?ُW Fِ ْ %‬‬
‫…‪!0‬ا َأنْ ‪َ
ِ ;َ َ-ْ
َ َ%‬‬
‫‪َ ْ?(ُ $‬و َ‬
‫‪َ ْ?(ِ ْ َ-‬أ ْ‪ُ 2ُ X‬‬
‫‪ ?ُ (ِ ْ َ-‬ا ْ‪;َ%‬رْضُ ِ‪َ َ#‬ر‪َ ْ&Cَ ُY‬و‪َ ْ&َOَr‬‬
‫‪ِ 1JY‬إذَا ‪َ ْ&َOَr‬‬
‫‪!ُ2h-.‬ا َ‬
‫َوَ‪ 1َ-‬ا‪ /ِ Wَ َ-7 %‬ا‪ُ َ*+ِ%‬‬
‫ب ا‪? ِY  %‬‬
‫ن ا‪ Fَ -%‬هُ َ! ا‪!J%‬ا ُ‬
‫‪!ُ!ُJَ %ِ ْ?(ِ ْ َ-‬ا ِإ ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫‪َ َ9‬‬
‫‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪!E3+ 0W,Y ,#Y‬ب * إ اه ? ‪ 0W,Y‬ا* أ‪ <.‬ا‪m%‬ه ي
‪ ,C * ,#L‬ا‪ ?-$
* ,#L
F# * S‬ا‪m%‬ه ي أ‪,C <X C.‬‬
‫ا‪ ,C * *#Y %‬ا‪ * S‬آ‪ %
* V3‬أن ‪ , C‬ا‪ * S‬آ‪ %
* V3‬وآن ‪ ,RO‬آ‪O <# * Y F 0 *
V3‬ل ‪ &3#4 :‬آ‪%
* V3‬‬
‫‪,L+‬ث ‪ * ‚-o9 * Y F7+,Y‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪m <) ?-4‬وة ‪!C9‬ك )‪E‬ل آ‪ ?% %
* V3‬أ‪ * ‚-o9‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪1-f S‬‬
‫ا‪ F - S‬و‪m <) ?-4‬اة ‪m‬اه ‪ }O‬إ )< ‪m‬اة ‪!C9‬ك أ‪ <X‬آ‪m <) &2-o9 &0‬اة ‪,‬ر و‪ V93+ ?%‬أ‪,Y‬ا ‪ (0 ‚-o9‬وإ‪ . #X‬ج‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ {#G 1JY e+ O  ,+ + ?-4‬ا‪ ?(0  S‬و * ‪,‬وه? ‪3
1-‬د و‪,( ,E%‬ت
{ ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ /- % ?-4‬ا‪!9 * Y /CE3%‬ا‪ 1- 0EW‬ا‪_4n‬م و 
أ‪ VY‬أن ‪, ,(U
( <%‬ر وإن آ‪, &X‬ر أذآ )< ا‪0%‬س
‪(0‬‬
‫وأ( وآن
* ‪ C.‬ي ‪ * &2-o9 * Y‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪m <) ?-4‬وة ‪!C9‬ك أ‪ ?% <X‬أآ* ‪ }O‬أ‪!O‬ى و أ‪* Y <0
$+‬‬
‫‪ -9 <) F0 &2-o9‬ا‪ms%‬اة وا‪ (-CO &3#G 
S‬را‪ -9 <) #(J3#G 1JY }O * J-Y‬ا‪ms%‬اة وآن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫‪m ,+ + #-O‬وة ‪ms+‬وه إ ورى ‪ s‬ه ‪ 1JY‬آ‪ -9 &X‬ا‪ms%‬وة )‪ms‬اه ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ,+, Y <) ?-4‬وا‪ACEJ4‬‬
‫‪ 24‬ا ‪, 3‬ا و
‪2‬وز و‪,‬وا آ‪ 7‬ا )‪ * #-$#-% 1-o‬أ
ه? ‪;J %‬ه‪!C‬ا أه‪, /C‬وه? );‪ C.‬ه? و‪ F(G‬ا‪%‬ي ‪ ,+ +‬وا‪!#-$#%‬ن
{ ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬آ‪ ?(3#+  7‬آ‪J‬ب ‪ ,+ + - ‡)Y‬ا‪!+,%‬ان ‪O -‬ل آ‪ AE) : V3‬ر‪ ,+ + AG‬أن ‪ V sJ+‬إ …* أن ذ‪12o 4 %‬‬
‫‪m0+ ?% 
F -‬ل ) ‪ F‬و‪ *
<Y‬ا‪ m S‬و‪ AG‬و ‪m‬ا ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ -9 ?-4‬ا‪ms%‬اة ‪ &d * Y‬ا‪#7%‬ر وا‪_%‬ل وأ‪ X‬إ‪( %‬‬
‫أ‪ m(J) 3f‬إ‪ ( %‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وا‪!0
g#%‬ن
‪ &E2) F3‬أ ‪,‬و ‪ <a%‬أ‪;) ?(3
m(9‬ر‪ {G‬و‪ ?%‬أ‪(G *
ˆO‬زي‬
‫ ‪!O;) T‬ل ‪ <$20%‬أ‪O X‬در ‪ 1-‬ذ‪ %‬إذا أردت )‪m+ ?-‬ل ذ‪#J+ %‬دى < ‪ 1JY‬ا‪0% #J4‬س ا‪ QCf;) ,%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ ?-4‬د‪ +‬وا‪!#-$#%‬ن
‪ F3‬و‪ ?%‬أ‪(G *
ˆO‬زي  ‪ T‬و‪ &-O‬أ‪!+ ,3 m(9‬م أو ‪ ?W *
!+‬أ‪,s) FEL%‬وت ‪!-f 
,3‬ا ‪m(9K‬‬
‫) ‪ &3G‬و‪ ?%‬أ‪(G *
ˆO‬زي  ‪, ?W T‬وت ) ‪ &3G‬و‪ ?%‬أ‪m+ ?-) T  ˆO‬ل ذ‪#J+ %‬دى < ‪ 1JY‬أ‪! 4‬ا و‪29‬رط ا‪ms%‬و )(‪&##‬‬
‫أن أر‪ ?(EL%;) AL9‬و‪ & %‬أ‪,E+ ?% ?W &-3) <X‬ر ذ‪ &E2) <% %‬إذا ‪ <) &G .‬ا‪0%‬س ‪ ,3‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪<0XmL+ ?-4‬‬
‫أ‪  1X‬أرى إ ر‪ <) F - f!#s
_G‬ا‪20%‬ق أو ر‪ *#
_G‬ر^ ا‪ m S‬و‪ AG‬و‪+ ?%‬آ ‪ <X‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪1JY ?-4‬‬
‫‪!C9 Š-‬ك )‪E‬ل وه! ‪ <) H%G‬ا‪!E%‬م ‪!CJ‬ك " 
)‪ A3‬آ‪ %
* V3‬؟ " )‪E‬ل ر‪ + F$CY /#-4 <0 *
AG‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪  S‬دا^ وا‪ 0%‬‬
‫)< ‪E) F 2‬ل
‪3‬ذ * ‪ &-O #$T : ACG‬وا‪ + S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ F - 0#- 
S‬إ ‪ .‬ا ‪ &a$) .‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪. ?-4‬‬
‫‪O‬ل آ‪ <0s- #-) %
* V3‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!C9 *
_)O FG!9 ,O ?-4‬ك ‪ <7 NY‬و‪ &E2d‬أ‪9‬آ ا‪a%‬ب وأ‪!O‬ل‬
‫‪#‬ذا أ‪ .‬ج
* ‪, Fo4‬ا وأ‪ 1- * 3J4‬ذ‪ Aa %‬ذي رأي
* أه‪ A O #-) <-‬إن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ,O ?-4‬أ…‪O A‬د 

‫زاح ‪ <0‬ا‪ AdC%‬و )& أ‪ ?% <X‬أ‪<U F0
ŽX‬ء أ‪,‬ا );‪ QCf;) FO,f &3#G‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وآن إذا ‪,O‬م
* ‪ 24‬‬
‫‪,‬أ ‪ 1-[) ,$#%‬رآ‪0-% H-G ?W * J3‬س )‪ A3) #-‬ذ‪G %‬ء^ ا‪!2-oJ#%‬ن " و‪!E2d‬ا ‪J3+‬رون إ‪ F %‬و‪!2-L+‬ن ‪ F%‬وآ‪!X‬ا ‪/3N‬‬
‫و‪ * X#W‬ر‪ ?(0
ACE ) _G‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?(J X_ ?-4‬و‪ ?(% 2sJ$+‬و‪ 4 Aa+‬ا‪ R‬ه? إ‪ 1%‬ا‪#-) &TG 1JY 1%39 S‬‬
‫‪ ?$C9 ?$C9 F - &#-4‬ا‪O ?W VNs#%‬ل ‪39 " <%‬ل " )‪ &T‬أ
‪E) F+,+ *  &$-G 1JY <U‬ل ‪ 2-. 
" <%‬أ‪ ,O *a9 ?%‬ا‪&+ J‬‬
‫…( ا ؟ " )‪ + &-E‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬إ‪ ,0 &$-G !% <X‬ك
* أه‪ A‬ا‪ %  X,%‬أ‪ &+‬أن أ‪ .‬ج
* ‪3 Fo4‬ر ‪ ,E%‬أ & ‪ ,G‬و‪<0a%‬‬
‫وا‪ JW,Y *T% &#- ,E% S‬ا‪! %‬م ‪ w+,L‬آب ‪ *a! % <0 F 1r 9‬ا‪ S‬أن ‪ <- o$+‬و‪,[ JW,Y *T%‬ق ‪ F ) <- ,9‬إ‪<X‬‬
‫‪K‬ر‪ 1CE !G‬ذ‪ *
%‬ا‪ m S‬و‪ AG‬وا‪ 
S‬آن ‪ <%‬ر وا‪ 
S‬آ‪ }O &0‬أ) غ و أ‪O 0 &2-o9 * Y <0
$+‬ل ‪E) :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬أ 
ها )‪,f ,E‬ق )‪ <NE+ 1JY ?E‬ا‪ &#E) "  ) S‬و‪O‬م إ‪ <%‬ر‪G‬ل
* ‪ /#-4 <0‬وا‪!%E) <X!3C9‬ا ‪<%‬‬
‫وا‪0#- 
S‬ك آ‪ &0‬أذ‪ &CX‬ذ‪ ACO CX‬ها و‪m ,E%‬ت إ أن ‪!a9‬ن ا‪J‬رت إ‪ 1%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ # ?-4‬ا‪J‬ر ‪F‬‬
‫ا‪!2-oJ#%‬ن )‪ ,E‬آن آ) 
* ذ‪ CX‬ا‪2sJ4‬ر ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O . % ?-4‬ل )!ا‪ 
S‬زا‪!%‬ا ‪ 1JY <X!CXg+‬أردت أن أر‪{G‬‬
‫);آب ‪O <$2X‬ل ‪ ?(% &-O ?W‬ه‪ <3
<E% A‬ها أ‪ ,Y‬؟ ‪!%O‬ا ‪ 3
F E% ?3X‬ر‪_G‬ن ‪ &-O 
A7
O‬و‪&-E) % A O 
A7
#(% A O‬‬
‫)‪ *#‬ه‪ #‬؟ ‪!%O‬ا
ارة * ا‪ {  %‬ا‪ 
3%‬ي وه_ل * أ
‪ /‬ا‪!%‬ا‪) <2O‬آ وا ‪ <%‬ر‪,( ,O * L%f * -G‬ا ‪,‬را ‪ #( ) <%‬أ‪!4‬ة ‪O‬ل‬
‫)‪ * Y & N#‬ذآ وه‪E) <% #‬ل و‪ 1(X‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬ا‪ * * #-$#%‬آ_
‪ 0‬أ‪ (+‬ا‪F0 ‚-o9 *
*  *
/W_7%‬‬
‫‪53‬‬

‫)‪ 0C0JG‬ا‪0%‬س و‪ s9‬وا ‪ a09 1JY 0%‬ت ‪ <$2X <) <%‬ا‪K‬رض )‪ #‬ه< ‪K‬رض ا‪ <J%‬آ‪ &0‬أ ف )‪ 1- 07C-‬ذ‪
;) /- % * $#. %‬‬
‫‪CYf‬ي )‪ XaJ4‬و‪,3O‬ا )<  !‪ aC+ #(9‬ن وأ 
أ‪ &0a) X‬أ‪ V‬ا‪!E%‬م وأ‪,-G‬ه? )‪ &0a‬أ(‪ ,‬ا‪_[%‬ة
{ ا‪ * #-$#%‬وأ‪!d‬ف‬
‫‪!4K‬اق )_ ‪ <0#-a+‬أ‪ ,Y‬و‪ <9q‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وه! )< 
‪ ,3 F$-‬ا‪_[%‬ة );‪ ?-4‬وأ‪!O‬ل )< ‪ <$2X‬أ‪ Y‬ك ‪F J2‬‬
‫ د ا‪_$%‬م ‪ <-‬أم  ؟ ‪ ?W‬أ‪ F0
C+ O <-f‬وأ‪4‬ر‪ FO‬ا‪t) 0%‬ذا أ‪ X <9_f 1- &-CO‬إ‪t) <%‬ذا ا‪ ^!LX &2J%‬أ ض ‪1JY ; <0‬‬
‫إذا ‪d‬ل ‪ <-‬ذ‪ *
%‬ه ا‪!$9 1JY & U
* #-$#%‬رت ‪ }RY‬أ< ‪JO‬دة وه! ا* ‪ <#‬وأ‪ VY‬ا‪0%‬س إ‪!) F - &#-$) <%‬ا‪
S‬‬
‫رد ‪ <-‬ا‪_$%‬م )‪ + F% &-E‬أ ‪JO‬دة أ‪,UX‬ك ا‪ S‬ه‪ ?-39 A‬أ‪ <X‬أ‪ VY‬ا‪ S‬ور‪O F%!4‬ل )‪O &a$‬ل )‪,3‬ت ‪,3) &a$) F9,U0) F%‬ت ‪F%‬‬
‫)‪E) &a$) F9,U0‬ل ا‪ S‬ور‪ F%!4‬أ‪O . ?-‬ل )‪0  &r2‬ي و‪!$9 1JY & %!9‬رت ا‪,%‬ار )‪ 0 C‬أ‪ X‬أ
‪!$ <U‬ق ا‪ /0+,#%‬إذا أ‪X‬‬
‫‪ *
<C0‬أ‪CX‬ط ا‪U%‬م
‪,O *#‬م ‪3‬م ‪!E+ /0+,#% F3 C+‬ل
* ‪,+‬ل ‪ 1-‬آ‪O %
* V3‬ل )‪ \2‬ا‪0%‬س ‪ U+‬ون ‪ F%‬إ‪G 1JY <%‬ء‬
‫)‪ {),‬إ‪ <%‬آ‪$ -
*
J‬ن وآ‪ &0‬آ‪t) C9‬ذا ) ‪ : F‬أ 
‪ 0s- ,E) ,3‬أن ‪2G ,O CYf‬ك وأن ا‪ <) -3+ ?% S‬دار ه!ان و‬

‪!X 0 \L%) /3 N‬ا‪O . 4‬ل ‪ O * Y &-E) :‬أ‪ F9‬وها أ‪ *
N+‬ا‪_C%‬ء ‪O‬ل )‪ F &## J‬ا‪!0J%‬ر )‪ 1JY F F9 $‬إذا
‪ &N‬أر‪!3‬ن‬
‫‪ *
/- %‬ا‪ * $#o%‬إذا  ‪!4‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!E+ <0 9;+ ?-4‬ل ‪
;+‬ك ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أن ‪mJ39‬ل‬
‫ا
أ‪O 9‬ل ‪ &-E) :‬أ‪ (E-d‬أم 
ذا أ)‪ A3‬؟ )‪E‬ل ‪ A :‬ا‪ (%mJ‬و ‪O ( E9‬ل وأر‪ A4‬إ‪ A7# <CYf 1%‬ذ‪O %‬ل ‪ 
&-E) :‬أ‪<9‬‬
‫ا‪; <EL%‬ه‪,0 <X!a) -‬ه? ‪ <NE+ 1JY‬ا‪ <) S‬ها ا‪U+ 

K‬ء ‪O‬ل )ءت ا
أة ه_ل * أ
‪ /‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫)‪ + &%E‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬إن ه_   ‪. F% H % ‚ 3r‬دم )(‪ ^ a9 A‬أن أ‪ F
,.‬؟ ‪O‬ل "  و‪ &%O "  E+  *a%‬وإ‪ FX‬وا‪*
F 
S‬‬
‫‪ Y‬آ‪ /‬إ‪< 1%‬ء وإ‪ FX‬وا‪ 
S‬زال ‪ 0
<aC+‬آن
* أ
^ 
آن إ‪ F
!+ 1%‬ها ‪O‬ل ‪E) :‬ل ‪ ˆ3 <%‬أه‪ !% <-‬ا‪;J4‬ذ‪ &X‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ <) ?-4‬ا
أ‪ ,E) 9‬أذن 
أة ه_ل * أ
‪ /‬أن ‪O F
,o9‬ل ‪ &-E) :‬وا‪  S‬أ‪;J4‬ذن ) ( ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ ?-4‬و 
أدري 
‪!E+‬ل ) ( ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إذا ا‪;J4‬ذ‪ FJX‬وأ‪ X‬ر‪ AG‬ب ‪O‬ل )‪ % U 07C-‬ل )‪!$#. 0% A#a‬ن‬
‫‪ * 1(X * Y *
/- %‬آ_
‪O 0‬ل ‪_f & -f ?W‬ة ا‪Cf QC[%‬ح ‪ 0 C) 09!  *
&  (… 1- /- % * $#.‬أ‪ 1- H%G X‬ا‪L%‬ل‬
‫ا‪ <J%‬ذآ ا‪ <$2X <- &Or ,O 0
1%39 S‬و‪ <- &Or‬ا‪K‬رض ‪ #‬ر‪f &3#4 &CY‬ر‪ .‬أو)‪!E+ {-4 ACG 1- 1‬ل ;‪1-‬‬
‫‪ : F9!f‬أ‪ + U‬آ‪O %
* V3‬ل )‪ o‬رت ‪,G4‬ا و )& أن ‪G ,O‬ء ا‪ 2%‬ج
* ا‪ m S‬و‪) 0 - /!J% AG‬ذن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪1-f S‬‬
‫ا‪ F - S‬و‪ /!J ?-4‬ا‪ 1-f * Y 0 - S‬ا‪) 2%‬ه‪ V‬ا‪0%‬س ‪ UC+‬و‪ 0X‬وذه‪ UC
<CYf ACO V‬ون ورآˆ إ‪ <%‬ر‪4 ) AG‬‬
‫و‪4 134‬ع
* أ‪ ?-4‬وأو)‪ 1- 1‬ا‪a) AC%‬ن ا‪![%‬ت أ‪ 4‬ع
* ا‪ 2%‬س )‪G #-‬ء‪ <X‬ا‪%‬ي ‪<!W F% &mX <X UC+ F9!f &3#4‬‬
‫)‪ #(9!$a‬إ‪UC ^+‬ر‪ F% F9‬وا‪ 
S‬أ
‪ T
!+ -‬ه‪ #‬وا‪ 3J4‬ت ‪ #(J$C-) * !W‬وا‪ &E-X‬أؤم ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫و‪ <XE-9‬ا‪0%‬س )!‪ /!J <X!T0(+ G!) G‬ا‪!%!E+ S‬ن ‪ /!9 0( %‬ا‪ 1JY  - S‬د‪ &-.‬ا‪t) ,$#%‬ذا ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ <) H%G ?-4‬ا‪ ,$#%‬وا‪0%‬س ‪E) F%!Y‬م إ‪ ,C * /L-d <%‬ا‪ (+ S‬ول ‪ <0L)f 1JY‬وه‪ <X;0‬وا‪O 
S‬م إ‪ <%‬ر‪*
AG‬‬
‫ا‪O ^ *+ G(#%‬ل )‪a‬ن آ‪$0+  V3‬ه ‪O /L-%‬ل آ‪ 1- &#-4 #-) : V3‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل وه! ‪ C+‬ق‬
‫و‪ *
F(G‬ا‪ $%‬ور " أ‪!+ o U‬م
‪ 0
 -‬و‪ 9,%‬أ 
" ‪O‬ل ‪ &-O :‬أ
* ‪,0‬ك ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أم
* ‪ ,0‬ا‪ S‬؟ ‪O‬ل "  ‪A‬‬

* ‪ ,0‬ا‪O " S‬ل وآن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إذا ‪ 4‬ا‪0J4‬ر و‪ 1JY F(G‬آ;‪ 3+ 1JY #O /3O FX‬ف ذ‪#-) F0
%‬‬
‫‪ + &-O F+,+ *  &$-G‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬إن
* ‪ <J!9‬أن أ‪ /O,f <%
*
{-oX‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ S‬وإ‪ 1%‬ر‪O F%!4‬ل " أ
‪%
ˆ3  - $‬‬
‫)(! ‪O . " % .‬ل )‪ <Xt) &-E‬أ
‪ <#(4 $‬ا‪%‬ي ‪ C o‬و‪ + &-O‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬إ‪ <XX #X‬ا‪,[% S‬ق وإن
* ‪ <J!9‬أن  أ‪,Y‬ث‬
‫إ ‪O & E 
O,f‬ل )!ا‪ 
S‬أ‪ ?-‬أ‪,Y‬ا
* ا‪ * #-$#%‬أ_^ ا‪ *
S‬ا‪,[%‬ق )< ا‪ 0
w+,L%‬ذآ ت ذ‪!4 % %‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ ?-4‬أ‪ #
*$Y‬أ_‪ <X‬ا‪ 1%39 S‬وا‪,#39 
S‬ت آ‪ &-O 0
/‬ذ‪!4 % %‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إ‪ <
!+ 1%‬ها وإ‪K <X‬ر‪!G‬‬
‫أن ‪ <02L+‬ا‪ m S‬و‪O " . <E # ) AG‬ل " وأ‪mX‬ل ا‪9 ,E% " 1%39 S‬ب ا‪ 1- S‬ا‪ <C0%‬وا‪ *+ G(#%‬وا‪[XK‬ر ا‪ *+%‬ا‪<) ^!3C9‬‬
‫‪ /4‬ا‪ $3%‬ة
* ‪ 
,3‬آد ‪!-O Š+m+‬ب ) ‪9 ?W ?(0
\+‬ب ‪ ?( -‬إ‪ ?( FX‬رءوف ر‪ ? Y‬و‪ 1-‬ا‪ /W_7%‬ا‪!2-. *+%‬ا ‪ 1JY‬إذا ‪&Or‬‬
‫‪ ?( -‬ا‪K‬رض ‪ #‬ر‪ &CY‬و‪ ?( - &Or‬أ‪ ?($2X‬و…‪!0‬ا أن 
‪ *
;-‬ا‪ S‬إ إ‪9 ?W F %‬ب ‪!!J % ?( -‬ا إن ا‪ S‬ه! ا‪!J%‬اب ا‪? Y %‬‬
‫‪ +‬أ‪ (+‬ا‪!0
q *+%‬ا ا‪!E9‬ا ا‪ S‬وآ!‪!X‬ا
{ ا‪[%‬د‪ " * O‬إ‪ .q 1%‬ا‪+y‬ت ‪O .‬ل آ‪!) V3‬ا‪ 
S‬أ‪ ?3X‬ا‪ ,3 }O /#3X *
<- S‬أن ه‪,‬ا‪<X‬‬
‫‪_4–%‬م أ? )< ‪ <O,f *
<$2X‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ T
!+ ?-4‬أن  أآ!ن آ‪;) FJ‬ه‪ -‬آ‪ #‬ه‪ -‬ا‪ *+%‬آ!^ )‪t‬ن ا‪S‬‬
‫‪O 1%39‬ل ‪ *+-%‬آ!^ ‪ * Y‬أ‪mX‬ل ا‪O 
 <Y!%‬ل ‪E) ,YK‬ل ا‪!2-L 4 " 1%39 S‬ن ‪ ?a% S‬إذا ا‪ ?JC-EX‬إ‪!r 3J% ?( %‬ا ‪?(0‬‬
‫); ‪!r‬ا ‪ ?(0‬إ‪ ?(X‬ر‪ HG‬و
;واه? ‪mG ?0(G‬اء ‪ #‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪!C$a+‬ن ‪!2-L+‬ن ‪!r J% ?a%‬ا ‪t) ?(0‬ن ‪!r 9‬ا ‪t) ?(0‬ن ا‪ S‬‬
‫‪ * 1r +‬ا‪!E%‬م ا‪O " * E42%‬ل وآ‪ 0‬أ‪ (+‬ا‪ /W_7%‬ا‪ * 02-. *+%‬أ
أو‪ T%‬ا‪ ?(0
ACO *+%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫‪!2-Y * Y‬ا )‪ ?(3+C‬وا‪ ?(% 2sJ4‬وأر‪ ;G‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أ
‪ 1NO 1JY X‬ا‪O %-) F ) S‬ل ا‪ m S‬و‪ " AG‬و‪1-‬‬
‫ا‪ /W_7%‬ا‪!2-. *+%‬ا " و‪ F2 -o9 H %‬إ‪ X+‬وإر‪G‬ؤ^ أ
‪ X‬ا‪%‬ي ذآ
‪ * 02-oJ 02-. #‬ا‪ms%‬و وإ‪ #X‬ه! ‪ F% ‚-Y *#‬وا‪J‬ر‬
‫إ‪ . F0
ACE) F %‬ها ‪ FJLf 1- \2J
&W Q Lf w+,Y‬روا^ ‪ CYf‬ا‪ Q L[%‬ا‪oC%‬ري و
‪ w+,Y *
?-$‬ا‪m%‬ه ي ‪,E) ^!L0‬‬
‫‪ *#N9‬ها ا‪ $29 w+,L%‬ه^ ا‪ /+y‬ا‪ *$Y; /#+ a%‬ا‪ ^!G!%‬وأ‪ ($‬وآا روي * وا‪ *
,Y‬ا‪ $29 <) ‚-$%‬ه آ‪ #‬روا^‬
‫ا‪ * e#K‬أ< ‪ 24‬ن * ‪ ,C * G‬ا‪ " 1%39 F%!O <) S‬و‪ 1-‬ا‪ /W_7%‬ا‪!2-. *+%‬ا " ‪O‬ل ه? آ‪ %
* V3‬وه_ل * أ
‪/‬‬
‫و
ارة * ا‪ {  %‬وآ‪ *
?(-‬ا‪[XK‬ر وآا ‪O‬ل 
ه‪ ,‬وا‪LN%‬ك و‪JO‬دة وا‪,$%‬ي و وا‪ ,Y‬وآ‪O ?(-‬ل
ارة * ر ‪ /3‬وآا )<‬

‪ * ?-$‬ر ‪ Fo$X ˆ3 <) /3‬و)< ‪
(N3‬ارة * ا‪ {  %‬و)< روا‪ * /+‬ا‪LN%‬ك
ارة * ا‪ {  %‬آ‪ #‬و‪ <) {O‬ا‪* L L[%‬‬
‫وه! ا‪![%‬اب و‪!#$) F%!O‬ا ر‪,( * -G‬ا ‪,‬را ‪ A O‬إ‪ *
;. FX‬ا‪m%‬ه ي )‪ 3+  FXt‬ف (!د وا‪ *
,Y‬ه‪g‬ء ا‪, /W_7%‬را وا‪S‬‬
‫أ‪ . ?-‬و‪ #%‬ذآ ‪ ) 
1%39‬ج ‪ * F‬ه‪g‬ء ا‪ *
/W_7%‬ا‪ \ N%‬وا‪ a%‬ب
* ه ا‪ * #-$#%‬إ‪+‬ه? ‪!LX‬ا
* ‪( 
+; /- % * $#.‬‬
‫و‪ ?( - &Or‬أ‪ ?($2X‬و‪ ?( - &Or‬ا‪K‬رض ‪ #‬ر‪ &CY‬أي
{ ‪,$) (J34‬دت ‪ ?( -‬ا‪ %$#%‬وا‪#%‬اه‪,J(+ _) V‬ون 
‪!30[+‬ن‬
‫‪54‬‬

?(2-o9 <) ?-4‫ و‬F%q‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫(? ر‬O,f VC$ ?(0 S‫ ) ج ا‬1JY ‫!ا‬JCW‫ و‬S‫
ا‬K ‫!ا‬XaJ4‫ وا‬S‫
ا‬K ‫ وا‬C[)
?( - /!9‫(? و‬% ‫ ا‬. ?(O,f /CO ‫ن‬a) ?( - S‫ب ا‬9 ?W ‫ة‬,#%‫ ه^ ا‬%‫ ذ‬1- ‫!ا‬CO!3) ‫ آن * ر‬FX‫ وأ‬.

َ ‫ُ!ا‬X!ُ‫ َوآ‬Fَ -%‫ُ!ا ا‬E9 ‫ُ!ا ا‬0
َ q َ*+ِ%‫(َ ا‬+ ‫َ َأ‬+ 
%(#%‫!ا
* ا‬09‫ و‬F-‫!ا
* أه‬X!a9 ‫ق‬,[%‫
!ا ا‬m%‫!ا وا‬O,f‫ * " أي ا‬O‫[د‬%‫!ا
{ ا‬X!‫ وآ‬S‫!ا ا‬E9‫!ا ا‬0
q *+%‫( ا‬+‫ أ‬+ " ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫و‬
*‫ ه! ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * \ E * e#K‫ ا‬0W,Y /+‫و‬3
!‫ أ‬0W,Y : ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O ,O‫ و‬G o
‫
* أ
!رآ? و‬G ) ?a% A3+‫و‬
1%‫ي إ‬,(+ C%‫ وإن ا‬C%‫ ا‬1%‫ي إ‬,(+ ‫ق‬,[%‫ن ا‬t) ‫ق‬,[% ?a - " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫!د ر‬3$

‫!ر‬2%‫!ر وإن ا‬2%‫ ا‬1%‫ي إ‬,(+ ‫ب‬a%‫ن ا‬t) ‫ب‬a%‫آ? وا‬+‫ وإ‬E+,f S‫ ا‬,0 VJa+ 1JY ‫ق‬,[%‫ ى ا‬LJ+‫ق و‬,[+ AG %‫ال ا‬m+ ‫ و‬/0%‫ا‬
* ‫ و‬# * /C3 ‫ل‬O‫ * و‬L L[%‫^ )< ا‬G .‫ آا " أ‬S‫ ا‬,0 VJa+ 1JY ‫ب‬a%‫ ى ا‬LJ+‫ب و‬a+ AG %‫ال ا‬m+ ‫ر و‬0%‫ ا‬1%‫ي إ‬,(+ 
+ " ?JT ‫ ءوا إن‬O‫ل ا‬m‫ و ه‬,G F0
Q-[+  ‫ب‬a%‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬O FX‫ أ‬F0 S‫< ا‬r‫!د ر‬3$
* S‫ ا‬,C * ‫ث‬,L+ ‫ة‬, C ‫{ أ‬#4 ‫
ة‬
<) # * S‫ ا‬,C *‫ ؟ و‬/[.‫ ر‬F ) ,YK ‫ون‬,9 A() : ‫ل‬O ?W ‫ أه‬O ‫ا‬a‫ * " ه‬O‫[د‬%‫!ا
{ ا‬X!‫ وآ‬S‫!ا ا‬E9‫!ا ا‬0
q *+%‫( ا‬+‫أ‬
#‫ و‬a <‫ك
{ أ‬LN%‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬FLf‫? وأ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ,#L
{
‫ل‬O " * O‫[د‬%‫!ا
{ ا‬X!‫ وآ‬S‫!ا ا‬E9‫ " ا‬F%!O
/-#%‫ ا‬A‫‚ * أه‬a%‫  وا‬X,%‫ )< ا‬,‫ه‬m%  -3) * O‫[د‬%‫!ن
{ ا‬a9 ‫[ ي إن أردت أن‬C%‫* ا‬$L%‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬#(Lf‫وأ‬
Mujahid and several others said, "This Ayah was revealed concerning the battle of Tabuk.
They left for that battle during a period of distress. It was a year with little rain, intense heat
and scarcity of supplies and water.'' Qatadah said, "They went to Ash-Sham during the year
of the battle of Tabuk at a time when the heat was intense. Allah knew how hard things were,
and they suffered great hardship. We were told that two men used to divide a date between
themselves. Some of them would take turns in sucking on a date and drinking water, then give
it to another man to suck on. Allah forgave them and allowed them to come back from that
battle.'' Ibn Jarir reported that `Abdullah bin `Abbas said that `Umar bin Al-Khattab was
reminded of the battle of distress (Tabuk) and `Umar said, "We went with the Messenger of
Allah in the intense heat for Tabuk. We camped at a place in which we were stricken so hard
by thirst that we thought that our necks would be severed. One of us used to go out in search
of water and did not return until he feared that his neck would be severed. One would
slaughter his camel, squeeze its intestines and drink its content, placing whatever was left on
his kidney. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq said, `O Allah's Messenger! Allah, the Exalted and Most
Honored, has always accepted your invocation, so invoke Allah for us.' The Prophet said,
«‫َ؟‬%ِ‫ َذ‬V 
L
ِ 9ُ »
(Would you like me to do that) Abu Bakr said, `Yes.' The Prophet raised his hands and did not
put them down until rain fell from the sky in abundance. It rained and then stopped raining
for a while, then rained again, so they filled their containers. We went out to see where the
rain reached and found that it did not rain beyond our camp.''' Ibn Jarir said about Allah's
statement,
6ِ‫ َ ة‬$
ْ ُ3%ْ ‫ ا‬/ِ 
َ َ4 1ِ) ُ^!ُ3Cَ 9 ‫* ا‬
َ +ِ%‫[َـ ِ ا‬X‫*َ وَا‬+ِ 
ِ ‫(َـ‬#ُ ْ%‫ وَا‬1
h Cِ 0%‫ ا‬1َ-َ S‫ب ا‬
َ َ9 ْ,Eَ %َ
(Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the Muhajirin and the Ansar who followed him in the time of
distress,) meaning "With regards to expenditures, transportation, supplies and water,
6ْ?(ُ 0ْ
h \
ٍ +ِ َ) ‫ب‬
ُ !ُ-Oُ Šُ +ِmَ+ ‫ِ
َ آَ َد‬,3ْ َ *ِ 

(after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated,) away from the truth, thus falling
prey to doubting the Messenger's religion because of the distress and hardships they suffered
during their travel and battle,

55

6ْ?(ِ ْ -َ
َ ‫ب‬
َ َ9 ? Wُ 
(but He accepted their repentance.) He directed them to repent to their Lord and renew their
firmness on His religion,
6ٌ? ِY‫ ِ ِ(?ْ رَءُوفٌ ر‬Fُ X ‫ِإ‬
(Certainly, He is unto them full of kindness, Most Merciful.)''
Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Ka`b bin Malik, who used to guide Ka`b after he
became blind, said that he heard Ka`b bin Malik narrate his story when he did not join the
battle of Tabuk with the Messenger of Allah . Ka`b bin Malik said, "I did not remain behind
Allah's Messenger in any battle that he fought except the battle of Tabuk. I failed to take part
in the battle of Badr, but Allah did not admonish anyone who did not participate in it, for in
fact, Allah's Messenger had gone out in search of the caravan of Quraysh, until Allah made
the Muslims and their enemies meet without any appointment. I witnessed the night of Al`Aqabah pledge with Allah's Messenger when we pledged for Islam, and I would not exchange
it for the Badr Battle, even though the Badr Battle is more popular among the people than the
`Aqabah pledge. As for my news of this battle of Tabuk, I was never stronger or wealthier
than I was when I remained behind Allah's Messenger in that battle. By Allah, never had I
two she-camels before, but I did at the time of that battle. Whenever Allah's Messenger
wanted to go to a battle, he used to hide his intention by referring to different battles, until it
was the time of that battle (of Tabuk) which Allah's Messenger fought in intense heat, facing a
long journey, the desert, and the great number of enemy soldiers. So the Prophet clearly
announced the destination to the Muslims, so that they could prepare for their battle, and he
told them about his intent. Allah's Messenger was accompanied by such a large number of
Muslims that they could not be listed in a book by name, nor registered.'' Ka`b added, "Any
man who intended not to attend the battle would think that the matter would remain hidden,
unless Allah revealed it through divine revelation. Allah's Messenger fought that battle at a
time when the fruits had ripened and the shade was pleasant, and I found myself inclined
towards that. Allah's Messenger and his Companions prepared for the battle and I started to
go out in order to get myself ready along with them, but I returned without doing anything. I
would say to myself, `I can do that if I want.' So I kept on delaying it every now and then until
the people were prepared, and Allah's Messenger , and the Muslims along with him, departed.
But I had not prepared anything for my departure. I said, `I will prepare myself (for
departure) one or two days after him, and then join them.' In the morning following their
departure, I went out to get myself ready but returned having done nothing. Then again, the
next morning, I went out to get ready but returned without doing anything. Such was the case
with me until they hurried away and I missed the battle. Even then I intended to depart to
catch up to them. I wish I had done so! But such was not the case. So, after the departure of
Allah's Messenger , whenever I went out and walked among the people (who remained
behind), it grieved me that I could see none around me, but one accused of hypocrisy or one of
those weak men whom Allah had excused. Allah's Messenger did not remember me until he
reached Tabuk. So while he was sitting among the people in Tabuk, he said,
«‫ٍ؟‬%َِ
*
ُ ْ V
ُ 3ْ َ‫ آ‬Aَ 3َ )َ َ
»
(What did Ka`b bin Malik do) A man from Banu Salimah said, `O Allah's Messenger! He has
been stopped by his two Burdah (garments) and looking at his own flanks with pride.'
Mu`adh bin Jabal said, `What a bad thing you have said! By Allah! O Allah's Messenger! We
56

know nothing about him but that which is good.' Allah's Messenger kept silent.''' Ka`b bin
Malik added, "When I heard that Allah's Messenger was on his way back to Al-Madinah, I
was overcome by concern and began to think of false excuses. I said to myself, `How can I
escape from his anger tomorrow' I started looking for advice from wise members of my family
in this matter. When it was said that Allah's Messenger had approached (Al-Madinah) all evil
and false excuses abandoned my mind and I knew well that I could never come out of this
problem by forging a false statement. Then I decided firmly to speak the truth. Allah's
Messenger arrived in the morning, and whenever he returned from a journey, he used to visit
the Masjid first, and offer a two Rak`ah prayer, then sit for the people. So when he had done
all that (this time), those who failed to join the battle came and started offering (false) excuses
and taking oaths before him. They were over eighty men. Allah's Messenger accepted the
excuses they expressed outwardly, asked for Allah's forgiveness for them and left the secrets of
their hearts for Allah to judge. Then I came to him, and when I greeted him, he smiled a smile
of an angry person and then said,
«‫َل‬39َ »
(Come) So I came walking until I sat before him. He said to me,
«‫…(ْ ًا‬
َ &
َ +ْ َ Jَ 
ْ ‫ْ ا‬,َO ْ*aُ 9َ ْ?%َ‫َ َأ‬2َ -َ.َ
»
(What stopped you from joining us Had you not purchased an animal for carrying you) I
answered, `Yes, O Allah's Messenger! By Allah, if I were sitting before any person from
among the people of the world other than you, I would have escaped from his anger with an
excuse. By Allah, I have been bestowed with the power of speaking fluently and eloquently,
but by Allah, I knew well that if I tell you a lie today to seek your favor, Allah would surely
make you angry with me in the near future. But if I tell you the truth, though you will get
angry because of it, I hope for Allah's forgiveness. By Allah, I had never been stronger or
wealthier than I was when I remained behind you. ' Allah's Messenger said,
« ِ) S
ُ ‫ِ< ا‬NْE+َ 1JY
َ ْ?Eُ )َ َ‫ق‬,َ f
َ ْ,Eَ )َ ‫»َأ 
َهَا‬
(As regards to this man, he has surely told the truth. So get up until Allah decides your case.) I
got up, and many men of Banu Salimah followed me and said to me, `By Allah, we never
witnessed you commit any sin before this! Surely, you failed to offer an excuse to Allah's
Messenger like the others who did not join him. The invocation of Allah's Messenger to Allah
to forgive you would have been sufficient for your sin.' By Allah, they continued blaming me
so much that I intended to return (to the Prophet ) and accuse myself of having told a lie, but I
said to them, `Is there anybody else who has met the same end as I have' They replied, `Yes,
there are two men who have said the same thing as you have, and to both of them was given
the same order as given to you.' I said, `Who are they' They replied, `Murarah bin Ar-Rabi`
Al-`Amiri and Hilal bin Umayyah Al-Waqifi.' They mentioned to me two pious men who had
attended the battle of Badr and in whom there was an example for me. So I did not change my
mind when they mentioned them to me. Allah's Messenger forbade all the Muslims from
talking to us, the three aforesaid persons, out of all those who remained behind for that battle.
So we kept away from the people and they changed their attitude towards us until the very
land (where I lived) appeared strange to me as if I did not know it. We remained in that
condition for fifty nights. As for my two companions, they remained in their houses and kept
on weeping, but I was the youngest and the firmest of them. So I would go out and attend the
prayer along with the Muslims and roam the markets, but none would talk to me. I would
57

come to Allah's Messenger and greet him while he was sitting in his gathering after the prayer,
and I would wonder whether he even moved his lips in return of my greeting or not. Then I
would offer my prayer near him and look at him carefully.
When I was busy with my prayer, he would turn his face towards me, but when I turned my
face to him, he would turn his face away from me. When this harsh attitude and boycott of the
people continued for a long time, I walked until I scaled the wall of the garden of Abu
Qatadah who was my cousin and the dearest person to me. I offered my greeting to him. By
Allah, he did not return my greetings. I said, `O Abu Qatadah! I beseech you by Allah! Do you
know that I love Allah and His Messenger' He kept quiet. I asked him again, beseeching him
by Allah, but he remained silent. I asked him again in the Name of Allah and he said, `Allah
and His Messenger know better.' Thereupon my eyes flowed with tears and I returned and
jumped over the wall. tWhile I was walking in the market of Al-Madinah, suddenly I saw that
a Nabatean from Ash-Sham came to sell his grains in Al-Madinah, saying, `Who will lead me
to Ka`b bin Malik' The people began to point (me) out for him, until he came to me and
handed me a letter from the king of Ghassan (who ruled Syria for Caesar), for I knew how to
read and write. In that letter, the following was written: `To proceed, I have been informed
that your friend (the Prophet) has treated you harshly. Anyhow, Allah does not make you live
in a place where you feel inferior and your right is lost. So, join us, and we will console you.'
When I read it, I said to myself, `This is also a sort of test.' I took the letter to the oven and
made a fire burning it. When forty out of the fifty nights elapsed, behold! There came to me a
messenger of Allah's Messenger saying `Allah's Messenger orders you to keep away from your
wife.' I said, `Should I divorce her; or else what should I do' He said, `No, only keep aloof
from her and do not mingle with her.' The Prophet sent the same message to my two fellows. I
said to my wife, `Go to your parents and remain with them until Allah gives His verdict in this
matter.''' Ka`b added, "The wife of Hilal bin Umayyah came to Allah's Messenger and said,
`O Allah's Messenger! Hilal bin Umayyah is a helpless old man who has no servant to attend
on him. Do you dislike that I should serve him' He said,
«(
َ َ َ Eْ +َ َ%) ْ*aِ %َ‫َ َو‬%»
(`No (you can serve him), but he should not come near you sexually6).' She said, `By Allah!
He has no desire for anything. By Allah, he has never ceased weeping since his case began
until this day of his.' On that, some of my family members said to me, `Will you also ask
Allah's Messenger to permit your wife (to serve you) as he has permitted the wife of Hilal bin
Umayyah to serve him' I said, `By Allah, I will not ask permission of Allah's Messenger
regarding her, for I do not know what Allah's Messenger would say if I asked him to permit
her (to serve me) while I am a young man.' We remained in that state for ten more nights,
until the period of fifty nights was completed, starting from the time when Allah's Messenger
prohibited the people from talking to us. When I had finished the Fajr prayer on the fiftieth
morning on the roof of one of our houses, while sitting in the condition in which Allah
described (in the Qur'an): my very soul seemed straitened to me and even the earth seemed
narrow to me for all its spaciousness. There I heard the voice of a man who had ascended the
mountain of Sal` calling with his loudest voice, `O Ka`b bin Malik! Be happy (by receiving
good tidings).' I fell down in prostration before Allah, realizing that relief has come with His
forgiveness for us. Allah's Messenger announced the acceptance of our repentance by Allah
after Fajr prayer. The people went out to congratulate us. Some bearers of good news went to
my two companions, a horseman came to me in haste, while a man from Banu Aslam came
running and ascended the mountain and his voice was swifter than the horse. When the man
whose voice I had heard, came to me conveying the good news, I took off my garments and
58

dressed him with them; and by Allah, I owned no other than them on that day. Then I
borrowed two garments, wore them and went to Allah's Messenger . The people started
receiving me in batches, congratulating me on Allah's acceptance of my repentance, saying,
`We congratulate you on Allah's acceptance of your repentance.''' Ka`b further said, "When I
entered the Masjid, I saw Allah's Messenger sitting in the Masjid with the people around him.
Talhah bin `Ubaydullah swiftly came to me, shook my hands and congratulated me. By Allah,
none of the Muhajirun got up for me except Talhah; I will never forget Talhah for this.'' Ka`b
added, "When I greeted Allah's Messenger , his face was bright with joy. He said,
«
‫َ ُأ‬9ْ ,َ َ%‫ ُ َو‬0ْ
ُ َ ْ -ََ 
َ ‫َ! ٍم‬+ ِ ْ o
َ َ ْ ِUْ ‫»َأ‬
(`Be happy with the best day you have ever seen since your mother gave birth to you.) I said to
the Prophet, `Is this forgiveness from you or from Allah' He said,
«S‫ ا‬,ِ 0ْ 
ِ ْ*
ِ ْAَ َ%»
(No, it is from Allah). Whenever Allah's Messenger became happy, his face would shine as if it
was a piece of the moon, and we all knew that characteristic of him. When I sat before him, I
said, `O Allah's Messenger! Because of the acceptance of my repentance I will give up all my
wealth as alms for the sake of Allah and His Messenger.' Allah's Messenger said,
«َ% ٌ ْ .
َ !َ (ْ )َ َ%َِ
َˆ3ْ َ 
َ ْ -َ
َ ْ$
ِ
ْ ‫»َأ‬
(Keep some of your wealth, as it will be better for you). I said, `So I will keep my share from
Khaybar with me.' I added, `O Allah's Messenger! Allah has saved me for telling the truth; so
it is part of my repentance not to tell but the truth as long as I am alive.' By Allah, I do not
know of any Muslim, whom Allah has helped to tell the truth more than I. Ever since I have
mentioned the truth to Allah's Messenger , I have never intended to tell a lie, until today. I
hope that Allah will also save me (from telling lies) the rest of my life. So Allah revealed the
Ayah,
?ِ( ْ َ-
َ ‫ب‬
َ َ9 ? Wُ ْ?(ُ 0ْ
h \
ٍ +ِ َ) ‫ب‬
ُ !ُ-Oُ Šُ +ِmَ+ ‫
َ آَ َد‬,ِ ْ3َ *ِ
ِ‫ َ ة‬$
ْ 3ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬/ِ 
َ َ4 1ِ) ^ُ !ُ3Cَ 9 ‫*َ ا‬+ِ%‫[َـ ِ ا‬X‫* وَا‬
َ +ِ ِ‫(َـ‬#ُ %ْ ‫ وَا‬h1Cِ 0 %‫ ا‬1َ-
َ S‫ب ا‬
َ َ9 ْ,Eَ %َ 
‫!اْ أَن‬0َ…‫ُ ُ(?ْ َو‬$ُ2Xَ‫َ ْ ِ(?ْ أ‬-َ ْ&َOَr‫&ْ َو‬Cَ ُY‫َ َر‬#ِ ‫ض‬
ُ ْ‫ر‬Kَ ‫ ْ ِ( ُ? ا‬-َ
َ ْ&َOَr ‫ ِإذَا‬1JY
َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬2h-.
ُ َ*+ِ%‫ ا‬/ِ 7َ ‫َـ‬-7 %‫ ا‬1َ-
َ ‫ َو‬- ٌ? ِY‫ف ر‬
ٌ ‫ ِ ِ(?ْ َرءُو‬Fُ X‫ِإ‬
6 َ* ِO,ِ ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ! ْا َ
َ{ ا‬X!ُ‫ َوآ‬Fَ -%‫ُ!اْ ا‬E9 ‫ُ!اْ ا‬0
َ ‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ%‫(َ ا‬+;َ‫َـ‬+ - ُ? ِY  %‫ب ا‬
ُ ‫!ا‬J %‫ ُه َ! ا‬Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ُ!ُ!اْ ِإ‬Jَ %ِ ْ?(ِ ْ -َ
َ ‫ب‬
َ َ9 ? Wُ Fِ ْ %َ‫ ِإ  ِإ‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ;َ
َ -ْ
َ
(Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the Muhajirin and the Ansar who followed him in the time of
distress, after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated, but He accepted their
repentance. Certainly, He is unto them full of kindness, Most Merciful. And the three who
stayed behind, until for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened and their souls were
straitened to them, and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah, and no refuge but
with Him. Then, He forgave them, that they might beg for His pardon. Verily, Allah is the One
Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful. O you who believe! Have Taqwa of
Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).) Ka`b said; "By Allah! Allah has
never bestowed upon me, apart from His guiding me to Islam, a greater blessing than the fact
that I did not tell a lie to Allah's Messenger which would have caused me to perish, just as
those who had told a lie have perished. Allah described those who told lies with the worst
descriptions He ever attributed to anyone. Allah said,
-‫ن‬
َ !ُC$
ِ aْ +َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬Xَ‫َ آ‬#ِ ‫ ًء‬qَmG
َ ?ُ 0 (َ َG ْ?‫ٌ َو
َ ْ;وَا ُه‬HG
ْ ‫ ُ(?ْ ِر‬X‫ ُ(?ْ ِإ‬0ْ 
َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬rِ ْ;ََ) ْ?(ُ ْ0
َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬r ِ ْ3Jُ %ِ ْ?(ِ ْ %َ‫?ْ ِإ‬Jُ Cْ َ-Eَ Xْ ‫?ْ ِإذَا ا‬aُ %َ Fِ -%ِ َ‫ُ!ن‬2-ِL
ْ َ 4
َ
6*
َ ِE$
ِ ‫َـ‬2%ْ ‫!ْ ِم ا‬Eَ %ْ ‫*ِ ا‬
َ 1َrْ +َ َ Fَ -%‫ن ا‬tِ)َ ْ?(ُ ْ0
َ ْ‫!ْا‬r
َ ْ 9َ ‫ِن‬t)َ ْ?(ُ 0ْ َ ْ‫!ْا‬r
َ ْ Jَ %ِ ْ?aُ %َ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ2-ِْL+َ
59

(They will swear by Allah to you when you return to them, that you may turn away from
them. So turn away from them. Surely, they are Rijs (impure), and Hell is their dwelling place
-- a recompense for that which they used to earn. They swear to you that you may be pleased
with them, but if you are pleased with them, certainly Allah is not pleased with the people who
are rebellious.) Ka`b added, "We, the three persons, differed altogether from those whose
excuses Allah's Messenger accepted when they swore to him. He took their pledge and asked
Allah to forgive them, but Allah's Messenger left our case pending until Allah gave us His
judgement about it. As for that Allah said,
6ْ‫ُ!ا‬2-hُ. *
َ +ِ%‫ ا‬/ِ 7َ ‫َـ‬-7%‫ ا‬1َ-
َ ‫ َو‬
(And (He did forgive also) the three who stayed behind...) What Allah said does not discuss
our failure to take part in the battle, but to the deferment of making a decision by the Prophet
about our case, in contrast to the case of those who had taken an oath before him, and he
excused them by accepting their excuses.'' This is an authentic Hadith collected in the Two
Sahihs (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) and as such, its authenticity is agreed upon. This Hadith
contains the explanation of this honorable Ayah in the best, most comprehensive way. Similar
explanation was given by several among the Salaf. For instance, Al-A`mash narrated from
Abu Sufyan, from Jabir bin `Abdullah about Allah's statement,
6ْ‫ُ!ا‬2-hُ. *
َ +ِ%‫ ا‬/ِ 7َ ‫َـ‬-7%‫ ا‬1َ-
َ ‫ َو‬
(And (He did forgive also) the three who stayed behind...) "They are Ka`b bin Malik, Hilal bin
Umayyah and Murarah bin Ar-Rabi`, all of them from the Ansar.''
Allah sent His relief from the distress and grief that struck these three men, because Muslims
ignored them for fifty days and nights, until they themselves, and the earth -- vast as it is -were straitened for them. As vast as the earth is, its ways and paths were closed for them, and
they did not know what action to take. They were patient for Allah's sake and awaited humbly
for His decree. They remained firm, until Allah sent His relief to them since they told the
Messenger of Allah the truth about why they remained behind, declaring that they did not
have an excuse for doing so. They were requited for this period, then Allah forgave them.
Therefore, the consequence of being truthful was better for them, for they gained forgiveness.
Hence Allah's statement next, 
* ِO,ِ ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ َ
َ{ ا‬X!ُ‫ َوآ‬Fَ -%‫ُ!اْ ا‬E9 ‫ُ!اْ ا‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ‫َـ‬+ 6 (O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah, and be with
those who are true.) The Ayah says, adhere to and always say the truth so that you become
among its people and be saved from destruction. Allah will make a way for you out of your
concerns and a refuge. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said that the
Messenger of Allah said,
,ْ0
ِ V
َ Jَ ْa+ُ 1JY
َ ‫ق‬
َ ْ,[
h %‫َ ى ا‬LJَ +َ ‫ق َو‬
ُ ُ,[
ْ +َ Aُ G
ُ  %‫َا ُل ا‬m+َ َ%‫ َو‬،ِ/0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1َ%‫ِي ِإ‬,(ْ +َ  Cِ %ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫ َوِإ‬،h Cِ %ْ ‫ ا‬1َ%‫ِي ِإ‬,(ْ َ+ ‫ق‬
َ ْ,[ 
%‫ِن ا‬t)َ ‫ق‬
ِ ْ,[
h %ِ ْ?aُ ْ -ََ»
1JY
َ ‫ب‬
َ ِaَ %ْ ‫َ ى ا‬LJَ +َ ‫ب َو‬
ُ ِ ْa+َ Aُ G
ُ  %‫َا ُل ا‬mَ+ َ%‫ َو‬،ِ‫ر‬0%‫ ا‬1َ%‫ِي ِإ‬,(ْ َ+ ‫ُ! َر‬2ُ %ْ ‫ُُ!رِ َوِإن ا‬2%ْ ‫ ا‬1َ%‫ِي ِإ‬,(ْ +َ ‫ب‬
َ ِ َa%ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
tَِ) ‫ب‬
َ ِ aَ %ْ ‫ ُآ?ْ وَا‬+‫ َوِإ‬،ًE+h,f
ِ S
ِ ‫ا‬
«ً‫ َآا‬S
ِ ‫َ ا‬,0ْ 
ِ V
َ Jَ aْ +ُ
(Hold on to truth, for being truthful leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to
Paradise. Verily, a man will keep saying the truth and striving for truth, until he is written
before Allah as very truthful (Siddiq). Beware of lying, for lying leads to sin, and sin leads to
the Fire. Verily, the man will keep lying and striving for falsehood until he is written before
Allah as a great liar.) This Hadith is recorded in the Two Sahihs.
60

10. QS Al Mujadilah 58:20-22 
* h%‫ ا  َذ‬1ِ) 
َ Tِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫ُ ُأو‬F%َ!ُ4‫ َو َر‬Fَ -%‫ن ا‬
َ ‫َدو‬L+ُ َ*+ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
- m+ِmَ ‫ى‬ 
!ِ َO Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ ِإ‬1ِ-4
ُ ‫ْ وَ ُر‬Xَ ‫* َأ‬Cَ ِ-
ْ ّ Fُ -%‫ ا‬V
َ َJ‫َآ‬
- ?ُ(9َ َ ِU
َ ْ‫ ُ(?ْ َأو‬Xَ َ!.
ْ ‫َ َء ُه?ْ َأوْ ِإ‬0ْ ‫ُ!اْ ءَاَ َء ُه?ْ َأوْ َأ‬Xَ‫!ْ آ‬%َ‫ َو‬Fُ %َ!ُ4‫ وَ َر‬Fَ -%‫َ د ا‬Y ْ*
َ َ‫دون‬qَ!+ُ ِ .
ِ  ‫ َ !ْ ِم ا‬%ْ ‫ وَا‬Fِ -%ِ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ0
ِ ْg+ُ ً
ْ!َO ,ُ ِ9َ 
‫ُ!ا‬r‫ْ ُ(?ْ َو َر‬0
َ Fُ -%‫ ا‬1
َr
ِ َ‫* )ِ (َ ر‬
َ +ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. ُ ‫(َـ‬Xْ  ‫ِ(َ ا‬JL
ْ 9َ *ِ
‫ْ ِى‬9َ &
ٍ ‫ـ‬0G
َ ْ?(ُ ُ-.
ِ ْ,+ُ َ‫ و‬Fُ 0ْ
h ‫ح‬
ٍ ‫َ ُه?ْ ِ ُو‬,+ ‫* َوَأ‬
َ ‫َـ‬#+ِn‫ُ! ِ ِ( ُ? ا‬-ُO 1ِ) V
َ Jَ َ‫ آ‬
َ Tِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫ُأو‬
‫ُ!ن‬L-ِْ2#ُ %ْ ‫ ُه ُ? ا‬Fِ -%‫ب ا‬
َ ْmY
ِ ‫ِ َأ َ ِإن‬F-%‫ب ا‬
ُ ْmY
ِ 
َ Tِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫ ُأو‬Fُ 0ْ 
َ 6
58:20. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang menentang Allah dan Rasul-Nya, mereka termasuk
orang-orang yang sangat hina.
58:21. Allah telah menetapkan: "Aku dan rasul-rasul-Ku pasti menang". Sesungguhnya Allah
Maha Kuat lagi Maha Perkasa.
58:22. Kamu tidak akan mendapati sesuatu kaum yang beriman kepada Allah dan hari
akhirat, saling berkasih sayang dengan orang-orang yang menentang Allah dan Rasul-Nya,
sekalipun orang-orang itu bapak-bapak, atau anak-anak atau saudara-saudara atau pun
keluarga mereka. Mereka itulah orang-orang yang Allah telah menanamkan keimanan dalam
hati mereka dan menguatkan mereka dengan pertolongan yang datang daripada-Nya. Dan
dimasukkan-Nya mereka ke dalam surga yang mengalir di bawahnya sungai-sungai, mereka
kekal di dalamnya. Allah rida terhadap mereka dan mereka pun merasa puas terhadap
(limpahan rahmat) Nya. Mereka itulah golongan Allah. Ketahuilah, bahwa sesungguhnya
golongan Allah itulah golongan yang beruntung.
(20. Those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, they will be among those most humiliated.)
(21. Allah has decreed: "Verily, I and My Messengers shall be the victorious.'' Verily, Allah is
All-Powerful, Almighty.)
(22. You will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, making friendship
with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers or their
sons or their brothers or their kindred. For such He has written faith in their hearts, and
strengthened them with Ruh from Himself. And He will admit them to Gardens under which
rivers flow, to dwell therein (forever). Allah is well pleased with them, and they are well
pleased with Him. They are the party of Allah. Verily, the party of Allah will be the
successful.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
َ* h%‫َْ; َذ‬%‫ )ِ< ا‬
َ Tِ %َ‫ُ أُو‬F%َ!ُ4َ‫ َور‬Fَ -%‫ن ا‬
َ ‫َدو‬L+ُ َ*+ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
‫!ن‬OU
\L-% ‫!ن‬CX
‫ أي‬,Y <) ‫ ع‬U%‫ وا‬,Y <) ?‫* ه‬+%‫< ا‬03+ F%!4‫ ور‬S *+‫د‬L#%‫* ا‬+,X3#%‫ر ا‬2a%‫ ا * ا‬Co
1%39 ‫!ل‬E+ 
X,%‫ * )< ا‬%‫ذ‬K‫[!اب ا‬%‫* * ا‬+‫ ود‬#%‫* ا‬+,3C#%‫ ء ا‬EK‫ * " أي )< ا‬%‫ذ‬K‫ )< ا‬T%‫ " أو‬/ YX <) ‫ى‬,(%‫ وا‬/ YX <) ?‫ ه‬F%
‫ ة‬.y‫ وا‬.
ٌm+ِm
َ ‫ي‬ 
!ِ َO Fَ -%‫ِ< ِإن ا‬-4
ُ ‫َ َو ُر‬X‫* َأ‬Cَ -ِْ ;َ%َ Fُ -%‫ ا‬V
َ َJ‫َآ‬
" FJa%‫ و‬F% ‫[ ة‬0%‫ل ;ن ا‬,C+ ‫{ و‬X#+ ‫‚ و‬%o+  ‫ي‬%‫ر^ ا‬,O‫ول و‬K‫ ا‬FJ‫ )< آ‬VJ‫? وآ‬aY ,O ‫< " أي‬-4‫ ور‬X‫* أ‬C- K S‫ ا‬VJ‫آ‬
‫ ة‬L%‫!ا )< ا‬0
q *+%‫ وا‬0-4‫[ ر‬00% X‫ " إ‬1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫ * " آ‬EJ#-% /CO3%‫ ة " وأن ا‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫ * )< ا‬0
g#%‫د^ ا‬C‫ و‬F-4‫ور‬
61

<-4‫ ور‬X‫* أ‬C- K S‫ ا‬VJ‫ " آ‬0(‫ل ه‬O‫ار " و‬,%‫!ء ا‬4 ?(%‫ و‬/03-%‫(? ا‬%‫(? و‬9‫ر‬3
* #%%‫{ ا‬20+  ‫!م‬+ ‫(د‬K‫!م ا‬E+ ‫!م‬+‫  و‬X,%‫ا‬ 
X,%‫ * )< ا‬0
g#-% ‫[ ة‬0%‫ وا‬/CO3%‫ م أن ا‬C

‫? وأ‬aL
‫ر‬,O ‫ وها‬FR‫ا‬,K V%s%‫ ا‬FX‫ أ‬m+m3%‫!ي ا‬E%‫ ا‬VJ‫ " أي آ‬m+m ‫!ي‬O S‫إن ا‬
‫ ة‬.y‫وا‬ 
ِT%َ‫ ُ(?ْ أُو‬9َ َ ِU
َ ْ‫ ُ(?ْ َأو‬Xَ ‫!َا‬.
ْ ‫َ َء ُه?ْ َأ ْو ِإ‬0ْ ‫َ َءهُ ْ? َأوْ َأ‬q ‫ُ!ا‬Xَ‫َ!ْ آ‬%‫ َو‬Fُ %َ!ُ4‫ َو َر‬Fَ -%‫َد ا‬Y ْ*
َ ‫ن‬
َ ‫!َادو‬+ُ ِ ِ.ْ%‫ َ ْ! ِم ا‬%ْ ‫ وَا‬Fِ -%ِ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ0
ِ gْ ُ+ ً
ْ!Oَ ُ,
ِ 9َ َ%
Fْ0
َ ‫ُ!ا‬r‫ ُ(?ْ َو َر‬0ْ 
َ ُF-%‫<َ ا‬r
ِ َ‫*َ )ِ (َ ر‬+ِ,%َِ. ‫(َ ُر‬Xْ ;َ%ْ ‫(َ ا‬Jِ ْL9َ ْ*
ِ ‫ ِي‬
ْ 9َ ‫ت‬
ٍ 0G
َ ْ?(ُ -ُ.
ِ ْ,+ُ ‫ َو‬Fُ 0ْ ِ
‫ح‬
ٍ ‫َ ُه?ْ ِ ُو‬,+ ‫ن َوَأ‬
َ َ#+ِtْ%‫ُ! ِ ِ( ُ? ا‬-Oُ <ِ) V
َ َJ‫َآ‬
‫ُ!ن‬Lِ-2ْ #ُ %ْ ‫ ُه ُ? ا‬Fِ -%‫ب ا‬
َ ْmِY ‫ن‬ 
‫َ ِإ‬%‫ َأ‬Fِ -%‫ب ا‬
ُ ْmY
ِ 
َ Tِ %َ‫أُو‬
‫(? أو‬X‫!ا‬.‫ءه? أو إ‬0‫ءه? أو أ‬q ‫!ا‬X‫! آ‬%‫ و‬F%!4‫ ور‬S‫د ا‬Y *
‫!ادون‬+ .y‫ !م ا‬%‫ وا‬S ‫!ن‬0
g+ 
!O ,9  " 1%39 ‫ل‬O ?W
* 0
g#%‫ ء
* دون ا‬%‫* أو‬+ )a%‫!ن ا‬0
g#%‫ ا‬oJ+  " 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫  * آ‬OK‫!ا
* ا‬X‫! آ‬%‫* و‬+‫د‬L#%‫!ادون ا‬+  ‫(?" أي‬9 U
?‫ؤآ‬0‫ؤآ? وأ‬q ‫ إن آن‬AO " 1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ و‬/+y‫ " ا‬F$2X S‫رآ? ا‬L+‫ة و‬E9 ?(0
‫!ا‬EJ9 ‫ )< <ء إ أن‬S‫
* ا‬H -) %‫ ذ‬A32+ *
‫و‬
F%!4‫ ور‬S‫?
* ا‬a %‫ إ‬VY‫( أ‬X!r 9 *‫آ‬$
‫ده و‬$‫!ن آ‬Uo9 ‫رة‬9‫!ه و‬#J) JO‫? وأ
!ال ا‬a9 U‫? و‬aG‫? وأزوا‬aX‫!ا‬.‫وإ‬
^‫& ه‬%mX‫ و ^ أ‬m+m3%‫ ا‬,C * , 34 ‫ل‬O ,O‫ * " و‬E42%‫!م ا‬E%‫ي ا‬,(+  S‫ ;
^ وا‬S‫< ا‬9;+ 1JY ‫ [!ا‬J) F- C4 <) ‫(د‬G‫و‬
‫ر‬, ‫!م‬+ ^‫ أ‬AJO * Y ‫ اح‬%‫ * ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * 
‫ة‬, C <‫ ه )< أ‬.q 1%‫ " إ‬.y‫ !م ا‬%‫ وا‬S ‫!ن‬0
g+ 
!O ,9  "/+y‫ا‬
A O‫ و‬FJ2-oJ4  Y ‫ة‬, C !‫! آن أ‬%‫ و‬/J$%‫ ا‬T%‫^ )< أو‬,3 ‫
!رى‬K‫ ا‬A3G * Y F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ب ر‬o%‫ * ا‬# ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫و‬
,C F0‫ ا‬AJE T
!+ ?‫\ ه‬+,[%‫ءه? " )< ا‬0‫ر " أو أ‬, ‫!م‬+ ^‫ أ‬AJO ^, C <‫& )< أ‬%mX " ?‫ءه‬q ‫!ا‬X‫! آ‬%‫ " و‬1%39 F%!O <) 
N+‫ أ‬T
!+ F% C+ O AJO # <) " ?(9 U ‫" أو‬T
!+ # * , C ^.‫ أ‬AJO # * V3[
<) "?(X‫!ا‬.‫* " أو إ‬#Y %‫ا‬
‫ر‬UJ4‫ * ا‬Y A CE%‫&" و
* ها ا‬-O " ?-‫ أ‬S) T
!+ /CJ * , %!%‫ وا‬/C ‫ و‬/CJ ‫!ا‬-JO ‫رث‬L%‫ة * ا‬, C‫< و‬-‫ة و‬m#Y <)‫و‬
!0 ?‫ * وه‬#-$#-% ‫!ة‬O ?(0
.g+ 
‫!ن‬a ) ‫دوا‬2+ ‫\ ;ن‬+,[%‫ر );ر ا‬, ‫رى‬4‫ * )< أ‬#-$#%‫? ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ر‬
*a#9‫ و‬F-JO;) #3% V+ O ‫<
* )_ن‬00a#9 A‫ ه‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ ‫  أرى 
رأى‬# ‫ل‬O‫(? و‬+,(+ ‫ أن‬1%39 S‫ ا‬A3%‫ ة و‬U3%‫? وا‬3%‫ا‬
<) VJ‫ آ‬T%‫ " أو‬1%39 F%!O‫ و‬.(%#a /[E%‫ آ * ا‬U#-% ‫
!ادة‬0!-O <) &$ % FX‫ أ‬S‫? ا‬-3 % ‫
* )_ن‬X_) *a#9‫ و‬A E *
 -
<) S‫ ا‬VJ‫* آ‬#
‫^ )(ا‬.‫! آن أ^ أو أ‬%‫ و‬F%!4‫ ور‬S‫د ا‬Y *
‫!اد‬+  FX; ‚[9‫ " أي
* ا‬F0
‫ه?  وح‬,+‫ن وأ‬#+n‫!(? ا‬-O
<) A3G " ‫ن‬#+n‫!(? ا‬-O <) VJ‫ي " آ‬,$%‫ل ا‬O F9 [ <) ‫ن‬#+n‫* ا‬+‫ وز‬FC-O <) ‫ ره‬O‫دة و‬3$%‫ ا‬F% VJ‫ن أي آ‬#+n‫ ا‬FC-O
‫(ر‬XK‫( ا‬JL9 *
‫ ي‬9 ‫ت‬0G ?(-.,+‫ " و‬1%39 F%!O‫ و‬. ?‫!اه‬O ‫ " أي‬F0
‫ه?  وح‬,+‫س " وأ‬C *‫ل ا‬O‫ن و‬#+n‫!(? ا‬-O
4 " F0 ‫!ا‬r‫(? ور‬0 S‫< ا‬r‫ " ر‬1%39 F%!O <)‫ ^
ة و‬$29 ‫م‬,E9 ‫ ها‬A‫ " آ‬F0 ‫!ا‬r‫(? ور‬0 S‫< ا‬r‫* ) ( ر‬+,%.
? 30%‫ أه?
* ا‬# F0 ?‫ه‬r‫(? وأر‬0 r % S‫(? ا‬r! 1%39 S‫ )< ا‬RU3%‫ وا‬VR‫ ا‬E%‫ ا‬1- ‫!ا‬o4 #% FX‫{ وه! أ‬+,
‫د‬C ‫ أي‬S‫ب ا‬mY ‫ء‬g‫!ن" أي ه‬L-2#%‫ ه? ا‬S‫ب ا‬mY ‫ أ إن‬S‫ب ا‬mY T%‫" أو‬1%39 F%!O‫ ? و‬#3%‫ ا‬AN2%‫ ? وا‬3%‫!ز ا‬2%‫ ? وا‬E#%‫ا‬
<) ‫ ة‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫(? )< ا‬9 [X‫(? و‬9‫د‬34‫(? و‬Y_2 F+!09 " ‫!ن‬L-2#%‫ ه? ا‬S‫ب ا‬mY ‫ " أ إن‬1%39 F%!O‫ و‬FJ
‫ آ ا‬A‫ وأه‬S‫ا‬
‫ هرون‬0W,Y ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O ,O‫ ون " و‬4o%‫ ن ه? ا‬U%‫ب ا‬mY ‫ل " أ إن‬O ?W ‫ ن‬U%‫ب ا‬mY ?(X; T%‫ 
ذآ * أو‬/-E

* ‫ل‬+%‫ * ا‬- <J‫{
* آ‬EX‫ ا‬- ‫ن‬# -4 * , #L%‫ ا‬,C !‫ل ه‬E) ^#4 ,O AG‫ * ر‬/$C0 * AN2%‫ ا‬0W,Y <4‫!ا‬%‫ ا‬, #Y *
?(X‫ وأ‬FR %‫و‬K FR %‫ي أو‬,+‫ أ‬1- 1%39 S‫ ا‬F+ + ^G : ‫هن‬G ^%‫? أن ا‬-‫ ا‬: ‫ه ي‬m%‫ ا‬1%‫ ج إ‬K‫زم ا‬Y !‫ أ‬VJ‫ آ‬: ‫ل‬O ‫د‬C
‫ ء‬E9K‫ ء ا‬2.K‫ ا‬VL+ S‫? " إن ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ن ر‬$% 1- ?(J2f ‫ءت‬G ,E%‫(? و‬f!o / 2o%‫ ذآ ه? ا‬A 
o%‫ا‬
‫ء‬g() " /#-
‫!داء‬4 /0J) A‫!ن
* آ‬G o+ ‫ى‬,(%‫ ا‬Q [
?(!-O ‫!ا‬,+ ?% ‫ وا‬NY ‫وا وإذا‬,EJ2+ ?% ‫* إذا !ا‬+%‫ء ا‬+ K‫ا‬
* ‫!ر‬W * ,#L
0W,Y ‫د‬#Y * ? 3X ‫ل‬O‫!ن " و‬L-2#%‫ ه? ا‬S‫ب ا‬mY ‫ أ إن‬S‫ب ا‬mY T%‫ " أو‬S‫ل ا‬O *+%‫ ا‬1%39 S‫ ء ا‬%‫أو‬
‫ت‬,G‫< و‬Xt) /#3X ‫ا و‬,+ ‫ي‬,0 \42% ‫ و‬G2% A39  ?(-%‫? " ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O *$L%‫ * ا‬HX!+
}%o+ *# ) &%mX (X‫ ون أ‬+ ‫ ن‬24 ‫ل‬O "F%!4‫ ور‬S‫د ا‬Y *
‫!ادون‬+ .y‫ !م ا‬%‫ وا‬S ‫!ن‬0
g+ 
!O ,9  " <%‫ إ‬FJ Y‫ أو‬# )
/0#%‫ وا‬,#L%‫ ا‬S‫ و‬/%‫د‬#%‫!رة ا‬4 $29 .q . ‫ ي‬a$3%‫ ا‬,#Y‫ روا^ أ! أ‬.‫ن‬-$%‫ ا‬.
Allah and His Messenger shall prevail Allah the Exalted asserts that the rebellious and
stubborn disbelievers who defy Him and His Messenger , those who do not embrace the
religion and stay away from Truth, are in one area, while the guidance is in another area,
6َ* h%َ‫ ا ذ‬1ِ) 
َ Tِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫ُأو‬
(They will be among those most humiliated.) they are among the miserable, the cast out,
banished from goodness; they are the humiliated ones in this life and the Hereafter. Allah said,
61ِ-4
ُ ‫ْ وَ ُر‬Xَ ‫* َأ‬ 
Cَ ِ-
ْ ّ Fُ -%‫ ا‬V
َ Jَ َ‫آ‬
(Allah has decreed: "Verily, I and My Messengers shall be the victorious.'') meaning, He has
62

decreed, written in the First Book, and decided in the decree that He has willed -- which can
never be resisted, changed or prevented -- that final victory is for Him, His Book, His
Messengers and the faithful believers, in this life and the Hereafter:
6َ* ِEJ#ُ -ْ ِ% /َ Cَ Eِ ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Surely, the (good) end is for those who have Taqwa.)(11:49),
‫ار‬,%‫ُ! ُء ا‬4 ْ?(ُ َ%‫ َو‬/ُ 0َ 3ْ -ْ%‫ ُ(?ُ ا‬%َ‫ ُ(?ْ َو‬9ُ َ‫ ِر‬3ْ
َ *
َ ِ#-ِ‫ـ‬%‫َ ُ{ ا‬20َ+ َ ‫َ ْ! َم‬+ - ,ُ ‫(َـ‬
ْ  ‫ُ!مُ ا‬E+َ ‫!ْ َم‬+َ َ‫ َ و‬Xْ ,%‫ َ! ِة ا‬L
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ‫ُ!ا‬0
َ ‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ%‫َ وَا‬0-َ4
ُ ُ‫[ُ ُ ر‬0َ0%َ X‫ِإ‬
6
(Verily, We will indeed make victorious Our Messengers and those who believe in the life of
this world and on the Day when the witnesses will stand forth, the Day when their excuses will
be of no profit to the wrongdoers. Theirs will be the curse, and theirs will be the evil abode.)
(40:51-52) Allah said here,
6 ٌm+ِm
َ ‫ى‬ 
!ِ َO Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ ِإ‬1ِ-4
ُ ‫ْ وَ ُر‬Xَ َ‫* أ‬Cَ -ِ
ْ ّ Fُ -%‫ ا‬V
َ Jَ ‫ َآ‬
(Allah has decreed: "Verily, I and My Messengers shall be the victorious.'' Verily, Allah is AllPowerful, Almighty.) meaning, the Almighty, All-Powerful has decreed that He shall prevail
over His enemies. Indeed, this is the final judgement and a matter ordained; the final triumph
and victory are for the believers in this life and the Hereafter.
Allah the Exalted said,
6ْ?(ُ 9َ َ ِU
َ ْ‫ ُ(?ْ َأو‬Xَ َ!.
ْ ‫َ َء ُه?ْ َأوْ ِإ‬0ْ ‫ُ!اْ ءَاَءَ ُه?ْ َأوْ َأ‬Xَ‫!ْ آ‬%ََ‫ و‬Fُ %َ!ُ4‫ َو َر‬Fَ -%‫َد ا‬Y ْ*
َ ‫ن‬
َ ‫دو‬qَ!ُ+ ِ .
ِ  ‫ َ ْ!مِ ا‬%ْ ‫ وَا‬Fِ -%ِ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ0ِ
gْ +ُ ً
ْ!َO ُ,
ِ 9َ  
(You will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, making friendship with
those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers or their sons
or their brothers or their kindred.) Meaning, do not befriend the deniers, even if they are
among the closest relatives. Allah said,
F-%‫رْ ُآ ُ? ا‬hL
َ +ُ ‫ َو‬/ً ‫َـ‬E9ُ ْ?(ُ ْ0
ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬EJ 9َ ‫ْ ٍء ِإ َ أَن‬1
َ <ِ) Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ H
َ ْ َ-َ) 
َ %َِ‫ْ ذ‬A3َ ْ2+َ *َ
‫* َو‬
َ ِ0ِ
gْ #ُ %ْ ‫ن ا‬
ِ ‫ِ َ َء
ِ* دُو‬%ْ‫* َأو‬
َ +ِ ِ2‫َـ‬a%ْ ‫ن ا‬
َ !ُ0
ِ gْ ُ#%ْ ‫ِ ا‬o
ِ J +َ 
6ُF$
َ ْ2Xَ
(Let not the believers take the disbelievers as friends instead of the believers, and whoever
does that will never be helped by Allah in any way, except if you indeed fear a danger from
them. And Allah warns you against Himself.) (3:28), and,
VَY‫(َ َأ‬Xَ ْ!r
َ ْ َ9 *
ُ aِ ‫َـ‬$
َ ‫َدَهَ َو‬$‫ن َآ‬
َ ْ!U
َ o
ْ َ9 ٌ‫َـ َ ة‬9ِ ‫ُ!هَ َو‬#Jُ )ْ َ َJOْ ‫?ْ َوَأ ْ
!َلٌ ا‬aُ 9ُ َ ِU
َ ‫?ْ َو‬aُ G
ُ ‫ُ?ْ َوَأزْ َو‬aXُ !َ ْ.‫َ ُؤ ُآ?ْ َوِإ‬0ْ ‫ْ إِن آَنَ ءَاَ ُؤ ُآ?ْ َوَأ‬AOُ 
6 َ* ِE$
ِ ‫َـ‬2%ْ ‫!ْ َم ا‬Eَ %ْ ‫ِى ا‬,(ْ َ+ َ Fُ -%‫ َِ; ْ
ِ ^ِ وَا‬Fُ -%‫ ا‬1
َ ِ9;ْ +َ 1JY
َ ْ‫ َ [ُ!ا‬Jَ )َ Fِ -ِ ِC4
َ <ِ) ‫(َ ٍد‬G
ِ ‫ َو‬Fِ %ِ!ُ4‫ وَ َر‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
h ْ?aُ ْ َ%‫ِإ‬
(Say: If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the wealth that you
have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight
are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger, and striving hard and fighting in His cause,
then wait until Allah brings about His decision (torment). And Allah guides not the people
who are the rebellious.)(9:24) Sa`id bin `Abdul-`Aziz and others said that this Ayah,
6ِ ِ. ‫ َ !ْ ِم ا‬%ْ ‫ وَا‬Fِ -%ِ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ0
ِ ْg+ُ ً
ْ!َO ,ُ 
ِ 9َ  

63

(You will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day...) was revealed in the case
of Abu `Ubaydah `Amir bin `Abdullah bin Al-Jarrah when he killed his disbelieving father,
during the battle of Badr. This is why when `Umar bin Al-Khattab placed the matter of
Khilafah in the consultation of six men after him, he said; "If Abu `Ubaydah were alive, I
would have appointed him the Khalifah.'' It was also said that the Ayah,
6ْ?‫ُ!اْ ءَاَ َء ُه‬Xَ‫!ْ آ‬%ََ‫و‬
(even though they were their fathers), was revealed in the case of Abu `Ubaydah, when he
killed his father during the battle of Badr, while the Ayah,
6ْ?‫َ َء ُه‬0ْ‫َأوْ َأ‬
(or their sons) was revealed in the case of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq when he intended to kill his
(disbelieving) son, `Abdur-Rahman, (during Badr), while the Ayah,
6ْ?(ُ Xَ !َ .
ْ ‫َأوْ ِإ‬
(or their brothers) was revealed about the case of Mus`ab bin `Umayr, who killed his brother,
`Ubayd bin `Umayr, during Badr, and that the Ayah,
6ْ?(ُ 9َ َ ِU
َ ‫َأ ْو‬
(or their kindred) was revealed about the case of `Umar, who killed one of his relatives during
Badr, and also that this Ayah was revealed in the case of Hamzah, `Ali and Ubaydah bin AlHarith. They killed their close relatives `Utbah, Shaybah and Al-Walid bin `Utbah that day.
Allah knows best. A similar matter is when Allah's Messenger consulted with his Companions
about what should be done with the captives of Badr. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq thought that they
should accept ransom for them so the Muslims could use the money to strengthen themselves.
He mentioned the fact that the captured were the cousins and the kindred, and that they
might embrace Islam later on, by Allah's help. `Umar said, "But I have a different opinion, O
Allah's Messenger! Let me kill so-and-so, my relative, and let `Ali kill `Aqil (`Ali's brother),
and so-and-so kill so-and-so. Let us make it known to Allah that we have no mercy in our
hearts for the idolators.'' Allah said,
6ُF0ْ
h ‫ح‬
ٍ ‫ ُه?ْ ِ ُو‬,َ + ‫* َوَأ‬
َ ‫َـ‬#+ِn‫ُ! ِ ِ( ُ? ا‬-Oُ 1ِ) V
َ Jَ ‫ َآ‬
َ Tِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫ُأو‬
(For such He has written faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with Ruh from
Himself.) means, those who have the quality of not befriending those who oppose Allah and
His Messenger , even if they are their fathers or brothers, are those whom Allah has decreed
faith, meaning, happiness, in their hearts and made faith dear to their hearts and happiness
reside therein. As-Suddi said that the Ayah,
6َ*‫َـ‬#+ِn‫ُ! ِ ِ(?ُ ا‬-ُO 1ِ) V
َ Jَ َ‫آ‬
(He has written faith in their hearts,) means, "He has placed faith in their hearts.'' Ibn `Abbas
said that,
6ُF0ْ
h ‫ح‬
ٍ ‫َ ُه?ْ ِ ُو‬,+ ‫ َوَأ‬

64

(and strengthened them with Ruh from Himself.) means, "He gave them strengths.'' Allah's
statement,
6ُFْ0
َ ‫ُ! ْا‬rَ‫ ُ(?ْ َور‬0ْ 
َ Fُ -%‫ ا‬1
َr
ِ َ‫* )ِ (َ ر‬
َ +ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. ُ ‫(َـ‬Xْ  ‫(َ ا‬Jِ ْL9َ *ِ
‫َْ ِى‬9 &
ٍ ‫ـ‬0G
َ ْ?(ُ ُ-.
ِ ْ,+ُ ‫ َو‬
(And He will admit them to Gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein. Allah is well
pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him.) was explained several times before.
Allah's statement,
6ُF0ْ َ ‫ُ! ْا‬r‫ ُ(?ْ وَ َر‬0ْ 
َ Fُ -%‫َ ا‬1r
ِ ‫ر‬h 
(Allah is well pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him.) contains a beautiful
secret. When the believers became enraged against their relatives and kindred in Allah's
cause, He compensated them by being pleased with them and making them pleased with Him
from what He has granted them of eternal delight, ultimate victory and encompassing favor.
Allah's statement,
6َ‫ُ!ن‬L-ِْ2#ُ %ْ ‫ ُه?ُ ا‬Fِ -%‫ب ا‬
َ ْmY
ِ ‫ َأ َ ِإن‬Fِ -%‫ب ا‬
ُ ْmِY 
َ Tِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫ُأو‬
(They are the party of Allah. Verily, the party of Allah will be the successful.) indicates that
they are the party of Allah, meaning, His servants who are worthy of earning His honor.
Allah's statement,
6َ‫ُ!ن‬L-ِْ2#ُ %ْ ‫ ُه?ُ ا‬Fِ -%‫ب ا‬
َ ْmY
ِ ‫ن‬ 
‫َأ َ ِإ‬
(Verily, the party of Allah will be the successful.) asserts their success, happiness and triumph
in this life and the Hereafter, in contrast to those, who are the party of the devil,
6َ‫ ُون‬$
ِ ‫َـ‬o%‫ ْ َـ*ِ ُه?ُ ا‬U 
%‫ب ا‬
َ ْmY
ِ ‫َأ َ ِإن‬
(Verily, the party of Shaytan will be the losers!) This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat AlMujadilah. All praise and thanks are due to Allah.

65

11. QS Al Insaan 76 : 5-22

‫ُ!رًا‬2‫(َ آَـ‬G
ُ ‫َا‬m
ِ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫س آ‬
ٍ ;ْ َ‫ْ َ ُ!نَ
ِ* آ‬U+َ ‫ن ا  ْ َا َر‬ 
‫ ِإ‬‫ِ ًا‬2ْ 9َ َ(Xَ ‫ ُو‬hَ2+ُ Fِ -%‫َ ُد ا‬Cِ َ(ِ ‫ب‬
ُ َ U
ْ َ+ ً0ْ َ ‫ِ ًا‬Jَ $
ْ
ُ ^ُ  
َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫!ْ
ً آ‬+َ َ‫ُ!ن‬2‫َـ‬o+َ ‫ْ ِر َو‬0%ِ َ‫ُ!)ُ!ن‬+ ً‫ِ ا‬4‫ً َوَأ‬# ِJ+َ ‫ً َو‬0 ِa$
ْ
ِ Fِ Ch Y
ُ 1َ-
َ ‫َ َم‬3 
%‫ُ!نَ ا‬#3ِ 
ْ +ُ َ‫ و‬‫ُ!رًا‬a
ُ َ ‫ ًء َو‬qَmG
َ ْ?aُ 0ِ
,ُ +ِ Xُ َ Fِ -%‫ ا‬Fِ G
ْ !َ %ِ ْ?aُ #ُ 3ِ 
ْ Xُ َ#X‫ ِإ‬‫ ًا‬+ِ 
َ #ْ Oَ ً4!ُCَ ً
ْ!+َ َ0h‫َفُ
ِ* ر‬oXَ X‫ ِإ‬‫ ُورًا‬4
ُ َ‫ َ ًة و‬N
ْ Xَ ْ?(ُ ‫ـ‬E%َ‫ْ َ!مِ َو‬%‫ ا‬
َ %َِ‫  ذ‬
َ Fُ -%‫َـ ُ( ُ? ا‬O!َ )َ - ‫ ا‬+ِ َY‫ َو‬/ً 0 G
َ ْ‫ ُوا‬Cَ f
َ َ#ِ ْ?‫َا ُه‬mَG‫ َو‬6 
‫ ا‬+ِ (َ
ْ ‫ً َو َ َز‬$ْ#
َ َ( ِ) ‫ن‬
َ ْ‫ َ و‬+َ َ ِRِ ‫ ا رَا‬1َ-
َ َ( ِ) َ* ِTaِ J 

- _ ِ%ْ9َ َ(ُ)!ُOُ ْ&-َh%‫(َ َو ُذ‬-ُ‫َـ‬-ِ… ْ?(ِ ْ -ََ /ً َ ِX‫َودَا‬
ٍ ‫ َوَأآْ!ا‬/ٍ N 
)ِ *h
/ٍ َ Xِ َ‫َ ْ ِ(?ْ ِـ‬-
َ ‫ف‬
ُ َ+ُ ‫َو‬
- ‫ َا‬+ِ‫!َار‬Oَ ْ&Xَ َ‫ب آ‬
- ‫ ا‬+ِ,ْE9َ َ‫رُوه‬,Oَ /ٍ N 
)ِ *ِ
ْ‫ َ ا‬+ِ‫َ!َار‬O
َ Xَ‫ُ(َ ز‬G‫َا‬m
ِ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ً آ‬4ْ;‫َ!ْنَ )ِ (َ َآ‬E$
ْ +ُ َ‫و‬
- _ ِC
- _ ِC$
َ ْ-4
َ 1#$
َ 9ُ َ( ِ) ً0ْ 
َ
- ‫ُ!را‬70
‫ًا‬gُ%ْgُ% ْ?(ُ Jَ Cْ $
ِ Y
َ ْ?(ُ Jَ +ْ ‫ُونَ ِإذَا َرَأ‬,-َo 
ٌ‫ن‬,َ %ْ ‫َ ْ ِ(?ْ ِو‬-
َ ‫ف‬
ُ !ُ+َ َ‫و‬
َ +ْ ‫ ? َرَأ‬Wَ &
َ +ْ ‫َوِإذَا َرَأ‬
- ‫ِ ا‬C‫ً َآ‬aْ-
ُ ‫ً َو‬# ِ3Xَ &
- ‫َ(ُ!را‬d ً‫ َا‬
َ ْ?(ُ ‫َـ ُ(?ْ َر‬E4
َ ‫ َو‬/ٍ N 
)ِ *ِ
‫َ ِو َر‬4‫!اْ َأ‬-ُY‫ َقٌ َو‬Cْ Jَ 4
ْ ‫ ٌ َوِإ‬N
ْ .
ُ ٍ‫س‬,ُ 0ُ4 ‫ب‬
ُ َ Wِ ْ?(ُ َ ِ-‫َـ‬
ْ 
?ُa ُ 3ْ 4
َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ ًء َوآ‬qَmG
َ ْ?ُa%َ َ‫ن هَـَا آَن‬ 
‫ ِإ‬6
- ‫ُ!را‬aU

76:5. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang berbuat kebajikan minum dari gelas (berisi minuman)
yang campurannya adalah air kafur.
76:6. (yaitu) mata air (dalam surga) yang daripadanya hamba-hamba Allah minum, yang
mereka dapat mengalirkannya dengan sebaik-baiknya.
76:7. Mereka menunaikan nazar dan takut akan suatu hari yang azabnya merata di manamana.
76:8. Dan mereka memberikan makanan yang disukainya kepada orang miskin, anak yatim
dan orang yang ditawan.
66

76:9. Sesungguhnya Kami memberi makanan kepadamu hanyalah untuk mengharapkan
keridaan Allah, kami tidak menghendaki balasan dari kamu dan tidak pula (ucapan) terima
kasih.
76:10. Sesungguhnya Kami takut akan (azab) Tuhan kami pada suatu hari yang (di hari itu)
orang-orang bermuka masam penuh kesulitan.
76:11. Maka Tuhan memelihara mereka dari kesusahan hari itu, dan memberikan kepada
mereka kejernihan (wajah) dan kegembiraan hati.
76:12. Dan Dia memberi balasan kepada mereka karena kesabaran mereka (dengan) surga
dan (pakaian) sutera,
76:13. di dalamnya mereka duduk bertelekan di atas dipan, mereka tidak merasakan di
dalamnya (teriknya) matahari dan tidak pula dingin yang bersangatan.
76:14. Dan naungan (pohon-pohon surga itu) dekat di atas mereka dan buahnya dimudahkan
memetiknya semudah-mudahnya.
76:15. Dan diedarkan kepada mereka bejana-bejana dari perak dan piala-piala yang bening
laksana kaca,
76:16. (yaitu) kaca-kaca (yang terbuat) dari perak yang telah diukur mereka dengan sebaikbaiknya.
76:17. Di dalam surga itu mereka diberi minum segelas (minuman) yang campurannya
adalah jahe.
76:18. (Yang didatangkan dari) sebuah mata air surga yang dinamakan salsabil.
76:19. Dan mereka dikelilingi oleh pelayan-pelayan muda yang tetap muda. Apabila kamu
melihat mereka kamu akan mengira mereka, mutiara yang bertaburan.
76:20. Dan apabila kamu melihat di sana (surga), niscaya kamu akan melihat berbagai
macam kenikmatan dan kerajaan yang besar.
76:21. Mereka memakai pakaian sutera halus yang hijau dan sutera tebal dan dipakaikan
kepada mereka gelang terbuat dari perak, dan Tuhan memberikan kepada mereka minuman
yang bersih.
76:22. Sesungguhnya ini adalah balasan untukmu, dan usahamu adalah disyukuri (diberi
balasan).
(5. Verily, the Abrar (righteous believers) shall drink of a cup mixed with Kafur.)
(6. A spring wherefrom the servants of Allah will drink, causing it to gush forth abundantly.)
(7. They fulfill (their) vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading.)
(8. And they give food, inspite of their love for it, to the poor, the orphan and the captive,)
(9. (Saying): "We feed you seeking Allah's Face only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from
you.'')
(10. "Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day that is `Abus and Qamtarir.'')
(11. So, Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and gave them Nadrah (a light of beauty)
and joy.)
(12. And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient.)
(13. Reclining therein on raised couches, they will see there neither the excessive heat, nor the
excessive cold.)

67

(14. And the shade thereof is close upon them, and the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low
within their reach.)
(15. And among them will be passed round vessels of silver and cups of crystal --)
(16. (Qawarir) Crystal-clear, made of silver. They will determine the measure thereof.)
(17. And they will be given to drink there of a cup (of wine) mixed with Zanjabil (ginger),) (18.
A spring there, called Salsabil.)
(19. And round about them will (serve) boys of everlasting youth. If you see them, you would
think them scattered pearls.)
(20. And when you look there (in Paradise), you will see a delight (that cannot be imagined),
and a great dominion.)
(21. Their garments will be of fine green silk, and Istabraq. They will be adorned with
bracelets of silver, and their Lord will give them a purifying drink.)
(22. (And it will be said to them): "Verily, this is a reward for you, and your endeavor has
been accepted.'')
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
‫ُ(َ آَ)ُ!رًا‬G‫َا‬m
ِ َ‫س آَن‬
ٍ ;ْ ‫ن ِ
*ْ َآ‬
َ !ُ َ U
ْ َ+ ‫َ; ْ َا َر‬%ْ ‫ِإن ا‬
V d <) ‫)!ر‬a%‫*  د ا‬$L%‫ل ا‬O /0%‫اذة )< ا‬-%‫
* ا‬%‫ ذ‬1%‫ف إ‬N+ 
{
/C %‫ ا‬/LR‫ ا‬%‫ وا‬,+ CJ%‫)!ر
* ا‬a%‫? 
)< ا‬- ,O‫و‬
A CXm%‫ ا‬.
‫ِْ ًا‬29َ َ(Xَ ‫ ُو‬
h َ2+ُ Fِ -%‫َ ُد ا‬C
ِ َ(ِ ‫ب‬
ُ َ U
ْ َ+ ً0 ْ َ
*#r ‫(ا‬%‫ وون ( و‬+‫ج و‬m
_ ) f S‫د ا‬C *
‫ !ن‬E#%‫ ب ( ا‬U+ *  !‫)!ر ه‬a%‫ ار
* ا‬K‫ء ا‬g(% ‫ج‬m
‫ي‬%‫أي ها ا‬
*
!‫(? ه‬N3 ‫ل‬O‫)!ر و‬a%‫ آ‬FC d <) ‫ اب‬U%‫(? ها ا‬N3 ‫ل‬O m #J%‫ ا‬1- 0  V[X‫ء و‬C% ^‫ا‬, 1JY ‫ وى‬+ 103
‫ ب‬U+
" ‫ ا‬29 (X‫ و‬2+ " 1%39 F%!O‫ و‬. + G *‫ ا‬/W_7%‫!ال ا‬OK‫ ه^ ا‬1aY ‫ ب‬U  ![0
‫!ن‬a+ ‫!ز أن‬+ ?(N3 ‫ل‬O‫ * آ)!ر و‬
" 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫ع آ‬CXn‫ ه! ا‬2J%‫(? وا‬%L
‫(? و‬$%
‫[!ره? ودوره? و‬O *
‫* ءوا‬+‫ ءوا وأ‬w Y ( ) ‫[ )!ن‬J+ ‫أي‬
" ‫ ا‬29 (X‫ و‬2+ " ,‫ل 
ه‬O‫ و‬. " ‫( ا‬X #(%_. X )‫ل " و‬O‫!" و‬C0+ ‫رض‬K‫
* ا‬0% 29 1JY % *
gX *% ‫!ا‬%O‫و‬
‫ ءوا‬w Y (X!) [+ ‫!ري‬7%‫ل ا‬O‫دة و‬JO‫ و‬/
a ‫ل‬O ‫ ءوا وآا‬w Y (X‫!دو‬E+ .
‫ِ ًا‬Jَ $
ْ
ُ ^ُ  
َ َ‫!ْ
ً آَن‬+َ َ‫َ)ُ!ن‬o+َ ‫ْ ِر َو‬0 %ِ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ)!ُ+ 
%
‫ 
م‬n‫ل ا‬O ‫ر‬0%‫\ ا‬+  ?($2X‫ أ‬1- ^!CG‫ ع و 
أو‬U%‫ ا‬Af; /CG‫!ا‬%‫ت ا‬%‫ ا‬A3) *
?( - FCG‫ أو‬# ) S ‫ون‬,C3J+ ‫أي‬
‫ر‬X *
"‫ل‬O ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫( أن ر‬0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬/UR * %
* ?4E%‫< * ا‬-+K‫ ا‬-#%‫ ا‬,C * /L-d * 
(0 ?‫(ه‬X <J%‫ 
ت ا‬L#%‫ آ!ن ا‬J+‫و‬. %
w+,Y *
‫ري‬oC%‫ " روا^ ا‬F[3+ _) S‫[< ا‬3+ ‫ر أن‬X *
‫ و‬F3 -) S‫ { ا‬+ ‫أن‬  
) ‫س‬C *‫ل ا‬O S‫? ا‬Y‫س إ
* ر‬0%‫ ا‬1- ‫ م‬UJ0
‫ أي‬J$
^  ‫ي‬%‫ !م ا‬%‫د وه! ا‬3#%‫!م ا‬+ ‫ب‬$L%‫!ء ا‬4 *
/2 .
/GGm%‫ع )< ا‬,[%‫ر ا‬J4‫(? ا‬%!O F0
‫ و‬: + G *‫ل ا‬O ‫رض‬K‫!ات وا‬#$%‫
’ ا‬1JY ‫ !م‬%‫ ا‬%‫  ذ‬S‫ر وا‬J4‫دة ا‬JO ‫ل‬O‫و‬  
) ‫ا‬,J#
<03+ ‫ ا‬J$
(+;X 1- ,f ‫ا د‬g2%‫;ت )< ا‬4‫ أ‬,O‫& و‬XC) : 1UK‫!ل ا‬O F0
‫ل و‬J4‫ وا‬.
‫ِ ًا‬4‫ً َوَأ‬# ِJ+َ ‫ً َو‬0 ِa$
ْ
ِ Fِ Ch Y
ُ 1َ-
َ ‫َ َم‬3 
%‫ُ!نَ ا‬#3ِ 
ْ +ُ َ‫و‬

68

‫‪ VY 1- A O " FCY 1-‬ا‪ 1%39 S‬و‪!-3G‬ا ا‪,R #N%‬ا إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ m S‬و‪ /%,% AG‬ا‪ $%‬ق ‪ F -‬وا‪ (…K‬أن ا‪" 1- ,R #N%‬‬
‫ا‪3%‬م أي و‪!#3+‬ن ا‪3%‬م )< ‪Y‬ل
‪ ?(JCL‬و(!‪
F%O F% ?(9‬ه‪ ,‬و
‪ A9E‬وا‪J.‬ر^ ا* ‪ + G‬آ‪ " 1%39 F%!E‬و‪ 19q‬ا‪#%‬ل ‪1-‬‬
‫‪ " FCY‬وآ‪!%09 *% " 1%39 F%!E‬ا ا‪!E209 1JY C%‬ا
‪!CL9 #‬ن " ‪ .‬وروى ا‪ \+ d *
<E( C%‬ا‪O {)X * e#K‬ل ‪
:‬ض ا*‬
‫‪ C0 1(J) #‬أول 
‪G‬ء ا‪;) V03%‬ر‪ <03+ / 2f &-4‬ا
أ‪ J) F9‬ت ‪!E0‬دا ‪,‬ره? )‪ {C9‬ا‪!4 %‬ل ‪ #-) AR4‬د‪O F A.‬ل‬
‫ا‪ : AR$%‬ا‪E) AR$%‬ل ا* ‪ : #‬أ!^ إ‪ ^!;) ^+‬إ‪;) ^+‬ر‪, &-4‬ره? ‪ J) .q‬ت ‪!E0‬دا )‪ {C9‬ا‪!4 %‬ل ا‪ #-) AR$%‬د‪O A.‬ل‬
‫ا‪ : AR$%‬ا‪E) AR$%‬ل ا* ‪ : #‬أ!^ إ‪ ^!;) ^+‬إ‪;) ^+‬ر‪ / 2f &-4‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪E) AR$%‬ل وا‪ S‬إن ‪,‬ت  ‪ . F0
V [9‬ا أ‪,‬ا ‪?W‬‬
‫أر‪, &-4‬ره? ‪ J) .q‬ت ‪ . F‬و)< ا‪ " Q L[%‬أ)‪ AN‬ا‪ /O,[%‬أن ‪,[9‬ق وأ‪ A
;9 Q L Q Lf &X‬ا‪ 10s%‬و‪ 1Uo9‬ا‪ " E2%‬أي )<‬
‫‪Y‬ل
‪#-% JCL‬ل و‪ F - f Y‬و‪ JGY‬إ‪ F %‬و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل ‪ " 1%39‬و‪!#3+‬ن ا‪3%‬م ‪ 0 a$
FCY 1-‬و‪ # J+‬وأ‪ 4‬ا " أ 

‫ا‪ * a$#%‬وا‪,E9 ,E) ? J %‬م  ‪ #(X‬و‪ #(J2f‬وأ 
ا‪E) 4K‬ل ‪ CG * , 34‬وا‪ *$L%‬وا‪LN%‬ك ‪ :‬ا‪ *
4K‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ /-CE%‬و‪O‬ل ا*‬
‫‪C‬س آن أ‪ 4‬اؤه? ‪ U
T
!+‬آ * و‪(% ,(U+‬ا أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أ
أ‪!+ FLf‬م ‪,‬ر أن ‪!
a+‬ا ا‪4K‬رى‬
‫)‪!Xa‬ا ‪ 1- ?(X!
,E+‬أ‪ ,0 ?($2X‬ا‪,s%‬اء و‪O‬ل ‪ /
a‬ه? ا‪ , C3%‬وا‪J.‬ر^ ا* ‪!#3% + G‬م ا‪ ?-$#-% /+y‬وا‪ U#%‬ك وه‪a‬ا ‪O‬ل ‪, 34‬‬
‫* ‪ CG‬وء وا‪ *$L%‬و‪JO‬دة و‪ ,O‬و‪ 1f‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪$Yn ?-4‬ن إ‪ 1%‬ا‪K‬ر‪O‬ء )< 
‪ 1JY w+,Y‬إ‪ FX‬آن‬
‫‪ 
.q‬أو‪ 1f‬أن ‪!E+ A3G‬ل " ا‪_[%‬ة و 

‪ &a-‬أ‪O "?aX#+‬ل 
ه‪ ,‬ه! ا‪!CL#%‬س أي ‪!#3+‬ن ا‪3%‬م ‪g(%‬ء وه? ‪FX!(JU+‬‬
‫‪ .‬و‪FX!CL+‬‬
‫‪!ُa‬رًا‬
‫‪َmG‬ا ًء َو‪ُ َ%‬‬
‫‪ Fِ G‬ا‪َ ْ?ُa0ْ
ِ ُ,+ِ Xُ َ% ِF-%‬‬
‫‪ْ !َ ِ% ْ?aُ #ُ ِ3‬‬
‫ِإ ‪ْ Xُ َ#X‬‬
‫إ‪ FG!% ?a#3X #X‬ا‪ " S‬أي ر‪G‬ء ‪!W‬اب ا‪ S‬ور‪mG ?a0
,+ X  " ^r‬اء و ‪!a‬را" أي  ‪
?a0
V-X‬زاة ‪" ( 0X!T)a9‬‬
‫و أن ‪ aU9‬و‪ ,0 X‬ا‪0%‬س ‪O‬ل 
ه‪ ,‬و‪ CG * , 34‬أ 
وا‪ ?(J0$%; ^!%O 
S‬و‪ ?- *a%‬ا‪F ?( - 10W;) ?(!-O *
F S‬‬
‫‪ <) V % .‬ذ‪ %‬را ‪V‬‬
‫ِإ‪َoXَ X‬فُ ِ
*ْ َر‪ً +ِ َ#ْ Oَ ً4!ُCَ ً
ْ!+َ َ0h‬ا‬
‫أي إ‪ A32X #X‬ها ‪ A3%‬ا‪ S‬أن ‪ 0#Y +‬و‪ <) F2- XE-J+‬ا‪! %‬م ا‪!C3%‬س ا‪O . + #E%‬ل ‪ * <-‬أ< ‪ * /L-d‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪4!C‬‬
‫‪ + #O E r‬ا ‪ _+!d‬و‪O‬ل ‪ /
a‬و ^ ‪ + #O 4!C 
!+ " F%!O <) F0‬ا" ‪O‬ل ‪ HC3+‬ا‪*  *
A $+ 1JY T
!+ )a%‬‬
‫ ‪  F 0‬ق
‪ A7‬ا‪ E%‬ان و‪O‬ل 
ه‪ " 4!C " ,‬ا‪ H3%‬ا‪ + #O "* J2U%‬ا " ‪O‬ل ‪ ˆCE+‬ا‪!$C% FG!%‬ر و‪O‬ل ‪ CG * , 34‬‬
‫و‪JO‬دة ‪ F ) HC39‬ا‪ *
^!G!%‬ا‪!(%‬ل ‪ + #O‬ا ‪  -E9‬ا‪ * C%‬و 
 * ا‪ *
* 0 3%‬ا‪!(%‬ل و‪O‬ل ا* ز‪ ,+‬ا‪!C3%‬س ا‪ U%‬وا‪ + #E%‬‬
‫ا‪ ,+,U%‬وأو‪ Qr‬ا‪C3%‬رات وأ‪_G‬ه وأ‪_Y‬ه وأ_ه وأوه ‪!O‬ل ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪O . F0 S‬ل ا* ‪ + G‬وا‪ + #E%‬ه! ا‪,+,U%‬‬
‫‪E+‬ل ه! ‪!+‬م ‪ + #O‬و‪!+‬م ‪ d#O‬و‪!+‬م [ ‪ V‬و[‪ V[C‬و‪ ,O‬ا‪ #O‬ا‪! %‬م ‪ #E+‬ا‪ #O‬ارا وذ‪ %‬أ‪ ,‬ا‪+K‬م وأ‪ <) (%!d‬ا‪_C%‬ء‬
‫‪ .‬وا‪,U%‬ة و
‪!O F0‬ل ‪ 0# <0 : ?(N3‬ه‪9 A‬آ ون _ء‪ ?a - X‬إذا 
آن ‪!+‬م ‪ d#O‬‬
‫‪ُ 4‬ورًا‬
‫‪ً َ N‬ة وَ ُ‬
‫َ) َ!‪َO‬هُ ُ? ا‪َ  َ Fُ -%‬ذِ‪ َ%‬ا ْ‪ِ ْ! َ %‬م َو‪ُ Eَ%‬ه?ْ ‪ْ َX‬‬
‫وها
* ب ا‪ HXJ%‬ا‪O!) " Š -C%‬ه? ا‪  S‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪! %‬م " أي ‪!). # ?(0
q‬ا
‪ " F0‬و‪E%‬ه? ‪ NX‬ة " أي )< و‪!G‬ه(? "‬
‫و‪ 4‬ورا " أي )< ‪ F%O . ?(!-O‬ا‪ *$L%‬ا‪ [C%‬ي و‪JO‬دة وأ! ا‪ / %3%‬وا‪ * {  %‬أ‪ HX‬وه^ آ‪ " 1%39 F%!E‬و‪ 2$
T
!+ ^!G‬ة‬
‫‪ UCJ$
/aYr‬ة " وذ‪ %‬أن ا‪ V-E%‬إذا ‪ 4‬ا‪0J4‬ر ا‪O FG!%‬ل آ‪ F7+,Y <) %
* V3‬ا‪ A+!%‬وآن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ ?-4‬إذا ‪ 4‬ا‪0J4‬ر و‪ 1JY F(G‬آ;‪ #O /E-) FX‬و‪ /UR &%O‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ (0 S‬د‪ <- A.‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ $
?-4‬ورا‬
‫‪ C9‬ق أ‪4‬ر‪ +‬و‪ F(G‬ا‪w+,L%‬‬
‫‪ً +ِ Y‬ا‬
‫‪َ /ً 0 G‬و َ‬
‫‪َmG‬ا ُه?ْ ِ‪ُ Cَ َf َ#‬وا َ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫أي ‪ Cf VC$‬ه? أه? و‪ ?(%!X‬و!أه? ‪ /0G‬و‪ + Y‬ا أي
‪ m0‬ر‪ CY‬و ‪ U‬ر ‪,‬ا و‪ 0$Y 4C%‬وروى ا‪ ‡)L%‬ا* ‪$‬آ )<‬
‫‪ /#G 9‬ه‪U‬م * ‪# -4‬ن ا‪,%‬ارا‪O <X‬ل ‪ O‬ئ ‪ 1-‬أ< ‪# -4‬ن ا‪,%‬ارا‪!4 <X‬رة " ه‪ A‬أ‪ 1- 19‬ا‪$Xn‬ن" )‪ Š- #-‬ا‪E%‬رئ إ‪F%!O 1%‬‬
‫‪ " 1%39‬و‪mG‬اه? ‪ Cf #‬وا ‪ /0G‬و‪ + Y‬ا " ‪O‬ل ‪ Cf #‬وا ‪ 9 1-‬ك ا‪!(U%‬ات )< ا‪ ?W  X,%‬أ‪!E+ ,UX‬ل ‪ :‬آ? ‪!(U% A JO‬ة وأ‪ 4‬‬
‫أف
*
‪_. 1(JU‬ف ا‪!( A #%‬ات ا‪$Xn‬ن ‪!9‬ر‪ FW‬ا‪%‬ل و‪ <) F E-9‬ا‪_C%‬ء ا‪A+!%‬‬
‫ ْ‪َ ً$#‬و‪َ َ%‬ز ْ
َ( ِ‪ً +‬ا‬
‫ن )ِ (َ َ‬
‫ ‪ َ َ+ َ%‬وْ َ‬
‫‪ 1َ-‬ا ْ‪;َ%‬رَا ِ‪ِ R‬‬
‫ُ
‪َ َ( ِ) َ* ِTaِ J‬‬
‫‪ * 1%39 Co+‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ /0%‬و 
ه? ) ‪ *
F‬ا‪ ? 30%‬ا‪ ? E#%‬و 
أ‪ *
?( - ŠC4‬ا‪ AN2%‬ا‪E) ? #3%‬ل ‪1- ( ) * TaJ
" 1%39‬‬
‫ا‪K‬را‪ "R‬و‪,E9 ,O‬م ا‪_a%‬م ‪ 1-‬ذ‪!4 <) %‬رة ا‪)[%‬ت وذآ ا‪_o%‬ف )< ا‪a9‬ء ه‪ A‬ه! ا‪r‬ع أو ا‪ \) J%‬أو ا‪ { J%‬أو ا‪*a#J%‬‬
‫‪69‬‬

‫)< ا‪!-%‬س وأن ا‪K‬را‪ R‬ه< ا‪ $%‬ر ‪ &L9‬ا‪L%‬ل و‪ +  " 1%39 F%!O‬ون ) ( ‪ $#‬و ز
( ‪ +‬ا " أي ‪,0 H %‬ه? ‪Žm
Y‬‬
‫و  د
‪ A ?%g‬ه<
‪m‬اج وا‪ ,Y‬دا‪,
4 ?R‬ي  ‪!sC+‬ن ‪!Y (0‬‬
‫…‪َ َ(ُ%َ-‬و ُذ‪ً- ِ%ْ9َ َ(ُ)!ُُO ْ&-َh%‬‬
‫َ‪ِ ْ?(ِ ْ -‬‬
‫َودَا ِ‪َ /ً َ X‬‬
‫ودا‪ " (%_… ?( - / X‬أي ‪ /C+ O‬إ‪ ?( %‬أ [‪ "(X‬وذ‪ " _ %9 ()!O &-%‬أي
‪ ^d39 1J‬د‪ X‬ا‪ ‚E%‬إ‪ F %‬و‪ *
1%,9‬أ‪" 1-‬‬
‫ [‪ F0‬آ;‪ {Rd { 
4 FX‬آ‪O #‬ل ‪ <) 1%39‬ا‪ /+y‬ا‪ .K‬ى " و‪ 10G‬ا‪ * J0%‬دان" و‪O‬ل ‪ AG‬و_ " ‪ ()!O‬دا‪ " / X‬و‪O‬ل 
ه‪" ,‬‬
‫وذ‪ " _ %9 ()!O &-%‬إن ‪O‬م ار‪,E F3
&329‬ر وإن ‪ (%0+ 1JY F% &-%9 ,3O‬وإن ا‪1%39 F%!O %) (%0+ 1JY F% &-%9 {r‬‬
‫" ‪ "_ %9‬و‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة  ‪ +‬د أ‪! (0 ?(+,+‬ك و ‪ ,3‬و‪O‬ل 
ه‪ ,‬أرض ا‪ *
/0%‬ورق و‪ 9‬ا( ا‪ $#%‬وأ‪!f‬ل  ه
*‬
‫ذه‪ V‬و)‪ /N‬وأ)‪ *
(X0‬ا‪ g%g-%‬ا‪ Vd %‬وا‪ ,G m%‬وا‪!O %‬ت وا‪!%‬رق وا‪ *  #7%‬ذ‪ *#) %‬أآ‪g9 ?% #RO (0
A‬ذ^ و
* أآ‪(0
A‬‬
‫‪,O‬ا ‪g9 ?%‬ذ^ و
* أآ‪g9 ?% 3N
(0
A‬ذ^‬
‫ب آَ َ‪َ!َO ْ&X‬ارِ‪ َ +‬‬
‫‪َ /ٍ N‬وَأ ْآ!َا ٍ‬
‫‪ )ِ ْ*
ِ /ٍ َ Xِ ِ ْ?(ِ ْ َ-‬‬
‫ف َ‬
‫َو‪ُ َُ+‬‬
‫أي ‪!+‬ف ‪ ?( -‬ا‪,o%‬م ;وا‪ <X‬ا‪3%‬م وه<
* )‪ /N‬وأآ!اب ا‪ U%‬اب وه< ا‪m a%‬ان ا‪   <J%‬ى ‪ (%‬و ‪ .‬ا‪!O " ? d‬ار‪ +‬ا "‬

‪![0‬ب ‪ Co‬آن أي آ‪!O &X‬ار‪ +‬ا‬
‫‪, َO /ٍ N‬رُوهَ َ‪ً +ِ,Eْ 9‬ا‬
‫‪َ!َO‬ارِ‪ ِ) ْ*
ِ َ +‬‬
‫‪!O‬ار‪ +‬ا "
‪![0‬ب إ 
‪ 1-‬ا‪ / %,C%‬أو ‪ AG F%!E F0  FXK m #9‬و_ " ‪!O‬ار‪ +‬ا
* )‪O " /N‬ل ا* ‪C‬س و 
ه‪ ,‬وا‪" *$L%‬‬
‫ا‪ [C%‬ي و وا‪  ,Y‬ض ا‪2f <) /N2%‬ء ا‪Gm%‬ج وا‪!E%‬ار‪!a9  +‬ن إ
* ز‪G‬ج )(^ ا‪K‬آ!اب ه<
* )‪ /N‬وه<
{ ها‬
‫‪ + /)2‬ى 
)< ‪… *
(0d‬ه ه وها
‪ <) F% X  #‬ا‪O  X,%‬ل ا* ا‪C#%‬رك * إ‪ * A #4‬ر‪ * AG‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪:‬‬
‫‪ <) H %‬ا‪< /0%‬ء إ ‪ ,O‬أ ‪ <) ?J‬ا‪ F(C  X,%‬إ ‪!O‬ار‪ +‬ا
* )‪ . /N‬روا^ ا* أ< ‪ . ?9Y‬و‪,O " 1%39 F%!O‬روه ‪ +,E9‬ا "‬
‫أي ‪,O 1-‬ر ر‪ F0 ,+m9  ?(+‬و ‪ A E09‬ه<
‪,3‬ة ‪,E
%%‬رة ‪ V$L‬ري ‪ (CYf‬ها
‪!O 103‬ل ا* ‪C‬س و 
ه‪ ,‬و‪, 34‬‬
‫* ‪ CG‬وأ< ‪ Q%f‬و‪JO‬دة وا* أ‪m‬ى و‪ ,C‬ا‪ , C * S‬ا‪ # * S‬و‪JO‬دة وا‪ <C3U%‬وا* ز‪ ,+‬و‪ F%O‬ا* ‪ + G‬و وا‪,Y‬‬
‫وها أ‪ <) Š-‬ا‪0J‬ء وا‪ U%‬ف وا‪ a%‬ا
‪ /‬و‪O‬ل ا‪ * <)!3%‬ا* ‪C‬س " ‪,O‬روه ‪ +,E9‬ا " ‪,O‬رت ‪ ‚a-%‬وه‪a‬ا ‪O‬ل ا‪ * {  %‬أ‪HX‬‬
‫و‪O‬ل ا‪LN%‬ك ‪,O 1-‬ر آ‚ ا‪o%‬دم وها  ‪ <)0+‬ا‪!E%‬ل ا‪K‬ول )‪,E
(Xt‬رة )< ا‪,E%‬ر وا‪ %‬ي‬
‫ن ِ
‪َm‬ا‪َ َ(ُG‬ز ْ‪ً- ِCَX‬‬
‫‪ْ!Eَ $‬نَ )ِ (َ آَ ْ;‪ ً4‬آَ َ‬
‫َو‪ْ ُ+‬‬
‫أي و‪!E$+‬ن ‪ <03+‬ا‪ K‬ار أ‪ <) N+‬ه^ ا‪K‬آ!اب " آ;‪ " 4‬أي ‪ #.‬ا " آن
‪m‬ا‪ (G‬ز‪J) " _ CX‬رة ‪m#+‬ج ‪ ?(%‬ا‪ U%‬اب ‪!)a%‬ر‬
‫وه! رد و‪9‬رة ‪ A CXm%‬وه! ‪Y‬ر ‪,J3 %‬ل ا‪
K‬وه‪g‬ء ‪m#+‬ج ‪ *
?(%‬ها ‪9‬رة و
* ها ‪9‬رة وأ 
ا‪! E#%‬ن )‪! U+ ?(Xt‬ن
*‬
‫‪ .‬آ‪ ) f #(0
A‬آ‪JO F%O #‬دة و وا‪,Y‬‬
‫‪ً- ِC$‬‬
‫‪َ -ْ 4‬‬
‫‪َ 1#$‬‬
‫ ْ ‪َ 9ُ َ( ِ) ً0‬‬
‫َ‬
‫و‪,E9 ,O‬م ‪ AG F%!O‬و_ "  ‪ U+ 0‬ب ( ‪C‬د ا‪ " S‬و‪O‬ل هه‪ " _ C$-4 1#$9 ( ) 0  " 0‬أي ا‪ <) *  A CXm%‬ا‪/0%‬‬
‫‪O _ C$-4 1#$9‬ل ‪ : /
a‬ا‪ <) *  ?4‬ا‪ /0%‬و‪O‬ل 
ه‪ (- $
/4_$% % & #4 ,‬و‪,Y‬ة ‪ (+ G‬و‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة  * ) (‬
‫‪
, EJ$
/$-4 *  _ C$-4 1#$9‬ؤه و‪ 1aY‬ا* ‪ ?(N3 * + G‬أ‪ <) (J4_$% % & #4 (X‬ا‪ \-L%‬وا‪J.‬ر ه! أ‪?39 (X‬‬
‫ذ‪ %‬آ‪ F-‬وه! آ‪O #‬ل‬
‫‪ًgُ%ْgُ% ْ?(ُ Jَ Cْ $‬ا َ
ْ‪!ُ70‬رًا‬
‫‪ِ Y‬‬
‫ن ِإذَا رََأ ْ‪َ ْ?(ُ Jَ +‬‬
‫ف ََ‪ ْ?(ِ ْ -‬وِ ْ‪َ,%‬انٌ ُ
‪ُ,-َo‬و َ‬
‫َو َ‪ُ !ُ+‬‬
‫أي ‪!+‬ف ‪ 1-‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ /
,o-% /0%‬و‪,%‬ان
* و‪,%‬ان ا‪,-o
" /0%‬ون " أي ‪ /%Y 1-‬وا‪,Y‬ة
‪,-o‬ون ‪ sJ+  ( -‬ون ‪ (0‬‬
‫‪ ,+m9‬أ‪#‬ره? * ‪ -9‬ا‪ *$%‬و
* )‪ $‬ه? ;‪!f o
?(X‬ن )< ‪q‬ذا‪ ?(X‬ا‪ * C #Xt) /d OK‬ا‪K % 103#%‬ن ا‪ s[%‬ه! ا‪%‬ي‬
‫‪ F% \ -+‬ذ‪ %‬دون ا‪ " Ca%‬إذا رأ‪g%g% ?(JC$Y ?(J+‬ا
‪!70‬را " أي إذا رأ‪ <) ?(J+‬ا‪UJX‬ره? )< ‪NO‬ء ‪!Y‬ا‪ ŽR‬ا‪$%‬دة وآ‪?(9 7‬‬
‫و‪ /YCf‬و‪!G‬ه(? و‪ *$Y‬أ‪!%‬ا‪ ?(X‬و‪ ?( W‬و‪g%g% ?(JC$Y ?( -Y‬ا
‪!70‬را و ‪!a+‬ن )< ا‪ F CUJ%‬أ‪ *
*$Y‬ها و )< ا‪ 0#%‬‬
‫أ‪ *
*$Y‬ا‪ g%g-%‬ا‪!70#%‬ر ‪ 1-‬ا‪a#%‬ن ا‪O *$L%‬ل ‪JO‬د^ * أ< أ‪!+‬ب * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ # * S‬و ‪ *

:‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ *
/0%‬أ‪ ,Y‬إ ‪13$+‬‬
‫‪ F - .‬أ‪. ‚%‬دم آ‪. A‬دم ‪FCYf F - 
A# 1-‬‬

