April 2008

The Newsletter of the Ohio Turfgrass Foundation

Board of Directors
President Todd Voss, Double Eagle Club Vice President Dan Walter, City of Blue Ash Treasurer Joe Enciso, Century Equipment Immediate Past President Mark Jordan, Westfield Companies C. C. Executive Director Kevin Thompson, OTF Director of Education Dr. John Street, The Ohio State University Trustees Mike Dietrich, John Deere Landscapes Kyle Frederick, Rattlesnake Ridge G.C. Doug Gallant, The Cincinnati Reds Mark Grunkemeyer, Buckeye EcoCare Kim Kellogg, Grasshopper Property Maint. Don Lawrence, Red Hawk Run G.C. Jason Straka, Hurdzan/Fry G.C. Design

TURFGRASS WEED CONTROL AND HERBICIDE UPDATE – 2008 John R. Street, D.S. Gardner, D.D. Holdren and P.J. Sherratt Department of Horticulture and Crop Science The herbicidal control of weeds in turfgrass is typically segmented into the general categories of annual grasses, perennial grasses, broadleaf weeds and sedges. The most common annual grassy weeds in Ohio are crabgrass (large and smooth), goosegrass, yellow foxtail, fall panicum, barnyardgrass and annual bluegrass (Poa annua). The standard control strategy for the annual grasses continues to be the preemergence herbicide approach. The traditional preemergence herbicides for 2008 include benefin (Balan), bensulide (Betasan and others), pendimethalin (Pre-M, pendulum, and others), trifluralin + benefin (Team Pro), ditiopyr (Dimension) and prodiamine (Barricade). Peemergence herbicides have not changed for the last several years except for the new Syngenta herbicide, mesotrione (Tenacity), which is a selective preemergence and postemergence herbicide for contact and residual control of 11 monocots and 34 dicots in turfgrasses. When applied preemergence, weeds absorb Tenacity during emergence from the soil. Tenacity is unique in that it can be applied safely at the time of seeding for preemergence control of several annual grasses, broadleaf weeds and sedges. It can also be applied in established turfgrass stands in mixes with other preemergence herbicides like prodiamine for early postemergence crabgrass control and season-long preemergence control. In the authors opinions, the keys to successful preemergence crabgrass control are: (1) proper timing prior to weed seed germination, (2) proper uniformity of application especially with some of the recent riding application equipment, (3) proper walking or riding traveling speed, (4) proper rate within the actual traditional herbicide range, (5) an appropriate SGN value of 150 to 200 (6-8 particles per square inch) for lawn-type turf, (6) uniform particle sizing to avoid ballistic segregation with rotary type applications, (7) a low active ingredient load (i.e. 0.13% (low) versus 3.5% (high)), and (8) irrigation/rainfall within several days after application, especially with liquid applications. Remember, siduron (Tupersan and others) and mesotrione (Tenacity) are the only safe preemergence herbicides to use at the time of seeding for controlling annual grasses, broadleaf weeds and sedges. Tenacity has a broader spectrum of weeds controlled. Carfentrazone (Quicksilver) by FMC and Octane (pyraflufen-ethyl) by SePro can also be used in newly seeded stands of K. bluegrass and P. ryegrass seven days after emergence for broadleaf weeds. The only natural herbicide that is labeled for preemergence crabgrass control is corn gluten meal (dipeptides as a by-product of the corn processing industry) and sold under numerous tradenames. Postemergence annual grassy weed control has been limited to fenoxyprop p-ethyl (Acclaim Extra), quinclorac (Drive), a new liquid formulation of quinclorac for 2008 called Accelerate by BASF, and dithiopyr (Dimension) for early post control and a preemergence barrier the remainder of the season. The new Syngenta herbicide, mesotrione (Tenacity), will control crabgrass postemergence but will require a second application at 2-3 weeks. Also, remember that Drive can be used postemergence on young seedling turf for annual grasses and broadleafs at 30 days after emergence. (continued on page 3)

OSU Turfgrass Science Team
Horticulture and Crop Science Dr. Karl Danneberger Dr. David Gardner Dr. Ray Miller Dr. John Street Deborah Holdren Pamela Sherratt Matt Williams Entomology Dr. Parwinder Grewal Dr. David Shetlar Dan Digman JoAnne Kick-Raack Kevin Power Plant Pathology Dr. Mike Boehm Todd Hicks Joe Rimelspach School of Natural Resources Dr. Ed McCoy Agricultural Technical Institute Dr. Daniel Voltz David Willoughby Intramural Sports John Mott Athletics Dennis Bowsher Brian Gimbel International Programs Mike O’Keeffe

Ohio Turfgrass Foundation 888-683-3445 www.OhioTurfgrass.org

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LAWN CARE TIPS Preemergence Herbicide Applications on Areas that Need Overseeding
Dr. David Gardner, OSU Department of Horticulture & Crop Science Think again if you were planning to apply a preemergence herbicide to turf that you are also planning to overseed. The Figure shows the recommended reseeding interval for the active ingredients used as preemergence herbicides where cool season turfgrasses are grown. These were taken straight from the label of a product that contains the herbicide. Note that most of the intervals are long enough that, were they to be applied in March or April, you would not be able to safely overseed until summer. If you have small areas that are thin or bare, you may wish to apply the preemergence herbicide and attempt to manage the existing grass to fill in the bare spot. If it is a large area, then you are probably best off overseeding and avoiding the use of the herbicide.

