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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - First Aid Procedures

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


First Aid Procedures
Code

Definition

Eye: Irrigate
immediately

If this chemical contacts the eyes, immediately wash the eyes with large amounts of water,
occasionally lifting the lower and upper lids. Get medical attention immediately. Contact lenses
should not be worn when working with this chemical.

Eye: Irrigate
promptly

If this chemical contacts the eyes, promptly wash the eyes with large amounts of water,
occasionally lifting the lower and upper lids. Get medical attention if any discomfort continues.
Contact lenses should not be worn when working with this chemical.

Eye: Frostbite

If eye tissue is frozen, seek medical attention immediately; if tissue is not frozen, immediately
and thoroughly flush the eyes with large amounts of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally
lifting the lower and upper eyelids. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia
persist, get medical attention as soon as possible.

Eye: Medical
attention

Self-explanatory

Skin: Blot/brush
away

If irritation occurs, gently blot or brush away excess.

Skin: Dust off


solid; water flush

If this solid chemical contacts the skin, dust it off immediately and then flush the contaminated
skin with water. If this chemical or liquids containing this chemical penetrate the clothing,
promptly remove the clothing and flush the skin with water. Get medical attention immediately.

Skin: Frostbite

If frostbite has occurred, seek medical attention immediately; do NOT rub the affected areas or
flush them with water. In order to prevent further tissue damage, do NOT attempt to remove
frozen clothing from frostbitten areas. If frostbite has NOT occurred, immediately and
thoroughly wash contaminated skin with soap and water.

Skin: Molten flush


immediately/solidliquid soap wash
immediately

If this molten chemical contacts the skin, immediately flush the skin with large amounts of water.
Get medical attention immediately. If this chemical (or liquids containing this chemical) contacts
the skin, promptly wash the contaminated skin with soap and water. If this chemical or liquids
containing this chemical penetrate the clothing, immediately remove the clothing and wash the
skin with soap and water. If irritation persists after washing, get medical attention.

Skin: Soap flush


immediately

If this chemical contacts the skin, immediately flush the contaminated skin with soap and water.
If this chemical penetrates the clothing, immediately remove the clothing and flush the skin with
water. If irritation persists after washing, get medical attention.

Skin: Soap flush


promptly

If this chemical contacts the skin, promptly flush the contaminated skin with soap and water. If
this chemical penetrates the clothing, promptly remove the clothing and flush the skin with
water. If irritation persists after washing, get medical attention.

Skin: Soap
If this solid chemical or a liquid containing this chemical contacts the skin, promptly wash the
promptly/molten contaminated skin with soap and water. If irritation persists after washing, get medical attention.
flush immediately If this molten chemical contacts the skin or nonimpervious clothing, immediately flush the
affected area with large amounts of water to remove heat. Get medical attention immediately.
Skin: Soap wash

If this chemical contacts the skin, wash the contaminated skin with soap and water.

Skin: Soap wash


immediately

If this chemical contacts the skin, immediately wash the contaminated skin with soap and water.
If this chemical penetrates the clothing, immediately remove the clothing, wash the skin with
soap and water, and get medical attention promptly.

Skin: Soap wash

If this chemical contacts the skin, promptly wash the contaminated skin with soap and water. If

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - First Aid Procedures

promptly

this chemical penetrates the clothing, promptly remove the clothing and wash the skin with soap
and water. Get medical attention promptly.

Skin: Water flush

If this chemical contacts the skin, flush the contaminated skin with water. Where there is
evidence of skin irritation, get medical attention.

Skin: Water flush


immediately

If this chemical contacts the skin, immediately flush the contaminated skin with water. If this
chemical penetrates the clothing, immediately remove the clothing and flush the skin with water.
Get medical attention promptly.

Skin: Water flush


promptly

If this chemical contacts the skin, flush the contaminated skin with water promptly. If this
chemical penetrates the clothing, immediately remove the clothing and flush the skin with water
promptly. If irritation persists after washing, get medical attention.

Skin: Water wash If this chemical contacts the skin, wash the contaminated skin with water.
Skin: Water wash If this chemical contacts the skin, immediately wash the contaminated skin with water. If this
immediately
chemical penetrates the clothing, immediately remove the clothing and wash the skin with water.
If symptoms occur after washing, get medical attention immediately.
Skin: Water wash If this chemical contacts the skin, promptly wash the contaminated skin with water. If this
promptly
chemical penetrates the clothing, promptly remove the clothing and wash the skin with water. If
irritation persists after washing, get medical attention.
Breath:
Respiratory
support

If a person breathes large amounts of this chemical, move the exposed person to fresh air at
once. If breathing has stopped, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Keep the affected person
warm and at rest. Get medical attention as soon as possible.

Breath: Fresh air

If a person breathes large amounts of this chemical, move the exposed person to fresh air at
once. Other measures are usually unnecessary.

Breath: Fresh air,


100% O2

If a person breathes large amounts of this chemical, move the exposed person to fresh air at
once. If breathing has stopped, perform artificial respiration. When breathing is difficult,
properly trained personnel may assist the affected person by administering 100% oxygen. Keep
the affected person warm and at rest. Get medical attention as soon as possible.

Swallow: Medical If this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention immediately.
attention
immediately

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


APPENDICES
APPENDIX A
NIOSH POTENTIAL OCCUPATIONAL CARCINOGENS
New Policy
For the past 20 plus years, NIOSH has subscribed to a carcinogen policy that was published in 1976 by
Edward J. Fairchild, II, Associate Director for Cincinnati Operations, which called for "no detectable exposure
levels for proven carcinogenic substances" (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 271:200-207, 1976).
This was in response to a generic OSHA rulemaking on carcinogens. Because of advances in science and in
approaches to risk assessment and risk management, NIOSH has adopted a more inclusive policy. NIOSH
recommended exposure limits (RELs) will be based on risk evaluations using human or animal health effects
data, and on an assessment of what levels can be feasibly achieved by engineering controls and measured by
analytical techniques. To the extent feasible, NIOSH will project not only a no-effect exposure, but also
exposure levels at which there may be residual risks. This policy applies to all workplace hazards, including
carcinogens, and is responsive to Section 20(a)(3) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, which
charges NIOSH to ". . .describe exposure levels that are safe for various periods of employment, including but
not limited to the exposure levels at which no employee will suffer impaired health or functional capacities or
diminished life expectancy as a result of his work experience."
The effect of this new policy will be the development, whenever possible, of quantitative RELs that are based
on human and/or animal data, as well as on the consideration of technological feasibility for controlling
workplace exposures to the REL. Under the old policy, RELs for most carcinogens were non-quantitative values
labeled "lowest feasible concentration (LFC)." [Note: There are a few exceptions to LFC RELs for carcinogens
(e.g., RELs for asbestos, formaldehyde, benzene, and ethylene oxide are quantitative values based primarily on
analytical limits of detection or technological feasibility). Also, in 1989, NIOSH adopted several quantitative
RELs for carcinogens from OSHA's permissible exposure limit (PEL) update.]
Under the new policy, NIOSH will also recommend the complete range of respirators (as determined by the
NIOSH Respirator Decision Logic) for carcinogens with quantitative RELs. In this way, respirators will be
consistently recommended regardless of whether a substance is a carcinogen or a non-carcinogen.
Old Policy
In the past, NIOSH identified numerous substances that should be treated as potential occupational
carcinogens even though OSHA might not have identified them as such. In determining their carcinogenicity,
NIOSH used the OSHA classification outlined in 29 CFR 1990.103, which states in part:
Potential occupational carcinogen means any substance, or combination or mixture of substances,
which causes an increased incidence of benign and/or malignant neoplasms, or a substantial
decrease in the latency period between exposure and onset of neoplasms in humans or in one or
more experimental mammalian species as the result of any oral, respiratory or dermal exposure, or
any other exposure which results in the induction of tumors at a site other than the site of
administration. This definition also includes any substance which is metabolized into one or more
potential occupational carcinogens by mammals.
When thresholds for carcinogens that would protect 100% of the population had not been identified, NIOSH
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usually recommended that occupational exposures to carcinogens be limited to the lowest feasible concentration.
To ensure maximum protection from carcinogens through the use of respiratory protection, NIOSH also
recommended that only the most reliable and protective respirators be used. These respirators include (1) a selfcontained breathing apparatus (SCBA) that has a full facepiece and is operated in a positive-pressure mode, or
(2) a supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode in combination with an auxiliary SCBA operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode.
Recommendations to be Revised
The RELs and respirator recommendations for carcinogens listed in this edition of the Pocket Guide still
reflect the old policy. Changes in the RELs and respirator recommendations that reflect the new policy will be
included in future editions.
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APPENDIX B
THIRTEEN OSHA-REGULATED CARCINOGENS
Without establishing PELs, OSHA promulgated standards in 1974 to regulate the industrial use of 13
chemicals identified as potential occupational carcinogens.
2-acetylaminofluorene
4-aminodiphenyl
benzidine
bis-chloromethyl ether
3,3'-dichlorobenzidine
4-dimethylaminoazobenzene
ethyleneimine
methyl chloromethyl ether
alpha-naphthylamine
beta-naphthylamine
4-nitrobiphenyl
N-nitrosodimethylamine
beta-propiolactone
Exposures of workers to these 13 chemicals are to be controlled through the required use of engineering
controls, work practices, and personal protective equipment, including respirators. See 29 CFR 1910.10031910.1016 for specific details of these requirements.
Respirator selections in the Pocket Guide are based on NIOSH policy, which considers the 13 chemicals to be
potential occupational carcinogens.
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APPENDIX C
SUPPLEMENTARY EXPOSURE LIMITS
Aldehydes (Low-Molecular-Weight)
Exposure to acetaldehyde has produced nasal tumors in rats and laryngeal tumors in hamsters, and
exposure to malonaldehyde has produced thyroid gland and pancreatic islet cell tumors in rats. NIOSH
therefore recommends that acetaldehyde and malonaldehyde be considered potential occupational carcinogens
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in conformance with the OSHA carcinogen policy.


Testing has not been completed to determine the carcinogenicity of acrolein, butyraldehyde (CAS#: 123-728), crotonaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, glyoxal (CAS#: 107-22-2), paraformaldehyde (CAS#: 30525-89-4),
propiolaldehyde (CAS#: 624-67-9), propionaldehyde (CAS#: 123-38-6), and n-valeraldehyde, nine related lowmolecular-weight-aldehydes.
However, the limited studies to date indicate that these substances have chemical reactivity and mutagenicity
similar to acetaldehyde and malonaldehyde. Therefore, NIOSH recommends that careful consideration should
be given to reducing exposures to these nine related aldehydes.
Further information can be found in the "NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletin 55: Carcinogenicity of
Acetaldehyde and Malonaldehyde, and Mutagenicity of Related Low-Molecular-Weight Aldehydes" [DHHS
(NIOSH) Publication No. 91-112.]
Asbestos
NIOSH considers asbestos to be a potential occupational carcinogen and recommends that exposures be
reduced to the lowest feasible concentration. For asbestos fibers >5 micrometers in length, NIOSH recommends
a REL of 100,000 fibers per cubic meter of air (100,000 fibers/m3 ), which is equal to 0.1 fiber per cubic
centimeter of air (0.1 fiber/cm3 ), as determined by a 400-liter air sample collected over 100 minutes in
accordance with NIOSH Analytical Method #7400. Airborne asbestos fibers are defined as those particles
having (1) an aspect ratio of 3 to 1 or greater and (2) the mineralogic characteristics (that is, the crystal
structure and elemental composition) of the asbestos minerals and their nonasbestiform analogs. The asbestos
minerals are defined as chrysotile, crocidolite, amosite (cummingtonite-grunerite), anthophyllite, tremolite, and
actinolite. In addition, airborne cleavage fragments from the nonasbestiform habits of the serpentine minerals
antigorite and lizardite, and the amphibole minerals contained in the series cummingtonite-grunerite, tremoliteferroactinolite, and glaucophane-riebeckite should also be counted as fibers provided they meet the criteria for
a fiber when viewed microscopically.
As found in 29 CFR 1910.1001, the OSHA PEL for asbestos fibers (i.e., actinolite asbestos, amosite,
anthophyllite asbestos, chrysotile, crocidolite, and tremolite asbestos) is an 8-hour TWA airborne concentration
of 0.1 fiber (longer than 5 micrometers and having a length-to-diameter ratio of at least 3 to 1) per cubic
centimeter of air (0.1 fiber/cm3 ), as determined by the membrane filter method at approximately 400X
magnification with phase contrast illumination. No worker should be exposed in excess of 1 fiber/cm3 (excursion
limit)as averaged over a sampling period of 30 minutes.
Benzidine-, o-Tolidine, and o-Dianisidine-based Dyes
In December 1980, OSHA and NIOSH jointly published the Health Hazard Alert: Benzidine-, o-Tolidine-,
and o-Dianisidine-based Dyes.
In this Alert, OSHA and NIOSH concluded that benzidine and benzidine-based dyes were potential
occupational carcinogens and recommended that worker exposure be reduced to the lowest feasible level.
OSHA and NIOSH further concluded that o-tolidine and o-dianisidine (and dyes based on them) may
present a cancer risk to workers and should be handled with caution and exposure minimized.
Carbon Black
NIOSH considers "Carbon Black" to be the material consisting of more than 80% elemental carbon in the
form of near-spherical colloidal particles and coalesced particle aggregates of colloidal size that is obtained by
the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons.

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The NIOSH REL (10-hour TWA) for carbon black is 3.5 mg/m 3 . Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs),
particulate polycyclic organic material (PPOM), and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PNAs) are terms
frequently used to describe various petroleum-based substances that NIOSH considers to be potential
occupational carcinogens.
Since some of these aromatic hydrocarbons may be formed during the manufacture of carbon black (and
become adsorbed on the carbon black), the NIOSH REL (10-hour TWA) for carbon black in the presence of
PAHs is also 0.1 mg PAHs/m3 (measured as the cyclohexane-extractable fraction).
The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) for carbon black is 3.5 mg/m 3 .
Chloroethanes
NIOSH considers ethylene dichloride; hexachloroethane; 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane; and 1,1,2trichloroethane; to be potential occupational carcinogens.
Additionally, NIOSH recommends that the other five chloroethane compounds:
1,1-dichloroethane
ethyl chloride
methyl chloroform
pentachloroethane
1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane
be treated in the workplace with caution because of their structural similarity to the four chloroethanes shown
to be carcinogenic in animals.
Chromic Acid and Chromates (as CrO 3 ), Chromium(II) and Chromium(III) Compounds (as Cr), and
Chromium Metal (as Cr)
The NIOSH REL (10-hour TWA) is 0.001 mg Cr(VI)/m3 for all hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compounds.
NIOSH considers all Cr(VI) compounds (including chromic acid, tert-butyl chromate, zinc chromate, and
chromyl chloride) to be potential occupational carcinogens.
The NIOSH REL (8-hour TWA) is 0.5 mg Cr/m 3 for chromium metal and chromium(II) and chromium(III)
compounds.
The OSHA PEL is 0.1 mg CrO 3 /m3 (ceiling) for chromic acid and chromates (including tert-butyl chromate
with a "skin" designation and zinc chromate); 0.5 mg Cr/m 3 (8-hour TWA) for chromium(II) and
chromium(III) compounds; and 1 mg Cr/m 3 (8-hour TWA) for chromium metal and insoluble salts.
Coal Tar Pitch Volatiles
NIOSH considers coal tar products (i.e., coal tar, coal tar pitch, or creosote) to be potential occupational
carcinogens; the NIOSH REL (10-hour TWA) for coal tar products is 0.1 mg/m 3 (cyclohexane-extractable
fraction).
The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) for coal tar pitch volatiles is 0.2 mg/m 3 (benzene-soluble fraction). OSHA
defines "coal tar pitch volatiles" in 29 CFR 1910.1002 as the fused polycyclic hydrocarbons that volatilize from
the distillation residues of coal, petroleum (excluding asphalt), wood, and other organic matter and includes
substances such as anthracene, benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), phenanthrene, acridine, chrysene, pyrene, etc.
Coke Oven Emissions
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The production of coke by the carbonization of bituminous coal leads to the release of chemically-complex
emissions from coke ovens that include both gases and particulate matter of varying chemical composition.
The emissions include coal tar pitch volatiles (e.g., particulate polycyclic organic matter [PPOM], polycyclic
aromatic hydrocarbons [PAHs], and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons [PNAs]), aromatic compounds (e.g.,
benzene and beta-naphthylamine), trace metals (e.g., arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, lead, and nickel),
and gases (e.g., nitric oxides and sulfur dioxide).
Cotton Dust (raw)
NIOSH recommends reducing exposures to cotton dust to the lowest feasible concentration to reduce the
prevalence and severity of byssinosis; the REL is <0.200 mg/m 3 (as lint-free cotton dust).
As found in OSHA Table Z-1 (29 CFR 1910.1000), the PEL for cotton dust (raw) is 1 mg/m 3 for the cotton
waste processing operations of waste recycling (sorting, blending, cleaning, and willowing) and garnetting.
PELs for other sectors (as found in 29 CFR 1910.1043) are 0.200 mg/m 3 for yarn manufacturing and cotton
washing operations, 0.500 mg/m 3 for textile mill waste house operations or for dust from "lower grade washed
cotton" used during yarn manufacturing, and 0.750 mg/m 3 for textile slashing and weaving operations.
The OSHA standard in 29 CFR 1910.1043 does not apply to cotton harvesting, ginning, or the handling and
processing of woven or knitted materials and washed cotton.
All PELs for cotton dust are mean concentrations of lint-free, respirable cotton dust collected by the vertical
elutriator or an equivalent method and averaged over an 8-hour period.
Lead
NIOSH considers "Lead" to mean metallic lead, lead oxides, and lead salts (including organic salts such as
lead soaps but excluding lead arsenate).
The NIOSH REL for lead (8-hour TWA) is 0.050 mg/m 3 ; air concentrations should be maintained so that
worker blood lead remains less than 0.060 mg Pb/100 g of whole blood.
OSHA considers "Lead" to mean metallic lead, all inorganic lead compounds (lead oxides and lead salts),
and a class of organic compounds called soaps; all other lead compounds are excluded from this definition.
The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) is 0.050 mg/m 3 ; other OSHA requirements can be found in 29 CFR
1910.1025. The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) for lead in "non-ferrous foundries with less than 20 employees" is
0.075 mg/m 3 .
Mineral Dusts
These OSHA PELs for "mineral dusts" listed below are from Table Z-3 of 29 CFR 1910.1000.
The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) for crystalline silica (as respirable quartz) is either 250 mppcf divided by the
value "%SiO2 + 5" or 10 mg/m 3 divided by the value "%SiO2 + 2".
The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) for crystalline silica (as total quartz) is 30 mg/m 3 divided by the value
"%SiO2 + 2".
The OSHA PELs (8-hour TWAs) for cristobalite and tridymite are the values calculated above using the

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count or mass formulae for quartz.


The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) for amorphous silica (including diatomaceous earth) is either 80 mg/m 3
divided by the value "%SiO2 ", or 20 mppcf.
The OSHA PELs (8-hour TWAs) for mica, soapstone, and talc (not containing asbestos) are 20 mppcf.
The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) for Portland cement is 50 mppcf. The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) for
graphite (natural) is 15 mppcf.
The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) for coal dust (as the respirable fraction) containing less than 5% SiO2 is 2.4
mg/m 3 .
The OSHA PEL (8-hour TWA) for coal dust (as the respirable fraction) containing greater than 5% SiO2 is
10 mg/m 3 divided by the value "%SiO2 + 2".
NIAX Catalyst ESN
In May 1978, OSHA and NIOSH jointly published the Current Intelligence Bulletin (CIB) 26: NIAX
Catalyst ESN.
In this CIB, OSHA and NIOSH recommended that occupational exposure to NIAX Catalyst ESN, its
components, dimethylaminopropionitrile and bis(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)ether, as well as formulations
containing either component, be minimized.
Exposures should be limited to as few workers as possible, while minimizing workplace exposure
concentrations with effective work practices and engineering controls.
Exposed workers should be carefully monitored for potential disorders of the nervous and genitourinary
system. Although substitution is a possible control measure, alternatives to NIAX Catalyst ESN or its
components should be carefully evaluated with regard to possible adverse health effects.
Trichloroethylene
NIOSH considers trichloroethylene (TCE) to be a potential occupational carcinogen and recommends a REL
of 2 ppm (as a 60-minute ceiling) during the usage of TCE as an anesthetic agent and 25 ppm (as a 10-hour
TWA) during all other exposures.
Tungsten Carbide (Cemented)
"Cemented tungsten carbide" or "hard metal" refers to a mixture of tungsten carbide, cobalt, and
sometimes metal oxides or carbides and other metals (including nickel).
When the cobalt (Co) content exceeds 2%, its contribution to the potential hazard is judged to exceed that of
tungsten carbide.
Therefore, the NIOSH REL (10-hour TWA) for cemented tungsten carbide containing >2% Co is 0.05 mg
Co/m 3 ; the applicable OSHA PEL is 0.1 mg Co/m 3 (8-hour TWA). Nickel (Ni) may sometimes be used as a
binder rather than cobalt.
NIOSH considers cemented tungsten carbide containing nickel to be a potential occupational carcinogen and
recommends a REL of 0.015 mg Ni/m3 (10-hour TWA).
3

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The OSHA PEL for Insoluble Nickel (i.e., a 1 mg Ni/m 8-hour TWA) applies to mixtures of tungsten
carbide and nickel.
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APPENDIX D
SUBSTANCES WITH NO ESTABLISHED RELs
After reviewing available published literature, NIOSH provided comments to OSHA on August 1, 1988,
regarding the "Proposed Rule on Air Contaminants" (29 CFR 1910, Docket No. H-020).
In these comments, NIOSH questioned whether the PELs proposed (and listed below) for the following
substances included in the Pocket Guide were adequate to protect workers from recognized health hazards:
acetylene tetrabromide [TWA 1 ppm]
chlorobenzene [TWA 75 ppm]
coal dust (<5%SiO 2 ) [2 mg/m 3 (as the respirable dust fraction)], coal dust (>/= 5% SiO2 ) [0.1
mg/m 3 (as the respirable quartz fraction)]
ethyl bromide [TWA 200 ppm; STEL 250 ppm]
ethylene glycol [Ceiling 50 ppm]
ethyl ether [TWA 400 ppm; STEL 500 ppm]
fenthion [TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 (skin)]
furfural [TWA 2 ppm (skin)]
2-isopropoxyethanol [TWA 25 ppm]
isopropyl acetate [TWA 250 ppm; STEL 310 ppm]
isopropylamine [TWA 5 ppm; STEL 10 ppm]
manganese tetroxide (as Mn) [TWA 1 mg/m 3 ]
molybdenum (soluble compounds as Mo) [TWA 5 mg/m 3 ]
nitromethane [TWA 100 ppm]
m-toluidine [TWA 2 ppm (skin)]
triethylamine [TWA 10 ppm; STEL 15 ppm]
At that time, NIOSH also conducted a limited evaluation of the literature and concluded that the
documentation cited by OSHA was inadequate to support the proposed PEL (as an 8-hour TWA) of 10 mg/m 3
for alpha-alumina, benomyl, emery, glycerine (mist), graphite (synthetic), magnesium oxide fume, molybdenum
(insoluble compounds as Mo), particulates not otherwise regulated, picloram, and rouge.
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APPENDIX E
RESPIRATOR RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SELECTED CHEMICALS
Mercury compounds [except (organo) alkyls]
Mercury vapor:
NIOSH
Up to 0.5
(APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the
3
mg/m :
compound of concern / (APF = 10) Any supplied air respirator
Up to 1.25
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/ (APF = 25) Any
3
powered, air-purifying respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of
mg/m :
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Up to 2.5
mg/m 3 :

concern
(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and cartridge(s) providing
protection against the compound of concern / (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator
(gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection against the
compound of concern / (APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is
operated in a continuous-flow mode/ (APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tightfitting facepiece and cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern / (APF = 50)
Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece/ (APF = 50) Any supplied-air
respirator with a full facepiece
(APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode

Up to 10
mg/m 3 :
Emergency or (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a
planned entry pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/ (APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has
into unknown a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination
concentrations with an auxiliary self-contained breathing apparatus operated in pressure-demand or other positiveor IDLH
pressure mode
conditions:
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compund of concern / Any appropriate escape-type,
self-contained breathing apparatus
End of service life indicator (ESLI) required

Other non (organo) alkyl mercury compounds:


NIOSH/OSHA
Up to 1
(APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the
3
mg/m :
compound of concern / (APF = 10) Any supplied air respirator
Up to 2.5
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/ (APF = 25) Any
3
powered, air-purifying respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of
mg/m :
concern
Up to 5
(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and cartridge(s) providing
3
mg/m :
protection against the compound of concern / (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator
(gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection against the
compound of concern / (APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is
operated in a continuous-flow mode/ (APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tightfitting facepiece and cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern / (APF = 50)
Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece/ (APF = 50) Any supplied-air
respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 10
(APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
3
mode
mg/m :
Emergency or (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a
planned entry pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/ (APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has
into unknown a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination
concentrations with an auxiliary self-contained breathing apparatus operated in pressure-demand or other positiveor IDLH
pressure mode
conditions:
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compund of concern / Any appropriate escape-type,
self-contained breathing apparatus

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End of service life indicator (ESLI) required


Return to Top of Page

APPENDIX F
MISCELLANEOUS NOTES
Benzene: The final OSHA Benzene standard in 1910.1028 applies to all occupational exposures to benzene
except some subsegments of industry where exposures are consistently under the action level (i.e., distribution
and sales of fuels, sealed containers and pipelines, coke production, oil and gas drilling and production, natural
gas processing, and the percentage exclusion for liquid mixtures); for the excepted subsegments, the benzene
limits in Table Z-2 apply (i.e., an 8-hour TWA of 10 ppm, an acceptable ceiling of 25 ppm, and 50 ppm for a
maximum duration of 10 minutes as an acceptable maximum peak above the acceptable ceiling).
Return to TOP of PAGE

APPENDIX G
1989 AIR CONTAMINANTS UPDATE PROJECT:
EXPOSURE LIMITS NOT IN EFFECT
Acetaldehyde

TWA 100 ppm (180 mg/m 3 )


ST 150 ppm (270 mg/m 3 )

Acetic anhydride

C 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )

Acetone

TWA 750 ppm (1800 mg/m 3 )


ST 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m 3 )

Acetonitrile

TWA 40 ppm (70 mg/m 3 )


ST 60 ppm (105 mg/m 3 )

Acetylsalicyclic acid

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Acrolein

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.25 mg/m 3 )


ST 0.3 ppm (0.8 mg/m 3 )

Acrylamide

TWA 0.03 mg/m 3 [skin]

Acrylic acid

TWA 10 ppm (30 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Allyl alcohol

TWA 2 ppm (5 mg/m 3 )


ST 4 ppm (10 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Allyl chloride

TWA 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )


ST 2 ppm (6 mg/m 3 )

Allyl glycidyl ether

TWA 5 ppm (22 mg/m 3 )


ST 10 ppm (44 mg/m 3 )

Allyl propyl disulfide

TWA 2 ppm (12 mg/m 3 )


ST 3 ppm (18 mg/m 3 )

alpha-Alumina

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

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Aluminum (pyro powders & welding fumes, as Al)

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Aluminum (soluble salts & alkyls, as Al)

TWA 2 mg/m 3

Amitrole

TWA 0.2 mg/m 3

Ammonia

ST 35 ppm (27 mg/m 3 )

Ammonium chloride fume

TWA 10 mg/m 3
ST 20 mg/m 3

Ammonium sulfamate

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Aniline (and homologs)

TWA 2 ppm (8 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Atrazine

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Barium sulfate

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Benomyl

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Benzenethiol

TWA 0.5 ppm (2 mg/m 3 )

Bismuth telluride (doped with selenium sulfide, as Bi2Te3)

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Borates, tetra, sodium salts (Anhydrous)

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Borates, tetra, sodium salts (Decahydrate)

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Borates, tetra, sodium salts (Pentahydrate)

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Boron oxide

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Boron tribromide

C 1 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )

Bromacil

TWA 1 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )

Bromine

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.7 mg/m 3 )


ST 0.3 ppm (2 mg/m 3 )

Bromine pentafluoride

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.7 mg/m 3 )

n-Butane

TWA 800 ppm (1900 mg/m 3 )

2-Butanone

TWA 200 ppm (590 mg/m 3 )


ST 300 ppm (885 mg/m 3 )

2-Butoxyethanol

TWA 25 ppm (120 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

n-Butyl acetate

TWA 150 ppm (710 mg/m 3 )


ST 200 ppm (950 mg/m 3 )

Butyl acrylate

TWA 10 ppm (55 mg/m 3 )

n-Butyl alcohol

C 50 ppm (150 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

sec-Butyl alcohol

TWA 100 ppm (305 mg/m 3 )

tert-Butyl alcohol

TWA 100 ppm (300 mg/m 3 )


ST 150 ppm (450 mg/m 3 )

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n-Butyl glycidyl ether

TWA 25 ppm (135 mg/m 3 )

n-Butyl lactate

TWA 5 ppm (25 mg/m 3 )

n-Butyl mercaptan

TWA 0.5 ppm (1.5 mg/m 3 )

o-sec-Butylphenol

TWA 5 ppm (30 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

p-tert-Butyltoluene

TWA 10 ppm (60 mg/m 3 )


ST 20 ppm (120 mg/m 3 )

Calcium cyanamide

TWA 0.5 mg/m 3


Dust:
TWA 1 mg/m 3
ST 3 mg/m 3

Caprolactam

Vapor:
TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )
ST 10 ppm (40 mg/m 3 )
Captafol

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3

Captan

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Carbofuran

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3

Carbon dioxide

TWA 10,000 ppm (18,000 mg/m 3 )


ST 30,000 ppm (54,000 mg/m 3 )

Carbon disulfide

TWA 4 ppm (12 mg/m 3 )


ST 12 ppm (36 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Carbon monoxide

TWA 35 ppm (40 mg/m 3 )


C 200 ppm (229 mg/m 3 )

Carbon tetrabromide

TWA 0.1 ppm (1.4 mg/m 3 )


ST 0.3 ppm (4 mg/m 3 )

Carbon tetrachloride

TWA 2 ppm (12.6 mg/m 3 )

Carbonyl fluoride

TWA 2 ppm (5 mg/m 3 )


ST 5 ppm (15 mg/m 3 )

Catechol

TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Cesium hydroxide

TWA 2 mg/m 3

Chlorinated camphene

TWA 0.5 mg/m 3


ST 1 mg/m 3 [skin]

Chlorine

TWA 0.5 ppm (1.5 mg/m 3 )


ST 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )

Chlorine dioxide

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.3 mg/m 3 )


ST 0.3 ppm (0.9 mg/m 3 )

Chloroacetyl chloride

TWA 0.05 ppm (0.2 mg/m 3 )

o-Chlorobenzylidene malononitrile

C 0.05 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

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Chlorodifluoromethane

TWA 1000 ppm (3500 mg/m 3 )

Chloroform

TWA 2 ppm (9.78 mg/m 3 )

1-Chloro-1-nitropropane

TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )

Chloropentafluoroethane

TWA 1000 ppm (6320 mg/m 3 )

beta-Chloroprene

TWA 10 ppm (35 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

o-Chlorostyrene

TWA 50 ppm (285 mg/m 3 )


ST 75 ppm (428 mg/m 3 )

o-Chlorotoluene

TWA 50 ppm (250 mg/m 3 )

Chlorpyrifos

TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 [skin]

Coal dust

TWA 2 mg/m 3 (<5% SiO2 )(resp dust)


TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 (>/= 5% SiO2 ) (resp quartz)

Cobalt metal dust & fume, as Co)

TWA 0.05 mg/m 3

Cobalt carbonyl (as Co)

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3

Cobalt hydrocarbonyl (as Co)

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3

Crag herbicide

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Crufomate

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Cyanamide

TWA 2 mg/m 3

Cyanogen

TWA 10 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )

Cyanogen chloride

C 0.3 ppm (0.6 mg/m 3 )

Cyclohexanol

TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Cyclohexanone

TWA 25 ppm (100 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Cyclohexylamine

TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m 3 )

Cyclonite

TWA 1.5 mg/m 3 [skin]

Cyclopentane

TWA 600 ppm (1720 mg/m 3 )

Cyhexatin

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Decaborane

TWA 0.3 mg/m 3 (0.05 ppm)


ST 0.9 mg/m 3 (0.15 ppm) [skin]

Diazinon

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

2-N-Dibutylaminoethanol

TWA 2 ppm (14 mg/m 3 )

Dibutyl phosphate

TWA 1 ppm (5 mg/m 3 )


ST 2 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )

Dichloroacetylene

C 0.1 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 )

p-Dichlorobenzene

TWA 75 ppm (450 mg/m 3 )


ST 110 ppm (675 mg/m 3 )

1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin

TWA 0.2 mg/m 3

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ST 0.4 mg/m 3
Dichloroethyl ether

TWA 5 ppm (30 mg/m 3 )


ST 10 ppm (60 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Dichloromonofluoromethane

TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m 3 )

1,1-Dichloro-1-nitroethane

TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )

1,3-Dichloropropene

TWA 1 ppm (5 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

2,2-Dichloropropionic acid

TWA 1 ppm (6 mg/m 3 )

Dicrotophos

TWA 0.25 mg/m 3 [skin]

Dicyclopentadiene

TWA 5 ppm (30 mg/m 3 )

Dicyclopentadienyl iron

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Diethanolamine

TWA 3 ppm (15 mg/m 3 )

Diethylamine

TWA 10 ppm (30 mg/m 3 )


ST 25 ppm (75 mg/m 3 )

Diethylenetriamine

TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m 3 )

Diethyl ketone

TWA 200 ppm (705 mg/m 3 )

Diethyl phthalate

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Diglycidyl ether

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.5 mg/m 3 )

Diisobutyl ketone

TWA 25 ppm (150 mg/m 3 )

N,N-Dimethylaniline

TWA 5 ppm (25 mg/m 3 )


ST 10 ppm (50 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Dimethyl-1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichlorethyl phosphate

TWA 3 mg/m 3 [skin]

Dimethyl sulfate

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.5 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Dinitolmide

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Di-sec octyl phthalate

TWA 5 mg/m 3
ST 10 mg/m 3

Dioxane

TWA 25 ppm (90 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Dioxathion

TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 [skin]

Diphenylamine

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Dipropylene glycol methyl ether

TWA 100 ppm (600 mg/m 3 )


ST 150 ppm (900 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Dipropyl ketone

TWA 50 ppm (235 mg/m 3 )

Diquat (Diquat dibromide)

TWA 0.5 mg/m 3

Disulfiram

TWA 2 mg/m 3

Disulfoton

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol

TWA 10 mg/m 3

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Diuron

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Divinyl benzene

TWA 10 ppm (50 mg/m 3 )

Emery

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Endosulfan

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

Epichlorohydrin

TWA 2 ppm (8 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Ethanolamine

TWA 3 ppm (8 mg/m 3 )


ST 6 ppm (15 mg/m 3 )

Ethion

0.4 mg/m 3 [skin]

Ethyl acrylate

TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )


ST 25 ppm (100 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Ethyl benzene

TWA 100 ppm (435 mg/m 3 )


ST 125 ppm (545 mg/m 3 )

Ethyl bromide

TWA 200 ppm (890 mg/m 3 )


ST 250 ppm (1110 mg/m 3 )

Ethylene chlorohydrin

C 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Ethylene dichloride

TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m 3 )


ST 2 ppm (8 mg/m 3 )

Ethylene glycol

C 50 ppm (125 mg/m 3 )

Ethylene glycol dinitrate

ST 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

Ethyl ether

TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m 3 )


ST 500 ppm (1500 mg/m 3 )

Ethylidene norbornene

C 5 ppm (25 mg/m 3 )

Ethyl mercaptan

TWA 0.5 ppm (1 mg/m 3 )

N-Ethylmorpholine

TWA 5 ppm (23 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Ethyl silicate

TWA 10 ppm (85 mg/m 3 )

Fenamiphos

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

Fensulfothion

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3

Fenthion

TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 [skin]

Ferbam

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Ferrovanadium dust

TWA 1 mg/m 3
ST 3 mg/m 3

Fluorotrichloromethane

C 1000 ppm (5600 mg/m 3 )

Fonofos

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

Formamide

TWA 20 ppm (30 mg/m 3 )


ST 30 ppm (45 mg/m 3 )

Furfural

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TWA 2 ppm (8 mg/m ) [skin]


Furfuryl alcohol

TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m 3 )


ST 15 ppm (60 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Gasoline

TWA 300 ppm (900 mg/m 3 )


ST 500 ppm (1500 mg/m 3 )

Germanium tetrahydride

TWA 0.2 ppm (0.6 mg/m 3 )

Glutaraldehyde

C 0.2 ppm (0.8 mg/m 3 )

Glycerin (mist)

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Glycidol

TWA 25 ppm (75 mg/m 3 )

Graphite (natural)

TWA 2.5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Graphite (synthetic)

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

n-Heptane

TWA 400 ppm (1600 mg/m 3 )


ST 500 ppm (2000 mg/m 3 )

Hexachlorobutadiene

TWA 0.02 ppm (0.24 mg/m 3 )

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene

TWA 0.01 ppm (0.1 mg/m 3 )

Hexafluoroacetone

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.7 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

n-Hexane

TWA 50 ppm (180 mg/m 3 )

Hexane isomers (except n-Hexane)

TWA 500 ppm (1800 mg/m 3 )


ST 1000 ppm (3600 mg/m 3 )

2-Hexanone

TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )

Hexone

TWA 50 ppm (205 mg/m 3 )


ST 75 ppm (300 mg/m 3 )

Hexylene glycol

C 25 ppm (125 mg/m 3 )

Hydrazine

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.1 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Hydrogenated terphenyls

TWA 0.5 ppm (5 mg/m 3 )

Hydrogen bromide

C 3 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )

Hydrogen cyanide

ST 4.7 ppm (5 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


TWA 3 ppm
ST 6 ppm

Hydrogen fluoride (as F)


Hydrogen sulfide

TWA 10 ppm (14 mg/m 3 )


ST 15 ppm (21 mg/m 3 )

2-Hydroxypropyl acrylate

TWA 0.5 ppm (3 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Indene

TWA 10 ppm (45 mg/m 3 )

Indium

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3

Iodoform

TWA 0.6 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )

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Iron pentacarbonyl (as Fe)

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.8 mg/m 3 )


ST 0.2 ppm (1.6 mg/m 3 )

Iron salts (soluble, as Fe)

TWA 1 mg/m 3

Isoamyl alcohol (primary & secondary)

TWA 100 ppm (360 mg/m 3 )


ST 125 ppm (450 mg/m 3 )

Isobutane

TWA 800 ppm (1900 mg/m 3 )

Isobutyl alcohol

TWA 50 ppm (150 mg/m 3 )

Isooctyl alcohol

TWA 50 ppm (270 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Isophorone
Isophorone diisocyanate

TWA 4 ppm (23 mg/m 3 )


TWA 0.005 ppm
ST 0.02 ppm [skin]

2-Isopropoxyethanol

TWA 25 ppm (105 mg/m 3 )

Isopropyl acetate

TWA 250 ppm (950 mg/m 3 )


ST 310 ppm (1185 mg/m 3 )

Isopropyl alcohol

TWA 400 ppm (980 mg/m 3 )


ST 500 ppm (1225 mg/m 3 )

Isopropylamine

TWA 5 ppm (12 mg/m 3 )


ST 10 ppm (24 mg/m 3 )

N-Isopropylaniline

TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Isopropyl glycidyl ether

TWA 50 ppm (240 mg/m 3 )


ST 75 ppm (360 mg/m 3 )

Kaolin

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Ketene

TWA 0.5 ppm (0.9 mg/m 3 )


ST 1.5 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )

Magnesium oxide fume

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Malathion

TWA 10 mg/m 3 [skin]


Compounds:
C 5 mg/m 3

Manganese compounds and fume (as Mn)

Fume:
TWA 1 mg/m 3
ST 3 mg/m 3
Manganese cyclopentadienyl tricarbonyl (as Mn)

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

Manganese tetroxide (as Mn)

TWA 1 mg/m 3

Mercury compounds, as Hg [except(organo) alkyls]


Hg Vapor

TWA 0.05 mg/m 3 [skin]

Non-alkyl compounds
Mercury (organo) alkyl compounds (as Hg)

C 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]


3

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TWA 0.01 mg/m


ST 0.03 mg/m 3 [skin]
Mesityl oxide

TWA 15 ppm (60 mg/m 3 )


ST 25 ppm (100 mg/m 3 )

Methacrylic acid

TWA 20 ppm (70 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Methomyl

TWA 2.5 mg/m 3

Methoxychlor

TWA 10 mg/m 3

4-Methoxyphenol

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Methyl acetate

TWA 200 ppm (610 mg/m 3 )


ST 250 ppm (760 mg/m 3 )

Methyl acetylene-propadiene mixture

TWA 1000 ppm (1800 mg/m 3 )


ST 1250 ppm (2250 mg/m 3 )

Methylacrylonitrile

TWA 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Methyl alcohol

TWA 200 ppm (260 mg/m 3 )


ST 250 ppm (325 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Methyl bromide

TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Methyl chloride

TWA 50 ppm (105 mg/m 3 )


ST 100 ppm (210 mg/m 3 )

Methyl chloroform

TWA 350 ppm (1900 mg/m 3 )


ST 450 ppm (2450 mg/m 3 )

Methyl-2-cyanoacrylate

TWA 2 ppm (8 mg/m 3 )


ST 4 ppm (16 mg/m 3 )

Methylcyclohexane

TWA 400 ppm (1600 mg/m 3 )

Methylcyclohexanol

TWA 50 ppm (235 mg/m 3 )

o-Methylcyclohexanone

TWA 50 ppm (230 mg/m 3 )


ST 75 ppm (345 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Methyl cyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (as Mn)

TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 [skin]

Methyl demeton

TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin]

4,4'-Methylenebis(2-chloroaniline)

TWA 0.02 ppm (0.22 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Methylene bis(4-cyclo-hexylisocyanate)

C 0.01 ppm (0.11 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide

C 0.7 ppm (5 mg/m 3 )

Methyl formate

TWA 100 ppm (250 mg/m 3 )


ST 150 ppm (375 mg/m 3 )

Methyl iodide

TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Methyl isoamyl ketone

TWA 50 ppm (240 mg/m 3 )

Methyl isobutyl carbinol

TWA 25 ppm (100 mg/m 3 )


ST 40 ppm (165 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

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Methyl isopropyl ketone

TWA 200 ppm (705 mg/m 3 )

Methyl mercaptan

TWA 0.5 ppm (1 mg/m 3 )

Methyl parathion

TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 [skin]

Methyl silicate

TWA 1 ppm (6 mg/m 3 )

alpha-Methyl styrene

TWA 50 ppm (240 mg/m 3 )


ST 100 ppm (485 mg/m 3 )

Metribuzin

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Mica

TWA 3 mg/m 3 (resp)

Molybdenum (insoluble compounds, as Mo)

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Monocrotophos

TWA 0.25 mg/m 3

Monomethyl aniline

TWA 0.5 ppm (2 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Morpholine

TWA 20 ppm (70 mg/m 3 )


ST 30 ppm (105 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Naphthalene

TWA 10 ppm (50 mg/m 3 )


ST 15 ppm (75 mg/m 3 )

Nickel metal & other compounds (as Ni)


Metal & insoluble compounds
Soluble compounds

TWA 1 mg/m 3
TWA 0.1 mg/m 3

Nitric acid

TWA 2 ppm (5 mg/m 3 )


ST 4 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )

p-Nitroaniline

TWA 3 mg/m 3 [skin]

Nitrogen dioxide

ST 1 ppm (1.8 mg/m 3 )

Nitroglycerine

ST 0.1 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

2-Nitropropane

TWA 10 ppm (35 mg/m 3 )

Nitrotoluene (o-, m-, p-isomers)

TWA 2 ppm (11 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Nonane

TWA 200 ppm (1050 mg/m 3 )

Octachloronaphthalene

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3


ST 0.3 mg/m 3 [skin]

Octane

TWA 300 ppm (1450 mg/m 3 )


ST 375 ppm (1800 mg/m 3 )

Osmium tetroxide (as Os)

TWA 0.002 mg/m 3 (0.0002 ppm)


ST 0.006 mg/m 3 (0.0006 ppm)

Oxalic acid

TWA 1 mg/m 3
ST 2 mg/m 3

Oxygen difluoride

C 0.05 ppm (0.1 mg/m 3 )

Ozone

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.2 mg/m 3 )


ST 0.3 ppm (0.6 mg/m 3 )

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NIOSH/Appendices to Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Paraffin wax fume

TWA 2 mg/m 3

Paraquat

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 (resp) [skin]

Pentaborane

TWA 0.005 ppm (0.01 mg/m 3 )


ST 0.015 ppm (0.03 mg/m 3 )

Pentaerythritol

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

n-Pentane

TWA 600 ppm (1800 mg/m 3 )


ST 750 ppm (2250 mg/m 3 )

2-Pentanone

TWA 200 ppm (700 mg/m 3 )


ST 250 ppm (875 mg/m 3 )

Perchloryl fluoride

TWA 3 ppm (14 mg/m 3 )


ST 6 ppm (28 mg/m 3 )

Petroleum distillates (naphtha)

TWA 400 ppm (1600 mg/m 3 )

Phenothiazine

TWA 5 mg/m 3 [skin]

Phenyl glycidyl ether

TWA 1 ppm (6 mg/m 3 )

Phenylhydrazine

TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )


ST 10 ppm (45 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Phenylphosphine

C 0.05 ppm (0.25 mg/m 3 )

Phorate

TWA 0.05 mg/m 3


ST 0.2 mg/m 3 [skin]

Phosdrin

TWA 0.01 ppm (0.1 mg/m 3 )


ST 0.03 ppm (0.3 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Phosphine

TWA 0.3 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 )


ST 1 ppm (1 mg/m 3 )

Phosphoric acid

TWA 1 mg/m 3
ST 3 mg/m 3

Phosphorus oxychloride

TWA 0.1 ppm (0.6 mg/m 3 )

Phosphorus pentasulfide

TWA 1 mg/m 3
ST 3 mg/m 3

Phosphorus trichloride

TWA 0.2 ppm (1.5 mg/m 3 )


ST 0.5 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )

Phthalic anhydride

TWA 6 mg/m 3 (1 ppm)

m-Phthalodinitrile

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Picloram

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Piperazine dihydrochloride

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Platinum metal (as Pt)

TWA 1 mg/m 3

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NIOSH/Appendices to Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Portland cement

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Potassium hydroxide

TWA 2 mg/m 3

Propargyl alcohol

TWA 1 ppm (2 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Propionic acid

TWA 10 ppm (30 mg/m 3 )

Propoxur

TWA 0.5 mg/m 3

n-Propyl acetate

TWA 200 ppm (840 mg/m 3 )


ST 250 ppm (1050 mg/m 3 )

n-Propyl alcohol

TWA 200 ppm (500 mg/m 3 )


ST 250 ppm (625 mg/m 3 )

Propylene dichloride

TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m 3 )


ST 110 ppm (510 mg/m 3 )

Propylene glycol dinitrate

TWA 0.05 ppm (0.3 mg/m 3 )

Propylene glycol monomethyl ether

TWA 100 ppm (360 mg/m 3 )


ST 150 ppm (540 mg/m 3 )

Propylene oxide

TWA 20 ppm (50 mg/m 3 )

n-Propyl nitrate

TWA 25 ppm (105 mg/m 3 )


ST 40 ppm (170 mg/m 3 )

Resorcinol

TWA 10 ppm (45 mg/m 3 )


ST 20 ppm (90 mg/m 3 )

Ronnel

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Rosin core solder, pyrolysis products (as formaldehyde)

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3

Rouge

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Silica, amorphous

TWA 6 mg/m 3
TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 (fused)

Silica, crystalline (as respirable dust)

TWA 0.05 mg/m 3 (cristobalite)


TWA 0.05 mg/m 3 (tridymite)
TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 (quartz)
TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 (tripoli)

Silicon

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Silicon carbide

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Silicon tetrahydride

TWA 5 ppm (7 mg/m 3 )

Soapstone

TWA 6 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 3 mg/m 3 (resp)
C 0.1 ppm (as HN 3 ) [skin]

Sodium azide

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NIOSH/Appendices to Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

C 0.3 mg/m 3 (as NaN 3 ) [skin]


Sodium bisulfite

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Sodium fluoroacetate

TWA 0.05 mg/m 3


ST 0.15 mg/m 3 [skin]

Sodium hydroxide

C 2 mg/m 3

Sodium metabisulfite

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Stoddard solvent

TWA 525 mg/m 3 (100 ppm)

Styrene

TWA 50 ppm (215 mg/m 3 )


ST 100 ppm (425 mg/m 3 )

Subtilisins

ST 0.00006 mg/m 3 [60-minute]

Sulfur dioxide

TWA 2 ppm (5 mg/m 3 )


ST 5 ppm (13 mg/m 3 )

Sulfur monochloride

C 1 ppm (6 mg/m 3 )

Sulfur pentafluoride

C 0.01 ppm (0.1 mg/m 3 )

Sulfur tetrafluoride

C 0.1 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 )

Sulfuryl fluoride

TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )


ST 10 ppm (40 mg/m 3 )

Sulprofos

TWA 1 mg/m 3

Talc

TWA 2 mg/m 3 (resp)

Temephos

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Terphenyl (o-, m-, p-isomers)

C 5 mg/m 3 (0.5 ppm)

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane

TWA 1 ppm (7 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Tetrachloroethylene

TWA 25 ppm (170 mg/m 3 )

Tetrahydrofuran

TWA 200 ppm (590 mg/m 3 )


ST 250 ppm (735 mg/m 3 )

Tetrasodium pyrophosphate

TWA 5 mg/m 3

4,4'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresol)

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Thioglycolic acid

TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Thionyl chloride

C 1 ppm (5 mg/m 3 )

Tin (organic compounds, as Sn)

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

Tin(II) oxide (as Sn)

TWA 2 mg/m 3

Tin(IV) oxide (as Sn)

TWA 2 mg/m 3

Titanium dioxide

TWA 10 mg/m 3

Toluene

TWA 100 ppm (375 mg/m 3 )

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NIOSH/Appendices to Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

ST 150 ppm (560 mg/m 3 )


Toluene-2,4-diisocyanate

TWA 0.005 ppm (0.04 mg/m 3 )


ST 0.02 ppm (0.15 mg/m 3 )

m-Toluidine

TWA 2 ppm (9 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

p-Toluidine

TWA 2 ppm (9 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Tributyl phosphate

TWA 0.2 ppm (2.5 mg/m 3 )

Trichloroacetic acid

TWA 1 ppm (7 mg/m 3 )

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene

C 5 ppm (40 mg/m 3 )

Trichloroethylene

TWA 50 ppm (270 mg/m 3 )


ST 200 ppm (1080 mg/m 3 )

1,2,3-Trichloropropane

TWA 10 ppm (60 mg/m 3 )

1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane

TWA 1000 ppm (7600 mg/m 3 )


ST 1250 ppm (9500 mg/m 3 )

Triethylamine

TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m 3 )


ST 15 ppm (60 mg/m 3 )

Trimellitic anhydride

TWA 0.005 ppm (0.04 mg/m 3 )

Trimethylamine

TWA 10 ppm (24 mg/m 3 )


ST 15 ppm (36 mg/m 3 )

1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene

TWA 25 ppm (125 mg/m 3 )

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene

TWA 25 ppm (125 mg/m 3 )

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene

TWA 25 ppm (125 mg/m 3 )

Trimethyl phosphite

TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )

2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene

TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin]

Triorthocresyl phosphate

TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

Triphenylamine

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Tungsten (insoluble compounds, as W)

TWA 5 mg/m 3
ST 10 mg/m 3

Tungsten (soluble compounds, as W)

TWA 1 mg/m 3
ST 3 mg/m 3

Tungsten carbide (cemented)

TWA 5 mg/m 3 (as W)


ST 10 mg/m 3 (as W)
TWA 0.05 mg/m 3 (as Co)
TWA 1 mg/m 3 (as Ni)

Uranium (insoluble compounds, as U)

TWA 0.2 mg/m 3


ST 0.6 mg/m 3

n-Valeraldehyde

TWA 50 ppm (175 mg/m 3 )

Vanadium dust

TWA 0.05 mg V2 O5 /m3 (resp)

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NIOSH/Appendices to Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Vanadium fume

C 0.05 mg V2 O5 /m3

Vinyl acetate

TWA 10 ppm (30 mg/m 3 )


ST 20 ppm (60 mg/m 3 )

Vinyl bromide

TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )

Vinyl cyclohexene dioxide

TWA 10 ppm (60 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Vinylidene chloride

TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m 3 )

VM & P Naphtha

TWA 1350 mg/m 3 (300 ppm)


ST 1800 mg/m 3 (400 ppm)

Welding fumes

TWA 5 mg/m 3

Wood dust (all wood dusts except Western red cedar)

TWA 5 mg/m 3
ST 10 mg/m 3

Wood dust (Western red cedar)

TWA 2.5 mg/m 3

Xylene (o-, m-, p-isomers)

TWA 100 ppm (435 mg/m 3 )


ST 150 ppm (655 mg/m 3 )

m-Xylene alpha, alpha'-diamine

C 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

Xylidine

TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m 3 ) [skin]

Zinc chloride fume

TWA 1 mg/m 3
ST 2 mg/m 3

Zinc oxide

TWA 5 mg/m 3 (fume)


ST 10 mg/m 3 (fume)
TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total dust)
TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp dust)

Zinc stearate

TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total)


TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

Zirconium compounds (as Zr)

TWA 5 mg/m 3
ST 10 mg/m 3
Return to TOP of PAGE

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NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