‫‪70‬‬

‫ِ ًا‬Cَ‫ً آ‬a-ْ
ُ ‫ً َو‬# ِ3َX &
َ +ْ َ‫َ ? َرأ‬W &
َ +ْ ‫َوِإذَا َرَأ‬ 
# 3X &+‫ ور " رأ‬$%‫ ة وا‬CL%‫( و 
) (
* ا‬29‫( وار‬J34‫( و‬# 3X‫ و‬/0%‫< )< ا‬03+ ‫ك‬0‫? " أي ه‬W " ,#L
+ &+‫وإذا رأ‬
.q‫( و‬0
G‫ و‬. ‫ر‬0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬.y ‫!ل‬E+ 1%39 S‫ أن ا‬Q L[%‫& )< ا‬CW‫ ه ا و‬X-4‫ و‬/# ‫ك‬0‫ ه‬S /a-#
‫ ا " أي‬C‫ آ‬a-
‫و‬
*‫ * ا‬/J.) <‫ * أ‬+!W \+ d *
‫ وي‬#%‫ ا‬w+,L%‫ )< ا‬0
,O ,O‫( و‬%7
‫ ة أ‬U‫  و‬X,%‫ ا‬A7
% ‫ إن‬: ( %‫! إ‬.‫ د‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫أه‬
^[O‫ أ‬1%‫ إ‬0+ /04 ‚%‫ ة أ‬$
Fa-
<) 0+ *#% /%m0
/0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬1X‫? " إن أد‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O #
,O‫ و‬1%39 ^,0 1Y‫ وأ‬/%m0
1-‫ ه! أ‬# 0… #) /0%‫!ن )< ا‬a+ *
1X‫د‬K 1%39 ^‫ذا آن ها ؤ‬t) " ^X‫ أد‬1%‫ إ‬0+ #‫آ‬
* ?%4 * /CE 0W,Y <-f!#%‫ر ا‬# * ,#L
0W,Y m+m3%‫ ا‬,C * <- 0W,Y ‫ل‬E) ‫ا‬,G C+ 7+,Y 0‫< هه‬X‫ ا‬C%‫روى ا‬
S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬F% ‫ل‬E) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬1%‫ إ‬/UCL%‫
* ا‬AG‫ء ر‬G ‫ل‬O # *‫ * ء * ا‬/CJ * ‫!ب‬+‫أ‬ 
# &-#‫ و‬F &0
q # &0
q ‫& إن‬+‫!ة أ) أ‬C0%‫!ان وا‬%K‫[!ر وا‬% 0 - ?J-N) S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ ‫ل‬E) " ?(2J4‫ وا‬A4 " ?-4‫ و‬F -
‫ل‬O ?W " ‫‚ م‬%‫ ة أ‬$
*
/0%‫!د )< ا‬4K‫ ى  ض ا‬% FX‫^ إ‬,  <$2X ‫ي‬%‫? وا‬3X " ‫ل‬O /0%‫ )< ا‬3
*Ra% <X‫ إ‬F &-#
‚%‫ أ‬/R
F% VJ‫^ آ‬,#L‫ و‬S‫ن ا‬LC4 ‫ل‬O *
‫ و‬S‫ ا‬,0 ,( ( F% ‫ آن‬S‫ إ ا‬F%‫ل  إ‬O *
" ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ر‬
‫? " إن‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬E) ‫ ؟‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ ‫ ها‬,3 -(X ‚ ‫ آ‬AG‫ل ر‬E) " /0$Y ‚%‫ ون أ‬U‫ و‬/3‫ وأر‬/0$Y
FJ#Y  S‫^ ا‬,#sJ+ ‫ إ أن‬F-‫ آ‬%‫ ذ‬20J$9 ‫د‬aJ) S‫? ا‬3X ‫ أو‬/#30%‫!م ا‬EJ) F-EWK ACG 1- {r‫! و‬% A#3% / 
E%‫!م ا‬+ <9; % AG %‫ا‬
‫ ى‬9 
‫ ى‬J% <0  ‫< وإن‬UCL%‫ل ا‬E) " ‫ ا‬C‫ آ‬a-
- F%!O 1%‫ إ‬- ‫ه‬,%‫ *
* ا‬Y ‫ن‬$Xn‫ ا‬1- 19‫ أ‬A‫!رة " ه‬$%‫& ه^ ا‬%mX‫" و‬
<) F %,+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬+‫ رأ‬,E%‫ و‬# *‫ل ا‬O F$2X &r) 1JY 1aCJ4) " ?3X " ‫ل‬O /0%‫ك )< ا‬0 
^,  F9 2Y .
‫َ(ُ!رًا‬d ً‫ َا‬
َ ْ?(ُ ‫َ ُه?ْ َر‬E4
َ َ‫ و‬/ٍ N 
ِ) ْ*
ِ َ‫َ ِور‬4‫!ا َأ‬-Y
ُ ‫ َ قٌ َو‬Cْ Jَ 4
ْ ‫ ٌ َوِإ‬N
ْ ُ. ‫س‬
ٍ ,ُ 0ْ 4
ُ ‫ب‬
ُ َ ِW ْ?(ُ َ ِ%َ
" ‫!ه‬LX‫[ن و‬#E%‫ آ‬+ L%‫س وه! ر) { ا‬,04 F0
‫ و‬+ L%‫ ) ( ا‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫س أه‬C% ‫ ق " أي‬CJ4‫ وإ‬N. ‫س‬,04 ‫ ب‬W ?( %
/N) *
‫ور‬4‫!ا أ‬-Y‫س " و‬C-%‫(!د )< ا‬3#%‫ ه! ا‬#‫ه آ‬%‫< ا‬-+ #
!‫ن وه‬3#%‫\ و‬+  F ) 
F0
‫ ق‬CJ4n‫(? وا‬X‫ا‬,‫< أ‬-+ #

‫ ذآ‬#%‫ " و‬+ Y ( ) ?(4C%‫ا و‬g%g%‫ و‬V‫ور
* ذه‬4‫!ن ) (
* أ‬-L+ " 1%39 ‫ل‬O #a) ‫ !ن‬E#%‫ ار وأ 
ا‬K‫ ا‬/2f ^‫" وه‬
‫ذى‬K‫ وا‬As%‫ وا‬,EL%‫ وا‬,$L%‫(?
* ا‬0d‫( !ا‬d ‫(!را " أي‬d ‫ه? ر(?  ا‬E4‫^" و‬,3 ‫ل‬O <-L%‫ وا‬+ L% ‫ه‬%‫ ا‬/0+‫ ز‬1%39
‫ ب‬1%‫ إ‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬1(JX‫ إذا ا‬: ‫ل‬O FX‫ أ‬F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬V%d <‫< * أ‬- * 0
g#%‫ * أ
ا‬0+‫ رو‬#‫ آ‬/T+‫ د‬%‫_ق ا‬.K‫ ا‬R4‫و‬
‫ ى‬.K‫!ا
* ا‬-$J ‫? ا‬W ‫(?
* أذى‬X! <) 
S‫ ا‬V‫ );ذه‬#‫اه‬,Y‫ !ا
* إ‬U) %‫!ا ذ‬#(%‫ أ‬#X;a) * 0  %0‫وا ه‬,G‫ و‬/0%‫ا‬
*dC%‫(? ا‬%#G‫ه و‬%‫(? ا‬%L 1%39‫ و‬FXLC4 C.;) ? 30%‫ ة ا‬NX ?( - ‫ ) ت‬.
‫ُ!رًا‬aU
ْ
َ ْ?aُ ُ 3ْ 4
َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫َاءً َوآ‬mَG ْ?aُ %َ َ‫ن َهَا آَن‬ 
‫ِإ‬
" 1%39 F%!E‫ " وآ‬/ %o%‫م ا‬+K‫? )< ا‬J2-4‫ أ‬# T 0‫!ا وا !ا ه‬-‫ " آ‬1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫ (? آ‬%‫ إ‬X$Y‫(? وإ‬% #+ a9 %‫(? ذ‬% ‫ل‬E+ ‫أي‬
A -E%‫ ا‬1- 1%39 S‫اآ? ا‬mG ‫!را " أي‬aU
?a 34 ‫" وآن‬1%39 F%!O‫!ن " و‬-#39 ?J0‫ آ‬# ‫!ه‬#JW‫ أور‬/0%‫? ا‬a-9 ‫!دوا أن‬X‫و‬
7a% .
After mentioning the blazing Fire He has prepared for these wretched people, Allah goes on to
say,
6 ‫ُ!رًا‬2‫ُ(َ آَـ‬G‫َا‬m
ِ َ‫س آَن‬
ٍ ;ْ ‫ن
ِ* َآ‬
َ !ُ َ U
ْ +َ َ‫ن ا  ْ َار‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, the Abrar (righteous believers) shall drink of a cup mixed with Kafur.) The properties
of the Kafur (camphor) are well known; cooling, having a nice fragrance and in addition to
this its taste will be delicious in Paradise. Al-Hasan said, "The coolness of the camphor will be
in the pleasantness of ginger.'' Thus Allah said,
6 ‫ِْ ًا‬29َ َ(َX‫ ُو‬
h 2َ ُ+ Fِ -%‫َدُ ا‬Cِ َ(ِ ‫ب‬
ُ َ U
ْ +َ ً0ْ 
َ
(A spring wherefrom the servants of Allah will drink, causing it to gush forth abundantly.)
meaning, this (drink) that will be mixed for these righteous people will be taken from Kafur,
which is a spring that Allah's close servants will drink directly from, without it being mixed
with anything, and they will drink to their fill from it. The word Yashrabu (to drink) includes
71

the meaning of Yarwa (to quench one's thirst). Allah then says,
6ً‫ِْ ا‬29َ َ(َX‫ ُو‬h2َ +ُ 
(causing it to gush forth abundantly (Tafjir).) meaning, they will have control of it however
and wherever they wish. They will have access to it from their castles, their homes, their
sitting rooms and their residences. At-Tafjir means to cause to gush forth or flow out. This is
as Allah says, 
ً!ُC0ْ َ+ ‫ض‬
ِ ْ‫* ا ر‬
َ
ِ َ0%َ َ ُ2ْ 9َ 1JY
َ َ%َ *
َ
ِ ْgX *َ% ْ‫ُ!ا‬%َO‫ َو‬6 (And they say: "We shall not believe in you until you
cause a spring to gush forth from the earth for us.) (17:90) And Allah says, 
‫(َ ا‬Xَ َ#(ُ َ-‫َـ‬-.
ِ َXْ َ)‫ َو‬6 (We caused a river to gush forth in the midst of them.) (18:33) Mujahid said,
6ً‫ِْ ا‬29َ َ(َX‫ ُو‬h2َ +ُ 
(causing it to gush forth abundantly.) "This means that they will divert it to wherever they
wish.'' `Ikrimah and Qatadah both made similar statements. Ath-Thawri said, "They will
cause it to flow wherever they wish.''
Allah says,
6 ‫ِ ًا‬Jَ $
ْ
ُ ُ^  
َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫َ!ْ
ً آ‬+ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ2‫َـ‬oَ+‫ْ ِر َو‬0%ِ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ)!ُ+
(They fulfill vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading.) meaning, they
devote to worship Allah using that which He made obligatory upon them from actions of
obligatory obedience that is based on Islamic legislation. They also worship Him by fulfilling
their vows. Imam Malik reported from Talhah bin `Abdul-Malik Al-Ayli, who reported from
Al-Qasim bin Malik, from `A'ishah that the Messenger of Allah said,
«Fِ[3ْ +َ َ-)َ S
َ ‫<ا‬
َ[
ِ ْ3+َ ْ‫ َرَ َأن‬Xَ ْ*
َ ‫ َو‬،ُF3ْ ِ ُ ْ-َ) S
َ ‫ِ َ{ ا‬+ُ ْ‫ َ َر َأن‬Xَ ْ*
َ »
(Whoever makes a vow to obey Allah, then he should obey Him. And whoever makes a vow to
disobey Allah, then he should not disobey Him.) Al-Bukhari also recorded this Hadith from
Malik. These people also abandon those forbidden things which He (Allah) has prohibited for
them, due to their fear of having an evil reckoning on the Day of Return. This is the Day when
the evil will spread out among all people except for those upon whom Allah has had mercy.
Ibn `Abbas said, "Spreading.'' Qatadah said, "By Allah! The evil of that Day will spread until
it fills the heavens and the earth.'' Concerning Allah's statement,
6ِFCh ُY 1َ-َ ‫َ َم‬3%‫ن ا‬
َ !ُ#3ِ 
ْ +ُ ‫ َو‬
(And they give food, inspite of their love for it,) It has been said that this means the love of
Allah, the Most High. In their view the pronoun refers to Allah. However, the most apparent
meaning is that the pronoun refers to the food. This would mean, they give food while they
themselves love it and desire it. This was stated by Mujahid and Muqatil, and it was the
preferred opinion of Ibn Jarir. This is similar to Allah's statement, 
FhCY
ُ 1َ-َ ‫َ َل‬#%ْ ‫ ا‬1َ9‫ َوءَا‬6 (And gives his wealth, in spite of love for it.) (2:177) Allah also says,

72 

‫!ن‬CL
ِ ُ9 #
ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬Eِ20ُ9 1JY
َ  Cِ ْ%‫ُ!اْ ا‬%َ0َ9 *َ%6 (By no means shall you attain Al-Birr unless you spend of that
which you love.) (3:92) In the Sahih, there is a Hadith which states,
« ْE2َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1َUo
ْ 9َ ‫ َو‬1َ0sِ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aُ
ُ ;ْ 9َ ،ٌQ ِL
َ ٌQ ِLf
َ &
َ Xْ َ‫ق َوأ‬
َ , [
َ َ9 ْ‫ َأن‬/ِ Oَ َ,[ 
%‫ ا‬Aُ َNْ)‫»َأ‬
(The best charity is that which you give while you are healthy, covetous, hoping for wealth and
fearing poverty.) This means in the condition of your love for wealth, your eagerness for it and
your need for it. Thus, Allah says,
6 ‫ِ ًا‬4‫ً َوَأ‬# ِJ+َ ‫ً َو‬0 ِa$
ْ
ِ Fِ Ch Y
ُ 1َ-
َ َ‫َم‬3 
%‫ن ا‬
َ !ُ#3ِ 
ْ ُ+‫ َو‬
(And they give food, inspite of their love for it, to the poor, the orphan and the captive,)
Concerning the poor person and the orphan, an explanation of them and their characteristics
has already preceded. In reference to the captive, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Al-Hasan and Ad-Dahhak
all said, "He is the captive among the people of the Qiblah (i.e., the Muslims).'' Ibn `Abbas
said, "At that time (when this Ayah was revealed) their (the Muslims') captives were
idolators.'' Proof for this is that on the day of Badr the Messenger of Allah commanded his
Companions to treat the captives respectfully. They (the Companions) would give them
preference over themselves when eating their meals. `Ikrimah said, "They (captives) are the
slaves.'' Ibn Jarir preferred this opinion since the Ayah generally refers to both the Muslim
and the idolators. Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ata', Al-Hasan and Qatadah all made similar statements.
The Messenger of Allah advised treating servants well in more than one Hadith. This held
such importance with him that the last statement of advice that he gave (before dying) was his
saying,
«?ُaXُ َ#+ْ ‫&ْ َأ‬aَ -َ
َ َ
‫َةَ َو‬-[%‫»ا‬
(The prayer (As-Salah) and what your right hand possesses (slaves).) Mujahid said, "He (the
captive) is the prisoner.'' This means that these (righteous) people give food to others even
though they themselves desire it and love it, saying at the same time, 
F-%‫ ا‬Fِ G
ْ !َ ِ% ْ?ُa#ُ 3ِ ْXُ َ#X ‫ِإ‬6 (We feed you seeking Allah's Face only.) meaning, hoping for the reward of
Allah and His pleasure.
6ً‫ُ!را‬a
ُ َ ‫ ًء َو‬qَmG
َ ْ?ُa0ِ
ُ,+ِ Xُ َ 
(We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you.) meaning, `we do not seek any reward from
you in return for it. We also are not seeking for you to thank us in front of the people.'
Mujahid and Sa`id bin Jubayr both said, "By Allah! They do not say this with their tongues,
but rather, Allah knows it in their hearts and He commends them for it. Every seeker should
seek after this.''
6 ‫ ًا‬+ِ َ#ْ Oَ ً4!ُC
َ ً
ْ!+َ َ0h‫ف
ِ* ر‬
ُ َoXَ X‫ِإ‬
(Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day that is `Abus and Qamtarir.) meaning, `we only do this
so that perhaps Allah may have mercy on us and treat us with gentleness on the Day that is
`Abus and Qamtarir.' `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas, "`Abus means difficult
and Qamtarir means long.'' `Ikrimah and others said from Ibn Abbas,
6ً‫ ا‬+ِ 
َ #ْ Oَ ً4!ُC
َ ً
ْ!َ+
73

(a Day that is `Abus and Qamtarir (hard and distressful, that will make the faces look
horrible from extreme dislike to it.)) "The disbeliever will frown on that day until sweat will
flow between his eyes like tar.'' Mujahid said, "Abus `Abis means (frowning with) the two lips
and Qamtarir means drawing up the face in a scowl.'' Sa`id bin Jubayr and Qatadah said,
"Faces will be made to frown due to dismay. Qamtarir is the contraction of the forehead and
what is between the two eyes due to dismay.'' Ibn Zayd said, " `Abus is the evil and Qamtarir
is the severity.''
Allah says, 
‫ ُورا‬4
ُ ‫ َ ةً َو‬N
ْ Xَ ْ?(ُ ‫ـ‬Eَ%‫ َ! ِم َو‬%ْ ‫ ا‬
َ ِ%َ‫  ذ‬
َ Fُ -%‫َـ ُ( ُ? ا‬O!َ َ) 6 (So, Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and
gave them Nadrah (a light of beauty) and joy.) This is used as a way of eloquence in stating
similarity (i.e., two similar things). 
‫ َ!م‬%ْ ‫ ا‬
َ %َِ‫  ذ‬
َ Fُ -%‫َـ ُ( ُ? ا‬O!َ )َ 6 (So, Allah saved them from the evil of that Day,) meaning, He protects
them from that which they fear of it. 
‫ْ َة‬NXَ ْ?(ُ ‫ـ‬Eَ%‫ َو‬6 (and gave them Nadrah (a light of beauty)) meaning, in their faces. 
‫ ُورا‬4
ُ ‫ َو‬6 (And joy) in their hearts. Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Qatadah, Abu `Aliyah and Ar-Rabi` bin
Anas all stated this. This is similar to Allah's statement,
6 ٌ‫ َ ة‬U
ِ Cْ Jَ $
ْ 
ٌ/aَ L
ِ ‫َـ‬r - ٌ‫ِ َ ة‬2$
ْ 
ٍ Tِ
َ ْ!+َ ٌ^!ُG‫ ُو‬
(Some faces that Day will be bright, laughing, rejoicing at good news.) This is because if the
heart is happy, then the face will be enlightened. As Ka`b bin Malik said in his lengthy Hadith
about Allah's Messenger , whenever he was happy, then his face will be radiant until it will be
as if it is a piece of the moon. `A'ishah said, "The Messenger of Allah entered into my home
happy and his facial expression was glowing.'' And the Hadith continues. dAllah then says,
6ْ‫َ ُوا‬Cf
َ َ#ِ ْ?‫َا ُه‬mَG‫ َو‬
(And their recompense because they were patient) meaning, due to their patience He will give
them, bestow upon them and accommodate them with Paradise and silken garments. This
means a home that is spacious, a delightful life and fine clothing. Al-Hafiz Ibn `Asakir said in
his biography of Hisham bin Sulayman Ad-Darani, "Surat Al-Insan was recited to Abu
Sulayman Ad-Darani, and when the reciter reached the Ayah where Allah says,
6 ‫ ًا‬+ِ Y
َ ‫ َو‬/ً 0 G
َ ْ‫َ ُوا‬Cf
َ َ#ِ ْ?‫َا ُه‬mَG‫ َو‬
(And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient.) he
(Abu Sulayman) said, `Because they were patient in leaving off their desires in the world.'''
Allah tells us about the people of Paradise and the eternal delights they will experience, as
well as the comprehensive favors that they will be given. Allah says,
6ِِR‫ ا رَا‬1َ-َ َ( ِ) َ* ِTِaJ 

(Reclining therein on raised couches.) This has already been discussed in Surat As-Saffat and
the difference of opinion about the meaning of reclining. Is it lying down, reclining on the
74

elbows, sitting down cross-legged, or being firmly seated We have also mentioned that the AlAra'ik are couches beneath curtained canopies. Concerning Allah's statement,
6ً‫ ا‬+ِ (َ
ْ َ‫ً وَ َ ز‬$ْ#
َ َ( ِ) َ‫ َ وْن‬+َ َ 
(they will see there neither the excessive heat, nor the excessive bitter cold.) meaning, there
will be no disturbing heat with them, nor any painful cold, rather there will only be one
climate that will be always and eternal and they will not want it to be changed. 

َ(ُ-‫َـ‬-ِ… ْ?(ِ ْ -َ
َ /ً َ ِX‫ َودَا‬6 (And the shade thereof is close upon them.) meaning, the branches will be
close to them.
6ً_ ِ%ْ9َ َ()ُ !ُOُ ْ&-َh%‫ َو ُذ‬
(And the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low within their reach.) meaning, whenever he
attempts to get any fruit, it will come nearer to him and come down from its highest branch as
if it hears and obeys. This is as Allah says in another Ayah, 
‫* دَان‬
ِ ْ َJ0 َ%ْ ‫ ا‬1َ0َG‫ َو‬6 (And fruits of the two gardens will be near at hand.) (55:54) Allah also says, 
/َ Xِ ‫ُ! ُ)(َ دَا‬Oُ 6 (The fruits in bunches whereof will be low and near at hand.) (69:23) Mujahid
said,
6ً_ ِ%ْ9َ َ()ُ !ُOُ ْ&-َh%‫ َو ُذ‬
(And the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low within their reach.) "If he stands it will rise
with him an equal amount, if he sits it will lower itself for him so that he can reach it and if he
lies down it will lower itself for him more so that he can reach it. So this is Allah's statement, 
_ ِ%ْ9َ 6 (will hang low within their reach). '' Qatadah said, "No thorn or distance will repel their
hands away from it (the fruit).''
Allah says,
6ٍ‫ َوَأآْ!اب‬/ٍ N 
ِ) *h
/ٍ َ Xِ َ‫ ْ ِ(?ْ ِـ‬-ََ ُ‫َف‬+ُ ‫ َو‬
(And among them will be passed round vessels of silver and cups of crystal) meaning, servants
will go around them with containers of food made of silver and cups of drink. These are
drinking vessels that do not have handles or spouts. Then Allah says,
6ٍ/N)ِ *ِ
‫ َ ْا‬+ِ‫!َار‬Oَ ْ‫ َ ا‬+ِ‫َ!َار‬O
((Qawarir) Crystal-clear, made of silver.) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Al-Hasan Al-Basri and others
have all said, "It (Qawarir) is the whiteness of silver in the transparency of glass.'' Qawarir is
only made of glass. So these cups are made of silver, but due to their fine thinness, what is
inside of them will be visible from outside of them (as if they are glass). This is among the
things of which there is nothing like in this world. Allah said,

75

6ً‫ ا‬+ِ,Eْ 9َ َ‫رُوه‬, Oَ 
(They will determine the measure thereof.) meaning, according to the amount that will quench
their thirst. It will not be more than that nor less than it, rather it will be prepared in an
amount that is suitable for quenching the thirst of their drinkers. This is the meaning of the
statement of Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Salih, Qatadah, Ibn Abza,
`Abdullah bin `Ubayd bin `Umayr, Ash-Sha`bi and Ibn Zayd. This was stated by Ibn Jarir
and others. This is the most excellent provision, distinction and honor.
Allah says, 
_ ِCَXَ‫ُ(َ ز‬G‫َا‬m
ِ َ‫ً آَن‬4ْ;َ‫ن )ِ (َ آ‬
َ ْ!َE$
ْ +ُ َ‫ و‬6 (And they will be given to drink there of a cup mixed with
Zanjabil (ginger),) meaning, they -- the righteous -- will also be given a drink from these cups. 
4ْ;‫ َآ‬6 (a cup) meaning, a drink of wine.
6ً_ ِC
َ Xَ‫ُ(َ ز‬G‫َا‬m
ِ َ‫آَن‬
(mixed with Zanjabil (ginger),) So on one occasion they will be given a drink that is mixed
with camphor, and it is cool. Then on another occasion they will be given a drink mixed with
ginger, and it is hot. This is so that their affair will be balanced. However, those who are
nearest to Allah, they will drink from all of it however they wish, as Qatadah and others have
said. The statement of Allah has already preceded which says, 
F-%‫َدُ ا‬C
ِ َ(ِ ‫ب‬
ُ َ U
ْ +َ ً0ْ 
َ 6 (A spring wherefrom the servants of Allah will drink.) (76:6) And here
Allah says,
6_
ً ِC$
َ -ْ 4
َ 1#$
َ 9ُ َ( ِ) ً0ْ َ
(A spring there, called Salsabil.) `Ikrimah said, "It (Salsabil) is the name of a spring in
Paradise.'' Mujahid said, "It is called this due to its continuous flowing and the severity of its
current.''
Allah says,
6 ‫ُ!رًا‬70
‫ًا‬gُ%ْgُ% ْ?(ُ Jَ Cْ $
ِ َY ْ?(ُ Jَ +ْ ‫ن ِإذَا َرَأ‬
َ ‫ُو‬,-َo 
ٌ‫ن‬,َ %ْ ِ‫ ْ ِ(?ْ و‬-ََ ‫ف‬
ُ !ُ+َ َ‫و‬
(And round about them will (serve) boys of everlasting youth. If you see them, you would
think them scattered pearls.) meaning, young boys from the boys of Paradise will go around
serving the people of Paradise.
6َ‫ُون‬,-َo 

(everlasting youth.) meaning, in one state forever which they will be never changing from,
they will not increase in age. Those who have described them as wearing earings in their ears
have only interpreted the meaning in such a way because a child is befitting of this description
and not an adult man. Concerning Allah's statement,
6ً‫ُ!را‬70
‫ًا‬gُ%ْg%ُ ْ?(ُ Jَ Cْ $
ِ Y
َ ْ?(ُ َJ+ْ ‫ِإذَا َرَأ‬

76

(If you see them, you would think them scattered pearls.) meaning, when you see them
dispersing to fulfill the needs of their masters, their great number, their beautiful faces,
handsome colors, fine clothing and ornaments, you would think that they were scattered
pearls. There is no better quality than this, nor is there anything nicer to look at than
scattered pearls in a beautiful place. Allah says, 
&ْ+‫ َوِإذَا َرَأ‬6 (And when you look) meaning, `when you see it, O Muhammad.' 
?ُW6 (there) meaning, there. This refers to Paradise and its beauty, its vastness, its loftiness and
the joy and happiness it contains.
6ً‫ِ ا‬Cَ‫ً آ‬aْ-
ُ ‫ً َو‬# ِ3Xَ &
َ +ْ ‫ َرَأ‬
(You will see a delight, and a great dominion.) meaning, there will be a great kingdom that
belongs to Allah and a dazzling, splendid dominion. It has been confirmed in the Sahih that
Allah will say to the last of the people of the Fire to be taken out of it, and the last of the
people to enter into Paradise,
«َ(%َِ7
ْ ‫ َ َة َأ‬U
َ 
َ ‫ َ َو‬Xْ , %‫ ا‬Aَ 7ْ
ِ ََ% ‫ن‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(verily, you will have similar to the world and ten worlds like it (in addition to it).'') If this is
what He will give to the least of those who will be in Paradise, then what do you think about
the one who will have a higher status and will be favored even more by Allah , nor any painful
cold, rather there will only be one climate that will be always and eternal and they will not
want it to be changed. This refers to Paradise and its beauty, its vastness, its loftiness and the
joy and happiness it contains.
6ً‫ِ ا‬Cَ‫ً آ‬aْ-
ُ ‫ً َو‬# ِ3Xَ &
َ +ْ ‫ َرَأ‬
(You will see a delight, and a great dominion.) meaning, there will be a great kingdom that
belongs to Allah and a dazzling, splendid dominion. It has been confirmed in the Sahih that
Allah will say to the last of the people of the Fire to be taken out of it, and the last of the
people to enter into Paradise,
«َ(%َِ7
ْ ‫ َ َة َأ‬U
َ 
َ ‫ َ َو‬Xْ , %‫ ا‬Aَ 7ْ
ِ ََ% ‫ن‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(verily, you will have similar to the world and ten worlds like it (in addition to it).'') If this is
what He will give to the least of those who will be in Paradise, then what do you think about
the one who will have a higher status and will be favored even more by Allah
Allah says,
6ٌ‫ َ ق‬Cْ َJ4
ْ ‫ْ ٌ َوِإ‬N.
ُ ٍ‫س‬,ُ 0ُ4 ‫ب‬
ُ َ Wِ ْ?(ُ َ ِ-‫َـ‬
(Their garments will be of fine green silk, and Istabraq.) meaning, among the garments of the
people of Paradise is silk and Sundus, which is a high quality silk. These garments will be
shirts and similar clothing from the undergarments. Concerning Istabraq (velvet), from it
there is that which has a glitter and shimmer to it, and it is that which is worn as outer clothes,
just as is well-known in clothing.

77 

/Nِ) *ِ
‫َ ِو َر‬4‫!اْ َأ‬-ُY‫ َو‬6 (They will be adorned with bracelets of silver,) This is a description of the
righteous. In reference to those who will be near to Allah, then their description is as Allah
says,
6ٌ +ِ Y
َ َ( ِ) ْ?(ُ 4
ُ َCِ%‫ًا َو‬gُ%ْg%َُ‫ و‬V
ٍ ‫َوِ َر
ِ* َذ َه‬4‫ن )ِ (َ ِ
*ْ َأ‬
َ ْ!-L
َ +ُ 
(Wherein they will be adorned with bracelets of gold and pearls and their garments therein
will be of silk.) (22:23) After Allah mentions the outward beautification with silk and
ornaments, He then says,
6ً‫َ(ُ!را‬d ً‫ َا‬
َ ْ?(ُ  َ‫َـ ُ(?ْ ر‬E4
َ ‫ َو‬
(and their Lord will give them a purifying drink.) meaning, it will purify their insides of envy,
despise, hatred, harm and the other reprehensible character traits. This is just as we have
recorded from the Commander of the believers, `Ali bin Abi Talib, that he said, "When the
people of Paradise come to the Gate of Paradise, they will find two springs there. Then it will
be as if they were inspired with what to do, so they will drink from one of them and Allah will
remove whatever harmfulness there may be within them. Then they will bathe in the other
spring and a glow of delight will run all over them. Thus, Allah informs of their outward
condition and their inner beauty.'' Allah then says, 
‫ُ!را‬aU
ْ 
?ُa ُ 3ْ 4
َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ ًء َوآ‬qَmG
َ ْ?aُ %َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ن هَـَا آ‬ 
‫ ِإ‬6 (Verily, this is a reward for you, and your endeavor has
been accepted.) meaning, this will be said to them in honor of them and as a goodness towards
them. This is as Allah says, 
/َ ِ%َo%ْ ‫ ِم ا‬+ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ?Jُ 2ْ -َْ4‫َ َأ‬#ِ ًَT ِ0‫ َ ُ!اْ َه‬
ْ ‫ُ!اْ وَا‬-‫ ُآ‬6 (Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent forth
before you in days past!) (69:24) Allah also says, 
‫ُ!ن‬-#َ 3ْ 9َ ْ?Jُ 0ُ‫َ آ‬#ِ َ‫ُ!ه‬#Jُ Wْ ‫ أُو ِر‬/ُ 0 َ%ْ ‫?ُ ا‬aُ ْ-9ِ ‫ُ!دُواْ أَن‬X‫ َو‬6 (And it will be cried out to them: "This is the Paradise
which you have inherited for what you used to do.'') (7:43) Then Allah says, 
‫ُ!را‬aU
ْ 
?ُa ُ 3ْ 4
َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ َوآ‬6 (and your endeavor has been accepted) mean- ing, `Allah the Exalted will
reward you for a small amount (of deeds) with a large amount (of reward).'.

78

12. QS Al Haqqah 69 : 19-24

ْF َ C‫َـ‬J‫ َ ُؤاْ ِآ‬Oْ ‫ُ! ُل هَ ُؤ ُم ا‬E َ )َ Fِ 0ِ ِ# َ ِ Fُ Cَ ‫َـ‬J‫ ِآ‬1
َ 9ِ ‫ َ)َ; 
َ
*ْ أُو‬
ْF َ ِ َ$Y
ِ \
ٍ ‫َـ‬-
ُ 1hX‫& َأ‬
ُ 0َ0…
َ 1hX‫ ِإ‬ٍ/ َ r
ِ ‫ را‬/ٍ U
َ ِ 1ِ) !َ (ُ َ) /ٍ َ ِ%َ /ٍ 0 G
َ 1ِ) ٌ/ َ Xِ ‫ُ! ُ)(َ دَا‬Oُ - /َ ِ%َoْ%‫مِ ا‬+ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ?Jُ 2ْ -َ4
ْ ‫َ َأ‬#ِ ًَT ِ0‫ َ ُ! ْا َه‬
ْ ‫ُ! ْا وَا‬-‫ ُآ‬6
69:19. Adapun orang-orang yang diberikan kepadanya kitabnya dari sebelah kanannya,
maka dia berkata: Ambillah, bacalah kitabku (ini)".
69:20. Sesungguhnya aku yakin, bahwa sesungguhnya aku akan menemui hisab terhadap
diriku.
69:21. Maka orang itu berada dalam kehidupan yang diridai,
69:22. dalam surga yang tinggi.
69:23. Buah-buahannya dekat,
69:24. (kepada mereka dikatakan): "Makan dan minumlah dengan sedap disebabkan amal
yang telah kamu kerjakan pada hari-hari yang telah lalu".
(19. Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand will say: "Here! read my
Record!'')
(20. "Surely, I did believe that I shall meet my account!'')
(21. So, he shall be in a life, well-pleasing.)
(22. In a lofty Paradise,)
(23. The fruits in bunches whereof will be low and near at hand.)
(24. Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past!)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
Fْ َ ِ َJ‫ َءُوا ِآ‬Oْ ‫ُ! ُل هَ ُؤ ُم ا‬Eَ )َ Fِ 0ِ ِ# َ ِ Fُ َ َJ‫< ِآ‬
َ 9ِ ‫َ)َ; 
َ
*ْ أُو‬
‫ ءوا‬O‫ " هؤم ا‬F E% *
Aa% ‫!ل‬E+ FY ) ‫ة‬, *
FX‫ وأ‬% FY )‫ و‬F0 #  / 
E%‫!م ا‬+ FJ‫ آ‬19g+ *
‫دة‬34 * 1%39 Co+
* *#Y %‫ ا‬,C ‫ل‬O ‫ت‬0$Y F9T 4 S‫ل ا‬, *#
FXK /NL
‫ت‬0$Y‫ و‬. F ) ‫ي‬%‫? أن ا‬-3+ FXK F J‫ ءوا آ‬O‫وا ا‬. ‫" أي‬F J‫آ‬ 
0W,Y ?9Y 1‫ل ا* أ‬O ,O‫ هآ? و‬103# (X‫ه أ‬%‫ل وا‬O ‫ة آا‬,R‫ وؤم زا‬F J‫ ءوا آ‬O‫ " أي ه ا‬F J‫ ءوا آ‬O‫ " هؤم ا‬103
,+‫ز‬
*
J4 <) F0 #  FJ‫ آ‬13+ *
g#%‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬O ‫ن‬#7 <‫!ل * أ‬YK‫? ا‬f X C.‫ * هرون أ‬,+m+ 0W,Y <4‫!ا‬%‫ * 
ا‬U
‫ل‬O ‫ت‬0$Y &%, ,O F9T 4 ‫ذا‬t) 0+ ?W FX!% F %‫{ إ‬G ) ‫ ؤه‬E ) F90$L #+ 1JY FX!% s9 /T 4 ‫ أ‬O #-a) F9T 4 ‫ أ‬E ) S‫ا‬
‫ة‬, C * 14!
0W,Y ‫دة‬C * ‫ روح‬0W,Y /#-4 * , %!%‫ إ اه ? * ا‬0W,Y <‫ أ‬0W,Y‫ و‬. F J‫ ءوا آ‬O‫!ل هؤم ا‬E+ %‫ ذ‬,03)
(… <) F9T 4 (+ ‫ي أي‬,C ) / 
E%‫!م ا‬+ ^,C ‚O!+ S‫ل إن ا‬O /aR_#%‫ ا‬A $ /-0Y * S‫ ا‬,C * S‫ ا‬,C <X C.‫أ‬
79

‫ ءوا‬O‫ هؤم ا‬%‫ ذ‬,0 ‫!ل‬E ) . % ‫ ت‬2 ,O <X‫ وإ‬F LN)‫? أ‬% <X‫ إ‬F% ‫!ل‬E ) ‫? أي رب‬3X ‫!ل‬E ) ‫& ها‬-# &X‫ أ‬F% ‫!ل‬E ) FJ2 Lf
* AT4 * Y # *‫ ا‬w+,Y Q L[%‫م )< ا‬,E9 ,O‫ و‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ FJL N) *
X * Y " F $Y ‫<
_ق‬X‫& أ‬00… <X‫ " إ‬F J‫آ‬
,O FX‫ إذا رأى أ‬1JY (-‫ آ‬F!X ^‫ ر‬E ) / 
E%‫!م ا‬+ ,C3%‫ ا‬S‫< ا‬X,+ " ‫!ل‬E+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬3#4 ‫ل‬E) ‫!ى‬0%‫ا‬
‫!ل‬E ) \)0#%‫) وا‬a%‫ وأ 
ا‬F0 #  F90$Y ‫ب‬J‫ آ‬13+ ?W ‫ !م‬%‫ ا‬% ‫ ه‬2 ‫ أ‬X‫  وأ‬X,%‫  )< ا‬- (9 J4 <X‫ إ‬1%39 S‫ل ا‬O -‫ه‬
* #%%‫ ا‬1- S‫ ا‬/03% ‫ ر(? أ‬1- ‫* آ!ا‬+%‫ء ا‬g‫(د ه‬K‫ " ا‬.
Fْ َ ِ َ$Y
ِ ٍ‫َق‬-
ُ <hX‫& َأ‬
ُ 0ْ 0َ …
َ <hX‫ِإ‬
*+%‫ " ا‬1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫ آ‬/%L
 *R‫ !م آ‬%‫  أن ها ا‬X,%‫ )< ا‬0O!
&0‫ آ‬,O ‫ " أي‬F $Y ‫<
_ق‬X‫& أ‬00… <X‫ " إ‬1%39 F%!O‫و‬
?(‫! ر‬O_
?(X‫!ن أ‬0+ " .
/ٍ َ r
ِ ‫ رَا‬/ٍ U
َ ِ <ِ) !َ (ُ َ)
/ r
‫ أي‬.
/ٍ َ ِ%َ /ٍ 0 G
َ <ِ)
* <- * *$L%‫ ا‬/CJ !‫ أ‬0W,Y <‫ أ‬0W,Y ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O . ‫!ره‬CY ?R‫ دوره دا‬/# 3X ‫!ره‬Y ‫ن‬$Y ‫[!ره‬O /3 )‫أي ر‬
/ 

‫& أ أ‬3#4 ‫ل‬O ‫!د‬4K‫_م ا‬4 <‫ * أ‬7‫ * أ< آ‬1 L+ * ‚4!+ * , 34 * ‫ *  ش‬A #4‫ إ‬0W,Y <X!a$%‫? ا‬-$

/G‫ر‬,%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬1%‫  إ‬-3%‫ ا‬/G‫ر‬,%‫ ا‬A‫} أه‬C( % FX‫? إ‬3X " ‫ل‬O /0%‫ ا‬A‫اور أه‬mJ+ A‫? ه‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬AG‫;ل ر‬4 ‫ل‬O
<) &CW ,O‫(? " و‬%#‫[ (? أ‬E9 * -K‫ ا‬1%‫ون إ‬,3[+ 1-2$%‫ ا‬/G‫ر‬,%‫ ا‬A‫ { أه‬J$+ ‫ (? و‬- ‫!ن‬#-$+‫(? و‬X! L ) 1-2$%‫ا‬
‫رض‬K‫ء وا‬#$%‫  * ا‬#‫ * آ‬JG‫ در‬A‫ 
 * آ‬/G‫ در‬/R
/0%‫ " إن ا‬Q L[%‫ " ا‬.
ٌ/ َ Xِ ‫ُ! ُ)(َ دَا‬Oُ
‫ ن‬24 * ‫ ي‬,%‫< * ا‬X‫ ا‬C%‫ل ا‬O ,Y‫ل وا‬O ‫ ^ وآا‬+ 4 1- ?RX !‫ه? وه‬,Y‫( أ‬%‫و‬0J+ /C+ O ‫ اء * زب أي‬C%‫ل ا‬O 
"?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O <4‫ر‬2%‫ن ا‬#-4 * ‫ر‬$+ * ‫? * ء‬3X‫د * أ‬+‫* * ز‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C * ‫!ري‬7%‫ا‬
‫ " وآا‬/ X‫!)( دا‬O / % /0G ^!-.‫_ن * )_ن أد‬2% S‫ب
* ا‬J‫ ? ها آ‬Y %‫* ا‬#Y %‫ ا‬S‫? ا‬$ : ‫ إ !از‬/0%‫ ا‬,Y‫ أ‬A.,+
S‫!ل ا‬4‫ن * ر‬#-4 * ‫ي‬,(0%‫ن ا‬#7 <‫< * أ‬# J%‫ن ا‬# -4 * , 34 * ‫ان‬,34 \+ d *
/0%‫ ا‬/2f <) ‫ ء‬N%‫روا^ ا‬
‫_ن‬2% ? aL%‫ ا‬m+m3%‫ ا‬S‫ب
* ا‬J‫ ? ها آ‬Y %‫* ا‬#Y %‫ ا‬S‫? ا‬$ : ‫[ اط‬%‫ ا‬1- ‫!ازا‬G *
g#%‫ ا‬13+ " ‫ل‬O ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f
/ X‫!)( دا‬O / % /0G ^!-.‫ " أد‬.
/ِ َ %َِo%ْ ‫مِ ا‬+َ;%ْ ‫?ْ )ِ< ا‬Jُ 2ْ َ-4
ْ ‫َ َأ‬#ِ ًT ِ0‫ َ ُ!ا َه‬
ْ ‫ُ!ا وَا‬-ُ‫آ‬
" ‫ل‬O FX‫? أ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ * ر‬Q L[%‫& )< ا‬CW ,E) ‫ وإ‬X$Y‫ 
وإ‬3X‫ وإ‬X0J
‫ (? وا‬- _N29 %‫(? ذ‬% ‫ل‬E+ ‫أي‬
<X,#sJ+ ‫ إ أن‬X‫ل " و أ‬O S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ &X‫!ا و أ‬%O " /0%‫ ا‬F-# F-.,+ *% ?a0
‫ا‬,Y‫!ا أن أ‬#-‫ر!ا وا‬O‫دوا و‬,4‫!ا و‬-#‫ا‬
AN)‫ و‬F0
/#Y  S‫ " ا‬.
Allah informs of the happiness of those who receive their Book in the right hand on the Day of
Judgement and being pleased with this. Out of his extreme pleasure is his saying to everyone
that he meets,
6ْF َ C‫َـ‬J‫ َ ُؤ ْا ِآ‬Oْ ‫هَ ُؤ ُم ا‬
(Here! read my Record!) meaning, `take my Book and read it.' He will say this because he
knows that what is in it is good and purely virtuous deeds. He will be of those whom Allah
replaced their bad deeds (evils) with good deeds. `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd said, "The
meaning of
6ْF َ C‫َـ‬J‫ َ ُؤ ْا ِآ‬Oْ ‫هَ ُؤ ُم ا‬
80

(Here! read my Record!) is `Here, read my Book.'... The suffix `Um' is a grammatical
addition.'' This is what he (`Abdur-Rahman) said. It seems apparent that the suffix `Um'
means here `you all.' Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `Abdullah bin `Abdullah bin Hanzalah and he (Hanzalah) was the Companion who was washed by the angels for his funeral - said,
"Verily, Allah will stop His servant on the Day of Judgement and He will make his sins appear
on the outside of his Book of Records. Then He will say to him, `Did you do this' The servant
will respond, `Yes my Lord.' Then Allah will say to him, `I will not expose you (or dishonor
you) for it, for verily, I have forgiven you. ' The person will then say, `Here (you all) read my
Book!'''
6 Fْ َ َِ$Y
ِ \
ٍ ‫َـ‬-
ُ 1hX‫& َأ‬
ُ 0َ0َ… 1hX‫ِإ‬
(Surely, I did believe that I shall meet my account!) This will be when he (the servant of Allah)
will be saved from being disgraced and exposed on the Day of Judgement. In the Sahih, it is
recorded from Ibn `Umar that he was asked about the private counsel. He responded by
saying that he heard the Messenger of Allah saying, 
َ‫ِ ُ ه‬2
ْ ‫َ َأ‬X‫ َ َوَأ‬Xْ ,%‫ ْ َ )ِ< ا‬-َ
َ َ(9ُ ْ Jَ 4
َ <hX‫ ِإ‬:1%َ39َ S
ُ ‫َ َل ا‬O 
َ -َ‫ْ َه‬,Oَ Fُ X ‫ ِإذَا َرأَى َأ‬1ْJY
َ ،َ(h-‫ ُآ‬Fِ ِ !ُXُ ِ ُ^‫ ُر‬h Eَ ُ َ) /ِ
َ َ ِE%ْ ‫!ْ َم ا‬+َ َ,Cْ 3َ %ْ ‫ُ ا‬S‫ِ< ا‬Xْ,+ُ »
‫(َ ُد‬
ْ َ;%ْ ‫ُ! ُل ا‬E َ َ) \
ُ )ِ َ0#ُ ْ%‫َ ِ) ُ وَا‬a%ْ ‫ َوَأ 
ا‬.Fِ0 ِ# َ ِ Fِ 9ِ َ0$
َ َY ‫ب‬
َ َJِ‫ آ‬1َ3ْ +ُ ?Wُ ،َ‫ َ ْ!م‬%ْ ‫َ ا‬%َ
«6َ* ِ#-ِ‫ـ‬%‫ ا‬1َ-
َ Fِ -%‫ ا‬/ُ 0َ ْ3%َ َ ‫ ِ(?ْ َأ‬h َ‫ ر‬1َ-َ ‫* َآَُ! ْا‬
َ +ِ%‫ُ ِء ا‬g‫هَـ‬
(Allah will bring the servant close (to Him) on the Day of Judgement and make him confess all
of his sins. This will continue until the servant thinks that he is about to be destroyed. Then
Allah will say, "Verily, I have concealed these sins for you in the worldly life and I have
forgiven you for them today.'' Then he will be given his Book of good deeds in his right hand.
However, about the disbeliever and the hypocrite, the witnesses will say, ("These are those
who lied on their Lord, and verily, the curse of Allah is on the wrongdoers.'')) Allah's
statement,
6 Fْ َ َِ$Y
ِ \
ٍ ‫َـ‬-
ُ 1hX‫& َأ‬
ُ 0َ0َ… 1hX‫ِإ‬
(Surely, I did believe that I shall meet my account!) means, `I used to be certain in the worldly
life that this day would definitely come.' This is as Allah says,
6ْ?(ِ h ‫ُ!ا َر‬E‫َـ‬- 
?ُ(X‫!نَ َأ‬0
ُ +َ َ*+ِ%‫ا‬
((They are those) who are certain that they are going to meet their Lord.) (2:46) Allah then
says,
6 /ٍ َ ِr‫ را‬/ٍ U
َ ِ 1ِ) !َ (ُ َ)
(So he shall be in a life, well-pleasing.) (69:21) meaning, pleasant.
6 /ٍ َ ِ%َ ٍ/0 G
َ 1ِ)
(In a lofty Paradise,) meaning, having elevated castles, beautiful wide-eyed maidens, pleasant
stations and eternal joy. It has been confirmed in the Sahih that the Prophet said,
«‫َْ;رْض‬%‫َ ِء وَا‬#$ 
%‫* ا‬
َ ْ َ َ#‫* َآ‬
ِ ْ َJG
َ ‫ دَ َر‬Ah ‫* ُآ‬
َ ْ َ َ
/ٍ G
َ ‫ َد َر‬/ُ Rَ ِ
/َ 0 
َ %ْ ‫»ِإن ا‬
81

(Verily, Paradise has one hundred levels and between each level is a distance like the distance
between the earth and the sky.) Then Allah says,
6 ٌ/ َ Xِ ‫ُ!)ُ(َ دَا‬Oُ 
(The fruits in bunches whereof will be low and near at hand.) Al-Bara' bin `Azib said, "This
means close enough for one of them (the people of Paradise) to reach them while he is lying on
his bed.'' More than one person has said this. Then Allah says,
6 /ِ َ ِ%َo%ْ ‫ ِم ا‬+ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ?Jُ 2ْ َ-4
ْ ‫َ َأ‬#ِ ًTَ ِ0‫ َ ُ!اْ َه‬
ْ ‫ُ!اْ وَا‬-‫ ُآ‬
(Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past!) meaning, this
will be said to them as an invitation to them of blessing, favor and goodness. For verily, it has
been confirmed in the Sahih that the Messenger of Allah said,
«/0َ%ْ ‫ ا‬Fُ -ُ#َ 
َ Fُ -َِ.ْ,+ُ ْ*َ% ْ?aُ 0ْ
ِ ‫ًا‬,َY‫ُ!ا َأن َأ‬#-َ
ْ ‫ وَا‬،‫َ ِرُ!ا‬O‫دُوا َو‬,h 4
َ َ‫ُ!ا و‬-#َ 
ْ ‫»ا‬
(Work deeds, strive, seek to draw near (to Allah) and know that none of you will be admited
into Paradise because of his deeds.) They (the Companions) said, "Not even you O Messenger
of Allah'' He replied,
«AْNَ)‫ َو‬Fُ 0ْ
ِ /ٍ #َ Y
ْ َ ِ S
ُ ‫<ا‬
َ Xِ ,َ # sَ Jَ +َ ْ‫ َأن‬%‫َ ِإ‬X‫َ َأ‬%َ‫»و‬
(Not even me, except if Allah covers me with mercy from Himself and grace. )

82

13. QS Al Insyiqaq 84 : 6-9
- Fِ ِE‫َـ‬-#ُ )َ ًYْ,‫ َآ‬
َ ّ ‫ َر‬1َ%‫َ آَ ِدحٌ ِإ‬X‫* ِإ‬
ُ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ+
- Fِ 0ِ ِ# َ ِ Fُ Cَ ‫َـ‬J‫ ِآ‬1
َ ِ9‫َ);َ 
َ
*ْ أُو‬
- ‫ِ ًا‬$+َ ًَ$Y
ِ V
ُ 4
َ َL+ُ ‫ف‬
َ ْ!$
َ )َ
- ‫ ُورًا‬$
ْ
َ Fِ -ِ‫ َأ ْه‬1َ%‫ ِإ‬V
ُ ِ-Eَ 0َ+َ‫و‬
84:6. Hai manusia, sesungguhnya kamu telah bekerja dengan sungguh-sungguh menuju
Tuhanmu, maka pasti kamu akan menemui-Nya.
84:7. Adapun orang yang diberikan kitabnya dari sebelah kanannya,
84:8. maka dia akan diperiksa dengan pemeriksaan yang mudah,
84:9. dan dia akan kembali kepada kaumnya (yang sama-sama beriman) dengan gembira.
6. O man! Verily, you are returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions, a sure
returning, and you will meet.)
(7. Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand,)
(8. He surely will receive an easy reckoning,)
(9. And will return to his family Masrur (in joy)!)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29 
ًYْ,‫َ َآ‬h ‫ َر‬1َ%‫ آَ ِدحٌ ِإ‬
َ X ‫ن ِإ‬
ُ َ$Xْ ِtْ%‫(َ ا‬+‫َ َأ‬+
‫ 
روا^ أ! داود‬%% ,(U+‫ و‬.  ‫ أو‬. *
&-# 
1E-J4 X‫? إ‬W "F O_#) " _# A 
‫  و‬34 ‫ ر‬1%‫ع إ‬4 X‫أي إ‬
,#L
+ A+ CG ‫ل‬O " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O G * m%‫ * أ< ا‬23G <‫* * أ‬$L%‫< * ا‬$% %‫ا‬ 
‫ ر‬F%!O 1- #N%‫ ا‬, 3+ *
‫س‬0%‫ " و
* ا‬F O_
Xt) &T 
A#‫ وا‬FO‫ر‬2
Xt) &T *
VCY‫
& وأ‬Xt) &T 
e 
(+‫ أ‬+ " ‫س‬C *‫!)< * ا‬3%‫ل ا‬O ‫_زم‬J
* %!E%‫_ ا‬a) ‫ ها‬1-‫  و‬34 1- T)a+‫ و‬-#3 +‫^ ) ز‬03
‫_ق ر و‬#) ‫أي‬
1%‫ آدح إ‬X‫ن إ‬$Xn‫( ا‬+‫ أ‬+ " ‫دة‬JO ‫ل‬O‫ و‬. ‫ ا آن أو  ا‬. F S‫ ا‬1E-9 _# A#39 ‫!ل‬E+ " Y,‫ ر آ‬1%‫ آدح إ‬X‫ن إ‬$Xn‫ا‬
S ‫!ة إ‬O ‫ و‬A32 -) S‫ ا‬/d <) FY,‫!ن آ‬a+ ‫ع أن‬J4‫* ا‬#) ‚ 3N% ‫دم‬q *‫ ا‬+ Y,‫ " إن آ‬Y,‫ ر آ‬.
Fِ 0ِ ِ# َ ِ Fُ َ َJ‫< ِآ‬
َ 9ِ ‫)ََ; 
َ
*ْ أُو‬ 
0W,Y : ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬. /%L
 -‫ ه‬%‫ آ‬V4!Y *
‫ن‬t) F%#‫\ أ‬RO‫ { د‬#G F - \EL+  ‫ أي‬$39 _ _(4 ‫أي‬
*
" ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : &%O (0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬/UR * /a -
<‫ * أ‬S‫ ا‬,C * ‫!ب‬+‫ أ‬X C.‫ أ‬A #4‫إ‬ 
%‫* ذ‬a%‫ب و‬$L% ‫ ذاك‬H % " ‫ل‬O " ‫ ا‬$+ $Y V4L+ ‫!ف‬$) " 1%39 S‫ل ا‬O H -)‫ أ‬: &-E) : &%O "‫ب ب‬$L%‫ ا‬eO!X
‫!ب‬+‫ أ‬w+,Y *
+ G *‫< وا‬R$0%‫ 
ي وا‬J%‫? وا‬-$
‫ري و‬oC%‫ا روا^ ا‬a‫ ب " وه‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ ‫ب‬$L%‫ ا‬eO!X *
‫ ض‬3%‫ا‬
<r‫ ر‬/UR * /a -
<‫از * ا* أ‬mo%‫ أ! 
ا‬0W,Y ‫دة‬C * ‫ روح‬0W,Y { ‫ ا* وآ‬0W,Y + G *‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬F <X Jo$%‫ا‬
" ‫!ل‬E+ S‫ ا‬H %‫& أ‬-E) " 3
‫ إ‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ V4L+ ,Y‫ أ‬H % FX‫? " إ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : &%O (0 S‫ا‬
^‫ روا‬,O‫& و‬a0+ FX;‫ آ‬F3Cf‫ أ‬1- ^,  ‫ل‬O‫ب ب" و‬$L%‫ ا‬eO!X *
FX‫ ض إ‬3%‫ل " ذاك ا‬O " ‫ ا‬$+ $Y V4L+ ‫!ف‬$)
w+,L%‫ )آ ا‬/UR * ?4E%‫ * ا‬/a -
<‫ ي * ا* أ‬UE%‫ ا‬HX!+ <‫ي * أ‬, <‫< * ا* أ‬- * ‫ و‬# * N+‫أ‬ 
0W,Y <#N(%‫< ا‬- * [X 0W,Y : + G *‫ل ا‬O F ‫ ة‬sf <‫? * أ‬9Y F#4‫ ي وا‬UE%‫ ا‬HX!+ <‫\ أ‬+ d *
^G .‫أ‬
. ‫ ب‬- V4!Y *
‫ أو‬- ‫ب‬$L%‫ ا‬eO!X *
: &%O /UR * /a -
<‫ * ا* أ‬m%‫< ا‬.‫& أ‬+ o%‫ * ا‬e+ L%‫? * ا‬-$

,C <0W,Y ‫ق‬L4‫ * إ‬,#L
0W,Y A #4‫ إ‬0W,Y ,#Y‫ل أ‬O‫ اه? و‬+ !‫ وه‬1%39 S‫ ا‬1- ‫  ض‬$ %‫ب ا‬$L%‫ ا‬#X‫& إ‬%O ?W ‫ل‬O
ˆ3 <) ‫!ل‬E+ S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬3#4 : &%O /UR * m%‫ * ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * ‫د‬C * m%‫ * ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * ‫ة‬m#Y * ,Y‫!ا‬%‫ا‬
F% ‫وز‬J ) FJ‫ )< آ‬0+ ‫ل " أن‬O ‫ ؟‬$ %‫ب ا‬$L%‫ 
ا‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ &-O ‫[ ف‬X‫ ا‬#-) " ‫ ا‬$+ $Y <0C4Y ?(-%‫" ا‬F9_f
?-$
‫  ط‬1- Q Lf " -‫ ه‬T
!+ /UR + ‫ب‬$L%‫ ا‬eO!X *
FX‫ إ‬F0 .
‫ِ ًا‬$+َ ًَ$ِY V
ُ 4
َ َLُ+ ‫ف‬
َ !ْ $
َ َ)

83 

0W,Y : ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬. /%L
 -‫ ه‬%‫ آ‬V4!Y *
‫ن‬t) F%#‫\ أ‬RO‫ { د‬#G F - \EL+  ‫ أي‬$39 _ _(4 ‫أي‬
*
" ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : &%O (0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬/UR * /a -
<‫ * أ‬S‫ ا‬,C * ‫!ب‬+‫ أ‬X C.‫ أ‬A #4‫إ‬ 
%‫* ذ‬a%‫ب و‬$L% ‫ ذاك‬H % " ‫ل‬O " ‫ ا‬$+ $Y V4L+ ‫!ف‬$) " 1%39 S‫ل ا‬O H -)‫ أ‬: &-E) : &%O "‫ب ب‬$L%‫ ا‬eO!X
‫!ب‬+‫ أ‬w+,Y *
+ G *‫< وا‬R$0%‫ 
ي وا‬J%‫? وا‬-$
‫ري و‬oC%‫ا روا^ ا‬a‫ ب " وه‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ ‫ب‬$L%‫ ا‬eO!X *
‫ ض‬3%‫ا‬
<r‫ ر‬/UR * /a -
<‫از * ا* أ‬mo%‫ أ! 
ا‬0W,Y ‫دة‬C * ‫ روح‬0W,Y { ‫ ا* وآ‬0W,Y + G *‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬F <X Jo$%‫ا‬
" ‫!ل‬E+ S‫ ا‬H %‫& أ‬-E) " 3
‫ إ‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ V4L+ ,Y‫ أ‬H % FX‫? " إ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : &%O (0 S‫ا‬
^‫ روا‬,O‫& و‬a0+ FX;‫ آ‬F3Cf‫ أ‬1- ^,  ‫ل‬O‫ب ب" و‬$L%‫ ا‬eO!X *
FX‫ ض إ‬3%‫ل " ذاك ا‬O " ‫ ا‬$+ $Y V4L+ ‫!ف‬$)
w+,L%‫ )آ ا‬/UR * ?4E%‫ * ا‬/a -
<‫ ي * ا* أ‬UE%‫ ا‬HX!+ <‫ي * أ‬, <‫< * ا* أ‬- * ‫ و‬# * N+‫أ‬ 
0W,Y <#N(%‫< ا‬- * [X 0W,Y : + G *‫ل ا‬O F ‫ ة‬sf <‫? * أ‬9Y F#4‫ ي وا‬UE%‫ ا‬HX!+ <‫\ أ‬+ d *
^G .‫أ‬
. ‫ ب‬- V4!Y *
‫ أو‬- ‫ب‬$L%‫ ا‬eO!X *
: &%O /UR * /a -
<‫ * ا* أ‬m%‫< ا‬.‫& أ‬+ o%‫ * ا‬e+ L%‫? * ا‬-$

,C <0W,Y ‫ق‬L4‫ * إ‬,#L
0W,Y A #4‫ إ‬0W,Y ,#Y‫ل أ‬O‫ اه? و‬+ !‫ وه‬1%39 S‫ ا‬1- ‫  ض‬$ %‫ب ا‬$L%‫ ا‬#X‫& إ‬%O ?W ‫ل‬O
ˆ3 <) ‫!ل‬E+ S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬3#4 : &%O /UR * m%‫ * ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * ‫د‬C * m%‫ * ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * ‫ة‬m#Y * ,Y‫!ا‬%‫ا‬
F% ‫وز‬J ) FJ‫ )< آ‬0+ ‫ل " أن‬O ‫ ؟‬$ %‫ب ا‬$L%‫ 
ا‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ &-O ‫[ ف‬X‫ ا‬#-) " ‫ ا‬$+ $Y <0C4Y ?(-%‫" ا‬F9_f
?-$
‫  ط‬1- Q Lf " -‫ ه‬T
!+ /UR + ‫ب‬$L%‫ ا‬eO!X *
FX‫ إ‬F0 .
‫ ُورًا‬$
ْ
َ Fِ -ِ‫ َأ ْه‬1َ%‫ ِإ‬V
ُ ِ-Eَ 0ْ َ+‫َو‬
* <X‫ ا‬C%‫ روى ا‬,O‫ و‬. AG‫ و‬m S‫ أ^ ا‬# CJs
Y ) ‫ ورا أي‬$
: ‫ك‬LN%‫دة وا‬JO F%O /0%‫ )< ا‬F-‫ أه‬1%‫{ إ‬G +‫أي و‬
‫ ور أو‬$#) F-‫ أه‬1%‫!ب إ‬7+ ‫ أن‬VRs%‫! ا‬+‫ ف و‬39  #‫!ن أ‬-#39 ?aX‫ل إ‬O FX‫? أ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬1%!
‫!ن‬W
‫!م‬a
.
Allah says,
6ًYْ,َ‫ آ‬
َ h ‫ َر‬1َ%‫َ آَ ِدحٌ ِإ‬X ‫* ِإ‬
ُ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ+
(O man! Verily, you are returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions, a sure
returning,) meaning, `verily you are hastening to your Lord and working deeds.'
6ِF ِE‫َـ‬-ُ#)َ 
(and you will meet.) `Then you will meet that which you did of good or evil.' A proof for this is
what Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi recorded from Jabir, that the Messenger of Allah said,
«F ِOَ-
ُ َX tِ)َ &
َ Tْ 
ِ َ
ْA#َ 
ْ ‫ وَا‬،ُFOُ ‫َ ِر‬2
ُ َX tَِ) &
َ Tْ ِ (ْ*
َ ) ْVCِ Y
ْ ‫ َوَأ‬،ٌ& h
َ َX tَِ) &
َ ْT
ِ َ
ْe
ِ ،ُ,# َL
ُ َ+ :ُA+ِ ْCG
ِ َ‫َل‬O»
(Jibril said, "O Muhammad! Live how you wish, for verily you will die; love what you wish,
for verily you will part with it; and do what you wish, for verily you will meet it (your deed).)
There are some people who refer the pronoun back to the statement "your Lord.'' Thus, they
hold the Ayah to mean, "and you will meet your Lord.'' This means that He will reward you
for your work, and pay you for your efforts. Therefore, both of these two views are connected.
Al-`Awfi recorded from Ibn `Abbas that he said explaining,
6ًYْ,َ‫ آ‬
َ h ‫ َر‬1َ%‫َ آَ ِدحٌ ِإ‬X ‫* ِإ‬
ُ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ+
(O man! Verily, you are returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions, a sure
returning,) "Whatever deed you do, you will meet Allah with it, whether it is good or bad.''
Then Allah says,
6 ‫ِ ًا‬$+َ ًَ$Y
ِ V
ُ 4
َ َL+ُ ‫ف‬
َ ْ!$
َ )َ - Fِ 0ِ ِ# َ ِ Fُ Cَ ‫َـ‬J‫ ِآ‬1
َ 9ِ ‫)ََ; 
َ
*ْ أُو‬
84

(Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand, he surely, will receive an easy
reckoning,) (84:7-8) meaning, easy without any difficulty. This means that he will not be
investigated for all the minute details of his deeds. For verily, whoever is reckoned like that, he
will certainly be destroyed. Imam Ahmad recorded from `A'ishah that the Messenger of Allah
said,
«‫ب‬h
ُ ‫ب‬
َ َ$ِL%ْ ‫ ا‬e
َ Oِ !ُX ْ*
َ »
(Whoever is interrogated during the reckoning, then he will be punished.) `A'ishah then said,
"But didn't Allah say,
6 ‫ِ ًا‬$َ+ ًَ$ِY V
ُ 4
َ َL+ُ ‫ف‬
َ ْ!$
َ )َ 
(He surely will receive an easy reckoning,)'' The Prophet replied,
«‫ب‬hُ /ِ
َ َ Eِ %ْ ‫!ْ َم ا‬+َ ‫ب‬
َ َ$L
ِ %ْ ‫ ا‬e
َ ِO!ُX ْ*
َ ،ُ‫ ْض‬3َ %ْ ‫ِ ا‬%ِ‫*ْ ذ‬aِ ‫َــ‬%‫ َو‬،ِ‫َب‬$ِL%ْ ِ ‫ك‬
ِ ‫ ذَا‬H
َ ْ %َ»
(That is not during to the Reckoning, rather it is referring to the presentation. Whoever is
interrogated during the Reckoning on the Day of Judgement, then he will be punished.) This
Hadith has also been recorded by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Jarir.
In reference to Allah's statement,
6 ‫ ُورًا‬$
ْ
َ Fِ -ِ‫ َأ ْه‬1َ%‫ ِإ‬V
ُ -َِE0َ+‫ َو‬
(And will return to his family Masrur!) This means that he will return to his family in
Paradise. This was said by Qatadah and Ad-Dahhak. They also said, "Masrur means happy
and delighted by what Allah has given him.''

85

14. QS Al Imran 3 : 169-175 
‫ُ!ن‬O‫ُ ْ َز‬+ ْ?(ِ h ‫َ َر‬,0ِ ٌ‫ْ َء‬Y‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ً9َ!
ْ ‫ َأ‬Fِ -%‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ 1ِ) ْ‫ُ!ا‬-Jِ ُO *
َ +ِ%‫* ا‬ 
Cَ $
َ ْL9َ َ ‫َو‬
- ‫ ُون‬U
ِ ْCJَ $
ْ َ+ - ‫ن‬
َ !ُXmَ ْL+َ ْ?‫َ ْ ِ(?ْ َو َ ُه‬-
َ ٌ‫!ْف‬.
َ  ‫ ِ(?ْ َأ‬2ِ -ْ َ. ْ*
h ?ِ(ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬EL
َ ْ-+َ ْ?%َ *
َ +ِ%ِ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ ُو‬U
ِ Cْ Jَ ْ$+َ ‫ َو‬Fِ -ِْNَ) *ِ
Fُ -%‫َـ ُ(?ُ ا‬9‫َ ءَا‬#ِ *
َ ِY ِ )َ
* ِ0
ِ gْ #ُ %ْ ‫ َ ا‬G
ْ ‫ِ ُ{ َأ‬N+ُ َ َF-%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ وََأ‬Aٍ N
ْ َ)‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
h /ٍ #َ 3ْ 0ِ ِ
- ? ِ
َ ٌ G
ْ ‫َ!ْاْ َأ‬E9 ‫ ُ(?ْ وَا‬0ْ
ِ ‫ُ! ْا‬0$
َ ْY‫*َ َأ‬+ِ-ِ% ‫ح‬
ُ ْ Eَ %ْ ‫َ ُ( ُ? ا‬C‫َـ‬f‫ِ
َ َأ‬,3ْ َ *ِ
‫ُ! ِل‬4  %‫ وَا‬Fِ -ِ% ‫َُ! ْا‬Jَ 4
ْ ‫*ا‬
َ +ِ%‫ا‬
- F-%‫* ا‬
َ
h /ٍ #َ 3ْ 0ِ ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬Cَ-Eَ ْXَ) - Aُ ِ‫ َ!آ‬%ْ ‫?َ ا‬3ْ Xِ َ‫ و‬Fُ -%‫َ ا‬0Cُ $
ْ َY ْ‫ُ!ا‬%َO‫ً َو‬0‫َـ‬#+ِ‫َا َد ُه?ْ إ‬mَ) ْ?‫!ْ ُه‬U
َ ْ.َ) ْ?aُ %َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬3#َ G
َ ْ,Oَ ‫س‬
َ 0%‫ن ا‬ 
‫س ِإ‬
ُ 0%‫ ُ(?ُ ا‬%َ َ‫َل‬O *
َ +ِ%‫ا‬
? ِ
َ Aٍ N
ْ َ) ‫ ذُو‬Fُ -%‫ وَا‬Fِ -%‫ن ا‬
َ !َ r
ْ ‫ُ!اْ ِر‬3Cَ 9‫ُ!ءٌ وَا‬4 ْ?(ُ $
ْ $
َ #ْ +َ ْ?% Aٍ N
ْ َ)‫َو‬
- * ِ0
ِ ْg 
ْ?Jُ 0ُ‫ن إِن آ‬
ِ !ُ)َ.‫َ)ُ! ُه?ْ َو‬o9َ َ_)َ ^ُ ‫ِ َ َء‬%ْ‫ف َأو‬
ُ !h o
َ +ُ ُ*‫ ْ َـ‬U%‫ ُ? ا‬aُ %َِ‫َ ذ‬#X ‫ ِإ‬6
3:169. Janganlah kamu mengira bahwa orang-orang yang gugur di jalan Allah itu mati;
bahkan mereka itu hidup di sisi Tuhannya dengan mendapat rezki.
3:170. mereka dalam keadaan gembira disebabkan karunia Allah yang diberikan-Nya kepada
mereka, dan mereka bergirang hati terhadap orang-orang yang masih tinggal di belakang
yang belum menyusul mereka, bahwa tidak ada kekhawatiran terhadap mereka dan tidak
(pula) mereka bersedih hati.
3:171. Mereka bergirang hati dengan nikmat dan karunia yang besar dari Allah, dan bahwa
Allah tidak menyia-nyiakan pahala orang-orang yang beriman.
3:172. (Yaitu) orang-orang yang menaati perintah Allah dan Rasul-Nya sesudah mereka
mendapat luka (dalam peperangan Uhud). Bagi orang-orang yang berbuat kebaikan di
antara mereka dan yang bertakwa ada pahala yang besar.
3:173. (Yaitu) orang-orang (yang menaati Allah dan Rasul) yang kepada mereka ada orangorang yang mengatakan: "Sesungguhnya manusia telah mengumpulkan pasukan untuk
menyerang kamu, karena itu takutlah kepada mereka", maka perkataan itu menambah
keimanan mereka dan mereka menjawab: "Cukuplah Allah menjadi Penolong kami dan
Allah adalah sebaik-baik Pelindung."
3:174. Maka mereka kembali dengan nikmat dan karunia (yang besar) dari Allah, mereka
tidak mendapat bencana apa-apa, mereka mengikuti keridaan Allah. Dan Allah mempunyai
karunia yang besar
3:175. Sesungguhnya mereka itu tidak lain hanyalah setan yang menakut-nakuti (kamu)
dengan kawan-kawannya (orang-orang musyrik Quraisy), karena itu janganlah kamu takut
kepada mereka, tetapi takutlah kepada-Ku, jika kamu benar-benar orang yang beriman.
(169. Think not of those as dead who are killed in the way of Allah. Nay, they are alive, with
their Lord, and they have provision.)
(170. They rejoice in what Allah has bestowed upon them of His bounty and rejoice for the
sake of those who have not yet joined them, but are left behind (not yet martyred) that on
them no fear shall come, nor shall they grieve.)
(171. They rejoice in a grace and a bounty from Allah, and that Allah will not waste the
reward of the believers.)
(172. Those who answered (the Call of) Allah and the Messenger after being wounded; for
those of them who did good deeds and feared Allah, there is a great reward.)
(173. Those to whom the people said, "Verily, the people have gathered against you, therefore,
fear them.'' But it (only) increased them in faith, and they said: "Allah is Sufficient for us, and
86

He is the Best Disposer of affairs.'')
(174. So they returned with grace and bounty from Allah. No harm touched them; and they
followed the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is the Owner of great bounty.)
(175. It is only Shaytan that suggests to you the fear of his friends; so fear them not, but fear
Me, if you are indeed believers.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
َ‫ُ!ن‬O‫ُ ْ َز‬+ ْ?(ِ h ‫ َر‬,َ ْ0
ِ ٌ‫ْ َء‬Y‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ً9‫ َأ ْ
!َا‬Fِ -%‫ ا‬Aِ ِCَ4 <ِ) ‫ُ!ا‬-Jِ ُO *
َ +ِ%‫* ا‬Cَ $
َ ْL9َ َ%‫َو‬ 
0W,Y : + G * ,#L
‫ل‬O . ‫ ار‬E%‫ )< دار ا‬/O‫
زو‬/ Y ?(Y‫ن أروا‬t) ‫ار‬,%‫!ا )< ه^ ا‬-JO ‫(? وإن‬X; ‫اء‬,(U%‫ * ا‬1%39 Co+
S‫!ل ا‬4‫ب ر‬Lf‫ )< أ‬%
* HX‫< أ‬0W,Y /L-d <‫\ * أ‬L4‫ إ‬0W,Y /
a * HX!+ * ‫ و‬# 0W,Y ‫ *
زوق‬,#L

A 2%‫ء 
* ا‬#%‫ ا‬%‫ ذ‬1-‫ * و‬3C4 ‫ * أو‬3‫  أدري أر‬: ‫ل‬O /X!3
T A‫ أه‬1%‫ إ‬S‫< ا‬CX ?(-4‫* أر‬+%‫? ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f
‫ل‬O ?W F ) ‫وا‬,3E) ‫ء‬#%‫ ا‬1- ) U
‫!ا را‬9‫ أ‬1JY ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ب ر‬Lf‫
* أ‬20%‫ ا‬T%‫ ج أو‬o) ‫ ي‬23%‫ا‬
/%4‫Š ر‬-‫ أ‬X‫[ري أ‬XK‫ن ا‬L-
!‫ أرا^ أ‬- ‫ل‬E) ‫ء‬#%‫ ها ا‬A‫? أه‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬/%4‫Š ر‬-C+ ?a+‫ˆ أ‬3C% ?(N3
S‫!ل ا‬4‫!ل ر‬4‫< ر‬X‫ إ‬/X!3
T A‫ أه‬+ ‫ل‬O ?W ‫ !ت‬C%‫ أ 
م ا‬17JG) ?(J  ‫!ل‬Y 19‫ أ‬1JY ‫ ج‬o) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ر‬
<) F N) Q 
& C%‫ ا‬$‫
* آ‬AG‫ ر‬F %‫ ج إ‬o) F%!4‫ ور‬S ‫!ا‬0 
) F%!4‫^ ور‬,C ‫ا‬,#L
‫ وأن‬S‫ إ ا‬F%‫ أن  إ‬,(‫< أ‬X‫? إ‬a %‫إ‬ 

* 3#G‫(? أ‬-JE) ‫ر‬s%‫ )< ا‬FLf‫!ا أ‬9‫ أ‬1JY ^ W‫!ا أ‬3C9) /C3a%‫ت ورب ا‬m) C‫ أآ‬S‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬E) .y‫\ ا‬U%‫ ج
* ا‬. 1JY FC0G 
0 r‫ ور‬0 <r ) 0‫ ر‬0 E% ,O X‫ أ‬0
!O 0 ‫!ا‬s- Xq O ?( ) ‫ل‬mX‫ أ‬S‫ أن ا‬%
* HX‫< أ‬0W,Y : \L4‫ل ا* إ‬O‫ و‬A 2%‫* ا‬
?(‫ ر‬,0 ‫ ء‬Y‫ أ‬A 9‫ أ
!ا‬S‫ ا‬A C4 <) ‫!ا‬-JO *+%‫* ا‬C$L9 ‫ " و‬1%39 S‫ل ا‬mX‫ وأ‬X
‫ه ز‬X‫ أ‬O 
,3 &3) ) &o$X ?W F0
‫ *
ة‬S‫ ا‬,C * e#K‫ ا‬0W,Y /+‫و‬3
!‫ أ‬0W,Y #X * S‫ ا‬,C * ,#L
0W,Y : FL Lf <) ?-$
‫ل‬O ,O‫!ن " و‬O‫ ز‬+
" ‫!ن‬O‫ ز‬+ ?(‫ ر‬,0 ‫ ء‬Y‫ أ‬A 9‫ أ
!ا‬S‫ ا‬A C4 <) ‫!ا‬-JO *+%‫* ا‬C$L9 ‫ " و‬. /+y‫ * ه^ ا‬S‫ ا‬,C 0%;4 X‫ إ‬: ‫ل‬O ‫ وق‬$
*
‫ ش‬3% /E-3
A+‫د‬0O (% N. d ‫!ف‬G <) ?(Y‫ل " أروا‬E) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬%‫ * ذ‬0%;4 ,O X‫ أ 
إ‬: ‫ل‬E)
‫ أي <ء‬: ‫!ا‬%E) ‫ ؟‬T  ‫(!ن‬JU9 A‫ ه‬: ‫ل‬E) /_d‫ (? ر(? إ‬- {-d) A+‫د‬0E%‫ ا‬-9 1%‫;وي إ‬9 ?W ‫ ءت‬w Y /0%‫ ح
* ا‬$9
,+ X ‫ رب‬+ : ‫!ا‬%O ‫!ا‬%;$+ ‫ آ!ا
* أن‬J+ *% ?(X‫ رأوا أ‬#-) ‫_ث
ات‬W ?( %‫ ذ‬A32) ‫ ؟‬0T w Y /0%‫ ح
* ا‬$X *LX‫(< و‬JUX
HX‫ أ‬w+,Y *
^!LX ‫ روي‬,O‫ آ!ا " و‬9 /GY ?(% H % ‫ رأى أن‬#-) ‫ ى‬.‫
ة أ‬- C4 <) AJEX 1JY X‫د‬$G‫ )< أ‬0Y‫ د أروا‬9 ‫أن‬
?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ أن ر‬HX‫& * أ‬W 0W,Y ‫د‬#Y 0W,Y ,#[%‫ ا‬,C 0W,Y ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O " .q w+,Y " , 34 <‫وأ‬
‫ ى‬.‫
ة أ‬AJE )  X,%‫ ا‬1%‫{ إ‬G + ‫ ^ أن‬$+ FXt) , (U%‫  إ ا‬X,%‫ ا‬1%‫{ إ‬G 9 ‫ ه أن‬$+ . S‫ ا‬,0 (% ‫!ت‬#9 H2X *

" ‫ل‬O
<0+,#%‫ ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * <- 0W,Y : ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O " .q w+,Y " . ‫د‬#Y \+ d *
?-$
F ‫ د‬29 " ‫(دة‬U%‫ ا‬AN) *
‫ ى‬+ #

S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫< ر‬% ‫ل‬O : ‫ل‬O G * A E * ,#L
* S‫ ا‬,C * <#-$%‫ ا‬/3 ‫< * ر‬- * ,#L
* ‫ ن‬24 0W,Y 
( %‫(? إ‬X‫ & أ‬NO <X‫ إ‬: ‫ل‬O ‫ ى‬.‫ ) 
ة أ‬AJO;)  X,%‫ أرد ا‬F% ‫ل‬E) *#9 : F% ‫ل‬E) ‫  أك‬Y‫ أ‬S‫& أن ا‬#-‫? " أ‬-4‫ و‬F -
‫ ام‬Y * ‫ و‬# * S‫ ا‬,C !‫ وه‬G ‫ أن أ‬#‫ * و ه‬L L[%‫& )< ا‬CW ,O‫ و‬. FG!%‫
* ها ا‬,#Y‫ أ‬F ‫ د‬29 " ‫!ن‬3G + 
#% : ‫ل‬O ‫ ا‬G &3#4 ‫ر‬,a0#%‫ * ا* ا‬/C3 * , %!%‫ل أ! ا‬O‫ و‬: ‫ري‬oC%‫ل ا‬O . ‫ا‬, ( ,Y‫!م أ‬+ AJO F0 S‫< ا‬r‫[ري ر‬XK‫ا‬
?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫< وا‬X!(0+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ب ر‬Lf‫ أ‬A3) F(G‫!ب * و‬7%‫‚ ا‬U‫< وأآ‬a‫& أ‬-3G <‫ أ‬AJO
!‫^ ه‬,04‫ أ‬,O‫ ر){ " و‬1JY (JL0G; F-9 /aR_#%‫& ا‬%‫ 
زا‬- F aC9 
‫ أو‬- FaC9  " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫ل ا‬E) F0+ ?%
F(G‫!ب * و‬7%‫‚ ا‬U‫& أآ‬-3G ,Y‫!م أ‬+ <‫ أ‬AJO #% : ‫ل‬O G * ‫ر‬,a0#%‫ * ا‬,#L
* /C3 * ‫ ق‬d *
<R$0%‫? وا‬-$
‫و‬
* /
‫ * أ‬A #4‫ إ‬0W,Y \L4‫ أ< * أ< إ‬0W,Y ‫!ب‬E3+ 0W,Y : ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O " .q w+,Y " ^!L0 / 
#9 ‫< وذآ‬a‫وأ‬
,Y‫!م أ‬+ ?aX‫!ا‬.‫ إ‬V f‫ أ‬#% " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫س‬C *‫< * ا‬a#%‫ ا‬m%‫ * أ< ا‬, 34 * ‫ و‬#
‫وا‬,G‫ و‬#-) ‫ ش‬3%‫ ا‬A… <) V‫
* ذه‬A+‫د‬0O 1%‫;وي إ‬9‫ره و‬#W *
A‫;آ‬9‫ و‬/0%‫(ر ا‬X‫ د أ‬9 N. d ‫!اف‬G‫(? )< أ‬Y‫ أروا‬S‫ ا‬A3G
‫ ب‬L%‫!ا * ا‬-a0+ ‫(د و‬%‫وا )< ا‬,‫ه‬m+ _T% 0 S‫{ ا‬0f 
‫!ن‬#-3+ 0X‫!ا‬.‫ & إ‬% + ‫!ا‬%O ?(- E
*$Y‫ (? و‬U
‫(? و‬-‫
;آ‬V d
?(‫ ر‬,0 ‫ ء‬Y‫ أ‬A 9‫ أ
!ا‬S‫ ا‬A C4 <) ‫!ا‬-JO *+%‫* ا‬C$L9 ‫ت " و‬+y‫ ه^ ا‬S‫ل ا‬mX;) ?a0 ?(s-‫ أ‬X‫ أ‬: AG‫ و‬m S‫ل ا‬E)
* ,#L
* ‫ *  ش‬A #4‫ * إ‬V‫ * ا* وه‬HX!+ * + G *‫ وروا^ ا‬,#Y‫ا روا^ أ‬a‫ وه‬. " ‫ه‬,3 
‫!ن " و‬O‫ ز‬+
?‫آ‬L%‫ وروا^ أ! داود وا‬F \L4‫ * إ‬,#L
* H+‫ * إدر‬S‫ ا‬,C w+,Y *
F‫رآ‬,J$
<) ?‫آ‬L%‫ وروا^ أ! داود وا‬. F \L4‫إ‬
‫ ن‬24 ^‫ وآا روا‬.&CW‫ )آ ^ وها أ‬#(0 S‫< ا‬r‫س ر‬C *‫ * ا‬CG * , 34 * m%‫ * أ< ا‬/
‫ * أ‬A #4‫* إ‬
* ‫اري‬m2%‫\ ا‬L4‫ أ< إ‬w+,Y *
F‫رآ‬,J$
<) ?‫آ‬L%‫ وروى ا‬- ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬CG * , 34 * H)K‫? ا‬%4 * ‫!ري‬7%‫ا‬
*+%‫* ا‬C$L9 ‫ و‬FLf‫ة وأ‬m#Y <) /+y‫& ه^ ا‬%mX : ‫ل‬O ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬CG * , 34 * ,%. <‫ * أ‬A #4‫ ن * إ‬24
{  %‫دة وا‬JO ‫ل‬O ‫^ وآا‬G o+ ?%‫ * و‬o U%‫  ط ا‬1- Q Lf : ‫ل‬O ?W " ‫!ن‬O‫ ز‬+ ?(‫ ر‬,0 ‫ ء‬Y‫ أ‬A 9‫ أ
!ا‬S‫ ا‬A C4 <) ‫!ا‬-JO
87

‫وا‪LN%‬ك أ‪ 1-JO <) &%mX (X‬أ‪O " .q w+,Y " .,Y‬ل أ! ‪
* a‬دو‪ ,C 0W,Y : F+‬ا‪ 0W,Y 23G * S‬هرون * ‪# -4‬ن‬
‫أ‪ ,C * <- X;CX‬ا‪ S‬ا‪ <0+,#%‬أ‪ * 14!
X;CX‬إ اه ? * آ‪ * U * 7‬ا‪2%‬آ‪ F‬ا‪[XK‬ري ‪ . * /L-d &3#4‬اش * ‪,C‬‬
‫ا‪ . * *#Y %‬اش * ا‪ &#[%‬ا‪[XK‬ري ‪O‬ل ‪ ,C * G &3#4 :‬ا‪O S‬ل ‪ X :‬إ‪ <%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬ذات ‪!+‬م‬
‫)‪E‬ل " ‪ <% 
G +‬أراك
(‪ #J‬؟ " ‪ + &-O‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬ا‪ ,(UJ4‬أ< و‪ 9‬ك د‪ 0+‬و  ‪O‬ل ‪E) :‬ل " أ أ‪ C.‬ك 
آ‪ ?-‬ا‪ S‬أ‪}O ,Y‬‬
‫إ
* وراء ‪Y‬ب وإ‪ FX‬آ‪ ?-‬أك آ‪O " Y2‬ل ‪ : <-‬وا‪2a%‬ح ا‪!#%‬ا‪O " /(G‬ل ‪ <0-4‬أ ‪O‬ل ‪ :‬أ‪ %;4‬أن أرد إ‪ 1%‬ا‪AJO;)  X,%‬‬
‫)  ‪E) / XW‬ل ا‪ %‬ب ‪ m‬و‪ AG‬إ‪ <0
\C4 ,O FX‬ا‪!E%‬ل أ‪ ?(X‬إ‪!3G +  ( %‬ن ‪O‬ل أي رب );‪ *
Š-‬ورا‪mX;) <R‬ل ا‪ " S‬و ‪*C$L9‬‬
‫ا‪!-JO *+%‬ا )< ‪ A C4‬ا‪ S‬أ
!ا‪ " 9‬ا‪ ?W . /+y‬روا^
* ‪ \+ d‬أ‪ .‬ى *
‪# -4 * ,#L‬ن * ‪ } -4‬ا‪[XK‬ري * أ ‪ G * F‬‬
‫‪ ^!LX F‬وآا روا^ ا‪ <) <E( C%‬د‪ AR‬ا‪!C0%‬ة
* ‪ * <- \+ d‬ا‪ F <0+,#%‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪ <E( C%‬أ‪ w+,Y *
N+‬أ< ‪C‬دة ا‪[XK‬ري‬
‫وه!  ‪ ,C * 1$‬ا‪ S‬إن ء ا‪ * S‬ا‪m%‬ه ي *  وة * ‪O : &%O /UR‬ل ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ G + " % ?-4‬أ‬
‫أ‪ U‬ك " ‪O‬ل ‪ U 1- :‬ك ا‪O o% S‬ل " ‪ 3‬ت ;ن ا‪ S‬أ‪  Y‬أك )‪E‬ل ‪,C <- *#9‬ي 
‪ &T‬أ‪O Fa‬ل ‪ + :‬رب 
‪9,C‬‬
‫‪C \Y‬د‪ 9‬أ‪  - 10#9‬أن ‪ 9‬د‪ <X‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪  CX {
A9O;)  X,%‬وأ‪
 ) AJO‬ة أ‪ .‬ى ‪O‬ل إ‪ <0
‚-4 FX‬أ‪ FX‬إ‪" . " {G +  ( %‬‬
‫‪O " .q w+,Y‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪!E3+ 0W,Y ,#Y‬ب ‪ 0W,Y‬أ< * ا* إ‪ 0W,Y \L4‬ا‪L%‬رث * )‪ A N‬ا‪[XK‬ري *
‪!#L‬د * ‪* , C%‬‬
‫ا* ‪C‬س ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬ا‪,(U%‬اء ‪ 1-‬رق ‪C (X‬ب ا‪ N. /CO F ) /0%‬اء ‪ o+‬ج إ‪ ?( %‬رز‪?(O‬‬

* ا‪ a /0%‬ة و‪ 29 " / U‬د ‪ F‬أ‪ ,#Y‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا* ‪ * Ž+ G‬أ< آ ‪ ,C 0W,Y V+‬ا‪# -4 * *#Y %‬ن و‪, C‬ة *
‪* ,#L‬‬
‫إ‪ \L4‬و‪ F‬وه! إ‪04‬د ‪ , G‬وآ;ن ا‪,(U%‬اء أ‪$O‬م
‪ $9 *
?(0‬ح أروا‪ <) ?(Y‬ا‪ /0%‬و
‪!a+ *
?(0‬ن ‪ 1-‬ها ا‪C (0%‬ب ا‪/0%‬‬
‫و‪ A#JL+ ,O‬أن ‪!a+‬ن
‪ 4 1(J0‬ه? إ‪ 1%‬ها ا‪!3#J ) (0%‬ن ه‪ %0‬و‪,s+‬ى ‪  ?( -‬ز‪ ?(O‬ه‪0‬ك و‪ +‬اح وا‪ S‬أ‪ - ?-‬و‪ ,O‬رو‪<) 0+‬‬

‪ ,0$‬ا‪
n‬م أ‪ F ) 7+,Y ,#Y‬ا‪UC%‬رة ‪; *
g
Aa%‬ن رو‪!a9 FY‬ن )< ا‪ $9 /0%‬ح أ‪ ( ) N+‬و‪;9‬آ‪#W *
A‬ره و‪ 9‬ى 
) (
*‬
‫ا‪ N0%‬ة وا‪ $%‬ور و‪U9‬ه‪ 
,‬أ‪ ,‬ا‪ *
(% S‬ا‪ a%‬ا
‪ /‬وه! ‪04t‬د ‪ ?  m+m Q Lf‬ا‪ *
/W_W F ) {#JG‬ا‪ /#RK‬ا‪K‬ر‪ /3‬أ‪Lf‬ب‬
‫ا‪#%‬اه‪ V‬ا‪t) /3CJ#%‬ن ا‪
n‬م أ‪ ,#Y‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪ S‬روا^ *
‪ * ,#L‬إدر‪ H+‬ا‪ <3)U%‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪ * %
* S‬أ‪ HX‬ا‪ <LCfK‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪S‬‬
‫* ا‪m%‬ه ي * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * *#Y %‬آ‪ * %
* V3‬أ ‪ F‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ F%q‬و‪/#$X " ?-4‬‬
‫ا‪  <) \-3+ Rd *
g#%‬ا‪ F3G + 1JY /0%‬ا‪ S‬إ‪!+ ^,$G 1%‬م ‪ " \-3+ " F%!O " F73C+‬أي ‪;+‬آ‪ A‬و)< ها ا‪ " w+,L%‬إن روح‬
‫ا‪!a9 *
g#%‬ن ‪ <) Rd Aa 1-‬ا‪ " /0%‬وأ 
أرواح ا‪,(U%‬اء )‪,E9 #a‬م )< ‪!Y‬ا‪ <() N. d Af‬آ‪!a%‬اآ‪ /C$0% V‬إ‪1%‬‬
‫‪ .‬أرواح ‪!#‬م ا‪;$0) ($2X; 9 (Xt) * 0
g#%‬ل ا‪ S‬ا‪ ?+ a%‬ا‪0#%‬ن أن ‪ 1- 0J #+‬ا‪#+n‬ن‬
‫ن‬
‫‪َ !ُXَmL‬‬
‫َ‪َ ْ?(ِ ْ -‬و‪ُ َ%‬ه?ْ َ‪ْ +‬‬
‫‪ْ!.‬فٌ َ‬
‫‪!ُEL‬ا ِ ِ(?ْ ِ
*ْ ‪َ ْ?(ِ ِ2-ْ َ.‬أ‪َ %‬‬
‫ن ِ‪َ -ْ َ+ ْ?%َ َ*+ِ%‬‬
‫‪ُ U‬و َ‬
‫‪ِ Cْ َJ$‬‬
‫‪ Fِ -ِN‬وَ َ‪ْ +‬‬
‫* ِ‪ُ َ9q َ#‬ه ُ? ا‪ْ َ) ْ*
ِ Fُ -%‬‬
‫َ) ِ ‪َ ِY‬‬
‫‪9q # * Y ) " 1%39 F%!O‬ه? ا‪ F-N) *
S‬و‪ UCJ$+‬ون ‪!EL-+ ?% *+%‬ا (?
* ‪ ?(2-.‬أ ‪!.‬ف ‪ ?( -‬و ه? ‪!XmL+‬ن " إ‪1%‬‬
‫‪ .q‬ا‪ /+y‬أي ا‪,(U%‬اء ا‪!-JO *+%‬ا )< ‪ A C4‬ا‪ S‬أ‪ Y‬ء ‪ ,0‬ر(? وه? ) ‪!Y‬ن ‪ #‬ه? ) ‪ *
F‬ا‪ /#30%‬وا‪ /Cs%‬و
‪ UCJ$‬ون‬
‫‪!.t‬ا‪ ?(X‬ا‪!-JE+ *+%‬ن ‪,3‬ه? )< ‪ A C4‬ا‪ S‬أ‪!
,E+ ?(X‬ن ‪ ?( -‬وأ‪!)o+  ?(X‬ن
‪ #‬أ 

(? و ‪!XmL+‬ن ‪ 9 
1-‬آ!^ وراءه?‬
‫‪;$X‬ل ا‪ S‬ا‪ /0%‬و‪O‬ل
‪ * ,#L‬إ‪ " \L4‬و‪ UCJ$+‬ون " أي و‪ $+‬ون ‪!L-‬ق
* ‪ *
?(EL%‬إ‪!.‬ا‪!N

1- ?(X‬ا ‪*
F -‬‬
‫‪(G‬ده? ‪ U %‬آ!ه? ) ‪ #‬ه? ) ‪!W *
F‬اب ا‪ S‬ا‪%‬ي أه? ‪O‬ل ا‪,$%‬ي ‪ 19g+‬ا‪Ja , (U%‬ب ) ‪,E+ F‬م ‪_)  -‬ن ‪!+‬م آا وآا‬
‫و‪,E+‬م ‪_)  -‬ن ‪!+‬م آا وآا ) ‪ % $‬آ‪ $+ #‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ ?(CRs  X,%‬إذا ‪,O‬م ‪O‬ل ‪ #% : CG * , 34‬د‪!-.‬ا ا‪ /0%‬ورأوا 
) (‬

* ا‪ a%‬ا
‪,(U-% /‬اء ‪!%O‬ا ‪ & % + :‬إ‪!.‬ا‪ 0X‬ا‪ <) *+%‬ا‪!#-3+  X,%‬ن 
 )‪ *
^0‬ا‪ a%‬ا
‪t) /‬ذا (‪,‬وا ا‪JE%‬ل  وه ;‪?($2X‬‬
‫‪,(UJ$+ 1JY‬وا ) [ ‪!C‬ا 
أ‪ *
0Cf‬ا‪ C.;) o%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪
; ?-4‬ه? و 
ه? ) ‪ *
F‬ا‪ a%‬ا
‪ /‬وأ‪ C.‬ه? أي‬
‫ر(? أ‪ ,O <X‬أ‪ ?a CX 1- &%mX‬وأ‪
; F9 C.‬آ? و 
أ‪ UCJ4) F ) ?JX‬وا ‪ " F%!O %) %‬و‪ UCJ$+‬ون ‪!EL-+ ?% *+%‬ا (?
*‬
‫‪ " ?(2-.‬ا‪ /+y‬و‪ <) &CW ,O‬ا‪ * * L L[%‬أ‪ /[O <) HX‬أ‪Lf‬ب ‪ /X!3
T‬ا‪ *
* 3C$%‬ا‪[XK‬ر ا‪!-JO *+%‬ا )< ‪,‬اة وا‪,Y‬ة‬
‫و‪ &0O‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ 1- !,+ ?-4‬ا‪!-JO *+%‬ه? و‪O ?(03-+‬ل أ‪ : HX‬و‪mX‬ل ) (? ‪q O‬ن ‪ O‬أ‪ 1JY ^X‬ر){ " أن ‪!s-‬ا‬
‫‪ 0
!O 0 " .‬أ‪ 0 E% ,O X‬ر‪ 0 <r ) 0‬وأر‪Xr‬‬
‫*‬
‫‪ َ G‬ا ْ‪َ ِ0ِ
gْ #ُ %‬‬
‫ن ا‪َ {ُ ِN+ُ َ% Fَ -%‬أ ْ‬
‫‪َ ٍAN‬وَأ ‬
‫‪ُ U‬ونَ ِ ِ‪ َ*
ِ /ٍ #َ 3ْ 0‬ا‪َ Fِ -%‬و َ) ْ‬
‫‪ِ Cْ Jَ $‬‬
‫َ‪ْ +‬‬
‫‪O‬ل ‪ UCJ$+ " 1%39‬ون ‪ *
/#30‬ا‪ S‬و)‪ AN‬وأن ا‪ { N+  S‬أ‪ G‬ا‪O " * 0
g#%‬ل
‪ * ,#L‬إ‪ : \L4‬ا‪ UCJ4‬وا أي ‪ 4‬وا ‪#%‬‬
‫‪!0+‬ا
* و)ء ا‪!!#%‬د و‪ A+mG‬ا‪!7%‬اب ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * *#Y %‬ز‪ * ,+‬أ‪ : ?-4‬ه^ ا‪+y‬ت ‪ &3#G‬ا‪ * 0
g#%‬آ‪!4 ?(-‬اء ا‪,(U%‬اء‬
‫‪ .‬و ه? و‪ #-O‬ذآ ا‪ _N) S‬ذآ ‪ F‬ا‪ CXK‬ء و‪!W‬ا أه? ا‪ S‬إ‪ ^+‬إ ذآ ا‪ 
S‬أ‪ 1‬ا‪,3 *
* 0
g#%‬ه?‬
‫ِ ?ٌ‬
‫‪َ ٌ G‬‬
‫‪!ُ0$‬ا ِ
ْ‪ ْ?(ُ 0‬وَا ‪ْ!Eَ 9‬ا َأ ْ‬
‫‪َ Y‬‬
‫* َأ ْ‬
‫ح ِ‪َ +ِ-%‬‬
‫‪!ََُJ4‬ا ‪ Fِ -ِ%‬وَا‪ِ !ُ4  %‬ل
ِ*ْ َ ْ‪َ َ
,ِ 3‬أ‪ ?ُ (ُ ََf‬ا ْ‪ُ ْ َE%‬‬
‫ا‪ َ*+ِ%‬ا ْ‬
‫‪ " 1%39 F%!O‬ا‪ *+%‬ا‪!J4‬ا ‪ S‬وا‪!4 %‬ل
* ‪ 
,3‬أ‪ ?(f‬ا‪ E%‬ح " ‪ .‬ها آن ‪!+‬م ‪ #Y‬اء ا‪ ,4K‬وذ‪ %‬أن ا‪ U#%‬آ * ‪#%‬‬
‫أ‪!f‬ا 
أ‪!f‬ا
* ا‪ * #-$#%‬آ وا را‪ * 3G‬إ‪_ 1%‬ده? )‪ #-‬ا‪ #J4‬وا )< ‪ 4‬ه? ‪!
,X‬ا ‪!##9  ?%‬ا ‪ 1-‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ /0+,#%‬و‪!-3G‬ه‬
‫ا‪ Š- #-) /-[ 2%‬ذ‪ %‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪,X ?-4‬ب ا‪ * #-$#%‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪%‬هب وراءه? ‪ ?(C %‬و‪ ?(+ +‬أن (? ‪!O‬ة و‪,-G‬ا و‪?%‬‬
‫‪88‬‬

‫‪;+‬ذن ‪!4 ,YK‬ى
* ‪ NY‬ا‪!+ /3O!%‬م أ‪!4 ,Y‬ى ‪ ,C * G‬ا‪ S‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪04 #% F0 S‬آ ^ )‪,JX‬ب ا‪!#-$#%‬ن ‪*
?( 
1-‬‬
‫ا‪ %‬اح وا‪oWn‬ن ‪ S /d‬و‪ 1-f F%!4 %‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل ا* أ< ‪ ,C * ,#L
0W,Y ?9Y‬ا‪ 24 0W,Y ,+m+ * S‬ن *‬
‫ ‪ # * /0‬و * ‪O /
a‬ل ‪ #% :‬ر‪ {G‬ا‪ U#%‬آ!ن * أ‪!%O ,Y‬ا ‪,#L
 :‬ا ‪ ?J-JO‬و ا‪!a%‬ا‪ V‬أرد)‪?J30f 
HT : ?J‬‬
‫ار‪!3G‬ا )‪ {#$‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪,0) % ?-4‬ب ا‪!,JX) * #-$#%‬ا ‪!s- 1JY‬ا ‪ #Y‬اء ا‪ - ,4K‬أو ‪ T‬أ<  ‪ - /0‬ا‪U%‬‬

* ‪ 24‬ن ‪E) -‬ل ا‪ U#%‬آ!ن ‪ {G ) AO *
{G X :‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪m ,39 &Xa) ?-4‬وة );‪mX‬ل ا‪ " 1%39 S‬ا‪*+%‬‬
‫ا‪!J4‬ا ‪ S‬وا‪!4 %‬ل
* ‪ 
,3‬أ‪ ?(f‬ا‪ E%‬ح ‪ *+-%‬أ‪!0$Y‬ا
‪ ?(0‬وا‪!E9‬ا أ‪ . " ?  G‬وروى ا*
دو‪* ,#L
w+,Y *
F+‬‬

‪![0‬ر * ‪ 24‬ن *  ‪ # * /0‬و * ‪ * /
a‬ا* ‪C‬س )آ ^ ‪ -‬و‪O‬ل
‪ * ,#L‬إ‪ : \L4‬آن ‪!+‬م أ‪!+ ,Y‬م ا‪&C$%‬‬
‫ا‪! *
‚[0%‬ال )‪ #-‬آن ا‪!+ *
,s%‬م ا‪ U &$% ,YK‬ة ‪! *
&N
/- %‬ال أذن
‪g‬ذن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪<) ?-4‬‬
‫ا‪0%‬س ‪ V-‬ا‪,3%‬و وأذن
‪g‬ذ‪ FX‬أن  ‪ 03
*G o+‬أ‪ ,Y‬إ
* ‪ ,C * G F#-a) H
K 0
!+ NY‬ا‪ # * S‬و * ‪ Y‬ام‬
‫)‪E‬ل ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬إن أ< آن ‪ 1- <02-.‬أ‪!.‬ات ‪ {C4 <%‬و‪O‬ل ‪ <0 + :‬إ‪ <% <sC0+  FX‬و ‪ %‬أن ‪ JX‬ك ه‪g‬ء ا‪!$0%‬ة  ر‪AG‬‬
‫) (* و‪% &$%‬ي أو‪ W‬ك ‪(%‬د
{ ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ 1- ‚-oJ) <$2X 1- ?-4‬أ‪!.‬ا‪;) *( - &2-oJ) 9‬ذن ‪F%‬‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ o) ?-4‬ج
‪ F3‬وإ‪ . #X‬ج ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪
?-4‬ه‪,3-% C‬و و‪ ?(s-C %‬أ‪ . FX‬ج )< ‪?(C-d‬‬
‫‪!0 %‬ا ‪!O F‬ة وأن ا‪%‬ي أ‪!+ ?% ?(f‬ه‪, * ?(0‬وه? ‪O .‬ل
‪ * ,#L‬إ‪ ,C <0W,L) : \L4‬ا‪. * S‬ر‪ * /G‬ز‪* &W * ,+‬‬
‫أ< ا‪#7 &0 /UR 1%!
VR$%‬ن أن ر‪ *
_G‬أ‪Lf‬ب ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ,C <0 *
?-4‬ا‪ A(K‬آن ‪ ,( ,O‬أ‪,Y‬ا‬
‫‪O‬ل ‪ X,( :‬أ‪,Y‬ا
{ ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أ‪ X‬وأ‪ #-) * L+ G 03G ) <.‬أذن
‪g‬ذن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫‪ o%‬وج )< ‪ V-d‬ا‪,3%‬و و‪ - <.K &-O‬أو ‪O‬ل ‪ : - <%‬أ‪m 09!29‬وة
{ ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬؟ وا‪ *
0% 
S‬دا‪/‬‬
‫‪ X‬آ‪ (C‬و 

‪ 0‬إ ‪ {
0G o) A EW Q+ G‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وآ‪ &0‬أ‪ G $+‬ا‪a) F0
Y‬ن إذا ‪1JY /CE FJ-#Y V-‬‬
‫ا‪ 0 (JX‬إ‪ 
1%‬ا‪ 1(JX‬إ‪ F %‬ا‪!#-$#%‬ن ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل ا‪oC%‬ري ‪_4 * ,#L
0W,Y :‬م ‪ 0W,Y‬أ!
‪3‬و‪ * /+‬ه‪U‬م * أ ‪/UR * F‬‬
‫ر‪ <r‬ا‪ " (0 S‬ا‪ *+%‬ا‪!J4‬ا ‪ S‬وا‪!4 %‬ل " ا‪ 3% &-O . /+y‬وة ‪ + :‬ا* أ‪ <J.‬آن أ!ك
‪ ?(0‬ا‪ m%‬وأ! ‪ a‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ #% #(0‬أ‪f‬ب ‪ <CX‬ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ 
?-4‬أ‪!+ Ff‬م أ‪ ,Y‬وا‪ [X‬ف ‪ F0‬ا‪ U#%‬آ!ن ‪.‬ف أن ‪!3G +‬ا )‪E‬ل "
* ‪<) {G +‬‬
‫أ‪ W‬ه? " )‪,JX‬ب
‪!3C4 ?(0‬ن ر‪ ?( ) _G‬أ! ‪ a‬وا‪ m%‬ه‪a‬ا روا^ ا‪oC%‬ري
‪ 20‬دا ‪( F‬ا ا‪ $%‬ق وه‪a‬ا روا^ ا‪L%‬آ? )<‬

‪,J$‬رآ‪ * F‬ا‪ * ?fK‬أ< ا‪C3%‬س ا‪,%‬وري * أ< ا‪ * N0%‬أ‪ , 34 1‬ا‪g#%‬دب * ه‪U‬م *  وة ‪O ?W : F‬ل ‪Q Lf‬‬
‫ا‪04n‬د و‪ ^G o+ ?%‬آا ‪O‬ل ‪ :‬وروا^ ا* 
‪ * FG‬ه‪U‬م * ‪#‬ر وه‪ ,C * /,‬ا‪!%‬هب * ‪ 24‬ن *  ‪ * /0‬ه‪U‬م *‬
‫ وة ‪ F‬وه‪a‬ا روا^ ‪![0
* , 34‬ر وأ! ‪ a‬ا‪, #L%‬ي )<
‪ 24 * ^,0$‬ن ‪ F‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪L%‬آ? أ‪ w+,Y *
N+‬إ‪* A #4‬‬
‫أ< ‪ * ,%.‬ا‪  * <# J%‬وة و‪O‬ل ‪ /UR <% &%O :‬إن أك
* ا‪ *+%‬ا‪!J4‬ا ‪ S‬وا‪!4 %‬ل
* ‪ 
,3‬أ‪ ?(f‬ا‪ E%‬ح ‪O ?W‬ل‬
‫‪  1- Q Lf‬ط ا‪ * o U%‬و‪ - ^G o+ ?%‬و‪O‬ل أ! ‪
* a‬دو‪ ,C 0W,Y F+‬ا‪ *
23G * S‬أ‪ Af‬آ‪ FJ‬أ‪ /+!#4 X;CX‬أ‪X;CX‬‬
‫‪ ,C‬ا‪ * S‬ا‪ m%‬أ‪ 24 X;CX‬ن أ‪ X;CX‬ه‪U‬م * أ ‪ /UR * F‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O : &%O #(0 S‬ل ‪ <%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫" إن آن أ!اك ‪ *#%‬ا‪ *+%‬ا‪!J4‬ا ‪ S‬وا‪!4 %‬ل
* ‪ 
,3‬أ‪ ?(f‬ا‪ E%‬ح أ! ‪ a‬وا‪ " m%‬ور){ ها ا‪*
ˆL
;. w+,L%‬‬
‫‪ /(G‬إ‪04‬د^ ‪ FJ2%o#%‬روا‪ /+‬ا‪E7%‬ت
* و‪ /UR 1- F2O‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ (0 S‬آ‪ ^0
,O #‬و
* ‪t) ^03
/(G‬ن ا‪ H % m%‬ه!
* ‪q‬ء‬
‫‪ /UR‬وإ‪ &%O #X‬ذ‪ 3% /UR %‬وة * ا‪ FXK m%‬ا* أ‪ (J.‬أ‪#4‬ء ‪ &0‬أ< ‪ a‬ا‪ \+,[%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ - ?(0 S‬و‪O‬ل ا* ‪: + G‬‬
‫‪ <0W,Y <# <0W,Y ,34 * ,#L
<0W,Y‬أ< * أ ‪ * F‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪O‬ل ‪ :‬إن ا‪O S‬ف )< ‪ V-O‬أ< ‪ 24‬ن ا‪!+ V %‬م أ‪,Y‬‬
‫‪ 
,3‬آن
‪ 
F0‬آن ) ‪ {G‬إ‪E) /a
1%‬ل ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬إن أ ‪ 24‬ن ‪ ,O‬أ‪f‬ب
‪ ) d ?a0‬و‪ ,O‬ر‪ {G‬و‪O ,O‬ف ا‪S‬‬
‫)< ‪ FC-O‬ا‪ " V %‬وآ‪ &X‬و‪ /3O‬أ‪! <) ,Y‬ال وآن ا‪J%‬ر ‪!
,E+‬ن ا‪ <) /0+,#%‬ذي ا‪,3E%‬ة ) ‪!%m0‬ن ‪,C‬ر ا‪ s[%‬ى )< آ‪
/04 A‬ة‬
‫وإ‪!
,O ?(X‬ا ‪ ,3‬و‪ /3O‬أ‪ ,Y‬وآن أ‪f‬ب ا‪ * 0
g#%‬ا‪ E%‬ح وا‪!aJ‬ا ذ‪ %‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وا‪ ?( - ,J‬ا‪%‬ي أ‪?(f‬‬
‫وأن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪,X ?-4‬ب ا‪0%‬س ‪!E-0 %‬ا
‪ F3‬و‪!3CJ+‬ا 
آ‪!X‬ا
‪ * 3CJ‬و‪O‬ل " إ‪!-L9 + #X‬ن ا‪y‬ن ) ;‪!9‬ن ا‪ŽL%‬‬
‫و ‪,E+‬رون ‪ 1JY (-7
1-‬م
‪) " ACE‬ء ا‪ U%‬ن ‪!o+‬ف أو‪ %‬ء^ )‪E‬ل ‪ :‬إن ا‪0%‬س ‪!3#G ,O‬ا ‪ F - 1;) ?a%‬ا‪0%‬س أن ‪^!3CJ+‬‬
‫و‪O‬ل " إ‪ <X‬ذاه‪ V‬وإن ‪ <03CJ+ ?%‬أ‪ ˆNYK ,Y‬ا‪0%‬س " )‪,JX‬ب
‪ F3‬ا‪ \+,[%‬و‪ #‬و‪#7‬ن و‪ <-‬وا‪ m%‬و‪ ,34‬و‪ /L-d‬و‪,C‬‬
‫ا‪! * *#Y %‬ف و‪ ,C‬ا‪!3$
* S‬د و‪ * /2+Y‬ا‪# %‬ن وأ! ‪, C‬ة * ا‪ %‬اح )< ‪ * 3C4‬ر‪$) _G‬روا )< ‪ V-d‬أ< ‪ 24‬ن‬
‫)‪!s- 1JY ^!C-‬ا ا‪ 2[%‬اء );‪mX‬ل ا‪ " 1%39 S‬ا‪ *+%‬ا‪!J4‬ا ‪ S‬وا‪!4 %‬ل
* ‪ 
,3‬أ‪ ?(f‬ا‪ E%‬ح " ا‪O ?W . /+y‬ل ا* إ‪\L4‬‬
‫)‪ o‬ج ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ 1JY ?-4‬ا‪ 1(JX‬إ‪ #Y 1%‬اء ا‪ ,4K‬وه<
* ا‪ / X#W 1- /0+,#%‬أ 
ل ‪O‬ل ا* ه‪U‬م ‪ :‬وا‪A#3J4‬‬
‫‪ 1-‬ا‪ /0+,#%‬ا* أم
‪!Ja‬م );‪O‬م ( ا‪ * 0W‬وا‪W_7%‬ء وا‪K‬ر‪3‬ء ‪ ?W‬ر‪ {G‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ /0+,#%‬و‪ F
,O‬آ‪ ,C <0W,Y #‬ا‪ * S‬أ< ‪ a‬‬

‪ * ,C3‬أ<
‪ ,C3‬ا‪mo%‬ا< وآ‪m. &X‬ا‪ ?(#-$
/‬و
‪ U‬آ(?  ‪!4 % Q[X /C‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ F3
?(JE2f / 
(J ?-4‬‬
‫‪!2o+‬ن ‪ T  F0‬آن ( و
‪ T
!+ ,C3‬آن
‪ U‬آ )‪E‬ل ‪ ,#L
+ :‬أ 
وا‪ 
0 - m ,E% S‬أ‪ <) f‬أ‪ Lf‬و‪!%‬دد‪ X‬أن ا‪S‬‬
‫)ك ) (? ‪ . ?W‬ج ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ #L ?-4‬اء ا‪ <E% 1JY ,4K‬أ ‪ 24‬ن * ‪ Y‬ب و
*
‪ % F3‬و‪Y‬ء و‪ ,O‬أ‪!3#G‬ا‬
‫ا‪ /3G %‬إ‪ 1%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وأ‪ FLf‬و‪!%O‬ا أ‪,#L
0Cf‬ا وأ‪ FLf‬و‪O‬د‪ ?(9‬وأ ا)(? ‪ ACO {G X ?W‬أن‬
‫‪ ?(-f;J$X‬؟ ‪ a0%‬ن ‪ #-) ?(0
* 20% ?W ?(J E 1-‬رأى أ! ‪ 24‬ن
‪,C3‬ا ‪O‬ل ‪ 
:‬وراءك ‪ ,C3
+‬؟ ‪O‬ل ‪ ,#L
:‬وأ‪FLf‬‬
‫‪ ?% {#G <) ?aC-+‬أر
‪!O LJ+ F-7‬ن ‪ ,O O L9 ?a -‬ا‪ *
F3
{#JG‬آن ‪ ?a
!+ <) F0 ‚-o9‬و‪!
,X‬ا ‪!30f 
1-‬ا )(?
*‬
‫ا‪<U ?a - \0L%‬ء ‪ ?%‬أر
‪O }O F-7‬ل ‪ :‬و‪ F%!E9 
-+‬؟ ‪O‬ل وا‪ 
S‬أرى أن ‪ 9 1JY AL9 9‬ى ‪!X‬ا‪ <f‬ا‪O A o%‬ل )!ا‪,E% S‬‬
‫أ‪ 03#G‬ا‪ a%‬ة ‪O ?(J E Af;J$0% ?( -‬ل )‪ <Xt‬أ‪(X‬ك * ذ‪ %‬ووا‪ 
<0-#Y ,E% S‬رأ‪ 1- &+‬أن ‪ ?( ) &-O‬أ ‪O 3 *
9‬ل و 

‫‪ &-O‬؟ ‪O‬ل ‪ : &-O‬آدت ‪ *
,(9‬ا‪!fK‬ات را‪ <J-Y‬إذ ‪ &%4‬ا‪K‬رض ‪ %‬د ا‪ 9 A K‬دى ;‪ ,4‬آ ام  ‪ ,0 /-09‬ا‪E-%‬ء و
‪A‬‬
‫‪89‬‬


‪3‬ز‪ &-) A+‬أ‪,‬و أ…* ا‪K‬رض 
‪!#4 #% /-R‬ا  ‪o
H R‬ول )‪ &-E‬و‪ A+‬ا* ‪ Y‬ب
* ‪ ?aRE%‬إذا ‪ &#s9‬ا‪LC%‬ء ‪A o%‬‬
‫إ‪K +X <X‬ه‪ A‬ا‪ Aa% / Yr A $%‬ذي إر‪ ?(0
/‬و
‪!E3‬ل
* ‪ e G‬أ‪  ,#Y‬و‪ /-09 e.‬و‪ 
‚f!+ H %‬أ‪X‬رت ‪O A E%‬ل )‪107‬‬
‫ذ‪ %‬أ ‪ 24‬ن و
*
‪ F3‬و
‪ F‬رآ‪ ,C *
V‬ا‪E) H E%‬ل أ‪,+ 9 *+‬ون ؟ ‪!%O‬ا ‪ ,+ X‬ا‪O /0+,#%‬ل و‪ ?%‬؟ ‪!%O‬ا ‪ ,+ X‬ا‪ #%‬ة ؟ ‪O‬ل )(‪A‬‬
‫أ‪!s-C
?JX‬ن ‪,#L
<0‬ا ر‪ /%4‬أر‪ ( ?a-4‬إ‪ F %‬وأ‪ ?a% A#Y‬ه^ ‪,‬ا ز ‪a3 C‬ظ إذا وا) ‪ X!#J‬؟ ‪!%O‬ا ‪O ?3X‬ل )‪t‬ذا وا) ‪^!#J‬‬
‫);‪ C.‬و^ أ‪ ,O FX‬أ‪ 03#G‬ا‪ $#%‬إ‪ F %‬وإ‪ 1%‬أ‪ #) ?(J E Af;J$0% FLf‬ا‪ %‬آ‪!4  V‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وه! ‪ #L‬اء‬
‫ا‪ C.;) ,4K‬و^ ‪%‬ي ‪O‬ل أ! ‪ 24‬ن وأ‪!%E) FLf‬ا " ‪ 0C$Y‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪ " A‬وذآ ا* ه‪U‬م * أ< ‪, C‬ة ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ Fs- * Y ?-4‬ر‪ ?(!G‬وا‪%‬ي ‪Y ?(% &
!4 ,E% ^,  <$2X‬رة ‪ !%‬أ‪!LCf‬ا ( ‪!Xa%‬ا آ;
‪ H‬ا‪%‬اه‪" V‬‬
‫و‪O‬ل ا‪ *$L%‬ا‪ [C%‬ي )< ‪ " F%!O‬ا‪ *+%‬ا‪!J4‬ا ‪ S‬وا‪!4 %‬ل
* ‪ 
,3‬أ‪ ?(f‬ا‪ E%‬ح " إن أ ‪ 24‬ن وأ‪ FLf‬أ‪!f‬ا
*‬
‫ا‪ 
* #-$#%‬أ‪!f‬ا ور‪!3G‬ا )‪E‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إن أ ‪ 24‬ن ‪ ,O‬ر‪ {G‬و‪O ,O‬ف ا‪ FC-O <) S‬ا‪,J0+ *#) V %‬ب‬
‫)< ‪E) FC-d‬م ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وأ! ‪ a‬و‪ #‬و‪#7‬ن و‪ <-‬و‪X‬س
* أ‪Lf‬ب ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫)‪!3CJ‬ه? )‪ Š-C‬أ ‪ 24‬ن أن ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪  <E-) FC-+ ?-4‬ا
* ا‪J%‬ر )‪E‬ل ردوا
‪,#L‬ا و‪ *
?a%‬ا‪ A3%‬آا وآا‬
‫وأ‪ C.‬وه? أ‪ !#G &3#G ,O <X‬وأ‪ <X‬را‪ {G‬إ‪) ?( %‬ء ا‪J%‬ر );‪ C.‬وا ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪E) % ?-4‬ل ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ F -‬و‪ 0C$Y " ?-4‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪mX;) " A‬ل ا‪ S‬ه^ ا‪ /+y‬وه‪a‬ا ‪O‬ل ‪ /
a‬و‪JO‬دة و وا‪ ,Y‬إن ها ا‪ $%‬ق ‪mX‬ل )< ;ن‬
‫‪m .‬وة ‪ #Y‬اء ا‪ ,4K‬و‪, <) &%mX A O‬ر ا‪ ,!#%‬وا‪ Q L[%‬ا‪K‬ول‬
‫‪ َ0Cُ $‬ا‪َ Fُ -%‬و ِ‪ ?َ 3ْ X‬ا ْ‪!َ %‬آِ ُ‪A‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ!U‬ه ْ? )َ‪َm‬ا َد ُه?ْ إِ‪َ ًXَ#+‬و‪!ُ%َO‬ا ‪ْ َY‬‬
‫‪!ُ3#َ G‬ا َ‪َ ْ.َ) ْ?aُ %‬‬
‫س َ‪َ ْ,O‬‬
‫ن ا‪َ 0%‬‬
‫س ِإ ‬
‫* ‪َO‬لَ َ‪ ?ُ (ُ %‬ا‪ُ 0%‬‬
‫ا‪َ +ِ%‬‬
‫‪ " 1%39 F%!O‬ا‪O *+%‬ل ‪ ?(%‬ا‪0%‬س إن ا‪0%‬س ‪!3#G ,O‬ا ‪!U.) ?a%‬ه? )‪m‬اده? إ‪ " X#+‬ا‪ /+y‬أي ا‪,!9 *+%‬ه? ا‪0%‬س ‪!#%‬ع "‬
‫و‪!)!.‬ه? ‪ 7a‬ة ا‪,K‬اء )‪ #‬اآ‪!W J‬ا ‪!9 A %%‬آ‪!-‬ا ‪ 1-‬ا‪ S‬وا‪!X3J4‬ا ‪ " F‬و‪!%O‬ا ‪ 0C$Y‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪ " A‬و‪O‬ل ا‪oC%‬ري‬
‫‪ 0W,Y‬أ‪O HX!+ * ,#Y‬ل أرا^ ‪O‬ل ‪ 0W,Y‬أ! ‪ * a‬أ< ‪ * * [Y‬أ< ا‪ * 1LN%‬ا* ‪C‬س " ‪ 0C$Y‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪" A‬‬
‫‪ (%O‬إ اه ? ‪ F -‬ا‪_$%‬م ‪ * Y‬أ‪ <) <E%‬ا‪0%‬ر و‪ 1-f ,#L
(%O‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O * Y ?-4‬ل ‪ ?(%‬ا‪0%‬س إن ا‪0%‬س ‪!3#G ,O‬ا ‪?a%‬‬
‫)‪!U.‬ه? )‪m‬اده? إ‪ X#+‬و‪!%O‬ا ‪ 0C$Y‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪ .A‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪ * ,#L
* <R$0%‬إ‪ * A #4‬إ اه ? وهرون * ‪ ,C‬ا‪S‬‬
‫آ_ه‪ * 1 L+ * #‬أ< ‪ * a‬أ< ‪ a‬وه! ا*  ش ‪ F‬وا‪ V3%‬أن ا‪L%‬آ? أ ‪ ,C‬ا‪ S‬روا^
* ‪ w+,Y‬أ‪?W F HX!+ * ,#Y‬‬
‫‪O‬ل ‪ Q Lf‬ا‪04n‬د ‪  1-‬ط ا‪ * o U%‬و‪ ?W ^G o+ ?%‬روا^ ا‪oC%‬ري * أ< ‪$‬ن 
‪ * %‬إ‪ * A #4‬إ‪ 4‬ا‪ * A R‬أ<‬
‫‪ * * [Y‬أ< ا‪ * 1LN%‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪O‬ل آن ‪!O .q‬ل إ اه ? ‪ F -‬ا‪_$%‬م ‪ * Y‬أ‪ <) <E%‬ا‪0%‬ر " ‪ 0C$Y‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪" A‬‬
‫و‪O‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪ %‬زاق ‪O‬ل ا*  ‪ /0‬وأ‪ <X C.‬زآ ‪ * +‬ا‪ ,C * <C3U%‬ا‪ # * S‬و و‪O‬ل ه< آ‪ /#-‬إ اه ? ‪ F -‬ا‪_$%‬م ‪ * Y‬أ‪<E%‬‬
‫)< ا‪0%‬ر ‪ .‬روا^ ا* ‪ + G‬و‪O‬ل أ! ‪
* a‬دو‪ 0W,Y #3
* ,#L
0W,Y F+‬إ اه ? *
!‪ 14‬ا‪!7%‬ري ‪ ,C 0W,Y‬ا‪* ? Y %‬‬

