Auke Tellegen

Yossef S. Ben-Porath

Response Bias Scale (RBS) Supplement
Excerpted from the 2011 corrected
reprinting of the 2008 manual

Technical Manual

University of Minnesota Press
Minneapolis

Published by:
University of Minnesota Press
Distributed by: Pearson

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MMPI-2-RF (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form) Technical Manual—
Corrected Reprinting
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2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

BCDE

Contents
Note: A description of the change and page numbers of the 2008 manual are
provided in parentheses following the entries.
Introduction ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1
Table 1-1. (RBS added, p. 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Development of Over-Reporting Indicators (RBS text inserted, p. 15) . . . . . . 3
Table 3-2. (RBS added, p. 23) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Validity of MMPI-2-RF Validity Scales (RBS text inserted, p. 26) . . . . . . . . . 5
Table 3-7. (RBS added, p. 27) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Table 3-8. (RBS added, p. 27) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Table 3-9. (RBS added, p. 27) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Validity of Over-Reporting Indicators (RBS text inserted, p. 28) . . . . . . . . . 7
Table 3-10. (RBS added, p. 29) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Table 3-11. (RBS added, p. 29) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Table 3-12. (RBS added, p. 29) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Table 3-13. (RBS added, p. 30) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Table 3-14. (RBS added, p. 30) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Table 3-15. (RBS added, p. 30) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Validity of MMPI-2-RF Validity Scales (RBS text inserted, p. 31) . . . . . . . . 10
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations (RBS text inserted, p. 32) . . . . . . . . . . 11
Table 3-17. (RBS added, pp. 38–41) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Table 3-18. (RBS added, pp. 42–45) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Table 3-19. (RBS added, pp. 46–49) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Table 3-20. (RBS added, pp. 50–53) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Table 3-21. (RBS added, pp. 54–57) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Table 3-22. (RBS added, pp. 58–61) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Table 3-23. (RBS added, pp. 62–65) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
References (new and updated, pp. 67ff.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Appendixes
Table B-1. (RBS added, pp. 238ff.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table B-6. (RBS added, pp. 271ff.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table C-2. (RBS added, p. 288) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure C-1. (RBS added, p. 290) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table C-4. (RBS added, p. 295) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure C-6. (RBS added, p. 297) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure C-7. (RBS added, p. 297) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table D-1. (RBS and new comparison groups added, pp. 304ff.) . . . . . . . .
Table D-2. (new comparison groups added, p. 312) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

41
51
54
55
56
57
57
58
70

Index (new entry for RBS, p. 404) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
iii

Introduction

In August 2011, the University of Minnesota Press will publish and make available through its distributor,
Pearson, corrected reprintings of the 2008 MMPI-2-RF Manual for Administration, Scoring, and Interpretation and
the 2008 MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual. The reprintings provide information on the Response Bias Scale (RBS),
developed by Roger Gervais, which was recently added to the MMPI-2-RF. This brings the total number of
MMPI-2-RF scales to 51 and the total number of validity indicators to 9. High scores on RBS indicate possible
over-reporting of memory complaints.
Supplements to the manuals were developed to provide information about the RBS to MMPI-2-RF users who
have already purchased test manuals, making it unnecessary for them to purchase the corrected reprintings.
This supplement to the technical manual consists of all text, tables, and figures containing substantive information on the RBS, excerpted from the 2011 reprinting of the manual. The new RBS material is boxed to make it
easy to identify. Please note that text pages containing only changes in the total number of MMPI-2-RF scales
(from 50 to 51) and the total number of validity indicators (from 8 to 9) are not included.

1

Table 1-1.
The MMPI-2-RF Scales
Validity Scales
VRIN-r

Variable Response Inconsistency – Random responding

TRIN-r

True Response Inconsistency – Fixed responding

F-r

Infrequent Responses – Responses infrequent in the general population

Fp-r 

Infrequent Psychopathology Responses – Responses infrequent in psychiatric populations

Fs 

Infrequent Somatic Responses – Somatic complaints infrequent in medical patient populations

FBS-r

Symptom Validity – Non-credible somatic and cognitive complaints

RBS

Response Bias Scale – Non-credible memory complaints

L-r

Uncommon Virtues – Rarely claimed moral attributes or activities

K-r 

Adjustment Validity – Uncommonly high level of psychological adjustment

Higher-Order (H-O) Scales
EID 

Emotional/Internalizing Dysfunction – Problems associated with mood and affect

THD

Thought Dysfunction – Problems associated with disordered thinking

BXD 

Behavioral/Externalizing Dysfunction – Problems associated with under-controlled behavior

Restructured Clinical (RC) Scales
RCd

Demoralization – General unhappiness and dissatisfaction

RC1

Somatic Complaints – Diffuse physical health complaints

RC2 

Low Positive Emotions – A distinctive, core vulnerability factor in depression

RC3 

Cynicism – Non-self-referential beliefs that others are bad and not to be trusted

RC4

Antisocial Behavior – Rule breaking and irresponsible behavior

RC6

Ideas of Persecution – Self-referential beliefs that others pose a threat

RC7

Dysfunctional Negative Emotions – Maladaptive anxiety, anger, and irritability

RC8

Aberrant Experiences – Unusual perceptions or thoughts associated with psychosis

RC9

Hypomanic Activation – Over-activation, aggression, impulsivity, and grandiosity

Specific Problems (SP) Scales
Somatic/Cognitive Scales
MLS

Malaise – Overall sense of physical debilitation, poor health

GIC

Gastrointestinal Complaints – Nausea, recurring upset stomach, and poor appetite

HPC

Head Pain Complaints – Head and neck pain

NUC

Neurological Complaints – Dizziness, weakness, paralysis, loss of balance, etc.

COG

Cognitive Complaints – Memory problems, difficulties concentrating

Internalizing Scales

SUI

Suicidal/Death Ideation – Direct reports of suicidal ideation and recent suicide attempts

HLP

Helplessness/Hopelessness – Belief that goals cannot be reached or problems solved

SFD

Self-Doubt – Lack of self-confidence, feelings of uselessness

NFC

Inefficacy – Belief that one is indecisive and inefficacious

STW

Stress/Worry – Preoccupation with disappointments, difficulty with time pressure

AXY

Anxiety – Pervasive anxiety, frights, frequent nightmares

ANP

Anger Proneness – Easily angered, impatient with others

BRF

Behavior-Restricting Fears – Fears that significantly inhibit normal behavior

MSF

Multiple Specific Fears – Fear of blood, fire, thunder, etc.

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

2

A fourth over-reporting indicator, the Symptom
Validity Scale (previously labeled the Fake Bad Scale
and still abbreviated FBS), was added more recently
to the MMPI‑2 (Ben-Porath, Tellegen, & Graham,
2008). The FBS was developed by Lees-Haley,
English, and Glenn (1991) to identify non-credible
responding in test takers involved in personal injury
litigation. These authors observed that the F Scale, a
good indicator of over-reporting of symptoms of
psychopathology, was not effective in personal injury
evaluations, when over-reporting typically involves
acting “hurt” rather than severely psychologically
disordered. A recent meta-analysis (Nelson, Sweet, &
Demakis, 2006) led to the conclusion that the FBS is
the best MMPI‑2 indicator of over-reporting cognitive and somatic symptoms by individuals involved
in personal injury litigation.
A fifth over-reporting measure, the Response Bias
Scale (RBS, Gervais, Ben-Porath, Wygant, & Green,
2007), was added to the MMPI-2-RF Validity Scales
in 2011 following a review conducted by the test
publisher. Gervais et al. developed the scale to detect
non-credible symptom reporting in forensic neuropsychological or disability assessment settings. The
scale consists of 28 items that discriminated between
individuals who passed or failed symptom validity
testing in the context of disability evaluations.
In developing over-reporting indicators for the
MMPI‑2‑RF, we sought to maintain a diverse set of
indicators that function in a complementary fashion
to detect different types of over-reporting in the
various settings in which the test is used. As a first
step, we added a new infrequency scale developed
by Wygant, Ben-Porath, and Arbisi (2004) to identify
uncommon somatic complaints. The 16 items
selected for the Infrequent Somatic Responses Scale
(Fs) describe somatic problems reported by 25% or
less of men and women in several large samples of
medical patients. Wygant (2007) presented evidence
of the utility of Fs in identifying non-credible
somatic symptom reporting in a variety of settings.
These analyses also showed that Fs and FBS operate
in a complementary manner, each scale outperforming the other in some settings and tasks.
Of the 43 FBS items, 30 were retained in the
338‑item MMPI‑2‑RF pool. Correlational analyses
(reported in Chapter 3) indicated that scores on the
30-item version of the FBS were highly correlated
(.96–.99) with scores on the full version of the scale
in samples that included large numbers of individuals who failed symptom validity tests. This 30-item
version of FBS, now called the Symptom Validity

Scale and abbreviated FBS-r, was added to the
MMPI‑2‑RF. Research summarized in Chapter 3
indicates how it can complement the other scales
with respect to non-credible reporting of somatic
and cognitive symptoms.
A meta-analysis by Rogers, Sewell, Martin, and
Vitacco (2003) indicated that the FP Scale was the
best MMPI‑2 over-reporting indicator in studies
involving over-reporting of psychopathology symptoms. However, Gass and Luis (2001) had previously
observed that the inclusion of four L items on FP
(scored in the same direction) may compromise the
utility of the scale. Although Arbisi, Ben-Porath, and
McNulty (2003b) demonstrated that, overall, the FP
Scale functions more effectively when the four items
it shares with L are included, our goal to develop
maximally distinctive scales for the MMPI‑2‑RF and
the observation that in some cases, moderate elevations on FP are primarily the product of the four L
items, led us to drop these items from the revised
version of the scale. In addition, we dropped three
items from FP that were included on the Fs Scale.
Correlational analyses indicated that two other FP
items did not function as effectively as the others,
while the addition of three items not scored on the
original FP Scale was found to improve the scale.
Analyses reported and summarized in Chapter 3
indicate that the 21-item MMPI‑2‑RF version of FP,
labeled Infrequent Psychopathology Responses
(Fp‑r) is highly correlated with its MMPI‑2 counterpart and is an effective predictor of symptom overreporting by individuals tested in settings with high
base rates of severe psychopathology.
As mentioned earlier, MMPI‑2 studies have indicated that in some settings (e.g., correctional) F
outperforms FP and that FB outperforms both these
scales in detecting over-reporting of symptoms of
depression. To ensure that the MMPI‑2‑RF overreporting indicators would function adequately in a
broad range of settings and assessments, we developed a third infrequent response indicator designed
to incorporate elements of both the F and FB Scales.
As discussed previously, the primary difference
between the two scales is that selection of the FB
items was based on item response frequencies in the
current normative sample, whereas the F items were
selected by analyzing the original normative sample
and some of these items are no longer infrequently
endorsed by the current normative sample. We
developed a revised F Scale for the MMPI‑2‑RF by
identifying in the 338‑item pool those items that
were endorsed by 10% or less of both the men and
the women in the normative sample and that were

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

3

Table 3-2.
Reliability and Standard Errors of Measurement for the MMPI‑2‑RF Validity Scales
Test-Retest
(rtr)
MMPI‑2‑RF
Normative
Sample
Subset

Internal Consistency
(Alpha)
MMPI‑2‑RF
Normative
Sample

Men and
Women
Men
Women
(n = 193) (n = 1,138) (n = 1,138)

Outpatients,
Community Mental
Health Center

Standard Error of
Measurement (SEM)
Psychiatric
Inpatients,
Community
Hospital

Men
(n = 410)

Women
(n = 610)

Men
(n = 709)

Women
(n = 473)

Psychiatric
Inpatients, Normative
VA
(TestRetest)
Hospital

Median
Clinical
(Alpha)

Normative
(Alpha)

Men and
Men and
Women
Men
Women
Men
Women
(total
(n = 1,128) (n = 193) (n = 1,138) (n = 1,138) n = 3,330)

VRIN-r

.52

.39

.20

.33

.24

.27

.16

.24

7

9

8

TRIN-r

.40

.37

.23

.37

.27

.41

.27

.40

8

9

8

8

F-r

.82

.69

.71

.85

.85

.88

.87

.87

4

6

5

10

Fp-r

.71

.41

.41

.57

.53

.60

.47

.54

5

8

8

10

Fs

.51

.40

.45

.64

.68

.66

.60

.65

7

8

7

12

FBS-r

.72

.50

.56

.75

.76

.71

.75

.74

5

6

7

8

RBS

.71

.39

.46

.75

.76

.76

.75

.76

5

8

7

9

L-r

.79

.60

.61

.65

.64

.63

.57

.57

5

6

6

7

K-r

.84

.67

.68

.74

.67

.76

.75

.72

4

6

6

6

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

9

4

Substantive Scales

The test-retest correlations and internal consistency
values of the Higher-Order (H-O), Restructured
Clinical (RC), and Personality Psychopathology Five
(PSY-5) Scales for the most part exceed .80. Alpha
values derived from the normative sample are, as
expected, somewhat lower because of truncated
distributions. Reliability estimates for the Somatic/
Cognitive, Internalizing, Externalizing, and Interpersonal Scales are somewhat lower than for the H-O,
RC, and PSY-5 Scales, which is to be expected since
the Specific Problems (SP) Scales of the MMPI‑2‑RF
are shorter.
SEMs are predominantly eight T-score points or
lower, and a majority are six points or lower. Exceptions are SEMs of shorter and/or more highly truncated
measures like Suicidal/Death Ideation (SUI), Helplessness/Hopelessness (HLP), Anxiety (AXY), BehaviorRestricting Fears (BRF), and Disaffiliativeness (DSF),
which in the clinical samples range from 9 to 11 points.
Larger SEM values imply that more extreme T scores
are needed to justify clinically significant inferences.

Validity
Validity Scales

The MMPI‑2‑RF Validity Scales provide information about threats to the validity of a protocol that
must be considered before scores on the substantive
scales of the test are interpreted. Seven of the nine
scales—Variable Response Inconsistency (VRIN-r),
True Response Inconsistency (TRIN-r), Infrequent
Responses (F-r), Infrequent Psychopathology Responses
(Fp-r), Symptom Validity (FBS-r), Uncommon
Virtues (L-r), and Adjustment Validity (K-r)—are
revised and generally shorter versions of the MMPI‑2
Validity Scales. Infrequent Somatic Responses (Fs)
and Response Bias Scale (RBS) are new scales
designed to complement the revised Validity Scales
with measures of infrequent somatic complaints and
exaggerated memory complaints, respectively. For
details about the development of these scales, see
Chapter 2.
Inconsistent Responding Indicators. Handel, BenPorath, Tellegen, and Archer (2007) examined
whether VRIN-r and TRIN-r could be used to identify
protocols in which varying percentages of the original
item responses were replaced with quasi-random
and fixed responses, respectively. They compared the
performance of the two scales with that of their
MMPI‑2 versions and found that VRIN-r and its
MMPI‑2 counterpart, VRIN, performed similarly in
detecting quasi-random responding. TRIN-r outper

formed the MMPI‑2 TRIN scale in detecting protocols
with varying degrees of simulated fixed responding.
Both VRIN-r and TRIN-r demonstrated adequate
sensitivity to levels of inconsistent responding that
resulted in significantly attenuated validity coefficients
for the substantive scales.
Tables 3-7 through 3-9 present correlations between
the MMPI‑2‑RF and MMPI‑2 Validity Scales in the
data set used by Handel et al. (2007), the MMPI‑2
normative sample. Subjects were excluded if their
scores on MMPI‑2 Validity Scales other than the one
under scrutiny suggested questionable response validity.
In the analyses focusing on VRIN-r and VRIN (Table
3-7), subjects were excluded if they did not provide
scorable responses to 30 or more of the items or scored
higher than 80T on TRIN, F, FP, or L, higher than 90T
on FB, or higher than 75T on K or S. In the analyses of
TRIN-r and TRIN (Tables 3-8 and 3-9), the same exclusion criteria were applied except that a score higher than
80T on VRIN replaced the criterion for TRIN.
In the VRIN-r analyses (Table 3-7) the responses
of half of the 2,465 subjects were altered by replacing
a randomly selected 70% of the participants’ item
responses with randomly keyed (50% True, 50%
False) responses. The resulting correlation between
VRIN-r and VRIN (.84) indicates that the two
scales, while functionally similar, are not interchangeable. However, as just mentioned, the two
versions performed comparably in the detection of
quasi-random responding. Moreover, examination of
correlations between VRIN-r and the other MMPI‑2
Validity Scales (the first column of Table 3-7) and
VRIN and the other MMPI‑2‑RF Validity Scales (the
first row of Table 3-7) indicates that under the
conditions simulated in these analyses, the two
versions of VRIN produce very similar correlations
with the other Validity Scales (e.g., a correlation of
.84 between VRIN-r and F and a correlation of .83
between VRIN and F-r).
In the analyses focusing on fixed responding in the
True direction (Table 3-8), the responses of half of
the 2,475 subjects were manipulated by replacing
70% of the original item responses with a True
response. The resulting correlation between TRIN-r
and TRIN (.95) indicates that the two scales function
very similarly. In the analyses of fixed responding in
the False direction (Table 3-9), a False response
replaced 70% of the original responses in half the
sample. The resulting correlation between TRIN-r
and TRIN (.91) again indicates that the two scales
respond similarly. And, as mentioned earlier, Handel
et al. (2007) found that in the detection of protocols

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

5

Table 3-7.
MMPI‑2/MMPI‑2‑RF Validity Scale Correlations—Handel et al. (2007) Normative Sample with Random
Response Insertion (N = 2,465)
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

VRIN

.84

.19

.83

.80

.75

.63

.74

.55

–.14

TRIN

.26

.42

.26

.28

.24

.21

.22

.18

–.11

F

.84

.18

.91

.90

.84

.67

.79

.59

–.11

FB

.83

.23

.91

.87

.80

.68

.78

.60

–.14

FP

.81

.19

.84

.95

.80

.64

.76

.63

–.08

FBS

.58

.14

.64

.61

.61

.93

.63

.46

–.07

L

.49

.11

.51

.51

.48

.45

.52

.87

.15

K

–.07

–.18

–.10

–.04

–.09

–.07

–.10

.10

.79

Table 3-8.
MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Validity Scale Correlations—Handel et al. (2007) Normative Sample with Fixed
(True) Response Insertion (N = 2,475)
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

VRIN

.70

.71

.74

.73

.72

.59

.71

.07

–.53

TRIN

.55

.95

.93

.92

.90

.72

.88

.11

–.64

F

.60

.94

.97

.97

.94

.74

.91

.10

–.67

FB

.60

.95

.98

.96

.93

.75

.92

.11

–.67

FP

.59

.93

.95

.98

.93

.73

.89

.13

–.64

FBS

.33

.47

.50

.49

.52

.89

.55

.13

–.35

L

–.36

–.59

–.60

–.59

–.58

–.40

–.53

.53

.57

K

–.52

–.81

–.83

–.81

–.80

–.65

–.79

.01

.89

Table 3-9.
MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Validity Scale Correlations—Handel et al. (2007) Normative Sample with Fixed
(False) Response Insertion (N = 2,475)
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