INDEX of Chemical Names and Synonyms
GUIDE
0017
0007
0007
0019
0030
0429
0014
0037*
0514
0589
0010
0001*
0007
0002*
0002
0003
0001
0003*
0260
0260
0003
0004*
0005*
0006*
0665
0010
0010
0656
0610
0003
0424
0007*
0008*
0102
0195
0195
0195
0009*
0598
0010*
0011
0013
0011*
0011
0012*
0012
0013*
0011
0012
0014*
0014
0041
0041
0307
0015*
0262
0016*
0492
0017*
0011

CHEMICAL NAME
AA
AAF
2-AAF
AGE
AMS
AMS
AN
ANTU
ATCP
Abate
Acetal
Acetaldehyde
2-Acetaminofluorene
Acetic acid
Acetic acid (aqueous)
Acetic acid anhydride
Acetic aldehyde
Acetic anhydride
Acetic ester
Acetic ether
Acetic oxide
Acetone
Acetone cyanohydrin
Acetonitrile
3-(alpha-Acetonyl)-benzyl-4-hydroxycouma
2-Acetoxybenzoic acid
o-Acetoxybenzoic acid
1-Acetoxyethylene
Acetyl mercaptan
Acetyl oxide
2-Acetyl propane
2-Acetylaminofluorene
Acetylene
Acetylene black
Acetylene dichloride
cis-Acetylene dichloride
trans-Acetylene dichloride
Acetylene tetrabromide
Acetylene tetrachloride
Acetylsalicyclic acid
Acraldehyde
Acroleic acid
Acrolein
Acrylaldehyde
Acrylamide
Acrylamide monomer
Acrylic acid
Acrylic aldehyde
Acrylic amide
Acrylonitrile
Acrylonitrile monomer
Actinolite
Actinolite asbestos
Activated carbon
Adiponitrile
Alcohol
Aldrin
Aliphatic petroleum naphtha
Allyl alcohol
Allyl aldehyde

CAS NO
107-18-6
53-96-3
53-96-3
106-92-3
7773-06-0
98-83-9
107-13-1
86-88-4
1918-02-1
3383-96-8
50-78-2
75-07-0
53-96-3
64-19-7
64-19-7
108-24-7
75-07-0
108-24-7
141-78-6
141-78-6
108-24-7
67-64-1
75-86-5
75-05-8
81-81-2
50-78-2
50-78-2
108-05-4
68-11-1
108-24-7
563-80-4
53-96-3
74-86-2
1333-86-4
540-59-0
540-59-0
540-59-0
79-27-6
79-34-5
50-78-2
107-02-8
79-10-7
107-02-8
107-02-8
79-06-1
79-06-1
79-10-7
107-02-8
79-06-1
107-13-1
107-13-1
1332-21-4
1332-21-4
7440-44-0
111-69-3
64-17-5
309-00-2
8002-05-9
107-18-6
107-02-8

RTECS NO
BA5075000
AB9450000
AB9450000
RR0875000
WO6125000
WL5075300
AT5250000
YT9275000
TJ7525000
TF6890000
VO0700000
AB1925000
AB9450000
AF1225000
AF1225000
AK1925000
AB1925000
AK1925000
AH5425000
AH5425000
AK1925000
AL3150000
OD9275000
AL7700000
GN4550000
VO0700000
VO0700000
AK0875000
AI5950000
AK1925000
EL9100000
AB9450000
AO9600000
FF5800000
KV9360000
KV9360000
KV9360000
KI8225000
KI8575000
VO0700000
AS1050000
AS4375000
AS1050000
AS1050000
AS3325000
AS3325000
AS4375000
AS1050000
AS3325000
AT5250000
AT5250000
CI6475000
CI6475000
FF5250100
AV2625000
KQ6300000
IO2100000
SE7449000
BA5075000
AS1050000

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NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0018*
0019*
0020*
0631
0392
0017
0019
0021
0021*
0022
0022*
0023*
0024*
0022
0250
0021
0022
0250
0021
0160
0027
0027
0623
0514
0514
0430
0495
0035
0034
0033
0025
0025
0079
0097
0168
0672
0025
0025*
0263
0256
0256
0211
0274
0168
0398
0671
0441
0442
0449
0623
0360
0026*
0026
0624
0623
0622
0622
0027
0027
0672
0027*
0030
0028*
0030
0029
0029*
0029
0030*
0041
0031*
0032*
0031
0031
0652

Allyl chloride
Allyl glycidyl ether
Allyl propyl disulfide
Allyl trichloride
Allylene
Allylic alcohol
1-Allyloxy-2,3-epoxypropane
Alumina
alpha-Alumina
Aluminium
Aluminum
Aluminum (pyro powders and welding fumes
Aluminum (soluble salts and alkyls, as A
Aluminum metal
Aluminum oxide
Aluminum oxide
Aluminum powder
Aluminum trioxide
Aluminum trioxide
Amidocyanogen
3-Amino-1,2,4-triazole
2-Amino-1,3,4-triazole
3-Amino-1-methylbenzene
4-Amino-3,5,6-trichloro-2-picolinic acid
4-Amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid
4-Amino-6-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-3-(methylt
4-Aminoaniline
para-Aminoanisole
ortho-Aminoanisole
Aminobenzene
p-Aminobiphenyl
4-Aminobiphenyl
1-Aminobutane
Aminocaproic lactam
Aminocyclohexane
Aminodimethylbenzene
p-Aminodiphenyl
4-Aminodiphenyl
Aminoethane
2-Aminoethanol
beta-Aminoethyl alcohol
bis(2-Aminoethyl)amine
Aminoethylene
Aminohexahydrobenzene
Aminomethane
1,3-bis(Aminomethyl)benzene
1-Aminonaphthalene
2-Aminonaphthalene
para-Aminonitrobenzene
1-Aminophenylmethane
2-Aminopropane
2-Aminopyridine
alpha-Aminopyridine
4-Aminotoluene
m-Aminotoluene
o-Aminotoluene
2-Aminotoluene
Aminotriazole
3-Aminotriazole
Aminoxylene
Amitrole
Ammate herbicide
Ammonia
Ammonium amidosulfonate
Ammonium chloride
Ammonium chloride fume
Ammonium muriate fume
Ammonium sulfamate
Amosite (cummingtonite-grunerite)
n-Amyl acetate
sec-Amyl acetate
Amyl acetic ester
Amyl acetic ether
Amyl aldehyde

107-05-1
106-92-3
2179-59-1
96-18-4
74-99-7
107-18-6
106-92-3
1344-28-1
1344-28-1
7429-90-5
7429-90-5

UC7350000
RR0875000
JO0350000
TZ9275000
UK4250000
BA5075000
RR0875000
BD1200000
BD1200000
BD0330000
BD0330000

7429-90-5
1302-74-5
1344-28-1
7429-90-5
1302-74-5
1344-28-1
420-04-2
61-82-5
61-82-5
108-44-1
1918-02-1
1918-02-1
21087-64-9
106-50-3
104-94-9
90-04-0
62-53-3
92-67-1
92-67-1
109-73-9
105-60-2
108-91-8
1300-73-8
92-67-1
92-67-1
75-04-7
141-43-5
141-43-5
111-40-0
151-56-4
108-91-8
74-89-5
1477-55-0
134-32-7
91-59-8
100-01-6
108-44-1
75-31-0
504-29-0
504-29-0
106-49-0
108-44-1
95-53-4
95-53-4
61-82-5
61-82-5
1300-73-8
61-82-5
7773-06-0
7664-41-7
7773-06-0
12125-02-9
12125-02-9
12125-02-9
7773-06-0
1332-21-4
628-63-7
626-38-0
628-63-7
628-63-7
110-62-3

BD0330000
GN0231000
BD1200000
BD0330000
GN0231000
BD1200000
GS5950000
XZ3850000
XZ3850000
XU2800000
TJ7525000
TJ7525000
XZ2990000
SS8050000
BZ5450000
BZ5410000
BW6650000
DU8925000
DU8925000
EO2975000
CM3675000
GX0700000
ZE8575000
DU8925000
DU8925000
KH2100000
KJ5775000
KJ5775000
IE1225000
KX5075000
GX0700000
PF6300000
PF8970000
QM1400000
QM2100000
BY7000000
XU2800000
NT8400000
US1575000
US1575000
XU3150000
XU2800000
XU2975000
XU2975000
XZ3850000
XZ3850000
ZE8575000
XZ3850000
WO6125000
BO0875000
WO6125000
BP4550000
BP4550000
BP4550000
WO6125000
CI6475000
AJ1925000
AJ2100000
AJ1925000
AJ1925000
YV3600000

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NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0418
0487
0487
0399
0399
0487
0028
0057
0095
0095
0331
0332
0334
0095
0033*
0033
0240
0500
0035
0035*
0034*
0034
0165
0166
0244
0041
0041
0144
0036*
0568
0036
0036
0568
0531
0028
0447
0013
0028
0331
0332
0334
0557
0125
0126
0038*
0040
0040
0039*
0040
0040
0040*
0047
0041*
0042*
0042
0010
0638
0194
0043*
0587
0541
0560
0182
0541
0044*
0274
0274
0560
0182
0427

GUIDE

Amyl ethyl ketone


541-85-5
Amyl hydrosulfide
110-66-7
Amyl mercaptan
110-66-7
Amyl methyl ketone
110-43-0
n-Amyl methyl ketone
110-43-0
Amyl sulfhydrate
110-66-7
Anhydrous ammonia
7664-41-7
Anhydrous borax
1330-43-4
Anhydrous calcium sulfate
7778-18-9
Anhydrous gypsum
7778-18-9
Anhydrous hydrogen bromide
10035-10-6
Anhydrous hydrogen chloride
7647-01-0
Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride
7664-39-3
Anhydrous sulfate of lime
7778-18-9
Aniline (and homologs)
62-53-3
Aniline oil
62-53-3
Anilinobenzene
122-39-4
2-Anilinonaphthalene
135-88-6
4-Anisidine
104-94-9
p-Anisidine
104-94-9
o-Anisidine
90-04-0
2-Anisidine
90-04-0
Anol
108-93-0
Anone
108-94-1
Antabuse
97-77-8
Anthophyllite
1332-21-4
Anthophyllite asbestos
1332-21-4
Anthracite coal dust
Antimony
7440-36-0
Antimony hydride
7803-52-3
Antimony metal
7440-36-0
Antimony powder
7440-36-0
Antimony trihydride
7803-52-3
Aprocarb
114-26-1
Aqua ammonia
7664-41-7
Aqua fortis
7697-37-2
Aqueous acrylic acid (technical grade is 79-10-7
Aqueous ammonia
7664-41-7
Aqueous hydrogen bromide (i.e.
10035-10-6
Aqueous hydrogen chloride (i.e.
7647-01-0
Aqueous hydrogen fluoride (i.e.
7664-39-3
Argentum
7440-22-4
Aroclor 1242
53469-21-9
Aroclor 1254
11097-69-1
Arsenic (inorganic compounds, as As)
7440-38-2
Arsenic hydride
7784-42-1
Arsenic trihydride
7784-42-1
Arsenic, organic compounds (as As)
Arseniuretted hydrogen
7784-42-1
Arsenous hydride
7784-42-1
Arsine
7784-42-1
Artificial barite
7727-43-7
Asbestos
1332-21-4
Asphalt fumes
8052-42-4
Asphalt: Asphaltum
8052-42-4
Aspirin
50-78-2
Assymetrical trimethylbenzene
95-63-6
Asymmetrical dichloroethane
75-34-3
Atrazine
1912-24-9
Aurum paradoxum
13494-80-9
Azabenzene
110-86-1
Azide
26628-22-8
Azimethylene
334-88-3
Azine
110-86-1
Azinphos-methyl
86-50-0
Azirane
151-56-4
Aziridine
151-56-4
Azium
26628-22-8
Azomethylene
334-88-3
Azophos
298-00-0

CHEMICAL NAME

CAS NO

MJ7350000
SA3150000
SA3150000
MJ5075000
MJ5075000
SA3150000
BO0875000
ED4588000
WS6920000
WS6920000
MW3850000
MW4025000
MW7875000
WS6920000
BW6650000
BW6650000
JJ7800000
QM4550000
BZ5450000
BZ5450000
BZ5410000
BZ5410000
GV7875000
GW1050000
JO1225000
CI6475000
CI6475000
GF8281000
CC4025000
WJ0700000
CC4025000
CC4025000
WJ0700000
FC3150000
BO0875000
QU5775000
AS4375000
BO0875000
MW3850000
MW4025000
MW7875000
VW3500000
TQ1356000
TQ1360000
CG0525000
CG6475000
CG6475000
CG6475000
CG6475000
CG6475000
CR0600000
CI6475000
CI9900000
CI9900000
VO0700000
DC3325000
KI0175000
XY5600000
WY2625000
UR8400000
VY8050000
PA7000000
UR8400000
TE1925000
KX5075000
KX5075000
VY8050000
PA7000000
TG0175000

RTECS NO

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0128
0081
0370
0246
0528
0415
0572
0572
0572
0347
0047
0045*
0045
0046
0046*
0046
0047
0047*
0046
0047
0181
0577
0285
0574
0048*
0033
0049*
0121
0163
0167
0495
0513
0512
0671
0543
0109
0338
0543
0109
0338
0050*
0635
0051*
0051
0251
0049
0052
0542
0542
0052*
0053*
0054*
0051
0204
0203
0067
0431
0239
0051
0051
0056
0056
0055*
0056*
0056
0042
0144
0067
0151
0306
0586
0582
0057*
0058*

BCME
BGE
BHC
BHT
BPL
para
Bacillus subtilis
Bacillus subtilis BPN
Bacillus subtilis Carlsburg
Banana oil
Barite
Barium chloride (as Ba)
Barium dichloride
Barium dinitrate
Barium nitrate (as Ba)
Barium salt of nitric acid
Barium salt of sulfuric acid
Barium sulfate
Barium(II) nitrate (1:2)
Barytes (natural)
Basudin
Battery acid
Baytex
Beet sugar
Benomyl
Benzenamine
Benzene
Benzene chloride
Benzene hexahydride
Benzene tetrahydride
1,4-Benzenediamine
1,3-Benzenedicarbonitrile
1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic anhydride
1,3-Benzenedimethanamine
m-Benzenediol
o-Benzenediol
p-Benzenediol
1,3-Benzenediol
1,2-Benzenediol
1,4-Benzenediol
Benzenethiol
1,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic anhydride
Benzidine
Benzidine-based dyes
Benzoepin
Benzol
Benzoperoxide
p-Benzoquinone
1,4-Benzoquinone
Benzoyl peroxide
Benzyl chloride
Beryllium & beryllium compounds (as Be)
4,4'-Bianiline
Bicyclopentadiene
Bidrin
Biethylene
Biotite
Biphenyl
1,1'-Biphenyl-4,4'-diamine
4,4'-Biphenyldiamine
Bismuth sesquitelluride
Bismuth telluride
Bismuth telluride, doped with Selenium s
Bismuth telluride, undoped
Bismuth tritelluride
Bitumen (European term)
Bituminous coal dust
Bivinyl
Black copper oxide fume
Black lead
Bladafum
Bolstar
Borates, tetra, sodium salts (Anhydrous)
Borates, tetra, sodium salts (Decahydrat

542-88-1
2426-08-6
58-89-9
128-37-0
57-57-8
101-77-9
1395-21-7
1395-21-7
1395-21-7
123-92-2
7727-43-7
10361-37-2
10361-37-2
10022-31-8
10022-31-8
10022-31-8
7727-43-7
7727-43-7
10022-31-8
7727-43-7
333-41-5
7664-93-9
55-38-9
57-50-1
17804-35-2
62-53-3
71-43-2
108-90-7
110-82-7
110-83-8
106-50-3
626-17-5
85-44-9
1477-55-0
108-46-3
120-80-9
123-31-9
108-46-3
120-80-9
123-31-9
108-98-5
552-30-7
92-87-5
92-87-5
115-29-7
71-43-2
94-36-0
106-51-4
106-51-4
94-36-0
100-44-7
7440-41-7
92-87-5
77-73-6
141-66-2
106-99-0
12001-26-2
92-52-4
92-87-5
92-87-5
1304-82-1
1304-82-1

KN1575000
TX4200000
GV4900000
GO7875000
RQ7350000
BY5425000
CO9450000
CO9450000
CO9450000
NS9800000
CR0600000
CQ8750000
CQ8750000
CQ9625000
CQ9625000
CQ9625000
CR0600000
CR0600000
CQ9625000
CR0600000
TF3325000
WS5600000
TF9625000
WN6500000
DD6475000
BW6650000
CY1400000
CZ0175000
GU6300000
GW2500000
SS8050000
CZ1900000
TI3150000
PF8970000
VG9625000
UX1050000
MX3500000
VG9625000
UX1050000
MX3500000
DC0525000
DC2050000
DC9625000
DC9625000
RB9275000
CY1400000
DM8575000
DK2625000
DK2625000
DM8575000
XS8925000
DS1750000
DC9625000
PC1050000
TC3850000
EI9275000
VV8760000
DU8050000
DC9625000
DC9625000
EB3110000
EB3110000

1304-82-1
1304-82-1
8052-42-4

EB3110000
EB3110000
CI9900000
GF8281000
EI9275000
GL7900000
MD9659600
XN4375000
TE4165000
ED4588000
VZ2275000

106-99-0
1317-38-0
7782-42-5
3689-24-5
35400-43-2
1330-43-4
1303-96-4

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0059*
0058
0058
0057
0059
0060
0060
0183
0061
0062
0183
0060*
0061*
0062*
0060
0372
0524
0063*
0064*
0065
0065*
0310
0310
0063
0063
0123
0265
0657
0657
0066*
0400
0634
0093
0093
0067
0067*
0068*
0068
0573
0086
0083
0083
0083
0076
0076
0077
0069*
0416
0157
0376
0070*
0071*
0071
0220
0075
0070
0071
0072
0072*
0073*
0074*
0075*
0075
0076
0076*
0077*
0078*
0080*
0082
0072
0073
0074
0075
0080

Borates, tetra, sodium salts (Pentahydra


Borax
Borax decahydrate
Borax dehydrated
Borax pentahydrate
Boric anhydride
Boric oxide
Boroethane
Boron bromide
Boron fluoride
Boron hydride
Boron oxide
Boron tribromide
Boron trifluoride
Boron trioxide
Bottled gas
Bottled gas
Bromacil
Bromine
Bromine fluoride
Bromine pentafluoride
1-Bromo-1-chloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane
2-Bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane
5-Bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methyluracil
5-Bromo-6-methyl-3-(1-methylpropyl)uraci
Bromochloromethane
Bromoethane
Bromoethene
Bromoethylene
Bromoform
Bromomethane
Bromotrifluoromethane
Burned lime
Burnt lime
Butadiene
1,3-Butadiene
n-Butane
normal-Butane
Butanedinitrile
Butanenitrile
Butanethiol
1-Butanethiol
n-Butanethiol
1-Butanol
n-Butanol
2-Butanol
2-Butanone
2-Butanone peroxide
2-Butenal
cis-Butenedioic anhydride
2-Butoxyethanol
2-Butoxyethanol acetate
2-Butoxyethyl acetate
Butter yellow
Butyl 2-propenoate
Butyl Cellosolve
Butyl Cellosolve acetate
Butyl acetate
n-Butyl acetate
sec-Butyl acetate
tert-Butyl acetate
Butyl acrylate
n-Butyl acrylate
Butyl alcohol
n-Butyl alcohol
sec-Butyl alcohol
tert-Butyl alcohol
tert-Butyl chromate
Butyl ester of 2-hydroxypropanoic acid
n-Butyl ester of acetic acid
sec-Butyl ester of acetic acid
tert-Butyl ester of acetic acid
Butyl ester of acrylic acid
di-tert-Butyl ester of chromic acid

12179-04-3
1303-96-4
1303-96-4
1330-43-4
12179-04-3
1303-86-2
1303-86-2
19287-45-7
10294-33-4
7637-07-2
19287-45-7
1303-86-2
10294-33-4
7637-07-2
1303-86-2
68476-85-7
74-98-6
314-40-9
7726-95-6
7789-30-2
7789-30-2
151-67-7
151-67-7
314-40-9
314-40-9
74-97-5
74-96-4
593-60-2
593-60-2
75-25-2
74-83-9
75-63-8
1305-78-8
1305-78-8
106-99-0
106-99-0
106-97-8
106-97-8
110-61-2
109-74-0
109-79-5
109-79-5
109-79-5
71-36-3
71-36-3
78-92-2
78-93-3
1338-23-4
4170-30-3
108-31-6
111-76-2
112-07-2
112-07-2
60-11-7
141-32-2
111-76-2
112-07-2
123-86-4
123-86-4
105-46-4
540-88-5
141-32-2
141-32-2
71-36-3
71-36-3
78-92-2
75-65-0
1189-85-1
138-22-7
123-86-4
105-46-4
540-88-5
141-32-2
1189-85-1

VZ2275000
VZ2275000
ED4588000
ED7900000
ED7900000
HQ9275000
ED7400000
ED2275000
HQ9275000
ED7900000
ED7400000
ED2275000
ED7900000
SE7545000
TX2275000
YQ9100000
EF9100000
EF9350000
EF9350000
KH6550000
KH6550000
YQ9100000
YQ9100000
PA5250000
KH6475000
KU8400000
KU8400000
PB5600000
PA4900000
PA5425000
EW3100000
EW3100000
EI9275000
EI9275000
EJ4200000
EJ4200000
WN3850000
ET8750000
EK6300000
EK6300000
EK6300000
EO1400000
EO1400000
EO1750000
EL6475000
EL9450000
GP9499000
ON3675000
KJ8575000
KJ8925000
KJ8925000
BX7350000
UD3150000
KJ8575000
KJ8925000
AF7350000
AF7350000
AF7380000
AF7400000
UD3150000
UD3150000
EO1400000
EO1400000
EO1750000
EO1925000
GB2900000
OD4025000
AF7350000
AF7380000
AF7400000
UD3150000
GB2900000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0082
0072
0266
0081*
0071
0068
0082
0082*
0083*
0325
0070
0625
0516
0158
0079
0079*
0246
0077
0084*
0084
0085
0085*
0242
0086
0086*

GUIDE
0123
0123
0632
0409
0128
0129
0122
0087*
0088*
0088
0089*
0091
0090*
0369
0382
0091*
0092
0094
0092*
0094
0094
0093*
0089
0090
0094
0095
0094*
0095*
0518
0308
0096
0096*
0574
0097*
0097
0098*
0099*
0099
0098
0295
0100*
0203
0160
0397
0160

Butyl ester of lactic acid


138-22-7
Butyl ethanoate
123-86-4
Butyl ethyl ketone
106-35-4
n-Butyl glycidyl ether
2426-08-6
Butyl glycol acetate
112-07-2
Butyl hydride
106-97-8
Butyl lactate
138-22-7
n-Butyl lactate
138-22-7
n-Butyl mercaptan
109-79-5
Butyl methyl ketone
591-78-6
Butyl oxitol
111-76-2
Butyl phosphate
126-73-8
tert-Butyl valone
83-26-1
4-t-Butyl-2-chlorophenylmethyl methylpho 299-86-5
Butylamine
109-73-9
n-Butylamine
109-73-9
Butylated hydroxytoluene
128-37-0
Butylene hydrate
78-92-2
o-sec-Butylphenol
89-72-5
2-sec-Butylphenol
89-72-5
4-tert-Butyltoluene
98-51-1
p-tert-Butyltoluene
98-51-1
Butyrone
123-19-3
Butyronitrile
109-74-0
n-Butyronitrile
109-74-0

CHEMICAL NAME
CB
CBM
CFC-113
CI-2
bis-CME
CMME
CS
Cadmium dust (as Cd)
Cadmium fume (as Cd)
Cadmium monoxide
Calcium arsenate (as As)
Calcium carbimide
Calcium carbonate
Calcium carbonate
Calcium carbonate
Calcium cyanamide
Calcium hydrate
Calcium hydrosilicate
Calcium hydroxide
Calcium metasilicate
Calcium monosilicate
Calcium oxide
Calcium salt (2:3) of arsenic acid
Calcium salt of carbonic acid
Calcium salt of silicic acid
Calcium salt of sulfuric acid
Calcium silicate
Calcium sulfate
Calcium sulfate hemihydrate
Calcium(II) sulfate dihydrate
2-Camphonone
Camphor (synthetic)
Cane sugar
Caprolactam
epsilon-Caprolactam
Captafol
Captan
Captane
Captofol
Carbamaldehyde
Carbaryl
Carbicron
Carbimide
Carbinol
Carbodiimide

CAS NO
74-97-5
74-97-5
76-13-1
12108-13-3
542-88-1
107-30-2
2698-41-1
7440-43-9 (
1306-19-0
1306-19-0
7778-44-1
156-62-7
1317-65-3
1317-65-3
1317-65-3
156-62-7
1305-62-0
1344-95-2
1305-62-0
1344-95-2
1344-95-2
1305-78-8
7778-44-1
1317-65-3
1344-95-2
7778-18-9
1344-95-2
7778-18-9
26499-65-0
13397-24-5
76-22-2
76-22-2
57-50-1
105-60-2
105-60-2
2425-06-1
133-06-2
133-06-2
2425-06-1
75-12-7
63-25-2
141-66-2
420-04-2
67-56-1
420-04-2

OD4025000
AF7350000
MJ5250000
TX4200000
KJ8925000
EJ4200000
OD4025000
OD4025000
EK6300000
MP1400000
KJ8575000
TC7700000
NK6300000
TB3850000
EO2975000
EO2975000
GO7875000
EO1750000
SJ8920000
SJ8920000
XS8400000
XS8400000
MJ5600000
ET8750000
ET8750000

RTECS NO
PA5250000
PA5250000
KJ4000000
OP1450000
KN1575000
KN6650000
OO3675000
EU9800000
EV1930000
EV1930000
CG0830000
GS6000000
EV9580000
EV9580000
EV9580000
GS6000000
EW2800000
VV9150000
EW2800000
VV9150000
VV9150000
EW3100000
CG0830000
EV9580000
VV9150000
WS6920000
VV9150000
WS6920000
TP0700000
MG2360000
EX1225000
EX1225000
WN6500000
CM3675000
CM3675000
GS4900000
GW5075000
GW5075000
GS4900000
LQ0525000
FC5950000
TC3850000
GS5950000
PC1400000
GS5950000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0101*
0493
0367
0503
0104
0102*
0106
0107
0108
0103*
0104*
0108
0316
0105*
0161
0105
0504
0108
0555
0107
0106*
0107*
0373
0103
0504
0504
0108
0108*
0147
0555
0529
0635
0109*
0092
0523
0565
0258
0259
0110*
0309
0521
0647
0647
0111
0111*
0111
0318
0102
0364
0162
0112
0112*
0112
0365
0113*
0114*
0115*
0162
0116*
0117
0490
0116
0490
0116
0117*
0253
0133
0253
0135
0130*
0184
0254
0134
0135

Carbofuran
Carbolic acid
Carbomethene
2-Carbomethoxy-1-methylvinyl dimethyl ph
Carbon bisulfide
Carbon black
Carbon bromide
Carbon chloride
Carbon difluoride oxide
Carbon dioxide
Carbon disulfide
Carbon fluoride oxide
Carbon hexachloride
Carbon monoxide
Carbon nitride
Carbon oxide
Carbon oxychloride
Carbon oxyfluoride
Carbon silicide
Carbon tet
Carbon tetrabromide
Carbon tetrachloride
Carbonate magnesium
Carbonic acid gas
Carbonyl chloride
Carbonyl dichloride
Carbonyl difluoride
Carbonyl fluoride
di-mu-Carbonylhexacarbonyldicobalt
Carborundum
Carboxyethane
4-Carboxyphthalic anhydride
Catechol
Caustic lime
Caustic potash
Caustic soda
Cellosolve
Cellosolve acetate
Cellulose
Celtium
Cement
Cemented WC
Cemented tungsten carbide
Cesium hydrate
Cesium hydroxide
Cesium hydroxide dimer
Cetyl mercaptan
Channel black
China clay
Chlorcyan
Chlordan
Chlordane
Chlordano
Chlordecone
Chlorinated camphene
Chlorinated diphenyl oxide
Chlorine
Chlorine cyanide
Chlorine dioxide
Chlorine fluoride
Chlorine fluoride oxide
Chlorine oxide
Chlorine oxyfluoride
Chlorine peroxide
Chlorine trifluoride
2-Chloro-1,1,2-trifluoroethyl difluorome
2-Chloro-1,3-butadiene
2-Chloro-1-(difluoromethoxy)-1,1,2-trifl
2-Chloro-1-methylbenzene
1-Chloro-1-nitropropane
1-Chloro-2,3-dibromopropane
1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane
1-Chloro-2-ethenylbenzene
1-Chloro-2-methylbenzene

1563-66-2
108-95-2
463-51-4
7786-34-7
75-15-0
1333-86-4
558-13-4
56-23-5
353-50-4
124-38-9
75-15-0
353-50-4
67-72-1
630-08-0
460-19-5
630-08-0
75-44-5
353-50-4
409-21-2
56-23-5
558-13-4
56-23-5
546-93-0
124-38-9
75-44-5
75-44-5
353-50-4
353-50-4
10210-68-1
409-21-2
79-09-4
552-30-7
120-80-9
1305-62-0
1310-58-3
1310-73-2
110-80-5
111-15-9
9004-34-6
7440-58-6
65997-15-1
11107-01-0
11107-01-0
21351-79-1
21351-79-1
21351-79-1
2917-26-2
1333-86-4
1332-58-7
506-77-4
57-74-9
57-74-9
57-74-9
143-50-0
8001-35-2

FB9450000
SJ3325000
OA7700000
GQ5250000
FF6650000
FF5800000
FG4725000
FG4900000
FG6125000
FF6400000
FF6650000
FG6125000
KI4025000
FG3500000
GT1925000
FG3500000
SY5600000
FG6125000
VW0450000
FG4900000
FG4725000
FG4900000
OM2470000
FF6400000
SY5600000
SY5600000
FG6125000
FG6125000
GG0300000
VW0450000
UE5950000
DC2050000
UX1050000
EW2800000
TT2100000
WB4900000
KK8050000
KK8225000
FJ5691460
MG4600000
VV8770000
Y07350000
Y07350000
FK9800000
FK9800000
FK9800000

7782-50-5
506-77-4
10049-04-4
7790-91-2
7616-94-6
10049-04-4
7616-94-6
10049-04-4
7790-91-2
13838-16-9
126-99-8
13838-16-9
95-49-8
600-25-9
96-12-8
106-89-8
2039-87-4
95-49-8

FO2100000
GT2275000
FO3000000
FO2800000
SD1925000
FO3000000
SD1925000
FO3000000
FO2800000
KN6800000
EI9625000
KN6800000
XS9000000
TX5075000
TX8750000
TX4900000
WL4160000
XS9000000

FF5800000
GF1670500
GT2275000
PB9800000
PB9800000
PB9800000
PC8575000
XW5250000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0018
0043
0452
0136
0136*
0043
0118*
0118
0118
0120
0120
0119
0119*
0120*
0199
0122
0121*
0121
0122*
0123*
0133
0113
0142
0162
0162
0124*
0129
0125*
0126*
0118
0267
0268
0658
0268
0196
0658
0632
0127*
0224
0504
0403
0129
0128
0128*
0129*
0119
0053
0452
0452
0131*
0132*
0133
0133*
0018
0018
0254
0254
0134*
0134
0134
0404
0135*
0135
0053
0117
0137*
0137
0141
0138
0138*
0138
0142
0141
0142

1-Chloro-2-propene
2-Chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-s
1-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene
2-Chloro-6-(trichloro-methyl)pyridine
2-Chloro-6-trichloromethyl pyridine
6-Chloro-N-ethyl-N'- (1-methylethyl)-1,3
Chloroacetaldehyde
2-Chloroacetaldehyde
Chloroacetaldehyde (40% aqueous solution
Chloroacetic acid chloride
Chloroacetic chloride
2-Chloroacetophenone
alpha-Chloroacetophenone
Chloroacetyl chloride
3-Chloroallyl chloride
2-Chlorobenzalmalonitrile
Chlorobenzene
Chlorobenzol
o-Chlorobenzylidene malononitrile
Chlorobromomethane
Chlorobutadiene
Chlorocamphene
Chlorochromic anhydride
Chlorocyanide
Chlorocyanogen
Chlorodifluoromethane
Chlorodimethyl ether
Chlorodiphenyl (42% chlorine)
Chlorodiphenyl (54% chlorine)
2-Chloroethanal
Chloroethane
2-Chloroethanol
Chloroethene
2-Chloroethyl alcohol
bis(2-Chloroethyl)ether
Chloroethylene
Chlorofluorocarbon-113
Chloroform
Chloroformic acid dimethylamide
Chloroformyl chloride
Chloromethane
Chloromethoxymethane
Chloromethyl ether
bis-Chloromethyl ether
Chloromethyl methyl ether
Chloromethyl phenyl ketone
Chloromethylbenzene
4-Chloronitrobenzene
p-Chloronitrobenzene
Chloropentafluoroethane
Chloropicrin
Chloroprene
beta-Chloroprene
3-Chloropropene
3-Chloropropylene
2-Chloropropylene oxide
gamma-Chloropropylene oxide
o-Chlorostyrene
2-Chlorostyrene
ortho-Chlorostyrene
Chlorothene
o-Chlorotoluene
2-Chlorotoluene
alpha-Chlorotoluene
Chlorotrifluoride
Chlorpyrifos
Chlorpyrifos-ethyl
Chrome
Chromic acid (CrO3): Chromic anhydride
Chromic acid and chromates
Chromic oxide
Chromic oxychloride
Chromium
Chromium chloride oxide

107-05-1
1912-24-9
100-00-5
1929-82-4
1929-82-4
1912-24-9
107-20-0
107-20-0
107-20-0
79-04-9
79-04-9
532-27-4
532-27-4
79-04-9
542-75-6
2698-41-1
108-90-7
108-90-7
2698-41-1
74-97-5
126-99-8
8001-35-2
14977-61-8
506-77-4
506-77-4
75-45-6
107-30-2
53469-21-9
11097-69-1
107-20-0
75-00-3
107-07-3
75-01-4
107-07-3
111-44-4
75-01-4
76-13-1
67-66-3
79-44-7
75-44-5
74-87-3
107-30-2
542-88-1
542-88-1
107-30-2
532-27-4
100-44-7
100-00-5
100-00-5
76-15-3
76-06-2
126-99-8
126-99-8
107-05-1
107-05-1
106-89-8
106-89-8
2039-87-4
2039-87-4
2039-87-4
71-55-6
95-49-8
95-49-8
100-44-7
7790-91-2
2921-88-2
2921-88-2
7440-47-3
1333-82-0
1333-82-0
1333-82-0
14977-61-8
7440-47-3
14977-61-8

UC7350000
XY5600000
CZ1050000
US7525000
US7525000
XY5600000
AB2450000
AB2450000
AB2450000
AO6475000
AO6475000
AM6300000
AM6300000
AO6475000
UC8310000
OO3675000
CZ0175000
CZ0175000
OO3675000
PA5250000
EI9625000
XW5250000
GB5775000
GT2275000
GT2275000
PA6390000
KN6650000
TQ1356000
TQ1360000
AB2450000
KH7525000
KK0875000
KU9625000
KK0875000
KN0875000
KU9625000
KJ4000000
FS9100000
FD4200000
SY5600000
PA6300000
KN6650000
KN1575000
KN1575000
KN6650000
AM6300000
XS8925000
CZ1050000
CZ1050000
KH7877500
PB6300000
EI9625000
EI9625000
UC7350000
UC7350000
TX4900000
TX4900000
WL4160000
WL4160000
WL4160000
KJ2975000
XS9000000
XS9000000
XS8925000
FO2800000
TF6300000
TF6300000
GB4200000
GB6650000
GB6650000
GB6650000
GB5775000
GB4200000
GB5775000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0142
0142
0142
0141*
0142
0139*
0140*
0138
0142*
0041
0540
0364
0143*
0144*
0145*
0147*
0148*
0146
0146*
0146
0147
0147
0149*
0262
0397
0409
0372
0574
0150*
0151*
0150
0150
0151
0151
0567
0250
0152*
0143
0153*
0153
0156*
0156
0155
0155*
0154
0154*
0156
0155
0154
0156
0155
0154
0553
0041
0157*
0438
0158*
0559
0559
0559
0089
0159*
0638
0159
0091
0160*
0395
0005
0378
0530
0014
0161*
0162*
0160

Chromium dichloride dioxide


Chromium dioxide dichloride
Chromium dioxychloride
Chromium metal
Chromium oxychloride
Chromium(II) compounds (as Cr)
Chromium(III) compounds (as Cr)
Chromium(VI) oxide (1:3)
Chromyl chloride
Chrysotile
Cinerin I or II
Clay
Clopidol
Coal dust
Coal tar pitch volatiles
Cobalt carbonyl (as Co)
Cobalt hydrocarbonyl (as Co)
Cobalt metal dust
Cobalt metal dust and fume (as Co)
Cobalt metal fume
Cobalt octacarbonyl
Cobalt tetracarbonyl dimer
Coke oven emissions
Cologne spirit
Columbian spirits
Combustion Improver-2
Compressed petroleum gas
Confectioner's sugar
Copper (dusts and mists, as Cu)
Copper fume (as Cu)
Copper metal dusts
Copper metal fumes
Copper monoxide fume
Copper(II) oxide fume
Corn starch
Corundum
Cotton dust (raw)
Coyden
Crag herbicide
Crag herbicide No. 1
p-Cresol
4-Cresol
3-Cresol
m-Cresol
2-Cresol
o-Cresol
para-Cresol
meta-Cresol
ortho-Cresol
p-Cresylic acid
m-Cresylic acid
o-Cresylic acid
Cristobalite
Crocidolite (Riebeckite)
Crotonaldehyde
Crude solvent coal tar naphtha
Crufomate
Cryocide
Cryodust
Cryolite
Cucumber dust
Cumene
psi-Cumene
Cumol
Cyanamide
Cyanamide
2-Cyano-1-propene
2-Cyano-2-propanol
Cyanoacetonitrile
Cyanoethane
Cyanoethylene
Cyanogen
Cyanogen chloride
Cyanogen nitride

14977-61-8
14977-61-8
14977-61-8
7440-47-3
14977-61-8

GB5775000
GB5775000
GB5775000
GB4200000
GB5775000

1333-82-0
14977-61-8
1332-21-4
8003-34-7
1332-58-7
2971-90-6

GB6650000
GB5775000
CI6475000
UR4200000
GF1670500
UU7711500
GF8281000
GF8655000
GG0300000
GG0900000
GF8750000
GF8750000
GF8750000
GG0300000
GG0300000
GH0346000
KQ6300000
PC1400000
OP1450000
SE7545000
WN6500000
GL5325000
GL7900000
GL5325000
GL5325000
GL7900000
GL7900000
GM5090000
GN0231000
GN2275000
UU7711500
KK4900000
KK4900000
GO6475000
GO6475000
GO6125000
GO6125000
GO6300000
GO6300000
GO6475000
GO6125000
GO6300000
GO6475000
GO6125000
GO6300000
VV7330000
CI6475000
GP9499000
DE3030000
TB3850000
WA9625000
WA9625000
WA9625000
CG0830000
GR8575000
DC3325000
GR8575000
GS6000000
GS5950000
UD1400000
OD9275000
OO3150000
UF9625000
AT5250000
GT1925000
GT2275000
GS5950000

65996-93-2
10210-68-1
16842-03-8
7440-48-4
7440-48-4
7440-48-4
10210-68-1
10210-68-1
64-17-5
67-56-1
12108-13-3
68476-85-7
57-50-1
7440-50-8
1317-38-0
7440-50-8
7440-50-8
1317-38-0
1317-38-0
9005-25-8
1302-74-5
2971-90-6
136-78-7
136-78-7
106-44-5
106-44-5
108-39-4
108-39-4
95-48-7
95-48-7
106-44-5
108-39-4
95-48-7
106-44-5
108-39-4
95-48-7
14808-60-7
1332-21-4
4170-30-3
8030-30-6
299-86-5
15096-52-3
15096-52-3
15096-52-3
7778-44-1
98-82-8
95-63-6
98-82-8
156-62-7
420-04-2
126-98-7
75-86-5
109-77-3
107-12-0
107-13-1
460-19-5
506-77-4
420-04-2

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0005
0006
0304
0086
0395
0542
0163*
0164*
0165*
0166*
0167*
0165
0166
0168*
0164
0406
0164
0169*
0170*
0170
0380
0205
0380
0171*
0169
0172*

GUIDE
0173*
0220
0411
0184
0187
0188
0190
0189
0661
0199
0204
0193
0174*
0174
0202
0208
0236
0212
0213
0211
0215
0216
0217
0218
0224
0412
0388
0226
0227
0461
0228
0234
0234
0235
0236
0240
0242
0248
0193
0200
0284
0175*
0175
0365

Cyanohydrin-2-propanone
Cyanomethane
Cyanomethanol
1-Cyanopropane
2-Cyanopropene-1
1,4-Cyclohexadiene dioxide
Cyclohexane
Cyclohexanethiol
Cyclohexanol
Cyclohexanone
Cyclohexene
Cyclohexyl alcohol
Cyclohexyl ketone
Cyclohexylamine
Cyclohexylmercaptan
Cyclohexylmethane
Cyclohexylthiol
Cyclonite
Cyclopentadiene
1,3-Cyclopentadiene
Cyclopentadienyl tricarbonyl manganese
bis(Cyclopentadienyl)iron
Cyclopentadienylmanganese tricarbonyl
Cyclopentane
Cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine
Cyhexatin

CHEMICAL NAME
2,4-D
DAB
DACPM
DBCP
DBP
DCA
p-DCB
o-DCB
1,1-DCE
DCP
DCPD
DDH
DDT
p,p'-DDT
DDVP
DEA
DEHP
DEK
DEP
DETA
DGE
DIBK
DIPA
DMAC
DMCC
DMDI
DMDT
DMF
DMH
DMNA
DMP
DNC
DNOC
DNT
DOP
DPA
DPK
DVB
Dactin
Dalapon
Dasanit
Decaborane
Decaboron tetradecahydride
Decachlorooctahydro-1,3,4-metheno-2H-cyc

75-86-5
75-05-8
107-16-4
109-74-0
126-98-7
106-51-4
110-82-7
1569-69-3
108-93-0
108-94-1
110-83-8
108-93-0
108-94-1
108-91-8
1569-69-3
108-87-2
1569-69-3
121-82-4
542-92-7
542-92-7
12079-65-1
102-54-5
12079-65-1
287-92-3
121-82-4
13121-70-5

CAS NO
94-75-7
60-11-7
101-14-4
96-12-8
84-74-2
7572-29-4
106-46-7
95-50-1
75-35-4
542-75-6
77-73-6
118-52-5
50-29-3
50-29-3
62-73-7
111-42-2
117-81-7
96-22-0
84-66-2
111-40-0
2238-07-5
108-83-8
108-18-9
127-19-5
79-44-7
5124-30-1
72-43-5
68-12-2
57-14-7
62-75-9
131-11-3
534-52-1
534-52-1
25321-14-6
117-81-7
122-39-4
123-19-3
1321-74-0
118-52-5
75-99-0
115-90-2
17702-41-9
17702-41-9
143-50-0

OD9275000
AL7700000
AM0350000
ET8750000
UD1400000
DK2625000
GU6300000
GV7525000
GV7875000
GW1050000
GW2500000
GV7875000
GW1050000
GX0700000
GV7525000
GV6125000
GV7525000
XY9450000
GY1000000
GY1000000
OO9720000
LK0700000
OO9720000
GY2390000
XY9450000
WH8750000

RTECS NO
AG6825000
BX7350000
CY1050000
TX8750000
TI0875000
AP1080000
CZ4550000
CZ4500000
KV9275000
UC8310000
PC1050000
MU0700000
KJ3325000
KJ3325000
TC0350000
KL2975000
TI0350000
SA8050000
TI1050000
IE1225000
KN2350000
MJ5775000
IM4025000
AB7700000
FD4200000
NQ9250000
KJ3675000
LQ2100000
MV2450000
IQ0525000
TI1575000
GO9625000
GO9625000
XT1300000
TI0350000
JJ7800000
MJ5600000
CZ9370000
MU0700000
UF0690000
TF3850000
HD1400000
HD1400000
PC8575000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0365
0365
0176*
0176
0176
0238
0177*
0410
0215
0236
0208
0185
0185
0245
0186
0187
0236*
0246*
0178
0178*
0215
0329
0191
0618
0179
0179*
0495
0495
0051
0211
0051
0415
0415
0618
0269
0620
0415
0180
0180*
0180
0552
0552
0552
0181
0181*
0182
0182*
0676
0494
0052
0183*
0183
0225
0184*
0184
0214
0270
0225
0187
0186
0186*
0186
0187*
0185
0185
0246
0389
0389
0534
0198*
0199
0143
0191
0191

Decachlorooctahydro-kepone-2-one
Decachlorotetrahydro-4,7-methanoindeneon
1-Decanethiol
Decylmercaptan
n-Decylmercaptan
Delnav
Demeton
Demeton methyl
Di(2,3-epoxypropyl) ether
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate
Di(2-hydroxyethyl)amine
2-Di-N-butylaminoethanol
2-Di-N-butylaminoethyl alcohol
Di-Syston
Di-n-butyl hydrogen phosphate
Di-n-butyl phthalate
Di-sec octyl phthalate
2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol
Diacetone
Diacetone alcohol
Diallyl ether dioxide
Diamine
4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl
4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-dimethylbiphenyl
1,3-Diamino-4-methoxybenzene
2,4-Diaminoanisole (and its salts)
p-Diaminobenzene
1,4-Diaminobenzene
4,4'-Diaminobiphenyl
2,2'-Diaminodiethylamine
p-Diaminodiphenyl
para'-Diaminodiphenyl-methane
4,4'-Diaminodiphenylmethane
Diaminoditolyl
1,2-Diaminoethane
Diaminotoluene
Dianilinomethane
Dianisidine
o-Dianisidine
3,3'-Dianisidine
Diatomaceous earth
Diatomaceous silica
Diatomite
Diazide
Diazinon
Diazirine
Diazomethane
Dibasic zinc stearate
Dibenzothiazine
Dibenzoyl peroxide
Diborane
Diboron hexahydride
1,2-Dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl p
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane
Dibromochloropropane
Dibromodifluoromethane
1,2-Dibromoethane
Dibrom
Dibutyl 1,2-benzene-dicarboxylate
Dibutyl acid o-phosphate
Dibutyl phosphate
Dibutyl phosphoric acid
Dibutyl phthalate
Dibutylaminoethanol
2-Dibutylaminoethanol
Dibutylated hydroxytoluene
2,2-Dichloro-1,1-difluoro-1-methoxyethan
2,2-Dichloro-1,1-difluoroethyl methyl et
Dichloro-1,2-propane
1,1-Dichloro-1-nitroethane
1,3-Dichloro-1-propene
3,5-Dichloro-2,6-dimethyl-4-pyridinol
3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-biphenyldiamine
3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl

143-50-0
143-50-0
143-10-2
143-10-2
143-10-2
78-34-2
8065-48-3
8022-00-2
2238-07-5
117-81-7
111-42-2
102-81-8
102-81-8
298-04-4
107-66-4
84-74-2
117-81-7
128-37-0
123-42-2
123-42-2
2238-07-5
302-01-2
91-94-1
119-93-7
615-05-4
615-05-4
106-50-3
106-50-3
92-87-5
111-40-0
92-87-5
101-77-9
101-77-9
119-93-7
107-15-3
25376-45-8<
101-77-9
119-90-4
119-90-4
119-90-4
7631-86-9
7631-86-9
7631-86-9
333-41-5
333-41-5
334-88-3
334-88-3
557-05-1
92-84-2
94-36-0
19287-45-7
19287-45-7
300-76-5
96-12-8
96-12-8
75-61-6
106-93-4
300-76-5
84-74-2
107-66-4
107-66-4
107-66-4
84-74-2
102-81-8
102-81-8
128-37-0
76-38-0
76-38-0
78-87-5
594-72-9
542-75-6
2971-90-6
91-94-1
91-94-1

PC8575000
PC8575000

TE3350000
TF3150000
TG1760000
KN2350000
TI0350000
KL2975000
KK3850000
KK3850000
TD9275000
TB9605000
TI0875000
TI0350000
GO7875000
SA9100000
SA9100000
KN2350000
MU7175000
DD0525000
DD1225000
BZ8580500
BZ8580500
SS8050000
SS8050000
DC9625000
IE1225000
DC9625000
BY5425000
BY5425000
DD1225000
KH8575000
XS9445000
BY5425000
DD0875000
DD0875000
DD0875000
VV7310000
VV7310000
VV7310000
TF3325000
TF3325000
PA7000000
PA7000000
ZH5200000
SN5075000
DM8575000
HQ9275000
HQ9275000
TB9450000
TX8750000
TX8750000
PA7525000
KH9275000
TB9450000
TI0875000
TB9605000
TB9605000
TB9605000
TI0875000
KK3850000
KK3850000
GO7875000
KN7820000
KN7820000
TX9625000
KI1050000
UC8310000
UU7711500
DD0525000
DD0525000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0411
0193*
0188*
0190*
0189*
0190
0189
0190
0189
0191
0191*
0191
0189
0191
0190
0196
0192*
0128
0142
0174
0271
0194*
0661
0196*
0196
0195*
0195
0661
0188
0197
0414
0128
0197*
0198
0153
0173
0173
0247
0534
0200
0199*
0200*
0200
0199
0201*
0201
0202
0202*
0147
0147
0203*
0161
0513
0513
0015
0573
0161
0378
0412
0204*
0204
0205*
0206*
0207*
0209
0208*
0068
0375
0248
0213
0277
0212*
0277
0479

3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethan
1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin
Dichloroacetylene
p-Dichlorobenzene
o-Dichlorobenzene
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
1,2-Dichlorobenzene
para-Dichlorobenzene
ortho-Dichlorobenzene
o,o'-Dichlorobenzidine
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine (and its salts)
Dichlorobenzidine base
o-Dichlorobenzol
3,3'-Dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'-diamine
Dichlorocide
2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether
Dichlorodifluoromethane
Dichlorodimethyl ether
Dichlorodioxochromium
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane
1,2-Dichloroethane
1,1-Dichloroethane
1,1-Dichloroethene
Dichloroethyl ether
2,2'-Dichloroethyl ether
1,2-Dichloroethylene
sym-Dichloroethylene
1,1-Dichloroethylene
Dichloroethyne
Dichlorofluoromethane
Dichloromethane
Dichloromethyl ether
Dichloromonofluoromethane
Dichloronitroethane
2-(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)ethyl sodium sulf
Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid
3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea
1,2-Dichloropropane
2,2-Dichloropropanoic acid
1,3-Dichloropropene
2,2-Dichloropropionic acid
alpha,alpha-Dichloropropionic acid
1,3-Dichloropropylene
Dichlorotetrafluoroethane
1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane
2,2-Dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate
Dichlorvos
Dicobalt Octacarbonyl
Dicobalt carbonyl
Dicrotophos
Dicyan
m-Dicyanobenzene
1,3-Dicyanobenzene
1,4-Dicyanobutane
1,2-Dicyanoethane
Dicyanogen
Dicyanomethane
Dicyclohexylmethane 4,4'-diisocyanate
Dicyclopentadiene
1,3-Dicyclopentadiene dimer
Dicyclopentadienyl iron
Dieldrin
Diesel exhaust
Diethamine
Diethanolamine
Diethyl
Diethyl (dimethoxyphosphinothioylthio) s
Diethyl benzene
Diethyl ester of phthalic acid
Diethyl ether
Diethyl ketone
Diethyl oxide
Diethyl parathion

101-14-4
118-52-5
7572-29-4
106-46-7
95-50-1
106-46-7
95-50-1
106-46-7
95-50-1
91-94-1
91-94-1
91-94-1
95-50-1
91-94-1
106-46-7
111-44-4
75-71-8
542-88-1
14977-61-8
50-29-3
107-06-2
75-34-3
75-35-4
111-44-4
111-44-4
540-59-0
540-59-0
75-35-4
7572-29-4
75-43-4
75-09-2
542-88-1
75-43-4
594-72-9
136-78-7
94-75-7
94-75-7
330-54-1
78-87-5
75-99-0
542-75-6
75-99-0
75-99-0
542-75-6
76-14-2
76-14-2
62-73-7
62-73-7
10210-68-1
10210-68-1
141-66-2
460-19-5
626-17-5
626-17-5
111-69-3
110-61-2
460-19-5
109-77-3
5124-30-1
77-73-6
77-73-6
102-54-5
60-57-1

CY1050000
MU0700000
AP1080000
CZ4550000
CZ4500000
CZ4550000
CZ4500000
CZ4550000
CZ4500000
DD0525000
DD0525000
DD0525000
CZ4500000
DD0525000
CZ4550000
KN0875000
PA8200000
KN1575000
GB5775000
KJ3325000
KI0525000
KI0175000
KV9275000
KN0875000
KN0875000
KV9360000
KV9360000
KV9275000
AP1080000
PA8400000
PA8050000
KN1575000
PA8400000
KI1050000
KK4900000
AG6825000
AG6825000
YS8925000
TX9625000
UF0690000
UC8310000
UF0690000
UF0690000
UC8310000
KI1101000
KI1101000
TC0350000
TC0350000
GG0300000
GG0300000
TC3850000
GT1925000
CZ1900000
CZ1900000
AV2625000
WN3850000
GT1925000
OO3150000
NQ9250000
PC1050000
PC1050000
LK0700000
IO1750000

109-89-7
111-42-2
106-97-8
121-75-5
1321-74-0
84-66-2
60-29-7
96-22-0
60-29-7
56-38-2

HZ8750000
KL2975000
EJ4200000
WM8400000
CZ9370000
TI1050000
KI5775000
SA8050000
KI5775000
TF4550000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0213*
0210
0209*
0210
0210*
0210
0237
0237
0437
0602
0437
0211*
0323
0244
0475
0595
0596
0662
0124
0214*
0192
0662
0662
0098
0215*
0101
0328
0338
0543
0109
0543
0109
0338
0208
0272
0216*
0320
0440
0323
0216
0362
0362
0217*
0227
0180
0388
0396
0218*
0224*
0359
0203
0228
0229
0226
0004
0524
0229*
0225*
0478
0618
0216
0212
0219*
0219
0221*
0222
0220
0220*
0672
0222*
0672
0672
0670
0669

