Yamaha Motor Company Limited (ヤマハ発動機株式会社 Yamaha Hatsudōki KK), is

a Japanese manufacturer of motorcycles, marine products such as boats and outboard motors, and other
motorized products. The company was established in 1955 upon separation from Yamaha Corporation, and is
headquartered in Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan. The company conducts development, production and marketing
operations through 109 consolidated subsidiaries as of 2012.
Led by Genichi Kawakami, the company’s first president, Yamaha Motor began production of its first product,
the YA-1, in 1955. The 125cc motorcycle won the 3rd Mount Fuji Ascent Race in its class.
The company's products includes motorcycles, scooters, motorized bicycles, boats, sail boats, personal water
craft, swimming pools, utility boats, fishing boats, outboard motors, 4-wheel ATVs, recreational off-road
vehicles, go-kart engines, golf carts, multi-purpose engines, electrical generators, water pumps, snowmobiles,
small snow throwers, automobile engines, surface mounters, intelligent machinery, industrial-use unmanned
helicopters, electrical power units for wheelchairs and helmets. The company is also involved in the import and
sales of various types of products, development of tourist businesses and management of leisure, recreational
facilities and related services.
Contents
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1 History
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1.1 Beginnings: 1955

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1.2 Success and Growth in the 1960s

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1.3 The Four Stroke Era Begins: The 1970s

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1.4 The 1980s: Diversification and Innovation

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1.5 The 1990s: Performance Bikes and a Spin-off Brand

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1.6 The 2000s: Expansion and Consolidation

2 Motorcycle racing highlights

3 Formula One World Championship results
3.1 Teams with Yamaha as an engine supplier

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4 Divisions
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4.1 Automobile engines

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4.2 Snowmobiles

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4.2.1 Current models
4.3 All-terrain vehicles (ATV) vehicles

again . A performance version of this bike. 1965 saw the release of a 305cc two-stroke twin. Success and Growth in the 1960s[edit] By 1963 Yamaha's dedication to both the two-stroke engine and racing paid off with their first victory in international competition. The Four Stroke Era Begins: The 1970s[edit] Not until 1976 would Yamaha answer the other Japanese brands with a multi-cylinder four stroke of their own. the flagship of the companies lineup. but with a larger and more powerful motor. the Netherlands in 1968. a larger and more powerful machine that equaled the displacement and performance of the popular British bikes of the era. winning not only the 125cc class in the Mt. In 1967 a larger new larger displacement model was added to the range.[2] The YD-1 of 1957 was a 250cc two-stroke twin cylinder motorcycle. but also sweeping the podium with first. such as the Triumph Bonneville and BSA GOLD Star. the YDS-1 housed the 250cc two-stroke twin in a double downtube cradle frame and offered the first five-speed transmission in a Japanese motorcycle. as competition in many varieties of motorcycle racing has been a key endeavor of the company throughout its history. The YA-1 was a competitive success at racing from the beginning. 5 See also  6 References  7 External links History[edit] Beginnings: 1955[edit] The motorcycle division of Yamaha was founded in 1955. often fueled by a strong rivalry with Honda and other Japanese manufacturers. The YA-1 was followed by the YA-2 of 1957. It featured a separate oil supply which directly injected oil into the gasoline prior to combustion (traditionally riders had to pre-mix oil into gasoline together before filling the gas tank on two storkes). second and third place in the All Japan Autobike Endurance Road Race that same year. where the won the 250cc class. single cylinder motorcycle. resembling the YA-2. Success in sales was even more impressive. Yamaha continued on with both the two-stroke line and four-stroke twins at a time that other Japanese manufacturers were increasingly moving to four cylinder four-stroke machines. and Yamaha set up the first of its international subsidiaries in this period beginning with Thailand in 1964. at which they placed sixth. In 1968 Yamaha launched their first four-stroke motorcycle. Yamaha began competing internationally in 1956 when they entered the Catalina Grand Prix. another 125cc two stroke. The XS-750 (and later 850) a 750cc triple cylinder machine with shaft final drive was introduced almost seven years after Honda's breakthrough bike. the XS-1. The Yamaha XS-1 was a 650cc fourstroke twin. Yamaha's initial product was a 125cc two-cycle. again with the YA-1. at the Belgium GP. which was a copy of the German DKW RT125.[3] This period also saw Yamaha offer its first outboard marine engine.[1] Early success in racing set the tone for Yamaha. Yamaha's first four cylinder model. the YA-1. the 350cc two stroke twin R=1. Fuji Ascent. the XS-1100 followed in 1978. and was headed by Genichi Kawakami. but with significantly improved frame and suspension. a trend led by Honda in 1969 with the legendary CB-750 four-stroke fourcylinder cycle.