VRIN

.44

–.49

.51

.50

.46

.45

.45

.45

.09

TRIN

–.01

.91

–.53

–.72

–.63

–.62

–.55

–.79

–.58

F

.16

–.85

.70

.86

.73

.65

.64

.78

.43

FB

.33

–.18

.59

.44

.41

.36

.42

.23

–.15

FP

.11

–.85

.60

.90

.68

.63

.59

.84

.49

FBS

.09

–.75

.57

.67

.64

.93

.62

.72

.44

L

.03

–.85

.51

.73

.63

.65

.58

.96

.61

K

–.13

–.80

.32

.60

.47

.50

.39

.74

.86

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

6

with varying degrees of simulated fixed responding,
TRIN-r outperformed TRIN.
The descriptive statistics reported in Appendix D
indicate that mean scores and standard deviations of
VRIN-r and TRIN-r are quite comparable across a
variety of clinical and non-clinical samples (with
T‑score means ranging from 48 to 54, and standard
deviations from 8 to 11). Exceptions are found in
samples of individuals who completed the MMPI‑2
in pre-employment screening settings: mean VRIN-r
scores ranged from 41 to 43 (scores on TRIN-r do
not go below 50 by design), and standard deviations
of the two scales ranged from 6 to 8. Lower mean
scores and standard deviations are expected in settings
in which there is a strong incentive to present oneself
in a favorable and consistent manner. These findings
are additional evidence that the inconsistent response
indicators operate effectively.
Over-Reporting Indicators. The MMPI‑2‑RF
includes five measures designed to provide complementary indications of possible over-reporting of
problems: Infrequent Responses (F-r), Infrequent
Psychopathology Responses (Fp-r), Infrequent
Somatic Responses (Fs), Symptom Validity (FBS-r),
and Response Bias Scale (RBS). Wygant et al. (2008)
examined the performance of the MMPI‑2‑RF overreporting indicators in the detection of feigned
psychiatric, somatic, and neurocognitive symptoms
in the context of civil and criminal forensic litigation. They found the scales to be effective at
detecting various threats to protocol validity in these
forensic settings. Wygant, Gervais, and Ben-Porath
(2007) evaluated the MMPI‑2‑RF over-reporting
scales as indicators of identified malingered neurocognitive dysfunction as defined by the criteria
developed by Slick, Sherman, and Iverson (1999).
They found F-r and FBS-r to be particularly effective
at this task.
A series of studies has established the utility of
RBS as a measure of non-credible memory complaints
(Gervais, Ben-Porath, & Wygant, 2009; Gervais, BenPorath, Wygant, & Green, 2007; Gervais, Ben-Porath,
Wygant, & Green, 2008; Gervais, Ben-Porath,
Wygant, & Sellbom, 2010; Lange, Sullivan, & Scott,
2010; Nelson, Sweet, & Heilbronner, 2007; Smart et
al., 2008; Van Dyke, Axelrod, & Schutte, 2010;
Whitney, Davis, Shephard, & Herman, 2008; Wygant
et al., 2010).
Tables 3-10 through 3-13 present correlations of
the MMPI‑2 and MMPI‑2‑RF Validity Scales in a
number of existing MMPI‑2 data sets collected for

earlier Validity Scale investigations. These findings
from simulation studies indicate that functionally
the MMPI‑2‑RF Scales F-r, Fp-r, and FBS-r and their
MMPI‑2 counterparts are largely interchangeable.
For example, in a sample of psychiatric inpatients,
when approximately half the participants were
instructed to over-report their symptoms (Table
3-10), correlations between F-r and F, Fp-r and Fp,
and FBS-r and FBS were .95, .99, and .97, respectively. In a comparable study of medical patients,
approximately half of whom were instructed to overreport medical problems and associated emotional
difficulties (Table 3-11), correlations between the
two versions of these scales were .96, .98, and .97.
In two samples of test takers who were involved in
personal injury litigation (Table 3-12) or were simulating symptoms of head injury (Table 3-13), correlations between the two versions of F and of Fp were
not as high. However, in the same samples, correlations (of .96 and .98, respectively) between the two
versions of FBS, the most effective MMPI‑2 Validity
Scale in detecting non-credible somatic and cognitive symptom reporting, indicated that these two
versions function in essentially the same way.
Descriptive statistics presented in Appendix D
indicate considerable variation across settings. As
would be expected, mean T scores and standard
deviations of the over-reporting indicators are higher
than average in clinical settings and below average in
personnel screening samples. The highest scores and
greatest degree of variability are found in a sample of
forensic disability claimants that includes a relatively
large number of individuals who failed symptom
validity tests.
Under-Reporting Indicators. The MMPI‑2‑RF
includes two measures of under-reporting, Uncommon
Virtues (L-r) and Adjustment Validity (K-r), which
are revised versions of MMPI‑2 Scales L and K.
Sellbom and Bagby (2008) evaluated L-r and K-r as
detectors of under-reporting in clinical and non-clinical settings. They found both scales to be effective
at identifying simulating test takers as well as test
takers in real-life settings who would be expected to
under-report given the context of their evaluation
(e.g., child custody litigants). They also concluded
that the two measures complement each other and
provide incrementally valid information. Extending
Sellbom and Bagby’s simulation findings, Wygant,
Ben-Porath, and Tellegen (2007) similarly found in
two other samples that L-r and K-r performed well in
the identification of individuals simulating underreporting.

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

7

Table 3-10.
MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Validity Scale Correlations—Arbisi and Ben-Porath (1998) Psychiatric Inpatient
Over‑Reporting Sample (N = 67)
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

VRIN

.67

.00

–.25

–.18

TRIN

.26

.50

.25

F

–.01

.07

FB

–.02

FP
FBS

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

–.18

–.05

–.18

.27

.40

.20

.21

.14

.14

.09

–.15

.95

.97

.95

.76

.84

.23

–.48

.09

.97

.92

.90

.77

.87

.22

–.53

.00

.08

.88

.99

.93

.72

.77

.37

–.38

.07

–.04

.73

.66

.72

.97

.80

.27

–.25

L

.26

–.14

–.02

.05

.10

.20

.82

.86

.35

K

.12

–.31

–.47

–.42

–.45

–.26

–.44

.12

.87

Table 3-11.
MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Validity Scale Correlations—Sellbom et al. (2005) Medical Patient Over-Reporting
Sample (N = 86)
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

VRIN

.65

–.10

.39

.40

.41

.44

.43

.06

–.42

TRIN

.16

.46

.10

.09

.14

.15

.15

.20

–.13

F

.52

–.02

.96

.96

.89

.74

.84

.24

–.49

FB

.49

.02

.97

.94

.86

.75

.87

.17

–.58

FP

.58

–.03

.89

.98

.82

.64

.74

.38

–.35

FBS

.33

.00

.72

.60

.79

.97

.81

.19

–.36

L

.26

–.20

.06

.20

.10

.22

.07

.86

.43

K

–.29

–.26

–.56

–.44

–.45

–.40

–.58

.21

.90

Table 3-12.
MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Validity Scale Correlations—Wygant, Sellbom, et al. (2007) Personal Injury/­
Disability Sample (N = 140)

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

VRIN

.43

.20

.27

.38

.31

.23

TRIN

.11

.43

.32

.19

.15

.08

.29

–.08

–.47

.16

.01

–.29

F

.34

.24

.86

.82

.65

.52

.73

–.06

–.62

FB

.25

.32

.90

.69

.62

.58

.74

–.06

–.65

FP

.16

.21

.50

.73

.40

.28

.40

.18

–.39

FBS

.17

.16

.58

.42

.62

.96

.70

.01

–.40

L

–.07

–.08

–.20

–.09

–.13

.03

–.01

.91

.29

K

–.44

–.32

–.61

–.52

–.57

–.38

–.54

.21

.92

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

8

Table 3-13.
MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Validity Scale Correlations—Dearth et al. (2005) Neuropsychology Sample (N = 79)
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

VRIN

.56

.07

.12

.06

.08

.06

.12

.14

–.11

TRIN

.12

.56

.37

.27

.25

.22

.32

–.04

–.38

F

.23

.31

.91

.92

.82

.64

.79

–.27

–.57

FB

.08

.40

.92

.88

.78

.62

.76

–.23

–.58

FP

.24

.26

.71

.97

.63

.40

.55

–.06

–.35

FBS

.03

.27

.69

.40

.79

.97

.84

–.36

–.64

L

.08

–.18

–.44

–.29

–.37

–.41

–.40

.86

.35

K

–.24

–.41

–.71

–.48

–.67

–.61

–.68

.23

.94

Table 3-14.
MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Validity Scale Correlations—Bagby, Rogers, Buis, and Kalemba (1994) Under-Reporting
Sample (N = 82)
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

VRIN

.60

.21

.53

.51

.44

.28

.49

–.12

–.53

TRIN

–.01

.47

.13

.06

.01

–.11

–.02

–.03

.02

F

.52

.22

.86

.73

.61

.42

.67

.09

–.42

FB

.42

.28

.79

.77

.45

.44

.65

.00

–.45

FP

.37

.25

.65

.80

.41

.18

.56

.43

–.17

FBS

.23

–.01

.46

.28

.39

.91

.41

–.03

–.18

L

–.12

–.01

–.02

–.06

.05

–.03

.07

.91

.38

K

–.41

–.27

–.54

–.39

–.53

–.28

–.38

.27

.88

Table 3-15.
MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Validity Scale Correlations—Dragon and Ben-Porath (2007) Under-Reporting Sample
(N = 192)
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

VRIN

.68

.02

.45

.47

.42

.25

TRIN

.06

.46

.23

.15

.17

F

.49

.13

.79

.76

FB

.56

.24

.81

FP

.22

.13

.44

FBS

L-r

K-r

.30

–.28

–.45

.20

.13

–.07

–.25

.68

.33

.54

–.25

–.58

.69

.61

.44

.48

–.23

–.54

.73

.38

.21

.26

.27

–.10

.21

.05

.43

.29

.48

.93

.44

.08

–.20

L

–.30

–.16

–.32

–.30

–.26

–.02

–.11

.93

.63

K

–.40

–.31

–.53

–.47

–.51

–.20

–.36

.56

.88

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

9

Descriptive statistics reported in Appendix D
portray an expected pattern of variation across
settings. Mean T scores on L-r range from average to
moderately above average in most clinical and nonclinical settings, with the expected exception of
personnel screening evaluations, which result in
T-score means that are considerably above average.
Mean T scores on K-r are considerably below average
in clinical settings and average in non-clinical settings,
with the expected exception of considerably aboveaverage means in personnel screening settings. The
finding that mean scores on L-r and K-r are appreciably higher than average in settings with demand
characteristics that encourage under-reporting of
symptoms adduces further evidence of the utility of
these two scales.
In summary, the revised versions of the MMPI‑2‑RF
protocol validity indicators have been found to per­
form as well as the original scales, and the new Fs
and RBS scales have proved to be effective indicators
of non-credible somatic symptom reporting (e.g.,
Wygant et al., 2008).

Substantive Scales

External Correlates. External validity data gathered
from a wide range of settings in which the MMPI‑2‑RF
is likely to be used document the convergent and
discriminant validity, and corroborate the construct
validity of the substantive scales. Our focus in the
MMPI‑2‑RF test manuals is on the convergent findings, which comprise the external correlates of the
MMPI‑2‑RF substantive scales. In Appendix A,
empirical correlates of these scales are reported for
clinical, forensic, medical, and non-clinical samples.
These correlates represent a broad array of criteria,
including therapist ratings, clinical diagnoses, ratings
by intake staff and admission records, biographical
information, and additional self-report measures. The
results include relevant empirical correlates for each
of the 42 MMPI‑2‑RF substantive scales.
Correlates for a community mental health outpatient sample collected by Graham Ben-Porath, and
McNulty (1999) are reported in Tables A-1 through
A-24. The criteria in Tables A-1 through A-8 are
based on ratings provided by mental health intake
workers (mainly social workers) following an initial
interview with the patient and before administration
of the MMPI‑2. The correlates reported in Tables
A-9 through A-24 are based on ratings of these participants by their therapists following the third therapy
session but before the therapists saw their clients’
MMPI‑2 results. The ratings were made on a
188-item list of symptoms and personality character-

istics (the Patient Description Form [PDF]) culled
from the MMPI and MMPI‑2 correlate literature.
Correlations between the MMPI‑2‑RF Scales and a
set of scales Graham et al. (1999) created by
combining PDF items into composite measures are
reported in Tables A-9 through A-16. Correlations
with the ­individual PDF items are reported in Tables
A-17 through A-24. Detailed item-level criteria
were particularly helpful in identifying correlates for
the more narrowly focused Specific Problems Scales.
Correlates for a psychiatric inpatient sample
collected by Arbisi, Ben-Porath, and McNulty (2003a)
are reported in Tables A-25 through A-72. The
Record Review Form (RRF) developed by Arbisi and
Ben-Porath (2003a) provided the criteria for these
analyses. At the time the MMPI‑2 was administered
as well as at discharge, the RRF was completed on
the basis of a systematic review of the patient’s chart,
primarily the admitting psychiatrist’s intake report,
and provided extensive information on the patient’s
history, mental status, presenting complaints, intake
diagnoses, and medication on admission.
Correlates for samples of Veterans Administration
(VA) mental health, medical, and substance abuse
treatment patients are reported in Tables A-73 through
A-88. The criteria used in these analyses were selfreport measures, which for the mental health and
medical outpatients consisted of brief measures
thought to represent the primary areas assessed by
the MMPI‑2 Clinical and Content Scales. For the
substance abuse treatment sample, the domain and
facet scales of the NEO Personality Inventory–Revised
(NEO PI-R; Costa & McCrae, 1992) were chosen.
Correlates for a forensic sample of disability claimants are reported in Tables A-89 through A-104. Two
self-report measures provided the criteria for these
analyses: the Multifactor Health Inventory–Revised
(MHI-R; Hase, 1996) and the Detailed Assessment
of Post-Traumatic Stress (DAPS; Briere, 2001). The
MHI-R, which assesses both specific physical health
concerns and general preoccupation with poor health,
was particularly helpful in identifying fine-grained
correlates of the Somatic/Cognitive Scales. The DAPS
data were helpful in identifying symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder.
Correlates for a forensic sample of criminal defendants are reported in Tables A-105 through A-128.
Archival data collected at the Court Psycho-Diagnostic
Clinic provide court-ordered psycho-legal evaluations
(e.g., competence to stand trial and not guilty by reason
of insanity). A Record Review Form developed by Ben-

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

10

Porath and Stafford (1993) was completed on the basis
of a systematic review of the charts of defendants
evaluated at this facility. Extensive information was
gathered on family, social, educational, mental health,
and medical history, including substance abuse and
prior criminal behavior, and on mental status at the
time of the evaluation, medication, and diagnoses.
Correlates for a sample of college students who
completed the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ; Tellegen & Waller, 2008) are
reported in Tables A-129 through A-136. Corre­
lations between the MMPI‑2‑RF substantive scales
and the MPQ Superfactor, Primary, and Subscales
are reported. These findings, along with those
reported in Tables A-81 through A-84 for the NEO
PI-R, link the MMPI‑2‑RF scales to contemporary
personality constructs.
Overall, the empirical results reported in Appendix
A bear out the validity of the MMPI‑2‑RF scales in
the form of meaningful replicated correlates in a
variety of settings. A scale-by-scale list of correlates
based on these findings is presented in Chapter 5
(Tables 5-11 through 5-52) of the MMPI‑2‑RF
Manual for Administration, Scoring, and Interpretation.
With the exception of the original Clinical Scales, no
other MMPI or MMPI‑2 scales have been as extensively validated against a variety of criteria in as broad
a range of settings as have the MMPI‑2‑RF scales.
Correlations with MMPI‑2 Substantive Scales.
Correlations of the 42 substantive scales of the
MMPI‑2‑RF with the 103 MMPI‑2 substantive
scales (the Clinical Scales, Harris-Lingoes and Si
subscales, Content Scales, Content Component
Scales, Supplementary Scales, and PSY-5 Scales) are
presented in Appendix E of this manual. A summary
is provided in Table 3-16, which lists for each of the
MMPI‑2 substantive scales the three highest correlated MMPI‑2‑RF substantive scales in five clinical
samples. In addition to summarizing the findings
reported in Appendix E, this table helps MMPI‑2
users locate the MMPI‑2‑RF measures that are likely
to provide the information currently available from
the MMPI‑2.
These results indicate that for most of the substantive MMPI‑2 scales, a substantially correlated
MMPI‑2‑RF scale can be found. Furthermore, the
correlations shown in Table 3-16 indicate that the
substantive MMPI‑2‑RF scales are associated in
expected ways with similar measures on the MMPI‑2.
On the other hand, the correlations were not expected
to reach levels suggesting that the MMPI‑2 and

MMPI‑2‑RF scales are so similar as to be interchangeable. Indeed, they are not. The restructuring of
the MMPI‑2 was designed to yield a smaller set of
non-redundant scales that assess the constructs
embedded in the MMPI‑2 in a more efficient, conceptually focused, and structurally coherent manner.
Intercorrelations. Tables 3-17 through 3-23
provide a complete matrix of correlations between
the 51 scales of the MMPI‑2‑RF for the normative
sample, the community mental health center outpatient samples, and the psychiatric inpatient samples.
Structural findings with the normative sample
(Tables 3-17 and 3-18) generally mirror those with
the clinical samples (Tables 3-19 through 3-23),
although the magnitude of the correlations in the
former is generally lower, owing to truncated scale
score distributions.
Some general patterns emerge from these correlations. Of the Validity Scales, F-r has the highest
correlations overall with the substantive scales. As is
true for its MMPI‑2 counterpart, we expect this
scale to be substantially elevated among individuals
experiencing genuine psychopathology. The corresponding correlations of Fp-r with the substantive
scales are lower, indicating that scores on this scale
are less confounded with psychopathology. As was
expected, Fs, FBS-r, and RBS are most highly correlated with scales assessing somatic and cognitive
complaints. Correlations of K-r with the substantive
scales are generally higher than the corresponding
correlations of L-r, with the exception of some scales
associated with behavioral dysfunction (e.g., SUB
and DISC-r), which show higher correlations with
L-r. This pattern reflects the two types of underreporting associated with these scales: denial of
moral character flaws (L-r) and denial of psychological adjustment problems (K-r).
Intercorrelations between the 42 substantive scales
correspond generally to the recommended interpretive
structure for the MMPI‑2‑RF described in Chapter 5
of the MMPI‑2‑RF Manual for Administration,
Scoring, and Interpretation. This structure is broadly
defined by the H-O Scales (EID, THD, and BXD),
which represent the major functional domains of
emotion, thought, and behavior, respectively. These
three scales show substantial and generally distinctive
correlations, discernible in Tables 3-17 through 3-23,
with the RC, SP, and PSY-5 Scales specifically
recommended for identifying dysfunction in each of
the three domains. The EID, THD, and BXD measures,
although distinctive and largely independent, are not
uncorrelated. The manifestations of psychopathology

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

11

Table 3-17.
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Normative Sample—Men (N = 1,138)
Validity
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Higher-Order (H-O)
Scales

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

EID

THD

BXD

1.00
.07
.41
.35
.28
.19
.31
.02
–.32
.35
.33
.27
.36
.34
.12
.30
.28
.33
.44
.33
.26
.15
.13
.24
.22
.39
.20
.27
.30
.36
.35
.36
.35
.32
.22
.23
.15
.28
.19
.27
.03
.07
.25
.28
.01
.08
.09
.35
.21
.40
.00

.07
1.00
.17
.04
.09
–.03
.03
–.04
–.27
.11
.18
.16
.23
–.01
–.23
.26
.09
.15
.31
.21
.27
–.04
.06
.03
–.02
.20
.10
.12
.20
.25
.12
.14
.06
.14
.09
.14
.07
.14
.23
.11
–.18
–.22
.24
.07
.09
.15
.19
.19
.16
.11
–.30

.41
.17
1.00
.48
.52
.35
.47
.04
–.46
.57
.64
.39
.62
.58
.27
.40
.40
.60
.56
.62
.39
.41
.32
.37
.50
.59
.43
.35
.42
.41
.44
.51
.41
.37
.19
.33
.20
.45
.29
.41
–.08
.09
.24
.34
.06
.07
.19
.64
.29
.54
.06