Turf Tolerances to Preemergence Herbicides
Fine Fescue Tall Fescue Bluegrass Ryegrass

Active (Example Products)
Bensulide (Betasan, Bensumec) - Controls P.annua, others Ethofumasate (Prograss) - Controls P.annua, other weeds Benefin (Balan, LESCO Benefin 2.5G) Oryzalin (Surflan, XL – combination product with benefin) Pendimethalin (Pendulum, LESCO Pre-M, PROTURF) Prodiamine (Barricade) Trifluralin (Team- combination product with Benefin) Siduron (Tupersan) - Safe to turfgrass seedlings. Consult label Oxadiazon (Chipco Ronstar) - Controls goosegrass and other weeds Dithiopyr (Dimension) - Pre + Post-emergence

Reseeding Interval†

                       

4 months 6 weeks 6-16 weeks 6-16 weeks 3 months 4-6 months 8-16 weeks seedlings

    Safe to most   
4 months

    6 weeks to 4

months † Stated reseeding interval is for one example product only and this can vary among brands or formulations of the same active ingredient. Always consult the label of the product you are using for specifics prior to application.

Alternatively, note that siduron is safe for use on seedling turf. Follow the label directions carefully. When used properly, siduron will reduce crabgrass, goosegrass, foxtail, and many summer annual broadleaf weeds by about 80%.

GOLF TURF TIPS Tenacity Herbicide – A New Option When Overseeding on Golf Courses
Dr. David Gardner, OSU Department of Horticulture & Crop Science Tenacity herbicide is a new product from Syngenta that contains the active ingredient mesotrione. This active is in a unique class of chemistry and this product has a very diverse label, including pre- and post emergence control of both broadleaf weeds and annual grasses. It also controls sedges preemergence and certain perennial weedy grasses postemergence. Unfortunately, it is not yet labeled for use on commercial turf or sports fields. But, the product was recently labeled for use on golf courses and label changes are pending to allow its use on other turf areas. One of its key uses will be the preemergence control of annual grassy and broadleaf weeds in newly seeded turfgrass. When used as directed, Tenacity herbicide will result in nearly complete control of crabgrass, goosegrass, foxtail, and many summer annual broadleaf weeds. But, it will not affect the growth and development of the seedling turf. Control of crabgrass and other weeds was nearly 100% when Tenacity herbicide was applied at seeding. Perennial ryegrass was seeded into the area, lightly incorporated and then Tenacity was sprayed over the top. Photographs taken 14 days later

Untreated Plot

Plot Treated with Tenacity Herbicide

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SPORTS TURF TIPS Helpful Hints for Establishing Turfgrass in the Spring
Pam Sherratt & John R. Street, OSU Department of Horticulture & Crop Science Bare spots on playing fields not only affect player performance and safety but they are prone to soil erosion and run-off during rain. Establishing new grass in those areas can be a challenge, especially if water is limited. Sod* provides immediate turf cover and prevents any soil erosion. Sod can be costly but it is the most effective way to have a Kentucky bluegrass turf without dealing with slow seed establishment and weed encroachment. Seed is the most cost-effective way to fill bare spots but it requires good soil preparation and after-care for it to be successful. Applying “starter” fertilizer is critical. Keeping the seed moist until it germinates is also the key to success. There are several moisture & heat conserving covers available:

Ready-made Renovation Mixes: Commercially available, spreadable mixes that contain paper or wood pulp, seed, polymers/tackifiers and starter fertilizer or biostimulants. Examples: PennMulch® and Seed Aide®. On a larger scale, Hydromulch/Hydroseed can be applied. Advances in hydromulching include herbicide mixes, natural organics, and drought-resistant polymers. Straw: Typical app. rates = 80 lbs/1,000 sq.ft. or 1 bale/1,000 sq.ft. Inexpensive, readily available and easy to apply, straw can be left to degrade and be mulched with mowers once turf has established. Do not use straw that contains weed seeds (oats/crop seeds might germinate but will be eradicated once mowing starts). Compost (e.g. Milorganite) either spread as a topdressing or in pelletized form with the seed conserves heat, moisture and releases nutrients Topsoil (Figure 1) or Sand: Match topdressing soil with existing soil on the field. OSU Extension Service can help in the selection process. Topdressing offers additional benefits, such as smoothing-out field undulations and improving water infiltration rates of finer-textured soils.

Growth blanket: Biodegradable (e.g. coconut mat) or permanent wovenmesh fabric. Fabric covers cost money but don’t necessarily need to cover the whole field - smaller sections can be used for goal mouths, sidelines and exit points. They are lightweight and offer many uses: seed establishment, quick greening in spring, extended fall color, and keeping traffic off renovated areas. *To find suppliers of sod, hydromulching services, fertilizer and seed mixes, refer to the “business category” in the OTF Membership Directory: www.ohioturfgrass.org

Figure 1: Soccer goal area seeded, dressed with starter fertilizer and topdressed with good quality topsoil. Flags are an attempt to keep traffic off.

