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St.

Thomas Aquinas,
Priest, Doctor of the
Church
Greatest and Most influential
Theologian of all Time

1226: Birth of St. Thomas
 Towards the end of the year 1226 in
Roccasecca, Aquino County, Sicily.
 Aquino, an area where his family held land until
1137.
 Noble Parents: Count Landulf of Aquino and
Countess Theodora of Theate (Teano).
 Like St. Hyacinth, Thomas parents were from a
noble family.
 Descendants of Emperor Frederick I and
Henry VI.
 Siblings of 8.
 Thomas Aquinas being the youngest.

Aquino County, Naples

Feast Day: January 28th
 His memory is honored On January 28.
 On January 28, 1369, his body was
transferred to Toulouse, France.
 In the Church of the Jacobins.
 Between 1789 and 1974, they were held
in Saint Sernin Basilica of Toulouse.
 In 1974, they were returned to the
Church of the Jacobins.

The Tomb of St Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225 – 7 March 1274)
Le couvent des Jacobins
Toulouse, France

 Holy translation,
which was
crowded with a
great multitude of
men
 Over 150,000 were
said to have
accompanied it.

Titles:
 Aquinas is not his
surname. A Latin
demonyn.
 “Dumb Ox”

Doctor of the Church: declared by
Pope Pius V in 1323.
“Most brilliant light of the
Church”

Titles:
 “Patron of all
Universities and
Students”(1880)
 Angelic Doctor
Pius X

Pope Leo XIII

“Angelic Doctor”
restored due to his
perseverance in his
vocation. His fidelity
and perfect chastity.

Titles:
 Not only Angelic
but Common or
Universal Doctor
of the Church by
Pius XI

 The Master and
Patron of Catholic
Schools declared
by Pope Benedict
XV.

Significant Events in the
Life of St. Thomas
 1230: He was sent to the Abbey of Monte
Cassino with the Benedictine Monks at
the age of 5 until he was 13 years old.
 He secretly joined the Dominican Order
in Naples.
 He was held captive for two (2) years by
his brothers.
 1239: Attended the University of Naples.
 1243: He was particularly drawn with
more to the life of spiritual service than
in sheltered life.
 A friar at the age of 17.

Abbey of Monte Cassino

University of Naples

The jailers transferring St. Thomas from the castle,
sent him down the window in a basket and
immediately to Naples,

Significant Events in the
Life of St. Thomas
 1245 to 1252: Continued his studies in Naples,
Paris and Cologne.
 1250: Ordained to the Dominican Order in
Cologne, Germany.
 1261: Pope Urban IV called him to Rome where
he was appointed to teach.
 Clement IV offered him Archbishopric of
Naples.

Significant Events in the
Life of St. Thomas
 1274: In January,
summoned by
Gregory X,
St. Thomas
embarked on a
trip to Lyon,
France, on foot to
serve on the
Second Council of
Lyon.

Significant Events in the
Life of St. Thomas

 1274: Died at the Monastery of
Fossanova with Cistercian Monks on
March 7.

Fossanova Abbey
 Italian Cistercian
Monastery;
 Place of death of
St. Thomas
Aquinas
 On March 7,
1274,after
lingering in illness
for seven weeks.

Significant Events in the
Life of St. Thomas
1323:
“His life was
Canonization of
saintly and his
St. Thomas on the doctrine could only
July 18 by Pope
be miraculous …
John XXII.
because he
enlightened the
church more than
all the other
doctors…”

Exceptional Qualities as a
Student/Priest
 At five (5) years old was described as a “witty
child” who “had received a good soul”.
 Excel in learning more than other students.
 Studied in Cologne, at the age of 22 he was
appointed to teach here.
 At 31 years he received his doctorate.
 He was invited by to teach (Pope Urban) but
declined to accept any ecclesiastical dignity or
honor.
 Clement IV offered him Archbishopric of Naples
which he also refused.

Trials of Saint Thomas:
 At the time of his death in 1274, he
was under suspicion by some Church
officials
 Condemnation by Bishop of Paris
Etienne Tempier (Stephen Tempier)
was lifted when he was canonized and
received the title of Common Doctor
of the Church.

Person/s Close to St. Thomas:
 St. Albert, the Great – whose interest in
Aristotle strengthened Thomas’ own
interest.
 Thomas embraced several ideas put
forward by Aristotle – whom he referred
to as “the Philosopher”
 Thomas used Aristotelian reason and
logic to prove the existence of God but
not necessarily his divine actions.
 Divine knowledge can be philosophically
approached and analyzed.

Two Important Works of St.
Thomas Aquinas
 Summa Contra Gentiles, 1259-1264
 Summa Theologica (Summary of
Theology), 1265-1274,
– “Magnum Opus”
– Contains his proofs for the existence
of God through faith and reason.
– He left a great part of the “Summa
Theologica” unfinished

Thomas 5 ways of St. Thomas
Aquinas
Proofs of the existence of God
 Immovable Mover
 Cause of everything
 Necessary Being
 Perfect being
 Intelligent Being

Three (3) Kinds of Laws:
 Natural: prompts man to act
according to his being
 Positive : law of the
state/government
 Eternal/Divine: reason put into
action through free will

Today:
 Thomist Theology stands at the
center of the Roman Catholic
tradition.
 Thomas is honored as a saint by
the Catholic Church.
 Model teacher for those studying
for the priesthood.

Sources:
http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=2530
http://www.biography.com/people/st-thomasaquinas91897231#education
http://www.biography.com/people/st-thomas-aquinas9187231#synopsis
http://www.biography.com/peoples/st-tghomas-aquinas9187231#later-life-and-death
http://www.egs.edu/ibrary/thomas-aquinas/biography/
http://www.aquinas.emory.edu/resources_thomas.html
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/aquinas
http://www.btcatholic.org/House-AquinasFactsAboutStThomasAquinas
http://www.dspt.edu/site/general/vita-d.thomaeaquinatis-otto-van-veen-1610
Christian Prayer: the Liturgy of The Hours. Paulines
Publishing House: Pasay City, Philippines, 1997.

Happy Feast Day

St. Thomas Aquinas !!