.35
.04
.48
1.00
.34
.18
.33
.10
–.30
.36
.40
.23
.39
.33
.20
.33
.26
.45
.33
.34
.24
.23
.18
.21
.24
.34
.23
.25
.29
.29
.26
.38
.25
.37
.15
.20
.19
.29
.15
.32
–.03
.08
.17
.32
.07
–.03
.11
.43
.17
.31
.07

.28
.09
.52
.34
1.00
.30
.41
.06
–.29
.36
.51
.27
.34
.54
.16
.24
.27
.34
.39
.54
.24
.31
.31
.33
.44
.45
.24
.25
.27
.25
.28
.31
.27
.27
.14
.21
.17
.25
.23
.24
–.02
.08
.19
.18
.00
.08
.10
.52
.21
.33
.03

.19
–.03
.35
.18
.30
1.00
.39
.14
–.09
.43
.19
–.09
.46
.58
.30
–.14
–.03
.17
.27
.17
–.04
.35
.41
.55
.33
.35
.29
.28
.26
.24
.34
.33
.17
.21
.12
–.07
–.08
.05
.04
.14
.12
.12
.15
.09
–.01
–.06
–.12
.21
–.12
.35
.17

.31
.03
.47
.33
.41
.39
1.00
.22
–.22
.41
.24
–.12
.40
.44
.38
.20
–.03
.26
.33
.24
–.08
.29
.20
.28
.33
.54
.21
.30
.32
.38
.22
.31
.25
.24
.13
–.04
–.01
.09
–.08
.13
.25
.30
.27
.29
–.10
–.04
–.17
.26
–.17
.28
.34

.02
–.04
.04
.10
.06
.14
.22
1.00
.29
–.21
.07
–.27
–.17
.07
–.14
–.03
–.24
.06
–.20
.00
–.23
–.09
–.02
.02
.07
–.08
–.04
–.01
–.17
–.13
–.18
–.03
–.13
.11
.02
–.15
–.22
–.22
–.10
–.19
–.02
–.04
–.16
.11
–.07
.01
.04
.06
–.27
–.20
.00

–.32
–.27
–.46
–.30
–.29
–.09
–.22
.29
1.00
–.69
–.35
–.37
–.63
–.34
–.27
–.64
–.36
–.33
–.70
–.37
–.52
–.40
–.21
–.26
–.20
–.46
–.27
–.40
–.54
–.51
–.55
–.35
–.56
–.25
–.23
–.28
–.18
–.51
–.37
–.49
.09
–.11
–.43
–.21
–.04
–.07
–.19
–.36
–.28
–.69
–.02

.35
.11
.57
.36
.36
.43
.41
–.21
–.69
1.00
.29
.20
.88
.43
.61
.38
.27
.33
.73
.29
.26
.51
.27
.30
.29
.54
.40
.53
.72
.60
.65
.50
.47
.31
.23
.15
.16
.34
.17
.44
.15
.36
.57
.29
.01
–.07
–.08
.30
.11
.73
.34

.33
.18
.64
.40
.51
.19
.24
.07
–.35
.29
1.00
.35
.35
.39
–.03
.41
.30
.74
.47
.87
.44
.17
.20
.27
.32
.39
.27
.18
.24
.26
.33
.36
.28
.32
.17
.28
.12
.38
.41
.35
–.16
–.06
.13
.16
.11
.11
.27
.95
.27
.40
–.18

.27
.16
.39
.23
.27
–.09
–.12
–.27
–.37
.20
.35
1.00
.28
.21
–.13
.31
.86
.27
.36
.43
.71
.09
.14
.15
.17
.27
.13
.05
.19
.16
.29
.18
.39
.12
.01
.77
.56
.69
.40
.32
–.32
–.21
.05
.06
.10
.28
.50
.35
.92
.35
–.32

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

12

Table 3-17. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Normative Sample—Men (N = 1,138)
Restructured Clinical (RC)
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Somatic/Cognitive
Scales

RCd

RC1

RC2

RC3

RC4

RC6

RC7

RC8

RC9

MLS

.36
.23
.62
.39
.34
.46
.40
–.17
–.63
.88
.35
.28
1.00
.40
.44
.37
.34
.36
.68
.35
.32
.44
.27
.29
.27
.58
.41
.49
.77
.65
.60
.51
.42
.31
.18
.22
.21
.36
.24
.46
.10
.16
.41
.26
.10
–.03
–.03
.36
.21
.66
.14

.34
–.01
.58
.33
.54
.58
.44
.07
–.34
.43
.39
.21
.40
1.00
.27
.25
.22
.32
.39
.40
.22
.50
.50
.70
.72
.43
.27
.33
.28
.30
.34
.34
.33
.28
.23
.17
.07
.24
.19
.25
–.04
.09
.19
.20
.00
.05
.11
.42
.14
.42
.09

.12
–.23
.27
.20
.16
.30
.38
–.14
–.27
.61
–.03
–.13
.44
.27
1.00
.05
.03
.08
.18
–.07
–.25
.54
.14
.16
.21
.26
.19
.37
.37
.30
.20
.19
.08
.12
.10
–.05
.01
.00
–.24
.15
.41
.55
.32
.24
–.06
–.23
–.40
–.04
–.17
.21
.74

.30
.26
.40
.33
.24
–.14
.20
–.03
–.64
.38
.41
.31
.37
.25
.05
1.00
.27
.42
.50
.37
.47
.20
.11
.16
.16
.35
.22
.35
.29
.39
.37
.28
.38
.26
.27
.27
.10
.39
.30
.34
–.22
.00
.24
.27
.00
.12
.34
.41
.22
.44
–.09

.28
.09
.40
.26
.27
–.03
–.03
–.24
–.36
.27
.30
.86
.34
.22
.03
.27
1.00
.26
.33
.38
.47
.14
.15
.15
.17
.28
.16
.09
.24
.19
.30
.20
.31
.12
.02
.79
.70
.54
.28
.40
–.16
–.08
.10
.09
.08
.12
.30
.30
.80
.33
–.15

.33
.15
.60
.45
.34
.17
.26
.06
–.33
.33
.74
.27
.36
.32
.08
.42
.26
1.00
.40
.49
.32
.21
.16
.23
.25
.36
.27
.21
.25
.29
.33
.37
.26
.26
.18
.26
.08
.32
.24
.31
–.12
.01
.13
.21
.08
.07
.20
.70
.18
.37
–.05

.44
.31
.56
.33
.39
.27
.33
–.20
–.70
.73
.47
.36
.68
.39
.18
.50
.33
.40
1.00
.49
.53
.29
.24
.27
.27
.57
.31
.43
.51
.63
.62
.56
.63
.40
.29
.25
.19
.51
.44
.49
–.06
.10
.53
.24
.02
.11
.17
.48
.26
.82
–.05

.33
.21
.62
.34
.54
.17
.24
.00
–.37
.29
.87
.43
.35
.40
–.07
.37
.38
.49
.49
1.00
.49
.15
.20
.27
.34
.48
.26
.15
.25
.27
.31
.32
.30
.29
.15
.34
.22
.39
.49
.35
–.17
–.08
.15
.14
.14
.13
.27
.87
.36
.40
–.23

.26
.27
.39
.24
.24
–.04
–.08
–.23
–.52
.26
.44
.71
.32
.22
–.25
.47
.47
.32
.53
.49
1.00
.08
.14
.18
.15
.32
.16
.17
.21
.27
.39
.24
.51
.19
.12
.40
.29
.70
.71
.42
–.47
–.30
.09
.09
.13
.30
.64
.44
.62
.51
–.52

.15
–.04
.41
.23
.31
.35
.29
–.09
–.40
.51
.17
.09
.44
.50
.54
.20
.14
.21
.29
.15
.08
1.00
.25
.33
.37
.31
.30
.34
.32
.30
.28
.23
.22
.20
.20
.08
.04
.18
–.02
.22
.05
.17
.17
.15
.00
–.06
.00
.16
.03
.35
.27

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

GIC
.13
.06
.32
.18
.31
.41
.20
–.02
–.21
.27
.20
.14
.27
.50
.14
.11
.15
.16
.24
.20
.14
.25
1.00
.25
.21
.23
.25
.17
.19
.16
.21
.23
.19
.16
.09
.12
.08
.14
.10
.13
–.02
.03
.10
.08
.05
.03
.04
.22
.12
.26
.05

HPC

NUC

COG

.24
.03
.37
.21
.33
.55
.28
.02
–.26
.30
.27
.15
.29
.70
.16
.16
.15
.23
.27
.27
.18
.33
.25
1.00
.30
.30
.21
.23
.17
.21
.27
.23
.20
.17
.15
.10
.04
.20
.15
.20
–.05
.06
.14
.12
.00
.05
.09
.30
.11
.30
.03

.22
–.02
.50
.24
.44
.33
.33
.07
–.20
.29
.32
.17
.27
.72
.21
.16
.17
.25
.27
.34
.15
.37
.21
.30
1.00
.33
.13
.19
.21
.22
.21
.20
.23
.21
.17
.13
.06
.19
.14
.17
–.05
.07
.14
.16
.02
.01
.10
.30
.11
.29
.07

.39
.20
.59
.34
.45
.35
.54
–.08
–.46
.54
.39
.27
.58
.43
.26
.35
.28
.36
.57
.48
.32
.31
.23
.30
.33
1.00
.27
.38
.45
.51
.43
.37
.37
.31
.22
.24
.14
.29
.28
.34
.03
.06
.31
.24
.05
.05
.03
.42
.20
.48
.02

13

Table 3-17. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Normative Sample—Men (N = 1,138)
Internalizing
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Externalizing
Scales

SUI

HLP

SFD

NFC

STW

AXY

ANP

BRF

MSF

JCP

SUB

AGG

ACT

.20
.10
.43
.23
.24
.29
.21
–.04
–.27
.40
.27
.13
.41
.27
.19
.22
.16
.27
.31
.26
.16
.30
.25
.21
.13
.27
1.00
.27
.25
.23
.29
.27
.20
.15
.15
.12
.09
.19
.11
.20
.00
.07
.17
.12
.05
–.03
.06
.28
.07
.32
.07

.27
.12
.35
.25
.25
.28
.30
–.01
–.40
.53
.18
.05
.49
.33
.37
.35
.09
.21
.43
.15
.17
.34
.17
.23
.19
.38
.27
1.00
.39
.43
.35
.28
.31
.26
.25
.07
.01
.19
.09
.28
.01
.13
.28
.23
.01
.00
.03
.19
–.03
.42
.16

.30
.20
.42
.29
.27
.26
.32
–.17
–.54
.72
.24
.19
.77
.28
.37
.29
.24
.25
.51
.25
.21
.32
.19
.17
.21
.45
.25
.39
1.00
.52
.40
.31
.29
.20
.16
.16
.14
.26
.17
.33
.13
.13
.38
.19
.06
.00
–.09
.25
.14
.48
.13

.36
.25
.41
.29
.25
.24
.38
–.13
–.51
.60
.26
.16
.65
.30
.30
.39
.19
.29
.63
.27
.27
.30
.16
.21
.22
.51
.23
.43
.52
1.00
.48
.37
.34
.36
.30
.15
.11
.24
.23
.32
.12
.10
.43
.19
.02
.02
–.08
.28
.10
.55
.06

.35
.12
.44
.26
.28
.34
.22
–.18
–.55
.65
.33
.29
.60
.34
.20
.37
.30
.33
.62
.31
.39
.28
.21
.27
.21
.43
.29
.35
.40
.48
1.00
.46
.43
.29
.21
.18
.20
.37
.28
.40
–.03
.08
.33
.16
.02
–.02
.11
.32
.20
.80
.00

.36
.14
.51
.38
.31
.33
.31
–.03
–.35
.50
.36
.18
.51
.34
.19
.28
.20
.37
.56
.32
.24
.23
.23
.23
.20
.37
.27
.28
.31
.37
.46
1.00
.33
.32
.19
.15
.11
.26
.20
.31
–.03
.07
.21
.23
.06
–.03
.09
.37
.10
.50
.04

.35
.06
.41
.25
.27
.17
.25
–.13
–.56
.47
.28
.39
.42
.33
.08
.38
.31
.26
.63
.30
.51
.22
.19
.20
.23
.37
.20
.31
.29
.34
.43
.33
1.00
.25
.17
.24
.16
.52
.28
.39
–.24
.04
.17
.22
–.03
.10
.37
.29
.25
.69
–.03

.32
.14
.37
.37
.27
.21
.24
.11
–.25
.31
.32
.12
.31
.28
.12
.26
.12
.26
.40
.29
.19
.20
.16
.17
.21
.31
.15
.26
.20
.36
.29
.32
.25
1.00
.31
.12
.02
.18
.17
.18
.00
.01
.21
.20
.03
.08
.06
.30
.06
.37
–.01

.22
.09
.19
.15
.14
.12
.13
.02
–.23
.23
.17
.01
.18
.23
.10
.27
.02
.18
.29
.15
.12
.20
.09
.15
.17
.22
.15
.25
.16
.30
.21
.19
.17
.31
1.00
.06
–.05
.07
.09
.13
–.05
.02
.18
.10
–.03
–.03
.07
.17
–.10
.27
.01

.23
.14
.33
.20
.21
–.07
–.04
–.15
–.28
.15
.28
.77
.22
.17
–.05
.27
.79
.26
.25
.34
.40
.08
.12
.10
.13
.24
.12
.07
.16
.15
.18
.15
.24
.12
.06
1.00
.34
.41
.25
.23
–.18
–.11
.07
.08
.07
.17
.29
.29
.71
.22
–.16

.15
.07
.20
.19
.17
–.08
–.01
–.22
–.18
.16
.12
.56
.21
.07
.01
.10
.70
.08
.19
.22
.29
.04
.08
.04
.06
.14
.09
.01
.14
.11
.20
.11
.16
.02
–.05
.34
1.00
.32
.16
.20
–.06
–.08
.07
.04
.03
.05
.13
.12
.58
.19
–.12

.28
.14
.45
.29
.25
.05
.09
–.22
–.51
.34
.38
.69
.36
.24
.00
.39
.54
.32
.51
.39
.70
.18
.14
.20
.19
.29
.19
.19
.26
.24
.37
.26
.52
.18
.07
.41
.32
1.00
.38
.38
–.30
–.05
.12
.14
.01
.24
.57
.37
.51
.50
–.17

.19
.23
.29
.15
.23
.04
–.08
–.10
–.37
.17
.41
.40
.24
.19
–.24
.30
.28
.24
.44
.49
.71
–.02
.10
.15
.14
.28
.11
.09
.17
.23
.28
.20
.28
.17
.09
.25
.16
.38
1.00
.30
–.25
–.20
.09
.03
.11
.18
.32
.42
.37
.37
–.50

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

14

Table 3-17. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Normative Sample—Men (N = 1,138)
Interpersonal
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Interest
Scales

FML

IPP

SAV

SHY

DSF

AES

MEC

.27
.11
.41
.32
.24
.14
.13
–.19
–.49
.44
.35
.32
.46
.25
.15
.34
.40
.31
.49
.35
.42
.22
.13
.20
.17
.34
.20
.28
.33
.32
.40
.31
.39
.18
.13
.23
.20
.38
.30
1.00
–.14
.02
.20
.17
.09
–.03
.20
.32
.24
.48
–.04

.03
–.18
–.08
–.03
–.02
.12
.25
–.02
.09
.15
–.16
–.32
.10
–.04
.41
–.22
–.16
–.12
–.06
–.17
–.47
.05
–.02
–.05
–.05
.03
.00
.01
.13
.12
–.03
–.03
–.24
.00
–.05
–.18
–.06
–.30
–.25
–.14
1.00
.31
.22
.06
–.10
–.17
–.88
–.16
–.28
–.09
.37

.07
–.22
.09
.08
.08
.12
.30
–.04
–.11
.36
–.06
–.21
.16
.09
.55
.00
–.08
.01
.10
–.08
–.30
.17
.03
.06
.07
.06
.07
.13
.13
.10
.08
.07
.04
.01
.02
–.11
–.08
–.05
–.20
.02
.31
1.00
.33
.25
–.17
–.24
–.30
–.05
–.24
.08
.84

.25
.24
.24
.17
.19
.15
.27
–.16
–.43
.57
.13
.05
.41
.19
.32
.24
.10
.13
.53
.15
.09
.17
.10
.14
.14
.31
.17
.28
.38
.43
.33
.21
.17
.21
.18
.07
.07
.12
.09
.20
.22
.33
1.00
.18
–.11
–.02
–.19
.15
.02
.37
.23

.28
.07
.34
.32
.18
.09
.29
.11
–.21
.29
.16
.06
.26
.20
.24
.27
.09
.21
.24
.14
.09
.15
.08
.12
.16
.24
.12
.23
.19
.19
.16
.23
.22
.20
.10
.08
.04
.14
.03
.17
.06
.25
.18
1.00
–.02
.00
.01
.17
.03
.21
.22

.01
.09
.06
.07
.00
–.01
–.10
–.07
–.04
.01
.11
.10
.10
.00
–.06
.00
.08
.08
.02
.14
.13
.00
.05
.00
.02
.05
.05
.01
.06
.02
.02
.06
–.03
.03
–.03
.07
.03
.01
.11
.09
–.10
–.17
–.11
–.02
1.00
.00
.06
.12
.13
.01
–.18

.08
.15
.07
–.03
.08
–.06
–.04
.01
–.07
–.07
.11
.28
–.03
.05
–.23
.12
.12
.07
.11
.13
.30
–.06
.03
.05
.01
.05
–.03
.00
.00
.02
–.02
–.03
.10
.08
–.03
.17
.05
.24
.18
–.03
–.17
–.24
–.02
.00
.00
1.00
.25
.12
.42
.04
–.29

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

Personality Psychopathology Five
(PSY-5) Scales
AGGR-r PSYC-r
.09
.19
.19
.11
.10
–.12
–.17
.04
–.19
–.08
.27
.50
–.03
.11
–.40
.34
.30
.20
.17
.27
.64
.00
.04
.09
.10
.03
.06
.03
–.09
–.08
.11
.09
.37
.06
.07
.29
.13
.57
.32
.20
–.88
–.30
–.19
.01
.06
.25
1.00
.25
.39
.20
–.40

.35
.19
.64
.43
.52
.21
.26
.06
–.36
.30
.95
.35
.36
.42
–.04
.41
.30
.70
.48
.87
.44
.16
.22
.30
.30
.42
.28
.19
.25
.28
.32
.37
.29
.30
.17
.29
.12
.37
.42
.32
–.16
–.05
.15
.17
.12
.12
.25
1.00
.27
.40
–.17

DISC-r NEGE-r INTR-r
.21
.16
.29
.17
.21
–.12
–.17
–.27
–.28
.11
.27
.92
.21
.14
–.17
.22
.80
.18
.26
.36
.62
.03
.12
.11
.11
.20
.07
–.03
.14
.10
.20
.10
.25
.06
–.10
.71
.58
.51
.37
.24
–.28
–.24
.02
.03
.13
.42
.39
.27
1.00
.23
–.35

.40
.11
.54
.31
.33
.35
.28
–.20
–.69
.73
.40
.35
.66
.42
.21
.44
.33
.37
.82
.40
.51
.35
.26
.30
.29
.48
.32
.42
.48
.55
.80
.50
.69
.37
.27
.22
.19
.50
.37
.48
–.09
.08
.37
.21
.01
.04
.20
.40
.23
1.00
–.02

.00
–.30
.06
.07
.03
.17
.34
.00
–.02
.34
–.18
–.32
.14
.09
.74
–.09
–.15
–.05
–.05
–.23
–.52
.27
.05
.03
.07
.02
.07
.16
.13
.06
.00
.04
–.03
–.01
.01
–.16
–.12
–.17
–.50
–.04
.37
.84
.23
.22
–.18
–.29
–.40
–.17
–.35
–.02
1.00

