You are on page 1of 29


Thomas Aquinas,
Priest, Doctor of the
Greatest and Most influential
Theologian of all Time

1226: Birth of St. Thomas
 Towards the end of the year 1226 in
Roccasecca, Aquino County, Sicily.
 Aquino, an area where his family held land until
 Noble Parents: Count Landulf of Aquino and
Countess Theodora of Theate (Teano).
 Like St. Hyacinth, Thomas parents were from a
noble family.
 Descendants of Emperor Frederick I and
Henry VI.
 Siblings of 8.
 Thomas Aquinas being the youngest.

Aquino County, Naples

Feast Day: January 28th
 His memory is honored On January 28.
 On January 28, 1369, his body was
transferred to Toulouse, France.
 In the Church of the Jacobins.
 Between 1789 and 1974, they were held
in Saint Sernin Basilica of Toulouse.
 In 1974, they were returned to the
Church of the Jacobins.

The Tomb of St Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225 – 7 March 1274)
Le couvent des Jacobins
Toulouse, France

 Holy translation,
which was
crowded with a
great multitude of
 Over 150,000 were
said to have
accompanied it.

 Aquinas is not his
surname. A Latin
 “Dumb Ox”

Doctor of the Church: declared by
Pope Pius V in 1323.
“Most brilliant light of the

 “Patron of all
Universities and
 Angelic Doctor
Pius X

Pope Leo XIII

“Angelic Doctor”
restored due to his
perseverance in his
vocation. His fidelity
and perfect chastity.

 Not only Angelic
but Common or
Universal Doctor
of the Church by
Pius XI

 The Master and
Patron of Catholic
Schools declared
by Pope Benedict

Significant Events in the
Life of St. Thomas
 1230: He was sent to the Abbey of Monte
Cassino with the Benedictine Monks at
the age of 5 until he was 13 years old.
 He secretly joined the Dominican Order
in Naples.
 He was held captive for two (2) years by
his brothers.
 1239: Attended the University of Naples.
 1243: He was particularly drawn with
more to the life of spiritual service than
in sheltered life.
 A friar at the age of 17.

Abbey of Monte Cassino

University of Naples

The jailers transferring St. Thomas from the castle,
sent him down the window in a basket and
immediately to Naples,

Significant Events in the
Life of St. Thomas
 1245 to 1252: Continued his studies in Naples,
Paris and Cologne.
 1250: Ordained to the Dominican Order in
Cologne, Germany.
 1261: Pope Urban IV called him to Rome where
he was appointed to teach.
 Clement IV offered him Archbishopric of

Significant Events in the
Life of St. Thomas
 1274: In January,
summoned by
Gregory X,
St. Thomas
embarked on a
trip to Lyon,
France, on foot to
serve on the
Second Council of

Significant Events in the
Life of St. Thomas

 1274: Died at the Monastery of
Fossanova with Cistercian Monks on
March 7.

Fossanova Abbey
 Italian Cistercian
 Place of death of
St. Thomas
 On March 7,
lingering in illness
for seven weeks.

Significant Events in the
Life of St. Thomas
“His life was
Canonization of
saintly and his
St. Thomas on the doctrine could only
July 18 by Pope
be miraculous …
John XXII.
because he
enlightened the
church more than
all the other

Exceptional Qualities as a
 At five (5) years old was described as a “witty
child” who “had received a good soul”.
 Excel in learning more than other students.
 Studied in Cologne, at the age of 22 he was
appointed to teach here.
 At 31 years he received his doctorate.
 He was invited by to teach (Pope Urban) but
declined to accept any ecclesiastical dignity or
 Clement IV offered him Archbishopric of Naples
which he also refused.

Trials of Saint Thomas:
 At the time of his death in 1274, he
was under suspicion by some Church
 Condemnation by Bishop of Paris
Etienne Tempier (Stephen Tempier)
was lifted when he was canonized and
received the title of Common Doctor
of the Church.

Person/s Close to St. Thomas:
 St. Albert, the Great – whose interest in
Aristotle strengthened Thomas’ own
 Thomas embraced several ideas put
forward by Aristotle – whom he referred
to as “the Philosopher”
 Thomas used Aristotelian reason and
logic to prove the existence of God but
not necessarily his divine actions.
 Divine knowledge can be philosophically
approached and analyzed.

Two Important Works of St.
Thomas Aquinas
 Summa Contra Gentiles, 1259-1264
 Summa Theologica (Summary of
Theology), 1265-1274,
– “Magnum Opus”
– Contains his proofs for the existence
of God through faith and reason.
– He left a great part of the “Summa
Theologica” unfinished

Thomas 5 ways of St. Thomas
Proofs of the existence of God
 Immovable Mover
 Cause of everything
 Necessary Being
 Perfect being
 Intelligent Being

Three (3) Kinds of Laws:
 Natural: prompts man to act
according to his being
 Positive : law of the
 Eternal/Divine: reason put into
action through free will

 Thomist Theology stands at the
center of the Roman Catholic
 Thomas is honored as a saint by
the Catholic Church.
 Model teacher for those studying
for the priesthood.

Christian Prayer: the Liturgy of The Hours. Paulines
Publishing House: Pasay City, Philippines, 1997.

Happy Feast Day

St. Thomas Aquinas !!