The 1990s: Performance Bikes and a Spin-off Brand [edit] In 1998 Yamaha marketed a 1000cc four cylinder road bike called the YZF 'R1'. water-cooled twin cylinder machines. The RZ350. motocross racing.[5] It appeared in production on the 1974 Yamaha YZ-250. enduro and recreational off-road riding. These included racing and performance street riding. The RZ-250 of 1980 [7] was the progenitor of this series. 500cc and 750cc ended production of road-going two strokes in 1980. a near copy of Kenny Roberts competition GP bike.with shaft drive. Production of the FZ continued until 1991.[8] A more popular and practical high-performance model for the street was introduced in 1985. to offering many more specialized machines designed to excel in particular niches. the largest displacement model. it featured a liquid-cooled two-stroke motor of 500cc displacement in a V4 configuration. By the end of the 1980s Yamaha had offered dozens of cruiser styled bikes in a variety of displacements and engine configurations. something Yamaha became well known for. Throughout the 1980s the motorcycle industry gradually went from building a few basic but versatile models designed to work well in many roles. It also featured a cylinder block canted forward at 45 degrees. with many updates. The XV750 of 1981 featured an air-cooled V-twin four stroke engine and cruiser styling. Yamaha continued racing throughout the 1960s and 1970s with increasing success in several formats. making it Yamaha's longest continuous model and name. designed achieve excellent performance taking advantage of the lower weight of two strokes. Yamaha branched out from the relatively small number of UJMs (Universal Japanese Motorcycle) at the start of the decade to a much larger set of offerings in several clearly defined markets at the end of the decade. along with a perimeter frame and full fairing. It was the first motorcycle to feature a five valve cylinder head. and a box-section steel perimeter frame. The decade of the 1970s was capped by the XT500 winning the first Paris-Dakar Rally in 1979. and introduced the first single-shock rear suspension. The 1970s also saw some of the first dedicated off-road bikes for off-road racing and recreation. the trademarked "Monoshock" of 1973. Kawasaki.[4]Despite being heavier and more touring oriented than its rivals it produced an impressive string of victories in endurance racing. Suzuki ended production of their GT two stroke series.[6] The 1980s: Diversification and Innovation [edit] By 1980 the combination of consumer preference and environmental regulation made four strokes increasingly popular. who had considerable success throughout the 1970s with their two-stroke triples of 250cc. the FZ750. a model which has continued in production. to allow a more compact . was a popular hot-rod bike of the 1980s and continued to be sold in some countries into the early 1990s. and cruising. this model introduced a new style of gearbox design which shortened the overall length of the motor/gearbox case. until 2015. It was an innovative 750cc four-stroke inline four cylinder model. Yamaha was an early innovator in dirt-bike technology. 350cc. touring. including the flagship water-cooled two-stroke 750cc GT-750 in 1977. The RZV500 was one of the first "repli-racers". Yamaha bucked this trend and continued to refine and sell two-strokes for the street into the 1980s. These bikes were performance oriented. and was one of the first Japanese cruiser style motorcycles.

in turn allowed the motor to be placed in the frame further forward. Yamaha XS650 vertical-twin Motorcycle racing highlights[edit] See also: Yamaha Motor Racing This section does not cite any references or sources. one of the largest and most lucrative in the USA. Star motorcycles are still sold under the Yamaha brand. .unit. This was an attempt to create a brand identity more closely aligned with the cruiser market segment.. Inc. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. one of more than 20 worldwide subsidiaries operating on all continents. This. a new brand name for its cruiser series of motorcycles in the American market.[9] In 1995. Yamaha established the Philippine operations and distributes Yamaha motorcycles under the corporate name of Yamaha Motor Philippines. The 2000s: Expansion and Consolidation [edit] In 2007. In other markets. designed to improve handling in a short wheel-based frame. Yamaha announced the creation of Star Motorcycles. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. (August 2009) Two-time Grand Championship winner Kenny Roberts at the 1981 German Grand Prix.