15

Table 3-18.
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Normative Sample—Women (N = 1,138)
Validity
Scales
VRIN-r
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

1.00
.11
.35
.32
.24
.21
.29
.02
–.34
.33
.30
.21
.33
.29
.14
.26
.25
.27
.39
.29
.23
.17
.12
.24
.22
.32
.21
.24
.29
.34
.30
.32
.28
.23
.18
.22
.09
.24
.18
.29
.02
.10
.22
.23
–.03
.00
.04
.30
.14
.35
.03

TRIN-r
.11
1.00
.20
.13
.13
.10
.16
.02
–.24
.15
.23
.09
.22
.11
–.12
.24
.02
.21
.31
.22
.21
–.01
.08
.08
.03
.21
.19
.18
.17
.26
.13
.19
.03
.23
.15
.08
–.01
.15
.20
.08
–.10
–.13
.18
.09
.07
.03
.12
.24
.04
.13
–.22

F-r
.35
.20
1.00
.48
.49
.43
.54
.01
–.48
.59
.60
.39
.64
.58
.35
.42
.42
.60
.54
.59
.38
.43
.33
.36
.53
.63
.40
.36
.47
.44
.43
.50
.39
.36
.20
.32
.18
.46
.29
.49
–.02
.14
.17
.32
.02
.10
.15
.62
.26
.54
.12

Fp-r
.32
.13
.48
1.00
.30
.23
.38
.08
–.31
.34
.43
.28
.38
.31
.19
.35
.30
.42
.36
.40
.29
.21
.18
.19
.30
.37
.24
.24
.30
.28
.27
.38
.26
.39
.16
.24
.16
.31
.23
.34
–.04
.09
.11
.36
.02
.07
.14
.47
.18
.33
.05

Fs
.24
.13
.49
.30
1.00
.38
.41
.01
–.35
.38
.51
.26
.40
.53
.15
.30
.23
.33
.41
.55
.33
.33
.38
.32
.42
.46
.22
.23
.31
.28
.32
.30
.30
.25
.16
.18
.10
.30
.30
.29
–.06
.04
.13
.17
.06
.06
.14
.54
.18
.38
.00

Higher-Order (H-O)
Scales
FBS-r

RBS

.21
.10
.43
.23
.38
1.00
.47
.07
–.27
.53
.26
–.03
.56
.66
.35
.02
.04
.23
.39
.23
.05
.45
.52
.58
.38
.41
.28
.30
.37
.34
.46
.39
.23
.22
.17
.02
–.07
.12
.13
.28
.10
.16
.20
.12
.00
–.01
–.09
.28
–.10
.44
.18

.29
.16
.54
.38
.41
.47
1.00
.20
–.36
.51
.35
–.07
.50
.47
.40
.33
.02
.35
.44
.33
.02
.36
.24
.32
.40
.60
.30
.35
.40
.45
.33
.38
.28
.33
.23
–.03
.17
.05
.01
.23
.20
.32
.28
.24
–.07
–.02
–.12
.37
–.17
.38
.33

L-r

K-r

EID

.02
.02
.01
.08
.01
.07
.20
1.00
.23
–.19
.10
–.27
–.18
.00
–.12
.05
–.21
.11
–.18
.02
–.25
–.07
–.02
–.04
.05
–.08
.05
–.01
–.17
–.13
–.14
–.01
–.11
.14
.09
–.08
–.19
–.19
–.11
–.18
–.03
.02
–.16
.06
–.09
–.06
.08
.09
–.32
–.20
.06

–.34
–.24
–.48
–.31
–.35
–.27
–.36
.23
1.00
–.75
–.36
–.31
–.71
–.44
–.37
–.63
–.35
–.37
–.75
–.36
–.49
–.45
–.27
–.39
–.25
–.46
–.28
–.42
–.63
–.58
–.56
–.41
–.58
–.30
–.27
–.22
–.17
–.51
–.37
–.50
.03
–.18
–.43
–.21
–.05
–.04
–.10
–.37
–.20
–.74
–.08

.33
.15
.59
.34
.38
.53
.51
–.19
–.75
1.00
.31
.18
.90
.49
.67
.40
.30
.35
.79
.29
.26
.55
.30
.40
.29
.54
.34
.54
.79
.65
.67
.52
.54
.30
.26
.14
.14
.36
.21
.50
.18
.38
.57
.26
–.01
.00
–.13
.33
.09
.77
.37

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

THD

BXD

.30
.23
.60
.43
.51
.26
.35
.10
–.36
.31
1.00
.35
.39
.40
.01
.43
.27
.74
.46
.90
.47
.14
.22
.25
.37
.49
.24
.19
.29
.32
.30
.37
.30
.36
.24
.27
.07
.36
.43
.34
–.18
.00
.10
.18
.06
.11
.28
.95
.23
.39
–.12

.21
.09
.39
.28
.26
–.03
–.07
–.27
–.31
.18
.35
1.00
.26
.22
–.05
.33
.82
.30
.31
.40
.71
.10
.16
.19
.17
.24
.13
.05
.17
.17
.22
.25
.32
.13
–.01
.70
.57
.63
.37
.35
–.30
–.13
–.02
.12
.06
.23
.44
.34
.90
.32
–.25

16

Table 3-18. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Normative Sample—Women (N = 1,138)
Restructured Clinical (RC)
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Somatic/Cognitive
Scales

RCd

RC1

RC2

RC3

RC4

RC6

RC7

RC8

RC9

MLS

.33
.22
.64
.38
.40
.56
.50
–.18
–.71
.90
.39
.26
1.00
.47
.54
.44
.35
.41
.73
.38
.33
.51
.31
.38
.29
.60
.35
.50
.82
.68
.62
.53
.49
.30
.21
.19
.18
.39
.26
.52
.12
.22
.39
.23
.02
.04
–.06
.41
.17
.71
.22

.29
.11
.58
.31
.53
.66
.47
.00
–.44
.49
.40
.22
.47
1.00
.28
.34
.24
.33
.46
.39
.27
.55
.56
.77
.70
.43
.30
.29
.34
.36
.44
.39
.31
.30
.26
.19
.08
.27
.26
.31
–.01
.13
.19
.17
.05
.01
.08
.43
.12
.49
.08

.14
–.12
.35
.19
.15
.35
.40
–.12
–.37
.67
.01
–.05
.54
.28
1.00
.10
.13
.09
.31
.00
–.16
.55
.15
.20
.17
.30
.20
.43
.47
.38
.30
.22
.19
.09
.10
.02
.06
.07
–.15
.23
.39
.51
.38
.16
–.10
–.04
–.39
.02
–.06
.32
.69

.26
.24
.42
.35
.30
.02
.33
.05
–.63
.40
.43
.33
.44
.34
.10
1.00
.28
.44
.50
.41
.47
.24
.19
.27
.21
.39
.26
.32
.33
.40
.33
.33
.35
.37
.30
.25
.12
.39
.33
.34
–.15
.04
.17
.22
–.03
.05
.29
.44
.19
.44
–.05

.25
.02
.42
.30
.23
.04
.02
–.21
–.35
.30
.27
.82
.35
.24
.13
.28
1.00
.27
.33
.31
.47
.18
.16
.20
.18
.25
.17
.11
.25
.21
.28
.25
.31
.08
–.01
.74
.69
.52
.24
.47
–.13
–.01
.07
.15
.02
.15
.24
.26
.76
.36
–.07

.27
.21
.60
.42
.33
.23
.35
.11
–.37
.35
.74
.30
.41
.33
.09
.44
.27
1.00
.42
.51
.37
.17
.21
.20
.33
.41
.24
.23
.30
.30
.29
.35
.31
.32
.20
.23
.08
.34
.26
.38
–.12
.06
.16
.18
.00
.07
.22
.68
.17
.37
–.02

.39
.31
.54
.36
.41
.39
.44
–.18
–.75
.79
.46
.31
.73
.46
.31
.50
.33
.42
1.00
.46
.50
.34
.28
.39
.28
.55
.29
.44
.65
.68
.61
.60
.64
.43
.35
.22
.14
.51
.43
.52
.03
.16
.53
.24
.03
.04
.06
.46
.17
.82
.04

.29
.22
.59
.40
.55
.23
.33
.02
–.36
.29
.90
.40
.38
.39
.00
.41
.31
.51
.46
1.00
.51
.14
.22
.25
.35
.54
.23
.16
.30
.32
.29
.38
.28
.34
.21
.30
.12
.39
.47
.34
–.18
–.03
.06
.20
.08
.14
.29
.90
.31
.39
–.16

.23
.21
.38
.29
.33
.05
.02
–.25
–.49
.26
.47
.71
.33
.27
–.16
.47
.47
.37
.50
.51
1.00
.09
.17
.23
.23
.33
.15
.16
.23
.30
.32
.33
.47
.25
.13
.36
.29
.66
.69
.41
–.43
–.23
.02
.12
.16
.18
.58
.46
.59
.48
–.46

.17
–.01
.43
.21
.33
.45
.36
–.07
–.45
.55
.14
.10
.51
.55
.55
.24
.18
.17
.34
.14
.09
1.00
.32
.38
.39
.33
.28
.30
.36
.30
.31
.29
.22
.17
.18
.08
.07
.17
.06
.25
.12
.19
.19
.12
–.02
–.05
–.08
.17
.03
.36
.27

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

GIC
.12
.08
.33
.18
.38
.52
.24
–.02
–.27
.30
.22
.16
.31
.56
.15
.19
.16
.21
.28
.22
.17
.32
1.00
.35
.28
.26
.17
.14
.21
.23
.28
.24
.19
.20
.12
.13
.06
.17
.18
.17
–.02
.04
.09
.08
.03
.00
.06
.24
.10
.31
.02

HPC

NUC

COG

.24
.08
.36
.19
.32
.58
.32
–.04
–.39
.40
.25
.19
.38
.77
.20
.27
.20
.20
.39
.25
.23
.38
.35
1.00
.32
.28
.21
.22
.28
.29
.37
.32
.26
.21
.20
.16
.09
.24
.18
.27
–.02
.09
.17
.14
.06
.01
.06
.28
.11
.42
.05

.22
.03
.53
.30
.42
.38
.40
.05
–.25
.29
.37
.17
.29
.70
.17
.21
.18
.33
.28
.35
.23
.39
.28
.32
1.00
.37
.26
.21
.21
.21
.26
.23
.23
.21
.14
.14
.05
.19
.22
.23
–.01
.06
.05
.18
.05
.03
.09
.36
.10
.32
.03

.32
.21
.63
.37
.46
.41
.60
–.08
–.46
.54
.49
.24
.60
.43
.30
.39
.25
.41
.55
.54
.33
.33
.26
.28
.37
1.00
.28
.39
.49
.53
.42
.40
.36
.33
.25
.19
.08
.31
.34
.39
.04
.09
.24
.19
.01
.03
.03
.51
.14
.48
.05

17

Table 3-18. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Normative Sample—Women (N = 1,138)
Internalizing
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Externalizing
Scales

SUI

HLP

SFD

NFC

STW

AXY

ANP

BRF

MSF

JCP

SUB

AGG

ACT

.21
.19
.40
.24
.22
.28
.30
.05
–.28
.34
.24
.13
.35
.30
.20
.26
.17
.24
.29
.23
.15
.28
.17
.21
.26
.28
1.00
.26
.29
.19
.21
.27
.18
.23
.18
.14
.05
.22
.10
.19
–.04
.08
.06
.18
.05
.04
.08
.24
.06
.27
.10

.24
.18
.36
.24
.23
.30
.35
–.01
–.42
.54
.19
.05
.50
.29
.43
.32
.11
.23
.44
.16
.16
.30
.14
.22
.21
.39
.26
1.00
.43
.46
.40
.29
.26
.26
.22
.07
.01
.18
.13
.24
.10
.17
.24
.19
–.03
–.02
–.05
.19
–.03
.44
.19

.29
.17
.47
.30
.31
.37
.40
–.17
–.63
.79
.29
.17
.82
.34
.47
.33
.25
.30
.65
.30
.23
.36
.21
.28
.21
.49
.29
.43
1.00
.63
.50
.39
.40
.24
.18
.16
.11
.31
.22
.38
.20
.23
.42
.20
.00
.05
–.16
.32
.11
.60
.22

.34
.26
.44
.28
.28
.34
.45
–.13
–.58
.65
.32
.17
.68
.36
.38
.40
.21
.30
.68
.32
.30
.30
.23
.29
.21
.53
.19
.46
.63
1.00
.51
.40
.40
.34
.26
.15
.09
.29
.26
.36
.18
.13
.43
.16
.03
–.02
–.12
.33
.08
.61
.09

.30
.13
.43
.27
.32
.46
.33
–.14
–.56
.67
.30
.22
.62
.44
.30
.33
.28
.29
.61
.29
.32
.31
.28
.37
.26
.42
.21
.40
.50
.51
1.00
.45
.43
.28
.23
.13
.17
.32
.26
.41
–.01
.15
.29
.16
.03
–.03
.05
.30
.12
.81
.10

.32
.19
.50
.38
.30
.39
.38
–.01
–.41
.52
.37
.25
.53
.39
.22
.33
.25
.35
.60
.38
.33
.29
.24
.32
.23
.40
.27
.29
.39
.40
.45
1.00
.34
.34
.24
.16
.14
.35
.27
.34
–.04
.07
.18
.16
.07
.01
.12
.38
.14
.52
.01

.28
.03
.39
.26
.30
.23
.28
–.11
–.58
.54
.30
.32
.49
.31
.19
.35
.31
.31
.64
.28
.47
.22
.19
.26
.23
.36
.18
.26
.40
.40
.43
.34
1.00
.27
.21
.17
.14
.47
.27
.43
–.15
.11
.21
.17
.01
.02
.21
.27
.18
.71
.03

.23
.23
.36
.39
.25
.22
.33
.14
–.30
.30
.36
.13
.30
.30
.09
.37
.08
.32
.43
.34
.25
.17
.20
.21
.21
.33
.23
.26
.24
.34
.28
.34
.27
1.00
.40
.09
.00
.22
.24
.19
–.08
.04
.18
.14
.00
–.01
.13
.36
.00
.36
–.04

.18
.15
.20
.16
.16
.17
.23
.09
–.27
.26
.24
–.01
.21
.26
.10
.30
–.01
.20
.35
.21
.13
.18
.12
.20
.14
.25
.18
.22
.18
.26
.23
.24
.21
.40
1.00
.02
–.11
.15
.15
.14
–.03
.07
.21
.08
–.03
–.20
.06
.23
–.21
.30
.01

.22
.08
.32
.24
.18
.02
–.03
–.08
–.22
.14
.27
.70
.19
.19
.02
.25
.74
.23
.22
.30
.36
.08
.13
.16
.14
.19
.14
.07
.16
.15
.13
.16
.17
.09
.02
1.00
.32
.38
.21
.27
–.13
–.03
.03
.12
–.02
.15
.23
.25
.62
.21
–.10

.09
–.01
.18
.16
.10
–.07
.17
–.19
–.17
.14
.07
.57
.18
.08
.06
.12
.69
.08
.14
.12
.29
.07
.06
.09
.05
.08
.05
.01
.11
.09
.17
.14
.14
.00
–.11
.32
1.00
.28
.12
.16
–.06
–.07
.04
.07
.02
.11
.12
.08
.61
.19
–.09

.24
.15
.46
.31
.30
.12
.05
–.19
–.51
.36
.36
.63
.39
.27
.07
.39
.52
.34
.51
.39
.66
.17
.17
.24
.19
.31
.22
.18
.31
.29
.32
.35
.47
.22
.15
.38
.28
1.00
.36
.41
–.23
.00
.10
.19
–.01
.12
.45
.36
.42
.49
–.10

.18
.20
.29
.23
.30
.13
.01
–.11
–.37
.21
.43
.37
.26
.26
–.15
.33
.24
.26
.43
.47
.69
.06
.18
.18
.22
.34
.10
.13
.22
.26
.26
.27
.27
.24
.15
.21
.12
.36
1.00
.28
–.21
–.15
.07
.07
.10
.13
.29
.44
.30
.35
–.45

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

18

Table 3-18. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Normative Sample—Women (N = 1,138)
Interpersonal
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Interest
Scales

FML

IPP

SAV

SHY

DSF

AES

MEC

.29
.08
.49
.34
.29
.28
.23
–.18
–.50
.50
.34
.35
.52
.31
.23
.34
.47
.38
.52
.34
.41
.25
.17
.27
.23
.39
.19
.24
.38
.36
.41
.34
.43
.19
.14
.27
.16
.41
.28
1.00
–.10
.09
.20
.17
.08
.03
.15
.33
.25
.52
.02

.02
–.10
–.02
–.04
–.06
.10
.20
–.03
.03
.18
–.18
–.30
.12
–.01
.39
–.15
–.13
–.12
.03
–.18
–.43
.12
–.02
–.02
–.01
.04
–.04
.10
.20
.18
–.01
–.04
–.15
–.08
–.03
–.13
–.06
–.23
–.21
–.10
1.00
.23
.30
.02
–.11
–.07
–.89
–.16
–.23
–.04
.31

.10
–.13
.14
.09
.04
.16
.32
.02
–.18
.38
.00
–.13
.22
.13
.51
.04
–.01
.06
.16
–.03
–.23
.19
.04
.09
.06
.09
.08
.17
.23
.13
.15
.07
.11
.04
.07
–.03
–.07
.00
–.15
.09
.23
1.00
.39
.20
–.14
–.04
–.22
.00
–.15
.15
.83

.22
.18
.17
.11
.13
.20
.28
–.16
–.43
.57
.10
–.02
.39
.19
.38
.17
.07
.16
.53
.06
.02
.19
.09
.17
.05
.24
.06
.24
.42
.43
.29
.18
.21
.18
.21
.03
.04
.10
.07
.20
.30
.39
1.00
.14
–.08
–.01
–.30
.11
–.05
.38
.28

.23
.09
.32
.36
.17
.12
.24
.06
–.21
.26
.18
.12
.23
.17
.16
.22
.15
.18
.24
.20
.12
.12
.08
.14
.18
.19
.18
.19
.20
.16
.16
.16
.17
.14
.08
.12
.07
.19
.07
.17
.02
.20
.14
1.00
–.01
.06
.06
.19
.08
.20
.15

–.03
.07
.02
.02
.06
.00
–.07
–.09
–.05
–.01
.06
.06
.02
.05
–.10
–.03
.02
.00
.03
.08
.16
–.02
.03
.06
.05
.01
.05
–.03
.00
.03
.03
.07
.01
.00
–.03
–.02
.02
–.01
.10
.08
–.11
–.14
–.08
–.01
1.00
.11
.08
.07
.11
.06
–.20

.00
.03
.10
.07
.06
–.01
–.02
–.06
–.04
.00
.11
.23
.04
.01
–.04
.05
.15
.07
.04
.14
.18
–.05
.00
.01
.03
.03
.04
–.02
.05
–.02
–.03
.01
.02
–.01
–.20
.15
.11
.12
.13
.03
–.07
–.04
–.01
.06
.11
1.00
.10
.11
.40
.00
–.08

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

Personality Psychopathology Five
(PSY-5) Scales
AGGR-r PSYC-r
.04
.12
.15
.14
.14
–.09
–.12
.08
–.10
–.13
.28
.44
–.06
.08
–.39
.29
.24
.22
.06
.29
.58
–.08
.06
.06
.09
.03
.08
–.05
–.16
–.12
.05
.12
.21
.13
.06
.23
.12
.45
.29
.15
–.89
–.22
–.30
.06
.08
.10
1.00
.26
.31
.10
–.31