Diethyl phthalate
Diethyl-(2-hydroxyethyl)amine
Diethylamine
Diethylaminoethanol
2-Diethylaminoethanol
2-Diethylaminoethyl alcohol
Diethylene dioxide
Diethylene ether
Diethylene imidoxide
Diethylene oxide
Diethylene oximide
Diethylenetriamine
Diethylmethylmethane
bis(Diethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide
Difluorine monoxide
2,2-Difluoro-1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane
1,2-Difluoro-1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane
Difluoro-1,1-ethylene
Difluorochloromethane
Difluorodibromomethane
Difluorodichloromethane
1,1-Difluoroethene
1,1-Difluoroethylene
Difolatan
Diglycidyl ether
2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl
2,4-Dihydroxy-2-methylpentane
Dihydroxybenzene
m-Dihydroxybenzene
o-Dihydroxybenzene
1,3-Dihydroxybenzene
1,2-Dihydroxybenzene
1,4-Dihydroxybenzene
2,2'-Dihydroxydiethyamine
1,2-Dihydroxyethane
Diisobutyl ketone
1,6-Diisocyanatohexane
1,5-Diisocyanatonaphthalene
Diisopropyl
sym-Diisopropyl acetone
Diisopropyl ether
Diisopropyl oxide
Diisopropylamine
Dimazine
3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine
p,p'-Dimethoxydiphenylftrichloroethane
Dimethoxymethane
Dimethyl acetamide
Dimethyl carbamoyl chloride
Dimethyl carbinol
2-Dimethyl cis-2-dimethylcarbamoyl-1-met
Dimethyl ester of 1,2-benzenedicarboxyli
Dimethyl ester of sulfuric acid
Dimethyl formamide
Dimethyl ketone
Dimethyl methane
Dimethyl sulfate
Dimethyl-1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichlorethyl ph
1,1'-Dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium dichlori
3,3'-Dimethyl-4,4'-diphenyldiamine
2,6-Dimethyl-4-heptanone
Dimethylacetone
Dimethylamine
Dimethylamine (anhydrous)
bis(2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl)ether
3-(Dimethylamino)propionitrile
p-Dimethylaminoazobenzene
4-Dimethylaminoazobenzene
Dimethylaminobenzene
Dimethylaminopropionitrile
Dimethylaniline
2,4-Dimethylaniline)
1,4-Dimethylbenzene
1,3-Dimethylbenzene

84-66-2
100-37-8
109-89-7
100-37-8
100-37-8
100-37-8
123-91-1
123-91-1
110-91-8
109-99-9
110-91-8
111-40-0

TI1050000
KK5075000
HZ8750000
KK5075000
KK5075000
KK5075000
JG8225000
JG8225000
QD6475000
LU5950000
QD6475000
IE1225000

97-77-8
7783-41-7
76-11-9
76-12-0
75-38-7
75-45-6
75-61-6
75-71-8
75-38-7
75-38-7
2425-06-1
2238-07-5
1563-66-2
107-41-5
123-31-9
108-46-3
120-80-9
108-46-3
120-80-9
123-31-9
111-42-2
107-21-1
108-83-8
822-06-0
3173-72-6

JO1225000
RS2100000
KI1425000
KI1420000
KW0560000
PA6390000
PA7525000
PA8200000
KW0560000
KW0560000
GS4900000
KN2350000
FB9450000
SA0810000
MX3500000
VG9625000
UX1050000
VG9625000
UX1050000
MX3500000
KL2975000
KW2975000
MJ5775000
MO1740000
NQ9600000

108-83-8
108-20-3
108-20-3
108-18-9
57-14-7
119-90-4
72-43-5
109-87-5
127-19-5
79-44-7
67-63-0
141-66-2
131-11-3
77-78-1
68-12-2
67-64-1
74-98-6
77-78-1
300-76-5
1910-42-5
119-93-7
108-83-8
96-22-0
124-40-3
124-40-3
3033-62-3
1738-25-6
60-11-7
60-11-7
1300-73-8
1738-25-6
1300-73-8
1300-73-8
106-42-3
108-38-3

MJ5775000
TZ5425000
TZ5425000
IM4025000
MV2450000
DD0875000
KJ3675000
PA8750000
AB7700000
FD4200000
NT8050000
TC3850000
TI1575000
WS8225000
LQ2100000
AL3150000
TX2275000
WS8225000
TB9450000
DW2275000
DD1225000
MJ5775000
SA8050000
IP8750000
IP8750000
KR9460000
UG1575000
BX7350000
BX7350000
ZE8575000
UG1575000
ZE8575000
ZE8575000
ZE2625000
ZE2275000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0668
0618
0323
0323
0327
0224
0129
0286
0275
0274
0274
0226*
0227*
0460
0461
0228*
0229
0612
0573
0230*
0234
0234
0234*
0234
0230
0233*
0231*
0232*
0233
0231
0232
0233
0232
0231
0465
0454
0235*
0235
0208
0237
0237*
0237
0237
0238
0238
0238
0238*
0594
0594
0516
0239*
0496
0496
0497
0240*
0591
0592
0593
0591
0592
0593
0413
0415
0242*
0241*
0241
0243*
0243
0247
0566
0057
0057
0244*
0245*

1,2-Dimethylbenzene
3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine
2,2-Dimethylbutane
2,3-Dimethylbutane
1,3-Dimethylbutyl acetate
Dimethylcarbamic chloride
Dimethylchloroether
tris(Dimethyldithiocarbamato)iron
Dimethylene oxide
Dimethyleneimine
Dimethylenimine
Dimethylformamide
1,1-Dimethylhydrazine
Dimethylnitromethane
Dimethylnitrosamine
Dimethylphthalate
Dimethylsulfate
bis(Dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide
Dinile
Dinitolmide
3,5-Dinitro-2-hydroxytoluene
4,6-Dinitro-2-methyl phenol
Dinitro-o-cresol
4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol
3,5-Dinitro-o-toluamide
p-Dinitrobenzene
o-Dinitrobenzene
m-Dinitrobenzene
1,4-Dinitrobenzene
1,2-Dinitrobenzene
1,3-Dinitrobenzene
para-Dinitrobenzene
meta-Dinitrobenzene
ortho-Dinitrobenzene
Dinitrogen monoxide
Dinitrogen tetroxide (N2O4)
Dinitrotoluene
Dinitrotoluol
Diolamine
Dioxan
Dioxane
p-Dioxane
1,4-Dioxane
Dioxane phosphate
p-Dioxane-2,3-diyl ethyl phosphorodithio
2,3-p-Dioxanethiol S,S-bis(O,O-diethyl p
Dioxathion
Dioxin
Dioxine
1,3-Dioxo-2-pivaloy-lindane
Diphenyl
Diphenyl ether
Diphenyl oxide
Diphenyl oxide-diphenyl mixture
Diphenylamine
o-Diphenylbenzene
m-Diphenylbenzene
p-Diphenylbenzene
1,2-Diphenylbenzene
1,3-Diphenylbenzene
1,4-Diphenylbenzene
4,4'-Diphenylmethane diisocyanate
4,4'-Diphenylmethanediamine
Dipropyl ketone
Dipropylene glycol methyl ether
Dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether
Diquat (Diquat dibromide)
Diquat dibromide
Direx
Disodium pyrosulfite
Disodium salt of boric acid
Disodium tetrabromate
Disulfiram
Disulfoton

95-47-6
119-93-7

ZE2450000
DD1225000

108-84-9
79-44-7
107-30-2
14484-64-1
75-21-8
151-56-4
151-56-4
68-12-2
57-14-7
79-46-9
62-75-9
131-11-3
77-78-1
137-26-8
110-61-2
148-01-6
534-52-1
534-52-1
534-52-1
534-52-1
148-01-6
100-25-4
528-29-0
99-65-0
100-25-4
528-29-0
99-65-0
100-25-4
99-65-0
528-29-0
10024-97-2
10102-44-0
25321-14-6
25321-14-6
111-42-2
123-91-1
123-91-1
123-91-1
123-91-1
78-34-2
78-34-2
78-34-2
78-34-2
1746-01-6
1746-01-6
83-26-1
92-52-4
101-84-8
101-84-8
8004-13-5
122-39-4
84-15-1
92-06-8
92-94-4
84-15-1
92-06-8
92-94-4
101-68-8
101-77-9
123-19-3
34590-94-8
34590-94-8
85-00-7
85-00-7
330-54-1
7681-57-4
1330-43-4
1330-43-4
97-77-8
298-04-4

SA7525000
FD4200000
KN6650000
NO8750000
KX2450000
KX5075000
KX5075000
LQ2100000
MV2450000
TZ5250000
IQ0525000
TI1575000
WS8225000
JO1400000
WN3850000
XS4200000
GO9625000
GO9625000
GO9625000
GO9625000
XS4200000
CZ7525000
CZ7450000
CZ7350000
CZ7525000
CZ7450000
CZ7350000
CZ7525000
CZ7350000
CZ7450000
QX1350000
QW9800000
XT1300000
XT1300000
KL2975000
JG8225000
JG8225000
JG8225000
JG8225000
TE3350000
TE3350000
TE3350000
TE3350000
HP3500000
HP3500000
NK6300000
DU8050000
KN8970000
KN8970000
DV1500000
JJ7800000
WZ6472000
WZ6470000
WZ6475000
WZ6472000
WZ6470000
WZ6475000
NQ9350000
BY5425000
MJ5600000
JM1575000
JM1575000
JM5690000
JM5690000
YS8925000
UX8225000
ED4588000
ED4588000
JO1225000
TD9275000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0579
0020
0586
0247*
0653
0654
0067
0248*
0249*
0249
0249
0249
0055
0055
0055
0055
0241
0070
0158
0536
0497
0518
0569
0103
0137
0292
0292

GUIDE
0070
0071
0273
0258
0259
0401
0402
0279
0255*
0276
0070
0071
0022
0309
0507
0550
0554
0250*
0251*
0251
0252*
0253*
0447
0285
0254*
0275
0538
0303
0081
0363
0498
0602
0659
0303
0215
0215
0067
0450
0262
0001
0316
0482
0628

Disulfur decafluoride
4,5-Dithia-1-octene
Dithion
Diuron
Divanadium pentoxide dust
Divanadium pentoxide fume
Divinyl
Divinyl benzene
1-Dodecanethiol
Dodecyl mercaptan
1-Dodecyl mercaptan
n-Dodecyl mercaptan
Doped bismuth sesquitelluride
Doped bismuth telluride
Doped bismuth tritelluride
Doped tellurobismuthite
Dowanol 50B
Dowanol EB
Dowco 132
Dowtherm 209
Dowtherm A
Dried calcium sulfate
Dry cleaning safety solvent
Dry ice
Dursban
Dyfonate
Dyphonate

CHEMICAL NAME
EGBE
EGBEA
EGDN
EGEE
EGEEA
EGME
EGMEA
ENB
EPN
ETU
Ektasolve EB
Ektasolve EB acetate
Elemental aluminum
Elemental hafnium
Elemental phosphorus
Elemental selenium
Elemental silicon
Emery
Endosulfan
Endosulphan
Endrin
Enflurane
Engravers acid
Entex
Epichlorohydrin
1,2-Epoxy ethane
1,2-Epoxy propane
2,3-Epoxy-1-propanol
1,2-Epoxy-3-butoxypropane
1,2-Epoxy-3-isopropoxypropane
1,2-Epoxy-3-phenoxy propane
1,4-Epoxybutane
1-Epoxyethyl-3,4-epoxy-cyclohexane
Epoxypropyl alcohol
2-Epoxypropyl ether
bis(2,3-Epoxypropyl) ether
Erythrene
Essence of mirbane
EtOH
Ethanal
Ethane hexachloride
Ethane pentachloride
Ethane trichloride

5714-22-7
2179-59-1
3689-24-5
330-54-1
1314-62-1
1314-62-1
106-99-0
1321-74-0
112-55-0
112-55-0
112-55-0
112-55-0

WS4480000
JO0350000
XN4375000
YS8925000
YW2450000
YW2460000
EI9275000
CZ9370000
JR3155000
JR3155000
JR3155000
JR3155000

34590-94-8
111-76-2
299-86-5
107-98-2
8004-13-5
26499-65-0
8052-41-3
124-38-9
2921-88-2
944-22-9
944-22-9

JM1575000
KJ8575000
TB3850000
UB7700000
DV1500000
TP0700000
WJ8925000
FF6400000
TF6300000
TA5950000
TA5950000

CAS NO
111-76-2
112-07-2
628-96-6
110-80-5
111-15-9
109-86-4
110-49-6
16219-75-3
2104-64-5
96-45-7
111-76-2
112-07-2
7429-90-5
7440-58-6
7723-14-0
7782-49-2
7440-21-3
1302-74-5
115-29-7
115-29-7
72-20-8
13838-16-9
7697-37-2
55-38-9
106-89-8
75-21-8
75-56-9
556-52-5
2426-08-6
4016-14-2
122-60-1
109-99-9
106-87-6
556-52-5
2238-07-5
2238-07-5
106-99-0
98-95-3
64-17-5
75-07-0
67-72-1
76-01-7
79-00-5

RTECS NO
KJ8575000
KJ8925000
KW5600000
KK8050000
KK8225000
KL5775000
KL5950000
RB9450000
TB1925000
NI9625000
KJ8575000
KJ8925000
BD0330000
MG4600000
TH3500000
VS7700000
VW0400000
GN0231000
RB9275000
RB9275000
I01575000
KN6800000
QU5775000
TF9625000
TX4900000
KX2450000
TZ2975000
UB4375000
TX4200000
TZ3500000
TZ3675000
LU5950000
RN8640000
UB4375000
KN2350000
KN2350000
EI9275000
DA6475000
KQ6300000
AB1925000
KI4025000
KI6300000
KJ3150000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0529
0269
0161
0474
0272
0273
0280
0002
0003
0262
0256*
0367
0656
0571
0656
0663
0277
0008
0257*
0258*
0259*
0253
0283
0260*
0488
0261*
0261
0262*
0001
0418
0264*
0265*
0266*
0533
0267*
0530
0260
0261
0278
0260
0277*
0278*
0212
0280*
0278
0069
0416
0006
0282
0277
0255
0479
0213
0261
0590
0282*
0282
0280
0263*
0263
0264
0270
0268
0271
0268*
0573
0270*
0271*
0573
0273
0272*
0273*
0357
0070

Ethanecarboxylic acid
1,2-Ethanediamine
Ethanedinitrile
Ethanedioic acid
1,2-Ethanediol
1,2-Ethanediol dinitrate
Ethanethiol
Ethanoic acid
Ethanoic anhydride
Ethanol
Ethanolamine
Ethenone
Ethenyl acetate
Ethenyl benzene
Ethenyl ethanoate
Ethenylmethylbenzene
Ether
Ethine
Ethion
2-Ethoxyethanol
2-Ethoxyethyl acetate
Ethrane
Ethyl 3-methyl-4-(methylthio)phenyl-(1-m
Ethyl acetate
Ethyl acetone
Ethyl acrylate
Ethyl acrylate (inhibited)
Ethyl alcohol
Ethyl aldehyde
Ethyl amyl ketone
Ethyl benzene
Ethyl bromide
Ethyl butyl ketone
Ethyl carbinol
Ethyl chloride
Ethyl cyanide
Ethyl ester of acetic acid
Ethyl ester of acrylic acid
Ethyl ester of formic acid
Ethyl ethanoate
Ethyl ether
Ethyl formate
Ethyl ketone
Ethyl mercaptan
Ethyl methanoate
Ethyl methyl ketone
Ethyl methyl ketone peroxide
Ethyl nitrile
Ethyl orthosilicate
Ethyl oxide
Ethyl p-nitrophenyl benzenethionophospho
Ethyl parathion
Ethyl phthalate
Ethyl propenoate
Ethyl pyrophosphate
Ethyl silicate
Ethyl silicate (condensed)
Ethyl sulfhydrate
Ethylamine
Ethylamine (anhydrous)
Ethylbenzol
Ethylene bromide
Ethylene chlorhydrin
Ethylene chloride
Ethylene chlorohydrin
Ethylene cyanide
Ethylene dibromide
Ethylene dichloride
Ethylene dicyanide
Ethylene dinitrate
Ethylene glycol
Ethylene glycol dinitrate
Ethylene glycol isopropyl ether
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether

79-09-4
107-15-3
460-19-5
144-62-7
107-21-1
628-96-6
75-08-1
64-19-7
108-24-7
64-17-5
141-43-5
463-51-4
108-05-4
100-42-5
108-05-4
25013-15-4
60-29-7
74-86-2
563-12-2
110-80-5
111-15-9
13838-16-9
22224-92-6
141-78-6
107-87-9
140-88-5
140-88-5
64-17-5
75-07-0
541-85-5
100-41-4
74-96-4
106-35-4
71-23-8
75-00-3
107-12-0
141-78-6
140-88-5
109-94-4
141-78-6
60-29-7
109-94-4
96-22-0
75-08-1
109-94-4
78-93-3
1338-23-4
75-05-8
78-10-4
60-29-7
2104-64-5
56-38-2
84-66-2
140-88-5
107-49-3
78-10-4
78-10-4
75-08-1
75-04-7
75-04-7
100-41-4
106-93-4
107-07-3
107-06-2
107-07-3
110-61-2
106-93-4
107-06-2
110-61-2
628-96-6
107-21-1
628-96-6
109-59-1
111-76-2

UE5950000
KH8575000
GT1925000
RO2450000
KW2975000
KW5600000
K19625000
AF1225000
AK1925000
KQ6300000
KJ5775000
OA7700000
AK0875000
WL3675000
AK0875000
WL5075000
KI5775000
AO9600000
TE4550000
KK8050000
KK8225000
KN6800000
TB3675000
AH5425000
SA7875000
AT0700000
AT0700000
KQ6300000
AB1925000
MJ7350000
DA0700000
KH6475000
MJ5250000
UH8225000
KH7525000
UF9625000
AH5425000
AT0700000
LQ8400000
AH5425000
KI5775000
LQ8400000
SA8050000
K19625000
LQ8400000
EL6475000
EL9450000
AL7700000
VV9450000
KI5775000
TB1925000
TF4550000
TI1050000
AT0700000
UX6825000
VV9450000
VV9450000
K19625000
KH2100000
KH2100000
DA0700000
KH9275000
KK0875000
KI0525000
KK0875000
WN3850000
KH9275000
KI0525000
WN3850000
KW5600000
KW2975000
KW5600000
KL5075000
KJ8575000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0071
0258
0259
0401
0402
0658
0273
0275*
0276*
0629
0243
0276
0013
0269*
0269
0274*
0274
0529
0236
0194
0194
0279*
0279
0279
0274
0281
0256
0008
0491

GUIDE
0007
0007
0346
0283*
0546
0494
0284*
0285*
0501
0286*
0348
0286
0344
0205
0287
0287*
0288
0288
0288*
0563
0105
0007
0289*
0475
0289
0123
0192
0634
0131
0124
0197
0660
0660
0108
0108
0290*
0291*
0292*
0292
0396
0293*

Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate


Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate
Ethylene monochloride
Ethylene nitrate
Ethylene oxide
Ethylene thiourea
Ethylene trichloride
1,1'-Ethylene-2,2'-bipyridyllium dibromi
1,3-Ethylene-2-thiourea
Ethylenecarboxylic acid
Ethylenediamine
Ethylenediamine (anhydrous)
Ethyleneimine
Ethylenimine
Ethylformic acid
bis-(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate
Ethylidene chloride
1,1-Ethylidene dichloride
Ethylidene norbornene
5-Ethylidene-2-norbornene
5-Ethylidenebicyclo(2.2.1)-hept-2-ene
Ethylimine
4-Ethylmorpholine
Ethylolamine
Ethyne
Expanded perlite

CHEMICAL NAME
FAA
2-FAA
FeSO4: Ferrous sulfate
Fenamiphos
Fenchlorophos
Fenothiazine
Fensulfothion
Fenthion
Fenylfosfin
Ferbam
Fermentation amyl alcohol
Ferric dimethyl dithiocarbamate
Ferric oxide
Ferrocene
Ferrovanadium
Ferrovanadium dust
Fiber glas
Fiberglass
Fibrous glass dust
Floridine
Flue gas
2-Fluorenylacetamide
Fluorine
Fluorine monoxide
Fluorine-19
Fluorocarbon 1011
Fluorocarbon 12
Fluorocarbon 1301
Fluorocarbon-115
Fluorocarbon-22
Fluorodichloromethane
Fluoroethene
Fluoroethylene
Fluoroformyl fluoride
Fluorophosgene
Fluorotrichloromethane
Fluoroxene
Fonofos
Fonophos
Formal
Formaldehyde

112-07-2
110-80-5
111-15-9
109-86-4
110-49-6
75-01-4
628-96-6
75-21-8
96-45-7
79-01-6
85-00-7
96-45-7
79-10-7
107-15-3
107-15-3
151-56-4
151-56-4
79-09-4
117-81-7
75-34-3
75-34-3
16219-75-3
16219-75-3
16219-75-3
151-56-4
100-74-3
141-43-5
74-86-2
93763-70-3

KJ8925000
KK8050000
KK8225000
KL5775000
KL5950000
KU9625000
KW5600000
KX2450000
NI9625000
KX4550000
JM5690000
NI9625000
AS4375000
KH8575000
KH8575000
KX5075000
KX5075000
UE5950000
TI0350000
KI0175000
KI0175000
RB9450000
RB9450000
RB9450000
KX5075000
QE4025000
KJ5775000
AO9600000
SO5254000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

53-96-3
53-96-3

AB9450000
AB9450000

22224-92-6
299-84-3
92-84-2
115-90-2
55-38-9
638-21-1
14484-64-1
123-51-3
14484-64-1
1309-37-1
102-54-5
12604-58-9
12604-58-9

TB3675000
TG0525000
SN5075000
TF3850000
TF9625000
SZ2100000
NO8750000
EL5425000
NO8750000
NO7400000
LK0700000
LK2900000
LK2900000
LK3651000
LK3651000
LK3651000
WB0350000
FG3500000
AB9450000
LM6475000
RS2100000
LM6475000
PA5250000
PA8200000
PA5425000
KH7877500
PA6390000
PA8400000
YZ7351000
YZ7351000
FG6125000
FG6125000
PB6125000
KO4250000
TA5950000
TA5950000
PA8750000
LP8925000

7681-49-4
630-08-0
53-96-3
7782-41-4
7783-41-7
7782-41-4
74-97-5
75-71-8
75-63-8
76-15-3
75-45-6
75-43-4
75-02-5
75-02-5
353-50-4
353-50-4
75-69-4
406-90-6
944-22-9
944-22-9
109-87-5
50-00-0

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0304
0396
0294
0294*
0295*
0296*
0296
0333
0107
0290
0596
0595
0632
0201
0131
0192
0214
0634
0197
0124
0366
0101
0101
0297
0297
0376
0297*
0297
0297
0298*
0102
0298
0057
0348

GUIDE
0145
0145
0145
0145
0145
0299*
0632
0201
0131
0192
0197
0124
0300
0300
0300*
0300
0002
0013
0288
0288
0301*
0301
0302
0302*
0302
0631
0631
0456
0303
0303*
0019
0498
0272
0272
0270
0271

Formaldehyde cyanohydrin
107-16-4
Formaldehyde dimethylacetal
109-87-5
Formaldehyde solution
Formalin (as formaldehyde)
Formamide
75-12-7
Formic acid
64-18-6
Formic acid (85-95% in aqueous solution) 64-18-6
Formonitrile
74-90-8
Freon 10
56-23-5
Freon 11
75-69-4
Freon 112
76-12-0
Freon 112a
76-11-9
Freon 113
76-13-1
Freon 114
76-14-2
Freon 115
76-15-3
Freon 12
75-71-8
Freon 12B2
75-61-6
Freon 13B1
75-63-8
Freon 21
75-43-4
Freon 22
75-45-6
Fuel Oil No. 1
8008-20-6
Furacarb
1563-66-2
Furadan
1563-66-2
Fural
98-01-1
2-Furancarboxaldehyde
98-01-1
2,5-Furanedione
108-31-6
Furfural
98-01-1
Furfuraldehyde
98-01-1
2-Furfuraldehyde
98-01-1
Furfuryl alcohol
98-00-0
Furnace black
1333-86-4
2-Furylmethanol
98-00-0
Fused borax
1330-43-4
Fusel oil
123-51-3

CHEMICAL NAME

CAS NO

acridine
65996-93-2
chrysene
65996-93-2
anthracene & benzo(a)pyrene).
65996-93-2
pyrene
65996-93-2
phenanthrene
65996-93-2
Gasoline
8006-61-9
Genetron 113
76-13-1
Genetron 114
76-14-2
Genetron 115
76-15-3
Genetron 12
75-71-8
Genetron 21
75-43-4
Genetron 22
75-45-6
Germane
7782-65-2
Germanium hydride
7782-65-2
Germanium tetrahydride
7782-65-2
Germanomethane
7782-65-2
Glacial acetic acid (pure compound)
64-19-7
Glacial acrylic acid (98% in aqueous sol 79-10-7
Glass fibers
Glass wool
Glutaraldehyde
111-30-8
Glutaric dialdehyde
111-30-8
Glycerin (anhydrous)
56-81-5
Glycerin (mist)
56-81-5
Glycerol
56-81-5
Glycerol trichlorohydrin
96-18-4
Glyceryl trichlorohydrin
96-18-4
Glyceryl trinitrate
55-63-0
Glycide
556-52-5
Glycidol
556-52-5
Glycidyl allyl ether
106-92-3
Glycidyl phenyl ether
122-60-1
Glycol
107-21-1
Glycol alcohol
107-21-1
Glycol dibromide
106-93-4
Glycol dichloride
107-06-2

AM0350000
PA8750000
LQ0525000
LQ4900000
LQ4900000
MW6825000
FG4900000
PB6125000
KI1420000
KI1425000
KJ4000000
KI1101000
KH7877500
PA8200000
PA7525000
PA5425000
PA8400000
PA6390000
OA5500000
FB9450000
FB9450000
LT7000000
LT7000000
ON3675000
LT7000000
LT7000000
LT7000000
LU9100000
FF5800000
LU9100000
ED4588000
EL5425000

RTECS NO
GF8655000
GF8655000
GF8655000
GF8655000
GF8655000
LX3300000
KJ4000000
KI1101000
KH7877500
PA8200000
PA8400000
PA6390000
LY4900000
LY4900000
LY4900000
LY4900000
AF1225000
AS4375000
LK3651000
LK3651000
MA2450000
MA2450000
MA8050000
MA8050000
MA8050000
TZ9275000
TZ9275000
QX2100000
UB4375000
UB4375000
RR0875000
TZ3675000
KW2975000
KW2975000
KH9275000
KI0525000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0273
0259
0401
0402
0304
0304*
0304
0302
0262
0305*
0574
0306*
0307*
0096
0648
0648
0044
0308*
0518
0308

GUIDE
0314
0315
0370
0320
0206
0334
0319
0016
0412
0320
0321
0339
0309*
0309
0193
0596
0595
0632
0662
0131
0634
0123
0107
0197
0214
0192
0634
0201
0310*
0630
0600
0483
0317
0468
0647
0667
0472
0637
0518
0311*
0311
0242
0312
0312*
0312
0313*
0266
0399
0242
0313

Glycol dinitrate
Glycol monoethyl ether acetate
Glycol monomethyl ether
Glycol monomethyl ether acetate
Glycolic nitrile
Glycolonitrile
Glyconitrile
Glycyl alcohol
Grain alcohol
Grain dust (oat, wheat, barley)
Granulated sugar
Graphite (natural)
Graphite (synthetic)
Gum camphor
Gum turpentine
Gumspirits
Guthion
Gypsum
Gypsum hemihydrate
Gypsum stone

CHEMICAL NAME
HCBD
HCCPD
HCH
HDI
HEOD
HF-A
HFA
HHDN
HMDI
HMDI
HMPA
HPA
Hafnium
Hafnium metal
Halane
Halocarbon 112
Halocarbon 112a
Halocarbon 113
Halocarbon 1132A
Halocarbon 115
Halocarbon 13B1
Halon 1011
Halon 104
Halon 112
Halon 1202
Halon 122
Halon 1301
Halon 242
Halothane
Halowax
Halowax
Halowax 1013
Halowax 1014
Halowax 1051
Hard metal
Hard wood dust
Heavy mineral oil mist
Hemellitol
Hemihydrate gypsum
Heptachlor
1,4,5,6,7,8,8-Heptachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetr
Heptan-4-one
Heptane
n-Heptane
normal-Heptane
1-Heptanethiol
3-Heptanone
2-Heptanone
4-Heptanone
Heptyl mercaptan

628-96-6
111-15-9
109-86-4
110-49-6
107-16-4
107-16-4
107-16-4
56-81-5
64-17-5

KW5600000
KK8225000
KL5775000
KL5950000
AM0350000
AM0350000
AM0350000
MA8050000
KQ6300000
MD7900000
57-50-1
WN6500000
7782-42-5
MD9659600
7440-44-0 ( FF5250100
76-22-2
EX1225000
8006-64-2
YO8400000
8006-64-2
YO8400000
86-50-0
TE1925000
13397-24-5 MG2360000
26499-65-0 TP0700000
13397-24-5 MG2360000

CAS NO
87-68-3
77-47-4
58-89-9
822-06-0
60-57-1
7664-39-3
684-16-2
309-00-2
5124-30-1
822-06-0
680-31-9
999-61-1
7440-58-6
7440-58-6
118-52-5
76-12-0
76-11-9
76-13-1
75-38-7
76-15-3
75-63-8
74-97-5
56-23-5
75-43-4
75-61-6
75-71-8
75-63-8
76-14-2
151-67-7
1321-65-9
1335-88-2
1321-64-8
1335-87-1
2234-13-1
11107-01-0
8012-95-1
526-73-8
26499-65-0
76-44-8
76-44-8
123-19-3
142-82-5
142-82-5
142-82-5
1639-09-4
106-35-4
110-43-0
123-19-3
1639-09-4

RTECS NO
EJ0700000
GY1225000
GV4900000
MO1740000
IO1750000
MW7875000
UC2450000
IO2100000
NQ9250000
MO1740000
TD0875000
AT1925000
MG4600000
MG4600000
MU0700000
KI1420000
KI1425000
KJ4000000
KW0560000
KH7877500
PA5425000
PA5250000
FG4900000
PA8400000
PA7525000
PA8200000
PA5425000
KI1101000
KH6550000
QK4025000
QK3700000
QK0300000
QJ7350000
QK0250000
Y07350000
ZC9850000
PY8030000
DC330000
TP0700000
PC0700000
PC0700000
MJ5600000
MI7700000
MI7700000
MI7700000
MJ1400000
MJ5250000
MJ5075000
MJ5600000
MJ1400000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0313
0314
0315
0315
0016
0251
0206
0252
0314*
0314
0370
0315*
0370
0316*
0317*
0318
0318*
0318
0318
0252
0319
0319
0319*
0169
0097
0168
0168
0163
0407
0407
0165
0406
0165
0321*
0163
0320*
0320
0320
0321
0321
0163
0322
0322*
0322
0323*
0015
0324*
0324
0325*
0326*
0327*
0322
0324
0324
0328*
0324
0438
0335
0165
0364
0308
0092
0521
0329*
0329
0329
0499
0364
0528
0331
0332
0267
0148
0333

n-Heptyl mercaptan
Hexachloro-1,3-butadiene
Hexachloro-1,3-cyclopentadiene
1,2,3,4,5,5-Hexachloro-1,3-cyclopentadie
1,2,3,4,10,10-Hexachloro-1,4,4a,5,8,8a-h
6,7,8,9,10-Hexachloro-1,5,5a,6,9,9a-hexa
1,2,3,4,10,10-Hexachloro-6,7-epoxy-1,4,4
1,2,3,4,10,10-Hexachloro-6,7-epoxy-1,4,4
Hexachlorobutadiene
1,3-Hexachlorobutadiene
gamma-Hexachlorocyclohexane
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
gamma isomer of 1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachlorocy
Hexachloroethane
Hexachloronaphthalene
n-Hexadecanethiol
1-Hexadecanethiol
Hexadecanethiol-1
Hexadecyl mercaptan
Hexadrin
Hexafluoro-2-propanone
1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoro-2-propanone
Hexafluoroacetone
Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-s-triazine
Hexahydro-2H-azepin-2-one
Hexahydroaniline
Hexahydrobenzenamine
Hexahydrobenzene
Hexahydrocresol
Hexahydromethylphenol
Hexahydrophenol
Hexahydrotoluene
Hexalin
Hexamethyl phosphoramide
Hexamethylene
Hexamethylene diisocyanate
1,6-Hexamethylene diisocyanate
Hexamethylene-1,6-diisocyanate
Hexamethylphosphoric triamide
Hexamethylphosphorotriamide
Hexanaphthene
Hexane
n-Hexane
normal-Hexane
Hexane isomers (excluding n-Hexane)
Hexanedinitrile
n-Hexanethiol
1-Hexanethiol
2-Hexanone
Hexone
sec-Hexyl acetate
Hexyl hydride
Hexyl mercaptan
n-Hexyl mercaptan
Hexylene glycol
n-Hexylthiol
High solvent naphtha
High-strength hydrogen peroxide
Hydralin
Hydrated aluminum silicate
Hydrated calcium sulfate
Hydrated lime
Hydraulic cement
Hydrazine
Hydrazine (anhydrous)
Hydrazine base
Hydrazinobenzene
Hydrite
Hydroacrylic acid
Hydrobromic acid)
Hydrochloric acid
Hydrochloric ether
Hydrocobalt tetracarbonyl
Hydrocyanic acid

1639-09-4
87-68-3
77-47-4
77-47-4
309-00-2
115-29-7
60-57-1
72-20-8
87-68-3
87-68-3
58-89-9
77-47-4
58-89-9
67-72-1
1335-87-1
2917-26-2
2917-26-2
2917-26-2
2917-26-2
72-20-8
684-16-2
684-16-2
684-16-2
121-82-4
105-60-2
108-91-8
108-91-8
110-82-7
25639-42-3
25639-42-3
108-93-0
108-87-2
108-93-0
680-31-9
110-82-7
822-06-0
822-06-0
822-06-0
680-31-9
680-31-9
110-82-7
110-54-3
110-54-3
110-54-3

MJ1400000
EJ0700000
GY1225000
GY1225000
IO2100000
RB9275000
IO1750000
I01575000
EJ0700000
EJ0700000
GV4900000
GY1225000
GV4900000
KI4025000
QJ7350000

I01575000
UC2450000
UC2450000
UC2450000
XY9450000
CM3675000
GX0700000
GX0700000
GU6300000
GW0175000
GW0175000
GV7875000
GV6125000
GV7875000
TD0875000
GU6300000
MO1740000
MO1740000
MO1740000
TD0875000
TD0875000
GU6300000
MN9275000
MN9275000
MN9275000

111-69-3
111-31-9
111-31-9
591-78-6
108-10-1
108-84-9
110-54-3
111-31-9
111-31-9
107-41-5
111-31-9
8030-30-6
7722-84-1
108-93-0
1332-58-7
13397-24-5
1305-62-0
65997-15-1
302-01-2
302-01-2
302-01-2
100-63-0
1332-58-7
57-57-8
10035-10-6
7647-01-0
75-00-3
16842-03-8
74-90-8

AV2625000
MO4550000
MO4550000
MP1400000
SA9275000
SA7525000
MN9275000
MO4550000
MO4550000
SA0810000
MO4550000
DE3030000
MX0900000
GV7875000
GF1670500
MG2360000
EW2800000
VV8770000
MU7175000
MU7175000
MU7175000
MW8925000
GF1670500
RQ7350000
MW3850000
MW4025000
KH7525000
GG0900000
MW6825000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0334
0568
0040
0331*
0296
0332*
0160
0333*
0335
0334*
0447
0335*
0335
0505
0336*
0577
0337*
0412
0330
0330
0330*
0330
0373
0335
0338*
0390
0337
0584
0525
0005
0154
0665
0155
0178
0156
0435
0528
0528
0304
0390
0493
0076
0077
0110
0165
0357
0208
0256
0005
0303
0303
0485
0298
0543
0543
0109
0339*
0339
0303
0156
0155
0154
0210
0465

GUIDE
0352
0363
0359
0356
0276
0208

Hydrofluoric acid)
Hydrogen antimonide
Hydrogen arsenide
Hydrogen bromide
Hydrogen carboxylic acid
Hydrogen chloride
Hydrogen cyanamide
Hydrogen cyanide
Hydrogen dioxide
Hydrogen fluoride
Hydrogen nitrate
Hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide (aqueous)
Hydrogen phosphide
Hydrogen selenide
Hydrogen sulfate
Hydrogen sulfide
Hydrogenated MDI
Hydrogenated diphenylbenzenes
Hydrogenated phenylbiphenyls
Hydrogenated terphenyls
Hydrogenated triphenyls
Hydromagnesite
Hydroperoxide
Hydroquinone
Hydroquinone monomethyl ether
Hydrosulfuric acid
Hydrous magnesium silicate
3-Hydroxy-1-propanesulphonic acid sulton
2-Hydroxy-2-methyl-propionitrile
1-Hydroxy-2-methylbenzene
4-Hydroxy-3-(3-oxo-1-phenyl butyl)-2H-11-Hydroxy-3-methylbenzene
4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone
1-Hydroxy-4-methylbenzene
3-Hydroxy-N-methylcrotonamide dimethylph
3-Hydroxy-beta-lactone
3-Hydroxy-propionic acid
Hydroxyacetonitrile
p-Hydroxyanisole
Hydroxybenzene
1-Hydroxybutane
2-Hydroxybutane
Hydroxycellulose
Hydroxycyclohexane
beta-Hydroxyethyl isopropyl ether
bis(2-Hydroxyethyl)amine
2-Hydroxyethylamine
alpha-Hydroxyisobutyronitrile
Hydroxymethyl ethylene oxide
2-Hydroxymethyl oxiran
2,2-bis(Hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol
2-Hydroxymethylfuran
m-Hydroxyphenol
3-Hydroxyphenol
2-Hydroxyphenol
2-Hydroxypropyl acrylate
beta-Hydroxypropyl acrylate
3-Hydroxypropylene oxide
4-Hydroxytoluene
3-Hydroxytoluene
2-Hydroxytoluene
2-Hydroxytriethylamine
Hyponitrous acid anhydride

CHEMICAL NAME
IBA
IGE
IPA
IPDI
2-Imidazolidine-2-thione
2,2'-Iminodiethanol

7664-39-3
7803-52-3
7784-42-1
10035-10-6
64-18-6
7647-01-0
420-04-2
74-90-8
7722-84-1
7664-39-3
7697-37-2
7722-84-1
7722-84-1
7803-51-2
7783-07-5
7664-93-9
7783-06-4
5124-30-1
61788-32-7
61788-32-7
61788-32-7
61788-32-7
546-93-0
7722-84-1
123-31-9
150-76-5
7783-06-4
14807-96-6
1120-71-4
75-86-5
95-48-7
81-81-2
108-39-4
123-42-2
106-44-5
6923-22-4
57-57-8
57-57-8
107-16-4
150-76-5
108-95-2
71-36-3
78-92-2
9004-34-6
108-93-0
109-59-1
111-42-2
141-43-5
75-86-5
556-52-5
556-52-5
115-77-5
98-00-0
108-46-3
108-46-3
120-80-9
999-61-1
999-61-1
556-52-5
106-44-5
108-39-4
95-48-7
100-37-8
10024-97-2

CAS NO
78-83-1
4016-14-2
67-63-0
4098-71-9
96-45-7
111-42-2

MW7875000
WJ0700000
CG6475000
MW3850000
LQ4900000
MW4025000
GS5950000
MW6825000
MX0900000
MW7875000
QU5775000
MX0900000
MX0900000
SY7525000
MX1050000
WS5600000
MX1225000
NQ9250000
WZ6535000
WZ6535000
WZ6535000
WZ6535000
OM2470000
MX0900000
MX3500000
SL7700000
MX1225000
WW2710000
RP5425000
OD9275000
GO6300000
GN4550000
GO6125000
SA9100000
GO6475000
TC4375000
RQ7350000
RQ7350000
AM0350000
SL7700000
SJ3325000
EO1400000
EO1750000
FJ5691460
GV7875000
KL5075000
KL2975000
KJ5775000
OD9275000
UB4375000
UB4375000
RZ2490000
LU9100000
VG9625000
VG9625000
UX1050000
AT1925000
AT1925000
UB4375000
GO6475000
GO6125000
GO6300000
KK5075000
QX1350000

RTECS NO
NP9625000
TZ3500000
NT8050000
NQ9370000
NI9625000
KL2975000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0250
0340*
0341*
0341
0340
0480
0342*
0342
0343*
0420
0345
0205
0344*
0549
0345*
0346*
0355
0347*
0348*
0349*
0421
0350*
0352
0385
0351*
0352*
0348
0351
0326
0422
0353*
0412
0356
0592
0323
0354
0354*
0347
0348
0421
0355*
0356
0356*
0513
0395
0359
0429
0395
0362
0357*
0363
0531
0357
0358*
0359*
0159
0353
0358
0362*
0363*
0357
0424
0360*
0361
0352
0385
0216

GUIDE
0540
0070

Impure corundum
Indene
Indium
Indium metal
Indonaphthene
"Inert" dusts
Iodine
Iodine crystals
Iodoform
Iodomethane
Iron carbonyl
Iron dicyclopentadienyl
Iron oxide dust and fume (as Fe)
Iron oxide red
Iron pentacarbonyl (as Fe)
Iron salts (soluble, as Fe)
Isoacetophorone
Isoamyl acetate
Isoamyl alcohol (primary)
Isoamyl alcohol (secondary)
Isoamyl methyl ketone
Isobutane
Isobutanol
Isobutenyl methyl ketone
Isobutyl acetate
Isobutyl alcohol
Isobutyl carbinol
Isobutyl ester of acetic acid
Isobutyl methyl ketone
Isobutylmethylcarbinol
Isobutyronitrile
bis(4-Isocyanatocyclohexyl)methane
3-Isocyanatomethyl-3,5,5-trimethylcycloh
Isodiphenylbenzene
Isohexane
Isooctanol
Isooctyl alcohol
Isopentyl acetate
Isopentyl alcohol
Isopentyl methyl ketone
Isophorone
Isophorone diamine diisocyanate
Isophorone diisocyanate
Isophthalodinitrile
Isoprene cyanide
Isopropanol
Isopropenyl benzene
Isopropenylnitrile
2-Isopropoxy propane
2-Isopropoxyethanol
Isopropoxymethyl oxirane
o-Isopropoxyphenyl-N-methylcarbamate
Isopropyl Cellosolve
Isopropyl acetate
Isopropyl alcohol
Isopropyl benzene
Isopropyl cyanide
Isopropyl ester of acetic acid
Isopropyl ether
Isopropyl glycidyl ether
Isopropyl glycol
Isopropyl methyl ketone
Isopropylamine
Isopropylaniline
Isopropylcarbinol
Isopropylideneacetone
Isovalerone

CHEMICAL NAME
Jasmolin I or II
Jeffersol EB

1302-74-5
95-13-6
7440-74-6
7440-74-6
95-13-6

GN0231000
NK8225000
NL1050000
NL1050000
NK8225000

7553-56-2
7553-56-2
75-47-8
74-88-4
13463-40-6
102-54-5
1309-37-1
1309-37-1
13463-40-6

NN1575000
NN1575000
PB7000000
PA9450000
NO4900000
LK0700000
NO7400000
NO7400000
NO4900000

78-59-1
123-92-2
123-51-3
6032-29-7
110-12-3
75-28-5
78-83-1
141-79-7
110-19-0
78-83-1
123-51-3
110-19-0
108-10-1
108-11-2
78-82-0
5124-30-1
4098-71-9
92-06-8

GW7700000
NS9800000
EL5425000
MP3850000
TZ4300000
NP9625000
SB4200000
AI4025000
NP9625000
EL5425000
AI4025000
SA9275000
SA7350000
TZ4900000
NQ9250000
NQ9370000
WZ6470000

26952-21-6
26952-21-6
123-92-2
123-51-3
110-12-3
78-59-1
4098-71-9
4098-71-9
626-17-5
126-98-7
67-63-0
98-83-9
126-98-7
108-20-3
109-59-1
4016-14-2
114-26-1
109-59-1
108-21-4
67-63-0
98-82-8
78-82-0
108-21-4
108-20-3
4016-14-2
109-59-1
563-80-4
75-31-0
768-52-5
78-83-1
141-79-7
108-83-8

NS7700000
NS7700000
NS9800000
EL5425000
MP3850000
GW7700000
NQ9370000
NQ9370000
CZ1900000
UD1400000
NT8050000
WL5075300
UD1400000
TZ5425000
KL5075000
TZ3500000
FC3150000
KL5075000
AI4930000
NT8050000
GR8575000
TZ4900000
AI4930000
TZ5425000
TZ3500000
KL5075000
EL9100000
NT8400000
BY4190000
NP9625000
SB4200000
MJ5775000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

8003-34-7
111-76-2

UR4200000
KJ8575000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

GUIDE
0364*
0247
0365*
0366*
0367*
0367
0004
0130

GUIDE
0372*
0372
0528
0102
0387
0130
0465
0096
0249
0249
0368*
0368
0601
0603
0431
0144
0664
0093
0091
0369*
0370*
0372
0372
0371*
0371
0523
0565

GUIDE
0436
0393
0325
0411
0121
0380
0415
0413
0069
0416
0416
0421
0422
0326
0423
0424
0419
0409
0411
0488
0671
0119
0374
0373*
0373
0374*
0373
0375*

CHEMICAL NAME
Kaolin
Karmex
Kepone
Kerosene
Ketene
Keto-ethylene
Ketone propane
Korax

CHEMICAL NAME
L.P.G.
LPG
beta-Lactone
Lamp black
Lannate
Lanstan
Laughing gas
Laurel camphor
Lauryl mercaptan
n-Lauryl mercaptan
Lead
Lead metal
Lead tetraethyl
Lead tetramethyl
Lepidolite
Lignite coal dust
Ligroin
Lime
Lime nitrogen
Limestone
Lindane
Liquefied hydrocarbon gas
Liquefied petroleum gas
Lithium hydride
Lithium monohydride
Lye
Lye

CHEMICAL NAME
MA
MAPP gas
MBK
MBOCA
MCB
MCT
MDA
MDI
MEK
MEK peroxide
MEKP
MIAK
MIBC
MIBK
MIC
MIPK
MMH
MMT
MOCA
MPK
MXDA
Mace
Magnesia fume
Magnesite
Magnesium carbonate
Magnesium oxide fume
Magnesium(II) carbonate
Malathion

CAS NO

RTECS NO

1332-58-7
330-54-1
143-50-0
8008-20-6
463-51-4
463-51-4
67-64-1
600-25-9

GF1670500
YS8925000
PC8575000
OA5500000
OA7700000
OA7700000
AL3150000
TX5075000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

68476-85-7
68476-85-7
57-57-8
1333-86-4
16752-77-5
600-25-9
10024-97-2
76-22-2
112-55-0
112-55-0
7439-92-1
7439-92-1
78-00-2
75-74-1
12001-26-2
8032-32-4
1305-78-8
156-62-7
1317-65-3
58-89-9
68476-85-7
68476-85-7
7580-67-8
7580-67-8
1310-58-3
1310-73-2

CAS NO
100-61-8
59355-75-8
591-78-6
101-14-4
108-90-7
12079-65-1
101-77-9
101-68-8
78-93-3
1338-23-4
1338-23-4
110-12-3
108-11-2
108-10-1
624-83-9
563-80-4
60-34-4
12108-13-3
101-14-4
107-87-9
1477-55-0
532-27-4
1309-48-4
546-93-0
546-93-0
1309-48-4
546-93-0
121-75-5

SE7545000
SE7545000
RQ7350000
FF5800000
AK2975000
TX5075000
QX1350000
EX1225000
JR3155000
JR3155000
OF7525000
OF7525000
TP4550000
TP4725000
VV8760000
GF8281000
OI6180000
EW3100000
GS6000000
EV9580000
GV4900000
SE7545000
SE7545000
OJ6300000
OJ6300000
TT2100000
WB4900000

RTECS NO
BY4550000
UK4920000
MP1400000
CY1050000
CZ0175000
OO9720000
BY5425000
NQ9350000
EL6475000
EL9450000
EL9450000
MP3850000
SA7350000
SA9275000
NQ9450000
EL9100000
MV5600000
OP1450000
CY1050000
SA7875000
PF8970000
AM6300000
OM3850000
OM2470000
OM2470000
OM3850000
OM2470000
WM8400000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0376
0376*
0377*
0377
0378
0377
0378*
0379*
0380*
0381
0381*
0409
0379
0381
0432
0382*
0431
0558
0405
0390
0610
0610
0610
0050
0083
0176
0249
0280
0425
0467
0469
0471
0526
0384*
0383*
0383
0385*
0639
0212
0529
0383
0613
0587
0410
0426
0386*
0386
0386
0386
0395
0293
0295
0106
0485
0127
0002
0425
0296
0397
0389
0387*
0179
0536
0536
0536
0388
0179
0035
0034
0394
0388*
0401
0402
0389

Maleic acid anhydride


Maleic anhydride
Malonaldehyde
Malonic aldehyde
Malonic dinitrile
Malonodialdehyde
Malononitrile
Manganese compounds and fume (as Mn)
Manganese cyclopentadienyl tricarbonyl
Manganese oxide
Manganese tetroxide (as Mn)
Manganese tricarbonylmethylcyclopentadie
Manganese-55
Manganomanganic oxide
Manmade mineral fibers
Marble
Margarite
Massive talc
Mecrylate
Mequinol
Mercaptoacetate
Mercaptoacetic acid
2-Mercaptoacetic acid
Mercaptobenzene
1-Mercaptobutane
1-Mercaptodecane
1-Mercaptododecane
Mercaptoethane
Mercaptomethane
1-Mercaptononane
1-Mercaptooctadecane
1-Mercaptooctane
3-Mercaptopropane
Mercury (organo) alkyl compounds (as Hg)
Mercury compounds [except (organo) alkyl
Mercury metal: Colloidal mercury
Mesityl oxide
Mesitylene
Metacetone
Metacetonic acid
Metallic mercury
Metallic tin
Metallum problematum
Metasystox
Methacrylate monomer
Methacrylic acid
alpha-Methacrylic acid
Methacrylic acid (glacial)
Methacrylic acid (inhibited)
Methacrylonitrile
Methanal
Methanamide
Methane tetrabromide
Methane tetramethylol
Methane trichloride
Methanecarboxylic acid
Methanethiol
Methanoic acid
Methanol
Methoflurane
Methomyl
4-Methoxy-1,3-benzene-diamine
2-Methoxy-1-methylethanol
1-Methoxy-2-hydroxypropane
1-Methoxy-2-propanol
Methoxy-DDT
4-Methoxy-m-phenylene-diamine
p-Methoxyaniline
o-Methoxyaniline
Methoxycarbonylethylene
Methoxychlor
2-Methoxyethanol
2-Methoxyethyl acetate
Methoxyfluorane

108-31-6
108-31-6
542-78-9
542-78-9
109-77-3
542-78-9
109-77-3
7439-96-5
12079-65-1
1317-35-7
1317-35-7
12108-13-3
7439-96-5
1317-35-7
1317-65-3
12001-26-2
137-05-3
150-76-5
68-11-1
68-11-1
68-11-1
108-98-5
109-79-5
143-10-2
112-55-0
75-08-1
74-93-1
1455-21-6
2885-00-9
111-88-6
107-03-9
7439-97-6
7439-97-6
141-79-7
108-67-8
96-22-0
79-09-4
7439-97-6
7440-31-5
13494-80-9
8022-00-2
80-62-6
79-41-4
79-41-4
79-41-4
79-41-4
126-98-7
50-00-0
75-12-7
558-13-4
115-77-5
67-66-3
64-19-7
74-93-1
64-18-6
67-56-1
76-38-0
16752-77-5
615-05-4
107-98-2
107-98-2
107-98-2
72-43-5
615-05-4
104-94-9
90-04-0
96-33-3
72-43-5
109-86-4
110-49-6
76-38-0

ON3675000
ON3675000
TX6475000
TX6475000
OO3150000
TX6475000
OO3150000
OO9275000
OO9720000
OP0895000
OP0895000
OP1450000
OO9275000
OP0895000
PY8070000
EV9580000
VV8760000
VV8780000
AS7000000
SL7700000
AI5950000
AI5950000
AI5950000
DC0525000
EK6300000
JR3155000
K19625000
PB4375000

TZ7300000
OV4550000
OV4550000
SB4200000
OX6825000
SA8050000
UE5950000
OV4550000
XP7320000
WY2625000
TG1760000
OZ5075000
OZ2975000
OZ2975000
OZ2975000
OZ2975000
UD1400000
LP8925000
LQ0525000
FG4725000
RZ2490000
FS9100000
AF1225000
PB4375000
LQ4900000
PC1400000
KN7820000
AK2975000
BZ8580500
UB7700000
UB7700000
UB7700000
KJ3675000
BZ8580500
BZ5450000
BZ5410000
AT2800000
KJ3675000
KL5775000
KL5950000
KN7820000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0389*
0396
0390*
0390
0388
0048
0326
0387
0391*
0529
0069
0392*
0393
0393*
0393
0157
0394*
0397*
0293
0405
0422
0399*
0044
0619
0619
0400*
0424
0325
0401*
0402*
0403*
0123
0404*
0006
0405
0409*
0410*
0405
0391
0394
0417
0423
0426
0391
0077
0069
0416
0416*
0538
0417*
0419*
0420*
0421*
0385
0422*
0326
0423*
0424*
0425*
0410
0426*
0417
0325
0428
0427*
0156
0155
0154
0640
0394
0488
0428*
0429*
0229

