DEFINITION OF ESSAY

The word "essay" comes from "essayer," the French word for "attempt." It is a short piece of writing on one
subject, usually presenting the author's own views.

TYPES OF ESSAYS
Expository Essays
An expository essay is a specific kind of essay that involves investigating an idea, evaluating the
evidence, presenting the idea, and supporting the presentation with an argument. Expository essays are usually
written through comparison and contrast, definition, example, and the analysis of cause and effect.
Descriptive Essays
A descriptive essay is exactly what it sounds like. In this type of essay, you will be asked to describe
something. Unlike the expository essay, this type of essay allows for much more artistic freedom as the main
idea is to create an image in the reader’s mind.
Narrative Essays
A narrative essay usually involves the telling of some kind of story. There are two common types of
narrative essays – short stories and book reports.
Persuasive Essays
A persuasive essay is also known as an argumentative essay. This type of essay will be similar to an
expository essay in that you will be exploring a topic and collecting and evaluating evidence. However, unlike
an expository essay, you will be taking a stand for or against this topic.
KINDS OF ESSAYS
Definition Essay
When you are writing a definition essay, you take a term or an idea and write about what it is. Often, definitions are
combined with classification or other forms of organization in the essay. You need to give a careful definition of the
key term before going on to discuss different types or examples.
Example question:
Introduction:
Supporting paragraphs:
Summary paragraph:

Write an essay defining energy resources and discuss the different types.
Define the key term energy resources.
1. Define one type of energy resources: renewable resources.
2. Define another type of energy resources: non-renewable resources.
Summarize energy resources.

Classification Essay
In a classification essay, you separate things or ideas into specific categories and discuss each of them. You
organize the essay by defining each classification and by giving examples of each type.
Example question:
Introduction:

Write an essay discussing the three types of government in Canada.
Give background information about government in Canada.

2. you write about the similarities and differences between two or more people. Example question: Introduction: Supporting paragraphs: Summary paragraph: Write an essay describing the polar bear. Description Essay In a description essay. places. Introduce weather in the cities of Vancouver and Halifax. 1. 1. 2. 2. Introduce what a polar bear is. State how they are similar or different. Compare weather in spring and summer for both cities. this order is based on time.Supporting paragraphs: Summary paragraph: 1. A more effective way is to organize the essay by comparing each subject by category. 1. Example question: Introduction: Supporting paragraphs: Summary paragraph: Write an essay outlining the stages of the salmon life cycle. or things. Describe where the polar bear lives. . You organize the essay by writing about each step of the process in the order it occurred. You organize the essay by describing different parts or aspects of the main subject. Define and describe federal government. Example question: Introduction: Supporting paragraphs: Write an essay choosing between hockey in the 1890s and hockey today. Describe what a salmon is like. you need to choose which object. Compare weather in fall and winter for both cities. place. Describe what salmon do before they die. Define and describe municipal governments. Describe what the polar eats. Summarize the similarities and differences. 1. Example question: Introduction: Supporting paragraphs: Summary paragraph: Write an essay comparing the weather in Vancouver and Halifax. you are writing to describe a series of events or a process in some sort of order. State how they are similar or different. you write about what a person. Describe hockey in the 1890s. Describe the body of the polar bear. Describe adult salmon. Choice Essay In a choice essay. 2. 3. Define and describe provincial governments. Summarize government in Canada. You can organize the essay by writing about one subject first and then comparing it with the second subject. or thing is like. Usually. Describe young salmon. Compare and Contrast Essay In a compare and contrast essay. 3. Introduce the game of hockey. Summarize what a polar bear is. Sequence Essay In a sequence essay. 3. You organize the essay by describing each option and then giving your opinion. Summarize the main steps of the salmon life cycle. idea. or action that you prefer.

Give background information on European immigration during this time. 3. You should organize the essay by explaining each individual cause or effect. 1. 2. Explain first reason: poor economy in Europe. Give your judgment on whether the House of Commons is important.Summary paragraph: 2. . Explain first criteria: meeting place for government. Summarize main reasons. Explain second criteria: represent Canadians. State which form of hockey you prefer and why. Evaluation Essay In an evaluation essay. Explain third criteria: make laws for Canada. Example question: Introduction: Supporting paragraphs: Summary paragraph: Write an essay evaluating the importance of the House of Commons. Explain second reason: better living conditions in Canada. you explain how or why something happens or has happened. 3. You make your evaluation based on certain criteria that you develop. you make judgments about people. Explanation Essay In an explanation essay. Conclude with an overall judgment about the House of Commons. Describe hockey today. You need to explain different causes and effects. and possible actions. Organize the essay by discussing the criteria you used to make your judgment. ideas. Summarize the game of hockey. 2. Example question: Introduction: Supporting paragraphs: Summary paragraph: Write an essay explaining why so many Europeans moved to Canada during the early nineteenth century. 1.