.30
.24
.62
.47
.54
.28
.37
.09
–.37
.33
.95
.34
.41
.43
.02
.44
.26
.68
.46
.90
.46
.17
.24
.28
.36
.51
.24
.19
.32
.33
.30
.38
.27
.36
.23
.25
.08
.36
.44
.33
–.16
.00
.11
.19
.07
.11
.26
1.00
.23
.38
–.12

DISC-r NEGE-r INTR-r
.14
.04
.26
.18
.18
–.10
–.17
–.32
–.20
.09
.23
.90
.17
.12
–.06
.19
.76
.17
.17
.31
.59
.03
.10
.11
.10
.14
.06
–.03
.11
.08
.12
.14
.18
.00
–.21
.62
.61
.42
.30
.25
–.23
–.15
–.05
.08
.11
.40
.31
.23
1.00
.18
–.25

.35
.13
.54
.33
.38
.44
.38
–.20
–.74
.77
.39
.32
.71
.49
.32
.44
.36
.37
.82
.39
.48
.36
.31
.42
.32
.48
.27
.44
.60
.61
.81
.52
.71
.36
.30
.21
.19
.49
.35
.52
–.04
.15
.38
.20
.06
.00
.10
.38
.18
1.00
.06

.03
–.22
.12
.05
.00
.18
.33
.06
–.08
.37
–.12
–.25
.22
.08
.69
–.05
–.07
–.02
.04
–.16
–.46
.27
.02
.05
.03
.05
.10
.19
.22
.09
.10
.01
.03
–.04
.01
–.10
–.09
–.10
–.45
.02
.31
.83
.28
.15
–.20
–.08
–.31
–.12
–.25
.06
1.00

19

Table 3-19.
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Outpatients (Community Mental Health Center)—Men (N = 410)
Validity
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Higher-Order (H-O)
Scales

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

EID

THD

BXD

1.00
.10
.08
.26
.14
.04
.11
.20
–.09
.02
.25
.11
.04
.04
–.06
.19
.07
.21
.09
.18
.12
–.07
–.01
.06
.07
.08
.04
.02
.06
.02
.02
.11
.07
.18
.09
.09
.07
.12
.10
.04
–.02
–.06
.05
.15
.03
.03
.06
.22
.09
.05
–.07

.10
1.00
.32
.20
.28
.22
.25
–.10
–.30
.20
.32
.17
.31
.23
–.06
.28
.13
.27
.41
.35
.37
.10
.23
.20
.19
.33
.16
.21
.25
.36
.25
.29
.20
.23
.14
.09
.13
.20
.28
.20
–.21
–.18
.22
.11
.09
.17
.22
.35
.15
.29
–.19

.08
.32
1.00
.61
.68
.66
.77
–.17
–.62
.76
.68
.37
.76
.73
.62
.48
.43
.66
.74
.69
.33
.66
.51
.61
.68
.77
.63
.64
.59
.56
.54
.70
.51
.42
.09
.27
.33
.52
.24
.51
.07
.36
.45
.36
–.03
–.05
.09
.71
.23
.67
.44

.26
.20
.61
1.00
.45
.39
.51
.00
–.43
.49
.52
.33
.47
.40
.40
.41
.33
.53
.54
.45
.32
.36
.27
.38
.35
.45
.42
.48
.35
.36
.38
.52
.41
.33
.10
.26
.27
.42
.18
.47
.03
.25
.30
.41
.01
–.02
.12
.54
.23
.48
.27

.14
.28
.68
.45
1.00
.59
.65
–.07
–.46
.50
.63
.27
.51
.73
.37
.40
.30
.49
.58
.71
.31
.48
.57
.56
.68
.63
.39
.42
.37
.43
.43
.56
.39
.37
.07
.18
.26
.36
.29
.35
–.02
.21
.31
.26
.06
–.01
.11
.65
.16
.51
.25

.04
.22
.66
.39
.59
1.00
.69
–.10
–.43
.69
.41
.07
.70
.81
.58
.14
.15
.35
.58
.45
.10
.67
.67
.73
.63
.61
.51
.51
.50
.48
.54
.59
.41
.28
.07
.07
.13
.24
.10
.32
.10
.32
.36
.18
.02
–.11
–.04
.43
–.03
.61
.43

.11
.25
.77
.51
.65
.69
1.00
–.06
–.52
.69
.49
.09
.68
.70
.64
.38
.18
.45
.67
.53
.09
.63
.47
.59
.63
.80
.49
.52
.61
.51
.50
.57
.44
.39
.09
.07
.16
.31
.06
.34
.25
.46
.49
.34
–.08
–.08
–.12
.53
–.05
.59
.53

.20
–.10
–.17
.00
–.07
–.10
–.06
1.00
.35
–.34
–.04
–.27
–.36
–.09
–.19
–.06
–.27
–.05
–.29
–.13
–.29
–.19
–.12
–.08
–.08
–.23
–.18
–.17
–.41
–.28
–.31
–.12
–.24
.06
–.04
–.09
–.24
–.26
–.12
–.20
–.01
–.07
–.24
.05
–.07
.11
–.03
–.07
–.25
–.33
–.08

–.09
–.30
–.62
–.43
–.46
–.43
–.52
.35
1.00
–.76
–.40
–.39
–.75
–.49
–.48
–.67
–.42
–.43
–.76
–.43
–.51
–.52
–.35
–.47
–.41
–.58
–.37
–.51
–.68
–.62
–.64
–.51
–.70
–.22
–.13
–.27
–.25
–.59
–.31
–.58
.03
–.32
–.53
–.30
–.03
.07
–.18
–.43
–.25
–.80
–.32

.02
.20
.76
.49
.50
.69
.69
–.34
–.76
1.00
.35
.26
.94
.62
.82
.40
.36
.40
.78
.38
.22
.73
.49
.55
.53
.67
.54
.69
.82
.68
.71
.60
.58
.28
.11
.20
.26
.44
.11
.50
.24
.53
.65
.32
–.04
–.17
–.11
.39
.12
.80
.63

.25
.32
.68
.52
.63
.41
.49
–.04
–.40
.35
1.00
.32
.39
.49
.17
.44
.30
.85
.53
.87
.42
.33
.29
.43
.47
.52
.36
.34
.29
.33
.37
.50
.33
.39
.12
.19
.24
.38
.39
.39
–.18
.05
.15
.15
.14
.07
.27
.96
.24
.43
.05

.11
.17
.37
.33
.27
.07
.09
–.27
–.39
.26
.32
1.00
.26
.19
.08
.34
.88
.31
.38
.37
.70
.14
.17
.22
.13
.25
.15
.17
.23
.15
.25
.24
.49
.02
–.07
.77
.63
.75
.34
.35
–.32
–.02
.10
.10
.00
.18
.54
.31
.91
.36
–.07

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

20

Table 3-19. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Outpatients (Community Mental Health Center)—Men (N = 410)
Restructured Clinical (RC)
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Somatic/Cognitive
Scales

RCd

RC1

RC2

RC3

RC4

RC6

RC7

RC8

RC9

MLS

.04
.31
.76
.47
.51
.70
.68
–.36
–.75
.94
.39
.26
1.00
.59
.70
.40
.35
.42
.76
.43
.27
.69
.49
.51
.49
.69
.52
.63
.85
.72
.68
.61
.55
.28
.10
.19
.26
.44
.15
.49
.18
.38
.54
.27
.04
–.17
–.06
.43
.13
.78
.49

.04
.23
.73
.40
.73
.81
.70
–.09
–.49
.62
.49
.19
.59
1.00
.54
.36
.25
.40
.59
.55
.20
.70
.68
.83
.85
.63
.43
.54
.42
.46
.49
.58
.44
.31
.12
.13
.22
.33
.17
.34
.07
.29
.36
.25
.03
–.06
.04
.52
.07
.59
.40

–.06
–.06
.62
.40
.37
.58
.64
–.19
–.48
.82
.17
.08
.70
.54
1.00
.21
.22
.23
.48
.19
–.11
.71
.39
.46
.47
.54
.47
.63
.60
.48
.47
.40
.34
.17
.04
.11
.16
.23
–.16
.30
.46
.64
.52
.35
–.18
–.26
–.34
.21
–.04
.50
.85

.19
.28
.48
.41
.40
.14
.38
–.06
–.67
.40
.44
.34
.40
.36
.21
1.00
.29
.47
.55
.42
.48
.24
.22
.34
.30
.41
.25
.38
.34
.45
.38
.40
.44
.26
.20
.25
.15
.46
.28
.41
–.14
.19
.31
.33
–.01
.05
.28
.44
.22
.48
.13

.07
.13
.43
.33
.30
.15
.18
–.27
–.42
.36
.30
.88
.35
.25
.22
.29
1.00
.30
.41
.35
.47
.24
.21
.25
.19
.27
.20
.24
.32
.22
.29
.24
.44
.06
–.06
.81
.70
.64
.22
.44
–.13
.12
.20
.10
–.01
.05
.33
.30
.79
.40
.11

.21
.27
.66
.53
.49
.35
.45
–.05
–.43
.40
.85
.31
.42
.40
.23
.47
.30
1.00
.53
.59
.37
.32
.22
.36
.39
.46
.33
.33
.35
.34
.38
.48
.36
.35
.11
.21
.19
.39
.25
.45
–.15
.11
.18
.15
.05
.06
.25
.80
.22
.45
.14

.09
.41
.74
.54
.58
.58
.67
–.29
–.76
.78
.53
.38
.76
.59
.48
.55
.41
.53
1.00
.58
.50
.51
.44
.54
.49
.69
.45
.52
.64
.74
.68
.71
.68
.43
.18
.25
.29
.57
.37
.56
.03
.32
.61
.31
.08
–.01
.12
.58
.23
.87
.29

.18
.35
.69
.45
.71
.45
.53
–.13
–.43
.38
.87
.37
.43
.55
.19
.42
.35
.59
.58
1.00
.47
.36
.35
.48
.52
.64
.38
.36
.32
.37
.38
.51
.35
.39
.12
.20
.31
.41
.48
.38
–.14
.06
.21
.20
.17
.03
.25
.89
.27
.46
.03

.12
.37
.33
.32
.31
.10
.09
–.29
–.51
.22
.42
.70
.27
.20
–.11
.48
.47
.37
.50
.47
1.00
.06
.18
.20
.16
.31
.14
.20
.23
.26
.35
.33
.53
.10
.06
.36
.34
.69
.69
.42
–.52
–.22
.05
.10
.17
.22
.68
.42
.62
.47
–.35

–.07
.10
.66
.36
.48
.67
.63
–.19
–.52
.73
.33
.14
.69
.70
.71
.24
.24
.32
.51
.36
.06
1.00
.45
.60
.57
.56
.42
.56
.55
.48
.51
.47
.41
.24
.14
.14
.20
.28
–.02
.28
.19
.39
.36
.21
–.03
–.21
–.09
.36
.02
.57
.55

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

GIC
–.01
.23
.51
.27
.57
.67
.47
–.12
–.35
.49
.29
.17
.49
.68
.39
.22
.21
.22
.44
.35
.18
.45
1.00
.46
.47
.42
.32
.43
.33
.36
.42
.45
.33
.17
.03
.15
.21
.21
.14
.19
.02
.19
.25
.12
.05
–.04
.03
.30
.11
.47
.26

HPC

NUC

COG

.06
.20
.61
.38
.56
.73
.59
–.08
–.47
.55
.43
.22
.51
.83
.46
.34
.25
.36
.54
.48
.20
.60
.46
1.00
.59
.51
.40
.45
.38
.38
.45
.51
.42
.26
.09
.15
.21
.35
.13
.33
.04
.28
.32
.21
.02
–.06
.07
.46
.09
.53
.34

.07
.19
.68
.35
.68
.63
.63
–.08
–.41
.53
.47
.13
.49
.85
.47
.30
.19
.39
.49
.52
.16
.57
.47
.59
1.00
.62
.37
.48
.34
.35
.38
.50
.34
.31
.12
.04
.21
.29
.20
.30
.08
.25
.31
.22
–.01
–.07
.02
.48
.02
.47
.35

.08
.33
.77
.45
.63
.61
.80
–.23
–.58
.67
.52
.25
.69
.63
.54
.41
.27
.46
.69
.64
.31
.56
.42
.51
.62
1.00
.43
.49
.55
.63
.55
.51
.48
.35
.10
.13
.22
.41
.26
.39
.11
.30
.47
.33
–.03
–.03
.02
.57
.12
.62
.36

21

Table 3-19. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Outpatients (Community Mental Health Center)—Men (N = 410)
Internalizing
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Externalizing
Scales

SUI

HLP

SFD

NFC

STW

AXY

ANP

BRF

MSF

JCP

SUB

AGG

ACT

.04
.16
.63
.42
.39
.51
.49
–.18
–.37
.54
.36
.15
.52
.43
.47
.25
.20
.33
.45
.38
.14
.42
.32
.40
.37
.43
1.00
.52
.43
.32
.29
.48
.27
.18
.04
.09
.19
.24
.02
.34
.10
.22
.27
.25
–.05
–.07
–.01
.38
.12
.37
.34

.02
.21
.64
.48
.42
.51
.52
–.17
–.51
.69
.34
.17
.63
.54
.63
.38
.24
.33
.52
.36
.20
.56
.43
.45
.48
.49
.52
1.00
.54
.41
.46
.48
.36
.24
.17
.13
.18
.30
.09
.37
.13
.30
.37
.31
–.07
–.10
–.02
.36
.09
.51
.45

.06
.25
.59
.35
.37
.50
.61
–.41
–.68
.82
.29
.23
.85
.42
.60
.34
.32
.35
.64
.32
.23
.55
.33
.38
.34
.55
.43
.54
1.00
.63
.54
.46
.44
.21
.12
.17
.22
.35
.09
.44
.22
.31
.51
.17
.03
–.18
–.12
.32
.12
.64
.41

.02
.36
.56
.36
.43
.48
.51
–.28
–.62
.68
.33
.15
.72
.46
.48
.45
.22
.34
.74
.37
.26
.48
.36
.38
.35
.63
.32
.41
.63
1.00
.60
.44
.43
.33
.23
.14
.12
.31
.22
.38
.22
.31
.57
.24
.07
–.10
–.14
.38
.01
.68
.31

.02
.25
.54
.38
.43
.54
.50
–.31
–.64
.71
.37
.25
.68
.49
.47
.38
.29
.38
.68
.38
.35
.51
.42
.45
.38
.55
.29
.46
.54
.60
1.00
.51
.49
.28
.12
.16
.22
.40
.26
.41
.01
.23
.45
.13
.05
–.08
.07
.39
.12
.83
.27

.11
.29
.70
.52
.56
.59
.57
–.12
–.51
.60
.50
.24
.61
.58
.40
.40
.24
.48
.71
.51
.33
.47
.45
.51
.50
.51
.48
.48
.46
.44
.51
1.00
.44
.43
.13
.14
.22
.41
.23
.42
–.02
.22
.34
.22
.06
–.05
.14
.52
.13
.64
.24

.07
.20
.51
.41
.39
.41
.44
–.24
–.70
.58
.33
.49
.55
.44
.34
.44
.44
.36
.68
.35
.53
.41
.33
.42
.34
.48
.27
.36
.44
.43
.49
.44
1.00
.19
.02
.31
.27
.63
.24
.49
–.17
.26
.33
.23
–.01
.02
.32
.35
.33
.73
.23

.18
.23
.42
.33
.37
.28
.39
.06
–.22
.28
.39
.02
.28
.31
.17
.26
.06
.35
.43
.39
.10
.24
.17
.26
.31
.35
.18
.24
.21
.33
.28
.43
.19
1.00
.31
.00
.07
.12
.16
.27
.06
.15
.27
.25
.10
.01
–.03
.40
–.07
.36
.13

.09
.14
.09
.10
.07
.07
.09
–.04
–.13
.11
.12
–.07
.10
.12
.04
.20
–.06
.11
.18
.12
.06
.14
.03
.09
.12
.10
.04
.17
.12
.23
.12
.13
.02
.31
1.00
–.08
.03
.01
.10
.05
.02
–.02
.16
–.01
.20
–.11
–.05
.14
–.20
.17
–.03

.09
.09
.27
.26
.18
.07
.07
–.09
–.27
.20
.19
.77
.19
.13
.11
.25
.81
.21
.25
.20
.36
.14
.15
.15
.04
.13
.09
.13
.17
.14
.16
.14
.31
.00
–.08
1.00
.35
.45
.15
.24
–.17
.13
.10
.12
–.06
.08
.30
.18
.73
.24
.08

.07
.13
.33
.27
.26
.13
.16
–.24
–.25
.26
.24
.63
.26
.22
.16
.15
.70
.19
.29
.31
.34
.20
.21
.21
.21
.22
.19
.18
.22
.12
.22
.22
.27
.07
.03
.35
1.00
.43
.20
.19
–.07
–.02
.14
.04
.02
.03
.20
.26
.58
.29
.02

.12
.20
.52
.42
.36
.24
.31
–.26
–.59
.44
.38
.75
.44
.33
.23
.46
.64
.39
.57
.41
.69
.28
.21
.35
.29
.41
.24
.30
.35
.31
.40
.41
.63
.12
.01
.45
.43
1.00
.36
.44
–.26
.11
.22
.18
–.04
.10
.56
.37
.54
.55
.08

.10
.28
.24
.18
.29
.10
.06
–.12
–.31
.11
.39
.34
.15
.17
–.16
.28
.22
.25
.37
.48
.69
–.02
.14
.13
.20
.26
.02
.09
.09
.22
.26
.23
.24
.16
.10
.15
.20
.36
1.00
.25
–.30
–.16
.07
.06
.21
.12
.36
.40
.29
.31
–.39

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

22

Table 3-19. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Outpatients (Community Mental Health Center)—Men (N = 410)
Interpersonal
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Interest
Scales

FML

IPP

SAV

SHY

DSF

AES

MEC

.04
.20
.51
.47
.35
.32
.34
–.20
–.58
.50
.39
.35
.49
.34
.30
.41
.44
.45
.56
.38
.42
.28
.19
.33
.30
.39
.34
.37
.44
.38
.41
.42
.49
.27
.05
.24
.19
.44
.25
1.00
–.07
.14
.25
.20
.07
–.01
.19
.39
.24
.55
.15

–.02
–.21
.07
.03
–.02
.10
.25
–.01
.03
.24
–.18
–.32
.18
.07
.46
–.14
–.13
–.15
.03
–.14
–.52
.19
.02
.04
.08
.11
.10
.13
.22
.22
.01
–.02
–.17
.06
.02
–.17
–.07
–.26
–.30
–.07
1.00
.38
.33
.12
–.15
–.26
–.89
–.13
–.35
.00
.47

–.06
–.18
.36
.25
.21
.32
.46
–.07
–.32
.53
.05
–.02
.38
.29
.64
.19
.12
.11
.32
.06
–.22
.39
.19
.28
.25
.30
.22
.30
.31
.31
.23
.22
.26
.15
–.02
.13
–.02
.11
–.16
.14
.38
1.00
.51
.38
–.18
–.19
–.29
.07
–.11
.29
.86

.05
.22
.45
.30
.31
.36
.49
–.24
–.53
.65
.15
.10
.54
.36
.52
.31
.20
.18
.61
.21
.05
.36
.25
.32
.31
.47
.27
.37
.51
.57
.45
.34
.33
.27
.16
.10
.14
.22
.07
.25
.33
.51
1.00
.28
–.05
–.07
–.24
.19
.00
.52
.45

.15
.11
.36
.41
.26
.18
.34
.05
–.30
.32
.15
.10
.27
.25
.35
.33
.10
.15
.31
.20
.10
.21
.12
.21
.22
.33
.25
.31
.17
.24
.13
.22
.23
.25
–.01
.12
.04
.18
.06
.20
.12
.38
.28
1.00
–.03
–.02
–.02
.17
.06
.21
.35