Methoxyflurane
Methoxymethyl methyl ether
4-Methoxyphenol
p-Methoxyphenol
2,2-bis(p-Methoxyphenyl)-1,1,1-trichloro
Methyl 1-(butylcarbamoyl)-2-benzimidazol
4-Methyl 2-pentanone
Methyl N-((methylamino)carbonyl)oxy)etha
Methyl acetate
Methyl acetic acid
Methyl acetone
Methyl acetylene
Methyl acetylene-allene mixture
Methyl acetylene-propadiene mixture
Methyl acetylene-propadiene mixture (sta
beta-Methyl acrolein
Methyl acrylate
Methyl alcohol
Methyl aldehyde
Methyl alpha-cyanoacrylate
Methyl amyl alcohol
Methyl (n-amyl) ketone
Methyl azinphos
Methyl benzene
Methyl benzol
Methyl bromide
3-Methyl butan-2-one
Methyl butyl ketone
Methyl Cellosolve
Methyl Cellosolve acetate
Methyl chloride
Methyl chlorobromide
Methyl chloroform
Methyl cyanide
Methyl cyanoacrylate
Methyl cyclopentadienyl manganese tricar
Methyl demeton
Methyl ester of 2-cyanoacrylic acid
Methyl ester of acetic acid
Methyl ester of acrylic acid
Methyl ester of formic acid
Methyl ester of isocyanic acid
Methyl ester of methacrylic acid
Methyl ethanoate
Methyl ethyl carbinol
Methyl ethyl ketone
Methyl ethyl ketone hydroperoxide
Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide
Methyl ethylene oxide
Methyl formate
Methyl hydrazine
Methyl iodide
Methyl isoamyl ketone
Methyl isobutenyl ketone
Methyl isobutyl carbinol
Methyl isobutyl ketone
Methyl isocyanate
Methyl isopropyl ketone
Methyl mercaptan
Methyl mercaptophos
Methyl methacrylate
Methyl methanoate
Methyl n-butyl ketone
Methyl orthosilicate
Methyl parathion
4-Methyl phenol
3-Methyl phenol
2-Methyl phenol
Methyl phosphite
Methyl propenoate
Methyl propyl ketone
Methyl silicate
alpha-Methyl styrene
Methyl sulfate

76-38-0
109-87-5
150-76-5
150-76-5
72-43-5
17804-35-2
108-10-1
16752-77-5
79-20-9
79-09-4
78-93-3
74-99-7
59355-75-8
59355-75-8
59355-75-8
4170-30-3
96-33-3
67-56-1
50-00-0
137-05-3
108-11-2
110-43-0
86-50-0
108-88-3
108-88-3
74-83-9
563-80-4
591-78-6
109-86-4
110-49-6
74-87-3
74-97-5
71-55-6
75-05-8
137-05-3
12108-13-3
8022-00-2
137-05-3
79-20-9
96-33-3
107-31-3
624-83-9
80-62-6
79-20-9
78-92-2
78-93-3
1338-23-4
1338-23-4
75-56-9
107-31-3
60-34-4
74-88-4
110-12-3
141-79-7
108-11-2
108-10-1
624-83-9
563-80-4
74-93-1
8022-00-2
80-62-6
107-31-3
591-78-6
681-84-5
298-00-0
106-44-5
108-39-4
95-48-7
121-45-9
96-33-3
107-87-9
681-84-5
98-83-9
77-78-1

KN7820000
PA8750000
SL7700000
SL7700000
KJ3675000
DD6475000
SA9275000
AK2975000
AI9100000
UE5950000
EL6475000
UK4250000
UK4920000
UK4920000
UK4920000
GP9499000
AT2800000
PC1400000
LP8925000
AS7000000
SA7350000
MJ5075000
TE1925000
XS5250000
XS5250000
PA4900000
EL9100000
MP1400000
KL5775000
KL5950000
PA6300000
PA5250000
KJ2975000
AL7700000
AS7000000
OP1450000
TG1760000
AS7000000
AI9100000
AT2800000
LQ8925000
NQ9450000
OZ5075000
AI9100000
EO1750000
EL6475000
EL9450000
EL9450000
TZ2975000
LQ8925000
MV5600000
PA9450000
MP3850000
SB4200000
SA7350000
SA9275000
NQ9450000
EL9100000
PB4375000
TG1760000
OZ5075000
LQ8925000
MP1400000
VV9800000
TG0175000
GO6475000
GO6125000
GO6300000
TH1400000
AT2800000
SA7875000
VV9800000
WL5075300
WS8225000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0425
0410
0066
0220
0348
0347
0429
0352
0641
0328
0328
0246
0622
0349
0424
0405*
0421
0426
0422
0178
0078
0446
0230
0418*
0385
0085
0418
0421
0386
0395*
0395
0396*
0398*
0398
0398
0436
0624
0623
0622
0622
0537
0624
0623
0032
0347
0347
0129
0406*
0407*
0408
0408*
0409
0235
0412*
0413
0413*
0414*
0413
0414
0396
0293
0411*
0411
0411
0415*
0358
0537
0068
0327
0005
0462
0462
0463
0463

Methyl sulfhydrate
Methyl systox
Methyl tribromide
Methyl yellow
3-Methyl-1-butanol
3-Methyl-1-butanol acetate
1-Methyl-1-phenylethylene
2-Methyl-1-propanol
1-Methyl-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene
2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol
4-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol
4-Methyl-2,6-di-tert-butyl phenol
1-Methyl-2-aminobenzene
3-Methyl-2-butanol
3-Methyl-2-butanone
Methyl-2-cyanoacrylate
5-Methyl-2-hexanone
Methyl-2-methyl-2-propenoate
4-Methyl-2-pentanol
2-Methyl-2-pentanol-4-one
2-Methyl-2-propanol
3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidyl)pyridine
2-Methyl-3,5-dinitrobenzamide
5-Methyl-3-heptanone
4-Methyl-3-penten-2-one
1-Methyl-4-tert-butylbenzene
3-Methyl-5-heptanone
2-Methyl-5-hexanone
2-Methylacrylic acid
Methylacrylonitrile
alpha-Methylacrylonitrile
Methylal
Methylamine
Methylamine (anhydrous)
Methylamine (aqueous)
(Methylamino)benzene
4-Methylaniline
3-Methylaniline
o-Methylaniline
2-Methylaniline
2-Methylaziridine
4-Methylbenzenamine
3-Methylbenzenamine
1-Methylbutyl acetate
3-Methylbutyl ester of acetic acid
3-Methylbutyl ethanoate
Methylchloromethyl ether
Methylcyclohexane
Methylcyclohexanol
2-Methylcyclohexanone
o-Methylcyclohexanone
2-Methylcyclopentadienyl manganese trica
Methyldinitrobenzene
Methylene bis(4-cyclohexylisocyanate)
Methylene bis(4-phenyl isocyanate)
Methylene bisphenyl isocyanate
Methylene chloride
Methylene di-p-phenylene ester of isocya
Methylene dichloride
Methylene dimethyl ether
Methylene oxide
4,4'-Methylenebis(2-chloroaniline)
4,4'-Methylenebis(2-chlorobenzenamine)
4,4'-Methylenebis(o-chloro aniline)
4,4'-Methylenedianiline
1-Methylethyl ester of acetic acid
2-Methylethyleneimine
Methylethylmethane
Methylisoamyl acetate
2-Methyllactonitrile
o-Methylnitrobenzene
2-Methylnitrobenzene
3-Methylnitrobenzene
m-Methylnitrobenzene

74-93-1
8022-00-2
75-25-2
60-11-7
123-51-3
123-92-2
98-83-9
78-83-1
118-96-7
107-41-5
107-41-5
128-37-0
95-53-4
6032-29-7 <
563-80-4
137-05-3
110-12-3
80-62-6
108-11-2
123-42-2
75-65-0
54-11-5
148-01-6
541-85-5
141-79-7
98-51-1
541-85-5
110-12-3
79-41-4
126-98-7
126-98-7
109-87-5
74-89-5
74-89-5
74-89-5
100-61-8
106-49-0
108-44-1
95-53-4
95-53-4
75-55-8
106-49-0
108-44-1
626-38-0
123-92-2
123-92-2
107-30-2
108-87-2
25639-42-3
583-60-8
583-60-8
12108-13-3
25321-14-6
5124-30-1
101-68-8
101-68-8
75-09-2
101-68-8
75-09-2
109-87-5
50-00-0
101-14-4
101-14-4
101-14-4
101-77-9
108-21-4
75-55-8
106-97-8
108-84-9
75-86-5
88-72-2
88-72-2
99-08-1
99-08-1

PB4375000
TG1760000
PB5600000
BX7350000
EL5425000
NS9800000
WL5075300
NP9625000
XU0175000
SA0810000
SA0810000
GO7875000
XU2975000
EL9100000
AS7000000
MP3850000
OZ5075000
SA7350000
SA9100000
EO1925000
QS5250000
XS4200000
MJ7350000
SB4200000
XS8400000
MJ7350000
MP3850000
OZ2975000
UD1400000
UD1400000
PA8750000
PF6300000
PF6300000
PF6300000
BY4550000
XU3150000
XU2800000
XU2975000
XU2975000
CM8050000
XU3150000
XU2800000
AJ2100000
NS9800000
NS9800000
KN6650000
GV6125000
GW0175000
GW1750000
GW1750000
OP1450000
XT1300000
NQ9250000
NQ9350000
NQ9350000
PA8050000
NQ9350000
PA8050000
PA8750000
LP8925000
CY1050000
CY1050000
CY1050000
BY5425000
AI4930000
CM8050000
EJ4200000
SA7525000
OD9275000
XT3150000
XT3150000
XT2975000
XT2975000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0464
0464
0538
0323
0323
0328
0436
0620
0350
0353
0395
0386
0353
0073
0351
0351
0351
0084
0663
0430*
0503
0431*
0306
0569
0308
0432*
0064
0115
0342
0433*
0434*
0433
0030
0265
0657
0400
0634
0120
0121
0124
0267
0658
0658
0403
0131
0435
0435*
0256
0263
0272
0660
0290
0300
0493
0420
0360
0436*
0390
0398
0419
0448
0485
0499
0556
0561
0105
0437*
0299
0299
0332
0267
0431

GUIDE

4-Methylnitrobenzene
p-Methylnitrobenzene
Methyloxirane
3-Methylpentane
2-Methylpentane
2-Methylpentane-2,4-diol
Methylphenylamine
Methylphenylene diamine
2-Methylpropane
2-Methylpropanenitrile
2-Methylpropenenitrile
2-Methylpropenoic acid
2-Methylpropionitrile
1-Methylpropyl acetate
2-Methylpropyl acetate
2-Methylpropyl ester of acetic acid
beta-Methylpropyl ethanoate
2-(1-Methylpropyl)phenol
Methylstyrene
Metribuzin
Mevinphos
Mica (containing less than 1% quartz)
Mineral carbon
Mineral spirits
Mineral white
Mineral wool fiber
Molecular bromine
Molecular chlorine
Molecular iodine
Molybdenum
Molybdenum (soluble compounds, as Mo)
Molybdenum metal
Monoammonium salt of sulfamic acid
Monobromoethane
Monobromoethylene
Monobromomethane
Monobromotrifluoromethane
Monochloroacetyl chloride
Monochlorobenzene
Monochlorodifluoromethane
Monochloroethane
Monochloroethene
Monochloroethylene
Monochloromethane
Monochloropentafluoroethane
Monocron
Monocrotophos
Monoethanolamine
Monoethylamine
Monoethylene glycol
Monofluoroethylene
Monofluorotrichloromethane
Monogermane
Monohydroxybenzene
Monoiodomethane
Monoisopropylamine
Monomethyl aniline
Monomethyl ether hydroquinone
Monomethylamine
Monomethylhydrazine
Mononitrogen monoxide
Monopentaerythritol
Monophenylhydrazine
Monosilane
Monosodium salt of sulfurous acid
Monoxide
Morpholine
Motor fuel
Motor spirits
Muriatic acid)
Muriatic ether
Muscovite

CHEMICAL NAME

99-99-0
99-99-0
75-56-9

XT3325000
XT3325000
TZ2975000

107-41-5
100-61-8
25376-45-8
75-28-5
78-82-0
126-98-7
79-41-4
78-82-0
105-46-4
110-19-0
110-19-0
110-19-0
89-72-5
25013-15-4
21087-64-9
7786-34-7
12001-26-2
7782-42-5
8052-41-3
13397-24-5
7726-95-6
7782-50-5
7553-56-2
7439-98-7

SA0810000
BY4550000
XS9445000
TZ4300000
TZ4900000
UD1400000
OZ2975000
TZ4900000
AF7380000
AI4025000
AI4025000
AI4025000
SJ8920000
WL5075000
XZ2990000
GQ5250000
VV8760000
MD9659600
WJ8925000
MG2360000
PY8070000
EF9100000
FO2100000
NN1575000
QA4680000

7439-98-7
7773-06-0
74-96-4
593-60-2
74-83-9
75-63-8
79-04-9
108-90-7
75-45-6
75-00-3
75-01-4
75-01-4
74-87-3
76-15-3
6923-22-4
6923-22-4
141-43-5
75-04-7
107-21-1
75-02-5
75-69-4
7782-65-2
108-95-2
74-88-4
75-31-0
100-61-8
150-76-5
74-89-5
60-34-4
10102-43-9
115-77-5
100-63-0
7803-62-5
7631-90-5
630-08-0
110-91-8
8006-61-9
8006-61-9
7647-01-0
75-00-3
12001-26-2

QA4680000
WO6125000
KH6475000
KU8400000
PA4900000
PA5425000
AO6475000
CZ0175000
PA6390000
KH7525000
KU9625000
KU9625000
PA6300000
KH7877500
TC4375000
TC4375000
KJ5775000
KH2100000
KW2975000
YZ7351000
PB6125000
LY4900000
SJ3325000
PA9450000
NT8400000
BY4550000
SL7700000
PF6300000
MV5600000
QX0525000
RZ2490000
MW8925000
VV1400000
VZ2000000
FG3500000
QD6475000
LX3300000
LX3300000
MW4025000
KH7525000
VV8760000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0478
0185
0209
0210
0218
0220
0222
0223*
0223
0224
0226
0636
0461
0223
0643
0643
0276
0098
0217
0361
0211
0007
0185*
0209
0281*
0361
0361*
0436
0531
0607
0461
0219
0461
0461*
0500*
0240
0240
0361
0436
0099
0136
0440
0461
0456
0221
0221
0459
0460
0225
0438
0438*
0439*
0440*
0440
0440
0439
0100
0100
0037
0037
0037
0441
0442
0442*
0441*
0500
0250
0369
0382
0299
0238
0283

N,N'-Dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium dichlori
N,N-Dibutylethanolamine
N,N-Diethylamine
N,N-Diethylethanolamine
N,N-Dimethyl acetamide
N,N-Dimethyl-4-aminoazobenzene
N,N-Dimethylamino-3-propionitrile
N,N-Dimethylaniline
N,N-Dimethylbenzeneamine
N,N-Dimethylcarbamoyl chloride
N,N-Dimethylformamide
N,N-Dimethylmethanamine
N,N-Dimethylnitrosamine
N,N-Dimethylphenylamine
N,N-Diphenylaniline
N,N-Diphenylbenzenamine
N,N-Ethylenethiourea
N-((1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethyl)thio)-4-cyc
N-(1-Methylethyl)-2-propanamine
N-(1-Methylethyl)-benzenamine
N-(2-Aminoethyl)1,2-ethanediamine
N-Acetyl-2-aminofluorene
2-N-Dibutylaminoethanol
N-Ethylethanamine
N-Ethylmorpholine
N-IPA
N-Isopropylaniline
N-Methyl aniline
N-Methyl-2-isopropoxyphenyl-carbamate
N-Methyl-N,2,4,6-tetranitroaniline
N-Methyl-N-nitroso-methanamine
N-Methylmethanamine
N-Nitroso-N,N-dimethylamine
N-Nitrosodimethylamine
N-Phenyl-beta-naphthylamine
N-Phenylaniline
N-Phenylbenzenamine
N-Phenylisopropylamine
N-Phenylmethylamine
N-Trichloromethylmercapto-4-cyclohexeneN-serve
NDI
NDMA
NG
NIAX A99
NIAX Catalyst A1
1-NP
2-NP
Naled
Naphtha
Naphtha (coal tar)
Naphthalene
Naphthalene diisocyanate
1,5-Naphthalene diisocyanate
1,5-Naphthalene ester of isocyanic acid
Naphthalin
1-Naphthyl N-Methyl-carbamate
alpha-Naphthyl N-methyl-carbamate
alpha-Naphthyl thiocarbamide
1-Naphthyl thiourea
alpha-Naphthyl thiourea
1-Naphthylamine
2-Naphthylamine
beta-Naphthylamine
alpha-Naphthylamine
beta-Naphthylphenylamine
Natural aluminum oxide
Natural calcium carbonate
Natural calcium carbonate
Natural gasoline
Navadel
Nemacur

1910-42-5
102-81-8
109-89-7
100-37-8
127-19-5
60-11-7
1738-25-6
121-69-7
121-69-7
79-44-7
68-12-2
75-50-3
62-75-9
121-69-7
603-34-9
603-34-9
96-45-7
2425-06-1
108-18-9
768-52-5
111-40-0
53-96-3
102-81-8
109-89-7
100-74-3
768-52-5
768-52-5
100-61-8
114-26-1
479-45-8
62-75-9
124-40-3
62-75-9
62-75-9
135-88-6
122-39-4
122-39-4
768-52-5
100-61-8
133-06-2
1929-82-4
3173-72-6
62-75-9
55-63-0
3033-62-3
3033-62-3
108-03-2
79-46-9
300-76-5
8030-30-6
8030-30-6
91-20-3
3173-72-6
3173-72-6
3173-72-6
91-20-3
63-25-2
63-25-2
86-88-4
86-88-4
86-88-4
134-32-7
91-59-8
91-59-8
134-32-7
135-88-6
1302-74-5
1317-65-3
1317-65-3
8006-61-9
78-34-2
22224-92-6

DW2275000
KK3850000
HZ8750000
KK5075000
AB7700000
BX7350000
UG1575000
BX4725000
BX4725000
FD4200000
LQ2100000
PA0350000
IQ0525000
BX4725000
YK2680000
YK2680000
NI9625000
GS4900000
IM4025000
BY4190000
IE1225000
AB9450000
KK3850000
HZ8750000
QE4025000
BY4190000
BY4190000
BY4550000
FC3150000
BY6300000
IQ0525000
IP8750000
IQ0525000
IQ0525000
QM4550000
JJ7800000
JJ7800000
BY4190000
BY4550000
GW5075000
US7525000
NQ9600000
IQ0525000
QX2100000
KR9460000
KR9460000
TZ5075000
TZ5250000
TB9450000
DE3030000
DE3030000
QJ0525000
NQ9600000
NQ9600000
NQ9600000
QJ0525000
FC5950000
FC5950000
YT9275000
YT9275000
YT9275000
QM1400000
QM2100000
QM2100000
QM1400000
QM4550000
GN0231000
EV9580000
EV9580000
LX3300000
TE3350000
TB3675000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0443*
0630
0600
0444*
0445*
0444
0446*
0607
0136
0447*
0448*
0449*
0449
0449
0450*
0450
0451
0451*
0457
0452
0452*
0132
0451
0451
0453
0453*
0454*
0455
0091
0448
0454
0455*
0456*
0273
0457*
0458*
0458
0449
0459
0459*
0460*
0460
0462
0462*
0463
0463*
0464*
0464
0463
0464
0462
0132
0465*
0466*
0466
0467*
0305
0443
0597
0466
0467
0467
0480
0570

GUIDE
0257
0589
0284
0137
0502
0245

Niax Catalyst ESN


62765-93-9
Nibren wax
1321-65-9
Nibren wax
1335-88-2
Nickel carbonyl
13463-39-3
Nickel metal and other compounds (as Ni) 7440-02-0
Nickel tetracarbonyl
13463-39-3
Nicotine
54-11-5
Nitramine
479-45-8
Nitrapyrin
1929-82-4
Nitric acid
7697-37-2
Nitric oxide
10102-43-9
p-Nitroaniline
100-01-6
4-Nitroaniline
100-01-6
4-Nitrobenzenamine
100-01-6
Nitrobenzene
98-95-3
Nitrobenzol
98-95-3
p-Nitrobipheny
92-93-3
4-Nitrobiphenyl
92-93-3
Nitrocarbol
75-52-5
4-Nitrochlorobenzene
100-00-5
p-Nitrochlorobenzene
100-00-5
Nitrochloroform
76-06-2
p-Nitrodiphenyl
92-93-3
4-Nitrodiphenyl
92-93-3
Nitroetan
79-24-3
Nitroethane
79-24-3
Nitrogen dioxide
10102-44-0
Nitrogen fluoride
7783-54-2
Nitrogen lime
156-62-7
Nitrogen monoxide
10102-43-9
Nitrogen peroxide
10102-44-0
Nitrogen trifluoride
7783-54-2
Nitroglycerine
55-63-0
Nitroglycol
628-96-6
Nitromethane
75-52-5
2-Nitronaphthalene
581-89-5
beta-Nitronaphthalene
581-89-5
p-Nitrophenylamine
100-01-6
Nitropropane
108-03-2
1-Nitropropane
108-03-2
2-Nitropropane
79-46-9
iso-Nitropropane
79-46-9
2-Nitrotoluene
88-72-2
o-Nitrotoluene
88-72-2
3-Nitrotoluene
99-08-1
m-Nitrotoluene
99-08-1
p-Nitrotoluene
99-99-0
4-Nitrotoluene
99-99-0
meta-Nitrotoluene
99-08-1
para-Nitrotoluene
99-99-0
ortho-Nitrotoluene
88-72-2
Nitrotrichloromethane
76-06-2
Nitrous oxide
10024-97-2
Nonane
111-84-2
n-Nonane
111-84-2
1-Nonanethiol
1455-21-6
None
None
62765-93-9
None
630-20-6
Nonyl hydride
111-84-2
n-Nonyl mercaptan
1455-21-6
Nonylthiol
1455-21-6
Nuisance dusts
Nux vomica
57-24-9

CHEMICAL NAME
O,O,O',O'-Tetraethyl S,S'-methylene di(p
O,O,O'O'-Tetramethyl O,O'-thiodi-p-pheny
O,O-Diethyl O-(p-methylsulfinyl)phenyl)p
O,O-Diethyl O-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl
O,O-Diethyl S-(ethylthio)methylphosphoro
O,O-Diethyl S-2-(ethylthio)-ethyl phosph

CAS NO
563-12-2
3383-96-8
115-90-2
2921-88-2
298-02-2
298-04-4

QR3900000
QK4025000
QK3700000
QR6300000
QR5950000
QR6300000
QS5250000
BY6300000
US7525000
QU5775000
QX0525000
BY7000000
BY7000000
BY7000000
DA6475000
DA6475000
DV5600000
DV5600000
PA9800000
CZ1050000
CZ1050000
PB6300000
DV5600000
DV5600000
K15600000
K15600000
QW9800000
QX1925000
GS6000000
QX0525000
QW9800000
QX1925000
QX2100000
KW5600000
PA9800000
QJ9760000
QJ9760000
BY7000000
TZ5075000
TZ5075000
TZ5250000
TZ5250000
XT3150000
XT3150000
XT2975000
XT2975000
XT3325000
XT3325000
XT2975000
XT3325000
XT3150000
PB6300000
QX1350000
RA6115000
RA6115000
MD7900000
QR3900000
KI8450000
RA6115000

WL2275000

RTECS NO
TE4550000
TF6890000
TF3850000
TF6300000
TD9450000
TD9275000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0502
0479
0181
0410
0546
0285
0427
0044
0582
0255
0292
0177
0122
0147
0112
0113
0468*
0468
0469*
0469
0016
0470*
0470
0470
0471*
0471
0236
0471
0471
0472*
0450
0577
0020
0506
0473
0473
0473*
0474*
0474
0474
0161
0528
0275
0097
0354
0221
0128
0475*
0475
0476*

GUIDE
0512
0500
0126
0125
0489
0452
0484
0513
0485
0501
0535
0498
0489
0449
0451
0452
0480
0664
0477
0472

O,O-Diethyl S-ethylthiomethylthiothionop
O,O-Diethyl-O(p-nitrophenyl) phosphoroth
O,O-Diethyl-O-2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-pyr
O,O-Dimethyl 2-ethylmercaptoethyl thioph
O,O-Dimethyl O-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl) p
O,O-Dimethyl O-3-methyl-4-methylthiophen
O,O-Dimethyl-O-p-nitrophenylphosphorothi
O,O-Dimethyl-S-4-oxo-1,2,3-benzotriazinO-Ethyl O-(4-methylthio)phenyl S-propylp
O-Ethyl O-(4-nitrophenyl) phenylphosphon
O-Ethyl-S-phenyl ethylphosphorothioate
O-O-Diethyl-O(and S)-2-(ethylthio)ethyl
OCBM
Octacarbonyldicobalt
1,2,4,5,6,7,8,8-Octachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tet
Octachlorocamphene
Octachloronaphthalene
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-Octachloronaphthalene
1-Octadecanethiol
Octadecyl mercaptan
Octalene
Octane
n-Octane
normal-Octane
1-Octanethiol
n-Octyl mercaptan
Octyl phthalate
Octylthiol
1-Octylthiol
Oil mist (mineral)
Oil of mirbane
Oil of vitriol
Onion oil
Orthophosphoric acid
Osmic acid anhydride
Osmium oxide
Osmium tetroxide
Oxalic acid
Oxalic acid (aqueous)
Oxalic acid dihydrate
Oxalonitrile
2-Oxetanone
Oxirane
2-Oxohexamethyleneimine
Oxooctyl alcohol
2,2'-Oxybis(N,N-dimethyl ethylamine)
Oxybis(chloromethane)
Oxygen difluoride
Oxygen fluoride
Ozone

CHEMICAL NAME
PAN
PBNA
PCB
PCB
PCM
PCNB
PCP
m-PDN
PE
PF
PGDN
PGE
PMM
PNA
PNB
PNCB
PNOR
Painters naphtha
Paraffin fume
Paraffin oil mist

298-02-2
56-38-2
333-41-5
8022-00-2
299-84-3
55-38-9
298-00-0
86-50-0
35400-43-2
2104-64-5
944-22-9
8065-48-3
2698-41-1
10210-68-1
57-74-9
8001-35-2
2234-13-1
2234-13-1
2885-00-9
2885-00-9
309-00-2
111-65-9
111-65-9
111-65-9
111-88-6
111-88-6
117-81-7
111-88-6
111-88-6
8012-95-1
98-95-3
7664-93-9
2179-59-1
7664-38-2
20816-12-0
20816-12-0
20816-12-0
144-62-7
144-62-7
144-62-7
460-19-5
57-57-8
75-21-8
105-60-2
26952-21-6
3033-62-3
542-88-1
7783-41-7
7783-41-7
10028-15-6

TD9450000
TF4550000
TF3325000
TG1760000
TG0525000
TF9625000
TG0175000
TE1925000
TE4165000
TB1925000
TA5950000
TF3150000
OO3675000
GG0300000
PB9800000
XW5250000
QK0250000
QK0250000
IO2100000
RG8400000
RG8400000
RG8400000
TI0350000
PY8030000
DA6475000
WS5600000
JO0350000
TB6300000
RN1140000
RN1140000
RN1140000
RO2450000
RO2450000
RO2450000
GT1925000
RQ7350000
KX2450000
CM3675000
NS7700000
KR9460000
KN1575000
RS2100000
RS2100000
RS8225000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

85-44-9
135-88-6
11097-69-1
53469-21-9
594-42-3
100-00-5
87-86-5
626-17-5
115-77-5
638-21-1
6423-43-4
122-60-1
594-42-3
100-01-6
92-93-3
100-00-5

TI3150000
QM4550000
TQ1360000
TQ1356000
PB0370000
CZ1050000
SM6300000
CZ1900000
RZ2490000
SZ2100000
TY6300000
TZ3675000
PB0370000
BY7000000
DV5600000
CZ1050000

8032-32-4
8002-74-2
8012-95-1

OI6180000
RV0350000
PY8030000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0477 Paraffin scale fume


0477* Paraffin wax fume
0478* Paraquat (Paraquat dichloride)
0478 Paraquat chloride
0478 Paraquat dichloride
0479* Parathion
0427 Parathion methyl
0479 Parathion-ethyl
0480* Particulates not otherwise regulated
0093 Pebble lime
0484 Penta
0481* Pentaborane
0481 Pentaboron nonahydride
0345 Pentacarbonyl iron
0482* Pentachloroethane
0483* Pentachloronaphthalene
0483 1,2,3,4,5-Pentachloronaphthalene
0484* Pentachlorophenol
0484 2,3,4,5,6-Pentachlorophenol
0509 Pentachlorophosphorus
0485* Pentaerythritol
0482 Pentalin
0171 Pentamethylene
0652 Pentanal
0486 Pentane
0486* n-Pentane
0486 normal-Pentane
0301 1,5-Pentanedial
0487* 1-Pentanethiol
0032 2-Pentanol acetate
0031 1-Pentanol acetate
0488* 2-Pentanone
0212 3-Pentanone
0389 Penthrane
0031 Pentyl ester of acetic acid
0032 2-Pentyl ester of acetic acid
0487 Pentyl mercaptan
0599 Perchlorethylene
0314 Perchlorobutadiene
0315 Perchlorocyclopentadiene
0316 Perchloroethane
0599 Perchloroethylene
0489* Perchloromethyl mercaptan
0468 Perchloronaphthalene
0490* Perchloryl fluoride
0319 Perfluoroacetone
0599 Perk
0491* Perlite
0335 Peroxide
0299 Petrol
0042 Petroleum asphalt
0042 Petroleum bitumen
0492* Petroleum distillates (naphtha)
0664 Petroleum ether
0492 Petroleum naphtha
0569 Petroleum solvent
0664 Petroleum spirit
0119 Phenacyl chloride
0283 Phenamiphos
0493* Phenol
0515 Phenol trinitrate
0494* Phenothiazine
0496 Phenoxy benzene
0498 Phenyl 2,3-epoxypropyl ether
0493 Phenyl alcohol
0239 Phenyl benzene
0121 Phenyl chloride
0119 Phenyl chloromethyl ketone
0496* Phenyl ether (vapor)
0497* Phenyl ether-biphenyl mixture (vapor)

8002-74-2
8002-74-2
1910-42-5
1910-42-5
1910-42-5
56-38-2
298-00-0
56-38-2

RV0350000
RV0350000
DW2275000
DW2275000
DW2275000
TF4550000
TG0175000
TF4550000

1305-78-8
87-86-5
19624-22-7
19624-22-7
13463-40-6
76-01-7
1321-64-8
1321-64-8
87-86-5
87-86-5
10026-13-8
115-77-5
76-01-7
287-92-3
110-62-3
109-66-0
109-66-0
109-66-0
111-30-8
110-66-7
626-38-0
628-63-7
107-87-9
96-22-0
76-38-0
628-63-7
626-38-0
110-66-7
127-18-4
87-68-3
77-47-4
67-72-1
127-18-4
594-42-3
2234-13-1
7616-94-6
684-16-2
127-18-4
93763-70-3
7722-84-1
8006-61-9
8052-42-4
8052-42-4
8002-05-9
8032-32-4
8002-05-9
8052-41-3
8032-32-4
532-27-4
22224-92-6
108-95-2
88-89-1
92-84-2
101-84-8
122-60-1
108-95-2
92-52-4
108-90-7
532-27-4
101-84-8
8004-13-5

EW3100000
SM6300000
RY8925000
RY8925000
NO4900000
KI6300000
QK0300000
QK0300000
SM6300000
SM6300000
TB6125000
RZ2490000
KI6300000
GY2390000
YV3600000
RZ9450000
RZ9450000
RZ9450000
MA2450000
SA3150000
AJ2100000
AJ1925000
SA7875000
SA8050000
KN7820000
AJ1925000
AJ2100000
SA3150000
KX3850000
EJ0700000
GY1225000
KI4025000
KX3850000
PB0370000
QK0250000
SD1925000
UC2450000
KX3850000
SO5254000
MX0900000
LX3300000
CI9900000
CI9900000
SE7449000
OI6180000
SE7449000
WJ8925000
OI6180000
AM6300000
TB3675000
SJ3325000
TJ7875000
SN5075000
KN8970000
TZ3675000
SJ3325000
DU8050000
CZ0175000
AM6300000
KN8970000
DV1500>

Transfer interrupted!

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

NT SIZE=3>0498* Phenyl glycidyl ether


0049 Phenyl hydride
0493 Phenyl hydroxide
0050 Phenyl mercaptan
0619 Phenyl methane
0496 Phenyl oxide
0644 Phenyl phosphate
0159 2-Phenyl propane
0429 2-Phenyl propylene
0500 Phenyl-beta-naphthylamine
0033 Phenylamine
0500 2-Phenylaminonaphthalene
0240 Phenylaniline
0025 4-Phenylaniline
0591 2-Phenylbiphenyl
0592 3-Phenylbiphenyl
0593 4-Phenylbiphenyl
0495* p-Phenylene diamine
0495 1,4-Phenylene diamine
0671 m-Phenylenebis(methylamine)
0264 Phenylethane
0571 Phenylethylene
0499* Phenylhydrazine
0451 4-Phenylnitrobenzene
0451 p-Phenylnitrobenzene
0501* Phenylphosphine
0431 Phlogopite
0502* Phorate
0503* Phosdrin
0504* Phosgene
0501 Phosphaniline
0505* Phosphine
0505 Phosphorated hydrogen
0506* Phosphoric acid
0506 Phosphoric acid (aqueous)
0509 Phosphoric chloride
0507* Phosphorus (yellow)
0508 Phosphorus chloride
0511 Phosphorus chloride
0505 Phosphorus hydride
0508* Phosphorus oxychloride
0508 Phosphorus oxytrichloride
0509* Phosphorus pentachloride
0510* Phosphorus pentasulfide
0509 Phosphorus perchloride
0510 Phosphorus persulfide
0510 Phosphorus sulfide
0511* Phosphorus trichloride
0505 Phosphorus trihydride
0508 Phosphoryl chloride
0512 Phthalic acid anhydride
0512* Phthalic anhydride
0513* m-Phthalodinitrile
0514* Picloram
0515* Picric acid
0166 Pimelic ketone
0516* Pindone
0517* Piperazine dihydrochloride
0517 Piperazine hydrochloride
0516 Pivalyl
0516 2-Pivalyl-1,3-indandione
0516 Pival
0518* Plaster of Paris
0519* Platinum
0520* Platinum (soluble salts, as Pt)
0519 Platinum black
0519 Platinum metal
0519 Platinum sponge
0306 Plumbago
0368 Plumbum
0126 Polychlorinated biphenyl
0125 Polychlorinated biphenyl
0113 Polychlorocamphene

122-60-1
TZ3675000
71-43-2
CY1400000
108-95-2
SJ3325000
108-98-5
DC0525000
108-88-3
XS5250000
101-84-8
KN8970000
115-86-6
TC8400000
98-82-8
GR8575000
98-83-9
WL5075300
135-88-6
QM4550000
62-53-3
BW6650000
135-88-6
QM4550000
122-39-4
JJ7800000
92-67-1
DU8925000
84-15-1
WZ6472000
92-06-8
WZ6470000
92-94-4
WZ6475000
106-50-3
SS8050000
106-50-3
SS8050000
1477-55-0
PF8970000
100-41-4
DA0700000
100-42-5
WL3675000
100-63-0
MW8925000
92-93-3
DV5600000
92-93-3
DV5600000
638-21-1
SZ2100000
12001-26-2 VV8760000
298-02-2
TD9450000
7786-34-7
GQ5250000
75-44-5
SY5600000
638-21-1
SZ2100000
7803-51-2
SY7525000
7803-51-2
SY7525000
7664-38-2
TB6300000
7664-38-2
TB6300000
10026-13-8 TB6125000
7723-14-0
TH3500000
10025-87-3 TH4897000
7719-12-2
TH3675000
7803-51-2
SY7525000
10025-87-3 TH4897000
10025-87-3 TH4897000
10026-13-8 TB6125000
1314-80-3
TH4375000
10026-13-8 TB6125000
1314-80-3
TH4375000
1314-80-3
TH4375000
7719-12-2
TH3675000
7803-51-2
SY7525000
10025-87-3 TH4897000
85-44-9
TI3150000
85-44-9
TI3150000
626-17-5
CZ1900000
1918-02-1
TJ7525000
88-89-1
TJ7875000
108-94-1
GW1050000
83-26-1
NK6300000
142-64-3
TL4025000
142-64-3
TL4025000
83-26-1
NK6300000
83-26-1
NK6300000
83-26-1
NK6300000
26499-65-0 TP0700000
7440-06-4
TP2160000
7440-06-4
7440-06-4
7440-06-4
7782-42-5
7439-92-1
11097-69-1
53469-21-9
8001-35-2

TP2160000
TP2160000
TP2160000
MD9659600
OF7525000
TQ1360000
TQ1356000
XW5250000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0364
0521*
0521
0522*
0523
0523*
0522
0552
0031
0348
0393
0524*
0524
0525*
0525
0526
0377
0377
0530
0526*
0302
0456
0529
0359
0533
0533
0004
0527*
0192
0017
0011
0011
0012
0012
0538
0014
0014
0013
0017
0017
0020
0019
0392
0528
0528*
0212
0529*
0530
0530*
0530
0531*
0358
0532*
0533
0533*
0359
0020
0076
0086
0086
0532
0539
0524
0242
0526
0526
0539*
0532
0360
0360
0157
0534*
0535*
0535

Porcelain clay
Portland cement
Portland cement silicate
Potassium cyanide (as CN)
Potassium hydrate
Potassium hydroxide
Potassium salt of hydrocyanic acid
Precipitated amorphous silica
Primary amyl acetate
Primary isoamyl alcohol
Propadiene-methyl acetylene
Propane
n-Propane
Propane sultone
1,3-Propane sultone
Propane-1-thiol
Propanedial
1,3-Propanedial
Propanenitrile
1-Propanethiol
1,2,3-Propanetriol
1,2,3-Propanetriol trinitrate
Propanoic acid
2-Propanol
n-Propanol
1-Propanol
2-Propanone
Propargyl alcohol
Propellant 12
1-Propen-3-ol
Propenal
2-Propenal
Propenamide
2-Propenamide
Propene oxide
Propenenitrile
2-Propenenitrile
2-Propenoic acid
Propenol
2-Propenol
2-Propenyl propyl disulfide
[(2-Propenyloxy)methyl] oxirane
Propine
3-Propiolacetone
beta-Propiolactone
Propione
Propionic acid
Propionic nitrile
Propionitrile
Propiononitrile
Propoxur
2-Propyl acetate
n-Propyl acetate
Propyl alcohol
n-Propyl alcohol
sec-Propyl alcohol
Propyl allyl disulfide
n-Propyl carbinol
Propyl cyanide
n-Propyl cyanide
n-Propyl ester of acetic acid
Propyl ester of nitric acid
Propyl hydride
Propyl ketone
Propyl mercaptan
n-Propyl mercaptan
n-Propyl nitrate
Propylacetate
2-Propylamine
sec-Propylamine
Propylene aldehyde
Propylene dichloride
Propylene glycol dinitrate
1,2-Propylene glycol dinitrate

1332-58-7
65997-15-1
65997-15-1
151-50-8
1310-58-3
1310-58-3
151-50-8
7631-86-9
628-63-7
123-51-3
59355-75-8
74-98-6
74-98-6
1120-71-4
1120-71-4
107-03-9
542-78-9
542-78-9
107-12-0
107-03-9
56-81-5
55-63-0
79-09-4
67-63-0
71-23-8
71-23-8
67-64-1
107-19-7
75-71-8
107-18-6
107-02-8
107-02-8
79-06-1
79-06-1
75-56-9
107-13-1
107-13-1
79-10-7
107-18-6
107-18-6
2179-59-1
106-92-3
74-99-7
57-57-8
57-57-8
96-22-0
79-09-4
107-12-0
107-12-0
107-12-0
114-26-1
108-21-4
109-60-4
71-23-8
71-23-8
67-63-0
2179-59-1
71-36-3
109-74-0
109-74-0
109-60-4
627-13-4
74-98-6
123-19-3
107-03-9
107-03-9
627-13-4
109-60-4
75-31-0
75-31-0
4170-30-3
78-87-5
6423-43-4
6423-43-4

GF1670500
VV8770000
VV8770000
TS8750000
TT2100000
TT2100000
TS8750000
VV7310000
AJ1925000
EL5425000
UK4920000
TX2275000
TX2275000
RP5425000
RP5425000
TZ7300000
TX6475000
TX6475000
UF9625000
TZ7300000
MA8050000
QX2100000
UE5950000
NT8050000
UH8225000
UH8225000
AL3150000
UK5075000
PA8200000
BA5075000
AS1050000
AS1050000
AS3325000
AS3325000
TZ2975000
AT5250000
AT5250000
AS4375000
BA5075000
BA5075000
JO0350000
RR0875000
UK4250000
RQ7350000
RQ7350000
SA8050000
UE5950000
UF9625000
UF9625000
UF9625000
FC3150000
AI4930000
AJ3675000
UH8225000
UH8225000
NT8050000
JO0350000
EO1400000
ET8750000
ET8750000
AJ3675000
UK0350000
TX2275000
MJ5600000
TZ7300000
TZ7300000
UK0350000
AJ3675000
NT8400000
NT8400000
GP9499000
TX9625000
TY6300000
TY6300000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0536
0339
0536*
0535
0537*
0537
0538*
0538
0537
0537
0527
0527
0392
0392
0393
0393
0527
0572
0333
0638
0540
0540*
0540
0541*
0026
0109
0110
0397
0606

Propylene glycol methyl ether


Propylene glycol monoacrylate
Propylene glycol monomethyl ether
Propylene glycol-1,2-dinitrate
Propylene imine
Propylene imine (inhibited)
Propylene oxide
1,2-Propylene oxide
Propyleneimine
Propylenimine
2-Propyn-1-ol
1-Propyn-3-ol
Propyne
1-Propyne
Propyne-allene mixture
Propyne-propadiene mixture
2-Propynyl alcohol
Proteolytic enzymes
Prussic acid
Pseudocumene
Pyrethrin I or II
Pyrethrum
Pyrethrum I or II
Pyridine
alpha-Pyridylamine
Pyrocatechol
Pyrocellulose
Pyroligneous spirit
Pyrophosphate

GUIDE
0553
0093
0383
0338
0542*
0542

GUIDE
0169
0528
0366
0152
0447
0549
0549
0412
0664
0290
0596
0595
0632
0201
0192
0634
0197
0124
0543*
0544*
0545*
0567
0244
0042
0574
0432
0546*
0042
0431
0547*
0547

CHEMICAL NAME
Quartz
Quick lime
Quicksilver
Quinol
Quinone
p-Quinone

CHEMICAL NAME
RDX
beta-lactone
Range oil
Raw cotton dust
Red fuming nitric acid (RFNA)
Red iron oxide
Red oxide
Reduced MDI
Refined solvent naphtha
Refrigerant 11
Refrigerant 112
Refrigerant 112a
Refrigerant 113
Refrigerant 114
Refrigerant 12
Refrigerant 13B1
Refrigerant 21
Refrigerant 22
Resorcinol
Rhodium (metal fume and insoluble compou
Rhodium (soluble compounds, as Rh)
Rice starch
Ro-Sulfiram
Road asphalt
Rock candy
Rock wool
Ronnel
Roofing asphalt
Roscoelite
Rosin core solder, pyrolysis products (a
Rosin core soldering flux pyrolysis prod

107-98-2
999-61-1
107-98-2
6423-43-4
75-55-8
75-55-8
75-56-9
75-56-9
75-55-8
75-55-8
107-19-7
107-19-7
74-99-7
74-99-7
59355-75-8
59355-75-8
107-19-7
1395-21-7 (
74-90-8
95-63-6
8003-34-7
8003-34-7
8003-34-7
110-86-1
504-29-0
120-80-9
9004-34-6
67-56-1
7722-88-5

UB7700000
AT1925000
UB7700000
TY6300000
CM8050000
CM8050000
TZ2975000
TZ2975000
CM8050000
CM8050000
UK5075000
UK5075000
UK4250000
UK4250000
UK4920000
UK4920000
UK5075000
CO9450000
MW6825000
DC3325000
UR4200000
UR4200000
UR4200000
UR8400000
US1575000
UX1050000
FJ5691460
PC1400000
UX7350000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

14808-60-7
1305-78-8
7439-97-6
123-31-9
106-51-4
106-51-4

VV7330000
EW3100000
OV4550000
MX3500000
DK2625000
DK2625000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

121-82-4
57-57-8
8008-20-6
7697-37-2
1309-37-1
1309-37-1
5124-30-1
8032-32-4
75-69-4
76-12-0
76-11-9
76-13-1
76-14-2
75-71-8
75-63-8
75-43-4
75-45-6
108-46-3
7440-16-6
9005-25-8
97-77-8
8052-42-4
57-50-1
299-84-3
8052-42-4
12001-26-2

XY9450000
RQ7350000
OA5500000
GN2275000
QU5775000
NO7400000
NO7400000
NQ9250000
OI6180000
PB6125000
KI1420000
KI1425000
KJ4000000
KI1101000
PA8200000
PA5425000
PA8400000
PA6390000
VG9625000
VI9069000
GM5090000
JO1225000
CI9900000
WN6500000
PY8070000
TG0525000
CI9900000
VV8760000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0547
0548*
0549*
0492
0359
0158
0617

GUIDE
0387
0375
0564
0574
0029
0412
0349
0630
0600
0550*
0550
0336
0551
0551*
0336
0153
0100
0337
0556
0552
0552*
0553*
0556
0554*
0555*
0552
0555
0556*
0557*
0306
0432
0092
0558*
0558
0565
0561
0559*
0560*
0561*
0561
0057
0058
0059
0562*
0563*
0564*
0559
0565
0561
0565*
0566*
0566
0563
0564
0606
0566
0560
0562
0057
0058
0059
0667
0277

Rosin flux pyrolysis products


Rotenone
Rouge
Rubber solvent
Rubbing alcohol
Ruelene
Rutile

CHEMICAL NAME
S-Methyl-N-(methylcarbamoyloxy)thioaceti
S-[1,2-bis(ethoxycarbonyl) ethyl]O,O-dim
SFA
Saccarose
Sal ammoniac fume
Saturated MDI
Secondary isoamyl alcohol
Seekay wax
Seekay wax
Selenium
Selenium alloy
Selenium dihydride
Selenium fluoride
Selenium hexafluoride
Selenium hydride
Sesone
Sevin
Sewer gas
Silane
Silica gel
Silica, amorphous
Silica, crystalline (as respirable dust)
Silicane
Silicon
Silicon carbide
Silicon dioxide (amorphous)
Silicon monocarbide
Silicon tetrahydride
Silver (metal dust and soluble compounds
Silver graphite
Slag wool
Slaked lime
Soapstone (containing less than 1% quart
Soapstone silicate
Soda lye
Sodium acid bisulfite
Sodium aluminum fluoride (as F)
Sodium azide
Sodium bisulfite
Sodium bisulphite
Sodium borate (anhydrous)
Sodium borate decahydrate
Sodium borate pentahydrate
Sodium cyanide (as CN)
Sodium fluoride (as F)
Sodium fluoroacetate
Sodium hexafluoroaluminate
Sodium hydrate
Sodium hydrogen sulfite
Sodium hydroxide
Sodium metabisulfite
Sodium metabisulphite
Sodium monofluoride
Sodium monofluoroacetate
Sodium pyrophosphate
Sodium pyrosulfite
Sodium salt of hydrazoic acid
Sodium salt of hydrocyanic acid
Sodium tetraborate
Sodium tetraborate decahydrate
Sodium tetraborate pentahydrate
Soft wood dust
Solvent ether

83-79-4
1309-37-1
8002-05-9
67-63-0
299-86-5
13463-67-7

DJ2800000
NO7400000
SE7449000
NT8050000
TB3850000
XR2275000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

16752-77-5
121-75-5
62-74-8
57-50-1
12125-02-9
5124-30-1
6032-29-7 <
1321-65-9
1335-88-2
7782-49-2
7782-49-2
7783-07-5
7783-79-1
7783-79-1
7783-07-5
136-78-7
63-25-2
7783-06-4
7803-62-5
7631-86-9
7631-86-9
14808-60-7
7803-62-5
7440-21-3
409-21-2
7631-86-9
409-21-2
7803-62-5
7440-22-4
7782-42-5
1305-62-0
1310-73-2
7631-90-5
15096-52-3
26628-22-8
7631-90-5
7631-90-5
1330-43-4
1303-96-4
12179-04-3
143-33-9
7681-49-4
62-74-8
15096-52-3
1310-73-2
7631-90-5
1310-73-2
7681-57-4
7681-57-4
7681-49-4
62-74-8
7722-88-5
7681-57-4
26628-22-8
143-33-9
1330-43-4
1303-96-4
12179-04-3
60-29-7

AK2975000
WM8400000
AH9100000
WN6500000
BP4550000
NQ9250000
QK4025000
QK3700000
VS7700000
VS7700000
MX1050000
VS9450000
VS9450000
MX1050000
KK4900000
FC5950000
MX1225000
VV1400000
VV7310000
VV7310000
VV7330000
VV1400000
VW0400000
VW0450000
VV7310000
VW0450000
VV1400000
VW3500000
MD9659600
PY8070000
EW2800000
VV8780000
VV8780000
WB4900000
VZ2000000
WA9625000
VY8050000
VZ2000000
VZ2000000
ED4588000
VZ2275000
VZ7530000
WB0350000
AH9100000
WA9625000
WB4900000
VZ2000000
WB4900000
UX8225000
UX8225000
WB0350000
AH9100000
UX7350000
UX8225000
VY8050000
VZ7530000
ED4588000
VZ2275000
ZC9850000
KI5775000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0567
0181
0648
0569
0616
0616
0615
0567*
0567
0567
0648
0469
0558
0584
0568*
0036
0569*
0306
0570*
0570
0571*
0571
0571
0572
0572
0572*
0573
0573*
0574*
0574
0030
0648
0611
0586
0578
0611
0579
0581
0575*
0576
0576*
0578*
0575
0579*
0510
0578
0580*
0337
0577*
0577
0575
0611
0575
0611
0581*
0582*
0009
0598
0639
0096
0432
0177

GUIDE
0583*
0009
0625
0626
0594
0594
0594
0629

Sorghum gum
Spectracide
Spirits of turpentine
Spotting naphtha
Stannic dioxide
Stannic oxide
Stannous oxide
Starch
alpha-Starch
Starch gum
Steam distilled turpentine
Stearyl mercaptan
Steatite
Steatite talc
Stibine
Stibium
Stoddard solvent
Stove black
Strychnine
Strynchnos
Styrene
Styrene monomer
Styrol
Subtilisin BPN
Subtilisin Carlsburg
Subtilisins
Succinic dinitrile
Succinonitrile
Sucrose
Sugar
Sulfamate
Sulfate wood turpentine
Sulfinyl chloride
Sulfotep
Sulfur chloride
Sulfur chloride oxide
Sulfur decafluoride
Sulfur difluoride dioxide
Sulfur dioxide
Sulfur fluoride
Sulfur hexafluoride
Sulfur monochloride
Sulfur oxide
Sulfur pentafluoride
Sulfur phosphide
Sulfur subchloride
Sulfur tetrafluoride
Sulfuretted hydrogen
Sulfuric acid
Sulfuric acid (aqueous)
Sulfurous acid anhydride
Sulfurous dichloride
Sulfurous oxide
Sulfurous oxychloride
Sulfuryl fluoride
Sulprofos
Symmetrical tetrabromoethane
Symmetrical tetrachloroethane
Symmetrical trimethylbenzene
Synthetic camphor
Synthetic vitreous fibers
Systox

CHEMICAL NAME
2,4,5-T
TBE
TBP
TCA
TCDBD
TCDD
2,3,7,8-TCDD
TCE

9005-25-8
333-41-5
8006-64-2
8052-41-3
18282-10-5
18282-10-5
21651-19-4
9005-25-8
9005-25-8
9005-25-8
8006-64-2
2885-00-9
14807-96-6
7803-52-3
7440-36-0
8052-41-3
7782-42-5
57-24-9
57-24-9
100-42-5
100-42-5
100-42-5
1395-21-7
1395-21-7
1395-21-7
110-61-2
110-61-2
57-50-1
57-50-1
7773-06-0
8006-64-2
7719-09-7
3689-24-5
10025-67-9
7719-09-7
5714-22-7
2699-79-8
7446-09-5
2551-62-4
2551-62-4
10025-67-9
7446-09-5
5714-22-7
1314-80-3
10025-67-9
7783-60-0
7783-06-4
7664-93-9
7664-93-9
7446-09-5
7719-09-7
7446-09-5
7719-09-7
2699-79-8
35400-43-2
79-27-6
79-34-5
108-67-8
76-22-2
8065-48-3

GM5090000
TF3325000
YO8400000
WJ8925000
XQ4000000
XQ4000000
GM5090000
GM5090000
GM5090000
YO8400000
VV8780000
WW2710000
WJ0700000
CC4025000
WJ8925000
MD9659600
WL2275000
WL2275000
WL3675000
WL3675000
WL3675000
CO9450000
CO9450000
CO9450000
WN3850000
WN3850000
WN6500000
WN6500000
WO6125000
YO8400000
XM5150000
XN4375000
WS4300000
XM5150000
WS4480000
WT5075000
WS4550000
WS4900000
WS4900000
WS4300000
WS4550000
WS4480000
TH4375000
WS4300000
WT4800000
MX1225000
WS5600000
WS5600000
WS4550000
XM5150000
WS4550000
XM5150000
WT5075000
TE4165000
KI8225000
KI8575000
OX6825000
EX1225000
PY8070000
TF3150000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