‪ * ,#L‬ز‪+‬د ا‪ a$%‬ي أ‪ X;CX‬أ! ‪  * a‬ش * ‪ , #Y‬ا‪ * A+!%‬أ‪ * %
* HX‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أ‪F% A O FX‬‬
‫‪!+‬م أ‪ ,Y‬إن ا‪0%‬س ‪!3#G ,O‬ا ‪!U.) ?a%‬ه? );‪mX‬ل ا‪ S‬ه^ ا‪ /+y‬وروى أ‪ ,C * ,#L
* ^,0$ N+‬ا‪ S‬ا‪ %‬ا)‪ * <3‬أ ‪* F‬‬
‫‪ ^,G‬أ< را){ أن ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬و‪ V-d <) F3
2X <)  - FG‬أ< ‪ 24‬ن )‪ ?( E-‬أ ا<
* ‪m.‬ا‪E) /‬ل إن ا‪!E%‬م‬
‫‪!3#G ,O‬ا ‪!%E) ?a%‬ا " ‪ 0C$Y‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪ ?( ) &%m0) " A‬ه^ ا‪O ?W /+y‬ل ا*
دو‪ 0W,Y F+‬د‪ * Ž-‬أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬ا‪* *$L%‬‬
‫‪ 24‬ن أ‪ X;CX‬أ! ‪ ,34 * V3[
* /#7 .‬أ‪ * 14!
X;CX‬أ * * ا‪ * e#K‬أ< ‪ * Q%f‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬إذا و‪ <) ?J3O‬ا‪
K‬ا‪!%!E) ? 3%‬ا " ‪ 0C$Y‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪ " A‬ها ‪ *
V+ w+,Y‬ها ا‪ FG!%‬و‪,O‬‬
‫‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪! Y 0W,Y ,#Y‬ة *  ‪ Q+‬وإ اه ? * أ< ا‪C3%‬س ‪,3
* ,%. * , 34 * 1 L+ 0W,Y / E 0W,Y O‬ان * ‪‚ 4‬‬
‫* !ف * 
‪ %‬أ‪ ?(W,Y FX‬أن ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ *  1NO ?-4‬ر‪E) * -G‬ل ا‪ #% F - <NE#%‬أد ‪ <C$Y :‬ا‪ S‬و‪?3X‬‬
‫ا‪!%‬آ ‪E) A‬ل ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬ردوا ‪ <-‬ا‪E) AG %‬ل ‪ &-O 
:‬؟ " ‪O‬ل ‪ <C$Y &-O :‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪E) . A‬ل ا‪<C0%‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬إن ا‪!-+ S‬م ‪ 1-‬ا‪ m3%‬و‪t) H a%  - *a%‬ذا ‪ C-‬أ
)‪ <C$Y AE‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪ " A‬وآا روا^ أ!‬
‫داود وا‪ ‚ 4 * ,%. * 1 L+ * / E w+,Y *
<R$0%‬وه! ا‪ < 
U%‬و‪! * V$0+ ?%‬ف * 
‪ * %‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ . ^!L0 ?-4‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬أ‪C4‬ط ‪ 
0W,Y‬ف *  ‪ * /‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪" ?-4‬‬
‫آ ‚ أ‪ ?3X‬و‪ VYf‬ا‪ E%‬ن ‪ ,O‬ا‪ ?EJ%‬ا‪ E%‬ن و‪E) " 20 )
g+ 1J
{#J$+ FJ(CG 10Y‬ل أ‪Lf‬ب ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫)‪!EX #‬ل ؟ ‪O‬ل " ‪!%!O‬ا ‪ 0C$Y‬ا‪ S‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪ 1- A‬ا‪!9 S‬آ‪ . " 0-‬و‪ ,O‬روي ها
* و‪ FG‬وه! ‪ , G w+,Y‬و‪ ,O‬رو‪ * 0+‬أم‬
‫ا‪ * 0
g#%‬ز‪ V0+‬و‪ /UR‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 S‬أ‪ &%E) 9 .29 #(X‬ز‪ V0+‬زو‪ <0G‬ا‪ S‬وزو‪ *aG‬أه‪ *a %‬و‪  &%mX /UR &%O‬اء‪<9‬‬

* ا‪#$%‬ء )< ا‪q E%‬ن )‪ (% &#-$‬ز‪ &%O ?W V0+‬آ ‚ ‪ * Y &-O‬رآ‪ &C‬را‪!2f /-Y‬ان * ا‪ <C$Y &-O : &%O A3#%‬ا‪ S‬و‪?3X‬‬
‫‪ .‬ا‪!%‬آ ‪ &%O A‬ز‪ &-O V0+‬آ‪ /#-‬ا‪* 0
g#%‬‬
‫ِ ٍ?‬
‫‪َ ٍAN‬‬
‫ن ا‪ Fِ -%‬وَا‪ Fُ -%‬ذُو َ) ْ‬
‫‪!ُ4 ْ?(ُ $‬ءٌ وَا‪!ُ3Cَ 9‬ا رِ‪َ!ْr‬ا َ‬
‫‪ْ $‬‬
‫)َ‪!ُCَ-Eَ ْX‬ا ِ ِ‪ َ*
ِ /ٍ #َ 3ْ 0‬ا‪َ Fِ -%‬و َ)‪َ #ْ +َ ْ?%َ Aٍ ْN‬‬
‫‪O‬ل ‪!C-EX) " 1%39‬ا ‪ *
/#30‬ا‪ S‬و)‪!4 ?($$#+ ?% AN‬ء " أي ‪!9 #%‬آ‪!-‬ا ‪ 1-‬ا‪ S‬آ‪2‬ه? 
أه‪ ?(#‬ورد ‪; ?(0‬س
* أراد‬
‫آ ‪,‬ه? ) ‪!3G‬ا إ‪,- 1%‬ه? " ‪ *
/#30‬ا‪ S‬و)‪!4 ?($$#+ ?% AN‬ء "
‪ #‬أ‪, ?(% #r‬وه? " وا‪!3C9‬ا ر‪!r‬ان ا‪ S‬وا‪ S‬ذو )‪AN‬‬
‫ ? " و‪O‬ل ا‪ 0W,Y <E( C%‬أ! ‪ ,C‬ا‪ S‬ا‪ 0W,Y ‡)L%‬أ! ‪ * a‬داود ا‪m%‬اه‪ * U 0W,Y ? 3X * ,#L
0W,Y ,‬ا‪0W,Y ?aL%‬‬
‫‪90‬‬

/#30 ‫!ا‬C-EX) " S‫!ل ا‬O <) ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬/
a * ?-$
* 1-3+ * * $Y * ‫ ن‬24 0W,Y *+‫ * رز‬S‫ ا‬,C * UC

Q ) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ اه ر‬J) ?4!#%‫م ا‬+‫ أن  ا
ت )< أ‬AN2%‫!ا وا‬#-4 ?(X‫ أ‬/#30%‫ل ا‬O " AN)‫ و‬S‫
* ا‬
?a% ‫!ا‬3#G ,O ‫س‬0%‫س إن ا‬0%‫(? ا‬% ‫ل‬O *+%‫ " ا‬1%39 S‫!ل ا‬O <) ,‫ * 
ه‬Q X <‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ و‬FLf‫  * أ‬F#$E) 
( )
?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ,#L
‫ل‬E) 0Lf‫? أ‬J-JO w Y ‫ر‬, ?‫آ‬,!
?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ,#L#% ‫ل‬O ‫ ن‬24 !‫ل ها أ‬O "?‫!ه‬U.)
" AG‫ و‬m S‫!ل ا‬O %) ‫!ا‬J) ( ) ‫!ق‬$%‫!ا ا‬E)‫را )!ا‬, ‫ل‬mX 1JY ^,!#% ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫\ ر‬-X) " 1$ "
?4E%‫ * ا‬N+‫ وروى أ‬+ G *‫ ى روا^ ا‬s[%‫ر ا‬, ‫وة‬m <‫ل وه‬O ./+y‫!ء " ا‬4 ?($$#+ ?% AN)‫ و‬S‫
* ا‬/#30 ‫!ا‬C-EX)
* ‫ آ‬U#%‫!ن ا‬E-+ ‫!ا‬-3) ‫ ن‬24 <‫ أ‬,!#% ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬,# #% : ‫ل‬O Ž+ G *‫ج * ا‬Y * * $L%‫* ا‬
1JY A ‫!آ‬%‫? ا‬3X‫ و‬S‫ ا‬0C$Y ‫!ن‬0
g#%‫!ل ا‬E ) ?‫!ه‬C + ‫ون أن‬,+ + % ?(X‫و‬, a+ ?a% ‫!ا‬3#G ,O ‫!ن‬%!E ) e+ O * ?(X!%;$ )
. %‫ل )< ذ‬O‫ و‬,#L
A o /a
A‫ أه‬C.;) * ‫ آ‬U#%‫
* ا‬AG‫م ر‬,E) ‫ل‬O ,Y‫ز(? ) ( أ‬0+ ?% / ) (O‫!ا‬4‫وا أ‬,G!) ‫را‬, ‫
!ا‬,O
;. !‫? وه‬4E%‫ ا‬X,UX‫ا أ‬a‫ ه‬+ G *‫ل ا‬O ‫ي‬,!
,+,O ‫ت 
ء‬o9‫ وا‬,03%‫!رة آ‬70
‫ و!ة‬,#L
‫ !ل‬. *
<f!-O ‫ ت‬2X
‫ن‬0r ‫ و 
ء‬,!
,+,O ‫& 
ء‬-3G ,O ,-9K‫* أ ( ا‬+‫ د‬1- <() ,03%‫ ب آ‬7+ *
‫ و!ة‬,#L
<JE)‫ ت
* ر‬2X ,O : !‫ ه‬#X‫إ‬
,s%‫ ا‬1Lr (%
*
َ ِ0
ِ ْg
ُ ْ?ُJ0ْ ‫ن ِإنْ ُآ‬
ِ !ُ)َ.‫َ)ُ! ُه?ْ َو‬o9َ َ-)َ ^ُ َ‫ َء‬%ِْ‫!فُ َأو‬h o
َ +ُ ‫ن‬
ُ َ ْ U%‫ ُ? ا‬aُ %َِ‫َ ذ‬#X ‫ِإ‬
_) " 1%39 S‫ل ا‬O ‫ة‬, ‫(? ذوو ;س وذوو‬X‫? أ‬a#‫!ه‬+‫ ء^ و‬%‫? أو‬a)!o+ ‫ ء^ " أي‬%‫!ف أو‬o+ ‫ ن‬U%‫? ا‬a%‫ ذ‬#X‫ " إ‬1%39 ‫ل‬O
‫ل‬O #‫ (? آ‬- ?‫ آ‬fX‫? و‬a )‫< آ‬Xt) <%‫!ا إ‬T%‫< وا‬- ‫!ا‬-‫!آ‬J) ?a#‫? وأوه‬a% ‫!ل‬4 ‫ * " أي إذا‬0
g
?J0‫)!ن إن آ‬.‫)!ه? و‬o9
" 1%39 ‫ل‬O‫!ن " و‬-‫!آ‬J#%‫ ا‬A‫!آ‬J+ F - S‫< ا‬C$Y AO " F%!O 1%‫ " إ‬FX‫*
* دو‬+% X!)!o+‫^ و‬,C ‫ف‬a S‫ ا‬H %‫ " أ‬1%39
" ‫ ون‬4o%‫ ن ه? ا‬U%‫ب ا‬mY ‫ ن أ إن‬U%‫ب ا‬mY T%‫ " أو‬1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ " و‬2 3r ‫ ن آن‬U%‫ ا‬, ‫ ن إن آ‬U%‫ ء ا‬%‫!ا أو‬-9E)
‫!ا إن‬0
q *+%‫( ا‬+‫ أ‬+ " 1%39 ‫ل‬O‫[ ^ " و‬0+ *
S‫[ ن ا‬0 %‫ل " و‬O‫ " و‬m+m ‫!ي‬O S‫< إن ا‬-4‫ ور‬X‫* أ‬C- K S‫ ا‬VJ‫ل " آ‬O‫و‬
{20+  ‫!م‬+ ‫(د‬K‫!م ا‬E+ ‫!م‬+‫  و‬X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫!ا )< ا‬0
q *+%‫ وا‬0-4‫[ ر‬00% X‫ " إ‬1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ و‬./+y‫[ آ? " ا‬0+ S‫[ وا ا‬09
‫ار‬,%‫!ء ا‬4 ?(%‫ و‬/03-%‫(? ا‬%‫(? و‬9‫ر‬3
* #%%‫" ا‬
Allah states that even though the martyrs were killed in this life, their souls are alive and
receiving provisions in the Dwelling of Everlasting Life. In his Sahih, Muslim recorded that
Masruq said, "We asked `Abdullah about this Ayah,
6‫ن‬
َ !ُO‫ ْ َز‬+ُ ْ?(ِ h َ‫ ر‬,َ 0ِ ٌ‫ َء‬Y
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ً9َ!
ْ ‫ َأ‬Fِ -%‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ 1ِ) ْ‫ُ!ا‬-ِJOُ َ*+ِ%‫* ا‬Cَ $
َ L
ْ 9َ َ ‫ َو‬
(Think not of those as dead who are killed in the way of Allah. Nay, they are alive, with their
Lord, and they have provision.)
He said, `We asked the Messenger of Allah the same question and he said,
?ِ( ْ %َ‫ َ{ ِإ‬-َdَ) ،ِA+ِ‫َد‬0Eَ %ْ ‫َ ا‬-ْ 9ِ 1َ%‫;ْوِي ِإ‬9َ ? Wُ ،ْ‫ َ َءت‬w
ُ ْ Y
َ /ِ 0 
َ ْ%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ‫ح‬
ُ َ $
ْ َ9 ،ِ‫ ْش‬3َ %ْ ِ ٌ/Eَ -َ3
ُ Aُ +ِ‫َد‬0Oَ َ(َ% ،ٍ ْN.
ُ ٍ ْ d
َ ‫ف‬
ِ ْ!G
َ <ِ) ْ?(ُ Y
ُ ‫»َأرْوَا‬
،ٍ‫ث َ 
ات‬
َ َ-Wَ ْ?(ِ ِ 
َ %ِ‫َ َذ‬A3َ 2َ َ) ‫َ؟‬0Tْ 
ِ w
ُ ْ Y
َ /ِ 0
َ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ‫ح‬
ُ َ $
ْ Xَ *
ُL
ْ َX‫(ِ< َو‬Jَ ْUXَ ‫<ْ ٍء‬
َ ‫ي‬ 
َ‫ أ‬:‫ُ!ا‬%َEَ) ‫ً؟‬T ْ َ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ(Jَ U
ْ 9َ ْA‫ َه‬:‫َل‬E)َ /ً 
َ َ-hd‫َر  ُ( ُ? ا‬
‫ َرأَى‬#-َ)َ ،‫ َى‬.
ْ ‫ َ
 ًة ُأ‬
َ -ِ ِC4
َ <ِ) Aَ Jَ Eْ Xُ 1JY
َ َXِ‫َد‬$G
ْ ‫َ )ِ< َأ‬0Y
َ ‫ ُ د َأرْوَا‬9َ ْ‫ُ َأن‬,+ِ Xُ ‫ب‬
h ‫َ َر‬+ :‫ُ!ا‬%َO ،‫ُ!ا‬%َ;ْ$+ُ ْ‫ َآُ!ا ِ
*ْ َأن‬Jْ ُ+ ْ*%َ ْ?(ُ X‫ َرَأوْا َأ‬#َ-)َ
«‫ ِ آُ!ا‬9ُ ،ٌ/G
َ َY ْ?(ُ َ% H
َ ْ َ% ْ‫َأن‬
(Their souls are inside green birds that have lamps, which are hanging below the Throne (of
Allah), and they wander about in Paradise wherever they wish. Then they return to those
lamps. Allah looks at them and says, `Do you wish for anything' They say, `What more could
we wish for, while we go wherever we wish in Paradise' Allah asked them this question thrice,
and when they realize that He will keep asking them until they give an answer, they say, `O
Lord! We wish that our souls be returned to our bodies so that we are killed in Your cause
again.' Allah knew that they did not have any other wish, so they were left.)''' There are
several other similar narrations from Anas and Abu Sa`id.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas said that the Messenger of Allah said,

91

،‫ َى‬.
ْ ‫ َ
 ًة ُأ‬Aَ Jَ ْE ُ )َ َ Xْ , %‫ ا‬1َ%‫ َ{ ِإ‬G
ِ ْ َ+ ْ‫  ^ُ َأن‬$
ُ +َ Fُ X tِ)َ ،ُ, ِ(U 
%‫ ا‬%‫ ِإ‬،َ Xْ , %‫ ا‬1َ%‫ َ{ ِإ‬G
ِ ْ َ9 ْ‫  هَ َأن‬$
ُ +َ ،ٌ ْ .
َ S
ِ ‫َ ا‬,0ْ 
ِ َ(َ% ،ُ‫ُ!ت‬#9َ H
ٍ 2ْ َX ْ*
ِ َ
»
«‫(َدَة‬U
َ %‫ ا‬Aِ N
ْ )َ ْ*
ِ ‫ َى‬+َ َ#%ِ
(No soul that has a good standing with Allah and dies would wish to go back to the life of this
world, except for the martyr. He would like to be returned to this life so that he could be
martyred again, for he tastes the honor achieved from martyrdom.) Muslim collected this
Hadith
In addition, Imam Ahmad recorded that, Ibn `Abbas said that the Messenger of Allah said,

Aَ +ِ‫َد‬0َO 1%ِ‫;ْوِي إ‬9َ ‫ َو‬،َ‫َ ِره‬#ِW ْ*
ِ Aُ ُ‫ ْ;آ‬9َ ‫ َو‬،ِ/‫ـ‬0َ%ْ ‫(َ َر ا‬Xْ ‫َ ِ ُد َأ‬9 ،ٍ ْN.
ُ ٍ ْ َd ‫ف‬
ِ ‫ْ!َا‬G‫ ُ(?ْ )ِ< َأ‬Y
َ ‫ َأرْوَا‬S
ُ ‫ ا‬Aَ 3َ G
َ ،ٍ,Y
ُ ;ُِ ْ?aُ Xُ ‫!َا‬.
ْ ‫ ِإ‬V
َ ِf‫ ُأ‬#%َ» 
-Tَ ِ% ،َ0َ% S
ُ ‫ َ{ ا‬0َ f
َ َ
‫ن‬
َ !ُ#-َ3ْ +َ َ0َX‫!َا‬.
ْ ‫& ِإ‬
َ ْ %َ َ+ :‫ُ!ا‬%َO ْ?(ِ Cِ -َEJَ
ُ *
َ$
ْ Y
ُ ‫ َو‬،ْ?(ِ -َِ‫ َ ِ ِ(?ْ َو َ
ْ;آ‬U
ْ
َ V
َ ِd ‫ُوا‬,G
َ ‫ َو‬#-ََ) ،ِ‫ ْش‬3َ %ْ ‫ ا‬hA…
ِ <ِ) V
ٍ ‫ذَ َه‬
«?ُa0ْ 
َ ْ?(ُ ُs-hَ‫ْ ُأ‬X‫ َأ‬:AَG‫ َو‬m 
َ S
ُ ‫َ َل ا‬E)َ ،ِ‫ ْب‬L
َ %ْ ‫* ا‬
ِ
َ ‫ُ!ا‬-aُ 0ْ +َ َ%‫ َو‬،ِ‫(َد‬
ِ %ْ ‫ُوا )ِ< ا‬,‫ْ َه‬m+َ
(When your brothers were killed in Uhud, Allah placed their souls inside green birds that tend
to the rivers of Paradise and eat from its fruits. They then return to golden lamps hanging in
the shade of the Throne. When they tasted the delight of their food, drink and dwelling, they
said, `We wish that our brothers knew what Allah gave us so that they will not abandon Jihad
or warfare.' Allah said, `I will convey the news for you.') Allah revealed these and the
following Ayat,
6‫ن‬
َ !ُO‫ ْ َز‬+ُ ْ?(ِ h َ‫ ر‬,َ 0ِ ٌ‫ َء‬Y
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ً9َ!
ْ ‫ َأ‬Fِ -%‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ 1ِ) ْ‫ُ!ا‬-ِJOُ َ*+ِ%‫* ا‬Cَ $
َ L
ْ 9َ َ ‫ َو‬
(Think not of those as dead who are killed in the way of Allah. Nay, they are alive, with their
Lord, and they have provision.)
Qatadah, Ar-Rabi` and Ad-Dahhak said that these Ayat were revealed about the martyrs of
Uhud.
Abu Bakr Ibn Marduwyah recorded that Jabir bin `Abdullah said, "The Messenger of Allah
looked at me one day and said, `O Jabir! Why do I see you sad' I said, `O Messenger of Allah!
My father was martyred and left behind debts and children.' He said,
«ًYَ2‫ َ? َأَكَ ِآ‬-‫ َآ‬FX‫ َوِإ‬،ٍ‫َِب‬Y ِ‫ ِ
*ْ وَرَاء‬%‫} ِإ‬ 
َO ‫ًا‬,Y
َ ‫ َأ‬S
ُ ‫ َ? ا‬-‫ ُ كَ؟
َ َآ‬Cِ ْ.‫َ ُأ‬%‫»َأ‬
، /(G‫!ا‬#%‫ ا‬:‫ح‬2a%‫ ا‬:<- ‫ل‬O 
َ% َ( ْ %َِ‫ ُ(?ْ إ‬X ‫ ِإ‬:‫َ!ْ ُل‬E%ْ ‫< ا‬h0
ِ \
َ Cَ 4
َ ْ,Oَ Fُ X ‫ ِإ‬:A G
َ ‫ َو‬m
َ ‫ب‬ 
 %‫َ َل ا‬E)َ ،ً/ َ Xِ َW 
َ ِ) Aَ Jَ ْO;َُ) َ Xْ ,%‫ ا‬1َ%‫َ َأنْ ُأرَ د ِإ‬%ُ;َ4
ْ ‫ َأ‬:َ‫َل‬O .
َ
ِ
ْ ‫ِ< ُأ‬0-ْ َ4 :‫َ َل‬O»
«<ِR‫ِ ْŠ َ
*ْ َورَا‬-ْ َ;)َ ‫ب‬
h ‫ َأيْ َر‬:‫َ َل‬O .‫ُ!ن‬3ِG ْ َ+
(Should I tell you that Allah never spoke to anyone except from behind a veil However, He
spoke to your father directly. He said, `Ask Me and I will give you.' He said, `I ask that I am
returned to life so that I am killed in Your cause again.' The Lord, Exalted He be, said, `I have
spoken the word that they shall not be returned back to it (this life). ' He said, `O Lord! Then
convey the news to those I left behind.') Allah revealed,
6ً9َ!
ْ ‫ َأ‬Fِ -%‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ 1ِ) ْ‫ُ!ا‬-Jِ ُO *
َ +ِ%‫* ا‬ 
Cَ $
َ L
ْ 9َ َ ‫ َو‬
(Think not of those as dead who are killed in the way of Allah...)''

92

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«“ U
ِ َ‫ْ َ ًة َو‬aُ /ِ ‫ـ‬0
َ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ْ?(ُ ُOْ‫َ ْ ِ(?ْ ِرز‬-
َ ‫ج‬
ُ ُ ْo+َ ،َ‫ َاء‬N
ْ َ. /ٍ C Oُ <ِ) ،ِ/‫ـ‬0َ%ْ ‫ب ا‬
ِ َCِ ٍ (ْ Xَ ‫ق‬
ِ ِ‫ َر‬1-َ ‫َا ُء‬,(َ U 
%‫»ا‬
(The martyrs convene at the shore of a river close to the door of Paradise, in a green tent,
where their provisions are brought to them from Paradise day and night.)
Ahmad and Ibn Jarir collected this Hadith, which has a good chain of narration. It appears
that the martyrs are of different types, some of them wander in Paradise, and some remain
close to this river by the door of Paradise. It is also possible that the river is where all the souls
of the martyrs convene and where they are provided with their provision day and night, and
Allah knows best. UImam Ahmad narrated a Hadith that contains good news for every
believer that his soul will be wandering in Paradise, as well, eating from its fruits, enjoying its
delights and happiness and tasting the honor that Allah has prepared in it for him. This
Hadith has a unique, authentic chain of narration that includes three of the Four Imams.
Imam Ahmad narrated this Hadith from Muhammad bin Idris Ash-Shafi`i who narrated it
from Malik bin Anas Al-Asbuhi, from Az-Zuhri, from `Abdur-Rahman bin Ka`b bin Malik
that his father said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«Fُ73َ Cْ َ+ ‫!ْ َم‬+َ ِ^,ِ $
َ G
َ 1%ِ‫ إ‬S
ُ ‫ ا‬Fُ 3َ ِGْ +َ 1JY
َ /ِ ‫ـ‬0
َ %ْ ‫َ ِ ا‬
َ <ِ) \
ُ -ُْ3+َ ٌ Rِ َd *
ِ
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬/ُ #َ $
َ Xَ »
(The soul of the believer becomes a bird that feeds on the trees of Paradise, until Allah sends
him back to his body when He resurrects him.)
This Hadith states that the souls of the believers are in the shape of a bird in Paradise. As for
the souls of martyrs, they are inside green birds, like the stars to the rest of the believing souls.
We ask Allah the Most Generous that He makes us firm on the faith.
Allah's statement,
6ُF-%‫َـ ُ( ُ? ا‬9‫َ ءَا‬#ِ َ* ِY ِ )َ 
(They rejoice in what Allah has bestowed upon them) indicates that the martyrs who were
killed in Allah's cause are alive with Allah, delighted because of the bounty and happiness they
are enjoying. They are also awaiting their brethren, who will die in Allah's cause after them,
for they will be meeting them soon. These martyrs do not have fear about the future or sorrow
for what they left behind. We ask Allah to grant us Paradise. The Two Sahihs record from
Anas, the story of the seventy Ansar Companions who were murdered at Bir Ma`unah in one
night. In this Hadith, Anas reported that the Prophet used to supplicate to Allah in Qunut in
prayer against those who killed them. Anas said, "A part of the Qur'an was revealed about
them, but was later abrogated, `Convey to our people that we met Allah and He was pleased
with us and made us pleased.'''
Allah said next,
6*
َ ِ0
ِ ْg#ُ ْ%‫ َ ا‬G
ْ ‫ِ ُ{ َأ‬N+ُ َ َF-%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ َوَأ‬Aٍ ْNَ)‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
h /ٍ #َ ْ30ِ ِ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ ُو‬U
ِ Cْ َJ$
ْ +َ 
(They rejoice in a grace and a bounty from Allah, and that Allah will not waste the reward of
the believers) 3:1716.

93

Muhammad bin Ishaq commented, "They were delighted and pleased because of Allah's
promise that was fulfilled for them, and for the tremendous rewards they earned.'' `AbdurRahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said, "This Ayah encompasses all the believers, martyrs and
otherwise. Rarely does Allah mention a bounty and a reward that He granted to the Prophets,
without following that with what He has granted the believers after them.''
Allah said,
6ُ‫ ْح‬Eَ %ْ ‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬Cَ ‫َـ‬f‫
َ َأ‬,ِ ْ3َ *ِ
‫ُ! ِل‬4  %‫ وَا‬Fِ -ِ% ْ‫َُ!ا‬Jَ 4
ْ ‫*ا‬
َ +ِ%‫ا‬
(Those who answered (the Call of) Allah and the Messenger after being wounded) 3:1726.
This occurred on the day of Hamra' Al-Asad. After the idolators defeated the Muslims (at
Uhud), they started on their way back home, but soon they were concerned because they did
not finish off the Muslims in Al-Madinah, so they set out to make that battle the final one.
When the Messenger of Allah got news of this, he commanded the Muslims to march to meet
the disbelievers, to bring fear to their hearts and to demonstrate that the Muslims still had
strength to fight. The Prophet only allowed those who were present during Uhud to
accompany him, except for Jabir bin `Abdullah Al-Ansari, as we will mention. The Muslims
mobilized, even though they were still suffering from their injuries, in obedience to Allah and
His Messenger .
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `Ikrimah said, "When the idolators returned towards Makkah6
after Uhud, they said, `You neither killed Muhammad nor collected female captives. Woe to
you for what you did. Let us go back.' When the Messenger of Allah heard this news, he
mobilized the Muslim forces, and they marched until they reached Hamra Al-Asad. The
idolators said, `Rather, we will meet next year', and the Messenger of Allah went back to AlMadinah6, and this was considered a Ghazwah (battle). Allah sent down,
6 ٌ? ِ
َ ٌ G
ْ ‫!ْاْ َأ‬Eَ 9‫ ُ(?ْ وَا‬0ْ
ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬0$
َ Y
ْ ‫* َأ‬
َ +ِ-%ِ ‫ح‬
ُ ْ َE%ْ ‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬Cَ ‫َـ‬f‫
َ َأ‬,ِ 3ْ َ *ِ
‫ُ! ِل‬4  %‫ وَا‬Fِ -ِ% ْ‫َُ!ا‬Jَ 4
ْ ‫*َ ا‬+ِ%‫ا‬
(Those who answered (the Call of) Allah and the Messenger after being wounded; for those of
them who did good deeds and feared Allah, there is a great reward.)
Al-Bukhari recorded that `A'ishah said to `Urwah about the Ayah;
6ِ‫ُ!ل‬4 %‫ وَا‬Fِ -%ِ ْ‫َُ!ا‬Jَ 4
ْ ‫*َ ا‬+ِ%‫ا‬
(Those who answered (the Call of) Allah and the Messenger)
"My nephew! Your fathers Az-Zubayr and Abu Bakr were among them. After the Prophet
suffered the calamity at Uhud and the idolators went back, he feared that the idolators might
try to come back and he said, `Who would follow them' Seventy men, including Az-Zubayr
and Abu Bakr, volunteered.'' This was recorded by Al-Bukhari alone.
As for Allah's statement,
6ً0‫َـ‬#+ِ‫َا َد ُه?ْ إ‬mَ) ْ?‫!ْ ُه‬U
َ ْ.َ) ْ?aُ %َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬3#َ G
َ ْ,Oَ ‫س‬
َ 0%‫سُ ِإن ا‬0%‫َ ُ( ُ? ا‬% ‫َ َل‬O *
َ +ِ%‫ا‬
(Those unto whom the people said, "Verily, the people have gathered against you, therefore,
94

fear them.'' But it (only) increased them in faith) 3:1736, it means, those who threatened the
people, saying that the disbelievers have amassed against them, in order to instill fear in them,
but this did not worry them, rather, they trusted in Allah and sought His help,
6ُA ِ‫ْ َ!آ‬%‫ َ? ا‬3ْ Xِ ‫ َو‬Fُ -%‫َ ا‬0Cُ $
ْ Y
َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬%َO‫ َو‬
(and they said: "Allah is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs.'')
Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn `Abbas said,
6ُA ِ‫ َ!آ‬%ْ ‫ َ? ا‬3ْ Xِ َ‫ و‬Fُ -%‫َ ا‬0Cُ ْ$Y
َ
("Allah Alone is Sufficient for us and He is the Best Disposer of affairs for us.'')
"Ibrahim said it when he was thrown in fire. Muhammad said it when the people said, `Verily,
the people have gathered against you, therefore, fear them.' But it only increased them in
faith, and they said, `Allah is Sufficient for us and He is the Best Disposer of affairs for us.'''
Abu Bakr Ibn Marduwyah recorded that Anas bin Malik said that the Prophet was told on
the day of Uhud, "Verily, the people have gathered against you, therefore, fear them.''
Thereafter, Allah sent down this Ayah 3:1736.
This is why Allah said,
6ٌ‫ُ!ء‬4 ْ?(ُ $
ْ $
َ #ْ +َ ْ?% Aٍ N
ْ َ)‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ h
/ٍ #َ 3ْ 0ِ ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬C-ََEXْ َ)
(So they returned with grace and bounty from Allah. No harm touched them;) for when they
relied on Allah, Allah took care of their worries, He confounded the plots of their enemies, and
the Muslims returned to their land,
6ٌ‫ُ!ء‬4 ْ?(ُ $
ْ $
َ #ْ +َ ْ?% Aٍ N
ْ َ)‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
h /ٍ #َ 3ْ 0ِ ِ 
(with grace and bounty from Allah. No harm touched them;) safe from the wicked plots of
their enemies,
6ٍ? ِ
َ Aٍ N
ْ َ) ‫ ذُو‬Fُ -%‫ وَا‬Fِ -%‫ن ا‬
َ !َ r
ْ ‫ُ!اْ ِر‬3Cَ 9 ‫وَا‬
(and they followed the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is the Owner of great bounty.)
Al-Bayhaqi recorded that Ibn `Abbas said about Allah's statement,
6ٍAN
ْ َ)‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
h /ٍ #َ 3ْ 0ِ ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬Cَ-Eَ Xْ َ)
(So they returned with grace and bounty from Allah,) "The `Grace' was that they were saved.
The `Bounty' was that a caravan passed by, and those days were Hajj6 season days. Thus the
Messenger of Allah bought and sold and made a profit, which he divided between his
Companions.''
Allah then said,
6ُ^‫ َ َء‬%ِْ‫ف َأو‬
ُ !h َo+ُ ُ*‫ ْ َـ‬U 
%‫ ُ? ا‬aُ %َِ‫َ ذ‬#X ‫ِإ‬
95

(It is only Shaytan that suggests to you the fear of his friends,) 3:1756 meaning, Shaytan
threatens you with his friends and tries to pretend they are powerful and fearsome. Allah said
next,
6َ* ِ0
ِ ْg 
ْ?Jُ 0ُ‫ن إِن آ‬
ِ !ُ)َ.‫َ)ُ! ُه ْ? َو‬o9َ _
َ )َ 
(so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are indeed believers.) meaning, "If Shaytan brings these
thoughts to you, then depend on Me and seek refuge with Me. Indeed, I shall suffice you and
make you prevail over them.'' Similarly, Allah said,
6ِFXِ ‫*َ
ِ* دُو‬+ِ%ِ َXَ !ُ)!h َo+ُ َ‫ ُ^ و‬,َ Cْ َ ‫ف‬
ٍ َaِ Fُ -%‫ ا‬H
َ ْ %َ‫َأ‬
(Is not Allah Sufficient for His servant Yet they try to frighten you with those besides Him!) 
39: 366, until,
6َ‫ُ!ن‬-‫آ‬h !َ Jَ #ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aُ ‫ َ!آـ‬Jَ +َ ِF ْ َ-
َ Fُ -%‫ ا‬1
َ Cِ $
ْ َY ْAOُ 
(Say: "Sufficient for me is Allah; in Him those who trust must put their trust.'') 39:386. Allah
said,
6ً2 ِ3r
َ َ‫* آَن‬
ِ ‫ َْـ‬U 
%‫َ ا‬, ْ ‫ن َآ‬ 
‫* ِإ‬
ِ ‫ ْ َـ‬U 
%‫ َ َء ا‬%ِْ‫ُ!اْ َأو‬-Jِ ‫َـ‬Eَ)
(So fight you against the friends of Shaytan; ever feeble indeed is the plot of Shaytan.) 4:766
and
6َ‫ ُون‬$
ِ ‫َـ‬o%‫* ُه ُ? ا‬
ِ ‫ ْ َـ‬U 
%‫ب ا‬
َ ْmِY ‫ن‬ 
‫* أَ َ ِإ‬
ِ ‫ ْ َـ‬U 
%‫ب ا‬
ُ ْmِY 
َ Tِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫ُأو‬
(They are the party of Shaytan. Verily, it is the party of Shaytan that will be the losers!) 
58:196,
6 ٌm+ِm
َ ‫ى‬ 
!ِ َO Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ ِإ‬1ِ-4
ُ ‫ْ وَ ُر‬Xَ َ‫* أ‬Cَ -ِ
ْ ّ Fُ -%‫ ا‬V
َ Jَ ‫ َآ‬
(Allah has decreed: "Verily, it is I and My Messengers who shall be the victorious.'' Verily,
Allah is All-Powerful, All-Mighty.) 58:216 and
6ُ^ ُ [
ُ 0َ+ *َ
Fُ -%‫ن ا‬ 
َ [
ُ 0َ %ََ‫و‬
(Verily, Allah will help those who help His (cause).) 22:406 and
6ْ?‫[ُ ْ ُآ‬0َ+ Fَ -%‫[ ُواْ ا‬
ُ 0َ9 ‫ُ! ْا إِن‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫(َ ا‬+;َ+
(O you who believe! If you help (in the cause of) Allah, He will help you) 47:76, and,
‫ار‬,%‫ُ! ُء ا‬4 ْ?(ُ َ%‫ َو‬/ُ 0َ 3ْ -ْ%‫ ُ(?ُ ا‬%َ‫ ُ(?ْ َو‬9ُ َ‫ ِر‬3ْ
َ *
َ ِ#-ِ‫ـ‬%‫َ ُ{ ا‬20َ+ َ ‫َ ْ! َم‬+ - ,ُ ‫(َـ‬
ْ  ‫ُ!مُ ا‬E+َ ‫!ْ َم‬+َ َ‫ َ و‬Xْ ,%‫ َ! ِة ا‬L
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ‫ُ!ا‬0
َ ‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ%‫َ وَا‬0-َ4
ُ ُ‫[ُ ُ ر‬0َ0%َ X‫ِإ‬
6
(Verily, We will indeed make victorious Our Messengers and those who believe, in this world's
life and on the Day when the witnesses will stand forth. The Day when their excuses will be of
no profit to wrongdoers. Theirs will be the curse, and theirs will be the evil abode.) 40:51,526

96

15. QS Al Qashash 28 : 10-13

*
َ ِ0
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫ن ِ
*َ ا‬
َ !ُaJَ ِ% َ(ِC-ْ َO 1َ-َ َ0َْ ‫!ْ أَن ر‬%َ Fِ ِ ‫ِى‬,Cْ ُJ%َ ْ‫ )َرِ ً إِن آَ َدت‬1َ4!ُ
h‫َا ُد ُأم‬gُ) Q
َ Cَ f
ْ ‫ َوَأ‬
‫ن‬
َ ‫ُ ُو‬3U
ْ َ+ َ ْ?‫ َو ُه‬V
ٍ ُ0G
ُ *َ Fِ ِ ْ‫[ُ َت‬Cَ َ) Fِ h[Oُ Fِ Jِ ْ.Kُ &
ْ َ%َO‫ َو‬‫ن‬
َ !ُL[
ِ ‫َـ‬X Fُ %َ ْ?‫?ْ وَ ُه‬aُ %َ Fُ Xَ !ُ-ُ2ْa+َ &
ٍ ْ َ Aِ ‫ َأ ْه‬1َ-َ ْ?aُ %‫ْ َأ ُد‬A‫َ&ْ َه‬%َE)َ ُAْCOَ *ِ
{َ ِr‫ َا‬#َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Fِ ْ -َ
َ َ0
ْ  Y
َ ‫ َو‬- ‫ُ!ن‬#-َ3ْ +َ َ ْ?‫َ َ ُه‬7‫* َأ ْآ‬ 
aِ ‫َـ‬%‫\ َو‬ 
َY Fِ -%‫َ ا‬,
ْ ‫ن َو‬ 
‫َ َ? َأ‬-3ْ Jَ %َِ‫ن و‬
َ mَ ْL9َ َ ‫ُ(َ َو‬0 ْ 
َ  Eَ 9َ ْ1‫ َآ‬Fِ
h ‫ ُأ‬1َ%‫ ِإ‬Fُ ‫َـ‬Xْ‫ )َ َ َدد‬6
28:10. Dan menjadi kosonglah hati ibu Musa. Sesungguhnya hampir saja ia menyatakan
rahasia tentang Musa, seandainya tidak Kami teguhkan hatinya, supaya ia termasuk orangorang yang percaya (kepada janji Allah).
28:11. Dan berkatalah ibu Musa kepada saudara Musa yang perempuan: "Ikutilah dia"
Maka kelihatanlah olehnya Musa dari jauh, sedang mereka tidak mengetahuinya,
28:12. dan Kami cegah Musa dari menyusu kepada perempuan-perempuan yang mau
menyusui (nya) sebelum itu; maka berkatalah saudara Musa: "Maukah kamu aku tunjukkan
kepadamu ahlulbait yang akan memeliharanya untukmu dan mereka dapat berlaku baik
kepadanya?".
28:13. Maka Kami kembalikan Musa kepada ibunya, supaya senang hatinya dan tidak
berduka cita dan supaya ia mengetahui bahwa janji Allah itu adalah benar, tetapi
kebanyakan manusia tidak mengetahuinya.
(10. And the heart of the mother of Musa became empty. She was very near to disclose his
(case), had We not strengthened her heart, so that she might remain as one of the believers.)
(11. And she said to his sister: "Follow him.'' So she watched him from a far place (secretly),
while they perceived not.)
(12. And We had already forbidden foster suckling mothers for him, until she said: "Shall I
direct you to a household who will rear him for you, and look after him in a good manner'')
(13. So We restored him to his mother, that her eye might be comforted, and that she might
not grieve, and that she might know that the promise of Allah is true. But most of them know
not.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
*
َ ِ0
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ َ‫ُ!ن‬aJَ %ِ َ(ِC-ْ َO 1َ-
َ َ0َْ ‫َ َأنْ َر‬%ْ!َ% Fِ ِ ‫ِي‬,Cْ Jُ َ% ْ‫ )َ ِر ً ِإنْ آَدَت‬1َ4!ُ
‫م‬h ‫َا ُد ُأ‬g)ُ َQCَ f
ْ ‫َوَأ‬
14!
*
‫  إ‬X,%‫ <ء
* أ
!ر ا‬A‫ )ر  أي
* آ‬QCf‫ أ‬FX‫ أ‬LC%‫ه )< ا‬,%‫ و‬V‫ * ذه‬Y 14!
‫اد أم‬g) * ‫ ا‬Co
1%39 ‫!ل‬E+
F ‫ي‬,CJ% ‫دة و ه? " إن آدت‬JO‫[ ي و‬C%‫* ا‬$L%‫ك وا‬LN%‫ة وا‬, C !‫ وأ‬CG * , 34‫ و‬/
a‫ و‬,‫س و 
ه‬C *‫ ا‬F%O
: 1%39 S‫ل ا‬O ‫ ه‬Cf‫( و‬JCW S‫! أن ا‬% (%L Co9‫ و‬,%‫( و‬% V‫ ذه‬FX‫( أ‬J% (24‫( وأ‬XmY‫ه و‬,G‫ة و‬, *
‫" أي إن آدت‬
* 0
g#%‫!ن
* ا‬aJ% (C-O 1- 0‫! أن ر‬% " " .
‫ن‬
َ ‫ ُو‬3ُ U
ْ +َ َ% ْ?‫ َو ُه‬V
ٍ 0ُ ُG ْ*
َ Fِ ِ ْ‫[ َت‬
ُ Cَ َ) Fِ h[Oُ Fِ Jِ ْ.;ُِ% ْ&%ََO‫َو‬
. VXG * ‫س‬C *‫ل ا‬O " V0G * F ‫[ ت‬C) " %% &G o) ,-C%‫< ا‬Y‫!ا‬X *
FX; <C-9‫ ^ و‬C. ‫ي‬.‫ ^ و‬W‫< أ‬3C9‫أي ا‬
97

‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬F - 14!
EJ4‫ ا‬#% FX‫ أ‬%‫^ وذ‬,+ 9  (X;‫ وآ‬F %‫ إ‬09 &-3G ‫دة‬JO ‫ل‬O‫ و‬. ,3 * V0G * F ‫ [ ت‬,‫ل 
ه‬O‫و‬
*
T  ACE+ ‫ أن‬1‫ وأ‬+,W (0
ACE+ ?-) ?‫< )< داره‬J%‫{ ا‬r‫ ا‬#%‫ ا‬F - ‫!ا‬r  F0
FJE-J4‫ وا‬-#%‫ ا
أة ا‬FJCY‫ار ) !ن وأ‬, 
( ‫ وا‬3U+ ?%‫ و‬%‫( ذ‬9 ?%‫ و‬FJ)  ?(+,+; F9‫ رأ‬#-) FJr % Q-[9 ‫ون ا
أة‬,+ ?(-3% ‫!ق‬$%‫ ا‬1%‫ إ‬F ‫!ا‬G o) %‫ ذ‬.
َ‫ُ!ن‬Lf
ِ َX ُF%َ ْ?‫?ْ وَ ُه‬aُ %َ Fُ Xَ !ُ-2ُ aْ +َ &
ٍ ْ َ Aِ ‫ َأ ْه‬1َ-َ ْ?aُ %‫ْ َأ ُد‬A‫&ْ َه‬%ََE)َ Aُ ْCOَ ْ*
ِ {َ r
ِ ‫َ َا‬#%ْ ‫ِ ا‬F ْ َ-
َ َ0
ْ  َY‫َو‬
F
‫ي أ‬,W {N9 + ‫ أن‬F% FJX f‫ و‬S‫ ا‬,0 FJ
‫ ا‬a% %‫ وذ‬+‫ر‬,O #+ L9 ‫ " أي‬ACO *
{r‫ ا‬#%‫ ا‬F - 0
Y‫ " و‬: 1%39 S‫ل ا‬O
*# ) *+ RY ?(9‫ رأ‬#-) /2R. &X‫ 
آ‬,3 /0
q <‫ وه‬F3r J% F
‫ أ‬1%‫ إ‬F!G‫ ر‬1%‫ إ‬CC4 %‫ ذ‬A3G 1%39‫ و‬FXLC4 S‫ن ا‬K‫و‬ 
‫!ا )< أ
ه‬a‫وه و‬.‫ أ‬%‫& ذ‬%O #-) ‫س‬C *‫ل ا‬O " ‫!ن‬LfX F% ?‫? وه‬a% FX!-2a+ &  A‫ أه‬1- ?a%‫ أد‬A‫& ه‬%O " F3r +
FJ320
‫ء‬G‫ ور‬-#%‫ ور ا‬4 <) ?(JC ‫ ر‬F - ?(JE2‫ و‬F% ?(L[X ?(% &%E) ‫ ؟‬F - ?(JE2‫ و‬F% ?(L[0 +‫ر‬,+ 
‫( و‬% ‫!ا‬%O‫و‬ 
% ‫!ا‬Y 2) F#EJ%) (+,W FJ;) F
‫ أ‬1- F ‫!ا‬-.,) ?(%m0
1%‫( إ‬3
‫!ا‬C‫[&
* أذاه? ذه‬-.‫ و‬%‫(? ذ‬% &%O #-) ‫!ه‬-4‫);ر‬
<) F
‫( أ‬X‫ ف أ‬39  <‫_ وه‬+mG ‫( ء‬J‫ ( وأ‬%‫& إ‬0$Y‫ وأ‬14!
‫& أم‬,J4) -#%‫ ا
أة ا‬1%‫ إ‬UC%‫ ا‬V‫ا وذه‬,+, Y )
1- ‫ر‬,O‫_ وأودا و أ‬3 <% ‫& إن‬%O‫ ( و‬- &;) F3r J) ‫ه‬,0 ? E9 ‫ أن‬/ 4q (J%;4 ?W (+,W \)‫ وا‬FX!a% *a%‫ و‬/E EL%‫ا‬
‫وي‬$a%‫[_ت وا‬%‫ وا‬/E20%‫ ( ا‬- ‫ ت‬G‫ وأ‬%‫ ذ‬1%‫( ا
أة ) !ن إ‬JG;) &-3) <J  <) F3r‫& أن أر‬CCY‫* إن أ‬a%‫ك و‬,0 ‫م‬E#%‫ا‬
<) ‫ء‬G ‫(ا‬%‫^ ورزق دار و‬G‫ و‬m <) 0
‫!)( أ‬. ,3 S‫( ا‬%,‫ أ‬,O / r
/ r‫ه را‬,%! 14!
‫& أم‬3G ) A+m%‫ن ا‬$Yn‫وا‬ 
‫ ج إ‬2%‫ة وا‬,U%‫*  * ا‬a+ ?%‫ ه " و‬G‫ أ‬.;9‫ه و‬,%‫{ و‬r 9 14!
‫ أم‬A7#‫ آ‬o%‫ ا‬FJ30f <) V$JL+‫ و‬A#3+ ‫ي‬%‫ ا‬A7
" w+,L%‫ا‬ 
G ) ?‫ ه‬A‫ آ‬,3 ^E9‫* ا‬#% A3+ ‫ي‬%‫* ا‬a+ ?% ;U+ ?% 


ء آن و‬K‫^ ا‬,  *
‫ن‬LC$) ?-‫ أ‬S‫!^ وا‬LX ‫ أو‬/- %‫!م و‬+ A -E%‫ا‬ 
G o
\ r A‫ آ‬,3‫و‬.
َ‫ُ!ن‬#-َ3ْ +َ َ% ْ?‫ َ ُه‬7َ ‫* َأ ْآ‬ 
aِ %ََ‫\ و‬ 
Y
َ Fِ -%‫َ ا‬,
ْ ‫ن َو‬ 
‫ َ? َأ‬-َ3ْ Jَ ِ%‫ن َو‬
َ mَ ْL9َ َ%‫(َ َو‬0ُ ْ 
َ  َE9َ <
ْ َ‫ آ‬Fِ
h ‫ ُأ‬1َ%‫َ^ُ ِإ‬Xْ‫َ) َ دَد‬
*
‫ه‬,‫ و‬# ) ‫\ " أي‬Y S‫ ا‬,‫? أن و‬-3J%‫ " و‬F - ‫ن " أي‬mL9 ‫ " و‬F ‫( " أي‬0  E9 <‫ آ‬F
‫ أ‬1%‫^ إ‬X‫ " ) دد‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O 
3Cd F% <sC0+ 
FJ  9 <) FJ- 
3) * -4 #%‫!ل
* ا‬4‫ ر‬F0
*R‫ آ‬FX‫ ( أ‬%‫&  د^ إ‬EEL9 T0 L) * -4 #%‫
* ا‬F-3G‫ ( و‬%‫رد^ إ‬
<) ( - ‫!د‬#L#%‫< ه! ا‬J%‫!دة ا‬#L#%‫( ا‬CO‫ و!ا‬F%3)‫ )< أ‬S‫? ا‬aY ‫!ن " أي‬#-3+  ?‫ ه‬7‫* أآ‬a%‫ " و‬: 1%39 F%!O‫ و‬.  ‫و‬ 
T  ‫ ه!ا‬a9 ‫ أن‬1$‫ " و‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫
آ‬K‫ ا‬H2X <) ‫!دة‬#L
FJCO‫!س و‬20%‫ ا‬1%‫( إ‬+ ‫
آ‬K‫{ ا‬E+ # ) ‫ ة‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫ا‬
‫ ا‬7‫ ا آ‬. F ) S‫ ا‬A3+‫ و‬T  ‫ ه!ا‬a9 ‫ أن‬1$‫ " و‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O‫?" و‬a%  !‫ وه‬T  ‫!ا‬CL9 ‫ أن‬1$‫? و‬a% . !‫ " وه‬.
Allah tells us how, when her child was lost in the river, the heart of Musa's mother became
empty, i.e., she could not think of any matter in this world except Musa. This was the view of
Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu `Ubaydah, Ad-Dahhak, Al-Hasan AlBasri, Qatadah and others. 
Fِ ‫ِى‬,Cْ Jُ َ% ْ‫إِن آَ َدت‬6 (She was very near to disclose his (case),) means, because of the intensity of her
grief, she almost told people that she had lost a son. She would have disclosed her situation, if
Allah had not given her strength and patience. Allah says: 
F h[ُO Fِ Jِ .
ْ Kُ ْ&َ%َO!َ 0َ ِ0
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ َ‫ُ!ن‬aJَ %ِ َ(Cِ -ْ َO 1َ-َ َ0َْ ‫!ْ أَن ر‬%َ6 (had We not strengthened her heart, so that
she might remain as one of the believers. And she said to his sister: "Follow him.'') means, she
told her daughter, who was older and was of an age to understand things, 
F h[ُO6 (Follow him.) means, follow his traces and look for information about him, try to find
out about him around the city. So she went out to do that. 
Vُ0G
ُ *َ Fِ ِ ْ‫[ َ ت‬
ُ Cَ َ)6 (So she watched him from a far place (secretly),) Ibn `Abbas said, "Off to the
side.'' Mujahid said, "It means she looked from afar. Qatadah said: "She started to look at
him as if she was not really interested.'' When Musa had settled into the house of Fir`awn,
after the king's wife had begun to love him and asked Fir`awn not to kill him, they brought to
him the wet nurses who were to be found in their household, and he did not accept any of
them, refusing to take milk from them. So they took him out to the marketplace, hoping to
find a woman who would be suitable to nurse him. When (his sister) saw him in their arms,
98

she recognized him, but she did not give any indication nor did they suspect her. Allah says: 
AْCOَ *ِ
{َ r
ِ ‫َ َا‬#%ْ ‫ ا‬Fِ ْ -ََ َ0
ْ  َY‫ َو‬6 (And We had already forbidden foster suckling mothers for him,)
Because of his honored status with Allah, it was forbidden by divine decree. It was decreed
that no one should nurse him except his own mother, and Allah caused this to be the means
reuniting him with his mother so that she could nurse him and feel safe after having felt such
fear. When his sister6 saw that they were confused over who should nurse the child,
6َ‫ُ!ن‬L[
ِ ‫َـ‬X Fُ َ% ْ?‫?ْ وَ ُه‬aُ %َ Fُ Xَ !ُ-2ُ ْa+َ &
ٍ ْ َ Aِ ‫ َأ ْه‬1َ-
َ ْ?aُ %‫ْ َأ ُد‬Aَ‫&ْ ه‬%ََE)َ 
(she said: "Shall I direct you to a household who will rear him for you, and look after him in a
good manner'') Ibn `Abbas said: When she said that, they had some doubts about her, so they
seized her and asked her, How do you know these people will be sincere and will care for him''
She said to them, "They will be sincere and will care for him because they want the king to be
happy and because they hope for some reward.'' So they let her go. After what she said, being
safe from their harm, they took her to their house and brought the baby to his mother. She
gave him her breast and he accepted it, so they rejoiced and sent the glad tidings to the wife of
Fir`awn. She called for Musa's mother, treating her kindly and rewarding her generously. She
did not realize that she was his real mother, but she saw that the baby accepted her breast.
Then Asiyah asked her to stay with her and nurse the baby, but she refused, saying, "I have a
husband and children, and I cannot stay with you, but if you would like me to nurse him in
my own home, I will do that.'' The wife of Fir`awn agreed to that, and paid her a regular
salary and gave her extra gifts and clothing and treated her kindly. The mother of Musa came
back with her child, happy that after a time of fear Allah granted her security, prestige, and
ongoing provision. There was only a short time between the distress and the way out, a day
and night, or thereabouts -- and Allah knows best. Glory be to the One in Whose hands are all
things; what He wills happens and what He does not will does not happen. He is the One Who
grants those who fear Him, a way out from every worry and distress, Allah said: 
َ(0ُ ْ 
َ  َE9َ ْ1‫ َآ‬Fِ
h ‫ ُأ‬1َ%ِ‫ إ‬Fُ ‫َـ‬Xْ‫ َ) َ دَد‬6 (So We restored him to his mother, that her eye might be comforted,)
means, by him, 
‫َن‬mْL9َ َ ‫ َو‬6 (and that she might not grieve, ) means, for him. 
\َY Fِ -%‫َ ا‬,
ْ ‫ن َو‬ 
‫ َ? َأ‬-َ3ْ َJ%ِ‫ َو‬6 (and that she might know that the promise of Allah is true.) meaning, `We
had promised her to return him to her and to make him one of the Messengers.' When he was
returned to her, she realized that he was one of the Messengers, so as she brought him up, she
treated him both as a child (with kindness) and as a Messenger (with respect). 
‫ُ!ن‬#-َْ3+َ َ ْ?‫ َ ُه‬7َ ‫* َأ ْآ‬ 
ِa‫َـ‬%‫ َو‬6 (But most of them know not.) means, they do not know the wisdom of
Allah in His actions and their good consequences, for which He is to be praised in this world
and the Hereafter. For a thing may happen that people do not like, but its consequences are
good, as Allah says: 
?ُa%  
َ !َ ‫ً َو ُه‬T ْ 
َ ْ‫!ا‬CِL9ُ ‫ أَن‬1َ$َ‫?ْ َو‬aُ % ٌ ْ َ. !َ ‫ً َو ُه‬Tْ 
َ ‫ْ َ هُ! ْا‬a9َ ‫ أَن‬1َ$
َ ‫ َو‬6 (and it may be that you dislike a thing
which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you) (2:216). 
‫ِ ا‬7َ‫ ْ ًا آ‬.
َ Fِ ِ) Fُ -%‫َ ا‬A3َ 
ْ +َ ‫ً َو‬Tْ 
َ ْ‫ َ هُ!ا‬aْ 9َ ‫ أَن‬1َ$َ3)َ 6 (it may be that you dislike a thing and Allah brings
through it a great deal of good) (4:19).

99

16. QS Al Ankabut 29 : 26-27

ُ? ِaL
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬mُ +ِmَ3%ْ ‫ ُه َ! ا‬Fُ X ‫ ِإ‬1hَ‫ ر‬1َ%‫ِ ٌ ِإ‬Gَ(
ُ 1hX‫َلَ ِإ‬O‫ط َو‬
ٌ !ُ% Fُ َ% *
َ
َ َ‫)َـ‬
- * ِL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫*َ ا‬#ِ %َ ‫ َ ِة‬.
ِ  1ِ) Fُ X ‫ َ َوِإ‬Xْ ,%‫ ا‬1ِ) ^ُ َ ْG‫َ^ُ َأ‬0ْ 9َ ‫ َوءَا‬V
َ ‫َـ‬Jِa%ْ ‫ !ةَ وَا‬Cُ 0 %‫ ا‬Fِ Jِ + ‫ر‬h ُ‫ ذ‬1ِ) َ0-ْ 3َ G
َ ‫ب َو‬
َ !ُEْ3+َ ‫\ َو‬
َ ‫َـ‬L4
ْ ‫ ِإ‬Fُ %َ َ0Cْ َ‫ َو َوه‬6
29:26. Maka Lut membenarkan (kenabian) nya. Dan berkatalah Ibrahim: "Sesungguhnya
aku akan berpindah ke (tempat yang diperintahkan) Tuhanku (kepadaku); sesungguhnya
Dialah yang Maha Perkasa lagi Maha Bijaksana.
29:27. Dan Kami anugrahkan kepada Ibrahim, Ishak dan Yaqub, dan Kami jadikan kenabian
dan Al Kitab pada keturunannya, dan Kami berikan kepadanya balasannya di dunia; dan
sesungguhnya dia di akhirat, benar-benar termasuk orang-orang yang saleh.
(26. So, Lut believed in him. He said: "I will emigrate for the sake of my Lord. Verily, He is
the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.'')
(27. And We bestowed on him, Ishaq and Ya`qub, and We ordained among his offspring
prophethood and the Book, and We granted him his reward in this world; and verily, in the
Hereafter he is indeed among the righteous.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
?ُ ِaL
َ %ْ ‫ُ ا‬m+ِm3َ %ْ ‫ ُه َ! ا‬Fُ X ‫< ِإ‬hَ‫ ر‬1َ%‫ِ ٌ ِإ‬Gَ(
ُ <hX‫َ َل ِإ‬O‫ط َو‬
ٌ !ُ% Fُ َ% *
َ
َ َ)
F *
g+ ?%‫< و‬03+ ‫زر‬q * ‫!ط * هران‬% !‫!ن ه‬%!E+ ? ‫< إ اه‬.‫ ا* أ‬FX‫ل إ‬E+ ‫!ط‬% F% *
q FX‫ ا * إ اه ? أ‬Co
1%39 ‫!ل‬E+
? ‫ أن إ اه‬Q L[%‫!ارد )< ا‬%‫ ا‬w+,L%‫ و * ا‬/+y‫{  * ه^ ا‬#%‫ل آ ‚ ا‬E+ *a% . A -o%‫رة ا
أة إ اه ? ا‬4‫!ا^ و‬4 F
!O *

_) <J.‫ أ‬X‫ إ‬F% &-O ,O <X‫( إ‬% ‫ل‬E) ( %‫ء إ‬G ?W <J.‫ل أ‬E) F0
<‫رة 
ه‬4 * ? ‫;ل إ اه‬$) ‫ر‬C%‫ ا‬%‫ ذ‬1-
* Y
1- H % FX‫? أ‬-‫ أ‬S‫ اد
* ها وا‬#%‫ وآ;ن ا‬. *+,%‫< )< ا‬J.‫& أ‬X;) ‫
* ي و ك‬g
‫رض‬K‫ ا‬FG‫ و‬1- H % FXt) <0 a9
<) A4‫? أر‬W ‫م‬U%‫ _د ا‬1%‫ إ‬F3
G‫ وه‬F
!O *
F *
q ‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬F - d!% ‫ن‬t) ‫_م ي و ك‬4n‫ ا‬1- ‫ن‬G‫رض زو‬K‫ ا‬FG‫و‬
A#JL+ " <‫ ر‬1%‫ إ‬G(
<X‫ل إ‬O‫ " و‬: 1%39 F%!O‫< و‬9; 4 
‫م و‬,E9 
?‫م ( وآن
* أ
ه‬O‫وم وأ‬,4 A‫ أه‬1%‫ إ‬A -o%‫ ة ا‬Y
‫س‬C *‫ ا‬F%O . ? ‫ إ اه‬1%‫ !د^ إ‬A#JL+‫* و‬+‫آ!ر‬#%‫ ب ا‬O‫ ه! أ‬FXK ‫!ط‬% 1- " G(
<X‫ل إ‬O‫ " و‬: F%!O <) #N%‫!د ا‬
‫ء‬sJ‫ ة
*  * أ…( ه? ا‬G(#%‫ر ا‬J.‫ ا‬FX; F0 C.‫? أ‬W F
!O *
‫!ط " أي‬% F% * 
) " : F%!E F0 10a#%‫ك وه! ا‬LN%‫وا‬
F%‫!ا‬O‫ ? )< أ‬aL%‫ ا‬F * 0
g#-%‫ و‬F%!4 %‫ة و‬m3%‫ ا‬F% ‫ ? " أي‬aL%‫ ا‬m+m3%‫ ه! ا‬FX‫ " إ‬: ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ و‬%‫*
* ذ‬a#J%‫* وا‬+,%‫إ…(ر ا‬
<CX ‫ أن‬0% ‫ل وذآ‬O . ‫م‬U%‫ ا‬1%‫ إ‬/)!a%‫!اد ا‬4 *
<‫ وه‬1W!‫
* آ‬3 #G ‫ ا‬G‫دة ه‬JO ‫ل‬O‫ و‬. /  U%‫ وا‬/+‫ر‬,E%‫ ا‬F 
aY‫ وأ‬F%3)‫وأ‬
‫رض  ار‬K‫ )< ا‬1EC+‫ إ اه ? و‬G(
1%‫رض إ‬K‫ ا‬A‫ز أه‬L0+ ‫ ه ة‬,3 ‫!ن ه ة‬aJ4 (X‫ " إ‬: ‫ل‬O ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫ا‬
‫(? إذا‬3
A E9‫!ا و‬9 ‫(? إذا‬3
& C9 +‫ز‬0o%‫ دة وا‬E%‫ر
{ ا‬0%‫ ه? ا‬UL9‫ و‬AG‫ و‬m S‫ره? روح ا‬E9‫(? و‬r‫(? أر‬2-9 1JY (-‫أه‬ 
0W,Y ‫ل‬O ‫ص‬3%‫ و * ا‬# * S‫ ا‬,C w+,Y *
!
^‫ ) وا‬w+,L%‫ ها ا‬,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ ا‬,04‫ أ‬,O‫(? " و‬0
}E4 
A‫;آ‬9‫!ا و‬%O
F
!E+ ‫م‬E# ‫ ت‬C.;) ‫م‬U%‫
& ا‬,O /+‫و‬3
* ,+m+ /3  09‫ء‬G #% : ‫ل‬O V!Y * ( * ‫دة‬JO * #3
X C.‫ زاق أ‬%‫ ا‬,C
* $
‫!ف أ‬X ^q‫ ر‬#-) ‫ص‬3%‫ و * ا‬# * S‫ ا‬,C !‫ذا ه‬t) /[ #. F -‫س و‬0%‫ ا‬CJX) AG‫ء ر‬G ‫ إذ‬FJT) <%aC%‫!ف ا‬X
G(
1%‫س إ‬0%‫ز ا‬L0 ) ‫ ه ة‬,3 ‫!ن ه ة‬aJ4 (X‫ " إ‬: ‫!ل‬E+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬3#4 : S‫ ا‬,C ‫ل‬E) w+,L%‫ا‬
?(3
& CJ) +‫ز‬0o%‫ دة وا‬E%‫ر
{ ا‬0%‫ ه? ا‬UL9 *#Y %‫ ا‬H2X ?‫ره‬E9 ?(r‫(? أر‬2-J) (-‫رض إ  ار أه‬K‫ )< ا‬1EC+  ? ‫إ اه‬
*
‫س‬X‫ ج أ‬o 4 " : ‫!ل‬E+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬3#4‫ل و‬O " ?(0
‚-o9 *
A‫;آ‬9‫!ا و‬%O ‫(? إذا‬3
A E9‫!ا و‬9 ‫إذا‬
‫دة‬+‫ه ز‬, 1JY - {O ‫ ن‬O ?(0
‫ ج‬. #-‫{ آ‬O ‫ ن‬O ?(0
‫ ج‬. #-‫ (? آ‬O‫ ا‬9 ‫وز‬+  ‫ن‬q E%‫ ءون ا‬E+ ‫ ق‬U#%‫ ا‬ACO *
<J
‫أ‬ 
#‫ آ_ه‬,#[%‫ ا‬,C‫ * أ< داود و‬,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫(? " وروا^ ا‬J E <) ‫ل‬G,%‫ ج ا‬o+ 1JY {O ‫ ن‬O ?(0
‫ ج‬. #-‫*
ة آ‬+ U 1- 
0W,Y . " ‫م‬U%‫ ا‬10a4 <) ‫ء‬G 
‫(د" ب‬%‫ب ا‬J‫ل )< آ‬E) F004 <) ‫ روا^ أ! داود‬,O‫ و‬F ‫دة‬JO * <R‫!ا‬J4,%‫م ا‬U‫* ه‬
S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫& ا‬3#4 : ‫ل‬O # * S‫ ا‬,C * V!Y * ( * ‫دة‬JO * <0W,Y ‫م‬U‫ذ * ه‬3
0W,Y # * S‫ ا‬, C
?(2-9 (-‫رض  ار أه‬K‫ )< ا‬1EC+‫ إ اه ? و‬G(
?(
m%‫رض أ‬K‫ ا‬A‫ز أه‬L0+‫ ه ة و‬,3 ‫!ن ه ة‬aJ4 " : ‫!ل‬E+ ?-4‫ و‬F -
<‫ * أ‬1 L+ ‫ب‬0G !‫ أ‬X C.‫ أ‬,+m+ 0W,Y ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫ " و‬+‫ز‬0o%‫ دة وا‬E%‫ر
{ ا‬0%‫ ه? ا‬UL9‫* و‬#Y %‫ ا‬H2X ?‫ره‬E9‫(? و‬r‫أر‬
?W ?-$#%‫ ا‬F .‫
* أ‬F \Y; ?‫ره‬,%‫ر وا‬0+,%‫ ا‬VYf 
‫ و‬0J+‫ رأ‬,E% : ‫!ل‬E+ # * S‫ ا‬,C &3#4 ‫ل‬O V!Y * ( * / Y
100

*T% " : ‫!ل‬E+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬3#4 ,E%‫? و‬-$#%‫ ا‬F .‫
* أ‬X,Y‫ أ‬1%‫ إ‬VY‫ره? أ‬,%‫ر وا‬0+,%‫ن وا‬y‫ ة ا‬. 0J+‫ رأ‬,E% 

1%‫!ا إ‬3G 9 1JY ?a0
‫ع‬m09  ?aO0‫ )< أ‬/%
S‫? ا‬a0
m- % S‫ ا‬A C4 <) ‫(د‬%‫? ا‬J‫ آ‬9‫ و‬/0 3% ?J3+C9‫ و‬EC%‫ب ا‬X‫? أذ‬J3C9‫ا‬
?a ‫ أ‬G(
1%‫ ه ة إ‬,3 ‫* ه ة‬X!aJ% " : ‫!ل‬E+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬3#4‫ " و‬1%39 S‫ ا‬1%‫!!ا إ‬J9‫ و‬F - ?J0‫آ‬
+‫ز‬0o%‫ دة وا‬E%‫ر
{ ا‬0%‫ ه? ا‬UL9‫* و‬#Y %‫ره? روح ا‬E9‫!ه? و‬r‫(? أر‬2-9‫( و‬-‫رض إ  ار أه‬K‫ & )< ا‬C+  1JY ? ‫إ اه‬
" : ‫!ل‬E+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬3#4 ,E%‫( " و‬-) ?(0
}E4 
‫!ن و‬J C+ w Y ?(3
& C9‫!ا و‬%O w Y ?(3
A E9
{
F#- ?‫آ‬,Y‫ أ‬EL+ - ‫ل‬O ‫ إ‬F#-‫  أ‬,+m+ ‫ل‬O - ?‫ ه‬G0Y ‫وز‬+  ‫ن‬q E%‫ ءون ا‬E+ ‫ل‬#K‫!ن ا‬T $+ 1J
‫!م
* أ‬O ‫ ج‬o+
*#% 1!d‫(? و‬-JO *#% 1!) ?‫!ه‬-JO) ‫!ا‬G . ‫? إذا‬W ?‫!ه‬-JO) ‫!ا‬G . ‫? إذا‬W ?‫!ه‬-JO) ‫!ا‬G . ‫ذا‬t) ‫_م‬4n‫ ا‬A‫!ن أه‬-JE+ ?(#-
!‫)‡ أ‬L%‫ل ا‬O‫{ و‬#4‫ أ‬X‫ وأ‬7‫*
ة أو أآ‬+ U ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬%‫ " ) دد ذ‬S‫ ا‬F-JO ‫ ن‬O ?(0
{-d #-‫!^ آ‬-JO
* ? ‫ق * إ اه‬L4‫ إ‬N0%‫ أ! ا‬0W,Y ‫ ن‬24 * ‫!ب‬E3+ 0W,Y 23G * S‫ ا‬,C X C.‫ أ‬AN2%‫* * ا‬$L%‫ أ! ا‬0W,Y <E( C%‫ ا‬a
* {)X * FW,Y *# N0%‫ل أ! ا‬O‫){ و‬X * <‫وزا‬K‫ ا‬0W,Y ‫ة‬m#Y * 1 L+ 0W,Y O ‫ ن‬EU
,%‫ر ا‬# * ‫م‬U‫ وه‬,+m+ 
1JY ? ‫ إ اه‬G(
1%‫ ه ة إ‬,3 ‫رض ه ة‬K‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬G( 4 " : ‫ل‬O ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ أن ر‬# * S‫ ا‬,C
A E9‫!ا و‬9 w Y ?(3
& C9 +‫ز‬0o%‫ دة وا‬E%‫ر
{ ا‬0%‫ ه? ا‬UL9‫* و‬#Y %‫ره? روح ا‬E9‫!ن و‬r‫ر‬K‫(? ا‬2-9 (-‫ إ  ار أه‬1EC+
. ?-‫ أ‬S‫ء وا‬23N%‫
* ا‬F%   * ^‫ روا‬,O <‫وزا‬K‫ه أن ا‬%‫){ وا‬X w+,Y *
V+ " ?(0
}E4 
(% ‫!ا‬%O w Y ?(3

‡2L%‫ ا‬1%‫ ب إ‬O‫ص أ‬3%‫ و * ا‬# * S‫ ا‬,C w+,Y *
FJ+‫ وروا‬.
*
َ ِL%ِ[%‫* ا‬
َ #ِ َ% ‫ِ َ ِة‬.ْ%‫ )ِ< ا‬Fُ X ‫ َ َوِإ‬Xْ ,%‫ َ ^ُ )ِ< ا‬G
ْ ‫َ^ُ َأ‬0 ْ 9َ qَ‫َبَ و‬Jِa%ْ ‫ ! َة وَا‬Cُ 0%‫ ا‬Fِ Jِ +‫ر‬h ‫َ )ِ< ُذ‬0ْ-3َ G
َ ‫ُ!بَ َو‬E3ْ +َ َ‫ق و‬
َ َL4
ْ ‫ ِإ‬Fُ %َ َ0Cْ ‫َو َو َه‬
_‫!ب وآ‬E3+‫ق و‬L4‫ إ‬F% 0C‫ وه‬S‫ون
* دون ا‬,C3+ 
‫(? و‬%mJ‫ ا‬#-) " : F%!E‫!ب " آ‬E3+‫ق و‬L4‫ إ‬F% 0C‫ " ووه‬: 1%39 F%!O‫و‬
: 1%39 ‫ل‬O %‫^ وآ‬,G ‫ ة‬Y <) <CX Q%f ,%‫ و‬F% ,%‫< وو‬CX Q%f ,%‫!د و‬G! F0  S‫ ا‬O‫ أ‬F
!O ‫ )رق‬#% FX‫  " أي أ‬CX 0-3G
‫(ا‬% ,%!+ ‫!ب " أي‬E3+ ‫ق‬L4‫ق و
* وراء إ‬L4t ^X UC) " : 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫دة آ‬+‫ " أي ز‬/-)X ‫!ب‬E3+‫ق و‬L4‫ إ‬F% 0C‫" ووه‬
‫ " أم‬: 1%39 S‫ل ا‬O /+!C0%‫ ا‬/0$%‫ ا‬F &JCW‫ن و‬q E%‫ ا‬F - X ‫ق‬L4n ,%‫!ب و‬E3+ ‫ وآ!ن‬#a0 ‫ أ‬F E9 #a9 Y <) ,%‫ و‬,%!%‫ا‬
‫ق‬L4‫ وإ‬A #4‫ إ اه ? وإ‬Rq F%‫( وإ‬%‫ إ‬,C3X ‫!ا‬%O ‫ي ؟‬,3 *
‫ون‬,C39 
F 0C% ‫ل‬O ‫!ت إذ‬#%‫!ب ا‬E3+ NY ‫اء إذ‬,( ?J0‫آ‬
?( - ? ‫ق * إ اه‬L4‫!ب * إ‬E3+ * ‚4!+ ?+ a%‫? ا* ا‬+ a%‫? ا* ا‬+ a%‫? ا* ا‬+ a%‫ *" إن ا‬L L[%‫ و)< ا‬/+y‫ا " ا‬,Y‫( وا‬%‫إ‬
‫^ أن‬03#) ? ‫ا إ اه‬,%‫ و‬#‫ل ه‬O " ‫!ب‬E3+‫ق و‬L4‫ إ‬F% 0C‫ " ووه‬: F%!O <) ‫س‬C *‫!)< * ا‬3%‫_م " ); 

روا^ ا‬$%‫[_ة وا‬%‫ا‬
‫!ة‬C0%‫ ا‬FJ+‫ )< ذر‬0-3G‫ " و‬: 1%39 F%!O‫ و‬. ‫س‬C *‫
* ه! دون ا‬1- 12o+ ‫د‬a+ 
K‫ن ها ا‬t) ,%!%‫ ا‬/%m0# ,%!%‫ ا‬,%‫و‬
,3 <CX ,G!+ ?-) ‫ب‬Ja%‫!ة وا‬C0%‫ ا‬FJ+‫ )< ذر‬A3G ‫س إ  

أن‬0-% F-3G‫ _ و‬-. ^+‫ إ‬S‫ذ ا‬o9‫
{ ا‬/#  / 04 /3-. ^‫ب " ه‬Ja%‫وا‬
?‫ ه‬.q ‫ آن‬1JY ? ‫ق * إ اه‬L4‫!ب * إ‬E3+ /%_4 *
A R‫ ا‬4‫< إ‬0 ‫ ء‬CX‫ { أ‬#) FJ%_4 *
!‫_م إ وه‬$%‫ ا‬F - ? ‫إ اه‬
‫ ة‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫دم )< ا‬q ,%‫ و‬, 4‫_ق و‬dn‫ ا‬1- A4 %‫? ا‬9. <#(%‫ < ا‬E%‫ < ا‬3%‫< ا‬C0% ‫ ا‬UC
?(T-
<) ‫م‬E) ?+
*‫ ا‬1$ 
A #4‫ إ‬/%_4 *
<CX ,G!+ ?%‫_م و‬$%‫ ا‬#( - ? ‫ * إ اه‬A #4‫ إ‬/%_4 *
‫ ء‬3%‫ ب ا‬3%‫ ? ا‬#f *
S‫^ ا‬2f‫ي ا‬%‫ا‬
‫دة‬34 *  F% S‫{ ا‬#G ‫ * " أي‬L%[%‫* ا‬#% ‫ ة‬.y‫ )< ا‬FX‫  وإ‬X,%‫ ^ )< ا‬G‫^ أ‬0 9q‫ " و‬: F%!O‫ و‬.‫_م‬$%‫[_ة وا‬%‫ ا‬AN)‫ أ‬F - ^‫!ا‬4
/L%[%‫ ا‬/0$L%‫ ا‬/G‫و‬m%‫ب وا‬3%‫!رد ا‬#%‫ وا‬VY %‫ل ا‬m0#%‫< وا‬0(%‫{ ا‬4‫!ا‬%‫ زق ا‬%‫  ا‬X,%‫ )< ا‬F% ‫ن‬a) ‫ ة‬.y‫دة ا‬3$ /%!f!#%‫  ا‬X,%‫ا‬
{ #G *
S‫ ا‬/ ‫ م‬E%‫دة و ه?
{ ا‬JO‫ و‬,‫س و 
ه‬C *‫ل ا‬O #‫!^ آ‬J+‫ و‬FCL+ ,Y‫ أ‬A‫* وآ‬$L%‫آ ا‬%‫ وا‬A #%‫ء ا‬07%‫وا‬
<) ^ G‫^ أ‬0 9q‫ " و‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ و‬F‫ ر‬/d A#‫ { 
أ
وآ‬# ‫م‬O ‫ " أي‬1)‫ي و‬%‫ " وإ اه ? ا‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫!^ آ‬G!%‫ا‬
- F%!O 1%‫ إ‬- * ‫ آ‬U#%‫
* ا‬+ ?%‫ و‬2 0Y S JXO /
‫ " إن إ اه ? آن أ‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫ * " وآ‬L%[%‫* ا‬#% ‫ ة‬.y‫ )< ا‬FX‫  وإ‬X,%‫ا‬
* L%[%‫* ا‬#% ‫ ة‬.y‫ )< ا‬FX‫ " وإ‬.
Allah tells us that Lut believed in Ibrahim. It was said that he was the son of Ibrahim's
brother, and that his name was Lut bin Haran bin Azar. None of Ibrahim's people believed in
Ibrahim besides Lut and Sarah the wife of Ibrahim. But if it is asked how we may reconcile
this Ayah with the Hadith narrated in the Sahih which says that when Ibrahim passed by that
tyrant and he asked about Sarah and what her relationship was to him, Ibrahim said, "My
sister.'' Then he went to her and said, "I told him that you are my sister, so do not let him
think I am lying, for there are no believers on earth except for you and I, and you are my
sister in faith.'' It seems -- and Allah knows best -- that the meaning here is, there is no other
Muslim couple on earth apart from you and I. Among his people, only Lut believed in him
and migrated with him to Syria, then during Ibrahim's lifetime he was sent as a Messenger to
the people of Sadum (Sodom) where he settled. We have already discussed their story and
more is to come.
61h‫ َر‬1َ%‫ِ ٌ ِإ‬Gَ(
ُ 1hX‫َ َل ِإ‬O‫ َو‬
101

(He (Ibrahim) said: "I will emigrate for the sake of my Lord.'') It may be that the pronoun in
the verb "he said'' refers to Lut, because he was the last person mentioned before this phrase;
or it may refer to Ibrahim. Ibn `Abbas and Ad-Dahhak said that Ibrahim is the one who is
referred in the phrase.
6ٌ‫ُ!ط‬% Fُ %َ *
َ
َ َ‫ َ)ـ‬
(So, Lut believed in him.) i.e., out of all his people. Then Allah tells us that he chose to leave
them so that he might be able to follow his religion openly. So he said:
6ُ? ِaَL%ْ ‫ ا‬mُ +ِmَ3%ْ ‫ ُه َ! ا‬Fُ X ‫ِإ‬
(Verily, He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.) Power belongs to Him and to His Messenger and
to those who believe in him, and He is Wise in all that He says and does, and in all His rulings
and decrees, both universal and legislative. Qatadah said, "They migrated together from
Kutha, which is on the outskirts of Kufa, and went to Syria.'' Allah gave Ibrahim, Ishaq and
Ya`qub, and ordained Prophethood in His Offspring
6َ‫ُ!ب‬E3ْ +َ ‫َـ\َ َو‬L4
ْ ‫ ِإ‬Fُ َ% َ0Cْ ‫ َو َو َه‬
(And We bestowed on him, Ishaq and Ya`qub,) This is like the Ayah,
6 ًّ Cِ Xَ َ0-ْ َ3G
َ _
“ ُ‫ب َوآ‬
َ !ُE3ْ +َ َ‫َـ\َ و‬L4
ْ ‫ ِإ‬Fُ %َ َ0Cْ ‫ َو َه‬Fِ -%‫ن
ِ* دُونِ ا‬
َ ‫ُو‬,Cُ ْ3َ+ َ
‫ ُ(?ْ َو‬%ََmJَ 
ْ ‫ ا‬#-َ)َ 
(So, when he had turned away from them and from those whom they worshipped besides
Allah, We gave him Ishaq and Ya`qub, and each one of them We made a Prophet.) (19:49)
That is, when he left his people, Allah gave him joy in a righteous son who was also a Prophet,
to whom in turn was born, in his grandfather's lifetime, a righteous son who was also a
Prophet. Allah also says:
6ً/-َِ)َX ‫ب‬
َ !ُE3ْ +َ ‫\ َو‬
َ ‫َـ‬L4
ْ ‫ ِإ‬Fُ %َ َ0Cْ ‫ َووَ َه‬
(And We bestowed upon him Ishaq, and Ya`qub in addition) (21:72) meaning, as an additional
gift. This is like the Ayah,
6َ‫ُ!ب‬E3ْ +َ \
َ ‫َـ‬L4
ْ ‫ ِء ِإ‬qَ‫\ َو
ِ* َور‬
َ ‫َـ‬L4
ْ tِِ َ(‫َـ‬Xْ UCَ )َ 
(But We gave her glad tidings of Ishaq, and after Ishaq, of Ya`qub.) (11:71) meaning, to this
son would be born a son during their lives, who would be a delight to them.
6َV‫َـ‬Jaِ %ْ ‫ ! َة وَا‬Cُ 0%‫ ا‬Fِ Jِ +‫ر‬h ‫ ُذ‬1ِ) َ0-ْ َ3G
َ ‫ َو‬
(and We ordained among his offspring prophethood and the Book,) This is a tremendous
blessing. Not only did Allah take him as a close friend and make him an Imam for mankind,
but He also ordained prophethood and the Book among his offspring. After the time of
Ibrahim there was no Prophet who was not from among his descendants. All of the Prophets
of the Children of Israel were from among his descendants, from Ya`qub bin Ishaq bin
Ibrahim to the last of them, `Isa bin Maryam, who stood in the midst of his people and
announced the good news of the Hashimi Qurashi Arab Prophet, the last of all the
Messengers, the leader of the sons of Adam in this world and the next, whom Allah chose from
102

the heart of the Arab nation, from the descendants of Isma`il bin Ibrahim, may peace be upon
them. There is no Prophet from the line of Isma`il besides him, may the best of blessings and
peace be upon him.
6َ* ِL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫* ا‬
َ ِ#%َ ِ‫ َ ة‬.
ِ  1ِ) Fُ X ‫ َ َوِإ‬Xْ ,%‫ ا‬1ِ) ^ُ َ ْG‫َ^ُ َأ‬0 ْ َ9‫ َوءَا‬
(and We granted him his reward in this world; and verily, in the Hereafter he is indeed among
the righteous.) Allah granted him happiness in this world that was connected to happiness in
the Hereafter, for in this world he had plentiful provision, a splendid home, a beautiful and
righteous wife, and he was and still is spoken of highly, for everyone loves him and regards
him as a friend. Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah and others said: "He obeyed Allah in all
ways.'' This is like the Ayah,
6 1)‫ِى َو‬%‫ َوِإ ْ َ هِ َ? ا‬
(And of Ibrahim who fulfilled all.) (53:37) He did all that he was commanded to do and
obeyed his Lord to the utmost. Allah says:
6َ* ِL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫* ا‬
َ ِ#%َ ِ‫ َ ة‬.
ِ  1ِ) Fُ X ‫ َ َوِإ‬Xْ ,%‫ ا‬1ِ) ^ُ َ ْG‫َ^ُ َأ‬0 ْ َ9‫ َوءَا‬
(and We granted him his reward in this world; and verily, in the Hereafter he is indeed among
the righteous.) And He says:
6*
َ ِ‫ ِ آ‬U
ْ ُ#%ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ 
ُ +َ ْ?%ََ‫ً و‬2 ِ0Y
َ Fِ -ِ% ًJ0ِ ‫َـ‬O /ً 
‫ن ُأ‬
َ َ‫ن ِإ ْ َ هِ َ? آ‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, Ibrahim was an Ummah, Qanit to Allah, a Hanif, and he was not one of the idolators)
until:
6َ* ِL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫*َ ا‬#ِ َ% ‫ َ ِة‬.
ِ  ‫ ا‬1ِ) Fُ X ‫ َوِإ‬
(and in the Hereafter he shall be of the righteous) (16:120-122).

103

17. QS Al Ahzab 33 : 56

6 ً# ِ-$
ْ 9َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬#-h4
َ ‫ َو‬Fِ ْ -َ
َ ْ‫!ا‬-َf ‫ُ! ْا‬0َ
‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ%‫(َ ا‬+;َ+ 1
h Cِ 0%‫ ا‬1َ-َ َ‫!ن‬-[
َ ُ+ Fُ Jَ ‫َـ‬aTِ ‫َـ‬-َ
‫ َو‬Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
33:56. Sesungguhnya Allah dan malaikat-malaikat-Nya bershalawat untuk Nabi. Hai orangorang yang beriman, bersalawatlah kamu untuk Nabi dan ucapkanlah salam penghormatan
kepadanya
(56. Allah sends His Salah on the Prophet, and also His angels (do so). O you who believe!
Send your Salah on him, and greet him with Taslim.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
‫ُ!ا‬#-hَ4‫ َو‬Fِ ْ -ََ ‫!ا‬-f
َ ‫ُ!ا‬0
َ q *
َ +ِ%‫(َ ا‬+ ‫َ َأ‬+ h<Cِ 0 %‫ ا‬1َ-
َ ‫ن‬
َ !-[
َ ُ+ Fُ Jَ َaRِ َ-َ
‫ َو‬Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
‫!ن‬-[+ : ‫س‬C *‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬, ‫ء‬,%‫ ا‬/aR_#%‫_ة ا‬f , /aR_#%‫ ا‬,0 F - ^‫ؤ‬0W 1%39 S‫_ة ا‬f / %3%‫ل أ! ا‬O : ‫ري‬oC%‫ل ا‬O
{  %‫ * ا‬F-7
‫ وروي‬%‫ آ‬/ %3%‫ * أ< ا‬HX‫  { * أ‬%‫ ازي * ا‬%‫ ا‬23G !‫ روا^ أ‬,O‫ و‬#(0 ‫ري‬oC%‫ ا‬FE- ‫ا‬a‫ آ!ن ه‬C+
‫ ن‬24 * ‫ 
ي وروي‬J%‫ ا‬1$  !‫ل أ‬O‫? و‬9Y <‫ ا* أ‬#‫!اء رواه‬4 F%O #‫س آ‬C *‫ * ا‬/L-d 1‫< * أ‬- ‫ وروى‬N+‫أ‬
‫ودي‬K‫ و ا‬# 0W,Y ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O ?W ‫ر‬2sJ4‫ ا‬/aR_#%‫_ة ا‬f‫ و‬/#Y %‫ ب ا‬%‫_ة ا‬f : ‫!ا‬%O ?-3%‫ ا‬A‫
* أه‬,Y‫!ري و وا‬7%‫ا‬
" <C0%‫ ا‬1- ‫!ن‬-[+ FJaR_
‫ و‬S‫ أرا^ * ء * أ< رح " إن ا‬e#K‫ل ا‬O ‫ و *
ة‬# * e#K‫ وآ { * ا‬0W,Y
/%m0# ^‫د‬C C.‫ أ‬1%39‫ و‬FXLC4 S‫ أن ا‬/+y‫[!د
* ه^ ا‬E#%‫< وا‬CN <J#Y‫& ر‬EC4 ‫وس‬,O ‫!ح‬C4 1%39‫رك و‬C9 F9_f ‫ل‬O
<-2$%‫? ا‬%3%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬1%39
‫? أ‬W F - <-[9 /aR_#%‫  * وأن ا‬E#%‫ ا‬/aR_#%‫ ا‬,0 F - <07+ FX; 1-K‫’ ا‬#%‫^ )< ا‬,0 F CX‫^ و‬,C
* $L%‫< * ا‬- 0W,Y ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O ,O‫ و‬3 #G <-2$%‫!ي وا‬-3%‫ * ا‬#%3%‫ ا‬A‫
* أه‬F - ‫ء‬07%‫{ ا‬#J % F - ? -$J%‫[_ة وا‬%
*‫ * ا‬CG * , 34 * ‫ ة‬s#%‫< ا* ا‬03+ 23G * ‫ق‬L4‫ * إ‬w3‫ * أ‬F ‫< أ< * أ‬0W,Y *#Y %‫ ا‬,C * ,#Y‫ أ‬0W,Y
?3X AE) ‫< ر‬-[+ A‫!ك ه‬%;4 14!
+ : AG‫ و‬m F‫دا^ ر‬0) ‫< ر ؟‬-[+ A‫_م ه‬$%‫ ا‬F - 14!#% ‫!ا‬%O A R‫ ا‬4‫< إ‬0 ‫س أن‬C
<C0%‫ ا‬1- ‫!ن‬-[+ FJaR_
‫ و‬S‫? " إن ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f F CX 1- AG‫ و‬m S‫ل ا‬mX;) <-4‫< ور‬R CX‫ أ‬1- <JaR_
‫< و‬-f‫ أ‬X‫أ‬ 
+ " 1%39 F%!O <) * 0
g#%‫د^ ا‬C 1- <-[+ FX; 1%39‫ و‬FXLC4 C.‫ أ‬,O‫" و‬# -$9 ‫!ا‬#-4‫ و‬F - ‫!ا‬-f ‫!ا‬0
q *+%‫( ا‬+‫ أ‬+
U‫ " و‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ و‬/+y‫ " ا‬FJaR_
‫? و‬a - <-[+ ‫ي‬%‫ _ ه! ا‬f‫ ة وأ‬a ^!LC4‫ ا و‬7‫ ذآ ا آ‬S‫!ا اذآ وا ا‬0
q *+%‫( ا‬+‫أ‬
S‫ إن ا‬w+,L%‫ و)< ا‬/+y‫!ات
* ر(? " ا‬-f ?( - T%‫!ن أو‬3G‫ را‬F %‫ إ‬X‫ وإ‬S X‫!ا إ‬%O /C [
?(Jf‫* إذا أ‬+%‫* ا‬+ [%‫ا‬
?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O‫ و‬1)‫ل أ< أو‬q 1- Af ?(-%‫ ا‬.y‫ ا‬w+,L%‫!ف و)< ا‬2[%‫ 

* ا‬1- ‫!ن‬-[+ FJaR_
‫و‬
S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ة * ر‬9‫!ا‬J#%‫ ا‬w+‫د‬YK‫ءت ا‬G ,O‫ و‬G‫ زو‬1-‫  و‬- S‫ ا‬1-f (G‫ زو‬1-‫ ( و‬- <-[+ ‫ أن‬FJ%;4 ,O‫ و‬G ‫
أة‬
‫ري‬oC%‫ل ا‬O ‫ن‬3J$#%‫ ا‬S‫ وا‬$ 9 
S‫( إن ء ا‬0
‫آ‬X *LX‫ و‬F - ‫[_ة‬%‫ ا‬/ 2 ‫ وآ‬F - ‫[_ة‬%
K ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f
: ‫ل‬O ‫ *  ة‬V3‫ * آ‬1- % <‫? * ا* أ‬aL%‫ * ا‬3$
* <‫ أ‬X C.‫ أ‬, 34 * 1 L+ * , 34 0W,Y /+y‫ ه^ ا‬$29 ,0
‫ل‬q 1- & -f #‫ آ‬,#L
‫ل‬q 1-‫ و‬,#L
1- Af ?(-%‫!ا ا‬%!O ‫ل‬O ‫[_ة ؟‬%‫ ‚ ا‬a) ^0)  ,E)  - ‫_م‬$%‫ أ 
ا‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ A O 
0W,Y ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬, 
, #Y X‫ل إ اه ? إ‬q 1- &‫ رآ‬#‫ آ‬,#L
‫ل‬q 1-‫ و‬,#L
1- ‫(? رك‬-%‫ ا‬, 
, #Y X‫إ اه ? إ‬ 
0 - ‫ ج‬. ‫ ؟‬/+,‫ ه‬% ‫ي‬,‫ل أ أه‬E) ‫ *  ة‬V3‫< آ‬0 E% ‫ل‬O 1- % <‫& ا* أ‬3#4 : ‫ل‬O ?aL%‫ * ا‬/C3 0W,Y 23G * ,#L

1- Af ?(-%‫!ا ا‬%!O ‫ل‬E) ‫[_ة ؟‬%‫ ‚ ا‬a)  - ‫_م‬$%‫ آ ‚ ا‬0)  ‫ أو‬0#- ,O S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ 0-E) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ر‬
‫ل‬q 1- &‫ رآ‬#‫ آ‬,#L
‫ل‬q 1-‫ و‬,#L
1- ‫(? رك‬-%‫ ا‬, 
, #Y X‫ل إ اه ? إ‬q 1- & -f #‫ آ‬,#L
‫ل‬q 1-‫ و‬,#L

,C‫ري و‬oC%‫ زاد ا‬/C J *‫? وه! ا‬aL%‫دة * ا‬,3J
‫ ق‬d *
?(CJ‫ )< آ‬/#%‫ ا‬FG .‫ أ‬,O w+,L%‫ وها ا‬, 
, #Y X‫إ اه ? إ‬
* U * ? U‫ ه‬0W,Y /)  * * $L%‫ ا‬0W,Y ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ )آ ه? و‬1- % <‫* * أ‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C * #‫ آ_ه‬1$  * S‫ا‬ 
(+‫ أ‬+ <C0%‫ ا‬1- ‫!ن‬-[+ FJaR_
‫ و‬S‫& " إن ا‬%mX #% ‫ل‬O ‫ *  ة‬V3‫ * آ‬1- % <‫* * أ‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C 0W,Y ‫د‬+‫ * أ< ز‬,+m+
Af ?(-%‫!ا ا‬%!O ‫ل‬O ‫  ؟‬- ‫[_ة‬%‫ ‚ ا‬a)  - ‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬0#- ,O S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ 0-O : ‫ل‬O " # -$9 ‫!ا‬#-4‫ و‬F - ‫!ا‬-f ‫!ا‬0
q *+%‫ا‬
? ‫ إ اه‬1- &‫ رآ‬#‫ آ‬,#L
1- ‫ ورك‬, 
, #Y X‫ل إ اه ? إ‬q 1-‫ إ اه ? و‬1- & -f #‫ آ‬,#L
‫ل‬q 1-‫ و‬,#L
1- 

‫(? أ‬%!O 103
‫دة و‬+m%‫ 
ي (^ ا‬J%‫(? وروا^ ا‬3
0 -‫!ل و‬E+ 1- % <‫* * أ‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C ‫ وآن‬, 
, #Y X‫ل إ اه ? إ‬q 1-‫و‬ 
(+‫  أ‬- ‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬F )‫ن و‬q E%‫!رة
* ا‬$%‫(? ا‬#-3+ ‫ آن‬#‫^ آ‬+‫(? إ‬#-3+ ‫ي آن‬%‫ ا‬,(UJ%‫ي )< ا‬%‫^ ه! ا‬0)  ,E)  - ‫_م‬$%‫ا‬
‫ب‬C. * S‫ ا‬,C * ‫(د‬%‫ * ا* ا‬w -%‫ ا‬0W,Y ‚4!+ * S‫ ا‬,C 0W,Y ‫ري‬oC%‫ل ا‬O " .q w+,Y "F9‫ و آ‬S‫ ا‬/#Y‫< ور‬C0%‫ا‬
,#L
1- Af ?(-%‫!ا ا‬%!O ‫ل‬O :  - <-[X ‚ a) ‫_م‬$%‫ ها ا‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ 0-O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ري ر‬,o%‫ ا‬, 34 <‫* أ‬
104

‫‪,C‬ك ور‪ %!4‬آ‪q 1- & -f #‬ل إ اه ? ورك ‪ ,#L
1-‬و‪q 1-‬ل
‪ ,#L‬آ‪ #‬رآ& ‪q 1-‬ل إ اه ? ‪O‬ل أ! ‪* Q%f‬‬
‫ا‪ ,#L
1- : w -%‬و‪q 1-‬ل
‪ ,#L‬آ‪ #‬رآ& ‪q 1-‬ل إ اه ? ‪ 0W,Y‬إ اه ? * ‪m#Y‬ة ‪ 0W,Y‬ا* أ‪Y 1‬زم * ‪ <03+ ,+m+‬ا*‬
‫ا‪(%‬د و‪O‬ل آ‪ 1- & -f #‬إ اه ? ورك ‪ ,#L
1-‬و‪q‬ل
‪ ,#L‬آ‪ #‬رآ& ‪ 1-‬إ اه ? و‪q‬ل إ اه ? وأ‪ FG .‬ا‪w+,Y *
<R$0%‬‬
‫ا* ا‪(%‬د ‪O " .q w+,Y " F‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ O ,#Y‬أت ‪ ,C 1-‬ا‪ ,C * %
*#Y %‬ا‪ * S‬أ< ‪ * a‬أ ‪ # * F‬و * ‪? -4‬‬
‫أ‪O FX‬ل أ‪ <X C.‬أ! ‪ , #Y‬ا‪,$%‬ي أ‪!%O ?(X‬ا ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬آ ‚ ‪O  - <-[X‬ل ‪!%!O‬ا ا‪ ,#L
1- Af ?(-%‬وأزوا‪ FG‬وذر‪FJ+‬‬
‫آ‪ 1- & -f #‬إ اه ? ورك ‪ ,#L
1-‬وأزوا‪ FG‬وذر‪ FJ+‬آ‪ #‬رآ& ‪q 1-‬ل إ اه ? إ‪ , 
, #Y X‬و‪ ,O‬أ‪ / E FG .‬ا‪/#%‬‬
‫‪!4‬ى ا‪
J%‬ي
* ‪O " .q w+,Y " F %
w+,Y‬ل
‪ 1 L+ * 1 L+ 0W,Y ?-$‬ا‪O <# #J%‬ل ‪ O :‬أت ‪,C * ? 3X * %
1-‬‬
‫ا‪ S‬ا‪ ##%‬أ‪ ,C * ,#L
<X C.‬ا‪ * S‬ز‪ ,+‬ا‪[XK‬ري ‪O‬ل و‪ ,C‬ا‪ * S‬ز‪ ,+‬ه! ا‪%‬ي آن أري ا‪,0%‬اء ‪_[%‬ة أ‪ * ^ C.‬أ<‬

‪!3$‬د ا‪[XK‬ري ‪O‬ل ‪ :‬أ‪ X9‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬و‪C * ,34 H-
<) *LX‬دة )‪E‬ل ‪ ,34 * U F%‬أ
‪ X‬ا‪ S‬أن‬
‫‪ +  - <-[X‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪  - <-[X ‚ a) S‬؟ ‪O‬ل )‪ &a$‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ 0 0#9 1JY ?-4‬أ‪O ?W F%;$+ ?% FX‬ل ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!%!O ?-4‬ا ا‪ ,#L
1- Af ?(-%‬و‪q 1-‬ل
‪ ,#L‬آ‪q 1- & -f #‬ل إ اه ? ورك ‪ ,#L
1-‬و‪q 1-‬ل
‪,#L‬‬
‫آ‪ #‬رآ& ‪q 1-‬ل إ اه ? )< ا‪ * #%3%‬إ‪ , 
, #Y X‬وا‪_$%‬م آ‪ ?J#- ,O #‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ أ! داود وا‪
J%‬ي وا‪ <R$0%‬وا* ‪ + G‬‬

* ‪ F %
w+,Y‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
J%‬ي ‪ Q Lf *$Y‬وروى ا‪
n‬م أ‪ ,#Y‬وأ! داود وا‪ <R$0%‬وا* ‪ /#+m.‬وا* ‪CY‬ن وا‪L%‬آ? )<‬

‪,J$‬رآ‪ * ,#L
w+,Y *
F‬إ‪L4‬ق *
‪ * ,#L‬إ اه ? ا‪ ,C * ,#L
* <# J%‬ا‪ * S‬ز‪ ,C * ,+‬ر‪ * F‬أ‪!3$
1‬د‬
‫ا‪,C%‬ري أ‪!%O ?(X‬ا ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أ 
ا‪_$%‬م )‪  - <-[X ‚ a) ^0)  ,E‬إذا ‪E) 09_f <) 0 -f *LX‬ل ‪!%!O‬ا ا‪1- Af ?(-%‬‬

‪ ,#L‬و‪q 1-‬ل
‪ ,#L‬وذآ ^ وروا^ ا‪ <3)U%‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪ * ^,0$
<) S‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ‪ F-7#‬و
* ه(‪ 0‬ذه‪ V‬ا‪ <3)U%‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪ S‬إ‪1%‬‬
‫أ‪ 1- V+ FX‬ا‪ <-[#%‬أن ‪ 1- <-[+‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ <) ?-4‬ا‪ ,(UJ%‬ا‪t) .K‬ن ‪ 9‬آ‪ F9_f Q[9 ?% F‬و‪  ,O‬ع‬
‫‪ ˆ3‬ا‪ *
*+ .;J#%‬ا‪ / a%#%‬و ه? ‪ 1- {0U+‬ا‪
n‬م ا‪ <) <3)U%‬ا‪ J‬ا‪ Fd‬ذ‪ <) %‬ا‪_[%‬ة و‪ ?m+‬أ‪ 29 ,O FX‬د ‪ %‬و‪1aY‬‬
‫ا‪#Gn‬ع ‪ F)_. 1-‬أ! ‪ 23G‬ا‪ C%‬ي وا‪L%‬وي وا‪ <o%‬و ه? ) ‪ F-EX #‬ا‪  <rE%‬ض ‪ ?(0‬و‪ ‚$39 ,O‬ها ا‪<) ARE%‬‬
‫رد^ ‪ 1-‬ا‪ <3)U%‬و‪ <) ‚-a9‬د!ا^ ا‪#Gn‬ع )< ذ‪ %‬و‪O‬ل 
‪ ,O Xt) #- F }L+ ?%‬رو‪ 0+‬و‪!G‬ب ذ‪ %‬وا‪_[%
K‬ة ‪1-‬‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ <) ?-4‬ا‪_[%‬ة آ‪ #‬ه! …ه ا‪ /+y‬و
‪( $2‬ا ا‪ *
/#G * w+,L%‬ا‪ ?(0
/L[%‬ا*
‪!3$‬د‬
‫وأ!
‪!3$‬د ا‪,C%‬ري و‪ ,C * G‬ا‪ S‬و
* ا‪ * 3J%‬ا‪ <C3U%‬وأ! ‪ 23G‬ا‪ OC%‬و
‪ Y * A9E‬ن وإ‪ F %‬ذه‪ V‬ا‪_.  <3)U%‬ف‬
‫‪ <) F0‬ذ‪ %‬و  * أ‪ FLf‬أ‪ N+‬وإ‪ F %‬ذه‪ V‬ا‪
n‬م أ‪ ,#Y‬أ‪ .‬ا ) ‪ F0 ^aY #‬ا* زر‪ /‬ا‪ F <EU
,%‬و‪O F‬ل إ‪L4‬ق *‬
‫راه!‪ F+‬وا‪ F E2%‬ا‪
n‬م
‪ * ,#L‬إ اه ? ا‪ 3#%‬وف * ا‪!#%‬از ا‪ <a%#%‬ر‪ ?(#Y‬ا‪ 1JY 1%39 S‬إن ‪ ˆ3‬أ‪ /#R‬ا‪ /-0L%‬أو‪ VG‬أن‬
‫‪E+‬ل )< ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-f F -‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬آ‪ ?(#- #‬أن ‪!%!E+‬ا ‪ ^!%;4 #%‬و‪ 1JY‬أن ‪ ˆ3‬أ‪ 0Lf‬أو‪ VG‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ F%q 1-‬و
‪*#‬‬
‫‪ ^aY‬ا‪ < X,0C%‬و‪ ? -4‬ا‪ %‬ازي و‪ * [X FCYf‬إ اه ? ا‪ <4,E#%‬و‪ F-EX‬إ 
م ا‪ *
L%‬و‪ FCYf‬ا‪ms%‬ا‪ * !O <%‬ا‪<3)U%‬‬
‫وا‪ Q L[%‬أ‪ FX‬و‪ 1- FG‬أن ا‪!(#%‬ر ‪ F)_. 1-‬و‪!aY‬ا ا‪#Gn‬ع ‪ F)_. 1-‬و‪!E-%‬ل !‪!… F!G‬اه ا‪ w+,L%‬وا‪ S‬أ‪ ?-‬وا‪ s%‬ض‬
‫أن ا‪ <3)U%‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪!E+ S‬ل !‪!G‬ب ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ <) ?-4‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 2-4‬و‪ 2-.‬آ‪,E9 #‬م و‪ S‬ا‪ ,#L%‬وا‪_) /0#%‬‬
‫إ‪#G‬ع ‪ <) F)_. 1-‬ه^ ا‪ #+,O  /%;$#%‬و ‪ 7+,Y‬وا‪ S‬أ‪ ?-‬و
‪ ,+g+ #‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪ .y‬ا‪%‬ي روا^ ا‪
n‬م أ‪ ,#Y‬وأ! داود‬
‫وا‪
J%‬ي و‪ FLLf‬وا‪ <R$0%‬وا* ‪ /#+m.‬وا* ‪CY‬ن )< ‪ *
#( L Lf‬روا‪! Y /+‬ة *  ‪ Q+‬ا‪ [#%‬ي * أ< ه‪* , #Y ‘X‬‬
‫ه‪ # * ‘X‬و * 
‪ %‬أ< ‪ <-‬ا‪ , C * /%N) * <0 $L%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪ {#4‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬ر‪_G‬‬
‫‪ ,#+ ?% F9_f <) !,+‬ا‪ S‬و‪ 1- A[+ ?%‬ا‪E) <C0%‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ A ?-4‬ها ‪ ?W‬د^ )‪E‬ل ‪ F%‬أو ‪ ^ s%‬إذا‬
‫‪ 1-f‬أ‪,Y‬آ? )‪,C -‬أ ‪ , #J‬ا‪ m S‬و‪ AG‬وا‪07%‬ء ‪ 1- A[ % ?W F -‬ا‪, % ?W <C0%‬ع ‪ # ,3‬ء وآا ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪%‬ي روا^ ا* 
‪FG‬‬

* روا‪ ,C /+‬ا‪C * *# (#%‬س * ‪ ,34 * A(4‬ا‪,$%‬ي * أ ‪ * ^,G * F‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أ‪O FX‬ل ‬
‫‪_f‬ة ‪  *#%‬و‪!r‬ء ‪ F%‬و و‪!r‬ء ‪+ ?% *#%‬آ ا‪ ?4‬ا‪ F - S‬و ‪_f‬ة ‪ 1- A[+ ?% *#%‬ا‪ <C0%‬و ‪_f‬ة ‪ VL+ ?% *#%‬ا‪[XK‬ر‬
‫و‪ ,C *a%‬ا‪ *# (#%‬ها
‪ J‬وك و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪ C%‬ا‪ *
<X‬روا‪ /+‬أ‪ F .‬أ< * ‪C‬س و‪ <) *a%‬ذ‪ X %‬وإ‪ 3+ #X‬ف
* روا‪,C /+‬‬
‫ا‪ *# (#%‬وا‪ S‬أ‪O " .q w+,Y " ?-‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ * ,+m+ 0W,Y ,#Y‬هرون أ‪ X C.‬إ‪ * A #4‬أ< داود ا‪,+  * 1#K‬ة ‪O‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪ + 0-O‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 0#- ,O S‬آ ‚ ‪  - <-[X ‚ a)  - ?-$X‬؟ ‪O‬ل ‪!%!O‬ا ا‪ ?(-%‬ا‪!-f A3G‬ا‪ 9‬ور‪ J#Y‬و آ‪,#L
1- 9‬‬
‫و‪q 1-‬ل
‪ ,#L‬آ‪ 1- (J-3G #‬إ اه ? و‪q‬ل إ اه ? إ‪ , 
, #Y X‬أ! داود ا‪ 1#K‬ا‪ * { 2X F#4‬ا‪L%‬رث
‪ J‬وك " ‪w+,Y .‬‬
‫‪!O!
" .q‬ف رو‪![0
* , 34 \+ d *
^0+‬ر و‪ * ,+m+‬هرون وز‪ * ,+‬ا‪CL%‬ب ‪!X * ?(JW_W‬ح * ‪/
_4 0W,Y H O‬‬
‫ا‪,0a%‬ي أن ‪  -‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬آن ‪ ?-3+‬ا‪0%‬س ها ا‪,%‬ء ا‪ ?(-%‬دا‪ <Y‬ا‪!Y,#%‬ات ورئ ا‪!#$#%‬آت و‪CG‬ر ا‪!-E%‬ب ‪(9 ) 1-‬‬
‫‪ ( E‬و‪, 34‬ه ا‪  A3G‬ا‪!-f ‚R‬ا‪ 9‬و‪!X‬ا
<  آ‪ 9‬ورأ)‪,C ,#L
1- 00L9 /‬ك ور‪ %!4‬ا‪ #% Q92%‬أ ‪ \-‬وا‪\C4 #% ?9o%‬‬
‫وا‪ *-3#%‬ا‪ \L% \L%‬وا‪,%‬ا
Š ‪U %‬ت ا‪ A dK‬آ‪
; {-r) A#Y #‬ك ‪m)!J$
J‬ا )<
‪,O <) AaX 9r‬م و وه*‬
‫)< ‪m‬م وا  ‪,(3% )Y  Y!%‬ك 
‪2X 1-  r‬ذ أ
ك ‪ 1JY‬أورى ‪q , HE% $CO‬ء ا‪; A[9 S‬ه‪ F-‬أ‪ F FC4‬ه‪ &+,‬ا‪!-E%‬ب‬
‫‪r!. ,3‬ت ا‪ *J2%‬وا‪ ?Wn‬وأ(Ž
!‪Lr‬ت ا‪_K‬م و‪ RX‬ات ا‪aYK‬م و
‪ 0‬ات ا‪_4n‬م )(! أ
‪ 0‬ا‪!
;#%‬ن و‪.‬زن ‪ #-‬ا‪mo#%‬ون‬
‫و( ‪,‬ك ‪!+‬م ا‪ *+,%‬و‪ /#3X 7 3‬ور‪ \L% %!4‬ر‪ , /#Y‬ا‪ ?(-%‬أ)‪ X, <) F% Q$‬وا‪2N
^mG‬ت ا‪0(
-N) *
o%‬ت ‬

‪,a‬رات
* )!ز ‪!W‬ا ا‪!-L#%‬ل و‪ R A+mG‬ا‪!-#%‬ل ا‪ ?(-%‬أ‪0 1- A‬ء ا‪0%‬س ‪0‬ء^ وأآ م
‪!7‬ا^ ‪ +,%‬و‪ F%mX‬وأ‪!X F% ?#9‬ر^‬
‫وا‪ *
^mG‬ا‪!CE
F% W3J‬ل ا‪(U%‬دة
‪ <r‬ا‪ /%E#%‬ذا
‪, \0‬ل و‪ . A[) /.‬و‪ /Y‬و هن  ? ها
‪!(U‬ر
* آ_م ‪<-‬‬
‫ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬و‪ F - ?-a9 ,O‬ا* ‪ AaU
<) /C JO‬ا‪ w+,L%‬وآا أ! ا‪ *$L%‬أ‪) * ,#Y‬رس ا‪!s-%‬ي )< ‪mG‬ء ‪AN) <) F3#G‬‬
‫ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إ أن )< إ‪04‬د^ ‪ X‬ا ‪O‬ل  ‪ 0o‬ا‪ ‡)L%‬أ! ا‪L%‬ج ا‪m#%‬ي ‪ /
_4 :‬ا‪,0a%‬ي ها ‪H %‬‬
‫‪105‬‬

‫‪ 3#‬وف و‪,+ ?%‬رك ‪  -‬آا ‪O‬ل و‪ ,O‬روى ا‪ ‡)L%‬أ! ا‪ ?4E%‬ا‪ C%‬ا‪ <X‬ها ا‪ <- * ,#L
* WK‬ا‪![0
* , 34 * ŠR[%‬ر‬
‫‪!X 0W,Y‬ح * ‪ /
_4 * H O‬ا‪,0a%‬ي ‪O‬ل آن ‪ <-‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ 0#-3+ F0 S‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!E ) ?-4‬ل ا‪?(-%‬‬
‫دا‪ <Y‬ا‪!Y,#%‬ات وذآ ^ ‪O " .q w+,Y " .‬ل ا* 
‪ 0W,Y FG‬ز‪+‬د * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ 0W,Y S‬ا‪!3$#%‬دي * !ن * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * S‬أ<‬
‫)‪ * /J.‬ا‪!4K‬د * ‪ ,C * ,+m+‬ا‪!3$
* S‬د ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل إذا ‪ 1- ?J -f‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!0$Y;) ?-4‬ا‬
‫ا‪_[%‬ة ‪,9  ?aXt) F -‬رون ‪ A3%‬ذ‪ 3+ %‬ض ‪O F -‬ل ‪!%O‬ا ‪O 0#- F%‬ل ‪!%!O‬ا ‪ :‬ا‪ ?(-%‬ا‪!-f A3G‬ا‪ 9‬ور‪ J#Y‬و آ‪, 4 1- J‬‬
‫ا‪ * -4 #%‬وإ 
م ا‪ * EJ#%‬و‪ ?9.‬ا‪,C ,#L
* C0%‬ك ور‪ %!4‬إ 
م ا‪ o%‬و‪ ,RO‬ا‪ o%‬ور‪!4‬ل ا‪ /#Y %‬ا‪ ?(-%‬ا‪!#L
 
E
F73‬دا‬
‫‪ F FCs+‬ا‪K‬و‪!%‬ن وا‪ .y‬ون ا‪ ,#L
1- Af ?(-%‬و‪q 1-‬ل
‪ ,#L‬آ‪ 1- & -f #‬إ اه ? و‪q 1-‬ل إ اه ? إ‪ , 
, #Y X‬ا‪?(-%‬‬
‫رك ‪ ,#L
1-‬و‪q 1-‬ل
‪ ,#L‬آ‪ #‬رآ& ‪ 1-‬إ اه ? و‪q 1-‬ل إ اه ? إ‪ , 
, #Y X‬وها
!‪!O‬ف و‪ ,O‬روى إ‪A #4‬‬
‫ا‪ ,C * <rE%‬ا‪ # * S‬و أو ‪ 1- #‬ا‪ *
U%‬ا‪ %‬اوي ‪ *
C+ O‬ها " ‪O " .q w+,Y‬ل ا* ‪ 0W,Y + G‬أ! آ ‪0W,Y V+‬‬
‫ 
‪ * %‬إ‪ 0W,Y A #4‬أ! إ‪ 4‬ا‪C. * HX!+ * A R‬ب ‪O‬ل ‪2 0C.‬رس )‪E‬ل ‪ " :‬إن ا‪ S‬و
_‪!-[+ FJaR‬ن ‪ 1-‬ا‪ + <C0%‬أ‪(+‬‬
‫ا‪!0
q *+%‬ا ‪!-f‬ا ‪ F -‬و‪!#-4‬ا ‪E) "# -$9‬ل أ‪ {#4 *
<X;CX‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪!E+‬ل ه‪a‬ا أ‪mX‬ل )‪ 0-E‬أو ‪!%O‬ا ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 0#- S‬ا‪_$%‬م‬
‫‪ ‚ a)  -‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪O  -‬ل ‪ :‬ا‪ ,#L
1- Af ?(-%‬و‪q 1-‬ل
‪ ,#L‬آ‪ 1- & -f #‬إ اه ? و‪q‬ل إ اه ? إ‪ , 
, #Y X‬وار‪?Y‬‬

‪,#L‬ا و‪q‬ل
‪ ,#L‬آ‪ #‬ر‪q &#Y‬ل إ اه ? إ‪ , 
, #Y X‬ورك ‪ ,#L
1-‬و‪q 1-‬ل
‪ ,#L‬آ‪ #‬رآ& ‪ 1-‬إ اه ? إ‪, 
, #Y X‬‬
‫) ‪,J$‬ل (ا ا‪ *
w+,L%‬ذه‪ V‬إ‪!G 1%‬از ا‪ 1- ?Y J%‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬آ‪ #‬ه! ‪!O‬ل ا‪!(#%‬ر و‪ w+,Y ^,N3+‬ا‪ K‬ا<‬
‫ا‪%‬ي ‪O‬ل ‪ :‬ا‪ ?(-%‬ار‪ <0#Y‬و
‪,#L‬ا و ‪ 03
?Y 9‬أ‪,Y‬ا )‪E‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ Y ?-4‬ت وا‪ 34‬و‪ 1aY‬ا‪  <rE%‬ض‬
‫* ‪!(#G‬ر ا‪O F30
/ a%#%‬ل وأ‪G‬ز^ أ!
‪ * ,#L‬أ< ز‪O " .q w+,Y " ,+‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 23G * ,#L
0W,Y ,#Y‬أ‪/C3 X C.‬‬
‫* ‪ , C * ?f‬ا‪O S‬ل ‪ ,C &3#4 :‬ا‪ * 
* S‬ر ‪,L+ /3‬ث * أ ‪O F‬ل ‪ &3#4‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!E+ ?-4‬ل
*‬
‫‪_f <- 1-f‬ة ‪m9 ?%‬ل ا‪ *
,C AE -) <- 1-f 
F - <-[9 /aR_#%‬ذ‪ %‬أو ‪ 7a %‬وروا^ ا* 
‪" F /C3 w+,Y *
FG‬‬
‫‪O " .q w+,Y‬ل أ!  ‪ 1$‬ا‪
J%‬ي ‪,0 0W,Y‬ار ‪!E3+ * 14!
<0W,Y /#7 * ,%. * ,#L
0W,Y‬ب ا‪ ,C <0W,Y <3
m%‬ا‪S‬‬
‫* آ ‪$‬ن أن ‪ ,C‬ا‪, * S‬اد أ‪ ,C * ^ C.‬ا‪!3$
* S‬د أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل أو‪ 1%‬ا‪0%‬س < ‪!+‬م ا‪/ 
E%‬‬
‫أآ‪ 7‬ه? ‪_f <-‬ة ‪ 29‬د  وا‪ FJ+‬ا‪
J%‬ي ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪O ?W S‬ل ها ‪O " .q w+,Y "V+ *$Y w+,Y‬ل إ‪ A #4‬ا‪0W,Y <rE%‬‬
‫‪ ,C * <-‬ا‪ 24 0W,Y S‬ن * ‪!E3+‬ب * ز‪O /L-d * ,+‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أ‪q <X9‬ت
* ر< )‪E‬ل ‪<%‬‬
‫ 

* ‪_f  - <-[+ ,C‬ة إ ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ U ( F - S‬ا )‪E‬م إ‪ F %‬ر‪E) AG‬ل ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أ أ‪ ‚[X A3G‬د‪ % <R‬؟ ‪O‬ل إن‬
‫‪O &T‬ل أ أ‪ <7-W A3G‬د‪ % <R‬؟ ‪O‬ل إن ‪O &T‬ل أ أ‪ A3G‬د‪ % <R‬آ‪O F-‬ل إذن ‪  2a+‬ا‪ S‬ه? ا‪ 0+,%‬وه? ا‪ .y‬ة )‪E‬ل  ‬
‫آن ‪E+ /a#‬ل ‪ 2$% { 0
F%‬ن ‪ *#‬أ‪O ^,04‬ل  أدري" ‪O " .q w+,Y‬ل إ‪ A #4‬ا‪_4 * , 34 0W,Y <rE%‬م ا‪3%‬ر ‪0W,Y‬‬
‫‪ 24‬ن ا‪!7%‬ري * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * A E * ,#L
* S‬ا‪ * A 2%‬أ< * آ‪ * V3‬أ ‪O F‬ل ‪ :‬آن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫‪ o+‬ج )< ‪!G‬ف ا‪!E ) A -%‬ل ‪G‬ءت ا‪ %‬ا‪ (3CJ9 /2G‬ا‪ %‬اد)‪G /‬ء ا‪!#%‬ت ‪E) F ) #‬ل أ< ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬إ‪ <X‬أ‪ *
<-f‬ا‪ A -%‬أ);‪A3G‬‬
‫‪ <9_f w-W %‬؟ ‪O‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬ا‪O U%‬ل أ);‪ <9_f  % A3G‬؟ ‪O‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫ا‪7-7%‬ن ‪O‬ل أ);‪ <9_f % A3G‬آ‪O (-‬ل إذن ‪ 2s+‬ا‪ S‬ذ‪ CX‬آ‪ F-‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪
J%‬ي ‪E) ^!L0‬ل ‪ 0W,Y‬ه‪0‬د ‪0W,Y /[ CO 0W,Y‬‬
‫‪ 24‬ن * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * A E * ,#L
* S‬ا‪ * A 2%‬أ< * آ‪ * V3‬أ ‪O F‬ل ‪ :‬آن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إذا ذه‪V‬‬
‫‪ 7-W‬ا‪O A -%‬م )‪E‬ل ‪ +‬أ‪ (+‬ا‪0%‬س اذآ وا ا‪ S‬اذآ وا ا‪G S‬ءت ا‪ %‬ا‪ (3CJ9 /2G‬ا‪ %‬اد)‪G /‬ء ا‪!#%‬ت ‪G F ) #‬ء ا‪!#%‬ت ‪O F ) #‬ل‬
‫أ< ‪ + &-O‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬إ‪ <X‬أآ‪ 7‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ ?a)  -‬أ‪ <9_f *
% A3G‬؟ ‪O‬ل 
‪ &-O &T‬ا‪O { %‬ل 
‪t) &T‬ن زدت )(! ‪% .‬‬
‫‪O ‚[0%) &-O‬ل 
‪t) &T‬ن زدت )(! ‪O * 7-7%) &-O % .‬ل 
‪t) &T‬ن زدت )(! ‪ &-O % .‬أ‪ <9_f % A3G‬آ‪O (-‬ل‬
‫إذن ‪ 12a9‬ه‪ #‬و‪ % 2s+‬ذ‪O ?W CX‬ل ها ‪ *$Y w+,Y‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬وآ { ‪ 24 0W,Y‬ن * ‪ ,C‬ا‪A E * ,#L
* S‬‬
‫* ا‪ * A 2%‬أ< * أ ‪O F‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪ + AG‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أرأ‪ &+‬إن ‪ <9_f &-3G‬آ‪  - (-‬؟ ‪O‬ل إذن ‪  2a+‬ا‪ 
S‬أه‪*
#‬‬
‫د‪ X‬ك و‪O " .q w+,Y " 9 .q‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬أ! ‪![0
/#-4‬ر * ‪ /#-4‬ا‪mo%‬ا< و‪ HX!+‬ه! ا*
‪w % 0W,Y O ,#L‬‬
‫* ‪ * ,+m+‬ا‪(%‬د * ‪ #‬و * أ< ‪ * #‬أ< ا‪ +!L%‬ث *
‪ ,C * ?3
* CG * ,#L‬ا‪! * *#Y %‬ف ‪O‬ل ‪ . :‬ج‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ 1JY FJ3C9) ?-4‬د‪d;) ,$) _oX A.‬ل ا‪!$%‬د ‪ &2. 1JY‬أو ‪ & U.‬أن ‪!a+‬ن ‪ ^)!9 ,O‬ا‪ S‬أو‬
‫‪O : FNCO‬ل )‪ &T‬أ‪ {) ) X‬رأ‪E) F4‬ل 
‪ ,C + %‬ا‪ *#Y %‬؟ ‪O‬ل )آ ت ذ‪E) F% %‬ل إن ‪ F - A+ CG‬ا‪_$%‬م ‪O‬ل ‪ <%‬أ أ‪ U‬ك‬
‫إن ا‪ m S‬و‪!E+ AG‬ل
* ‪ F - & -f  - 1-f‬و
* ‪ \+ d " F - &#-4  - ?-4‬أ‪ .‬ى" ‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬أ! ‪, 34‬‬