.03
.09
–.03
.01
.06
.02
–.08
–.07
–.03
–.04
.14
.00
.04
.03
–.18
–.01
–.01
.05
.08
.17
.17
–.03
.05
.02
–.01
–.03
–.05
–.07
.03
.07
.05
.06
–.01
.10
.20
–.06
.02
–.04
.21
.07
–.15
–.18
–.05
–.03
1.00
–.03
.09
.15
.03
.09
–.27

.03
.17
–.05
–.02
–.01
–.11
–.08
.11
.07
–.17
.07
.18
–.17
–.06
–.26
.05
.05
.06
–.01
.03
.22
–.21
–.04
–.06
–.07
–.03
–.07
–.10
–.18
–.10
–.08
–.05
.02
.01
–.11
.08
.03
.10
.12
–.01
–.26
–.19
–.07
–.02
–.03
1.00
.30
.04
.35
–.05
–.24

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

Personality Psychopathology Five
(PSY-5) Scales
AGGR-r PSYC-r
.06
.22
.09
.12
.11
–.04
–.12
–.03
–.18
–.11
.27
.54
–.06
.04
–.34
.28
.33
.25
.12
.25
.68
–.09
.03
.07
.02
.02
–.01
–.02
–.12
–.14
.07
.14
.32
–.03
–.05
.30
.20
.56
.36
.19
–.89
–.29
–.24
–.02
.09
.30
1.00
.22
.50
.13
–.37

.22
.35
.71
.54
.65
.43
.53
–.07
–.43
.39
.96
.31
.43
.52
.21
.44
.30
.80
.58
.89
.42
.36
.30
.46
.48
.57
.38
.36
.32
.38
.39
.52
.35
.40
.14
.18
.26
.37
.40
.39
–.13
.07
.19
.17
.15
.04
.22
1.00
.22
.47
.06

DISC-r NEGE-r INTR-r
.09
.15
.23
.23
.16
–.03
–.05
–.25
–.25
.12
.24
.91
.13
.07
–.04
.22
.79
.22
.23
.27
.62
.02
.11
.09
.02
.12
.12
.09
.12
.01
.12
.13
.33
–.07
–.20
.73
.58
.54
.29
.24
–.35
–.11
.00
.06
.03
.35
.50
.22
1.00
.21
–.15

.05
.29
.67
.48
.51
.61
.59
–.33
–.80
.80
.43
.36
.78
.59
.50
.48
.40
.45
.87
.46
.47
.57
.47
.53
.47
.62
.37
.51
.64
.68
.83
.64
.73
.36
.17
.24
.29
.55
.31
.55
.00
.29
.52
.21
.09
–.05
.13
.47
.21
1.00
.31

–.07
–.19
.44
.27
.25
.43
.53
–.08
–.32
.63
.05
–.07
.49
.40
.85
.13
.11
.14
.29
.03
–.35
.55
.26
.34
.35
.36
.34
.45
.41
.31
.27
.24
.23
.13
–.03
.08
.02
.08
–.39
.15
.47
.86
.45
.35
–.27
–.24
–.37
.06
–.15
.31
1.00

23

Table 3-20.
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Outpatients (Community Mental Health Center)—Women (N = 610)
Validity
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Higher-Order (H-O)
Scales

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

EID

THD

BXD

1.00
–.04
.03
.11
.05
.00
.03
.12
–.07
–.02
.10
.11
–.01
–.01
–.10
.07
.10
.09
.04
.07
.10
–.04
–.02
–.03
.03
.03
.01
–.02
.00
.01
.06
.02
.08
.04
.00
.13
.02
.06
.09
.05
–.03
–.06
–.02
.06
–.02
.04
.05
.10
.10
.07
–.10

–.04
1.00
.23
.16
.14
.10
.15
.01
–.20
.10
.28
.14
.19
.09
–.13
.24
.11
.25
.26
.24
.27
.03
.08
.04
.13
.18
.14
.07
.16
.22
.10
.18
.11
.15
.12
.09
.08
.17
.22
.16
–.09
–.11
.14
.09
.06
.04
.15
.28
.08
.15
–.17

.03
.23
1.00
.61
.65
.64
.79
–.11
–.59
.73
.72
.39
.73
.69
.58
.52
.43
.67
.76
.74
.35
.65
.42
.53
.66
.79
.57
.54
.55
.60
.57
.72
.49
.56
.27
.31
.22
.53
.32
.51
.18
.42
.42
.44
–.07
–.02
.04
.75
.21
.71
.45

.11
.16
.61
1.00
.43
.36
.53
–.02
–.41
.45
.56
.36
.44
.39
.38
.43
.40
.56
.51
.51
.29
.40
.21
.32
.37
.50
.30
.31
.32
.38
.33
.54
.34
.46
.19
.31
.26
.44
.23
.37
.08
.30
.30
.47
–.04
.03
.10
.58
.26
.46
.29

.05
.14
.65
.43
1.00
.66
.61
–.09
–.42
.44
.61
.30
.46
.76
.34
.38
.32
.43
.51
.67
.28
.56
.61
.54
.71
.61
.31
.30
.32
.37
.41
.53
.30
.44
.20
.27
.16
.37
.33
.32
.08
.24
.26
.28
–.02
.07
.07
.62
.19
.50
.24

.00
.10
.64
.36
.66
1.00
.71
–.07
–.43
.65
.40
.09
.66
.83
.56
.22
.14
.32
.56
.44
.08
.69
.71
.73
.61
.66
.41
.44
.47
.47
.55
.58
.34
.36
.22
.11
.02
.28
.14
.28
.26
.35
.37
.22
–.02
–.03
–.13
.44
–.01
.60
.45

.03
.15
.79
.53
.61
.71
1.00
.05
–.50
.67
.55
.10
.66
.71
.63
.40
.19
.48
.64
.59
.06
.65
.42
.60
.63
.81
.43
.49
.56
.48
.47
.58
.38
.46
.28
.14
.08
.34
.12
.34
.33
.51
.44
.40
–.13
–.07
–.15
–.58
–.04
–.57
.58

.12
.01
–.11
–.02
–.09
–.07
.05
1.00
.27
–.28
.00
–.37
–.32
–.07
–.17
.00
–.36
.03
–.24
–.09
–.32
–.18
–.06
–.07
–.06
–.13
–.11
–.08
–.31
–.28
–.33
–.16
–.14
.00
–.02
–.21
–.28
–.27
–.17
–.24
.01
.01
–.17
.08
–.14
–.01
–.02
–.03
–.40
–.28
.00

–.07
–.20
–.59
–.41
–.42
–.43
–.50
.27
1.00
–.72
–.45
–.34
–.71
–.47
–.46
–.68
–.39
–.46
–.76
–.44
–.43
–.53
–.33
–.45
–.37
–.54
–.34
–.46
–.61
–.61
–.58
–.51
–.66
–.34
–.30
–.29
–.13
–.52
–.33
–.56
–.15
–.30
–.50
–.22
.11
.10
–.02
–.46
–.18
–.77
–.28

–.02
.10
.73
.45
.44
.65
.67
–.28
–.72
1.00
.37
.21
.93
.56
.83
.43
.32
.39
.80
.38
.16
.71
.39
.52
.43
.67
.50
.66
.80
.72
.71
.62
.55
.38
.27
.20
.15
.41
.15
.47
.40
.54
.66
.34
–.11
–.11
–.24
.41
.08
.79
.64

.10
.28
.72
.56
.61
.40
.55
.00
–.45
.37
1.00
.36
.39
.48
.20
.51
.35
.84
.57
.88
.45
.37
.28
.35
.52
.55
.30
.28
.29
.39
.37
.54
.37
.50
.26
.28
.17
.44
.42
.41
–.05
.18
.21
.32
.02
.04
.24
.96
.22
.51
.11

.11
.14
.39
.36
.30
.09
.10
–.37
–.34
.21
.36
1.00
.28
.18
.04
.29
.88
.27
.35
.43
.69
.12
.10
.17
.23
.27
.18
.07
.19
.25
.24
.28
.39
.21
–.01
.76
.59
.71
.37
.34
–.21
–.04
.06
.13
.04
.16
.44
.35
.89
.36
–.11

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

24

Table 3-20. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Outpatients (Community Mental Health Center)—Women (N = 610)
Restructured Clinical (RC)
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Somatic/Cognitive
Scales

RCd

RC1

RC2

RC3

RC4

RC6

RC7

RC8

RC9

MLS

–.01
.19
.73
.44
.46
.66
.66
–.32
–.71
.93
.39
.28
1.00
.54
.70
.44
.37
.39
.77
.43
.24
.66
.40
.51
.43
.69
.49
.60
.83
.74
.68
.60
.53
.35
.22
.24
.21
.44
.22
.48
.33
.39
.54
.29
–.03
–.08
–.18
.44
.16
.76
.50

–.01
.09
.69
.39
.76
.83
.71
–.07
–.47
.56
.48
.18
.54
1.00
.48
.37
.23
.37
.56
.53
.18
.71
.69
.81
.82
.66
.35
.40
.39
.41
.49
.55
.35
.43
.31
.16
.08
.33
.24
.31
.18
.32
.34
.24
–.07
.01
–.03
.51
.06
.56
.38

–.10
–.13
.58
.38
.34
.56
.63
–.17
–.46
.83
.20
.04
.70
.48
1.00
.24
.17
.23
.54
.23
–.12
.67
.30
.44
.37
.56
.42
.63
.58
.55
.48
.46
.33
.28
.17
.07
.08
.26
–.09
.29
.51
.62
.53
.35
–.17
–.10
–.38
.24
–.04
.51
.84

.07
.24
.52
.43
.38
.22
.40
.00
–.68
.43
.51
.29
.44
.37
.24
1.00
.29
.51
.57
.48
.40
.33
.24
.34
.32
.44
.26
.36
.32
.41
.37
.41
.47
.37
.26
.24
.11
.41
.27
.39
–.01
.21
.30
.33
–.14
–.01
.19
.51
.15
.51
.15

.10
.11
.43
.40
.32
.14
.19
–.36
–.39
.32
.35
.88
.37
.23
.17
.29
1.00
.28
.39
.40
.49
.21
.13
.23
.25
.31
.25
.11
.28
.30
.29
.28
.37
.23
.03
.81
.65
.59
.32
.46
–.02
.07
.18
.15
–.05
.05
.22
.33
.79
.40
.03

.09
.25
.67
.56
.43
.32
.48
.03
–.46
.39
.84
.27
.39
.37
.23
.51
.28
1.00
.54
.60
.36
.34
.21
.29
.36
.46
.28
.33
.32
.35
.34
.50
.38
.42
.27
.22
.10
.40
.33
.43
–.02
.20
.22
.34
–.04
–.01
.19
.80
.13
.48
.16

.04
.26
.76
.51
.51
.56
.64
–.24
–.76
.80
.57
.35
.77
.56
.54
.57
.39
.54
1.00
.59
.43
.56
.38
.49
.48
.69
.40
.49
.63
.73
.68
.73
.68
.51
.37
.29
.17
.55
.39
.52
.25
.41
.60
.35
–.04
–.10
–.04
.60
.17
.87
.37

.07
.24
.74
.51
.67
.44
.59
–.09
–.44
.38
.88
.43
.43
.53
.23
.48
.40
.60
.59
1.00
.49
.41
.32
.38
.58
.67
.33
.25
.29
.43
.41
.56
.36
.48
.22
.31
.24
.47
.46
.38
–.04
.17
.22
.29
.06
.07
.23
.89
.29
.53
.11

.10
.27
.35
.29
.28
.08
.06
–.32
–.43
.16
.45
.69
.24
.18
–.12
.40
.49
.36
.43
.49
1.00
.09
.11
.14
.22
.26
.10
.07
.18
.27
.29
.30
.46
.21
.09
.37
.28
.64
.70
.37
–.41
–.19
.04
.09
.13
.13
.62
.45
.57
.43
–.36

–.04
.03
.65
.40
.56
.69
.65
–.18
–.53
.71
.37
.12
.66
.71
.67
.33
.21
.34
.56
.41
.09
1.00
.48
.57
.59
.63
.37
.49
.51
.48
.53
.54
.35
.37
.30
.13
.06
.29
.12
.35
.27
.41
.42
.25
–.07
–.07
–.15
.39
.01
.58
.52

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

GIC
–.02
.08
.42
.21
.61
.71
.42
–.06
–.33
.39
.28
.10
.40
.69
.30
.24
.13
.21
.38
.32
.11
.48
1.00
.45
.47
.40
.21
.24
.30
.26
.35
.41
.23
.26
.13
.08
.07
.22
.14
.17
.11
.17
.23
.11
–.05
–.03
–.04
.30
.05
.40
.22

HPC

NUC

COG

–.03
.04
.53
.32
.54
.73
.60
–.07
–.45
.52
.35
.17
.51
.81
.44
.34
.23
.29
.49
.38
.14
.57
.45
1.00
.52
.53
.33
.37
.36
.40
.46
.44
.35
.33
.28
.19
.06
.30
.15
.28
.17
.29
.30
.21
–.08
.01
–.04
.39
.07
.52
.36

.03
.13
.66
.37
.71
.61
.63
–.06
–.37
.43
.52
.23
.43
.82
.37
.32
.25
.36
.48
.58
.22
.59
.47
.52
1.00
.62
.29
.32
.30
.36
.38
.47
.27
.41
.26
.19
.13
.32
.28
.30
.11
.27
.24
.23
–.01
.05
.04
.50
.10
.46
.29

.03
.18
.79
.50
.61
.66
.81
–.13
–.54
.67
.55
.27
.69
.66
.56
.44
.31
.46
.69
.67
.26
.63
.40
.53
.62
1.00
.39
.48
.50
.62
.57
.60
.43
.46
.28
.22
.17
.40
.30
.39
.21
.38
.41
.32
–.05
–.02
–.04
.61
.14
.64
.42

25

Table 3-20. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Outpatients (Community Mental Health Center)—Women (N = 610)
Internalizing
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Externalizing
Scales

SUI

HLP

SFD

NFC

STW

AXY

ANP

BRF

MSF

JCP

SUB

AGG

ACT

.01
.14
.57
.30
.31
.41
.43
–.11
–.34
.50
.30
.18
.49
.35
.42
.26
.25
.28
.40
.33
.10
.37
.21
.33
.29
.39
1.00
.43
.38
.37
.32
.39
.23
.20
.05
.15
.17
.27
.09
.29
.19
.20
.24
.20
–.07
–.01
–.07
.32
.13
.37
.30

–.02
.07
.54
.31
.30
.44
.49
–.08
–.46
.66
.28
.07
.60
.40
.63
.36
.11
.33
.49
.25
.07
.49
.24
.37
.32
.48
.43
1.00
.51
.48
.46
.43
.35
.30
.21
.04
.05
.27
.08
.28
.25
.35
.36
.27
–.13
–.04
–.12
.28
–.02
.49
.47

.00
.16
.55
.32
.32
.47
.56
–.31
–.61
.80
.29
.19
.83
.39
.58
.32
.28
.32
.63
.29
.18
.51
.30
.36
.30
.50
.38
.51
1.00
.62
.52
.44
.42
.25
.18
.17
.16
.31
.17
.41
.33
.31
.51
.20
–.07
–.07
–.24
.32
.11
.61
.40

.01
.22
.60
.38
.37
.47
.48
–.28
–.61
.72
.39
.25
.74
.41
.55
.41
.30
.35
.73
.43
.27
.48
.26
.40
.36
.62
.37
.48
.62
1.00
.61
.51
.47
.40
.29
.21
.15
.36
.26
.43
.35
.33
.53
.23
–.03
–.10
–.19
.44
.13
.68
.36

.06
.10
.57
.33
.41
.55
.47
–.33
–.58
.71
.37
.24
.68
.49
.48
.37
.29
.34
.68
.41
.29
.53
.35
.46
.38
.57
.32
.46
.52
.61
1.00
.56
.44
.31
.29
.21
.15
.33
.25
.37
.15
.30
.44
.19
.04
–.09
–.05
.42
.15
.82
.32

.02
.18
.72
.54
.53
.58
.58
–.16
–.51
.62
.54
.28
.60
.55
.46
.41
.28
.50
.73
.56
.30
.54
.41
.44
.47
.60
.39
.43
.44
.51
.56
1.00
.40
.47
.26
.23
.14
.40
.28
.38
.14
.32
.36
.29
.04
–.01
.00
.56
.16
.66
.32

.08
.11
.49
.34
.30
.34
.38
–.14
–.66
.55
.37
.39
.53
.35
.33
.47
.37
.38
.68
.36
.46
.35
.23
.35
.27
.43
.23
.35
.42
.47
.44
.40
1.00
.35
.27
.27
.14
.56
.27
.49
.00
.24
.30
.25
–.12
–.11
.16
.38
.19
.72
.20

.04
.15
.56
.46
.44
.36
.46
.00
–.34
.38
.50
.21
.35
.43
.28
.37
.23
.42
.51
.48
.21
.37
.26
.33
.41
.46
.20
.30
.25
.40
.31
.47
.35
1.00
.43
.21
.06
.28
.25
.29
.07
.35
.30
.30
.01
–.06
.05
.50
.04
.44
.27

.00
.12
.27
.19
.20
.22
.28
–.02
–.30
.27
.26
–.01
.22
.31
.17
.26
.03
.27
.37
.22
.09
.30
.13
.28
.26
.28
.05
.21
.18
.29
.29
.26
.27
.43
1.00
.04
–.07
.12
.12
.20
.08
.19
.25
.12
–.02
–.17
–.03
.27
–.18
.37
.14

.13
.09
.31
.31
.27
.11
.14
–.21
–.29
.20
.28
.76
.24
.16
.07
.24
.81
.22
.29
.31
.37
.13
.08
.19
.19
.22
.15
.04
.17
.21
.21
.23
.27
.21
.04
1.00
.36
.41
.22
.26
–.04
.06
.16
.13
–.05
.00
.19
.27
.70
.31
.00

.02
.08
.22
.26
.16
.02
.08
–.28
–.13
.15
.17
.59
.21
.08
.08
.11
.65
.10
.17
.24
.28
.06
.07
.06
.13
.17
.17
.05
.16
.15
.15
.14
.14
.06
–.07
.36
1.00
.38
.19
.13
.03
–.03
.04
.08
.05
.12
.08
.16
.60
.18
–.03

.06
.17
.53
.44
.37
.28
.34
–.27
–.52
.41
.44
.71
.44
.33
.26
.41
.59
.40
.55
.47
.64
.29
.22
.30
.32
.40
.27
.27
.31
.36
.33
.40
.56
.28
.12
.41
.38
1.00
.36
.41
–.11
.13
.16
.23
–.05
.06
.44
.44
.47
.53
.12

.09
.22
.32
.23
.33
.14
.12
–.17
–.33
.15
.42
.37
.22
.24
–.09
.27
.32
.33
.39
.46
.70
.12
.14
.15
.28
.30
.09
.08
.17
.26
.25
.28
.27
.25
.12
.22
.19
.36
1.00
.29
–.18
–.10
.08
.05
.08
.04
.30
.43
.29
.35
–.31

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

26

Table 3-20. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Outpatients (Community Mental Health Center)—Women (N = 610)
Interpersonal
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Interest
Scales

FML

IPP

SAV

SHY

DSF

AES

MEC

.05
.16
.51
.37
.32
.28
.34
–.24
–.56
.47
.41
.34
.48
.31
.29
.39
.46
.43
.52
.38
.37
.35
.17
.28
.30
.39
.29
.28
.41
.43
.37
.38
.49
.29
.20
.26
.13
.41
.29
1.00
.06
.18
.26
.21
–.04
–.08
.09
.39
.19
.52
.17