non-factory privateer teams dominated the 250 cc World Championship with Great Britain's Rodney Gould winning the title on a Yamaha TD2. Ben Spies. including 6 in MotoGP and 9 in the preceding 500 cc two-stroke class. Jeremy McGrath. Bob Hannah. and in 1997 for the Arrows A18. and 2009 James Stewart. Yamaha made production road racing Grand Prix motorcycles that any licensed road racer could purchase. has ridden the YFZ450 to 7 titles. in 1991 for the Brabham BT60Y. with the first in 2000. Yamaha has had success with Dustin Nelson and Pat Brown. initially for the Zakspeed team. in 1992 for theJordan 192. such as cross country racing and motocross. Kenny Roberts. Since 1962. but drivers including Damon Hill. one in 2006 and the other in 2008. 1976 for 125) and one of the first to have a water-cooled motocross production bike (1977 in works bikes. Chad Reed. In 1970. 1981 in off-the-shelf bikes). Pat Brown's best season was a 3rd place title in 2007. from 1993 to 1996 for Tyrrell. both who race the YFZ450. Yamaha was the first to build a production monoshock motocross bike (1975 for 250 and 400. ridden by Bill Ballance. and 1 in World Superbike. Formula One World Championship results[edit] Teams with Yamaha as an engine supplier[edit] (key) Y e a r 1 9 8 9 Entr ant West Zaks peed Raci ng Ch ass is Dri ver s Zak spe ed 891 Ber nd Sch nei 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 0 11 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 B R A S M R M O N M E X U S A C A N F R A G B R G E R H U N B E L IT A P O R E S P J P N A U S R et D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q D N P Q R et D N P Q 1 7 P oi nt s 0 W C C N C . while Nelson has had two 1st place titles in the Yamaha/ITP Quadcross. Phil Read. Yamaha's other major rider.In motorcycle racing Yamaha has won 39 world championships. Yamaha also sponsors several professional ATV riders in several areas of racing. Mark Blundell and Andrea de Cesaris scored some acceptable results with them. Yamaha riders include Giacomo Agostini. Yamaha produced Formula One engines from 1989 to 1997. Heikki Mikkola. These never won a race. Stefan Merriman. Traci Cecco. in 2008 with Chad Reed. Ukyo Katayama. Wayne Rainey. Eddie Lawson. winning 9 straight titles since 2000. and currently Jorge Lorenzo and Valentino Rossi. In ATV motocross. The Yamaha YZ450F won the AMA Supercross Championship two years in a row. Yamaha has had success in cross country with their YFZ450.

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cycle helmets and motor oil  Industrial robots and surface mounters[11] . utility boats and custom boats  Marine engines — Outboard motors.Pe dro Dini z 1 0 R et R et R et R et R et 8 R et R et R et R et 7 R et 1 3 5 1 3 R e t Divisions[edit] Yamaha Motors is a highly diversified company which produces products for a large number of industries and consumer market segments: See also: List of Yamaha products  Motorcycles — Sport bikes. sailboats. apparel. including scooters  Recreational vehicles — All-terrain vehicles and snowmobiles  Boats — Powerboats. including compact industrial robots  Electric wheelchairs and wheelchair electric drive units  Yamaha parts and accessories. electric marine motors. Star Cruiser bikes. marine diesel engines and stern drives[10]  Personal watercraft  Electric bicycles  Automobile engines  Industrial-use unmanned helicopters  Golf cars  Power products — generators. road racers and motocross racers  Commuter vehicles. watersliders and pool-related equipment  Intelligent machinery. multipurpose engines. trail bikes. water pumps and snow throwers  Swimming pools.