93-76-5
79-27-6
126-73-8
76-03-9
1746-01-6
1746-01-6
1746-01-6
79-01-6

AJ8400000
KI8225000
TC7700000
AJ7875000
HP3500000
HP3500000
HP3500000
KX4550000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0172
0642
0620
0621
0621
0633
0586*
0601
0590*
0244
0602
0635
0636
0635
0603
0604
0605
0641
0642
0644
0606
0632
0574
0584*
0585*
0585
0567
0439
0119
0587*
0588
0588*
0056
0199
0589
0589*
0591*
0592*
0593*
0591
0592
0593
0592
0593
0591
0284
0605
0009
0009
0009
0106
0444
0148
0148
0599
0596*
0595*
0136
0594*
0597*
0598*
0599*
0107
0600*
0282
0586
0586
0601*
0282
0590
0282
0601
0244
0580

TCHH
TCP
TDA
TDI
2,4-TDI
TEA
TEDP
TEL
TEPP
TETD
THF
TMA
TMA
TMAN
TML
TMSN
TNM
TNT
TOCP
TPP
TSPP
TTE
Table sugar
Talc (containing no asbestos and less th
Tantalum (metal and oxide dust, as Ta)
Tantalum-181
Tapioca starch
Tar camphor
Tear gas
Tellurium
Tellurium fluoride
Tellurium hexafluoride
Tellurobismuthite
Telone
Temefos
Temephos
o-Terphenyl
m-Terphenyl
p-Terphenyl
1,2-Terphenyl
1,3-Terphenyl
1,4-Terphenyl
meta-Terphenyl
para-Terphenyl
ortho-Terphenyl
Terracur P
Tetan
Tetrabromoacetylene
Tetrabromoethane
1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane
Tetrabromomethane
Tetracarbonyl nickel
Tetracarbonylhydridocobalt
Tetracarbonylhydrocobalt
Tetrachlorethylene
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloro-1,2-difluoroethane
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloro-2,2-difluoroethane
2,2,2,6-Tetrachloro-2-picoline
2,3,7,8-Tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Tetrachloroethylene
Tetrachloromethane
Tetrachloronaphthalene
Tetraethoxysilane
Tetraethyl dithionopyrophosphate
Tetraethyl dithiopyrophosphate
Tetraethyl lead (as Pb)
Tetraethyl orthosilicate
Tetraethyl pyrophosphate
Tetraethyl silicate
Tetraethylplumbane
Tetraethylthiuram disulfide
Tetrafluorosulfurane

13121-70-5
78-30-8
25376-45-8
584-84-9
584-84-9
121-44-8
3689-24-5
78-00-2
107-49-3
97-77-8
109-99-9
552-30-7
75-50-3
552-30-7
75-74-1
3333-52-6
509-14-8
118-96-7
78-30-8
115-86-6
7722-88-5
76-13-1
57-50-1
14807-96-6
7440-25-7
7440-25-7
9005-25-8
91-20-3
532-27-4
13494-80-9
7783-80-4
7783-80-4
1304-82-1
542-75-6
3383-96-8
3383-96-8
84-15-1
92-06-8
92-94-4
84-15-1
92-06-8
92-94-4
92-06-8
92-94-4
84-15-1
115-90-2
509-14-8
79-27-6
79-27-6
79-27-6
558-13-4
13463-39-3
16842-03-8
16842-03-8
127-18-4
76-12-0
76-11-9
1929-82-4
1746-01-6
630-20-6
79-34-5
127-18-4
56-23-5
1335-88-2
78-10-4
3689-24-5
3689-24-5
78-00-2
78-10-4
107-49-3
78-10-4
78-00-2
97-77-8
7783-60-0

WH8750000
TD0350000
XS9445000
CZ6300000
CZ6300000
YEO175000
XN4375000
TP4550000
UX6825000
JO1225000
LU5950000
DC2050000
PA0350000
DC2050000
TP4725000
WN4025000
PB4025000
XU0175000
TD0350000
TC8400000
UX7350000
KJ4000000
WN6500000
WW2710000
WW5505000
WW5505000
GM5090000
QJ0525000
AM6300000
WY2625000
WY2800000
WY2800000
EB3110000
UC8310000
TF6890000
TF6890000
WZ6472000
WZ6470000
WZ6475000
WZ6472000
WZ6470000
WZ6475000
WZ6470000
WZ6475000
WZ6472000
TF3850000
PB4025000
KI8225000
KI8225000
KI8225000
FG4725000
QR6300000
GG0900000
GG0900000
KX3850000
KI1420000
KI1425000
US7525000
HP3500000
KI8450000
KI8575000
KX3850000
FG4900000
QK3700000
VV9450000
XN4375000
XN4375000
TP4550000
VV9450000
UX6825000
VV9450000
TP4550000
JO1225000
WT4800000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0437
0204
0548
0437
0167
0602*
0485
0428
0428
0603*
0428
0604
0604*
0015
0602
0485
0603
0612
0605*
0606
0606*
0606
0590
0607*
0607
0608*
0102
0502
0609
0609
0609*
0251
0245
0494
0610*
0610
0611*
0611
0050
0578
0586
0610
0612*
0502
0613*
0614*
0613
0613
0613
0615
0615*
0616*
0617*
0617
0617
0618*
0618
0619*
0621
0621*
0620*
0620
0624
0624*
0623
0623*
0622*
0622
0619
0663
0135
0624
0623
0620

Tetrahydro-1,4-oxazine
3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-4,7-methanoindene
1,2,12,12a-Tetrahydro-8,9-dimethoxy-2-(1
Tetrahydro-p-oxazine
Tetrahydrobenzene
Tetrahydrofuran
Tetrahydroxymethylolmethane
Tetramethoxysilane
Tetramethyl ester of silicic acid
Tetramethyl lead (as Pb)
Tetramethyl silicate
Tetramethyl succinodinitrile
Tetramethyl succinonitrile
Tetramethylene cyanide
Tetramethylene oxide
Tetramethylolmethane
Tetramethylplumbane
Tetramethylthiuram disulfide
Tetranitromethane
Tetrasodium diphosphate
Tetrasodium pyrophosphate
Tetrasodium pyrophosphate (anhydrous)
Tetron
Tetryl
2,4,6-Tetryl
Thallium (soluble compounds, as Tl)
Thermal black
Thimet
1,1'-Thiobis(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-b
4,4'-Thiobis(3-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol
4,4'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresol)
Thiodan
Thiodemeton
Thiodiphenylamine
Thioglycolic acid
2-Thioglycolic acid
Thionyl chloride
Thionyl dichloride
Thiophenol
Thiosulfurous dichloride
Thiotepp
Thiovanic acid
Thiram
Timet
Tin
Tin (organic compounds, as Sn)
Tin flake
Tin metal
Tin powder
Tin protoxide
Tin(II) oxide (as Sn)
Tin(IV) oxide (as Sn)
Titanium dioxide
Titanium oxide
Titanium peroxide
o-Tolidine
3,3'-Tolidine
Toluene
2,4-Toluene diisocyanate
Toluene-2,4-diisocyanate
Toluenediamine
Toluenediamine isomers
4-Toluidine
p-Toluidine
3-Toluidine
m-Toluidine
o-Toluidine
ortho-Toluidine
Toluol
Tolyethylene
o-Tolyl chloride
Tolylamine
m-Tolylamine
Tolylenediamine

110-91-8
77-73-6
83-79-4
110-91-8
110-83-8
109-99-9
115-77-5
681-84-5
681-84-5
75-74-1
681-84-5
3333-52-6
3333-52-6
111-69-3
109-99-9
115-77-5
75-74-1
137-26-8
509-14-8
7722-88-5
7722-88-5
7722-88-5
107-49-3
479-45-8
479-45-8

QD6475000
PC1050000
DJ2800000
QD6475000
GW2500000
LU5950000
RZ2490000
VV9800000
VV9800000
TP4725000
VV9800000
WN4025000
WN4025000
AV2625000
LU5950000
RZ2490000
TP4725000
JO1400000
PB4025000
UX7350000
UX7350000
UX7350000
UX6825000
BY6300000
BY6300000

1333-86-4
298-02-2
96-69-5
96-69-5
96-69-5
115-29-7
298-04-4
92-84-2
68-11-1
68-11-1
7719-09-7
7719-09-7
108-98-5
10025-67-9
3689-24-5
68-11-1
137-26-8
298-02-2
7440-31-5

FF5800000
TD9450000
GP3150000
GP3150000
GP3150000
RB9275000
TD9275000
SN5075000
AI5950000
AI5950000
XM5150000
XM5150000
DC0525000
WS4300000
XN4375000
AI5950000
JO1400000
TD9450000
XP7320000

7440-31-5
7440-31-5
7440-31-5
21651-19-4
21651-19-4
18282-10-5
13463-67-7
13463-67-7
13463-67-7
119-93-7
119-93-7
108-88-3
584-84-9
584-84-9
25376-45-8
25376-45-8
106-49-0
106-49-0
108-44-1
108-44-1
95-53-4
95-53-4
108-88-3
25013-15-4
95-49-8
106-49-0
108-44-1
25376-45-8

XP7320000
XP7320000
XP7320000
XQ4000000
XR2275000
XR2275000
XR2275000
DD1225000
DD1225000
XS5250000
CZ6300000
CZ6300000
XS9445000
XS9445000
XU3150000
XU3150000
XU2800000
XU2800000
XU2975000
XU2975000
XS5250000
WL5075000
XS9000000
XU3150000
XU2800000
XS9445000

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NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0514
0113
0376
0041
0041
0625
0642
0642
0476
0061
0066
0625
0625*
0089
0089
0632*
0174
0388
0626*
0627
0627*
0627
0628
0404
0628*
0404
0626
0629
0629*
0290
0631
0127
0489
0489
0290
0630*
0132
0583
0631*
0172
0172
0172
0172
0553
0633*
0455
0455
0310
0310
0062
0634*
0291
0291
0634
0302
0343
0629
0381
0381
0635
0635*
0640
0078
0640
0640*
0355
0355
0636*
0639
0639*
0637*
0638*
0169
0169

Tordon
Toxaphene
Toxilic anhydride
Tremolite
Tremolite asbestos
Tri-n-butyl phosphate
Tri-o-cresyl ester of phosphoric acid
Tri-o-cresyl phosphate
Triatomic oxygen
Tribromoborane
Tribromomethane
Tributyl ester of phosphoric acid
Tributyl phosphate
Tricalcium arsenate
Tricalcium ortho-arsenate
1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane
1,1,1-Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)e
1,1,1-Trichloro-2,2-bis-(p-methoxyphenyl
Trichloroacetic acid
unsym-Trichlorobenzene
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzol
beta-Trichloroethane
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
1,1,2-Trichloroethane
1,1,1-Trichloroethane (stabilized)
Trichloroethanoic acid
Trichloroethene
Trichloroethylene
Trichlorofluoromethane
Trichlorohydrin
Trichloromethane
Trichloromethane sulfenyl chloride
Trichloromethyl sulfur chloride
Trichloromonofluoromethane
Trichloronaphthalene
Trichloronitromethane
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid
1,2,3-Trichloropropane
Tricyclohexylhydroxystannane
Tricyclohexylhydroxytin
Tricyclohexylstannium hydroxide
Tricyclohexyltin hydroxide
Tridymite
Triethylamine
Trifluoramine
Trifluorammonia
2,2,2-Trifluoro-1-bromo-1-chloroethane
1,1,1-Trifluoro-2-bromo-2-chloroethane
Trifluoroborane
Trifluorobromomethane
2,2,2-Trifluoroethoxyethene
2,2,2-Trifluoroethyl vinyl ether
Trifluoromonobromomethane
Trihydroxypropane
Triiodomethane
Trilene
Trimanganese tetraoxide
Trimanganese tetroxide
Trimellic acid anhydride
Trimellitic anhydride
Trimethoxyphosphine
Trimethyl carbinol
Trimethyl ester of phosphorous acid
Trimethyl phosphite
3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-cyclo-hexen-1-one
3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexenone
Trimethylamine
sym-Trimethylbenzene
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
Trimethylenetrinitramine
1,3,5-Trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane

1918-02-1
8001-35-2
108-31-6
1332-21-4
1332-21-4
126-73-8
78-30-8
78-30-8
10028-15-6
10294-33-4
75-25-2
126-73-8
126-73-8
7778-44-1
7778-44-1
76-13-1
50-29-3
72-43-5
76-03-9
120-82-1
120-82-1
120-82-1
79-00-5
71-55-6
79-00-5
71-55-6
76-03-9
79-01-6
79-01-6
75-69-4
96-18-4
67-66-3
594-42-3
594-42-3
75-69-4
1321-65-9
76-06-2
93-76-5
96-18-4
13121-70-5
13121-70-5
13121-70-5
13121-70-5
14808-60-7
121-44-8
7783-54-2
7783-54-2
151-67-7
151-67-7
7637-07-2
75-63-8
406-90-6
406-90-6
75-63-8
56-81-5
75-47-8
79-01-6
1317-35-7
1317-35-7
552-30-7
552-30-7
121-45-9
75-65-0
121-45-9
121-45-9
78-59-1
78-59-1
75-50-3
108-67-8
108-67-8
526-73-8
95-63-6
121-82-4
121-82-4

TJ7525000
XW5250000
ON3675000
CI6475000
CI6475000
TC7700000
TD0350000
TD0350000
RS8225000
ED7400000
PB5600000
TC7700000
TC7700000
CG0830000
CG0830000
KJ4000000
KJ3325000
KJ3675000
AJ7875000
DC2100000
DC2100000
DC2100000
KJ3150000
KJ2975000
KJ3150000
KJ2975000
AJ7875000
KX4550000
KX4550000
PB6125000
TZ9275000
FS9100000
PB0370000
PB0370000
PB6125000
QK4025000
PB6300000
AJ8400000
TZ9275000
WH8750000
WH8750000
WH8750000
WH8750000
VV7330000
YEO175000
QX1925000
QX1925000
KH6550000
KH6550000
ED2275000
PA5425000
KO4250000
KO4250000
PA5425000
MA8050000
PB7000000
KX4550000
OP0895000
OP0895000
DC2050000
DC2050000
TH1400000
EO1925000
TH1400000
TH1400000
GW7700000
GW7700000
PA0350000
OX6825000
OX6825000
DC330000
DC3325000
XY9450000
XY9450000

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NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0456
0515
0607
0641
0641
0641*
0641
0642*
0490
0591
0592
0593
0644
0644*
0643*
0553
0321
0645*
0646*
0647*
0645
0648*
0648

GUIDE
0227
0649*
0649
0093
0227
0650*
0651*
0650

GUIDE
0656
0658
0014
0661
0662
0664*
0652
0652
0652*
0652
0216
0653
0654
0653*
0654*
0653
0654
0653
0654
0664
0655
0655*
0581
0656*
0656
0571
0657*
0017
0658*
0658
0014
0659*
0656
0660*
0660

Trinitroglycerine
2,4,6-Trinitrophenol
2,4,6-Trinitrophenyl-N-methylnitramine
Trinitrotoluene
sym-Trinitrotoluene
2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene
Trinitrotoluol
Triorthocresyl phosphate
Trioxychlorofluoride
o-Triphenyl
m-Triphenyl
p-Triphenyl
Triphenyl ester of phosphoric acid
Triphenyl phosphate
Triphenylamine
Tripoli
Tris(dimethylamino)phosphine oxide
Tungsten
Tungsten (soluble compounds, as W)
Tungsten carbide (cemented)
Tungsten metal
Turpentine
Turps

CHEMICAL NAME
UDMH
1-Undecanethiol
Undecyl mercaptan
Unslaked lime
Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine
Uranium (insoluble compounds, as U)
Uranium (soluble compounds, as U)
Uranium I

CHEMICAL NAME
VAC
VC
VCN
VDC
VDF
VM & P Naphtha
Valeral
Valeraldehyde
n-Valeraldehyde
Valeric aldehyde
Valerone
Vanadic anhydride dust
Vanadic anhydride fume
Vanadium dust
Vanadium fume
Vanadium oxide dust
Vanadium oxide fume
Vanadium pentaoxide dust
Vanadium pentaoxide fume
Varnish makers' & painters' naphtha
Vegetable mist
Vegetable oil mist
Vikane
Vinyl acetate
Vinyl acetate monomer
Vinyl benzene
Vinyl bromide
Vinyl carbinol
Vinyl chloride
Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM)
Vinyl cyanide
Vinyl cyclohexene dioxide
Vinyl ethanoate
Vinyl fluoride
Vinyl fluoride monomer

55-63-0
88-89-1
479-45-8
118-96-7
118-96-7
118-96-7
118-96-7
78-30-8
7616-94-6
84-15-1
92-06-8
92-94-4
115-86-6
115-86-6
603-34-9
14808-60-7
680-31-9
7440-33-7

QX2100000
TJ7875000
BY6300000
XU0175000
XU0175000
XU0175000
XU0175000
TD0350000
SD1925000
WZ6472000
WZ6470000
WZ6475000
TC8400000
TC8400000
YK2680000
VV7330000
TD0875000
YO7175000

11107-01-0
7440-33-7
8006-64-2
8006-64-2

Y07350000
YO7175000
YO8400000
YO8400000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

57-14-7
5332-52-5
5332-52-5
1305-78-8
57-14-7
7440-61-1

MV2450000
EW3100000
MV2450000
YR3490000

7440-61-1

YR3490000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

108-05-4
75-01-4
107-13-1
75-35-4
75-38-7
8032-32-4
110-62-3
110-62-3
110-62-3
110-62-3
108-83-8
1314-62-1
1314-62-1
1314-62-1
1314-62-1
1314-62-1
1314-62-1
1314-62-1
1314-62-1
8032-32-4
68956-68-3
68956-68-3
2699-79-8
108-05-4
108-05-4
100-42-5
593-60-2
107-18-6
75-01-4
75-01-4
107-13-1
106-87-6
108-05-4
75-02-5
75-02-5

AK0875000
KU9625000
AT5250000
KV9275000
KW0560000
OI6180000
YV3600000
YV3600000
YV3600000
YV3600000
MJ5775000
YW2450000
YW2460000
YW2450000
YW2460000
YW2450000
YW2460000
YW2450000
YW2460000
OI6180000
YX1850000
YX1850000
WT5075000
AK0875000
AK0875000
WL3675000
KU8400000
BA5075000
KU9625000
KU9625000
AT5250000
RN8640000
AK0875000
YZ7351000
YZ7351000

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0000.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:24]

NIOSH/ Online NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards/chemical name and synonym index

0663*
0628
0659
0659
0067
0661*
0661
0661
0662
0662*
0248

GUIDE
0665
0665*
0666*
0667
0447
0472
0506
0507
0439
0616
0645
0094
0397
0667*
0397
0397
0648

GUIDE
0670*
0669*
0668*
0670
0669
0668
0671*
0672*
0672
0670
0669
0668
0671

GUIDE

Vinyl toluene
Vinyl trichloride
4-Vinyl-1-cyclohexene dioxide
4-Vinylcyclohexene diepoxide
Vinylethylene
Vinylidene chloride
Vinylidene chloride monomer
Vinylidene dichloride
Vinylidene difluoride
Vinylidene fluoride
Vinylstyrene

CHEMICAL NAME
WARF
Warfarin
Welding fumes
Western red cedar dust
White fuming nitric acid (WFNA)
White mineral oil mist
White phosphoric acid
White phosphorus
White tar
White tin oxide
Wolfram
Wollastonite (mineral)
Wood alcohol
Wood dust
Wood naphtha
Wood spirit
Wood turpentine

CHEMICAL NAME
p-Xylene
m-Xylene
o-Xylene
para-Xylene
meta-Xylene
ortho-Xylene
m-Xylene-alpha,alpha'-diamine
Xylidine
Xylidine isomers (e.g.
p-Xylol
m-Xylol
o-Xylol
m-Xylylenediamine

CHEMICAL NAME

0673* Yttrium
0673 Yttrium metal

GUIDE

CHEMICAL NAME

0431
0674*
0674
0676
0675*
0675
0676
0676*
0677
0677*
0230

Zimmwaldite
Zinc chloride fume
Zinc dichloride fume
Zinc distearate
Zinc oxide
Zinc peroxide
Zinc salt of stearic acid
Zinc stearate
Zirconium
Zirconium compounds (as Zr)
Zoalene

25013-15-4
79-00-5
106-87-6
106-87-6
106-99-0
75-35-4
75-35-4
75-35-4
75-38-7
75-38-7
1321-74-0

CAS NO
81-81-2
81-81-2
7697-37-2
8012-95-1
7664-38-2
7723-14-0
91-20-3
18282-10-5
7440-33-7
1344-95-2
67-56-1
67-56-1
67-56-1
8006-64-2

CAS NO
106-42-3
108-38-3
95-47-6
106-42-3
108-38-3
95-47-6
1477-55-0
1300-73-8
1300-73-8
106-42-3
108-38-3
95-47-6
1477-55-0

WL5075000
KJ3150000
RN8640000
RN8640000
EI9275000
KV9275000
KV9275000
KV9275000
KW0560000
KW0560000
CZ9370000

RTECS NO
GN4550000
GN4550000
ZC2550000
ZC9850000
QU5775000
PY8030000
TB6300000
TH3500000
QJ0525000
XQ4000000
YO7175000
VV9150000
PC1400000
ZC9850000
PC1400000
PC1400000
YO8400000

RTECS NO
ZE2625000
ZE2275000
ZE2450000
ZE2625000
ZE2275000
ZE2450000
PF8970000
ZE8575000
ZE8575000
ZE2625000
ZE2275000
ZE2450000
PF8970000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

7440-65-5
7440-65-5

ZG2980000
ZG2980000

CAS NO

RTECS NO

12001-26-2
7646-85-7
7646-85-7
557-05-1
1314-13-2
1314-13-2
557-05-1
557-05-1
7440-67-7
7440-67-7
148-01-6

VV8760000
ZH1400000
ZH1400000
ZH5200000
ZH4810000
ZH4810000
ZH5200000
ZH5200000
ZH7070000
ZH7070000
XS4200000

*primary chemical name

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acetaldehyde

CAS 75-07-0

CH3 CHO

RTECS AB1925000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Acetic aldehyde, Ethanal, Ethyl aldehyde

DOT ID & Guide


1089 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A See Appendix C (Aldehydes)


OSHA PEL: TWA 200 ppm (360 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 1.80 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [2000 ppm]

Physical Description
Colorless liquid or gas (above 69F) with a pungent, fruity odor.
MW: 44.1

BP: 69F

VP: 740 mmHg

IP: 10.22 eV

Fl.P: -36F

UEL: 60%

FRZ: -190F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.79

LEL: 4.0%

Class IA Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids, bases, alcohols, ammonia & amines, phenols, ketones, HCN, H2 S [Note: Prolonged contact
with air may cause formation of peroxides that may explode and burst containers; easily undergoes polymerization.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2538; OSHA 68
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, throat; eye, skin burns; dermatitis; conjunctivitis; cough; central nervous system
depression; delayed pulmonary edema; in animals: kidney, reproductive, teratogenic effects; [potential occupational
carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, kidneys, central nervous system, reproductive system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: nasal cancer]


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acetic acid

CAS 64-19-7

CH3 COOH

RTECS AF1225000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Acetic acid (aqueous), Ethanoic acid, Glacial acetic acid (pure compound),
Methanecarboxylic acid [Note: Can be found in concentrations of 5-8% in vinegar.]

DOT ID & Guide


2790 153 (10-80% acid)
2789 132 (>80% acid)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m 3 ) ST 15 ppm (37 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.46 mg/m 3

IDLH 50 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless liquid or crystals with a sour, vinegar-like odor. [Note: Pure compound is a solid below 62F. Often used
in an aqueous solution.]
MW: 60.1

BP: 244F

VP: 11 mmHg

IP: 10.66 eV

Fl.P: 103F

UEL(200F): 19.9%

FRZ: 62F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 1.05

LEL: 4.0%

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers (especially chromic acid, sodium peroxide & nitric acid), strong caustics [Note: Corrosive to
metals.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1603; OSHA ID186SG
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact (>10%)
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated (>10%)
Remove: When wet or contaminated (>10%)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash (>5%), Quick drench (>50%)

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; eye, skin burns; skin sensitization; dental erosion; black skin,
hyperkeratosis; conjunctivitis, lacrimation (discharge of tears); pharyngeal edema, chronic bronchitis
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, teeth
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acetic anhydride

CAS 108-24-7

(CH 3 CO) 2 O

RTECS AK1925000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Acetic acid anhydride, Acetic oxide, Acetyl oxide, Ethanoic anhydride

DOT ID & Guide


1715 137

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.18 mg/m 3

IDLH 200 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a strong, pungent, vinegar-like odor.
MW: 102.1

BP: 282F

VP: 4 mmHg

IP: 10.00 eV

Fl.P: 120F

UEL: 10.3%

FRZ: -99F

Sol: 12%
Sp.Gr: 1.08

LEL: 2.7%

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water, alcohols, strong oxidizers (especially chromic acid), amines, strong caustics [Note: Corrosive to iron, steel &
other metals. Reacts with water to form acetic acid.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 3506; OSHA 82, 102
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 125 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 200 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Conjunctivitis, lacrimation (discharge of tears), corneal edema, opacity, photophobia (abnormal visual
intolerance to light); nasal, pharyngeal irritation; cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), bronchitis; skin burns,
vesiculation, sensitization dermatitis
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acetone

CAS 67-64-1

(CH 3 ) 2 CO

RTECS AL3150000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dimethyl ketone, Ketone propane, 2-Propanone

DOT ID & Guide


1090 127

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 250 ppm (590 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.38 mg/m 3

IDLH 2500 ppm [10%LEL]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a fragrant, mint-like odor.
MW: 58.1

BP: 133F

VP: 180 mmHg

IP: 9.69 eV

Fl.P: 0F

UEL: 12.8%

FRZ: -140F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.79

LEL: 2.5%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1300, 3800; OSHA 69
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 2500 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece
respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air
respirator*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, throat; headache, dizziness, central nervous system depression; dermatitis
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acetone cyanohydrin

CAS 75-86-5

CH3 C(OH)CNCH 3

RTECS OD9275000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Cyanohydrin-2-propanone, 2-Cyano-2-propanol, alpha-Hydroxyisobutyronitrile, 2Hydroxy-2-methyl-propionitrile, 2-Methyllactonitrile

DOT ID & Guide


1541 155 (stabilized)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 1 ppm (4 mg/m 3 ) [15-minute]


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.48 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a faint odor of bitter almond. [Note: Forms cyanide in the body.]
MW: 85.1

BP: 203F

VP: 0.8 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 165F

UEL: 12.0%

FRZ: -4F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr(77F): 0.93

LEL: 2.2%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Sulfuric acid, caustics [Note: Slowly decomposes to acetone & HCN at room temperatures; rate is accelerated by an
increase in pH, water content, or temperature.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2506
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 10 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any suppliedair respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; dizziness, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), headache,
confusion, convulsions; liver, kidney injury; pulmonary edema, asphyxia
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, liver, kidneys,
gastrointestinal tract
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acetonitrile

CAS 75-05-8

CH3 CN

RTECS AL7700000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Cyanomethane, Ethyl nitrile, Methyl cyanide [Note: Forms cyanide in the body.]

DOT ID & Guide


1648 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 20 ppm (34 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 40 ppm (70 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 1.68 mg/m 3

IDLH 500 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an aromatic odor.
MW: 41.1

BP: 179F

VP: 73 mmHg

IP: 12.20 eV

Fl.P(oc): 42F

UEL: 16.0%

FRZ: -49F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.78

LEL: 3.0%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1606
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 200 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator
Up to 500 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with
a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask)
with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation nose, throat; asphyxia; nausea, vomiting; chest pain; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); stupor,
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

convulsions; in animals: liver, kidney damage


Target Organs respiratory system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2-Acetylaminofluorene

CAS 53-96-3

C15 H 13 NO

RTECS AB9450000

Synonyms & Trade Names


AAF, 2-AAF, 2-Acetaminofluorene, N-Acetyl-2-aminofluorene, FAA, 2-FAA, 2Fluorenylacetamide

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1014] See Appendix B

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Tan, crystalline powder.
MW: 223.3

BP: ?

VP: ?

IP:?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 381F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Reduced function of liver, kidneys, bladder, pancreas; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Liver, bladder, kidneys, pancreas, skin
Cancer Site [in animals: tumors of the liver, bladder, lungs, skin & pancreas]
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acetylene

CAS 74-86-2

C2H2

RTECS AO9600000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Ethine, Ethyne [Note: A compressed gas used in the welding & cutting of metals.]

DOT ID & Guide


1001 116

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 2500 ppm (2662 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 1.06 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a faint, ethereal odor. [Note: Commercial grade has a garlic-like odor. Shipped under pressure
dissolved in acetone.]
MW: 26.0

BP: Sublimes

FRZ: -119F (Sublimes)

VP: 44.2 atm

IP: 11.40 eV

RGasD: 0.91

Fl.P: NA (Gas)

UEL: 100%

LEL: 2.5%

Sol: 2%

Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Zinc; oxygen & other oxidizing agents such as halogens [Note: Forms explosive acetylide compounds with copper,
mercury, silver & brasses (containing more than 66% copper).]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH Acetylene Crit. Doc.
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Headache, dizziness; asphyxia; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs central nervous system, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acetylene tetrabromide

CAS 79-27-6

CHBr2 CHBr2

RTECS KI8225000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Symmetrical tetrabromoethane; TBE; Tetrabromoacetylene; Tetrabromoethane;
1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane

DOT ID & Guide


2504 159

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: See Appendix D


OSHA PEL: TWA 1 ppm (14 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 14.14 mg/m 3

IDLH 8 ppm

Physical Description
Pale-yellow liquid with a pungent odor similar to camphor or iodoform. [Note: A solid below 32F.]
MW: 345.7

BP: 474F (Decomposes)

VP: 0.02 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: 32F

Sol: 0.07%
Sp.Gr: 2.97

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong caustics; hot iron; reducing metals such as aluminum, magnesium & zinc
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2003
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations OSHA


Up to 8 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a
full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose; anorexia, nausea; headache; abdominal pain; jaundice; leukocytosis (increased
blood leukocytes); central nervous system depression
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system, liver, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acetylsalicyclic acid

CAS 50-78-2

CH3 COOC6 H 4 COOH

RTECS VO0700000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Acetal, o-Acetoxybenzoic acid, 2-Acetoxybenzoic acid, Aspirin

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Odorless, colorless to white, crystal-line powder. [aspirin] [Note: Develops the vinegar-like odor of acetic acid on
contact with moisture.]
MW: 180.2

BP: 284F (Decomposes)

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 275F

Sol(77F): 0.3%
Sp.Gr: 1.35

LEL: NA

MEC: 40 g/m3

Combustible Powder; explosion hazard if dispersed in air.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Solutions of alkali hydroxides or carbonates, strong oxidizers, moisture [Note: Slowly hydrolyzes in moist air to
salicyclic & acetic acids.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; increased blood clotting time; nausea, vomiting; liver,
kidney injury
Target Organs
Cancer Site Eyes, skin, respiratory system, blood, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acrolein

CAS 107-02-8

CH2 =CHCHO

RTECS AS1050000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Acraldehyde, Acrylaldehyde, Acrylic aldehyde, Allyl aldehyde, Propenal, 2-Propenal

DOT ID & Guide


1092 131P (inhibited)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.25 mg/m 3 ) ST 0.3 ppm (0.8 mg/m 3 ) See Appendix C
(Aldehydes)
OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.25 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.29 mg/m 3

IDLH 2 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless or yellow liquid with a piercing, disagreeable odor.
MW: 56.1

BP: 127F

VP: 210 mmHg

IP: 10.13 eV

Fl.P: -15F

UEL: 31%

FRZ: -126F

Sol: 40%
Sp.Gr: 0.84

LEL: 2.8%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, acids, alkalis, ammonia, amines [Note: Polymerizes readily unless inhibited--usually with hydroquinone.
May form shock-sensitive peroxides over time.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2501; OSHA 52
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; decreased pulmonary function; delayed pulmonary edema;

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

chronic respiratory disease


Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, heart
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acrylamide

CAS 79-06-1

CH2 =CHCONH 2

RTECS AS3325000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Acrylamide monomer, Acrylic amide, Propenamide, 2-Propenamide

DOT ID & Guide


2074 153P

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.03 mg/m 3 [skin] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.3 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH Ca [60 mg/m 3 ]

Conversion

Physical Description
White crystalline, odorless solid.
MW: 71.1

BP: 347-572F
(Decomposes)

VP: 0.007 mmHg

IP: 9.50 eV

Fl.P: 280F

UEL: ?

MLT: 184F

Sol(86F): 216%
Sp.Gr: 1.12

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid (may also be dissolved in flammable liquids).


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers [Note: May polymerize violently upon melting.]
Measurement Methods
OSHA 21, PV2004
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; ataxia, numb limbs, paresthesia; muscle weakness; absent deep tendon reflex; hand
sweating; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), drowsiness; reproductive effects; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, reproductive system
Cancer Site [in animals: tumors of the lungs, testes, thyroid & adrenal glands]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acrylic acid

CAS 79-10-7

CH2 =CHCOOH

RTECS AS4375000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DOT ID & Guide
Acroleic acid, Aqueous acrylic acid (technical grade is 94%), Ethylenecarboxylic acid, 2218 132P (inhibited)
Glacial acrylic acid (98% in aqueous solution), 2-Propenoic acid

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (6 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.95 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless liquid or solid (below 55F) with a distinctive, acrid odor. [Note: Shipped with an inhibitor (e.g.,
hydroquinone) since it readily polymerizes.]
MW: 72.1

BP: 286F

VP: 3 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 121F

UEL: 8.02%

FRZ: 55F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 1.05

LEL: 2.4%

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, amines, alkalis, ammonium hydroxide, chloro-sulfonic acid, oleum, ethylene diamine, ethyleneimine, 2aminoethanol [Note: Corrosive to many metals.]
Measurement Methods
OSHA 28, PV2005
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; eye, skin burns; skin sensitization; in animals: lung, liver,
kidney injury
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Acrylonitrile

CAS 107-13-1

CH2 =CHCN

RTECS AT5250000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Acrylonitrile monomer, AN, Cyanoethylene, Propenenitrile, 2-Propenenitrile, VCN,
Vinyl cyanide

DOT ID & Guide


1093 131P (inhibited)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 1 ppm C 10 ppm [15-minute] [skin] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1045] TWA 2 ppm C 10 ppm [15-minute] [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.17 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [85 ppm]

Physical Description
Colorless to pale-yellow liquid with an unpleasant odor. [Note: Odor can only be detected above the PEL.]
MW: 53.1

BP: 171F

VP: 83 mmHg

IP: 10.91 eV

Fl.P: 30F

UEL: 17%

FRZ: -116F

Sol: 7%
Sp.Gr: 0.81

LEL: 3.0%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids & alkalis; bromine; amines [Note: Unless inhibited (usually with methylhydroquinone), may
polymerize spontaneously or when heated or in presence of strong alkali. Attacks copper.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1604; OSHA 37
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; asphyxia; headache; sneezing; nausea, vomiting; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion),
dizziness; skin vesiculation; scaling dermatitis; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, cardiovascular system, liver, kidneys, central nervous system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [brain tumors, lung & bowel cancer]


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Adiponitrile

CAS 111-69-3

NC(CH 2 ) 4 CN

RTECS AV2625000

Synonyms & Trade Names


1,4-Dicyanobutane; Hexanedinitrile; Tetramethylene cyanide

DOT ID & Guide


2205 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 4 ppm (18 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.43 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Water-white, practically odorless, oily liquid. [Note: A solid below 34F. Forms cyanide in the body.]
MW: 108.2

BP: 563F

VP: 0.002 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P(o.c.): 199F

UEL: 5.0%

FRZ: 34F

Sol: 4.5%
Sp.Gr: 0.97

LEL: 1.7%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers (e.g., perchlorates, nitrates), strong acids (e.g., sulfuric acid) [Note: Decomposes above 194F, forming
hydrogen cyanide.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH Nitriles Crit. Doc.
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 40 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 100 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 200 ppm: (APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any suppliedair respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; headache, dizziness, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion),
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

confusion, convulsions; blurred vision; dyspnea (breathing difficulty); abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Aldrin

CAS 309-00-2

C12 H 8 Cl6

RTECS IO2100000

Synonyms & Trade Names


1,2,3,4,10,10-Hexachloro-1,4,4a,5,8,8a-hexahydro-endo-1,4-exo-5,8dimethanonaphthalene; HHDN; Octalene

DOT ID & Guide


2761 151

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.25 mg/m 3 [skin] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.25 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH Ca [25 mg/m 3 ]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to dark-brown crystalline solid with a mild chemical odor. [Note: Formerly used as an insecticide.]
MW: 364.9

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0.00008 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 219F

Sol: 0.003%
Sp.Gr: 1.60

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but may be dissolved in flammable liquids.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Concentrated mineral acids, active metals, acid catalysts, acid oxidizing agents, phenol
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5502
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Headache, dizziness; nausea, vomiting, malaise (vague feeling of discomfort); myoclonic jerks of limbs;
clonic, tonic convulsions; coma; hematuria (blood in the urine), azotemia; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs central nervous system, liver, kidneys, skin

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: tumors of the lungs, liver, thyroid & adrenal glands]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Allyl alcohol

CAS 107-18-6

CH2 =CHCH 2 OH

RTECS BA5075000

Synonyms & Trade Names


AA, Allylic alcohol, Propenol, 1-Propen-3-ol, 2-Propenol, Vinyl carbinol

DOT ID & Guide


1098 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (5 mg/m 3 ) ST 4 ppm (10 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 2 ppm (5 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.38 mg/m 3

IDLH 20 ppm
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a pungent, mustard-like odor.
MW: 58.1

BP: 205F

VP: 17 mmHg

IP: 9.63 eV

Fl.P: 70F

UEL: 18.0%

FRZ: -200F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.85

LEL: 2.5%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids, carbon tetrachloride [Note: Polymerization may be caused by elevated temperatures,
oxidizers, or peroxides.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1402
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 20 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Eye irritation, tissue damage; irritation upper respiratory system, skin; pulmonary edema

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Allyl chloride

CAS 107-05-1

CH2 =CHCH 2 Cl

RTECS UC7350000

Synonyms & Trade Names


3-Chloropropene, 1-Chloro-2-propene, 3-Chloropropylene

DOT ID & Guide


1100 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 ) ST 2 ppm (6 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.13 mg/m 3

IDLH 250 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless, brown, yellow, or purple liquid with a pungent, unpleasant odor.
MW: 76.5

BP: 113F

VP: 295 mmHg

IP: 10.05 eV

Fl.P: -25F

UEL: 11.1%

MLT: -210F

Sol: 0.4%
Sp.Gr: 0.94

LEL: 2.9%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids, amines, iron & aluminum chlorides, magnesium, zinc
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1000; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*
Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any suppliedair respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, mucous membrane; pulmonary edema; in animals: liver, kidney injury
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Allyl glycidyl ether

CAS 106-92-3

C6 H 10 O 2

RTECS RR0875000

Synonyms & Trade Names


AGE; 1-Allyloxy-2,3-epoxypropane; Glycidyl allyl ether; [(2-Propenyloxy)methyl]
oxirane

DOT ID & Guide


2219 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (22 mg/m 3 ) ST 10 ppm (44 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
OSHA PEL: C 10 ppm (45 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.67 mg/m 3

IDLH 50 ppm
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a pleasant odor.
MW: 114.2

BP: 309F

VP: 2 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 135F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -148F [forms glass]

Sol: 14%
Sp.Gr: 0.97

LEL: ?

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2545
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece
respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air
respirator/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, respiratory system; dermatitis; pulmonary edema; narcosis; possible
hematopoietic, reproductive effects

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, blood, reproductive system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Allyl propyl disulfide

CAS 2179-59-1

H 2 C=CHCH2 S2 CH2 CH2 CH3

RTECS JO0350000

Synonyms & Trade Names


4,5-Dithia-1-octene; Onion oil; 2-Propenyl propyl disulfide; Propyl allyl disulfide

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (12 mg/m 3 ) ST 3 ppm (18 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 2 ppm (12 mg/m 3 )

IDLH N.D. See: IDLH INDEX

Conversion 1 ppm = 6.07 mg/m 3

Physical Description
Pale-yellow liquid with a strong & irritating onion-like odor. [Note: The chief volatile component of onion oil.]
MW: 148.3

BP: ?

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

FRZ: 5F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr(59F): 0.93

LEL: ?

Combustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, respiratory system; lacrimation (discharge of tears)
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


alpha-Alumina

CAS 1344-28-1

Al2 O 3

RTECS BD1200000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Alumina, Aluminum oxide, Aluminum trioxide [Note: alpha-Alumina is the main
component of technical grade alumina. Corundum is natural Al2 O3 . Emery is an
impure crystalline variety of Al2 O3 .]

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: See Appendix D


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White, odorless, crystalline powder.
MW: 101.9

BP: 5396F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 3632F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 4.0

LEL: NA

Noncombustible solid, but dusts may form explosive mixtures in air.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Chlorine trifluoride, hot chlorinated rubber, acids, oxidizers [Note: Hydrogen gas may be formed when finely
divided iron contacts moisture during crushing & milling operations.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500, 0600
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Blot/brush away
Breathing: Fresh air
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system
Symptoms irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Aluminum

CAS 7429-90-5

Al

RTECS BD0330000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Aluminium, Aluminum metal, Aluminum powder, Elemental aluminum

DOT ID & Guide


1309 170 (powder, coated)
1396 138 (powder,
uncoated)
9260 169 (molten)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Silvery-white, malleable, ductile, odorless metal.
MW: 27.0

BP: 4221F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1220F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 2.70

LEL: NA

Combustible Solid, finely divided dust is easily ignited; may cause explosions.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers & acids, halogenated hydrocarbons [Note: Corrodes in contact with acids & other metals. Ignition
may occur if powders are mixed with halogens, carbon disulfide, or methyl chloride.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7013, 7300; OSHA ID121
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Aluminum (pyro powders and welding fumes, as Al)

CAS
RTECS

Synonyms & Trade Names


Synonyms vary depending upon the specific aluminum compound.

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide


1383 135 (powder,
pyrophoric)

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Appearance and odor vary depending upon the specific aluminum compound.
Properties vary depending
upon the specific aluminum
compound.

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


Varies
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7300
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation skin, respiratory system; pulmonary fibrosis
Target Organs Skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Aluminum (soluble salts and alkyls, as Al)

CAS
RTECS

Synonyms & Trade Names


Synonyms vary depending upon the specific aluminum compound.

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide


3051 135 (alkyls)

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Appearance and odor vary depending upon the specific aluminum compound.
Properties vary depending
upon the specific aluminum
compound.

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


Varies
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7300; OSHA ID121
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation skin, respiratory system; skin burns
Target Organs Skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


4-Aminodiphenyl

CAS 92-67-1

C6 H 5 C6 H 4 NH2

RTECS DU8925000

Synonyms & Trade Names


4-Aminobiphenyl, p-Aminobiphenyl, p-Aminodiphenyl, 4-Phenylaniline

DOT ID & Guide

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A

Exposure
Limits

OSHA PEL: [1910.1011] See Appendix B

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless crystals with a floral odor. [Note: Turns purple on contact with air.]
MW: 169.2

BP: 576F

VP(227F): 1 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 127F

Sol: Slight
Sp.Gr: 1.16

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid, but must be preheated before ignition possible.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidized by air
Measurement Methods
NIOSH P&CAM269 (II-4); OSHA 93
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Headache, dizziness; drowsiness, dyspnea (breathing difficulty); ataxia, lassitude (weakness,
exhaustion); methemoglobinemia; urinary burning; acute hemorrhagic cystitis; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Bladder, skin
Cancer Site [bladder cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2-Aminopyridine

CAS 504-29-0

NH2 C5 H 4 N

RTECS US1575000

Synonyms & Trade Names


alpha-Aminopyridine, alpha-Pyridylamine

DOT ID & Guide


2671 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 ppm (2 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 ppm (2 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.85 mg/m 3

IDLH 5 ppm

Physical Description
White powder, leaflets, or crystals with a characteristic odor.
MW: 94.1

BP: 411F

VP(77F): 0.8 mmHg

IP: 8.00 eV

Fl.P: 154F

UEL: ?

MLT: 137F

Sol: >100%
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH S158 (II-4)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 5 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a
full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, throat; headache, dizziness; excitement; nausea; high blood pressure; respiratory
distress; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); convulsions; stupor
Target Organs central nervous system, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Amitrole

CAS 61-82-5

C2H4N4

RTECS XZ3850000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Aminotriazole; 3-Aminotriazole; 2-Amino-1,3,4-triazole; 3-Amino-1,2,4-triazole

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to white, crystalline powder. [herbicide] [Note: Odorless when pure.]
MW: 84.1

BP: ?

VP: <0.000008 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 318F

Sol(77F): 28%
Sp.Gr: 1.14

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but may be dissolved in flammable liquids.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Light (decomposes), strong oxidizers [Note: Corrosive to iron, aluminum & copper.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500; OSHA PV2006
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; dyspnea (breathing difficulty), muscle spasms, ataxia, anorexia, salivation,
increased body temperature; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), skin dryness, depression (thyroid function
suppression)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, thyroid
Cancer Site [in animals: liver, thyroid & pituitary gland tumors]
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Ammonia

CAS 7664-41-7

NH3

RTECS BO0875000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Anhydrous ammonia, Aqua ammonia, Aqueous ammonia [Note: Often used in an
aqueous solution.]

DOT ID & Guide


1005 125 (anhydrous)
2672 154 (10-35% solution)
2073 125 (>35-50%
solution)
1005 125 (>50% solution)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m 3 ) ST 35 ppm (27 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (35 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 0.70 mg/m 3

IDLH 300 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Easily liquefied under
pressure.]
MW: 17.0

BP: -28F

FRZ: -108F

VP: 8.5 atm

IP: 10.18 eV

RGasD: 0.60

Fl.P: NA (Gas)

UEL: 28%

LEL: 15%

Sol: 34%

[Note: Although NH 3 does not meet the DOT definition of a Flammable Gas (for labeling purposes), it should be
treated as one.]
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids, halogens, salts of silver & zinc [Note: Corrosive to copper & galvanized surfaces.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 6015, 6016; OSHA ID188
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated (solution)
Remove: When wet or contaminated (solution)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash (>10%), Quick drench (>10%)

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately (solution/liquid)
Skin: Water flush immediately (solution/liquid)
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately (solution)

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the
compound of concern*/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 300 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern*/(APF =
50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and cartridge(s) providing protection against the
compound of concern/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, frontor back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/(APF = 50) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion (solution), skin and/or eye contact (solution/liquid)
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, throat; dyspnea (breathing difficulty), wheezing, chest pain; pulmonary edema;
pink frothy sputum; skin burns, vesiculation; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Ammonium chloride fume

CAS 12125-02-9

NH4 Cl

RTECS BP4550000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Ammonium chloride, Ammonium muriate fume, Sal ammoniac fume

DOT ID & Guide


9085 171

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 ST 20 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Finely divided, odorless, white particulate dispersed in air.
MW: 53.5

BP: Sublimes

VP(321F): 1 mmHg

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 662F (Sublimes)

Sol: 37%
Sp.Gr: 1.53

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Alkalis & their carbonates, lead & silver salts, strong oxidizers, ammonium nitrate, potassium chlorate, bromine
trifluoride [Note: Corrodes most metals at high (i.e., fire) temperatures.]
Measurement Methods
OSHA ID188
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), pulmonary sensitization
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Ammonium sulfamate

CAS 7773-06-0

NH4 OSO2 NH2

RTECS WO6125000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Ammate herbicide, Ammonium amidosulfonate, AMS, Monoammonium salt of
sulfamic acid, Sulfamate

DOT ID & Guide


9089 171

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH 1500 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to white crystalline, odorless solid. [herbicide]
MW: 114.1

BP: 320F (Decomposes)

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 268F

Sol: 200%
Sp.Gr: 1.77

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, hot water [Note: Elevated temperatures cause a highly exothermic reaction with water.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH S348 (II-5)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator
Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 250 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter
Up to 500 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a highefficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air
respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 1500 mg/m 3 : (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, throat; cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty)
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


n-Amyl acetate

CAS 628-63-7

CH3 COO[CH2 ] 4 CH3

RTECS AJ1925000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Amyl acetic ester, Amyl acetic ether, 1-Pentanol acetate, Pentyl ester of acetic acid,
Primary amyl acetate

DOT ID & Guide


1104 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (525 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (525 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.33 mg/m 3

IDLH 1000 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a persistent banana-like odor.
MW: 130.2

BP: 301F

VP: 4 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 77F

UEL: 7.5%

FRZ: -95F

Sol: 0.2%
Sp.Gr: 0.88

LEL: 1.1%

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1450, 2549; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1000 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any
air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor
canister/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose; dermatitis; possible central nervous system depression, narcosis
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


sec-Amyl acetate

CAS 626-38-0

CH3 COOCH(CH3 )C3 H 7

RTECS AJ2100000

Synonyms & Trade Names


1-Methylbutyl acetate, 2-Pentanol acetate, 2-Pentyl ester of acetic acid

DOT ID & Guide


1104 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 125 ppm (650 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 125 ppm (650 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.33 mg/m 3

IDLH 1000 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a mild odor.
MW: 130.2

BP: 249F

VP: 7 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 89F

UEL: 7.5%

FRZ: -109F

Sol: Slight
Sp.Gr: 0.87

LEL: 1%

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1450, 2549; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1000 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any
air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor
canister/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose; narcosis; dermatitis; possible kidney, liver injury; possible central nervous
system depression
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, kidneys, liver, central nervous system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Aniline (and homologs)

CAS 62-53-3

C6 H 5 NH2

RTECS BW6650000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Aminobenzene, Aniline oil, Benzenamine, Phenylamine

DOT ID & Guide


1547 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (19 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.81 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [100 ppm]

Physical Description
Colorless to brown, oily liquid with an aromatic amine-like odor. [Note: A solid below 21F.]
MW: 93.1

BP: 363F

VP: 0.6 mmHg

IP: 7.70 eV

Fl.P: 158F

UEL: 11%

FRZ: 21F

Sol: 4%
Sp.Gr: 1.02

LEL: 1.3%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong acids, toluene diisocyanate, alkalis
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2002, 2017
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Headache, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), dizziness; cyanosis; ataxia; dyspnea (breathing difficulty)
on effort; tachycardia; irritation eyes; methemoglobinemia; cirrhosis; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Blood, cardiovascular system, eyes, liver, kidneys, respiratory system
Cancer Site [bladder cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


o-Anisidine

CAS 90-04-0

NH2 C6 H 4 OCH 3

RTECS BZ5410000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DOT ID & Guide
ortho-Aminoanisole, 2-Anisidine, o-Methoxyaniline [Note: o-Anisidine has been used 2431 153
as a basis for many dyes.]

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH Ca [50 mg/m 3 ]

Conversion

Physical Description
Red or yellow, oily liquid with an amine-like odor. [Note: A solid below 41F.]
MW: 123.2

BP: 437F

VP: <0.1 mmHg

IP: 7.44 eV

Fl.P(oc): 244F

UEL: ?

FRZ: 41F

Sol(77F): 1%
Sp.Gr: 1.10

LEL: ?

Class IIIB Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 200F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2514
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Headache, dizziness; cyanosis; red blood cell Heinz bodies; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Blood, kidneys, liver, cardiovascular system, central nervous system
Cancer Site [in animals: tumors of the thyroid gland, bladder & kidneys]
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


p-Anisidine

CAS 104-94-9

NH2 C6 H 4 OCH 3

RTECS BZ5450000

Synonyms & Trade Names


para-Aminoanisole, 4-Anisidine, p-Methoxyaniline

DOT ID & Guide


2431 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH 50 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Yellow to brown, crystalline solid with an amine-like odor.
MW: 123.2

BP: 475F

VP(77F): 0.006 mmHg

IP: 7.44 eV

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 135F

Sol: Moderate
Sp.Gr: 1.07

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2514
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 12.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter
Up to 25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode*
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Headache, dizziness; cyanosis; red blood cell Heinz bodies
Target Organs Blood, kidneys, liver, cardiovascular system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Antimony

CAS 7440-36-0

Sb

RTECS CC4025000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Antimony metal, Antimony powder, Stibium

DOT ID & Guide


1549 157 (inorganic
compounds, n.o.s.)
2871 170 (powder)
3141 157 (inorganic liquid
compounds, n.o.s.)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [*Note: The REL also applies to other antimony
compounds (as Sb).]
OSHA PEL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [*Note: The PEL also applies to other antimony
compounds (as Sb).]

IDLH 50 mg/m 3 (as Sb)

Conversion

Physical Description
Silver-white, lustrous, hard, brittle solid; scale-like crystals; or a dark-gray, lustrous powder.
MW: 121.8

BP: 2975F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1166F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 6.69

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but a moderate explosion hazard in the form of dust when exposed to flame.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids, halogenated acids [Note: Stibine is formed when antimony is exposed to nascent (freshly
formed) hydrogen.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH P&CAM261 (II-4); OSHA ID121, ID125G, ID206
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators^/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 12.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter^
Up to 25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow
mode/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece


Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat, mouth; cough; dizziness; headache; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
stomach cramps; insomnia; anorexia; unable to smell properly
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


ANTU

CAS 86-88-4

C10 H 7 NHC(NH2 )S

RTECS YT9275000

Synonyms & Trade Names


alpha-Naphthyl thiocarbamide, 1-Naphthyl thiourea, alpha-Naphthyl thiourea

DOT ID & Guide


1651 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.3 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.3 mg/m 3

IDLH 100 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
White crystalline or gray, odorless powder. [rodenticide]
MW: 202.3

BP: Decomposes

VP: Low

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 388F

Sol: 0.06%
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, silver nitrate
Measurement Methods
NIOSH S276 (II-5)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 3 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a
dust, mist, and fume filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 7.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust, mist, and fume filter
Up to 15 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tightfitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion
Symptoms After ingestion of large doses: vomiting, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), cyanosis, coarse pulmonary
rales; liver damage
Target Organs respiratory system, blood, liver
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Arsenic (inorganic compounds, as As)

CAS 7440-38-2 (metal)

As (metal)

RTECS CG0525000
(metal)

Synonyms & Trade Names


Arsenic metal: Arsenia
Other synonyms vary depending upon the specific As compound. [Note: OSHA
considers "Inorganic Arsenic" to mean copper acetoarsenite & all inorganic
compounds containing arsenic except ARSINE.]