–.03
–.09
.18
.08
.08
.26
.33
.01
–.15
.40
–.05
–.21
.33
.18
.51
–.01
–.02
–.02
.25
–.04
–.41
.27
.11
.17
.11
.21
.19
.25
.33
.35
.15
.14
.00
.07
.08
–.04
.03
–.11
–.18
.06
1.00
.39
.42
.15
–.16
–.15
–.87
–.03
–.21
.16
.48

–.06
–.11
.42
.30
.24
.35
.51
.01
–.30
.54
.18
–.04
.39
.32
.62
.21
.07
.20
.41
.17
–.19
.41
.17
.29
.27
.38
.20
.35
.31
.33
.30
.32
.24
.35
.19
.06
–.03
.13
–.10
.18
.39
1.00
.53
.41
–.20
–.12
–.29
.19
–.14
.35
.85

–.02
.14
.42
.30
.26
.37
.44
–.17
–.50
.66
.21
.06
.54
.34
.53
.30
.18
.22
.60
.22
.04
.42
.23
.30
.24
.41
.24
.36
.51
.53
.44
.36
.30
.30
.25
.16
.04
.16
.08
.26
.42
.53
1.00
.29
–.13
–.10
–.33
.23
–.01
.50
.48

.06
.09
.44
.47
.28
.22
.40
.08
–.22
.34
.32
.13
.29
.24
.35
.33
.15
.34
.35
.29
.09
.25
.11
.21
.23
.32
.20
.27
.20
.23
.19
.29
.25
.30
.12
.13
.08
.23
.05
.21
.15
.41
.29
1.00
–.12
.03
–.01
.33
.05
.27
.38

–.02
.06
–.07
–.04
–.02
–.02
–.13
–.14
.11
–.11
.02
.04
–.03
–.07
–.17
–.14
–.05
–.04
–.04
.06
.13
–.07
–.05
–.08
–.01
–.05
–.07
–.13
–.07
–.03
.04
.04
–.12
.01
–.02
–.05
.05
–.05
.08
–.04
–.16
–.20
–.13
–.12
1.00
.24
.10
.04
.12
–.02
–.21

.04
.04
–.02
.03
.07
–.03
–.07
–.01
.10
–.11
.04
.16
–.08
.01
–.10
–.01
.05
–.01
–.10
.07
.13
–.07
–.03
.01
.05
–.02
–.01
–.04
–.07
–.10
–.09
–.01
–.11
–.06
–.17
.00
.12
.06
.04
–.08
–.15
–.12
–.10
.03
.24
1.00
.17
.03
.32
–.13
–.11

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

Personality Psychopathology Five
(PSY-5) Scales
AGGR-r PSYC-r
.05
.15
.04
.10
.07
–.13
–.15
–.02
–.02
–.24
.24
.44
–.18
–.03
–.38
.19
.22
.19
–.04
.23
.62
–.15
–.04
–.04
.04
–.04
–.07
–.12
–.24
–.19
–.05
.00
.16
.05
–.03
.19
.08
.44
.30
.09
–.87
–.29
–.33
–.01
.10
.17
1.00
.21
.34
.00
–.39

.10
.28
.75
.58
.62
.44
.58
–.03
–.46
.41
.96
.35
.44
.51
.24
.51
.33
.80
.60
.89
.45
.39
.30
.39
.50
.61
.32
.28
.32
.44
.42
.56
.38
.50
.27
.27
.16
.44
.43
.39
–.03
.19
.23
.33
.04
.03
.21
1.00
.21
.54
.13

DISC-r NEGE-r INTR-r
.10
.08
.21
.26
.19
–.01
–.04
–.40
–.18
.08
.22
.89
.16
.06
–.04
.15
.79
.13
.17
.29
.57
.01
.05
.07
.10
.14
.13
–.02
.11
.13
.15
.16
.19
.04
–.18
.70
.60
.47
.29
.19
–.21
–.14
–.01
.05
.12
.32
.34
.21
1.00
.19
–.18

.07
.15
.71
.46
.50
.60
.57
–.28
–.77
.79
.51
.36
.76
.56
.51
.51
.40
.48
.87
.53
.43
.58
.40
.52
.46
.64
.37
.49
.61
.68
.82
.66
.72
.44
.37
.31
.18
.53
.35
.52
.16
.35
.50
.27
–.02
–.13
.00
.54
.19
1.00
.34

–.10
–.17
.45
.29
.24
.45
.58
.00
–.28
.64
.11
–.11
.50
.38
.84
.15
.03
.16
.37
.11
–.36
.52
.22
.36
.29
.42
.30
.47
.40
.36
.32
.32
.20
.27
.14
.00
–.03
.12
–.31
.17
.48
.85
.48
.38
–.21
–.11
–.39
.13
–.18
.34
1.00

27

Table 3-21.
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (Community Hospital)—Men (N = 709)
Validity
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Higher-Order (H-O)
Scales

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

EID

THD

BXD

1.00
.16
.14
.25
.18
.08
.16
.08
–.16
.04
.23
.11
.07
.16
–.06
.16
.10
.21
.18
.20
.19
.02
.06
.12
.15
.14
.01
.04
.08
.13
.07
.11
.16
.23
.13
.17
.01
.10
.21
.11
–.05
–.04
.06
.13
.09
.02
.09
.24
.08
.15
–.08

.16
1.00
.26
.20
.33
.15
.22
–.01
–.31
.11
.34
.21
.18
.22
–.18
.33
.14
.30
.38
.35
.39
.00
.16
.19
.22
.25
.11
.08
.16
.29
.17
.27
.20
.31
.18
.21
.01
.17
.36
.21
–.21
–.13
.27
.06
.16
.10
.25
.35
.15
.22
–.25

.14
.26
1.00
.67
.67
.63
.83
–.27
–.67
.78
.70
.47
.78
.71
.61
.54
.52
.67
.79
.74
.41
.63
.46
.54
.65
.80
.63
.58
.65
.70
.60
.75
.54
.50
.31
.43
.34
.56
.40
.54
.17
.46
.51
.49
.02
–.07
.04
.72
.30
.73
.41

.25
.20
.67
1.00
.53
.38
.62
–.10
–.47
.47
.65
.30
.46
.48
.35
.52
.31
.66
.57
.59
.35
.34
.26
.40
.44
.55
.37
.40
.34
.43
.34
.56
.39
.46
.26
.27
.21
.44
.33
.37
.07
.32
.36
.48
.04
–.04
.13
.68
.17
.45
.25

.18
.33
.67
.53
1.00
.54
.64
–.14
–.51
.46
.66
.35
.48
.73
.27
.43
.34
.54
.63
.74
.44
.41
.55
.52
.70
.65
.28
.30
.38
.51
.41
.58
.42
.48
.31
.32
.18
.37
.50
.40
.05
.19
.38
.29
.06
.00
.10
.67
.23
.54
.10

.08
.15
.63
.38
.54
1.00
.67
–.14
–.43
.68
.34
.17
.69
.76
.56
.16
.25
.32
.58
.41
.12
.66
.63
.70
.54
.64
.51
.46
.57
.55
.59
.60
.36
.37
.28
.21
.16
.27
.24
.35
.25
.39
.40
.28
–.06
–.09
–.16
.36
.05
.61
.42

.16
.22
.83
.62
.64
.67
1.00
–.11
–.57
.69
.59
.23
.70
.71
.59
.46
.30
.55
.68
.65
.22
.60
.42
.57
.62
.81
.53
.55
.66
.58
.52
.68
.45
.48
.33
.25
.19
.42
.29
.41
.27
.48
.46
.46
–.06
–.08
–.07
.62
.07
.62
.46

.08
–.01
–.27
–.10
–.14
–.14
–.11
1.00
.41
–.41
–.07
–.42
–.41
–.15
–.33
–.12
–.42
–.07
–.34
–.15
–.30
–.32
–.12
–.09
–.12
–.25
–.24
–.21
–.36
–.29
–.40
–.22
–.27
–.06
–.08
–.27
–.33
–.33
–.14
–.24
–.08
–.13
–.29
–.04
–.09
–.04
.03
–.10
–.41
–.41
–.15

–.16
–.31
–.67
–.47
–.51
–.43
–.57
.41
1.00
–.75
–.42
–.51
–.76
–.54
–.49
–.70
–.54
–.42
–.78
–.49
–.55
–.56
–.38
–.42
–.44
–.62
–.49
–.51
–.67
–.67
–.65
–.56
–.64
–.35
–.24
–.43
–.30
–.61
–.46
–.56
–.08
–.34
–.56
–.31
.00
.03
–.11
–.44
–.37
–.78
–.27

.04
.11
.78
.47
.46
.68
.69
–.41
–.75
1.00
.30
.38
.95
.57
.84
.41
.50
.33
.77
.39
.23
.77
.43
.44
.44
.72
.67
.71
.87
.76
.75
.66
.55
.33
.24
.36
.36
.47
.24
.48
.38
.63
.67
.44
–.08
–.14
–.22
.34
.24
.81
.64

.23
.34
.70
.65
.66
.34
.59
–.07
–.42
.30
1.00
.31
.33
.50
.13
.47
.27
.90
.55
.89
.43
.22
.26
.40
.53
.54
.22
.23
.23
.41
.28
.51
.35
.47
.32
.27
.11
.37
.45
.38
–.09
.14
.28
.27
.14
.02
.22
.98
.19
.40
.02

.11
.21
.47
.30
.35
.17
.23
–.42
–.51
.38
.31
1.00
.42
.32
.13
.36
.89
.28
.50
.39
.69
.26
.23
.25
.30
.36
.30
.17
.34
.39
.35
.35
.51
.20
.10
.79
.62
.72
.40
.40
–.21
.05
.25
.14
.06
.20
.42
.33
.90
.48
–.04

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

28

Table 3-21. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (Community Hospital)—Men (N = 709)
Restructured Clinical (RC)
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Somatic/Cognitive
Scales

RCd

RC1

RC2

RC3

RC4

RC6

RC7

RC8

RC9

MLS

.07
.18
.78
.46
.48
.69
.70
–.41
–.76
.95
.33
.42
1.00
.57
.74
.43
.51
.34
.76
.44
.30
.74
.44
.46
.43
.72
.67
.67
.89
.78
.75
.66
.54
.34
.24
.39
.35
.49
.29
.48
.32
.50
.59
.39
–.05
–.12
–.16
.37
.28
.80
.52

.16
.22
.71
.48
.73
.76
.71
–.15
–.54
.57
.50
.32
.57
1.00
.42
.40
.35
.44
.62
.57
.35
.62
.67
.80
.83
.66
.38
.37
.46
.53
.51
.60
.44
.45
.36
.29
.22
.38
.41
.39
.11
.28
.35
.28
.00
–.02
.04
.53
.19
.60
.24

–.06
–.18
.61
.35
.27
.56
.59
–.33
–.49
.84
.13
.13
.74
.42
1.00
.18
.30
.18
.46
.19
–.12
.73
.32
.30
.30
.56
.57
.67
.68
.53
.53
.47
.29
.16
.13
.17
.25
.25
–.04
.31
.56
.73
.51
.44
–.18
–.22
–.43
.16
.05
.54
.86

.16
.33
.54
.52
.43
.16
.46
–.12
–.70
.41
.47
.36
.43
.40
.18
1.00
.31
.49
.58
.48
.53
.28
.26
.33
.33
.46
.34
.37
.35
.46
.38
.40
.48
.34
.22
.26
.16
.48
.38
.43
–.11
.14
.30
.33
.03
.03
.31
.48
.23
.49
.04

.10
.14
.52
.31
.34
.25
.30
–.42
–.54
.50
.27
.89
.51
.35
.30
.31
1.00
.26
.51
.35
.47
.37
.27
.26
.33
.41
.38
.26
.45
.45
.39
.37
.46
.19
.12
.82
.70
.60
.32
.51
–.03
.21
.35
.21
.01
.06
.20
.29
.80
.51
.15

.21
.30
.67
.66
.54
.32
.55
–.07
–.42
.33
.90
.28
.34
.44
.18
.49
.26
1.00
.53
.70
.36
.24
.23
.37
.43
.50
.23
.28
.25
.38
.28
.49
.36
.40
.28
.24
.11
.36
.34
.42
–.07
.19
.27
.28
.10
.01
.19
.88
.16
.38
.10

.18
.38
.79
.57
.63
.58
.68
–.34
–.78
.77
.55
.50
.76
.62
.46
.58
.51
.53
1.00
.63
.54
.52
.44
.48
.53
.75
.48
.49
.64
.80
.70
.76
.71
.56
.35
.43
.32
.60
.52
.57
.14
.37
.64
.38
.08
–.06
.05
.58
.32
.87
.26

.20
.35
.74
.59
.74
.41
.65
–.15
–.49
.39
.89
.39
.44
.57
.19
.48
.35
.70
.63
1.00
.50
.29
.31
.44
.61
.67
.29
.26
.32
.51
.37
.56
.38
.51
.34
.32
.18
.42
.54
.41
–.05
.15
.34
.29
.17
.00
.20
.90
.27
.50
.03

.19
.39
.41
.35
.44
.12
.22
–.30
–.55
.23
.43
.69
.30
.35
–.12
.53
.47
.36
.54
.50
1.00
.13
.21
.28
.34
.36
.18
.11
.21
.37
.35
.34
.54
.27
.13
.42
.28
.66
.72
.39
–.42
–.20
.18
.07
.23
.21
.62
.44
.61
.47
–.38

.02
.00
.63
.34
.41
.66
.60
–.32
–.56
.77
.22
.26
.74
.62
.73
.28
.37
.24
.52
.29
.13
1.00
.44
.48
.47
.62
.52
.53
.63
.56
.58
.51
.37
.24
.21
.27
.27
.34
.18
.36
.27
.47
.41
.31
–.11
–.17
–.15
.25
.15
.60
.53

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

GIC
.06
.16
.46
.26
.55
.63
.42
–.12
–.38
.43
.26
.23
.44
.67
.32
.26
.27
.23
.44
.31
.21
.44
1.00
.46
.44
.40
.32
.28
.38
.34
.40
.46
.29
.29
.15
.22
.17
.25
.25
.32
.07
.21
.24
.20
–.02
.00
.02
.27
.16
.44
.20

HPC

NUC

COG

.12
.19
.54
.40
.52
.70
.57
–.09
–.42
.44
.40
.25
.46
.80
.30
.33
.26
.37
.48
.44
.28
.48
.46
1.00
.55
.50
.33
.28
.36
.41
.40
.47
.37
.36
.32
.22
.14
.31
.31
.29
.04
.19
.23
.19
–.04
–.01
.08
.41
.14
.47
.17

.15
.22
.65
.44
.70
.54
.62
–.12
–.44
.44
.53
.30
.43
.83
.30
.33
.33
.43
.53
.61
.34
.47
.44
.55
1.00
.60
.28
.29
.34
.45
.38
.51
.36
.43
.32
.28
.22
.33
.41
.33
.07
.21
.32
.24
.06
.01
.06
.53
.19
.50
.14

.14
.25
.80
.55
.65
.64
.81
–.25
–.62
.72
.54
.36
.72
.66
.56
.46
.41
.50
.75
.67
.36
.62
.40
.50
.60
1.00
.47
.53
.59
.73
.60
.65
.49
.48
.35
.36
.24
.42
.42
.46
.19
.39
.52
.36
.01
–.08
–.03
.58
.21
.70
.35

29

Table 3-21. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (Community Hospital)—Men (N = 709)
Internalizing
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Externalizing
Scales

SUI

HLP

SFD

NFC

STW

AXY

ANP

BRF

MSF

JCP

SUB

AGG

ACT

.01
.11
.63
.37
.28
.51
.53
–.24
–.49
.67
.22
.30
.67
.38
.57
.34
.38
.23
.48
.29
.18
.52
.32
.33
.28
.47
1.00
.62
.62
.47
.45
.44
.33
.19
.11
.24
.32
.43
.13
.33
.22
.39
.35
.40
–.09
–.09
–.04
.24
.19
.48
.43

.04
.08
.58
.40
.30
.46
.55
–.21
–.51
.71
.23
.17
.67
.37
.67
.37
.26
.28
.49
.26
.11
.53
.28
.28
.29
.53
.62
1.00
.63
.56
.51
.46
.30
.22
.13
.17
.21
.30
.10
.31
.32
.45
.42
.47
–.06
–.08
–.18
.25
.10
.50
.50

.08
.16
.65
.34
.38
.57
.66
–.36
–.67
.87
.23
.34
.89
.46
.68
.35
.45
.25
.64
.32
.21
.63
.38
.36
.34
.59
.62
.63
1.00
.68
.63
.56
.45
.28
.21
.35
.29
.40
.21
.41
.32
.45
.53
.33
–.07
–.09
–.20
.26
.23
.69
.48

.13
.29
.70
.43
.51
.55
.58
–.29
–.67
.76
.41
.39
.78
.53
.53
.46
.45
.38
.80
.51
.37
.56
.34
.41
.45
.73
.47
.56
.68
1.00
.67
.60
.54
.46
.33
.41
.26
.44
.39
.47
.25
.38
.59
.36
.01
–.09
–.09
.45
.25
.76
.32

.07
.17
.60
.34
.41
.59
.52
–.40
–.65
.75
.28
.35
.75
.51
.53
.38
.39
.28
.70
.37
.35
.58
.40
.40
.38
.60
.45
.51
.63
.67
1.00
.58
.49
.36
.28
.31
.25
.40
.32
.42
.18
.32
.47
.24
.05
–.03
–.07
.31
.25
.86
.30

.11
.27
.75
.56
.58
.60
.68
–.22
–.56
.66
.51
.35
.66
.60
.47
.40
.37
.49
.76
.56
.34
.51
.46
.47
.51
.65
.44
.46
.56
.60
.58
1.00
.45
.52
.32
.29
.25
.42
.35
.44
.14
.36
.45
.33
.07
–.07
.00
.53
.21
.67
.31

.16
.20
.54
.39
.42
.36
.45
–.27
–.64
.55
.35
.51
.54
.44
.29
.48
.46
.36
.71
.38
.54
.37
.29
.37
.36
.49
.33
.30
.45
.54
.49
.45
1.00
.33
.20
.39
.28
.63
.41
.48
–.04
.22
.35
.23
–.05
.00
.22
.36
.31
.71
.14

.23
.31
.50
.46
.48
.37
.48
–.06
–.35
.33
.47
.20
.34
.45
.16
.34
.19
.40
.56
.51
.27
.24
.29
.36
.43
.48
.19
.22
.28
.46
.36
.52
.33
1.00
.48
.23
.04
.25
.35
.31
.06
.16
.32
.26
.08
–.05
.03
.49
.05
.46
.07

.13
.18
.31
.26
.31
.28
.33
–.08
–.24
.24
.32
.10
.24
.36
.13
.22
.12
.28
.35
.34
.13
.21
.15
.32
.32
.35
.11
.13
.21
.33
.28
.32
.20
.48
1.00
.11
.08
.13
.16
.15
.05
.11
.23
.11
.05
–.14
–.02
.33
–.07
.33
.07

.17
.21
.43
.27
.32
.21
.25
–.27
–.43
.36
.27
.79
.39
.29
.17
.26
.82
.24
.43
.32
.42
.27
.22
.22
.28
.36
.24
.17
.35
.41
.31
.29
.39
.23
.11
1.00
.37
.44
.32
.39
–.08
.15
.28
.19
.03
.06
.21
.28
.71
.41
.06

.01
.01
.34
.21
.18
.16
.19
–.33
–.30
.36
.11
.62
.35
.22
.25
.16
.70
.11
.32
.18
.28
.27
.17
.14
.22
.24
.32
.21
.29
.26
.25
.25
.28
.04
.08
.37
1.00
.41
.15
.19
.04
.15
.23
.12
–.02
.06
.08
.13
.59
.34
.14