!‪ <0 1%‬ه? ‪# -4 0W,Y‬ن * _ل ‪ # 0W,Y‬و * أ< ‪ ,C * #‬ا‪!%‬ا‪ ,C * ,#L
* ,Y‬ا‪! * *#Y %‬ف * ‪,C‬‬
‫ا‪! * *#Y %‬ف ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬م ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ACEJ4) A.,) FJ),f !LX FG!J) ?-4‬ا‪,G4 o) /-CE%‬ا );‪d‬ل ا‪!$%‬د‬
‫‪ &00… 1JY‬أن ا‪!X,) ( ) F$2X ˆCO ,O S‬ت
‪ {) ) &$-G ?W F0‬رأ‪E) F4‬ل
* ها ؟ ‪ ,C &-O‬ا‪O *#Y %‬ل 
;‪ X‬؟ " ‪+ &-O‬‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪,4 S‬ت ‪,4‬ة ‪ & U.‬أن ‪!a+‬ن ا‪ ˆCO S‬رو‪E) ( ) Y‬ل إن ‪ A+ CG‬أ‪ <X UC) <X9‬أن ا‪ m S‬و‪!E+ AG‬ل ‪1-f *
%‬‬
‫‪ F - & -f  -‬و
* ‪,$) F - &#-4  - ?-4‬ت ‪ m S‬و‪ a AG‬ا وروا^ إ‪ * A #4‬إ‪L4‬ق ا‪ <) <rE%‬آ‪1 L+ * FJ‬‬
‫* ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * , #L%‬ا‪,%‬راوردي * ‪ #‬و * ‪ ,C‬ا‪!%‬ا‪ * ,Y‬أ ‪ ,C * F‬ا‪! * *#Y %‬ف ‪ F‬وروا^
* و‪,C * .q FG‬‬
‫ا‪O " .q w+,Y " *#Y %‬ل أ! ا‪ ?4E%‬ا‪ C%‬ا‪ ,C * ,#L
0W,Y <X‬ا‪ ,C *  * ? Y %‬ا‪3
* S‬و‪ *  * /+‬ر‪+‬ن‬
‫‪ * 1 L+ 0W,Y‬أ‪!+‬ب ‪ , C 0W,Y‬ا‪ * # * S‬ا‪ * /0  * ?aL%‬إ اه ? ا‪ * <3o0%‬ا‪!4K‬د * ‪ * # * ,+m+‬ا‪o%‬ب‬
‫ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪ .‬ج ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ,+ ?-) /GL% ?-4‬أ‪,Y‬ا ‪m2) F3CJ+‬ع ‪ (# ^9;) #‬ة
* ‪ ,G!) F2-.‬ا‪<C0%‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪,G4 ?-4‬ا )<
‪ 1JY F2-. *
F0 1L0J) / U‬ر){ ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬رأ‪E) F4‬ل أ‪* Y # + &0$Y‬‬
‫‪106‬‬

‫و‪,G4 <09,G‬ا )‪ <0 & L0J‬إن ‪ A+ CG‬أ‪E) <X9‬ل
* ‪ *
 - 1-f‬أ
‪ J‬وا‪,Y‬ة ‪ 1-f‬ا‪!-f U F - S‬ات ور)‪ U F3‬‬
‫در‪G‬ت و‪ ,O‬ا‪J.‬ر ها ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪ ‡)L%‬ا‪ N%‬ء ا‪ <) <4,E#%‬آ‪ FJ‬ا‪ oJ$#%‬ج ‪ 1-‬ا‪ * L L[%‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ إ‪ A #4‬ا‪* <rE%‬‬
‫ا‪ * /#-4 * <C03E%‬وردان * أ‪ ^!L0 # * HX‬وروا^ أ‪!E3+ * N+‬ب * ‪ * , #Y‬أ‪  * HX‬ض * ‪* /#-4‬‬
‫وردان * 
‪ * %‬أوس * ا‪W,L%‬ن * ‪ * #‬ا‪o%‬ب ‪O " .q w+,Y " ^!L0‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬أ! آ
‪#Y 0W,Y A‬د *‬
‫‪# -4 * &W * /#-4‬ن
!‪ 1%‬ا‪ ,C * <- * *$L%‬ا‪ * S‬أ< ‪ * /L-d‬أ ‪ F‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪G ?-4‬ء ذات‬
‫‪!+‬م وا‪ $%‬ور ‪ +‬ى )< و‪!%E) F(G‬ا ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬إ‪ 0% X‬ى ا‪ $%‬ور )< و‪E) (G‬ل إ‪ FX‬أ‪ <X9‬ا‪E) -#%‬ل ‪ ,#L
+‬أ 
‪  r +‬أن‬
‫ر ‪ m‬و‪!E+ AG‬ل إ‪  - <-[+  FX‬أ‪ *
,Y‬أ
‪ J‬إ ‪ U F - & -f‬ا و ‪  - ?-$+‬أ‪ *
,Y‬أ
‪ J‬إ ‪ U F - &#-4‬ا ؟‬
‫‪ 1- &-O‬وروا^ ا‪#Y w+,Y *
<R$0%‬د * ‪ F /#-4‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ إ‪ A #4‬ا‪ * <rE%‬إ‪ * A #4‬أ< أو‪ * H+‬أ‪* F .‬‬
‫‪# -4‬ن * _ل * ‪ , C‬ا‪ * &W * # * S‬أ‪ * HX‬أ< ‪ \+ d " ^!L0 /L-d‬أ‪ .‬ى " ‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪Q+  0W,Y ,#Y‬‬
‫‪ 0W,Y‬أ!
‪ * U3‬إ‪L4‬ق * آ‪  * V3‬ة * أ< ‪ /L-d‬ا‪[XK‬ري ‪O‬ل أ‪ QCf‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪V d 
!+ ?-4‬‬
‫ا‪ + H20%‬ى )< و‪ F(G‬ا‪!%O UC%‬ا ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أ‪ &LCf‬ا‪! %‬م ‪ V d‬ا‪ + H20%‬ى )< و‪ (G‬ا‪O UC%‬ل أ‪ AG‬أ‪q <X9‬ت
* ر< ‪m‬‬
‫و‪E) AG‬ل
* ‪ *
 - 1-f‬أ
‪_f J‬ة آ‪ VJ‬ا‪0$Y U ( F% S‬ت و
‪T 4 U F0 L‬ت ور){ ‪ U F%‬در‪G‬ت ورد ‪F -‬‬

‪ (-7‬وها أ‪ N+‬إ‪04‬د ‪ , G‬و‪ " .q w+,Y " ^!G o+ ?%‬روى
‪ ?-$‬وأ! داود وا‪
J%‬ي وا‪ w+,Y *
<R$0%‬إ‪ 23G * A #4‬‬
‫* ا‪_3%‬ء * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * *#Y %‬أ ‪ * F‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪<- 1-f *
?-4‬‬
‫وا‪,Y‬ة ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ U ( F - S‬ا ‪O‬ل ا‪
J%‬ي ها ‪ Q Lf *$Y w+,Y‬و)< ا‪C%‬ب * ‪ ,C‬ا‪! * *#Y %‬ف و
* ر ‪/3‬‬
‫و‪#‬ر وأ< ‪ /L-d‬وأ‪ HX‬وأ< * آ‪ : V3‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ * w % * +  0W,Y ,#L
* * $Y 0W,Y ,#Y‬آ‪ * V3‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة‬
‫* ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل ‪!-f‬ا ‪ (Xt) <-‬زآة ‪ ?a%‬و‪!-4‬ا ا‪ <% S‬ا‪ (Xt) /- 4!%‬در‪ <) /G‬أ‪ 1-‬ا‪ /0%‬و ‪ (%0+‬إ‬
‫ر‪ AG‬وأر‪ !G‬أن أآ!ن أ‪ X‬ه! ‪ 29‬د ‪ F‬أ‪ ,#Y‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪mC%‬ار
* ‪
\+ d‬ه‪ * ,‬أ‪ 1‬ه ‪ +‬ة ‪E) ^!L0‬ل ‪ * ,#L
0W,Y‬إ‪L4‬ق‬
‫ا‪#7 0W,Y <%aC%‬ن * ‪ 0W,Y , 34‬داود * ‪
* w % * / -‬ه‪ * ,‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫‪!-f‬ا ‪ (Xt) <-‬زآة ‪ ?a%‬و‪!-4‬ا ا‪ <% S‬ا‪,%‬ر‪ /G‬ا‪ *
/- 4!%‬ا‪ ^0%;$) /0%‬أو أ‪E) X C.‬ل ه< در‪ <) /G‬أ‪ 1-‬ا‪ /0%‬وه< ‪AG %‬‬
‫وأ‪ X‬أر‪ !G‬أن أآ!ن ذ‪ %‬ا‪ <) AG %‬إ‪04‬د^ ‪O " .q w+,Y " F ) ?-a9 *
ˆ3‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ * 1 L+ 0W,Y ,#Y‬إ‪L4‬ق ‪ 0W,Y‬ا*‬
‫‪ ,C * /3 (%‬ا‪ Q+
* *#Y %‬ا‪ &3#4 <X!o%‬أ ‪ # 1%!
H O‬و * ا‪3%‬ص ‪ ,C &3#4‬ا‪ # * S‬و ‪!E+‬ل ‪1-f *
:‬‬
‫‪ 1-‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪_f ?-4‬ة ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و
_‪_f * 3C4 (% FJaR‬ة )‪ *
,C AE -‬ذ‪ %‬أو ‪ 7a %‬و‪ ,C &3#4‬ا‪S‬‬
‫* ‪ #‬و ‪!E+‬ل ‪ .‬ج ‪ 0 -‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ 
!+ ?-4‬آ‪!#%‬دع )‪E‬ل أ‪ ,#L
X‬ا‪ <C0%‬ا‪_W F%O <
K‬ث
ات و ‪<CX‬‬
‫‪,3‬ي أو‪!) & 9‬ا‪ Q9‬ا‪_a%‬م و‪!.‬ا‪ F#9‬و‪!G‬ا
‪ F3‬و‪ &#-‬آ? ‪ /Xm.‬ا‪0%‬ر و‪ /-#Y‬ا‪ 3%‬ش و‪!9‬ز < !) & و!) & أ
‪!3#4) <J‬ا‬
‫وأ‪!3 d‬ا 
د
& ) ‪t) ?a‬ذا ذه‪Ja ?a -3) < V‬ب ا‪ S‬أ‪!-Y‬ا ‪ F%_Y‬و‪!
Y‬ا ‪ Y‬ا
‪O " .q w+,Y "F‬ل أ! داود ا‪ 0W,Y <$% %‬أ!‬
‫‪ /#-4‬ا‪ o%‬ا‪ 0W,Y <X4‬أ! إ‪L4‬ق * أ‪O HX‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ *
?-4‬ذآ ت ‪ <- A[ -) ^,0‬و
* ‪1-f‬‬
‫‪
<-‬ة وا‪,Y‬ة ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ U F - S‬ا وروا^ ا‪ <) <R$0%‬ا‪! %‬م وا‪ w+,Y *
/- -%‬أ< داود ا‪ * <$% %‬أ< ‪ /#-4‬وه! ا‪ s#%‬ة‬
‫*
‪ ?-$‬ا‪ o%‬ا‪ * <X4‬أ< إ‪L4‬ق ‪ #‬و * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ S‬ا‪ * <3 C$%‬أ‪ * " .q w+,Y " F HX‬أ‪O HX‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪0W,Y ,#Y‬‬

‪ # * HX!+ 0W,Y A N) * ,#L‬و * ‪ * HX!+‬أ< إ‪L4‬ق * ‪ * ,+m+‬أ<
‪ * ?+‬أ‪O HX‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ F -‬و‪_f <- 1-f *
?-4‬ة وا‪,Y‬ة ‪ 1-f‬ا‪!-f U F - S‬ات و‪T . U F0 }Y‬ت " ‪O " .q w+,Y‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪,#Y‬‬
‫‪ ,C 0W,Y‬ا‪ # * -#%‬و وأ! ‪# -4 0W,Y , 34‬ن * _ل * ‪#‬رة * ‪ ,C * /+m‬ا‪ * <- * S‬ا‪ * * $L%‬أ ‪<- F‬‬
‫* ا‪ * * $L%‬أ ‪ F‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل ‪ :‬ا‪ *
A oC%‬ذآ ت ‪ <- A[+ ?% ?W ^,0‬و‪O‬ل أ! ‪A[+ ?-) , 34‬‬
‫‪ <-‬وروا^ ا‪
J%‬ي
* ‪# -4 w+,Y‬ن * _ل ‪O ?W‬ل ها ‪ Q Lf V+ *$Y w+,Y‬و
* ا‪ %‬واة
* ‪ ,04 *
F-3G‬ا‪* * $L%‬‬
‫‪ <-‬و
‪O " .q w+,Y " F$2X <- ,0$
*
F-3G *
?(0‬ل إ‪ A #4‬ا‪Y 0W,Y <rE%‬ج *
‪(0‬ل ‪#Y 0W,Y‬د * ‪* /#-4‬‬

‪_ * ,C3‬ل ا‪m03%‬ي ‪ 0W,Y‬ر‪ *
AG‬أه‪ A‬د
‪! * \U‬ف * 
‪ * %‬أ< ذر ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬
‫‪O‬ل إن أ‪ Ao‬ا‪0%‬س
* ذآ ت ‪O A4
" .q w+,Y " <- A[+ ?-) ^,0‬ل إ‪ A #4‬و‪# -4 0W,Y‬ن * ‪ Y‬ب ‪* + G 0W,Y‬‬
‫‪Y‬زم ‪ &3#4‬ا‪!E+ *$L%‬ل ‪O‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ V$L ?-4‬ا
ئ
* ا‪ AoC%‬أن أذآ ‪ .q w+,Y " <- <-[+ _) ^,0‬‬
‫" ‪O‬ل ا‪
J%‬ي ‪ 0W,Y‬أ‪ * ,#Y‬إ اه ? ا‪,%‬ور‪ 0W,Y <O‬ر‪ * <3‬إ اه ? * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * *#Y %‬إ‪L4‬ق * ‪ * , 34‬أ< ‪, 34‬‬
‫ا‪ CE#%‬ي * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬ر ? أ‪ ‚X‬ر‪ AG‬ذآ ت ‪ <- A[+ ?-) ^,0‬ور ? أ‪ ‚X‬ر‪AG‬‬
‫د‪ ( F - A.‬ر
‪N‬ن ‪ ?W‬ا‪ ACO -$X‬أن ‪ F% 2s+‬ور ? أ‪ ‚X‬ر‪ AG‬أدرك ‪ ^,0‬أ!ا^ ا‪ ^_.,+ ?-) Ca%‬ا‪O ?W /0%‬ل ‪V+ *$Y‬‬
‫‪ &-O‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪oC%‬ري )< ا‪K‬دب *
‪ , C * ,#L‬ا‪ 0W,Y S‬ا* أ< ‪Y‬زم * آ‪ * 7‬ز‪ * ,+‬ا‪ * , %!%‬رح * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة‬

)! ‪ ^!L0‬وروا^
* ‪ # * ,#L
w+,Y‬و * أ< ‪ * /#-4‬أ‪ 1‬ه ‪ +‬ة ‪O‬ل ا‪
J%‬ي و)< ا‪C%‬ب * ‪ G‬وأ‪ &-O HX‬وا*‬
‫‪C‬س وآ‪  * V3‬ة و‪ ,O‬ذآ ت ‪ d‬ق ها ا‪ <) w+,L%‬أول آ‪J‬ب ا‪ [%‬م ‪ " : F%!O ,0‬إ 
‪,0 *s-C+‬ك ا‪ Ca%‬أ‪,Y‬ه‪ #‬أو آ_ه‪#‬‬
‫" وها ا‪ w+,L%‬وا‪%‬ي ‪ F-CO‬د‪ 1- A %‬و‪!G‬ب ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬آ‪ #‬ذآ وه! 
ه‪ *
/2Rd V‬ا‪#-3%‬ء
‪?(0‬‬
‫ا‪L%‬وي وا‪ <# -L%‬و‪!EJ+‬ى ‪ w+,L%‬ا‪ .y‬ا‪%‬ي روا^ ا* 
‪0G 0W,Y FG‬دة * ا‪#Y 0W,Y H-s#%‬د * ز‪ # 0W,Y ,+‬و *‬
‫د‪0+‬ر * ‪ * G‬ز‪ * ,+‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ <$X *
?-4‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ <-‬أ‪ \+ d ;.‬ا‪0G ./0%‬دة‬
‫‪ ‚ 3r‬و‪ *a%‬روا^ إ‪ A #4‬ا‪ *
<rE%‬و‪ * FG‬أ< ‪ <- * ,#L
23G‬ا‪O OC%‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?-4‬‬

* ‪ <$X‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ <-‬أ‪ \+ d ;.‬ا‪ /0%‬وها
‪!EJ+ A4‬ى ‪%‬ي ‪ F-CO‬وا‪ S‬أ‪ ?-‬وذه‪ .q V‬ون إ‪ 1%‬أ‪ V9 FX‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪<) F -‬‬
‫ا‪
H-#%‬ة وا‪,Y‬ة ‪ / E <) V9  ?W‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪ F-EX VLJ$9 A H-#%‬ا‪
J%‬ي * ‪ ?(N3‬و‪ w+,L% ,+;J+‬ا‪%‬ي روا^ ا‪
J%‬ي‬
‫‪107‬‬

‫‪U * ,#L
0W,Y‬ر ‪ ,C 0W,Y‬ا‪ 24 0W,Y *#Y %‬ن * ‪ 1%!
Q%f‬ا‪!J%‬أ
‪ * /‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة * ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل‬
‫‪!O H-G 
:‬م 
‪+ ?% $-‬آ وا ا‪ F ) S‬و‪!-[+ ?%‬ا ‪ ?( CX 1-‬إ آن ‪ 9 ?( -‬ة ‪!+‬م ا‪t) / 
E%‬ن ء (? وإن ء ‪?(% 2‬‬
‫‪ 29‬د ‪ F‬ا‪
J%‬ي
* ها ا‪ FG!%‬وروا^ ا‪
n‬م أ‪Y * ,#Y‬ج و‪ * ,+m+‬هرون آ_ه‪ * #‬ا* أ< ذ‪ 1%!
Q%f * VR‬ا‪!J%‬أ
‪/‬‬
‫* أ< ه ‪ +‬ة
)!
‪O ?W F-7‬ل ا‪
J%‬ي ها ‪ *$Y w+,Y‬و‪ ,O‬روي * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة * ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ *
?-4‬‬
‫و‪ FG‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ إ‪ A #4‬ا‪# -4 * /C3 w+,Y *
<rE%‬ن * ذآ!ان * أ< ‪O , 34‬ل 

* ‪!O‬م ‪,3E+‬ون ‪!
!E+ ?W‬ن و‬
‫‪!-[+‬ن ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إ آن ‪!+ ?( -‬م ا‪ $Y / 
E%‬ة وإن د‪!-.‬ا ا‪ + #% /0%‬ون
* ا‪!7%‬اب و‪* <aY‬‬
‫‪ ?(N3‬أ‪ FX‬إ‪ V9 #X‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ F - F -‬ا‪_[%‬ة وا‪_$%‬م )< ا‪
#3%‬ة وا‪,Y‬ة ا

K 7J‬ا‪ ?W /+y‬ه<
‪ <) /CLJ$‬آ‪Y A‬ل وها‬
‫ه! ا‪%‬ي ‪ ^ [X‬ا‪  <rE%‬ض ‪ 1aY 
,3‬ا‪#Gn‬ع ‪ 1-‬و‪!G‬ب ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-f F -‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ <) ?-4‬ا‪O /-#%‬ل و‪1aY ,O‬‬
‫ا‪ C%‬ي أن
‪ A#L‬ا‪ 1- /+y‬ا‪,0%‬ب واد‪ F ) 1‬ا‪#Gn‬ع ‪O‬ل و‪ # ) F-3%‬زاد ‪ 1-‬ا‪ #%‬ة وا‪!%‬ا‪
F ) VG‬ة آ‪(U%‬دة ‪!C0% F%‬ة و 

‫زاد ‪ 1-‬ذ‪,0#) %‬وب و
‪ *04 *
F ) V‬ا‪_4n‬م و‪3‬ر أه‪ &-O F-‬وها ‪!O‬ل ‪ ,O FXt) V+‬ورد ا‪_[%
K‬ة ‪ <) F -‬أو‪O‬ت‬
‫آ‪ 7‬ة )‪ (0#‬وا‪ VG‬و
‪ ,3 F0#) F0 CX 
1- VLJ$
(0‬ا‪,0%‬اء ‪_[-%‬ة ‪ w+,L-%‬ا‪%‬ي روا^ ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬أ! ‪ ,C‬ا‪*#Y %‬‬
‫‪! Y 0W,Y‬ة ‪ 0W,Y‬آ‪ /#E- * V3‬أ‪ ,C {#4 FX‬ا‪!E+ CG * *#Y %‬ل إ‪ ,C {#4 FX‬ا‪ # * S‬و * ا‪3%‬ص ‪!E+‬ل إ‪{#4 FX‬‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬إذا ‪g
?J3#4‬ذ‪!%!E) X‬ا
‪!E+ 
A7‬ل ‪!-f ?W‬ا ‪_f <- 1-f *
FXt) <-‬ة ‪ 1-f‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫( ‪ U‬ا ‪!-4 ?W‬ا ا‪ <% S‬ا‪ <) /%m0
(Xt) /- 4!%‬ا‪ <sC09  /0%‬إ ‪C *
,C3%‬د ا‪ S‬وأر‪ !G‬أن أآ!ن أ‪ X‬ه! )‪;4 *#‬ل ‪<%‬‬
‫ا‪ F - &-Y /- 4!%‬ا‪ " /2U%‬وأ‪ ?-$
FG .‬وأ! داود وا‪
J%‬ي وا‪ w+,Y *
<R$0%‬آ‪ \+ d " /#E- * V3‬أ‪ .‬ى " ‪O‬ل‬
‫إ‪ A #4‬ا‪ * ,#L
0W,Y <rE%‬أ< ‪ # 0W,Y a‬و * ‪ * <-‬أ< ‪ a‬ا‪!2f * <#U%‬ان * ‪ ,C * ? -4‬ا‪ # * S‬و‬
‫‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪;4 *
?-4‬ل ا‪ <% S‬ا‪!+ <J2 F - &EY /- 4!%‬م ا‪O " .q w+,Y " / 
E%‬ل إ‪A #4‬‬
‫ا‪# -4 0W,Y <rE%‬ن * ‪ Y‬ب ‪ * , 34 0W,Y‬ز‪ * w % * ,+‬آ‪ V3‬ه! آ‪ V3‬ا‪CYK‬ر * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!-f ?-4‬ا ‪t) <-‬ن ‪ <- ?a9_f‬زآة ‪ ?a%‬و‪!-4‬ا ا‪ <% S‬ا‪O /- 4!%‬ل )‪ 0W,Y 
t‬وإ 
‪O ^0%;4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ /- 4!%‬أ‪ 1-‬در‪ <) /G‬ا‪ (%0+  /0%‬إ ر‪ AG‬وأر‪ !G‬أن أآ!ن أ‪ X‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪ ?W AG %‬روا^ *
‪ * ,#L‬أ< ‪w % * #J3
* a‬‬
‫وه! ا* أ< ‪ F ? -4‬وآا ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪O .y‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y 14!
* *$Y 0W,Y ,#Y‬ا* ‪!4 * a 0W,Y /3 (%‬ادة * ز‪+‬د‬
‫* ‪ * ? 3X‬ور‪O‬ء ا‪ * <
NL%‬رو‪ &W * {2+‬ا‪[XK‬ري أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل
* ‪ ,#L
1- 1-f‬و‪O‬ل‬
‫ا‪ ?(-%‬أ‪ F%mX‬ا‪ ,3E#%‬ا‪ E#%‬ب ‪,0‬ك ‪!+‬م ا‪ / 
E%‬و‪ <J2 F% &CG‬وها إ‪04‬د  ;س ‪ F‬و‪ " ^!G o+ ?%‬أ‪O " *$Y W‬ل إ‪A #4‬‬
‫ا‪ ,C * <- 0W,Y <rE%‬ا‪ 24 0W,Y S‬ن ‪ * #3
<0W,Y‬ا* ‪d‬وس * أ ‪ &3#4 F‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪!E+‬ل ‪ :‬ا‪/2 ACE9 ?(-%‬‬

‪ ,#L‬ا‪ Ca%‬ى وار){ در‪ FJG‬ا‪  -3%‬وأ‪ <) F%g4 F‬ا‪ .y‬ة وا‪K‬و‪ 1%‬آ‪ & 9q #‬إ اه ? و
!‪ ?( - 14‬ا‪_$%‬م إ‪04‬د ‪!O , G‬ي‬
‫‪ Q Lf‬و
* ذ‪ ,0 %‬د‪!.‬ل ا‪ ,$#%‬وا‪ o%‬وج
‪ w+,L-% F0‬ا‪%‬ي روا^ ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬إ‪ * A #4‬إ اه ? ‪ * w % 0W,Y‬أ<‬
‫‪ ,C * ? -4‬ا‪ * S‬ا‪ * *$L%‬أ
‪ &0 /#d) F‬ا‪ &0 /#d) F9,G * * $L%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ : &%O ?-4‬آن‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إذا د‪ A.‬ا‪ ,#L
1- 1-f ,$#%‬و‪O ?W ?-4‬ل ا‪ ?(-%‬ا ‪ <% 2‬ذ‪ <!X‬وا)‪ <% QJ‬أ!اب ر‪ J#Y‬وإذا‬
‫‪ .‬ج ‪ ,#L
1- 1-f‬و‪O ?W ?-4‬ل ا‪ ?(-%‬ا ‪ <% 2‬ذ‪ <!X‬وا)‪ <% QJ‬أ!اب )‪ -N‬و‪O‬ل إ‪ A #4‬ا‪,C * 1 L+ 0W,Y <rE%‬‬
‫ا‪ 24 0W,Y , #L%‬ن * ‪ #‬و ا‪# -4 * <# #J%‬ن ا‪ * <- * <CN%‬ا‪O * $L%‬ل ‪O‬ل ‪ * <-‬أ< ‪ V%d‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ : F0 S‬إذا‬

ر‪!-[) ,G$#% ?9‬ا ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وأ 
ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-f F -‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ <) ?-4‬ا‪_[%‬ة )‪ 0
,O ,E‬ا‪_a%‬م ‪( -‬‬
‫)< ا‪ ,(UJ%‬ا‪ .K‬و
* ذه‪ V‬إ‪ 1%‬ذ‪ *
%‬ا‪#-3%‬ء
‪ ?(0‬ا‪ <3)U%‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪ S‬وأآ
‪ F‬وأ‪ ,#Y‬وأ 
ا‪ ,(UJ%‬ا‪K‬ول )_ ‪!O F ) V9‬‬
‫وا‪,Y‬ا وه‪ VLJ$9 A‬؟ ‪ <3)U-% * %!O 1-‬و
* ذ‪ %‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-f F -‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪_f <) ?-4‬ة ا‪0%‬زة )‪t‬ن ا‪ /0$%‬أن ‪ E+‬أ )<‬
‫ا‪ CaJ%‬ة ا‪K‬و‪ /L9) 1%‬ا‪Ja%‬ب و)< ا‪ / X7%‬أن ‪ 1- <-[+‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬و)< ا‪ & #-% !,+ /7%7%‬و)< ا‪ %‬ا‪!E+ /3‬ل‬
‫ا‪ 0
L9  ?(-%‬أ‪ ^ G‬و ‪O ^,3 0J29‬ل ا‪ <3)U%‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪ 
0W,Y S‬ف * 
زن *
‪ * #3‬ا‪m%‬ه ي أ‪ <X C.‬أ! أ 

‪* /‬‬
‫‪ ‚ 0Y * A(4‬أ‪ FX‬أ‪ ^ C.‬ر‪ *
AG‬أ‪Lf‬ب ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أن ا‪ <) /0$%‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪0%‬زة أن ‪ Ca+‬ا‪
n‬م ‪ E+ ?W‬أ‬
‫‪ /L92‬ا‪Ja%‬ب ‪ ,3‬ا‪ CaJ%‬ة ا‪K‬و‪ 4 1%‬ا )< ‪ 1- <-[+ ?W F$2X‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬و‪ -o+‬ا‪,%‬ء ‪0-%‬زة و)<‬
‫ا‪ CaJ%‬ات  ‪ E+‬أ )< <ء
‪ 4 ?-$+ ?W (0‬ا )< ‪ F$2X‬وروا^ ا‪ * <R$0%‬أ< أ 

‪ F$2X /‬أ‪O FX‬ل
* ا‪) /0$%‬آ ^ وها
*‬
‫ا‪ ?aY <) <L[%‬ا‪!) #%‬ع ‪ 1-‬ا‪ Q L[%‬وروا^ إ‪ A #4‬ا‪ * ,#L
* <rE%‬ا‪ ,C * 107#%‬ا‪ * #3
* 1-K‬ا‪m%‬ه ي‬
‫* أ< أ 

‪ * , 34 * A(4 * /‬ا‪ V $#%‬أ‪O FX‬ل ‪ :‬ا‪ <) /0$%‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪0%‬زة )آ ^ وه‪a‬ا روي * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة وا*‬
‫‪ #‬وا‪ <C3U%‬و
* ذ‪_f <) %‬ة ا‪O , 3%‬ل إ‪ A #4‬ا‪ * ?-$
0W,Y <rE%‬إ اه ? ‪ 0W,Y‬ه‪U‬م ا‪!J4,%‬ا‪#Y 0W,Y <R‬د * أ<‬
‫‪# -4‬ن * إ اه ? * ‪ /#E-‬أن ا*
‪!3$‬د وأ
!‪ 14‬و‪ . /2+Y‬ج ‪ ?( -‬ا‪ ACO 
!+ /CE * , %!%‬ا‪E) , 3%‬ل ‪ ?(%‬إن ها‬
‫ا‪ ,O , 3%‬د‪ ‚ a) X‬ا‪ F ) CaJ%‬؟ ‪O‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪ Ca9 CaJ) S‬ة ‪ ( QJJ29‬ا‪_[%‬ة و‪ ,#L9‬ر و‪ 1- <-[9‬ا‪ !,9 ?W <C0%‬و‪ Ca9‬و‪A329‬‬

‪ A7‬ذ‪ Ca9 ?W %‬و‪ A7
A329‬ذ‪ Ca9 ?W %‬و‪ A7
A329‬ذ‪ E9 ?W %‬أ ‪ Ca9 ?W‬و‪ 9‬آ{ ‪!E9 ?W‬م )‪ EJ‬أ و‪ ,#L9‬ر و‪ 1- <-[9‬ا‪1-f <C0%‬‬
‫ا‪ F - S‬و‪ !,9 ?W ?-4‬و‪ Ca9‬و‪ A7
A329‬ذ‪ 9 ?W %‬آ{ )‪E‬ل ‪ /2+Y‬وأ!
!‪,f 14‬ق أ! ‪ ,C‬ا‪ *#Y %‬إ‪04‬د ‪ Q Lf‬و
* ذ‪ %‬أ‪FX‬‬
‫‪ ?J. VLJ$+‬ا‪,%‬ء ‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-f F -‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل ا‪
J%‬ي ‪ 0W,Y‬أ! داود ‪ 0W,Y‬ا‪ * A (4 * N0%‬أ< ‪ O‬ة ا‪,4K‬ي‬
‫* ‪ * , 34‬ا‪ * # * V $#%‬ا‪o%‬ب ‪O‬ل ‪ :‬ا‪,%‬ء
!‪!O‬ف  * ا‪#$%‬ء وا‪K‬رض  ‪< F0
,3[+‬ء ‪ CX 1- <-[9 1JY‬‬
‫وآا روا^ أ‪!+‬ب *
!‪ * , 34 * 14‬ا‪ * # * V $#%‬ا‪o%‬ب وروا^
‪3‬ذ * ا‪L%‬رث * أ< ‪ O‬ة ‪ * , 34‬ا‪* V $#%‬‬
‫‪ !)
#‬وآا روا^ رز‪3
* *+‬و‪ <) /+‬آ‪ * !)
FJ‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل ا‪,%‬ء
!‪!O‬ف  * ا‪#$%‬ء‬
‫وا‪K‬رض  ‪ <X!-39 _) <- 1-[+ 1JY ,3[+‬آ‪ #s‬ا‪ %‬اآ‪!-f V‬ا ‪ <-‬أول ا‪,%‬ء و‪ ^ .q‬وأو‪ F4‬وه^ ا‪+m%‬دة إ‪ 9 #X‬وى
*‬
‫‪108‬‬

‫روا‪ ,C * G /+‬ا‪ ,0$
<) S‬ا‪
n‬م ‪ , #Y * ,C‬ا‪O w Y <Ua%‬ل ‪! * 23G 0W,Y :‬ن أ‪, C * 14!
X C.‬ة *‬
‫إ اه ? *
‪ * ,#L‬إ اه ? * أ ‪O F‬ل ‪O :‬ل ‪O G‬ل ‪ 0%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ <X!-39  ?-4‬آ‪,E‬ح ا‪ %‬اآ‪ V‬إذا ‪\-‬‬
‫‪ FE %39‬أ‪ *
^’#) FY,O .‬ا‪#%‬ء )‪t‬ن آن ‪ <) /GY F%‬ا‪!r!%‬ء ‪ ;r!9‬وإن آن ‪ <) /GY F%‬ا‪ U%‬ب  ب وإ أه ق 
) ‪F‬‬
‫ا‪ <) <X!-3G‬أول ا‪,%‬ء و)< و‪ }4‬ا‪,%‬ء و)< ‪ .q‬ا‪,%‬ء وها ‪ V+ w+,Y‬و
!‪, C * 14‬ة ‪ ‚ 3r‬ا‪ w+,L%‬و
* ‪q‬آ‪ ,‬ذ‪%‬‬
‫دء ا‪!0E%‬ت ‪ #%‬روا^ أ‪ ,#Y‬وأه‪ A‬ا‪ *0$%‬وا* ‪ /#+m.‬وا* ‪CY‬ن وا‪L%‬آ?
* ‪ w+,Y‬أ< ا‪!%‬زاء * ا‪ <- * *$L%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪O #(0‬ل ‪ <0#- :‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬آ‪#-‬ت أ‪ <) *(%!O‬ا‪ 9!%‬ا‪ ?(-%‬اه‪ *# ) <X,‬ه‪ &+,‬و)‪& ) *# ) <0‬‬
‫و‪ & %!9 *# ) <0%!9‬ورك ‪ # ) <%‬أ & و‪ <NE9 Xt) & NO 
 <0O‬و ‪  - 1NE+‬وإ‪+  FX‬ل
* وا‪ & %‬و ‪*
m3+‬‬
‫د‪C9 &+‬رآ& ر‪ 0‬و‪ & %39‬وزاد ا‪ ,3 F004 <) <R$0%‬ها و‪ 1-f‬ا‪ ,#L
1- S‬و
* ذ‪ %‬أ‪ VLJ$+ FX‬ا‪n‬آ‪7‬ر
* ا‪_[%‬ة ‪F -‬‬
‫‪!+‬م ا‪ /3#%‬و‪ /- %‬ا‪O /3#%‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ <- * * $Y 0W,Y ,#Y‬ا‪ ,C * <23%‬ا‪ * G * ,+m+ * *#Y %‬أ< ا‪w3K‬‬
‫ا‪ * <X30[%‬أوس * أوس ا‪ <2E7%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ *
?-4‬أ)‪ AN‬أ‪!+ ?a 
+‬م ا‪F ) /3#%‬‬
‫‪q \-.‬دم و) ‪ ˆCO F‬و) ‪ F‬ا‪ /o20%‬و) ‪ F‬ا‪;) /E3[%‬آ‪ 7‬وا ‪ *
<-‬ا‪_[%‬ة ) ‪t) F‬ن ‪ 3
?a9_f‬و‪!%O <- /r‬ا ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬وآ ‚‬
‫‪ 39‬ض ‪ 09_f  -‬و‪ ,O‬أر
& ؟ ‪ <03+‬و‪O & - ,O‬ل إن ا‪ Y S‬م ‪ 1-‬ا‪K‬رض أن ‪;9‬آ‪ A‬أ‪$G‬د ا‪ CXK‬ء وروا^ أ! داود وا‪<R$0%‬‬
‫وا* 
‪ <- * * $Y w+,Y *
FG‬ا‪ <23%‬و‪ QLf ,O‬ها ا‪ w+,L%‬ا* ‪ /#+m.‬وا* ‪CY‬ن وا‪,%‬ار‪ <0O‬وا‪!0%‬وي )< ا‪K‬ذآر "‬
‫‪O " .q w+,Y‬ل أ! ‪ ,C‬ا‪ # 0W,Y FG
* S‬و * ‪!4‬ادة ا‪ [#%‬ي ‪ ,C 0W,Y‬ا‪ * S‬وه‪ # * V‬و * ا‪L%‬رث * ‪, 34‬‬
‫* أ< ه_ل * ز‪ * ,+‬أ‪C * *#+‬دة * ‪ * <$X‬أ< ا‪,%‬رداء ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أآ‪ 7‬وا ا‪_[%‬ة ‪<-‬‬
‫‪!+‬م ا‪!(U
FXt) /3#%‬د ‪ ^,(U9‬ا‪K /aR_#%‬ن أ‪,Y‬ا  ‪ F ) <- <-[+‬إ  ‪ 2+ 1JY F9_f <- &r‬غ
‪O (0‬ل ‪ &-O‬و‪ ,3‬ا‪!#%‬ت‬
‫؟ ‪O‬ل إن ا‪ Y S‬م ‪ 1-‬ا‪K‬رض أن ‪;9‬آ‪ A‬أ‪$G‬د ا‪ CXK‬ء )‪ <C0‬ا‪ + <Y S‬زق ها ‪ *
V+ w+,Y‬ها ا‪ FG!%‬و) ‪ F‬ا‪EX‬ع  *‬
‫‪C‬دة * ‪ <$X‬وأ< ا‪,%‬رداء )‪,+ ?% FXt‬رآ‪ F‬وا‪ S‬أ‪ ?-‬و‪ ,O‬روى ا‪ w+,Y *
<E( C%‬أ< أ 

‪ /‬وا*
‪!3$‬د * ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ F -‬و‪ <) ?-4‬ا‪n
K‬آ‪7‬ر
* ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ /- % F -‬ا‪ /3#%‬و
* ا‪ /3#%‬و‪ <) *a%‬إ‪04‬ده‪ ‚3r #‬وا‪ S‬أ‪ ?-‬وروي
‪* _4‬‬
‫ا‪ *$L%‬ا‪ [C%‬ي )‪E‬ل إ‪ A #4‬ا‪# -4 0W,Y <rE%‬ن * ‪ Y‬ب ‪Y * + G 0W,Y‬زم ‪ &3#4‬ا‪ *$L%‬ا‪ [C%‬ي ‪!E+‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪;9  ?-4‬آ‪ A‬ا‪K‬رض ‪ *
,$G‬آ‪ F#-‬روح ا‪,E%‬س
‪ *$Y A4‬وا‪!0%‬وي )< ا‪K‬ذآر و‪O‬ل ا‪ <rE%‬و‪O‬ل ا‪<3)U%‬‬
‫أ‪ X C.‬إ اه ? *
‪ ,#L‬أ‪!2f X C.‬ان * ‪ ? -4‬أن ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل إذا آن ‪!+‬م ا‪ /3#%‬و‪ /- %‬ا‪;) /3#%‬آ‪ 7‬وا‬
‫ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ <-‬ها
‪ A4‬وه‪a‬ا ‪ 1- V+‬ا‪ V o%‬أن ‪ 1- <-[+‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!+ ?-4‬م ا‪ 1- /3#%‬ا‪ <) C0#%‬ا‪* JCo%‬‬
‫و ‪ Q[9‬ا‪JCo%‬ن إ ‪C (XK %‬دة وذآ ا‪  S‬ط ) ( )!‪ VG‬ذآ ا‪!4 %‬ل ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ( ) ?-4‬آ‪K‬ذان وا‪_[%‬ة ها‬
‫ 
ه‪ V‬ا‪ <3)U%‬وأ‪ ,#Y‬ر‪ #(#Y‬ا‪ S‬و
* ذ‪ %‬أ‪ VLJ$+ FX‬ا‪_[%‬ة وا‪_$%‬م ‪ ,0 F -‬ز‪+‬رة ‪ 1-f ^ CO‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل أ! داود‬
‫‪ 0W,Y‬ا* !ف ه!
‪ * ,#L‬ا‪ E#%‬ي ‪! Y 0W,Y‬ة * أ< ‪ * , #Y of‬ز‪+‬د * ‪ ,C * ,+m+‬ا‪ * } $O * S‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة أن‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل 

‪ *
?a0‬أ‪ <- ?-$+ ,Y‬إ رد ا‪ <- S‬رو‪ 1JY <Y‬أرد ‪ F -‬ا‪_$%‬م ‪ 29‬د ‪ F‬أ! داود‬
‫و‪ FLLf‬ا‪!0%‬وي )< ا‪K‬ذآر ‪O ?W‬ل أ! داود ‪ 0W,Y‬أ‪O Q%f * ,#Y‬ل ‪ O :‬أت ‪ ,C 1-‬ا‪ {)X * S‬أ‪ <X C.‬ا* أ< ذ‪* VR‬‬
‫‪ , 34‬ا‪ CE#%‬ي * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!-39  ?-4‬ا  !‪!CO ?a9‬را و ‪!-39‬ا ‪ CO‬ي  ‪,‬ا و‪!-f‬ا‬
‫‪t) <-‬ن ‪ #7 Y <0s-C9 ?a9_f‬آ‪ 29 ?J0‬د ‪ F‬أ! داود أ‪ N+‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪
n‬م أ‪ ,C * Q+  * ,#Y‬ا‪ {)X * S‬وه! ا‪F ŠR[%‬‬
‫و‪ FLLf‬ا‪!0%‬وي أ‪ N+‬و‪ ,O‬روي
* و‪ <- * .q FG‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ا‪ <rE%‬إ‪ * A #4‬إ‪L4‬ق )< آ‪ AN) FJ‬ا‪_[%‬ة‬
‫‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ 0W,Y ?-4‬إ‪ * A #4‬أ< أو‪ * 23G 0W,Y H+‬إ اه ? *
‪ ,C * <- * ,#L‬ا‪* 23G * S‬‬
‫أ< ‪ *# V%d‬أ‪ *
^ C.‬أه‪ * <- * FJ  A‬ا‪ <- * * $L%‬أن ر‪ _G‬آن ‪ <9;+‬آ‪, A‬اة ) ‪m‬ور ‪ CO‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ ?-4‬و‪ F - <-[+‬و‪ *
{0[+‬ذ‪ 
%‬ا‪ * <- F - (J‬ا‪E) * $L%‬ل ‪ * <- F%‬ا‪ 1- -#L+ 
* $L%‬ها ؟ ‪O‬ل أ‪VY‬‬
‫ا‪_$%‬م ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪E) ?-4‬ل ‪ * <- F%‬ا‪ * $L%‬ه‪ % A‬أن أ‪ * 7+,Y W,Y‬أ< ؟ ‪O‬ل ‪E) ?3X‬ل ‪* <- F%‬‬
‫ا‪ * $L%‬أ‪ <X C.‬أ< * ‪,G‬ي أ‪O FX‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!-39  ?-4‬ا ‪ CO‬ي  ‪,‬ا و ‪!-39‬ا  !‪!CO ?a9‬را ‪!-f‬ا‬
‫‪ <-‬و‪!#-4‬ا ‪ #7 Y‬آ‪ ?a9_f <0s-CJ) ?J0‬و‪ <) .?a
_4‬إ‪04‬د^ ر‪ ?$+ ?% ?(C
AG‬و‪ ,O‬روي
* و‪O _4
.q FG‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪ %‬زاق‬
‫)<
[‪ * F20‬ا‪!7%‬ري * ا* _ن * ر‪E+ AG‬ل ‪ * A (4 F%‬ا‪ * *$L%‬ا‪O <- * *$L%‬ل رأى ‪ ,0 
!O‬ا‪(0) CE%‬ه?‬
‫و‪O‬ل إن ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O . " ?-4‬ل  ‪oJ9‬وا ‪ CO‬ي  ‪,‬ا و ‪oJ9‬وا  !‪!CO ?a9‬را و‪!-f‬ا ‪ #7 Y <-‬آ‪t) ?J0‬ن ‪?a9_f‬‬
‫‪ F-3-) <0s-C9‬ر‪q‬ه? ‪!T $+‬ن ا‪K‬دب  ){ أ‪!f‬ا‪!) ?(9‬ق ا‪(0) /GL%‬ه? و‪ ,O‬روي أ‪ FX‬رأى ر‪J0+ _G‬ب ا‪E) CE%‬ل ‪ + :‬ها 
أ‪&X‬‬
‫ور‪ F0
H%,XK AG‬إ ‪!4‬اء أي ا‪!-f Fs-C+ { #%‬ات ا‪ S‬و‪ F - F
_4‬دا‪ #R‬إ‪!+ 1%‬م ا‪ *+,%‬و‪O‬ل ا‪ C%‬ا‪ F#3
<) <X‬ا‪ Ca%‬‬
‫‪ 0W,Y‬أ‪ * ,#Y‬ر‪ *+,‬ا‪ [#%‬ي ‪ * , 34 0W,Y‬أ<
‪ 23G * ,#L
0W,Y ?+‬أ‪ * , #Y <X C.‬أ< ز‪*$Y * *$Y * V0+‬‬
‫* ‪ * <-‬أ< ‪ V%d‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ * ?(0 S‬أ ‪ F‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل ‪!-f‬ا ‪ #7 Y <-‬آ‪t) ?J0‬ن ‪<0s-C9 ?a9_f‬‬
‫‪O ?W‬ل ا‪ C%‬ا‪ 0W,Y <X‬ا‪C3%‬س * ‪,#Y‬ان ا‪ ,C * V 3 0W,Y <X(CfK‬ا‪ , #L%‬ا‪L%‬ن أ‪ * ,+m+ X C.‬هرون * أ<  ‪C‬ن‬
‫* ا‪ ,C * ?aL%‬ا‪ * S‬ا‪o%‬ب * أم أ‪ &0 H X‬ا‪ * <- * *$L%‬أ ( ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أرأ‪&+‬‬
‫‪!O‬ل ا‪ m S‬و‪ " AG‬إن ا‪ S‬و
_‪!-[+ FJaR‬ن ‪ 1-‬ا‪E) " <C0%‬ل إن ها ه! ا‪!Ja#%‬م و‪ !%‬أ‪ 
F0 <X!#J%;4 ?aX‬أ‪ ?a9 C.‬إن ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ m‬و‪ AG‬وآ‪  * a-
< A‬أذآ ‪ <- <-[ ) ?-$
,C ,0‬إ ‪O‬ل ذا‪ X‬ا‪a-#%‬ن ‪ 2‬ا‪ % S‬و‪O‬ل ا‪ S‬و
_‪!G FJaR‬ا ‪0+%‬‬
‫ا‪ *
q * a-#%‬و ‪ <- <-[+‬أ‪ ,Y‬إ ‪O‬ل ذا‪ X‬ا‪a-#%‬ن ‪ 2‬ا‪ % S‬و‪!E+‬ل ا‪ S‬و
_‪!G FJaR‬ا ‪ 0+%‬ا‪,G V+ . *
q * a-#%‬ا‬
‫وإ‪04‬د^ ‪ ,+, ‚3r F‬و‪O ,O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬وآ { * ‪ 24‬ن * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * S‬ا‪ * VR$%‬زاذان * ‪ ,C‬ا‪!3$
* S‬د أن‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل إن ‪ <) * Y 4 /aR_
S‬ا‪K‬رض ‪ * <X!s-C+‬أ
‪ <J‬ا‪_$%‬م وه‪a‬ا روا^ ا‪w+,Y *
<R$0%‬‬
‫‪109‬‬

‫‪ 24‬ن ا‪!7%‬ري و‪# -4‬ن *
( ان ا‪ e#K‬آ_ه‪ ,C * #‬ا‪ * S‬ا‪ 
;) F VR$%‬ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪ CO ,0 <- 1-f *
.y‬ي‬
‫‪ FJ3#4‬و
* ‪ <2) FJs- , 3 *
<- 1-f‬إ‪04‬د^ ‪ 29 X‬د ‪
* ,#L
F‬وان ا‪,$%‬ي ا‪ s[%‬وه!
‪ J‬وك * ا‪* e#K‬‬
‫أ< ‪ * Q%f‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة
)! ‪O‬ل أ‪ 0Lf‬و‪ L#-% VLJ$+‬م إذا ‪ 1C%‬و) غ
* ‪ FJ C-9‬أن ‪ 1- <-[+‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ #% ?-4‬روا^ ا‪ <3)U%‬وا‪,%‬ار‪ *
<0O‬روا‪ * ,#L
* Q%f /+‬زا‪,R‬ة * ا‪ * ,#L
* ?4E%‬أ< ‪ a‬ا‪O \+,[%‬ل آن ‪
g+‬‬
‫ا‪ AG %‬إذا ) غ
* ‪ FJ C-9‬أن ‪ 1- <-[+‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ 1- ?-4‬آ‪Y A‬ل و‪O‬ل إ‪ A #4‬ا‪ 0W,Y <rE%‬رم * ا‪AN2%‬‬
‫‪ ,C 0W,Y‬ا‪ * S‬ا‪C#%‬رك ‪ 0W,Y‬زآ ‪ * +‬ا‪ * <C3U%‬وه‪ * V‬ا‪,GK‬ع ‪O‬ل ‪ * # &3#4 :‬ا‪o%‬ب ر‪ <r‬ا‪!E+ F0 S‬ل ‪ :‬إذا‬
‫‪!)!) ?J
,O‬ا ‪ 3C4 & C%‬و‪!-f‬ا ‪ ,0‬ا‪E#%‬م رآ‪ ?W * J3‬ا‪!JR‬ا ا‪!
!E) 2[%‬ا ‪ 9 w Y *
F -‬ون ا‪ Ca) & C%‬وا ‪
{C4‬ات ‪ Ca9‬ا‬
‫ * ‪ ,#Y‬ا‪ S‬و‪0W‬ء ‪ F -‬و‪_f‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬و
‪ $20% /%;$‬و‪ 1-‬ا‪ #%‬وة
‪ A7‬ذ‪ . %‬إ‪04‬د ‪!O *$Y , G‬ي‬
‫‪!%O‬ا و‪ VLJ$+‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ {
?-4‬ذآ ا‪ ,0 S‬ا‪ Q%‬وا‪!$X;J4‬ا ‪ " 1%39 F%!E‬ور)‪ % 03‬ذآ ك " ‪O‬ل‬
‫‪ ˆ3‬ا‪!E+ *+ $2#%‬ل ا‪  1%39 S‬أذآ إ ذآ ت
‪ <3‬و‪ <) ?(2%.‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪!(#%‬ر و‪!%O‬ا ها
!‪ 2+ *d‬د ) ‪ F‬ذآ ا‪ 1%39 S‬آ‪#‬‬
‫‪ ,0‬ا‪K‬آ‪ A‬وا‪!.,%‬ل وا‪O!%‬ع و ذ‪ 9 ?% #
%‬د ) ‪ F‬ا‪_[% /0$%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O " .q w+,Y " ?-4‬ل‬
‫إ‪ A #4‬ا‪ * ,#L
0W,Y <rE%‬أ< ‪ a‬ا‪ # 0W,Y <
,E#%‬و * هرون *
!‪, C * 14‬ة *
‪ * &W * ,#L‬أ<‬
‫ه ‪ +‬ة أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل ‪!-f‬ا ‪ 1-‬أ‪ CX‬ء ا‪ S‬ور‪t) F-4‬ن ا‪ ?(73 S‬آ‪ <) . <073 #‬إ‪04‬د^ ‪2 3r‬ن وه‪#‬‬
‫‪ #‬و * هرون و ‪ Fo‬وا‪ S‬أ‪ ?-‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ‪ ,C‬ا‪ %‬زاق * ا‪!7%‬ري *
!‪, C * 14‬ة ا‪, m%‬ي ‪ F‬و
* ذ‪ %‬أ‪VLJ$+ FX‬‬
‫ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ * 0d ,0 F -‬ا‪K‬ذن إن ‪ Qf‬ا‪ <) Co%‬ذ‪ 1- %‬أن ا‪
n‬م أ ‪ * ,#L
a‬إ‪L4‬ق * ‪ ,O /#+m.‬روا^ )< ‪FL Lf‬‬
‫)‪E‬ل ‪ 0W,Y :‬ز‪+‬د * ‪ , C * ,#L
* #3
0W,Y 1 L+‬ا‪ * <- * S‬أ< را){ * أ ‪ * F‬أ< را){ ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬إذا ‪ &0d‬أذن أ‪,Y‬آ? )‪ -‬آ ‪ <X‬و‪ <- A[ %‬و‪ AE %‬ذآ ا‪ *
S‬ذآ ‪ o <X‬إ‪04‬د^ ‪ V+‬و)< ‪ X F9!CW‬‬
‫وا‪ S‬أ‪ " /%;$
" ?-‬و‪ ,O‬ا‪ VLJ4‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ /Ja%‬أن ‪ a+‬ر ا‪ V9a%‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬آ‪ #-‬آ‪ FCJ‬و‪ ,O‬ورد )<‬
‫ا‪ \+ d *
w+,L%‬آدح * ر‪ * AU(X * /#Y‬ا‪LN%‬ك * ا* ‪C‬س ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪1-f *
?-4‬‬
‫‪ <) <-‬آ‪J‬ب ‪m9 ?%‬ل ا‪_[%‬ة ‪G‬ر‪ 
F% /+‬دام ا‪ <) <#4‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪Ja%‬ب و‪ H %‬ها ا‪ *
Q L[ w+,L%‬و‪ ^!G‬آ‪ 7‬ة و‪ ,O‬روي
*‬
‫‪ w+,Y‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة و ‪ Q[+‬أ‪O N+‬ل ا‪ ‡)L%‬أ! ‪ ,C‬ا‪ S‬ا‪%‬ه‪ 0o  <C‬أ‪ !r!
FC$Y‬و‪ ,O‬روي ‪ * ^!LX‬أ< ‪ a‬وا* ‪C‬س‬
‫و ‪ *
Q[+‬ذ‪< %‬ء وا‪ S‬أ‪ ?-‬و‪ ,O‬ذآ ا‪ V o%‬ا‪,sC%‬ادي )< آ‪ FJ‬ا‪y { 
%‬داب ا‪ %‬اوي وا‪O { 
$%‬ل ‪ :‬رأ‪ }o &+‬ا‪
n‬م‬
‫أ‪ AC0Y * ,#Y‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪ S‬آ‪ 7‬ا 
‪ VJa+‬ا‪ ?4‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ *
?-4‬ذآ ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ F -‬آ‪O /J‬ل ‪ :‬و‪ <0s-‬أ‪ FX‬آن‬
‫‪ " A[) " 2% F - <-[+‬وأ 
ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ CXK‬ء )‪t‬ن آ‪ A C4 1- &X‬ا‪ / 3CJ%‬آ‪,E9 #‬م )< ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪,#L
1- Af ?(-%‬‬
‫و‪ F%q‬وأزوا‪ FG‬وذر‪() FJ+‬ا ‪#Gn mRG‬ع وإ‪ #X‬و‪ {O‬ا‪m0%‬اع ) ‪ #‬إذا أ) د ا‪ CXK‬ء ‪_[%‬ة ‪E) ?( -‬ل ‪!-RO‬ن ‪!+‬ز ذ‪%‬‬
‫وا‪!JY‬ا ‪!E‬ل ا‪ " 1%39 S‬ه! ا‪%‬ي ‪ ?a - <-[+‬و
_‪ " FJaR‬و‪ " F%!E‬أو‪!-f ?( - T%‬ات
* ر(? ور‪ " /#Y‬و‪. " F%!E‬‬

* أ
!ا‪ (9 /O,f ?(%‬ه? و‪m9‬آ (? ( و‪ " ?( - Af‬ا‪ /+y‬و‪ ,C w+,L‬ا‪ * S‬أ< أو)‪O 1‬ل ‪ :‬آن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ ?-4‬إذا أ‪!O ^9‬م [‪O ?(JO,‬ل ا‪ ^9;) ?( - Af ?(-%‬أ< [‪E) FJO,‬ل ا‪q 1- Af ?(-%‬ل أ< أو)‪ 1‬أ‪ <) ^G .‬ا‪* L L[%‬‬
‫و‪ G w+,L‬أن ا
أ‪ + &%O F9‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ <- Af S‬و‪ 1-‬زو‪E) <G‬ل ‪ 1-f‬ا‪  - S‬و‪ 1-‬زو‪O G‬ل ا‪!(#%‬ر
* ا‪#-3%‬ء ‬
‫‪!+‬ز إ) اد ا‪ CXK‬ء ‪_[%‬ة ‪K‬ن ها ‪f ,O‬ر ‪3‬را ‪ CX’%‬ء إذا ذآ وا )_ ‪ ?( \L-+‬ه? )_ ‪E+‬ل ‪O‬ل أ! ‪ 1-f a‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ F -‬و‪ ?-4‬و‪O‬ل ‪ 1-f <-‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬وإن آن ا‪ L Lf 103#%‬آ‪E+  #‬ل ‪O‬ل
‪ m ,#L‬و‪ AG‬وإن آن ‪m+m‬ا ‪K _ -G‬ن ها‬

* ‪3‬ر ذآ ا‪ m S‬و‪ AG‬و‪!-#Y‬ا 
ورد )< ذ‪ *
%‬ا‪Ja%‬ب وا‪ 1- /0$%‬ا‪,%‬ء ‪ ?(%‬و‪(%‬ا ‪3 &C7+ ?%‬ر ‪y‬ل أ< أو)‪ 1‬و‬
‫‪ %‬وا
أ‪ F9‬وها
‪ *$Y -$‬و‪O‬ل ‪ .q‬ون  ‪!+‬ز ذ‪K %‬ن ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ CXK‬ء ‪f ,O‬رت
* ‪3‬ر أه‪ A‬ا‪K‬ه!اء‬
‫‪!-[+‬ن ‪,EJ3+ *
1-‬ون ) (? )_ ‪,JE+‬ى (? )< ذ‪ %‬وا‪ S‬أ‪ ?W ?-‬ا‪ ‚-J.‬ا‪!3X#%‬ن
* ذ‪ %‬ه‪ A‬ه!
* ب ا‪ ?+ LJ%‬أو ا‪ a%‬اه‪/‬‬
‫ا‪ / (+m0J%‬أو ‪_.‬ف ا‪K‬و‪ 1%‬؟ ‪ /W_W 1-‬أ‪!O‬ال ‪ ^aY‬ا‪  U%‬أ! زآ ‪ +‬ا‪!0%‬وي )< آ‪J‬ب ا‪K‬ذآر ‪O ?W‬ل وا‪ Q L[%‬ا‪%‬ي ‪F -‬‬
‫ا‪K‬آ‪ 7‬ون أ‪ a
FX‬و^ آ اه‪3 FXK F+m09 /‬ر أه‪ A‬ا‪,C%‬ع و‪3 * 0 (X ,O‬ره? وا‪ a#%‬و^ ه! 
ورد ) ‪![E
<(X F‬د ‪O‬ل أ‪0Lf‬‬
‫وا‪ <) ,#J3#%‬ذ‪ %‬أن ا‪_[%‬ة ‪f‬رت
‪$% <) /f![o‬ن ا‪ CXK ‚-$%‬ء آ‪ #‬أن ‪ m 0%!O‬و‪![o
AG‬ص ‪E+  #a) 1%39 S‬ل‬

‪ m ,#L‬و‪ AG‬وإن آن ‪m+m‬ا ‪E+  _ -G‬ل أ! ‪ a‬أو ‪ 1-f <-‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬ها ‪ L F2%‬و)‪O F‬ل وأ 
ا‪_$%‬م )‪E‬ل ا‪ U%‬‬
‫أ!
‪ ,#L‬ا‪ *
<0+!%‬أ‪ 0Lf‬ه! )<
‪ 103‬ا‪_[%‬ة )_ ‪ <) A#3J$+‬ا‪ VRs%‬و ‪ 2+‬د ‪ F‬ا‪ CXK‬ء )_ ‪E+‬ل ‪ F - <-‬ا‪_$%‬م‬
‫و‪!4‬اء )< ها ا‪ YK‬ء وا‪!
K‬ات وأ 
ا‪E ) F Vdo ) rL%‬ل ‪_4‬م ‪  -‬و‪_4‬م ‪ ?a -‬وها 
‪ F - {#‬ا‪ 
1(JX‬ذآ ^ "‬
‫‪ " &-O‬و‪ <) V- ,O‬ها )< ‪C‬رة آ‪ *
7‬ا‪$0%‬خ ‪ VJa-%‬أن ‪ 2+‬د ‪ <-‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪; F0 S‬ن ‪E+‬ل ‪ F -‬ا‪_$%‬م
* دون ‪ R4‬‬
‫ا‪ /L[%‬أو آ م ا‪ S‬و‪ F(G‬وها وإن آن
‪ L Lf ^03‬و‪ <sC0+ *a%‬أن ‪!$+‬ى  * ا‪ <) /L[%‬ذ‪t) %‬ن ها
* ب ا‪? 3J%‬‬
‫وا‪o U%) ?+ aJ%‬ن وأ
ا‪#7 * 0
g#%‬ن أو‪ F0
% 1%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ ?(0 S‬أ‪O * 3#G‬ل إ‪ A #4‬ا‪ ,C 0W,Y <rE%‬ا‪,C * S‬‬
‫ا‪!%‬ا‪ ,C 0W,Y ,Y‬ا‪!%‬ا‪ * ,Y‬ز‪+‬د ‪#7 <0W,Y‬ن * ‪ * /
a * ‚ 0Y * ? aY‬ا* ‪C‬س أ‪O FX‬ل ‪ Q[9  :‬ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬أ‪,Y‬‬
‫إ ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬و‪ * #-$#-% 1,+ *a%‬وا‪#-$#%‬ت ‪ 2s#%‬ة و‪O‬ل أ‪ 0W,Y N+‬أ! ‪ * a‬أ<  ‪0W,Y /C‬‬
‫‪O  * 23G * <- * * $Y‬ن ‪O‬ل آ‪ ,C * # VJ‬ا‪ m+m3%‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪ : S‬أ 
‪t) ,3‬ن ‪ *
4X‬ا‪0%‬س ‪ ,O‬ا‪!$#J%‬ا ا‪A#3  X,%‬‬
‫ا‪ .y‬ة وإن ‪ *
4X‬ا‪[E%‬ص ‪ ,O‬أ‪!W,Y‬ا )< ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ ?(R2-. 1-‬وأ
ا‪, ?(R‬ل ا‪_[%‬ة ‪ 1-‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪t) ?-4‬ذا‬
‫‪G‬ءك آ‪ <J‬ها )‪ #‬ه? أن ‪!a9‬ن ‪ 1- ?(9_f‬ا‪ * C0%‬ودؤه? ‪ / 
* #-$#-%‬و‪!,+‬ا 
‪!4‬ى ذ‪ . %‬أ‪O *$Y W‬ل إ‪A #4‬‬
‫ا‪3
0W,Y <rE%‬ذ * أ‪ ,C 0W,Y ,4‬ا‪ * S‬ا‪C#%‬رك أ‪ X C.‬ا* ‪ * , 34 * ,+m+ * ,%. <0W,Y /3 (%‬أ< ه_ل * ‪* F CX‬‬
‫وه‪ V‬أن آ‪ C3‬د‪ /UR 1- A.‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪) (0 S‬آ وا ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪E) ?-4‬ل آ‪ {-+ ) *

: V3‬إ ‪mX‬ل‬
‫‪110‬‬

A -% 2%‫!ن أ‬3C4 ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫ ا‬1- ‫!ن‬-[+ ?(JL0G; ‫ !ن‬N+ CE% ‫!ن‬2L+ 1JY /aR_#%‫
* ا‬2%‫!ن أ‬3C4
1- 1-f ‫!وي إذا‬0%‫ل ا‬O " ‫ " ) ع‬FX!)m+ /aR_#%‫
* ا‬2%‫ * أ‬3C4 <) ‫ ج‬. ‫رض‬K‫ ا‬F0 &EUX‫ إذا ا‬1JY ‫(ر‬0% 2%‫!ن أ‬3C4‫و‬
F - ‫} و‬E) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ‫!ل‬E+ _) #‫ه‬,Y‫ أ‬1- [JE+ _) ? -$J%‫[_ة وا‬%‫{  * ا‬# -) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫ا‬
1%‫و‬K) " # -$9 ‫!ا‬#-4‫ و‬F - ‫!ا‬-f ‫!ا‬0
‫* ا‬+%‫( ا‬+‫ أ‬+ " F%!O <‫ وه‬/#+ a%‫ ا‬/+y‫ع
* ه^ ا‬mJ0
F%O ‫ي‬%‫} وها ا‬E) ‫_م‬$%‫ا‬ 
# -$9 ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ‫ل‬E+ ‫ أن‬.
Al-Bukhari said: "Abu Al-`Aliyah said: "Allah's Salah is His praising him before the angels,
and the Salah of the angels is their supplication.'' Ibn `Abbas said: "They send blessings.''
Abu `Isa At-Tirmidhi said: "This was narrated from Sufyan Ath-Thawri and other scholars,
who said: `The Salah of the Lord is mercy, and the Salah of the angels is their seeking
forgiveness. There are Mutawatir Hadiths narrated from the Messenger of Allah commanding
us to send blessings on him and how we should say Salah upon him. We will mention as many
of them as we can, if Allah wills, and Allah is the One Whose help we seek. In his Tafsir of this
Ayah, Al-Bukhari recorded that Ka`b bin `Ujrah said, "It was said, `O Messenger of Allah,
with regard to sending Salam upon you, we know about this, but how about Salah' He said:
‫ل‬q 1َ-َ‫ َو‬,ٍ # L
َ
ُ 1َ-َ ْ‫ ُ( ? َ ِرك‬-%‫ ا‬،ٌ, ِ
َ ٌ, ِ#Y
َ َX ‫ ِإ‬، َ? ِ‫ ِل ِإ ْ َاه‬q 1َ-
َ &
َ ْ -َf َ#‫ َآ‬،ٍ,# L
َ
ُ ‫ ِل‬q 1َ-
َ ‫ٍ َو‬,# L
َ
ُ 1َ-
َ Ah f
َ ?(ُ -%‫ ا‬:‫ُ!ا‬%!ُO»
«, ِ
َ ٌ, ِ#Y
َ 
َ X ‫ ِإ‬،َ? ِ‫ ِل ِإْ َاه‬q 1َ-َ &
َ ْ‫َ َ َرآ‬#‫ َآ‬،ٍ,# L
َ
ُ
(Say: "O Allah, send Your Salah upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as
You sent Your Salah upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are the Most Praiseworthy, Most
Glorious. O Allah, send Your blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad,
as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are Most Praiseworthy,
Most Glorious.'')'' Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn Abi Layla said that Ka`b bin `Ujrah met
him and said, "Shall I not give you a gift The Messenger of Allah came out to us and we said,
`O Messenger of Allah! We know how to send Salam upon you, but how can we send Salah'
He said:
‫ل‬q 1َ-َ‫ َو‬,ٍ # L
َ
ُ 1َ-َ ْ‫ ُ( ? َ ِرك‬-%‫ ا‬،ٌ, ِ
َ ٌ, ِ#Y
َ َX ‫ ِإ‬، َ? ِ‫ ِل ِإ ْ َاه‬q 1َ-
َ &
َ ْ -َf َ#‫ َآ‬،ٍ,# L
َ
ُ ‫ ِل‬q 1َ-
َ ‫ٍ َو‬,# L
َ
ُ 1َ-
َ Ah f
َ ?(ُ -%‫ ا‬:‫ُ!ا‬%!ُO»
«, ِ
َ ٌ, ِ#Y
َ 
َ X ‫ ِإ‬،َ? ِ‫ ِل ِإْ َاه‬q 1َ-َ &
َ ْ‫َ َ َرآ‬#‫ َآ‬،ٍ,# L
َ
ُ
(Say: "O Allah, send Your Salah upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as
You sent Your Salah upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are the Most Praiseworthy, Most
Glorious. O Allah, send Your blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad,
as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are Most Praiseworthy,
Most Glorious.'')'' This Hadith has been recorded by the Group in their books with different
chains of narration.
Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "We
said, `O Messenger of Allah, this is the Salam upon you, but how do we send Salah upon you'
He said:
1َ-َ &
َ ‫َ َ َر ْآ‬#‫ َآ‬،ٍ,# L
َ
ُ ‫ ِل‬q 1َ-َ‫ َو‬,ٍ # L
َ
ُ 1َ-َ ْ‫ َوَ ِرك‬، ?َ ِ‫ ِل ِإ ْ َاه‬q 1َ-َ &
َ ْ -f
َ َ#‫ َآ‬،َ%ِ!ُ4‫كَ َو َر‬,ِ Cْ 
َ ٍ,# L
َ
ُ 1َ-
َ Ah f
َ ? (ُ -%‫ ا‬:‫ُ!ا‬%!ُO»
«? ِ‫ ِل ِإ ْ َاه‬q
(Say: "O Allah, send Your Salah upon Muhammad, Your servant and Messenger, as You sent
Your Salah upon the family of Ibrahim, and send Your blessings upon Muhammad and upon
the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim.'')'' Abu
Salih narrated that Layth said:

111

«? ِ‫ ِل إِ ْ َاه‬q 1َ-
َ &
َ ‫َ َرَ ْآ‬#‫ َآ‬،ٍ,#L
َ
ُ ‫ ِل‬q 1َ-
َ ‫ َو‬,ٍ # L
َ
ُ 1َ-َ»
(Upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad as You sent Your blessings upon the
family of Ibrahim.) Ibrahim bin Hamzah told that, Ibn Abi Hazim and Ad-Darawardi told,
that Yazid, i.e., Ibn Al-Had said:
«? ِ‫ ِل ِإْ َاه‬q ‫ ِإ ْ َاهِ ?َ َو‬1َ-َ &
َ ‫َ َ َر ْآ‬#‫ َآ‬،ٍ,# L
َ
ُ ‫ ِل‬qَ‫ و‬,ٍ # L
َ
ُ 1َ-َ ‫ك‬
ْ ِ‫ َوَر‬، ?َ ِ‫ ِإ ْ َاه‬1َ-
َ &
َ ْ -f
َ َ#‫» َآ‬
(As You sent Your Salah upon Ibrahim, and send Your blessings upon Muhammad and the
family of Muhammad, as You sent Your blessings upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim.)
This was also recorded by An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah.
Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Humayd As-Sa`idi that they said: "O Messenger of Allah,
how can we send Salah upon you'' He said,
‫ل‬q 1َ-َ &
َ ‫َ َ َر ْآ‬#‫ َآ‬Fِ Jِ + ‫ر‬h ُ‫ وَذ‬Fِ G
ِ ‫ٍ َوَأزْوَا‬,# L
َ
ُ 1َ-َ ْ‫ َوَ ِرك‬،َ? ِ‫ ِإْ َاه‬1َ-َ &
َ ْ -َf َ#‫ َآ‬،ِFJِ + h‫ َو ُذر‬Fِ G
ِ ‫ وََأزْوَا‬,ٍ # L
َ
ُ 1َ-َ Ah f
َ ? (ُ -%‫ ا‬:‫ُ!ا‬%!ُO»
«, ِ
َ ٌ, ِ#Y
َ 
َ X ‫ ِإ‬،َ? ِ‫ِإ ْ َاه‬
(Say: "O Allah, send Your Salah upon Muhammad and his wives and offspring, as You sent
Your Salah upon Ibrahim, and send Your blessings upon Muhammad and his wives and
offspring, as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are Most
Praiseworthy, Most Glorious.'')'' It was also recorded by the rest of the Group, apart from AtTirmidhi.
Muslim recorded that Abu Mas`ud Al-Ansari said: "We came to the Messenger of Allah and
we were with Sa`d bin `Ubadah. Bashir bin Sa`d said to him, `Allah has commanded us to
send Salah upon you, O Messenger of Allah. How can we send Salah upon you' The
Messenger of Allah remained quiet for so long that we wished that he had not asked him, then
the Messenger of Allah said:
1َ-َ &
َ ‫َ َ َر ْآ‬#‫ َآ‬،ٍ,# L
َ
ُ ‫ ِل‬q 1َ-
َ ‫ َو‬,ٍ # L
َ
ُ 1َ-َ ْ‫ َوَ ِرك‬، ?َ ِ‫ ِل ِإ ْ َاه‬q 1َ-
َ &
َ ْ -f
َ َ#‫ َآ‬،ٍ,# L
َ
ُ ‫ ِل‬q 1َ-َ‫ٍ َو‬,# L
َ
ُ 1َ-
َ Ah f
َ ? (ُ -%‫ ا‬:‫ُ!ا‬%!ُO»
«?ُJ#ْ -َِ ْ,Oَ َ#‫َمُ َآ‬-$%‫ٌ وَا‬, ِ
َ ٌ, ِ#Y
َ َX ‫ ِإ‬،َ* ِ#%ََ3%ْ ‫ ِل ِإ ْ َاهِ َ? )ِ< ا‬q
(Say: "O Allah, send Your Salah upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as
You sent Your Salah upon the family of Ibrahim, and send Your blessings upon Muhammad
and upon the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim
among all people, verily You are Most Praiseworthy, Most Glorious.'' And the Salam is as you
know.)'' This was also recorded by Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'i, At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Jarir. AtTirmidhi said, "It is Hasan Sahih.''
Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi reported the following Hadith and graded it
Sahih; An-Nasa'i, Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibban recorded in their Sahihs that Fadalah bin
`Ubayd, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "The Messenger of Allah heard a man making
supplication in his prayer when he had not praised Allah or said Salah upon the Prophet . The
Messenger of Allah said:
«‫ َهَا‬Aَ ِ
َ»
(This man is rushing.) Then he called him over and said, to him or to someone else,

112

«‫َ َء‬#ِ ُ,3ْ َ ُ‫ْع‬, َ ْ% ? ُW <
h ِC0 %‫ ا‬1َ-َ Ah [
َ ُ ْ% ? Wُ ،ِF ْ َ-
َ ‫َ ِء‬07 %‫ وَا‬AG
َ ‫ َو‬m 
َ S
ِ ‫ِ ا‬, ِ#ْ Jَ ِ ‫َ ْأ‬,Cْ َ ْ-)َ ْ?‫ُ ُآ‬,Y
َ ‫ َأ‬1-َf ‫»ِإذَا‬
(When any one of you supplicates, let him start by praising and glorifying Allah, may He be
exalted, then let him send Salah upon the Prophet, and after that let him make supplication as
he wishes.)''
Another Hadith At-Tirmidhi recorded that Ubayy bin Ka`b said: "When two thirds of the
night had passed, the Messenger of Allah would get up and say,
«F ِ) َ#ِ ‫ت‬
ُ ْ!#َ %ْ ‫َ َء ا‬G ،ِF ِ) َ#ِ ‫ت‬
ُ ْ!#َ %ْ ‫َ َء ا‬G ،ُ/)َ ‫ ا ِد‬%‫(َ ا‬3ُ Cَ Jْ َ9 /ُ َ2G
ِ ‫ ا‬%‫ت ا‬
ِ ‫َ َء‬G ،َS‫ اذْ ُآ ُوا ا‬،َS‫سُ ا ْذآُ ُوا ا‬0%‫(َ ا‬+‫ََأ‬+»
(O people, remember Allah, remember Allah, the first blast of the Trumpet has come and will
be followed by the second blast, death has come with all its horrors, death has come with all
its horrors.)'' Ubayy said, "I said, `O Messenger of Allah, I send a lot of Salah upon you, how
much of my prayer should be Salah upon you' He said,
«&ْT
ِ َ
»
(Whatever you want.) I said, `A quarter' He said,
«َ% ٌ ْ .
َ !َ (ُ َ) ‫ت‬
َ ْ‫نْ ِزد‬tِ)َ ،َ&Tْ 
ِ َ
»
(Whatever you want, but if you increase it, it will be better for you.) I said, `Half' He said,
«َ% ٌ ْ .
َ !َ (ُ َ) ‫ت‬
َ ْ‫نْ ِزد‬tِ)َ ،َ&Tْ 
ِ َ
»
(Whatever you want, but if you increase it, it will be better for you.) I said, `Two thirds' He
said,
«َ% ٌ ْ .
َ !َ (ُ َ) ‫ت‬
َ ْ‫نْ ِزد‬tِ)َ ،َ&Tْ 
ِ َ
»
(Whatever you want, but if you increase it, it will be better for you.) I said, `Should I make my
whole prayer for you' He said,
«ُCXْ َ‫ ذ‬
َ %َ ُ َ2sْ +ُ ‫ َو‬،َ# ‫ َه‬1َ2aْ 9ُ ْ‫»إِ َذن‬
(This would be sufficient to relieve your distress and earn you forgiveness of your sins.)'' Then
he said: "This is a Hasan Hadith.''
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Talhah said that the Messenger of Allah came one day
looking happy. They said, "O Messenger of Allah, we see that you look happy.'' He said, 
َ%‫ َو‬،‫ ًا‬U
ْ 
َ Fِ ْ -ََ &
ُ ْ -َf %‫ ِإ‬
َ ِJ 
‫ٌ ِ
*ْ ُأ‬,Y
َ ‫ َأ‬
َ ْ َ-
َ <h-َ[+ُ َ% Fُ X ‫ ِإ‬:‫ُ! ُل‬E+َ AG
َ ‫ َو‬m 
َ َ َ‫ن ر‬ 
‫ َأ‬
َ ِrْ +ُ َ
‫ُ َأ‬,# L
َ
ُ َ+ :‫َ َل‬E)َ ُ-َ#َ %ْ ‫ِ< ا‬Xَ9‫ َأ‬Fُ X ‫»ِإ‬
«1َ-َ :&ْ-Oُ ،‫ْ ًا‬U
َ Fِ ْ -ََ &
ُ #ْ -4
َ %‫ ِإ‬
َ Jِ 
‫ٌ ِ
*ْ ُأ‬,Y
َ ‫ َأ‬
َ ْ َ-
َ ?ُ -h$
َ +ُ
(The angel came to me and told me, "O Muhammad, would it not please you if your Lord,
may He be glorified, says: `No member of your Ummah sends Salah upon you but I send
Salah upon him tenfold, and no member of your Ummah sends greetings of Salam upon you
but I send greetings of Salam upon him tenfold''' I said, "Of course.'') This was also recorded
by An-Nasa'i.
113

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Talhah Al-Ansari said: "One morning the Messenger of
Allah was in a cheerful mood and looked happy. They said, `O Messenger of Allah, this
morning you are in a cheerful mood and look happy.' He said,
،ٍ‫َت‬Th 4
َ َ U
ْ 
َ Fُ 0ْ 
َ َL
َ ‫ت َو‬
ٍ َ0$
َ Y
َ َ U
ْ 
َ َ(ِ Fُ %َ S
ُ ‫ا‬V
َ Jَ ‫ َآ‬،ً‫َة‬-f
َ 
َ Jِ 
‫ ِ
*ْ ُأ‬
َ ْ َ-
َ 1-f
َ ْ*
َ :‫َ َل‬E)َ A G
َ ‫ َو‬m َ <hَ‫ت ِ
*ْ ر‬
ٍ q <ِXَ9‫ْ َأ‬AَG‫»َأ‬
«َ(َ-7ْ
ِ Fِ ْ -َ
َ ‫ وَ َر د‬،ٍ‫َت‬G‫ َ دَ َر‬U
ْ َ Fُ %َ {َ َ)‫وَ َر‬
(Of course just now someone an angel6 came to me from my Lord and said, "Whoever among
your Ummah sends Salah upon you, Allah will record for him ten good deeds and will erase
for him ten evil deeds, and will raise his status by ten degrees, and will return his greeting
with something similar to it.'')'' This is also a good chain, although they (Al-Bukhari and
Muslim) did not report it.
Muslim, Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be
pleased with him, said: "The Messenger of Allah said:
«‫ ًا‬U
ْ 
َ َ(ِ Fِ ْ -َ
َ S
ُ ‫ ا‬1-f
َ ً‫ة‬,َ Y
ِ ‫< وَا‬ 
-َ
َ 1-f
َ ْ*
َ »
(Whoever sends one Salah upon me, Allah will send ten upon him.) At-Tirmidhi said: "This is
a Sahih Hasan Hadith. On the same topic, narrations come from `Abdur-Rahman bin `Awf,
`Amir bin Rabi`ah, `Ammar, Abu Talhah, Anas and Ubayy bin Ka`b.''
Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said:
«!ُ‫َ ه‬Xَ‫ن أ‬
َ !ُ‫ُ! َأنْ َأآ‬G‫ َوأَ ْر‬،ٌAُG‫ َر‬%‫ُ(َ ِإ‬%َ0+َ َ% ،ِ/0 َ%ْ ‫ ا‬1َ-ْ‫ٌ )ِ< َأ‬/G
َ َ‫(َ َدر‬X tَِ) ،َ/-َ ِ4!َ %ْ ‫< ا‬
َ %ِ S
َ ‫ُ!ا ا‬-4
َ َ‫ و‬،ْ?ُa%َ ٌ‫(َ َزآَة‬Xtَِ) ،<َ-
َ ‫!ا‬-f
َ »
(Send Salah upon me, for this is Zakah for you, and ask Allah to grant me Al-Wasilah, for it is
a position in the highest part of Paradise which only one man will attain, and I hope that I will
be the one.) This was recorded only by Ahmad.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Al-Husayn bin `Ali said that the Messenger of Allah said:
«<َ-
َ Ah [
َ ُ+ ْ?%َ ? Wُ ُ^,َ 0ْ 
ِ ‫ت‬
ُ ْ ِ‫ُ َ
*ْ ُذآ‬A ِoCَ %ْ ‫»ا‬
(The miser is the one in whose presence I am mentioned, then he does not send Salah upon
me.) Abu Sa`id said:
«<َ-
َ hA[
َ +ُ ْ?َ-)َ »
(...and he does not send Salah upon me.) This was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who then
said: "This Hadith is Hasan Gharib, Sahih.''
At-Tirmidhi recorded that Abu Hurayrah said: "The Messenger of Allah said:
AُG‫‚ َر‬
ُ Xْ ‫ ?َ َأ‬
ِ ‫ َو َر‬،ُF%َ َ َ2sْ +ُ ‫ن‬
ْ ‫ َأ‬Aَ ْCOَ 
َ -َ$
َ Xْ ‫ ? ا‬Wُ ‫ن‬
َ َN
َ ‫ ْ( ُ َر‬
َ Fِ ْ -َ 
َ Aَ َ.‫ َد‬Aٍ ُG‫‚ َر‬
ُ Xْ ‫ وَ َر ِ َ? َأ‬،<-ََ Ah [
َ ُ+ ْ?َ-َ) ^ُ ,َ 0ْ 
ِ ‫ت‬
ُ ْ ِ‫ ُذآ‬Aٍ ُG‫‚ َر‬
ُ Xْ ‫ َ? َأ‬
ِ ‫» َر‬
«/0
َ %ْ ‫َ^ُ ا‬-ِ.ْ,+ُ ْ?-ََ) َ Cَ aِ %ْ ‫^ُ َأ َ!َا^ُ ا‬,َ 0ْ 
ِ َ‫َأدْ َرك‬
(May he be humiliated, the man in whose presence I am mentioned and he does not send
Salah upon me; may he be humiliated, the man who sees the month of Ramadan come and go,
and he is not forgiven; may he be humiliated, the man whose parents live to old age and they
114

do not cause him to be granted admittance to Paradise.)'' Then he (At-Tirmidhi) said: "Hasan
Gharib.''
It is reported that we should send blessings upon him on many occasions, such as following
the call to prayer, as in the Hadith recorded by Imam Ahmad from `Abdullah bin `Amr bin
Al-`As, who said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say:
،َ/َ- ِ4!َ %ْ ‫< ا‬
َ %ِ S
َ ‫ُ!ا ا‬-4
َ ? ُW ،‫ ًا‬U
ْ 
َ َ(ِ Fِ ْ َ-
َ S
ُ ‫ ا‬1-f
َ < 
-ََ 1-f
َ ْ*
َ Fُ X tَِ) ،<-ََ ‫!ا‬-f
َ ?Wُ ،ُ‫ُ!ل‬E+َ َ#-َْ7
ِ ‫ُ!ا‬%!ُE)َ ًX‫ذ‬h َg
ُ ْ?Jُ ْ3#ِ 4
َ ‫»ِإذَا‬
«/ََ2U 
%‫ ا‬Fِ ْ -َ
َ ْ&-Y
َ /َ -َ ِ4َ!%ْ ‫< ا‬
َ %ِ ‫َ; َل‬4
َ ْ*#َ )َ ،َ!‫َ ُه‬X‫ُ! َأنْ َأآُ!نَ َأ‬Gْ‫ َوَأر‬،ِS‫َ ِد ا‬C
ِ ْ*
ِ ,ٍ Cْ َ3%ِ %‫ِ< ِإ‬sCَ 0ْ 9َ َ% /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ٌ )ِ< ا‬/%َmِ 0ْ َ
َ(X ِt)َ
(When you hear the Mu'adhdhin, repeat what he says, then send Salah upon me, for whoever
sends Salah upon me, Allah will send Salah upon him tenfold. Then ask Allah to grant me AlWasilah, which is a status in Paradise to which only one of the servants of Allah will be
entitled, and I hope that I will be the one. Whoever asks Allah for Al-Wasilah for me, it will be
permitted for me to intercede for him.) This was recorded by Muslim, Abu Dawud, AtTirmidhi and An-Nasa'i. Other occasions when we should send Salah upon the Prophet
include when entering or exiting the Masjid, because of the Hadith recorded by Imam Ahmad
from Fatimah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah who said: "When the Messenger of
Allah entered the Masjid, he would send Salah and Salam upon Muhammad, and say,
«ِJ#َ Y
ْ َ‫ب ر‬
َ ‫ِ< َأ ْ!َا‬% ْQJَ ْ)‫ُ!ِ< وَا‬Xُ‫ِ< ذ‬% ْ 2ِ
ْ ‫ ُ(? ا‬-ْ %‫»ا‬
(O Allah, forgive me my sins and open for me the gates of Your mercy) When he exited, he
would send Salah and Salam upon Muhammad, and say,
«ِ-N
ْ َ) ‫ب‬
َ ‫ِ< َأ ْ!َا‬% ْQJَ ْ)‫ُ!ِ< وَا‬Xُ‫ِ< ذ‬% ْ ِ2
ْ ‫ ُ(? ا‬-ْ %‫»ا‬
(O Allah, forgive me my sins and open for me the gates of Your bounty.)'' We should also send
Salah upon him during the Funeral prayer. The Sunnah is to recite Surat Al-Fatihah following
the first Takbir, to send Salah upon the Prophet during the second Takbir, to make
supplication for the deceased during the third Takbir, and in the fourth Takbir to say, "O
Allah, do not deprive us of his reward, and do not test us after him.'' Ash-Shafi`i, may Allah
have mercy on him, recorded that Abu Umamah bin Sahl bin Hunayf was told by one of the
Companions of the Prophet that the Sunnah in the funeral prayer is for the Imam to
pronounce the Takbir, then to recite Surat Al-Fatihah silently after the first Takbir, then to
send Salah upon the Prophet then to offer sincere supplication for the deceased, but not to
recite any Qur'an in any of the Takbirs, then to conclude by saying Salam silently. An-Nasa'i
also recorded this from Abu Umamah, who said, "This is from the Sunnah,'' and he
mentioned it. According to the correct view, such a statement reported from a Companion
carries the ruling of Marfu`
At-Tirmidhi recorded that `Umar bin Al-Khattab said: "A supplication remains suspended
between heaven and earth and does not ascend any further until you send Salah upon your
Prophet.'' This was also narrated by Mu`adh bin Al-Harith from Abu Qurrah from Sa`id bin
Al-Musayyib from `Umar, as a saying of the Prophet . It was also recorded by Razin bin
Mu`awiyah in his book, where he also attributed it to the Prophet reporting that he said:
^َ ِ.qَ‫َ ِء و‬, %‫ َأو َل ا‬،<-ََ ‫!ا‬-f
َ ،ِV‫ ا ِآ‬%‫ ِ ا‬#ْ sُ ‫ِ< َآ‬X!ُ-َ3
ْ 9َ َ-)َ ،<َ-
َ 1-َ[+ُ 1JY
َ ,ُ َ3[
ْ +َ َ% ،ِ‫َ;رْض‬%ْ ‫َءِ وَا‬#$ 
%‫ُ!فٌ َ ْ *َ ا‬Oْ!
َ ‫َ ُء‬,%‫»ا‬
«Fَ4
َ ْ‫َوَأو‬

115

(A supplication remains suspended between heaven and earth and does not ascend any further
until a person sends Salah on me. Do not treat me like a spare water container, send Salah
upon me at the beginning of your supplication, at the end and in the middle.) hSending Salah
upon the Prophet is even more strongly encouraged in the Qunut supplication. Ahmad, the
Sunan compilers, Ibn Khuzaymah, Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim recorded that Al-Hasan bin
`Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "The Messenger of Allah taught me some words to
say during Al-Witr:
<ِNْE9َ َX tِ)َ ،َ&ْ N
َ Oَ َ
 َ <ِ0ِO‫ َو‬،َ& ْ 
َ
ْ ‫َ َأ‬# ِ) <ِ% ْ‫ وََ ِرك‬،َ&ْ %َ!9َ ْ*#َ ِ) <ِ0%!َ َ9‫ َو‬،َ& ْ َ)َ ْ*#َ ِ) <ِ0)ِ َ‫ َو‬،َ&+ْ ,َ ‫*ْ َه‬#َ ِ) <ِX,ِ ‫ ُ( ? ا ْه‬-ْ %‫»ا‬
«&ْ َ%َ39َ ‫َ َو‬0 َ‫& ر‬
َ ْ‫َ َرآ‬Cَ9،َ&+ْ َ‫* َد‬
ْ
َ m ِ3+َ َ%َ‫ و‬،َ&ْ %َ‫َ ِل َ
*ْ وَا‬+ َ% Fُ X ‫ َوِإ‬،َ ْ َ-
َ 1َNEْ +ُ َ%‫َو‬
("O Allah, guide me along with those whom You have guided, grant me health along with
those to whom You have granted health, be an ally to me along with those to whom You are an
ally, and bless me for that which You have bestowed. Protect me from the evil You have
decreed, for verily You decree and none can decree over You. Verily, he whom You show
allegiance to is never abased and he whom You take as an enemy is never honored and mighty,
O our Lord, blessed and Exalted are You.'')'' In his Sunan, An-Nasa'i has the addition,
«,#L
َ
ُ 1َ-
َ S
ُ ‫ ا‬1-f
َ َ‫»و‬
("and may Allah bless Muhammad.'') at the end of this Qunut. It is also recommended to say
plenty of Salah upon him on Friday and on the eve of Friday. Imam Ahmad recorded that Aws
bin Aws Ath-Thaqafi, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "The Messenger of Allah said:
?ُaَ9َ-f
َ ‫ن‬tَِ) ،ِF ِ) ِ‫َة‬-[%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ < 
-َ
َ ‫ ُوا‬7ِ ْ‫ َ)َ;آ‬،ُ/Eَ ْ3[ 
%‫ ا‬Fِ ِ)‫ َو‬،ُ/o
َ ْ20 %‫ ا‬Fِ ِ)‫ َو‬،َˆCِ Oُ Fِ ِ)‫ َدمُ َو‬q \
َ -ُِ. Fِ ِ) ،ِ/3َ ُ#
ُ ْ%‫َ!ْ ُم ا‬+ ْ?aُ
ِ +‫ َأ‬Aِ N
َ )ْ ‫» ِ
*ْ َأ‬
«<َ-َ ٌ/r
َ ‫ ُو‬3ْ
َ
(One of the best of your days is Friday; on this day Adam was created and died, on this day
the Trumpet (Sur) will be blown and all will have swoon away. So on this day send plenty of
Salah upon me, for your Salah will be presented to me.) They said, `O Messenger of Allah,
how will they be shown to you after your body has dispersed into the earth' He said,
«‫ َء‬Cِ Xْ ;َ%ْ ‫َ َد ا‬$G
ْ ‫ َأ‬Aَ ُ‫ ْ;آ‬9َ ْ‫ض َأن‬
ِ ْ‫;َر‬%ْ ‫ ا‬1َ-
َ ‫  َم‬Y
َ S
َ ‫نا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(Allah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets. )'' This was also
recorded by Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah, and it was graded Sahih by Ibn
Khuzaymah, Ibn Hibban, Ad-Daraqutni and An-Nawawi in Al-Adhkar.

116

18. QS Yasin 36 : 13-17

‫ن‬
َ !ُ-4
َ ْ #ُ %ْ ‫َ َءهَ ا‬G ْ‫ ِإذ‬/ِ +َ ْ َE%‫ ا‬V
َ ‫َـ‬Lf
ْ ‫_ َأ‬
ً 7َ 
ْ?(ُ %َ ْ‫ ِب‬r
ْ ‫وَا‬
‫ن‬
َ !ُ-4
َ ْ 
ْ?aُ ْ %َ‫ ِإ‬X‫ُ!اْ ِإ‬%َE)َ w
ٍ %َِ7ِ َXْ‫ز‬m3َ )َ َ#‫ُ! ُه‬aَ )َ *
ِ ْ 0َ Wْ ‫ ْ ِ( ُ? ا‬%َ‫َ ِإ‬0-ْ 4
َ ْ‫ ِإذْ َأر‬َ‫ُِ!ن‬aْ 9َ  ‫?ْ ِإ‬Jُ Xَ‫ْ ٍء ِإنْ أ‬1
َ *ِ
*
ُ ‫َـ‬#Y
ْ  %‫ َل ا‬mَX‫َ َو
َ َأ‬0ُ-7ْ
h ٌ U
َ َ  ‫?ْ ِإ‬Jُ Xَ‫ُ!اْ
َ أ‬%َO ‫ن‬
َ !ُ-َ4ْ #ُ %َ ْ?aُ ْ %َِ‫ إ‬X‫ ُ? ِإ‬-َ3ْ +َ َ0 ‫ُ!اْ َر‬%َO - * ِC#ُ %ْ ‫َـ ُŠ ا‬-َC%ْ ‫َ ِإ  ا‬0 ْ -ََ َ
‫ َو‬6
36:13. Dan buatlah bagi mereka suatu perumpamaan, yaitu penduduk suatu negeri ketika
utusan-utusan datang kepada mereka;
36:14. (yaitu) ketika Kami mengutus kepada mereka dua orang utusan, lalu mereka
mendustakan keduanya; kemudian Kami kuatkan dengan (utusan) yang ketiga, maka ketiga
utusan itu berkata: "Sesungguhnya kami adalah orang-orang yang diutus kepadamu".
36:15. Mereka menjawab: "Kamu tidak lain hanyalah manusia seperti kami dan Allah Yang
Maha Pemurah tidak menurunkan sesuatu pun, kamu tidak lain hanyalah pendusta belaka".
36:16. Mereka berkata: "Tuhan kami mengetahui bahwa sesungguhnya kami adalah orang
yang diutus kepada kamu.
36:17. Dan kewajiban kami tidak lain hanyalah menyampaikan (perintah Allah) dengan
jelas".
(13. And put forward to them a similitude; the Dwellers of the Town, when there came
Messengers to them.)
(14. When We sent to them two Messengers, they denied them both; so We reinforced them
with a third, and they said: "Verily, we have been sent to you as Messengers.'')
(15. They said: "You are only human beings like ourselves, and the Most Gracious has
revealed nothing. You are only telling lies.'')
(16. The Messengers said: "Our Lord knows that we have been sent as Messengers to you,'')
(17. "And our duty is only to convey plainly.'')
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
‫ن‬
َ !ُ-4
َ ْ #ُ %ْ ‫َ َءهَ ا‬G ْ‫ ِإذ‬/ِ +َ ْ َE%ْ ‫ب ا‬
َ َLf
ْ ‫ً َأ‬-7َ
َ ْ?(ُ َ% ْ‫ ِ ب‬r
ْ ‫وَا‬
*‫ * ا‬Fs- # ) ‫ق‬L4‫ل ا* إ‬O " ‫!ن‬-4 #%‫ءه ا‬G ‫ إذ‬/+ E%‫ب ا‬Lf‫_ أ‬7
" ‫* آ!ك‬+%‫! 
ا‬E% ,#L
+ ‫ ب‬r‫ وا‬1%39 ‫!ل‬E+
* Ho X‫ * أ‬Ho X‫ أ‬F% ‫ل‬E+ -
( ‫ وآن‬/ ‫آ‬X‫ أ‬/0+,
(X‫ إ‬FC0
* V‫ر ووه‬CYK‫ ا‬V3‫ وآ‬#(0 S‫< ا‬r‫س ر‬C
* ‫ة‬,+  * ‫ا روي‬a‫(? وه‬a) ‫!م‬-‫وق و‬,f‫دق و‬f ?‫ وه‬A4 %‫
* ا‬/W_W F %‫ إ‬1%39 S‫ ا‬w3C) ‫م‬0fK‫ ا‬,C3+ ‫ وآن‬Ho X‫أ‬
S‫ إن ء ا‬/[E%‫م ا‬#9 ,3 ^ ‫آ‬04 # / ‫آ‬X‫( أ‬X!‫ آ‬/#RK‫ˆ ا‬3 AaUJ4‫ ا‬,O‫ و‬/ ‫آ‬X‫( أ‬X‫ه ي أ‬m%‫دة وا‬JO‫ و‬/
a‫ و‬V [o%‫ا‬
1%39 .
117

‫ن‬
َ !ُ-4
َ ْ
ُ ْ?aُ ْ َ%‫ ِإ‬X‫ُ!ا ِإ‬%َEَ) w
ٍ %َِ7ِ َXْ‫ز‬m 3َ )َ َ#‫ ُ! ُه‬aَ )َ ِ* ْ 0َ Wْ ‫ ْ ِ( ُ? ا‬%َ‫َ ِإ‬0-ْ 4
َ ْ‫ِإذْ َأر‬
‫!ل‬4  #‫ أزره‬X‫د‬,‫ و‬#‫ه‬0+!O ‫ " أي‬w%7 X‫ز‬m3) " V+aJ% #‫ " أي دروه‬#‫!ه‬a) * 0W‫ (? ا‬%‫ إ‬0-4‫ " إذ أر‬: 1%39 F%!O‫و‬
w%7%‫? ا‬4‫ وا‬0Y!+‫!ن و‬3# * %‫و‬K‫ * ا‬%!4 %‫? ا‬4‫ل آن ا‬O <C%‫ ا‬V 3 * ‫ن‬# -4 * V‫Ž * وه‬+ G *‫ل ا‬O . w%W 
^,Y‫ و‬F9‫د‬C3 ?‫;
آ‬+ ?aE-. ‫ي‬%‫? ا‬a‫!ن " أي
* ر‬-4
?a %‫ إ‬X‫ " إ‬/+ E%‫ ا‬-9 A‫ه‬K ‫!ا " أي‬%E) " / ‫آ‬X‫ أ‬/+ E%‫ وا‬%!
/ ‫آ‬X‫ أ‬A‫ أه‬1%‫_م إ‬$%‫ ا‬F - Q $#%‫ ا‬A4‫!ا ر‬X‫(? آ‬X‫دة أ‬JO ?‫ وز‬/ %3%‫ أ! ا‬F%O‫ و‬F% +  .
‫ن‬
َ !ُِaْ 9َ %‫?ْ ِإ‬Jُ Xْ ‫<ْ ٍء ِإنْ َأ‬
َ ْ*
ِ *
ُ #َ Y
ْ  %‫ َل ا‬mَ ْX‫َ َو
َ َأ‬0-ُ7ْ
ِ ٌ U
َ َ %ِ‫ ْ? إ‬Jُ ْX‫ُ!ا
َ َأ‬%َO
" /aR_
?J0a% _4‫? ر‬J0‫! آ‬%‫? و‬a-7
0 %‫< إ‬Y‫?  أو‬-) U *LX‫ و‬U ?JX‫? وأ‬a %‫< إ‬Y‫ ‚ أو‬a) ‫ " أي‬0-7
U ‫? إ‬JX‫!ا 
أ‬%O
‫!ا‬%E) ‫ت‬0 C% ?(-4‫ (? ر‬9;9 &X‫ آ‬FX; %‫ " ذ‬AG‫ و‬m F%!O <) ?(0 1%39 S‫ ا‬C.‫ أ‬#‫ آ‬/a#%‫
? ا‬K‫
* ا‬7‫ آ‬/(C ^‫وه‬
,C3+ ‫ آن‬# X‫و‬,[9 ‫ون أن‬,+ 9 0-7
U ‫? إ‬JX‫!ا إن أ‬%O " : 1%39 F%!O‫ و^ و‬aX‫ وأ‬%‫!ا
* ذ‬C3J4‫ " أي ا‬0X‫و‬,(+ U‫أ‬
F%!O‫ ون " و‬4o% ‫? إذا‬aX‫? إ‬a-7
‫ ا‬U ?J3d‫* أ‬T%‫ " و‬1%39 F%!O <) ?(0 /+aY 1%39 F%!O‫ * " و‬C
‫ن‬-$ X!9;) X‫ؤ‬q 
!4‫ ا ر‬U S‫ ا‬w3‫!ا أ‬%O ‫ى إ أن‬,(%‫ءه? ا‬G ‫!ا إذ‬0
g+ ‫س أن‬0%‫{ ا‬0

‫ " و‬: 1%39 " .
‫ن‬
َ !ُ-4
َ ْ #ُ َ% ْ?aُ ْ َ%‫ ِإ‬X‫َ ُ? ِإ‬-3ْ +َ َ0‫ُ!ا َر‬%َO
‫!ن " أي‬-4 #% ?a %‫ إ‬X‫? إ‬-3+ 0‫!ا ر‬%O ‫!ن‬a9 ‫? إ‬JX‫*
* <ء إن أ‬#Y %‫ل ا‬mX‫ و 
أ‬0-7
U ‫? إ‬JX‫ء " 
أ‬g‫ل ه‬O ‫(ا‬%‫و‬
?a - X [0+‫ و‬Xm3 4 F0a%‫م و‬EJX‫ ا‬,‫ أ‬0
?EJX F - /‫ آ‬0‫! آ‬%‫? و‬a %‫ إ‬F-4‫ ر‬X‫? أ‬-3+ S‫ * ا‬-RO /W_7%‫(? ا‬-4‫(? ر‬JG‫أ‬
*+%‫رض وا‬K‫!ات و 
)< ا‬#$%‫? 
)< ا‬-3+ ‫ا‬, ( ?a0 ‫< و‬0  S 12‫ آ‬AO " : 1%39 F%!E‫ار آ‬,%‫ ا‬/CO ‫!ن‬a9 *#% ‫!ن‬#-3J4‫و‬
‫ ون‬4o%‫ ه? ا‬T%‫ أو‬S ‫ وا‬2‫ وآ‬AdC% ‫!ا‬0
q ".
*
ُ ِC#ُ %ْ ‫َغُ ا‬-Cَ %ْ ‫ ا‬%‫َ ِإ‬0ْ -َ
َ َ
‫َو‬
" ‫ ى‬.K‫  وا‬X,%‫دة )< ا‬3$%‫? ا‬a% &X‫? آ‬J3d‫ذا أ‬t) ?a %‫ إ‬F 0-4‫? 
أر‬as-CX ‫ أن‬0 - #X‫!ن إ‬%!E+ " * C#%‫_غ ا‬C%‫ إ ا‬0 - 
‫و‬
?-‫ أ‬S‫ وا‬%‫ ذ‬V ‫!ن‬#-3J$) ‫!ا‬C 9 ?% ‫ وإن‬.
Allah says, `O Muhammad, tell your people who disbelieve in you,'
6َ‫ُ!ن‬-4
َ ْ #ُ %ْ ‫َ َءهَ ا‬G ْ‫ ِإذ‬/ِ +َ ْ َE%‫ ا‬V
َ ‫َـ‬Lf
ْ ‫_ َأ‬
ً 7َ 

(a similitude; the Dwellers of the Town, when there came Messengers to them.) In the reports
that he transmitted from Ibn `Abbas, Ka`b Al-Ahbar and Wahb bin Munabbih - Ibn Ishaq
reported that it was the city of Antioch, in which there was a king called Antiochus the son of
Antiochus the son of Antiochus, who used to worship idols. Allah sent to him three
Messengers, whose names were Sadiq, Saduq and Shalum, and he disbelieved in them. It was
also narrated from Buraydah bin Al-Husayb, `Ikrimah, Qatadah and Az-Zuhri that it was
Antioch. Some of the Imams were not sure that it was Antioch, as we shall see below after
telling the rest of the story, if Allah wills. 
َ#‫ُ! ُه‬aَ )َ *
ِ ْ 0َ Wْ ‫ ْ ِ(?ُ ا‬%َ‫َ ِإ‬0-ْ َ4ْ‫ِإذْ َأر‬6 (When We sent to them two Messengers, they denied them both;)
means, they hastened to disbelieve in them.
6ٍwِ%َ7ِ َXْ‫ز‬m3َ )َ 
(so We reinforced them with a third,) means, `We supported and strengthened them with a
third Messenger. ' Ibn Jurayj narrated from Wahb bin Sulayman, from Shu`ayb Al-Jaba'i,
"The names of the first two Messengers were Sham`un and Yuhanna, and the name of the
third was Bulus, and the city was Antioch (Antakiyah).

118 

‫ُ!ا‬%َE)َ 6 (and they said) means, to the people of that city,
6َ‫ُ!ن‬-4
َ ْ 
ْ?aُ ْ %َ‫ ِإ‬X‫ِإ‬
(Verily, we have been sent to you as Messengers.) meaning, `from your Lord Who created you
and Who commands you to worship Him Alone with no partners or associates.' This was the
view of Abu Al-`Aliyah. Qatadah bin Di`amah claimed that they were messengers of the
Messiah, peace be upon him, sent to the people of Antioch.
6َ0-ُ7ْ
h ٌ U
َ َ  ‫?ْ ِإ‬Jُ Xَ‫ُ!اْ
َ أ‬%َO
(They said: "You are only human beings like ourselves...'') means, `so how could you receive
revelation when you are human beings and we are human beings, so why do we not receive
revelation like you If you are Messengers, you should be angels.' This is like what many of the
nations said who disbelieved, as Allah has told us in the Ayah: c 
َ0َX‫ُو‬,(ْ +َ ٌ U
َ َ ‫ُ!اْ َأ‬%َE)َ &
ِ ‫َـ‬0 h Cَ %ْ ِ ?ُ(-ُُ4‫ِ ِ(?ْ ُر‬9ْ;9 &َXَ‫ آ‬Fُ X ;َِ 
َ %َِ‫ذ‬6 (That was because there came to them their
Messengers with clear proofs, but they said: "Shall mere men guide us'') (64: 6) meaning that
they were amazed by that and they denied it. And Allah says: 
* ِC 
ٍ*‫َـ‬-ْ $
ُ ِ َX!ُ9ْ;)َ َX‫ ءَاَ ُؤ‬,ُ Cُ 3ْ +َ َ‫ آَن‬#
َ َX‫و‬,[
ُ 9َ ‫ُونَ أَن‬,+ِ 9ُ َ0-ُ7ْ
h ٌ U
َ َ  ‫?ْ ِإ‬Jُ Xَ‫ُ!اْ ِإنْ أ‬%َO6 (They said: "You are no
more than human beings like us! You wish to turn us away from what our fathers used to
worship. Then bring us a clear authority.'') (14:10). And Allah tells us that they said: 
‫ ُون‬$
ِ ‫َـ‬o% ‫?ْ إِذًا‬aُ X ‫?ْ ِإ‬aُ -َ7ْ
h ‫َ ًا‬Uَ ْ?Jُ 3ْ d
َ ‫*ْ َأ‬Tِ َ%‫ َو‬6 ("If you were to obey a human being like yourselves, then
verily, you indeed would be losers.'') (23:34). And Allah says: 
!ُ4‫ ًا ر‬U
َ َ Fُ -%‫ ا‬w
َ 3َ َ ‫ُ!اْ َأ‬%َO ‫َى ِإ  أَن‬,(ُ %ْ ‫َ َء ُه ُ? ا‬G ْ‫ُ!اْ ِإذ‬0
ِ ْg+ُ ‫سَ أَن‬0%‫ َ{ ا‬0َ َ

‫ َو‬6 (And nothing prevented men from
believing when the guidance came to them, except that they said: "Has Allah sent a man as
(His) Messenger'') (17:94). These people said:
6 َ‫ُ!ن‬-َ4ْ #ُ %َ ْ?ُa ْ %َ‫ ِإ‬X‫ ُ? ِإ‬-َ3ْ +َ َ0‫ُ!اْ َر‬%َO - ‫ن‬
َ !ُِ ْa9َ  ‫?ْ ِإ‬Jُ Xَ‫ْ ٍء ِإنْ أ‬1
َ *ِ
*
ُ ‫َـ‬#Y
ْ  %‫ َل ا‬mَX‫َ َو
َ َأ‬0-ُ7ْ
h ٌ U
َ َ  ‫?ْ ِإ‬Jُ Xَ‫ُ!اْ
َ أ‬%َO
(You are only human beings like ourselves, and the Most Gracious has revealed nothing. You
are only telling lies.'' The Messengers said: "Our Lord knows that we have been sent as
Messengers to you.'') This means that the three Messengers answered them saying: "Allah
knows that we are His Messengers to you. If we were lying, He would have taken the utmost
vengeance against us, but He will cause us to prevail and will make us victorious against you,
and you will come to know whose will be the happy end in the Hereafter.'' This is like the
Ayah: 
‫ ُون‬$
ِ ‫َـ‬o%ْ ‫ ُه ُ? ا‬
َ Tِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫ ُأو‬Fِ -%ِ ْ‫َ ُوا‬2‫ َو َآ‬Aِ 
ِ ‫َـ‬Cْ%ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬0
َ ‫*َ ءا‬+ِ%‫ت وَا ْرضِ وَا‬
ِ !َ ‫َـ‬#$ 
%‫ ا‬1ِ) َ
?ُ -َ3ْ +َ ‫ًا‬, ِ(
َ ْ?ُa0َ ْ َ ‫ َو‬1ِ0ْ َ Fِ -%ِ 1َ2‫ْ َآ‬AOُ 6
(Say: "Sufficient is Allah for a witness between me and you. He knows what is in the heavens
and on earth.'' And those who believe in falsehood, and disbelieve in Allah, it is they who are
the losers.) (29:52) 
* ِC#ُ %ْ ‫َـ ُŠ ا‬-َC%ْ ‫َ ِإ  ا‬0 ْ -ََ َ
‫ َو‬6 (And our duty is only to convey plainly.) means, `all we have to do is to
convey to you the Message with which we have been sent; if you obey, then happiness will be
yours in this world and the Hereafter, and if you do not respond, you will soon know the
consequences of that.' And Allah knows best.
119

19. QS Al Baqarah 2:25 
‫ِى‬%‫ُ!اْ هَـَا ا‬%َO ًOْ‫رز‬h ٍ‫ َ ة‬#َ Wَ *ِ
َ(0ْ
ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬O‫َ رُ ِز‬#-‫(َـ ُ ُآ‬Xْ Kَ ‫ِ(َ ا‬JL
ْ َ9 *ِ
‫ْ ِى‬9َ &
ٍ ‫ـ‬0G
َ ْ?(ُ َ% ‫ن‬ 
‫ت َأ‬
ِ َL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫ُ!اْ َو‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫ ِ ا‬U
h َ ‫َو‬
‫ُون‬,-ِ‫َـ‬. َ( ِ) ْ?‫( َ ةٌ َو ُه‬
َ 
ٌ‫ ُ(?ْ )ِ (َ َأزْ َوج‬%َ‫ِ(ً َو‬C‫َـ‬UJَ
ُ Fِ ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬9‫ َوُأ‬Aُ ْCOَ *ِ
َ0Oْ ‫ رُ ِز‬6
2:25. Dan sampaikanlah berita gembira kepada mereka yang beriman dan berbuat baik,
bahwa bagi mereka disediakan surga-surga yang mengalir sungai-sungai di dalamnya. Setiap
mereka diberi rezeki buah-buahan dalam surga-surga itu, mereka mengatakan: "Inilah yang
pernah diberikan kepada kami dahulu." Mereka diberi buah-buahan yang serupa dan untuk
mereka di dalamnya ada istri-istri yang suci dan mereka kekal di dalamnya.
(25. And give glad tidings to those who believe and do righteous good deeds, that for them will
be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise). Every time they will be provided with a fruit
therefrom, they will say: "This is what we were provided with before,'' and they will be given
things in resemblance (i.e. in the same form but different in taste) and they shall have therein
Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified mates or wives), and they will abide therein forever.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29 
َ0ْO‫ِي ُر ِز‬%‫ُ!ا َهَا ا‬%َO ًOْ‫ َ ةٍ ِرز‬#َ Wَ ْ*
ِ َ(0ْ
ِ ‫ُ!ا‬O‫َ ُر ِز‬#-‫(َ ُر ُآ‬Xْ ;َ%ْ ‫(َ ا‬Jِ ْL9َ ْ*
ِ ‫ْ ِي‬9َ ‫ت‬
ٍ 0G
َ ْ?(ُ %َ ‫ن‬ 
‫ت َأ‬
ِ َL%ِ[%‫ُ!ا ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫ُ!ا َو‬0
َ q *
َ +ِ%‫ ِ ا‬U
h َ َ‫و‬
‫ُون‬,%َِ. َ( ِ) ْ?‫ ( َ ةٌ َو ُه‬
َ
ُ ٌ‫ ُ(?ْ )ِ (َ َأزْوَاج‬%َ‫َ ِ(ً َو‬UَJ
ُ Fِ ِ ‫ُ!ا‬9‫ َوُأ‬Aُ Cْ Oَ ْ*
ِ
‫اء‬,3$%‫
* ا‬FR %‫ل أو‬Y ‫ل ‚ آ‬a0%‫اب وا‬3%‫
* ا‬F-4 ‫ و‬F *+ )a%‫ ء ا‬EK‫
* ا‬FR‫ا‬,K ^,‫ 
أ‬1%39 ‫ ذآ‬#% 
#‫ء آ‬#-3%‫!ال ا‬O‫ أ‬Qf‫ أ‬1- <X7
‫ن‬q E%‫ ا‬/ #$9 103
‫ وها‬/L%[%‫(? ا‬%#; ?(X#+‫!ا إ‬O,f *+%‫ ا‬F-4 ‫ و‬F * 0
g#%‫ا‬
‫ ذآ‬F-fY‫ و‬F$a ‫ ء أو‬EK‫? ا‬W ‫اء‬,3$%‫ل ا‬Y ‫ أو‬F$a ‫ أو‬2a%‫{ آ ا‬CJ+‫ن و‬#+n‫آ ا‬+ ‫ وه! أن‬F3r!
<) F$C04
‫!ا‬-#‫!ا و‬0
q *+%‫ ا‬U‫ و‬1%39 ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬-) S‫ إن ء ا‬FLr!04 #‫ آ‬FUJ%‫ ^ )اك ا‬X‫<ء و‬U%‫ وأ 
ذآ ا‬. F-E
‫<ء و‬U%‫ا‬
‫ء‬G ,O‫& أره و )( و‬L9 *
‫(ر أي‬XK‫( ا‬JL9 *
‫ ي‬9 (X; (2f!) ‫(ر‬XK‫( ا‬JL9 *
‫ ي‬9 ‫ت‬0G ?(% ‫ت أن‬L%[%‫ا‬ 
$#%‫( ا‬0 ) #(0  ‫)ة‬0
‫!ف و‬#%‫ ا‬g%g-%‫ب ا‬CO F J)Y ‫ أن‬W!a%‫ء )< ا‬G‫ود و‬,.‫ ي )< أ‬9 ‫(ره‬X‫ أن أ‬w+,L%‫)< ا‬
‫ن‬# -4 * {  %‫< ا‬- ‫ أ‬O : ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ و‬. ? Y %‫ ا‬C%‫ ه! ا‬FX‫ إ‬F-N) *
S‫;ل ا‬$X ‫!ه‬%‫ وا‬g%g-%‫ؤه ا‬C[Y‫ذ) و‬K‫ا‬
S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫ ة‬+ ‫ ة * أ< ه‬#r * S‫ ا‬,C * ‫ ة‬O * ‫!ن * ء‬W !‫ أ‬0W,Y 14!
* ,4‫ أ‬0W,Y
e#K‫ وآ { * ا‬0W,Y , 34 !‫ أ‬0W,Y N+‫ل أ‬O‫ " و‬$#%‫ ا‬- ‫ل‬CG &L9 *
‫ أو‬- ‫_ل‬9 &L9 *
29 /0%‫(ر ا‬X‫? " أ‬-4‫ و‬F -
‫ ة‬#W *
(0
‫!ا‬O‫ رز‬#-‫ " آ‬1%39 F%!O‫ و‬. $
ACG *
29 /0%‫(ر ا‬X‫ أ‬S‫ ا‬,C ‫ل‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫ وق‬$
* ‫ *
ة‬S‫ ا‬,C *
*‫س و*
ة * ا‬C *‫ * ا‬Q%f <‫ و* أ‬%
<‫ ^ * أ‬$29 <) ‫ي‬,$%‫ل ا‬O " ACO *
0O‫ي رز‬%‫!ا ها ا‬%O O‫رز‬
‫ي‬%‫!ا ها ا‬%O ( %‫ وا إ‬X #-) /0%‫ ة )< ا‬#7% ‫!ا‬9‫(? أ‬X‫ إ‬: ‫ل‬O . ACO *
0O‫ي رز‬%‫!ا ها ا‬%O /L[%‫س
* ا‬X *‫!د و‬3$

*
0O‫ي رز‬%‫!ا ها ا‬%O " /
a ‫ل‬O‫ و‬+ G *‫[ ^ ا‬X‫? و‬-4‫ * أ‬,+‫* * ز‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C‫دة و‬JO ‫ل‬O ‫ا‬a‫  وه‬X,%‫ )< ا‬ACO *
0O‫رز‬
‫ ون‬.q ‫ل‬O‫ و‬+ G *‫ل ا‬O F F(C‫!ن 
أ‬%!E+ ,‫ل 
ه‬O‫ و‬. HX‫  { * أ‬%‫ل ا‬O ‫ وآا‬H
K ‫ي آن‬%‫ ا‬A7
^03
‫ل‬O " ACO
‫ل‬O " (UJ
F ‫!ا‬9‫ " وأ‬1%39 F%!E% ˆ3 FN3 /(U
‫ة‬,U% ‫ ها‬ACO *
/0%‫ر ا‬#W ACO *
0O‫ي رز‬%‫ ها ا‬%‫ ذ‬A+‫;و‬9 A
A‫<ء ) ;آ‬U%‫
* ا‬/2L[% ?‫ه‬,Y‫ أ‬19g+ : ‫ل‬O 7‫ * أ< آ‬1 L+ * <‫وزا‬K‫ * ا‬/[ [#%‫ ا‬A‫  
* أه‬0W,Y ‫ * داود‬, 04
: ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ و‬.‚-Jo
?3%‫ وا‬,Y‫!ن وا‬-%) _‫ آ‬/aR_#%‫!ل ا‬EJ) ACO *
F 0 9‫ي أو‬%‫!ل ها ا‬E ) ‫ ى‬.; 19g+ ?W (0 

$#%‫( ا‬XC7‫ ان وآ‬2m%‫ ا‬/0%‫ ا‬VU : ‫ل‬O 7‫ * أ< آ‬1 L+ * ‫ف‬$+ * 
0W,Y ‫ن‬# -4 * , 34 0W,Y <‫ أ‬0W,Y
‫!ا‬-‫ان آ‬,%!%‫(? ا‬% ‫!ل‬EJ) F 2Xq X!#J 9‫ي أ‬%‫ ها ا‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫(? أه‬% ‫!ل‬E ) (-7# ‫!ن‬9g+ ?W (X!-‫ ) ;آ‬F‫!اآ‬2% ‫ان‬,%!%‫ (? ا‬- ‫!ف‬+‫و‬
<‫ * أ‬HX‫  { * أ‬%‫ ازي * ا‬%‫ ا‬23G !‫ل أ‬O‫( " و‬UJ
F ‫!ا‬9‫ " وأ‬1%39 S‫!ل ا‬O !‫‚ وه‬-Jo
?3%‫ وا‬,Y‫!ن وا‬-%)
HX‫  { * أ‬%‫ وا‬,‫? وروي * 
ه‬9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O ?3%‫‚ )< ا‬-Jo+‫ و‬N3 FN3 FCU+ ‫ل‬O " (UJ
F ‫!ا‬9‫ " وأ‬/ %3%‫ا‬
* ‫س و*
ة‬C *‫ * ا‬Q%f <‫ و* أ‬%
<‫ ^ * أ‬$29 <) ‫ي‬,$%‫د^ * ا‬04t + G *‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬%‫! ذ‬LX ‫ي‬,$%‫وا‬
‫? وها‬3%‫ )< ا‬FCJU+ H %‫ أى و‬#%‫!ن وا‬-%‫< )< ا‬03+ " (UJ
F ‫!ا‬9‫" وأ‬1%39 F%!O <) /L[%‫س
* ا‬X *‫!د و‬3$
*‫ا‬
* ‫!ري‬7%‫ ن ا‬24 ‫ل‬O‫ و‬. V d‫ أ‬/0%‫ ا‬#W ‫  أن‬X,%‫ ا‬#W FCU+ : ‫ل‬O " (UJ
F ‫!ا‬9‫" وأ‬/
a ‫ل‬O‫ و‬. + G *‫ ر ا‬J.‫ا‬ 
#
 X,%‫ )< ا‬H % /+‫ء و)< روا‬#4K‫  إ )< ا‬X,%‫ 
)< ا‬/0%‫ )< ا‬#
‫ <ء‬FCU+  ‫س‬C *‫ ن * ا‬C… <‫ * أ‬e#K‫ا‬
,C ‫ل‬O‫ و‬. F e#K‫ * ا‬#‫ آ_ه‬/+‫و‬3
<‫ أ‬w+,Y *
?9Y <‫!ري وا* أ‬7%‫ ا‬/+‫
* روا‬+ G *‫ء وروا^ ا‬#4K‫ إ ا‬/0%‫)< ا‬
120

‫ 
ن‬%‫ح وا‬2J% ‫ح‬2J%‫  ا‬X,%‫!ا )< ا‬X‫ آ‬#‫ء^ آ‬#4‫ )!ن أ‬3+ ‫ل‬O " (UJ
F ‫!ا‬9‫ " وأ‬1%39 F%!O <) ?-4‫ * أ‬,+‫* * ز‬#Y %‫ا‬
" 1%39 F%!O‫ و‬.?3%‫ )< ا‬F-7
!‫ ه‬H %‫ و‬FX!) 3+ (UJ
F ‫!ا‬9‫  وأ‬X,%‫ )< ا‬ACO *
0O‫ي رز‬%‫ ها ا‬/0%‫!ا )< ا‬%O ‫ 
ن‬%
‫!ل‬C%‫} وا‬Rs%‫ ˆ وا‬L%‫
* ا‬,‫ل 
ه‬O‫ و‬.‫ذى‬K‫ر وا‬E%‫س 
( ة
* ا‬C *‫ * ا‬/L-d <‫ل ا* أ‬O " ‫(? ) ( أزواج 
( ة‬%‫و‬
‫ وروي * ء‬.‚-‫ ˆ و آ‬Y  F0 /+‫ و)< روا‬. ?W;#%‫ذى وا‬K‫دة 
( ة
* ا‬JO ‫ل‬O‫ و‬,%!%‫< وا‬0#%‫اق وا‬mC%‫م وا‬o0%‫وا‬
,C * V‫ ا* وه‬X;CX‫ أ‬1-K‫ ا‬,C * HX!+ <0W,Y + G *‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬. %‫! ذ‬LX ‫ي‬,$%‫ وا‬/ ‫ و‬Q%f <‫ك وأ‬LN%‫* وا‬$L%‫وا‬ 
JE-. <X‫ إ‬1%39 S‫ل ا‬O &[ #-) ‫_م‬$%‫ ( ا‬- ‫!اء‬Y &E-. %‫ وآ‬: ‫ل‬O ˆ L9  <J%‫( ة ا‬#%‫ل ا‬O ?-4‫ * أ‬,+‫* * ز‬#Y %‫ا‬
23G <0W,Y ,#L
* ? ‫ إ اه‬0W,Y F+‫ *
دو‬a !‫)‡ أ‬L%‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬- V+ ‫ وها‬- ‫ ة‬U%‫ أد
& ه^ ا‬#‫;د 
آ‬4‫ 
( ة و‬
S‫ ا‬,C 0W,Y <3+mC%‫ ا‬# * ‫ زاق‬%‫ ا‬,C 0W,Y ‫ي‬,0a%‫ ا‬, C * ,#L
0W,Y : O ‫!اري‬o%‫ ا‬,#L
* ,#Y‫ ب وأ‬Y * ,#L
*
‫(? ) ( أزواج‬%‫ " و‬1%39 F%!O <) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫ * ا‬, 34 <‫ ة * أ‬NX <‫دة * أ‬JO * /C3 * ‫رك‬C#%‫* ا‬
‫!ب‬E3+ * ,#L
* F‫رآ‬,J$
<) ?‫آ‬L%‫ روا^ ا‬,O‫ و‬- V+ w+,Y ‫ ها‬. " ‫اق‬mC%‫ وا‬/ 
o0%‫} وا‬Rs%‫ ˆ وا‬L%‫ل
* ا‬O " ‫ 
( ة‬
‫ زاق‬%‫ ا‬,C ‫ن‬t) X F ) ^‫ي اد‬%‫ * وها ا‬o U%‫  ط ا‬1- Q Lf ‫ل‬O‫ و‬. F , C * ,#L
* ‫ن‬2 * <- * *$L%‫* ا‬
‫م‬,E9 #‫دة آ‬JO ‫…( أن ها
* آ_م‬K‫& " وا‬-O " F ‫ج‬JY‫!ز ا‬+  <$C3%‫ن ا‬CY * ?9Y !‫ أ‬F ) ‫ل‬O ‫< ها‬3+mC%‫ ا‬# *
_) ‫ع‬EX‫!ت وا‬#%‫م أ
*
* ا‬E
<) ? 30%‫(?
{ ها ا‬Xt) ‫دة‬3$%‫م ا‬#9 !‫ون " ها ه‬,%. ( ) ?‫ " وه‬1%39 F%!O‫ و‬.?-‫ أ‬S‫وا‬
? Y‫?  ر‬+ ‫!اد آ‬G FX‫(? إ‬9
‫ )< ز‬X UL+ ‫!ل أن‬T$#%‫ ا‬S‫وام وا‬,%‫ ا‬1- ‫ي‬,‫ي أ‬,
4 ? 3X <) A ‫ء‬NEX‫ و ا‬F% .q .
After mentioning the torment that Allah has prepared for His miserable enemies who
disbelieve in Him and in His Messengers, He mentions the condition of His happy, loyal
friends who believe in Him and in His Messengers, adhere to the faith and perform the good
deeds. This is the reason why the Qur'an was called Mathani, based on the correct opinion of
the scholars. We will elaborate upon this subject later. Mathani means to mention faith and
then disbelief, or vice versa. Or, Allah mentions the miserable and then the happy, or vice
versa. As for mentioning similar things, it is called Tashabbuh, as we will come to know, Allah
willing. Allah said,
6ُ ‫(َـ‬Xْ Kَ ‫(َ ا‬Jِ ْL9َ *ِ
‫ْ ِى‬9َ &
ٍ ‫ـ‬0G
َ ْ?(ُ َ% ‫ن‬ 
‫ت َأ‬
ِ َLِ-‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫ُ!اْ َو‬0
َ ‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ%‫ ِ ا‬hUَ ‫ َو‬
(And give glad tidings to those who believe and do righteous good deeds, that for them will be
Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise)). Consequently, Allah stated that Paradise has
rivers that run beneath it, meaning, underneath its trees and rooms. From Hadiths it is
learned that the rivers of Paradise do not run in valleys, and that the banks of Al-Kawthar
(the Prophet's lake in Paradise) are made of domes of hollow pearls, the sand of Paradise is
made of scented musk while its stones are made from pearls and jewels. We ask Allah to grant
Paradise to us, for verily, He is the Most Beneficent, Most Gracious.
Ibn Abi Hatim reported that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«ْ$#ِ %ْ ‫َ ِل ا‬CِG &
ِ ْL9َ ْ*
ِ ‫َ ٍل َأ ْو‬-9ِ &
َ ْL9َ ُ 2َ 9َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫(َرُ ا‬Xْ ‫»َأ‬
(The rivers of Paradise spring from beneath hills, or mountains of musk.)
He also reported from Masruq that `Abdullah said, "The rivers of Paradise spring from
beneath mountains of musk.''
Allah said next,
6ُACْ َO *ِ
َ0ْO‫ِى ُر ِز‬%‫ُ!اْ هَـَا ا‬%َO ًOْ‫رز‬h ٍ‫ َ ة‬#َ َW *ِ
َ(0ْ
ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬O‫َ رُ ِز‬#-‫ ُآ‬
(Every time they will be provided with a fruit therefrom, they will say: "This is what we were
provided with before'').