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide


1558 152 (metal)
1562 152 (dust)

NIOSH REL: Ca C 0.002 mg/m 3 [15-minute] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1018] TWA 0.010 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [5 mg/m 3 (as As)]

Conversion

Physical Description
Metal: Silver-gray or tin-white, brittle, odorless solid.
MW: 74.9

BP: Sublimes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1135F (Sublimes)

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 5.73 (metal)

LEL: NA

Metal: Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but a slight explosion hazard in the form of dust when exposed to flame.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, bromine azide [Note: Hydrogen gas can react with inorganic arsenic to form the highly toxic gas
arsine.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7300, 7900; OSHA ID105
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted acid gas canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained
breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, skin and/or eye contact ingestion
Symptoms Ulceration of nasal septum, dermatitis, gastrointestinal disturbances, peripheral neuropathy, respiratory

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

irritation, hyperpigmentation of skin, [potential occupational carcinogen]


Target Organs Liver, kidneys, skin, lungs, lymphatic system
Cancer Site [lung & lymphatic cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


CAS

Arsenic, organic compounds (as As)

RTECS
Synonyms & Trade Names
Synonyms vary depending upon the specific organic arsenic compound.

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide

NIOSH REL: none


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Appearance and odor vary depending upon the specific organic arsenic compound.
Properties vary depending
upon the specific organic
arsenic compound.

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


Varies
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5022
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Recommendations regarding personal protective clothing
vary depending upon the specific compound.
Recommendations regarding eye protection vary
depending upon the specific compound.
Recommendations regarding washing the skin vary
depending upon the specific compound.
Recommendations regarding the removal of personal
protective clothing that becomes wet or contaminated
vary depending upon the specific compound.
Recommendations regarding the daily changing of
personal protective clothing vary depending upon the
specific compound.
Recommendations regarding the need for eyewash or
quick drench facilities vary depending upon the specific
compound.

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms In animals: irritation skin, possible dermatitis; respiratory distress; diarrhea; kidney damage; muscle
tremor, convulsions; possible gastrointestinal tract, reproductive effects; possible liver damage
Target Organs Skin, respiratory system, kidneys, central nervous system, liver, gastrointestinal tract, reproductive
system
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Arsine

CAS 7784-42-1

AsH 3

RTECS CG6475000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Arsenic hydride, Arsenic trihydride, Arseniuretted hydrogen, Arsenous hydride,
Hydrogen arsenide

DOT ID & Guide


2188 119

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca C 0.002 mg/m 3 [15-minute] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.05 ppm (0.2 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.19 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [3 ppm]

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a mild, garlic-like odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 78.0

BP: -81F

FRZ: -179F

VP(70F): 14.9 atm

IP: 9.89 eV

RGasD: 2.69

Fl.P: NA (Gas)

UEL: 78%

LEL: 5.1%

Sol: 20%

Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, chlorine, nitric acid [Note: Decomposes above 446F. There is a high potential for the generation
of arsine gas when inorganic arsenic is exposed to nascent (freshly formed) hydrogen.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 6001; OSHA ID105
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Headache, malaise (vague feeling of discomfort), lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), dizziness; dyspnea
(breathing difficulty); abdominal, back pain; nausea, vomiting; bronze skin; hematuria (blood in the urine); jaundice;
peripheral neuropathy; liquid: frostbite; [potential occupational carcinogen]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Blood, kidneys, liver


Cancer Site [lung & lymphatic cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Asbestos

CAS 1332-21-4

Hydrated mineral silicates

RTECS CI6475000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Actinolite, Actinolite asbestos, Amosite (cummingtonite-grunerite), Anthophyllite,
Anthophyllite asbestos, Chrysotile, Crocidolite (Riebeckite), Tremolite, Tremolite
asbestos

DOT ID & Guide


2212 171 (blue, brown)
2590 171 (white)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A See Appendix C


OSHA PEL: [1910.1001] [1910.1101] See Appendix C

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
White or greenish (chrysotile), blue (crocidolite), or gray-green (amosite) fibrous, odorless solids.
MW: Varies

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1112F
(Decomposes)

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solids
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7400, 7402; OSHA ID160, ID191
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Asbestosis (chronic exposure): dyspnea (breathing difficulty), interstitial fibrosis, restricted pulmonary
function, finger clubbing; irritation eyes; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs respiratory system, eyes

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [lung cancer]


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


CAS 8052-42-4

Asphalt fumes

RTECS CI9900000
Synonyms & Trade Names
DOT ID & Guide
Asphalt: Asphaltum, Bitumen (European term), Petroleum asphalt, Petroleum bitumen, 1999 130 (asphalt)
Road asphalt, Roofing asphalt

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca C 5 mg/m 3 [15-minute] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Fumes generated during the production or application of asphalt (a dark-brown to black cement-like substance
manufactured by the vacuum distillation of crude petroleum oil).
Properties vary depending
upon the specific asphalt
formulation or mixture.

Asphalt: Combustible Solid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported [Note: Asphalt becomes molten at about 200F.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5042
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, respiratory system; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: skin tumors]


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Atrazine

CAS 1912-24-9

C8 H 14 ClN5

RTECS XY5600000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-s-triazine; 6-Chloro-N-ethyl-N'- (1methylethyl)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine

DOT ID & Guide


2763 151 (triazine
pesticide)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless or white, odorless, crystalline powder. [herbicide]
MW: 215.7

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0.0000003 mmHg

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 340F

Sol: 0.003%
Sp.Gr: 1.19

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but may be mixed with flammable liquids.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong acids, strong bases
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5602
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; dermatitis, sensitization skin; dyspnea (breathing difficulty), lassitude (weakness,
exhaustion), incoordination, salivation; hypothermia; liver injury
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Azinphos-methyl

CAS 86-50-0

C10 H 12 O 3 PS2 N3

RTECS TE1925000

Synonyms & Trade Names


O,O-Dimethyl-S-4-oxo-1,2,3-benzotriazin-3(4H)-ylmethyl phosphorodithioate;
Guthion; Methyl azinphos

DOT ID & Guide


2783 152

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH 10 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless crystals or a brown, waxy solid. [insecticide]
MW: 317.3

BP: Decomposes

VP: 8 x 10-9 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 163F

Sol: 0.003%
Sp.Gr: 1.44

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5600
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a
dust, mist, and fume filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust, mist, and fume filter
Up to 10 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tightfitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Miosis; ache eyes; blurred vision, lacrimation (discharge of tears), rhinorrhea (discharge of thin mucus);
headache; tightness chest, wheezing, laryngeal spasm; salivation; cyanosis; anorexia; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
sweating; twitching, paralysis, convulsions; low blood pressure, cardiac irregularities
Target Organs respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, blood cholinesterase
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Barium chloride (as Ba)

CAS 10361-37-2

BaCl2

RTECS CQ8750000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Barium dichloride

DOT ID & Guide


1564 154 (barium
compounds, n.o.s.)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [*Note: The REL also applies to other soluble barium
compounds (as Ba) except Barium sulfate.]
OSHA PEL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [*Note: The PEL also applies to other soluble barium
compounds (as Ba) except Barium sulfate.]

IDLH 50 mg/m 3 (as Ba)

Conversion

Physical Description
White, odorless solid.
MW: 208.2

BP: 2840F

VP: Low

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1765F

Sol: 38%
Sp.Gr: 3.86

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7056; OSHA ID121
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 12.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter
Up to 25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow
mode/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; skin burns; gastroenteritis; muscle spasm; slow pulse,
extrasystoles; hypokalemia
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, heart, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Barium nitrate (as Ba)

CAS 10022-31-8

Ba(NO3 ) 2

RTECS CQ9625000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Barium dinitrate, Barium(II) nitrate (1:2), Barium salt of nitric acid

DOT ID & Guide


1446 141

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [*Note: The REL also applies to other soluble barium
compounds (as Ba) except Barium sulfate.]
OSHA PEL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [*Note: The PEL also applies to other soluble barium
compounds (as Ba) except Barium sulfate.]

IDLH 50 mg/m 3 (as Ba)

Conversion

Physical Description
White, odorless solid.
MW: 261.4

BP: Decomposes

VP: Low

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1094F

Sol: 9%
Sp.Gr: 3.24

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but will accelerate the burning of combustible materials.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, oxidizers, aluminum-magnesium alloys, (barium dioxide + zinc) [Note: Contact with combustible material
may cause fire.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7056; OSHA ID121
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 12.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter
Up to 25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow
mode/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; skin burns; gastroenteritis; muscle spasm; slow pulse,
extrasystoles; hypokalemia
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, heart, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Barium sulfate

CAS 7727-43-7

BaSO 4

RTECS CR0600000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Artificial barite, Barite, Barium salt of sulfuric acid, Barytes (natural)

DOT ID & Guide


1564 154 (barium
compounds, n.o.s.)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White or yellowish, odorless powder.
MW: 233.4

BP: 2912F (Decomposes)

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 2876F

Sol(64F): 0.0002%
Sp.Gr: 4.25-4.5

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Phosphorus, aluminum [Note: Aluminum in the presence of heat can cause an explosion.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500, 0600
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, upper respiratory system; benign pneumoconiosis (baritosis)
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Benomyl

CAS 17804-35-2

C14 H 18 N4 O 3

RTECS DD6475000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Methyl 1-(butylcarbamoyl)-2-benzimidazolecarbamate

DOT ID & Guide


2757 151 (carbamate
pesticide, solid)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: See Appendix D


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White crystalline solid with a faint, acrid odor. [fungicide] [Note: Decomposes without melting above 572F.]
MW: 290.4

BP: Decomposes

VP: <0.00001 mmHg

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: >572F
(Decomposes)

Sol: 0.0004%
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Heat, strong acids, strong alkalis
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500, 0600
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; skin sensitization; possible reproductive, teratogenic
effects
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, reproductive system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Benzene

CAS 71-43-2

C6H6

RTECS CY1400000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Benzol, Phenyl hydride

DOT ID & Guide


1114 130

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.1 ppm ST 1 ppm See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1028] TWA 1 ppm ST 5 ppm See Appendix F
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.19 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [500 ppm]

Physical Description
Colorless to light-yellow liquid with an aromatic odor. [Note: A solid below 42F.]
MW: 78.1

BP: 176F

VP: 75 mmHg

IP: 9.24 eV

Fl.P: 12F

UEL: 7.8%

FRZ: 42F

Sol: 0.07%
Sp.Gr: 0.88

LEL: 1.2%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, many fluorides & perchlorates, nitric acid
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1500, 1501, 3700, 3800; OSHA 12
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, respiratory system; dizziness; headache, nausea, staggered gait; anorexia,
lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); dermatitis; bone marrow depression; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, blood, central nervous system, bone marrow
Cancer Site [leukemia]
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Benzenethiol

CAS 108-98-5

C6 H 5 SH

RTECS DC0525000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Mercaptobenzene, Phenyl mercaptan, Thiophenol

DOT ID & Guide


2337 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 0.1 ppm (0.5 mg/m 3 ) [15-minute]


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.51 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Water-white liquid with an offensive, garlic-like odor. [Note: A solid below 5F.]
MW: 110.2

BP: 336F

VP(65F): 1 mmHg

IP: 8.33 eV

Fl.P: 132F

UEL: ?

FRZ: 5F

Sol(77F): 0.08%
Sp.Gr: 1.08

LEL: ?

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong acids & bases, calcium hypochlorite, alkali metals [Note: Oxidizes on exposure to air.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 1 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator
Up to 2.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 5 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; dermatitis; cyanosis; cough, wheezing, dyspnea (breathing
difficulty), pulmonary edema, pneumonitis; headache, dizziness, central nervous system depression; nausea,
vomiting; kidney, liver, spleen damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, kidneys, liver, spleen
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Benzidine

CAS 92-87-5

NH2 C6 H 4 C6 H 4 NH2

RTECS DC9625000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DOT ID & Guide
Benzidine-based dyes; 4,4'-Bianiline; 4,4'-Biphenyldiamine; 1,1'-Biphenyl-4,4'1885 153
diamine; 4,4'-Diaminobiphenyl; p-Diaminodiphenyl [Note: Benzidine has been used as
a basis for many dyes.]

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A See Appendix C


OSHA PEL: [1910.1010] See Appendix B See Appendix C

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Grayish-yellow, reddish-gray, or white crystalline powder. [Note: Darkens on exposure to air and light.]
MW: 184.3

BP: 752F

VP: Low

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 239F

Sol(54F): 0.04%
Sp.Gr: 1.25

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid, but difficult to burn.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Red fuming nitric acid
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5509; OSHA 65
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Hematuria (blood in the urine); secondary anemia from hemolysis; acute cystitis; acute liver disorders;
dermatitis; painful, irregular urination; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Bladder, skin, kidneys, liver, blood
Cancer Site [liver, kidney & bladder cancer]
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Benzoyl peroxide

CAS 94-36-0

(C6 H 5 CO) 2 O 2

RTECS DM8575000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Benzoperoxide, Dibenzoyl peroxide

DOT ID & Guide


2085 146 2087 146
2088 146
2089 146
2090 146

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 5 mg/m 3

IDLH 1500 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to white crystals or a granular powder with a faint, benzaldehyde-like odor.
MW: 242.2

BP: Decomposes
explosively

VP: <1 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 176F

UEL: ?

MLT: 217F

Sol: <1%
Sp.Gr: 1.33

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid (easily ignited and burns very rapidly).


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Combustible substances (wood, paper, etc.), acids, alkalis, alcohols, amines, ethers [Note: Containers may explode
when heated. Extremely explosion-sensitive to shock, heat & friction.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5009
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators*/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 125 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter*
Up to 250 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 1500 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a
pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; sensitization dermatitis
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Benzyl chloride

CAS 100-44-7

C6 H 5 CH2 Cl

RTECS XS8925000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chloromethylbenzene, alpha-Chlorotoluene

DOT ID & Guide


1738 156

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 1 ppm (5 mg/m 3 ) [15-minute]


OSHA PEL: TWA 1 ppm (5 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.18 mg/m 3

IDLH 10 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless to slightly yellow liquid with a pungent, aromatic odor.
MW: 126.6

BP: 354F

VP: 1 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 153F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -38F

Sol: 0.05%
Sp.Gr: 1.10

LEL: 1.1%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, acids, copper, aluminum, magnesium, iron, zinc, tin [Note: Can polymerize when in contact with all
common metals except nickel & lead. Hydrolyzes in H2 O to benzyl alcohol.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 10 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor and acid gas cartridge(s)*/(APF =
50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor
and acid gas canister/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor and acid gas
cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a
full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor and acid gas canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); irritability; headache; skin eruption;
pulmonary edema
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Beryllium & beryllium compounds (as Be)

CAS 7440-41-7 (metal)

Be (metal)

RTECS DS1750000
(metal)

Synonyms & Trade Names


Beryllium metal: Beryllium
Other synonyms vary depending upon the specific beryllium compound.

DOT ID & Guide


1566 154 (compounds)
1567 134 (powder)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca Not to exceed 0.0005 mg/m 3 See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.002 mg/m 3 C 0.005 mg/m 3 0.025 mg/m 3 [30-minute maximum
peak]

IDLH Ca [4 mg/m 3 (as Be)]

Conversion

Physical Description
Metal: A hard, brittle, gray-white solid.
MW: 9.0

BP: 4532F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 2349F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 1.85 (metal)

LEL: NA

Metal: Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but a slight explosion hazard in the form of a powder or dust.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, caustics, chlorinated hydrocarbons, oxidizers, molten lithium
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7102, 7300; OSHA ID125G, ID206
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Berylliosis (chronic exposure): anorexia, weight loss, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), chest pain,
cough, clubbing of fingers, cyanosis, pulmonary insufficiency; irritation eyes; dermatitis; [potential occupational
carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [lung cancer]


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Bismuth telluride, doped with Selenium sulfide (as
Bi2Te3)

CAS

RTECS
Synonyms & Trade Names
Doped bismuth sesquitelluride, Doped bismuth telluride, Doped bismuth tritelluride,
Doped tellurobismuthite [Note: Doped with selenium sulfide. Commercial mix may
contain 80% Bi 2 Te3 , 20% stannous telluride, plus some tellurium.]

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Gray, crystalline solid that has been enhanced (doped) with a small amount of selenium sulfide (SeS). [Note:
Doping alters the conductivity of a semiconductor.]
Properties are unavailable
but should be similar to
Bismuth telluride, undoped.
Sp.Gr: ?
Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, moisture
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500; OSHA ID121
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; garlic breath; in animals: pulmonary lesions (nonfibrotic)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Bismuth telluride, undoped

CAS 1304-82-1

Bi 2 Te3

RTECS EB3110000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Bismuth sesquitelluride, Bismuth telluride, Bismuth tritelluride, Tellurobismuthite

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Gray, crystalline solid.
MW: 800.8

BP: ?

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1063F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 7.7

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers (e.g., bromine, chlorine, or fluorine), moisture, nitric acid (decomposes)
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500, 0600; OSHA ID121
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; garlic breath
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Borates, tetra, sodium salts (Anhydrous)

CAS 1330-43-4

Na2 B4 O 7

RTECS ED4588000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Anhydrous borax, Borax dehydrated, Disodium salt of boric acid, Disodium
tetrabromate, Fused borax, Sodium borate (anhydrous), Sodium tetraborate

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White to gray, odorless powder. [herbicide] [Note: Becomes opaque on exposure to air.]
MW: 201.2

BP: 2867F (Decomposes)

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1366F

Sol: 4%
Sp.Gr: 2.37

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Moisture [Note: Forms partial hydrate in moist air.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500; OSHA ID125G
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; dermatitis; epistaxis (nosebleed); cough, dyspnea
(breathing difficulty)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Borates, tetra, sodium salts (Decahydrate)

CAS 1303-96-4

Na2 B4 O 7 10H 2 O

RTECS VZ2275000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Borax, Borax decahydrate, Sodium borate decahydrate, Sodium tetraborate
decahydrate

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White, odorless, crystalline solid. [herbicide] [Note: Becomes anhydrous at 608F.]
MW: 381.4

BP: 608F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 167F

Sol: 6%
Sp.Gr: 1.73

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid (an inherent fire retardant).


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Zirconium, strong acids, metallic salts
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500; OSHA ID125G
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; dermatitis; epistaxis (nosebleed); cough, dyspnea
(breathing difficulty)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Borates, tetra, sodium salts (Pentahydrate)

CAS 12179-04-3

Na2 B4 O 7 5H 2 O

RTECS

Synonyms & Trade Names


Borax pentahydrate, Sodium borate pentahydrate, Sodium tetraborate pentahydrate

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless or white, odorless crystals or free-flowing powder. [herbicide] [Note: Begins to lose water of hydration at
252F.]
MW: 291.4

BP: ?

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 392F

Sol: 3%
Sp.Gr: 1.82

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported [However, see the reactivities & incompatibilities reported for the related substance Borax
decahydrate above.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500; OSHA ID125G
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; dermatitis; epistaxis (nosebleed); cough, dyspnea
(breathing difficulty)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Boron oxide

CAS 1303-86-2

B2 O 3

RTECS ED7900000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Boric anhydride, Boric oxide, Boron trioxide

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3

IDLH 2000 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless, semitransparent lumps or hard, white, odorless crystals.
MW: 69.6

BP: 3380F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: 13.50 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 842F

Sol: 3%
Sp.Gr: 2.46

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water [Note: Reacts slowly with water to form boric acid.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Fresh air
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator*
Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators^*/(APF
= 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 250 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter^*
Up to 500 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 2000 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a
pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; cough; conjunctivitis; skin erythema (skin redness)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Boron tribromide

CAS 10294-33-4

BBr 3

RTECS ED7400000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Boron bromide, Tribromoborane

DOT ID & Guide


2692 157

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 1 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 10.25 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless, fuming liquid with a sharp, irritating odor.
MW: 250.5

BP: 194F

VP(57F): 40 mmHg

IP: 9.70 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: -51F

Sol: Decomposes
Sp.Gr(65F): 2.64

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Moisture, water, heat, potassium, sodium, alcohols [Note: Attacks metals, wood & rubber. Reacts with water to
form boric acid and hydrogen bromide.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; eye, skin burns; dyspnea (breathing difficulty), pulmonary
edema
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Boron trifluoride

CAS 7637-07-2

BF 3

RTECS ED2275000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Boron fluoride, Trifluoroborane

DOT ID & Guide


1008 125

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: C 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.77 mg/m 3

IDLH 25 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Forms dense white fumes in moist air. Shipped as a
nonliquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 67.8

BP: -148F

FRZ: -196F

VP: >50 atm

IP: 15.50 eV

RGasD: 2.38

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Sol: 106% (in cold H2 O)

Nonflammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Alkali metals, calcium oxide [Note: Hydrolyzes in moist air or hot water to form boric acid, hydrogen fluoride &
fluoboric acid.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 10 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 50) Any selfcontained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, respiratory system; epistaxis (nosebleed); eye, skin burns; in animals:
pneumonitis; kidney damage
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, kidneys


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Bromacil

CAS 314-40-9

C9 H 13 BrN 2 O 2

RTECS YQ9100000

Synonyms & Trade Names


5-Bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methyluracil, 5-Bromo-6-methyl-3-(1-methylpropyl)uracil

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 10.68 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Odorless, colorless to white, crystalline solid. [herbicide] [Note: Commercially available as a wettable powder or in
liquid formulations.]
MW: 261.2

BP: Sublimes

VP(212F): 0.0008 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 317F (Sublimes)

Sol(77F): 0.08%
Sp.Gr: 1.55

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but may be dissolved in flammable liquids.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong acids (decomposes slowly), oxidizers, heat, sparks, open flames
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; in animals: thyroid injury
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, thyroid
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Bromine

CAS 7726-95-6

Br2

RTECS EF9100000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Molecular bromine

DOT ID & Guide


1744 154

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.7 mg/m 3 ) ST 0.3 ppm (2 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.7 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 6.54 mg/m 3

IDLH 3 ppm

Physical Description
Dark reddish-brown, fuming liquid with suffocating, irritating fumes.
MW: 159.8

BP: 139F

VP: 172 mmHg

IP: 10.55 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: 19F

Sol: 4%
Sp.Gr: 3.12

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid, but accelerates the burning of combustibles.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Combustible organics (sawdust, wood, cotton, straw, etc.), aluminum, readily oxidizable materials, ammonia,
hydrogen, acetylene, phosphorus, potassium, sodium [Note: Corrodes iron, steel, stainless steel & copper.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 6011; OSHA ID108
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern
Up to 3 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and cartridge(s) providing
protection against the compound of concern/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask)
with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/(APF =
50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and cartridge(s) providing protection against
the compound of concern /(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern /Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Dizziness, headache; lacrimation (discharge of tears), epistaxis (nosebleed); cough, feeling of
oppression, pulmonary edema, pneumonitis; abdominal pain, diarrhea; measle-like eruptions; eye, skin burns
Target Organs respiratory system, eyes, central nervous system, skin
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Bromine pentafluoride

CAS 7789-30-2

BrF5

RTECS EF9350000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Bromine fluoride

DOT ID & Guide


1745 144

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.7 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 7.15 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless to pale-yellow, fuming liquid with a pungent odor. [Note: A colorless gas above 105F. Shipped as a
compressed gas.]
MW: 174.9

BP: 105F

VP: 328 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: -77F

Sol: Reacts violently


Sp.Gr: 2.48

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid, but a very powerful oxidizer.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, halogens, arsenic, selenium, sulfur, glass, organic materials, water [Note: Reacts with all elements except
inert gases, nitrogen & oxygen.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; corneal necrosis; skin burns; cough, dyspnea (breathing
difficulty), pulmonary edema; liver, kidney injury
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Bromoform

CAS 75-25-2

CHBr3

RTECS PB5600000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Methyl tribromide, Tribromomethane

DOT ID & Guide


2515 159

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 ppm (5 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 ppm (5 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 10.34 mg/m 3

IDLH 850 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless to yellow liquid with a chloroform-like odor. [Note: A solid below 47F.]
MW: 252.8

BP: 301F

VP: 5 mmHg

IP: 10.48 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: 47F

Sol: 0.1%
Sp.Gr: 2.89

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Lithium, sodium, potassium, calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium, strong caustics, acetone [Note: Gradually
decomposes, acquiring yellow color; air & light accelerate decomposition.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 12.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 850 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; central nervous system depression; liver, kidney damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


1,3-Butadiene

CAS 106-99-0

CH2 =CHCH=CH 2

RTECS EI9275000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Biethylene, Bivinyl, Butadiene, Divinyl, Erythrene, Vinylethylene

DOT ID & Guide


1010 116P (inhibited)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1051] TWA 1 ppm ST 5 ppm

IDLH Ca [2000 ppm] [10%LEL]

Conversion 1 ppm = 2.21 mg/m 3

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a mild aromatic or gasoline-like odor. [Note: A liquid below 24F. Shipped as a liquefied
compressed gas.]
MW: 54.1

BP: 24F

FRZ: -164F

Sol: Insoluble

VP: 2.4 atm

IP: 9.07 eV

RGasD: 1.88

Sp.Gr: 0.65 (Liquid at


24F)

Fl.P: NA (Gas) -105F


(Liquid)

UEL: 12.0%

LEL: 2.0%

Flammable Gas Class IA Flammable Liquid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Phenol, chlorine dioxide, copper, crotonaldehyde [Note: May contain inhibitors (such as tributylcatechol) to prevent
self-polymerization. May form explosive peroxides upon exposure to air.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1024; OSHA 56
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, throat; drowsiness, dizziness; liquid: frostbite; teratogenic, reproductive effects;
[potential occupational carcinogen]
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system, central nervous system, reproductive system
Cancer Site [hematopoietic cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


n-Butane

CAS 106-97-8

CH3 CH2 CH2 CH3

RTECS EJ4200000

Synonyms & Trade Names


normal-Butane, Butyl hydride, Diethyl, Methylethylmethane [Note: Also see specific
listing for Isobutane.]

DOT ID & Guide


1011 115
1075 115

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 800 ppm (1900 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.38 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a gasoline-like or natural gas odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. A liquid
below 31F.]
MW: 58.1

BP: 31F

FRZ: -217F

Sol: Slight

VP: 2.05 atm

IP: 10.63 eV

RGasD: 2.11

Sp.Gr: 0.6 (Liquid at 31F)

Fl.P: NA (Gas)

UEL: 8.4%

LEL: 1.6%

Flammable Gas Class IA Flammable Liquid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers (e.g., nitrates & perchlorates), chlorine, fluorine, (nickel carbonyl + oxygen)
Measurement Methods
OSHA 56
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Drowsiness, narcosis, asphyxia; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2-Butanone

CAS 78-93-3

CH3 COCH2 CH3

RTECS EL6475000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Ethyl methyl ketone, MEK, Methyl acetone, Methyl ethyl ketone

DOT ID & Guide


1193 127
1232 127

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 200 ppm (590 mg/m 3 ) ST 300 ppm (885 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: TWA 200 ppm (590 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.95 mg/m 3

IDLH 3000 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a moderately sharp, fragrant, mint- or acetone-like odor.
MW: 72.1

BP: 175F

VP: 78 mmHg

IP: 9.54 eV

Fl.P: 16F

UEL(200F): 11.4%

FRZ: -123F

Sol: 28%
Sp.Gr: 0.81

LEL(200F): 1.4%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, amines, ammonia, inorganic acids, caustics, isocyanates, pyridines
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2500, 3800; OSHA 16, 84
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash immediately
Breathing: Fresh air
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 3000 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose; headache; dizziness; vomiting; dermatitis

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2-Butoxyethanol

CAS 111-76-2

C4 H 9 OCH 2 CH2 OH

RTECS KJ8575000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Butyl Cellosolve, Butyl oxitol, Dowanol EB, EGBE, Ektasolve EB, Ethylene
glycol monobutyl ether, Jeffersol EB

DOT ID & Guide


2369 152

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (24 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (240 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.83 mg/m 3

IDLH 700 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a mild, ether-like odor.
MW: 118.2

BP: 339F

VP: 0.8 mmHg

IP: 10.00 eV

Fl.P: 143F

UEL(275F): 12.7%

FRZ: -107F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.90

LEL(200F): 1.1%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong caustics
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1403; OSHA 83
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*
Up to 125 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 700 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; hemolysis, hematuria (blood in the urine); central nervous system
depression, headache; vomiting
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, hematopoietic system, blood, kidneys, liver,
lymphoid system
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0070.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:47]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2-Butoxyethanol acetate

CAS 112-07-2

C4 H 9 O(CH2 ) 2 OCOCH 3

RTECS KJ8925000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Butoxyethyl acetate, Butyl Cellosolve acetate, Butyl glycol acetate, EGBEA,
Ektasolve EB acetate, Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (33 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 6.55 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a pleasant, sweet, fruity odor.
MW: 160.2

BP: 378F

VP: 0.3 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 71F

UEL(275F): 8.54%

FRZ: -82F

Sol: 1.5%
Sp.Gr: 0.94

LEL(200F): 0.88%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers
Measurement Methods
OSHA 83
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*
Up to 125 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 700 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0071.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:48]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; hemolysis, hematuria (blood in the urine); central nervous system
depression, headache; vomiting
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, hematopoietic system, blood, kidneys, liver,
lymphoid system
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0071.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:48]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


n-Butyl acetate

CAS 123-86-4

CH3 COO[CH2 ] 3 CH3

RTECS AF7350000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Butyl acetate, n-Butyl ester of acetic acid, Butyl ethanoate

DOT ID & Guide


1123 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 150 ppm (710 mg/m 3 ) ST 200 ppm (950 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: TWA 150 ppm (710 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.75 mg/m 3

IDLH 1700 ppm [10%LEL]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a fruity odor.
MW: 116.2

BP: 258F

VP: 10 mmHg

IP: 10.00 eV

Fl.P: 72F

UEL: 7.6%

FRZ: -107F

Sol: 1%
Sp.Gr: 0.88

LEL: 1.7%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1450; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1500 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*
Up to 1700 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; headache, drowsiness, narcosis
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


sec-Butyl acetate

CAS 105-46-4

CH3 COOCH(CH3 )CH 2 CH3

RTECS AF7380000

Synonyms & Trade Names


sec-Butyl ester of acetic acid, 1-Methylpropyl acetate

DOT ID & Guide


1123 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 200 ppm (950 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 200 ppm (950 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.75 mg/m 3

IDLH 1700 ppm [10%LEL]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a pleasant, fruity odor.
MW: 116.2

BP: 234F

VP: 10 mmHg

IP: 9.91 eV

Fl.P: 62F

UEL: 9.8%

FRZ: -100F

Sol: 0.8%
Sp.Gr: 0.86

LEL: 1.7%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1450; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1700 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes; headache; drowsiness; dryness upper respiratory system, skin; narcosis
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


tert-Butyl acetate

CAS 540-88-5

CH3 COOC(CH 3 ) 3

RTECS AF7400000

Synonyms & Trade Names


tert-Butyl ester of acetic acid

DOT ID & Guide


1123 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 200 ppm (950 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 200 ppm (950 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.75 mg/m 3

IDLH 1500 ppm [10%LEL]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a fruity odor.
MW: 116.2

BP: 208F

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: 72F

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.87

LEL: 1.5%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1450; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1500 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions. (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Itch, inflammation eyes; irritation upper respiratory tract; headache; narcosis; dermatitis
Target Organs respiratory system, eyes, skin, central nervous system
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0074.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:49]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Butyl acrylate

CAS 141-32-2

CH2 =CHCOOC 4 H 9

RTECS UD3150000

Synonyms & Trade Names


n-Butyl acrylate, Butyl ester of acrylic acid, Butyl 2-propenoate

DOT ID & Guide


2348 129P

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (55 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.24 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Clear, colorless liquid with a strong, fruity odor. [Note: Highly reactive; may contain an inhibitor to prevent
spontaneous polymerization.]
MW: 128.2

BP: 293F

VP: 4 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 103F

UEL: 9.9%

FRZ: -83F

Sol: 0.1%
Sp.Gr: 0.89

LEL: 1.5%

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong acids & alkalis, amines, halogens, hydrogen compounds, oxidizers, heat, flame, sunlight [Note: Polymerizes
readily on heating.]
Measurement Methods
OSHA PV2011
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; sensitization dermatitis; dyspnea (breathing difficulty)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


n-Butyl alcohol

CAS 71-36-3

CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 OH

RTECS EO1400000

Synonyms & Trade Names


1-Butanol, n-Butanol, Butyl alcohol, 1-Hydroxybutane, n-Propyl carbinol

DOT ID & Guide


1120 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 50 ppm (150 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (300 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.03 mg/m 3

IDLH 1400 ppm [10%LEL]

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a strong, characteristic, mildly alcoholic odor.
MW: 74.1

BP: 243F

VP: 6 mmHg

IP: 10.04 eV

Fl.P: 84F

UEL: 11.2%

FRZ: -129F

Sol: 9%
Sp.Gr: 0.81

LEL: 1.4%

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong mineral acids, alkali metals, halogens
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1450; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 1250 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 1400 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0076.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:49]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, throat; headache, dizziness, drowsiness; corneal inflammation, blurred vision,
lacrimation (discharge of tears), photophobia (abnormal visual intolerance to light); dermatitis; possible auditory
nerve damage, hearing loss; central nervous system depression
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


sec-Butyl alcohol

CAS 78-92-2

CH3 CH(OH)CH2 CH3

RTECS EO1750000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Butanol, Butylene hydrate, 2-Hydroxybutane, Methyl ethyl carbinol

DOT ID & Guide


1120 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (305 mg/m 3 ) ST 150 ppm (455 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: TWA 150 ppm (450 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.03 mg/m 3

IDLH 2000 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a strong, pleasant odor.
MW: 74.1

BP: 211F

VP: 12 mmHg

IP: 10.10 eV

Fl.P: 75F

UEL(212F): 9.8%

FRZ: -175F

Sol: 16%
Sp.Gr: 0.81

LEL(212F): 1.7%

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, organic peroxides, perchloric & permonosulfuric acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1450; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 1000 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*
Up to 2000 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; narcosis
file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0077.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:49]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system


See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0077.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:49]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


tert-Butyl alcohol

CAS 75-65-0

(CH 3 ) 3 COH

RTECS EO1925000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Methyl-2-propanol, Trimethyl carbinol

DOT ID & Guide


1120 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (300 mg/m 3 ) ST 150 ppm (450 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (300 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.03 mg/m 3

IDLH 1600 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless solid or liquid (above 77F) with a camphor-like odor. [Note: Often used in aqueous solutions.]
MW: 74.1

BP: 180F

VP(77F): 42 mmHg

IP: 9.70 eV

Fl.P: 52F

UEL: 8.0%

FRZ: 78F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.79 (Solid)

LEL: 2.4%

Combustible Solid Class IB Flammable Liquid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong mineral acids, strong hydrochloric acid, oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1450; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1600 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; drowsiness, narcosis
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0078.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:50]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0078.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:50]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


n-Butylamine

CAS 109-73-9

CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 NH2

RTECS EO2975000

Synonyms & Trade Names


1-Aminobutane, Butylamine

DOT ID & Guide


1125 132

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 5 ppm (15 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: C 5 ppm (15 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.99 mg/m 3

IDLH 300 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a fishy, ammonia-like odor.
MW: 73.2

BP: 172F

VP: 82 mmHg

IP: 8.71 eV

Fl.P: 10F

UEL: 9.8%

FRZ: -58F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.74

LEL: 1.7%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong acids [Note: May corrode some metals in presence of water.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2012
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the
compound of concern*/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 125 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern*
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and cartridge(s) providing
protection against the compound of concern/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with
a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/(APF = 50)
Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and cartridge(s) providing protection against the
compound of concern*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 300 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0079.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:50]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; headache; skin flush, burns
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0079.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:50]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


tert-Butyl chromate

CAS 1189-85-1

[(CH3 ) 3 CO] 2 CrO 2

RTECS GB2900000

Synonyms & Trade Names


di-tert-Butyl ester of chromic acid

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.001 mg Cr(VI)/m 3 See Appendix A See Appendix C


OSHA PEL: C 0.1 mg CrO3 /m3 [skin] See Appendix C

IDLH Ca [15 mg/m 3 {as Cr(VI)}]

Conversion

Physical Description
Liquid. [Note: Solidifies at 32-23F.]
MW: 230.3

BP: ?

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

FRZ: 32-23F

Sol: ?
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


Reducing agents, moisture, acids, alcohols, hydrazine, combustible materials
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7604; OSHA ID103, ID215
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; eye, skin burns; drowsiness, muscle weakness; skin ulcers; lung
changes; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
Cancer Site [lung cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION
file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0080.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:50]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0080.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:50]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


n-Butyl glycidyl ether

CAS 2426-08-6

C7 H 14 O 2

RTECS TX4200000

Synonyms & Trade Names


BGE; 1,2-Epoxy-3-butoxypropane

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 5.6 ppm (30 mg/m 3 ) [15-minute]


OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (270 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.33 mg/m 3

IDLH 250 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an irritating odor.
MW: 130.2

BP: 327F

VP(77F): 3 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 130F

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: 2%
Sp.Gr: 0.91

LEL: ?

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong caustics
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1616; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 56 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*
Up to 140 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0081.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:51]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact


Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose; skin sensitization; narcosis; possible hematopoietic effects; central nervous
system depression
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, blood
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0081.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:51]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


n-Butyl lactate

CAS 138-22-7

CH3 CH(OH)COOC4 H 9

RTECS OD4025000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Butyl ester of 2-hydroxypropanoic acid, Butyl ester of lactic acid, Butyl lactate

DOT ID & Guide


1993 128 (combustible
liquid, n.o.s.)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (25 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.98 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Clear, colorless to white liquid with a mild, transient odor.
MW: 146.2

BP: 370F

VP: 0.4 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 160F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -45F

Sol: Slight
Sp.Gr: 0.98

LEL: 1.15%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong acids & bases, strong oxidizers, heat, sparks, open flames
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; drowsiness, headache, central nervous system depression; nausea,
vomiting
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0082.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:51]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


n-Butyl mercaptan

CAS 109-79-5

CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 SH

RTECS EK6300000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Butanethiol, 1-Butanethiol, n-Butanethiol, 1-Mercaptobutane

DOT ID & Guide


2347 130

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 0.5 ppm (1.8 mg/m 3 ) [15-minute]


OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (35 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.69 mg/m 3

IDLH 500 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a strong, garlic-, cabbage-, or skunk-like odor.
MW: 90.2

BP: 209F

VP: 35 mmHg

IP: 9.15 eV

Fl.P: 35F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -176F

Sol: 0.06%
Sp.Gr: 0.83

LEL: ?

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers (such as dry bleaches), acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2525, 2542
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 5 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator
Up to 12.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 500 ppm: (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode*
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backfile:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0083.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:51]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; muscle weakness, malaise (vague feeling of discomfort), sweating, nausea,
vomiting, headache, confusion; in animals: narcosis, incoordination, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); cyanosis,
pulmonary irritation; liver, kidney damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0083.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:51]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


o-sec-Butylphenol

CAS 89-72-5

CH3 CH2 CH(CH 3 )C6 H 4 OH

RTECS SJ8920000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-sec-Butylphenol, 2-(1-Methylpropyl)phenol

DOT ID & Guide


2228 153 (liquid)
2229 153 (solid)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (30 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 6.14 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless liquid or solid (below 61F).
MW: 150.2

BP: 227F

VP: Low

IP: ?

Fl.P: 225F

UEL: ?

FRZ: 61F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.89

LEL: ?

Class IIB Combustible Liquid Combustible Solid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; skin burns
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0084.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:51]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


p-tert-Butyltoluene

CAS 98-51-1

(CH 3 ) 3 CC 6 H 4 CH3

RTECS XS8400000

Synonyms & Trade Names


4-tert-Butyltoluene, 1-Methyl-4-tert-butylbenzene

DOT ID & Guide


2667 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (60 mg/m 3 ) ST 20 ppm (120 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (60 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 6.07 mg/m 3

IDLH 100 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a distinct aromatic odor, somewhat like gasoline.
MW: 148.3

BP: 379F

VP(77F): 0.7 mmHg

IP: 8.28 eV

Fl.P: 155F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -62F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.86

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1501; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 100 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; dry nose, throat; headache; low blood pressure, tachycardia, abnormalities
cardiovascular system stress; central nervous system, hematopoietic depression; metallic taste; liver, kidney injury

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0085.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:52]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system, bone marrow, liver,
kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


n-Butyronitrile

CAS 109-74-0

CH3 CH2 CH2 CN

RTECS ET8750000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Butanenitrile, Butyronitrile, 1-Cyanopropane, Propyl cyanide, n-Propyl cyanide

DOT ID & Guide


2411 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 8 ppm (22 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.83 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a sharp, suffocating odor. [Note: Forms cyanide in the body.]
MW: 69.1

BP: 244F

VP: 14 mmHg

IP: 11.67 eV

Fl.P: 62F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -170F

Sol(77F): 3%
Sp.Gr: 0.81

LEL: 1.65%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers & reducing agents, strong acids & bases
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1606 (adapt)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 80 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator
Up to 200 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 400 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 1000 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backfile:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0086.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:52]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; headache, dizziness, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion),
confusion, convulsions; dyspnea (breathing difficulty); abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0086.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:52]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cadmium dust (as Cd)

CAS 7440-43-9 (metal)

Cd (metal)

RTECS EU9800000
(metal)

Synonyms & Trade Names


Cadmium metal: Cadmium
Other synonyms vary depending upon the specific cadmium compound.

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide


2570 154 (compounds)

NIOSH REL*: Ca See Appendix A [*Note: The REL applies to all Cadmium
compounds (as Cd).]
OSHA PEL*: [1910.1027] TWA 0.005 mg/m 3 [*Note: The PEL applies to all
Cadmium compounds (as Cd).]

IDLH Ca [9 mg/m 3 (as Cd)]

Conversion

Physical Description
Metal: Silver-white, blue-tinged lustrous, odorless solid.
MW: 112.4

BP: 1409F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 610F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 8.65 (metal)

LEL: NA

Metal: Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but will burn in powder form.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers; elemental sulfur, selenium & tellurium
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7048; OSHA ID121, ID125G, ID189, ID206
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion
Symptoms Pulmonary edema, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), cough, chest tightness, substernal (occurring beneath
the sternum) pain; headache; chills, muscle aches; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; anosmia (loss of the sense of smell),
emphysema, proteinuria, mild anemia; [potential occupational carcinogen]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs respiratory system, kidneys, prostate, blood


Cancer Site [prostatic & lung cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cadmium fume (as Cd)

CAS 1306-19-0 (CdO)

CdO/Cd

RTECS EV1930000 (CdO)

Synonyms & Trade Names


CdO: Cadmium monoxide, Cadmium oxide fume
Cd: Cadmium

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL*: Ca See Appendix A [*Note: The REL applies to all Cadmium
compounds (as Cd).]
OSHA PEL*: [1910.1027] TWA 0.005 mg/m 3 [*Note: The PEL applies to all
Cadmium compounds (as Cd).]

IDLH Ca [9 mg/m 3 (as Cd)]

Conversion

Physical Description
Odorless, yellow-brown, finely divided particulate dispersed in air. [Note: See listing for Cadmium dust for
properties of Cd.]
MW: 128.4

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 2599F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 8.15 (crystalline
form)/6.95 (amorphous
form)

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Not applicable
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7048; OSHA ID121, ID125G, ID189, ID206
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation
Symptoms Pulmonary edema, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), cough, chest tightness, substernal (occurring beneath

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

the sternum) pain; headache; chills, muscle aches; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; emphysema, proteinuria, anosmia
(loss of the sense of smell), mild anemia; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs respiratory system, kidneys, blood
Cancer Site [prostatic & lung cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Calcium arsenate (as As)

CAS 7778-44-1

Ca3 (AsO4 ) 2

RTECS CG0830000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Calcium salt (2:3) of arsenic acid, Cucumber dust, Tricalcium arsenate, Tricalcium
ortho-arsenate [Note: Also see specific listing for Arsenic (inorganic compounds, as
As).]

DOT ID & Guide


1573 151

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca C 0.002 mg/m 3 [15-minute] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1018] TWA 0.010 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [5 mg/m 3 (as As)]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to white, odorless solid. [insecticide/herbicide]
MW: 398.1

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: ?

Sol(77F): 0.01%
Sp.Gr: 3.62

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported [Note: Produces toxic fumes of arsenic when heated to decomposition.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7900; OSHA ID105
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); gastrointestinal disturbance; peripheral neuropathy; skin
hyperpigmentation, palmar planter hyperkeratoses; dermatitis; [potential occupational carcinogen]; in animals: liver
damage
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system, liver, skin, central nervous system, lymphatic system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [lymphatic & lung cancer]


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Calcium carbonate

CAS 1317-65-3

CaCO3

RTECS EV9580000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Calcium salt of carbonic acid [Note: Occurs in nature as as limestone, chalk, marble,
dolomite, aragonite, calcite & oyster shells.]

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White, odorless powder or colorless crystals.
MW: 100.1

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1517-2442F
(Decomposes)

Sol: 0.001%
Sp.Gr: 2.7-2.95

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, alum, ammonium salts, mercury & hydrogen, fluorine, magnesium
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7020; OSHA ID121
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; cough
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Calcium cyanamide

CAS 156-62-7

CaCN2

RTECS GS6000000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Calcium carbimide, Cyanamide, Lime nitrogen, Nitrogen lime [Note: Cyanamide is
also a synonym for Hydrogen cyanamide, NH 2 CN.]

DOT ID & Guide


1403 138 (with >0.1%
calcium carbide)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless, gray, or black crystals or powder. [fertilizer] [Note: Commercial grades may contain calcium carbide.]
MW: 80.1

BP: Sublimes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 2444F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 2.29

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but a fire risk if it contains calcium carbide.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water [Note: May polymerize in water or alkaline solutions to dicyanamide. Decomposes in water to form acetylene
& ammonia.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; headache, dizziness, rapid breathing, low blood pressure,
nausea, vomiting; skin burns, sensitization; cough; Antabuse-like effects
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, vasomotor system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Calcium hydroxide

CAS 1305-62-0

Ca(OH) 2

RTECS EW2800000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Calcium hydrate, Caustic lime, Hydrated lime, Slaked lime

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White, odorless powder. [Note: Readily absorbs CO 2 from the air to form calcium carbonate.]
MW: 74.1

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1076F
Sol(32F): 0.2%
(Decomposes) (Loses H2 O)
Sp.Gr: 2.24
LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Maleic anhydride, phosphorus, nitroethane, nitromethane, nitroparaffins, nitropropane [Note: Attacks some metals.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7020; ID121
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; eye, skin burns; skin vesiculation; cough, bronchitis,
pneumonitis
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Calcium oxide

CAS 1305-78-8

CaO

RTECS EW3100000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Burned lime, Burnt lime, Lime, Pebble lime, Quick lime, Unslaked lime

DOT ID & Guide


1910 157

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 5 mg/m 3

IDLH 25 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
White or gray, odorless lumps or granular powder.
MW: 56.1

BP: 5162F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 4662F

Sol: Reacts
Sp.Gr: 3.34

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but will support combustion by liberation of oxygen.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water (liberates heat), fluorine, ethanol [Note: Reacts with water to form calcium hydroxide.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7020; OSHA ID121
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 10 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator
Up to 20 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, fullfacepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with
a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory tract; ulcer, perforation nasal septum; pneumonitis; dermatitis
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Calcium silicate

CAS 1344-95-2

CaSiO 3

RTECS VV9150000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Calcium hydrosilicate, Calcium metasilicate, Calcium monosilicate, Calcium salt of
silicic acid, Wollastonite (mineral)

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White or cream-colored, free-flowing powder. [Note: The commercial product is prepared from diatomaceous earth
& lime.]
MW: 116.2

BP: ?

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 2804F

Sol: 0.01%
Sp.Gr: 2.9

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported [Note: After prolonged contact with water, solution reverts to soluble calcium salts & amorphous
silica.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7020; OSHA ID121
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Calcium sulfate

CAS 7778-18-9

CaSO4

RTECS WS6920000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Anhydrous calcium sulfate, Anhydrous gypsum, Anhydrous sulfate of lime, Calcium
salt of sulfuric acid [Note: Gypsum is the dihydrate form & Plaster of Paris is the
hemihydrate form.]

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Odorless, white powder or colorless, crystalline solid. [Note: May have blue, gray, or reddish tinge.]
MW: 136.1

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 2840F
(Decomposes)

Sol: 0.3%
Sp.Gr: 2.96

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Diazomethane, aluminum, phosphorus, water [Note: Hygroscopic (i.e., absorbs moisture from the air). Reacts with
water to form Gypsum & Plaster of Paris.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500, 0600
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; conjunctivitis; rhinitis, epistaxis (nosebleed)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Camphor (synthetic)

CAS 76-22-2

C10 H 16 O

RTECS EX1225000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Camphonone, Gum camphor, Laurel camphor, Synthetic camphor

DOT ID & Guide


2717 133

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 2 mg/m 3

IDLH 200 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless or white crystals with a penetrating, aromatic odor.
MW: 152.3

BP: 399F

VP: 0.2 mmHg

IP: 8.76 eV

Fl.P: 150F

UEL: 3.5%

MLT: 345F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.99

LEL: 0.6%

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers (especially chromic anhydride & potassium permanganate)
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1301; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust and mist filter
Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter /(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a
full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 200 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backfile:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0096.htm[11/05/2013 09:58:55]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; headache, dizziness, excitement,
epileptiform convulsions
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Caprolactam

CAS 105-60-2

C2 H 11 NO

RTECS CM3675000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Aminocaproic lactam, epsilon-Caprolactam, Hexahydro-2H-azepin-2-one, 2Oxohexamethyleneimine

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Dust: TWA 1 mg/m 3 ST 3 mg/m 3 Vapor: TWA 0.22 ppm (1 mg/m 3 )
ST 0.66 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.63 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
White, crystalline solid or flakes with an unpleasant odor. [Note: Significant vapor concentrations would be
expected only at elevated temperatures.]
MW: 113.2

BP: 515F

VP: 0.00000008 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 282F

UEL: 8.0%

MLT: 156F

Sol: 53%
Sp.Gr: 1.01

LEL: 1.4%

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, (acetic acid + dinitrogen trioxide)
Measurement Methods
OSHA PV2012
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation skin, eyes, respiratory system; epistaxis (nosebleed); dermatitis, skin sensitization; asthma;
irritability, confusion, dizziness, headache; abdominal cramps, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting; liver, kidney injury
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Captafol

CAS 2425-06-1

C10 H 9 Cl14 NO2 S

RTECS GS4900000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Captofol; Difolatan; N-((1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethyl)thio)-4-cyclohexene-1,2dicarboximide

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
White, crystalline solid with a slight, characteristic pungent odor. [fungicide] [Note: Available commercially as a
wettable powder or in liquid form.]
MW: 349.1

BP: Decomposes

MLT: 321F (Decomposes) Sol: 0.0001%

VP: 0.000008 mmHg

IP: NA

Sp.Gr: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but may be dissolved in flammable liquids.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, acid vapors, strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; dermatitis, skin sensitization; conjunctivitis; bronchitis,
wheezing; diarrhea, vomiting; liver, kidney injury; high blood pressure; in animals: teratogenic effects; [potential
occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: tumors at many sites]


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Captan

CAS 133-06-2

C9 H 8 Cl3 NO2 S

RTECS GW5075000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Captane; N-Trichloromethylmercapto-4-cyclohexene-1,2-dicarboximide

DOT ID & Guide


9188 171

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 5 mg/m 3 See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Odorless, white, crystalline powder. [fungicide] [Note: Commercial product is a yellow powder with a pungent
odor.]
MW: 300.6

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 352F (Decomposes) Sol(77F): 0.0003%


Sp.Gr: 1.74
LEL: ?

Combustible Solid; may be dissolved in flammable liquids.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong alkaline materials (e.g., hydrated lime) [Note: Corrosive to metals.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5601
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; blurred vision; dermatitis, skin sensitization; dyspnea
(breathing difficulty); diarrhea, vomiting; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys
Cancer Site [in animals: duodenal tumors]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Carbaryl

CAS 63-25-2

CH3 NHCOOC10 H 7

RTECS FC5950000

Synonyms & Trade Names


alpha-Naphthyl N-methyl-carbamate, 1-Naphthyl N-Methyl-carbamate, Sevin

DOT ID & Guide


2757 151

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 5 mg/m 3

IDLH 100 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
White or gray, odorless solid. [pesticide]
MW: 201.2

BP: Decomposes

MLT: 293F

VP(77F): <0.00004 mmHg IP: ?


Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

Sol: 0.01%
Sp.Gr: 1.23

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but may be dissolved in flammable liquids.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strongly alkaline pesticides
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5006, 5601; OSHA 63
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 50) Any
self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full
facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Miosis, blurred vision, tear; rhinorrhea (discharge of thin mucus), salivation; sweating; abdominal
cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; tremor; cyanosis; convulsions; irritation skin; possible reproductive effects

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, skin, blood cholinesterase,
reproductive system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Carbofuran

CAS 1563-66-2

C12 H 15 NO3

RTECS FB9450000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl methylcarbamate; Furacarb; Furadan

DOT ID & Guide


2757 151

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Odorless, white or grayish, crystalline solid. [insecticide] [Note: May be dissolved in a liquid carrier.]
MW: 221.3

BP: ?