however. there are still three models that Yamaha manufactures that are still two-stroke. such as Toyota. It was not. the cylinder head from the Toyota 4AGE engine was developed by Yamaha Motor Corporation and was built at Toyota's Shimayama plant alongside the 4A and 2A engines.[12] All performance-oriented cylinder heads on Toyota/Lexusengines were designed and/or built by Yamaha. They are the Bravo. the 2UR-GSE found in Lexus ISF. was the first performanceoriented four-stroke snowmobile on the market.4 Liter V8 forVolvo. Some examples are the 1LR-GUE engine found on the 2010–2012 Lexus LFA. the SHO engine was produced in 3.4 Liter DOHC V-8 engine with Ford for the 1996–'99 SHO.2 Liter versions. Since 2005 Yamaha produces a 4. executives of the Yamaha Motor Corporation signed a contract with the Ford Motor Company to develop. Yamaha is involved. and the lineup became four-stroke based for model year 2005. Yamaha was the only snowmobile manufacturer to use four-stroke engines across its range. VK 540 and the Venture XL. Yamaha also tunes engines for other manufacturers. Name a high performance Toyota engine. and supply compact 60° 3.[15] Snowmobiles[edit] Yamaha Phazer snowmobile In 2010. released in 2003. the 3S-GTE engine found on the Toyota Celica GT4 and the 2ZZ-GE engine found on the 1999–2006 Toyota Celica GT-S. The B8444S engines are used in the XC90 and S80 models. British sportscar maker Noble also uses a bi-turbo version of the Volvo V8 in their M600. Also. [16] In Canada though. Yamaha jointly designed the 3. produce. In 1984. Yamaha had introduced four-strokes to their line-up in 2003. so Yamaha logos on Toyota S engines.[13][14] From 1993 to 1995. the first modern four-stroke snowmobile . The RX-1.0 Liter DOHC V6 engines for transverseapplication for the 1989–'95 Ford Taurus SHO.0 and 3.Automobile engines[edit] Yamaha-built DOHC V6 Ford Taurus SHO engine Yamaha has built engines for other manufacturers' vehicles beginning with the development and production of the Toyota 2000GT (1967) with the Toyota Motor Corporation.

Yamaha is also a key player in the "four-stroke wars". SR Viper XTX LE. Phazer MTX  Venture MP  SRX 120 All-terrain vehicles (ATV) vehicles[edit]  BW80/200/350  YFZ450  Raptor 80/250/350/660/700R  Badger 80 . SR Viper S-TX DX. Phazer XTX. Yamaha was the first brand to win with a 4-stroke in a professional snowcross race. while Yamaha still claims the four-strokes are cleaner. RS Venture GT. That honor belongs to Arctic Cat for their Yellowstone Special. which was designed as a rental sled that could meet Yellowstone National Park's stringent emission requirement. SR Viper RTX LE. despite its fuel economy and low-range torque. Apex XTX  SR Viper RTX DX.produced. which are a series of advertisements from opponent Ski-Doo. Yamaha achieves this even without the use of aforced induction system. SR Viper MTX 153. This engine has one of the highest specific output of any four-stroke in production. SR Viper MTX 162 SE. Yamaha also broke a multi-year absence from sno-cross in the winter of 2006/2007 with their introduction of a factory race team headed by former Arctic Cat racer Robbie Malinoski. SR Viper XTX SE. SR Viper LTX DX. RS Venture TF  RS Viking Professional  Phazer RTX. This happened in 2006 at the WPSA snow cross championship. which is equipped on the Phazer and Venture Lite models. Yamaha is now on the cutting edge of four-stroke technology with the introducing of their 80FI engine. Yamaha received much criticism for its weight disadvantage when compared to similar two-strokes. with 160 HP/L. Current models[edit]  Apex. SR Viper RTX SE. However. who claim their E-tec and power-tec equipped two-strokes are still cleaner and more efficient than four-strokes. SR Viper LTX SE. SR Viper MTX 162 LE  RS Vector. RS Vector LTX  RS Venture. SR Viper LTX LE. released in 2000. Apex SE. SR Viper MTX 153 SE.

Jump up^ "Yamaha Showroom Communication Plaza Collection". Blaster 200  Timberwolf 250  Banshee 350  Warrior 350  Bruin 350  Kodiak 400/450  Grizzly 80/125/350/400/450/550/600/660/700  Big Bear 350/400  Wolverine 350/450  Tri-Zinger 60  Tri-Moto 125/175/200/225  Yamahauler 200  Tri-Z 250 See also[edit]  List of Yamaha motorcycles  List of Yamaha Scooters  Yamaha WaveRunner References[edit] 1. 3. Retrieved 15 January 2015.com. Yamaha-Motor. Yamaha Motors Website. Retrieved 15 January 2015. Autoevoluiton. 2. . Retrieved 16 January 2015. 4. Jump up^ "Yamaha Collection – YDS-1". Jump up^ unattributed. Retrieved 15 January 2015. Yamaha Motors. "YAMAHA Motorcycles and Brand History". com. Yamaha Motors. Jump up^ "Yamaha Collections: XS-1100". SoftNews NET.

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