121

Ibn Abi Hatim reported that Yahya bin Abi Kathir said, "The grass of Paradise is made of
saffron, its hills from musk and the boys of everlasting youth will serve the believers with
fruits which they will eat. They will then be brought similar fruits, and the people of Paradise
will comment, `This is the same as what you have just brought us.' The boys will say to them,
`Eat, for the color is the same, but the taste is different. Hence Allah's statement,
6ً(ِC‫َـ‬UJَ
ُ Fِ ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬9‫ َوُأ‬
(and they will be given things in resemblance). Abu Ja`far Ar-Razi narrated that Ar-Rabi` bin
Anas said that Abu Al-`Aliyah said that,
6ً(ِC‫َـ‬UJَ
ُ Fِ ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬9‫ َوُأ‬
(and they will be given things in resemblance) means, "They look like each other, but the taste
is different.'' Also, `Ikrimah said,
6ً(ِC‫َـ‬UJَ
ُ Fِ ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬9‫ َوُأ‬
(and they will be given things in resemblance) "They are similar to the fruits of this life, but
the fruits of Paradise taste better. '' Sufyan Ath-Thawri reported from Al-A`mash, from Abu
Thubyan, that Ibn `Abbas said, "Nothing in Paradise resembles anything in the life of this
world, except in name.'' In another narration, Ibn `Abbas said, "Only the names are similar
between what is in this life and what is in Paradise.''
Allah said,
6ٌ‫ ( َ ة‬
َ 
ٌ‫ ُ(?ْ )ِ (َ َأزْ َوج‬%َ‫ َو‬
(and they shall have therein Azwajun Mutahharatun). Ibn Abi Talhah reported that Ibn
`Abbas said, "Purified from filth and impurity.'' Also, Mujahid said, "From menstruation,
relieving the call of nature, urine, spit, semen and pregnancies.'' Also, Qatadah said, "Purified
from impurity and sin.'' In another narration, he said, "From menstruation and
pregnancies.'' Further, `Ata', Al-Hasan, Ad-Dahhak, Abu Salih, `Atiyah and As-Suddi were
reported to have said similarly.
Allah's statement,
6َ‫ُون‬,-ِ‫َـ‬. َ( ِ) ْ?‫ َو ُه‬
(and they will abide therein forever) meaning ultimate happiness, for the believers will enjoy
everlasting delight, safe from death and disruption of their bliss, for it never ends or ceases.
We ask Allah to make us among these believers, for He is the Most Generous, Most Kind and
Most merciful.

122

20. QS Adz Dzariat 51: 15-23

‫ن‬
ٍ !ُ 
ُ ‫& َو‬
ٍ ‫ـ‬0َG 1ِ) *
َ ِEJ #ُ %ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
*
َ ِ0$
ِ L
ْ
ُ 
َ %َِ‫ ذ‬Aَ Cْ َO ‫ُ! ْا‬Xَ‫ ُ(?ْ آ‬X ‫َـ ُ(?ْ َر ُ(?ْ ِإ‬9‫*َ
َ ءَا‬+ِ.
ِ ‫ءَا‬
َ‫ُ!ن‬3
َ (ْ +َ َ
Aِ ْ %‫* ا‬h
ً_ ِ-َO ْ‫ُ!ا‬Xَ‫آ‬
6 َ‫ ُون‬2ِ sْ Jَ $
ْ +َ ْ?‫َـ ِ ُه‬L4
ْ ِ‫َو‬ 
‫ ُوم‬L
ْ #َ %ْ ‫ وَا‬Aِ Rِ $-% \ 
Y
َ ْ?(ِ %َِ!
ْ ‫ َأ‬1ِ)‫َو‬
- * ِ0ِO!ُ#-ْ h% ٌ&‫َـ‬+‫ض ءَا‬
ِ ْ‫ ا ر‬1ِ)‫َو‬
- ‫[ ُون‬
ِ Cْ ُ9 _
َ )َ ‫?ْ َأ‬aُ $
ِ 2ُ Xَ‫ أ‬1ِ)‫َو‬
- ‫ُون‬,َ!ُ9 َ
‫?ْ َو‬aُ ُO‫َ ِء رِ ْز‬#$ 
%‫ ا‬1ِ)‫َو‬
- ‫ُ!ن‬Eِ0َ9 ْ?aُ X ‫
َ َأ‬Aَ 7ْ
h \ 
َL%َ Fُ X ‫َءِ وَا رْضِ ِإ‬#$ 
%‫ب ا‬
h ‫ )َ َ! َر‬6
51:15. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang bertakwa berada di dalam taman-taman (surga) dan
di mata air-mata air,
51:16. sambil mengambil apa yang diberikan kepada mereka oleh Tuhan mereka.
Sesungguhnya mereka sebelum itu di dunia adalah orang-orang yang berbuat baik;
51:17. Mereka sedikit sekali tidur di waktu malam;
51:18. Dan di akhir-akhir malam mereka memohon ampun (kepada Allah).
51:19. Dan pada harta-harta mereka ada hak untuk orang miskin yang meminta dan orang
miskin yang tidak mendapat bahagian.
51:20. Dan di bumi itu terdapat tanda-tanda (kekuasaan Allah) bagi orang-orang yang yakin,
51:21. dan (juga) pada dirimu sendiri. Maka apakah kamu tiada memperhatikan?
51:22. Dan di langit terdapat (sebab-sebab) rezkimu dan terdapat (pula) apa yang dijanjikan
kepadamu.
51:23. Maka demi Tuhan langit dan bumi, sesungguhnya yang dijanjikan itu adalah benarbenar (akan terjadi) seperti perkataan yang kamu ucapkan.
(15. Verily, those who have Taqwa will be in the midst of Gardens and Springs,)
(16. Taking joy in the things which their Lord has given them. Verily, they were before this
doers of good.)
(17. They used to sleep but little by night.)
(18. And in the hours before dawn, they were asking for forgiveness.)
(19. And in their wealth there was the right of the Sa'il and the Mahrum.)
(20. And on the earth are signs for those who have faith with certainty.)
(21. And also in yourselves. Will you not then see
(22. And in the heaven is your provision, and that which you are promised.)
123

‫)‪(23. Then by the Lord of the heaven and the earth, it is the truth, just as you can speak.‬‬
‫‪ $29‬ا* آ‪ 7‬‬
‫ن‬
‫ ُ! ٍ‬
‫ت َو ُ‬
‫‪ٍ 0G‬‬
‫* )ِ< َ‬
‫ن ا ْ‪َ ِEJ ُ#%‬‬
‫ِإ ‬
‫‪!E+‬ل ‪ Co
1%39‬ا * ا‪ m S * EJ#%‬و‪ AG‬أ‪!+ ?(X‬م
‪3‬ده? ‪!X!a+‬ن )< ‪0G‬ت و !ن ‪_o‬ف 
أو‪ T%‬ا‪ EK‬ء ) ‪ *
F‬ا‪3%‬اب‬
‫‪ .‬وا‪a0%‬ل وا‪ \+ L%‬وا‪_ K‬ل‬
‫*‬
‫‪َ ِ0$‬‬
‫‪ِ L‬‬
‫‪ُ َ9q َ
َ*+ِ.‬ه?ْ َر ُ(?ْ ِإ‪ ْ?(ُ X‬آَ‪!ُX‬ا ‪َ Aَ Cْ َO‬ذِ‪ْ
ُ َ%‬‬
‫‪ِq‬‬
‫‪O‬ل ا* ‪ + G‬أي 
‪9q # * -‬ه? ا‪ *
S‬ا‪ 2%‬ا‪ "ˆR‬إ‪ ?(X‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪ ACO‬ذ‪ " * 0$L
%‬أي ‪ ACO‬أن ‪ 2+‬ض ‪ ?( -‬ا‪ 2%‬ا‪ ˆR‬آ‪!X‬ا‬

‪ <) * 0$L‬ا‪#K‬ل أ‪ ?W N+‬روى * ا* ‪ (
0W,Y , #Y‬ان * ‪ 24‬ن * أ< ‪ ?-$
* #‬ا‪ * * C%‬ا* ‪C‬س ر‪<r‬‬
‫ا‪9q 
*+.q " 1%39 F%!O <) #(0 S‬ه? ر(? " ‪O‬ل
* ا‪ 2%‬ا‪ " ˆR‬إ‪ ?(X‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪ ACO‬ذ‪ ACO " * 0$L
%‬ا‪ 2%‬ا‪!-#3+ ˆR‬ن‬
‫وها ا‪04n‬د ‪ ‚ 3r‬و ‪ * Q[+‬ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 S‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ‪#7‬ن * أ<  ‪3
* /C‬و‪ * /+‬ه‪U‬م * ‪ 24‬ن‬
‫* أ< ‪ #‬ا‪mC%‬ار *
‪ ?-$‬ا‪ * CG * , 34 * * C%‬ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪) #(0 S‬آ ^ وا‪%‬ي )‪ F $‬ا* ‪F ) + G‬‬
‫‪K X‬ن ‪C9 F%!O‬رك و‪Y " *+.q "1%39‬ل
* ‪0G <) F%!O‬ت و !ن )‪!EJ#%‬ن )< ‪Y‬ل آ!‪ <) ?(X‬ا‪0%‬ت وا‪! 3%‬ن ‪
*+.q‬‬
‫‪9q‬ه? ر(? أي
* ا‪ ? 30%‬وا‪ $%‬ور وا‪ /Cs%‬و‪ m F%!O‬و‪ " AG‬إ‪ ?(X‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪ ACO‬ذ‪ " %‬أي )< ا‪,%‬ار ا‪ " * 0$L
" X,%‬آ‪AG F%!E‬‬
‫‪ " F%_G‬آ‪!-‬ا وا !ا ه‪ # T 0‬أ‪ <) ?J2-4‬ا‪+K‬م ا‪ ?W " / %o%‬إ‪ *  1%39 FX‬إ‪ <) ?(X$Y‬ا‪E) A#3%‬ل ‪ AG‬و_‬
‫‪!ُ3‬نَ‬
‫* ا‪َ (ْ +َ َ
Aِ ْ -%‬‬
‫آَ‪!ُX‬ا ‪َ
ِ ً- ِ-َO‬‬
‫ا‪ ‚-J.‬ا‪ $2#%‬ون )< ذ‪ * %!O 1- %‬أ‪,Y‬ه‪ #‬أن 
‪ ^ +,E9 / )X‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪ *
_ -O‬ا‪O FX!3(+  A -%‬ل ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪#(0 S‬‬
‫‪ /- % ?( - <N#9 *a9 ?%‬إ ‪.;+‬ون
‪ (0‬و‪ T  !%‬و‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة * 
ف * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ ?( - <9;9  /- % AO S‬إ ‪!-[+‬ن ) ( ‪S‬‬
‫‪ m‬و‪ AG‬إ 

* أو‪ (%‬وإ 

* أو‪ (4‬و‪O‬ل 
ه‪,O + 
AO ,‬ون ‪ 1JY /- %‬ا‪C[%‬ح ‪,(J+‬ون وآا ‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة و‪O‬ل أ‪%
* HX‬‬
‫ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬وأ! ا‪ / %3%‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪!-[+‬ن  * ا‪ s#%‬ب وا‪U3%‬ء‪ .‬و‪O‬ل أ! ‪ 23G‬ا‪ OC%‬آ‪!X‬ا  ‪! 
0+‬ن ‪!-[+ 1JY‬ا ا‪ /#J3%‬وا‪!E%‬ل‬
‫ا‪ <X7%‬أن 

[‪,‬ر‪ ^ +,E9 /+‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪ *
_ -O‬ا‪ A -%‬ه!(? و‪ ?(
!X‬وا‪J.‬ر^ ا* ‪ + G‬و‪O‬ل ا‪ *$L%‬ا‪ [C%‬ي " آ‪!X‬ا ‪*
_ -O‬‬
‫ا‪!3(+ 
A -%‬ن " آ‪,‬وا ‪ O‬م ا‪! 
0+ _) A -%‬ن
* ا‪ A -%‬إ أ‪ F-O‬و‪!UX‬ا )‪,#‬وا إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ 1JY L$%‬آن ا‪2sJ4‬ر ‪ L$‬و‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة‬
‫‪O‬ل ا‪ " H O * ‚0YK‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪ *
_ -O‬ا‪!3(+ 
A -%‬ن " آ‪!X‬ا  ‪! 
0+‬ن إ ‪!E+ ?W _ -O‬ل ‪ *
&$%‬أه‪ A‬ه^ ا‪ ./+y‬و‪O‬ل ا‪*$L%‬‬
‫ا‪ [C%‬ي آن ا‪!E+ H O * ‚0YK‬ل  ‪ A# 1- <-# &r‬أه‪ A‬ا‪t) /0%‬ذا ‪!O‬م ‪, 3 X! X!0+ ,O‬ا إذا ‪!O‬م  ‪ Š-CX‬أ‪?(%#‬‬
‫آ‪!X‬ا ‪ *
_ -O‬ا‪!3(+ 
A -%‬ن و ‪ A# 1- <-# &r‬أه‪ A‬ا‪0%‬ر )‪t‬ذا ‪!O‬م  ‪!a
?( ) .‬ن ‪Ja‬ب ا‪ S‬و ‪ A4‬ا‪!a
S‬ن‬
‫‪ ,3 w3C%‬ا‪!#%‬ت )‪ ,E‬و‪,G‬ت
* ‪!-. 
!O /%m0
X .‬ا ‪ L%f _#‬و‪ . T 4 .q‬و‪O‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * *#Y %‬ز‪ * ,+‬أ‪O ?-4‬ل ر‪AG‬‬

* ‪ + : <K ? #9 <0‬أ أ‪  /2f / 
4‬أ‪,G‬ه ) ‪ 0‬ذآ ا‪E) 
!O 1%39 S‬ل " آ‪!X‬ا ‪ *
_ -O‬ا‪!3(+ 
A -%‬ن " و‪ *LX‬وا‪S‬‬
‫‪ *
_ -O‬ا‪!EX 
A -%‬م )‪E‬ل ‪ F%‬أ< ر‪ <r‬ا‪ *#% 1!d F0 S‬ر‪ ,O‬إذا ‪ H3X‬وا‪ 1E9‬ا‪ S‬إذا ا‪ . ‡E J4‬و‪O‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪_4 * S‬م ر‪<r‬‬
‫ا‪,O #% F0 S‬م ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬ا‪ /0+,#%‬ا‪ A2X‬ا‪0%‬س إ‪ *# ) &0a) F %‬ا‪ #-) A2X‬رأ‪ &+‬و‪ 1-f F(G‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ &)  ?-4‬أن و‪ FG! H % F(G‬ر‪ AG‬آاب )‪a‬ن أول 
‪ 1-f FJ3#4‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!E+ ?-4‬ل " ‪ +‬أ‪ (+‬ا‪0%‬س أ‪!#3d‬ا ا‪3%‬م‬
‫و‪!-f‬ا ا‪K‬ر‪Y‬م وأ)‪!U‬ا ا‪_$%‬م و‪!-f‬ا ‪ A -%‬وا‪0%‬س ‪ X‬م ‪!-.,9‬ا ا‪_$ /0%‬م " ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪0W,Y 14!
* *$Y 0W,Y ,#Y‬‬
‫ا* ‪ ,C * 1 L+ <0W,Y /3 (%‬ا‪ * S‬أ< ‪ ,C‬ا‪ *#Y %‬ا‪ ,C * <-CL%‬ا‪ # * S‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O #(0 S‬ل ‪ :‬إن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪1-f S‬‬
‫ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " إن )< ا‪ + ) /0%‬ى …ه ه
* ‪ (0d‬و‪… *
(0d‬ه ه " )‪E‬ل أ!
!‪ 14‬ا‪ 3K‬ي ر‪ <r‬ا‪F0 S‬‬
‫‪ *#%‬ه< ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬؟ ‪O‬ل ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ *#% " ?-4‬أن ا‪_a%‬م وأ‪ ?3d‬ا‪3%‬م وت ‪ #RO S‬وا‪0%‬س ‪ X‬م " و‪O‬ل
‪<) #3‬‬
‫‪ " 1%39 F%!O‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪ *
_ -O‬ا‪!3(+ 
A -%‬ن " آن ا‪m%‬ه ي وا‪!E+ *$L%‬ن آ‪!X‬ا آ‪ 7‬ا
* ا‪!-[+ 
A -%‬ن و‪O‬ل ا* ‪C‬س‬
‫ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 S‬وإ اه ? ا‪ " <3o0%‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪ *
_ -O‬ا‪!3(+ 
A -%‬ن " 
‪! 
0+‬ن و‪O‬ل ا‪LN%‬ك " إ‪ ?(X‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪ ACO‬ذ‪* 0$L
%‬‬
‫‪ .‬آ‪!X‬ا ‪ ?W " _ -O‬ا‪,J‬أ )‪E‬ل "
* ا‪!3(+ 
A -%‬ن و‪L4K‬ر ه? ‪ 2sJ$+‬ون " وها ا‪!E%‬ل ) ‪ ,3 F‬و‪‚$39‬‬
‫ن‬
‫‪ُ ِ2sْ َJ$‬و َ‬
‫‪ِ َL4‬ر ُه?ْ ‪ْ َ+‬‬
‫َوِ ْ‪ْ َ;%‬‬
‫و‪ m F%!O‬و‪ " AG‬و‪L4K‬ر ه? ‪ 2sJ$+‬ون " ‪O‬ل 
ه‪ ,‬و وا‪!-[+ ,Y‬ن و‪O‬ل ‪ .q‬ون ‪! 
O‬ا ا‪ A -%‬وأ‪ .‬وا ا‪2sJ4‬ر إ‪1%‬‬
‫ا‪L4K‬ر آ‪O #‬ل ‪C9‬رك و‪ " 1%39‬وا‪L4K *+ 2sJ$#%‬ر " )‪t‬ن آن ا‪2sJ4‬ر )< ‪_f‬ة )(! أ‪ *$Y‬و‪ <) &CW ,O‬ا‪L[%‬ح‬
‫و ه * ‪ *
/#G‬ا‪ /L[%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ * ?(0 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أ‪O FX‬ل " إن ا‪m0+ 1%39 S‬ل آ‪ /- % A‬إ‪1%‬‬
‫‪#4‬ء ا‪ w-W 1EC+ * Y  X,%‬ا‪ A -%‬ا‪!E ) .K‬ل ه‪!9;) VR9 *
A‬ب ‪ F -‬ه‪ F% 2 ;) 2sJ$
*
A‬ه‪ F%g4 13 ) AR4 *
A‬؟‬
‫‪124‬‬

‫‪ {-+ 1JY‬ا‪ " 2%‬و‪O‬ل آ‪ *
7‬ا‪ 1%39 F%!O <) *+ $2#%‬إ‪C.‬را * ‪!E3+‬ب أ‪O FX‬ل ‪!4 " F 0C%‬ف أ‪ ?a% 2sJ4‬ر< " ‪!%O‬ا‬
‫‪ .‬أ‪ .‬ه? إ‪ 1%‬و‪ &O‬ا‪ L$%‬‬
‫‪ُ L‬ومِ‬
‫\ ‪ Aِ ِR$-ِ%‬وَا ْ‪ْ #َ %‬‬
‫‪Y‬‬
‫َو)ِ< َأ ْ
!َاِ‪َ ْ?(ِ %‬‬
‫‪ #%‬و‪_[% ?(2f‬ة ‪m% ?(2f! 10W‬آة وا‪ C%‬وا‪E) /-[%‬ل " و)< أ
!‪ " \Y ?(%‬أي ‪mG‬ء
‪!$E‬م ‪ ,O‬أ) زو^ ‪AR$-%‬‬
‫وا‪ L#%‬وم ‪ .‬أ 
ا‪ 3#) AR$%‬وف وه! ا‪%‬ي ‪,JC+‬ئ ‪g$%‬ال و‪ \Y F%‬آ‪O #‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬وآ { و‪ ,C‬ا‪0W,Y O *#Y %‬‬
‫‪ 24‬ن *
[‪ * 1-3+ * ,#L
* V3‬أ< ‪ &0 /#d) * 1 L+‬ا‪ * * $L%‬أ ( ا‪ <- * * $L%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O #(0 S‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪O‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ \Y AR$-% " ?-4‬وإن ‪G‬ء ‪ ) 1-‬س " وروا^ أ! داود
* ‪ 24 w+,Y‬ن ا‪!7%‬ري ‪ ?W . F‬أ‪^,04‬‬

* و‪ * <- * .q FG‬أ< ‪ V%d‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬وروي
* ‪ w+,Y‬ا‪
(%‬س * ز‪+‬د
)! ‪ ,‬وأ 
ا‪ L#%‬وم )‪E‬ل ا* ‪C‬س‬
‫ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 S‬و 
ه‪ ,‬وه! ا‪L#%‬رف ا‪%‬ي ‪ <) F% H %‬ا‪_4n‬م ‪ &  <) F% ?(4  <03+ ?(4‬ا‪#%‬ل و آ‪ F% V$‬و ‪/) Y‬‬
‫‪!EJ+‬ت
‪ (0‬و‪ &%O‬أم ا‪ /UR * 0
g#%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ (0 S‬ه! ا‪L#%‬رف ا‪%‬ي  ‪a+‬د ‪ . FC$a
F% $ J+‬و‪O‬ل ا‪LN%‬ك ه! ا‪%‬ي ‬
‫‪!a+‬ن ‪
F%‬ل إ ذه‪ 1NO V‬ا‪ 1%39 F% S‬ذ‪ %‬و‪O‬ل أ! ‪G /_O‬ء ‪) / 
# % A 4‬ه‪# V‬ل ر‪E) AG‬ل ر‪ *
AG‬ا‪ /L[%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ ?(0‬ها ا‪ L#%‬وم و‪O‬ل ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 S‬أ‪ N+‬و‪ * , 34‬ا‪ V $#%‬وإ اه ? ا‪ <3o0%‬و‪ 1%!
{)X‬ا* ‪ #‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ #(0‬وء * أ< رح ا‪ L#%‬وم ا‪L#%‬رف و‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة وا‪m%‬ه ي ا‪ L#%‬وم ا‪%‬ي  ‪;$+‬ل ا‪0%‬س  ‪O . T‬ل ا‪m%‬ه ي و‪O ,O‬ل‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ H % " ?-4‬ا‪!% * a$#%‬اف ا‪%‬ي ‪ 9‬د^ ا‪ /#E-%‬وا‪J#E-%‬ن وا‪ #J%‬ة وا‪9 #J%‬ن و‪ *a%‬ا‪ * a$#%‬ا‪%‬ي ‬
‫‪ F 0s+ 10 ,+‬و ‪,[J ) F% *2+‬ق ‪ " F -‬وها ا‪ ,O w+,L%‬أ‪ ^,04‬ا‪o U%‬ن )< ‪ *
#( L Lf‬و‪ , .q FG‬و‪O‬ل ‪ CG * , 34‬‬
‫ه! ا‪%‬ي ‪<+‬ء و‪ ?$O ,O‬ا‪ . F% r ) ?0s#%‬و‪O‬ل
‪ * ,#L‬إ‪L4‬ق ‪ ˆ3 <0W,Y‬أ‪O 0Lf‬ل آ‪ ,C * # {
0‬ا‪ m+m3%‬ر‪<r‬‬
‫ا‪) /a
\+ d <) F0 S‬ء آ‪mJX) V-‬ع ‪ #‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬آ‪ ‚J‬ة )
‪ ( 1‬إ‪ , F %‬و‪O‬ل ‪!%!E+‬ن إ‪ FX‬ا‪ L#%‬وم و‪O‬ل ا‪<C3U%‬‬
‫أ ‪ <X‬أن أ‪ 
?-‬ا‪ L#%‬وم وا‪J.‬ر ا* ‪ + G‬أن ا‪ L#%‬وم ا‪%‬ي  
ل ‪; F%‬ي ‪ VC4‬آن و‪ ,O‬ذه‪!4 F%
V‬اء آن  ‪,E+‬ر ‪1-‬‬
‫ا‪ V$a%‬أو ‪ ,O‬ه‪ F%
-‬أو ‪ /) ^!LX‬أو ‪!LX‬ه ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل ا‪!7%‬ري * ‪ * ?-$
* H O‬ا‪ ,#L
* *$L%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل إن‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!#0s) /+ 4 w3 ?-4‬ا )ء^ ‪!O‬م ‪,(U+ ?%‬وا ا‪ &%m0) /# 0s%‬ه^ ا‪ " /+y‬و)< أ
!ا‪AR$-% \Y ?(%‬‬
‫وا‪ L#%‬وم" وها ‪ <NJE+‬أن ه^
‪ / X,‬و‪ H %‬آ‪ A %‬ه<
‪,3 #% /- 
/ a‬ه‬
‫ت ‪َ* ِ0Oِ !ُ#-ْ ِ%‬‬
‫ض ‪ٌ َ+q‬‬
‫َو)ِ< ا ْ‪;َ%‬رْ ِ‬
‫أي ) (
* ا‪+y‬ت ا‪,%‬ا‪ (E%. /# 1- /%‬و‪,O‬ر‪ F9‬ا‪C%‬ه ة
‪ ,O #‬ذرأ ) (
* ‪!0f‬ف ا‪C0%‬ت وا‪! L%‬ا‪X‬ت وا‪(#%‬د وا‪C%‬ل‬
‫وا‪2E%‬ر وا‪(XK‬ر وا‪LC%‬ر وا‪_J.‬ف أ‪ /0$%‬ا‪0%‬س وأ‪!%‬ا‪ ?(X‬و 
‪!-CG‬ا ‪ *
F -‬ا‪n‬رادات وا‪!E%‬ى و 
 ‪ *
?(0‬ا‪2J%‬وت )< ا‪!E3%‬ل‬
‫وا‪!(2%‬م وا‪ L%‬آت وا‪3$%‬دة وا‪EU%‬وة و 
)< ‪ 9‬آ ‪ *
?(C‬ا‪ <) ?aL%‬و‪ {r‬آ‪ *
!N A‬أ‪ <) ?(RN‬ا‪ AL#%‬ا‪%‬ي ه!
‪JL‬ج‬
‫إ‪ F ) F %‬و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل ‪ m‬و‪ " AG‬و)< أ‪ ?a$2X‬أ)_ ‪ [C9‬ون " ‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة
* ‪  F$2X \-. <) a29‬ف أ‪ FX‬إ‪ \-. #X‬و‪F-f2
&0 %‬‬
‫‪C3-% .‬دة‬
‫ن‬
‫[ ُو َ‬
‫‪َ ْ?aُ $‬أ َ)‪ِ Cْ ُ9 َ-‬‬
‫َو)ِ< َأ ْ‪ِ 2ُ X‬‬
‫‪O.‬ل ‪ m‬و‪ " AG‬و)< أ‪ ?a$2X‬أ)_ ‪ [C9‬ون " ‪O‬ل ‪JO‬دة
* ‪  F$2X \-. <) a29‬ف أ‪ FX‬إ‪ \-. #X‬و‪C3-% F-f2
&0 %‬دة‬
‫ن‬
‫‪ُ,‬و َ‬
‫‪ِ َ#$‬ء ِرزْ ُ‪َ ْ?aُ O‬و
َ ‪َ !ُ9‬‬
‫َو)ِ< ا‪ %‬‬
‫و)< ا‪#$%‬ء رز‪ <03+ "?aO‬ا‪ " #%‬و 
‪,!9‬ون " ‪ <03+‬ا‪ F%O /0%‬ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 S‬و 
ه‪ ,‬و وا‪ ,Y‬و‪O‬ل "‬
‫‪ 24‬ن ا‪!7%‬ري ‪ O‬أ وا‪ Af‬ا‪,YK‬ب ه^ ا‪ " /+y‬و)< ا‪#$%‬ء رز‪ ?aO‬و 
‪,!9‬ون " )‪E‬ل أ أرى رز‪ <) <O‬ا‪#$%‬ء وأ‪ X‬أ‪<) FC-d‬‬
‫ا‪K‬رض ؟ )‪ #-) T  V [+  W_W wa#) / . A.,‬أن آن ا‪! %‬م ا‪ w%7%‬إذا ه! ‪,‬و‪ *
/-.‬ر‪ Vd‬وآن ‪ F%‬أخ أ‪F0
/ X *$Y‬‬
‫‪[) F3
A.,) .‬ر‪ 9‬دو‪m+ ?-) * J-.‬ل ذ‪ %‬دأ(‪ ) 1JY #‬ق  ‪ #(0‬ا‪!#%‬ت‬
‫‪!ُE‬نَ‬
‫\ ِ
ْ‪َ َ
Aَ 7‬أ ‪ِ 0ْ 9َ ْ?aُ X‬‬
‫ض ِإ ‪ َL%َ Fُ X‬‬
‫‪ِ َ#$‬ء وَا‪;َْ%‬رْ ِ‬
‫ب ا‪ %‬‬
‫)َ َ! َر ‪h‬‬
‫و‪!) " 1%39 F%!O‬رب ا‪#$%‬ء وا‪K‬رض إ‪ 
A7
\L% FX‬أ‪!E09 ?aX‬ن " ‪ F$20 1%39 ?$E+‬ا‪ /#+ a%‬أن 
و‪,‬ه? ‪ *
F‬أ

‫ا‪ / 
E%‬وا‪ w3C%‬وا‪m%‬اء آ‪ /%L
 *R‬وه! ‪!aU9 _) F ) /+
 \Y‬ا ) ‪ F‬آ‪!aU9  #‬ا )< ‪!E09 * Y ?aEX‬ن وآن
‪3‬ذ ر‪<r‬‬
‫ا‪ F0 S‬إذا ‪,Y‬ث ‪<U%‬ء ‪!E+‬ل ‪ FCY[%‬إن ها ‪ \L%‬آ‪ #‬أ‪ X‬ه(‪O 0‬ل
‪,$‬د * ا* أ< ‪,‬ي * !ف * ا‪ *$L%‬ا‪ [C%‬ي‬
‫‪O‬ل ‪ <0s-‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل" ‪ A9O‬ا‪ S‬أ‪!O‬ا 
أ‪ ?(% ?$O‬ر(? ‪!O,[+ ?% ?W‬ا" وروا^ ا* ‪,0 * + G‬ار *‬
‫‪ .‬ا* أ< ‪,‬ي * !ف * ا‪) *$L%‬آ ^
‪_4‬‬
‫‪125‬‬

Allah the Exalted informs about those who have Taqwa, that on the Day of their Return they
will be amidst gardens and springs. To the contrary the miserable ones will be amidst
torment, punishment, fire and chains. Allah said, 
?ُ( ‫َـ ُ(?ْ َر‬9‫*
َ ءَا‬
َ +ِ.
ِ ‫ءَا‬6 (Taking joy in the things which their Lord has given them.) His statement;
6َ*+ِ.
ِ ‫ءَا‬
(Taking) describes the state of the people of Taqwa in the midst of gardens and springs. They
will receive what their Lord gives them, meaning, delight, happiness and favors. Allah the
Exalted and Most Honored said, 
ِ%‫ َذ‬Aَ Cْ َO ْ‫ُ!ا‬Xَ‫ ُ( ْ? آ‬X‫ِإ‬6 (Verily, they were before that), in the life of the world, 
* ِ0$
ِ L
ْ
ُ 6 (gooddoers) As He said:
6 /ِ َ ِ%َo%ْ ‫ ِم ا‬+ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ?Jُ 2ْ َ-4
ْ ‫َ َأ‬#ِ ًTَ ِ0‫ َ ُ!اْ َه‬
ْ ‫ُ!اْ وَا‬-‫ ُآ‬
(Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past!)(69:24) Allah
the Exalted described the good acts that they performed, 
‫ُ!ن‬3
َ (ْ َ+ َ
Aِ ْ %‫* ا‬h
ً_ ِ-َO ْ‫ُ!ا‬Xَ‫ آ‬6 (They used to sleep but little at night.) The scholars of Tafsir have
two opinions about this:
The first is that, they used to spend a little part of every night awake. Ibn `Abbas said, "Every
night, they would worship Allah, even during a little part of the night.'' Qatadah narrated
that Mutarrif bin `Abdullah said, "Hardly a night would pass by them that they did not pray
to Allah the Exalted and Most Honored, either in the beginning, or the middle of it.'' Mujahid
said, "Only a few nights, if any, would they sleep through the night until the morning without
praying Tahajjud.'' Qatadah said similarly. Anas bin Malik and Abu Al-`Aliyah said, "They
used to pray between Al-Maghrib and Al-`Isha'.'' The Second Opinion They used to spend a
little part of the night in sleep. This was preferred by Ibn Jarir. Al-Hasan Al-Basri said:
6 َ‫ُ!ن‬3
َ (ْ +َ َ
Aِ ْ %‫* ا‬h
_
ً ِ-َO ْ‫ُ!ا‬Xَ‫آ‬
(They used to sleep but little by night), "They performed voluntary night prayer and would
not sleep during the night except a little. They were active and would continue until they were
seeking forgiveness right before dawn.'' `Abdullah bin Salam said, "When the Messenger of
Allah arrived at Al-Madinah, people quickly gathered around him and I was among them.
When I saw his face, I knew that it was not the face of a liar. The first statement I heard from
him was,
«‫َم‬-$
َ ِ /َ 0 
َ ْ%‫ُ!ا ا‬-.
ُ ْ,9َ ،ٌ‫ َم‬Xِ ُ‫س‬0%‫ وَا‬Aِ ْ -%ِ ‫!ا‬-f
َ ‫ َو‬،َ‫َم‬-$ 
%‫ُ!ا ا‬U)ْ ‫ َوَأ‬،َ‫َم‬Yْ‫َْ;ر‬%‫ُ!ا ا‬-ِf‫ َو‬،َ‫َم‬3 
%‫ُ!ا ا‬#3ِ d
ْ ‫س َأ‬
ُ 0%‫(َ ا‬+‫َ َأ‬+»
(O people! Feed with food, keep relations to kith and kin, spread the Salam, pray at night
while people are asleep, and you will enter Paradise in peace.)'' Imam Ahmad recorded that
`Abdullah bin `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,

126

«َ‫(َ ِ
*ْ …َ ِه ِ ه‬0ُ ِdََ‫(َ و‬0ِ ِdَ ْ*
ِ َ‫ َى …َ ِه ُه‬+ُ ً) َ ُ /ِ 0 َ%ْ ‫ن )ِ< ا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(Verily, there are lofty rooms in Paradise in which their outside can be seen from inside and
their inside from the outside.) Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari said, "Who are they for, O Allah's
Messenger'' He said,
ُ 0%‫ً وَا‬#Rِ َO ِS ‫ت‬
َ َ‫ َو‬،َ‫َم‬3%‫?َ ا‬3َ ْd‫ َوَأ‬،َ‫َم‬-aَ %ْ ‫َنَ ا‬%‫*ْ َأ‬#َ %ِ » (For those who use soft speech, feed food and
«‫ َم‬Xِ ‫س‬
spend the night in voluntary prayer while people are asleep.) Allah said:
6‫ن‬
َ ‫ِ ُو‬2sْ Jَ $
ْ +َ ْ?‫َـ ِ ُه‬L4
ْ  ِ‫ َو‬
(And in the hours before dawn, they were asking for forgiveness.) Mujahid and several others
said: "They were performing Salah.'' Others said that they would stand in prayer during the
night and delayed asking Allah for forgiveness until the latter hours before dawn. As Allah,
the Exalted the Blessed, said;
6ِ‫َر‬L4
ْ  ِ َ*+ِ 2ِ sْ Jَ $
ْ #ُ %ْ ‫وَا‬
(And those who seek forgiveness during the last hours of the night.)(3:17); This is because it is
better if asking for forgiveness is done while praying. It is confirmed in the Sahih collections
as well as others, from several Companions, that the Messenger of Allah said,
ِ2
ْ ;ََ) ٍ 2ِ ْsJَ $
ْ
ُ ْ*
ِ ْA‫ َه‬.Fِ ْ -ََ َ‫ُ!ب‬9;ََ) V
ٍ Rِ َ9 ْ*
ِ ْA‫ َه‬:‫ُ! ُل‬Eَ َ) ،ُ ِ.;َ%ْ ‫ ا‬Aِ ْ -%‫ ا‬w
ُ -ُُW 1َECْ +َ *
َ ِY َ Xْ , %‫َءِ ا‬#4
َ 1َ%‫ ِإ‬/ٍ -َْ َ% A ‫ِ ُل ُآ‬m0ْ +َ 1َ%َ39َ S
َ ‫نا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
« ْ2َ %ْ ‫ُ َ{ ا‬-
ْ +َ 1ْJَY ‫ُ؟‬F%َْg4
ُ 1َْ3 ُ )َ Aٍ Rِ َ4 *
ْ
ِ ْA‫ َه‬.Fَ%
(Allah, the Most High, descends each night to the lowest heaven when the last third of the
night remains. He says, "Is there anyone who is repenting so that I may accept his repentance
Is there anyone seeking forgiveness, so that I may forgive him Is there anyone asking of Me, so
that I may grant him his request'' until Fajr begins.) Many of the scholars of Tafsir said that
when the Prophet Ya`qub said to his sons:
61h‫?ْ َر‬aُ %َ ُ 2ِ sْ Jَ 4
ْ ‫ف َأ‬
َ ْ!4
َ 
(I will ask my Lord for forgiveness for you)(12:98), he delayed doing so until the hours before
dawn. Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said,
6 ِ‫ْ ُوم‬L#َ %ْ ‫ وَا‬Aِ Rِ $-% \ 
Y
َ ْ?(ِ ِ%!َ
ْ ‫ َأ‬1ِ)‫ َو‬
(And in their wealth there was the right of the Sa'il and the Mahrum.) After Allah mentioned
their quality of performing prayer, He then mentioned their quality of spending in charity and
acts of compassion and kindness,
6\َY ?ْ (ِ ِ%!َ
ْ ‫ َأ‬1ِ)‫ َو‬
(And in their wealth there was the right), a designated part which they dedicated to the Sa'il
and Mahrum. The Sa'il is the poor who begs others, and he has a due right. As for the
Mahrum, Ibn `Abbas and Mujahid said, "He is the poor person who does not receive a
stipend.'' Meaning he does not receive a stipend from the Muslim treasury, nor does he have a
means of income, nor a profession. The Mother of the faithful, `A'ishah may Allah be pleased
with her, said about the Mahrum, "He is the displaced, the one who does not have a profession
127

to easily earn an income from.'' Qatadah and Az-Zuhri: "The Mahrum is the one who does
not ask the people for anything.'' Az-Zuhri added that the Messenger of Allah said,
Fَ% ُ*
َ 2ْ +ُ َ%‫ َو‬Fِ ِ0ْs+ُ 1ً0
ِ ,ُ ِ+َ َ% ‫ِي‬%‫ِ *ُ ا‬a$
ْ #ِ %ْ ‫*ِ ا‬aِ %َ‫ و‬،ِ‫َن‬9َ #ْ J %‫ْ َ ةُ وَا‬#J %‫ن وَا‬
ِ َJ#َ Eْ -%‫ وَا‬/ُ #َ ْE-%‫ ُ د^ُ ا‬9َ ‫ِي‬%‫ف ا‬
ِ ‫!ا‬ 
%ِ ُ* ِa$
ْ #ِ %ْ ‫ ا‬H
َ ْ %َ»
«Fْ َ-
َ ‫ق‬
َ ,[
َ Jَ ُ َ)
(The poor (Miskin) is not the one who goes round to the people and asks them for a mouthful
or two or a date or two. But the poor is the one who does not have enough to satisfy his needs
and whose condition is not known to others, so that others may give him something in
charity.) This Hadith is recorded in the Two Sahihs using another chain of narration.
Allah the Exalted and the Blessed said next,
6 َ* ِ0Oِ !ُ#-ْ h% ٌ&‫َـ‬+‫ ا رْضِ ءَا‬1ِ)‫ َو‬
(And on the earth are signs for those who have faith with certainty.) Allah says that there are
signs on earth that testify to the might of the Creator and His boundless ability. These signs
include what Allah placed on the earth, the various plants, animals, valleys, mountains,
deserts, rivers and oceans. He also created mankind with different languages, colors,
intentions and abilities, and a variety among them, differences in the power of understanding
and comprehension, their deeds, and ultimately earning happiness or misery. Allah put every
organ in their bodies in its rightful place where they most need it to be. So He said‫؛‬
6 َ‫[ ُون‬
ِ Cْ 9ُ َ_)َ ‫?ْ َأ‬aُ $
ِ ُ2Xَ‫ أ‬1ِ)‫ َو‬
(And also in yourselves. Will you not then see) Qatadah commented, "He who thinks about his
own creation will realize that he was created with flexible joints so that it is easy for him to
perform acts of worship.'' Allah the Exalted said next, 
?ُaُOْ‫َ ِء ِرز‬#$ 
%‫ ا‬1ِ)‫ َو‬6 (And in the heaven is your provision,) meaning, rain, 
‫ُون‬,
َ !ُ9 َ
‫ َو‬6 (and that which you are promised.) meaning Paradise. This was said by Ibn
`Abbas, Mujahid and several others. Allah said:
6 َ‫ُ!ن‬Eِ0َ9 ْ?aُ X ‫
َ َأ‬Aَ 7ْ
h \ 
َL%َ Fُ X ‫ض ِإ‬
ِ ْ‫َ ِء وَا ر‬#$ 
%‫ب ا‬
h ‫ َ)!َ َر‬
(Then by the Lord of the heaven and the earth, it is the truth, just as you can speak.) Allah is
swearing by His honorable Self, all of the matters of the Judgement, Resurrection, and
Recompense that they have been promised shall certainly occur. Therefore, it is the truth,
there being no doubt about it, so do not doubt its coming, just as you do not doubt that you
can speak When he would talk to one of his friends, Mu`adh used to say: "What I am saying is
as true as your being here.''

128

21. QS Muhammad 47:32-35 
?ُ(-َ‫َـ‬#
ْ ‫} َأ‬
ُ ِCL
ْ ُ َ4‫ً َو‬Tْ 
َ Fَ -%‫ واْ ا‬N
ُ +َ *َ% ‫َى‬,(ُ %ْ ‫َ ُ( ُ? ا‬% َ*  Cَ َ9 َ
ِ,3ْ َ *ِ
‫ُ! َل‬4  %‫!اْ ا‬Oَ‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ *َ ‫و ْا‬,f
َ َ‫ ُواْ و‬2َ ‫*َ َآ‬+ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
- ?ُa-َ‫َـ‬#
ْ ‫ُ!اْ َأ‬-
ِ Cْ 9ُ َ ‫ُ! َل َو‬4 %‫ُ!اْ ا‬3 ِd‫ َوَأ‬Fَ -%‫ُ!اْ ا‬3 ِd‫ُ!اْ َأ‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫(َ ا‬+َ;+
- ?ُ(%َ Fُ -%‫ِ َ ا‬2sْ +َ *َ-)َ ٌ‫ر‬2‫ُ!اْ َو ُه?ْ ُآ‬9َ
? Wُ Fِ -%‫ِ ا‬A ِC4
َ *َ ْ‫وا‬,f
َ ‫َ ُواْ َو‬2َ‫* آ‬
َ +ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
- ?ُa-َ‫َـ‬#
ْ ‫ َ ُآ?ْ َأ‬Jِ َ+ *َ%‫?ْ َو‬aُ 3َ
َ Fُ -%‫ن وَا‬
َ ْ!َ-
ْ  ‫ُ ُ? ا‬JXَ‫?ِ َوأ‬-ْ $ 
%‫ ا‬1َ%ِ‫ُْ!اْ إ‬,9َ ‫ُ!اْ َو‬0(ِ 9َ َ_)َ 6
47:32. Sesungguhnya orang-orang kafir dan menghalangi (manusia) dari jalan Allah serta
memusuhi rasul setelah petunjuk itu jelas bagi mereka, mereka tidak dapat memberi
mudarat kepada Allah sedikit pun. Dan Allah akan menghapuskan (pahala) amal-amal
mereka.
47:33. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, taatlah kepada Allah dan taatlah kepada rasul dan
janganlah kamu merusakkan (pahala) amal-amalmu.
47:34. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang kafir dan menghalangi (manusia) dari jalan Allah
kemudian mereka mati dalam keadaan kafir, maka sekali-kali Allah tidak akan memberi
ampun kepada mereka.
47:35. Janganlah kamu lemah dan minta damai padahal kamulah yang di atas dan Allah
(pun) beserta kamu dan Dia sekali-kali tidak akan mengurangi (pahala) amal-amalmu.
(32. Verily, those who disbelieve, and hinder from the path of Allah, and oppose the
Messenger, after the guidance has been clearly shown to them, they will not harm Allah in the
least, but He will make their deeds fruitless,)
(33. O you who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and invalidate not your deeds.)
(34. Verily, those who disbelieved and obstructed others from the path of Allah and then died
as disbelievers -- never will Allah not forgive them.)
(35. So do not lose heart and beg for peace while you are superior. Allah is with you and He
will never deprive you of (the reward of) your deeds.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
?ْ (ُ َ%َ#
ْ ‫}ُ َأ‬Cِ ْL ُ 4
َ ‫ً َو‬Tْ 
َ Fَ -%‫ وا ا‬N
ُ +َ ْ*%َ ‫َى‬,(ُ %ْ ‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬%َ *
َ  َC9َ َ
,ِ 3ْ َ ْ*
ِ ‫ُ! َل‬4 %‫!ا ا‬Oَ‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫ِ ا‬A ِC4
َ ْ*
َ ‫وا‬,f
َ ‫َ ُوا َو‬2‫* َآ‬
َ +ِ%‫ِإن ا‬
S‫ ا‬N+ *% FX‫ى أ‬,(%‫ ا‬F% * C9 
,3 *
‫ن‬#+n‫ * ا‬,9‫ وار‬FO‫!ل و‬4 %‫‚ ا‬%.‫ و‬S‫ ا‬A C4 * ,f‫ و‬2‫* آ‬# 1%39 Co+
‫ل‬E7
F9‫  د‬FCE ‫ي‬%‫ ا‬F-# *
‫م‬,E9 
‚%4 1- FC 7+ _) F-# S‫} ا‬CL 4‫ده و‬3
‫!م‬+ ‫ ه‬$o+‫ و‬F$2X N+ #X‫ وإ‬T 
‫ت‬T $%‫* ا‬C‫ه‬+ ‫ت‬0$L%‫ أن ا‬#‫ آ‬/ -a% FEL#+‫ و‬FCL+ A . *
/r!3 .
‫ُ!ا‬-
ِ ْC9ُ َ%‫ُ! َل َو‬4 %‫ُ!ا ا‬3 ِd‫ َوَأ‬Fَ -%‫ُ!ا ا‬3 ِd‫ُ!ا َأ‬0
َ q َ*+ِ%‫(َ ا‬+ ‫َ َأ‬+
HX‫  { * أ‬%‫ ازي * ا‬%‫ ا‬23G !‫ أ‬0W,Y { ‫ وآ‬0W,Y /
‫ا‬,O !‫ أ‬0W,Y ‫[_ة‬%‫ب ا‬J‫ وزي )< آ‬#%‫[ ا‬X * ,#L
‫ 
م‬n‫ل ا‬O ,O‫و‬
‫ ك‬U%‫{
{ ا‬20+  #‫ آ‬VX‫ ذ‬S‫ إ ا‬F%‫
{  إ‬N+  FX‫ ون أ‬+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ب ر‬Lf‫ل آن أ‬O / %3%‫* أ< ا‬
{)X * ‫ ن‬Y * A9E
* ‫ وف‬3
* a <X C.‫رك أ‬C#%‫ ا* ا‬S‫ ا‬,C \+ d *
‫? روي‬W A#3%‫ ا‬VX%‫ ا‬AC+ ‫)!ا أن‬o) A# 
‫ت إ‬0$L%‫ <ء
* ا‬H % FX‫ ى أ‬X ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ب ر‬Lf‫ أ‬U3
0‫ آ‬: ‫ل‬O #(0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬# *‫* ا‬
‫ت‬CG!#%‫ ا‬RCa%‫ ا‬: 0-E) ‫ ؟‬0%#‫ أ‬AC+ ‫ي‬%‫ 
ها ا‬0-E) " ?a%#‫!ا أ‬-C9 ‫!ل و‬4 %‫!ا ا‬3 d‫ وأ‬S‫!ا ا‬3 d‫& " أ‬%mX 1JY ‫!ل‬CE 

%‫!ل )< ذ‬E%‫ * ا‬022‫& آ‬%mX #-) " ‫ء‬U+ *#% %‫ 
دون ذ‬2s+‫ و‬F ‫ ك‬U+ ‫ أن‬2s+  S‫ " إن ا‬1%39 F%!O ‫ل‬mX 1JY eY‫!ا‬2%‫وا‬
F%!4‫ ر‬/d‫ و‬FJ * 0
g#%‫د^ ا‬C 1%39‫رك و‬C9
‫? أ‬W (C[+ ?% *#% !G X‫ و‬eY‫!ا‬2%‫ وا‬RCa%‫ب ا‬f‫
* أ‬1- ‫ف‬oX 0a)
129

‫? " أي‬a%#‫!ا أ‬-C9 ‫ " و‬1%39 ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ل ; و‬#’% AC
!‫ي ه‬%‫اد ا‬,9‫(ه? * ار‬X‫ ة و‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫(? )< ا‬9‫د‬34 <‫< ه‬J%‫ا‬
‫ دة‬% .
ْ?(ُ %َ Fُ -%‫ َ ا‬2ِ sْ +َ ْ*-َ)َ ٌ‫ر‬2ُ‫ُ!ا وَ ُه?ْ آ‬9َ
?Wُ Fِ -%‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ ْ*
َ ‫وا‬,f
َ َ‫ ُوا و‬2َ ‫*َ َآ‬+ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬ 
S‫ " إن ا‬1%39‫ و‬FXLC4 F%!E‫(? " آ‬% S‫ ا‬2s+ *-) ‫ر‬2‫!ا وه? آ‬9
?W S‫ ا‬A C4 * ‫وا‬,f‫ وا و‬2‫* آ‬+%‫ " إن ا‬1%39 F%!O
/+y‫ء " ا‬U+ *#% %‫ 
دون ذ‬2s+‫ و‬F ‫ ك‬U+ ‫ أن‬2s+ .
ْ?aُ %ََ#
ْ ‫ َ ُآ?ْ َأ‬Jِ +َ ْ*%َ‫?ْ َو‬aُ 3َ
َ Fُ -%‫ن وَا‬
َ ْ!َ-
ْ ;َ%ْ ‫ ُ? ا‬Jُ ْX‫ ِ? َوَأ‬-ْ $%‫ ا‬1َ%‫ُ!ا ِإ‬,ْ 9َ َ‫ُ!ا و‬0(ِ 9َ َ-َ)
{r‫ وو‬/#%$#%‫ وا‬/X‫(د‬#%‫? " أي ا‬-$%‫ ا‬1%‫!ا إ‬,9‫اء " و‬,K‫!ا * ا‬23N9  ‫!ا " أي‬0(9 _) " * 0
g#%‫د^ ا‬C3% _‫ و‬AG ‫ل‬O
<) ‫!ن" أي‬-K‫? ا‬JX‫ وأ‬, ?-$%‫ ا‬1%‫!ا إ‬,9‫!ا و‬0(9 _) "‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫? ; و‬a9,‫دآ? و‬, ‫ ة‬7‫? وآ‬a9!O ‫ل‬Y <) ‫ر‬2a%‫? و * ا‬a0  ‫ل‬JE%‫ا‬
‫ة‬,‫ه‬3#%‫ وا‬/X‫(د‬#%‫ 
م )< ا‬n‫ * ورأى ا‬#-$#%‫ { ا‬#G 1%‫ إ‬/C$0% ‫ ة‬7‫!ة وآ‬O ?( ) ‫ر‬2a%‫وآ? ); 
إذا آن ا‬, 1- ?‫!آ‬- ‫ل‬Y
{r‫ وو‬Q-[%‫ ا‬1%‫ ود!^ إ‬/a
* e+ O ‫ر‬2‫^ آ‬,f * Y ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬A3) #‫ آ‬%‫ ذ‬A32+ ‫ أن‬F-) /L-[

/#  ‫رة‬U F ) " ?a3
S‫" وا‬FJ# &-G F%!O‫ و‬%‫ ذ‬1%‫? إ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ?(G;) * 04 U F0 ‫(? و‬0  ‫ ب‬L%‫ا‬ 
(0
?a[E0+ ‫!ا( و‬W ?a )!+ A ‫ه‬+‫? إ‬aC-$+‫( و‬-C+‫( و‬CL+ *%‫? " أي و‬a%#‫ آ? أ‬J+ *%‫اء " و‬,K‫ ا‬1- 2%‫[ وا‬0%
?-‫ أ‬S‫ وا‬T  .
Allah then informs about those who disbelieve, obstruct others from the path of Allah, oppose
the Messenger and contend with him, and revert from the faith after guidance has become
clear to them. He indicates that those people can never harm Allah in the least, and rather
they only harm themselves and become losers on the Day of Resurrection. He will nullify their
deeds. Allah will not reward them even the weight of a mosquito (i.e., the smallest thing) for
any good that they did before their apostasy, but would instead totally invalidate and destroy
it. Their apostasy wipes away their good deeds entirely, just as the good deeds would normally
wipe away the evil deeds. Imam Ahmad Ibn Nasr Al-Marwazi reported in Kitab As-Salah (the
Book of Prayer) that Abu Al-`Aliyah said, "The Prophet's Companions used to think that no
sin would harm a person who says `La ilaha illallah,' just as no good deed would benefit a
person who joins partners with Allah. So Allah revealed,
6ْ?aُ -َ‫َـ‬#ْ‫ُ!اْ َأ‬-ِCْ 9ُ َ ‫ُ! َل َو‬4  %‫ُ!اْ ا‬3 ِd‫ َوَأ‬Fَ -%‫ُ! ْا ا‬3 ِd‫َأ‬
(Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and do not invalidate your deeds.) This made them fear
that some sins could nullify their deeds.'' It has also been reported from Ibn `Umar, may Allah
be pleased with him, that he said, "We, the Companions of Allah's Messenger , used to think
that good deeds would all be accepted, until Allah revealed,
6ْ?aُ -َ‫َـ‬#ْ‫ُ!اْ َأ‬-ِCْ 9ُ َ ‫ُ! َل َو‬4  %‫ُ!اْ ا‬3 ِd‫ َوَأ‬Fَ -%‫ُ! ْا ا‬3 ِd‫َأ‬
(Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and do not invalidate your deeds. ) So we asked each
other: `What is it that can nullify our deeds' So we said, `The major sins, great offenses that
require admission into the Fire and immoral sins.' But then Allah revealed,
6ُ‫َء‬U+َ *َ#%ِ َ%ِ‫ن َذ‬
َ ‫ ُ
َ دُو‬2ِ sْ +َ َ‫ِ و‬Fِ ‫ك‬
َ َ U
ْ ُ+ ‫ ُ أَن‬2ِ sْ َ+ َ Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, Allah does not forgive joining partners with Him in worship, but He forgives except
that to whom He wills.) (4:48) After this was revealed, we ceased saying that. We thereafter
continued to fear for those who committed great sins and immoral sins and to have hope for
those who did not.'' Then, Allah commands His believing servants to obey Him and His
Messenger , which would result in their happiness in this worldly life and the Hereafter. He
130

also prohibits them from apostasy, because that would result in the nullification of their deeds.
Thus He says,
6ْ?ُa-َ‫َـ‬#
ْ ‫ُ!اْ َأ‬-ِCْ 9ُ َ ‫ َو‬
(and do not invalidate your deeds.) meaning, by apostasy. Thus, Allah says after this,
6 ْ?(ُ %َ Fُ -%‫ َ ا‬2ِ sْ +َ *َ-َ) ٌ‫ر‬2ُ‫ُ!اْ َو ُه?ْ آ‬9َ
? Wُ Fِ -%‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ *َ ْ‫وا‬,f
َ ‫ ُواْ َو‬2َ ‫*َ َآ‬+ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, those who disbelieved and obstructed others from the path of Allah and then died as
disbelievers -- never will Allah forgive them.) This is similar to His saying,
6ُ‫َء‬U+َ *َ#%ِ َ%ِ‫ن َذ‬
َ ‫ ُ
َ دُو‬2ِ sْ +َ َ‫ِ و‬Fِ ‫ك‬
َ َ U
ْ ُ+ ‫ ُ أَن‬2ِ sْ َ+ َ Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, Allah does not forgive joining partners with Him in worship, but He forgives except
that to whom He wills.) (4:48) Allah then addresses His believing servants by saying,
6ْ‫ُ!ا‬0(ِ 9َ َ_)َ 
(So do not lose heart) meaning, do not be weak concerning the enemies.
6ِ?-ْ $ 
%‫ ا‬1َ%‫ُْ!اْ ِإ‬,9َ ‫ َو‬
(and beg for peace) meaning, compromise, peace, and ending the fighting between you and the
disbelievers while you are in a position of power, both in great numbers and preparations.
Thus, Allah says,
6َ‫َ ْ!ن‬-
ْ  ‫ ُ? ا‬Jُ Xَ‫ ِ? َوأ‬-ْ $ 
%‫ ا‬1َ%‫ُْ!اْ ِإ‬,َ9‫ُ!اْ َو‬0(ِ 9َ َ_)َ 
(So do not lose heart and beg for peace while you are superior.) meaning, in the condition of
your superiority over your enemy. If, on the other hand, the disbelievers are considered more
powerful and numerous than the Muslims, then the Imam (general commander) may decide
to hold a treaty if he judges that it entails a benefit for the Muslims. This is like what Allah's
Messenger did when the disbelievers obstructed him from entering Makkah and offered him
treaty in which all fighting would stop between them for ten years. Consequently, he agreed to
that. Allah then says:
6ْ?aُ 3َ
َ Fُ -%‫وَا‬
(And Allah is with you) This contains the good news of victory and triumph over the enemies.
6ْ?aُ َ-‫َـ‬#
ْ ‫ َ ُآ?ْ َأ‬Jِ +َ *َ%َ‫و‬
(and He will never deprive you of (the reward of) your deeds.) meaning, Allah will never
invalidate your deeds, nullify them, or deprive you of them, but rather He will give you your
rewards complete, without any reduction.'' And Allah knows best.

131

22. QS An Nisa' 4:57
_‫ُ ُ(?ْ …ِـ‬-.
ِ ْ,Xُ َ‫( َ ةٌ و‬
َ 
ٌ‫ ُ(?ْ )ِ (َ َأزْوَج‬% ‫ًا‬,َ‫* )ِ (َ َأ‬
َ +ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. ُ ‫(َـ‬Xْ  ‫ِ(َ ا‬JL
ْ 9َ *ِ
‫ْ ِى‬9َ &
ٍ ‫ـ‬0G
َ ْ?(ُ ُ-.
ِ ْ,0ُ 4
َ &
ِ ‫َـ‬L-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫ُ!اْ َو‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫وَا‬
_ ِ-َ… 6
4:57. Dan orang-orang yang beriman dan mengerjakan amal-amal saleh, kelak akan Kami masukkan
mereka ke dalam surga yang di dalamnya mengalir sungai-sungai; kekal mereka di dalamnya; mereka
di dalamnya mempunyai istri-istri yang suci, dan Kami masukkan mereka ke tempat yang teduh lagi
nyaman.
(57. But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, We shall admit them to Gardens under
which rivers flow (Paradise), abiding therein forever. Therein they shall have Azwajun Mutahharatun
(purified mates), and We shall admit them to shades, wide and ever deepening.)

7‫ ا* آ‬$29 
“-…
ِ ْ?(ُ ُ-.
ِ ْ,Xُ َ‫( َ ةٌ و‬
َ
ُ ‫ج‬
ٌ ‫َ ُ(?ْ )ِ (َ َأزْوَا‬% ‫ًا‬,َ ‫* )ِ (َ َأ‬
َ +ِ,ِ%َ. ‫ْ(َ ُر‬X;َ%ْ ‫(َ ا‬Jِ ْL9َ ْ*
ِ ‫ْ ِي‬9َ ‫ت‬
ٍ 0َG ْ?(ُ ُ-ِ.ْ,0ُ 4
َ ‫ت‬
ِ َL%ِ[%‫ُ!ا ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫ُ!ا َو‬0
َ q َ*+ِ%‫وَا‬ 
ً- ِ-َ…
‫اء‬,3$%‫ر * 
ل ا‬C.‫ا " ها إ‬,‫* ) ( أ‬+,%. ‫(ر‬XK‫( ا‬JL9 *
‫ ي‬9 ‫ت‬0G ?(-.,04 ‫ت‬L%[%‫!ا ا‬-#‫!ا و‬0
q *+%‫ " وا‬F%!O‫و‬ 
‫ا‬,‫ون ) ( أ‬,%. ?‫* أرادوا وه‬+‫ ءوا وأ‬w Y (RG‫( وأر‬%L
‫( و‬G) { #G <) ‫(ر‬XK‫ ي ) ( ا‬9 <J%‫ن ا‬, ‫ت‬0G <)
/-+‫ ذ‬%‫_ق ا‬.K‫ذى وا‬K‫س وا‬20%‫ ˆ وا‬L%‫(? ) ( أزواج 
( ة " أي
* ا‬% " F%!O‫! و‬Y (0 ‫!ن‬sC+ ‫!ن و‬%‫و‬m+ ‫!ن و‬%!L+
Q%f !‫< وأ‬3o0%‫ك وا‬LN%‫* وا‬$L%‫ل ء وا‬O ‫ وآا‬. ‫ذى‬K‫ار وا‬OK‫ 
( ة
* ا‬: ‫س‬C *‫ل ا‬O #‫ آ‬/[O0%‫ت ا‬2[%‫وا‬
‫ذى‬K‫ 
( ة
* ا‬: ‫دة‬JO ‫ل‬O‫ و‬. ,%!%‫< وا‬0#%‫اق وا‬mC%‫م وا‬o0%‫ ˆ وا‬L%‫!ل وا‬C%‫ 
( ة
* ا‬: ,‫ل 
ه‬O‫ و‬.‫ي‬,$%‫ وا‬/ ‫و‬
‫ر‬U *‫ ا‬0W,Y : + G *‫ل ا‬O E X‫ أ‬C d ‫ ا‬+m ‫ ا‬7‫ آ‬E # _… ‫ _ " أي‬-… _… ?(-.,X‫ " و‬F%!O‫ و‬. ‚-‫ ˆ و آ‬Y ‫? و‬W#%‫وا‬
<C0%‫ ة * ا‬+ ‫ث * أ< ه‬,L+ ‫ك‬LN%‫& أ ا‬3#4 : ‫ل‬O /C3 0W,Y O 23G *‫ ا‬0W,Y 107#%‫ ا* ا‬0W,Y‫* و‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C 0W,Y
,-o%‫  ة ا‬- (3E+  ‫ م‬/R
(-… <) V‫ اآ‬%‫ ا‬$+ ‫ ة‬U% /0%‫ل " إن )< ا‬O ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f " .
Allah said, 
‫ا‬,َ‫* )ِ (َ َأ‬
َ +ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. ُ ‫(َـ‬Xْ  ‫ِ(َ ا‬JL
ْ 9َ *ِ
‫ْ ِى‬9َ &
ٍ ‫ـ‬0G
َ ْ?(ُ ُ-.
ِ ْ,0ُ 4
َ &
ِ ‫َـ‬L-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫ُ!اْ َو‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫وَا‬6 (But those who believe
and do deeds of righteousness, We shall admit them to Gardens under which rivers flow
(Paradise), abiding therein forever.) describing the destination of the happy ones in the
gardens of Eden, beneath which rivers flow in all of its areas, spaces and corners, wherever
they desire and wish. They will reside in it for eternity, and they will not be transferred or
removed from it, nor would they want to move from it. Allah said, 
‫( َة‬
َ 
ٌ‫ ُ(?ْ )ِ (َ َأزْ َوج‬%6 (Therein they shall have Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified mates),) free of
menstruation, postnatal bleeding, filth, bad manners and shortcomings. Ibn `Abbas said that
the Ayah means, "They are purified of filth and foul things.'' Similar was said by `Ata', AlHasan, Ad-Dahhak, An-Nakha`i, Abu Salih, `Atiyah, and As-Suddi. Mujahid said that they
are, free of urine, menstruation, spit, mucous and pregnancies.'' Allah's statement, 
_ ِ-َ… _
“ ‫ُ ُ(?ْ …ِـ‬-ِ.,ْ Xُ َ‫و‬6 (And We shall admit them to shades, wide and ever deepening (Paradise).)
means, wide, extensive, pure and elegant shade. Ibn Jarir recorded that Abu Hurayrah said
that the Prophet said,
«,ْ-o
ُ %ْ ‫َ َ َة ا‬
َ :َ(3ُ 
َ Eْ +َ َ% ‫ َ ٍم‬/َ Rَ ِ
َ(h-…
ِ <ِ) V
ُ ‫ ا ِآ‬%‫ِ ُ ا‬$+َ ‫ َ ًة‬
َU
َ %َ ِ/0 
َ %ْ ‫( »ِإن )ِ< ا‬There is a tree in Paradise, that if a
rider travels under its shade for a hundred years, he will not cross it. It is the Tree of Everlasting Life.)

132

23. QS Az Zukhruf 43:66-73

‫ن‬
َ ‫ُ ُو‬3U
ْ +َ َ ْ?‫ َو ُه‬/ً Jَ ْsَ ْ?(ُ َ 9ِ ْ;9َ ‫ أَن‬/َ 
َ $%‫ن ِإ  ا‬
َ ‫ ُو‬
ُ 0َ+ ْA‫ َه‬
*
َ ِEJ #ُ ْ%‫و ِإ  ا‬,ُ 
َ ˆ
ٍ ْ3Cَ %ِ ْ?(ُ N
ُ ْ3َ ٍ Tِ
َ !ْ َ+ ‫_ ُء‬
َ.
ِ  ‫ ا‬َ‫ُ!ن‬XَmL
ْ 9َ ْ?Jُ Xَ‫ َ !ْ َم َو َ أ‬%ْ ‫ ُ? ا‬aُ ْ -ََ ٌ‫َ ْ!ف‬. َ ِ‫َد‬C3ِ + *
َ ِ#-ِ$
ْ
ُ ْ‫ُ!ا‬Xَ‫َ َوآ‬0Jِ ‫َـ‬+َ‫ُ!اْ ِـ‬0
َ ‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ%‫ ا‬َ‫ ُون‬Cَ L
ْ 9ُ ْ?aُ G
ُ ‫?ْ َوَأزْ َو‬Jُ Xَ‫ أ‬/َ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬-.
ُ ْ‫ اد‬َ‫ُون‬,ِ-‫َـ‬. َ( ِ) ْ?Jُ Xَ‫ ُ *ُ َوأ‬
ْ  ‫  ا‬-ََ9‫ُ َو‬H2ُ Xْ  ‫ ا‬Fِ ِ(Jَ U
ْ 9َ َ
َ( ِ)‫ب َو‬
ٍ !َ ْ‫ َوَأآ‬V
ٍ ‫* َذ َه‬h
‚
ٍ ‫َـ‬L[
ِ ِ ْ?(ِ ْ َ-
َ ‫ف‬
ُ َ+ُ َ‫ُ!ن‬-#َ 3ْ 9َ ْ?Jُ 0ُ‫َ آ‬#ِ َ‫ُ!ه‬#Jُ ْW‫ أُو ِر‬1ِJ%‫ُ ا‬/0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬
َ -ْ 9ِ َ‫ و‬- ‫ُ!ن‬-ُ‫ ْ;آ‬9َ َ(0ْ
h ٌ‫ِ َ ة‬7‫ٌ َآ‬/(َ aِ ‫ُ ْ? )ِ (َ )َـ‬a%َ 6
43:66. Mereka tidak menunggu kecuali kedatangan hari kiamat kepada mereka dengan tibatiba sedang mereka tidak menyadarinya.
43:67. Teman-teman akrab pada hari itu sebagiannya menjadi musuh bagi sebagian yang lain
kecuali orang-orang yang bertakwa.
43:68. "Hai hamba-hamba-Ku, tiada kekhawatiran terhadapmu pada hari ini dan tidak pula
kamu bersedih hati.
43:69. (Yaitu) orang-orang yang beriman kepada ayat-ayat Kami dan adalah mereka dahulu
orang-orang yang berserah diri.
43:70. Masuklah kamu ke dalam surga, kamu dan istri-istri kamu digembirakan."
43:71. Diedarkan kepada mereka piring-piring dari emas, dan piala-piala dan di dalam surga
itu terdapat segala apa yang diingini oleh hati dan sedap (dipandang) mata dan kamu kekal
di dalamnya."
43:72. Dan itulah surga yang diwariskan kepada kamu disebabkan amal-amal yang dahulu
kamu kerjakan.
43:73. Di dalam surga itu ada buah-buahan yang banyak untukmu yang sebahagiannya kamu
makan.
(66. Do they only wait for the Hour that it shall come upon them suddenly while they perceive
not)
(67. Friends on that Day will be foes one to another except those who have Taqwa.)
(68. My servants! No fear shall be on you this Day, nor shall you grieve,)
(69. (You) who believed in Our Ayat and were Muslims.)
(70. Enter Paradise, you and your wives, in happiness.)
(71. Trays of gold and cups will be passed round them; (there will be) therein all that their
souls desire, and all that eyes could delight in and you will abide therein forever.)
133

‫‪(72. This is the Paradise, which you have been made to inherit because of your deeds that you‬‬
‫)‪used to do.‬‬
‫)‪(73. Therein for you will be fruits in plenty, of which you will eat (as you desire).‬‬
‫‪ $29‬ا* آ‪ 7‬‬
‫ن‬
‫‪ُ 3ُ U‬و َ‬
‫ َ‪َ /‬أنْ َ‪َ /ً Jَ ْsَ ْ?(ُ َ 9ِ ْ;9‬و ُه?ْ ‪ْ +َ َ%‬‬
‫ن ِإ‪ %‬ا‪َ $%‬‬
‫َه‪ُ ُ0ْ َ+ ْA‬و َ‬
‫‪!E+‬ل ‪ 1%39‬ه‪ J0+ A‬ه‪g‬ء ا‪ U#%‬آ!ن ا‪!a#%‬ن ‪ " A4 -%‬إ ا‪ /$%‬أن ‪ /Js ?( 9;9‬وه?  ‪ 3U+‬ون " أي )‪ (Xt‬آ‪/%L
 /0R‬‬
‫ووا‪ /3O‬وه‪g‬ء )‪!-‬ن ‪t) *+,3J$
(0‬ذا ‪G‬ءت إ‪<9 #X‬ء وه?  ‪ 3U+‬ون ( )‪!
,0+ T0 L‬ن آ‪ A‬ا‪,0%‬م ‪?(320+  w Y‬‬
‫‪ .‬و ‪?(0 {),+‬‬
‫*‬
‫ ُ‪ ,‬و ِإ‪ %‬ا ْ‪َ ِEJ #ُ %‬‬
‫‪ُ -.‬ء َ‪َ ٍˆ3ْ Cَ %ِ ْ?(ُ ُN3ْ َ ٍ Tِ
َ ْ!+‬‬
‫ا‪ِ ;َْ%‬‬
‫أي آ‪,f A‬ا‪ /O‬و‪ s% /Lf‬ا‪!+ V-E09 (Xt) S‬م ا‪, / 
E%‬اوة إ 
آن ‪ m S‬و‪ FXt) AG‬دا‪, ?R‬وا
‪ F‬وها آ‪O #‬ل إ اه ?‬
‫‪ F -‬ا‪_[%‬ة وا‪_$%‬م ‪ " F
!E%‬إ‪ #X‬ا‪ *
?9o9‬دون ا‪ S‬أو‪!
XW‬دة  ‪ <) ?a0‬ا‪ L%‬ة ا‪!+ ?W  X,%‬م ا‪ˆ3C ?aN3 2a+ / 
E%‬‬
‫و‪ N3 ?aN3 *3-+‬و
;واآ? ا‪0%‬ر و 
‪ . " *+ fX *
?a%‬و‪O‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪ %‬زاق أ‪ X C.‬إ‪ 4‬ا‪ * A R‬أ< إ‪L4‬ق * ا‪L%‬رث *‬
‫‪ <-‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ " F0 S‬ا‪_.K‬ء ‪, ˆ3C% ?(N3 T
!+‬و إ ا‪O " * EJ#%‬ل ‪_ -.‬ن
‪0
g‬ن و‪_ -.‬ن آ) ان )‪ <)!J‬أ‪ ,Y‬ا‪* 0
g#%‬‬
‫و‪) /0% U‬آ ‪E) F- -.‬ل ا‪ ?(-%‬إن )_‪ <- -. X‬آن ‪ J <X
;+‬و‪ /d‬ر‪ %!4‬و‪ o% <X
;+‬و‪ * <X(0+‬ا‪ U%‬‬
‫و‪ <0TC0+‬أ‪  O_
<X‬ا‪,3 F-N9 _) ?(-%‬ي ‪ 
A7
F+ 9 1JY‬أر‪ <0J+‬و‪ F0 1r 9‬آ‪ #‬ر‪E ) <0 & r‬ل ‪ F%‬اذه‪F% 
?-39 !-) V‬‬
‫‪,0‬ي ‪ &aLN%‬آ‪ 7‬ا و‪O _ -O & a‬ل ‪!#+ ?W‬ت ا‪ {#JJ) .y‬أروا‪E ) #(Y‬ل ‪ *7 %‬أ‪,Y‬آ‪!E ) FCYf 1- #‬ل آ‪ A‬وا‪#(0
,Y‬‬
‫‪ ?3X FCY[%‬ا‪K‬خ و‪ ?3X‬ا‪ VY[%‬و‪ ?3X‬ا‪ A -o%‬وإذا 
ت أ‪ ,Y‬ا‪ *+ )a%‬و‪0% U‬ر ذآ ‪!E ) F- -.‬ل ا‪ ?(-%‬إن ‪ X_) <- -.‬آن‬
‫‪ J [3# <X
;+‬و
‪ / [3‬ر‪ %!4‬و‪ U% <X
;+‬و‪ * <X(0+‬ا‪ o%‬و‪ <X Co+‬أ‪  O_
<X‬ا‪,3 ^,(9 _) ?(-%‬ي ‪F+ 9 1JY‬‬

‪ 
A7‬أر‪ <0J+‬و‪ F - }o$9‬آ‪O <- &o4 #‬ل ) ‪!#‬ت ا‪ )a%‬ا‪ *  {# ) .y‬أروا‪E ) #(Y‬ل ‪ *7 %‬آ‪ A‬وا‪1- #a0
,Y‬‬
‫‪!E ) FCYf‬ل آ‪ A‬وا‪ HT FCY[% #(0
,Y‬ا‪K‬خ و‪ HT‬ا‪ VY[%‬و‪ HT‬ا‪ . A -o%‬روا^ ا* أ< ‪ ?9Y‬و‪O‬ل ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ #(0‬و 
ه‪ ,‬و‪JO‬دة ‪f‬رت آ‪, /-. A‬اوة ‪!+‬م ا‪ / 
E%‬إ ا‪ * EJ#%‬وروى ا‪ ‡)L%‬ا* ‪$‬آ )< ‪ /#G 9‬ه‪U‬م * أ‪* ,#Y‬‬
‫ه‪U‬م * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * S‬آ‪ 0W,Y 7‬أ! ‪ * ,#L
23G‬ا‪ * {)X * ? aY 0W,Y 1)3
* /O % No%‬ا‪ * e#K‬أ< ‪Q%f‬‬
‫* أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ !% " ?-4‬أن ر‪ <) L9 * -G‬ا‪ S‬أ‪,Y‬ه‪ U#% #‬ق وا‪ .y‬‬
‫‪ s#% " .‬ب ‪ {#%‬ا‪!+ #(0  1%39 S‬م ا‪!E+ / 
E%‬ل ها ا‪%‬ي أ‪<) FJCCY‬‬
‫‪ ?ُ ُa ْ َ-‬ا ْ‪َ ْ! َ %‬م وَ‪َ َ%‬أ ْ‪ْ?Jُ X‬‬
‫‪ْ!.‬فٌ َ‬
‫‪ِ َC‬د ‪َ َ%‬‬
‫‪ِ َ+‬‬
‫‪ .‬أي ‪ U‬ه?‬
‫*‬
‫‪َ ِ#-ِ$‬‬
‫* ‪!ُ0
َ q‬ا ِ‪َ َ09ِ َ+‬وآَ‪!ُX‬ا ُ
ْ‬
‫ا‪َ +ِ%‬‬
‫أي ‪ ?(!-O &0
q‬و!ا‪ ?(0d‬وا‪EX‬دت ‪ U%‬ع ا‪!G S‬ار‪ ?(Y‬و…!اه ه? ‪O‬ل ا‪# -4 * #J3#%‬ن * أ ‪ F‬إذا آن ‪!+‬م ا‪t) / 
E%‬ن‬
‫ا‪0%‬س ‪!73C+ * Y‬ن  ‪ 1EC+‬أ‪ ?(0
,Y‬إ )‪m‬ع )‪0‬دى
‪0‬د " ‪C +‬د  ‪!.‬ف ‪ ?a -‬ا‪! %‬م و أ‪!XmL9 ?JX‬ن " ) ‪!G‬ه ا‪0%‬س آ‪?(-‬‬
‫‪O.‬ل ) ‪ " (3CJ‬ا‪!0
q *+%‬ا ‪ 09+‬وآ‪!X‬ا
‪O " * #-$‬ل ) ;س ا‪0%‬س
‪ (0‬ا‪* 0
g#%‬‬
‫‪ُ Cَ L‬ونَ‬
‫‪ْ 9ُ ْ?aُ G‬‬
‫ ‪َ َ/0‬أ ْ‪َ ْ?Jُ X‬وَأزْوَا ُ‬
‫ادْ‪!ُ-ُ.‬ا ا ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫أي ‪E+‬ل ‪ ?(%‬اد‪!-.‬ا ا‪ " /0%‬أ‪ ?JX‬وأزوا‪ " ?aG‬أي ‪ X‬اؤآ? " ‪ CL9‬ون " أي ‪!#30J9‬ن و‪,3$9‬ون ‪O‬ل ‪ * 1 L+‬أ< آ‪<03+ 7‬‬
‫‪#4 .‬ع ا‪0s%‬ء ‪ .‬وا‪ CL%‬ة أ?
* ها آ‪O F-‬ل ا‪3%‬ج ‪ S ,#L%) :‬ا‪%‬ي أ‪ 1‬ا‪!
CL%‬ا‪ <%‬ا‪ \L%‬إن ا‪ a 1%!#%‬‬
‫* َوَأ‪ُ,%َِ. َ( ِ) ْ?Jُ ْX‬ونَ‬
‫ ُ ُ‬
‫‪َ H‬و‪  -ََ9‬ا‪ْ َ;ْ%‬‬
‫ب َو)ِ (َ
َ َ‪ Fِ ِ(Jَ ْU9‬ا‪ُ 2ُ Xْ ;َْ%‬‬
‫‪َ V‬وَأ ْآ!َا ٍ‬
‫ف ِ
*ْ َذ َه ٍ‬
‫[‪ٍ َL‬‬
‫‪ِ ِ ?ْ (ِ ْ َ-‬‬
‫‪َُ+‬فُ َ‬
‫أي زدي ‪ / Xq‬ا‪3%‬م " وأآ!اب " وه< ‪ / Xq‬ا‪ U%‬اب أي
* ذه‪ .  V‬ا‪ (% ? d‬و  ى " و) ( 
‪ <(JU9‬ا‪ " H2XK‬و‪ O‬أ‬
‫‪ F (JU9 ?(N3‬ا‪ " H2XK‬و‪ -9‬ا‪ "* K‬أي ‪ V d‬ا‪ ?3%‬وا‪ Q+ %‬و‪ *$Y‬ا‪O 0#%‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪ %‬زاق أ‪ #3
X C.‬أ‪ <X C.‬إ‪* A #4‬‬
‫أ< ‪O , 34‬ل ‪ :‬إن ‪ 1%!
/
a‬ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 S‬أ‪ ^ C.‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " إن أد‪ 1X‬أه‪ A‬ا‪/0%‬‬
‫‪134‬‬

H % g%g% *
‫ م‬.‫ و‬V‫[!ر
* ذه‬O <) ‫ م‬/R
‫ ة‬$
^ [ <) F% Q$2+ ,Y‫^ أ‬,3 /0%‫ ا‬A.,+  AG % /G‫(? در‬-24‫ وأ‬/%m0

F-7
‫ ى‬.K‫ )< ا‬H % ‫!ن‬% ( ) ‫ إ‬/2Lf ( ) H % V‫
* ذه‬/2Lf ‚%‫ * أ‬3C$ ‫ اح‬+‫ و‬F - ‫ى‬,s+ ‫!ر‬#3
‫ إ‬C {r!
( )
‫ل‬O‫ " و‬T  <9‫ أو‬#
%‫ ذ‬E0+  <‫ أ‬#
?( - {4!% ‫رض‬K‫ ا‬A‫ { أه‬#G F ‫ل‬mX !% (%‫ )< أو‬F9!(U‫ ه آ‬.q <) F9!(
A E * /3 (% *‫ * ا‬V‫ * وه‬S‫ ا‬,C <0W,Y <Y $%‫!اد ا‬4 * ‫ و‬# 0W,Y , 0%‫ * * ا‬$L%‫< * ا‬- 0W,Y ?9Y <‫ا* أ‬
?(W,Y ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ث أن ر‬,Y F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬/ 

‫ أن أ أ‬F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ة ر‬+ ‫* * أ< ه‬$L%‫ * ا‬,%. *
‫ي‬%‫م ا‬3%‫!ل ا‬LJ ) .q ‫م‬3d F% 1- o+ ?W F ) <) (-3 ) /#E-%‫آ? ا‬,Y‫ن أ‬.; % ^,  ,#L
H2X ‫ي‬%‫ل " وا‬E) /0%‫وذآ ا‬
" ‫ون‬,%. ( ) ?JX‫ * وأ‬K‫ ا‬-9‫ و‬H2XK‫ ا‬F (JU9 
( )‫? " و‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ أ ر‬O ?W " 1(J‫ي ا‬%‫ ا‬1- F ) <)
* V!Y * ( * + N%‫ ا‬w3K‫ أ! ا‬0W,Y m+m3%‫ ا‬,C * * a$
0W,Y 14!
*‫* ه! ا‬$Y 0W,Y ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫و‬
1- !‫ت وه‬G‫{ در‬C$% F% *
/%m0
/0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬1X‫? " إن أد‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ة ر‬+ ‫أ< ه‬
A‫ )< آ‬- V‫ل
* ذه‬O ‫ إ‬F#-‫ و أ‬- /2Lf /R#7-7 ‫!م‬+ A‫ اح آ‬+‫ و‬F - ‫ى‬,s+‫دم و‬. /R#7-W F% ‫ وإن‬/3$%‫ ا‬FO!)‫ و‬/4‫د‬$%‫ا‬
F%‫ أو‬- % FX‫ وإ‬.y‫ )< ا‬H % ‫!ن‬% ‫ء‬X‫ إ‬A‫ء )< آ‬X‫ إ‬/R#7-W / K‫ ^ و
* ا‬.q -+ #‫ آ‬F%‫ أو‬- % FX‫ ى وإ‬.K‫ )< ا‬H % ‫!ن‬% /2Lf
* 3%‫!ر ا‬L%‫
* ا‬F% ‫ي <ء وإن‬,0 #
E0+ ?% ?(J E4‫ و‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫& أه‬#3dK <% &X‫! أذ‬% ‫ رب‬+ ‫!ل‬E % FX‫ ^ وإ‬.q -+ #‫آ‬
?JX‫ " وأ‬1%39 F%!O‫ و‬. " ‫رض‬K‫
* ا‬A
‫ر‬,O ‫ه‬,3E
.;J% *(0
‫ة‬,Y‫!ا‬%‫  وإن ا‬X,%‫
* ا‬FG‫!ى أزوا‬4 /G‫ * زو‬3C4‫ * و‬0W 
!Y (0 ‫!ن‬sC9 ‫( و‬0
‫!ن‬G o9  ‫ون " أي‬,%. " /0%‫ ) ( " أي )< ا‬.
‫ن‬
َ !ُ-#َ ْ39َ ْ?Jُ 0ْ ‫َ ُآ‬#ِ َ‫ُ!ه‬#Jُ Wْ ‫ِ< أُو ِر‬J%‫ ا‬/ُ 0
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬
َ -ْ 9ِ َ‫و‬
‫!ل‬#U% CC4 &X‫ آ‬/L%[%‫? ا‬a%#‫!ن " أي أ‬-#39 ?J0‫ آ‬# ‫!ه‬#JW‫< أور‬J%‫ ا‬/0%‫ ا‬-9‫ن " و‬0J 
‫ وا‬AN2J%‫ ا‬FG‫ و‬1- ?(% A O ?W
‫ل‬O ‫ت‬L%[%‫ل ا‬#K‫ ا‬V$L (9‫و‬29 ‫ل‬0+ ‫ت‬G‫ر‬,%‫ ا‬#X‫ وإ‬F-N)‫ و‬S‫ ا‬/#Y  *a%‫ و‬/0%‫ ا‬F-# ‫ا‬,Y‫ أ‬A.,+  FXt) ?‫آ‬+‫ إ‬S‫ ا‬/#Y‫ر‬
<‫ * أ‬e#K‫ *  ش * ا‬a !‫ أ‬0W,Y ‫ر‬2[%‫< ا‬03+ ‫!ب‬E3+ * ‚4!+ 0W,Y ‫ ي‬E#%‫ * ذان ا‬AN2%‫ ا‬0W,Y ?9Y <‫ا* أ‬
‫ ة‬$Y /0%‫
* ا‬F%m0
‫ ى‬+ ‫ر‬0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬A‫? " آ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ة ر‬+ ‫ * أ< ه‬Q%f
‫! أن‬% ‫ي‬,J(0% 0‫!ل " و 
آ‬E ) ‫ر‬0%‫
* ا‬F%m0
‫ ى‬+ /0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬A‫ * " وآ‬EJ#%‫&
* ا‬0a% <X‫ا‬,‫ ه‬S‫! أن ا‬% " ‫!ل‬E ) F% ‫!ن‬a )
‫ر‬0%‫ل )< ا‬m0
‫ و‬/0%‫ل )< ا‬m0
F%‫ إ و‬,Y‫? " 

* أ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O‫ و‬: ‫ل‬O " ‫ ا‬a F% ‫!ن‬a ) " S‫ ا‬X‫ا‬,‫ه‬ 
# ‫!ه‬#JW‫< أور‬J%‫ ا‬/0%‫ ا‬-9‫ " و‬1%39 F%!O %‫ " وذ‬/0%‫
* ا‬F%m0
)a%‫ ث ا‬+ *
g#%‫ر وا‬0%‫
* ا‬F%m0
*
g#%‫ ث ا‬+ )a%)
‫!ن‬-#39 ?J0‫ " آ‬.
‫ن‬
َ !ُ-‫ ْ; ُآ‬9َ َ(0ْ
ِ ٌ‫ِ َ ة‬7َ‫ آ‬/ٌ (َ ِ‫ُ ْ? )ِ (َ )َآ‬a%َ
‫ اب‬U%‫م وا‬3%‫ ذآ ا‬#%‫? و‬9‫? وأرد‬9 J.‫ ا‬#(
‫!ن " أي‬-‫;آ‬9 (0
" ‫!اع‬XK‫ { ا‬#G *
‫ ة " أي‬7‫ آ‬/(‫? ) ( )آ‬a% "1%39 F%!O
?-‫ أ‬1%39 S‫ وا‬/Cs%‫ وا‬/#30%‫? ا‬JJ% /(‫آ‬2%‫^ ا‬,3 ‫ ذآ‬.
Allah says, `do these idolaters who disbelieve in the Messengers wait'
6َ‫ُ ُون‬3U
ْ َ+ َ ْ?ُ‫ َوه‬/ً Jَ ْsَ ْ?(ُ َ 9ِ ;ْ 9َ ‫ أَن‬/َ 
َ $%‫ِإ  ا‬
(only for the Hour that it shall come upon them suddenly while they perceive not) means, for
it is real and will inevitably come to pass, and these negligent people are unprepared for it.
When it comes, it will catch them unawares, and on that Day they will feel the utmost regret
when regret will not benefit them in the slightest and will not afford them any protection.
6*
َ ِEJ#ُ %ْ ‫ و ِإ  ا‬,ُ 
َ ٍˆ3ْ Cَ ِ% ْ?(ُ N
ُ 3ْ َ ٍTِ
َ !ْ َ+ ‫_ ُء‬
َ.
ِ  ‫ا‬
(Friends on that Day will be foes one to another except those who have Taqwa.) means, every
friendship that exists for a purpose other than for the sake of Allah will turn to enmity on the
Day of Resurrection, except for that which is for the sake of Allah, which will last forever. This
is like the statement of Ibrahim, peace be upon him, to his people:
‫ر‬0%‫ً َو َ
ْ;وَا ُآ ُ? ا‬Nْ3َ ْ?aُ N
ُ ْ3َ ُ*3َ -ْ +َ ‫ˆٍ َو‬3ْ Cَ ِ ْ?aُ N
ُ 3ْ َ ُ 2ُ aْ +َ /ِ #َ ‫ِ َـ‬E%ْ ‫َ ْ! َم ا‬+ ?Wُ َ Xْ , %‫ َ!ةِ ا‬L
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ?ُa0ِ ْ َ ‫ً 
َ! د َة‬0‫َـ‬Wْ‫ َأو‬Fِ -%‫ن ا‬
ِ ‫* دُو‬h
ْ?ُ9ْo
َ 9 ‫َ ا‬#X ‫ِإ‬
6َ*+ِ ِ[‫ـ‬X *h
ْ?ُa%َ َ
‫َو‬

135

(You have taken (for worship) idols instead of Allah. The love between you is only in the life of
this world, but on the Day of Resurrection, you shall disown each other, and curse each other,
and your abode will be the Fire, and you shall have no helper.) (29:25) 
‫ُ!ن‬Xmَ ْL9َ ْ?Jُ Xَ‫ َ! َ أ‬#ُ aُ ْ َ-
َ ٌ‫!ْف‬.
َ َ ِ‫َد‬Cِ3+6 (My servants! No fear shall be on you this Day, nor shall you
grieve.) Then He will give them the glad tidings: 
* ِ#-ِ$
ْ
ُ ْ‫ُ!ا‬Xَ‫َ َوآ‬0Jِ ‫َـ‬+َ‫ُ!اْ ِـ‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫ ا‬6 ((You) who believed in Our Ayat and were Muslims.) means, their
hearts believed and they submitted inwardly and outwardly to the Laws of Allah. AlMu`tamir bin Sulayman narrated that his father said: "When the Day of Resurrection comes
and the people are resurrected, there will be no one left who will not be filled with terror.
Then a caller will cry out: 
‫ُ!ن‬Xmَ ْL9َ ْ?Jُ Xَ‫ َ !ْ َم َو َ أ‬%ْ ‫ ُ? ا‬aُ ْ -َ
َ ٌ‫َ!ْف‬. َ ِ‫َد‬C3ِ + 6 (My servants! No fear shall be on you this Day, nor shall you
grieve.) So all the people will be filled with hope, but this will be followed by the words: 
* ِ#-ِ$
ْ
ُ ْ‫ُ!ا‬Xَ‫َ َوآ‬0Jِ ‫َـ‬+َ‫ُ!اْ ِـ‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫ ا‬6 ((You) who believed in Our Ayat and were Muslims.) Then all of
mankind will be filled with despair apart from the believers.'' 
/0
َ %ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬-.
ُ ْ‫اد‬6 (Enter Paradise, ) means, they will be told to enter Paradise. 
?ُaG
ُ ‫?ْ َوَأزْ َو‬Jُ Xَ‫أ‬6 (you and your wives,) means, your counterparts 
‫ ُون‬Cَ ْL9ُ 6 (in happiness (Tuhbarun).) means, in delight and joy. 
‫ َوَأ ْآ!َب‬V
ٍ ‫* ذَ َه‬h
‚
ٍ ‫َـ‬L[
ِ ِ ?ْ (ِ ْ -َ
َ ُ‫َف‬+ُ 6 (Trays of gold and cups will be passed round them;) means, fine
vessels of gold containing food and drink, without spouts or handles. (H
ُ 2ُ Xْ َ;%ْ ‫َ(ِ< ا‬JU
ْ َ9 َ
َ( ِ)‫ ) َو‬
(there will be) therein all that their souls could desire).6 Some of them recited: 
Hُ2Xْ  ‫ ا‬Fِ ِ(Jَ U
ْ 9َ َ
6 (that their souls desire,) 
*ُ ْ ‫  ا‬-ََ9‫ َو‬6 (and all that eyes could delight in) means, of good food, delightful fragrances and
beautiful scenes. 
َ( ِ) ْ?Jُ Xَ‫ َوأ‬6 (and you will therein) means, in Paradise 
‫ُون‬,-ِ‫َـ‬.6 (abide forever) means, you will never leave it or want to exchange it. Then it will be
said to them, as a reminder of the blessing and favor of Allah: 
‫ُ!ن‬-#َ 3ْ 9َ ْ?Jُ 0ُ‫َ آ‬#ِ َ‫ُ!ه‬#Jُ Wْ ِ‫ أُور‬1ِJ%‫ ا‬/ُ 0
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬
َ -ْ 9ِ َ‫ و‬6 (This is the Paradise, which you have been made to inherit
because of your deeds that you used to do.) means, the righteous deeds which were the cause
of your being included in the mercy of Allah. For no one will be admitted to Paradise by virtue
of their deeds alone; that will be by the mercy and grace of Allah. But the varying ranks and
degrees of Paradise will be attained according to one's righteous deeds. 
‫ِ َة‬7‫ٌ َآ‬/(َ aِ ‫ُ ْ? )ِ (َ )َـ‬a%َ 6 (Therein for you will be fruits in plenty,) means, of all kinds. 
‫ُ!ن‬-‫َ ْ; ُآ‬9 َ(ْ0
h 6 (of which you will eat.) means, whatever you choose and desire. When food and
drink are mentioned, fruit is also mentioned to complete the picture of blessing and joy. And
Allah knows best.
136

24. QS Asy Syuura 42 : 47-48
ٍ ِaX *h
ْ?aُ َ% َ
‫ ٍ َو‬Tِ
َ ْ!+َ ;ٍَْ- 
*h
ْ?aُ %َ َ
Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ Fُ %َ ‫َ!ْمٌ  َ
َ د‬+ 1
َ 9ِ ْ;+َ ‫ أَن‬Aِ Cْ Oَ *h
ْ?aُ h َ %ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬C َِJ4
ْ ‫ا‬
- &َ
, َO َ#ِ ٌ/Tَ h 4
َ ْ?(ُ Cْ ِ[9ُ ‫ح ِ(َ َوإِن‬
َ ِ )َ /ً #َ Y
ْ ‫ َر‬0
ِ *
َ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫َ ا‬0Oْ َ‫ َأذ‬qَ‫ ِإذ‬X‫َـ ُŠ َوِإ‬-َC%ْ ‫ ْ َ ِإ  ا‬-َ
َ ْ‫ِ ً ِإن‬2Y
َ ْ?(ِ ْ َ-
َ 
َ ‫َـ‬0-ْ 4
َ ْ‫َ َأر‬#)َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬r َ 
ْ ‫ِنْ َأ‬tَ)
‫ُ!ر‬2َ‫* آ‬
َ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫ن ا‬ 
tَِ) ْ?(ِ +ِ,+ْ ‫ َأ‬6
42:47. Patuhilah seruan Tuhanmu sebelum datang dari Allah suatu hari yang tidak dapat
ditolak kedatangannya. Kamu tidak memperoleh tempat berlindung pada hari itu dan tidak
(pula) dapat mengingkari (dosa-dosamu).
42:48. Jika mereka berpaling maka Kami tidak mengutus kamu sebagai pengawas bagi
mereka. Kewajibanmu tidak lain hanyalah menyampaikan (risalah). Sesungguhnya apabila
Kami merasakan kepada manusia sesuatu rahmat dari Kami dia bergembira ria karena
rahmat itu. Dan jika mereka ditimpa kesusahan disebabkan perbuatan tangan mereka
sendiri (niscaya mereka ingkar) karena sesungguhnya manusia itu amat ingkar (kepada
nikmat).
(47. Answer the Call of your Lord before there comes from Allah a Day which cannot be
averted. You will have no refuge on that Day nor there will be for you any denying.)
(48. But if they turn away, We have not sent you as a Hafiz over them. Your duty is to convey.
And verily, when We cause man to taste of mercy from Us, he rejoices there at; but when some
evil befalls them because of the deeds which their hands have sent forth, then verily, man
(becomes) ingrate!)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
ٍ ِaXَ ْ*
ِ ْ?aُ %َ َ
‫ٍ َو‬Tِ
َ ْ!َ+ tٍَ-ْ
َ ْ*
ِ ْ?aُ %َ َ
Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ Fُ %َ ‫َ َ
َ د‬% ‫َ!ْ ٌم‬+ <
َ ِ9;ْ +َ ْ‫ َأن‬Aِ Cْ َO ْ*
ِ ْ?aُ h َ %ِ ‫ُ!ا‬C ِJَ 4
ْ ‫ا‬
?a % ‫!ا‬C J4‫ل " ا‬E) F% ‫اد‬,3J4
‫ وأ‬F0
‫ر‬Y /-R(%‫م ا‬3%‫
!ر ا‬K‫ه!ال وا‬K‫
* ا‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ <) ‫!ن‬a+ 
1%39 ‫ ذآ‬#% 

" AG‫ و‬m F%!O‫ و‬. {X
‫ دا){ و‬F% H %‫!ن و‬a+ [C%‫ ا‬Q#-‫ آ‬FXt) FX!a
‫ " أي إذا أ‬S‫
* ا‬F% ‫!م 
د‬+ <9;+ ‫ أن‬ACO *

^ [ * ‫!ن‬C sJ) F ) ‫ ون‬a0J9‫ آ? و‬J$+ ‫ن‬a
‫ و‬F ) ‫!ن‬0[LJ9 *[Y ?a% H % ‫ " أي‬aX *
?a% 
‫ و‬T
!+ ;-
*
?a% 
‫ ر‬1%‫ آ_  وزر إ‬2#%‫* ا‬+‫ أ‬T
!+ ‫ن‬$Xn‫!ل ا‬E+ " F %‫ إ إ‬F0
;-
_) F9‫ر‬,O‫ و[ ^ و‬F#-3 ?a } L
!‫ ه‬A 1%39‫رك و‬C9
EJ$#%‫ ا‬T
!+ " .
&َ 
,Oَ َ#ِ /ٌ َT h 4
َ ْ?ُ(Cْ [
ِ 9ُ ْ‫ح ِ(َ َوِإن‬
َ ِ )َ /ً #َ Y
ْ ‫ َر‬0
ِ َ‫َن‬$ْXِtْ%‫َ ا‬0ْO‫ ِإذَا َأ َذ‬X‫َغُ َوِإ‬-Cَ %ْ ‫ ا‬%‫َ ْ َ ِإ‬-
َ ْ‫ِ ً ِإن‬2َY ْ?(ِ ْ -ََ ‫ك‬
َ َ0ْ-4
َ ‫َ أَ ْر‬#)َ ‫ُ!ا‬r َ ْ‫ِنْ َأ‬t)َ
‫ُ!ر‬2‫ن َآ‬
َ َ$ْXtِ%ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
tَِ) ْ?(ِ +ِ,+ْ َ‫أ‬
H % " AG‫ و‬m ‫ل‬O‫[  و‬# ?( - &$% ‫  " أي‬2Y ?( - ‫ك‬0-4‫ أر‬#) " * ‫ آ‬U#%‫< ا‬03+ " ‫!ا‬r ‫ن أ‬t) " 1%39 F%!O 
‫  إ‬- ‫ " إن‬0(‫ و_ ه‬AG ‫ل‬O‫ب " و‬$L%‫ ا‬0 -‫_غ و‬C%‫  ا‬- #Xt) "1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ء " و‬U+ *
‫ي‬,(+ S‫* ا‬a%‫اه? و‬,‫  ه‬-
‫ ) ح ( " أي إذا‬/#Y‫ ر‬0
‫ن‬$Xn‫ ا‬0O‫ إذا أذ‬X‫ " وإ‬1%39‫رك و‬C9 ‫ل‬O ?W ?( %‫ إ‬S‫ ا‬/%4‫(? ر‬s-C9 ‫ك أن‬02-‫ آ‬#X‫_غ " أي إ‬C%‫ا‬
‫!ر " أي‬2‫ن آ‬$Xn‫ن ا‬t) " ‫ة‬,‫ و_ء و‬/#EX‫ب و‬,G ‫ " أي‬/T 4 " ‫س‬0%‫< ا‬03+ " ?(C[9 ‫ " وإن‬% ‫ ) ح‬/#3X‫ء و‬.‫ ر‬Ff‫أ‬
‫!ل‬4‫ل ر‬O #‫} آ‬0O‫ و‬HT+ /0L
FJf‫ أ و وإن أ‬/#3X FJf‫ن أ‬t) /0‫ اه‬%‫ ا‬/$%‫ ف إ ا‬3+ ‫? و‬30%‫م
* ا‬,E9 
,L+
‫ل‬E) ‫ ؟‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ ?%‫& ا
أة و‬%E) " ‫ر‬0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬7‫* أآ‬aJ+‫< رأ‬Xt) *O,[9 ‫ء‬$0%‫ ا‬U3
+ "‫ء‬$0-% ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫ا‬
‫ ا‬. 0
&+‫& 
رأ‬%O 
!+ &‫ آ‬9 ?W ‫ه‬,%‫اه* ا‬,Y‫ إ‬1%‫& إ‬0$Y‫! أ‬% U3%‫ ن ا‬2a9‫ و‬/+aU%‫ ن ا‬7a9 *aXK " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f
1-f ‫ل‬O #‫
* آ‬g#%) ‫ت‬L%[%‫!ا ا‬-#‫!ا و‬0
q *+%‫^ وآن
* ا‬,‫ ر‬F#(%‫ وأ‬1%39 S‫ا^ ا‬,‫ء إ
* ه‬$0%‫ ا‬7‫ل أآ‬Y ‫} " وها‬O
*
g#-% ‫ إ‬,YK %‫ ذ‬H %‫ و‬F% ‫ ا‬. ‫ن‬a) Cf ‫ اء‬r FJf‫ وإن أ‬F% ‫ ا‬. ‫ن‬a) aU) ‫ اء‬4 FJf‫? " إن أ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ " ا‬.
137

When Allah tells us about the horrors and terrifying events of the Day of Resurrection, He
warns us about it and commands us to prepare for it:
6ِF-%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ Fُ %َ ‫!ْمٌ  َ
َ د‬+َ َ19ِ ;ْ َ+ ‫ أَن‬Aِ Cْ َO *h
ْ?aُ h َ ِ% ْ‫ُ!ا‬C ِJَ 4
ْ ‫ا‬
(Answer the Call of your Lord before there comes from Allah a Day which cannot be averted.)
means, once He issues the command, it will come to pass within the blinking of an eye, and no
one will be able to avert it or prevent it.
6ٍ ِaX *h
ْ?aُ َ% َ
‫ ٍ َو‬Tِ
َ ْ!+َ ;ٍَ-ْ 
*h
ْ?aُ %َ َ 

(You will have no refuge on that Day nor there will be for you any denying.) means, you will
have no stronghold in which to take refuge, no place in which to hide from Allah, for He will
encompass you with His knowledge and power, and you will have no refuge from Him except
with Him.
6  Eَ Jَ $
ْ #ُ ْ%‫ٍ ا‬Tِ
َ ْ!+َ 
َ h ‫ َر‬1َ%‫ ِإ‬- ‫_ َ َوزَ َر‬ 
َ‫ آ‬-  2َ #َ %ْ ‫*َ ا‬+ْ ‫ِ ٍ َأ‬T
َ !ْ َ+ *
ُ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫ُ! ُل ا‬E+َ 
(On that Day man will say: "Where (is the refuge) to flee'' No! There is no refuge! Unto your
Lord will be the place of rest that Day.) (75:10-12)
6ْ‫ُ!ا‬r َ ْ‫نْ َأ‬tَِ)
(But if they turn away,) refers to the idolators,
6ً ِ2Y
َ ْ?(ِ ْ -َ
َ 
َ ‫َـ‬0-ْ 4
َ ْ‫َ َأر‬#)َ 
(We have not sent you as a Hafiz over them. ) means, `you have no power over them.' And
Allah says elsewhere:
6ُ‫َء‬Uَ+ *َ
‫ِى‬,(ْ +َ Fَ -%‫* ا‬ 
aِ ‫َـ‬%‫َا ُه?ْ َو‬,‫ ُه‬
َ ْ -ََ H
َ ْ %
(Not upon you is their guidance, but Allah guides whom He wills) (2:272).
6ُ‫َب‬$ِL%ْ ‫َ ا‬0 ْ َ-
َ ‫َـ ُŠ َو‬-Cَ %ْ ‫ ا‬
َ ْ َ-
َ َ#X tِ)َ 
(your duty is only to convey (the Message) and on Us is the reckoning) (13:40). And Allah says
here:
6ُŠ‫َـ‬-Cَ ْ%‫ ِإ  ا‬
َ ْ -ََ ْ‫ِإن‬
(Your duty is to convey.) meaning, `all that We require you to do is to convey the Message of
Allah to them.'
6َ(ِ ‫ح‬
َ ِ )َ /ً #َ Y
ْ ‫ َر‬0
ِ *
َ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫َ ا‬0ْO‫ أَ َذ‬qَ‫ ِإذ‬X‫ َوِإ‬
(And verily, when We cause man to taste of mercy from Us, he rejoices there at;) means, when
a time of ease and comfort comes to him, he is happy about it.
6ْ?(ُ Cْ [
ِ 9ُ ‫ َوإِن‬
138

(but when befalls them) means mankind.
6ٌ/Tَ h 4
َ
(some evil) means, drought, punishment, tribulation or difficulty,
6ٌ‫ُ!ر‬2‫* َآ‬
َ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫ن ا‬ 
tَِ)
(then verily, man (becomes) ingrate!) means, he forgets the previous times of ease and
blessings and acknowledges nothing but the present moment. If times of ease come to him, he
becomes arrogant and transgresses, but if any difficulty befalls him, he loses hope and is filled
with despair. This is like what the Messenger of Allah said to the women:
«‫ر‬0%‫ ا‬Aِ ‫َ َ َأ ْه‬7‫* َأ ْآ‬ 
ُaJُ +ْ ‫< َرَأ‬hXِt)َ ،َ*Oْ , [
َ 9َ ،ِ‫َء‬$0h %‫َ َ ا‬U3ْ
َ َ+»
)(O women, give in charity, for I have seen that you form the majority of the people of Hell.) A
woman asked, "Why is that, O Messenger of Allah'' He said:
«}َO ‫ ْ ًا‬.
َ َ0ْ
ِ &
ُ +ْ ‫
َ َرَأ‬:&
ْ َ%َO ،ً
ْ!+َ &
َ ‫َ َ ْآ‬9 ? ُW َ ْ‫ه‬, %‫* ا‬ 
‫َا ُه‬,ْY‫ ِإ‬1%ِ‫& إ‬
َ 0ْ $
َ Y
ْ ‫!ْ َأ‬%َ ،َ ِU3َ %ْ ‫ن ا‬
َ ْ 2ُ ْa9َ َ‫ و‬/َ +َ َaU
h %‫ن ا‬
َ ْ ِ7aْ 9ُ * 
aُ X ;َِ%»
(Because you complain too much, and you are ungrateful to (your) husbands. If one of you
were to be treated kindly for an entire lifetime, then that kindness was lacking for one day, she
would say, `I have never seen anything good from you!') This is the case with most women,
except for those whom Allah guides and who are among the people who believe and do
righteous deeds. As the Prophet said, the believer is the one who:
«*ِ
ْg#ُ -ْ %ِ %‫ ِإ‬,ٍ َY;َ%ِ َ%ِ‫ َذ‬H
َ ْ َ%‫ َو‬،ُF%َ ‫ ْ ًا‬.
َ َ‫َن‬aَ) ،َ َCf
َ ‫َ ا ُء‬r Fُ Jْ ََf‫ َوِإنْ َأ‬،ُFَ% ‫ ْ ًا‬.
َ َ‫َن‬a)َ ،َ aَ 
َ ‫َ ا ُء‬4 Fُ Jْ ََf‫»ِإنْ َأ‬
(... if something good happens to him, he is thankful, and that is good for him. If something
bad happens to him, he bears it with patience, and that is good for him. This does not happen
to anyone except the believer.)