TURFGRASS WEED CONTROL AND HERBICIDE UPDATE – 2008 Continued from page 1. Herbicidal approaches for annual bluegrass (Poa annua) haven’t changed for 2008 with two major options: (1) preemergence herbicides applied spring and/or fall and (2) postemergence strategies with either ethofumesate (Prograss) or bispyribac-sodium (Velocity). With Velocity, frequent, light applications in late spring or summer appear to work best. The non-herbicidal approach continues to be the consistent use of type-II PGRs like Trimmit and Cutless. The traditional list of non-selective herbicides for postemergence grassy weed control have not changed for 2008 and include the contact herbicides diquat (Reward), pelargonic acid (Scythe), and glufosinate-ammoniun (Finale). The traditional non-selective systemic herbicide continues to be glyphosate (Roundup and Roundup Pro). In addition, several selective, postemergence herbicides have recently become available for perennial grassy weed control and include (1) Sulfosulfuron (Certainty) from Monsanto labeled for yellow nutsedge, tall fescue, rough bluegrass and several other weeds, (2) mesotrione (Tenacity) from Syngenta labeled for creeping bentgrass, nimblewill, and numerous broadleaf weeds (a total of 11 monocots and 34 dicots), and (3) chlorsulfuron (Corsair) for selective control of tall fescue.. Postemergence applications with Tenacity require a second application at 2-3 weeks with most weeds. Halosulfuron (Sedgehammer) from Gowan Co. is labeled for postemergence yellow nutsedge control and replaces the Monsanto product Manage. Finally, new broadleaf weed herbicides in 2008 in addition to Tenacity are penoxsulam (Lockout) by Dow for granular postemergence dandelion control and pyraflufen ethyl (Octane), a contact herbicide similar to carfentrazone. However, several new herbicide combinations will be available in 2008 using existing herbicide technology. These combinations are derived from the major broadleaf herbicide families that include the phenoxies, dicamba, pyridinoxies and triazolinones. A classical example is the 4-way combination from each of the latter groups Q4 ( 2,4-D, dicamba, quinclorac and sulfentrazone).

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ASSOCIATION NEWS Message from the OTF President
As your new President, first let me thank our Immediate Past President Mark Jordan for all his hard work and dedication. Second, I would like to thank everyone who has supported me throughout the years to get to this position. It is truly an honor to serve as the Ohio Turfgrass Foundation President. What started out as just serving on a committee turned into many great years as a board member and now your President. Along the way, I am learning all inner workings of running a foundation as large as OTF, which is so much more than just the conference and show in December. If any of you are interested in serving on a committee, please don’t hesitate to volunteer, as again, I am really enjoying the time spent working with everyone. Strength is in numbers. We have all heard it time and time again, but I don’t think that the OTF Member voice is being heard. Attendance in all OTF events is needed and necessary more than ever. We need to show our strength to our vendors. Just paying our dues is not enough. Not only do we need to go to the conference and show, but we need to buy or order something while we’re there. The field day should have a thousand people attending. Attend the regional seminars when they are in your area, as they are free for members. Some people in the industry may ask, what is the benefit of being a member? As the list is long, the main benefit that comes to mind is the millions of dollars that have been donated to the researchers at the Ohio State University. We have a great building at the Turfgrass Research Center in Columbus. Plus, remember the many scholarships that have been awarded throughout the years. Maybe the Ohio Turfgrass Foundation is not critical in your everyday success, but if you ever call on the services of a person like Dr. Shetler or Joe Rimelspach, remember OTF funds paid a portion of their salary to become part of the OSU turf team. We all make a living in one form or another from turfgrass. Without support and participation, OTF cannot meet the goals or mission that our forefathers set out to do. Let’s keep research in Ohio and the OTF Conference and Show the largest in the country. Other ways you can help support OTF is through Turfgrass Week, which is right around the corner. Joining the Ohio Turfgrass Research Trust’s Founders Club is another way of giving to the industry. Go to the web site if you want more information about OTF, the Founder’s Club, or many of the other postings. If you have an opinion that you would like to share, please do not hesitate to call OTF or put it on one of the many member surveys. Remember, strength is in our numbers. Your 2008 OTF President, Todd J Voss

ABOUT THIS NEWSLETTER You received this newsletter as a benefit of your OTF membership. OTF plans to send you 4 issues of this new, condensed newsletter this year (by mail and electronically). Plus, you will receive three issues of the larger newsletter that you’ve grown accustomed to. This new format allows OTF to send you timely, agronomic updates during the growing season in a costeffective format. We hope you like it! Have you renewed your OTF membership for 2008? If not, this may be the last newsletter you receive! Don’t let your member benefits expire. Now you can renew your membership online at www.OhioTurfgrass.org or by calling OTF at 888-683-3445. It’s that easy!