MLT: 304F

VP(77F): 0.000003 mmHg IP: NA


Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

Sol(77F): 0.07%
Sp.Gr: 1.18

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Alkaline substances, acid, strong oxidizers (e.g., perchlorates, peroxides, chlorates, nitrates, permanganates)
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5006, 5601; OSHA 63
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Fresh air
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Miosis, blurred vision; sweating, salivation, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, headache, nausea, vomiting;
lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), muscle twitching, incoordination, convulsions
Target Organs central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, blood cholinesterase
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Carbon black

CAS 1333-86-4

RTECS FF5800000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Acetylene black, Channel black, Furnace black, Lamp black, Thermal black

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 3.5 mg/m 3 Ca TWA 0.1 mg PAHs/m 3 [Carbon black in presence
of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)] See Appendix A See Appendix C
OSHA PEL: TWA 3.5 mg/m 3

IDLH 1750 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Black, odorless solid.
MW: 12.0

BP: Sublimes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: Sublimes

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 1.8-2.1

LEL: NA

Combustible Solid that may contain flammable hydrocarbons.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers such as chlorates, bromates & nitrates
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5000; OSHA ID196
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate promptly
Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 17.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator
Up to 35 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 87.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter
Up to 175 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 1750 mg/m 3 : (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
In presence of polycyclicaromatic hydrocarbons:
NIOSH
At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Cough; irritation eyes; in presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: [potential occupational
carcinogen]
Target Organs respiratory system, eyes
Cancer Site [lymphatic cancer (in presence of PAHs)]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Carbon dioxide

CAS 124-38-9

CO2

RTECS FF6400000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Carbonic acid gas, Dry ice [Note: Normal constituent of air (about 300 ppm)].

DOT ID & Guide


1013 120
1845 120 (dry ice)
2187 120 (liquid)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5000 ppm (9000 mg/m 3 ) ST 30,000 ppm (54,000 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: TWA 5000 ppm (9000 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 1.80 mg/m 3

IDLH 40,000 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless, odorless gas. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Solid form is utilized as dry ice.]
MW: 44.0

BP: Sublimes

MLT: -109F (Sublimes)

VP: 56.5 atm

IP: 13.77 eV

RGasD: 1.53

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Sol(77F): 0.2%

Nonflammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Dusts of various metals, such as magnesium, zirconium, titanium, aluminum, chromium & manganese are ignitable
and explosive when suspended in carbon dioxide. Forms carbonic acid in water.
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 6603; OSHA ID172
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 40,000 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with
a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid/solid)
Symptoms Headache, dizziness, restlessness, paresthesia; dyspnea (breathing difficulty); sweating, malaise (vague
feeling of discomfort); increased heart rate, cardiac output, blood pressure; coma; asphyxia; convulsions; frostbite
(liquid, dry ice)

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs respiratory system, cardiovascular system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Carbon disulfide

CAS 75-15-0

CS 2

RTECS FF6650000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Carbon bisulfide

DOT ID & Guide


1131 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 ) ST 10 ppm (30 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 20 ppm C 30 ppm 100 ppm (30-minute maximum peak)
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.11 mg/m 3

IDLH 500 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless to faint-yellow liquid with a sweet ether-like odor. [Note: Reagent grades are foul smelling.]
MW: 76.1

BP: 116F

VP: 297 mmHg

IP: 10.08 eV

Fl.P: -22F

UEL: 50.0%

FRZ: -169F

Sol: 0.3%
Sp.Gr: 1.26

LEL: 1.3%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers; chemically-active metals such as sodium, potassium & zinc; azides; rust; halogens; amines [Note:
Vapors may be ignited by contact with ordinary light bulb.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1600
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 10 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 500 ppm: (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Dizziness, headache, poor sleep, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), anxiety, anorexia, weight loss;
psychosis; polyneuropathy; Parkinson-like syndrome; ocular changes; coronary heart disease; gastritis; kidney, liver
injury; eye, skin burns; dermatitis; reproductive effects
Target Organs central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, cardiovascular system, eyes, kidneys, liver, skin,
reproductive system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Carbon monoxide

CAS 630-08-0

CO

RTECS FG3500000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Carbon oxide, Flue gas, Monoxide

DOT ID & Guide


1016 119
9202 168 (cryogenic liquid)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 35 ppm (40 mg/m 3 ) C 200 ppm (229 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (55 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 1.15 mg/m 3

IDLH 1200 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless, odorless gas. [Note: Shipped as a nonliquefied or liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 28.0

BP: -313F

MLT: -337F

VP: >35 atm

IP: 14.01 eV

RGasD: 0.97

Fl.P: NA (Gas)

UEL: 74%

LEL: 12.5%

Sol: 2%

Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, bromine trifluoride, chlorine trifluoride, lithium
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 6604; OSHA ID209
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 350 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 875 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 1200 ppm: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or
back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/(APF = 50) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Headache, tachypnea, nausea, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), dizziness, confusion, hallucinations;

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

cyanosis; depressed S-T segment of electrocardiogram, angina, syncope


Target Organs cardiovascular system, lungs, blood, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Carbon tetrabromide

CAS 558-13-4

CBr 4

RTECS FG4725000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Carbon bromide, Methane tetrabromide, Tetrabromomethane

DOT ID & Guide


2516 151

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 ppm (1.4 mg/m 3 ) ST 0.3 ppm (4 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 13.57 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless to yellow-brown crystals with a slight odor.
MW: 331.7

BP: 374F

VP(205F): 40 mmHg

IP: 10.31 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 194F

Sol: 0.02%
Sp.Gr: 3.42

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, hexacyclohexyldilead, lithium
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; lacrimation (discharge of tears); lung, liver, kidney injury; in
animals: corneal damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Carbon tetrachloride

CAS 56-23-5

CCl4

RTECS FG4900000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Carbon chloride, Carbon tet, Freon 10, Halon 104, Tetrachloromethane

DOT ID & Guide


1846 151

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca ST 2 ppm (12.6 mg/m 3 ) [60-minute] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm C 25 ppm 200 ppm (5-minute maximum peak in any 4
hours)
Conversion 1 ppm = 6.29 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [200 ppm]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a characteristic ether-like odor.
MW: 153.8

BP: 170F

VP: 91 mmHg

IP: 11.47 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: -9F

Sol: 0.05%
Sp.Gr: 1.59

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Chemically-active metals such as sodium, potassium & magnesium; fluorine; aluminum [Note: Forms highly toxic
phosgene gas when exposed to flames or welding arcs.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; central nervous system depression; nausea, vomiting; liver, kidney injury;
drowsiness, dizziness, incoordination; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs central nervous system, eyes, lungs, liver, kidneys, skin
Cancer Site [in animals: liver cancer]
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Carbonyl fluoride

CAS 353-50-4

COF2

RTECS FG6125000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Carbon difluoride oxide, Carbon fluoride oxide, Carbon oxyfluoride, Carbonyl
difluoride, Fluoroformyl fluoride, Fluorophosgene

DOT ID & Guide


2417 125

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (5 mg/m 3 ) ST 5 ppm (15 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.70 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a pungent and very irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 66.0

BP: -118F

FRZ: -173F

VP: 55.4 atm

IP: 13.02 eV

RGasD: 2.29

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Sol: Reacts

Nonflammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Heat, moisture, hexafluoroisopropyl-ideneamino-lithium [Note: Reacts with water to form hydrogen fluoride &
carbon dioxide.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane, respiratory system; eye, skin burns; lacrimation (discharge of
tears); cough, pulmonary edema, dyspnea (breathing difficulty); chronic exposure: gastrointestinal pain, muscle
fibrosis, skeletal fluorosis; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, bone
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Catechol

CAS 120-80-9

C6 H 4 (OH)2

RTECS UX1050000

Synonyms & Trade Names


1,2-Benzenediol; o-Benzenediol; 1,2-Dihydroxybenzene; o-Dihydroxybenzene; 2Hydroxyphenol; Pyrocatechol

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.50 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless, crystalline solid with a faint odor. [Note: Discolors to brown in air & light.]
MW: 110.1

BP: 474F

VP(244F): 10 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 261F

UEL: ?

MLT: 221F

Sol: 44%
Sp.Gr: 1.34

LEL: 1.4%

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, nitric acid
Measurement Methods
OSHA PV2014
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; skin sensitization, dermatitis; lacrimation (discharge of tears),
burns eyes; convulsions, increased blood pressure, kidney injury
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cellulose

CAS 9004-34-6

(C6 H 10 O 5 ) n

RTECS FJ5691460

Synonyms & Trade Names


Hydroxycellulose, Pyrocellulose

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Odorless, white substance. [Note: The principal fiber cell wall material of vegetable tissues (wood, cotton, flax,
grass, etc.).]
MW: 160,000-560,000

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 500-518F
(Decomposes)

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 1.27-1.61

LEL: NA

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water, bromine pentafluoride, sodium nitrate, fluorine, strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500, 0600
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cesium hydroxide

CAS 21351-79-1

CsOH

RTECS FK9800000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Cesium hydrate, Cesium hydroxide dimer

DOT ID & Guide


2682 157
2681 154 (solution)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless or yellowish, crystalline solid. [Note: Hygroscopic (i.e., absorbs moisture from the air).]
MW: 149.9

BP: ?

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 522F

Sol(59F): 395%
Sp.Gr: 3.68

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water, acids, CO 2 , metals (e.g., Al, Pb, Sn, Zn), oxygen [Note: CsOH is a strong base, causing the generation of
considerable heat in contact with water or moisture.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; eye, skin burns
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlordane

CAS 57-74-9

C10 H 6 Cl8

RTECS PB9800000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chlordan; Chlordano; 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,8-Octachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7methanoindane

DOT ID & Guide


2762 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH Ca [100 mg/m 3 ]

Conversion

Physical Description
Amber-colored, viscous liquid with a pungent, chlorine-like odor. [insecticide]
MW: 409.8

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0.00001 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: 217-228F

Sol: 0.0001%
Sp.Gr(77F): 1.6

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid, but may be utilized in flammable solutions.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, alkaline reagents
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5510; OSHA 67
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Blurred vision; confusion; ataxia, delirium; cough; abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
irritability, tremor, convulsions; anuria; in animals: lung, liver, kidney damage; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs central nervous system, eyes, lungs, liver, kidneys

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: liver cancer]


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorinated camphene

CAS 8001-35-2

C10 H 10 Cl8

RTECS XW5250000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chlorocamphene, Octachlorocamphene, Polychlorocamphene, Toxaphene

DOT ID & Guide


2761 151

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca [skin] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH Ca [200 mg/m 3 ]

Conversion

Physical Description
Amber, waxy solid with a mild, piney, chlorine- and camphor-like odor. [insecticide]
MW: 413.8

BP: Decomposes

VP(77F): 0.4 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 149-194F

Sol: 0.0003%
Sp.Gr: 1.65

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but may be dissolved in flammable liquids.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers [Note: Slightly corrosive to metals under moist conditions.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5039
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Nausea, confusion, agitation, tremor, convulsions, unconsciousness; dry, red skin; [potential
occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs central nervous system, skin
Cancer Site [in animals: liver cancer]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorinated diphenyl oxide

CAS

C12 H 10-n Cln O

RTECS

Synonyms & Trade Names


Synonyms depend on the degree of chlorination of diphenyl oxide [(C 6 H5 ) 2 O],
ranging from monochlorodiphenyl oxide [(C 6 H4 Cl)O(C6 H5 )] to decachlorodiphenyl
oxide [(C 6 Cl 5 )O(C6 Cl 5 )].

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3

IDLH 5 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Appearance and odor vary depending upon the specific compound.
Properties vary depending
upon the specific
compound.

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5025
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a
full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor and acid gas canister having a high efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type,
self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Acne-form dermatitis, liver damage
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Skin, liver


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorine

CAS 7782-50-5

Cl2

RTECS FO2100000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Molecular chlorine

DOT ID & Guide


1017 124

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 0.5 ppm (1.45 mg/m 3 ) [15-minute]


OSHA PEL: C 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.90 mg/m 3

IDLH 10 ppm See: 7782505

Physical Description
Greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 70.9

BP: -29F

FRZ: -150F

VP: 6.8 atm

IP: 11.48 eV

RGasD: 2.47

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Sol: 0.7%

Nonflammable Gas, but a strong oxidizer.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Reacts explosively or forms explosive compounds with many common substances such as acetylene, ether,
turpentine, ammonia, fuel gas, hydrogen & finely divided metals.
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 6011; OSHA ID101
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 5 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the
compound of concern*/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 10 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern*/(APF =
50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and cartridge(s) providing protection against the
compound of concern/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, frontor back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/(APF = 50) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact


Symptoms Burning of eyes, nose, mouth; lacrimation (discharge of tears), rhinorrhea (discharge of thin mucus);
cough, choking, substernal (occurring beneath the sternum) pain; nausea, vomiting; headache, dizziness; syncope;
pulmonary edema; pneumonitis; hypoxemia (reduced oxygen in the blood); dermatitis; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorine dioxide

CAS 10049-04-4

ClO 2

RTECS FO3000000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chlorine oxide, Chlorine peroxide

DOT ID & Guide


9191 143 (hydrate, frozen)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.3 mg/m 3 ) ST 0.3 ppm (0.9 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.3 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.76 mg/m 3

IDLH 5 ppm

Physical Description
Yellow to red gas or a red-brown liquid (below 52F) with an unpleasant odor similar to chlorine and nitric acid.
MW: 67.5

BP: 52F

FRZ: -74F

Sol(77F): 0.3%

VP: >1 atm

IP: 10.36 eV

RGasD: 2.33

Sp.Gr: 1.6 (Liquid at 32F)

Fl.P: NA (Gas) ? (Liquid)

UEL: ?

LEL: ?

Flammable Gas/Combustible Liquid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Organic materials, heat, phosphorus, potassium hydroxide, sulfur, mercury, carbon monoxide [Note: Unstable in
light. A powerful oxidizer.]
Measurement Methods
OSHA ID202
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact (liquid)
Eyes: Prevent eye contact (liquid)
Wash skin: When contaminated (liquid)
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash (liquid), Quick drench (liquid)

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately (liquid)
Skin: Soap wash immediately (liquid)
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately (liquid)

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the
compound of concern/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 2.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern
Up to 5 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and cartridge(s) providing
protection against the compound of concern/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with
a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/(APF = 50)
Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full
facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion (liquid), skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, throat; cough, wheezing, bronchitis, pulmonary edema; chronic bronchitis
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorine trifluoride

CAS 7790-91-2

ClF3

RTECS FO2800000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chlorine fluoride, Chlorotrifluoride

DOT ID & Guide


1749 124

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 0.1 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: C 0.1 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.78 mg/m 3

IDLH 20 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless gas or a greenish-yellow liquid (below 53F) with a somewhat sweet, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as
a liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 92.5

BP: 53F

FRZ: -105F

Sol: Reacts

VP: 1.4 atm

IP: 13.00 eV

RGasD: 3.21

Sp.Gr: 1.77 (Liquid at


53F)

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Nonflammable Gas Noncombustible Liquid, but contact with organic materials may result in SPONTANEOUS
ignition.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, water, acids, combustible materials, sand, glass, metals (corrosive) [Note: Reacts with water to form
chlorine & hydrofluoric acid.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated (liquid)
Remove: When wet or contaminated (liquid)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash (liquid), Quick drench (liquid)

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately (liquid)

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 5 ppm: (APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any suppliedair respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 20 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, self-

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

contained breathing apparatus


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion (liquid), skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Eye, skin burns (liquid or high vapor concentration); respiratory irritation; in animals: lacrimation
(discharge of tears), corneal ulcer; pulmonary edema
Target Organs Skin, eyes, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chloroacetaldehyde

CAS 107-20-0

ClCH2 CHO

RTECS AB2450000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chloroacetaldehyde (40% aqueous solution), 2-Chloroacetaldehyde, 2-Chloroethanal

DOT ID & Guide


2232 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: C 1 ppm (3 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.21 mg/m 3

IDLH 45 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an acrid, penetrating odor. [Note: Typically found as a 40% aqueous solution.]
MW: 78.5

BP: 186F

VP: 100 mmHg

IP: 10.61 eV

Fl.P: 190F (40% solution)

UEL: ?

FRZ: -3F (40% solution)

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 1.19 (40% solution)

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2015; OSHA 76
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 10 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
Up to 45 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation skin, eyes, mucous membrane; skin burns; eye damage; pulmonary edema; skin, respiratory
system sensitization
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


alpha-Chloroacetophenone

CAS 532-27-4

C6 H 5 COCH2 Cl

RTECS AM6300000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Chloroacetophenone, Chloromethyl phenyl ketone, Mace, Phenacyl chloride,
Phenyl chloromethyl ketone, Tear gas

DOT ID & Guide


1697 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.3 mg/m 3 (0.05 ppm)


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.3 mg/m 3 (0.05 ppm)

IDLH 15 mg/m 3

Conversion 1 ppm = 6.32 mg/m 3

Physical Description
Colorless to gray crystalline solid with a sharp, irritating odor.
MW: 154.6

BP: 472F

VP: 0.005 mmHg

IP: 9.44 eV

Fl.P: 244F

UEL: ?

MLT: 134F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 1.32

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water, steam, strong oxidizers [Note: Slowly corrodes metals.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH P&CAM291 (II-5)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 3 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a
dust and mist filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 7.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust and mist filter
Up to 15 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern and
having a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full
facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backfile:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0119.htm[11/05/2013 09:59:01]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern and having a high-efficiency particulate
filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; pulmonary edema
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chloroacetyl chloride

CAS 79-04-9

ClCH2 COCl

RTECS AO6475000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chloroacetic acid chloride, Chloroacetic chloride, Monochloroacetyl chloride

DOT ID & Guide


1752 156

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.05 ppm (0.2 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.62 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless to yellowish liquid with a strong, pungent odor.
MW: 112.9

BP: 223F

VP: 19 mmHg

IP: 10.30 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: -7F

Sol: Decomposes
Sp.Gr: 1.42

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water, alcohols, bases, metals (corrosive), amines [Note: Decomposes in water to form chloroacetic acid &
hydrogen chloride gas.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; eye, skin burns; cough, wheezing, dyspnea (breathing
difficulty); lacrimation (discharge of tears)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorobenzene

CAS 108-90-7

C6 H 5 Cl

RTECS CZ0175000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Benzene chloride, Chlorobenzol, MCB, Monochlorobenzene, Phenyl chloride

DOT ID & Guide


1134 130

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: See Appendix D


OSHA PEL: TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.61 mg/m 3

IDLH 1000 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an almond-like odor.
MW: 112.6

BP: 270F

VP: 9 mmHg

IP: 9.07 eV

Fl.P: 82F

UEL: 9.6%

FRZ: -50F

Sol: 0.05%
Sp.Gr: 1.11

LEL: 1.3%

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations OSHA


Up to 1000 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose; drowsiness, incoordination; central nervous system depression; in animals:
liver, lung, kidney injury

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


o-Chlorobenzylidene malononitrile

CAS 2698-41-1

ClC6 H 4 CH=C(CN) 2

RTECS OO3675000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Chlorobenzalmalonitrile, CS, OCBM

DOT ID & Guide


2810 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 0.05 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.05 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 )

IDLH 2 mg/m 3

Conversion 1 ppm = 7.71 mg/m 3

Physical Description
White crystalline solid with a pepper-like odor.
MW: 188.6

BP: 590-599F

VP: 0.00003 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 203-205F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

MEC: 25 g/m3

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH P&CAM304 (II-5)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 50) Any airpurifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing
protection against the compound of concern and having a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any selfcontained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern and having a high-efficiency particulate
filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Pain, burn eyes, lacrimation (discharge of tears), conjunctivitis; erythema (skin redness) eyelids,
blepharospasm; irritation throat, cough, chest tightness; headache; erythema (skin redness), skin vesiculation

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorobromomethane

CAS 74-97-5

CH2 BrCl

RTECS PA5250000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Bromochloromethane, CB, CBM, Fluorocarbon 1011, Halon 1011, Methyl
chlorobromide

DOT ID & Guide


1887 160

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 200 ppm (1050 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 200 ppm (1050 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.29 mg/m 3

IDLH 2000 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless to pale-yellow liquid with a chloroform-like odor. [Note: May be used as a fire extinguishing agent.]
MW: 129.4

BP: 155F

VP: 115 mmHg

IP: 10.77 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: -124F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 1.93

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Chemically-active metals such as calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc & magnesium
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2000 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, throat; confusion, dizziness, central nervous system depression; pulmonary edema

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorodifluoromethane

CAS 75-45-6

CHClF2

RTECS PA6390000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Difluorochloromethane, Fluorocarbon-22, Freon 22, Genetron 22,
Monochlorodifluoromethane, Refrigerant 22

DOT ID & Guide


1018 126

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1000 ppm (3500 mg/m 3 ) ST 1250 ppm (4375 mg/m 3 )
OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D. See: IDLH INDEX

Conversion 1 ppm = 3.54 mg/m 3

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a faint, sweetish odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 86.5

BP: -41F

FRZ: -231F

VP: 9.4 atm

IP: 12.45 eV

RGasD: 3.11

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Sol(77F): 0.3%

Nonflammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Alkalis, alkaline earth metals (e.g., powdered aluminum, sodium, potassium, zinc)
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1018
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Irritation respiratory system; confusion, drowsiness, ringing in ears; heart palpitations, cardiac
arrhythmias; asphyxia; liver, kidney, spleen injury; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs respiratory system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys, spleen
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorodiphenyl (42% chlorine)

CAS 53469-21-9

C6 H 4 ClC6 H 3 Cl2 (approx)

RTECS TQ1356000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Aroclor 1242, PCB, Polychlorinated biphenyl

DOT ID & Guide


2315 171

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL*: Ca TWA 0.001 mg/m 3 See Appendix A [*Note: The REL also applies
to other PCBs.]
OSHA PEL: TWA 1 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH Ca [5 mg/m 3 ]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to light-colored, viscous liquid with a mild, hydrocarbon odor.
MW: 258 (approx)

BP: 617-691F

VP: 0.001 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: -2F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr(77F): 1.39

LEL: NA

Nonflammable Liquid, but exposure in a fire results in the formation of a black soot containing PCBs,
polychlorinated dibenzofurans & chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5503
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes; chloracne; liver damage; reproductive effects; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Skin, eyes, liver, reproductive system
Cancer Site [in animals: tumors of the pituitary gland & liver, leukemia]
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorodiphenyl (54% chlorine)

CAS 11097-69-1

C6 H 3 Cl2 C6 H 2 Cl3 (approx)

RTECS TQ1360000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Aroclor 1254, PCB, Polychlorinated biphenyl

DOT ID & Guide


2315 171

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL*: Ca TWA 0.001 mg/m 3 See Appendix A [*Note: The REL also applies
to other PCBs.]
OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH Ca [5 mg/m 3 ]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to pale-yellow, viscous liquid or solid (below 50F) with a mild, hydrocarbon odor.
MW: 326 (approx)

BP: 689-734F

VP: 0.00006 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: 50F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr(77F): 1.38

LEL: NA

Nonflammable Liquid, but exposure in a fire results in the formation of a black soot containing PCBs,
polychlorinated dibenzofurans, and chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5503
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, chloracne; liver damage; reproductive effects; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Skin, eyes, liver, reproductive system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: tumors of the pituitary gland & liver, leukemia]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chloroform

CAS 67-66-3

CHCl3

RTECS FS9100000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Methane trichloride, Trichloromethane

DOT ID & Guide


1888 151

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca ST 2 ppm (9.78 mg/m 3 ) [60-minute] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: C 50 ppm (240 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.88 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [500 ppm]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a pleasant odor.
MW: 119.4

BP: 143F

VP: 160 mmHg

IP: 11.42 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: -82F

Sol(77F): 0.5%
Sp.Gr: 1.48

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong caustics; chemically-active metals such as aluminum or magnesium powder, sodium & potassium; strong
oxidizers [Note: When heated to decomposition, forms phosgene gas.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; dizziness, mental dullness, nausea, confusion; headache, lassitude (weakness,
exhaustion); anesthesia; enlarged liver; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Liver, kidneys, heart, eyes, skin, central nervous system
Cancer Site [in animals: liver & kidney cancer]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


bis-Chloromethyl ether

CAS 542-88-1

(CH 2 Cl) 2 O

RTECS KN1575000

Synonyms & Trade Names


BCME, bis-CME, Chloromethyl ether, Dichlorodimethyl ether, Dichloromethyl ether,
Oxybis(chloromethane)

DOT ID & Guide


2249 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1008] See Appendix B

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a suffocating odor.
MW: 115.0

BP: 223F

VP(72F): 30 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: <66F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -43F

Sol: Reacts
Sp.Gr: 1.32

LEL: ?

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, water [Note: Reacts with water to form hydrochloric acid & formaldehyde.]
Measurement Methods
OSHA 10
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane, respiratory system; pulmonary congestion, edema; corneal
damage, necrosis; decreased pulmonary function, cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), wheezing; blood-stained
sputum, bronchial secretions; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
Cancer Site [lung cancer]
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chloromethyl methyl ether

CAS 107-30-2

CH3 OCH 2 Cl

RTECS KN6650000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chlorodimethyl ether, Chloromethoxymethane, CMME, Dimethylchloroether,
Methylchloromethyl ether

DOT ID & Guide


1239 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1006] See Appendix B

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an irritating odor.
MW: 80.5

BP: 138F

VP(70F): 192 mmHg

IP: 10.25 eV

Fl.P(oc): 32F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -154F

Sol: Reacts
Sp.Gr: 1.06

LEL: ?

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water [Note: Reacts with water to form hydrochloric acid & formaldehyde.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH P&CAM220 (II-1); OSHA 10
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; pulmonary edema, pulmonary congestion, pneumonitis; skin
burns, necrosis; cough, wheezing, pulmonary congestion; blood stained-sputum; weight loss; bronchial secretions;
[potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
Cancer Site [in animals: skin & lung cancer]
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


1-Chloro-1-nitropropane

CAS 600-25-9

CH3 CH2 CHClNO2

RTECS TX5075000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Korax, Lanstan

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 20 ppm (100 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.06 mg/m 3

IDLH 100 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an unpleasant odor. [fungicide]
MW: 123.6

BP: 289F

VP(77F): 6 mmHg

IP: 9.90 eV

Fl.P(oc): 144F

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: 0.5%
Sp.Gr: 1.21

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH S211 (II-5)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 20 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
Up to 100 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms In animals: irritation eyes; pulmonary edema; liver, kidney, heart damage
Target Organs respiratory system, liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system, eyes
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chloropentafluoroethane

CAS 76-15-3

CClF 2 CF 3

RTECS KH7877500

Synonyms & Trade Names


Fluorocarbon-115, Freon 115, Genetron 115, Halocarbon 115,
Monochloropentafluoroethane

DOT ID & Guide


1020 126

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1000 ppm (6320 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 6.32 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a slight, ethereal odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 154.5

BP: -38F

FRZ: -223F

VP(70F): 7.9 atm

IP: 12.96 eV

RGasD: 5.55

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Sol(77F): 0.006%

Nonflammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Alkalis, alkaline earth metals (e.g., aluminum powder, sodium, potassium, zinc)
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Dyspnea (breathing difficulty); dizziness, incoordination, narcosis; nausea, vomiting; heart palpitations,
cardiac arrhythmias, asphyxia; liquid: frostbite, dermatitis
Target Organs Skin, central nervous system, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chloropicrin

CAS 76-06-2

CCl3 NO2

RTECS PB6300000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Nitrochloroform, Nitrotrichloromethane, Trichloronitromethane

DOT ID & Guide


1580 154
1583 154 (mixture, n.o.s.)
2929 131 (flammable
mixture)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.7 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.7 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 6.72 mg/m 3

IDLH 2 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless to faint-yellow, oily liquid with an intensely irritating odor. [pesticide]
MW: 164.4

BP: 234F

VP: 18 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: -93F

Sol: 0.2%
Sp.Gr: 1.66

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers [Note: The material may explode when heated under confinement.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; lacrimation (discharge of tears); cough, pulmonary edema;
nausea, vomiting
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


beta-Chloroprene

CAS 126-99-8

CH2 =CClCH=CH2

RTECS EI9625000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Chloro-1,3-butadiene; Chlorobutadiene; Chloroprene

DOT ID & Guide


1991 131P (inhibited)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca C 1 ppm (3.6 mg/m 3 ) [15-minute] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 25 ppm (90 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.62 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [300 ppm]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a pungent, ether-like odor.
MW: 88.5

BP: 139F

VP: 188 mmHg

IP: 8.79 eV

Fl.P: -4F

UEL: 11.3%

FRZ: -153F

Sol: Slight
Sp.Gr: 0.96

LEL: 1.9%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Peroxides & other oxidizers [Note: Polymerizes at room temperature unless inhibited with antioxidants.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1002; OSHA 112
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; anxiety, irritability; dermatitis; alopecia; reproductive effects;
[potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, reproductive system
Cancer Site [lung & skin cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


o-Chlorostyrene

CAS 2039-87-4

ClC6 H 4 CH=CH 2

RTECS WL4160000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Chlorostyrene, ortho-Chlorostyrene, 1-Chloro-2-ethenylbenzene

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 50 ppm (285 mg/m 3 ) ST 75 ppm (428 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.67 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless liquid.
MW: 138.6

BP: 372F

VP(77F): 0.96 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 138F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -82F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 1.10

LEL: ?

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms In animals: irritation eyes, skin; hematuria (blood in the urine), proteinuria, acidosis; enlarged liver,
jaundice
Target Organs Eyes, skin, liver, kidneys, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


o-Chlorotoluene

CAS 95-49-8

ClC6 H 4 CH3

RTECS XS9000000

Synonyms & Trade Names


1-Chloro-2-methylbenzene, 2-Chloro-1-methylbenzene, 2-Chlorotoluene, o-Tolyl
chloride

DOT ID & Guide


2238 130

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 50 ppm (250 mg/m 3 ) ST 75 ppm (375 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.18 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an aromatic odor.
MW: 126.6

BP: 320F

VP(77F): 4 mmHg

IP: 8.83 eV

Fl.P: 96F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -31F

Sol(77F): 0.009%
Sp.Gr: 1.08

LEL: ?

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, alkalis, oxidizers, reducing materials, water
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; dermatitis; drowsiness, incoordination, anesthesia; cough; liver,
kidney injury
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2-Chloro-6-trichloromethyl pyridine

CAS 1929-82-4

ClC5 H 3 NCCl 3

RTECS US7525000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Chloro-6-(trichloro-methyl)pyridine; Nitrapyrin; N-serve; 2,2,2,6-Tetrachloro-2picoline

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) ST 20 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)
OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless or white, crystalline solid with a mild, sweet odor.
MW: 230.9

BP: ?

VP(73F): 0.003 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 145F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid [Explosive]


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Aluminum, magnesium [Note: Emits oxides of nitrogen and chloride ion when heated to decomposition.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms No adverse effects noted in ingestion studies with animals.
Target Organs Eyes, skin
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chlorpyrifos

CAS 2921-88-2

C9 H 11 Cl3 NO3 PS

RTECS TF6300000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chlorpyrifos-ethyl; O,O-Diethyl O-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl phosphorothioate;
Dursban

DOT ID & Guide


2783 152

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 ST 0.6 mg/m 3 [skin]


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to white, crystalline solid with a mild, mercaptan-like odor. [pesticide] [Note: Commercial formulations
may be combined with combustible liquids.]
MW: 350.6

BP: 320F (Decomposes)

VP: 0.00002 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 108F

Sol: 0.0002%
Sp.Gr: 1.40 (Liquid at
110F)

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong acids, caustics, amines [Note: Corrosive to copper & brass.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5600; OSHA 62
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Wheezing, laryngeal spasms, salivation; bluish lips, skin; miosis, blurred vision; nausea, vomiting,
abdominal cramps, diarrhea
Target Organs respiratory system, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, plasma cholinesterase
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chromic acid and chromates

CAS 1333-82-0 (CrO3 )

CrO 3 (acid)

RTECS GB6650000
(CrO3 )

Synonyms & Trade Names


DOT ID & Guide
Chromic acid (CrO3 ): Chromic anhydride, Chromic oxide, Chromium(VI) oxide (1:3), 1755 154 (acid solution)
1463 141 (acid, solid)
Chromium trioxide
Synonyms of chromates (i.e., chromium(VI) compounds) such as zinc chromate vary
depending upon the specific compound.

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL (as Cr): Ca TWA 0.001 mg/m 3 See Appendix A See Appendix C
OSHA PEL (as CrO3 ): C 0.1 mg/m 3 See Appendix C

IDLH Ca [15 mg/m 3 {as Cr(VI)}]

Conversion

Physical Description
CrO3 : Dark-red, odorless flakes or powder. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution (H2 CrO4 ).]
MW: 100.0

BP: 482F (Decomposes)

VP: Very low

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 387F (Decomposes) Sol: 63%


Sp.Gr: 2.70 (CrO3 )
LEL: NA

CrO3 : Noncombustible Solid, but will accelerate the burning of combustible materials.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Combustible, organic, or other readily oxidizable materials (paper, wood, sulfur, aluminum, plastics, etc.); corrosive
to metals
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7600, 7604; OSHA ID103, ID215
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation respiratory system; nasal septum perforation; liver, kidney damage; leukocytosis (increased
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

blood leukocytes), leukopenia (reduced blood leukocytes), eosinophilia; eye injury, conjunctivitis; skin ulcer,
sensitization dermatitis; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Blood, respiratory system, liver, kidneys, eyes, skin
Cancer Site [lung cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


CAS

Chromium(II) compounds (as Cr)

RTECS
Synonyms & Trade Names
Synonyms vary depending upon the specific Chromium(II) compound. [Note:
Chromium(II) compounds include soluble chromous salts.]

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 See Appendix C


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 See Appendix C

IDLH 250 mg/m 3 [as Cr(II)]

Conversion

Physical Description
Appearance and odor vary depending upon the specific compound.
Properties vary depending
upon the specific
compound.

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


Varies
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7024; OSHA ID121, ID125G
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator*
Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators*/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 12.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter*
Up to 25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 250 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes; sensitization dermatitis
Target Organs Eyes, skin
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


CAS

Chromium(III) compounds (as Cr)

RTECS
Synonyms & Trade Names
Synonyms vary depending upon the specific Chromium(III) compound. [Note:
Chromium(III) compounds include soluble chromic salts.]

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 See Appendix C


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 See Appendix C

IDLH 25 mg/m 3 [as Cr(III)]

Conversion

Physical Description
Appearance and odor vary depending upon the specific compound.
Properties vary depending
upon the specific
compound.

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


Varies
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7024; OSHA ID121, ID125G
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator*
Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators*/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 12.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter*
Up to 25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes; sensitization dermatitis
Target Organs Eyes, skin
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chromium metal

CAS 7440-47-3

Cr

RTECS GB4200000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chrome, Chromium

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 See Appendix C


OSHA PEL*: TWA 1 mg/m 3 See Appendix C [*Note: The PEL also applies to
insoluble chromium salts.]

IDLH 250 mg/m 3 (as Cr)

Conversion

Physical Description
Blue-white to steel-gray, lustrous, brittle, hard, odorless solid.
MW: 52.0

BP: 4788F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 3452F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 7.14

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but finely divided dust burns rapidly if heated in a flame.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers (such as hydrogen peroxide), alkalis
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7024; OSHA ID121, ID125G
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 2.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator*
Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators*/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 12.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter*
Up to 25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 250 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; lung fibrosis (histologic)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Chromyl chloride

CAS 14977-61-8

Cr(OCl)2

RTECS GB5775000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DOT ID & Guide
Chlorochromic anhydride, Chromic oxychloride, Chromium chloride oxide, Chromium 1758 137
dichloride dioxide, Chromium dioxide dichloride, Chromium dioxychloride,
Chromium oxychloride, Dichlorodioxochromium

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca 0.001 mg Cr(VI)/m 3 See Appendix A See Appendix C


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Deep-red liquid with a musty, burning, acrid odor. [Note: Fumes in moist air.]
MW: 154.9

BP: 243F

VP: 20 mmHg

IP: 12.60 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: -142F

Sol: Reacts
Sp.Gr(77F): 1.91

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid, but a powerful oxidizer.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water, combustible substances, halides, phosphorus, turpentine [Note: Reacts violently in water; forms chromic
acid, chromic chloride, hydrochloric acid & chlorine. Corrodes common metals.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; eye, skin burns
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
Cancer Site [lung cancer]
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Clopidol

CAS 2971-90-6

C7 H 7 Cl2 NO

RTECS UU7711500

Synonyms & Trade Names


Coyden; 3,5-Dichloro-2,6-dimethyl-4-pyridinol

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) ST 20 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)
OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White to light-brown, crystalline solid.
MW: 192.1

BP: ?

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: >608F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but dust may explode in cloud form.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500, 0600
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; cough
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


CAS

Coal dust

RTECS GF8281000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Anthracite coal dust, Bituminous coal dust, Lignite coal dust

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide


1361 133

NIOSH REL: See Appendix D


OSHA PEL: TWA 2.4 mg/m 3 (<5% SiO2 ) TWA 10 mg/m 3 /(%SiO2 + 2) (>5%
SiO2 )

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Dark-brown to black solid dispersed in air.
Properties vary depending
upon the specific coal type.

Combustible Solid; slightly explosive when exposed to flame.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0600, 7500
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation
Symptoms Chronic bronchitis, decreased pulmonary function, emphysema
Target Organs respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


CAS 65996-93-2

Coal tar pitch volatiles

RTECS GF8655000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Synonyms vary depending upon the specific compound (e.g., pyrene, phenanthrene,
acridine, chrysene, anthracene & benzo(a)pyrene). [Note: NIOSH considers coal tar,
coal tar pitch, and creosote to be coal tar products.]

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 (cyclohexane-extractable fraction) See Appendix A


See Appendix C
OSHA PEL: TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 (benzene-soluble fraction) [1910.1002] See Appendix
C

IDLH Ca [80 mg/m 3 ]

Conversion

Physical Description
Black or dark-brown amorphous residue.
Properties vary depending
upon the specific
compound.

Combustible Solids
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
OSHA 58
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Dermatitis, bronchitis, [potential occupational carcinogen]


Target Organs respiratory system, skin, bladder, kidneys
Cancer Site [lung, kidney & skin cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cobalt metal dust and fume (as Co)

CAS 7440-48-4

Co

RTECS GF8750000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Cobalt metal dust, Cobalt metal fume

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.05 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 mg/m 3

IDLH 20 mg/m 3 (as Co)

Conversion

Physical Description
Odorless, silver-gray to black solid.
MW: 58.9

BP: 5612F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 2719F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 8.92

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but finely divided dust will burn at high temperatures.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, ammonium nitrate
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7027, 7300; OSHA ID121, ID125G, ID213
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 0.25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator^
Up to 0.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators*^/(APF
= 10) Any dust, mist, and fume respirator*/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 1.25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter*^/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator
with a dust, mist, and fume filter*
Up to 2.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air
respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 20 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), wheezing, decreased pulmonary function; weight loss; dermatitis;
diffuse nodular fibrosis; respiratory hypersensitivity, asthma
Target Organs Skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cobalt carbonyl (as Co)

CAS 10210-68-1

C8 Co2 O 8

RTECS GG0300000

Synonyms & Trade Names


di-mu-Carbonylhexacarbonyldicobalt, Cobalt octacarbonyl, Cobalt tetracarbonyl
dimer, Dicobalt carbonyl, Dicobalt Octacarbonyl, Octacarbonyldicobalt

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Orange to dark-brown, crystalline solid. [Note: The pure substance is white.]
MW: 341.9

BP: 126F (Decomposes)

VP: 0.7 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 124F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 1.87

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but flammable carbon monoxide is emitted during decomposition.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Air [Note: Decomposes on exposure to air or heat; stable in atmosphere of hydrogen & carbon monoxide.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; cough, decreased pulmonary function, wheezing, dyspnea
(breathing difficulty); in animals: liver, kidney injury, pulmonary edema
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, blood, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cobalt hydrocarbonyl (as Co)

CAS 16842-03-8

HCo(CO)4

RTECS GG0900000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Hydrocobalt tetracarbonyl, Tetracarbonylhydridocobalt, Tetracarbonylhydrocobalt

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Gas with an offensive odor.
MW: 172.0

BP: ?

FRZ: -15F

VP: >1 atm

IP: ?

RGasD: 5.93

Fl.P: NA (Gas)

UEL: ?

LEL: ?

Sol: 0.05%

Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Air [Note: Unstable gas that decomposes rapidly in air at room temperature to cobalt carbonyl & hydrogen.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms In animals: irritation respiratory system; dyspnea (breathing difficulty), cough, decreased pulmonary
function, pulmonary edema
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


CAS

Coke oven emissions

RTECS GH0346000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Synonyms vary depending upon the specific constituent.

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 (benzene-soluble fraction) See Appendix A See
Appendix C
OSHA PEL: [1910.1029] TWA 0.150 mg/m 3 (benzene-soluble fraction)

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Emissions released during the carbonization of bituminous coal for the production of coke. [Note: See Appendix C
for more information.]
Properties vary depending
upon the constituent.

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


None reported
Measurement Methods
OSHA 58
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, respiratory system; cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), wheezing; [potential
occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Skin, respiratory system, urinary system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [skin, lung, kidney & bladder cancer]


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Copper (dusts and mists, as Cu)

CAS 7440-50-8

Cu

RTECS GL5325000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Copper metal dusts, Copper metal fumes

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL*: TWA 1 mg/m 3 [*Note: The REL also applies to other copper
compounds (as Cu) except Copper fume.]
OSHA PEL*: TWA 1 mg/m 3 [*Note: The PEL also applies to other copper
compounds (as Cu) except copper fume.]

IDLH 100 mg/m 3 (as Cu)

Conversion

Physical Description
Reddish, lustrous, malleable, odorless solid.
MW: 63.5

BP: 4703F

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1981F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 8.94

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but powdered form may ignite.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, alkalis, sodium azide, acetylene
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7029; OSHA ID121, ID125G
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator*
Up to 10 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators*^/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter*
Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, respiratory system; cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), wheezing; [potential
occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys (increase(d) risk with Wilson's disease)
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Copper fume (as Cu)

CAS 1317-38-0 (CuO)

CuO/Cu

RTECS GL7900000 (CuO)

Synonyms & Trade Names


CuO: Black copper oxide fume, Copper monoxide fume, Copper(II) oxide fume,
Cupric oxide fume
Cu: Copper fume [Note: Also see specific listing for Copper (dusts and mists).]

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 mg/m 3

IDLH 100 mg/m 3 (as Cu)

Conversion

Physical Description
Finely divided black particulate dispersed in air. [Note: Exposure may occur in copper & brass plants and during the
welding of copper alloys.]
MW: 79.5

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 1879F
(Decomposes)

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 6.4 (CuO)

LEL: NA

CuO: Noncombustible Solid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
CuO: Acetylene, zirconium [Note: See Copper (dusts and mists) for properties of Copper metal.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7029; OSHA ID121, ID125G, ID206
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust, mist, and fume respirator/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 2.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust, mist, and fume filter
Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow
mode/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, upper respiratory system; metal fume fever: chills, muscle ache, nausea, fever, dry throat,
cough, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); metallic or sweet taste; discoloration skin, hair
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system (increase(d) risk with Wilson's disease)
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


CAS

Cotton dust (raw)

RTECS GN2275000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Raw cotton dust

DOT ID & Guide


NIOSH REL: TWA <0.200 mg/m 3 See Appendix C

Exposure
Limits

OSHA PEL: [Z-1-A & 1910.1043] TWA 1 mg/m 3 (waste processing during waste
recycling [sorting, blending, cleaning & willowing] & garnetting) TWA 0.200 mg/m 3
(textile yarn manufacturing) TWA 0.750 mg/m 3 (textile slashing & weaving) TWA
0.500 mg/m 3 (all other operations) See Appendix C

IDLH 100 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless, odorless solid.
MW: ?

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: Decomposes

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: NA

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
OSHA [1910.1043]
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 1 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust respirator
Up to 2 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators/(APF = 10) Any
air-purifying respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust filter
Up to 10 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow
mode/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation
Symptoms Byssinosis: chest tightness, cough, wheezing, dyspnea (breathing difficulty); decreased forced expiratory
volume; bronchitis; malaise (vague feeling of discomfort); fever, chills, upper respiratory symptoms after initial
exposure
Target Organs cardiovascular system, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Crag herbicide

CAS 136-78-7

C6 H 3 Cl2 OCH 2 CH2 OSO3 Na

RTECS KK4900000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Crag herbicide No. 1; 2-(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)ethyl sodium sulfate; Sesone

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH 500 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to white crystalline, odorless solid. [herbicide]
MW: 309.1

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0.1 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 473F (Decomposes) Sol(77F): 26%


Sp.Gr: 1.70
LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH S356 (II-5)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator
Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators/(APF =
10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 250 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter
Up to 500 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; liver, kidney damage; in animals: central nervous system effects, convulsions
Target Organs Eyes, skin, central nervous system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


o-Cresol

CAS 95-48-7

CH3 C6 H 4 OH

RTECS GO6300000

Synonyms & Trade Names


ortho-Cresol, 2-Cresol, o-Cresylic acid, 1-Hydroxy-2-methylbenzene, 2Hydroxytoluene, 2-Methyl phenol

DOT ID & Guide


2076 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2.3 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (22 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.43 mg/m 3

IDLH 250 ppm

Physical Description
White crystals with a sweet, tarry odor. [Note: A liquid above 88F.]
MW: 108.2

BP: 376F

VP(77F): 0.29 mmHg

IP: 8.93 eV

Fl.P: 178F

UEL: ?

MLT: 88F

Sol: 2%
Sp.Gr: 1.05

LEL(300F): 1.4%

Combustible Solid Class IIIA Combustible Liquid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2546; OSHA 32
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 23 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a
dust and mist filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 57.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust and mist filter
Up to 115 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; central nervous system effects: confusion, depression,
respiratory failure; dyspnea (breathing difficulty), irregular rapid respiration, weak pulse; eye, skin burns; dermatitis;
lung, liver, kidney, pancreas damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys, pancreas, cardiovascular
system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


m-Cresol

CAS 108-39-4

CH3 C6 H 4 OH

RTECS GO6125000

Synonyms & Trade Names


meta-Cresol, 3-Cresol, m-Cresylic acid, 1-Hydroxy-3-methylbenzene, 3Hydroxytoluene, 3-Methyl phenol

DOT ID & Guide


2076 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2.3 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (22 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.43 mg/m 3

IDLH 250 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless to yellowish liquid with a sweet, tarry odor. [Note: A solid below 54F.]
MW: 108.2

BP: 397F

VP(77F): 0.14 mmHg

IP: 8.98 eV

Fl.P: 187F

UEL: ?

FRZ: 54F

Sol: 2%
Sp.Gr: 1.03

LEL(300F): 1.1%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2546; OSHA 32
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 23 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a
dust and mist filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 57.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust and mist filter
Up to 115 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; central nervous system effects: confusion, depression,
respiratory failure; dyspnea (breathing difficulty), irregular rapid respiration, weak pulse; eye, skin burns; dermatitis;
lung, liver, kidney, pancreas damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys, pancreas, cardiovascular
system
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0155.htm[11/05/2013 09:59:11]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


p-Cresol

CAS 106-44-5

CH3 C6 H 4 OH

RTECS GO6475000

Synonyms & Trade Names


para-Cresol, 4-Cresol, p-Cresylic acid, 1-Hydroxy-4-methylbenzene, 4Hydroxytoluene, 4-Methyl phenol

DOT ID & Guide


2076 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2.3 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (22 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.43 mg/m 3

IDLH 250 ppm

Physical Description
Crystalline solid with a sweet, tarry odor. [Note: A liquid above 95F.]
MW: 108.2

BP: 396F

VP(77F): 0.11 mmHg

IP: 8.97 eV

Fl.P: 187F

UEL: ?

MLT: 95F

Sol: 2%
Sp.Gr: 1.04

LEL(300F): 1.1%

Combustible Solid Class IIIA Combustible Liquid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2546; OSHA 32
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 23 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a
dust and mist filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 57.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust and mist filter
Up to 115 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; central nervous system effects: confusion, depression,
respiratory failure; dyspnea (breathing difficulty), irregular rapid respiration, weak pulse; eye, skin burns; dermatitis;
lung, liver, kidney, pancreas damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys, pancreas, cardiovascular
system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Crotonaldehyde

CAS 4170-30-3

CH3 CH=CHCHO

RTECS GP9499000

Synonyms & Trade Names


2-Butenal, beta-Methyl acrolein, Propylene aldehyde

DOT ID & Guide


1143 131P (inhibited)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (6 mg/m 3 ) See Appendix C (Aldehydes)


OSHA PEL: TWA 2 ppm (6 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.87 mg/m 3

IDLH 50 ppm

Physical Description
Water-white liquid with a suffocating odor. [Note: Turns pale-yellow on contact with air.]
MW: 70.1

BP: 219F

VP: 19 mmHg

IP: 9.73 eV

Fl.P: 45F

UEL: 15.5%

FRZ: -101F

Sol: 18%
Sp.Gr: 0.87

LEL: 2.1%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Caustics, ammonia, strong oxidizers, nitric acid, amines [Note: Polymerization may occur at elevated temperatures,
such as in fire conditions.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 3516; OSHA 81
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 20 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*
Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Irritation eyes, respiratory system; in animals: dyspnea (breathing difficulty), pulmonary edema,
irritation skin
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Crufomate

CAS 299-86-5

C12 H 19 ClNO3 P

RTECS TB3850000

Synonyms & Trade Names


4-t-Butyl-2-chlorophenylmethyl methylphosphoramidate, Dowco 132, Ruelene

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3 ST 20 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White, crystalline solid in pure form. [pesticide] [Note: Commercial product is a yellow oil.]
MW: 291.7

BP: Decomposes

VP(243F): 0.01 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 140F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 1.16

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strongly alkaline & strongly acidic media [Note: Unstable over long periods in aqueous preparations or above
140F.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500; OSHA PV2015
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; wheezing, dyspnea (breathing difficulty); blurred vision,
lacrimation (discharge of tears); sweating; abdominal cramps, diarrhea, nausea, anorexia
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, blood cholinesterase
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cumene

CAS 98-82-8

C6 H 5 CH(CH 3 ) 2

RTECS GR8575000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Cumol, Isopropyl benzene, 2-Phenyl propane

DOT ID & Guide


1918 130

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 50 ppm (245 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (245 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.92 mg/m 3

IDLH 900 ppm [10%LEL]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a sharp, penetrating, aromatic odor.
MW: 120.2

BP: 306F

VP: 8 mmHg

IP: 8.75 eV

Fl.P: 96F

UEL: 6.5%

FRZ: -141F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.86

LEL: 0.9%

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, nitric acid, sulfur acid [Note: Forms cumene hydroperoxide upon long exposure to air.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1501
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 500 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*
Up to 900 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; dermatitis; headache, narcosis, coma
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyanamide

CAS 420-04-2

NH2 CN

RTECS GS5950000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Amidocyanogen, Carbimide, Carbodiimide, Cyanogen nitride, Hydrogen cyanamide
[Note: Cyanamide is also a synonym for Calcium cyanamide.]

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Crystalline solid.
MW: 42.1

BP: 500F (Decomposes)

VP: ?

IP: 10.65 eV

Fl.P: 286F

UEL: ?

MLT: 113F

Sol(59F): 78%
Sp.Gr: 1.28

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Above 104F: Moisture, acids, or alkalis; 1,2-phenylene diamine salts [Note: Polymerization may occur on
evaporation of aqueous solutions.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; eye, skin burns; miosis, salivation, lacrimation (discharge of
tears), twitching; Antabuse-like effects
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyanogen

CAS 460-19-5

NCCN

RTECS GT1925000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Carbon nitride, Dicyan, Dicyanogen, Ethanedinitrile, Oxalonitrile

DOT ID & Guide


1026 119

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (20 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.13 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a pungent, almond-like odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Forms cyanide in the
body.]
MW: 52.0

BP: -6F

FRZ: -18F

Sol: 1%

VP(70F): 5.1 atm

IP: 13.57 eV

RGasD: 1.82

Sp.Gr: 0.95 (Liquid at -6F)

Fl.P: NA (Gas)

UEL: 32%

LEL: 6.6%

Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, water, strong oxidizers (e.g., dichlorine oxide, fluorine) [Note: Slowly hydrolyzed in water to form hydrogen
cyanide, oxalic acid, or ammonia.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Prevent eye contact/Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, upper respiratory system; lacrimation (discharge of tears); cherry red lips,
tachypnea, hypernea, bradycardia; headache, convulsions; dizziness, loss of appetite, weight loss; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyanogen chloride

CAS 506-77-4

ClCN

RTECS GT2275000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chlorcyan, Chlorine cyanide, Chlorocyanide, Chlorocyanogen

DOT ID & Guide


1589 125 (inhibited)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 0.3 ppm (0.6 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.52 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless gas or liquid (below 55F) with an irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied gas. A solid below 20F.
Forms cyanide in the body.]
MW: 61.5

BP: 55F

FRZ: 20F

Sol: 7%

VP: 1010 mmHg

IP: 12.49 eV

RGasD: 2.16

Sp.Gr: 1.22 (Liquid at


32F)

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Nonflammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water, acids, alkalis, ammonia, alcohols [Note: Can react very slowly with water to form hydrogen cyanide. May be
stabilized to prevent polymerization.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact (liquid)
Eyes: Prevent eye contact (liquid)
Wash skin: When contaminated (liquid)
Remove: When wet or contaminated (liquid)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash (liquid), Quick drench (liquid)

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash immediately (liquid)
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately (liquid)

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption (liquid), ingestion (liquid), skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Irritation eyes, upper respiratory system; cough, delayed pulmonary edema; lassitude (weakness,
exhaustion), headache, dizziness, confusion, nausea, vomiting; irregular heartbeat; irritation skin (liquid)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyclohexane

CAS 110-82-7

C6 H 12

RTECS GU6300000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Benzene hexahydride, Hexahydrobenzene, Hexamethylene, Hexanaphthene

DOT ID & Guide


1145 128

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 300 ppm (1050 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 300 ppm (1050 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.44 mg/m 3

IDLH 1300 ppm [10%LEL]

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a sweet, chloroform-like odor. [Note: A solid below 44F.]
MW: 84.2

BP: 177F

VP: 78 mmHg

IP: 9.88 eV

Fl.P: 0F

UEL: 8%

FRZ: 44F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.78

LEL: 1.3%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1500; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1300 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; drowsiness; dermatitis; narcosis, coma
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyclohexanethiol

CAS 1569-69-3

C6 H 11 SH

RTECS GV7525000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Cyclohexylmercaptan, Cyclohexylthiol

DOT ID & Guide


3054 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 0.5 ppm (2.4 mg/m 3 ) [15-minute]


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.75 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a strong, offensive odor.
MW: 116.2

BP: 316F

VP: 10 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 110F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -181F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.98

LEL: ?