139

25. QS Fushilat 41 : 30-35
‫ن‬
َ ‫ُو‬,
َ !ُ9 ْ?ُJ0ُ‫ آ‬1ِJ%‫ ا‬/ِ 0 َ%ْ ِ ‫ِ ُو ْا‬Uْ ‫ُ!اْ َوَأ‬Xmَ ْL9َ َ ‫َ)ُ!اْ َو‬o9َ  َ‫ أ‬/ُ َaTِ ‫َـ‬-#َ ْ%‫ ْ ِ( ُ? ا‬-َ
َ ‫ ُل‬m0َ َJ9َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬#‫َـ‬EَJ4
ْ ‫ ? ا‬Wُ Fُ -%‫َ ا‬0 َ‫ُ!اْ ر‬%َO *
َ +ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
َ‫ُ!ن‬, 9َ َ
َ( ِ) ْ?aُ %َ‫?ْ َو‬aُ $
ُ ُ2Xَ‫ أ‬1ِ(Jَ U
ْ 9َ َ
َ( ِ) ْ?aُ %َ‫ِ َ ِة َو‬. ‫ ا‬1ِ)‫ َ َو‬Xْ , %‫َ َ!ةِ ا‬L%ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ?‫ِ َ ُؤ ُآ‬%ْ‫*ُ َأو‬L
ْ َX - ? ِY‫ُ! ٍر ر‬2
َ ْ*
h ً mُ Xُ 6 
* ِ#-ِ$
ْ #ُ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ 1ِ0X‫َ َل ِإ‬O‫ً َو‬Lِ-‫َـ‬f َA#ِ َ‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫ ا‬1َ%‫* َدَ ِإ‬#
h ً ْ!Oَ ُ*$
َY
ْ َ‫َو َ
*ْ أ‬
- ? ِ#Y
َ 1%ِ‫ َو‬Fُ X;ََ‫َا َوةٌ آ‬,
َ Fُ 0َ ْ َ ‫ َو‬
َ 0َ ْ َ ‫ِى‬%‫ذَا ا‬tِ)َ ُ*$
َ ْY‫ َأ‬1
َ ‫ ِه‬1ِJ%ِ ْ{َ)ْ‫ اد‬/ُ Tَ h $ 
%‫ُ َو َ ا‬/0َ $
َ L
َ %ْ ‫!ِى ا‬Jَ $
ْ 9َ َ َ‫و‬
- ? ِ
َ h‡Y
َ ‫هَ ِإ  ذُو‬E-َُ+ َ
‫ ُواْ َو‬Cَ f
َ *
َ +ِ%‫هَ ِإ  ا‬Eَ-+ُ َ
‫َو‬
- ? ِ-َ3%ْ ‫ِ ُ{ ا‬#$ 
%‫ ُه َ! ا‬Fُ X ‫ ِإ‬Fِ -%ِ ْ3ِ Jَ 4
ْ َ) ٌ‫ْغ‬mَX *
ِ ‫ ْ َـ‬U 
%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ 
َ 0
َ mَ 0َ+ 
ِ‫ َوإ‬6
41:30. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang mengatakan: Tuhan kami ialah Allah" kemudian
mereka meneguhkan pendirian mereka, maka malaikat akan turun kepada mereka (dengan
mengatakan): "Janganlah kamu merasa takut dan janganlah kamu merasa sedih; dan
bergembiralah kamu dengan (memperoleh) surga yang telah dijanjikan Allah kepadamu".
41:31. Kami lah Pelindung-pelindungmu dalam kehidupan dunia dan di akhirat; di dalamnya
kamu memperoleh apa yang kamu inginkan dan memperoleh (pula) di dalamnya apa yang
kamu minta.
41:32. Sebagai hidangan (bagimu) dari Tuhan Yang Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang.
41:33. Siapakah yang lebih baik perkataannya daripada orang yang menyeru kepada Allah,
mengerjakan amal yang saleh dan berkata: "Sesungguhnya aku termasuk orang-orang yang
berserah diri?"
41:34. Dan tidaklah sama kebaikan dan kejahatan. Tolaklah (kejahatan itu) dengan cara
yang lebih baik, maka tiba-tiba orang yang antaramu dan antara dia ada permusuhan seolaholah telah menjadi teman yang sangat setia.
41:35. Sifat-sifat yang baik itu tidak dianugerahkan melainkan kepada orang-orang yang
sabar dan tidak dianugerahkan melainkan kepada orang-orang yang mempunyai
keberuntungan yang besar
(30. Verily, those who say: "Our Lord is Allah,'' and then they stand firm, on them the angels
will descend (saying): "Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which
you have been promised!'')
(31. "We have been your friends in the life of this world and are (so) in the Hereafter. Therein
you shall have (all) that your souls desire, and therein you shall have (all) for which you ask.'')
(32. "An entertainment from the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.'')
(33. And who is better in speech than he who invites to Allah, and does righteous deeds, and
says: "I am one of the Muslims.'')
(34. The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better,
140

then verily he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a
close friend.)
(35. But none is granted it except those who are patient -- and none is granted it except the
owner of the great portion in this world.) (36. And if an evil whisper from Shaytan tries to
turn you away, then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
‫ن‬
َ ‫ُو‬,
َ !ُ9 ْ?Jُ 0ْ ‫ِ< ُآ‬J%‫ ا‬/ِ 0 
َ ْ%ِ ‫ ُوا‬U
ِ ْ ‫ُ!ا َوَأ‬Xmَ ْL9َ َ%َ‫َ)ُ!ا و‬o9َ %‫ َأ‬/ُ aَ ِRَ-#َ %ْ ‫َ ْ ِ( ُ? ا‬-
َ ‫ ُل‬m َ0Jَ 9َ ‫َ
ُ!ا‬EJَ 4
ْ ‫ُ ? ا‬W Fُ -%‫َ ا‬0 ‫ُ!ا َر‬%َO َ*+ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
‫ل‬O ?(% S‫ 
 ع ا‬1- 1%39 S‫ ا‬/ ‫!ا‬-#‫ و‬S A#3%‫[!ا ا‬-.‫
!ا " أي أ‬EJ4‫? ا‬W S‫ ا‬0‫!ا ر‬%O *+%‫ " إن ا‬1%39 ‫!ل‬E+
* HX‫& * أ‬W 0W,Y ‫زم‬Y <‫ * أ‬A (4 0W ‫ ي‬3U%‫ ا‬/C JO !‫ أ‬/C JO * ?-4 0W,Y ‫ اح‬%‫ ا‬0W,Y <-f!#%‫ ا‬1-3+ !‫)‡ أ‬L%‫ا‬ 
(%O ,O " ‫
!ا‬EJ4‫? ا‬W S‫ ا‬0‫!ا ر‬%O *+%‫ " إن ا‬/+y‫? ه^ ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬0 - ‫ أ‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬%

* ‫ و‬# * + G *‫ار وا‬mC%‫ ^ وا‬$29 <) <R$0%‫ ( وآا روا^ ا‬- ‫م‬EJ4‫ ا‬,E) ‫!ت‬#+ 1JY (%O *#) ?‫ ه‬7‫ أآ‬2‫? آ‬W ‫س‬X
,C 0W,Y ‫ر‬U *‫ ا‬0W,Y + G *‫ل ا‬O ?W F ‫_س‬2%‫ * ا‬F ‫? * أ‬9Y <‫ وآا روا^ ا* أ‬. F /C JO * ?-4 * ‫_س‬2%‫< ا‬-
F0 S‫< ا‬r‫\ ر‬+,[%‫ ا‬a <‫ أ‬,0 ‫ أت‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫ ان‬# * , 34 * , 34 * 
* ‫ق‬L4‫ ن * أ< إ‬24 0W,Y *#Y %‫ا‬
: ‫ل‬O ‫!د * ه_ل‬4K‫ ا‬w+,Y *
‫? روي‬W T  S ‫ آ!ا‬U+ ?% *+%‫ل ه? ا‬O " ‫
!ا‬EJ4‫? ا‬W S‫ ا‬0‫!ا ر‬%O *+%‫ " إن ا‬/+y‫ه^ ا‬
?W S‫ ا‬0‫!ا " ر‬%E) ‫ل‬O " ‫
!ا‬EJ4‫? ا‬W S‫ ا‬0‫!ا ر‬%O *+%‫ " إن ا‬/+y‫!ن )< ه^ ا‬%!E9 
F0 S‫< ا‬r‫\ ر‬+,[%‫ ا‬a !‫ل أ‬O
,‫ل 
ه‬O ‫ وآا‬. ^ F%‫ إ‬1%‫!ا إ‬J2J-+ ?-) ‫
!ا‬EJ4‫? ا‬W S‫ ا‬0‫!ا ر‬%O A#L#%‫ ا‬1- ^!#J-#Y ,E% ‫ل‬E) VX‫
!ا"
* ذ‬EJ4‫ا‬
‫? * أن‬aL%‫ي * ا‬,E3%‫ ا‬# * 2Y X C.‫< أ‬X‫( ا‬%‫ ا‬S‫ ا‬,C !‫ أ‬0W,Y ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ و‬,Y‫ي و وا‬,$%‫ وا‬/
a‫و‬
‫!ا‬%O *+%‫ " إن ا‬1%39 F%!O ‫ل‬O ‫ ؟‬.‫ أر‬1%39‫رك و‬C9 S‫ب ا‬J‫ )< آ‬/+q ‫ أي‬#(0 S‫< ا‬r‫س ر‬C *‫ ا‬AT4 ‫ل‬O /
a *
‫
!ا‬EJ4‫ل ا‬O ?W C0#%‫ ا‬1- /+y‫ ه^ ا‬F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬# _9 : ‫ه ي‬m%‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬S‫ إ ا‬F%‫ (دة أن  إ‬1- "‫
!ا‬EJ4‫? ا‬W S‫ ا‬0‫ر‬
?W S‫ ا‬0‫!ا ر‬%O " #(0 S‫< ا‬r‫س ر‬C *‫ * ا‬/L-d <‫< * أ‬- ‫ل‬O‫ و‬V%37%‫ و !ا رو ن ا‬+ ?%‫ و‬FJ S S‫وا‬
?W " / %3%‫ل أ! ا‬O‫ و‬/ 
EJ4‫ ا‬0O‫ )رز‬0‫& ر‬X‫(? أ‬-%‫!ل ا‬E+ *$L%‫ل وآن ا‬O ‫دة‬JO ‫ل‬O ‫ وآا‬FNR‫ أداء ) ا‬1- "‫
!ا‬EJ4‫ا‬
F ‫< * أ‬2E7%‫ ن ا‬24 * S‫ ا‬,C * ‫ * ء‬1-3+ 0W,Y ? U‫ ه‬0W,Y ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬. A#3%‫* وا‬+,%‫ ا‬F% ‫[!ا‬-.‫
!ا " أ‬EJ4‫ا‬
" ?EJ4‫? ا‬W S &0
q AO " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ‫ل‬O ‫ك‬,3 ‫ا‬,Y‫ أ‬F0 ‫;ل‬4‫_م  أ‬4n‫< ;
)< ا‬X
S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ ‫ل‬O _G‫أن ر‬
* ,+m+ 0W,Y ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O ?W . F ‫ * ء‬1-3+ * /C3 w+,Y *
<R$0%‫ وروا^ ا‬. FX$% 1%‫< ؟ );و
; إ‬E9‫ أ‬#) &-O 
+ &-O : ‫ل‬O <2E7%‫ ا‬S‫ ا‬,C * ‫ ن‬24 * ‫ي‬, 
s%‫ ا‬m
* *#Y %‫ ا‬,C * ‫< ا* (ب‬0W,Y ,34 * ? ‫ إ اه‬X C.‫هرون أ‬
‫< ؟‬- ‫ف‬o9 
7‫ 
أآ‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ &-O " ?EJ4‫? ا‬W S‫ ر< ا‬AO " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ‫ل‬O F ?[J‫< ;
أ‬0W,Y S‫!ل ا‬4‫ر‬
F ‫ه ي‬m%‫ ا‬w+,Y *
FG
*‫ 
ي وا‬J%‫ا روا^ ا‬a‫ل " ها" وه‬O ?W F$2X ‫ن‬$% ‫?  ف‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬.;)
S‫ ا‬,C * ‫ ن‬24 * F ‫م *  وة * أ‬U‫ ه‬w+,Y *
<R$0%‫ وا‬FL Lf <) ?-$
FG .‫ أ‬,O‫ و‬. Q Lf *$Y ‫ 
ي‬J%‫ل ا‬O‫و‬
" ?EJ4‫? ا‬W S &0
q AO " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ‫ل‬O ‫ك‬,3 ‫ا‬,Y‫ أ‬F0 ‫;ل‬4‫!  أ‬O ‫_م‬4n‫< )< ا‬% AO S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ &-O ‫ل‬O <2E7%‫ا‬
" * -RO ‫!ت‬#%‫ ا‬,0 <03+ F0‫? وا‬-4‫ * أ‬,+‫ي وز‬,$%‫ وا‬,‫ل 
ه‬O " /aR_#%‫ (? ا‬- ‫ل‬m0J9 " 1%39 F%!O‫ و‬. w+,L%‫م ا‬#9 ‫وذآ‬

‫!^
* أ‬#J2-. 
1- "‫!ا‬XmL9 ‫ ة " و‬.y‫
* أ
ا‬F - ‫
!ن‬,E9 #
‫? أي‬-4‫ * أ‬,+‫ وز‬/
a‫ و‬,‫ل 
ه‬O " ‫)!ا‬o9  ‫أن‬
o%‫[!ل ا‬Y‫ و‬U%‫(? هب ا‬X‫ و‬UC ) " ‫ون‬,!9 ?J0‫< آ‬J%‫ ا‬/0% ‫ وا‬U‫ " وأ‬F ) ?a2-oX Xt) *+‫ و 
ل أو د‬A‫ وأه‬,%‫ 
* و‬X,%‫ا‬
V %‫ ا‬,$%‫ )< ا‬/C %‫ وح ا‬%‫( ا‬J+‫< أ‬G .‫
* ا‬g#%‫ وح ا‬% ‫!ل‬E9 /aR_#%‫ل " إن ا‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ اء ر‬C%‫ ا‬w+,Y <) ‫ء‬G #‫وها آ‬
*‫^ ا‬aY ?‫!ره‬CO *
?(G‫ و‬. ‫!م‬+ ?( - ‫ل‬m0J9 /aR_#%‫ إن ا‬A O‫ن" و‬CN ‫ن ورب‬L+‫ روح ور‬1%‫< إ‬G .‫ ا‬F0+ #39 &0‫آ‬
‫ل‬O ‫ن‬# -4 * 23G 0W,Y (
* ‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬,C 0W,Y /‫ أ! زر‬0W,Y : ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ و‬.‫ي‬,$%‫س وا‬C *‫ * ا‬+ G
‫ أن‬0s- ‫ل‬E) ‚O!) " /aR_#%‫ (? ا‬- ‫ل‬m0J9 ‫
!ا‬EJ4‫? ا‬W S‫ ا‬0‫!ا ر‬%O *+%‫Š " إن ا‬- 1JY ‫ة‬,$%‫? ا‬Y ‫!رة‬4 ‫ أ‬O JW &3#4
‫ وا‬U‫ن " وأ‬mL9 ‫‚ و‬o9  F% ‫!ن‬E )  X,%‫ )< ا‬F3
X‫ان آ‬-%‫ن ا‬a-#%‫^ ا‬E-J+ ^ CO *
1%39 S‫ ا‬F73C+ * Y *
g#%‫ ا‬,C3%‫ا‬
*  ‫ ة‬O *
g#-% <‫ إ ه‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ ‫س‬0%‫ ا‬1Uo+ /#  #) F0  E+‫ و‬F)!. 1%39 S‫
* ا‬g ) ‫ل‬O "‫ون‬,!9 ?J0‫< آ‬J%‫ ا‬/0%
<‫ روا^ ا* أ‬w3C+ * Y‫ ^ و‬CO <)‫ و‬F9!
,0 FX‫ و‬UC+ ?-4‫ * أ‬,+‫ل ز‬O‫  و‬X,%‫ )< ا‬F% A#3+ ‫ آن‬#%‫ و‬1%39‫رك و‬C9 S‫ا^ ا‬,‫ ه‬#%
{O‫!ا‬%‫ا وه! ا‬,G *$Y !‫( وه‬-‫!ال آ‬OK‫{ ا‬#+ ‫!ل‬E%‫? وها ا‬9Y.
‫ن‬
َ !ُ,9َ َ
َ( ِ) ْ?aُ %َ‫?ْ َو‬aُ $
ُ ُ2Xْ ‫(ِ< َأ‬Jَ U
ْ 9َ َ
َ( ِ) ْ?aُ %َ‫ِ َ ةِ َو‬.ْ%‫ َ َو)ِ< ا‬Xْ , %‫َ َةِ ا‬L%ْ ‫ َ ُؤ ُآ?ْ )ِ< ا‬%ِْ‫* َأو‬
ُ ْLXَ
?‫ ءآ‬%‫ أو‬0‫* آ‬LX ‫ر‬NJY‫ ا‬,0 * 0
g#-% /aR_#%‫!ل ا‬E9 ‫ ة " أي‬.y‫  و)< ا‬X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫ ؤآ? )< ا‬%‫* أو‬LX " 1%39‫رك و‬C9 F%!O
‫!ر‬CE%‫ )< ا‬/UY!%‫? ا‬a0
HXgX ‫ ة‬.y‫? )< ا‬a3
‫!ن‬aX %‫ وآ‬S‫? ;
ا‬a2LX‫? و‬aE)!X‫دآ? و‬,$X  X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫ءآ? )< ا‬X O ‫أي‬
141

‫و‪ ,0‬ا‪ <) /o20%‬ا‪![%‬ر و‪!+ ?a0
gX‬م ا‪ w3C%‬وا‪!U0%‬ر و‪X‬وز ‪ ?a‬ا‪ [%‬اط ا‪ ? EJ$#%‬و‪ ?a-f!X‬إ‪0G 1%‬ت ا‪ " ? 30%‬و‪
( ) ?a%‬‬
‫‪ <(JU9‬أ‪ " ?a$2X‬أي )< ا‪Jo9 
{ #G *
/0%‬رون
‪ F (JU9 #‬ا‪!20%‬س و‪ F E9‬ا‪! 3%‬ن " و‪!,9 
( ) ?a%‬ن " أي
(‪#‬‬
‫‪ ?JC-d .‬و‪ ?9,G‬و‪ *  NY‬أ‪ ?a+,+‬آ‪ #‬ا‪?9 J.‬‬
‫ ‪!ُ2‬رٍ َر‪?ٍ ِY‬‬
‫ُ‪َ ْ*
ِ ً%ُmX‬‬
‫أي ‪ /) r‬وء وإ‪!2 *
 
3X‬ر ‪ ?a!X%‬ر‪ ?a ? Y‬رءوف ‪ 2 w Y‬و‪ J4‬ور‪ ?Y‬و‪ ‚%‬و‪ ,O‬ذآ ا* أ< ‪ ?9Y‬ه(‪w+,Y 0‬‬
‫‪!4‬ق ا‪ " 1%39 F%!O ,0 /0%‬و‪ <(JU9 
( ) ?a%‬أ‪ ?a$2X‬و‪!,9 
( ) ?a%‬ن ‪!2 *
mX‬ر ر‪E) "? Y‬ل ‪ 0W,Y‬أ< ‪ 0W‬ه‪U‬م‬
‫* ‪#‬ر ‪ ,C 0W‬ا‪ * V CY * , #L%‬أ< ا‪ *+ U3%‬أ< ‪ 0W,Y , 34‬ا‪K‬وزا< ‪$Y <0W,Y‬ن *  ‪ * , 34 * /‬ا‪ V $#%‬أ‪FX‬‬
‫‪ <E%‬أ ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪E) F0 S‬ل أ! ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬أ‪;4‬ل ا‪ S‬أن ‪ <0  {#+‬و ‪!4 <) 0‬ق ا‪E) /0%‬ل ‪ , 34‬أو) (‬
‫‪!4‬ق ؟ )‪E‬ل ‪ ?3X‬أ‪ <X C.‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أن أه‪ A‬ا‪ /0%‬إذا د‪!-.‬ا ) ( ‪!%mX‬ا ‪ AN2‬أ‪g ) ?(%#‬ذن ‪,E
<) ?(%‬ار‬
‫‪!+‬م ا‪ *
/3#%‬أ‪+‬م ا‪m )  X,%‬ورون ا‪ m S‬و‪ AG‬و‪ C+‬ز ‪ F  ?(%‬و‪,CJ+‬ى ‪ <) ?(%‬رو‪ *
/r‬ر‪+‬ض ا‪ /0%‬و‪ 0
?(% {r!+‬‬

* ‪!X‬ر و
‪ g%g% *
0‬و
‪!O+ *
0‬ت و
‪ *
0‬ز ‪ ,G‬و
‪ *
0‬ذه‪ V‬و
‪ /N) *
0‬و‪ H-+‬أد‪X‬ه? و 
) (? د‪<X‬ء‬
‫‪ 1-‬آ‪C7‬ن ا‪ $#%‬وا‪!)a%‬ر 
‪ +‬ون أن أ‪Lf‬ب ا‪ a%‬ا‪O $-
?(0
AN); <4‬ل أ! ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪ + &-O F0 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫وه‪ X A‬ى ر‪ 0‬؟ ‪O‬ل ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?3X " ?-4‬ه‪#J9 A‬رون )< رؤ‪ /+‬ا‪ H#U%‬وا‪ /- % #E%‬ا‪,C%‬ر ؟ " ‪O :  0-O‬ل ‪ 1-f‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪#J9  %a) " ?-4‬رون )< رؤ‪ /+‬ر‪ 1%39 ?a‬و ‪ <) 1EC+‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪ H-#%‬أ‪ ,Y‬إ ‪ ^ rY‬ا‪ rL
S‬ة ‪ 1JY‬إ‪!E % FX‬ل ‪AG -%‬‬

‪_) + ?(0‬ن * )_ن أ‪9‬آ ‪!+‬م ‪ &-#‬آا وآا ‪+ -‬آ ^ ‪, ˆ3C‬را‪ <) F9‬ا‪!E ) -  X,%‬ل أي رب أ)‪ <% 2s9 ?-‬؟ ) ‪!E‬ل ‪1-‬‬
‫)‪ J%m0
&s- <9 2s
/3$C‬ه^ ‪O -‬ل ‪ #0 C) -‬ه? ‪ 1-‬ذ‪ 
;) ?(O!) *
/L4 ?(J U %‬ت ‪,+ ?% C d ?( -‬وا
‪ A7‬ر‪FL+‬‬
‫ ‪O - }O T‬ل ‪!E+ ?W -‬ل ر‪ m 0‬و‪!
!O AG‬ا إ‪ 
1%‬أ‪,‬دت ‪ *
?a%‬ا‪ a%‬ا
‪ /‬و‪.‬وا 
ا‪O ?J (J‬ل )‪F &2Y ,O O!4 <9;0‬‬
‫ا‪ 09 ?% 
( ) /aR_#%‬ا‪! 3%‬ن إ‪ F-7
1%‬و‪ {#$9 ?%‬ا‪y‬ذان و‪ 1- o+ ?%‬ا‪!-E%‬ب ‪O‬ل ) ‪ 
0% A#L‬ا‪C+ H % 0 (J‬ع ) ‪< F‬ء‬
‫و ‪ JU+‬ى و)< ذ‪ %‬ا‪!$%‬ق ‪ 1E-+‬أه‪ A‬ا‪O N3 ?(N3 /0%‬ل ) ‪ ACE‬ا‪ AG %‬ذو ا‪ /%m0#%‬ا‪ *
1E- ) /3 ) %‬ه! دو‪ FX‬و 
) (?‬
‫د‪<X‬ء ) و‪ + 
F‬ى ‪ *
F -‬ا‪C-%‬س )‪ F - A7#J+ 1JY F7+,Y .q <NE0+ #‬أ‪ F0
*$Y‬وذ‪ ,YK <sC0+  FXK %‬أن ‪mL+‬ن‬
‫) (‪ [0X ?W A‬ف إ‪0
1%‬ز‪ XE-J ) 0%‬أزوا‪ CY
*-E ) 0G‬وأه_ ‪ &TG ,E% 0C CL‬وإن 
* ا‪#%‬ل وا‪ V %‬أ)‪) #
AN‬ر‪0JO‬‬
‫‪!E ) F -‬ل إ‪ 0$%G X‬ا‪! %‬م ر‪ 0‬ا‪C%‬ر ‪C9‬رك و‪ 1%39‬و‪ 0EL‬أن ‪ 
A7# V-E0X‬ا‪ . " F 0C-EX‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪
J%‬ي )< ‪ /2f‬ا‪/0%‬‬

* ‪ * ,#L
* F3 
G‬إ‪ * A #4‬ه‪U‬م * ‪#‬ر وروا^ ا* 
‪ * FG‬ه‪U‬م * ‪#‬ر ‪O ?W ^!LX F‬ل ا‪
J%‬ي ها ‪w+,Y‬‬
‫ ‪ F) 3X  V+‬إ
* ها ا‪ . FG!%‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y ,#Y‬ا* أ< ‪,‬ي * ‪ * , #Y‬أ‪ HX‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ *
"?-4‬أ‪E% VY‬ء ا‪ S‬أ‪ VY‬ا‪E% S‬ء^ و
* آ ^ ‪E%‬ء ا‪ S‬آ ^ ا‪E% S‬ء^ " ‪ + 0-O‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬آ‪ ^ aX 0-‬ا‪!#%‬ت ‪O‬ل‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ H % " ?-4‬ذ‪ %‬آ اه ‪ /‬ا‪!#%‬ت و‪ *a%‬ا‪ *
g#%‬إذا ‪G NY‬ء^ ا‪ *
UC%‬ا‪ # 1%39 S‬ه! ‪ Rf‬إ‪< H -) F %‬ء‬
‫أ‪ VY‬إ‪ *
F %‬أن ‪!a+‬ن ‪ <E% ,O‬ا‪ VY;) 1%39 S‬ا‪E% S‬ء^ ‪O‬ل وإن ا‪ G2%‬أو ا‪ )a%‬إذا ‪G NY‬ء^ ‪ #‬ه! ‪ Rf‬إ‪ *
F %‬ا‪ U%‬أو‬
‫‪ *
1E-+ 
.‬ا‪E% ^ a) U%‬ء ا‪ ^ a) S‬ا‪E% S‬ء^" وها ‪ Q Lf w+,Y‬و‪ ,O‬ورد )< ا‪ *
Q L[%‬ها ا‪FG!%‬‬
‫*‬
‫‪َ ِ#-ِ$‬‬
‫* ا ْ‪ْ #ُ %‬‬
‫ ِ‪َ ًLِ%َf Aَ #‬و‪َ َO‬ل ِإ ‪َ
ِ <ِ0X‬‬
‫‪َ ْ*#
ِ ً%ْ!Oَ ُ*$‬دَ ِإ‪ 1َ%‬ا‪َ Fِ -%‬و َ‬
‫‪َ Y‬‬
‫َو َ
*ْ َأ ْ‬
‫‪!E+‬ل ‪ m‬و‪ " AG‬و
* أ‪ *#
!O *$Y‬د إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ " S‬أي د ‪C‬د ا‪ S‬إ‪ " F %‬و‪ L%f A#‬و‪O‬ل إ‪ *
<0X‬ا‪ "* #-$#%‬أي وه!‬
‫)< ‪ F$20% F320) F%!E+ # ,J(
F$2X‬و‪ ^ s%‬زم و
‪ ,3J‬و‪ H %‬ه!
* ا‪
;+ *+%‬ون ‪ 3#%‬وف و ‪ FX!9;+‬و‪!(0+‬ن * ا‪ a0#%‬‬
‫و‪ o% #9;+ A FX!9;+‬و‪ J+‬ك ا‪ U%‬و‪ !,+‬ا‪ \-o%‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪C9 \%o%‬رك و‪ 1%39‬وه^ 
‪ <) /‬آ‪ *
A‬د إ‪ . 1%‬وه! )< ‪F$2X‬‬

(‪ ,J‬ور‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أو‪ 1%‬ا‪0%‬س ‪ %‬آ‪O #‬ل
‪ *+ 4 * ,#L‬وا‪,$%‬ي و‪ ,C‬ا‪ * *#Y %‬ز‪ * ,+‬أ‪ ?-4‬و‪A O‬‬
‫ا‪ #%‬اد ( ا‪g#%‬ذ‪!X‬ن ا‪L-[%‬ء آ‪ " ?-$
Q Lf <) &CW #‬ا‪g#%‬ذ‪!X‬ن أ‪!d‬ل ا‪0%‬س أ‪!+ O0‬م ا‪ "/ 
E%‬و)< ا‪" !)
*0$%‬‬
‫ا‪
n‬م ‪ * 
r‬وا‪g#%‬ذن
‪;) *#9g‬ر‪ ,‬ا‪ S‬ا‪ /#RK‬و ‪g#-% 2‬ذ‪ " * X‬و‪O‬ل ا* أ< ‪ * <- 0W,Y ?9Y‬ا‪* ,#L
0W,Y * $L%‬‬
‫ وة ا‪ (%‬وي ‪$ 0W,Y‬ن ‪ <rO‬ه اة و‪O‬ل أ! زر‪ 0W,Y /‬إ اه ? * ‪#(d‬ن * 
* ا‪ * ,34 * *$L%‬أ< و‪O‬ص‬
‫ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬أ‪O FX‬ل " ‪(4‬م ا‪g#%‬ذ‪ ,0 * X‬ا‪!+ 1%39 S‬م ا‪ / 
E%‬آ‪($‬م ا‪#%‬ه‪ *+,‬وه!  * ا‪K‬ذان وا‪ / 
On‬آ‪<) }LUJ#%‬‬
‫‪ A C4‬ا‪ <) 1%39 S‬د
‪O . F‬ل ‪ :‬و‪O‬ل ا*
‪!3$‬د ر‪ <r‬ا‪ !% F0 S‬آ‪g
&0‬ذ‪ & % 
X‬أن  أ‪ ŽY‬و أ‪ #J‬و أ‪G‬ه‪O ,‬ل و‪O‬ل‬
‫‪ * #‬ا‪o%‬ب ر‪ <r‬ا‪ !% F0 S‬آ‪g
&0‬ذ‪ A#a% X‬أ
ي و 
‪ & %‬أن  أ‪ E% V[JX‬م ا‪ A -%‬و ‪ [%‬م ا‪(0%‬ر ‪ &3#4‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!E+ ?-4‬ل " ا‪ ?(-%‬ا ‪g#-% 2‬ذ‪O " W_W * X‬ل ‪ + &-E) :‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 9 S‬آ‪ 0J‬و‪ 1- ,-JX *LX‬ا‪K‬ذان ‪! $%‬ف ‪O‬ل‬
‫" آ_ ‪ # +‬إ‪ 1- <9; 4 FX‬ا‪0%‬س ز 
ن ‪ J+‬آ!ن ا‪K‬ذان ‪ ?(R23r 1-‬و‪!L% -9‬م ‪ (
Y‬ا‪ m S‬و‪ 1- AG‬ا‪0%‬ر ‪!L%‬م‬
‫ا‪g#%‬ذ‪O " * X‬ل ‪ :‬و‪ /UR &%O‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ (0 1%39 S‬و‪ ?(%‬ه^ ا‪ " /+y‬و
* أ‪ *#
!O *$Y‬د إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ S‬و‪ L%f A#‬و‪O‬ل‬
‫إ‪ *
<0X‬ا‪ !() &%O " * #-$#%‬ا‪g#%‬ذن إذا ‪O‬ل ‪ 1- <Y‬ا‪_[%‬ة )‪ ,E‬د إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ S‬وه‪a‬ا ‪O‬ل ا* ‪ #‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 S‬و‪/
a‬‬
‫إ‪ <) &%mX (X‬ا‪g#%‬ذ‪ * X‬و‪ ,O‬ذآ ا‪!sC%‬ي * أ< أ 

‪ /‬ا‪C%‬ه‪ <-‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬أ‪O FX‬ل )< ‪ m F%!O‬و‪ " AG‬و‪<03+ "L%f A#‬‬
‫‪_f‬ة رآ‪ *  * J3‬ا‪K‬ذان وا‪ ?W / 
On‬أورد ا‪!sC%‬ي ‪ ,C w+,Y‬ا‪ * S‬ا‪ A2s#%‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪F - S‬‬
‫و‪ *  "?-4‬آ‪ A‬أذا‪_f * X‬ة ‪O ?W -‬ل )< ا‪ *#% - /7%7%‬ء " و‪ ,O‬أ‪ FG .‬ا‪ <) /#%‬آ‪ ,C w+,Y *
?(CJ‬ا‪,+  * S‬ة ‪F0‬‬
‫‪142‬‬

1%‫ إ‬F3)‫ ر‬,O ‫!ري  أرا^ إ‬7%‫ل ا‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬%
* HX‫ ة * أ‬O * /+‫و‬3
‫س‬+‫< * أ< إ‬#3%‫ ا‬,+‫!ري * ز‬7%‫ ا‬w+,Y‫و‬
*
?(-‫ آ‬/- -%‫ !م وا‬%‫< )< ا‬R$0%‫ 
ي وا‬J%‫ " وروا^ أ! داود وا‬/ 
On‫ذان وا‬K‫ د  * ا‬+  ‫ء‬,%‫? " ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫ا‬
Q L[%‫ وا‬F HX‫دة * أ‬JO * <# J%‫ن ا‬# -4 w+,Y *
N+‫< أ‬R$0%‫* وروا^ ا‬$Y w+,Y ‫ 
ي ها‬J%‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬F ‫!ري‬7%‫ ا‬w+,Y 
#X‫ذان إ‬K‫ وا‬/ a
(XK / -a% ‫ و‬U
‫ذان‬K‫* ا‬a+ ?% FXt) /+y‫ول ه^ ا‬mX ‫ل‬Y 
;) ?‫ * و)< ه‬X‫ذ‬g#%‫ )< ا‬/ 
/+y‫أن ا‬
S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬1- F[E) F 
0
<) . F0 S‫< ا‬r‫[ري ر‬XK‫ ا‬F‫ ر‬,C * S‫ ا‬,C F+‫ * أر‬Y ‫( ة‬%‫ ا‬,3 /0+,#% ‫ ع‬
‫ل‬O #‫ آ‬/ 
(X‫ إذن أ‬Q L[%) F3r!
<) ‫ ر‬E
!‫ ه‬#‫ آ‬9!f ‫ى‬,X‫ أ‬FXt) F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ _ل ر‬1- F E-+ ‫? );
^ أن‬-4‫ و‬F -
*
<0X‫ل إ‬O‫ و‬L%f A#‫ و‬S‫ ا‬1%‫* د إ‬#
!O *$Y‫ " و
* أ‬/+y‫_ ه^ ا‬9 FX‫[ ي أ‬C%‫* ا‬$L%‫ * ا‬#3
* ‫ زاق‬%‫ ا‬,C 
‫ ود‬F9!‫ )< د‬S‫ب ا‬G‫ أ‬S‫ ا‬1%‫رض إ‬K‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬VY‫ ها أ‬S‫ ة ا‬. ‫ ها‬S‫!ة ا‬2f ‫ ها‬S‫< ا‬%‫ ها و‬S‫ ا‬V CY ‫ل ها‬E) "* #-$#%‫ا‬
S‫ ا‬/2 -. ‫ * ها‬#-$#%‫<
* ا‬0X‫ل إ‬O‫ و‬FJG‫ )< إ‬L%f A#‫ و‬F9!‫
* د‬F ) S‫ب ا‬G‫ 
أ‬1%‫س إ‬0%‫ ا‬.
ٌ? ِ#Y
َ < 
%ِ‫ َو‬Fُ X ;َ‫َا َوةٌ َآ‬,َ Fُ 0َ ْ َ‫ َو‬
َ 0َ ْ َ ‫ِي‬%‫ذَا ا‬tِ)َ *
ُ$
َ ْY‫< َأ‬
َ ‫ِ< ِه‬J%ِ ْ{َ)‫ ا ْد‬/ُ Tَ h $ 
%‫َ ا‬%‫ َو‬/ُ 0َ َ$L
َ %ْ ‫!ِي ا‬Jَ ْ$9َ َ%َ‫و‬
F3)‫  )د‬%‫ء إ‬4‫* " أي
* أ‬$Y‫< ه< أ‬J% {)‫" أي ) ق  ?  * ه^ وه^ " اد‬/T $%‫ و ا‬/0$L%‫!ي ا‬J$9 ‫ " و‬1%39 F%!O
‫ذا‬t) " AG‫ و‬m F%!O‫ و‬. F ) S‫ { ا‬9 ‫ أن‬A7#  ) S‫ ا‬1[ *
&CO 
: F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬# ‫ل‬O #‫ آ‬F %‫ن إ‬$Yn 0 
9)[
1%‫ إ‬F %‫ إ‬/0$L%‫ ا‬-9 F9‫د‬O  %‫ء إ‬4‫
* أ‬1%‫& إ‬0$Y‫\ أي إذا أ‬+,[%‫ ? " وه! ا‬#Y <%‫ و‬FX;‫اوة آ‬, F0 ‫ و‬0  ‫ي‬%‫ا‬ 
%‫ن إ‬$Yn‫  وا‬- /E2U%‫ 
* ا‬%‫ إ‬V+ O ‫ ? أي‬#Y % <%‫ و‬FX;‫[ آ‬+ 1JY  - !0L%‫ وا‬JCL
‫ و‬.
?ٍ َِ ‡
œY
َ ‫ ذُو‬%‫هَ ِإ‬Eَ-+ُ َ
‫ ُوا َو‬Cَ َf *
َ +ِ%‫ ا‬%‫هَ ِإ‬E-َُ+ َ
‫َو‬
1- \U+ FXt) %‫ ذ‬1- Cf *
‫ ( إ‬A#3+‫ و‬/ f!%‫ ه^ ا‬ACE+ 
‫ وا " أي و‬Cf *+%‫ه إ ا‬E-+ 
‫ " و‬AG‫ و‬m ‫ل‬O
‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬/L-d <‫< * أ‬- ‫ل‬O ‫ ة‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫دة )< ا‬3$%‫ وا)
* ا‬V [X ‫‡  ? " أي ذو‬Y ‫ه إ ذو‬E-+ 
‫!س" و‬20%‫ا‬
S‫(? ا‬#[ %‫!ا ذ‬-3) ‫ذا‬t) ‫ءة‬4n‫ ا‬,0 !23%‫ وا‬A(%‫ ا‬,0 ?-L%‫ وا‬VNs%‫ ا‬,0 C[% * 0
g#%‫ ا‬S‫ أ
ا‬: /+y‫ ه^ ا‬$29 <)
? #Y <%‫ و‬FX;‫وه? آ‬, ?(% {N.‫ ن و‬U%‫
* ا‬. 
‫ُ!ا‬#‫َـ‬EJَ 4
ْ ‫? ا‬Wُ Fُ -%‫َ ا‬0‫ُ!اْ َر‬%َO *
َ +ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬6
(Verily, those who say: "Our Lord is Allah,'' and then they stand firm,) means, they do good
deeds sincerely for the sake of Allah, and they obey Allah, doing what Allah has prescribed for
them. Ibn Jarir recorded that Sa`id bin `Imran said, "I read this Ayah to Abu Bakr As-Siddiq,
may Allah be pleased with him:
6ْ‫ُ!ا‬#‫َـ‬EJَ 4
ْ ‫? ا‬Wُ Fُ -%‫َ ا‬0 ‫ُ!اْ َر‬%َO َ*+ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, those who say: "Our Lord is Allah,'' and then they stand firm,) He said, `Those are
the ones who do not associate anything with Allah.''' Then he reported a narration of AlAswad bin Hilal, who said, "Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, said, `What
do you say about this Ayah: 
‫ُ!ا‬#‫َـ‬EJَ 4
ْ ‫? ا‬Wُ Fُ -%‫َ ا‬0‫ُ!اْ َر‬%َO *
َ +ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬6 (Verily, those who say: "Our Lord is Allah,'' and then they stand
firm,)' They said:
6ْ‫ُ!ا‬#‫َـ‬EJَ 4
ْ ‫ ? ا‬Wُ Fُ -%‫َ ا‬0 ‫ َر‬
("Our Lord is Allah,'' and then they stand firm,) `They shun sin.' He said, `You have not
interpreted it improperly.' They say: `Our Lord is Allah, then they stand firm and do not turn
to any other god besides Him. ''' This was also the view of Mujahid, `Ikrimah, As-Suddi and
others. Ahmad recorded that Sufyan bin `Abdullah Ath-Thaqafi said, "I said, `O Messenger
of Allah, tell me something that I can adhere to.' He said:
«?ِEJَ 4
ْ ‫ ? ا‬Wُ ،ُS‫< ا‬
َ h ‫ َر‬:ْAOُ »
143

(Say, my Lord is Allah, then stand firm.) I said, `O Messenger of Allah, what do you fear most
for me' The Messenger of Allah took hold of the edge of his tongue and said,
«‫»هَا‬
(This is.)'' This was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah; At-Tirmidhi said, "Hasan
Sahih.'' Muslim also recorded it in his Sahih, and An-Nasa'i recorded that Sufyan bin
`Abdullah Ath-Thaqafi said, "I said, `O Messenger of Allah, tell me something about Islam
that I will not have to ask anyone about it after you.' He said:
«?ِEَJ4
ْ ‫ ? ا‬Wُ ِSِ &
ُ 0ْ
َ q :ْAُO»
(Say: I believe in Allah, then stand firm.)'' -- then he mentioned the rest of the Hadith. 
/َaTِ ‫َـ‬-#َ %ْ ‫ ْ ِ( ُ? ا‬-َ
َ ‫ ُل‬m0َ Jَ 9َ 6 (on them the angels will descend). Mujahid, As-Suddi, Zayd bin Aslam and
his Zayd's6 son said, "This means, at the time of death, and they will say, 
‫َ)ُ!ا‬o9َ  ‫َأ‬6 (Fear not). '' Mujahid, `Ikrimah and Zayd bin Aslam said, "This means not to fear
"that which you will face in the Hereafter.'' 
‫ُ!ا‬Xmَ ْL9َ َ ‫ َو‬6 (nor grieve!) `for what you have left behind of worldly things, children, family,
wealth and debt, for we will take care of it for you.' 
‫ُون‬,
َ !ُ9 ْ?Jُ 0ُ‫ آ‬1ِJ%‫ ا‬/ِ 0
َ %ْ ِ ْ‫ ُوا‬U
ِ ْ ‫ َوَأ‬6 (But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been
promised!) So they give glad tidings of the end of bad things and the arrival of good things.
This is like what is said in the Hadith narrated by Al-Bara', may Allah be pleased with him:
‫ن َورَب‬
ٍ َL+ْ َ‫ح َور‬
ٍ ‫ رَ ْو‬1%ِ‫ِ< إ‬G ُ .
ْ ‫ ا‬،ُF0َ +ِ #ُ 3ْ َ9 &
ِ 0ْ ‫ ُآ‬V
ِ h  
%‫ِ ا‬,$
َ َ%ْ ‫ )ِ< ا‬/ُ Cَ ‫ـ‬h  
%‫ح ا‬
ُ ‫ و‬%‫(َ ا‬Jُ + ‫ِ< َأ‬G ُ .
ْ ‫ ا‬:*
ِ
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫ح ا‬
ِ ‫ِ ُو‬% ‫ُ! ُل‬E9َ /َ aَ Rِ َ-#َ %ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
«‫َن‬CN
ْ َ ِ ْ
َ
(The angels say to the soul of the believer, "Come out, O good soul from the good body in
which you used to dwell, come out to rest, and provision and a Lord Who is not angry.'') It
was said that the angels will come down to them on the Day when they are brought out of
their graves. Zayd bin Aslam said, "They will give him glad tidings when he dies, in his grave,
and when he is resurrected.'' This was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim, and this view reconciles all
the opinions; it is a good view and it is true.
6ِ‫ َة‬.
ِ  ‫ ا‬1ِ)‫ َ َو‬Xْ , %‫ َ!ةِ ا‬L
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ?‫ َ ُؤ ُآ‬%ِْ‫*ُ َأو‬L
ْ Xَ 
(We have been your friends in the life of this world and are (so) in the Hereafter. ) means, the
angels will say to the believers when death approaches: "We have been your friends, i.e., your
close companions, in this world, protecting you and helping you by the command of Allah, and
we will be with you in the Hereafter, keeping you from feeling lonely in your graves and when
the Trumpet is blown; we will reassure you on the Day of Resurrection and will take you
across the Sirat and bring you to the Gardens of delight.'' 
?ُa$
ُ ُ2Xَ‫ أ‬1ِ(Jَ U
ْ 9َ َ
َ( ِ) ْ?aُ %َ‫ َو‬6 (Therein you shall have (all) that your souls desire,) means, `in Paradise
you will have all that you wish for and that will delight you.' 
‫ُ!ن‬, 9َ َ
َ( ِ) ْ?aُ %َ‫ َو‬6 (and therein you shall have (all) for which you ask.) means, `whatever you
144

ask for, it will appear before you as you wish it to be.' 
? ِY‫ُ! ٍر ر‬2
َ ْ*
h ً mُ ُX 6 (An entertainment from the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) means, `a
welcoming gift and a blessing from the One Who has forgiven your sins and Who is Merciful
and Kind towards you, Who has forgiven you, concealed your faults and been Kind and
Merciful.' 
F-%‫ ا‬1َ%‫* َدَ ِإ‬#
h ً ْ!َO *
ُ$
َ ْY‫ َو َ
*ْ َأ‬6 (And who is better in speech than he who invites to Allah,) means,
he calls the servants of Allah to Him.
6َ* ِ#-ِ$
ْ #ُ %ْ ‫ ِ
*َ ا‬1ِ0X‫َلَ ِإ‬O‫ً َو‬Lِ-‫َـ‬f Aَ #ِ 
َ ‫ َو‬
(and does righteous deeds, and says: "I am one of the Muslims.'') means, he himself follows
that which he says, so it benefits him as well as others. He is not one of those who enjoin good
but do not do it themselves, or who forbid evil yet they do it themselves. He does good and
avoids doing evil, and he calls people to their Creator, may He be blessed and exalted. This is
general in meaning and applies to everyone who calls people to what is good and is himself
guided by what he says. The Messenger of Allah is the foremost among people in this regard,
as Muhammad bin Sirin, As-Suddi and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said. It was also
said that what was meant here is the righteous Mu'adhdhin, as it was mentioned in Sahih
Muslim:
«/َ 
َ Eِ %ْ ‫َ!ْ َم ا‬+ ًOَ0
ْ ‫س َأ‬
ِ 0%‫ َ! ُل ا‬d
ْ َ‫ُ!نَ أ‬X‫ذ‬h َg#ُ %ْ ‫( »ا‬The Mu'adhdhins will be the ones with the longest necks on
the Day of Resurrection.)'' In As-Sunan it is reported that the Prophet said:
«* ِXh‫ذ‬gَ #ُ -ْ %ِ َ 2َ
َ ‫ َو‬/َ # Rِ َ;%ْ ‫ ا‬S
ُ ‫َ ا‬,
َ ْ‫ َ)َ;ر‬،ٌ*#َ 9َ ْg
ُ ‫ن‬
ُ ‫ذ‬h gَ #ُ %ْ ‫ وَا‬،ٌ*
ِ َr ُ‫
َم‬tِْ%‫»ا‬
(The Imam is a guarantor and the Mu'adhdhin is in a position of trust. May Allah guide the
Imams and forgive the Mu'adhdhin.)'' The correct view is that the Ayah is general in
meaning, and includes the Mu'adhdhin and others. When this Ayah was revealed, the Adhan
had not been prescribed at all. The Ayah was revealed in Makkah, and the Adhan was
prescribed in Al-Madinah after the Hijrah, when it was shown to `Abdullah bin `Abd Rabbihi
Al-Ansari in a dream. He told the Messenger of Allah about it, and he told him to teach it to
Bilal, may Allah be pleased with him, who had a more beautiful voice, as we have discussed
elsewhere. So the correct view is that the Ayah is general in meaning, as `Abdur-Razzaq said,
narrating from Ma`mar, from Al-Hasan Al-Basri, who recited this Ayah:
6 َ* ِ#ِ-$
ْ ُ#%ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ 1ِ0X‫َ َل ِإ‬O‫ً َو‬Lِ-‫َـ‬f Aَ #ِ 
َ ‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫ ا‬1َ%‫* َدَ ِإ‬#
h ً ْ!Oَ *
ُ َ$ْY‫ َو َ
*ْ َأ‬
(And who is better in speech than he who invites to Allah, and does righteous deeds, and says:
"I am one of the Muslims.'') and said, "This is the beloved of Allah, this is the close friend of
Allah, this is the chosen one of Allah, this is the most beloved of the all the people of earth to
Allah. He responded to the call of Allah and called mankind to that to which he had
responded. He did righteous deeds in response and said, `I am one of the Muslims.' This is
Allah's Khalifah.'' 
/َTh $ 
%‫ َو َ ا‬/ُ 0َ $
َ L
َ %ْ ‫َ!ِى ا‬J$
ْ 9َ َ ‫ َو‬6 (The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal.) means, there is a
huge difference between them. 
*َ$Y
ْ ‫َ َأ‬1‫ ِه‬1ِJ%ِ ْ{َ)ْ‫اد‬6 (Repel (the evil) with one which is better,) means, `when someone does you
145

wrong, repel him by treating him well,' as `Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "There
is no better punishment for one who has disobeyed Allah with regard to you, than your
obeying Allah with regard to him.'' 
? ِ#Y
َ 1 
ِ%‫ َو‬Fُ X ;ََ‫َا َوةٌ آ‬,
َ Fُ 0َ ْ َ ‫َ َو‬0َ ْ َ ‫ِى‬%‫ذَا ا‬tَِ)6 (then verily he, between whom and you there was enmity,
(will become) as though he was a close friend.) means, `if you treat well those who treat you
badly, this good deed will lead to reconciliation, love and empathy, and it will be as if he is a
close friend to you and he will feel pity for you and be kind to you.' Then Allah says: 
‫ ُوا‬Cَ f
َ َ*+ِ%‫هَ ِإ  ا‬E-َ+ُ َ
‫ َو‬6 (But none is granted it except those who are patient) meaning, no one
accepts this advice and works according to it, except for those who can be patient in doing so,
for it is difficult for people to do.
6ٍ? ِ
َ ‡
h َY ‫هَ ِإ  ذُو‬E-َُ+ َ
‫ َو‬
(and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion) means, the one who has a great
portion of happiness in this world and in the Hereafter. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn
`Abbas explained this Ayah: "Allah commands the believers to be patient when they feel
angry, to be forbearing when confronted with ignorance, and to forgive when they are
mistreated. If they do this, Allah will save them from the Shaytan and subdue their enemies to
them until they become like close friends.''
6ِF-%ِ ْ3ِ Jَ 4
ْ َ) ٌ‫ْغ‬mXَ ِ*‫ ْ َـ‬U 
%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ َ0
َ mَ 0َ +َ 
‫ َوِإ‬
(And if an evil whisper from Shaytan tries to turn you away, then seek refuge in Allah.)
means, the devils among men may be deceived by your kind treatment of him, but the devils
among the Jinn, when they insinuate their evil whispers, cannot be dealt with except by
seeking refuge with the Creator Who gave him power over you. If you seek refuge with Allah
and turn to Him, He will stop him from harming you and bring his efforts to naught. When
the Messenger of Allah stood up to pray, he would say:
«Fِ7ْ2Xَ َ‫ و‬Fِ o
ِ 2ْ Xَ َ‫ ِ^ و‬mِ #ْ ‫ ِ
*ْ َه‬،ِ? ِG  %‫ ْ َنِ ا‬U 
%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ?ِ ِ-3َ %ْ ‫ِ ِ{ ا‬#$ 
%‫ ا‬S
ِ ِ ُ‫( »َأُ!ذ‬I seek refuge in Allah the All-Hearing,
All-Knowing, from the accursed Shaytan and his evil insinuations, breath and impurity.)'' We
have already stated that there is nothing like this in the Qur'an, apart from the passage in
Surat Al-A`raf, where Allah says: 
? ِ-َ ٌ{ ِ#4
َ Fُ X ‫ ِإ‬Fِ -%ِ ْ3ِ Jَ 4
ْ َ) ٌ‫ْغ‬mَX *
ِ ‫ ْ َـ‬U 
%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ 
َ 0
َ mَ 0َ +َ 
‫ َوِإ‬- َ* ِ-(ِ ‫َـ‬%ْ ‫* ا‬
ِ
َ ‫ُ ْ فِ َوَأْ ِض‬3%ْ ِ ْ
ُ ‫ْ َ! َو ْأ‬23َ %ْ ‫ُ ِ ا‬. 6 (Show
forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish. And if an evil whisper comes
to you from Shaytan, then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower.)
(7:199-200) and the passage in Surat Al-Mu'minun where Allah says: 
‫ ُون‬N
ُ L
ْ +َ ‫ب أَن‬
h ‫ َر‬
َ ِ ُ‫ َوَأُ!ذ‬- ِ* ِ‫ ـ‬U%‫ت ا‬
ِ ‫َا‬mَ#‫ ِ
*ْ َه‬
َ ِ ‫ب َأُ! ُذ‬
h ‫ْ ر‬AُO‫ َو‬- َ‫ُ!ن‬2[
ِ +َ َ#ِ ُ?-َْ‫* َأ‬
ُL
ْ Xَ /َ Tَ h $ 
%‫* ا‬
ُ$
َ Y
ْ ‫ َأ‬1
َ ‫ ِه‬1ِJ%ِ ْ{َ)ْ‫ اد‬6
(Repel evil with that which is better. We are Best-Acquainted with the things they utter. And
say: "My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings of the Shayatin. And I seek
refuge with You, My Lord! lest they should come near me.'') (23:96-98)

146

26. QS Az Zumar 39 : 61
- ‫ُ!ن‬Xmَ ْL+َ ْ?‫! ُء َو َ ُه‬$%‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬$ 
#َ +َ َ ْ?(ِ 9ِ َ‫َز‬2#َ ِ ْ‫َ!ْا‬E9 ‫* ا‬
َ +ِ%‫ ا‬Fُ -%‫ ا‬1hَ0+ُ َ‫ و‬6
39:61. Dan Allah menyelamatkan orang-orang yang bertakwa karena kemenangan mereka,
mereka tiada disentuh oleh azab (neraka dan tidak pula) mereka berduka cita.
(61. And Allah will deliver those who have Taqwa to their places of success. Evil shall touch
them not, nor shall they grieve.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
‫ن‬
َ !ُXmَ ْL+َ ْ?‫َ ُه‬%‫! ُء َو‬$%‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬$ 
#َ +َ َ% ْ?(ِ 9ِ ‫َ َز‬2#َ ِ ‫َ!ْا‬E9 ‫*َ ا‬+ِ%‫ ا‬Fُ -%‫< ا‬hَ0+ُ ‫َو‬
‫!ء " أي‬$%‫(? ا‬$#+  " S‫ ا‬,0 ‫!ز‬2%‫دة وا‬3$%‫(?
* ا‬% \C4 # ‫(? " أي‬9‫ز‬2# ‫!ا‬E9‫* ا‬+%‫ ا‬S‫< ا‬0+‫ " و‬1%39‫رك و‬C9 F%!O‫و‬
. A‫!ن آ‬-RX  A‫!ن * آ‬YmYm
‫ع‬m) A‫!ن
* آ‬0
q ?‫ ه‬A C‫آ‬K‫ع ا‬m2%‫(? ا‬XmL+ ‫!ن " أي و‬XmL+ ?‫ " و ه‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ .

6ْ?(ِ ِ9‫َ َز‬2#َ ِ ْ‫َ!ْا‬E9 ‫*َ ا‬+ِ%‫ ا‬Fُ -%‫ ا‬1h0َ +ُ ‫ َو‬
(And Allah will deliver those who are those who have Taqwa to their places of success.) means,
because of what Allah has decreed for them of happiness and victory.
6ُ‫!ء‬$%‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬$ 
#َ +َ َ 
(Evil shall touch them not, ) means, on the Day of Resurrection.
6َ‫ُ!ن‬Xmَ ْL+َ ْ?‫ َو َ ُه‬
(nor shall they grieve.) means, the greater terror (of that Day) will not cause them grief, for
they will be safe from all grief and removed from all evil, and they will attain all that is good.

147

27. QS A Z - Z U M A R 39:73-75

َ*+ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. َ‫ُ!ه‬-ُ.ْ‫?ْ )َد‬Jُ ْCِd ْ?‫ُـ‬a ْ -َ
َ ٌ?‫َـ‬-4
َ َ(Jُ Xَ mَ َ. ْ?(ُ َ% ‫َ َل‬O‫َ&ْ َأ ْ!َ ُ(َ َو‬LJِ )ُ ‫َءُوهَ َو‬G ‫ ِإذَا‬1JY
َ ‫ زُ
َ ًا‬/ِ 0 
َ %ّ‫ ا‬1َ%‫!ْاْ َر ُ(?ْ ِإ‬Eَ 9‫*َ ا‬+ِ%‫\ ا‬
َ ِ4‫ َو‬
- * ِ-ِ#‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ْ ُ ا‬G‫?َ َأ‬3ْ 0ِ )َ ‫َ ُء‬UXَ w
ُ ْ Y
َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ‫ !ُأ‬Cَ Jَ Xَ َ‫َ ا رْض‬0َW‫^ُ َوَأوْ َر‬,َ 
ْ ‫َ َو‬0َO,َ f
َ ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ُ,#ْ ‫َـ‬L%ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬%‫َـ‬O‫ َو‬6 
* ِ#-َ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ب ا‬
h ‫ َر‬Fِ -%ِ ُ,#ْ L
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aَ ِO‫\ َو‬
h َL%ْ ِ ْ?(ُ 0َ ْ َ 1
َ ِNOُ ‫ ِ(?ْ َو‬h ‫ِ َر‬,#ْ L
َ ِ َ‫ُ!ن‬LCh $
َ +ُ ‫ش‬
ِ ْ 3َ %ْ ‫!ْ ِل ا‬Y
َ ْ*
ِ *
َ h)َY /َ aَ Tِ ‫َـ‬-#َ %ْ ‫ َى ا‬9َ َ‫ و‬6
39:73. Dan orang-orang yang bertakwa kepada Tuhannya dibawa ke dalam surga
berombong-rombongan (pula). Sehingga apabila mereka sampai ke surga itu sedang pintupintunya telah terbuka dan berkatalah kepada mereka penjaga-penjaganya: "Kesejahteraan
(dilimpahkan) atasmu, berbahagialah kamu! maka masukilah surga ini, sedang kamu kekal
di dalamnya".
39:74. Dan mereka mengucapkan: "Segala puji bagi Allah yang telah memenuhi janji-Nya
kepada kami dan telah (memberi) kepada kami tempat ini sedang kami (diperkenankan)
menempati tempat dalam surga di mana saja yang kami kehendaki." Maka surga itulah
sebaik-baik balasan bagi orang-orang yang beramal.
39:75. Dan kamu (Muhammad) akan melihat malaikat-malaikat berlingkar di sekeliling
Arasy bertasbih sambil memuji Tuhannya; dan diberi putusan di antara hamba-hamba Allah
dengan adil dan diucapkan: "Segala puji bagi Allah, Tuhan semesta alam".
(73. And those who had Taqwa will be led to Paradise in groups till when they reach it, and its
gates will be opened and its keepers will say: "Salam `Alaykum (peace be upon you)! You
have done well, so enter here to abide therein forever.'')
(74. And they will say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah Who has fulfilled His promise
to us and has made us inherit the land. We can dwell in Paradise where we will; how excellent
a reward for the workers!'')
(75. And you will see the angels surrounding the Throne from all round, glorifying the praises
of their Lord. And they will be judged with truth. And it will be said, "All the praises and
thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exits.'')
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
َ*+ِ,ِ%َ. َ‫ُ!ه‬-ُ.ْ‫?ْ )َد‬Jُ ْCِd ْ?aُ ْ -ََ ٌ‫َم‬-4
َ َ(Jُ Xَ mَ َ. ْ?(ُ َ% ‫َ َل‬O‫َ&ْ َأ ْ!َا ُ(َ َو‬LJِ )ُ ‫َءُوهَ َو‬G ‫ ِإذَا‬1JY
َ ‫ زُ َ
ًا‬/ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1َ%‫!ْا َر ُ( ْ? ِإ‬Eَ 9‫*َ ا‬+ِ%‫\ ا‬
َ ِ4َ‫و‬
‫ !ن‬E#%‫ ا‬: /#G ,3 /#G ‫ " ز
ا " أي‬/0%‫ ا‬1%‫ا إ‬,)‫ و‬VR0%‫ ا‬1- ‫!ن‬O$+ * Y * 0
g#%‫اء ا‬,3$%‫ل ا‬Y * ‫ر‬C.‫وها إ‬
{
‫اء‬,(U%‫(? وا‬%a‫!ن
{ أ‬E+,[%‫ ء وا‬CXK‫ ء
{ ا‬CXK‫ ا‬: ?(C40+ *
{
/2Rd A‫(? آ‬X!-+ *+%‫? ا‬W ?(X!-+ *+%‫? ا‬W ‫ ار‬K‫? ا‬W
‫ أ!اب‬1%‫!ا إ‬-f‫ءوه " أي و‬G ‫ إذا‬1JY " N3 (N3 V409 ‫ ز
ة‬A‫‚ آ‬0f {
‚0f A‫(? وآ‬X‫ ا‬O‫ء
{ أ‬#-3%‫ ا(? وا‬r‫أ‬
‫!ا أذن‬EX‫ إذا ه!ا و‬1JY  X,%‫(? )< ا‬0  &X‫? آ‬%
?(% JO) ‫ر‬0%‫ وا‬/0%‫ ة  * ا‬0O 1- ‫!ا‬$CY ‫[ اط‬%‫ 
وزة ا‬,3 /0%‫ا‬
‫!ل‬.,%‫(? )< ا‬% ‫;ذن‬J$+ *# ) ‫وروا‬U9 /0%‫ أ!اب ا‬1%‫(!ا إ‬JX‫ * إذا ا‬0
g#%‫[!ر أن ا‬%‫ ا‬w+,Y <) ‫ ورد‬,O‫ و‬/0%‫!ل ا‬.‫(? )< د‬%
S‫ ا‬1%‫(? إ‬2UJ4‫ ا‬,0 ‫ت‬f 3%‫!ا )< ا‬-3) #‫ * آ‬3#G‫ (? أ‬-‫ا و‬,#L
?W 1$  ?W 14!
?W ? ‫? إ اه‬W Y!X ?W ‫دم‬q ‫ون‬,[E )
Q Lf <) &CW ,O‫( و‬-‫* آ‬d‫!ا‬#%‫ )< ا‬UC%‫ ا‬R4 1- ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ,#L
‫ (  ف‬% ‫ء‬NE%‫ ا‬A[2% <9;+ ‫ أن‬AG‫ و‬m
‫ أول‬X‫? " وأ‬-$#% ‡2% <)‫ " و‬/0%‫ { )< ا‬2 ‫ أول‬X‫? " أ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬HX‫? * أ‬-$

‫!ل‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬%
* HX‫& * أ‬W * ‫ن‬# -4 0W,Y ?‫ ه‬0W,Y ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬. " /0%‫ ع ب ا‬E+ *

‫!ل  أ
ت أن‬E ) - ‫ل‬O - ,#L
‫!ل‬O;) ‫& ؟‬X‫زن
* أ‬o%‫!ل ا‬E ) QJ2J4;) / 
E%‫!م ا‬+ /0%‫< ب ا‬9q " ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫ا‬
148

‫ أ)‪ " -CO ,YK QJ‬وروا^
‪ # * ?-$‬و *
‪ ,#L‬ا‪ ,O0%‬وزه * ‪ Y‬ب آ_ه‪ * #‬أ< ا‪ N0%‬ه? * ا‪# -4 * ?4E%‬ن‬
‫وه! ا* ا‪ s#%‬ة ا‪ * &W * <$ E%‬أ‪ HX‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ . F F0 S‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ ,C 0W,Y ,#Y‬ا‪ %‬زاق ‪ * #3
0W,Y‬ه‪#‬م *‬

‪ * FC0‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬أول ز
ة ‪ Ž-9‬ا‪!f /0%‬ره? ‪!f 1-‬رة ا‪ #E%‬‬
‫‪ /- %‬ا‪,C%‬ر  ‪!E[C+‬ن ) ( و ‪!oJ#+‬ن ) ( و ‪!d!sJ+‬ن ) ( ‪ ?(J Xq‬وأ
‪ ?(dU‬ا‪%‬ه‪ V‬وا‪ /N2%‬و 

ه? ا‪!%K‬ة ور‪?(L‬‬
‫ا‪ $#%‬و‪ Aa%‬وا‪ ?(0
,Y‬زو‪JG‬ن ‪ +‬ى
 ‪ *
#(O4‬وراء ا‪ *
?L-%‬ا‪  *$L%‬ا‪_J.‬ف  ‪ ?(0‬و ‪ V-O 1- ?(!-O ˆ C9‬وا‪,Y‬‬
‫‪!LC$+‬ن ا‪ a 1%39 S‬ة و‪ "  U‬وروا^ ا‪oC%‬ري *
‪ * A9E
* ,#L‬ا* ا‪C#%‬رك وروا^
‪ * ,#L
* ?-$‬را){ * ‪,C‬‬
‫ا‪ %‬زاق آ_ه‪04t #3
* #‬د^ ‪ ^!LX‬وآا روا^ أ! ا‪Xm%‬د * ا‪ K‬ج * أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪ * F0 1%39 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ . ?-4‬و‪O‬ل ا‪ ‡)L%‬أ! ‪ 0W,Y 1-3+‬أ! ‪# * + G 0W,Y /#7 .‬رة * ا‪E3E%‬ع * أ< زر‪ * /‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة‬
‫ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬أول ز
ة ‪!-.,+‬ن ا‪!f 1- /0%‬رة ا‪ /- % #E%‬ا‪,C%‬ر وا‪?(X!-+ *+%‬‬
‫‪!r 1-‬ء أ‪ ,‬آ!آ‪ V‬دري )< ا‪#$%‬ء إ‪r‬ءة  ‪!%!C+‬ن و ‪!d!sJ+‬ن و ‪!-2J+‬ن و ‪!oJ#+‬ن أ
‪ ?(dU‬ا‪%‬ه‪ V‬ور‪?(L‬‬
‫ا‪ $#%‬و 

ه? ا‪!%K‬ة وأزوا‪ ?(G‬ا‪!L%‬ر ا‪ * 3%‬أ‪ \-. 1- ?(O_.‬ر‪ AG‬وا‪!f 1- ,Y‬رة أ (? ‪q‬دم ‪!J4‬ن ذرا )< ا‪#$%‬ء " ‪.‬‬
‫وأ‪ ^G .‬أ‪ . + G w+,Y *
N+‬و‪O‬ل ا‪m%‬ه ي * ‪ * , 34‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪ * F0 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل‬
‫" ‪ A.,+‬ا‪ *
/0%‬أ
‪ <J‬ز
ة ه? ‪!3C4‬ن أ‪<N9 2%‬ء و‪!G‬ه(? إ‪r‬ءة ا‪ /- % #E%‬ا‪,C%‬ر " )‪E‬م ‪E) *[L
* /a‬ل ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ S‬ادع ا‪ S‬أن ‪E) ?(0
<0-3+‬ل " ا‪ ?(-%‬ا‪O ?W " ?(0
F-3G‬م ر‪ *
AG‬ا‪[XK‬ر )‪E‬ل ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬ادع ا‪ 1%39 S‬أن ‪<0-3+‬‬

‪E) ?(0‬ل ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " /a ( EC4 " ?-4‬أ‪ ^G .‬و‪ ,O‬روى ها ا‪ <) - w+,L%‬ا‪ * 3C$%‬أ‪!-.,+ 2%‬ن ا‪ s /0%‬‬
‫‪$Y‬ب ‪ -‬ا‪oC%‬ري و
‪ * ?-$‬ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 1%39 S‬و‪ ,C * G‬ا‪ S‬و‪ #‬ان * ‪ * [Y‬وا*
‪!3$‬د ور)‪* /‬‬
‫ ا‪ /‬ا‪ <0(%‬وأم ‪ *[L
&0 H O‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ ?(0 S‬و‪ * #(%‬أ< ‪Y‬زم * ‪ ,34 * A(4‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 1%39 S‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " ‪ *-., %‬ا‪ *
/0%‬أ
‪!3C4 <J‬ن أ‪ 2%‬أو ‪ /R#3C4‬أ‪ A.,+ 1JY ˆ3C ?(N3 .q ‚%‬أو‪ ?(%‬و‪ .q‬ه?‬
‫ا‪ /0%‬و‪!G‬ه(? ‪!f 1-‬رة ا‪ /- % #E%‬ا‪,C%‬ر " ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل أ! ‪ * a‬أ<  ‪ 0W,Y /C‬إ‪  * A #4‬ش *
‪ * ,#L‬ز‪+‬د ‪O‬ل‬
‫‪ &3#4‬أ أ 

‪ /‬ا‪C%‬ه‪ <-‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪!E+ F0 S‬ل ‪ &3#4‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!E+ ?-4‬ل " و‪ <X,‬ر< ‪ m‬و‪ AG‬أن ‪A.,+‬‬
‫ا‪ *
/0%‬أ
‪ * 3C4 <J‬أ‪ {
2%‬آ‪ A‬أ‪!3C4 ‚%‬ن أ‪$Y  2%‬ب ‪ ?( -‬و اب و‪_W‬ث ‪ 7Y‬ت
* ‪ 7Y‬ت ر< ‪ m‬و‪ " AG‬وآا‬
‫روا^ ا‪!2f * ?-$
* , %!%‬ان * ‪ #‬و * ‪ * 
* ? aY‬أ< ا‪# %‬ن 
* ‪ ,C‬ا‪ * 1 L+ * S‬أ< أ 

‪ /‬وروا^‬
‫ا‪ C%‬ا‪ ,C * /0  * <X‬ا‪ {
?W " <#-$%‬آ‪ A‬أ‪ * 3C4 ‚%‬أ‪ " 2%‬و‪ +‬وى
‪!W * F-7‬ن وأ< ‪ , 34‬ا‪#XK‬ري و‪! F%‬اه‪*
,‬‬
‫و‪ ^!G‬آ‪ 7‬ة و‪ 1JY " 1%39 F%!O‬إذا ‪G‬ءوه و)‪ &LJ‬أ!ا( و‪O‬ل ‪_4 (JXm. ?(%‬م ‪) ?JCd ?a -‬د‪!-.‬ه ‪+ ?% " *+,%.‬آ ‬
‫ا‪!%‬اب ه(‪ 0‬و‪ 1JY ^ +,E9‬إذا ‪G‬ءوه وآ‪ &X‬ه^ ا‪!
K‬ر
* )‪ QJ‬ا‪!K‬اب ‪ ?(%‬إآ ا 
و‪ # 39‬و‪ ?(JE-9‬ا‪ /aR_#%‬ا‪UC% /Xmo%‬رة‬
‫وا‪_$%‬م وا‪07%‬ء آ‪ 1E-9 #‬ا‪ / Xm%‬ا‪ 2a%‬ة ‪ V+ 7J%‬وا‪ ^ +,EJ) V X;J%‬إذا آن ها ‪,34‬وا و‪!d‬ا و‪ 4‬وا و) ‪!Y‬ا ‪,E‬ر آ‪!a+ 
A‬ن‬
‫‪ ? 3X F ) ?(%‬وإذا ‪Y‬ف ا‪!%‬اب ه(‪ 0‬ذه‪ V‬ا‪%‬ه* آ‪
A‬ه‪ <) V‬ا‪G %‬ء وا‪ A
K‬و
* ز? أن ا‪!%‬او )< ‪C9 F%!O‬رك و‪" 1%39‬‬
‫و)‪ &LJ‬أ!ا( " واو ا‪ / X#7%‬وا‪,J4‬ل ‪ 1- F‬أن أ!اب ا‪ ,E) / X#W /0%‬أ‪ ,3‬ا‪ /30%‬وأ ق )< ا‪m0%‬ع وإ‪2J$+ #X‬د آ!ن أ!اب‬
‫ا‪ *
/ X#W /0%‬ا‪YK‬د‪ w+‬ا‪O . /L L[%‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ ,C 0W,Y ,#Y‬ا‪ %‬زاق أ‪ * #3
X C.‬ا‪m%‬ه ي * ‪ ,C * , #Y‬ا‪* *#Y %‬‬
‫أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ *
" ?-4‬أ‪ \2X‬زو‪ A C4 <) F%
*
* G‬ا‪ 1%39 S‬د<
*‬
‫أ!اب ا‪ /0%‬و‪ /0-%‬أ!اب )‪ *#‬آن
* أه‪ A‬ا‪_[%‬ة د<
* ب ا‪_[%‬ة و
* آن
* أه‪ A‬ا‪ /O,[%‬د<
* ب ا‪ /O,[%‬و
*‬
‫آن
* أه‪ A‬ا‪(%‬د د<
* ب ا‪(%‬د و
* آن
* أه‪ A‬ا‪ [%‬م د<
* ب ا‪+ %‬ن " )‪E‬ل أ! ‪ a‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪+ F0 1%39 S‬‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1- 
S‬أ‪ r *
,Y‬ورة د<
* أ‪ (+‬د< )(‪ (0
1,+ A‬آ‪ (-‬أ‪ + ,Y‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬؟ ‪O‬ل ‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪?3X " ?-4‬‬
‫وأر‪ !G‬أن ‪!a9‬ن
‪ " ?(0‬روا^ ا‪oC%‬ري و
‪ w+,Y *
?-$‬ا‪m%‬ه ي ‪ ^!L0‬و) (‪ w+,Y *
#‬أ< ‪Y‬زم ‪ * /#-4‬د‪0+‬ر * ‪* A(4‬‬
‫‪ ,34‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " إن )< ا‪ / X#W /0%‬أ!اب ب
‪ 1#$+ (0‬ا‪+ %‬ن  ‪ F-.,+‬إ‬
‫ا‪!#R[%‬ن " ‪ .‬و)< ‪ * # * ?-$
Q Lf‬ا‪o%‬ب ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪*
?a0

" ?-4‬‬
‫أ‪ Š-C ) ;r!J+ ,Y‬أو ) ‪ ŠC$‬ا‪!r!%‬ء ‪!E+ ?W‬ل أ(‪ ,‬أن  إ‪ F%‬إ ا‪ S‬وأن
‪,#L‬ا ‪ ^,C‬ور‪ F%!4‬إ )‪ F% &LJ‬أ!اب ا‪ /0%‬ا‪/ X#7%‬‬
‫‪ *
A.,+‬أ‪ (+‬ء " ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل ا‪ 0W,Y /)  * *$L%‬إ‪  * A #4‬ش * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ ,C * S‬ا‪ * *#Y %‬أ< ‪ ( * * $Y‬‬
‫* ‪3
* V!Y‬ذ ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ‪ <%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪J2
" ?-4‬ح ا‪  /0%‬إ‪ F%‬إ ا‪ " " S‬ذآ ‪/34‬‬
‫أ!اب ا‪;$X - /0%‬ل ا‪ F-N) *
S‬ا‪ ? 3%‬أن ‪ *
0-3+‬أه‪ <) . " (-‬ا‪ w+,Y *
* L L[%‬أ< زر‪ * /‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ w+,Y <) F0‬ا‪ /2U%‬ا‪!E ) " A+!%‬ل ا‪ ,#L
+ 1%39 S‬أد‪$Y  *
A.‬ب ‪ *
F -‬أ
‪ *
J‬ا‪C%‬ب ا‪ *#+K‬وه?  آء ا‪0%‬س‬
‫)< ا‪!K‬اب ا‪ .K‬وا‪%‬ي ‪ ^,  ,#L
H2X‬إن 
 * ا‪ [#%‬ا *
*
[ر‪ {+‬ا‪N *  
/0%‬د‪ <9‬ا‪C%‬ب ‪ /a
*  #a%‬وه ‪-‬‬
‫أو ه و
‪ - /a‬و)< روا‪ /a
- /+‬و[ ى " ‪ .‬و)< ‪m * /CJ * ?-$
Q Lf‬وان أ‪E) /C. ?(C. FX‬ل ) ( و‪ ,E%‬ذآ ‪0%‬‬
‫أن 
 *
[ ا *
*
[ر‪ {+‬ا‪ $
/0%‬ة أر‪ /04 * 3‬و‪!+ F - * 9; %‬م وه! آ ‡
* ا‪Ym%‬م و)< ا‪* ? aY * ,0$#%‬‬

‪3‬و‪ * /+‬أ ‪ F‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ * F0 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ F-7
?-4‬و‪O‬ل ‪ 0W,Y , #Y * ,C‬ا‪ 0W,Y 14!
* *$L%‬ا*‬
‫‪ 0W,Y /3 (%‬دراج * أ< ا‪ * ?7 (%‬أ< ‪ , 34‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ * F0 S‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " إن 
 *
[ ا *‬
‫)< ا‪ $
/0%‬ة أر‪ " /04 * 3‬و‪C9 F%!O‬رك و‪ " 1%39‬و‪O‬ل ‪_4 (JXm. ?(%‬م ‪ " ?JCd ?a -‬أي ‪ &d‬أ‪ ?a%#‬وأ‪!O‬ا‪ ?a%‬و‪d‬ب‬
‫‪ ?a 34‬و‪d‬ب ‪mG‬اؤآ? آ‪ #‬أ
ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬أن ‪0+‬دى  * ا‪ ˆ3 <) * #-$#%‬ا‪ms%‬وات " إن ا‪(-.,+  /0%‬‬
‫‪.‬إ ‪ - /#-$
H2X‬و)< روا‪ " /0
g
- /+‬و‪) " F%!O‬د‪!-.‬ه ‪ " *+,%.‬أي 
آ‪ ( ) * 7‬أ‪,‬ا  ‪!sC+‬ن ‪!Y (0‬‬

‫‪149‬‬

‫‪ُ َUَX w‬ء َ) ِ‪َ َ?3ْ 0‬أ‪ ُ ْG‬ا ْ‪َ* ِ-
ِ َ3%‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ Y‬‬
‫‪َ /ِ 0‬‬
‫* ا ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫ض َ‪! Cَ َJX‬أُ ِ
َ‬
‫ َ‪َ ُ^,‬وَأوْرَ َ‪ َ0W‬ا‪;َْ%‬رْ َ‬
‫‪َ َ0َO,َ f‬و ْ‬
‫‪ Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L‬ا‪ِ%‬ي َ‬
‫َو‪!ُ%َO‬ا ا ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫أي ‪!E+‬ل ا‪!0
g#%‬ن إذا ‪!0+‬ا )< ا‪ /0%‬ذ‪ %‬ا‪!7%‬اب ا‪!%‬ا) وا‪3%‬ء ا‪ ? 3%‬وا‪ ? 30%‬ا‪ ? E#%‬وا‪ -#%‬ا‪!%!E+ Ca%‬ن ‪ ,0‬ذ‪ " %‬ا‪,#L%‬‬
‫‪ S‬ا‪%‬ي ‪ 0O,f‬و‪ " ^,‬أي ا‪%‬ي آن و‪ 1- X,‬أ‪ /0$%‬ر‪ F-4‬ا‪ a%‬ام آ‪ #‬د!ا )< ا‪ "  X,%‬ر‪ 0‬و‪ 
09q‬و‪ 1- 09,‬ر‪ -4‬و‬
‫‪!+ Xmo9‬م ا‪ / 
E%‬إ‪ ‚-o9  X‬ا‪3 #%‬د " " و‪!%O‬ا ا‪ S ,#L%‬ا‪%‬ي ه‪,‬ا‪(% X‬ا و 
آ‪,J(0% 0‬ي ‪ !%‬أن ه‪,‬ا‪ X‬ا‪G ,E% S‬ءت ر‪A4‬‬
‫ر‪ " " \L% 0‬و‪!%O‬ا ا‪ S ,#L%‬ا‪%‬ي أذه‪ 0 V‬ا‪mL%‬ن إن ر‪!2s% 0‬ر ‪!a‬ر ا‪%‬ي أ‪ 0-Y‬دار ا‪( ) 0$#+  F-N) *
/ 
E#%‬‬
‫‪ V[X‬و ‪!s% ( ) 0$#+‬ب " و‪ " ?(%!O‬وأور‪ 0W‬ا‪K‬رض ‪!CJX‬أ
* ا‪UX w Y /0%‬ء )‪ ?30‬أ‪ G‬ا‪O . " * - 
3%‬ل أ! ا‪ / %3%‬وأ!‬
‫‪ Q%f‬و‪JO‬دة وا‪,$%‬ي وا* ز‪ ,+‬أي أرض ا‪ ^() /0%‬ا‪ /+y‬آ‪ " 1%39 F%!E‬و‪ ,E%‬آ‪ <) 0CJ‬ا‪!m%‬ر
* ‪ ,3‬ا‪%‬آ أن ا‪K‬رض ‪(W +‬‬
‫‪C‬دي ا‪!L%[%‬ن " و‪(%‬ا ‪!%O‬ا " ‪!CJX‬أ
* ا‪UX w Y /0%‬ء " أي أ‪ ?30) 0--Y 0T *+‬ا‪ GK‬أ‪ 0-# 1- X G‬و)< ا‪* L L[%‬‬

* ‪ w+,Y‬ا‪m%‬ه ي * أ‪ HX‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ /[O <) F0 S‬ا‪ 3#%‬اج ‪O‬ل ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬أد‪ &-.‬ا‪t) /0%‬ذا ) ( ‪0G‬‬
‫ا‪ g%g-%‬وإذا ‪ 9‬ا( ا‪ . " $#%‬و‪O‬ل ‪ 0W,Y , #Y * ,C‬روح * ‪C‬دة ‪#Y 0W,Y‬د * ‪ * /#-4‬ا‪ + %‬ي * أ< ‪ NX‬ة * أ<‬
‫‪ , 34‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل إن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪;4 ?-4‬ل ا* ‪ / 9 * ,Rf‬ا‪E) /0%‬ل ‪ :‬در
‪N  /a‬ء
‪%. $‬‬
‫)‪E‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪,f " ?-4‬ق " وآا روا^
‪ w+,Y *
?-$‬أ< ‪ * /#-4‬أ< ‪ NX‬ة * أ< ‪ , 34‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ F F0‬وروا^
‪ ?-$‬أ‪ * N+‬أ< ‪ * /C  * a‬أ< أ‪ * / 
4‬ا‪ + %‬ي * أ< ‪ NX‬ة * أ< ‪ , 34‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪O F0 S‬ل إن‬
‫ا* ‪;4 ,Rf‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ / 9 * ?-4‬ا‪E) /0%‬ل " در
‪N  /a‬ء
‪ " %. $‬و‪O‬ل ا* أ< ‪0W,Y ?9Y‬‬
‫أ< ‪ 0W,Y‬أ! ‪$‬ن 
‪ * %‬إ‪ 0W,Y A #4‬إ‪ 4‬ا‪ * A R‬أ< إ‪L4‬ق * ‪ #r * ?f‬ة * ‪ * <-‬أ< ‪ V%d‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ " F%!O <) F0‬و‪ \ 4‬ا‪ *+%‬ا‪!E9‬ا ر(? إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ /0%‬ز
ا " ‪O‬ل ‪!E 4‬ا ‪ 1JY‬ا‪!(JX‬ا إ‪ 1%‬ب
* أ!اب ا‪,G!) /0%‬وا ‪,0‬ه  ة‬
‫‪ o+‬ج
* ‪0  (O4 &L9‬ن )‪,#3‬وا إ‪ 1%‬إ‪,Y‬اه‪ (J) #‬وا
‪ ) (0‬ت ‪ NX ?( -‬ة ا‪ s9 ?-) ? 30%‬أ‪U‬ره? ‪,3‬ه أ‪,‬ا و‪?%‬‬
‫‪ w3U9‬أ‪3‬ره? أ‪,‬ا ‪,3‬ه آ;‪ #X‬ده‪!0‬ا ‪,%‬هن ‪,# ?W‬وا إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ .K‬ى آ;‪ #X‬أ
وا ( )‪! U‬ا
‪;) (0‬ذه‪ 
&C‬آن )< !‪*
?(X‬‬
‫أذى أو ‪O‬ى و‪ ?(JE-9‬ا‪ 1- /aR_#%‬أ!اب ا‪_4 " /0%‬م ‪) ?JCd ?a -‬د‪!-.‬ه ‪ " *+,%.‬و‪ 1E-9‬آ‪#- A‬ن ‪!)!+ ?(CYf‬ن ‪F‬‬
‫)‪ A3‬ا‪,%!%‬ان ‪G ? #L%‬ء
* ا‪ /C s%‬أ‪ ,O U‬أ‪ ,‬ا‪ *
% S‬ا‪ a%‬ا
‪ /‬آا وآا ‪ ,O‬أ‪ ,‬ا‪ *
% S‬ا‪ a%‬ا
‪ /‬آا وآا ‪O‬ل و‪_ \-0+‬م‬

* ‪ FX#-‬إ‪ 1%‬أزوا‪ *
FG‬ا‪!L%‬ر ا‪!E ) * 3%‬ل ها )_ن ‪ <) F#4‬ا‪ *-E ) -  X,%‬أ‪ &X‬رأ‪!E ) FJ+‬ل ‪ *(2oJ$ ) ?3X‬ا‪ 2%‬ح ‪1JY‬‬
‫‪ o9‬ج إ‪ 1%‬أ‪ /2a4‬ا‪C%‬ب ‪O‬ل ) <ء )‪t‬ذا ه! ‪#0‬رق
[‪ /)!2‬وأآ!اب
!‪ /!r‬وزرا<
‪O /W!7C‬ل ‪ 0+ ?W‬إ‪FX 0 H 4;9 1%‬‬
‫)‪t‬ذا ه! ‪ ,O‬أ‪,0G 1- H4‬ل ا‪ *  g%g-%‬أ‪ #Y‬وأ‪ N.‬وأ‪ 2f‬وأ ˆ و
* آ‪!% A‬ن ‪ F) d {) + ?W‬إ‪ !-) F2E4 1%‬أن ا‪1%39 S‬‬
‫‪,O‬ر^ ‪% F%‬ه‪ ^ [C V‬إ‪ A7#% FX‬ا‪ C%‬ق ‪ 0+ ?W‬إ‪ 1%‬أزوا‪ *
FG‬ا‪!L%‬ر ا‪ 1- ‘aJ+ ?W * 3%‬أر‪!E+ ?W /a+‬ل " ا‪ S ,#L%‬ا‪%‬ي ه‪,‬ا‪X‬‬
‫‪(%‬ا و 
آ‪,J(0% 0‬ي ‪ !%‬أن ه‪,‬ا‪ X‬ا‪O ?W . " S‬ل ‪ 0W,Y‬أ< ‪ 0W,Y‬أ! ‪$‬ن 
‪ * %‬إ‪ A #4‬ا‪,(0%‬ي ‪ 23G * /#-$
0W,Y‬‬
‫ا‪O <-C%‬ل ‪ &3#4 :‬أ
‪3‬ذ ا‪ [C%‬ي ‪!E+‬ل إن ‪  -‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬آن ذات ‪!+‬م ‪ ,0‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪E) ?-4‬ل ا‪<C0%‬‬
‫‪ 1-f‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬وا‪%‬ي ‪ ^,  <$2X‬إ‪ ?(X‬إذا ‪!G .‬ا
* ‪!CO‬ره? ‪!-CEJ$+‬ن ‪ -‬أو ‪!9g+‬ن ‪!0 -‬ق ‪ (%‬أ‪ /L0G‬و‪ ( -‬ر‪Y‬ل‬
‫ا‪%‬ه‪  V‬اك ‪!X ?(%3X‬ر ‪ K’J+‬آ‪!. A‬ة
‪ ,
(0‬ا‪!(J0 ) [C%‬ن إ‪  1%‬ة ‪ *
{C0+‬أ‪0  (-f‬ن ) ‪! U‬ن
* إ‪,Y‬اه‪A$sJ) #‬‬
‫ 
)< !‪ *
?(X‬د‪ HX‬و‪!-$Js+‬ن
* ا‪ .K‬ى )_ ‪ w3U9‬أ‪U‬ره? و أ‪3‬ره? ‪,3‬ه أ‪,‬ا و‪ 9‬ي ‪ NX ?( -‬ة ا‪!(J0 ) ? 30%‬ن ‪-‬‬
‫أو ) ;‪!9‬ن ‪ -‬ب ا‪t) /0%‬ذا ‪ #Y /9!O+ *
/E-Y‬اء ‪ QR2f 1-‬ا‪%‬ه‪! N ) V‬ن ‪ 1- /E-L%‬ا‪<- + * 0d (% {#$ ) /L 2[%‬‬
‫) ‪ Š-C‬آ‪!Y A‬راء أن زو‪ ,O (G‬أ‪t) F% QJ2 ) (# O w3CJ) ACO‬ذا ر‪O - F% . ^q‬ل
‪ /#-$‬أرا^ ‪O‬ل ‪,G4‬ا ‪!E ) -‬ل ار){ رأ‪#Xt) 4‬‬
‫أ‪ # O X‬وآ‪
; &-‬ك ) ‪ F3CJ‬و‪ !2E+‬أ‪ ‚oJ$J) ^ W‬ا‪!L%‬راء ا‪ oJ) /-3%‬ج
* ‪ .‬م ا‪,%‬ر وا‪!O %‬ت ‪!E9 ?W FE0J39 1JY‬ل أ‪<CY &X‬‬
‫وأ‪ CY X‬وأ‪ X‬ا‪,%o%‬ة ا‪  <J%‬أ
!ت وأ‪ X‬ا‪ /#0%‬ا‪  <J%‬أ;س وأ‪ X‬ا‪ %‬ا‪ / r‬ا‪  <J%‬أ‪ }o4‬وأ‪ X‬ا‪ /# E#%‬ا‪  <J%‬أ…‪J  A., ) *3‬‬

* أ‪ F4‬إ‪ 1%‬أ‪ /R
F2E4‬أ‪ ‚%‬ذراع ‪0‬ؤ^ ‪,0G 1-‬ل ا‪ d g%g-%‬ا‪ \R‬أ‪ 2f‬وأ‪ N.‬وأ‪U9 /E+ d (0
H % #Y‬آ‪<) (JCYf A‬‬
‫ا‪!3C4 & C%‬ن ‪ + 4‬ا ‪ 1-‬آ‪!3C4 + 4 A‬ن ‪ 1- / UY‬آ‪!3C4 / UY A‬ن زو‪ 1- /G‬آ‪ A‬زو‪!3C4 /G‬ن ‪ + /-Y‬ى
 ‪*
(O4‬‬
‫‪ *d‬ا‪,E
<) (#G <NE+ A-L%‬ار ‪ ?a % % *
/- %‬ه^ ا‪(XK‬ر
* ‪ 9 ?(JL9‬د أ‪(X‬ر
* 
ء ‪O - *4q‬ل ‪f‬ف  آ‪,‬ر ) ‪F‬‬
‫ وأ‪(X‬ر
* ‪O - F#3d sJ+ ?% *C%‬ل ‪ o+ ?%‬ج
* ‪ r‬وع ا‪ - / #%‬وأ‪(X‬ر
* ‪% #.‬ة ‪U-%‬ر * ‪O -‬ل ‪ [39 ?%‬ه ا‪G %‬ل‬‫;‪,O‬ا
(? ‪ -‬وأ‪(X‬ر
* ‪O - 12[
A$‬ل ‪ o+ ?%‬ج
* !ن ا‪ <0J$+ - AL0%‬ا‪#7%‬ر )‪t‬ن ء ‪ #RO‬وإن ء ‪,O‬ا وإن ء‬

‪ " _9 ?W - TaJ‬ودا‪ (%_… ?( - / X‬وذ‪ <(JU ) - " _ %9 ()!O &-%‬ا‪3%‬م ) ;‪ d F 9‬أ ˆ ‪O -‬ل ور‪O #‬ل أ‪O N.‬ل ‪-‬‬
‫)‪ {) J‬أ‪; ) (JL0G‬آ‪ (!0G *
A‬أي ا‪!%K‬ان ء ‪ ) + ?W‬ه‪ A., ) V‬ا‪!E ) -#%‬ل ‪_4 :‬م ‪ ?a-9 ?a -‬ا‪ /0%‬أور‪!#JW‬ه ‪ #‬آ‪?J0‬‬
‫‪!-#39‬ن ‪ .‬و‪ !%‬أن ‪ 3‬ة
* ‪ 3‬ا‪!L%‬راء و‪ <) &3O‬ا‪K‬رض ‪rK‬ءت ا‪!4 (3
H#U%‬ادا )< ‪!X‬ر " ها ‪ V+ w+,Y‬وآ;‪FX‬‬
‫‪ A4
.‬وا‪ S‬أ‪?-‬‬
‫*‬
‫ب ا ْ‪َ ِ#%ََ3%‬‬
‫‪َ Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L‬ر ‪h‬‬
‫\ َو‪ Aَ ِO‬ا ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫‪hL‬‬
‫< َ ْ َ‪َ ْ%ِ ْ?(ُ 0‬‬
‫‪َN‬‬
‫‪َ ِ,#ْ L‬ر ‪َ ْ?(ِ h‬و‪ِ ُO‬‬
‫‪!ُLhC$‬نَ ِ َ‬
‫ش ُ‪َ +‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ!Y‬ل ا ْ‪ِ ْ َ3%‬‬
‫* ِ
*ْ َ‬
‫وَ َ‪َ 9‬ى ا ْ‪َ h)َY /َ aَ Rِ َ-#َ %‬‬
‫‪ #%‬ذآ ‪ <) F#aY 1%39‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ /0%‬وا‪0%‬ر وأ‪ FX‬آ_ )< ا‪ AL#%‬ا‪%‬ي ‪ F \ -+‬و‪ F% Q-[+‬وه! ا‪3%‬دل )< ذ‪ %‬ا‪%‬ي  ‪!+‬ر أ‪* C.‬‬

_‪ FJaR‬أ‪!O,L
?(X‬ن
* ‪!Y‬ل ا‪ 3%‬ش ا‪!LC$+ , #%‬ن ‪ ,#L‬ر(? و‪,#+‬و‪ FX‬و‪ FX!#3+‬و‪ FX!4,E+‬و‪m0+‬ه!‪ * FX‬ا‪RE0%‬‬
‫وا‪!%‬ر و‪ A[) ,O‬ا‪ / NE%‬و‪ 1NO‬ا‪
K‬و‪,3% ?aY‬ل و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل ‪ m‬و‪ " AG‬و‪ " ?(0  <NO‬أي  * ا‪O ?W ." \L% " \R_o%‬ل "‬
‫و‪ A O‬ا‪ S ,#L%‬رب ا‪ " * #%3%‬أي ‪ \X‬ا‪!a%‬ن أ‪ FEdX F3#G‬و( ‪ S F#‬رب ا‪ F#aY <) ,#L% * #%3%‬و‪ F%,‬و‪(%‬ا ‪ ,0$+ ?%‬ا‪!E%‬ل‬
‫‪150‬‬

\-. ‫ي‬%‫ ا‬S ,#L%‫ " ا‬F%!O <) ,#L% \-o%‫ ا‬QJJ)‫دة ا‬JO ‫ل‬O ,#L% F% ‫ت‬,( ‫ت‬O!-o#%‫ { ا‬#G ‫ أن‬1- ‫ل‬,) FE-d‫ أ‬A ARO 1%‫إ‬
* #%3%‫ رب ا‬S ,#L%‫ ا‬A O‫\ و‬L% ?(0  <NO‫ " و‬1%39‫رك و‬C9 F%!O <) ,#L% ?JJ.‫رض " وا‬K‫وات وا‬#$%‫ " ا‬.
Allah tells us about the blessed believers, who will be taken to Paradise in groups, one group
after another, starting with the best of them: those who are closest to Allah, then the most
righteous, then the next best and the next best. Each group will be with others like them,
Prophets with Prophets, the true believers with their peers, the martyrs with their
counterparts, the scholars with their colleagues, every group composed of people of the same
kind.
6َ‫َءُوه‬G ‫ ِإذَا‬1JY
َ
(till when they reach it,) means, when they arrive at the gates of Paradise, after passing over
the Sirat, where they will be detained on a bridge between Paradise and Hell, and any
injustices that existed between them in this world will be settled until they have all been
purified from sin through this trial. Then permission will be granted for them to enter
Paradise. It was recorded in the Hadith about the Trumpet that when the believers reach the
gates of Paradise, they will consult one another as to who should ask permission for them to
enter. They will ask Adam, then Nuh, then Ibrahim, then Musa, then `Isa, then Muhammad
(may blessings and peace be upon them all). This is akin to what will happen in the arena of
judgement, when they will ask for someone to intercede for them with Allah when He comes to
pass judgement. This is to show the noble position of Muhammad above the rest of mankind
in all situations. In Sahih Muslim, it is reported that Anas, may Allah be pleased with him,
said, "The Messenger of Allah said:
«/0
َ %ْ ‫ِ ٍ{ )ِ< ا‬2
َ ‫َ َأو ُل‬X‫»َأ‬
(I will be the first intercessor in Paradise.) According to the wording of Muslim:
«/0
َ %ْ ‫ب ا‬
َ َ ‫ع‬
ُ َ ْE+َ ْ*
َ ‫َ َأو ُل‬X‫» َوَأ‬
(I will be the first one to knock at the gates of Paradise.) Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin
Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Messenger of Allah said:
«َ-ْCOَ ,ٍ Y
َ َ;%ِ َQJَ )ْ ‫َ َأ‬% ْ‫ت َأن‬
ُ ْ
ِ ‫ ُأ‬
َ ِ :‫ُ! ُل‬E َ َ) :‫َ َل‬O ٌ,# L
َ
ُ :‫ُ! ُل‬O;ََ) ‫&َ؟‬Xْ ‫ َ
*ْ َأ‬:‫ن‬
ُ ‫َ ِز‬oْ%‫ُ!لُ ا‬E َ َ) Q
ُ ِJ2ْ Jَ 4
ْ َ;)َ /ِ
َ َ Eِ %ْ ‫!ْمَ ا‬+َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ب ا‬
َ َ <ِ9q»
(I will come to the gate of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection and will ask for it to be opened.
The gatekeeper will say, "Who are you'' I will say "Muhammad.'' He will say, "I was told
about you and that I was not to open the gate for anyone before you.'')'' It was also recorded
by Muslim. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said,
"The Messenger of Allah said:
?ُ(Jُ َ Xِ q ،َ( ِ) ‫ن‬
َ !ُd! sَ Jَ َ+ َ%‫ َو‬،َ( ِ) َ‫ُ!ن‬o
ِ Jَ #ْ +َ َ%‫ َو‬،َ( ِ) َ‫ُ!ن‬E[
ُ ْC+َ َ% ،ِ‫ْر‬,Cَ %ْ ‫ ا‬/َ -َ ْ %َ ِ #َ Eَ %ْ ‫ُ! َرةِ ا‬f 1َ-َ ْ?‫ َ! ُر ُه‬f
ُ ،َ/‫ـ‬0
َ %ْ ‫Ž ا‬
ُ -َِ9 ‫»َأ و ُل ُز ْ
َ ٍة‬

?ِ ْL-%‫َ ِ
*ْ َورَا ِء ا‬#(ِ ِOَ4  

ُ ‫ َى‬+ُ ،ِ‫َن‬JَGْ‫ ُ(?ْ َزو‬0ْ
ِ ,ٍ ِY‫ وَا‬Ah aُ %ِ‫ َو‬،ُ$
ْ #ِ %ْ ‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬L
ُ
ْ ‫ !ةُ َو َر‬%َُ;%ْ ‫ َو َ 
َ ِ
ُ ُه ُ? ا‬،ُ/N 
2ِ %ْ ‫ وَا‬V
ُ ‫ َه‬%‫ُ ُ( ُ? ا‬dَU
ْ ‫َوَأ‬
«“ U
ِ َ‫ َ ًة َو‬aْ ُ 1َ%َ39َ S
َ ‫ُ!نَ ا‬LCh $
َ +ُ ،ٍ,Y
ِ ‫ وَا‬V
ٍ -ْ َO 1-َ ْ?(ُ ُ !ُ-Oُ ،َˆ
ُ َC9َ َ%‫َ ُ(?ْ َو‬0 ْ َ ‫ف‬
َ َ-Jِ .
ْ ‫َ ا‬% ،ِ*$
ْ L
ُ %ْ ‫ا‬
(The first group to enter Paradise will enter looking like the moon on the night when it is full.
They will not spit there, or blow their noses, or defecate. Their vessels and combs will be of
gold and silver, their censers will be of aloeswood and their sweat will be musk. Each of them
will have two wives, the marrow of whose shin bones will be visible from beneath the skin
151

because of their beauty. There will be no disputes between them and there will be no hatred;
their hearts will be as if one heart. They will glorify Allah morning and evening.)'' This was
also recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim. Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la recorded that Abu Hurayrah,
may Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Messenger of Allah said:
،َ‫ُ!ن‬%!ُCَ+ َ% ،ً‫َ َءة‬r‫َ ِء ِإ‬#$ 
%‫ي )ِ< ا‬
َ h‫ ُدر‬V
ٍ ‫ َآ!ْ َآ‬,h 
َ ‫!ْ ِء َأ‬r
َ 1-َ ْ?(ُ Xَ !ُ-+َ َ*+ِ%‫ وَا‬،ِ‫ْر‬,Cَ ْ%‫ ا‬/َ -َ ْ َ% ِ َ#Eَ %ْ ‫ُ! َر ِة ا‬f 1-َ /َ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ن ا‬
َ !ُ-ُ.ْ,+َ ٍ‫»َأ و ُل ُز ْ
َ ة‬
،ُ* ِ3%ْ ‫ُ! ُر ا‬L%ْ ‫ُ ُ( ُ? ا‬G‫ وََأزْوَا‬،ُ‫ !ة‬%َُ;%ْ ‫ َو َ 
َ ِ
ُ ُه ُ? ا‬،ُ$
ْ #ِ %ْ ‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬L
ُ
ْ َ‫ َور‬،ُV‫ َه‬%‫ُ ُ( ُ? ا‬dَU
ْ ‫ َأ‬،َ‫ُ!ن‬o
ِ Jَ #ْ +َ َ%‫ َو‬،َ‫ُ!ن‬-2ِ Jْ +َ َ%‫ َو‬،َ‫ُ!ن‬d! sَ Jَ َ+ َ%َ‫و‬
«‫َء‬#$ 
%‫ن ذِرَاً )ِ< ا‬
َ !J4
ِ ،َ‫ َدم‬q ْ?(ِ ِ‫ُ! َرةِ َأ‬f 1-َ ،ٍ,ِY‫ وَا‬Aٍ ُG‫\ َر‬
ِ -ُُ. 1-َ ْ?(ُ ُOَ-ْ.‫َأ‬
(The first group to enter Paradise will look like the moon on the night when it is full. They will
be followed by a group which looks like the brightest star shining in the sky. They will not
urinate or defecate or spit or blow their noses. Their combs will be of gold, their sweat will be
musk and their censers will be of aloeswood. Their wives will be Al-Hur Al-`Iyn, and they will
all look the same, as if they are one person in the image of their father Adam, sixty cubits
tall.)'' They Al-Bukhari and Muslim6 also produced this from the Hadith of Jabir. It was
reported that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Messenger of Allah
said:
«‫ْر‬,Cَ %ْ ‫ ا‬/َ -َ ْ َ% ِ #َ Eَ %ْ ‫َ َءةَ ا‬r‫ُ! ُه(ُ?ْ ِإ‬G‫ِ<ءُ ُو‬Nُ9،ً2%ْ ‫ن َأ‬
َ !ُ3Cْ 4
َ ْ?‫ ُه‬،ٌ‫ِ< ُز ْ
َ ة‬J 
‫ ِ
*ْ ُأ‬/َ 0 َ%ْ ‫ ا‬Aُ .
ُ ْ,+َ »
(A group of my Ummah, seventy thousand, will enter Paradise with their faces shining like the
moon on the night when it is full.) `Ukkashah bin Mihsan stood up and said, `O Messenger of
Allah, pray to Allah to make me one of them.' He said,
«?ُ(ْ0
ِ Fُ -ْ َ3G
ْ ‫ْ ُ( ? ا‬-%‫»ا‬
(O Allah, make him one of them.) Then one of the Ansar stood up and said, `O Messenger of
Allah, pray to Allah to make me one of them.' He said,
«/َa
ُ َ(ِ 
َ Eَ َC4
َ»
(Ukkashah has beaten you to it.)'' This was recorded by (Al-Bukhari and Muslim). This
Hadith -- about the seventy thousand who will enter Paradise without being brought to
account -- was also recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be
pleased with him, Jabir bin `Abdullah, `Imran bin Husayn, Ibn Mas`ud, Rifa`ah bin `Arabah
Al-Juhani and Umm Qays bint Mihsan -- may Allah be pleased with them all -- and also from
Abu Hazim from Sahl bin Sa`d, may Allah be pleased with them, who said that the Messenger
of Allah said:
‫ُ!رَة‬f 1-َ ْ?(ُ ُ‫ُ!ه‬G‫ ُو‬،َ/0 
َ %ْ ‫ِ ُ ُه?ُ ا‬.qَ‫ُ ُ(?ْ و‬%‫ َأو‬Aَ ُ.ْ,+َ 1ْJY
َ ،ٍˆْ3Cَ ِ ْ?(ُ N
ُ 3ْ َ ٌ.
ِq‚
ٍ %ْ ‫ َأ‬/ِ Rَ ِ#3ُ Cْ 4
َ ْ‫ً َأو‬2%ْ ‫ُ!نَ َأ‬3Cْ 4
َ <ِJ 
‫ ِ
*ْ ُأ‬/َ 0 
َ %ْ ‫* ا‬ 
َ-.
ُ ْ, َ َ%»
«‫ْر‬,Cَ ْ%‫ ا‬/َ -َْ %َ ِ َ#Eَ %ْ ‫ا‬
(Seventy thousand or seven hundred thousand of my Ummah will surely enter Paradise,
holding on to one another, such that the first and last of them will enter Paradise together,
with their faces looking like the moon on the night when it is full.)''
6َ*+ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. َ‫ُ!ه‬-.
ُ ْ‫?ْ )َد‬Jُ Cْ ِd ?ْ ‫ُـ‬a ْ َ-
َ ٌ?‫َـ‬-4
َ َ(Jُ Xَ mَ َ. ْ?(ُ %َ َ‫َل‬O‫َ&ْ َأ ْ َ!ُ(َ َو‬LJِ )ُ ‫َءُوهَ َو‬G ‫ ِإذَا‬1JY
َ
(till when they reach it, and its gates will be opened and its keepers will say: "Salam `Alaykum
(peace be upon you)! You have done well, so enter here to abide therein forever.'') This is a
152

conditional sentence that is not complete. What it implies is that when they come to the gates
of Paradise the gates will be opened for them as a sign of honor, and the angelic gatekeepers
will meet them with glad tidings, greetings of peace and praise. Unlike the gatekeepers of Hell
who will meet the disbelievers with rebuke and reprimand, the believers will be filled with
happiness and joy, each according to his degree of luxury and delights. What happens after
this is not mentioned; it is left for the imagination to think of its dearest wishes and be filled
with hope. It is known from the Sahih Hadiths that Paradise has eight gates. Imam Ahmad
recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Messenger of Allah
said:
‫< ِ
*ْ َب‬
َ ِ‫َ ِة ُد‬-[ 
%‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ن ِ
*ْ َأ ْه‬
َ َ‫*ْ آ‬#َ )َ ،ٌ‫ َأ ْ!َاب‬/ِ 0 
َ -ْ ِ%‫ َو‬،ِ/0 َ%ْ ‫ب ا‬
ِ ‫< ِ
*ْ َأ ْ!َا‬
َ
ِ ‫ ُد‬1َ%َ39َ S
ِ ‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ <ِ) Fِ %َِ
ْ*
ِ *
ِ ْ G
َ ْ‫\ زَو‬
َ َ2Xْ ‫» َ
*ْ َأ‬
Aْ‫ن ِ
*ْ َأه‬
َ َ‫ َو َ
*ْ آ‬،ِ‫ِ(َد‬%ْ ‫< ِ
*ْ َبِ ا‬
َ
ِ ‫ِ(َدِ ُد‬%ْ ‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ن ِ
*ْ َأ ْه‬
َ َ‫ َو َ
*ْ آ‬،ِ/Oَ ,َ [ 
%‫ب ا‬
ِ َ ْ*
ِ <
َ ِ‫ ُد‬/ِ Oَ ,َ [ 
%‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ن ِ
*ْ َأ ْه‬
َ َ‫ َو َ
*ْ آ‬،ِ‫َة‬-[ 
%‫ا‬
«‫ن‬+ %‫ب ا‬
ِ َ ْ*
ِ <
َ
ِ ‫[ َمِ ُد‬
h %‫ا‬
(Whoever spends a pair of something from his wealth for the sake of Allah, will be called from
the gates of Paradise. Paradise has (several) gates. Whoever is among the people of prayer,
will be called from the gate of Prayer; whoever is among the people of charity, will be called
from the gate of Charity; whoever is among the people of Jihad, will be called from the gate of
Jihad; whoever is among the people of fasting, will be called from the Gate of Ar-Rayyan.)''
Abu Bakr said, `O Messenger of Allah, it does not matter from which gate one is called, but
will anyone be called from all of them' He said,
«?ُ(0ْ
ِ ‫ن‬
َ !ُa9َ ْ‫ُ! َأن‬Gْ‫ َوَأر‬،ْ?3َ Xَ »
(Yes, and I hope that you will be one of them.)'' Something similar was also recorded by AlBukhari and Muslim. It was reported from Sahl bin Sa`d, may Allah be pleased with him, that
the Messenger of Allah said:
«‫ُ!ن‬#Rِ [%‫ ا‬%‫ ِإ‬Fُ -ُُ.ْ,+َ َ% ،َ‫ن‬+ %‫ ا‬1#$
َ +ُ َ(0ْ
ِ ٌ‫ َب‬،ٍ‫ َأ ْ!َاب‬/َ َ Xِ َ#Wَ /ِ 0 
َ ْ%‫ن )ِ< ا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(In Paradise there are eight gates; one of them is called Ar-Rayyan, and no one will enter it
except those who fast.)'' In Sahih Muslim, it is recorded that `Umar bin Al-Khattab, may
Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Messenger of Allah said:
‫ َأ ْ!َاب‬Fُ %َ ْ&L
َ Jِ ُ) %‫ ِإ‬،ُF%ُ!ُ4‫^ُ َو َر‬,ُ Cْ 
َ ‫ًا‬,# L
َ
ُ ‫ َوَأن‬S
ُ ‫ ا‬%‫ ِإ‬Fَ %ِ‫َ إ‬% ْ‫ َأن‬,ُ (َ 
ْ ‫ َأ‬:‫ُ! ُل‬E+َ ? Wُ ،َ‫ُ!ء‬r!ُ %ْ ‫ ُŠ ا‬Cِ $
ْ ُ َ) ْ‫ِ ُŠ َأو‬-Cْ ُ )َ ُ;r 
!َ Jَ َ+ ,ٍ Y
َ ‫?ْ ِ
*ْ َأ‬aُ 0ْ
ِ َ
»
«‫(َ َء‬h+‫ ِ
*ْ َأ‬Aُ ُ.ْ,+َ ،ُ/ َ ِXَ#7 %‫ ا‬/ِ 0
َ %ْ ‫ا‬
(There is no one among you who performs Wudu' and does it well, or -- amply --, then he
says: "I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His
servant and Messenger, '' but the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and he will
enter through whichever one he wishes.)''
We ask Allah to make us among its people. In the Two Sahihs, it is reported from Abu
Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, in the lengthy Hadith about intercession (that the
Prophet said):
‫ِي‬%‫ وَا‬،ِ َ.Kُ ‫ب ا‬
ِ ‫َ;ْ!َا‬%ْ ‫س )ِ< ا‬
ِ 0%‫ َ آَ ُء ا‬
ُ ْ?‫ َو ُه‬،ِ*#َ +ْ َ;%ْ ‫ب ا‬
ِ َC%ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ َJِ 
‫ ِ
*ْ ُأ‬Fِ ْ -ََ ‫ب‬
َ َ$Y
ِ َ% ْ*
َ ْAِ.ْ‫ َأد‬،ُ,# L
َ
ُ َ+ :1َ%َ39َ ُS‫ُ! ُل ا‬E َ َ)»
/+‫ و)< روا‬/َ a
َ ‫ َو َهَ ٍ َأوْ َهَ ٍ َو‬/َ a
َ *
َ ْ َ َ#aَ %َ ‫ب‬
ِ َC%ْ ‫<ِ ا‬9َ ‫َ َد‬Nِ *
َ ْ َ َ
/ِ 0 
َ ْ%‫ ِ{ ا‬+ِ‫* ِ
*ْ َ
[َر‬
ِ ْ َ‫[ َا‬
ْ #ِ %ْ ‫ن
َ َ ْ *َ ا‬ 
‫ ِ^ ِإ‬,ِ َ ِ ٍ,# L
َ
ُ H
ُ ْ2Xَ
«‫[ َى‬
ْ ُ ‫ َو‬/َ a
َ

153

(Allah will say: "O Muhammad, admit those of your Ummah who are not to be brought to
account, through the right-hand gate, and they will be counted among those who will enter
from other gates as well.'' By the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, the distance
between the two gateposts of the gates of Paradise is like the distance between Makkah and
Hajar -- or Hajar and Makkah.)'' According to another report: (between Makkah and Busra.)
It was recorded in Sahih Muslim from `Utbah bin Ghazwan that (the Prophet ) gave them a
speech in which he told them that the distance between the two gateposts of Paradise was the
distance of a forty-year journey, but there would come a day when they would be packed with
crowds of people. Allah says,
6ْ?Jُ Cْ ِd ْ?‫ُـ‬a ْ -َ
َ ٌ?‫َـ‬-َ4 َ(Jُ Xَ َm.
َ ْ?ُ(َ% ‫َ َل‬O‫ َو‬
(and its keepers will say: "Salam `Alaykum (peace be upon you)! You have done well,'')
meaning, `your deeds and words were good, and your efforts were good, and your reward is
good.' The Messenger of Allah issued commands during some of his military campaigns that it
should be shouted out to the Muslims:
«/َ0ِ

ُ /+‫ و)< روا‬/ٌ #َ -ِ$
ْ
ُ ٌH2ْ Xَ %‫ُ(َ ِإ‬-.
ُ ْ,+َ َ% /َ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(No one enters Paradise except a Muslim soul) or, according to one report, (A believing soul.)''
Allah says,
6َ*+ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. َ‫ُ!ه‬-.
ُ ْ‫)َد‬
(so enter here to abide therein forever.) means, to dwell therein, never seeking any change.
6ُ^َ,
ْ ‫َ َو‬0Oَ َ,f
َ ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ ‫َـ‬L%ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬%‫َـ‬O‫ َو‬
(And they will say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah Who has fulfilled His promise to
us...'') means, when the believers see the great reward and splendors, blessing and grand
generosity, they will say,
6ُ^,َ 
ْ ‫َ َو‬0Oَ ,َ َf ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ ‫َـ‬L%ْ ‫ا‬
(All the praises and thanks be to Allah Who has fulfilled His promise to us) meaning, `the
promise which He made to us through His Messengers who called us to this in the world.' 
‫َد‬3 ِ#%ْ ‫‚ ا‬
ُ ِ-o
ْ 9ُ َ 
َ X ‫ ِإ‬/ِ #َ ‫ َـ‬Eِ ْ%‫!ْ َم ا‬+َ َXِmo
ْ 9ُ َ ‫ َو‬
َ -ِ4
ُ ُ‫ ر‬1َ-َ َ09 ,َ‫َ
َ َو‬09ِ ‫َ َوءَا‬0 ‫ َر‬6 (Our Lord! Grant us what You
promised unto us through Your Messengers and disgrace us not on the Day of Resurrection,
for You never break (Your) promise)(3:194),
6h\L
َ ْ%ِ َ0h ‫ َر‬Aُ 4
ُ ‫َ َءتْ ُر‬G ْ,Eَ %َ Fُ -%‫َ ا‬X‫َا‬,‫َ!ْ َأنْ َه‬% ‫ى‬
َ ,ِ َJ(ْ 0َ %ِ 0‫ِ(َـَا َو
َ ُآ‬% َX‫َا‬,‫ِى َه‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -%ِ ُ,#ْ L
َ %ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬%َO‫ َو‬
(and they will say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has guided us to this, and
never could we have found guidance, were it not that Allah had guided us! Indeed, the
Messengers of our Lord came with the truth.'') (7:43), and 
َ0$ 
#َ +َ َ ‫ َو‬V
ٌ َ[Xَ َ( ِ) َ0$ 
#َ َ+ َ ِF-ِN
ْ َ) *ِ

َ َE#ُ %ْ ‫َ دَا َر ا‬0-َY‫ِى َأ‬%‫ ا‬- ٌ‫ُ!ر‬a
َ ٌ‫ُ!ر‬2sَ %َ َ0 ‫ن َر‬ 
‫ن ِإ‬
َ mَ َL%ْ ‫ ا‬0
َ V
َ ‫ِى َأذْ َه‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ L
َ %ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬%َO‫ َو‬
6‫ب‬
ٌ !ُs%ُ َ( ِ)

154

(And they will say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah Who has removed from us (all)
grief. Verily, our Lord is indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (good deeds). Who,
out of His grace, has lodged us in a home that will last forever, where toil will touch us not nor
weariness will touch us.'') (35:34-35)
6َ* ِ-#ِ ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ ُ ا‬G
ْ ‫ َ? َأ‬3ْ 0ِ َ) ‫َ ُء‬UXَ w
ُ ْ َY /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ !ُأ ِ
*َ ا‬Cَ َJXَ ‫ض‬
َ ْ‫َ ا ر‬0Wَ ‫ َوَأوْ َر‬
(and has made us inherit (this) land. We can dwell in Paradise where we will; how excellent a
reward for the (pious) workers!) Abu Al-Aliyah, Abu Salih, Qatadah, As-Suddi and Ibn Zayd
said, "This means the land of Paradise.'' This is like the Ayah: 
‫ُ!ن‬L-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫َ ِدىَ ا‬C
ِ َ(Wُ ِ +َ ‫ض‬
َ ْ‫ن ا ر‬ 
‫آْ ِ َأ‬h %‫ِ ا‬,3ْ َ *ِ
‫ُ! ِر‬m %‫ ا‬1ِ) َ0Cْ Jَ ‫ْ َآ‬,Eَ %َ‫ َو‬6 (And indeed We have written in AzZabur after Adh-Dhikr that My righteous servants shall inherit the land. ) (21:105) they will
say:
6ُ‫َء‬UXَ w
ُ ْ Y
َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ !ُأ ِ
*َ ا‬Cَ Jَ Xَ 
(We can dwell in Paradise where we will) meaning, `wherever we want, we can settle; how
excellent a reward for our efforts.' In the Two Sahihs, it was reported in the story of the
Mi`raj which was narrated by Anas bin Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, that the
Prophet said:
«ْ$#ِ ْ%‫ َا ُ(َ ا‬9ُ ‫ َوِإذَا‬،ِg%ُْg-%‫َ ُِ ا‬0G
َ َ( ِ) ‫ذَا‬tَِ) ،َ/0 
َ %ْ ‫& ا‬
ُ ْ-.
ِ ْ‫( »ُأد‬I was admitted into Paradise where I saw that its
domes were pearls and its soil was musk.)''
Allah tells us how He will pass judgement on the people of Paradise and Hell, and put each of
them in the place fitting for him and for which he is suited; this is justice from Him and He is
never unjust. Then He tells us of His angels who surround His majestic Throne, glorifying the
praises of their Lord, extolling and magnifying Him, and declaring Him to be above any
shortcomings or injustice whatsoever, for He has passed judgement in the fairest and most
just manner. He says: 
?ُ(َ0 ْ َ 1
َN
ِ ُO‫ َو‬6 (And they will be judged) meaning, all of creation. 
\َL%ْ ِ6 (with truth.) Then He says:
6َ* ِ#-َ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ب ا‬
h ‫ َر‬Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aَ ِO‫ َو‬
(And it will be said, "All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exits.'')
meaning, all of creation, whether animate or inanimate, will speak words of praise to Allah,
the Lord of all that exists, for His wisdom and justice. These words are not attributed to any
specific speaker, which indicates that the whole of creation will testify to His praise. Qatadah
said, "Allah began His creation with praise, as He said, 
‫ت وَا رْض‬
ِ !َ ‫َـ‬#$ 
%‫\ ا‬
َ َ-.
َ ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ َL%ْ ‫ا‬6 (All praises and thanks be to Allah, Who created the heavens
and the earth) (6:1). and He ended it with praise, as He says: 
* ِ#-َ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ب ا‬
h َ‫ ر‬Fِ -%ِ ُ,#ْ L
َ %ْ ‫َ ا‬A ِO‫ َو‬h\L
َ %ْ ِ ْ?(ُ 0َ ْ َ 1
َN
ِ ُO‫ َو‬6 (And they will be judged with truth. And it will be said,
"All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.'').''

