important features of Scientific Management .

1.It is systematic , analytical & objective approach to solve industrial problems. 2.It implies scientific techniques in method of work ,recruitment , selection & training of workers . 3.It attempts to discover the best method of doing a work at the cheapest cost . 4.It discard the age old method of the rules of thumb & hit or miss approach . 5.It involves complete change in the mental attitude of workers as well as the management . 6.It lays emphasis on all factors of production ,men , mental , material & technology .

Originally , the principles of Scientific Management were applied to engineering establishment . This was due to the fact that F.W.Taylor , its founder , was associated wit such industries . “the same principle can be applied with equal force to all social activities ; to the management of our homes , the management of the business of our tradesmen , large & small , of our churches , of our philanthropic instructions , our universities & our government department “ Scientific Management aims to develop each man to his greatest efficiency & prosperity .the objective is to increase production & productivity , reduce the cost of production & maximize prosperity both for employer , whose interest are common & not opposite to each other. Scientific Management lays importance on the capital so as to maximize the advantage to both management & workmen. it involves a complete change of mental attitude on the part of management as well as labours .

i.

The development of science for each element of men work which will replace the old rules of thumb method .

ii. Scientific selection & training of workmen with the worker instead of the old practice of allowing the worker to choose his own work & to train himself. iii. Co-operation of the management with the worker so as to ensure all the worker being done in accordance with the principles of the science which has been developed . iv. Almost equal division of the work & the responsibility between the management & the workmen.

i. Method study ii. Routing & scheduling iii.Motion study

i. Increase in production & productivity . ii. Reduction in cost of production . iii.Better quality products . iv.Benefits of division of labour . v. Mutual co-operation b/w labour & management . vi.Proper selection & training of workers . vii.Better worker conditions . viii.Better utilization of resources . ix.Increased wages . x. Gains to consumers . xi.Gains to community or nation . xii.Gain to Owners / Investors .

Worker’s criticism :-

i. Speeding up of workers. ii.Loss of worker ‘s skill & Initiative . iii.Monotony . iv.Unemployment . v.Exploitation of workers . vi. discrimination b/w workers vii.Undemocratic in nature . viii.Weakening of trade unions .