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, reducing agents, strong acids, alkali metals
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 5 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator
Up to 12.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; headache, dizziness, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), nausea,
vomiting, convulsions; cough, wheezing, laryngitis, dyspnea (breathing difficulty)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0164.htm[11/05/2013 09:59:14]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyclohexanol

CAS 108-93-0

C6 H 11 OH

RTECS GV7875000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DOT ID & Guide
Anol, Cyclohexyl alcohol, Hexahydrophenol, Hexalin, Hydralin, Hydroxycyclohexane 1993 128 (combustible
liquid, n.o.s.)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.10 mg/m 3

IDLH 400 ppm

Physical Description
Sticky solid or colorless to light-yellow liquid (above 77F) with a camphor-like odor.
MW: 100.2

BP: 322F

VP: 1 mmHg

IP: 10.00 eV

Fl.P: 154F

UEL: ?

MLT: 77F

Sol: 4%
Sp.Gr: 0.96

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers (such as hydrogen peroxide & nitric acid)
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1402; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 400 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece
respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air
respirator*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; narcosis
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyclohexanone

CAS 108-94-1

C6 H 10 O

RTECS GW1050000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Anone, Cyclohexyl ketone, Pimelic ketone

DOT ID & Guide


1915 127

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 25 ppm (100 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.02 mg/m 3

IDLH 700 ppm

Physical Description
Water-white to pale-yellow liquid with a peppermint- or acetone-like odor.
MW: 98.2

BP: 312F

VP: 5 mmHg

IP: 9.14 eV

Fl.P: 146F

UEL: 9.4%

FRZ: -49F

Sol: 15%
Sp.Gr: 0.95

LEL(212F): 1.1%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, nitric acid
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1300; OSHA 1
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 625 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 700 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; headache; narcosis, coma; dermatitis; in animals: liver, kidney
damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyclohexene

CAS 110-83-8

C6 H 10

RTECS GW2500000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Benzene tetrahydride, Tetrahydrobenzene

DOT ID & Guide


2256 130

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 300 ppm (1015 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 300 ppm (1015 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.36 mg/m 3

IDLH 2000 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a sweet odor.
MW: 82.2

BP: 181F

VP: 67 mmHg

IP: 8.95 eV

Fl.P: 11F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -154F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.81

LEL: ?

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers [Note: Forms explosive peroxides with oxygen upon storage.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1500; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2000 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; drowsiness
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyclohexylamine

CAS 108-91-8

C6 H 11 NH2

RTECS GX0700000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Aminocyclohexane, Aminohexahydrobenzene, Hexahydroaniline,
Hexahydrobenzenamine

DOT ID & Guide


2357 132

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.06 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless or yellow liquid with a strong, fishy, amine-like odor.
MW: 99.2

BP: 274F

VP: 11 mmHg

IP: 8.37 eV

Fl.P: 88F

UEL: 9.4%

FRZ: 0F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.87

LEL: 1.5%

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, organic compounds, acid anhydrides, acid chlorides, acids, lead [Note: Corrosive to copper, aluminum,
zinc & galvanized steel.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2010; OSHA PV2016
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane, respiratory system; eye, skin burns; skin sensitization; cough,
pulmonary edema; drowsiness, dizziness; diarrhea, nausea, vomiting
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyclonite

CAS 121-82-4

C3H6N6O6

RTECS XY9450000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine; Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-s-triazine; RDX;
Trimethylenetrinitramine; 1,3,5-Trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1.5 mg/m 3 ST 3 mg/m 3 [skin]


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
White, crystalline powder. [Note: A powerful high explosive.]
MW: 222.2

BP: ?

VP(230F): 0.0004 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: Explodes

UEL: ?

MLT: 401F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 1.82

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid [EXPLOSIVE!]


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, combustible materials, heat [Note: Detonates on contact with mercury fulminate.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; headache, irritability, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), tremor, nausea, dizziness,
vomiting, insomnia, convulsions
Target Organs Eyes, skin, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyclopentadiene

CAS 542-92-7

C5H6

RTECS GY1000000

Synonyms & Trade Names


1,3-Cyclopentadiene

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 75 ppm (200 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 75 ppm (200 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.70 mg/m 3

IDLH 750 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an irritating, terpene-like odor.
MW: 66.1

BP: 107F

VP: 400 mmHg

IP: 8.56 eV

Fl.P(oc): 77F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -121F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.80

LEL: ?

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, fuming nitric acid, sulfuric acid [Note: Polymerizes to dicyclopentadiene upon standing.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2523
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 750 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any airpurifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor
canister/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyclopentane

CAS 287-92-3

C5 H 10

RTECS GY2390000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Pentamethylene

DOT ID & Guide


1146 128

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 600 ppm (1720 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.87 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a mild, sweet odor.
MW: 70.2

BP: 121F

VP(88F): 400 mmHg

IP: 10.52 eV

Fl.P: -35F

UEL: 8.7%

FRZ: -137F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.75

LEL: 1.1%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers (e.g., chlorine, bromine, fluorine)
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizziness, euphoria, incoordination, nausea, vomiting, stupor; dry,
cracking skin
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Cyhexatin

CAS 13121-70-5

(C6 H 11 ) 3 SnOH

RTECS WH8750000

Synonyms & Trade Names


TCHH, Tricyclohexylhydroxystannane, Tricyclohexylhydroxytin,
Tricyclohexylstannium hydroxide, Tricyclohexyltin hydroxide

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.32 mg/m 3 [0.1 mg/m 3 (as Sn)]

IDLH 80 mg/m 3 [25 mg/m 3 (as Sn)]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to white, nearly odorless, crystalline powder. [insecticide]
MW: 385.2

BP: 442F (Decomposes)

VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

IP: NA

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 383F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: NA

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


Strong oxidizers, ultraviolet light
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5504
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations OSHA


Up to 3.2 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with
a dust and mist filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 8 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust and mist filter
Up to 16 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tightfitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 80 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; headache, dizziness; sore throat, cough; abdominal pain,
vomiting; skin burns, pruritus; in animals: liver, kidney damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2,4-D

CAS 94-75-7

Cl2 C6 H 3 OCH 2 COOH

RTECS AG6825000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid; 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

DOT ID & Guide


2765 152

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 10 mg/m 3

IDLH 100 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
White to yellow, crystalline, odorless powder. [herbicide]
MW: 221.0

BP: Decomposes

VP(320F): 0.4 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 280F

Sol: 0.05%
Sp.Gr: 1.57

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid, but may be dissolved in flammable liquids.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5001
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination
with a dust, mist, and fume filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chinstyle, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust, mist, and fume
filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full
facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), stupor, hyporeflexia, muscle twitching; convulsions; dermatitis; in
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

animals: liver, kidney injury


Target Organs Skin, central nervous system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


DDT

CAS 50-29-3

(C6 H 4 Cl) 2 CHCCl3

RTECS KJ3325000

Synonyms & Trade Names


p,p'-DDT; Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane; 1,1,1-Trichloro-2,2-bis(pchlorophenyl)ethane

DOT ID & Guide


2761 151

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 1 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH Ca [500 mg/m 3 ]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless crystals or off-white powder with a slight, aromatic odor. [pesticide]
MW: 354.5

BP: 230F (Decomposes)

VP: 0.0000002 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 162-171F

UEL: ?

MLT: 227F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.99

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, alkalis
Measurement Methods
NIOSH S274 (II-3)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; paresthesia tongue, lips, face; tremor; anxiety, dizziness, confusion, malaise (vague
feeling of discomfort), headache, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); convulsions; paresis hands; vomiting; [potential
occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, central nervous system, kidneys, liver, peripheral nervous system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: liver, lung & lymphatic tumors]


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Decaborane

CAS 17702-41-9

B10 H 14

RTECS HD1400000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Decaboron tetradecahydride

DOT ID & Guide


1868 134

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.3 mg/m 3 (0.05 ppm) ST 0.9 mg/m 3 (0.15 ppm) [skin]
OSHA PEL: TWA 0.3 mg/m 3 (0.05 ppm) [skin]

IDLH 15 mg/m 3

Conversion 1 ppm = 5.00 mg/m 3

Physical Description
Colorless to white crystalline solid with an intense, bitter, chocolate-like odor.
MW: 122.2

BP: 415F

VP: 0.2 mmHg

IP: 9.88 eV

Fl.P: 176F

UEL: ?

MLT: 211F

Sol: Slight
Sp.Gr: 0.94

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, water, halogenated compounds (especially carbon tetrachloride) [Note: May ignite SPONTANEOUSLY
on exposure to air. Decomposes slowly in hot water.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 3 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 7.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 15 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Dizziness, headache, nausea, drowsiness; incoordination, localized muscle spasm, tremor, convulsions;
lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); in animals: dyspnea (breathing difficulty); lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); liver,
kidney damage
Target Organs central nervous system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


1-Decanethiol

CAS 143-10-2

CH3 (CH 2 ) 9 SH

RTECS

Synonyms & Trade Names


Decylmercaptan, n-Decylmercaptan, 1-Mercaptodecane

DOT ID & Guide


1228 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 0.5 ppm (3.6 mg/m 3 ) [15-minute]


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 7.13 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a strong odor.
MW: 174.4

BP: 465F

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: 209F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -15F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 0.84

LEL: ?

Class IIIB Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 200F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, strong acids & bases, alkali metals, nitric acid
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 5 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator
Up to 12.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; confusion, dizziness, headache, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting,
lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), convulsions
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Demeton

CAS 8065-48-3

(C2 H 5 O)2 PSOC2 H 4 SC 2 H 5

RTECS TF3150000

Synonyms & Trade Names


O-O-Diethyl-O(and S)-2-(ethylthio)ethyl phosphorothioate mixture, Systox

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH 10 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Amber, oily liquid with a sulfur-like odor. [insecticide]
MW: 258.3

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0.0003 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 113F

UEL: ?

FRZ: <-13F

Sol: 0.01%
Sp.Gr: 1.12

LEL: ?

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, alkalis, water
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5514
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 2.5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 10 mg/m 3 : (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; miosis, ache eyes, rhinorrhea (discharge of thin mucus), headache; chest tightness,
wheezing, laryngeal spasm, salivation, cyanosis; anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea; localized
sweating; muscle fasciculation, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), paralysis; dizziness, confusion, ataxia;
convulsions, coma; low blood pressure; cardiac irregularities
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system, blood cholinesterase
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diacetone alcohol

CAS 123-42-2

CH3 COCH2 C(CH3 ) 2 OH

RTECS SA9100000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Diacetone, 4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone, 2-Methyl-2-pentanol-4-one

DOT ID & Guide


1148 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 50 ppm (240 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (240 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.75 mg/m 3

IDLH 1800 ppm [10%LEL]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a faint, minty odor.
MW: 116.2

BP: 334F

VP: 1 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 125F

UEL: 6.9%

FRZ: -47F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.94

LEL: 1.8%

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong alkalis
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1402; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1250 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 1800 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; corneal damage; in animals: narcosis, liver damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2,4-Diaminoanisole (and its salts)

CAS 615-05-4

(NH 2 ) 2 C6 H 3 OCH 3

RTECS BZ8580500

Synonyms & Trade Names


1,3-Diamino-4-methoxybenzene; 4-Methoxy-1,3-benzene-diamine; 4-Methoxy-mphenylene-diamine
Synonyms of salts vary depending upon the specific compound.

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca Minimize occupational exposure (especially skin exposures) See


Appendix A
OSHA PEL: none

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless solid (needles). [Note: The primary use (including its salts such as 2,4-diaminoanisole sulfate) is a
component of hair & fur dye formulations.]
MW: 138.2

BP: ?

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 153F

Sol: ?
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms In animals: irritation skin; thyroid, liver changes; teratogenic effects; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Skin, thyroid, liver, reproductive system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: thyroid, liver, skin & lymphatic system tumors]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


o-Dianisidine

CAS 119-90-4

(NH 2 C6 H 3 OCH 3 ) 2

RTECS DD0875000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dianisidine; 3,3'-Dianisidine; 3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A See Appendix C


OSHA PEL: See Appendix C

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless crystals that turn a violet color on standing. [Note: Used as a basis for many dyes.]
MW: 244.3

BP: ?

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: 403F

UEL: ?

MLT: 279F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5013; OSHA 71
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation skin; in animals: kidney, liver damage; thyroid, spleen changes; [potential occupational
carcinogen]
Target Organs Skin, kidneys, liver, thyroid, liver
Cancer Site [in animals: bladder, liver, stomach & mammary gland tumors]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diazinon

CAS 333-41-5

C12 H 21 N2 O 3 PS

RTECS TF3325000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Basudin; Diazide; O,O-Diethyl-O-2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-pyrimidinylphosphorothioate; Spectracide

DOT ID & Guide


2783 152

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a faint ester-like odor. [insecticide] [Note: Technical grade is pale to dark brown.]
MW: 304.4

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0.0001 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 180F

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: 0.004%
Sp.Gr: 1.12

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong acids & alkalis, copper-containing compounds [Note: Hydrolyzes slowly in water & dilute acid.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5600; OSHA 62
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes; miosis, blurred vision; dizziness, confusion, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion),
convulsions; dyspnea (breathing difficulty); salivation, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, blood cholinesterase
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diazomethane

CAS 334-88-3

CH2 N2

RTECS PA7000000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Azimethylene, Azomethylene, Diazirine

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 1.72 mg/m 3

IDLH 2 ppm

Physical Description
Yellow gas with a musty odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 42.1

BP: -9F

FRZ: -229F

VP: >1 atm

IP: 9.00 eV

RGasD: 1.45

Fl.P: NA (Gas)

UEL: ?

LEL: ?

Sol: Reacts

Flammable Gas [EXPLOSIVE!]


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Alkali metals, water, drying agents such as calcium arsenate [Note: May explode violently on heating, exposure to
sunlight, or contact with rough edges such as ground glass.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2515
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a
full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Irritation eyes; cough, shortness breath; headache, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); flush skin, fever;
chest pain, pulmonary edema, pneumonitis; asthma; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diborane

CAS 19287-45-7

B2 H 6

RTECS HQ9275000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Boroethane, Boron hydride, Diboron hexahydride

DOT ID & Guide


1911 119

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.1 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.1 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 1.13 mg/m 3

IDLH 15 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a repulsive, sweet odor. [Note: Usually shipped in pressurized cylinders diluted with hydrogen,
argon, nitrogen, or helium.]
MW: 27.7

BP: -135F

FRZ: -265F

VP(62F): 39.5 atm

IP: 11.38 eV

RGasD: 0.97

Fl.P: NA (Gas)

UEL: 88%

LEL: 0.8%

Sol: Reacts

Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water, halogenated compounds, aluminum, lithium, oxidized surfaces, acids [Note: Will ignite spontaneously in
moist air at room temperature. Reacts with water to form hydrogen & boric acid.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 6006
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 2.5 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 5 ppm: (APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 15 ppm: (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation


Symptoms Chest tightness, precordial pain, shortness breath, nonproductive cough, nausea; headache, dizziness,
chills, fever, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), tremor, muscle fasciculation; in animals: liver, kidney damage;
pulmonary edema; hemorrhage
Target Organs respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane

CAS 96-12-8

CH2 BrCHBrCH2 Cl

RTECS TX8750000

Synonyms & Trade Names


1-Chloro-2,3-dibromopropane; DBCP; Dibromochloropropane

DOT ID & Guide


2872 159

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1044] TWA 0.001 ppm
Conversion 1 ppm = 9.67 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Physical Description
Dense yellow or amber liquid with a pungent odor at high concentrations. [pesticide] [Note: A solid below 43F.]
MW: 236.4

BP: 384F

VP: 0.8 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P(oc): 170F

UEL: ?

FRZ: 43F

Sol: 0.1%
Sp.Gr: 2.05

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Chemically-active metals such as aluminum, magnesium & tin alloys [Note: Corrosive to metals.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; drowsiness; nausea, vomiting; pulmonary edema; liver, kidney injury;
sterility; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys, spleen, reproductive system,
digestive system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: cancer of the nasal cavity, tongue, pharynx, lungs, stomach, adrenal & mammary glands]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2-N-Dibutylaminoethanol

CAS 102-81-8

(C4 H 9 ) 2 NCH2 CH2 OH

RTECS KK3850000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dibutylaminoethanol; 2-Dibutylaminoethanol; 2-Di-N-butylaminoethanol; 2-Di-Nbutylaminoethyl alcohol; N,N-Dibutylethanolamine

DOT ID & Guide


2873 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (14 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 7.09 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a faint, amine-like odor.
MW: 173.3

BP: 446F

VP: 0.1 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 195F

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: 0.4%
Sp.Gr: 0.86

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2007
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms In animals: irritation eyes, skin, nose; dermatitis; skin, corneal necrosis; weight loss
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dibutyl phosphate

CAS 107-66-4

(C4 H 9 O)2 (OH)PO

RTECS TB9605000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dibutyl acid o-phosphate, Di-n-butyl hydrogen phosphate, Dibutyl phosphoric acid

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1 ppm (5 mg/m 3 ) ST 2 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 1 ppm (5 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 8.60 mg/m 3

IDLH 30 ppm
Physical Description
Pale-amber, odorless liquid.
MW: 210.2

BP: 212F (Decomposes)

VP: 1 mmHg (approx)

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: 1.06

LEL: ?

Combustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5017
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 10 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 30 ppm: (APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; headache

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dibutyl phthalate

CAS 84-74-2

C6 H 4 (COOC 4 H 9 ) 2

RTECS TI0875000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DBP; Dibutyl 1,2-benzene-dicarboxylate; Di-n-butyl phthalate

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 5 mg/m 3

IDLH 4000 mg/m 3

Conversion 1 ppm = 11.57 mg/m 3

Physical Description
Colorless to faint-yellow, oily liquid with a slight, aromatic odor.
MW: 278.3

BP: 644F

VP: 0.00007 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 315F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -31F

Sol(77F): 0.001%
Sp.Gr: 1.05

LEL(456F): 0.5%

Class IIIB Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 200F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids; liquid chlorine
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5020; OSHA 104
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Wash regularly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 125 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter
Up to 250 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air
respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 4000 mg/m 3 : (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a
pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact


Symptoms Irritation eyes, upper respiratory system, stomach
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dichloroacetylene

CAS 7572-29-4

C2 Cl2

RTECS AP1080000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DCA, Dichloroethyne [Note: DCA is a possible decomposition product of
trichloroethylene or trichloroethane.]

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca C 0.1 ppm (0.4 mg/m 3 ) See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.88 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Physical Description
Volatile oil with a disagreeable, sweetish odor. [Note: A gas above 90F. DCA is not produced commercially.]
MW: 94.9

BP: 90F (Explodes)

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

FRZ: -58 to -87F

Sol: ?
Sp.Gr: 1.26

LEL: ?

Combustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, heat, shock
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Headache, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, intense jaw pain, cranial nerve palsy; in animals: kidney,
liver, brain injury; weight loss; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs central nervous system
Cancer Site [in animals: kidney tumors]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


o-Dichlorobenzene

CAS 95-50-1

C6 H 4 Cl2

RTECS CZ4500000

Synonyms & Trade Names


o-DCB; 1,2-Dichlorobenzene; ortho-Dichlorobenzene; o-Dichlorobenzol

DOT ID & Guide


1591 152

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 50 ppm (300 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: C 50 ppm (300 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 6.01 mg/m 3

IDLH 200 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless to pale-yellow liquid with a pleasant, aromatic odor. [herbicide]
MW: 147.0

BP: 357F

VP: 1 mmHg

IP: 9.06 eV

Fl.P: 151F

UEL: 9.2%

FRZ: 1F

Sol: 0.01%
Sp.Gr: 1.30

LEL: 2.2%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, aluminum, chlorides, acids, acid fumes
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 200 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any
self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full
facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose; liver, kidney damage; skin blisters
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


p-Dichlorobenzene

CAS 106-46-7

C6 H 4 Cl2

RTECS CZ4550000

Synonyms & Trade Names


p-DCB; 1,4-Dichlorobenzene; para-Dichlorobenzene; Dichlorocide

DOT ID & Guide


1592 152

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 75 ppm (450 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 6.01 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [150 ppm]

Physical Description
Colorless or white crystalline solid with a mothball-like odor. [insecticide]
MW: 147.0

BP: 345F

VP: 1.3 mmHg

IP: 8.98 eV

Fl.P: 150F

UEL: ?

MLT: 128F

Sol: 0.008%
Sp.Gr: 1.25

LEL: 2.5%

Combustible Solid, but may take some effort to ignite.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers (such as chlorine or permanganate)
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Eye irritation, swelling periorbital (situated around the eye); profuse rhinitis; headache, anorexia, nausea,
vomiting; weight loss, jaundice, cirrhosis; in animals: liver, kidney injury; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Liver, respiratory system, eyes, kidneys, skin
Cancer Site [in animals: liver & kidney cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine (and its salts)

CAS 91-94-1

NH2 ClC6 H 3 C6 H 3 ClNH2

RTECS DD0525000

Synonyms & Trade Names


4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl; Dichlorobenzidine base; o,o'-Dichlorobenzidine;
3,3'-Dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'-diamine; 3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-biphenyldiamine; 3,3'Dichloro-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1007] See Appendix B

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Gray to purple, crystalline solid.
MW: 253.1

BP: 788F

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 271F

Sol(59F): 0.07%
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


None reported
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5509; OSHA 65
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Skin sensitization, dermatitis; headache, dizziness; caustic burns; frequent urination, dysuria; hematuria
(blood in the urine); gastrointestinal upset; upper respiratory infection; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Bladder, liver, lung, skin, gastrointestinal tract
Cancer Site [in animals: liver & bladder cancer]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dichlorodifluoromethane

CAS 75-71-8

CCl2 F2

RTECS PA8200000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Difluorodichloromethane, Fluorocarbon 12, Freon 12, Genetron 12, Halon 122,
Propellant 12, Refrigerant 12

DOT ID & Guide


1028 126

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1000 ppm (4950 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 1000 ppm (4950 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.95 mg/m 3

IDLH 15,000 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless gas with an ether-like odor at extremely high concentrations. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed
gas.]
MW: 120.9

BP: -22F

FRZ: -252F

VP: 5.7 atm

IP: 11.75 eV

RGasD: 4.2

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Sol(77F): 0.03%

Nonflammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Chemically-active metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc & magnesium
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1018
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 10,000 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 15,000 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any
self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full
facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Dizziness, tremor, asphyxia, unconsciousness, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac arrest; liquid: frostbite

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs cardiovascular system, peripheral nervous system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin

CAS 118-52-5

C5 H 6 Cl2 N2 O 2

RTECS MU0700000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dactin, DDH, Halane

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.2 mg/m 3 ST 0.4 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.2 mg/m 3

IDLH 5 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
White powder with a chlorine-like odor.
MW: 197.0

BP: ?

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: 346F

UEL: ?

MLT: 270F

Sol: 0.2%
Sp.Gr: 1.5

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water, strong acids, easily oxidized materials such as ammonia salts & sulfides
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 5 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any selfcontained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern and having a high-efficiency particulate
filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, mucous membrane, respiratory system
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


1,1-Dichloroethane

CAS 75-34-3

CHCl2 CH3

RTECS KI0175000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Asymmetrical dichloroethane; Ethylidene chloride; 1,1-Ethylidene dichloride

DOT ID & Guide


2362 130

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (400 mg/m 3 ) See Appendix C (Chloroethanes)
OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (400 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.05 mg/m 3

IDLH 3000 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless, oily liquid with a chloroform-like odor.
MW: 99.0

BP: 135F

VP: 182 mmHg

IP: 11.06 eV

Fl.P: 2F

UEL: 11.4%

FRZ: -143F

Sol: 0.6%
Sp.Gr: 1.18

LEL: 5.4%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong caustics
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1000 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 2500 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 3000 ppm: (APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation skin; central nervous system depression; liver, kidney, lung damage
Target Organs Skin, liver, kidneys, lungs, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


1,2-Dichloroethylene

CAS 540-59-0

ClCH=CHCl

RTECS KV9360000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Acetylene dichloride, cis-Acetylene dichloride, trans-Acetylene dichloride, symDichloroethylene

DOT ID & Guide


1150 132P

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 200 ppm (790 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 200 ppm (790 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.97 mg/m 3

IDLH 1000 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless liquid (usually a mixture of the cis & trans isomers) with a slightly acrid, chloroform-like odor.
MW: 97.0

BP: 118-140F

VP: 180-265 mmHg

IP: 9.65 eV

Fl.P: 36-39F

UEL: 12.8%

FRZ: -57 to -115F

Sol: 0.4%
Sp.Gr(77F): 1.27

LEL: 5.6%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong alkalis, potassium hydroxide, copper [Note: Usually contains inhibitors to prevent
polymerization.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 2000 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, respiratory system; central nervous system depression
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system, central nervous system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dichloroethyl ether

CAS 111-44-4

(ClCH 2 CH2 ) 2 O

RTECS KN0875000

Synonyms & Trade Names


bis(2-Chloroethyl)ether; 2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether, 2,2'-Dichloroethyl ether

DOT ID & Guide


1916 152

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 5 ppm (30 mg/m 3 ) ST 10 ppm (60 mg/m 3 ) [skin] See
Appendix A
OSHA PEL: TWA 15 ppm (90 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.85 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [100 ppm]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a chlorinated solvent-like odor.
MW: 143.0

BP: 352F

VP: 0.7 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 131F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -58F

Sol: 1%
Sp.Gr: 1.22

LEL: 2.7%

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers [Note: Decomposes in presence of moisture to form hydrochloric acid.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1004; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation nose, throat, respiratory system; lacrimation (discharge of tears); cough; nausea, vomiting; in
animals: pulmonary edema; liver damage; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system, liver
Cancer Site [in animals: liver tumors]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dichloromonofluoromethane

CAS 75-43-4

CHCl2 F

RTECS PA8400000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dichlorofluoromethane, Fluorodichloromethane, Freon 21, Genetron 21, Halon
112, Refrigerant 21

DOT ID & Guide


1029 126

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 1000 ppm (4200 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.21 mg/m 3

IDLH 5000 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a slight, ether-like odor. [Note: A liquid below 48F. Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 102.9

BP: 48F

FRZ: -211F

VP(70F): 1.6 atm

IP: 12.39 eV

RGasD: 3.57

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Sol(86F): 0.7%

Nonflammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Chemically-active metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc & magnesium; acid; acid
fumes
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2516
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 100 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 500 ppm: (APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any suppliedair respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 5000 ppm: (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Asphyxia, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac arrest; liquid: frostbite


Target Organs respiratory system, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


1,1-Dichloro-1-nitroethane

CAS 594-72-9

CH3 CCl2 NO2

RTECS KI1050000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dichloronitroethane

DOT ID & Guide


2650 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: C 10 ppm (60 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.89 mg/m 3

IDLH 25 ppm
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an unpleasant odor. [fumigant]
MW: 143.9

BP: 255F

VP: 15 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 136F

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: 0.3%
Sp.Gr: 1.43

LEL: ?

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers [Note: Corrosive to iron in presence of moisture.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1601; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 20 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any selfcontained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms In animals: irritation eyes, skin; liver, heart, kidney damage; pulmonary edema, hemorrhage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


1,3-Dichloropropene

CAS 542-75-6

ClHC=CHCH 2 Cl

RTECS UC8310000

Synonyms & Trade Names


3-Chloroallyl chloride; DCP; 1,3-Dichloro-1-propene; 1,3-Dichloropropylene;
Telone

DOT ID & Guide


2047 132

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 1 ppm (5 mg/m 3 ) [skin] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.54 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Physical Description
Colorless to straw-colored liquid with a sharp, sweet, irritating, chloroform-like odor. [insecticide] [Note: Exists as
mixture of cis- & trans-isomers.]
MW: 111.0

BP: 226F

VP: 28 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 77F

UEL: 14.5%

FRZ: -119F

Sol: 0.2%
Sp.Gr: 1.21

LEL: 5.3%

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Aluminum, magnesium, halogens, oxidizers [Note: Epichlorohydrin may be added as a stabilizer.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; eye, skin burns; lacrimation (discharge of tears); headache,
dizziness; in animals; liver, kidney damage; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: cancer of the bladder, liver, lung & forestomach]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2,2-Dichloropropionic acid

CAS 75-99-0

CH3 CCl2 COOH

RTECS UF0690000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dalapon; 2,2-Dichloropropanoic acid; alpha,alpha-Dichloropropionic acid

DOT ID & Guide


1760 154

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1 ppm (6 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.85 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an acrid odor. [herbicide] [Note: A white to tan powder below 46F. The sodium salt, a white
powder, is often used.]
MW: 143.0

BP: 374F

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: 46F

Sol: 50%
Sp.Gr: 1.40

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Metals [Note: Very corrosive to aluminum & copper alloys. Reacts slowly in water to form hydrochloric & pyruvic
acids.]
Measurement Methods
OSHA PV2017
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; skin burns; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), loss of
appetite, diarrhea, vomiting, slowing of pulse; central nervous system depression
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dichlorotetrafluoroethane

CAS 76-14-2

CClF 2 CClF 2

RTECS KI1101000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DOT ID & Guide
1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane; Freon 114; Genetron 114; Halon 242; Refrigerant 1958 126
114

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1000 ppm (7000 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 1000 ppm (7000 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 6.99 mg/m 3

IDLH 15,000 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless gas with a faint, ether-like odor at high concentrations. [Note: A liquid below 38F. Shipped as a
liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 170.9

BP: 38F

FRZ: -137F

VP(70F): 1.9 atm

IP: 12.20 eV

RGasD: 5.93

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

LEL: NA

Sol: 0.01%

Nonflammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Chemically-active metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc & magnesium; acids; acid
fumes
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1018
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 10,000 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 15,000 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any
self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full
facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Irritation respiratory system; asphyxia; cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac arrest; liquid: frostbite
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs respiratory system, cardiovascular system


See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dichlorvos

CAS 62-73-7

(CH 3 O)2 P(O)OCH=CCl2

RTECS TC0350000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DDVP; 2,2-Dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate

DOT ID & Guide


2783 152

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1 mg/m 3 [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 1 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH 100 mg/m 3

Conversion 1 ppm = 9.04 mg/m 3

Physical Description
Colorless to amber liquid with a mild, chemical odor. [Note: Insecticide that may be absorbed on a dry carrier.]
MW: 221.0

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0.01 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: >175F

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: 0.5%
Sp.Gr(77F): 1.42

LEL: ?

Class III Combustible Liquid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong acids, strong alkalis [Note: Corrosive to iron & mild steel.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH P&CAM295 (II-5); OSHA 62
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 10 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 25 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 50 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 100 mg/m 3 : (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; miosis, ache eyes; rhinorrhea (discharge of thin mucus); headache; chest tightness,
wheezing, laryngeal spasm, salivation; cyanosis; anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; sweating; muscle
fasciculation, paralysis, dizziness, ataxia; convulsions; low blood pressure, cardiac irregularities
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system, blood cholinesterase
See also: INTRODUCTION

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0202.htm[11/05/2013 09:59:25]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dicrotophos

CAS 141-66-2

C8 H 16 NO5 P

RTECS TC3850000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Bidrin, Carbicron, 2-Dimethyl cis-2-dimethylcarbamoyl-1-methylvinylphosphate

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 0.25 mg/m 3 [skin]


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 9.70 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Yellow-brown liquid with a mild, ester odor. [insecticide]
MW: 237.2

BP: 752F

VP: 0.0001 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: >200F

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr(59F): 1.22

LEL: ?

Class IIIB Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 200F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Metals [Note: Corrosive to cast iron, mild steel, brass & stainless steel.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5600
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Headache, nausea, dizziness, anxiety, restlessness, muscle twitching, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion),
tremor, incoordination, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea; salivation, sweating, lacrimation (discharge of tears),
rhinitis; anorexia, malaise (vague feeling of discomfort)
Target Organs central nervous system, blood cholinesterase
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dicyclopentadiene

CAS 77-73-6

C10 H 12

RTECS PC1050000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Bicyclopentadiene; DCPD; 1,3-Dicyclopentadiene dimer; 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-4,7methanoindene [Note: Exists in two stereoisomeric forms.]

DOT ID & Guide


2048 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (30 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.41 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless, crystalline solid with a disagreeable, camphor-like odor. [Note: A liquid above 90F.]
MW: 132.2

BP: 342F

VP: 1.4 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P(oc): 90F

UEL: 6.3%

FRZ: 90F

Sol: 0.02%
Sp.Gr: 0.98 (Liquid at
95F)

LEL: 0.8%

Class IC Flammable Liquid


Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers [Note: Depolymerizes at boiling point and forms two molecules of cyclopentadiene. Must be inhibited and
maintained under an inert atmosphere to prevent polymerization.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; incoordination, headache; sneezing, cough; skin blisters; in animals:
kidney, lung damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dicyclopentadienyl iron

CAS 102-54-5

(C5 H 5 ) 2 Fe

RTECS LK0700000

Synonyms & Trade Names


bis(Cyclopentadienyl)iron, Ferrocene, Iron dicyclopentadienyl

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)


OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m 3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m 3 (resp)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Orange, crystalline solid with a camphor-like odor.
MW: 186.1

BP: 480F

VP: ?

IP: 6.88 eV

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

MLT: 343F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Ammonium perchlorate, tetranitromethane, mercury(II) nitrate
Measurement Methods
OSHA ID125G
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Possible irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; in animals: liver, red blood cell, testicular changes
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, blood, reproductive system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dieldrin

CAS 60-57-1

C12 H 8 Cl6 O

RTECS IO1750000

Synonyms & Trade Names


HEOD; 1,2,3,4,10,10-Hexachloro-6,7-epoxy-1,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydro-1,4endo,exo-5,8-dimethanonaphthalene

DOT ID & Guide


2761 151

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.25 mg/m 3 [skin] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.25 mg/m 3 [skin]

IDLH Ca [50 mg/m 3 ]

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to light-tan crystals with a mild, chemical odor. [insecticide]
MW: 380.9

BP: Decomposes

VP(77F): 8 x 10-7 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 349F

Sol: 0.02%
Sp.Gr: 1.75

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, active metals such as sodium, strong acids, phenols
Measurement Methods
NIOSH S283 (II-3)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Headache, dizziness; nausea, vomiting, malaise (vague feeling of discomfort), sweating; myoclonic limb
jerks; clonic, tonic convulsions; coma; [potential occupational carcinogen]; in animals: liver, kidney damage
Target Organs central nervous system, liver, kidneys, skin

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cancer Site [in animals: lung, liver, thyroid & adrenal gland tumors]
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


CAS

Diesel exhaust

RTECS
Synonyms & Trade Names
Synonyms vary depending upon the specific diesel exhaust component.

Exposure
Limits

DOT ID & Guide

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Appearance and odor vary depending upon the specific diesel exhaust component.
Properties vary depending
upon the specific
component diesel exhaust
component.

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


Varies
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5040
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Eye irritation, pulmonary function changes; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system
Cancer Site [in animals: lung tumors]
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diethanolamine

CAS 111-42-2

(HOCH 2 CH2 ) 2 NH

RTECS KL2975000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DEA; Di(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; 2,2'-Dihydroxydiethyamine; Diolamine; bis(2Hydroxyethyl)amine; 2,2'-Iminodiethanol

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 3 ppm (15 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.30 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless crystals or a syrupy, white liquid (above 82F) with a mild, ammonia-like odor.
MW: 105.2

BP: 516F (Decomposes)

VP: <0.01 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 279F

UEL: 9.8%

MLT: 82F

Sol: 95%
Sp.Gr: 1.10

LEL: 1.6%

Class IIIB Combustible Liquid


Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, strong acids, acid anhydrides, halides [Note: Reacts with CO 2 in the air. Hygroscopic (i.e., absorbs
moisture from the air). Corrosive to copper, zinc & galvanized iron.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 3509; OSHA PV2018
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; eye burns, corneal necrosis; skin burns; lacrimation (discharge of
tears), cough, sneezing
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diethylamine

CAS 109-89-7

(C2 H 5 ) 2 NH

RTECS HZ8750000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Diethamine; N,N-Diethylamine; N-Ethylethanamine

DOT ID & Guide


1154 132

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (30 mg/m 3 ) ST 25 ppm (75 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 25 ppm (75 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.99 mg/m 3

IDLH 200 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a fishy, ammonia-like odor.
MW: 73.1

BP: 132F

VP: 192 mmHg

IP: 8.01 eV

Fl.P: -15F

UEL: 10.1%

FRZ: -58F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.71

LEL: 1.8%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong acids, cellulose nitrate
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2010; OSHA 41
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash (>0.5%), Quick drench (liquid)

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 200 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern /(APF =
50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and cartridge(s) providing protection against the
compound of concern/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, frontor back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/(APF = 50) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; in animals; myocardial degeneration


Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


2-Diethylaminoethanol

CAS 100-37-8

(C2 H 5 ) 2 NCH2 CH2 OH

RTECS KK5075000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Diethylaminoethanol; 2-Diethylaminoethyl alcohol; N,N-Diethylethanolamine;
Diethyl-(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; 2-Hydroxytriethylamine

DOT ID & Guide


2686 132

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (50 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (50 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.79 mg/m 3

IDLH 100 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a nauseating, ammonia-like odor.
MW: 117.2

BP: 325F

VP: 1 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 126F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -94F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.89

LEL: ?

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2007
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash (>5%), Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 100 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any airpurifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor
canister/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any
supplied-air respirator*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; nausea, vomiting
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diethylenetriamine

CAS 111-40-0

(NH 2 CH2 CH2 ) 2 NH

RTECS IE1225000

Synonyms & Trade Names


N-(2-Aminoethyl)1,2-ethanediamine; bis(2-Aminoethyl)amine; DETA; 2,2'Diaminodiethylamine

DOT ID & Guide


2079 154

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.22 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.

Physical Description
Colorless to yellow liquid with a strong, ammonia-like odor. [Note: Hygroscopic (i.e., absorbs moisture from the
air).]
MW: 103.2

BP: 405F

VP: 0.4 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 208F

UEL: 6.7%

FRZ: -38F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.96

LEL: 2%

Class IIIB Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 200F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, strong acids, cellulose nitrate [Note: May form explosive complexes with silver, cobalt, or chromium
compounds. Corrosive to aluminum copper, brass & zinc.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2540; OSHA 60
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane, upper respiratory system; dermatitis, skin sensitization; eye,
skin necrosis; cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), pulmonary sensitization
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diethyl ketone

CAS 96-22-0

CH3 CH2 COCH2 CH3

RTECS SA8050000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DEK, Dimethylacetone, Ethyl ketone, Metacetone, 3-Pentanone, Propione

DOT ID & Guide


1156 127

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 200 ppm (705 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: none
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.53 mg/m 3

IDLH N.D.
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an acetone-like odor.
MW: 86.2

BP: 215F

VP(77F): 35 mmHg

IP: 9.32 eV

Fl.P(oc): 55F

UEL: 6.4%

FRZ: -44F

Sol: 5%
Sp.Gr: 0.81

LEL: 1.6%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, alkalis, mineral acids, (hydrogen peroxide + nitric acid)
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane, respiratory system; cough, sneezing
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diethyl phthalate

CAS 84-66-2

C6 H 4 (COOC 2 H 5 ) 2

RTECS TI1050000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DEP, Diethyl ester of phthalic acid, Ethyl phthalate

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m 3


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to water-white, oily liquid with a very slight, aromatic odor. [pesticide]
MW: 222.3

BP: 563F

VP(77F): 0.002 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P(oc): 322F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -41F

Sol(77F): 0.1%
Sp.Gr: 1.12

LEL(368F): 0.7%

Class IIIB Combustible Liquid; however, ignition is difficult.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong acids, nitric acid, permanganates, water
Measurement Methods
OSHA 104
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Wash regularly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations To be added later


Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; headache, dizziness, nausea; lacrimation (discharge of tears); possible
polyneuropathy, vestibular dysfunc; pain, numbness, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), spasms in arms & legs; in
animals: reproductive effects
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, reproductive
system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Difluorodibromomethane

CAS 75-61-6

CBr 2 F2

RTECS PA7525000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dibromodifluoromethane, Freon 12B2, Halon 1202

DOT ID & Guide


1941 171

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (860 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (860 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 8.58 mg/m 3

IDLH 2000 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless, heavy liquid or gas (above 76F) with a characteristic odor.
MW: 209.8

BP: 76F

VP: 620 mmHg

IP: 11.07 eV

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

FRZ: -231F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr(59F): 2.29

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Nonflammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Chemically-active metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc & magnesium
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1012; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 1000 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 2000 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any selfcontained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms In animals: irritation respiratory system; central nervous system symptoms; liver damage
Target Organs respiratory system, central nervous system, liver
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0214.htm[11/05/2013 09:59:28]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diglycidyl ether

CAS 2238-07-5

C6 H 10 O 3

RTECS KN2350000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DOT ID & Guide
Diallyl ether dioxide; DGE; Di(2,3-epoxypropyl) ether; 2-Epoxypropyl ether; bis(2,3Epoxypropyl) ether

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.1 ppm (0.5 mg/m 3 ) See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: C 0.5 ppm (2.8 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.33 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [10 ppm]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a strong, irritating odor.
MW: 130.2

BP: 500F

VP(77F): 0.09 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 147F

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: ?
Sp.Gr: 1.12

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; skin burns; in animals: hematopoietic system, lung, liver, kidney
damage; reproductive effects; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, reproductive system
Cancer Site [in animals: skin tumors]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diisobutyl ketone

CAS 108-83-8

[(CH3 ) 2 CHCH2 ] 2 CO

RTECS MJ5775000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DIBK; sym-Diisopropyl acetone; 2,6-Dimethyl-4-heptanone; Isovalerone; Valerone

DOT ID & Guide


1157 127

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 25 ppm (150 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (290 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 5.82 mg/m 3

IDLH 500 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a mild, sweet odor.
MW: 142.3

BP: 334F

VP: 2 mmHg

IP: 9.04 eV

Fl.P: 120F

UEL(200F): 7.1%

FRZ: -43F

Sol: 0.05%
Sp.Gr: 0.81

LEL(200F): 0.8%

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1300; OSHA 7
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 500 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; headache, dizziness; dermatitis; liver, kidney damage
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Diisopropylamine

CAS 108-18-9

[(CH3 ) 2 CH] 2 NH

RTECS IM4025000

Synonyms & Trade Names


DIPA, N-(1-Methylethyl)-2-propanamine

DOT ID & Guide


1158 132

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.14 mg/m 3

IDLH 200 ppm See: 108189


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an ammonia- or fish-like odor.
MW: 101.2

BP: 183F

VP: 70 mmHg

IP: 7.73 eV

Fl.P: 20F

UEL: 7.1%

FRZ: -141F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.72

LEL: 1.1%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH S141 (II-4)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact (>5%)
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash (>5%)

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 125 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode /(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 200 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and
organic vapor cartridge(s) /(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; nausea, vomiting; headache; visual disturbance
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dimethyl acetamide

CAS 127-19-5

CH3 CON(CH3 ) 2

RTECS AB7700000

Synonyms & Trade Names


N,N-Dimethyl acetamide; DMAC

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (35 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (35 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 3.56 mg/m 3

IDLH 300 ppm


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a weak, ammonia- or fish-like odor.
MW: 87.1

BP: 329F

VP: 2 mmHg

IP: 8.81 eV

Fl.P(oc): 158F

UEL(320F): 11.5%

FRZ: -4F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.94

LEL(212F): 1.8%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Carbon tetrachloride, other halogenated compounds when in contact with iron, oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2004
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 100 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 300 ppm: (APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any suppliedair respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation skin; jaundice, liver damage; depression, drowsiness, hallucinations, delusions
Target Organs Skin, liver, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dimethylamine

CAS 124-40-3

(CH 3 ) 2 NH

RTECS IP8750000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dimethylamine (anhydrous), N-Methylmethanamine

DOT ID & Guide


1032 118 (anhydrous)
1160 129 (solution)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (18 mg/m 3 )


OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (18 mg/m 3 )
Conversion 1 ppm = 1.85 mg/m 3

IDLH 500 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless gas with an ammonia- or fish-like odor. [Note: A liquid below 44F. Shipped as a liquefied compressed
gas.]
MW: 45.1

BP: 44F

FRZ: -134F

Sol(140F): 24%

VP: 1.7 atm

IP: 8.24 eV

RGasD: 1.56

Sp.Gr: 0.67 (Liquid at


44F)

Fl.P: NA (Gas) 20F


(Liquid)

UEL: 14.4%

LEL: 2.8%

Flammable Gas Class IA Flammable Liquid


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, chlorine, mercury, acraldehyde, fluorides, maleic anhydride, aluminum, brass, copper, zinc
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2010; OSHA 34
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact (liquid)/Frostbite
Eyes: Prevent eye contact (liquid)/Frostbite
Wash skin: When contaminated (liquid)
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash (liquid), Quick drench (liquid),
Frostbite

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately (liquid)/Frostbite
Skin: Water flush immediately (liquid)/Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 500 ppm: (APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any suppliedair respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, selfcontained breathing apparatus

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)


Symptoms Irritation nose, throat; sneezing, cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty); pulmonary edema; conjunctivitis;
dermatitis; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


4-Dimethylaminoazobenzene

CAS 60-11-7

C6 H 5 NNC6 H 4 N(CH3 ) 2

RTECS BX7350000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Butter yellow; DAB; p-Dimethylaminoazobenzene; N,N-Dimethyl-4aminoazobenzene; Methyl yellow

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: [1910.1015] See Appendix B

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Yellow, leaf-shaped crystals.
MW: 225.3

BP: Sublimes

MLT: 237F

VP: 0.0000003 mmHg (est.) IP: ?


Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

Sol: 0.001%
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


None reported
Measurement Methods
NIOSH P&CAM284 (II-4)
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration. (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Enlarged liver; liver, kidney disturbance; contact dermatitis; cough, wheezing, dyspnea (breathing
difficulty); bloody sputum; bronchial secretions; frequent urination, hematuria (blood in the urine), dysuria;
[potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys, bladder
Cancer Site [in animals: liver & bladder tumors]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


bis(2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl)ether

CAS 3033-62-3

C8 H 20 N2 O

RTECS KR9460000

Synonyms & Trade Names


NIAX A99; NIAX Catalyst A1; 2,2'-Oxybis(N,N-dimethyl ethylamine) [Note: A
component (5%) of NIAX Catalyst ESN, along with dimethylaminopropionitrile
(95%).]

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: See Appendix C (NIAX Catalyst ESN)


OSHA PEL: See Appendix C (NIAX Catalyst ESN)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Liquid.
MW: 160.3

BP: 372F

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: ?

UEL: ?

FRZ: ?

Sol: ?
Sp.Gr: ?

LEL: ?

Incompatibilities & Reactivities


None reported
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Possible urinary disturbance, neurological disorders; in animals: irritation eyes, skin
Target Organs Eyes, skin, urinary tract, peripheral nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dimethylaminopropionitrile

CAS 1738-25-6

(CH 3 ) 2 NCH2 CH2 CN

RTECS UG1575000

Synonyms & Trade Names


3-(Dimethylamino)propionitrile; N,N-Dimethylamino-3-propionitrile [Note: A
component (95%) of NIAX Catalyst ESN, along with bis(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)
ether (5%).]

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: See Appendix C (NIAX Catalyst ESN)


OSHA PEL: See Appendix C (NIAX Catalyst ESN)

IDLH N.D.

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless liquid.
MW: 98.2

BP: 342F

VP(135F): 10 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: 147F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -48F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr(86F): 0.86

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers [Note: Emits toxic oxides of nitrogen and cyanide fumes when heated to decomposition.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; urinary disturbance; neurological disorders; pins & needles in hands & feet; muscle
weakness, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), nausea, vomiting; decreased nerve conduction in lower legs
Target Organs Eyes, skin, central nervous system, urinary tract
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


N,N-Dimethylaniline

CAS 121-69-7

C6 H 5 N(CH3 ) 2

RTECS BX4725000

Synonyms & Trade Names


N,N-Dimethylbenzeneamine; N,N-Dimethylphenylamine [Note: Also known as
Dimethylaniline which is a correct synonym for Xylidine.]

DOT ID & Guide


2253 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (25 mg/m 3 ) ST 10 ppm (50 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (25 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 4.96 mg/m 3

IDLH 100 ppm

Physical Description
Pale yellow, oily liquid with an amine-like odor. [Note: A solid below 36F.]
MW: 121.2

BP: 378F

VP: 1 mmHg

IP: 7.14 eV

Fl.P: 142F

UEL: ?

FRZ: 36F

Sol: 2%
Sp.Gr: 0.96

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong acids, benzoyl peroxide
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2002; OSHA PV2064
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 50 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 100 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any selfcontained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Anoxia symptoms: cyanosis, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), dizziness, ataxia; methemoglobinemia
Target Organs Blood, kidneys, liver, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

file:///G|/...0EDITIONS/_SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY/Safety/NIOSH%20Pocket%20Guide%20to%20Chemical%20Hazards/NPG/npgd0223.htm[11/05/2013 09:59:31]

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dimethyl carbamoyl chloride

CAS 79-44-7

(CH 3 ) 2 NCOCl

RTECS FD4200000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Chloroformic acid dimethylamide; Dimethylcarbamic chloride; N,NDimethylcarbamoyl chloride; DMCC

DOT ID & Guide


2262 156

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: none

IDLH Ca [N.D.]

Conversion

Physical Description
Clear, colorless liquid.
MW: 107.6

BP: 329F

VP: ?

IP: ?

Fl.P: 155F

UEL: ?

FRZ: -27F

Sol: Reacts
Sp.Gr: 1.17

LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, water [Note: Rapidly hydrolyzes in water to dimethylamine, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen chloride.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positivepressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat, respiratory system; eye, skin burns; cough, wheezing, larnygitis,
dyspnea (breathing difficulty); headache, nausea, vomiting; liver injury; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver
Cancer Site [in animals: nasal cancer]

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dimethyl-1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichlorethyl phosphate

CAS 300-76-5

(CH 3 O)2 P(O)OCHBrCBrCl 2

RTECS TB9450000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dibrom; 1,2-Dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl phosphate; Naled

DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 3 mg/m 3 [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 3 mg/m 3

IDLH 200 mg/m 3

Conversion

Physical Description
Colorless to white solid or straw-colored liquid (above 80F) with a slightly pungent odor. [insecticide]
MW: 380.8

BP: Decomposes

VP: 0.0002 mmHg

IP: ?

Fl.P: NA

UEL: NA

MLT: 80F

Sol: Insoluble
Sp.Gr(77F): 1.96

LEL: NA

Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids, sunlight, water [Note: Corrosive to metals. Hydrolyzed in presence of water.]
Measurement Methods
None available
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA


Up to 30 mg/m 3 : (APF = 10) Any dust, mist, and fume respirator/(APF = 10) Any air-purifying respirator with a
high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 75 mg/m 3 : (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any
powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust, mist, and fume filter
Up to 150 mg/m 3 : (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate
filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow
mode/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency
particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 200 mg/m 3 : (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positivepressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any
appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; miosis, lacrimation (discharge of tears); headache; chest tightness, wheezing,
laryngeal spasm; salivation; cyanosis; anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramp, diarrhea; lassitude (weakness,
exhaustion), twitching, paralysis; dizziness, ataxia, convulsions; low blood pressure; cardiac irregularities
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, blood cholinesterase
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


Dimethylformamide

CAS 68-12-2

HCON(CH 3 ) 2

RTECS LQ2100000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dimethyl formamide; N,N-Dimethylformamide; DMF

DOT ID & Guide


2265 129

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (30 mg/m 3 ) [skin]


OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (30 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.99 mg/m 3

IDLH 500 ppm

Physical Description
Colorless to pale-yellow liquid with a faint, amine-like odor.
MW: 73.1

BP: 307F

VP: 3 mmHg

IP: 9.12 eV

Fl.P: 136F

UEL: 15.2%

FRZ: -78F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.95

LEL(212F): 2.2%

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Carbon tetrachloride; other halogenated compounds when in contact with iron; strong oxidizers; alkyl aluminums;
inorganic nitrates
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2004; OSHA 66
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH


Up to 100 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*
Up to 500 ppm: (APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a
continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any
supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or
other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; nausea, vomiting, colic; liver damage, enlarged liver; high blood
pressure; face flush; dermatitis; in animals: kidney, heart damage
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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION

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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


1,1-Dimethylhydrazine

CAS 57-14-7

(CH 3 ) 2 NNH2

RTECS MV2450000

Synonyms & Trade Names


Dimazine, DMH, UDMH, Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine

DOT ID & Guide


1163 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca C 0.06 ppm (0.15 mg/m 3 ) [2-hr] See Appendix A


OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 ppm (1 mg/m 3 ) [skin]
Conversion 1 ppm = 2.46 mg/m 3

IDLH Ca [15 ppm]


Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an ammonia- or fish-like odor.
MW: 60.1

BP: 147F

VP: 103 mmHg

IP: 8.05 eV

Fl.P: 5F

UEL: 95%

FRZ: -72F

Sol: Miscible
Sp.Gr: 0.79

LEL: 2%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.


Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, halogens, metallic mercury, fuming nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide [Note: May ignite
SPONTANEOUSLY in contact with oxidizers.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 3515
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench

First Aid (See procedures)


Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately

Respirator Recommendations NI