155

28. QS Yunus 10:9-10

?ِ ِ30 %‫& ا‬
ِ ‫ـ‬0G
َ <ِ) ُ ‫(َـ‬Xْ  ‫ِ ِ( ُ? ا‬JْL9َ *ِ
‫ْ ِى‬9َ ْ?(ِ Xِ َ#+ِtِ ْ?(ُ ‫ ِ( ْ? َر‬+ِ,(ْ َ+ ‫ت‬
ِ َLِ-‫[ـ‬%‫ُ! ْا ا‬-#ِ َ‫ُ!اْ َو‬0
َ ‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
ِ‫إ‬
- * ِ#-َ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ب ا‬
h َ‫ ر‬Fِ -% ُ,#ْ L
َ ْ%‫!َا ُه?ْ َأنِ ا‬
ْ َ‫ِ ُ د‬.‫_مٌ َوءَا‬
َ4
َ َ( ِ) ْ?(ُ Jُ  L
ِ 9َ َ‫ ُ( ? و‬-%‫ ا‬
َ 0َ ‫َـ‬LCْ 4
ُ َ( ِ) ْ?‫!َ ُه‬
ْ ‫ َد‬6
10:9. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang beriman dan mengerjakan amal-amal saleh, mereka
diberi petunjuk oleh Tuhan mereka karena keimanannya, di bawah mereka mengalir sungaisungai di dalam surga yang penuh kenikmatan.
10:10. Doa mereka di dalamnya ialah: Subhanakallahumma", dan salam penghormatan
mereka ialah: "Salam". Dan penutup doa mereka ialah: Alhamdulillaahi Rabbil 'aalamin."
(9. Verily, those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, their Lord will guide them through
their faith; under them will flow rivers in the Gardens of delight (Paradise).)
(10. Their way of request therein will be: "Glory to You, O Allah!'' and "Salam'' (peace, safety
from evil) will be their greetings therein! And the close of their request will be: "All praise is
due to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.'')
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
?ِ ِ30 %‫ت ا‬
ِ 0G
َ <ِ) ‫(َ ُر‬Xْ َ;%ْ ‫ِ ِ( ُ? ا‬JL
ْ 9َ ْ*
ِ ‫ْ ِي‬9َ ْ?(ِ Xِ َ#+ِtِ ْ?(ُ ‫ ِ(?ْ َر‬+ِ,(ْ َ+ ‫ت‬
ِ َL%ِ[%‫ُ!ا ا‬-ِ#
َ ‫ُ!ا َو‬0
َ q *
َ +ِ%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
?(X#+t ?(+,( 4 FX; ‫ت‬L%[%‫!ا ا‬-#3) F ‫!ا 
أ
وا‬-7J
‫ * وا‬-4 #%‫!ا ا‬O,f‫ و‬S ‫!ا‬0
q *+%‫اء ا‬,3$%‫ل ا‬Y * ‫ر‬C.‫ها إ‬
^‫!زو‬+ 1JY ? EJ$#%‫[ اط ا‬%‫ ا‬1- / 
E%‫!م ا‬+ S‫(? ا‬+,(+  X,%‫(? )< ا‬X#+‫ إ‬VC$ ‫ ^ أي‬+,EJ) / CC4 0(‫ء ه‬C%‫!ن ا‬a9 ‫ أن‬A#JL+
‫!ن‬U#+ ‫!را‬X ?(% ‫!ن‬a+ ‫ل‬O " ?(X#+t ?(‫(? ر‬+,(+ " F%!O <) ,‫ل 
ه‬O #‫ آ‬/X3J4_% ‫!ن‬a9 ‫ أن‬A#JL+‫ و‬. /0%‫ ا‬1%‫[!ا إ‬-o+‫و‬
. Aa ^ UC+‫ و‬FCYf ‫رض‬3+ ^ CO *
‫م‬O ‫ إذا‬/C d Q+‫ ور‬/0$Y ‫!رة‬f <) F-# F% A7#+ /+y‫Ž )< ا‬+ G *‫ل ا‬O‫ ; و‬F
" ?(X#+t ?(‫(? ر‬+,(+ " 1%39 F%!O %) /0%‫ ا‬F-.,+ 1JY F+,+ *  *
^‫!ر‬X F% A3 ) -# X‫!ل أ‬E ) ‫& ؟‬X‫
* أ‬F% ‫!ل‬E )
S) _4
‫دة‬JO * ^!LX ‫ر وروي‬0%‫ )< ا‬F)E+ 1JY ^‫_د‬+‫ و‬FCYf ‫م‬m- ) /0J0
Q+‫ ور‬/T 4 ‫!رة‬f <) F-# F% A7#+ )a%‫وا‬
?-‫ أ‬.
َ* ِ#َ%َ3%ْ ‫ب ا‬
h َ‫ ر‬Fِ -%ِ ,ُ #ْ L
َ %ْ ‫!َا ُه?ْ َأنِ ا‬
ْ ‫ِ ُ َد‬.qَ‫َمٌ و‬-4
َ َ( ِ) ْ?(ُ ُJ L
ِ 9َ ‫ ُ( ? َو‬-%‫ ا‬
َ Xَ َLCْ 4
ُ َ( ِ) ْ?‫!َا ُه‬
ْ ‫َد‬
" *‫ل ا‬O ./0%‫ ا‬A‫ل أه‬Y ‫ * " أي ها‬#%3%‫ رب ا‬S ,#L%‫ د!اه? أن ا‬.q‫_م و‬4 ( ) ?(J L9‫(? و‬-%‫ ا‬XLC4 ( ) ?‫د!اه‬
?( 9; ) ?‫ د!اه‬%‫(? وذ‬-%‫ ا‬XLC4 ‫!ا‬%O FX!(JU+ %‫ل إذا
(? ا‬O " ?(-%‫ ا‬XLC4 ( ) ?‫ " د!اه‬F%!O ‫ أن‬C.‫Ž أ‬+ G
" F%!O %) ?(‫ ر‬S‫وا ا‬,#Y ‫!ا‬-‫ذا أآ‬t) ‫ل‬O " ‫_م‬4 ( ) ?(J L9‫ " و‬F%!O %) F - ‫ (? ) دون‬- ?-$ ) FX!(JU+ # -#%‫ا‬ 
XLC4 " ?‫ه‬,Y‫ل أ‬O ‫م‬3% ‫!ا‬,+ ‫ أن‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫ إذا أراد أه‬: ‫ ن‬Y * A9E
‫ل‬O‫ * " و‬#%3%‫ رب ا‬S ,#L%‫ د!اه? أن ا‬.q‫و‬
*(-‫(* آ‬0
A‫ل ) ;آ‬O ‫ ى‬.K‫ )< ا‬H % ‫م‬3d ( ) V‫
* ذه‬/2Lf ‫دم‬. A‫دم
{ آ‬. ‫ف‬q ‫ ة‬U ?‫ه‬,Y‫ أ‬1- ‫!م‬E ) ‫ل‬O " ?(-%‫ا‬
FX!E-+ ‫!م‬+ ?(J L9 " F%!O *
FC ( ) /+y‫(? " وه^ ا‬-%‫ ا‬XLC4 " ‫ل‬O ‫<ء‬U !,+ ‫ه? أن‬,Y‫ إذا أراد أ‬: ‫!ري‬7%‫ ن ا‬24 ‫ل‬O‫و‬
" F%!O‫ ? " و‬Y‫!
* رب ر‬O ‫_م‬4 " F%!O‫_ 
" و‬4 
_4 _ O ‫ إ‬# W;9 ‫!ا و‬s% ( ) ‫!ن‬3#$+  " F%!O‫ و‬. /+y‫_م " ا‬4
1- /%‫ د‬F ) ‫ * " ها‬#%3%‫ رب ا‬S ,#L%‫ د!اه? أن ا‬.q‫ " و‬F%!O‫ و‬/+y‫? " ا‬a - ‫_م‬4 ‫ ب‬A‫ (?
* آ‬- ‫!ن‬-.,+ /aR_#%‫وا‬
‫اء‬,J‫ ا‬,0‫ و‬FJ‫اء آ‬,J‫ ار^ و)< ا‬#J4‫ وا‬FE-. ‫اء‬,J‫ ا‬,0 F$2X ,#Y ‫(ا‬%‫ى و‬,#%‫!ل ا‬d 1- ‫!د‬C3#%‫ا ا‬,‫!د أ‬#L#%‫ ه! ا‬1%39 FX‫أ‬
*
%‫ ذ‬1%‫رض " إ‬K‫!ات وا‬#$%‫\ ا‬-. ‫ي‬%‫ ا‬S ,#L%‫ب " " ا‬Ja%‫^ ا‬,C 1- ‫ل‬mX‫ي أ‬%‫ ا‬S ,#L%‫ " ا‬1%39 ‫!ل‬E+ w Y F-+m09
<) ‫ء‬G ‫(ا‬%‫!ال و‬YK‫ { ا‬#G <) ‫ ة‬.y‫  و)< ا‬X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫ ة )< ا‬.y‫ وا‬1%‫و‬K‫!د )< ا‬#L#%‫ ا‬FX‫( وأ‬$ ‫!ل‬+ <J%‫!ال ا‬YK‫ا‬
?( - S‫? ا‬3X ,+‫ا‬m9 *
‫ ون‬+ #% %‫ آ‬%‫!ن ذ‬a+ #X‫ " وإ‬H20%‫!ن ا‬#(-+ #‫ آ‬, #LJ%‫ وا‬Q C$J%‫!ن ا‬#(-+ /0%‫ ا‬A‫ " إن أه‬w+,L%‫ا‬
^‫!ا‬4 ‫ إ ه! و رب‬F%‫ )_ إ‬,
‫ء و أ‬NEX‫( ا‬% H -) ‫داد‬m9‫د و‬39‫ ر و‬aJ) .
In these two Ayat, Allah promises the happy blessings for those who believed in Allah and His
156

Messengers. And for those that have complied with what they were commanded to follow. The
promise is that He will guide them because of their faith, or it may mean through their faith.
As to the first interpretation, the meaning is that Allah will guide them on the Day of
Resurrection to the straight path until they pass into Paradise because of their faith in this
world. The other meaning is that their faith will assist them on the Day of Resurrection as
Mujahid said: 
?ِ(Xِ َ#+ِtِ ْ?(ُ  ‫ ِ(?ْ َر‬+ِ,(ْ +َ 6 (Their Lord will guide them through their faith) meaning "Their faith will
be a light in which they will walk.''
6 َ* ِ#َ-‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫ب ا‬
h ‫ َر‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ L
َ ْ%‫ن ا‬
ِ ‫ِ ُ َدْ!َا ُه?ْ َأ‬.‫_مٌ َوءَا‬
َ4
َ َ( ِ) ْ?(ُ Jُ  L
ِ 9َ ‫ ُ(? َو‬-%‫َ ا‬0َ ‫َـ‬LCْ ُ4 َ( ِ) ْ?‫ َ! ُه‬
ْ ‫ َد‬
(Their way of request therein will be: "Glory to You, O Allah!'' And Salam (peace, safety from
evil) will be their greetings therein! And the close of their request will be: "All praise is due to
Allah, the Lord of all that exists.'') meaning this is the condition of the people of Paradise.
This is similar to what is found in the following Ayat: 
?‫َـ‬-4
َ Fُ Xَ ْ!َE-ْ +َ ‫!ْ َم‬+َ ْ?(ُ Jُ  L
ِ 9َ 6 (Their greeting on the Day they shall meet Him will be "Salam Peace6!'') 
33:446, 
#‫َـ‬-4
َ ً#‫َـ‬-َ4 _
ً ِO  ‫ ِإ‬- ً# ِW;ْ َ9 َ َ‫ْ!ًا و‬s%َ َ( ِ) ‫ن‬
َ !ُ3#َ $
ْ +َ َ 6 (No Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk) will they hear
therein, nor any sinful speech. But only the saying of: Salam! Salam!!'') 56:25-266, 
? ِY‫ب ر‬
œ ‫* ر‬h
ً ْ!َO ٌ‫_َم‬4
َ 6 ((It will be said to them): "Salam'' -- a Word from the Lord, Most
Merciful.) 36:586, 
?ُa ْ -َ
َ ٌ?‫َـ‬-$
َ ٍَ Ah ‫* ُآ‬h
ْ?(ِ ْ -ََ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ-ُ.ْ,+َ /ُ aَ Tِ ‫َـ‬-#َ %‫وَا‬6 (And angels shall enter unto them from every gate
(saying): "Salamun `Alaykum (peace be upon you)!'') 13:23-246 In Allah's statement,
6َ* ِ#-َ‫َـ‬3ْ%‫ب ا‬
h ‫ َر‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ L
َ %ْ ‫ ُ َدْ!َاهُ?ْ َأنِ ا‬.
ِ ‫ َوءَا‬
(And the close of their request will be: All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.'')
There is an indication that Allah Almighty is the Praised One always, the Worshipped at all
times. This is why He praised Himself at the beginning and the duration of His creation. He
also praised Himself in the beginning of His Book and the beginning of its revelation. Allah
said: 
V‫َـ‬Jaِ %ْ ‫^ِ ا‬,ِ Cْ 
َ 1َ-
َ ‫َ َل‬mXْ ‫ِى َأ‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L
َ %ْ ‫ا‬6 (All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has sent down to
His servant the Book (the Qur'an).) 18:16, 
‫ت وَا رْض‬
ِ !َ ‫َـ‬#$ 
%‫\ ا‬
َ َ-.
َ ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -% ,ُ #ْ َL%ْ ‫ا‬6 (All praise is due to Allah, Who (alone) created the heavens and
the earth,) 6:16, and many other citations with this meaning. The Ayah also indicates that
Allah is the Praised One in this world and in the Hereafter and in all situations. In a Hadith
recorded by Muslim:
«Hَ20 %‫ن ا‬
َ !ُ#(َ -ْ +ُ َ#‫َ َآ‬, ِ#L
ْ J %‫ وَا‬Q
َ ِC$
ْ J %‫ُ!نَ ا‬#(َ ْ-+ُ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aَ ‫ن َأ ْه‬ 
‫( »ِإ‬The people of Paradise will be inspired to
glorify Allah and praise Him as they instinctively breath.) This will be their nature because of
the increasing bounties of Allah upon them. These bounties are repeated and brought back
again and increased with no limit or termination. So praise be to Allah for there is no God but
He and no Lord save He
157

29. QS Yunus 10:1
- ْ?(ِ h َ‫ ر‬,َ 0ِ ‫ق‬
ٍ ْ,f
ِ ‫ َم‬,َ َO ْ?(ُ %َ ‫ُ!اْ َأن‬0
َ ‫*َ ءا‬+ِ%‫ ِ ا‬U
h َ ‫س َو‬
َ 0%‫ِ ِر ا‬Xَ‫ ُ(?ْ َأنْ أ‬0ْ
h Aٍ G
ُ َ‫ ر‬1َ%‫َ ِإ‬0 ْ Y
َ ْ‫ً َأنْ َأو‬Cَ
َ ‫س‬
ِ 0-ِ% َ‫َأآَن‬

10:2. Patutkah menjadi keheranan bagi manusia bahwa Kami mewahyukan kepada seorang
laki-laki di antara mereka: "Berilah peringatan kepada manusia dan gembirakanlah orangorang beriman bahwa mereka mempunyai kedudukan yang tinggi di sisi Tuhan mereka".
Orang-orang kafir berkata: "Sesungguhnya orang ini (Muhammad) benar-benar adalah
tukang sihir yang nyata."
(2. Is it a wonder for mankind that We have sent Our revelation to a man from among
themselves (saying): "Warn mankind, and give good news to those who believe that they shall
have with their Lord the rewards of their good deeds'' (But) the disbelievers say: "This is
indeed an evident sorcerer!'')
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
?ِ(h‫ َر‬,َ ْ0
ِ ‫ق‬
ٍ ْ,ِf ‫ َم‬,َ Oَ ْ?(ُ َ% ‫ن‬ 
‫ُ!ا َأ‬0
َ q َ*+ِ%‫ ِ ا‬U
h َ ‫سَ َو‬0%‫ْ ِ ِر ا‬X‫ ُ(?ْ َأنْ َأ‬0ْ
ِ Aٍ ُG‫ َر‬1َ%‫َ ِإ‬0 ْ Y
َ ْ‫ً َأنْ َأو‬Cَ
َ ‫س‬
ِ 0-ِ% َ‫َأآَن‬
1%39 C.‫ أ‬#‫ آ‬UC%‫ *
* ا‬-4 #%‫ل ا‬4‫ر
* إر‬2a%‫
* ا‬V39 *
1- ‫ ا‬a0
1%39 ‫!ل‬E+ . /+y‫ " ا‬C ‫س‬0-% ‫ " أآن‬F%!O‫و‬
AG‫ ر‬1- ?a‫ءآ? ذآ
* ر‬G ‫? أن‬JC‫ " أو‬#(
!E% Q%f‫ل ه!د و‬O‫ " و‬0X‫و‬,(+ U‫(? " أ‬%!O *
* r#%‫ ون ا‬E%‫* ا‬
*‫ك * ا‬LN%‫ل ا‬O‫<ء ب " و‬U% ‫ا إن ها‬,Y‫( وا‬%‫ إ‬/(%y‫ ا‬A3G‫!ا " أ‬%O ?(X‫ أ‬e+ O ‫ر‬2‫ ا * آ‬Co
1%39 ‫ل‬O‫? " و‬a0

‫!ن‬a+ ‫ أ?
* أن‬S‫!ا ا‬%E) ?(0
aX‫ أو
* أ‬%‫ ب ذ‬3%‫ ت ا‬aX‫! أ‬4‫? ر‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ‫ا‬,#L
1%39 S‫ ا‬w3 #% ‫س‬C
F ) ‫!ا‬2-J.‫ ر(? " ا‬,0 ‫ق‬,f ‫م‬,O ?(% ‫ " أن‬F%!O‫ و‬. /+y‫ " ا‬C ‫س‬0-% ‫ " أآن‬AG‫ و‬m S‫ل ا‬mX;) ‫ل‬O ,#L
A7
‫ ا‬U F%!4‫ر‬
‫آ‬%‫دة )< ا‬3$%‫(? ا‬% &EC4 ‫!ل‬E+ " ‫ق‬,f ‫م‬,O ?(% ‫!ا أن‬0
q *+%‫ ا‬U‫ " و‬F%!O <) ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬/L-d <‫< * أ‬- ‫ل‬E)
* {  %‫ك وا‬LN%‫ل ا‬O ‫
!ا وآا‬,O # 0$Y ‫ ا‬G‫!ل أ‬E+ " ?(‫ ر‬,0 ‫ق‬,f ‫م‬,O ?(% ‫س " أن‬C *‫!)< * ا‬3%‫ل ا‬O‫ول و‬K‫ا‬
" ?(‫ ر‬,0 ‫ق‬,f ‫م‬,O ?(% ‫ " أن‬,‫ل 
ه‬O‫ و‬. /+y‫ا " ا‬,+, 4; ‫ر‬0 % " 1%39 F%!E‫? وها آ‬-4‫ * أ‬,+‫* * ز‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C‫ و‬HX‫أ‬
?-4‫ * أ‬,+‫ل ز‬O ‫(? وآا‬% {2U+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ,#L
‫ و‬: ‫ل‬O ?(L C$9‫(? و‬JO,f‫!
(? و‬f‫(? و‬9_f /L%[%‫ل ا‬#K‫ل ا‬O
F% ‫ل‬E+ #‫
!ه آ‬,O <J%‫ ا‬/L%[%‫ل ا‬#K‫ أن ا‬,‫!ل 
ه‬O + G *‫ر ا‬J.‫ ر(? وا‬,0 ‫ق‬,f ‚-4 ‫دة‬JO ‫ل‬O‫ ن و‬Y * A9E
‫و‬ 
(X‫س أ‬0%‫ ا‬a0+  ‫م‬,O ?a% : /
%‫!ل ذي ا‬O‫{ و‬9 S‫ ا‬/d <) 0%‫و‬K 02-.‫  و‬%‫  إ‬-3%‫م ا‬,E%‫ ا‬0% : ‫ن‬$Y ‫!ل‬E‫_م آ‬4n‫م )< ا‬,O
LC%‫ ا‬1- &#d ‫دي‬3%‫ ا‬V$L%‫
{ ا‬.
Allah rebukes the attitude of the disbelievers with the words
6ًC
َ
َ ِ‫س‬0-ِ% ‫ن‬
َ َ‫َأآ‬
(Is it a wonder for mankind...) They have always found it strange that Allah would send
Messengers to them from among mankind. Allah also tells us about other people from
previous nations who said,
6َ0Xَ ‫ُو‬,(ْ +َ ٌ َUَ ‫َأ‬
(Shall mere men guide us) (64:6) Hud and Salih said to their people:
6ْ?aُ 0ْ
h Aٍ ُG‫ َر‬1َ-َ ْ?aُ h ‫* ر‬h
ٌ ْ‫َ َء ُآ?ْ ِذآ‬G ‫?ْ أَن‬Jُ Cْ ِ
َ ‫َأ َو‬
(Do you wonder that there has come to you a reminder from your Lord through a man from
among you.) (7:63) Allah also told us what the disbelievers from Quraysh said:
158

6 ٌ‫َب‬
ُ ‫ْ ٌء‬1U
َ %َ ‫ًا ِإن هَـَا‬,ِY‫َـ(ً َو‬%‫ ِإ‬/َ (َ %ِ ‫ ا‬Aَ َ3G
َ ‫َأ‬
(Has he made the gods into one God Verily, this is a curious thing!) (38:5) Ad-Dahhak
reported Ibn `Abbas that he said: "When Allah sent Muhammad as a Messenger, most of the
Arabs denied him and his message and said: Allah is greater than sending a human Messenger
like Muhammad. '' Ibn `Abbas said, "So Allah revealed:
6ًC
َ
َ ِ‫س‬0-ِ% ‫ن‬
َ َ‫َأآ‬
(Is it a wonder for mankind...)'' Allah's statement;
6ْ?(ِ h ‫َ َر‬,0ِ ‫ق‬
ٍ ْ,f
ِ َ‫م‬,َ Oَ ْ?(ُ َ% ‫ن‬ 
‫َأ‬
(that they shall have with their Lord the rewards of their good deeds) Scholars have differed
over the meaning of the reward for the good deeds in this Ayah:
6ٍ‫ْق‬,f
ِ ‫ َم‬,َ َO ْ?(ُ %َ ‫ن‬ 
‫ُ!اْ َأ‬0
َ ‫* ءا‬
َ +ِ%‫ ِ ا‬hUَ ‫ َو‬
(and give good news to those who believe that they shall have with their Lord the rewards of
their good deeds.) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said about this Ayah, "Eternal
happiness has been written for them.'' Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said: "It is the good
reward for what they have done.'' Mujahid said: "It is their good deeds -- their prayers,
fasting, charity, and glorification.'' He then said, "And Muhammad will intercede for them.''

159

30. QS Al Imran 3:30
F-%‫ وَا‬Fُ $
َ ْ2Xَ Fُ -%‫ ُر ُآ ُ? ا‬h َL+ُ ‫ًا َو‬, ِ3َ ‫َا‬,
َ ‫ َأ‬Fُ 0َ ْ َ‫(َ َو‬0َ ْ َ ‫ن‬ 
‫َ!ْ َأ‬% ‫َ َ! د‬9 ‫ُ! ٍء‬4 *ِ
ْ&-َِ#
َ َ
‫ ًا َو‬N
َ ْL 
ٍ ْ .
َ ْ*
ِ ْ&-َ#ِ َ 
H
ٍ 2ْ Xَ A ‫ُ ُآ‬,
ِ 9َ ‫َ!ْ َم‬+
‫َد‬Cِ3%ْ ِ ُ‫ رَءُوف‬6
3:30. Pada hari ketika tiap-tiap diri mendapati segala kebajikan dihadapkan (dimukanya),
begitu (juga) kejahatan yang telah dikerjakannya; Ia ingin kalau kiranya antara ia dengan
hari itu ada masa yang jauh; dan Allah memperingatkan kamu terhadap diri (siksa) Nya.
Dan Allah sangat Penyayang kepada hamba-hamba-Nya.
(30. On the Day when every person will be confronted with the good he has done, and all the
evil he has done, he will wish that there were a great distance between him and his evil. And
Allah warns you against Himself and Allah is full of kindness with the servants.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
F-%‫ وَا‬Fُ $
َ ْ2Xَ Fُ -%‫ ُر ُآ ُ? ا‬h َLُ+‫ًا َو‬, ِ3َ ‫ًا‬,
َ ‫ َأ‬Fُ 0َ ْ َ‫(َ َو‬0َ ْ َ ‫ن‬ 
‫َ!ْ َأ‬% ‫َ َ! د‬9 ‫ُ! ٍء‬4 ْ*
ِ ْ&-َِ#
َ َ
‫ ًا َو‬N
َ L
ْ
ُ ٍ ْ .
َ ْ*
ِ ْ&-َ#ِ َ َ
H
ٍ 2ْ Xَ A ‫ُ ُآ‬,
ِ 9َ ‫َ!ْ َم‬+
‫َد‬Cِ3%ْ ِ ٌ‫رَءُوف‬
*
‫ رأى‬#) " .‫م وأ‬,O # T
!+ ‫ن‬$Xn‫; ا‬C0+ " 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫ و آ‬. *
F%#‫ { أ‬#G ,C3-% NL+ / 
E%‫!م ا‬+ <03+
FX U% ‫!ل‬E+ #‫ آ‬, 3 ,
‫ أ‬#(0  ‫!ن‬a+ ‫ وأن‬F0
‫ أ‬C9 FX‫! أ‬% ‫ وود‬F[ ‫ء^ و‬4 Q CO *
‫ و 
رأى‬FY )‫ وأ‬%‫ ^ ذ‬4 0$Y F%#‫أ‬
1%39 ‫ل‬O ?W " *+ E%‫ ا‬HTC) * O U#%‫ ا‬,3 0 ‫< و‬0  & % + " ‫!ء‬$%‫ ا‬A3) 1- ^‫ أ‬G ‫ي‬%‫  وه! ا‬X,%‫ )< ا‬F X‫ و‬E
‫ي آن‬%‫ا‬
‫!ا‬0E+‫ و‬FJ#Y‫!ا
* ر‬4; + _T% ^‫د‬C3%  G
F%_G AG ‫ل‬O ?W FE ?a)!o+ ‫ " أي‬F$2X S‫رآ? ا‬L+‫ا " و‬,!J
‫دا و‬,(
‫ا و‬,‫آ‬g

‫(? أن‬% VL+ FE-o ? Y‫ أي ر‬: ^ ‫ل‬O‫ و‬F$2X ?‫ره‬Y ?( FJ)‫
* رأ‬: ‫[ ي‬C%‫* ا‬$L%‫ل ا‬O " ‫د‬C3% ‫ رءوف‬S‫ " وا‬F2% *

?+ a%‫ ا‬F%!4‫!ا ر‬3CJ+ ‫? وأن‬+!E%‫ ا‬F0+‫ ? ود‬EJ$#%‫ ا‬Fd‫ ا‬f 1- ‫!ا‬# EJ$+ . 
‫ ًا‬N
َ ْL 
ٍ ْ .
َ ْ*
ِ ْ&-َِ#
َ 
H
ٍ 2ْ Xَ A ُ‫ آ‬,ُ 
ِ 9َ َ‫!ْم‬+َ 6(On the Day when every person will be confronted with all
the good he has done,) meaning, on the Day of Resurrection, Allah brings the good and evil
deeds before the servant, just as He said,  
.‫ َم َوَأ‬, Oَ َ#ِ ِTِ
َ !ْ َ+ *
ُ ‫َـ‬$Xِn‫;ُ ا‬C0َ ُ+ 6 (On that Day man will be informed of what he sent forward, and
what he left behind.) 75:136.
When the servant sees his good deeds, he becomes happy and delighted. When he sees the evil
deeds he committed, he becomes sad and angry. Then he will wish that he could disown his
evil work and that a long distance separated it from him. He will also say to the devil who
used to accompany him in this life, and who used to encourage him to do evil; 
*+ِ َE%ْ ‫ ا‬H
َ Tْ Cِ َ) *
ِ ْ Oَ ِ U
ْ #َ %ْ ‫ ا‬,َ ْ3ُ 
َ 0َ ْ َ ‫ِ< َو‬0 ْ َ &
َ ْ َ-+6 ("Would that between me and you were the distance of the
two easts ‫ ـ‬a horrible companion (indeed)!) 43:386. Allah then said, while threatening and
warning, 
Fَ$ْ2Xَ Fُ -%‫ ُرآُ ُ? ا‬hL
َ +ُ َ‫و‬6 (And Allah warns you against Himself) meaning, He warns you against His
punishment. Allah then said, while bringing hope to His servants, so that they do not despair
from His mercy or feel hopeless of His kindness, 
‫َد‬C3ِ ْ%ِ ٌ‫ َرءُوف‬Fُ -%‫وَا‬6 (And Allah is full of kindness with the servants) Al-Hasan Al-Basri said,
"Allah is so kind with them that He warns them against Himself.'' Others commented, "He is
merciful with His creation and likes for them to remain on His straight path and chosen
religion, and to follow His honorable Messenger.''
160

31. QS Al Qashash 28:85-88 
* ِC 
Aٍ ‫َـ‬-r
َ 1ِ) !َ ُ‫َى َو َ
*ْ ه‬,(ُ %ْ ِ ‫َ َء‬G *َ
ُ?-َ
ْ ‫ َأ‬1h‫ ر‬AُO ٍ‫َد‬3
َ 1َ%‫ك ِإ‬
َ ‫د‬qَ %َ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ُ ْءَا‬E%ْ ‫ ا‬
َ ْ -َ
َ َ‫ِى َ) َ ض‬%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
َ*+ِ 2ِ ‫َـ‬a-ْ h% ‫* …َ( ًا‬ 
Xَ !ُa9َ _
َ )َ َh ‫* ر‬h
/ً #َ Y
ْ ‫ ِإ  َر‬V
ُ ‫َـ‬Jaِ %ْ ‫ ا‬
َ ْ %َ‫ ِإ‬1َE-ْ +ُ ‫ُ! أَن‬Gْ 9َ &
َ 0ُ‫ َو
َ آ‬َ* ِ‫ ِ آ‬U
ْ #ُ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ * 
Xَ !ُa9َ َ ‫ َو‬
َ h َ‫ ر‬1َ%‫ع ِإ‬
ُ ْ‫ وَاد‬
َ ْ َ%‫&ْ ِإ‬%َmِ Xُ‫َ ِإذْ أ‬,3ْ َ ِF-%‫& ا‬
ِ ‫َـ‬+‫*ْ ءَا‬
َ َX , [
ُ +َ َ ‫ َو‬- ‫ُ!ن‬3G
َ ْ 9ُ Fِ ْ %َ‫ْ ُ? َوِإ‬aL
ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬Fُ %َ Fُ (َ ْG‫ٌ ِإ  َو‬%َِ‫ْ ٍء ه‬1
َ A‫ ِإ  هُ َ! ُآ‬Fَ ‫َـ‬%‫ َ َ ِإ‬.
َ ‫َـ(ً ءَا‬%‫ِ ِإ‬F-%‫ع َ
{َ ا‬
ُ ْ,9َ َ ‫ َو‬6
28:85. Sesungguhnya yang mewajibkan atasmu (melaksanakan hukum-hukum) Al Qur'an,
benar-benar akan mengembalikan kamu ke tempat kembali. Katakanlah: "Tuhanku
mengetahui orang yang membawa petunjuk dan orang yang dalam kesesatan yang nyata".
28:86. Dan kamu tidak pernah mengharap agar Al Qur'an diturunkan kepadamu, tetapi ia
(diturunkan) karena suatu rahmat yang besar dari Tuhanmu, sebab itu janganlah sekali-kali
kamu menjadi penolong bagi orang-orang kafir.
28:87. Dan janganlah sekali-kali mereka dapat menghalangimu dari (menyampaikan) ayatayat Allah, sesudah ayat-ayat itu diturunkan kepadamu, dan serulah mereka kepada (jalan)
Tuhanmu, dan janganlah sekali-kali kamu termasuk orang-orang yang mempersekutukan
Tuhan.
28:88. Janganlah kamu sembah di samping (menyembah) Allah, tuhan apapun yang lain.
Tidak ada Tuhan (yang berhak disembah) melainkan Dia. Tiap-tiap sesuatu pasti binasa,
kecuali Allah. Bagi-Nya lah segala penentuan, dan hanya kepada-Nya lah kamu
dikembalikan.
(85. Verily, He Who has given you the Qur'an, will surely bring you back to the return. Say:
"My Lord is Aware of him who brings guidance, and of him who is in manifest error.'')
(86. And you were not expecting that the Book would be sent down to you, but it is a mercy
from your Lord. So never be a supporter of the disbelievers.)
(87. And let them not turn you away from the Ayat of Allah after they have been sent down to
you, and invite to your Lord and be not of idolators.)
(88. And invoke not any other god along with Allah, La ilaha illa Huwa. Everything will perish
save His Face. His is the decision, and to Him you shall be returned.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
*
ٍ ِC
ُ ‫َ ٍل‬-r
َ <ِ) !َ ‫َى َو َ
*ْ ُه‬,(ُ ْ%ِ ‫َ َء‬G ْ*
َ ُ?-َ
ْ ‫< َأ‬h‫ْ َر‬AُO ‫َ ٍد‬3
َ 1َ%‫ َا دكَ ِإ‬%َ َ‫ن‬qْ Eُ %ْ ‫ ا‬
َ ْ -ََ ‫ض‬
َ َ )َ ‫ِي‬%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
!‫د وه‬3
1%‫ د^ إ‬4 FX; F% ‫ ا‬Co
‫س و‬0%‫ ا‬1- ‫ن‬q E%‫_وة ا‬9‫ و‬/%4 %‫_غ ا‬C F - F
_4‫ و‬S‫!ات ا‬-f F%!4‫
ا ر‬q 1%39 ‫!ل‬E+
‫ ض‬J)‫د " أي ا‬3
1%‫ ادك إ‬% ‫ن‬q E%‫  ا‬- ‫ي ) ض‬%‫" إن ا‬1%39 ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫!ة و‬C0%‫ء ا‬C‫ ^
* أ‬J4‫ ا‬# F%;$ ) / 
E%‫!م ا‬+
?( %‫ إ‬A4‫* أر‬+%‫* ا‬%;$0-) " 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫ آ‬%‫ * ذ‬%;$ ) / 
E%‫!م ا‬+ 1%‫د " أي إ‬3
1%‫ ادك إ‬% " ‫س‬0%‫ ا‬1%‫  أداء^ إ‬-
* ‫ي‬,$%‫ل ا‬O‫اء" و‬,(U%‫ * وا‬C0% ‘ G‫ل " و‬O‫? " و‬JCG‫!ل 
ذا أ‬E ) A4 %‫ ا‬S‫{ ا‬#+ ‫!م‬+ " 1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ * " و‬-4 #%‫* ا‬%;$0%‫و‬
F%O . ‫ن‬q E%‫ * ا‬-R4 ?W /0%‫ ا‬1%‫ ادك إ‬% ‫!ل‬E+ " ‫د‬3
1%‫ ادك إ‬% ‫ن‬q E%‫  ا‬- ‫ي ) ض‬%‫س " إن ا‬C *‫ * ا‬Q%f <‫أ‬
‫!م‬+ 1%‫ل إ‬O "‫د‬3
1%‫ ادك إ‬% " #(0 S‫< ا‬r‫س ر‬C *‫ * ا‬/
a * ‫? * أن‬aL%‫ل ا‬O‫( و‬-7
, 34 !‫ل أ‬O‫ي و‬,$%‫ا‬
‫!ت‬#%‫ ا‬1%‫د " إ‬3
1%‫ ادك إ‬% " ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬CG * , 34 * e#K‫!ري * ا‬7%‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬, ‫ه ي‬m%‫ * ا‬%
^‫ وروا‬/ 
E%‫ا‬
161

‫و‪(%‬ا ‪ d‬ق * ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪ #(0 S‬و)< ‪ % (N3‬ادك إ‪ *
X,3
1%‬ا‪ /0%‬و‪O‬ل 
ه‪!+  L+ ,‬م ا‪ / 
E%‬وآا روي‬
‫* ‪ /
a‬وء و‪ CG * , 34‬وأ< ‪ /mO‬وأ< 
‪ %‬وأ< ‪ Q%f‬و‪O‬ل ا‪ *$L%‬ا‪ [C%‬ي أي وا‪ S‬إن ‪3#% F%‬دا ) ‪ F73C‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪!+‬م ا‪ F-.,+ ?W / 
E%‬ا‪ . /0%‬و‪ ,O‬روي * ا* ‪C‬س ذ‪ %‬آ‪O #‬ل ا‪oC%‬ري )< ا‪A9E
* ,#L
0W,Y FL Lf *
$2J%‬‬
‫أ‪ 24 0W,Y 1-3+ X;CX‬ن ا‪ 2[3%‬ي * ‪ * /
a‬ا* ‪C‬س " ‪ %‬ادك إ‪3
1%‬د " ‪O‬ل إ‪ /a
1%‬وه‪a‬ا روا^ ا‪ $29 <) <R$0%‬‬
‫‪ F004‬وا* ‪ 1-3+ w+,Y *
+ G‬وه! ا* ‪ , C‬ا‪ F <$)0%‬وه‪a‬ا روا^ ا‪ * <)!3%‬ا* ‪C‬س " ‪ %‬ادك إ‪3
1%‬د " أي ‪ %‬ادك‬
‫إ‪ /a
1%‬آ‪ #‬أ‪ (0
G .‬و‪O‬ل
‪ * ,#L‬إ‪L4‬ق * 
ه‪ % " F%!O <) ,‬ادك إ‪3
1%‬د" إ‪,%!
1%‬ك ‪ . /a#‬و‪O‬ل ا* أ< ‪?9Y‬‬
‫و‪ ,O‬روى ا* ‪C‬س و‪ * 1 L+‬ا‪ o%‬از و‪ CG * , 34‬و ‪ /‬وا‪LN%‬ك ‪ !LX‬ذ‪ . %‬و‪ 0W,Y‬أ< ‪ 0W,Y‬ا* أ< ‪O #‬ل ‪O :‬ل‬
‫‪ 24‬ن )‪ * /04 * 3C4 0
A9E
*
^03#$‬ا‪LN%‬ك ‪O‬ل ‪ . #%‬ج ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ Š-C) /a
*
?-4‬ا‪ /2L%‬ا‪J‬ق إ‪1%‬‬

‪mX;) /a‬ل ا‪ " F - S‬إن ا‪%‬ي ) ض ‪  -‬ا‪q E%‬ن ‪ %‬ادك إ‪3
1%‬د " إ‪ /a
1%‬وها
* آ_م ا‪LN%‬ك ‪ <NJE+‬أن ه^ ا‪/ X,
/+y‬‬
‫وإن آن 
‪!#‬ع ا‪!$%‬رة
‪  a‬وا‪ S‬أ‪ . ?-‬و‪O ,O‬ل ‪ ,C‬ا‪ %‬زاق ‪JO * #3
0W,Y‬دة )< ‪ % " 1%39 F%!O‬ادك إ‪3
1%‬د" ‪O‬ل ه^‬

‪ #‬آن ا* ‪C‬س ‪ . (#Ja+‬و‪ ,O‬روى ا* أ< ‪ ? 3X * ^,0$ ?9Y‬ا‪E%‬ري أ‪O FX‬ل )< ‪ % " F%!O‬ادك إ‪3
1%‬د " ‪O‬ل إ‪&  1%‬‬
‫ا‪,E#%‬س وها وا‪ S‬أ‪ {G + ?-‬إ‪!O 1%‬ل
* )‪ $‬ذ‪!  %‬م ا‪K / 
E%‬ن  & ا‪,E#%‬س ه! أرض ا‪ UL#%‬وا‪ U0#%‬وا‪ S‬ا‪\)!#%‬‬
‫‪![-%‬اب وو‪ FG‬ا‪ *  {#%‬ه^ ا‪!OK‬ال أن ا* ‪C‬س )‪ $‬ذ‪9 %‬رة  ‪ F!G‬إ‪ /a
1%‬وه! ا‪ QJ2%‬ا‪%‬ي ه! ‪ ,0‬ا* ‪C‬س أ 
رة‬
‫‪ 1-‬ا‪ JO‬اب أ‪ AG‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬آ‪ $) #‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪!4‬رة " إذا ‪G‬ء ‪ [X‬ا‪ S‬وا‪ "QJ2%‬إ‪ .q 1%‬ا‪!$%‬رة أ‪ FX‬أ‪AG‬‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ <3X ?-4‬إ‪ F %‬وآن ذ‪ NL %‬ة ‪ * #‬ا‪o%‬ب ووا)‪ 1- # FE‬ذ‪ %‬و‪O‬ل ‪  :‬أ‪ (0
?-‬ا‪%‬ي‬
‫‪ . ?-39‬و‪(%‬ا )‪ $‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪9‬رة أ‪ .‬ى ‪ % " : F%!O‬ادك إ‪3
1%‬د " ‪!#%‬ت و‪9‬رة  !م ا‪ / 
E%‬ا‪%‬ي ه! ‪ ,3‬ا‪!#%‬ت و‪9‬رة ‪/0%‬‬
‫ا‪ <J%‬ه< ‪mG‬اؤ^ و
[ ^ ‪ 1-‬أداء ر‪ /%4‬ا‪ S‬وإ_ ( إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ * -E7%‬ا‪ HXn‬وا‪ *%‬و‪ FXK‬أآ‪ \-. A#‬ا‪ S‬وأ)[‪ \-. Q‬ا‪ S‬وأ ف‬
‫‪ \-.‬ا‪ 1- S‬ا‪_dn‬ق و‪ AO " : 1%39 F%!O‬ر< أ‪G *
?-‬ء ‪,(%‬ى و
* ه! )< ‪_r‬ل
‪ " * C‬أي ‪ 2%. *#% AO‬وآ ‪+‬‬

‪ *

!O *
,#L‬ا‪ U#%‬آ * و
* ‪ 1- ?(3C9‬آ‪ 2‬ه? ‪ AO‬ر< أ‪,J(#% ?-‬ي
‪ ?a0‬و
‪ <0‬و‪!#-3J4‬ن ‪!a9 *#%‬ن ‪ /CO F%‬ا‪,%‬ار‬
‫‪.‬و‪!a9 *#%‬ن ا‪ /CO3%‬وا‪ [0%‬ة )< ا‪  X,%‬وا‪ .y‬ة ‪O ?W .‬ل ‪
1%39‬آ ا ‪ FJ#3X F C0%‬ا‪ F - /# 3%‬و‪ 1-‬ا‪C3%‬د إذ أر‪ F-4‬إ‪?( %‬‬
‫*‬
‫* …َ(ِ ًا ِ‪َ +ِ ِ)َa-ْ %‬‬
‫ )َ‪ Xَ !ُa9َ َ-‬‬
‫ب ِإ‪َ %‬ر‪َ ْ*
ِ /ً #َ ْY‬ر ‪َ h‬‬
‫ ا ْ‪ُ َJِa%‬‬
‫& َ‪َ !ُGْ 9‬أنْ ُ‪ِ 1َEْ-+‬إَ‪َ ْ %‬‬
‫َو
َ ُآ‪َ ْ0‬‬
‫و 
آ‪ !G 9 &0‬أن ‪ 1E-+‬إ‪  %‬ا‪Ja%‬ب " أي 
آ‪ ACO *9 &0‬إ‪mX‬ال ا‪ <Y!%‬إ‪  %‬أن ا‪m0+ <Y!%‬ل ‪ "  -‬و‪ *a%‬ر‪ *
/#Y‬ر " "‬
‫أي إ‪ #X‬أ‪mX‬ل ا‪ *
 - <Y!%‬ا‪ *
S‬ر‪  FJ#Y‬و‪C3%‬د ‪t) CC$‬ذا
‪ ^( L0‬ا‪ /#30%‬ا‪ (… *X!a9 _) " /# 3%‬ا " أي
‪0 3‬‬
‫‪ " *+ )a-% ".‬و‪) *a%‬ر‪ ?(O‬و‪X‬ه? و‪?(2%.‬‬
‫‪ ِ U‬آِ *َ‬
‫* ا ْ‪ْ #ُ %‬‬
‫ع ِإ‪َ 1َ%‬ر ‪ َh‬وَ‪َ
ِ *Xَ !ُa9َ َ%‬‬
‫ وَادْ ُ‬
‫ت ا‪ِ َ,3ْ َ Fِ -%‬إذْ ُأ ْ‪ِ ْ&%َِmX‬إَ‪َ ْ %‬‬
‫*ْ ‪ِ َ+q‬‬
‫َو‪َ َX , ُ[+َ َ%‬‬
‫و ‪+q * X,[+‬ت ا‪ ,3 S‬إذ أ‪ &%mX‬إ‪ "  %‬أي  ‪ % ?(J2%o#% W;J9‬و‪,f‬ه? ا‪0%‬س * ‪!-9  E+ d‬ي ‪ 1-‬ذ‪ %‬و ‪" F%C9‬‬
‫)‪t‬ن ا‪ A3
S‬آ‪ J#-‬و
‪ ,+g‬د‪ 0+‬و
( 
أر‪ R4 1- F -4‬ا‪K‬د‪+‬ن و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل " وادع إ‪ 1%‬ر " أي إ‪C 1%‬دة ر و‪ ^,Y‬‬
‫‪ " F% +  " .‬و ‪ *
*X!a9‬ا‪ U#%‬آ *‬
‫‪!ُ3G‬نَ‬
‫‪َ ?ُ ْaL‬وِإَ‪َ ْ 9ُ Fِ ْ %‬‬
‫<ْ ٍء هَِ‪ِ ٌ%‬إ‪َ %‬و‪ Fُ َ% Fُ (َ ْG‬ا ْ‪ُ %‬‬
‫‪ِ َ% َ .‬إَ‪ Fَ %‬إِ‪ُ %‬ه َ! ُآ‪َ A‬‬
‫ع َ
َ{ ا‪ِ Fِ -%‬إَ‪َ q ً(%‬‬
‫َو‪ُ ْ,9َ َ%‬‬
‫‪ " : F%!O‬و ‪,9‬ع
{ ا‪ S‬إ‪  .q (%‬إ‪ F%‬إ ه! " أي  ‪ \ -9‬ا‪C3%‬دة إ ‪ F%‬و ‪ <sC09‬ا‪ / (%n‬إ ‪ . FJ#3%‬و‪ " F%!O‬آ‪< A‬ء ه‪%‬‬
‫إ و‪ " F(G‬إ‪C.‬ر ;‪ FX‬ا‪,%‬ا‪ ?R‬ا‪ <OC%‬ا‪ <L%‬ا‪! E%‬م ا‪%‬ي ‪!#9‬ت ا‪ \R_o%‬و ‪!#+‬ت آ‪O #‬ل ‪ " 1%39‬آ‪) ( - *
A‬ن و‪ 1EC+‬و‪FG‬‬
‫ر ذو ا‪_%‬ل وا‪n‬آ ام " )‪ * FG!% C3‬ا‪%‬ات وه‪a‬ا ‪ F%!O‬ه(‪ " 0‬آ‪< A‬ء ه‪ %‬إ و‪ " F(G‬أي إ إ‪ ^+‬و‪<) &CW ,O‬‬
‫ا‪ \+ d *
Q L[%‬أ< ‪ * /#-4‬أ< ه ‪ +‬ة ‪O‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " : ?-4‬أ‪,f‬ق آ‪ (%O /#-‬ا‪ , C% U%‬أ آ‪A‬‬
‫<ء 
‪ _.‬ا‪ " Ad S‬و‪O‬ل 
ه‪ ,‬وا‪!7%‬ري )< ‪ " : F%!O‬آ‪< A‬ء ه‪ %‬إ و‪ " F(G‬أي إ 
أر‪ F ,+‬و‪ F(G‬و‪ ^aY‬ا‪oC%‬ري‬
‫)< ‪ FL Lf‬آ‪ E#%‬ر ‪O F%‬ل ا* ‪ : + G‬و‪O *
,(UJ$+‬ل ذ‪!E %‬ل ا‪ : U%‬أ‪ 2sJ4‬ا‪ S‬ذ‪ F [L
&$% CX‬رب ا‪C3%‬د إ‪F %‬‬
‫ا‪ FG!%‬وا‪ A#3%‬وها ا‪!E%‬ل  ‪ <)0+‬ا‪!E%‬ل ا‪K‬ول )‪t‬ن ها إ‪C.‬ر * آ‪ A‬ا‪#K‬ل ;‪ /-d (X‬إ 
أر‪ F ,+‬و‪ FG‬ا‪*
1%39 S‬‬
‫ا‪#K‬ل ا‪ /L%[%‬ا‪ /3+ U-% /E#%‬وا‪!E%‬ل ا‪K‬ول
‪ ^NJE‬أن آ‪ A‬ا‪%‬وات )‪ / X‬وزا‪ /-R‬إ ذا‪ 1%39 F9‬و‪,E9‬س )‪ FXt‬ا‪K‬ول وا‪ .y‬‬
‫ا‪%‬ي ه! ‪ ACO‬آ‪< A‬ء و‪ ,3‬آ‪< A‬ء ‪O .‬ل أ! ‪ ,C a‬ا‪ * ,#L
* S‬أ< ا‪ <)  X,%‬آ‪J‬ب ا‪ a2J%‬وا‪CJ‬ر ‪ 0W,Y‬أ‪* ,#Y‬‬

‪ * ,#L‬أ< ‪ * ?-$
0W,Y a‬إ اه ? ‪ ? -4 * # 0W,Y‬ا‪C%‬ه‪ 0W,Y <-‬أ! ا‪O , %!%‬ل ‪ :‬آن ا* ‪ #‬إذا أراد أن ‪3J+‬ه‪FC-O ,‬‬
‫‪ <9;+‬ا‪0 ) ( 1- ‚E ) / o%‬دي [!ت ‪!E ) *+mY‬ل ‪ :‬أ‪ *+‬أه‪ -‬؟ ‪ {G + ?W‬إ‪!E ) F$2X 1%‬ل " آ‪< A‬ء ه‪ %‬إ و‪" F(G‬‬
‫و‪ F% " : F%!O‬ا‪ " ?aL%‬أي ا‪ -#%‬وا‪ [J%‬ف و
‪ " F#aL% VE3‬وإ‪!3G 9 F %‬ن " أي ‪!+‬م
‪3‬دآ? ) ‪ ?a%#; ?a+m‬إن آن ‪ .‬ا‬
‫‪ o) .‬وإن  ا )‪!4 $29 .q . U‬رة ا‪ [E%‬و‪ S‬ا‪ ,#L%‬وا‪/0#%‬‬
‫‪Here Allah commands His Messenger to convey the Message and recite the Qur'an to people.‬‬
‫‪162‬‬

He tells him that he will be brought back to the return, which is the Day of Resurrection,
where he will be asked about the prophethood he was entrusted with. So Allah says: 
‫َد‬3
َ 1َ%‫ دكَ ِإ‬qَ %َ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ُ ْءَا‬E%ْ ‫ ا‬
َ ْ -ََ ‫ض‬
َ َ َ) ‫ِى‬%‫ِإن ا‬6 (Verily, He Who has given you the Qur'an, will surely bring
you back to the return.) meaning, `the One Who has commanded you to put it into practice
among mankind,' 
‫َد‬3
َ 1َ%‫ك ِإ‬
َ ‫ د‬qَ %َ6 (will surely bring you back to the return.) `On the Day of Resurrection, where He
will question you concerning that,' as Allah said: 
* ِ-4
َ ْ #ُ %ْ ‫* ا‬ 
-َ‫َـ‬$
ْ 0َ %ََ‫َ ْ ِ(?ْ و‬%‫ ِإ‬Aَ 4
ِ ْ‫* ُأر‬
َ +ِ%‫* ا‬ 
-َ‫َـ‬$
ْ 0َ َ-)َ 6 (Then surely, We shall question those to whom it was sent
and verily, We shall question the Messengers.) (7:6) Allah said: 
?ُJCْ G
ِ ‫ ُأ‬qَ‫ُ! ُل
َذ‬E َ )َ Aَ 4
ُ  %‫ ا‬Fُ -%‫َ ُ{ ا‬#
ْ +َ ‫!ْ َم‬+َ 6 (On the Day when Allah will gather the Messengers together
and say to them: "What was the response you received'') (5:109). And He said: 
‫ء‬qَ,(َ U 
%‫* وَا‬
َ ْ h Cِ 0%ِ ‫ َء‬1‫ِـ‬G‫ َو‬6 (and the Prophets and the witnesses will be brought forward) (39: 69) In
his Tafsir of his Sahih, Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn `Abbas commented on the Ayah: 
‫َد‬3
َ 1َ%‫ك ِإ‬
َ ‫ د‬qَ %َ6 (will surely bring you back to the return.) "To Makkah.'' This was also recorded
by An-Nasa'i in his Tafsir in his Sunan, and by Ibn Jarir. Al-`Awfi also reported from Ibn
`Abbas that the phrase: 
‫َد‬3
َ 1َ%‫ك ِإ‬
َ ‫ د‬qَ %َ6 (will surely bring you back to the return.) means, "will surely bring you back to
Makkah as He brought you out of it.'' Muhammad bin Ishaq recorded that Mujahid
commented on:
6ٍ‫َد‬3
َ 1َ%‫ك ِإ‬
َ ‫ د‬qَ %َ
(will surely bring you back to the return.) He said, "Back to your place of birth in Makkah.''
Ibn `Abbas is also reported to have interpreted it variously referring to death, to the Day of
Resurrection which will come after death, and to Paradise which will be his reward and his
destiny for putting the Message of Allah into practice and conveying it to the humans and
Jinns, and because he is the most perfect, most eloquent and most noble of all the creation of
Allah. Allah's saying:
6ٍ* ِC 
ٍA‫َـ‬-r
َ 1ِ) !َ ‫َى َو َ
*ْ ُه‬,(ُ %ْ ِ ‫َ َء‬G *َ
ُ?-َ
ْ ‫ َأ‬1h‫ ر‬AُO
(Say: "My Lord is Aware of him who brings guidance, and of him who is in manifest error.'')
means: "Say, O Muhammad, to those among your people who oppose you and disbelieve you,
among the idolators and those who follow them in their disbelief, `My Lord knows best which
of us, you or I, is rightly guided, and you will come to know for which of us will be the (happy)
end in the Hereafter, and for which of us will be a good end and victory in this world and in
the Hereafter'.'' Then Allah reminds His Prophet the numerous blessings He granted to him
and mankind by virtue of sending him to them: 
V‫َـ‬Jaِ %ْ ‫ ا‬
َ ْ %َ‫ ِإ‬1َE-ْ +ُ ‫ُ! أَن‬Gْ َ9 &
َ 0ُ‫ َو
َ آ‬6 (And you were not expecting that the Book would be sent down to
you,) `Before the revelation was sent down to you, you did not expect that revelation would be
sent down to you.'

163 

h‫* ر‬h
/ً #َ Y
ْ ‫ِ* ر‬a‫َـ‬%‫ َو‬6 (but it is a mercy from your Lord.) means, `but revelation has been sent
down to you from Allah as a mercy to you and to mankind because of you. Since Allah has
granted you this great blessing,' 
‫* …َ( ا‬ 
Xَ !ُa9َ _
َ )َ 6 (So never be a supporter) i.e., a helper, 
*+ِ 2ِ ‫َـ‬a-ْ %ِ6 (of the disbelievers.) rather, separate from them, `express your hostility towards them
and oppose them. '
6َ ْ َ%‫&ْ ِإ‬%َmِ Xُ‫َ ِإذْ أ‬,3ْ َ Fِ -%‫& ا‬
ِ ‫َـ‬+‫ َ*ْ ءَا‬
َ X , [
ُ +َ َ ‫ َو‬
(And let them not turn you away from the Ayat of Allah after they have been sent down to
you.) meaning, `Do not let their opposition to you affect you or put people off from following
your way; do not worry about that or pay any attention to it, for Allah will make your word
supreme, will support your religion and will make the Message with which He has sent you
prevail over all other religions.' So He says: 
h‫ َر‬1َ%‫وَادْعُ ِإ‬6 (and invite to your Lord) to worship your Lord Alone, with no partners or
associates, 
* َ‫ ِ آ‬U
ْ #ُ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ *Xَ !ُa9َ َ ‫ َو‬6 (and be not of idolators.) 
!ُ‫ ِإ  ه‬Fَ ‫َـ‬%‫َ َ َ ِإ‬.‫َـ(ً ءَا‬%‫ ِإ‬Fِ -%‫ع َ
َ{ ا‬
ُ ْ,9َ َ ‫ َو‬6 (And invoke not any other god along with Allah, there is no
God but Him.) means, it is not appropriate to worship anything or anybody except Him, and
divinity does not befit any except His glory. 
Fَ(ْG‫ٌِ ِإ  َو‬%َ‫ْ ٍء ه‬1
َ A ‫ ُآ‬6 (Everything will perish save His Face.) Here Allah is telling us that He is
Eternal, Ever Lasting, Ever Living, Self-Sustaining, Who, although His creation dies, He will
never die, as He says: 
‫آْ َام‬nِ ‫ وَا‬Aِ ‫ْـ‬-َ%ْ ‫َ ذُو ا‬h ‫ َر‬Fُ G
ْ ‫ َو‬1َECْ +َ ‫ َو‬- ‫ن‬
ٍ َ) َ( ْ َ-
َ ْ*
َ A ‫ ُآ‬6 (Whatsoever is on it will perish. And the Face of
your Lord full of majesty and honor will remain forever.) (55:26-27). Allah used the word
"Face'' to refer to Himself, as He says here: 
Fَ(ْG‫ٌِ ِإ  َو‬%َ‫ْ ٍء ه‬1
َ A ‫ ُآ‬6 (Everything will perish save His Face.) meaning, everything except Him. It
was reported in the Sahih via Abu Salamah that Abu Hurayrah said, "The Messenger of Allah
said:
«Aِdَ S
َ ‫َ ا‬-.
َ َ
‫<ْ ٍء‬
َ A ‫َ ُآ‬%‫ُ َأ‬, ِC%َ ُ 
ِ U%‫(َ ا‬%ََO /ٍ #َ -َِ‫ق آ‬
ُ َ,f
ْ ‫( » َأ‬The truest word of a poet was the saying of
Labid - indeed everything except Allah is false.) 
?ْaL
ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬Fُ %َ6 (His is the decision,) means, dominion and control, and there is none who can reverse
His judgement or decision.
6َ‫ُ!ن‬3َGْ 9ُ Fِ ْ َ%‫ َوِإ‬
(and to Him you shall be returned.) means, on the Day when you will be brought back, and He
will reward or punish you according to your deeds: if they are good, then you will be
rewarded, and if they are bad, then you will be punished. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat
Al-Qasas. To Allah be praise and blessings.
164

32. QS Al Qashash 28:33-35

‫ن‬
ِ !ُ-Jُ ْE+َ ‫ف أَن‬
ُ َ.;َ)َ ً$ْ2Xَ ْ?(ُ 0ْ
ِ &
ُ -ْ َJOَ 1hX‫ب ِإ‬
h َ‫َ َل ر‬O
‫ن‬
ِ !ُhaَ +ُ ‫ف أَن‬
ُ َ.‫ َأ‬1hX‫ ِإ‬1ِ0Oُ ,h [
َ ُ+ ‫ ِردْءًا‬1
َ 3ِ
َ Fِ ْ-4
ِ ْ‫ً )ََ;ر‬Xَ$%ِ 1h0
ِ Q
ُ[
َ ْ)‫ن ُه َ! َأ‬
ُ ‫ هَـ ُو‬1ِ.‫ َوَأ‬- ‫ُ!ن‬C-ِ‫َـ‬s%ْ ‫َ ا‬#ُa3َ Cَ 9‫* ا‬
ِ
َ ‫َ َو‬#Jُ Xَ‫َ أ‬0Jِ ‫َـ‬+ْ‫َ ِـ‬#aُ ْ %َ‫ُ!نَ ِإ‬-[
ِ +َ َ_)َ ً0‫َـ‬-ْ 4
ُ َ#aُ %َ ُA3َ 
ْ Xَ ‫ َو‬
َ ِ.;َِ َ‫ك‬,َ N
ُ 
َ , U
ُ 0َ 4
َ َ‫َل‬O 6
28:33. Musa berkata: "Ya Tuhanku sesungguhnya aku, telah membunuh seorang manusia
dari golongan mereka, maka aku takut mereka akan membunuhku.
28:34. Dan saudaraku Harun dia lebih fasih lidahnya daripadaku, maka utuslah dia
bersamaku sebagai pembantuku untuk membenarkan (perkataan) ku; sesungguhnya aku
khawatir mereka akan mendustakanku".
28:35. Allah berfirman: "Kami akan membantumu dengan saudaramu, dan Kami berikan
kepadamu berdua kekuasaan yang besar, maka mereka tidak dapat mencapaimu;
(berangkatlah kamu berdua) dengan membawa mukjizat Kami, kamu berdua dan orang
yang mengikuti kamulah yang menang".
(33. He said: "My Lord! I have killed a man among them, and I fear that they will kill me.'')
(34. "And my brother Harun -- he is more eloquent in speech than me, so send him with me as
a helper to confirm me. Verily, I fear that they will deny me.'')
(35. Allah said: "We will strengthen your arm through your brother, and give you both power,
so they shall not be able to harm you, with Our Ayat; you two as well as those who follow you,
will be the victors.'')
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
‫ن‬
ِ !ُ-ُJEْ +َ ْ‫ف َأن‬
ُ َ.;ََ) ً$ْ2Xَ ْ?(ُ 0ْ
ِ &
ُ ْ-Jَ َO <hX‫ب ِإ‬
h ‫َلَ َر‬O
?(0
&-JO <X‫ل رب إ‬O "F9!4 *
)!.‫ و‬F0
‫ر
[ ) ارا‬+‫ ج
* د‬. #X‫ي إ‬%‫ ) !ن ا‬1%‫هب إ‬% 1%39 S‫ أ
^ ا‬#%
<X‫!ن " أي إذا رأو‬-JE+ ‫ف أن‬.;) "<CE%‫ ا‬%‫< ذ‬03+ " $2X .
‫ن‬
ِ !ُhaَ ُ+ ْ‫َفُ َأن‬.‫< َأ‬hX‫ِ< ِإ‬0ُO,h [
َ ُ+ ‫< ِردْءًا‬
َ 3ِ
َ Fُ -ْ ِ4ْ‫ً )ََ;ر‬Xَ$%ِ <h0
ِ ُQ[
َ )ْ ‫ن ُه َ! َأ‬
ُ ‫ِ< هَرُو‬.‫َوَأ‬
" * Y ‫ ة‬#%‫ ا‬-9 ‫ول‬09 ‫ 
آن‬VC$ /s7% FX$% <) ‫_م آن‬$%‫ ا‬F - 14!
‫ أن‬%‫ " وذ‬X$% <0
Q[)‫< هرون ه! أ‬.‫وأ‬
*
‫ة‬,E A-Y‫ " وا‬: ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ و‬C3J%‫ة )< ا‬, F ) A[L) FX$% 1- (3r!) ‫ ة‬#%‫ ا‬.;) ‫رة‬,%‫ ة أو ا‬#J%‫( و * ا‬0  .
*
F <09
‫ أ‬# ) <0$Xg+ ‫ )< أ
ي " أي‬F‫ أزري وأ آ‬F ‫د‬,‫< ا‬.‫< هرون أ‬-‫ ا
* أه‬+‫< وز‬% A3G‫< وا‬%!O ‫(!ا‬E2+ <X$%
Q[)‫< هرون ه! أ‬.‫ " وأ‬: ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ و‬, 03%‫ر ا‬C%‫ ا‬CaJ#%‫ ا‬-#%‫ ها ا‬1%‫ إ‬/%4 %‫!ة وا‬C0%‫ء ا‬C; ‫ م‬E%‫ ? وه! ا‬3%‫م ا‬E#%‫ها ا‬
* 0W‫ ا‬C. ‫ن‬K AG‫ و‬m S‫ * ا‬F C.‫ وأ‬F%!O‫ أ‬# ) <0O,[+ ‫
ي‬K +!E
‫ و‬0 3
‫ ا و‬+‫< ردءا " أي وز‬3
F-4‫ );ر‬X$% <0

?(% * C+ ‫< " أي‬0O,[+ ‫ق" ردءا‬L4‫ * إ‬,#L
‫ل‬O‫!ن " و‬a+ ‫ف أن‬.‫< أ‬X‫ " إ‬: ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ و‬,Y‫!ا‬%‫ ا‬C. *
‫!س‬20%‫{ )< ا‬X‫أ‬
‫!ن‬#(2+  
<0 ?(2+ FXt) F ?(#-‫< 
أآ‬0 .
‫ن‬
َ !ُC%َِs%ْ ‫َ ا‬#aُ 3َ Cَ 9 ‫* ا‬
ِ
َ ‫َ َو‬#Jُ Xْ ‫َ َأ‬09ِ َ+ِ َ#aُ ْ َ%‫ن ِإ‬
َ !ُ-[
ِ َ+ َ-)َ ًXَ-ْ 4
ُ َ#ُa%َ ُA3َ 
ْ Xَ ‫ َو‬
َ ِ.;َِ َ‫ك‬,َ N
ُ 
َ ,U
ُ َ04
َ َ‫َل‬O 
CX ‫!ن‬a+ ‫ أن‬F% &%;4 ‫ي‬%‫  ا‬.; CXG m3X‫!ي أ
ك و‬E04 ‫  " أي‬.; ‫ك‬,N ,U04 " : 1%39 S‫ل ا‬O 14!
%‫;ل ذ‬4 #%
165

‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫  " و‬CX ‫^ هرون‬.‫ أ‬0J#Y‫
* ر‬F% 0C‫ " ووه‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ " و‬14!
+ %g4 & 9‫ أو‬,O " ‫ ى‬.K‫ ا‬/+y‫ )< ا‬#‫ آ‬3

F3
!4‫  ور‬CX S‫ ا‬F-3G 1JY F ) {2 FXt) ‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬#( - ‫ هرون‬1- 14!
*
F .‫ أ‬1- /0
?‫ أ‬,Y‫ أ‬H % ‚-$%‫ˆ ا‬3
/Y ‫" أي‬X-4 #a% A3X‫ " و‬: 1%39 F%!O‫ ( " و‬G‫ و‬S‫ ا‬,0 ‫ " وآن‬14!
\Y <) 1%39 ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ و‬FT-
‫ ) !ن و‬1%‫إ‬ 
(+‫ أ‬+ " : 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫ آ‬S‫ت ا‬+q #a _‫ إ‬VC$ #‫ أذاآ‬1%‫!ل إ‬f!%‫ ا‬1%‫(? إ‬% A C4  ‫ " أي‬09+ #a %‫!ن إ‬-[+ _) " ‫ه ة‬O
- F%!O 1%‫ إ‬- S‫ت ا‬4‫!ن ر‬s-C+ *+%‫ " ا‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O‫س " و‬0%‫
* ا‬#[3+ S‫ وا‬- F%!O 1%‫ إ‬- ‫ 
* ر‬%‫ل إ‬mX‫Š 
أ‬- ‫!ل‬4 %‫ا‬
‫ل‬E) ‫ ة‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫ )< ا‬#(3C9‫* ا‬#%‫ و‬#(% /CO3%‫ أن ا‬#‫ ه‬C.‫(ا أ‬%‫ا و‬,+g
‫ و‬0 3
‫ ا و‬fX S 12‫ " أي وآ‬C $Y S 12‫وآ‬ 
X‫ " إ‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ " و‬m+m ‫!ي‬O S‫< إن ا‬-4‫ ور‬X‫* أ‬C- K S‫ ا‬VJ‫ " آ‬: 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫!ن" آ‬C%s%‫ ا‬#a3C9‫ و
* ا‬#JX‫ " أ‬: 1%39
‫!ن‬-[+ _) X-4 #a% A3X‫ و‬103#%‫ أن ا‬1- + G *‫ ا‬FG‫ وو‬/+y‫ ا‬.q 1%‫  " إ‬X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫!ا )< ا‬0
q *+%‫ وا‬0-4‫[ ر‬00%
103#%‫ و  أن ها ا‬09+ ‫!ن‬C%s%‫ ا‬#a3C9‫ و
* ا‬#JX‫ ^ أ‬+,E9 " ‫!ن‬C%s%‫ ا‬#a3C9‫ و
* ا‬#JX‫ أ‬09+ ": ‫!ل‬E ) ‫ئ‬,JC+ ?W #a %‫إ‬
?-‫ أ‬S‫ ها وا‬1%‫ إ‬/GY _) ‫ول‬K‫ ا‬F G!J%‫
* ا‬AfY !‫ وه‬Q Lf .
When Allah commanded him to go to Fir`awn, the one who he had run away from and whose
vengeance he feared,
6ً$ْ2Xَ ْ?(ُ 0ْ
ِ &
ُ -ْ َJOَ 1hX‫ب ِإ‬
h َ‫َ َل ر‬O
( Musa said: My Lord! I have killed a man among them,) meaning, that Coptic,
6ِ‫ُ!ن‬-ُJEْ +َ ‫ف أَن‬
ُ َ.َ;)َ 
(and I fear that they will kill me.) i.e., `when they see me.'
6ًXَ$%ِ 1h0
ِ Q
ُ[
َ )ْ ‫ن ُه َ! َأ‬
ُ ‫ هَـ ُو‬1ِ.‫وََأ‬
(And my brother Harun -- he is more eloquent in speech than me,) Musa, peace be upon him,
had a speech defect, because when he had been given the choice between a date and a pearl, he
mistakenly picked up a coal and placed it on his tongue, so he found it difficult to speak
clearly. Musa said:
6 ‫ َأ ْ
ِى‬1ِ) Fُ ‫ ِ ْآ‬
ْ ‫ َوَأ‬- ‫ َأزْرِى‬Fِ ِ ْ‫د‬,ُ 
ْ ‫ ا‬- 1ِ.‫ن َأ‬
َ ‫ هَـ ُو‬- 1ِ-‫
*ْ َأ ْه‬h ‫ ًا‬+ِ‫ َوز‬1h% Aَ3G
ْ ‫ وَا‬- <ِ%ْ!َO ‫َ(ُ! ْا‬E2ْ +َ - 1ِXَ$%h *h
ً‫َة‬,Eْ 
ُ Aْ ُ-ْY‫وَا‬
("And loose the knot (the defect) from my tongue. That they understand my speech. And
appoint for me a helper from my family, Harun, my brother. Increase my strength with him,
And let him share my task.'') (20:27-32) meaning, `give me someone to keep me company in
this immense task of prophethood and conveying the Message to this arrogant, tyrannical and
stubborn king. ' Hence Musa said:
6ً‫ ِردْءا‬1
َ 3ِ
َ Fِ -ْ 4
ِ ْ‫ً َ);َر‬Xَ$%ِ 1h0
ِ ُQ[
َ ْ)‫ن ُه َ! َأ‬
ُ ‫ هَـ ُو‬1ِ.‫ َوَأ‬
(And my brother Harun -- he is more eloquent in speech than me: so send him with me as a
helper) meaning, as a support to give strength to my cause and confirm what I say and convey
from Allah, because the word of two carries more weight in people's minds than the word of
one. So he said:
6ِ‫ُ!ن‬haَ +ُ ‫ف أَن‬
ُ َ.‫ َأ‬1hX‫ِإ‬
(Verily, I fear that they will deny me.) Muhammad bin Ishaq said: c
61ِ0ُO,h َ[+ُ ‫ ِردْءًا‬

166

(as a helper to confirm me.) means, `to explain to them what I say, for he can understand me
where they may not.' When Musa asked for this, Allah said to him:
6َ ِ.َ;ِ َ‫ك‬,َ N
ُ 
َ , U
ُ 0َ 4
َ 
(We will strengthen your arm through your brother,) meaning, `We will add strength to your
cause and give you help through your brother, who you have asked to be made a Prophet
alongside you.' This is like the Ayat;
61َ4!ُ#+ َ%َْg4
ُ &
َ ِ9‫ْ أُو‬,Oَ 
(You are granted your request, O Musa!) (20:36)
6 ًّ Cِ Xَ ‫ن‬
َ ‫َ^ُ هَـ ُو‬.‫َ َأ‬0Jِ #َ Y
ْ ‫
ِ* ر‬Fُ %َ َ0Cْ ‫ َو َو َه‬
(And We granted him his brother Harun, (also) a Prophet, out of Our mercy) (19:53). One of
the Salaf said, "There is no one who has ever done a greater favor to his brother than Musa
did for Harun, may peace be upon them both, for he interceded for him until Allah made him
a Prophet and Messenger with him to Fir`awn and his chiefs. Allah said concerning Musa: 
( ِG‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫ ا‬,َ 0ِ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ َوآ‬6 (he was honorable before Allah) (33:69). 
0‫َـ‬-ْ 4
ُ َ#aُ َ% Aُ 3َ 
ْ Xَ ‫ َو‬6 (and (We will) give you both power) means, overwhelming evidence. 
َ0Jِ ‫َـ‬+ْ‫َ ِـ‬#aُ ْ %َ‫ُ!نَ ِإ‬-[
ِ +َ َ_)َ 6 (so they shall not be able to harm you, with Our Ayat;) means, `they will
have no way or means of harming you because you are conveying the signs of Allah.' This is
like the Ayat: 
h‫ ْ َ
ِ* ر‬%َ‫ َل ِإ‬mِ Xُ‫Šْ
َ أ‬-hَ ‫ُ! ُل‬4  %‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ‫َـ‬+6 (O Messenger! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent
down to you from your Lord.) until His saying: 
‫س‬0%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ 
َ #ُ [
ِ 3ْ +َ Fُ -%‫وَا‬6 (Allah will protect you from mankind) (5:67). 
F-%‫& ا‬
ِ ‫ـ‬%َ4ِ‫ن ر‬
َ !ُs-hCَ +ُ َ*+ِ%‫ا‬6 (Those who convey the Message of Allah) until His saying:
6ًC ِ$َY Fِ -%ِ 1َ2‫ َو َآ‬
(And sufficient is Allah as a Reckoner) (33:39). And sufficient is Allah as a Helper and
Supporter. And Allah told them the consequences in this world and the next, for them and for
those who followed them, 
‫ُ!ن‬Cِ-‫َـ‬s%ْ ‫َ ا‬#aُ َ3Cَ 9 ‫َ َو َ
*ِ ا‬#Jُ Xَ‫أ‬6 (you two as well as those who follow you will be the victors.) This is like
the Ayat: 
m+ِm
َ ‫ى‬ 
!ِ َO Fَ -%‫ن ا‬ 
‫ ِإ‬1ِ-ُ4‫ْ َو ُر‬Xَ ‫* َأ‬Cَ ِ-
ْ ّ Fُ -%‫ ا‬V
َ Jَ ‫ َآ‬6 (Allah has decreed: "Verily, it is I and My Messengers
who shall be the victorious.'' Verily, Allah is All-Powerful, All-Mighty.) (58:21) 
َ Xْ , %‫ َ!ةِ ا‬L
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ‫ُ!ا‬0
َ ‫*َ ءَا‬+ِ%‫َ وَا‬0-َ4
ُ ُ‫[ ُ ر‬
ُ 0َ0َ% X‫ِإ‬6 (Verily, We will indeed make victorious Our Messengers
and those who believe in this world's life) (40:51) to the end of the Ayah.

167

33. QS A T - T A U B A H 9:72
َCْ‫ َأآ‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ٌ‫!َان‬r
ْ ‫ْنٍ َو ِر‬,
َ ‫ت‬
ِ 0G
َ <ِ) /ً Cَ h d
َ َ*‫َ ِآ‬$
َ ‫* )ِ (َ َو‬
َ +ِ,%َِ. ‫(َ ُر‬Xْ َ;%ْ ‫(َ ا‬Jِ ْL9َ ْ*
ِ ‫ْ ِي‬9َ ‫ت‬
ٍ 0G
َ ِ‫َت‬0
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫ِ *َ وَا‬0
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬Fُ -%‫ ا‬,َ 
َ ‫َو‬
? ِ3َ %ْ ‫!ْ ُز ا‬2َ %ْ ‫َ ُه َ! ا‬%ِ‫َذ‬
9:72. Allah menjanjikan kepada orang-orang yang mukmin lelaki dan perempuan, (akan
mendapat) surga yang di bawahnya mengalir sungai-sungai, kekal mereka di dalamnya, dan
(mendapat) tempat-tempat yang bagus di surga Adn. Dan keridaan Allah adalah lebih besar;
itu adalah keberuntungan yang besar.
(72. Allah has promised the believers -- men and women, -- Gardens under which rivers flow
to dwell therein forever, and beautiful mansions in gardens of `Adn (Eden; Paradise). But the
greatest bliss is the good pleasure of Allah. That is the supreme success.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
َCْ‫ َأآ‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ٌ‫!َان‬r
ْ ‫ْنٍ َو ِر‬,
َ ‫ت‬
ِ 0G
َ <ِ) /ً Cَ h d
َ َ*‫َ ِآ‬$
َ ‫* )ِ (َ َو‬
َ +ِ,%َِ. ‫(َ ُر‬Xْ َ;%ْ ‫(َ ا‬Jِ ْL9َ ْ*
ِ ‫ْ ِي‬9َ ‫ت‬
ٍ 0G
َ ِ‫َت‬0
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫ِ *َ وَا‬0
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬Fُ -%‫ ا‬,َ 
َ ‫َو‬
? ِ3َ %ْ ‫!ْ ُز ا‬2َ %ْ ‫َ ُه َ! ا‬%ِ‫َذ‬
‫* ) ( " أي‬+,%. ‫(ر‬XK‫( ا‬JL9 *
‫ ي‬9 ‫ت‬0G " <) ? E#%‫ ? ا‬30%‫ ات وا‬o%‫ت
* ا‬0
g#%‫ وا‬F * 0
g#-% ^,‫ أ‬# 1%39 Co+
<‫< * أ‬X!%‫ ان ا‬# <‫ أ‬w+,Y *
* L L[%‫ء )< ا‬G #‫ ار آ‬E%‫ ا‬/C d ‫ء‬0C%‫ ا‬/0$Y ‫ " أي‬/C d *‫آ‬$
‫ا " و‬,‫ * ) ( أ‬7‫ 
آ‬ 

‫ و‬#(J Xq V‫ن
* ذه‬J0G ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F ‫ ي * أ‬3K‫ ا‬H O * S‫ ا‬,C 14!
<‫ * أ‬a
‫ن‬, /0G <) F(G‫ و‬1- ‫ء‬+ Ca%‫ ر(? إ رداء ا‬1%‫ وا إ‬0+ ‫!م و * أن‬E%‫ و 
 * ا‬#( ) 
‫ و‬#(J Xq‫ و‬/N) *
‫ن‬J0G‫ و‬#( )
‫ء‬#$%‫!ن
_ )< ا‬J4 (%!d /)!
‫ة‬,Y‫ة وا‬g%g% *
/# o% /0%‫
* )< ا‬g#-% ‫? إن‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F‫و‬
S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫ ة‬+ ‫ * أ< ه‬N+‫ أ‬#( )‫ * و‬L L[%‫^ )< ا‬G .‫ أ‬N3 ?(N3 ‫ ى‬+  ?( - ‫!ف‬+ ‫!ن‬-‫
* ) ( أه‬g#-%
‫ أو‬S‫ ا‬A C4 <) G‫ ه‬/0%‫ ا‬F-.,+ ‫ أن‬S‫ ا‬1- EY ‫ن‬t) ‫ن‬N
‫م ر‬f‫[_ة و‬%‫م ا‬O‫ وأ‬F%!4‫ ور‬S *
q *
?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f
F- C4 <) *+,‫ه‬#-% S‫ه ا‬,‫ أ‬/G‫ در‬/R
/0%‫ل إن )< ا‬O ‫س ؟‬0%‫ ا‬CoX _)‫ أ‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ ‫!ا‬%O ( ) ,%‫< و‬J%‫ ا‬Fr‫ )< أر‬H-G
/0%‫(ر ا‬X‫ أ‬29 F0
‫ و‬/0%‫} ا‬4‫ وأو‬/0%‫ ا‬1-‫ أ‬FXt) ‫ دوس‬2%‫!^ ا‬%;4) S‫? ا‬J%;4 ‫ذا‬t) ‫رض‬K‫ء وا‬#$%‫  * ا‬#‫ * آ‬JG‫ در‬A‫ * آ‬
<r‫ ر‬ACG * ‫ذ‬3
* ‫ر‬$+ * ‫? * ء‬-4‫ * أ‬,+‫ ز‬/+‫
* روا‬FG
*‫ 
ي وا‬J%‫< وا‬X‫ ا‬C%‫ ا‬,0‫* و‬#Y %‫  ش ا‬FO!)‫و‬
A(4 * ‫زم‬Y <‫ و* أ‬F-7
& 
[%‫دة * ا‬C * ‫ 
ي‬J-%‫ و‬F-7
‫!ل )آ‬E+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫& ر‬3#4 F0 S‫ا‬
^G .‫ء أ‬#$%‫ )< ا‬V‫!آ‬a%‫ ون ا‬9 #‫ آ‬/0%‫ )< ا‬/) s%‫ اءون ا‬J % /0%‫ ا‬A‫? إن أه‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O ,34 *
F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫* ر‬a$
!‫ ش وه‬3%‫
* ا‬F E% /- 4!%‫ ا‬F% ‫ل‬E+ ‫ن‬a
/0%‫ )< ا‬/%m0
1-‫? أن أ‬-3 % ?W * L L[%‫)< ا‬
S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ة أن ر‬+ ‫ * أ< ه‬V3‫ * آ‬w % * ‫ ن‬24 X C.‫ ازق أ‬%‫ ا‬,C 0W,Y : ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O #‫ آ‬/0%‫?
* ا‬-4‫و‬ 
‫( إ‬%0+  /0%‫ )< ا‬/G‫ در‬1-‫ أ‬: ‫ل‬E) ‫ ؟‬/- 4!%‫ 
ا‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ A O /- 4!%‫< ا‬% S‫!ا ا‬-$) <- ?J -f ‫ل إذا‬O ?-4‫ و‬F -
‫ و‬# * S‫ ا‬,C * CG * *#Y %‫ ا‬,C * /#E- * V3‫ آ‬w+,Y *
?-$
Q Lf <)‫ و‬. !‫ ه‬X‫! أن أآ!ن أ‬G‫ وأر‬,Y‫ وا‬AG‫ر‬
<- 1-f *
FXt) <- ‫!ا‬-f ?W ‫!ل‬E+ 
A7
‫!ا‬%!E) ‫ذن‬g#%‫? ا‬J3#4 ‫!ل إذا‬E+ ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫{ ا‬#4 FX‫ص أ‬3%‫* ا‬
‫! أن أآ!ن‬G‫ وأر‬S‫د ا‬C *
,C3% ‫< إ‬sC09  /0%‫
* ا‬/%m0
(Xt) /- 4!%‫< ا‬% ‫!ا‬-4 ?W ‫ ا‬U ( F - S‫ ا‬1-f ‫ة‬,Y‫_ة وا‬f 
0W,Y ‫ري‬K‫< ا‬- * ,#Y‫ أ‬0W,Y <X‫ ا‬C%‫? ا‬4E%‫)‡ أ! ا‬L%‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ /2U%‫ ا‬F - &-Y /- 4!%‫< ا‬% S‫;ل ا‬4 *#) !‫ه‬
‫ل‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫س‬C *‫ و * ء * ا‬# * ,#L
* VR‫ * أ * * ا* أ< ذ‬14!
0W,Y <X‫ ا‬L%‫ ا‬-#%‫ ا‬,C * , %!%‫ا‬
/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ 3 2 ‫ا أو‬, ( F% &0‫  إ آ‬X,%‫ )< ا‬,C <% (%;$+ ?% FXt) /- 4!%‫< ا‬% S‫!ا ا‬-4 ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ر‬ 
0-O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ة ر‬+ ‫ * أ< ه‬/%,#%‫< * أ< ا‬R%‫ ا‬,‫ * 
ه‬,34 w+,Y *
,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ ا‬,0$
<)‫< و‬X‫ ا‬C%‫روا^ ا‬ 
(‫ ا‬9‫!ت و‬O %‫ وا‬g%g-%‫ؤه ا‬C[Y‫ و‬$#%‫( ا‬d_
‫ و‬/N) /0C%‫ و‬V‫ ذه‬/0C% ‫ل‬O ‫ؤه ؟‬0 
/0%‫ * ا‬0W,Y S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+
‫ 
ي‬J%‫!^ و* ا‬LX !)
# *‫ وروي * ا‬FC 102+ ‫ و‬F W 1-C9  ‫!ت‬#+  ,-o+‫ ;س و‬+  ?30+ (-.,+ *
‫ ان‬2m%‫ا‬
<) ‫? إن‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫< ر‬- * ,34 * ‫ن‬#30%‫ق * ا‬L4‫* * إ‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C w+,Y *

?3d‫_م وأ‬a%‫ ا‬V d *#% ‫ل‬E) ‫* ه< ؟‬#% S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ ‫ل‬E) <‫م أ ا‬E) . ‫(
* …ه ه‬0d‫( و‬0d *
‫ ى …ه ه‬+ ) s% /0%‫ا‬
S) ‫ ي‬3K‫ و ا‬# * S‫ ا‬,C w+,Y *
<X‫ ا‬C%‫ روا^ ا‬V+ w+,Y ‫ل‬O ?W ‫ م‬X ‫س‬0%‫ وا‬A -% 1-f‫[ م و‬%‫م وأدام ا‬3%‫ا‬
‫( ه< ورب‬% .  /0%‫ن ا‬t) ‫ ؟‬/0%‫ ا‬1%‫ إ‬#U
*
A‫? أ ه‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O ,+‫ * ز‬/ 
4‫? و* أ‬-‫أ‬
‫ )< دار‬,‫م )< أ‬E
‫ ة و‬7‫ آ‬A-Y‫ و‬/- #G ‫ء‬0$Y /G‫ وزو‬/ NX ‫ ة‬#W‫( 
د و‬X‫ و‬, U
[O‫ و‬mJ(9 /XL+‫ ور‬K’J+ ‫!ر‬X /C3a%‫ا‬
‫ل‬E) S‫!ا إن ء ا‬%!O ‫ل‬O (% ‫ ون‬#U#%‫* ا‬LX S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ ?3X ‫!ا‬%O / ( / - /-L
<) /#3X‫ ة و‬CY‫ ة و‬N.‫ و‬/(‫ و)آ‬/# -4
*
F ) ?‫ ه‬#
?‫ وأ‬AG‫ وأ‬C‫(? أآ‬0 S‫ ا‬r‫ " أي ر‬C‫ أآ‬S‫!ان
* ا‬r‫ " ور‬1%39 F%!O‫ و‬FG
*‫ روا^ ا‬S‫!م إن ء ا‬E%‫ا‬
168

S‫!ل ا‬4‫ أن ر‬F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ري ر‬,o%‫ ا‬, 34 <‫ر * أ‬$+ * ‫? * ء‬-4‫ * أ‬,+‫ * ز‬S‫ ا‬F#Y‫ ر‬%
‫ 
م‬n‫ل ا‬O #‫ ? آ‬30%‫ا‬
A‫!ل ه‬E ) ‫ك‬,+ <) o%‫ وا‬+,34‫ و‬0‫  ر‬C% ‫!ن‬%!E ) /0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬+ /0%‫ ا‬A‫ه‬K ‫!ل‬E+ AG‫ و‬m S‫ل إن ا‬O ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f 
+ ‫!ن‬%!E ) ‫ ؟‬%‫
* ذ‬AN)‫? أ‬a ‫!ل أ أ‬E ) E-. *
‫ا‬,Y‫} أ‬39 ?% 
0J ‫ أ‬,O‫ رب و‬+ 1r X  0% 
‫!ن و‬%!E ) ‫? ؟‬J r‫ر‬
,C !‫ل أ‬O‫ و‬%
w+,Y *
^G .‫ أ‬. " ‫ا‬,‫^ أ‬,3 ?a - }o4‫< )_ أ‬X‫!ا‬r‫? ر‬a - AY‫!ل أ‬E ) ‫ ؟‬%‫
* ذ‬AN)‫رب وأي <ء أ‬
S‫ ا‬,C * G * ‫ر‬,a0#%‫ * ا‬,#L
* ‫ ن‬24 * <+ 2%‫ ا‬0W,Y <RG %‫ ا‬AN2%‫ ا‬0W,Y <- 
L#%‫ ا‬A #4‫ * * إ‬$L%‫ ا‬S‫ا‬ 
0‫ ر‬+ ‫!ا‬%O ‫آ? ؟‬,+‫ );ز‬T  ‫(!ن‬JU9 A‫ ه‬AG‫ و‬m S‫ل ا‬O /0%‫ ا‬/0%‫ ا‬A‫ أه‬A.‫? " إذا د‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O
FJ‫< )< آ‬4,E#%‫ ء ا‬N%‫)‡ ا‬L%‫ل ا‬O‫!ري و‬7%‫ ا‬w+,Y *
^,0$
<) ‫ار‬mC%‫ وروا^ ا‬. " C‫< أآ‬X‫!ا‬r‫ل ر‬O ‫ ؟‬0J ‫ أ‬#
. 

?-‫ أ‬S‫ وا‬Q L[%‫  ط ا‬1- ‫ي‬,0 ‫ ها‬/0%‫ ا‬/2f .
Allah describes the joys and eternal delight He has prepared for the believers, men and
women in,
6َ( ِ) *
َ +ِ,-ِ‫َـ‬. ُ ‫(َـ‬Xْ  ‫ِ(َ ا‬JL
ْ 9َ *ِ
‫ ِى‬
ْ 9َ ٌ&‫ـ‬0G
َ
(Gardens under which rivers flow to dwell therein forever) for eternity,
6ً/Cَ h َd *
َ aِ ‫َـ‬$
َ ‫ َو‬
(and beautiful mansions), built beautifully in good surroundings. In the Two Sahihs, it is
recorded that Abu Musa, `Abdullah bin Qays Al-Ash`ari said that the Messenger of Allah
said,
‫ ِردَاء‬%‫ ِ(?ْ ِإ‬h ‫ َر‬1َ%‫ ُوا ِإ‬
ُ 0ْ َ+ ْ‫* َأن‬
َ ْ َ َ‫َ!ْ ِم و‬E%ْ ‫* ا‬
َ ْ َ َ
‫ َو‬،َ#(ِ ِ) َ
‫َ َو‬#(ُ Jُ َ ِXq /ٍ N 
ِ) ْ*
ِ ِ‫َن‬J0 َG‫ َو‬،َ#(ِ ِ) َ
‫َ َو‬#(ُ Jُ َ Xِ q V
ٍ ‫ن ِ
*ْ َذ َه‬
ِ َJ0G
َ»
«‫ْن‬,
َ /ِ 0 G
َ <ِ) Fِ (ِ ْG‫ َو‬1َ-َ ‫َ ِء‬+ ِ ْCaِ %ْ ‫ا‬
(Two gardens, their pots and whatever is in them are made of gold, and two gardens, their
pots and whatever is in them are made of silver. Only the Veil of Pride of Allah's Face
separates the people from gazing at Him, in the garden of Eden.) He also narrated that the
Messenger of Allah said,
‫ َى‬+َ َ% ْ?(ِ ْ َ-
َ ‫ف‬
ُ !ُ+َ ‫ن‬
َ !ُ-‫* )ِ (َ َأ ْه‬
ِ
ِ ْg#ُ -ْ %ِ ‫َ ِء‬#$ 
%‫ً )ِ< ا‬- ِ
‫ن‬
َ !J4
ِ َ(%ُ!ُd ،ٍ/َ)! 
َ
ُ ‫َ ٍة‬,Y
ِ ‫ةٍ وَا‬gَ %ُْgُ% ْ*
ِ /ً #َ ْ o
َ %َ /ِ 0
َ %ْ ‫* )ِ< ا‬
ِ
ِ gْ #ُ -ْ ِ% ‫ن‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
«ًN3ْ َ ْ?(ُ N
ُ 3ْ َ
(For the believer in Paradise there is a tent like a hollow pearl which is sixty miles high in the
sky, and in the tent the believer will have (so large) a family that he visits them all and some of
them would not be able to see the others. ) The Two Sahihs collected this Hadith. It is recorded
in the Two Sahihs that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
Fِrْ‫( )ِ< َأر‬H
َ -ََG) ْ‫ َأو‬،ِS‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ <ِ) َ َGَ‫ ه‬/َ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Fُ -َِ.ْ,+ُ ْ‫ َأن‬S
ِ ‫ ا‬1َ-
َ “EY
َ ‫ن‬tِ)َ ،َ‫َن‬N
َ ‫َ َم َر‬f‫َةَ َو‬-[ 
%‫َ َم ا‬O‫ وََأ‬Fِ %ِ!ُ4‫ َو َر‬S
ِ ِ *
َ
َ q ْ*
َ »
«َ( ِ) ,َ %ِ‫ِ< ُو‬J%‫ا‬
‫ل‬O ‫س؟‬0%‫ ا‬CoX _)‫ أ‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ :‫!ا‬%O:
^!ُ%;َْ4َ) S
َ ‫?ُ ا‬Jُ %ْ ;ََ4 ‫ذَا‬tَِ) ،ِ‫َ;رْض‬%ْ ‫َ ِء وَا‬#$ 
%‫* ا‬
َ ْ َ َ#‫* َآ‬
ِ ْ Jَ َG‫ َد َر‬Ah ‫* ُآ‬
َ ْ َ Fِ -ِ ِC4
َ <ِ) َ*+ِ,‫َ ِه‬#ُ -ْ ِ% S
ُ ‫هَ ا‬,
َ ‫ َأ‬/ٍ َG‫ َد َر‬/َ َRِ
/ِ 0 
َ ْ%‫ن )ِ< ا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
«*َ#ْY  %‫ش ا‬
ُ ْ 
َ Fُ Oَ ْ!َ)‫ َو‬،ِ/0 
َ %ْ ‫(َرُ ا‬Xْ ‫ ُ َأ‬ 
َ29َ Fُ 0ْ
ِ ‫ َو‬،ِ/0 
َ %ْ ‫} ا‬
ُ4
َ ْ‫ َوَأو‬/ِ 0 َ%ْ ‫ ا‬1َ-ْ‫ َأ‬Fُ X tَِ) ‫س‬
َ ْ‫ ْدَو‬2ِ %ْ ‫ا‬
(Whoever believes in Allah and His Messenger, offers prayer perfectly and fasts the month of
Ramadan, will rightfully be granted Paradise by Allah, no matter whether he emigrates in
Allah's cause, or remains in the land where he is born.) The people said, "O Allah's
Messenger! Shall we acquaint the people with this good news'' He said, (Paradise has one169

hundred grades which Allah has prepared for the Mujahidin who fight in His cause, the
distance between each two grades is like the distance between the heaven and the earth. So,
when you ask Allah, ask Him for Al-Firdaws which is the best and highest part of Paradise,
from it gush forth the rivers of Paradise and above it is the `Arsh (Throne) of the Beneficent.)
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said, that the Messenger of Allah said,
«/َ- ِ4َ!%ْ ‫< ا‬
َ %ِ S
َ ‫ُ!ا ا‬-$
َ َ) < 
-ََ ْ?Jُ ْ -f
َ ‫»ِإذَا‬
‫ل‬O‫؟‬/- 4!%‫ و 
ا‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ A O:
«!ُ‫َ ه‬X‫ن َأ‬
َ !ُ‫ُ! َأنْ َأآ‬Gْ‫ٌ َوَأر‬,Y
ِ ‫ٌ وَا‬AُG‫ َر‬%‫ُ(َ ِإ‬%َ0َ+ َ% /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ )ِ< ا‬/ٍ G
َ ‫ دَ َر‬1َ-
ْ ‫»َأ‬
(If you invoke Allah for Salah (blessings) on me, then also invoke Him to grant me AlWasilah.) He was asked, "What is Al-Wasilah, O Allah's Messenger'' He said, (The highest
grade in Paradise, it will be for only one man, and I hope I am that man.) The Musnad
contains a Hadith from Sa`d bin Mujahid At-Ta'i, that Abu Al-Mudillah said, that Abu
Hurayrah said, "We said, `O Allah's Messenger! Talk to us about Paradise, what is it built of'
He said,
،ُ‫ُ!ت‬#+َ َ% ُ,-ُْo+َ ‫س َو‬
ُ ;َCْ +َ َ% ُ?3َ 0ْ َ+ َ(ُ-.
ُ ْ,+َ ْ*
َ .‫ن‬
ُ ‫َ َا‬2
ْ m %‫ُ َا ُ(َ ا‬9‫ َو‬،ُ‫ُ!ت‬Oَ %ْ ‫ُ وَا‬g%ُْg-%‫َ ُؤهَ ا‬C[
ْ َY‫ َو‬
ُ$
ْ #ِ %ْ ‫ُ(َ ا‬dَ-
ِ ‫ َو‬،ٍ/N 
ِ) /ُ 0َ َC%ِ‫ َو‬V
ٍ ‫ ذَ َه‬/ُ 0َ Cَ %ِ »
«FَُC
َ 1َ0ْ2+َ َ%‫ َو‬Fُ ُ َ ِW 1َ-ْC9َ َ%
(A brick of gold and a brick of silver. Its mortar is from musk, its gravel is pearls and rubies.
Its sand is saffron. Whoever enters it will enjoy the delights, will never be hopeless, and will
live forever and will not die. His clothes will never decay nor will his youth ever end.)'' Allah
said next,
6ُ Cَ ‫ َأ ْآ‬Fِ -%‫* ا‬
َ
h ٌ‫ َ!ن‬r
ْ ‫ َو ِر‬
(But the greatest bliss is the good pleasure of Allah)9:726, meaning, Allah's pleasure is more
grand, greater and better than the delight the believers will be enjoying in Paradise6. Imam
Malik narrated, that Zayd bin Aslam said that `Ata' bin Yasar said that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri
said that the Messenger of Allah said,
:‫ن‬
َ !ُ%!ُE َ )َ ‫?ْ؟‬Jُ ِrَ‫ْ ر‬A‫ َه‬:‫ُ! ُل‬E َ )َ .
َ +ْ ,َ +َ <ِ) ُ ْ o
َ %ْ ‫َ وَا‬+ْ ,َ 3ْ 4
َ ‫َ َو‬0 ‫ َر‬
َ ْ C%َ :َ‫ُ!ن‬%!ُE َ )َ /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aَ ‫َ َأ ْه‬+ :/ِ 0
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aِ ‫;َ ْه‬%ِ ‫ُ! ُل‬E+َ A G
َ َ‫ و‬m 
َ S
َ ‫نا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
‫<ْء‬
َ ‫ب َوَأي‬
h َ‫َ ر‬+ :َ‫ُ!ن‬%!ُE َ )َ ‫َِ؟‬%َ‫ ِ
*ْ ذ‬Aَ َNْ)‫?ْ َأ‬aُ ِْ‫َ ُأ‬%‫ َأ‬:‫ُ! ُل‬E َ َ) ،َEِ -ْ َ. ْ*
ِ ‫ًا‬,Y
َ ‫ْ}ِ َأ‬39ُ ْ?َ% َ
َ0Jَ ْ 
َ
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬,َO‫ب َو‬
h َ‫َ ر‬+ 1َrْ Xَ َ% َ0َ% َ
َ‫و‬
«‫ًا‬,َ ‫ ُ^ َأ‬,َ 3ْ َ ْ?aُ ْ -َ
َ }
ُ َo4
ْ ‫َ َأ‬-َ) <ِX‫ْ!َا‬r‫?ْ ِر‬aُ ْ -ََ A Y
ِ ‫ ُأ‬:‫ُ!ل‬E َ َ) ‫َ؟‬%ِ‫ ِ
*ْ َذ‬Aُ N
َ )ْ ‫َأ‬
(Allah, the Exalted and Ever High, will say to the people of Paradise, `O residents of
Paradise!' They will say, `Labbayka (here we are!), our Lord, and Sa`dayk (we are happy at
your service!) and all the good is in Your Hand.' He will ask them, `Are you pleased' They will
say, `Why would not we be pleased, O Lord, while You have given us what You have not given
any other of your creation' He will say, `Should I give you what is better than all this' They
will say, `O Lord! What is better than all this' He will say, `I will grant you My pleasure and
will never afterwards be angry with you.') The Two Sahihs collected the Hadith of Malik.

170

34. QS An Naml 27:15-19 
* ِ0
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫َ ِد^ِ ا‬C
ِ ْ*
h ٍ ِ7َ‫ آ‬1َ-
َ َ0-َN)َ ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L
َ %ْ ‫َ َ ا‬O‫ً َو‬#ْ-
ِ َ*‫َـ‬# ْ -َ4
ُ ‫َ دَاوُودَ َو‬0 ْ 9َ ‫ْ ءَا‬,Eَ %ََ‫و‬
ُ* ِC#ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aُ N
ْ 2َ %ْ ‫(ُ َ! ا‬%َ ‫ن هَـَا‬ 
ِ‫ْ ٍء إ‬1
َ Ah ‫َ
ِ* ُآ‬0 ِ9‫ ْ ِ َوأُو‬%‫\ ا‬
َ 
ِ 0َ
َ0ْ#-hُ ‫س‬
ُ 0%‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ+ ‫َ َل‬O‫* دَاوُو َد َو‬
ُ ‫َـ‬# ْ -َ4
ُ ‫ث‬
َ ‫ وَ َو ِر‬َ‫ُ! َزُ!ن‬+ ْ?(ُ )َ ِ ْ %‫ وَا‬HْXnِ ‫* وَا‬
h
ِ %ْ ‫ُ! ُد^ُ ِ
*َ ا‬0G
ُ *
َ ‫َـ‬# ْ -َ$
ْ ِ% َ U
ِ Y
ُ ‫ َو‬- ?$Cَ َJ)َ - ‫ن‬
َ ‫ ُو‬3ُ U
ْ +َ َ ْ?‫ُ! ُد^ُ َو ُه‬0G
ُ ‫* َو‬
ُ ‫َـ‬# ْ -َ4
ُ ْ?aُ 0#َ 
ِ ْL+َ َ ْ?aُ 0َ ِa‫َـ‬$
َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬-ُ.ْ‫ اد‬Aُ ْ#0 %‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ+ /ٌ -َ#ْ Xَ ْ&َ%َO Aِ #ْ 0 %‫ وَادِى ا‬1َ-
َ ‫!ْا‬9َ ‫ َأ‬qَ‫ ِإذ‬1JY
َ
1ِ) 
َ Jِ #َ Y
ْ َ ِ 1ِ0ْ-.
ِ ْ‫ َوَأد‬Fُ ‫َـ‬rْ 9َ ًLِ-‫َـ‬f Aَ #َ 
ْ ‫ى َوَأنْ َأ‬,َ ِ%‫ وَا‬1َ-َ‫ َو‬1 
-ََ &
َ ْ#3َ Xْ ‫ َأ‬1ِJ%‫ ا‬
َ Jَ #َ 3ْ Xِ َ aُ 
ْ ‫ َأنْ َأ‬1ِ0
ْ ‫ب َأوْ ِز‬
h ‫َ َل َر‬O‫(َ َو‬%ِْ!Oَ *h
ًaِL‫َـ‬r
* ِL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫َ ِدكَ ا‬C
ِ 6
27:15. Dan sesungguhnya Kami telah memberi ilmu kepada Daud dan Sulaiman; dan
keduanya mengucapkan: Segala puji bagi Allah yang melebihkan kami dari kebanyakan
hamba-hamba-Nya yang beriman".
27:16. Dan Sulaiman telah mewarisi Daud, dan dia berkata: "Hai Manusia, kami telah diberi
pengertian tentang suara burung dan kami diberi segala sesuatu. Sesungguhnya (semua) ini
benar-benar suatu karunia yang nyata".
27:17. Dan dihimpunkan untuk Sulaiman tentaranya dari jin, manusia dan burung lalu
mereka itu diatur dengan tertib (dalam barisan).
27:18. Hingga apabila mereka sampai di lembah semut berkatalah seekor semut: Hai semutsemut, masuklah ke dalam sarang-sarangmu, agar kamu tidak diinjak oleh Sulaiman dan
tentaranya, sedangkan mereka tidak menyadari";
27:19. maka dia tersenyum dengan tertawa karena (mendengar) perkataan semut itu. Dan dia
berdoa: "Ya Tuhanku, berilah aku ilham untuk tetap mensyukuri nikmat-Mu yang telah
Engkau anugerahkan kepadaku dan kepada dua orang ibu bapakku dan untuk mengerjakan
amal saleh yang Engkau ridai; dan masukkanlah aku dengan rahmat-Mu ke dalam golongan
hamba-hamba-Mu yang saleh".
(15. And indeed We gave knowledge to Dawud and Sulayman, and they both said: "All praise
be to Allah, Who has preferred us above many of His believing servants!'')
(16. And Sulayman inherited from Dawud. He said: "O mankind! We have been taught the
language of birds, and we have been given from everything. This, verily, is an evident grace.'')
(17. And there were gathered before Sulayman his hosts of Jinn and men, and birds, and they
all were set in battle order (marching forward).)
(18. Till, when they came to the valley of the ants, one of the ants said: "O ants! Enter your
dwellings, lest Sulayman and his armies should crush you, while they perceive not.'')
(19. So he (Sulayman) smiled, amused at her speech and said: "My Lord! Grant me the power
and ability that I may be grateful for Your favors which You have bestowed on me and on my
parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds that will please You, and admit me by Your
mercy among Your righteous servants.'')

171

‫‪ $29‬ا* آ‪ 7‬‬
‫‪َ 1َ-‬آ‪ِ َCِ ْ*
ِ ٍ ِ7‬د ِ^ ا ْ‪َ* ِ0
ِ ْg#ُ %‬‬
‫‪َ َ0َ-N‬‬
‫‪ Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L‬ا‪ِ%‬ي )َ ‬
‫‪ ً#ْ-‬وَ‪ َ%َO‬ا ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫ن ِ‬
‫‪َ َ# ْ َ-4‬‬
‫َوَ‪ َ0ْ 9َ q ْ,َE%‬دَا ُو َد َو ُ‬
‫‪ # 1%39 Co+‬أ‪ F+,C 1- F ?3X‬و‪ F CX‬داود وا‪# -4 F0‬ن ‪ #( -‬ا‪_$%‬م
* ا‪ ?30%‬ا‪ /-+m%‬وا‪!#%‬اه‪ V‬ا‪ /- -%‬وا‪2[%‬ت‬
‫ا‪ /- #%‬و 
‪34 *  #(% {#G‬دة ا‪  X,%‬وا‪ .y‬ة وا‪ -#%‬وا‪ * a#J%‬ا‪J%‬م )< ا‪  X,%‬وا‪!C0%‬ة وا‪ <) /%4 %‬ا‪ *+,%‬و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل ‪" 1%39‬‬
‫و‪ 0 9q ,E%‬داود و‪# -4‬ن ‪ #-‬و‪ O‬ا‪ S ,#L%‬ا‪%‬ي )‪ 1- 0-N‬آ‪C *
7‬د^ ا‪O "* 0
g#%‬ل ا* أ< ‪ ?9Y‬ذآ * إ اه ? *‬
‫‪ * 1 L+‬ه‪U‬م أ‪ <X C.‬أ< * ‪,G‬ي ‪O‬ل ‪ :‬آ‪ ,C * # VJ‬ا‪ m+m3%‬إن ا‪ ,#L ) /#3X ^,C 1- ?30+ ?% S‬ا‪ ( - S‬إ آن‬
‫‪ ^,#Y‬أ)‪ !% F#3X *
AN‬آ‪ 39  &0‬ف ذ‪ %‬إ )< آ‪J‬ب ا‪ S‬ا‪m0#%‬ل ‪O‬ل ا‪ " 1%39 S‬و‪ 0 9q ,E%‬داود و‪# -4‬ن ‪ #-‬و‪ O‬ا‪S ,#L%‬‬
‫‪ .‬ا‪%‬ي )‪ 1- 0-N‬آ‪C *
7‬د^ ا‪;) "* 0
g#%‬ي ‪ /#3X‬أ)‪ #
AN‬أو‪ <9‬داود و‪# -4‬ن ‪ #( -‬ا‪_$%‬م‬
‫ن َهَا ‪ !َ (ُ َ%‬ا ْ‪Aُ ْN2َ %‬‬
‫<ْ ٍء ِإ ‬
‫ ْ ِ َوأُو‪ُ ْ*
ِ َ0 ِ9‬آ ‪َ Ah‬‬
‫\ ا‪ %‬‬
‫‪َ ِ0ْ
َ َ0#ْ -h‬‬
‫س ُ‬
‫ن دَا ُو َد َو‪َO‬لَ ‪َ َ+‬أ ‪ َ(+‬ا‪ُ 0%‬‬
‫‪ُ َ# ْ َ-4‬‬
‫ث ُ‬
‫َووَ ِر َ‬
‫وورث ‪# -4‬ن داود " أي )< ا‪ -#%‬وا‪!C0%‬ة و‪ H %‬ا‪ #%‬اد ورا‪ /W‬ا‪#%‬ل إذ ‪ !%‬آن آ‪# -4 o+ ?% %‬ن و‪" R4 *  *
^,Y‬‬
‫أود داود )‪ ,O FXt‬آن ‪,%‬اود 
‪ /R‬ا
أة و‪ *a%‬ا‪ #%‬اد ‪ %‬ورا‪ /W‬ا‪ -#%‬وا‪!C0%‬ة )‪t‬ن ا‪ CXK‬ء  ‪!9‬رث أ
!ا‪ ?(%‬آ‪ #‬أ‪ % C.‬ر‪!4‬ل‬
‫ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ 3
*LX " F%!O <) ?-4‬ا‪ CXK‬ء  ‪!X‬رث 
‪ 9‬آ‪ " /O,f !() ^0‬و‪O‬ل " ‪ +‬أ‪ (+‬ا‪0%‬س ‪\0
0#-‬‬
‫ا‪ %‬وأو‪ *
0 9‬آ‪< A‬ء " أي أ‪# -4 C.‬ن ‪ ?30‬ا‪ # ) F - S‬وه‪ *
F% FC‬ا‪ -#%‬ا‪J%‬م وا‪ * a#J%‬ا‪ 1JY ? 3%‬إ‪F% o4 FX‬‬
‫ا‪ HXn‬وا‪ *%‬وا‪ %‬وآن ‪ 3+‬ف ‪ /s%‬ا‪ %‬وا‪! L%‬ان أ‪ N+‬وها <ء ‪ F3+ ?%‬أ‪ *
,Y‬ا‪ #
^0#- # ) UC%‬أ‪ C.‬ا‪F S‬‬
‫ور‪ F%!4‬و
* ز?
* ا‪ /-(%‬وا‪ %‬ع أن ا‪! L%‬ا‪X‬ت آ‪ \09 &X‬آ‪q <0 \0‬دم ‪# -4 ACO‬ن * داود آ‪ F ^!2J+ ,O #‬آ‪*
7‬‬
‫ا‪0%‬س )(! ‪!O‬ل _ ‪ , ?-‬و‪ !%‬آن ا‪
K‬آ‪# -4  [oJ% *a+ ?% %‬ن ‪,R) %‬ة إذ آ‪ {#$+ ?(-‬آ_م ا‪! %‬ر وا‪ ?R(C%‬و‪ 3+‬ف 

‫‪!E9‬ل و‪ H %‬ا‪
K‬آ‪ #‬ز‪!#‬ا و آ‪!%O #‬ا ‪m9 ?% A‬ل ا‪ ?R(C%‬وا‪! %‬ر و‪ R4‬ا‪O!-o#%‬ت
* و‪ &E-. &O‬إ‪ 1%‬ز 
‪ 0X‬ها ‪ 1-‬ها‬
‫ا‪ AaU%‬وا‪!0#%‬ال و‪ *a%‬ا‪ FXLC4 S‬آن ‪ ,O‬أ)(? ‪# -4‬ن 
‪ F VdoJ+‬ا‪! %‬ر )< ا‪!(%‬اء و 
‪ F \09‬ا‪! L%‬ا‪X‬ت ‪ 1-‬ا‪_J.‬ف‬
‫أ‪ ()0f‬و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل ‪ \0
0#- "1%39‬ا‪ %‬وأو‪ *
0 9‬آ‪< A‬ء " أي
‪JL+ #‬ج إ‪ F %‬ا‪ " -#%‬إن ها ‪ !(%‬ا‪ AN2%‬ا‪ "* C#%‬أي‬
‫ا‪%‬ه ا‪O 0 - S * C%‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪!E3+ 0W,Y /C JO 0W,Y ,#Y‬ب * ‪ ,C‬ا‪ # * *#Y %‬و * أ< ‪ #‬و * ا‪ * V-#%‬أ<‬
‫ه ‪ +‬ة ر‪ <r‬ا‪ F0 S‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل ‪ " :‬آن داود ‪ F -‬ا‪_$%‬م ) ‪ F‬ة ‪,+,‬ة )‪a‬ن إذا ‪ .‬ج أ ‪&E-‬‬
‫ا‪!K‬اب )‪ 1- A.,+ ?-‬أه‪ F-‬أ‪O {G + 1JY ,Y‬ل )‪ o‬ج ذات ‪!+‬م وأ ‪ &E-‬ا‪!K‬اب );‪ &-CO‬ا
أة ‪ {-9‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪,%‬ار )‪t‬ذا ر‪ ?RO AG‬و‪}4‬‬
‫ا‪,%‬ار )‪ <) *#% &%E‬ا‪ *
& C%‬أ‪ *+‬د‪ A.‬ها ا‪ AG %‬وا‪,%‬ار
‪ /E-s‬؟ وا‪, *LNJ20% S‬اود )ء داود " )‪t‬ذا ا‪ ?RO AG %‬و‪ }4‬ا‪,%‬ار‬
‫)‪E‬ل ‪ F%‬داود
* أ‪ &X‬؟ )‪E‬ل ا‪%‬ي  ‪(+‬ب ا‪!-#%‬ك و ‪ *
{0J#+‬ا‪L%‬ب )‪E‬ل داود أ‪ &X‬إذا وا‪ -
S‬ا‪!#%‬ت

; CY‬ا‪A
mJ) S‬‬
‫داود
‪ ) 1JY F$2X &NCO 1JY FXa‬غ
* ;‪ FX‬و‪ F - &3-d‬ا‪E) H#U%‬ل ‪# -4‬ن ‪ F -‬ا‪_$%‬م ‪ -%‬أ…‪ <-‬داود )‪F - &--‬‬
‫ا‪ 1JY %‬أ…‪ F - &#-‬ا‪K‬رض )‪E‬ل ‪# -4 (%‬ن ا‪O " Y0G Y0G <NCO‬ل أ! ه ‪ +‬ة ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬آ ‚ )‪ &-3‬ا‪ %‬؟ )‪ˆCE‬‬
‫ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ^,+ ?-4‬و ‪ T
!+ F - &C-‬ا‪O / Y N#%‬ل أ! ا‪ 2%‬ج ا* ا‪!%‬زي ‪ :‬ا‪ / Y N#%‬ه< ا‪!$0%‬ر ا‪ #L%‬اء‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫ن‬
‫ ْ ِ )َ ُ(?ْ ‪َ !ُ+‬زُ! َ‬
‫*‪ h‬وَا ْ‪ ِHXْ tِ%‬وَا‪ %‬‬
‫* ا ْ‪ِ %‬‬
‫‪!ُ0G‬دُ ُ^ ِ
َ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫‪َ َ# ْ -َُ$%ِ َ U‬‬
‫َو‪ِ ُY‬‬
‫أي و‪# -$% {#G‬ن ‪!0G‬د^
* ا‪ *%‬وا‪ HXn‬وا‪ <03+ %‬رآ‪ <) ?( ) V‬أ(‪ /‬و‪ /#‬آ‪ C‬ة )< ا‪ HXn‬وآ‪!X‬ا ه? ا‪FX!-+ *+%‬‬
‫وا‪ *%‬وه? ‪,3‬ه? )< ا‪ /%m0#%‬وا‪ %‬و
‪!) (J%m0‬ق رأ‪t) F4‬ن آن ‪ Y‬ا أ…‪!+ ?() " : F%!O (JL0G; F0
FJ-‬ز!ن " أي ‪‚a+‬‬
‫أو‪ .q 1- ?(%‬ه? ‪,EJ+ _T%‬م أ‪ FJ%m0
* ,Y‬ا‪ <J%‬ه<
‪O F% /C9‬ل 
ه‪ 1- A3G ,‬آ‪ ‚0f A‬وز‪ + /‬دون أوه ‪ 1-‬أ‪ .‬اه‬
‫‪!
,EJ+ _T%.‬ا )< ا‪ $#%‬آ‪ A32+ #‬ا‪!-#%‬ك ا‪! %‬م‬
‫‪!ُ0G‬دُ ُ^ َو ُه?ْ ‪َ%‬‬
‫‪َ# ْ -َ4‬نُ َو ُ‬
‫ َ‪ُ ْ?aُ 0 #‬‬
‫‪ِL‬‬
‫‪ِ 1JY‬إذَا َأ َ‪ْ!9‬ا َ‪ 1َ-‬وَادِي ا‪َ َ+ ٌ/-َ#ْ Xَ ْ&%ََO Aِ #ْ 0 %‬أ ‪ َ(+‬ا‪ Aُ #ْ 0 %‬ا ْد‪!ُ-ُ.‬ا َ
‪ِ َ$‬آ َ‪ْ +َ َ% ْ?aُ 0‬‬
‫َ‬
‫و‪ 1JY " : F%!O‬إذا أ‪!9‬ا ‪ 1-‬وادي ا‪ " A#0%‬أي ‪ 1JY‬إذا
‪# -4‬ن ‪ F -‬ا‪_$%‬م ‪ *
F3
*#‬ا‪! %‬ش وا‪!0%‬د ‪ 1-‬وادي ا‪A#0%‬‬
‫" ‪ + /-#X &%O‬أ‪ (+‬ا‪ A#0%‬اد‪!-.‬ا
‪$‬آ‪# -4 ?a0#L+  ?a0‬ن و‪!0G‬د^ وه?  ‪ 3U+‬ون " أورد ا* ‪$‬آ
* ‪ \+ d‬إ‪L4‬ق *‬
‫‪JO * , 34 * U‬دة * ا‪ *$L%‬أن ا‪ ?4‬ه^ ا‪ Y /-#0%‬س وأ‪E+ /- CO *
(X‬ل ‪ !0 ?(%‬ا‪[ U%‬ن وأ‪ (X‬آ‪G  &X‬ء وآ‪&X‬‬
‫‪,E‬ر ا‪ VR%‬أي ‪ 1- &).‬ا‪ A#0%‬أن ‪ (#L9‬ا‪! o%‬ل ‪!L‬ا) ه );
‪!.,% ?(9‬ل إ‪$
1%‬آ‪ ?(2) ?(0‬ذ‪# -4 %‬ن ‪ F -‬ا‪_$%‬م
‪(0‬‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫‪<ِ0-ْ .‬‬
‫‪ 1َ-‬وَاِ‪,َ %‬ي َوَأنْ َأْ َ‪َ ُ^َrْ َ9 ًL%َِf Aَ #‬وَأدْ ِ‬
‫< َو َ‬
‫& ََ‪ -‬‬
‫ ا‪َ <ِJ%‬أ ْ‪َ #ْ 3َ X‬‬
‫ ُ‪َ Jَ #َ 3ْ Xِ َ a‬‬
‫‪َ <ِ0‬أنْ َأ ْ‬
‫ب َأوْ ِز ْ‬
‫‪َ َ(%ِْ!Oَ ْ*
ِ ًaY‬و‪َO‬لَ رَ ‪h‬‬
‫‪ِ َr ?َ $‬‬
‫َ)‪ Cَ َJ‬‬
‫‪172‬‬

* ِL%ِ[%‫َ ِدكَ ا‬Cِ <ِ) 
َ Jِ #َ Y
ْ َ ِ
‫ن  " وأن‬#+n‫ وا‬% ‫_م‬4n ‫ي‬,%‫ وا‬1-‫ !ان و‬L%‫ وا‬%‫\ ا‬0
<# -39 *
<- ( &00
<J%‫ ا‬J#3X a‫< أن أ‬0#(%‫أي أ‬
*
* L%[% <0EL%;) <0J )!9 ‫ * " أي إذا‬L%[%‫دك ا‬C <) J#Y  <0-.‫^ " وأد‬r 9‫ و‬FCL9 _# ‫^" أي‬r 9 L%f A#‫أ‬
‫& ذات‬X‫ آ‬/-#0%‫ ^ وإن ه^ ا‬s ‫م أو‬U%‫!ادي آن ;رض ا‬%‫* إن ها ا‬+ $2#%‫ل
* ا‬O *
‫ و‬R %‫
* أو‬1-K‫ ) \ ا‬%‫دك وا‬C
FJ+‫ا رأ‬a‫ب ه‬R%‫ل ا‬7
‫ن أ‬# -4 A#X ‫ل آن‬O FX‫< أ‬%aC%‫!ف ا‬X *‫( و‬% AfY _) A+‫و‬OK‫
* ا‬%‫ب أو ذ‬%‫ * آ‬Y0G 
(%!O ?() ‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬F - ‫ن‬# -4 ‫ ض أن‬s%‫? وا‬-‫ أ‬S‫ ‚ وا‬L[9 %‫ة وذ‬,Y!#%‫ء ا‬C% !‫ ه‬#X‫& وإ‬L9 *
‫ة‬07#%‫ ء ا‬% d!CN 

X;CX‫ * هرون أ‬,+m+ 0W,Y ‫ر‬U * ,#L
0W,Y <‫ أ‬0W,Y ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O ,O‫ا و‬,G ? 
‫ وها أ‬%‫
* ذ‬aYr ?$C9‫و‬
1- / E-J$
/-#0 !‫ذا ه‬t) <E$J$+ ‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬#( - ‫ن * داود‬# -4 ‫ ج‬. ‫ل‬O <G0%‫\ ا‬+,[%‫< * أ< ا‬#3%‫ ا‬,+‫ * ز‬3$

‫ن‬# -4 ‫ل‬E) 0a-(9 0E$9 ‫ ك وإ‬E4 * 0 10 ‫ و‬E-. *
\-. X‫(? إ‬-%‫ ا‬: ‫!ل‬E9 <‫ء وه‬#$%‫ ا‬1%‫( إ‬#R‫!ا‬O /3)‫…( ه را‬
* ‫ ة‬+ ‫م * أ< ه‬#‫ * ه‬#3
* ‫ زاق‬%‫ ا‬,C \+ d *
?-$
,0 Q L[%‫& )< ا‬CW ,O‫!ة آ? و‬, ?J E4 ,E) ‫!ا‬3G‫ار‬
/-#X Jf O ‫ أ)< أن‬F %‫ إ‬S‫ ا‬1Y‫& );و‬O Y;) A#0%‫ ا‬/+ E
;) /-#X ‫ ء‬CXK‫ 
* ا‬CX &f O " : ‫ل‬O ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫ا‬
‫ة‬,Y‫ وا‬/-#X _() ‫ ؟‬QC$9 ?
K‫
* ا‬/
‫& أ‬a-‫ " أه‬.
Here Allah tells us about the great blessings and favors which He bestowed upon two of His
servants and Prophets, Dawud (David) and his son Sulayman (Solomon), peace be upon them
both, and how they enjoyed happiness in this world and the Hereafter, power and authority in
this world, and the position of being Prophets and Messengers. Allah says:
6*
َ ِ0
ِ ْg#ُ %ْ ‫َ ِد^ِ ا‬C
ِ ْ*
h ٍ ِ7‫ َآ‬1َ-
َ َ0َ-N 
)َ ‫ِى‬%‫ ا‬Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L
َ %ْ ‫َ َ ا‬Oَ‫ً و‬#ْ-
ِ *
َ ‫َـ‬# ْ -َ4
ُ ‫َ دَاوُودَ َو‬0 ْ َ9‫ْ ءَا‬,Eَ %ََ‫و‬
(And indeed We gave knowledge to Dawud and Sulayman, and they both said: "All the
praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has preferred us above many of His believing servants!'')
6َ‫* دَاوُود‬
ُ ‫َـ‬# ْ َ-4
ُ ‫ث‬
َ ‫ َو َو ِر‬
(And Sulayman inherited from Dawud.) means, in kingship and prophethood. What is meant
here is not wealth, because if that were the case, Sulayman would not have been singled out
from among the sons of Dawud, as Dawud had one hundred wives. Rather what is meant is
the inheritance of kingship and prophethood, for the wealth of the Prophets cannot be
inherited, as the Messenger of Allah said:
«/َOَ,f
َ !َ (ُ )َ ُ^َ0‫ َ ْآ‬9َ َ
،ُ‫ُ! َرث‬X َ% ‫ِ َ ِء‬CXْ ;َْ%‫ َ ا‬
ِ َ3
َ *
ُL
ْ Xَ »
(We Prophets cannot be inherited from; whatever we leave behind is charity.) And Sulayman
said:
6ٍ‫ْء‬1َ Ah ‫َ
ِ* ُآ‬0 ِ9‫ ْ ِ َوأُو‬%‫\ ا‬
َ ِ0َ
َ0#ْ h-
ُ ‫س‬
ُ 0%‫(َ ا‬+;َ+
(O mankind! We have been taught the language of birds, and we have been given from
everything.) Here Sulayman was speaking of the blessings that Allah bestowed upon him, by
giving him complete authority and power, whereby mankind, the Jinn and the birds were
subjugated to him. He also knew the language of the birds and animals, which is something
that had never been given to any other human being -- as far as we know from what Allah and
His Messenger told us. Allah enabled Sulayman to understand what the birds said to one
another as they flew through the air, and what the different kinds of animals said. Sulayman
said:
6ٍ‫ْء‬1
َ Ah ‫َ
ِ* ُآ‬0 ِ9‫ ْ ِ َوأُو‬ 
%‫\ ا‬
َ ِ0َ
َ0#ْ -hُ

173

(We have been taught the language of birds, and we have been given from everything.) i.e., all
things that a king needs.
6ُ* ِC#ُ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aُ ْN2َ %ْ ‫ ُ( َ! ا‬%َ ‫ن هَـَا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(This, verily, is an evident grace.) means, `this is clearly the blessings of Allah upon us.'
6‫ن‬
َ !ُ‫ُ! َز‬+ ْ?(ُ )َ ِ ْ  
%‫ وَا‬HْXnِ ‫* وَا‬
h
ِ %ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ُ^‫ُ! ُد‬0G
ُ َ*‫َـ‬# ْ َ-$
ْ ِ% َ U
ِ Y
ُ ‫ َو‬
(And there were gathered before Sulayman his hosts of Jinn and men, and birds, and they all
were set in battle order.) means, all of Sulayman's troops of Jinn, men and birds were
gathered together, and he rode with them in a display of might and glory, with people
marching behind him, followed by the Jinn, and the birds flying above his head. When it was
hot, they would shade him with their wings.
6َ‫ُ! َزُ!ن‬+ ْ?(ُ )َ 
(and they all were set in battle order.) The first and the last of them were brought together, so
that none of them would step out of place. Mujahid said: "Officials were appointed to keep
each group in order, and to keep the first and the last together so that no one would step out of
line -- just as kings do nowadays.''
6ِA#ْ 0 %‫ وَادِى ا‬1َ-
َ ‫!ْا‬9َ ‫ َأ‬qَ‫ ِإذ‬1JY
َ
(Till, when they came to the valley of the ants,) meaning, when Sulayman, the soldiers and the
army with him crossed the valley of the ants,
6َ‫ ُون‬3ُ U
ْ +َ َ ْ?‫ُ! ُد^ُ َو ُه‬0G
ُ ‫* َو‬
ُ ‫َـ‬# ْ -َ4
ُ ْ?aُ 0 #َ 
ِ ْL+َ َ ْ?aُ 0َ ِa‫َـ‬$
َ ْ‫ُ!ا‬-ُ.ْ‫ُ اد‬Aْ#0 %‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ+ ٌ/-َْ#Xَ ْ&%ََO
(one of the ants said: "O ants! Enter your dwellings, lest Sulayman and his armies should
crush you, while they perceive not.'') Sulayman, peace be upon him, understood what the ant
said,
6ُF‫َـ‬rْ 9َ ًLِ-‫َـ‬f Aَ َ#
ْ ‫ى َوَأنْ َأ‬,َ %ِ‫ وَا‬1َ-
َ ‫ َو‬1-َ
َ &
َ #ْ 3َ Xْ ‫ َأ‬1ِJ%‫َ ا‬Jَ َ#3ْ Xِ َ aُ 
ْ ‫ َأنْ َأ‬1ِ0
ْ ِ‫ب َأوْز‬
h َ‫َ َل ر‬O‫(َ َو‬%ِ ْ!َO *h
ًaِL‫َـ‬r ?َ $ 
Cَ Jَ َ)
(So he smiled, amused at her speech and said: "My Lord! Grant me the power and ability that
I may be grateful for Your favors which You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and
that I may do righteous good deeds that will please You, ) meaning: `inspire me to give thanks
for the blessings that You have bestowed upon me by teaching me to understand what the
birds and animals say, and the blessings that You have bestowed upon my parents by making
them Muslims who believe in You.' 
F‫َـ‬rْ 9َ ًLِ-‫َـ‬f Aَ #َ 
ْ ‫ َوَأنْ َأ‬6 (and that I may do righteous good deeds that will please You,) means,
`deeds that You love which will earn Your pleasure.' 
* ِL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫َ ِدكَ ا‬Cِ 1ِ) 
َ Jِ #َ ْY َ ِ 1ِ0-ْ ِ.ْ‫ َوَأد‬6 (and admit me by Your mercy among Your righteous servants.)
means, `when You cause me to die, then join me with the righteous among Your servants, and
the Higher Companion among Your close friends.'

174

35. QS An Nuur 24:22 
‫ن أَن‬
َ !CِL9ُ َ ‫ُ!اْ َأ‬L2َ [
ْ َ %ْ َ‫ُ!اْ و‬23ْ َ %ْ َ‫ و‬Fِ -%‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ 1ِ) َ*+ِ 
ِ ‫(َـ‬#ُ %ْ ‫* وَا‬
َ ِa‫َـ‬$#َ %ْ ‫ وَا‬1َْ ُE%ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ%ْ‫ُ! ْا ُأو‬9ْgُ+ ‫ أَن‬/ِ 3َ $ 
%‫ُ?ْ وَا‬a0ِ
Aِ N
ْ َ2%ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬%ْ‫ ُأو‬Aِ 9َ ْ;+َ َ َ‫و‬
? ِY‫ُ!رٌ ر‬2
َ Fُ -%‫?ْ وَا‬aُ %َ Fُ -%‫ِ َ ا‬2sْ +َ 6
24:22. Dan janganlah orang-orang yang mempunyai kelebihan dan kelapangan di antara
kamu bersumpah bahwa mereka (tidak) akan memberi (bantuan) kepada kaum kerabat
(nya), orang-orang yang miskin dan orang-orang yang berhijrah pada jalan Allah, dan
hendaklah mereka memaafkan dan berlapang dada. Apakah kamu tidak ingin bahwa Allah
mengampunimu? Dan Allah adalah Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang.
(22. And let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to give to
their kinsmen, the poor, and those who left their homes for Allah's cause. Let them pardon
and forgive. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most
Merciful.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
‫!نَ أَن‬CL
ِ 9ُ َ%‫ُ!ا َأ‬L2َ [
ْ َ ْ%َ‫ُ!ا و‬2ْ3 َ ْ%‫ َو‬Fِ -%‫ِ ا‬A ِC4
َ <ِ) *
َ +ِ ِGَ(#ُ %ْ ‫َآِ *َ وَا‬$#َ ْ%‫ وَا‬1َْ ُE%ْ ‫ِ< ا‬%‫ُ!ا أُو‬9ْg+ُ ْ‫ َأن‬/ِ 3َ $ 
%‫?ْ وَا‬aُ 0ْ
ِ Aِ ْN2َ %ْ ‫ُ! ا‬%‫ أُو‬Aِ 9َ ;ْ َ+ َ%َ‫و‬
? ِY‫ُ!رٌ َر‬2
َ Fُ -%‫?ْ وَا‬aُ %َ Fُ -%‫ِ َ ا‬2sْ +َ
" /3$%‫ن " وا‬$Yn‫ وا‬/O,[%‫!ل وا‬%‫?" أي ا‬a0
AN2%‫! ا‬%‫‚ " أو‬-L+  ‫‚ أي‬-L%‫ وه< ا‬/ %K‫ "
* ا‬A9;+ ‫ " و‬1%39 ‫!ل‬E+
* ‫آ‬$#%‫? ا‬a9‫ ا‬O ‫!ا‬-[9  ‫!ا أن‬2-L9  ‫ " أي‬S‫ ا‬A C4 <) *+ G(#%‫آ * وا‬$#%‫ وا‬1 E%‫< ا‬%‫!ا أو‬9g+ ‫ة" أن‬,%‫أي ا‬
*
?(0
‫م‬,E9 # ‫!ا" أي‬L2[ %‫!ا و‬23 %‫ " و‬1%39 ‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫م و‬Y‫ر‬K‫ ا‬/-f 1- ‚3%‫ )\ وا‬J%‫ ا‬/+ <) ‫* وها‬+ G(#%‫وا‬
* Y F0 S‫< ا‬r‫\ ر‬+,[%‫& )< ا‬%mX /+y‫(? وه^ ا‬$2XK ?(#-… {
FE-o F2%‫ و‬F
‫ وآ‬1%39 F#-Y *
‫ وها‬. ‫ذى‬K‫ءة وا‬4n‫ا‬
* 0
g#%‫  اءة أم ا‬S‫ل ا‬mX‫ أ‬#-) w+,L%‫م )< ا‬,E9 #‫ل آ‬O 
/UR <) ‫ل‬O 
,3 ‫ا‬,‫ أ‬/3)0 /WW‫ * أ‬Q$
{20+  ‫‚ أن‬-Y
‫  ع‬- F - ? O‫
* أ‬1- ,L%‫ ? ا‬O‫ وأ‬%‫ * )< ذ‬0
g#%‫?
* ا‬-a9 ‫
* آن‬1- S‫ب ا‬9‫ ت و‬EJ4‫ وا‬/0
g#%‫!س ا‬20%‫& ا‬d‫ و‬/UR
‫\ وآن‬+,[%‫ ا‬/%. *‫ آن ا‬FXt) /WW‫ * أ‬Q$
!‫ وه‬FC $X‫ و‬FC+ O 1- \+,[%‫‚ ا‬3+ /0#%‫ وا‬AN2%‫ ا‬F%‫ و‬1%39‫رك و‬C9 
(0
F - S‫ب ا‬9 /E%‫\ ز‬%‫ ز‬,O‫ و‬S‫ ا‬A C4 <) *+ G(#%‫ وآن
* ا‬F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬a !‫ أ‬F - \20+ 
‫ إ‬F% ‫  
ل‬0 a$

^‫& ه‬%mX #-) VXGK‫رب وا‬OK‫ ا‬1- ‫دي‬+K‫ وا‬AN2%‫ ا‬F% ‫ وف‬3#% )‫ و‬3
F0 S‫< ا‬r‫\ ر‬+,[%‫ وآن ا‬. ( - ,L%‫ ب ا‬r‫و‬ 
#‫ وآ‬% S‫ ا‬2s+  %‫ إ‬VX‫
* أذ‬VX‫ ذ‬2s9 #a) A#3%‫ ا‬H0G *
‫اء‬m%‫ن ا‬t) /+y‫?" ا‬a% S‫ ا‬2s+ ‫!ن أن‬CL9 ‫ " أ‬F%!O 1%‫ إ‬/+y‫ا‬
/E20%‫
* ا‬F-[+ ‫ 
آن‬Q$
1%‫{ إ‬G‫? ر‬W 0‫ ر‬+ 0% 2s9 ‫ أن‬VLX X‫ إ‬S‫ وا‬1- : \+,[%‫ل ا‬O %‫ ذ‬,03) 0 Q2[+ Q2[9
F0 S‫< ا‬r‫\ ر‬+,[%‫\ ه! ا‬+,[%‫(ا آن ا‬-) . ‫ا‬,‫ أ‬/3)0 F32X‫  أ‬S‫ وا‬: ‫ل‬O ‫ 
آن‬/-E
<) ‫ا‬,‫ أ‬F0
(mX‫  أ‬S‫ وا‬: ‫ل‬O‫و‬
FJ0 *‫و‬
Allah says,
6ِA9َ ;ْ +َ َ ‫ َو‬
(And let not swear) meaning, make an oath,
6ْ?aُ 0ِ
Aِ ْN2َ %ْ ‫ُ!اْ ا‬%ْ‫ُأو‬
(those among you who are blessed with graces ) means, those who have the means to give
charity and do good,
6ِ/3َ $ 
%‫وَا‬

175

(and wealth) means, good fortune,
6ِF-%‫ ا‬Aِ ِC4
َ 1ِ) *
َ +ِ 
ِ ‫ُ(َـ‬#%ْ ‫ِ *َ وَا‬a‫َـ‬$#َ %ْ ‫ وَا‬1َْ Eُ ْ%‫ ا‬1ِ%ْ‫ُ!اْ ُأو‬9ْgُ+ ‫أَن‬
(to give to their kinsmen, the poor, and those who left their homes for Allah's cause.) means,
do not swear that you will not uphold the ties of kinship with your relatives who are needy or
who migrated for the sake of Allah, which is the ultimate act of kindness in the area of
upholding kinship ties. Allah says,
6ْ‫ُ!ا‬L2َ [
ْ َ %ْ َ‫ُ!اْ و‬23ْ َ %ْ ‫ َو‬
(Let them pardon and forgive.) past insults and bad treatment. This is part of the patience,
generosity and kindness of Allah towards His creation, despite the fact that they wrong
themselves. This Ayah was revealed concerning As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him,
when he swore that he would not help Mistah bin Uthathah after he said what he said about
`A'ishah, as we have already seen in the Hadith. When Allah revealed the innocence of the
Mother of the believers, `A'ishah, and the believers were happy and content with the outcome
of this incident, and those believers who had talked about the matter repented, and the
prescribed punishment had been carried out upon those on whom it was carried out, then
Allah started to soften the heart of As-Siddiq towards his relative Mistah bin Uthathah.
Mistah was the cousin of As-Siddiq, the son of his maternal aunt, and he was a poor man with
no wealth except whatever Abu Bakr spent on him. He was one of those who had migrated for
the sake of Allah. He had invented the lies and the slander, but then Allah accepted his
repentance from that and the prescribed punishment was carried out on him. As-Siddiq was
known for his generosity and he did favors to his relatives and strangers alike. When this
Ayah was revealed:
6ْ?aُ %َ Fُ -%‫ َ ا‬2ِ ْs+َ ‫ن أَن‬
َ !CL
ِ 9ُ َ ‫َأ‬
(Do you not love that Allah should forgive you), which shows that the reward fits the action,
and that `if you forgive others, you will be forgiven,' then As-Siddiq said, "Of course, by
Allah, we love -- O our Lord -- that You should forgive us.'' Then he resumed his spending on
Mistah and said, "By Allah I will never stop spending on him.'' This was to counteract what
he had said previously, "By Allah I will never spend on him.'' This proves that he deserved to
be called As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him and his daughter.

176

36. QS Al Hajj 22:1-2 
? ِ
َ ٌ‫ْء‬1
َ /ِ 
َ $%‫ ا‬/َ %َmَ ْ%‫ن َز‬ 
‫?ْ ِإ‬aُ ‫ُ!اْ َر‬E9 ‫س ا‬
ُ 0%‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ+
- F-%‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬
َ *aِ ‫َـ‬%‫َـ َى َو‬a$
ُ ِ ?ُ‫َـ َى َو
َ ه‬a4
ُ ‫س‬
َ 0%‫ َى ا‬9َ َ‫(َ و‬-َْ#Y
َ Aٍ #ْ Y
َ ‫ت‬
ِ ‫ ذَا‬A ‫ ُ{ ُآ‬N
َ 9َ ‫&ْ َو‬3َ r
َ ْ‫ َأر‬#
َ /ٍ 3َ r
ِ ْ
ُ A ‫ُ ُآ‬A‫ْ َه‬9َ َ(Xَ ْ‫َ َ و‬9 ‫!ْ َم‬+َ
,+ِ,
َ 6
22:1. Hai manusia, bertakwalah kepada Tuhanmu; sesungguhnya keguncangan hari kiamat
itu adalah suatu kejadian yang sangat besar (dahsyat).
22:2. (Ingatlah) pada hari (ketika) kamu melihat keguncangan itu, lalailah semua wanita
yang menyusui anaknya dari anak yang disusuinya dan gugurlah kandungan segala wanita
yang hamil, dan kamu lihat manusia dalam keadaan mabuk, padahal sebenarnya mereka
tidak mabuk, akan tetapi azab Allah itu sangat keras.
(1. O mankind! Have Taqwa of your Lord! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour is a terrible
thing.) (2. The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and every
pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will
not be drunk, but Allah's torment is severe.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
ٌ‫<ْء‬
َ /ِ 
َ $%‫ ا‬/َ %َmَ ْ%َ‫ن ز‬ 
‫?ْ ِإ‬aُ ‫ُ!ا َر‬E9 ‫س ا‬
ُ 0%‫(َ ا‬+ ‫َ َأ‬+
<) ‫ ون‬$2#%‫‚ ا‬-J.‫ ا‬,O‫( و‬%‫!ا‬Y‫( وأ‬%‫ وزز‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ ‫!ن
* أه!ال‬-CEJ$+ # ?(% ‫ ا‬Co
‫!ا^ و‬EJ ^‫د‬C ‫
ا‬q 1%39 ‫!ل‬E+
‫ م‬O ACO ‫رض‬K‫ ا‬/%m%‫رة * ز‬C %‫ أو ذ‬/ 
E%‫ت ا‬f  1%‫!ره? إ‬UX ‫!م‬+ ?‫!ره‬CO *
‫س‬0%‫ م ا‬O ,3 <‫ ه‬A‫ ه‬/$%‫ ا‬/%m%‫ز‬
‫ل‬C%‫رض وا‬K‫& ا‬-#Y‫ " و‬1%39 ‫ل‬O‫( " و‬%EW‫رض أ‬K‫& ا‬G .‫( وأ‬%‫ا‬m%‫رض ز‬K‫& ا‬%m%‫ " إذا ز‬1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫(? آ‬W‫ا‬,G‫س
* أ‬0%‫ا‬
^‫!ن ه‬-RO ‫ل‬E) /+y‫ " ا‬$ ‫ل‬C%‫& ا‬$‫ و‬G‫رض ر‬K‫& ا‬G‫ " إذا ر‬1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ و‬/+y‫ " ا‬/3O‫!ا‬%‫& ا‬3O‫ و‬T
! ) ‫ة‬,Y‫ وا‬/‫ دآ‬J‫آ‬,)
* e#K‫ ن * ا‬24 0W,Y 1 L+ 0W,Y ‫ر‬U *‫ ا‬0W,Y + G *‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬/$%‫!ال ا‬Y‫  وأول أ‬X,%‫ ا‬# .q <) /0R‫ آ‬/%m%m%‫ا‬
* ‫!ري‬7%‫ ا‬w+,Y *
?9Y <‫ وروا^ ا* أ‬/$%‫ ا‬ACO ‫ل‬O " ?  ‫ <ء‬/$%‫ ا‬/%m%‫ " إن ز‬F%!O <) /#E- * ? ‫إ اه‬
* /0+,‫ل أ! آ‬O‫ و‬%‫! ذ‬LX # * , C‫< وإ اه ? و‬C3U%‫ل وروي * ا‬O ^ ‫ )آ‬/#E- * ? ‫ * إ اه‬e#K‫[!ر وا‬0

‫ أورد‬,O‫ و‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ ACO  X,%‫ل ها )< ا‬O " ?  ‫ <ء‬/$%‫ ا‬/%m%‫? إن ز‬a‫!ا ر‬E9‫س ا‬0%‫( ا‬+q + " <C3U%‫ء * 
ا‬
<‫ * أ‬,+m+ * /0+,#%‫ ا‬A‫< أه‬rO {)‫ * را‬A #4‫ إ‬/+‫[!ر
* روا‬%‫ ا‬w+,Y <) %‫ل ذ‬O *
,0J$
+ G * 23G !‫ 
م أ‬n‫ا‬
‫? " إن‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫ ة‬+ ‫ * أ< ه‬AG‫ …< * ر‬E%‫ ا‬V3‫ * آ‬,#L
* ‫[ر‬XK‫
* ا‬AG‫د * ر‬+‫ز‬
J0+ ‫ ش‬3%‫ ا‬1%‫[ ^ إ‬C . F ) 1- F3r‫ )(! وا‬A )‫ ا‬4‫[!ر );^ إ‬%‫\ ا‬-. ‫رض‬K‫!ات وا‬#$%‫\ ا‬-. *
‫ ) غ‬#% S‫ا‬
1%‫و‬K‫ت ا‬o2X ‫_ث‬W F ) 20+ ?  ‫ ن‬O " ‫ل‬O ‫ ‚ ه! ؟‬a) ‫ل‬O ‫ ن‬O ‫ل‬O ‫[!ر ؟‬%‫ و 
ا‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ ‫ ة‬+ ‫ل أ! ه‬O "
g+ 1J

‫ع‬m2%‫ ا‬/o2X 2X‫!ل ا‬E ) 1%‫و‬K‫ ا‬/o20% A )‫ ا‬4‫ إ‬S‫;
ا‬+ * #%3%‫ ب ا‬% ‫ م‬E%‫ ا‬/o2X /7%7%‫\ وا‬3[%‫ ا‬/o2X / X7%‫ع وا‬m2%‫ ا‬/o2X
‫ء‬g‫ ه‬0+ 
‫ " و‬1%39 S‫!ل ا‬E+ <J%‫ وه< ا‬J2+ ‫( و‬%!+‫ه و‬,# ) ^
;+‫ و‬S‫رض إ
* ء ا‬K‫ ا‬A‫!ات وأه‬#$%‫ ا‬A‫ع أه‬m2 )
‚G 9 ‫!م‬+ " 1%39 S‫!ل ا‬E+ <J%‫ وه< ا‬G‫( ر‬-‫رض ;ه‬K‫ ج ا‬9‫ ا و‬9 ‫!ن‬aJ) ‫ل‬C%‫ ا‬$J) " ‫(
* )!اق‬% 
‫ة‬,Y‫ وا‬/L f ‫إ‬
A+,0E%‫( وآ‬-‫ه ;ه‬g2a9 ‫
!اج‬K‫ ( ا‬N9 LC%‫ )< ا‬/E!#%‫ ا‬/0 2$%‫رض آ‬K‫!ن ا‬aJ) " /2G‫ وا‬T
!+ ‫!ب‬-O /)‫ اد‬%‫( ا‬3CJ9 /2G‫ ا‬%‫ا‬
* d U%‫ ا‬9‫ان و‬,%!%‫ ا‬V U+‫ و‬A
‫!ا‬L%‫{ ا‬N9‫{ و‬r‫ ا‬#%‫ ا‬A‫ه‬J) ‫ …( ه‬1- ‫س‬0%‫ ا‬,J# ) ‫رواح‬K‫ ا‬FLG 9 ‫ ش‬3% \-3#%‫ا‬
S‫!ل ا‬E+ <J%‫ وه< ا‬N3 ?(N3 ‫دي‬0+ *+ ,
‫س‬0%‫< ا‬%!+‫{ و‬G J) (‫!ه‬G‫ ب و‬NJ) /aR_#%‫ه ا‬E-J) ‫ر‬OK‫< ا‬9;9 1JY /‫هر‬
&,[9 ‫ إذ‬%‫ ذ‬1- ?‫ ه‬#0 C) " ‫
* هد‬F% #) S‫ ا‬A-N+ *
‫? و‬f *
S‫?
* ا‬a% 
*+ ,
‫!ن‬%!9 ‫!م‬+ ‫د‬0J%‫!م ا‬+ " 1%39
?W A(#%‫ذا ه< آ‬t) ‫ء‬#$%‫ ا‬1%‫ وا إ‬X ?W F ?-‫ أ‬S‫ ب 
ا‬a%‫
* ا‬%% ?‫ه‬.;) #  ‫ ورأوا أ
ا‬O 1%‫ إ‬O *
‫رض‬K‫ا‬
*
‫<ء‬U ‫!ن‬#-3+  ‫
!ات‬K‫? " وا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O ?(0 &U‫? آ‬W (
!X ‫ ت‬7JX‫ ه وا‬#O‫( و‬$# ‚$. 
T%‫ل " أو‬O " S‫رض إ
* ء ا‬K‫!ات و
* )< ا‬#$%‫ع
* )< ا‬m) " ‫!ل‬E+ * Y S‫ ا‬107J4‫* ا‬#) ‫ ة‬+ ‫ل أ! ه‬O " %‫ذ‬
F73C+ S‫(? وه! اب ا‬0
q‫ !م و‬%‫ ا‬%‫  ذ‬S‫ه? ا‬O‫!ن وو‬O‫ ز‬+ ?(‫ ر‬,0 ‫ ء‬Y‫ أ‬T%‫ ء أو‬YK‫ ا‬1%‫ع إ‬m2%‫ ا‬A[+ #X‫اء وإ‬,(U%‫ا‬ 
# /3r
A‫ آ‬A‫ه‬9 (X‫ و‬9 ‫!م‬+ ?  ‫ <ء‬/$%‫ ا‬/%m%‫? إن ز‬a‫!ا ر‬E9‫س ا‬0%‫( ا‬+‫ أ‬+ " S‫!ل ا‬E+ ‫ي‬%‫ وه! ا‬FE-. ‫  ار‬1-
^‫ روا‬,O w+,L%‫ " وها ا‬,+, S‫* اب ا‬a%‫رى و‬a$ ?‫رى و 
ه‬a4 ‫س‬0%‫ ى ا‬9‫( و‬-#Y A#Y ‫ ذات‬A‫{ آ‬N9‫& و‬3r‫أر‬
/$%‫!م ا‬+ ACO /0R‫ آ‬/%m%m%‫ أن ه^ ا‬1- ‫ دل‬FX‫ أ‬F0
‫ ض‬s%‫ا وا‬,G !
,Y‫? و وا‬9Y <‫ وا* أ‬+ G *‫< وا‬X‫ ا‬C%‫ا‬
‫ل‬C-‫ال و‬m%‫ع وز‬m)‫ ه!ل و‬%‫ ذ‬A ‫ ون‬.q ‫ل‬O‫? و‬-‫ أ‬S‫ وا‬%‫! ذ‬LX‫ و‬/$%‫ل أ اط ا‬E+ #‫( آ‬0
( E% /$%‫ ا‬1%‫& إ‬2 r‫أ‬
177

‫آ‪!+ *R‬م ا‪ <) / 
E%‬ا‪f 3%‬ت ‪ ,3‬ا‪ *
/ 
E%‬ا‪!CE%‬ر وا‪J.‬ر ذ‪ %‬ا* ‪ + G‬وا‪!JY‬ا ;‪Y‬د‪ " : w+‬ا‪K‬ول " ‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪0W,Y ,#Y‬‬
‫‪ * 1 L+‬ه‪U‬م ‪JO 0W,Y‬دة * ا‪ # * *$L%‬ان * ‪ * [Y‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل وه! )< ‪ ˆ3‬أ‪24‬ر^ و‪,O‬‬
‫‪E9‬رب
* أ‪Lf‬ب ا‪ $%‬ر){ (‪ * 9‬ا‪ + " : F9!f * J+y‬أ‪ (+‬ا‪0%‬س ا‪!E9‬ا ر‪ ?a‬إن ز‪ /%m%‬ا‪< /$%‬ء  ? ‪!+‬م ‪ 9‬و‪9 (X‬ه‪A‬‬
‫آ‪ # /3r
A‬أر‪ &3r‬و‪ {N9‬آ‪ A‬ذات ‪ (-#Y A#Y‬و‪ 9‬ى ا‪0%‬س ‪a4‬رى و 
ه? ‪a$‬رى و‪ *a%‬اب ا‪{#4 #-) " ,+, S‬‬
‫أ‪!7Y % FLf‬ا ا‪ <#%‬و )!ا أ‪!O ,0 FX‬ل ‪ #-) F%!E+‬د‪!X‬ا ‪O F%!Y‬ل " أ‪,9‬رون أي ‪!+‬م ذ‪ %‬ذاك ‪!+‬م ‪0+‬دى ‪q‬دم ‪ F -‬ا‪_$%‬م‬
‫) ‪0‬د‪ F+‬ر‪ m F‬و‪!E ) AG‬ل ‪q +‬دم ا‪ 73 w3‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪0%‬ر ) ‪!E‬ل ‪ +‬رب و 
‪ w3‬ا‪0%‬ر ؟ ) ‪!E‬ل ‪ *
:‬آ‪ A‬أ‪ /R#3$9 ‚%‬و‪/3$9‬‬
‫و‪!3$9‬ن )< ا‪0%‬ر ووا‪ <) ,Y‬ا‪O " /0%‬ل );‪ H-‬أ‪ 
1JY FLf‬أو‪!Lr‬ا أ‪ #-) F#aY N+‬رأى ذ‪O %‬ل " أ‪ U‬وا وا‪!-#‬ا‬
‫)!ا‪%‬ي ‪ ^,  ,#L
H2X‬إ‪ 
* JE-. {#% ?aX‬آ‪< {
JX‬ء ‪ }O‬إ آ‪!G;+ ^9 7‬ج و
;‪!G‬ج و
* ه‪q <0 *
-‬دم و‪ <0‬إ‪" H -‬‬
‫‪O‬ل )‪ $‬ي ‪O ?W ?(0‬ل " ا‪!-#‬ا وأ‪ U‬وا )!ا‪%‬ي ‪ 
^,  ,#L
H2X‬أ‪ <) ?JX‬ا‪0%‬س إ آ‪ V0G <) / 
U%‬ا‪ 3C%‬أو ا‪<) /#O %‬‬
‫ذراع ا‪,%‬ا‪ " /‬وه‪a‬ا روا^ ا‪
J%‬ي وا‪ - <) <R$0%‬آ‪J‬ب ا‪U * ,#L
* #( 004 *
- $2J%‬ر * ‪ 1 L+‬وه! ا‪E%‬ن *‬
‫ه‪U‬م وه! ا‪!J4,%‬ا‪JO * <R‬دة ‪ ^!L0 F‬و‪O‬ل ا‪
J%‬ي ‪(% " .q \+ d " . Q Lf *$Y‬ا ا‪O : w+,L%‬ل ا‪
J%‬ي ‪ 0W,Y‬ا*‬
‫أ< ‪ 24 0W,Y #‬ن *  ‪ 0W,Y /0‬ا* ‪,G‬ن * ا‪ # * *$L%‬ان * ‪ * [Y‬أن ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل ‪&%mX #%‬‬
‫" ‪ +‬أ‪ (+‬ا‪0%‬س ا‪!E9‬ا ر‪ - ?a‬إ‪ - F%!O 1%‬و‪ *a%‬اب ا‪O " ,+, S‬ل ‪ F - &%mX‬ه^ ا‪ /+y‬وه! )< ‪E) 24‬ل " أ‪,9‬رون أي ‪!+‬م‬
‫ذ‪ %‬؟ ‪!%O‬ا ا‪ S‬ور‪ F%!4‬أ‪O ?-‬ل ‪ -‬ذ‪!+ %‬م ‪!E+‬ل ا‪y S‬دم ا‪ w3 w3‬ا‪0%‬ر ‪O‬ل ‪ +‬رب و 
‪ w3‬ا‪0%‬ر ؟ ‪O‬ل ‪ /R#3$9‬و‪/3$9‬‬
‫و‪!3$9‬ن إ‪ 1%‬ا‪0%‬ر ووا‪ ,Y‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪ ;UX;) " /0%‬ا‪!#-$#%‬ن ‪!aC+‬ن )‪E‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O " ?-4‬ر!ا و‪,4‬دوا )‪?% (Xt‬‬
‫‪!CX *a9‬ة ‪ }O‬إ آن  * ‪G (+,+‬ه‪O / -‬ل ) ‪ .g‬ا‪,3%‬د
* ا‪%‬ه‪t) / -‬ن ‪ &#9‬وإ آ‪ *
&-#‬ا‪ * E)0#%‬و 

‪ ?a-7‬و
‪ A7‬ا‪ ?
K‬إ‬
‫آ‪ A7#‬ا‪ <) /#O %‬ذراع ا‪,%‬ا‪ /‬أو آ‪ V0G <) / 
U%‬ا‪O ?W - 3C%‬ل ‪ -‬إ‪K <X‬ر‪ !G‬أن ‪!X!a9‬ا ر{ أه‪ A‬ا‪ Ca) - /0%‬وا ‪O ?W‬ل ‪ -‬إ‪<X‬‬
‫‪K‬ر‪ !G‬أن ‪!X!a9‬ا ‪ w-W‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ Ca) - /0%‬وا ‪O ?W‬ل ‪ -‬إ‪K <X‬ر‪ !G‬أن ‪!X!a9‬ا ‪ ‚[X‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ Ca) " /0%‬وا ‪O ?W‬ل و أدري أ‪O‬ل ا‪* 7-7%‬‬
‫أم  وآا روا^ ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 24 * ,#Y‬ن *  ‪O ?W F /0‬ل ا‪
J%‬ي أ‪ N+‬ها ‪ Q Lf w+,Y‬و‪ ,O‬روي *  وة * ا‪* *$L%‬‬
‫‪ #‬ان * ا‪ * [L%‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا* أ< ‪ * , 34 w+,Y *
?9Y‬أ<  و‪JO * /‬دة * ا‪ *$L%‬وا‪_3%‬ء * ز‪+‬د ا‪,3%‬وي *‬
‫‪ #‬ان * ا‪) * [L%‬آ ^ وه‪a‬ا روى ا* ‪,0 * + G‬ار * ‪,0‬ر * !ف * ا‪O *$L%‬ل ‪ <0s-‬أن ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪ F -‬و‪m *
A2O #% ?-4‬وة ا‪ $3%‬ة و
‪ F3‬أ‪ 
,3 FLf‬رف ا‪ O /0+,#%‬أ " ‪ +‬أ‪ (+‬ا‪0%‬س ا‪!E9‬ا ر‪ ?a‬إن ز‪ /%m%‬ا‪< /$%‬ء‬
‫ ? " وذآ ا‪) w+,L%‬آ ‪ 4 !LX‬ق ا* ‪,G‬ن وا‪ S‬أ‪ ?-‬ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪O " <X7%‬ل ا* أ< ‪ 0W,Y ?9Y‬أ< ‪ 0W,Y‬ا* ا‪C%‬ع‬
‫‪ 0W,Y‬أ! ‪ 24‬ن ‪ <03+‬ا‪ #3#%‬ي *
‪JO * #3‬دة * أ‪O HX‬ل ‪ " &%mX‬إن ز‪ /%m%‬ا‪< /$%‬ء  ? " وذآ ‪ 4 !LX <03+‬ق‬
‫ا‪ # * *$L%‬ان أ‪O FX‬ل و
* ه‪ *
-‬آ‪ 7‬ة ا‪ *%‬وا‪ HXn‬وروا^ ا* ‪ . #3
w+,Y *
F%! + G‬ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪O w%7%‬ل‬
‫ا* أ< ‪ 0W,Y ?9Y‬أ< ‪# -4 * , 34 0W,Y‬ن ‪C 0W,Y‬د ‪ <03+‬ا* ا‪!3%‬ام ‪ 0W,Y‬ه_ل * ‪CY‬ب * ‪ * /
a‬ا* ‪C‬س ‪O‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪ _9‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ ?-4‬ه^ ا‪) /+y‬آ ‪ ^!LX‬و‪O‬ل ) ‪ " F‬إ‪K <X‬ر‪ !G‬أن ‪!X!a9‬ا ر{ أه‪ A‬ا‪O ?W - /0%‬ل ‪ -‬إ‪K <X‬ر‪!G‬‬
‫أن ‪!X!a9‬ا ‪ w-W‬أه‪ A‬ا‪O ?W - /0%‬ل ‪ -‬إ‪K <X‬ر‪ !G‬أن ‪!X!a9‬ا  أه‪ A‬ا‪!Y 2) " /0%‬ا وزاد أ‪ " N+‬وإ‪ #X‬أ‪mG ?JX‬ء
* أ‪mG ‚%‬ء‬
‫" " ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪ %‬ا{ " ‪O‬ل ا‪oC%‬ري ‪ $29 ,0‬ه^ ا‪ 0W,Y 2Y * # 0W,Y : /+y‬أ< ‪ 0W,Y‬ا‪ 0W,Y e#K‬أ! ‪* Q%f‬‬
‫أ< ‪O , 34‬ل ‪O :‬ل ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!E+ " ?-4‬ل ا‪!+ 1%39 S‬م ا‪q + / 
E%‬دم ) ‪!E‬ل ‪  C%‬ر‪ 0‬و‪0 ) +,34‬دى [!ت إن‬
‫ا‪
;+ S‬ك أن ‪ o9‬ج
* ذر‪ 73 J+‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪0%‬ر ‪O‬ل ‪ +‬رب و 
‪ w3‬ا‪0%‬ر ‪O‬ل
* آ‪ A‬أ‪ - ‚%‬أرا^ ‪O‬ل ‪ /R#3$9 -‬و‪ /3$9‬و‪!3$9‬ن ‪F%‬‬
‫)‪ {N9 T0 L‬ا‪ (-#Y A 
L%‬و‪ V U+‬ا‪ " , %!%‬و‪ 9‬ى ا‪0%‬س ‪a4‬رى و 
ه? ‪a$‬رى و‪ *a%‬اب ا‪ \U) " " ,+, S‬ذ‪1- %‬‬
‫ا‪0%‬س ‪ s9 1JY‬ت و‪!G‬ه(? ‪O‬ل ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪!G;+ *
" ?-4‬ج و
;‪!G‬ج ‪ /R#3$9‬و‪ /3$9‬و‪!3$9‬ن و
‪ ?a0‬وا‪ ,Y‬أ‪<) ?JX‬‬
‫ا‪0%‬س آ‪ 3U%‬ة ا‪!$%‬داء )< ‪ V0G‬ا‪!7%‬ر ا‪ ˆ K‬أو آ‪ 3U%‬ة ا‪N C%‬ء )< ‪ V0G‬ا‪!7%‬ر ا‪!4K‬د إ‪K <X‬ر‪ !G‬أن ‪!X!a9‬ا ر{ أه‪ A‬ا‪/0%‬‬
‫ )‪O ?W X Ca‬ل ‪ w-W -‬أه‪ A‬ا‪O ?W X Ca) - /0%‬ل ‪  -‬أه‪ A‬ا‪ X Ca) " /0%‬و‪ ,O‬روا^ ا‪oC%‬ري أ‪ <) N+‬ها ا‪ {r!#%‬و
‪?-$‬‬‫وا‪ d *
^ $29 <) <R$0%‬ق * ا‪ " F e#K‬ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪O " H 
o%‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪# 0W,Y ,#Y‬رة *
‪ ,#L‬ا* أ‪ 24 &.‬ن‬
‫ا‪!7%‬ري و‪, C‬ة ا‪ <#3%‬آ_ه‪ * #‬إ اه ? *
‪ * ?-$‬أ< ا‪!YK‬ص * ‪ ,C‬ا‪O S‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪F%q 1-‬‬
‫و‪ " ?-4‬إن ا‪!+ w3C+ S‬م ا‪0
/ 
E%‬د‪q + +‬دم إن ا‪
;+ S‬ك أن ‪ *
73 w3C9‬ذر‪ J+‬إ‪ 1%‬ا‪0%‬ر ) ‪!E‬ل ‪q‬دم ‪ +‬رب
* ه? ) ‪E‬ل ‪F%‬‬

* آ‪ /3$9 /R
A‬و‪!3$9‬ن " )‪E‬ل ر‪ *
AG‬ا‪!E%‬م
* ها ا‪ ,3 0
<G0%‬ها ‪ +‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪O S‬ل " ه‪,9 A‬رون 
أ‪ <) ?JX‬ا‪0%‬س إ‬
‫آ‪,f <) / 
U%‬ر ا‪ " 3C%‬ا‪ 2X‬د (ا ا‪ ,0$%‬وها ا‪ $%‬ق ا‪
n‬م أ‪ " ,#Y‬ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪$%‬دس " ‪O‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪?9Y * 1 L+ 0W,Y ,#Y‬‬
‫* أ< ‪ 2f‬ة ‪ 0W,Y‬ا* أ<
‪ /a -‬أن ا‪ ,#L
* ?4E%‬أ‪ * /UR * ^ C.‬ا‪ 1-f <C0%‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪O ?-4‬ل " إ‪ UL9 ?aX‬ون‬
‫إ‪ 1%‬ا‪!+ S‬م ا‪2Y / 
E%‬ة  اة  " ‪ + /UR &%O‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬ا‪G %‬ل وا‪$0%‬ء ‪ ?(N3 0+‬إ‪O ˆ3 1%‬ل ‪ /UR +‬إن ا‪
K‬‬
‫أ‪ *
,‬أن ‪ ?(#(+‬ذاك " أ‪ <) ^G .‬ا‪ " * L L[%‬ا‪ w+,L%‬ا‪O " {$%‬ل ا‪
n‬م أ‪ * 1 L+ 0W,Y ,#Y‬إ‪L4‬ق ‪ 0W,Y‬ا* ‪* /3 (%‬‬
‫‪ * ,%.‬أ< ‪ #‬ان * ا‪ + &-O : &%O /UR * ,#L
* ?4E%‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬ه‪+ A‬آ ا‪!+ FC CY V CL%‬م ا‪ / 
E%‬؟ ‪O‬ل " ‪+‬‬
‫‪ /UR‬أ 
‪_W ,0‬ث )_ أ 
‪ ,0‬ا‪m #%‬ان ‪ AE7+ 1JY‬أو ‪ _) ‚o+‬وأ 
‪ +9 ,0‬ا‪ VJa%‬إ 
‪ F0 #  13+‬وإ 
‪_) F%#U 13+‬‬
‫و‪ o+ * Y‬ج ‪ *
\0‬ا‪0%‬ر ) !ى ‪ ?( -‬و‪ ?( - ‡ sJ+‬و‪!E+‬ل ذ‪ %‬ا‪ : \03%‬وآ‪ /W_7 &-‬وآ‪ /W_7 &-‬وآ‪ /W_7 &-‬وآ‪*# &-‬‬
‫اد‪ {
1‬ا‪ S‬إ‪ .q (%‬ووآ‪!  *
g+  *# &-‬م ا‪$L%‬ب ووآ‪CG Aa &-‬ر ‪O - , 0‬ل ‪!0 ) -‬ي ‪ ?( -‬و‪ # <) ?(
+‬ات‬
‫‪ ?0(G‬و‪ $G ?0(%‬أرق
* ا‪ 3U%‬وأ‪ *
,Y‬ا‪ F - ‚ $%‬آ_‪ V %‬و‪.;+ $Y‬ان
* ء ا‪ S‬وا‪0%‬س ‪ F -‬آ‪ C%‬ق وآ‪ %‬ف‬
‫وآ‪ Q+ %‬وآ;‪G‬و‪ ,+‬ا‪ A o%‬وا‪ %‬آب وا‪!%!E+ /aR_#%‬ن ‪ + :‬رب ‪0) ?-4 ?-4‬ج
‪ ?-$‬و
‪,o‬وش
‪ ?-$‬و
‪!a‬ر )< ا‪0%‬ر ‪ 1-‬و‪" F(G‬‬
‫وا‪YK‬د‪ <) w+‬أه!ال ‪!+‬م ا‪ / 
E%‬وا‪Wy‬ر آ‪ 7‬ة ‪,G‬ا ‪ .q {r!
(%‬و‪(%‬ا ‪O‬ل ‪ " 1%39‬إن ز‪ /%m%‬ا‪< /$%‬ء  ? " أي أ

‫‪178‬‬

" 1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫ع آ‬m2%‫ وا‬V %‫!س
* ا‬20-% A[L+ 
!‫ال ه‬m%m%‫ وا‬V  *R‫ وآ‬AR‫دث ه‬Y‫{ و‬2
‫رق‬d‫ و‬A -G V.‫ ? و‬
‫ا‬,+, ‫ا‬m%‫!ا ز‬%m%‫!ن وز‬0
g#%‫< ا‬-J‫ ا‬%0‫ " ه‬.
F-%‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬
َ * 
aِ %َ‫َرَى َو‬a$
ُ ِ ْ?‫َرَى َو
َ ُه‬a4
ُ ‫س‬
َ 0%‫ َى ا‬9َ ‫(َ َو‬-َ#ْ Y
َ Aٍ #ْ َY ‫ت‬
ِ ‫ ذَا‬A ‫َ ُ{ ُآ‬N9َ َ‫& و‬
ْ َ3r
َ ْ‫ َأر‬#
َ /ٍ 3َ r
ِ ْ
ُ A‫ُ ُآ‬A‫ْ َه‬9َ َ(Xَ ْ‫ َ و‬9َ ‫َ!ْ َم‬+
,+ِ,
َ
AsJUJ) ‫& " أي‬3r‫ أر‬# /3r
A‫ آ‬A‫ه‬9 " F% ‫ ا‬$2
‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫;ن و‬U%‫ ا‬#r ‫( " ها
* ب‬X‫ و‬9 ‫!م‬+ " 1%39 ‫ل‬O ?W
?%‫ " و‬/3r
A‫ل " آ‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ و‬F% (r‫ل إر‬Y <) F0 e‫ه‬,9 F - ‫س‬0%‫\ ا‬2‫< ه< أ‬J%‫ ( وا‬%‫س إ‬0%‫ ا‬VY‫ ى * أ‬9 
‫(!ل‬%
" ‫(!ل‬%‫ة ا‬,U% F 
#9 ACO ‫( " أي‬-#Y A#Y ‫ ذات‬A‫{ آ‬N9‫ " و‬F%!O‫ و‬F 
) (3 r‫& " أي * ر‬3r‫ أر‬# " ‫ل‬O‫{ و‬r
AE+
?‫ه‬q‫* ر‬#) ?(X‫(? و & أذه‬%!E &U‫ ده‬,O F ) ‫روا‬f ,O ‫ي‬%‫
ا‬K‫ة ا‬, *
‫ ى " أي‬a4 " ‫ ئ‬O‫رى " و‬a4 ‫س‬0%‫ ى ا‬9‫و‬
,+, S‫* اب ا‬a%‫رى و‬a$ ?‫رى " و 
ه‬a4 ?(X‫ أ‬V$Y " .
Allah commands His servants to have Taqwa of Him, He informs them of the terrors of the
Day of Resurrection which will come to them with its earthquakes and other horrors, as He
says:
6 َ(َ%َEWْ َ‫ض أ‬
ُ ْ‫ر‬Kَ ‫& ا‬
ِ َG َ .
ْ ‫ َوَأ‬- َ(%َ ‫َا‬m%ْ ِ‫ض ز‬
ُ ْ‫& ا ر‬
ِ %َmِ ْ%‫ِإذَا ُز‬
(When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake. And when the earth throws out its
burdens.) 99:1-26
6 /ُ 3َ Oِ ‫!َا‬%ْ ‫& ا‬
ِ 3َ Oَ ‫ ٍ َو‬Tِ َ
!ْ َ )َ - ً‫ة‬,َ Y
ِ ‫ َو‬/ً ‫َ َد آ‬J‫ُ آ‬,)َ ‫َ ُل‬Cِ%ْ ‫ض وَا‬
ُ ْ‫& ا ر‬
ِ َ-ِ#Y
ُ ‫ َو‬
(And the earth and the mountains shall be removed from their places, and crushed with a
single crushing. Then on that Day shall the (Great) Event befall.) 69:14-156 And;
6 ًّ$َ ‫َ ُل‬C
ِ %ْ ‫& ا‬
ِ $ 
ُ ‫ َو‬- ًّG‫ض َر‬
ُ ْ‫& ا ر‬
ِ G 
‫ِإذَا ُر‬
(When the earth will be shaken with a terrible shake. And the mountains will be powdered to
dust.) 56:4-56 It was said that this earthquake will come at the end of the life span of this
world, at the outset of the Hour. Ibn Jarir recorded that `Alqamah commented on Allah's
saying,
6ٌ? ِ
َ ٌ‫ْء‬1
َ /ِ 
َ $%‫ ا‬/َ %ََm%ْ َ‫ن ز‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing.) "Before the Hour.''
Others said that this refers to the terror, fear, earthquakes and chaos that will happen on the
Day of Resurrection, in the arena (of Judgement), after the resurrection from the graves. This
was the view favored by Ibn Jarir, who took the following Hadiths as evidence: Imam Ahmad
recorded that `Imran bin Husayn said that when the Messenger of Allah was on one of his
journeys and some of his Companions had fallen behind, he raised his voice and recited these
two Ayat: 
َ(-َْ#Y
َ Aٍ #ْ Y
َ ‫ت‬
ِ ‫ ذَا‬A ‫ ُ{ ُآ‬N
َ 9َ َ‫&ْ و‬3َ r
َ ْ‫ َأر‬#
َ /ٍ 3َ r
ِ ْ
ُ A ‫ ُآ‬Aُ َ‫ ْه‬9َ َ(Xَ ْ‫َ َ و‬9 ‫!ْ َم‬+َ - ٌ? ِ
َ ٌ‫ْء‬1
َ /ِ َ$%‫ ا‬/َ %َmَ ْ%‫ن َز‬ 
‫?ْ ِإ‬aُ  ‫ُ!اْ َر‬E9 ‫س ا‬
ُ 0%‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ+
6 ٌ,+ِ,
َ Fِ -%‫ب ا‬
َ ‫* ََا‬ 
aِ ‫َـ‬%‫َـ َى َو‬aُ$ِ ?ُ‫َـ َى َو
َ ه‬a4
ُ َ‫س‬0%‫َ َى ا‬9‫َو‬
(O mankind! Have Taqwa of your Lord! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour is a terrible thing.
The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and every pregnant
one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be
drunken, but Allah's torment is severe.) When his Companions heard that, they hastened to
179

catch up with him, because they knew that he wanted to say something. When they reached
him, he said:
‫َ رَب‬+ :‫ُ! ُل‬E َ )َ ،ِ‫ر‬0%‫ ا‬1َ%‫ ِإ‬
َ 7َ 3ْ َ ْw3َ ْ ‫ َد ُم ا‬q َ+ :‫ُ! ُل‬E َ )َ ،AG
َ ‫ َو‬m 
َ ُF ‫ َر‬Fِ +ِ‫َد‬0 ُ )َ ،ُ‫َم‬-$ 
%‫ ا‬Fِ ْ -َ
َ ُ‫ َدم‬q ‫َدَى‬0+ُ ‫َ!ْ ُم‬+ ‫ك‬
َ ‫ ذَا‬،َ‫َ!ْ ٍم ذَاك‬+ ‫ي‬ 
‫ن َأ‬
َ ‫ْرُو‬,9َ ‫»َأ‬
«/0
َ %ْ ‫ٌ )ِ< ا‬,Y
ِ ‫ َووَا‬،ِ‫ر‬0%‫ُ!نَ )ِ< ا‬3$
ْ 9ِ َ‫ٌ و‬/3َ $
ْ 9ِ ‫ َو‬/ٍ Rَ ِ#3ُ $
ْ 9ِ ‚
ٍ %ْ ‫ َأ‬Ah ‫ ِ
*ْ ُآ‬:‫ُ!ل‬E َ )َ ‫رِ؟‬0%‫ ا‬w
ُ 3ْ َ َ
‫َو‬
(Do you know what Day that is That is the Day when Adam will be called. His Lord will call
him and will say: "O Adam, send forth (those of your progeny) who are to be sent to the
Fire.'' He will say, "O Lord, how many are to be sent to the Fire'' He will say, "From every
thousand, nine hundred and ninety-nine will be in the Fire and one will be in Paradise.'') His
Companions were filled with despair and stopped smiling. When he saw that, he said:
<ِ0َ *
ْ
ِ َ-َ‫ َو َ
*ْ َه‬،ُ‫ُ!ج‬G;ْ
َ ‫ج َو‬
ُ !ُG;ْ +َ ُ^َ9 َ 7 ‫ َآ‬%‫} ِإ‬Oَ ‫<ْ ٍء‬
َ {َ
َ َJXَ َ‫*
َ آ‬
ِ ْ َJEَ ِ-.
َ {َ #َ %َ ْ?ُaX ‫^ِ ِإ‬,ِ َ ِ ,ٍ # L
َ
ُ H
ُ 2ْ Xَ ‫ِي‬%‫ )َ!َا‬،‫ُ!ا‬-#َ 
ْ ‫ ُوا وَا‬U
ِ ْ ‫»َأ‬
«H ِ-ْ ِ‫ِ< إ‬0َ َ‫ َد َم و‬q
(Be of good cheer and strive hard, for by the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad,
you will be counted with two creations who are of immense numbers, Ya'juj and Ma'juj, and
those who have already died of the progeny of Adam and the progeny of Iblis.) Then they felt
happier, and he said:
«/‫ا‬,%‫ع ا‬
ِ ‫ )ِ< ِذرَا‬/ِ #َ Oْ  %‫ِ ِ َأ ِو ا‬3Cَ %ْ ‫ ا‬V
ِ 0ْ َG <ِ) /ِ
َ U%َ‫ آ‬%‫س ِإ‬
ِ 0%‫?ْ )ِ< ا‬Jُ ْX‫
َ َأ‬،ِ^,ِ َ ِ ,ٍ # L
َ
ُ ُH2ْ Xَ ‫ِي‬%‫ )َ!َا‬،‫ ُوا‬U
ِ ْ ‫ُ!ا َوَأ‬-#َ 
ْ ‫»ا‬
(Strive hard and be of good cheer, for by the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, in
comparison to mankind you are like a mole on the flank of a camel or a mark on the foreleg of
a beast.) This was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi and by An-Nasa'i in the Book of Tafsir in
their Sunans. At-Tirmidhi said, "It is Hasan Sahih.''
At-Tirmidhi recorded from `Imran bin Husayn that when the words,
6ُ?aُ ‫ُ!اْ َر‬E9 ‫س ا‬
ُ 0%‫(َ ا‬+ ;َ‫َـ‬+
(O mankind! Have Taqwa of your Lord.) Until His saying,
6ٌ,+ِ,
َ Fِ -%‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬
َ *aِ ‫َـ‬%‫ َو‬
(but Allah's torment is severe.) were revealed, the Prophet was on a journey, and he said:
:‫ َل‬O ‫رِ؟‬0%‫ ا‬w
ُ 3ْ َ َ
‫ب َو‬
h َ‫َ ر‬+ :‫َ َل‬O ،ِ‫ر‬0%‫ ا‬w
َ 3ْ َ ْw3َ ْ ‫ ا‬:‫ِ َد َم‬% S
ُ ‫ُ! ُل ا‬E+َ ٌ‫!ْم‬+َ َ%ِ‫ َذ‬:‫َ َل‬O .ُ?-َ
ْ ‫ َأ‬Fُ %ُ!ُ4‫ َو َر‬S
ُ ‫ ا‬:‫ُ!ا‬%َO ‫َ؟‬%ِ‫َ!ْ ٍم َذ‬+ ‫ي‬ 
‫ن َأ‬
َ ‫ْرُو‬,9َ ‫»َأ‬
«/0
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1َ%‫ٌ ِإ‬,ِY‫ ِر وَوَا‬0%‫ ا‬1َ%‫ن ِإ‬
َ !ُ3$
ْ 9ِ َ‫ و‬/ٌ َ3$
ْ 9ِ ‫ َو‬/ٍ Rَ ِ#3ُ $
ْ 9ِ
(Do you know what Day that is) They said, "Allah and His Messenger know best.'' (He said:
That is the Day on which Allah will say to Adam, "Send forth (those of your progeny) who are
to be sent to the Fire.'' He will say, "O Lord, how many are to be sent to the Fire'' He will say,
"From every thousand, nine hundred and ninety-nine will be in the Fire and one will be in
Paradise.'') The Muslims started to weep, then the Messenger of Allah said:

ْ&-َ#h ‫ ُآ‬%ِ‫ َوإ‬،ْ&# 9َ ْ‫ِن‬t)َ ،ِ/  -ِ ِ‫َه‬%ْ ‫* ا‬
َ
ِ ُ‫د‬,َ 3َ %ْ ‫ُ ا‬.
َ ْg ُ َ) :‫َ َل‬O ،ٌ/ -ِِ‫َه‬G َ(+ْ َ,+َ *
َ ْ َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ آ‬%‫} ِإ‬ 
َO ٌ‫ !ة‬Cُ Xُ ْ*aُ 9َ ْ?%َ َ(X tَِ) ،‫دُوا‬,h 4
َ ‫َ ِرُ!ا َو‬O»
« ِ3Cَ %ْ ‫ ا‬V
ِ 0ْ َG <ِ) /ِ
َ U%َ‫ َأوْ آ‬،ِ/ ‫ا‬,%‫ع ا‬
ِ ‫ )ِ< ِذرَا‬/ِ #َ Oْ  %‫ ا‬Aِ 7َ #َ ‫ َآ‬%‫ُ;
َ ِ? ِإ‬%ْ ‫ ا‬Aُ 7َ
َ ‫?ْ َو‬aُ ُ-7َ
َ َ
‫ َو‬،َ* ِEِ)َ0#ُ %ْ ‫ا‬
(Be close in your rank and be straight forward, for there was never any Prophet but there was
180

a time of ignorance just before his advent, so the number will be taken from that time of
ignorance, and if that is not enough, it will be made up from the hypocrites. A parable of
yours in comparison to the other nations is that, you are like a mark on the foreleg of an
animal, or a mole on the flank of a camel.) Then he said,
«/0َ%ْ ‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ُ!ا رُ ُ{َ َأ ْه‬X!ُa9َ ْ‫ُ! َأن‬Gْ‫;َر‬%َ <hX‫»ِإ‬
(I hope that you will be a quarter of the people of Paradise.) They said, "Allahu Akbar!'' Then
he said,
«/0
َ %ْ ‫ِ ا‬A‫ َأ ْه‬w
َ -ُُW ‫ُ!ا‬X!ُa9َ ْ‫ُ! َأن‬Gْ‫َ;ر‬-َ hX‫»ِإ‬
(I hope that you will be a third of the people of Paradise.) They said, "Allahu Akbar!'' Then
he said,
«/0
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aِ ‫‚ َأ ْه‬
َ [
ْ Xِ ‫ُ!ا‬X!ُa9َ ْ‫ُ! َأن‬Gْ‫َ;ر‬-َ hX‫»ِإ‬
(I hope that you will be half of the people of Paradise.) They said, "Allahu Akbar!'' Then he 
the narrator6 said, "I do not know if he said two-thirds or not.'' This was also recorded by
Imam Ahmad. Then At-Tirmidhi also said, "This is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.'' In his Tafsir,
under this Ayah, Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Sa`id said, "The Prophet said:
1َ%‫ً ِإ‬73ْ َ 
َ Jِ +‫ر‬h ‫ج ِ
*ْ ُذ‬
َ ِ o
ْ 9ُ ْ‫ك َأن‬
َ ُ
ُ ;ْ َ+ S
َ ‫ ِإن ا‬:‫ت‬
ٍ ْ!َ[ِ ‫َدَى‬0 ُ َ) ،َ+ْ َ,3ْ 4
َ ‫َ َو‬0 َ‫ ر‬
َ ْ C %َ :‫ُ! ُل‬E َ )َ ،ُ‫دَم‬q َ+ :/ِ
َ َ Eِ %ْ ‫!ْمَ ا‬+َ 1َ%َ39َ S
ُ ‫ُ! ُل ا‬E+َ »
ُ, ِ%!َ %ْ ‫ ا‬V
ُ ِU+َ ‫(َ َو‬-َ#ْ Y
َ Aُ ِ 
َL%ْ ‫ ُ{ ا‬N
َ 9َ ٍTِ َ0 ِL)َ ،َ‫ُ!ن‬3$
ْ 9ِ ‫ٌ َو‬/3َ $
ْ 9ِ َ‫ و‬/ٍ َRِ#3ُ $
ْ 9ِ َ‫َل‬O ُ^‫‚ ُأرَا‬
ٍ %ْ َ‫ أ‬Ah ‫ ِ
*ْ ُآ‬:َ‫َل‬O ‫رِ؟‬0%‫ ا‬w
ُ ْ3َ َ
‫ب َو‬
h َ‫َ ر‬+ :‫َل‬O ،ِ‫ر‬0%‫ا‬
6ٌ,+ِ,
َ ِF-%‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬
َ * 
aِ ‫َـ‬%‫َـ َى َو‬a$
ُ ِ ?ُ‫َـ َى َو
َ ه‬a4
ُ َ‫س‬0%‫َ َى ا‬9‫ َو‬
(On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will say: "O Adam.'' He will say, "At Your service, O
Lord.'' Then a voice will call out: "Allah commands you to send forth from your progeny
those who are destined for the Fire.'' He will say, "O Lord, who is destined for the Fire'' He
will say, "From every thousand'' -- I think he said -- "nine hundred and ninety-nine.'' At that
time every pregnant female will drop her load and children will turn grey. (and you shall see
mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but Allah's torment is severe.))
That will be so difficult for mankind to bear that their faces will change. The Prophet said:
‫ أَو‬،ِˆ َ ْ َ;%ْ ‫!ْ ِر ا‬7%‫ ا‬V
ِ 0ْ G
َ <ِ) ‫!ْدَا ِء‬$ 
%‫ْ َ ِة ا‬3U 
%َ‫س آ‬
ِ 0%‫?ْ )ِ< ا‬Jُ Xْ َ‫ أ‬،ٌ,Y
ِ ‫?ْ وَا‬aُ 0ْ
ِ ‫ َو‬،َ‫ُ!ن‬3$
ْ 9ِ ‫ٌ َو‬/3َ $
ْ 9ِ َ‫ و‬/ٍ Rَ ِ#3ُ $
ْ ِ9 ‫ج‬
َ !ُG;ْ
َ ‫ج َو‬
َ !ُG;ْ +َ ْ*
ِ »
:َ‫َل‬O ? Wُ .َXْ C aَ )َ ، /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ َأ ْه‬w
َ ُ-ُW :‫َ َل‬O ? Wُ .َXْ Caَ )َ ، /ِ 0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ُ!ا ُر ُ َ{ َأ ْه‬X!ُa9َ ْ‫ُ! َأن‬Gْ‫ََ;ر‬% <hX‫ َوِإ‬،ِ‫ َ!د‬4
ْ ;َ%ْ ‫!ْ ِر ا‬7 %‫ ا‬V
ِ ْ0G
َ <ِ) ‫َ ِء‬N ْ Cَ %ْ ‫ْ َ ةِ ا‬3U 
%َ‫آ‬
«Xْ C aَ )َ ،ِ/0 
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬Aِ ‫ْ َ َأ ْه‬
َ
(Nine hundred and ninety-nine from Ya'juj and Ma'juj, and one from you. Among mankind
you are like a black hair on the side of a white bull, or a white hair on the side of a black bull.
I hope that you will be one quarter of the people of Paradise.) We said "Allahu Akbar!'' Then
he said, (A third of the people of Paradise.) We said, "Allahu Akbar!'' Then he said, (One half
of the people of Paradise.) We said: `Allahu Akbar!'' Al-Bukhari also recorded this elsewhere.
It was also recorded by Muslim, and An-Nasa'i in his Tafsir. The Hadiths and reports about
the terrors of the Day of Resurrection are very many, and this is not the place to quote them
all.
6ٌ? ِ
َ ٌ‫ْء‬1
َ /ِ 
َ $%‫ ا‬/َ %ََm%ْ َ‫ن ز‬ 
‫ِإ‬

181

(Verily, the earthquake of the Hour is a terrible thing.) means, a serious matter, a terrifying
crisis, a horrendous event. This earthquake is what will happen to people when they are filled
with terror, as Allah says:
6 ‫ًا‬,+ِ,
َ ً ‫َا‬mْ%‫ُ!اْ ِز‬%ِm%ْ ‫ُ!نَ َو ُز‬0
ِ ْgُ#%ْ ‫ ا‬1
َ ِ-Jُ ْ ‫َ ا‬%َِ0‫ ُه‬
(There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking.) 33:116. Then Allah says:
6ْ&3َ r
َ ْ‫ َأر‬#
َ /ٍ 3َ r
ِ ْ
ُ A ‫ ُآ‬Aُ ‫ْ َه‬9َ َ(Xَ ْ‫َ َ و‬9 ‫َ ْ! َم‬+
(The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling,) means, she will be
distracted by the horror of what she is seeing, which will make her forget the one who is the
dearest of all to her and to whom she shows the most compassion. Her shock will make her
neglect her infant at the very moment of breastfeeding, Allah says,
6ٍ/3َ r
ِ ْ
ُ A ‫ ُآ‬
(every nursing mother), and He did not say a mother who has an infant of breastfeeding age.
6ْ&3َ r
َ ْ‫ َأر‬#
َ
(her nursling) means, her nursing infant that has not yet been weaned.
6َ(-َ#ْ Y
َ Aٍ #ْ Y
َ ‫ت‬
ِ ‫ ذَا‬A ‫ ُ{ ُآ‬N
َ 9َ ‫ َو‬
(and every pregnant one will drop her load,) means, before the pre- gnancy has reached full
term, because of the intensity of the horror.
6‫َـ َى‬a4
ُ َ‫س‬0%‫َ َى ا‬9‫ َو‬
(and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state,) means, because of the severity of their
situa- tion, when they will lose their minds, so that whoever sees them, will think, that they are
drunk,
6ٌ,+ِ,
َ Fِ -%‫ب ا‬
َ ‫َا‬
َ * 
aِ ‫َـ‬%‫َـ َى َو‬a$
ُ ِ ?ُ‫ َو
َ ه‬
(yet they will not be drunken, but Allah's torment is severe.)

182

37. QS Al Anbiya 21:105-107 
/َ#Y
ْ ‫ ِإ  َر‬
َ ‫َـ‬0ْ-4
َ ‫ َو
َ أَ ْر‬- *
َ +ِ,Cِ ‫َ ْ!مٍ َـ‬E%h ًs‫َـ‬-Cَ َ% ‫ هَـَا‬1ِ) ‫ن‬ 
ِ‫ إ‬- ‫ن‬
َ !ُL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫َ ِدىَ ا‬C
ِ َ(Wُ ِ َ+ ‫ض‬
َ ْ‫ن ار‬ 
‫آْ ِ َأ‬h %‫ِ ا‬,3ْ َ *ِ
‫ُ! ِر‬m%‫ ا‬1ِ) َ0ْCJَ ‫ْ َآ‬,َE%َ‫َو‬
* ِ#-َ‫َـ‬3-ْ h% 6
21:105. Dan sungguh telah Kami tulis di dalam Zabur sesudah (Kami tulis dalam)
Lohmahfuz, bahwasanya bumi ini dipusakai hamba-hamba-Ku yang saleh.
21:106. Sesungguhnya (apa yang disebutkan) dalam (surat) ini, benar-benar menjadi
peringatan bagi kaum yang menyembah Allah).
21:107. Dan tiadalah Kami mengutus kamu, melainkan untuk (menjadi) rahmat bagi semesta
alam.
(105. And indeed We have written in Az-Zabur after Adh-Dhikr that My righteous servants
shall inherit the land.)
(106. Verily, in this there is a plain Message for people who worship Allah.)
(107. And We have sent you (O Muhammad ) not but as a mercy for the `Alamin.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
‫ن‬
َ !ُLِ%[%‫ي ا‬
َ ‫َ ِد‬C
ِ َ(Wُ ِ +َ ‫ض‬
َ ْ‫;َر‬%ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫ ْآ ِ َأ‬h%‫ ا‬,ِ 3ْ َ ْ*
ِ ‫ُ! ِر‬m %‫َ )ِ< ا‬0Cْ Jَ ‫ْ َآ‬,Eَ %َ‫َو‬
F%!E‫ ة آ‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫رض )< ا‬K‫ ا‬/W‫ ة وورا‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫دة )< ا‬3$%‫ *
* ا‬L%[%‫د^ ا‬C3% ^NO‫ و‬F#JY # ‫ ا‬Co
1%39 ‫!ل‬E+ 
X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫!ا )< ا‬0
q *+%‫ وا‬0-4‫[ ر‬00% X‫ل " إ‬O‫ * " و‬EJ#-% /CO3%‫د^ وا‬C *
‫ء‬U+ *
(W‫!ر‬+ S ‫رض‬K‫ " إن ا‬1%39
?(-CO *
*+%‫‚ ا‬-oJ4‫ ا‬#‫رض آ‬K‫(? )< ا‬02-oJ$ % ‫ت‬L%[%‫!ا ا‬-#‫? و‬a0
‫!ا‬0
q *+%‫ ا‬S‫ ا‬,‫ل " و‬O‫(د " و‬K‫!م ا‬E+ ‫!م‬+‫و‬
‫ل‬O ‫(ا‬%‫ و‬/%L
 *R‫ وه! آ‬/+‫ر‬,E%‫ وا‬/  U%‫ ا‬VJa%‫!ر )< ا‬$
‫ أن ها‬1%39 C.‫(?" وأ‬% 1N9‫ي ار‬%‫(? ا‬0+‫(? د‬% *0a# %‫و‬
,3 *
‫!ر‬m%‫ )< ا‬0CJ‫ آ‬,E%‫ " و‬1%39 F%!O * CG * , 34 &%;4 : e#K‫ل ا‬O " ‫آ‬%‫ ا‬,3 *
‫!ر‬m%‫ )< ا‬0CJ‫ آ‬,E%‫" و‬1%39
‫دة و‬JO‫* و‬$L%‫< وا‬C3U%‫س وا‬C *‫ل ا‬O‫ب و‬Ja%‫!ر ا‬m%‫ ا‬,‫ل 
ه‬O‫ن و‬q E%‫ وا‬A Xn‫!راة وا‬J%‫ ا‬: ‫!ر‬m%‫ل ا‬E) " ‫آ‬%‫ا‬
‫ل‬O‫ء و‬#$%‫ي )< ا‬%‫آ ا‬%‫ ا‬CG * , 34 ‫ل‬O‫ن و‬q E%‫آ ا‬%‫س ا‬C *‫!راة و* ا‬J%‫آ ا‬%‫ داود وا‬1- ‫ل‬mX‫ي أ‬%‫!ر ا‬m%‫ ا‬: ,Y‫وا‬
‫ول‬K‫ب ا‬Ja%‫? ه! ا‬-4‫ * أ‬,+‫ل ز‬O ‫ وآا‬S‫ ا‬F#Y‫ ر‬+ G *‫ ا‬%‫ر ذ‬J.‫ وا‬S‫ ا‬,0 ‫ب‬Ja%‫آ أم ا‬%‫آ وا‬%‫ ا‬,3 VJa%‫!ر ا‬m%‫ ا‬,‫ 
ه‬
‫ب‬Ja%‫آ أم ا‬%‫ ء وا‬CXK‫ ا‬1- &%mX‫< أ‬J%‫ ا‬VJa%‫!ر ا‬m%‫ ا‬: ?-4‫ * أ‬,+‫* * ز‬#Y %‫ ا‬,C ‫ل‬O‫!ظ و‬2L#%‫!ح ا‬-%‫!ري ه! ا‬7%‫ل ا‬O‫و‬
\4‫!ر و‬m%‫!راة وا‬J%‫ )< ا‬1%39‫ و‬FXLC4 S‫ ا‬C.‫ أ‬: ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬/L-d <‫< * أ‬- ‫ل‬O‫ و‬%‫ ذ‬ACO ‫ ء‬K‫ ا‬F ) VJa+ ‫ي‬%‫ا‬
‫ل‬O‫!ن و‬L%[%‫ وه? ا‬/0%‫(? ا‬-.,+‫رض و‬K‫? ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ,#L
/
‫!رث أ‬+ ‫رض أن‬K‫!ات وا‬#$%‫!ن ا‬a9 ‫ أن‬ACO F#-
CG * , 34‫ و‬,‫ و 
ه‬/ %3%‫ل أ! ا‬O ‫ وآا‬/0%‫ل أرض ا‬O " ‫!ن‬L%[%‫دي ا‬C (W + ‫رض‬K‫س " أن ا‬C *‫ * ا‬,‫ 
ه‬
‫!ن‬0
g#%‫ي ه? ا‬,$%‫ل ا‬O‫!ن و‬L%[%‫* ا‬LX ‫رداء‬,%‫ل أ! ا‬O‫!ري و‬7%‫ وا‬HX‫  { * أ‬%‫ وا‬Q%f !‫ي وأ‬,$%‫دة وا‬JO‫< و‬C3U%‫ وا‬.
*
َ +ِ,ِ َ ‫َ!ْ ٍم‬E%ِ ً َ-Cَ َ% ‫ن )ِ< َهَا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
/320#%  _C% ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ,#L
X,C 1- ^0%mX‫ي أ‬%‫ن ا‬q E%‫* " أي إن )< ها ا‬+, ‫!م‬E%  _C% ‫ " إن )< ها‬F%!O‫و‬
?($2X‫ ن و(!ات أ‬U%‫ ا‬/d 1- S‫ ا‬/d ‫ وا‬Wq‫ و‬F r‫ ور‬FCY‫ وأ‬F  # S‫وا ا‬,C *+%‫* وه? ا‬+, ‫!م‬E% /+2‫ وآ‬.
*
َ ِ#%ََ3-ْ ِ% /ً #َ Y
ْ ‫ َر‬%‫ك ِإ‬
َ َ0ْ-4
َ ْ‫َو
َ َأر‬
/#Y‫ ر‬F-4‫ * أي أر‬#%3-% /#Y‫? ر‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f ‫ا‬,#L
A3G S‫ أن ا‬1%39 Co+ " * #%3-% /#Y‫ك إ ر‬0-4‫ " و 
أر‬F%!O‫و‬
?%‫ " أ‬1%39 ‫ل‬O #‫ ة آ‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫ ا‬$. ‫ه‬,LG‫ ة و
* رده و‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫ )< ا‬,34 /#30%‫ ه^ ا‬a‫ و‬/#Y %‫ ا‬ACO *#) ?(-‫(? آ‬%
!‫ ه‬AO " ‫ن‬q E%‫ ا‬/2f <) 1%39 ‫ل‬O‫ ار " و‬E%‫ ا‬HT‫( و‬X!-[+ ?0(G ‫!ار‬C%‫!
(? دار ا‬O ‫!ا‬-Y‫ ا وأ‬2‫ آ‬S‫ ا‬/#3X ‫!ا‬%, *+%‫ ا‬1%‫ إ‬9
183

<) ?-$
‫ل‬O‫ " و‬, 3 ‫ن‬a
*
‫دون‬0+ T%‫ أو‬1# ?( - !‫ وه‬O‫(? و‬X‫ذا‬q <) ‫!ن‬0
g+  *+%‫ء وا‬2‫ى و‬,‫!ا ه‬0
q *+-%
S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬+ A O : ‫ل‬O ‫ ة‬+ ‫زم * أ< ه‬Y <‫ن * ا* أ‬$ ‫ * آ‬,+m+ * ‫اري‬m2%‫
وان ا‬0W,Y # <‫ ا* أ‬0W,Y FL Lf
‫اة‬,(
/#Y‫ ر‬X‫ أ‬#X‫ " إ‬.y‫ ا‬w+,L%‫? و)< ا‬-$
FG‫ ا‬.t ‫ د‬2X‫ " ا‬/#Y‫& ر‬73 #X‫ وإ‬X3% w3‫? أ‬% <X‫ل " إ‬O * ‫ آ‬U#%‫ ا‬1- ‫ادع‬
,O‫ < و‬L%‫ل إ اه ? ا‬O !)
‫ ة‬+ ‫ * أ< ه‬Q%f <‫ * أ‬e#K‫ و ^ * وآ { * ا‬/X‫ * أ< !ا‬S‫ ا‬,C ^‫" روا‬
‫ل‬O . _4
‫ * ث‬2Y ,0 ‫ل آن‬E) w+,L%‫ * ها ا‬AT4 ,O‫ري و‬oC%‫ل ا‬O ‫ وآا‬. ‫ ة‬+ ‫آ أ ه‬+ ?-) { ‫روا^ ^ * وآ‬
\+ d *
FO4 ?W !)
‫ ة‬+ ‫ * أ< ه‬Q%f <‫ * أ‬e#K‫ * ا‬H#o%‫ * ا‬, 34 * %
^‫ روا‬,O‫آ و‬$ *‫)‡ ا‬L%‫ا‬
<‫!ه ي * أ‬%‫ ا‬, 34 * ? ‫ إ اه‬0W,Y <)![%‫ * إ اه ? ا‬,#L
* a * #‫آ? آ_ه‬L%‫ ا‬,#Y‫ ي وأ< أ‬E#%‫ * ا‬a <‫أ‬
^‫? أورد‬W " ‫اة‬,(
/#Y‫ ر‬X‫ أ‬#X‫ " إ‬S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O ‫ ة‬+ ‫زم * أ< ه‬Y <‫ * أ‬H O * ,%. <‫ * أ‬A #4‫ * إ‬/ 
4‫أ‬
S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O # *‫ * ا‬AG‫ * ر‬,%. * , 34 * 3$
* /0  * ‫ ن‬24 * ‫!د‬3$
* &-[%‫\ ا‬+ d *

* ,#Y‫ أ‬0W,Y <X‫ ا‬C%‫? ا‬4E%‫ل أ! ا‬O . " *+ .q ˆ2.‫!م و‬O {)  &73 ‫اة‬,(
/#Y‫< ر‬073 S‫? " إن ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f
* # * ,#L
* ? ‫راوردي وإ اه‬,%‫ ا‬m+m3%‫ ا‬,C * /0+,#% C-‫ت آ‬,G‫ل و‬O Q%f * ,#Y‫ أ‬0W,Y ‫ن‬L%‫){ ا‬X * ,#L

F ‫? * أ‬3
* CG * ,#L
* ‫ر * ا* (ب‬#J%‫ ا‬Q%f * ,#L
* ‫ و * !ف‬# * m+m3%‫ ا‬,C * *#Y %‫ ا‬,C
V [+ ‫ أن‬,+ + #X‫ وإ‬F3R_d A4‫ ب وأر‬7+ ‫ل‬mX ‫ا‬,#L
‫ إن‬e+ O U3
+ ^ #. * /) [0
/a
‫م‬,O * Y A(G !‫ل أ‬O : ‫ل‬O
S‫? وا‬40#%‫ دان * ا‬E%‫< ا‬2X ^!#J 2X ?aXK ?a - \0Y FX‫ري إ‬N%‫ ا‬,4K‫ آ‬FXt) ^!‫ر‬E9 ‫ أو‬FE+ d ‫ وا‬#9 ‫روا أن‬Y) T  ?a0

‫رج‬mo%‫وس وا‬K‫< ا‬03+ /- O <0‫اوة ا‬, ?J)  ,O ?aX‫ * وإ‬d U%‫(? ا‬3
&+‫ إ رأ‬FLf‫ا
* أ‬,Y‫} و أ‬O FJ+‫ ة 
رأ‬L$% F% ‫إن‬
‫ي‬%‫? ا‬a .‫ا
* أ‬,!
‫ق‬,f‫ و أ‬X$% ‫ق‬,f‫ا أ‬,Y‫& أ‬+‫ 
رأ‬S‫? وا‬aL%‫ أ ا‬+ : ‫ي‬, * ?3
F% ‫ل‬E) ‫و‬,3 ‫ن‬3J4‫و ا‬, !()
‫ وا‬2… ‫ إن‬/- O <0‫ إن ا‬F - ?J0‫ 
آ‬,‫!ا أ‬X!‫رث آ‬L%‫ ن * ا‬24 !‫ل أ‬O F0 ‫س‬0%‫!ا أآ‚ ا‬X!a) ?J-3) ‫ي‬%‫? ا‬J-3) ‫? وإذ‬9‫ د‬d
‫ا 
ودا‬, Y‫!ن و‬a ) ?( X‫ا
*  * …( ا‬,#L
‫!ا‬G o9 ‫ أو‬/X0‫ آ‬Y ?‫!ه‬#9;%‫< أ‬X!#J3d‫ وإن أ‬/
‫? إ و ذ‬a ) ‫!ا‬CO + ?% ?a
‫ ب‬O *
‫ 
آن‬1-  - <0
CXG Q0
;4 : ‫ل‬O‫ه? و‬,Y ?a 2‫;آ‬4‫!اء و‬4 ‫ إ‬/%#%‫ )< ا‬-‫ ده‬A‫ وأه‬#‫ 
ه‬S‫ )!ا‬/- O 0‫وأ 
ا‬
?(0-JOK ^,  <$2X ‫ي‬%‫ل " وا‬E) ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ ر‬%‫Š ذ‬-C) ,G ,3 ‫ل‬m‫ ذل إذا 
آن ه‬A‫ أه‬/ G‫ر‬mo%‫ل ا‬G‫ ر‬,3‫و‬ 
X‫ وأ‬,#Y‫ وأ‬,#L
X‫ء أ‬#4‫ أ‬/$#. <% F0+‫ د‬S‫( ا‬+ 1JY <X)!J+ ‫ و‬S‫< ا‬073 /#Y‫< ر‬X‫(? وه? آره!ن إ‬0+,‫ه‬K‫(? و‬0C-fK‫و‬
‫!ن‬a+ ‫! أن‬G‫ أر‬Q%f * ,#Y‫ل أ‬O‫ " و‬VO3%‫ ا‬X‫
< وأ‬,O 1- ‫س‬0%‫ ا‬UL+ ‫ي‬%‫ ا‬L%‫ ا‬X‫ وأ‬2a%‫ < ا‬S‫! ا‬L#+ ‫ي‬%‫< ا‬Y#%‫ا‬
‫ل‬O ‫ي‬,0a%‫ ة ا‬O <‫ و * أ‬# * H O * ‫ و‬# <0W,Y ‫ة‬,R‫ زا‬0W,Y ‫ و‬# * /+‫و‬3
0W,Y ,#Y‫ 
م أ‬n‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬. L Lf w+,L%‫ا‬
‫ إن‬/2+Y + ‫ن‬#-4 ‫ل‬E) ‫ن‬#-4 1%‫ إ‬/2+Y ‫? )ء‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫( ر‬%O ‫آ أ ء‬+ ‫ن‬a) *R‫ا‬,#% /2+Y ‫آن‬ 
#‫ آ‬VN ‫دم أ‬q ,%‫
* و‬AG‫ ر‬X‫ أ‬#Xt) /03% FJ03% ‫< أو‬CN <) FJCC4 AG‫ ر‬#+‫ل " أ‬E) V. ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ر‬
‫ن‬t) ‫ة‬,R‫ * زا‬HX!+ * ,#Y‫ " وروا^ أ! داود * أ‬/ 
E%‫!م ا‬+ F - ‫_ة‬f (-3G;) * #%3-% /#Y‫ ر‬S‫< ا‬073 #X‫!ن وإ‬CNs9
* ‫زرق‬K‫ق ا‬L4‫ إ‬0W,Y * ‫ق * ه‬L4‫ إ‬0W,Y + G * 23G !‫!اب 
روا^ أ‬%) ‫ ؟‬F 2‫* آ‬#% &-[Y /#Y‫ );ي ر‬A O
*
q *
‫ل‬O " * #%3-% /#Y‫ك إ ر‬0-4‫ " و 
أر‬F%!O <) ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬CG * , 34 * , 34 F% ‫ل‬E+ AG‫!دي * ر‬3$#%‫ا‬
‫ف‬E%‫‚ وا‬$o%‫
?
* ا‬K‫ب ا‬f‫ أ‬#
<)! F%!4‫ ور‬S *
g+ ?% *
‫ ة و‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫ )< ا‬/#Y %‫ ا‬F% VJ‫ آ‬.y‫ !م ا‬%‫ وا‬S
‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬CG * , 34 * ‫ل‬EC%‫ زن ا‬#%‫ * ا‬, 34 !‫ وه‬,34 <‫!دي * أ‬3$#%‫ ا‬w+,Y *
?9Y <‫ا روا^ ا* أ‬a‫وه‬
* ,+!4 * ‫!ب‬+‫< * أ‬-
%‫ ا‬HX!+ * 1$  * ,#Y‫ان * أ‬,C * <X‫ ا‬C%‫? ا‬4E%‫ روا^ أ! ا‬,O‫? و‬-‫ أ‬S‫!^ وا‬L0 ^ ‫)آ‬
F% ‫ آن‬F3C9 *
‫ل‬O "* #%3-% /#Y‫ك إ ر‬0-4‫س " و 
أر‬C *‫ * ا‬CG * , 34 * &W <‫ * أ‬V CY * ‫!دي‬3$#%‫ا‬
‫ف‬E%‫ وا‬$#%‫‚ وا‬$o%‫
?
* ا‬K‫ ا‬R4 F 1-JC+ ‫ آن‬#
<)! F3CJ+ ?% *
‫ ة و‬.y‫  وا‬X,%‫ )< ا‬/#Y‫ ر‬.
Allah tells us of His decree for His righteous servants who are the blessed in this world and in
the Hereafter, those who will inherit the earth in this world and in the Hereafter. As Allah
says:
6َ* ِEJ#ُ -ْ ِ% /ُ Cَ Eِ ‫َـ‬3%ْ ‫َ ِد^ِ وَا‬C
ِ ْ*
ِ ‫َ ُء‬U+َ *َ
َ(ُW‫ُ! ِر‬+ Fِ -% ‫ض‬
َ ْ‫ر‬Kَ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, the earth is Allah's. He gives it as a heritage to whom He wills of His servants; and the
(blessed) end is for those who have Taqwa.) 7:1286
6 ُ,‫(َـ‬
ْ  ‫ُ!مُ ا‬E+َ ‫َ!ْ َم‬+‫ َ َو‬Xْ ,%‫ َ!ةِ ا‬L
َ %ْ ‫ ا‬1ِ) ْ‫ُ!ا‬0
َ ‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ%‫َ وَا‬0-َُ4‫[ُ ُ ُر‬0َ0%َ X‫ِإ‬
(Verily, We will indeed make victorious Our Messengers and those who believe in this world's
life and on the Day when the witnesses will stand forth.) 40:516
‫ِى‬%‫ ُ( ُ? ا‬0َ +ِ‫ ُ(?ْ د‬%َ * 
َ0aّ #َ ُ %َ َ‫ ِ(?ْ و‬-ِْCOَ *ِ
*
َ +ِ%‫‚ ا‬
َ -َo
ْ Jَ 4
ْ ‫َ ا‬#‫ض َآ‬
ِ ْ‫ اْر‬1ِ) ْ?(ُ 0 2َ ِ-o
ْ Jَ $
ْ َ َ% ‫ت‬
ِ َL-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫ُ!اْ ا‬-#ِ 
َ ‫?ْ َو‬aُ 0ْ
ِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬0
َ ‫*َ ءا‬+ِ%‫ ا‬Fُ -%‫ ا‬,َ 
َ ‫ َو‬
6ْ?(ُ َ% 1َN9َ ْ‫ار‬
184

(Allah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous good deeds, that He will
certainly grant them succession in the land, as He granted it to those before them, and that He
will grant them the authority to practise their religion which He has chosen for them) 24:556.
Allah tells us that this is recorded in the Books of Divine Laws and Decrees, and that it will
inevitably come to pass. Allah says:
6ِ ْ‫آ‬h %‫ ا‬,ِ 3ْ َ *ِ
‫ُ! ِر‬m%‫ ا‬1ِ) َ0Cْ َJَ‫ْ آ‬,َE%ََ‫و‬
(And indeed We have written in Az-Zabur after Adh-Dhikr) Al-A`mash said: "I asked Sa`id
bin Jubayr about the Ayah:
6ِ ْ‫آ‬h %‫ ا‬,ِ 3ْ َ *ِ
‫ُ! ِر‬m%‫ ا‬1ِ) َ0Cْ َJَ‫ْ آ‬,َE%ََ‫و‬
(And indeed We have written in Az-Zabur after Adh-Dhikr). He said: `Az-Zabur means the
Tawrah, the Injil and the Qur'an.''' Mujahid said, "Az-Zabur means the Book.'' Ibn `Abbas,
Ash-Sha`bi, Al-Hasan, Qatadah and others said, "Az-Zabur is that which was revealed to
Dawud, and Adh-Dhikr is the Tawrah.'' Mujahid said: "Az-Zabur means the Books which
came after Adh-Dhikr, and Adh-Dhikr is the Mother of the Book (Umm Al-Kitab) which is
with Allah.'' This was also the view of Zayd bin Aslam: "It is the First Book.'' Ath-Thawri
said: "It is Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz.''
6َ‫ُ!ن‬L-ِ‫[ـ‬%‫َ ِدىَ ا‬Cِ َ(Wُ ِ َ+ ‫ض‬
َ ْ‫ن ا ر‬ 
‫َأ‬
(that My righteous servants shall inherit the land.) Mujahid said, narrating from Ibn `Abbas,
"This means, the land of Paradise.'' This was also the view of Abu `Aliyah, Mujahid, Sa`id bin
Jubayr, Ash-Sha`bi, Qatadah, As-Suddi, Abu Salih, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and Ath-Thawri (may
Allah have mercy on them).
6 َ*+ِ,Cِ ‫َ!ْ ٍم َـ‬E%h ًs‫َـ‬-Cَ %َ ‫ هَـَا‬1ِ) ‫ن‬ 
‫ِإ‬
(Verily, in this (the Qur'an) there is a plain Message for people who worship Allah.) means, `in
this Qur'an which We have revealed to Our servant Muhammad , there is a plain Message
which is beneficial and is sufficient for a people who worship Allah.' This refers to those who
worship Allah in the manner which He has prescribed and which He loves and is pleased with,
and they would rather obey Allah than follow the Shaytan or their own desires.
6 َ* ِ#َ-‫َـ‬3-ْ %h /ً #َ Y
ْ ‫ ِإ  َر‬
َ ‫َـ‬0-ْ َ4ْ‫ َو
َ َأر‬
(And We have sent you not but as a mercy for the `Alamin.) Here Allah tells us that He has
made Muhammad a mercy to the `Alamin, i.e., He sent him as a mercy for all of them 
peoples6, so whoever accepts this mercy and gives thanks for this blessing, will be happy in
this world and in the Hereafter. But whoever rejects it and denies it, will lose out in this world
and in the Hereafter, as Allah says:
6 ‫َ َا ُر‬E%ْ ‫ ا‬H
َ Tْ ِ ‫(َ َو‬Xَ ْ!-َ[
ْ َ+ ?َ 0 (َ G
َ - ‫!َا ِر‬Cَ %ْ ‫َ ْ! َ
ُ(?ْ دَا َر ا‬O ‫! ْا‬-Y
َ ‫ْ ًا َوَأ‬2‫ ُآ‬Fِ -%‫& ا‬
َ #َ ْ3Xِ ْ‫ُ!ا‬%,َ *
َ +ِ%‫ ا‬1َ%ِ‫َ َ إ‬9 ْ?%َ‫َأ‬
(Have you not seen those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief, and caused
their people to dwell in the house of destruction Hell, in which they will burn, -- and what an
evil place to settle in!) 14:28-296 And Allah says, describing the Qur'an:

185

6ٍ, ِ3َ ‫ن‬
ٍ َa 

‫ن‬
َ ْ‫َ َدو‬0+ُ 
َ Tِ ‫َـ‬%ْ‫ ُأو‬1ً#
َ ْ?(ِ ْ َ-
َ !َ ‫ ٌ َو ُه‬Oْ ‫ ِ(?ْ َو‬Xِ ‫ ءَاذَا‬1ِ) ‫ن‬
َ !ُ0
ِ ْg+ُ َ *
َ +ِ%‫َءٌ وَا‬2
ِ ‫ًى َو‬,‫ُ!اْ ُه‬0
َ ‫* ءَا‬
َ +ِ-%ِ !َ ‫ْ ُه‬AُO
(Say: "It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there
is heaviness in their ears, and it is blindness for them. They are those who are called from a
place far away.'') 41:446 Muslim reports in his Sahih: Ibn Abi `Umar told us, Marwan AlFazari told us, from Yazid bin Kisan, from Ibn Abi Hazim that Abu Hurayrah said that it was
said, "O Messenger of Allah, pray against the idolators.'' He said:
«/َ#Y
ْ ‫& َر‬
ُ 7ْ 3ِ ُ َ#X ‫ َوِإ‬،ًX3َ% ْw3َ ْ‫?ْ ُأ‬%َ <hX‫»ِإ‬
(I was not sent as a curse, rather I was sent as a mercy.) This was recorded by Muslim. Imam
Ahmad recorded that `Amr bin Abi Qurrah Al-Kindi said: "Hudhayfah was in Al-Mada'in
and he was mentioning things that the Messenger of Allah had said. Hudhayfah came to
Salman and Salman said: `O Hudhayfah, the Messenger of Allah would sometimes be angry
and would speak accordingly, and would sometimes be pleased and would speak accordingly.
I know that the Messenger of Allah 6 addressed us and said:
S‫ِ< ا‬0َ73َ َ َ#X ‫ ِإ‬،َ‫ُ!ن‬CN
َ ْs9َ َ#‫ َآ‬V
ُ N
َ
ْ ‫ َد َم َأ‬q ,ِ %ََ‫* و‬
ْ
ِ ٌAُG‫َ َر‬X‫َ َأ‬#X tِ)َ ،ً/0َ 3ْ َ% Fُ Jُ 0ْ َ3%َ ْ‫ِ< َأو‬CَN
َ <ِ) (ً/C 4
َ ) Fُ Jُ ْCCَ 4
َ <ِJ 
‫ ِ
*ْ ُأ‬Aٍ G
ُ ‫َ َر‬#+‫»َأ‬
«/َ 
َ ِE%ْ ‫!ْ َم ا‬+َ Fِ ْ -َ
َ ً‫َة‬-َf َ(ْ-3َ ْGَ) َ* ِ#%ََ3ْ-%ِ /ً #َ ْY‫َر‬
(Any man of my Ummah whom I have insulted or cursed when I was angry -- for I am a man
from among the sons of Adam, and I get angry just as you do. But Allah has sent me as a
Mercy to the Worlds, so I will make that my anger6 into blessings for him on the Day of
Resurrection.'') This was also recorded by Abu Dawud from Ahmad bin Yunus from Za'idah.
It may be asked: what kind of mercy do those who disbelieve in him get The answer is what
Abu Ja`far bin Jarir recorded from Ibn `Abbas concerning the Ayah:
6 َ* ِ#َ-‫َـ‬3-ْ %h /ً #َ Y
ْ ‫ ِإ  َر‬
َ ‫َـ‬0-ْ َ4ْ‫ َو
َ َأر‬
(And We have sent you not but as a mercy for the `Alamin. ) He said, "Whoever believes in
Allah and the Last Day, mercy will be decreed for him in this world and in the Hereafter;
whoever does not believe in Allah and His Messenger, will be protected from that which
happened to the nations of earthquakes and stoning.''

186

38. QS Thaha 20:123 
1َEU
ْ +َ َ ‫ َو‬A ِN+َ _
َ )َ َ‫َاى‬,‫ َ{ ُه‬Cَ 9‫* ا‬
ِ #َ )َ ‫ًى‬,‫ ُه‬1h0
h ?ُa0 َ 9ِ ;ْ َ+ 
tِ)َ ‫ُو‬,
َ ˆ
ٍ ْ3Cَ %ِ ْ?ُaN
ُ 3ْ َ ً3 ِ#G
َ َ(ْ0
ِ َCِ ‫َلَ ا ْه‬O 6
20:123. Allah berfirman: "Turunlah kamu berdua dari surga bersama-sama, sebagian kamu
menjadi musuh bagi sebagian yang lain. Maka jika datang kepadamu petunjuk daripada-Ku,
lalu barang siapa yang mengikut petunjuk-Ku, ia tidak akan sesat dan tidak akan celaka.
(123. He (Allah) said: "Get you down, both of you, together, some of you are an enemy to some
others. Then if there comes to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My guidance he
shall neither go astray nor shall be distressed.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29
1َEU
ْ +َ َ%‫ َو‬AN
ِ َ+ َ-)َ َ‫َاي‬,‫ َ{ ُه‬Cَ 9 ‫*ِ ا‬#َ )َ ‫ًى‬,‫< ُه‬h0
ِ ْ?aُ 0 َ ِ9;ْ َ+ 
tَِ) ‫و‬,ُ 
َ ٍˆ3ْ Cَ %ِ ْ?aُ N
ُ ْ3َ ً3 ِ#G
َ َ(0ْ
ِ َCِ ‫َ َل ا ْه‬O
‫ل‬O ‫و‬, ˆ3C% ?aN3 ‫ ة‬EC%‫!رة ا‬4 <) %‫ ذ‬0$ ,O‫? و‬a-‫ آ‬/0%‫ أي
* ا‬3 #G (0
‫!ا‬C‫ اه‬H -‫!اء وإ‬Y‫دم و‬y 1%39 ‫!ل‬E+ 
‫ و‬AN+ _) ‫اي‬,‫{ ه‬C9‫* ا‬#) ‫ ن‬C%‫ وا‬A4 %‫ ء وا‬CXK‫ ا‬: / %3%‫ل أ! ا‬O ‫ى‬,‫< ه‬0
?a0 9;+ 
t) : F%!O‫ و‬FJ+‫ وذر‬H -‫ وإ‬FJ+‫دم وذر‬q
‫ ة‬.y‫ )< ا‬1EU+ ‫  و‬X,%‫ )< ا‬AN+  ‫س‬C *‫ل ا‬O 1EU+ .

Allah says to Adam, Hawwa' and Iblis, "Get down from here, all of you.'' This means each of
you should get out of Paradise. We expounded upon this in Surah Al-Baqarah.
6‫و‬,ُ 
َ ˆ
ٍ 3ْ Cَ ِ% ْ?aُ N
ُ 3ْ َ 
(Some of you as enemies to others.) 2:366 He (Allah) was saying this to Adam and his progeny
and Iblis and his progeny. Concerning Allah's statement,
6‫ًى‬,‫ ُه‬1h0
h ?ُa0 َ 9ِ ْ;+َ 
tَِ)
(Then if there comes to you guidance from Me,) Abu Al-`Aliyyah said, "This (guidance) means
the Prophets, the Messengers and the evidence.''
61َEU
ْ +َ َ ‫ َو‬A N
ِ +َ َ_)َ ‫ى‬
َ ‫َا‬,‫ َ{ ُه‬Cَ 9 ‫* ا‬
ِ #َ )َ 
(Then whoever follows My guidance he shall neither go astray nor shall be distressed.) Ibn
`Abbas said, "He will not be misguided in this life and he will not be distressed in the
Hereafter.''

187

39. QS Maryam 19:49-50 
ّ Cِ َX َ0-ْ 3َ G
َ “_‫ب َو ُآ‬
َ !ُE3ْ +َ َ‫\ و‬
َ ‫َـ‬L4
ْ ‫ُ ِإ‬F%َ َ0Cْ ‫ َو َه‬Fِ -%‫ن
ِ* دُونِ ا‬
َ ‫ُو‬,Cُ ْ3+َ َ
‫ ُ(?ْ َو‬%ََmJَ ْ‫ ا‬#-َ)َ
- ّ ِ-
َ ‫ق‬
ٍ ْ,f
ِ ‫ن‬
َ َ$ِ% ْ?(ُ %َ َ0-ْ َ3G
َ ‫َ َو‬0Jِ #َ Y
ْ ‫* ر‬h
ْ?(ْ %َ َ0Cْ ‫ َو َو َه‬6
19:49. Maka ketika Ibrahim sudah menjauhkan diri dari mereka dan dari apa yang mereka
sembah selain Allah, Kami anugerahkan kepadanya Ishak, dan Yakub. Dan masingmasingnya Kami angkat menjadi nabi.
19:50. Dan Kami anugerahkan kepada mereka sebagian dari rahmat Kami dan Kami jadikan
mereka buah tutur yang baik lagi tinggi.
(49. So when he had turned away from them and from those whom they worshipped besides
Allah, We gave him Ishaq and Ya`qub, and each one of them We made a Prophet.)
(50. And We gave them of Our mercy, and We granted them Sidqin `Aliyyan on the tongues.)
7‫ ا* آ‬$29 
“ Cِ Xَ َ0-ْ 3َ َG “-ُ‫ب َوآ‬
َ !ُE3ْ +َ َ‫ق و‬
َ َL4
ْ ‫ ِإ‬Fُ %َ َ0Cْ ‫ َو َه‬Fِ -%‫ُونَ ِ
*ْ دُونِ ا‬,Cُ 3ْ +َ َ
‫َ ُ(?ْ َو‬%َmJَ 
ْ ‫ ا‬#َ-)َ
‫ق‬L4‫ وا* إ‬F0‫< ا‬03+ ‫!ب‬E3+‫ق و‬L4‫ إ‬F% V‫(? ووه‬0
. !‫
* ه‬S‫ ا‬F%,‫ أ‬S‫ )< ا‬F
!O‫ أ^ و‬A -o%‫ل ا‬mJ‫ ا‬#-) 1%39 ‫!ل‬E+
X !‫!ب وه‬E3+ ,%‫ق وا‬L4‫_ف أن إ‬. ‫!ب " و‬E3+ ‫ق‬L4‫ل " و
* وراء إ‬O‫ " و‬/-)X ‫!ب‬E3+‫ ى " و‬.K‫ ا‬/+y‫ل )< ا‬O #‫آ‬ 
Rq F%‫( وإ‬%‫ إ‬,C3X ‫!ا‬%O ‫ي‬,3 *
‫ون‬,C39 
F 0C% ‫ل‬O ‫!ت إذ‬#%‫!ب ا‬E3+ NY ‫اء إذ‬,( ?J0‫ ة " أم آ‬EC%‫!رة ا‬4 <) ‫ن‬q E%‫ا‬
F9 Y <) F0  ?( S‫ ا‬O‫ ء أ‬CX‫ أ‬CE‫_ و‬$X F% 0-3G ‫!ب أي‬E3+‫ق و‬L4‫ إ‬0‫ ذآ هه‬#X‫(ا إ‬%‫ق " و‬L4‫ وإ‬A #4‫إ اه ? وإ‬
FXt) ‚4!+ ^,%‫آ و‬%‫ و‬F - [JO‫ ا‬#% ? ‫ ة إ اه‬Y <) ‘CX ,O ‫_م‬$%‫ ا‬F - ‫!ب‬E3+ *a+ ?% !-) "  CX 0-3G _‫ل " وآ‬O ‫(ا‬%‫و‬
<CX ‚4!+ " ‫ل‬E) ‫س‬0%‫ ا‬. * AT4 * Y FJLf 1- \2J#%‫ ا‬w+,L%‫? )< ا‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O #‫ آ‬N+‫< أ‬CX
*‫? ا‬+ a%‫? ا* ا‬+ a%‫? ا* ا‬+ a%‫ " إن ا‬.y‫‡ ا‬2-%‫ " و)< ا‬S‫ ا‬A -. ? ‫ ا* إ اه‬S‫< ا‬CX ‫ق‬L4‫ ا* إ‬S‫< ا‬CX ‫!ب‬E3+ *‫ ا‬S‫ا‬
? ‫ق * إ اه‬L4‫!ب * إ‬E3+ * ‚4!+ ?+ a%‫ " ا‬. 
“ -ِ
َ ٍ‫ْق‬,f
ِ َ‫َن‬$%ِ ْ?(ُ َ% َ0ْ-3َ َG‫َ َو‬0Jِ #َ Y
ْ ‫َ ُ(?ْ ِ
*ْ َر‬% َ0Cْ ‫وَ َو َه‬
‫* وآا‬$L%‫ء ا‬07%‫< ا‬03+ ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬/L-d <‫< * أ‬- ‫ل‬O "  - ‫ق‬,f ‫ن‬$% ?(% 0-3G‫ و‬0J#Y‫(?
* ر‬% 0C‫ " ووه‬F%!O‫و‬
F
_4‫ و‬S‫!ات ا‬-f ?(X!Y,#+‫ (? و‬- ‫!ن‬07+ ‫ن‬+‫د‬K‫ وا‬A-#%‫ { ا‬#G ‫ن‬K  - ‫ل‬O #X‫ إ‬+ G *‫ل ا‬O‫ و‬HX‫ * أ‬%
‫ي و‬,$%‫ل ا‬O
* 3#G‫ (? أ‬- .

Allah, the Exalted, says that when the Friend of Allah (Ibrahim) withdrew from his father and
his people for the sake of Allah, Allah gave him in exchange those who were better than them.
He gave him Ishaq (Isaac) and Ya`qub (Jacob), meaning his son, Ishaq, and Ishaq's son,
Ya`qub. This is as Allah said in another Ayah,
6ً/-َ)ِ َX ‫ب‬
َ !ُE3ْ +َ ‫ َو‬
(and Ya`qub, a grandson.) 21:726 Also, Allah says,
6َ‫ُ!ب‬E3ْ +َ \
َ ‫َـ‬L4
ْ ‫ ِء ِإ‬qَ‫ َو
ِ* وَر‬

188

(and after Ishaq, of Ya`qub.) 11:716 There is no difference of opinion about Ishaq being the
father of Ya`qub. This is what is recorded in the Qur'an in Surah Al-Baqarah.
6َ\‫َـ‬L4
ْ ‫ َوِإ‬Aَ ِ3‫َـ‬#4
ْ ‫َ ِإ ْ َهِ ?َ َوِإ‬Rِ َq Fَ ‫َـ‬%‫ َوِإ‬
َ (َ ‫َـ‬%‫ ِإ‬,ُ Cُ 3ْ Xَ ْ‫ُ!ا‬%َO ‫ِى‬,ْ3َ *ِ
َ‫ُون‬,Cُ 3ْ 9َ َ
Fِ ِ0Cَ %ِ َ‫َل‬O ْ‫ت ِإذ‬
ُ ْ!#َ %ْ ‫ب ا‬
َ !ُE3ْ +َ َ N
َ َY ْ‫ َء ِإذ‬qَ,(َ 
ُ ْ?Jُ 0ُ‫أَمْ آ‬
(Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya`qub When he said unto his sons, "What
will you worship after me" They said, "We shall worship your God the God of your fathers,
Ibrahim, Isma`il and Ishaq.'')2:1336 Allah only mentioned Ishaq and Ya`qub here to show
that He made Prophets from among his descendants and successors in order to give him relief
and happiness in his life. This is why Allah says,
6ًّ Cِ Xَ َ0-ْ َ3G
َ _
“ ‫ َو ُآ‬
(and each one of them We made a Prophet.) 19:496 If Ya`qub had not become a Prophet in
the lifetime of Ibrahim, then Allah would not have limited the promise of prophethood to him,
but He would have mentioned his son Yusuf as well. For verily, Yusuf was also a Prophet, just
as the Messenger of Allah said in a Hadith whose authenticity is agreed upon, when he was
asked who was the best of people. He said,
«S‫ِ ا‬A ِ-َ. ?َ ِ‫ِ ا ْ*ِ ِإ ْ َاه‬S‫< ا‬
h Cِ َX ‫ق‬
َ َL4
ْ ‫* ِإ‬
ِ ْ ‫ ا‬S
ِ ‫<ا‬
h Cِ Xَ ‫ب‬
َ !ُEْ3+َ *
ُ ْ ‫ ا‬S
ِ ‫<ا‬ 
Cِ Xَ ‚
ُ 4
ُ !ُ+»
(The Prophet of Allah, Yusuf, the son of the Prophet of Allah Ya`qub, the son of the Prophet of
Allah Ishaq, the son of the Friend of Allah Ibrahim.) In another wording of this Hadith, he
said,
«? ِ‫* ِإ ْ َاه‬
ِ ْ َ‫َق‬L4
ْ ‫* ِإ‬
ِ ْ ‫ب‬
َ !ُE3ْ َ+ *
َ ْ ‚
َ 4
ُ !ُ+ ?ِ +ِ َa%ْ ‫?ِ ا ْ*ِ ا‬+ِ aَ %ْ ‫* ا‬
ِ ْ ‫ ِ? ا‬+ِ َa%ْ ‫* ا‬
َ ْ ‫ َ? ا‬+ِ َa%ْ ‫ن ا‬ 
‫»ِإ‬
(Verily, the noble one is the son of the noble one, who is the son of the noble one, who is the son
of the noble one. That is Yusuf, the son of Ya`qub, the son of Ishaq, the son of Ibrahim.)
Concerning Allah's statement,
6 ًّ -َِ ‫ق‬
ٍ ْ,f
ِ َ‫َن‬$%ِ ْ?(ُ َ% َ0-ْ 3َ َG‫َ َو‬0Jِ #َ Y
ْ ‫* ر‬h
ْ?(ْ َ% َ0Cْ ‫ َو َو َه‬
(And We gave them of Our mercy, and We granted Sidqin `Aliyyan on the tongues. ) `Ali bin
Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, "Sidqin `Aliyyan means the good praise.'' As-Suddi
and Malik bin Anas said the same thing. Ibn Jarir said, "Allah only said `Aliyyan (loftiness,
exalted) because all of the religions commend them and mention them with praises, may
Allah's peace and blessing be upon them all.''

189

‫‪40. QS Al Fatihah 1:2‬‬

‫ب ا ْ‪َ3%‬ـَ‪* ِ#-‬‬
‫‪ Fِ -% ُ,#ْ L‬رَ ‪h‬‬
‫‪ 6‬ا ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫‪1:2. Segala puji bagi Allah, Tuhan semesta alam,‬‬
‫)‪(2. Al-Hamd be to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.‬‬
‫‪ $29‬ا* آ‪ 7‬‬
‫*‬
‫ب ا ْ‪َ ِ#%ََ3%‬‬
‫‪َ Fِ -ِ% ,ُ #ْ L‬ر ‪h‬‬
‫ا ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫ا‪ E%‬اء ا‪ ?r 1- /3C$%‬ا‪,%‬ال )< ‪ F%!O‬ا‪ S ,#L%‬ه!
‪,JC‬أ و‪ C.‬وروي * ‪ 24‬ن *  ‪ /0‬ورؤ‪ * /‬ا‪3%‬ج أ‪ "O #(X‬ا‪,#L%‬‬
‫‪ V[0% " S‬وه! ‪ 1-‬إ‪#r‬ر )‪ A3‬و‪ O‬أ ا* أ< ‪ " /-C‬ا‪ ?N " S ,#L%‬ا‪,%‬ال وا‪_%‬م إ‪ <X7-% C9‬ا‪K‬ول و‪! F%‬اه‪ F0a% ,‬ذ‬
‫و* ا‪ *$L%‬وز‪ " <- * ,+‬ا‪ $a " S ,#L%‬ا‪,%‬ال إ‪’% C9‬ول ا‪O <X7%‬ل أ! ‪ "103
+ G * 23G‬ا‪ " S ,#L%‬ا‪S aU%‬‬
‫‪ [%.‬دون ‪ *
,C3+ 
R4‬دو‪ FX‬ودون آ‪  
A‬أ
* ‪ # FE-.‬أ‪C 1- ?3X‬د^
* ا‪ ?30%‬ا‪ ( [L+  <J%‬ا‪,3%‬د و ‪,3 } L+‬ده‬
‫ ^ أ‪ Q L[9 <) ,Y‬ا‪y‬ت ‪ FJ%‬و‪!G * a#9‬ارح أ‪$G‬م ا‪K * 2-a#%‬داء ) ا‪ <) ?(% }$ 
{
FNR‬د‪ X‬ه?
* ا‪ %‬زق و اه?‬
‫‪ ? 3X *
F‬ا‪ *
e 3%‬ا‪ELJ4‬ق
‪ ?(0‬ذ‪ F - %‬و
{ 
‪ F - ?((CX‬وده? إ‪ *
F %‬ا‪C4K‬ب ا‪g#%‬د‪ /+‬إ‪ 1%‬دوام ا‪!-o%‬د )<‬
‫دار ا‪E#%‬م )< ا‪ ? 30%‬ا‪ 0 -) ? E#%‬ا‪ 1- ,#L%‬ذ‪ %‬آ‪ F-‬أو و‪ .q‬ا ‪ .‬و‪O‬ل ا* ‪ + G‬ر‪ F#Y‬ا‪ " : S‬ا‪0W " S ,#L%‬ء أ‪1- F 10W‬‬
‫‪ F$2X‬و)< ‪ F0#r‬أ
‪C‬د^ أن ‪!07+‬ا ‪O FX;a) F -‬ل ‪!%!O‬ا " ا‪O " S ,#L%‬ل و‪ A O ,O‬إن ‪!O‬ل ا‪ " ARE%‬ا‪0W " S ,#L%‬ء ‪F -‬‬
‫;‪ FR#4‬ا‪ 10$L%‬و‪ F92f‬ا‪ 1-3%‬و‪ F%!O‬ا‪0W S aU%‬ء ‪ F#30 F -‬وأ‪+‬د‪  ?W . F+‬ع )< رد ذ‪ F-fY # %‬أن ‪ { #G‬أه‪ A‬ا‪/) 3#%‬‬
‫‪$-‬ن ا‪ 3%‬ب ‪!3O!+‬ن آ_
* ا‪ ,#L%‬وا‪a
aU%‬ن ا‪ .y‬و‪ AEX ,O‬ا‪ <#-$%‬ها ا‪#%‬ه‪ V‬أ‪!4 #(X‬اء * ‪ 23G‬ا‪[%‬دق وا* ء‬

* ا‪ / )![%‬و‪O‬ل ا* ‪C‬س " ا‪ " S ,#L%‬آ‪ /#-‬آ‪ A‬آ و‪ ,O‬ا‪,J4‬ل ا‪!O /L[ + G * <Cd E%‬ل ا‪ " ARE%‬ا‪ a " S ,#L%‬ا‬
‫‪ .‬وها ا‪%‬ي اد^ ا* ‪ FXK X F ) + G‬ا‪ ,0 (J‬آ‪ *
7‬ا‪#-3%‬ء
* ا‪ *+ .;J#%‬أن ا‪ ,#L%‬ه! ا‪07%‬ء ‪!E%‬ل ‪ 1-‬ا‪!#L#%‬د‬
‫[‪ F92‬ا‪_%‬ز
‪ /‬وا‪ /+,3J#%‬وا‪!a+  aU%‬ن إ ‪ 1-‬ا‪ /+,3J#%‬و‪!a+‬ن ‪0%‬ن وا‪$-%‬ن وا‪K‬رآن آ‪O #‬ل ا‪ : U%‬أ)د‪ ?a9‬ا‪#30%‬ء‬

‪,+ /W_W <0‬ي و‪ <X$%‬وا‪ #N%‬ا‪ CL#%‬و‪ ?(0a%‬ا‪!2-J.‬ا أ‪ #(+‬أ? ا‪ ,#L%‬أو ا‪ * %!O 1- aU%‬وا‪ \ ELJ%‬أن  ‪
!# #(0‬‬
‫و‪ ,#L%) f![.‬أ?
* ا‪3E+ 
w Y *
aU%‬ن ‪!a+ FXK F -‬ن ‪ 1-‬ا‪2[%‬ت ا‪_%‬ز
‪ /‬وا‪!E9 /+,3J#%‬ل ‪ 2% F9,#Y‬و‪FJ 4‬‬
‫و‪ F
a% F9,#Y‬وه! أ‪!a+  FXK .‬ن إ ‪!E%‬ل وا‪ aU%‬أ?
* ‪3E+ 
w Y‬ن ‪!a+ FXK F -‬ن ‪!E%‬ل وا‪ A32%‬وا‪ / 0%‬آ‪,E9 #‬م‬
‫وه! أ‪!a+  FXK .‬ن إ ‪ 1-‬ا‪2[%‬ت ا‪E+  /+,3J#%‬ل ‪ 2% F9 a‬و‪ FJ 4‬و‪!E9‬ل ‪ 1- F9 a‬آ
‪ F‬وإ‪ FX$Y‬إ‪ .<%‬ها ‪AfY‬‬
‫ 
‪ Y‬ر^ ‪ ˆ3‬ا‪ *+ .;J#%‬وا‪ S‬أ‪ .?-‬و‪O‬ل أ! ‪ [X‬إ‪#Y * A #4‬د ا‪!%‬ه ي ‪ :‬ا‪ ˆ EX ,#L%‬ا‪%‬م ‪!E9‬ل ‪,#Y‬ت ا‪ AG %‬أ‪^,#Y‬‬
‫‪,#Y‬ا و
‪,#L‬ة )(! ‪ , #Y‬و
‪!#L‬د وا‪ , #LJ%‬أ‪ *
Š-‬ا‪ ,#L%‬وا‪ ,#L%‬أ?
* ا‪ aU%‬و‪O‬ل )< ا‪ aU%‬ه! ا‪07%‬ء ‪ 1-‬ا‪# *$L#%‬‬
‫أو^
* ا‪ 3#%‬وف ‪E+‬ل ‪ F9 a‬و‪ a‬ت ‪ F%‬و‪_%‬م أ)[‪ . Q‬وأ 
ا‪,#%‬ح )(! أ?
* ا‪!a+ FXK ,#L%‬ن ‪ <L-%‬و‪ & #-%‬و‪#-%‬د أ‪N+‬‬
‫آ‪,#+ #‬ح ا‪3%‬م وا‪a#%‬ن و‪ !LX‬ذ‪ %‬و‪!a+‬ن ‪ ACO‬ا‪$Yn‬ن و‪ ^,3‬و‪ 1-‬ا‪2[%‬ت ا‪ /+,3J#%‬وا‪_%‬ز
‪ /‬أ‪ !() N+‬أ?‪ .‬ذآ أ‪!O‬ال‬
‫ا‪ <) ‚-$%‬ا‪O ,#L%‬ل ا* أ< ‪ 0W,Y ?9Y‬أ!
‪ #3‬ا‪Y * 2Y 0W,Y <3 E%‬ج * ا* أ<
‪ * /a -‬ا* ‪C‬س ر‪ <r‬ا‪S‬‬
‫‪O #(0‬ل ‪O :‬ل ‪ #‬ر‪ <r‬ا‪LC4 0#- ,O F0 S‬ن ا‪ S‬و إ‪ F%‬إ ا‪ " #) S‬ا‪ " S ,#L%‬؟ )‪E‬ل ‪ : <-‬آ‪ /#-‬ر‪ ( r‬ا‪F$20% S‬‬
‫وروا^ أ‪E) 2Y * #3
1‬ل ‪O‬ل ‪ - <-3% #‬وأ‪  - ^,0 FLf‬إ‪ F%‬إ ا‪ S‬و‪LC4‬ن ا‪ S‬وا‪ S‬أآ‪0)  ,O C‬ه )‪" #‬‬
‫ا‪ " S ,#L%‬؟ ‪O‬ل ‪ : <-‬آ‪ /#-‬أ‪ (CY‬ا‪ F$20% 1%39 S‬ور‪ F$20% ( r‬وأ‪ VY‬أن ‪E9‬ل و‪O‬ل ‪ * <-‬ز‪,G * ,+‬ن * ‪* ‚4!+‬‬

( ان ‪O‬ل ا* ‪C‬س " ا‪ " S ,#L%‬آ‪ /#-‬ا‪ aU%‬وإذا ‪O‬ل ا‪ ",C3%‬ا‪O " S ,#L%‬ل ‪,C <X a‬ي ‪ .‬روا^ ا* أ< ‪ ?9Y‬وروى أ‪N+‬‬
‫ه! وا* ‪# * U w+,Y *
+ G‬رة * أ< روق * ا‪LN%‬ك * ا* ‪C‬س أ‪O FX‬ل ‪ " :‬ا‪ " S ,#L%‬ه! ا‪ S aU%‬ه!‬
‫ا‪oJ4‬اء ‪ F%‬وا‪ On‬ار ‪ FJ#30 F%‬وه‪,‬ا‪ FJ+‬وا‪,J‬ا‪ FR‬و ذ‪ %‬و‪O‬ل آ‪ V3‬ا‪CYK‬ر " ا‪0W " S ,#L%‬ء ا‪ S‬و‪O‬ل ا‪LN%‬ك " ا‪S ,#L%‬‬
‫" رداء ا‪ *#Y %‬و‪ ,O‬ورد ا‪ !L0 w+,L%‬ذ‪O . %‬ل ا* ‪ # * , 34 0W,Y + G‬و ا‪ * / E 0W,Y <X!a$%‬ا‪* 1$  <0W,Y , %!%‬‬
‫إ اه ? *
!‪ * 14‬أ< ‪ * V CY‬ا‪ # * ?aL%‬وآ‪O /CLf F% &X‬ل ‪O :‬ل ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ 1-f S‬ا‪ F - S‬و‪ " ?-4‬إذا ‪" &-O‬‬
‫ا‪ S ,#L%‬رب ا‪ a ,E) " * #%3%‬ت ا‪m) S‬ادك " و‪ ,O‬روى ا‪
n‬م أ‪ 0W,Y AC0Y * ,#Y‬روح ‪! 0W,Y‬ف * ا‪ * *$L%‬ا‪!4K‬د‬
‫* ‪O {+ 4‬ل ‪ + &-O :‬ر‪!4‬ل ا‪ S‬أ أ‪,UX‬ك
‪,#Y , 
L‬ت ( ر< ‪C9‬رك و‪E) 1%39‬ل " أ 
إن ر ‪ VL+‬ا‪ " ,#L%‬وروا^ ا‪<R$0%‬‬
‫* ‪ * Y * <-‬ا* ‪ * , C * HX!+ * / -‬ا‪ * *$L%‬ا‪!4K‬د * ‪ . F {+ 4‬وروى أ!  ‪ 1$‬ا‪ ‡)L%‬ا‪
J%‬ي‬
‫‪190‬‬

1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O S‫ ا‬,C * G * ‫ اش‬. * /L-d * 7‫ * إ اه ? * آ‬14!
w+,Y *
FG
*‫< وا‬R$0%‫وا‬
* HX‫ * أ‬FG
*‫ وروى ا‬. V+ *$Y ‫ 
ي‬J%‫ل ا‬O‫ " و‬S ,#L%‫ء ا‬,%‫ ا‬AN)‫ وأ‬S‫ إ ا‬F%‫آ  إ‬%‫ ا‬AN)‫? " أ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ا‬
1‫ي أ‬%‫ إ آن ا‬S ,#L%‫ل ا‬E) /#3X ,C 1- S‫? ا‬3X‫?" 
أ‬-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ل ر‬O : ‫ل‬O F0 S‫< ا‬r‫ ر‬% 

X,%‫! أن ا‬% " ‫ل‬O ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f <C0%‫ * ا‬HX‫!ل * أ‬fK‫!ادر ا‬X <)‫ ^ و‬$29 <) <Cd E%‫ل ا‬O‫ " و‬.‫ أ‬#
AN)‫أ‬
S ,#L%‫ ا‬F 
(%‫ن إ‬a% ‫< و ^ أي‬Cd E%‫ل ا‬O " %‫
* ذ‬AN)‫ أ‬S ,#L%‫ن ا‬a% S ,#L%‫ل ا‬O ?W <J

* أ‬AG‫ ر‬,+ <) ‫ا) ه‬L 
X,%‫ ة ا‬L%‫ ا‬/0+‫!ن ز‬0C%‫ل وا‬#%‫ " ا‬1%39 S‫ل ا‬O 1EC+   X,%‫ ? ا‬3X‫ و‬102+  ,#L%‫!اب ا‬W ‫ن‬K  X,%‫? ا‬3X *
F - /#3X 7‫أآ‬
?(W,Y ?-4‫ و‬F - S‫ ا‬1-f S‫!ل ا‬4‫ أن ر‬# *‫ * ا‬FG
*‫* ا‬04 <)‫ أ
_" و‬.‫!ا و‬W ‫ ر‬,0 . ‫ت‬L%[%‫ ت ا‬OC%‫وا‬ 
(XCJa+ ‚ ‫ آ‬+‫ر‬,+ ?-) * a-#% &-N3) X-4 ? ‫( و‬G‫_ل و‬% <sC0+ #‫ آ‬,#L%‫ ا‬% ‫ رب‬+ ‫ل‬O S‫د ا‬C *
‫ا‬,C ‫" أن‬ 
+ O ‫ي ؟‬,C ‫ل‬O ‫ 
ذا‬: ^,C ‫ل‬O # ?-‫ وه! أ‬S‫ل ا‬O (CJaX ‚ ‫ري آ‬,X  /%E
‫ل‬O ,O ‫ا‬,C ‫ إن‬0‫ ر‬+ E) S‫ ا‬1%‫ا إ‬,3[)
F+mG;) <XE-+ 1JY ‫ي‬,C ‫ل‬O #‫ه آ‬CJ‫ اآ‬: #(% S‫ل ا‬E) X-4 ? ‫( و‬G‫_ل و‬% <sC0+ #‫ رب آ‬+ ,#L%‫ ا‬% ‫ل‬O FX‫رب إ‬
S ,#L%‫ل ا‬#J S‫ إ ا‬F%‫  إ‬F%!O *
AN)‫ * " أ‬#%3%‫ رب ا‬S ,#L%‫ " ا‬,C3%‫!ل ا‬O ‫!ا‬%O ?(X‫ أ‬/2Rd * <Cd E%‫ ا‬1aY‫( " و‬
1JY ‫س‬0%‫ ا‬A9E+ ( -‫ و‬2a%‫ن وا‬#+n‫  * ا‬A[29 (XK AN)‫ أ‬S‫ إ ا‬F%‫ ون  إ‬.q ‫ل‬O‫ و‬,#L%‫
{ ا‬, Y!J%‫ ا‬1- * #%3%‫رب ا‬
^,Y‫ و‬S‫ إ ا‬F%‫<  إ‬-CO *
‫ !ن‬C0%‫ وا‬X‫& أ‬-O 
AN)‫ " أ‬.y‫ ا‬w+,L%‫ و)< ا‬F - \2J#%‫ ا‬w+,L%‫& )< ا‬CW #‫ آ‬S‫ إ ا‬F%‫!ا  إ‬%!E+
‫_م‬%‫‚ وا‬%K‫ وا‬.‫ 
ي‬J%‫ ا‬F0$Y‫ " و‬S ,#L%‫ء ا‬,%‫ ا‬AN)‫ وأ‬S‫ إ ا‬F%‫آ  إ‬%‫ ا‬AN)‫
)! " أ‬G * ‫م‬,E9 ,O‫ " و‬F% +  
o%‫ك ا‬, ‫ و‬F-‫ آ‬-#%‫ ا‬%‫ و‬F-‫ آ‬,#L%‫ ا‬% ?(-%‫ " ا‬w+,L%‫ء )< ا‬G #‫ آ‬1%39 S F)!0f‫ و‬,#L%‫س ا‬0G‫ { أ‬#G ‫ اق‬sJ4 ,#L%‫)< ا‬
A‫_ح وآ‬f–% ‫[ ف‬J#%‫ ا‬1-‫ و‬, $%‫ ا‬1- /s-%‫\ )< ا‬-+‫[ ف و‬J#%‫ ا‬%#%‫ ب ه! ا‬%‫ وا‬. w+,L%‫ " ا‬F-‫
آ‬K‫{ ا‬G +  %‫ وإ‬F-‫آ‬
,O‫ و‬AG‫ و‬m S ‫ل إ‬E+ _) ‫ ب‬%‫ار آا وأ 
ا‬,%‫!ل رب ا‬E9 /)rn A S‫ ا‬s% ‫ ب‬%‫ ا‬A#3J$+ ‫ و‬1%39 S‫\ ا‬Y <) Q Lf %‫ذ‬
?%‫!ا‬3%‫ وا‬F2% *
F% ,Y‫{  وا‬#G ?%3%‫ وا‬AG‫ و‬m S‫!ى ا‬4 ‫!د‬G!
A‫? وه! آ‬% {#G * #%3%‫ وا‬. ?K‫? ا‬4‫ ا‬FX‫ إ‬A O
* ‫رة * أ< روق‬# * U ‫ل‬O N+‫ أ‬#% 1#$+ A G‫( و‬0
‫ ن‬O A‫ وآ‬LC%‫ وا‬C%‫وات و)< ا‬#$%‫ت )< ا‬O!-o#%‫ف ا‬0f‫أ‬ 
#
*(0  
‫رض و 
) (* و‬K‫وات وا‬#$%‫ ا‬F-‫\ آ‬-o%‫ ا‬F% ‫ي‬%‫ ا‬S ,#L%‫ * " ا‬#%3%‫ رب ا‬S ,#L%‫س " ا‬C *‫ك * ا‬LN%‫ا‬
,‫ و 
ه‬CG * , 34 ‫ل‬O %‫ وآ‬HXn‫* وا‬%‫ رب ا‬: ‫س‬C *‫ * ا‬/
a‫ و‬CG * , 34 /+‫ و)< روا‬. ?-3X  #
‫? و‬-3X
‫!ن‬a % " 1%39 F%!E ‫!ل‬E%‫(ا ا‬% <Cd E%‫ل ا‬,J4‫ وا‬F - ,#J3+  ^‫د‬04t ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O ^!LX <- * ‫Ž وروي‬+ G *‫وا‬ 
‫ * و‬d U%‫ وا‬/aR_#%‫* وا‬%‫ وا‬HXn‫ وه? ا‬AE3+ # ‫رة‬C ?%3%‫ ا‬: , C !‫ اء وأ‬2%‫ل ا‬O HXn‫* وا‬%‫ ا " وه? ا‬+X * #%3-%
‫ل‬O‫? و‬% ‚0f A‫ * آ‬#%3%‫دة رب ا‬JO ‫ل‬O‫ و‬. ‫ ) ف‬9 ‫ روح‬F% 
A‫? آ‬%3%‫ [* ا‬L
<‫? وأ‬-4‫ * أ‬,+‫ و* ز‬. ?% ?R(C-% ‫ل‬E+
S‫\ ا‬-. ‫ل‬O FX‫ر أ‬#L% VE-+‫ و‬,3% ‫ ف‬3+ !‫ وه‬/
‫< أ‬0 ‫ء‬2-. ,Y‫ وه! أ‬,#L
* ‫
وان‬/#G 9 <) ‫آ‬$ *‫)‡ ا‬L%‫ا‬
* ‫ ازي‬%‫ ا‬23G !‫ل أ‬O‫ و‬. AG‫ و‬m S‫(? إ ا‬#-3+  ?‫ ه‬R4‫ و‬,Y‫? وا‬% ‫رض‬K‫ ا‬A‫وات وأه‬#$%‫ ا‬A‫? أه‬% ‚%‫ أ‬U /3C4
‫‚ أو‬%‫ أ‬U / X#W %‫!ى ذ‬4 
‫? و‬% *%‫? وا‬% HXn‫ل ا‬O " * #%3%‫ " رب ا‬1%39 F%!O <) / %3%‫ ا‬1‫ * أ‬HX‫  { * أ‬%‫ا‬
?% /R#$#.‫? و‬% ‫ف‬q /W_W /+‫ زاو‬A‫ )< آ‬+‫’رض أر{ زوا‬%‫رض و‬K‫ ا‬1- /aR_#%‫ ا‬- U+ !‫ ه‬- ?% ‚%‫ أ‬U /3‫أر‬
<‫ أ‬0W,Y ?9Y <‫ل ا* أ‬O‫ و‬.Q Lf A %‫ د‬1%‫ إ‬F-7
‫ج‬JL+ V+ ‫ وها آ_م‬. ?9Y <‫ وا* أ‬+ G *‫ وروا^ ا‬F9‫د‬C3% S‫(? ا‬E-.
F%!O <) ‫ ي‬#L%‫< ا‬03+ { C4 * <#4 * VJ3
* , %!%‫< ا* ا‬03+ ‫ ات‬2%‫ ا‬0W,Y ?-$
* , %!%‫ ا‬0W,Y ,%. * ‫م‬U‫ ه‬0W,Y
‫ روي‬,O‫ و‬V $#%‫ * ا‬, 34 * F-7
<aY‫ و‬C%‫ )< ا‬/R#3‫ وأر‬LC%‫ )< ا‬/R#J$) /
‫‚ أ‬%‫ * أ‬#%3%‫ل ا‬O " * #%3%‫ " رب ا‬1%39
,O‫ * وا‬, C 0W,Y 107#%‫ * ا‬,#L
0W,Y : ^,0$
<) 107#%‫< * ا‬- * ,#Y‫ أ‬1-3+ !‫)‡ أ‬L%‫ل ا‬O #‫! ها
)! آ‬LX
*
/04 <) ‫ اد‬%‫ ا‬AO : ‫ل‬O S‫ ا‬,C * G * ‫ر‬,a0#%‫ * ا‬,#L
0W,Y ‫ن‬$ ‫ * آ‬1$  * ,#L
<0W,Y ‫د‬C !‫< أ‬$ E%‫ا‬
‫ اق‬3%‫ ا‬1%‫ إ‬.q‫م و‬U%‫ ا‬1%‫ إ‬.q‫* و‬