.10
.17
.56
.44
.37
.27
.42
–.33
–.61
.47
.37
.72
.49
.38
.25
.48
.60
.36
.60
.42
.66
.34
.25
.31
.33
.42
.43
.30
.40
.44
.40
.42
.63
.25
.13
.44
.41
1.00
.40
.41
–.11
.19
.27
.24
–.01
.13
.44
.39
.51
.56
.11

.21
.36
.40
.33
.50
.24
.29
–.14
–.46
.24
.45
.40
.29
.41
–.04
.38
.32
.34
.52
.54
.72
.18
.25
.31
.41
.42
.13
.10
.21
.39
.32
.35
.41
.35
.16
.32
.15
.40
1.00
.35
–.16
–.06
.23
.13
.19
.07
.28
.47
.32
.42
–.29

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

30

Table 3-21. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (Community Hospital)—Men (N = 709)
Interpersonal
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Interest
Scales

FML

IPP

SAV

SHY

DSF

AES

MEC

.11
.21
.54
.37
.40
.35
.41
–.24
–.56
.48
.38
.40
.48
.39
.31
.43
.51
.42
.57
.41
.39
.36
.32
.29
.33
.46
.33
.31
.41
.47
.42
.44
.48
.31
.15
.39
.19
.41
.35
1.00
–.03
.20
.32
.30
.04
–.05
.14
.38
.28
.51
.17

–.05
–.21
.17
.07
.05
.25
.27
–.08
–.08
.38
–.09
–.21
.32
.11
.56
–.11
–.03
–.07
.14
–.05
–.42
.27
.07
.04
.07
.19
.22
.32
.32
.25
.18
.14
–.04
.06
.05
–.08
.04
–.11
–.16
–.03
1.00
.49
.35
.29
–.17
–.27
–.87
–.06
–.23
.16
.55

–.04
–.13
.46
.32
.19
.39
.48
–.13
–.34
.63
.14
.05
.50
.28
.73
.14
.21
.19
.37
.15
–.20
.47
.21
.19
.21
.39
.39
.45
.45
.38
.32
.36
.22
.16
.11
.15
.15
.19
–.06
.20
.49
1.00
.55
.50
–.25
–.21
–.36
.15
–.05
.36
.89

.06
.27
.51
.36
.38
.40
.46
–.29
–.56
.67
.28
.25
.59
.35
.51
.30
.35
.27
.64
.34
.18
.41
.24
.23
.32
.52
.35
.42
.53
.59
.47
.45
.35
.32
.23
.28
.23
.27
.23
.32
.35
.55
1.00
.34
.01
–.06
–.24
.31
.17
.55
.43

.13
.06
.49
.48
.29
.28
.46
–.04
–.31
.44
.27
.14
.39
.28
.44
.33
.21
.28
.38
.29
.07
.31
.20
.19
.24
.36
.40
.47
.33
.36
.24
.33
.23
.26
.11
.19
.12
.24
.13
.30
.29
.50
.34
1.00
–.07
–.08
–.12
.29
.06
.29
.45

.09
.16
.02
.04
.06
–.06
–.06
–.09
.00
–.08
.14
.06
–.05
.00
–.18
.03
.01
.10
.08
.17
.23
–.11
–.02
–.04
.06
.01
–.09
–.06
–.07
.01
.05
.07
–.05
.08
.05
.03
–.02
–.01
.19
.04
–.17
–.25
.01
–.07
1.00
.07
.12
.15
.11
.04
–.29

.02
.10
–.07
–.04
.00
–.09
–.08
–.04
.03
–.14
.02
.20
–.12
–.02
–.22
.03
.06
.01
–.06
.00
.21
–.17
.00
–.01
.01
–.08
–.09
–.08
–.09
–.09
–.03
–.07
.00
–.05
–.14
.06
.06
.13
.07
–.05
–.27
–.21
–.06
–.08
.07
1.00
.28
.02
.36
–.04
–.25

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

Personality Psychopathology Five
(PSY-5) Scales
AGGR-r PSYC-r
.09
.25
.04
.13
.10
–.16
–.07
.03
–.11
–.22
.22
.42
–.16
.04
–.43
.31
.20
.19
.05
.20
.62
–.15
.02
.08
.06
–.03
–.04
–.18
–.20
–.09
–.07
.00
.22
.03
–.02
.21
.08
.44
.28
.14
–.87
–.36
–.24
–.12
.12
.28
1.00
.20
.36
.00
–.45

.24
.35
.72
.68
.67
.36
.62
–.10
–.44
.34
.98
.33
.37
.53
.16
.48
.29
.88
.58
.90
.44
.25
.27
.41
.53
.58
.24
.25
.26
.45
.31
.53
.36
.49
.33
.28
.13
.39
.47
.38
–.06
.15
.31
.29
.15
.02
.20
1.00
.21
.42
.04

DISC-r NEGE-r INTR-r
.08
.15
.30
.17
.23
.05
.07
–.41
–.37
.24
.19
.90
.28
.19
.05
.23
.80
.16
.32
.27
.61
.15
.16
.14
.19
.21
.19
.10
.23
.25
.25
.21
.31
.05
–.07
.71
.59
.51
.32
.28
–.23
–.05
.17
.06
.11
.36
.36
.21
1.00
.33
–.12

.15
.22
.73
.45
.54
.61
.62
–.41
–.78
.81
.40
.48
.80
.60
.54
.49
.51
.38
.87
.50
.47
.60
.44
.47
.50
.70
.48
.50
.69
.76
.86
.67
.71
.46
.33
.41
.34
.56
.42
.51
.16
.36
.55
.29
.04
–.04
.00
.42
.33
1.00
.30

–.08
–.25
.41
.25
.10
.42
.46
–.15
–.27
.64
.02
–.04
.52
.24
.86
.04
.15
.10
.26
.03
–.38
.53
.20
.17
.14
.35
.43
.50
.48
.32
.30
.31
.14
.07
.07
.06
.14
.11
–.29
.17
.55
.89
.43
.45
–.29
–.25
–.45
.04
–.12
.30
1.00

31

Table 3-22.
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (Community Hospital)—Women (N = 473)
Validity
Scales
VRIN-r
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

1.00
.11
.06
.15
.10
.01
.06
.05
–.10
.03
.14
.14
.06
–.01
–.05
.11
.14
.11
.09
.13
.14
–.01
–.07
.00
.04
.04
.03
.01
.08
.06
.01
.03
.08
.18
.06
.15
.09
.10
.13
.13
.01
.00
.11
.14
–.03
.09
.04
.14
.12
.04
–.05

TRIN-r
.11
1.00
.16
.14
.20
.11
.12
.06
–.26
.07
.27
.18
.15
.14
–.14
.23
.12
.21
.24
.27
.30
.03
.10
.12
.16
.16
.12
.03
.11
.21
.11
.19
.12
.09
.10
.12
.08
.24
.24
.19
–.15
–.09
.14
.07
.01
.12
.20
.27
.15
.11
–.16

F-r
.06
.16
1.00
.65
.60
.62
.78
–.26
–.67
.79
.62
.39
.78
.65
.67
.52
.48
.60
.79
.68
.34
.67
.45
.50
.59
.79
.67
.65
.65
.65
.63
.74
.53
.52
.22
.36
.28
.55
.36
.53
.28
.44
.47
.45
–.15
–.08
–.10
.66
.27
.74
.47

Fp-r
.15
.14
.65
1.00
.46
.43
.61
–.10
–.52
.54
.51
.27
.50
.48
.44
.51
.32
.50
.60
.52
.31
.41
.31
.39
.44
.54
.43
.49
.40
.44
.40
.58
.40
.52
.22
.23
.20
.43
.27
.47
.18
.34
.41
.39
–.10
–.01
–.02
.56
.18
.51
.32

Fs
.10
.20
.60
.46
1.00
.64
.62
–.16
–.46
.49
.49
.30
.51
.72
.34
.37
.33
.33
.59
.65
.36
.48
.57
.54
.65
.62
.34
.34
.40
.44
.47
.57
.43
.41
.17
.29
.17
.39
.42
.36
.09
.19
.31
.25
–.06
.04
.04
.52
.24
.56
.20

Higher-Order (H-O)
Scales
FBS-r

RBS

.01
.11
.62
.43
.64
1.00
.70
–.11
–.37
.65
.29
.08
.65
.81
.55
.15
.17
.23
.55
.40
.08
.68
.71
.71
.57
.60
.51
.50
.53
.44
.54
.61
.35
.38
.12
.17
.00
.26
.20
.31
.26
.35
.32
.26
–.11
–.09
–.18
.33
.00
.56
.43

.06
.12
.78
.61
.62
.70
1.00
–.08
–.55
.70
.44
.08
.69
.70
.64
.42
.19
.39
.68
.56
.11
.65
.49
.57
.58
.80
.53
.56
.58
.55
.52
.66
.40
.48
.18
.14
.08
.34
.19
.34
.36
.52
.50
.39
–.19
–.13
–.23
.50
–.01
.60
.57

L-r

K-r

EID

.05
.06
–.26
–.10
–.16
–.11
–.08
1.00
.33
–.38
–.08
–.37
–.38
–.14
–.30
–.04
–.33
–.05
–.32
–.18
–.32
–.29
–.11
–.09
–.16
–.27
–.20
–.24
–.37
–.32
–.37
–.21
–.28
–.09
.07
–.17
–.28
–.30
–.22
–.21
–.08
–.08
–.16
–.04
–.12
.00
.04
–.11
–.39
–.38
–.10

–.10
–.26
–.67
–.52
–.46
–.37
–.55
.33
1.00
–.73
–.43
–.44
–.73
–.47
–.49
–.69
–.45
–.43
–.79
–.49
–.52
–.56
–.30
–.43
–.37
–.60
–.50
–.50
–.67
–.72
–.62
–.51
–.66
–.36
–.20
–.32
–.27
–.59
–.43
–.57
–.19
–.29
–.54
–.33
.17
.05
.03
–.46
–.33
–.77
–.28

.03
.07
.79
.54
.49
.65
.70
–.38
–.73
1.00
.30
.29
.95
.55
.85
.40
.38
.31
.81
.41
.20
.76
.44
.47
.37
.72
.70
.72
.85
.75
.75
.65
.57
.44
.15
.26
.25
.44
.24
.43
.43
.55
.62
.43
–.19
–.15
–.31
.36
.20
.80
.65

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

THD

BXD

.14
.27
.62
.51
.49
.29
.44
–.08
–.43
.30
1.00
.27
.31
.37
.15
.46
.26
.88
.52
.85
.40
.26
.17
.27
.45
.46
.24
.28
.21
.37
.33
.48
.35
.36
.25
.24
.09
.41
.39
.43
–.07
.14
.25
.21
–.05
.03
.18
.96
.18
.43
.06

.14
.18
.39
.27
.30
.08
.08
–.37
–.44
.29
.27
1.00
.34
.22
.10
.34
.89
.23
.43
.36
.69
.21
.14
.17
.23
.33
.23
.20
.32
.36
.32
.26
.45
.19
.08
.76
.65
.69
.44
.42
–.14
–.09
.11
.02
.02
.24
.35
.29
.91
.40
–.14

32

Table 3-22. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (Community Hospital)—Women (N = 473)
Restructured Clinical (RC)
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Somatic/Cognitive
Scales

RCd

RC1

RC2

RC3

RC4

RC6

RC7

RC8

RC9

MLS

.06
.15
.78
.50
.51
.65
.69
–.38
–.73
.95
.31
.34
1.00
.54
.75
.39
.42
.30
.79
.44
.28
.74
.44
.46
.38
.73
.69
.67
.88
.77
.74
.65
.55
.41
.10
.29
.27
.49
.31
.42
.37
.43
.52
.37
–.15
–.11
–.24
.38
.26
.78
.52

–.01
.14
.65
.48
.72
.81
.70
–.14
–.47
.55
.37
.22
.54
1.00
.43
.35
.28
.28
.57
.50
.26
.64
.69
.82
.81
.59
.40
.43
.43
.44
.48
.58
.40
.42
.21
.24
.12
.36
.32
.36
.14
.27
.30
.22
–.09
–.05
–.02
.40
.14
.56
.29

–.05
–.14
.67
.44
.34
.55
.64
–.30
–.49
.85
.15
.10
.75
.43
1.00
.24
.25
.19
.54
.21
–.11
.70
.39
.35
.25
.58
.59
.65
.66
.52
.52
.48
.34
.30
.06
.15
.14
.24
–.03
.29
.57
.68
.52
.42
–.23
–.21
–.48
.21
.04
.55
.85

.11
.23
.52
.51
.37
.15
.42
–.04
–.69
.40
.46
.34
.39
.35
.24
1.00
.32
.50
.56
.44
.45
.28
.21
.33
.29
.42
.31
.35
.33
.47
.39
.35
.45
.31
.27
.26
.18
.47
.29
.46
.02
.17
.32
.35
–.20
.03
.16
.47
.25
.49
.13

.14
.12
.48
.32
.33
.17
.19
–.33
–.45
.38
.26
.89
.42
.28
.25
.32
1.00
.23
.46
.35
.49
.32
.21
.21
.27
.38
.32
.30
.38
.41
.35
.32
.40
.22
.11
.81
.72
.60
.37
.49
.04
.05
.22
.07
–.07
.09
.14
.27
.82
.43
.03

.11
.21
.60
.50
.33
.23
.39
–.05
–.43
.31
.88
.23
.30
.28
.19
.50
.23
1.00
.48
.61
.32
.25
.14
.22
.33
.39
.26
.31
.22
.35
.30
.42
.33
.30
.26
.21
.08
.39
.26
.43
–.02
.18
.26
.23
–.13
–.01
.13
.83
.12
.40
.12

.09
.24
.79
.60
.59
.55
.68
–.32
–.79
.81
.52
.43
.79
.57
.54
.56
.46
.48
1.00
.64
.49
.59
.39
.48
.49
.73
.55
.57
.69
.81
.71
.76
.71
.54
.27
.36
.27
.59
.47
.55
.22
.35
.59
.39
–.12
–.02
–.06
.56
.31
.88
.34

.13
.27
.68
.52
.65
.40
.56
–.18
–.49
.41
.85
.36
.44
.50
.21
.44
.35
.61
.64
1.00
.49
.36
.25
.38
.55
.64
.32
.33
.33
.47
.44
.57
.44
.46
.24
.30
.18
.47
.51
.41
–.05
.15
.29
.21
–.01
.07
.16
.88
.29
.54
.07

.14
.30
.34
.31
.36
.08
.11
–.32
–.52
.20
.40
.69
.28
.26
–.11
.45
.49
.32
.49
.49
1.00
.12
.09
.18
.32
.32
.16
.12
.24
.39
.35
.30
.54
.25
.16
.38
.34
.64
.75
.45
–.37
–.24
.08
.03
.12
.27
.56
.39
.61
.46
–.39

–.01
.03
.67
.41
.48
.68
.65
–.29
–.56
.76
.26
.21
.74
.64
.70
.28
.32
.25
.59
.36
.12
1.00
.49
.52
.46
.62
.50
.54
.59
.50
.59
.53
.40
.33
.10
.21
.20
.35
.18
.32
.30
.41
.41
.25
–.14
–.16
–.19
.30
.13
.61
.52

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

GIC
–.07
.10
.45
.31
.57
.71
.49
–.11
–.30
.44
.17
.14
.44
.69
.39
.21
.21
.14
.39
.25
.09
.49
1.00
.48
.43
.40
.32
.37
.34
.31
.36
.44
.24
.24
.06
.19
.09
.20
.15
.23
.21
.21
.25
.22
–.10
–.02
–.13
.19
.13
.38
.27

HPC

NUC

COG

.00
.12
.50
.39
.54
.71
.57
–.09
–.43
.47
.27
.17
.46
.82
.35
.33
.21
.22
.48
.38
.18
.52
.48
1.00
.52
.46
.37
.39
.39
.39
.43
.45
.38
.34
.17
.18
.08
.31
.21
.31
.12
.22
.23
.18
–.14
–.04
–.01
.31
.10
.48
.26

.04
.16
.59
.44
.65
.57
.58
–.16
–.37
.37
.45
.23
.38
.81
.25
.29
.27
.33
.49
.55
.32
.46
.43
.52
1.00
.53
.28
.28
.30
.35
.37
.50
.33
.39
.22
.21
.13
.34
.39
.33
.03
.15
.22
.15
.01
–.02
.07
.44
.14
.47
.12

.04
.16
.79
.54
.62
.60
.80
–.27
–.60
.72
.46
.33
.73
.59
.58
.42
.38
.39
.73
.64
.32
.62
.40
.46
.53
1.00
.51
.55
.60
.67
.62
.64
.50
.48
.15
.30
.23
.44
.37
.37
.29
.37
.43
.30
–.15
–.03
–.14
.52
.24
.69
.40

33

Table 3-22. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (Community Hospital)—Women (N = 473)
Internalizing
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Externalizing
Scales

SUI

HLP

SFD

NFC

STW

AXY

ANP

BRF

MSF

JCP

SUB

AGG

ACT

.03
.12
.67
.43
.34
.51
.53
–.20
–.50
.70
.24
.23
.69
.40
.59
.31
.32
.26
.55
.32
.16
.50
.32
.37
.28
.51
1.00
.61
.61
.50
.50
.49
.36
.32
.10
.20
.23
.37
.20
.34
.30
.35
.34
.29
–.19
–.09
–.19
.29
.19
.53
.43

.01
.03
.65
.49
.34
.50
.56
–.24
–.50
.72
.28
.20
.67
.43
.65
.35
.30
.31
.57
.33
.12
.54
.37
.39
.28
.55
.61
1.00
.58
.55
.54
.49
.38
.38
.12
.18
.21
.33
.14
.32
.34
.46
.36
.44
–.20
–.13
–.23
.32
.14
.57
.52

.08
.11
.65
.40
.40
.53
.58
–.37
–.67
.85
.21
.32
.88
.43
.66
.33
.38
.22
.69
.33
.24
.59
.34
.39
.30
.60
.61
.58
1.00
.70
.65
.51
.50
.33
.10
.27
.25
.44
.24
.35
.38
.35
.46
.34
–.21
–.11
–.26
.26
.23
.69
.45

.06
.21
.65
.44
.44
.44
.55
–.32
–.72
.75
.37
.36
.77
.44
.52
.47
.41
.35
.81
.47
.39
.50
.31
.39
.35
.67
.50
.55
.70
1.00
.68
.58
.59
.45
.19
.33
.24
.49
.39
.45
.26
.32
.53
.30
–.16
–.09
–.15
.42
.27
.75
.32

.01
.11
.63
.40
.47
.54
.52
–.37
–.62
.75
.33
.32
.74
.48
.52
.39
.35
.30
.71
.44
.35
.59
.36
.43
.37
.62
.50
.54
.65
.68
1.00
.59
.51
.39
.19
.24
.24
.41
.33
.39
.14
.28
.44
.26
–.07
–.04
–.07
.37
.25
.84
.31

.03
.19
.74
.58
.57
.61
.66
–.21
–.51
.65
.48
.26
.65
.58
.48
.35
.32
.42
.76
.57
.30
.53
.44
.45
.50
.64
.49
.49
.51
.58
.59
1.00
.45
.55
.21
.24
.17
.40
.36
.44
.19
.31
.37
.30
–.02
–.06
–.07
.50
.17
.68
.32

.08
.12
.53
.40
.43
.35
.40
–.28
–.66
.57
.35
.45
.55
.40
.34
.45
.40
.33
.71
.44
.54
.40
.24
.38
.33
.50
.36
.38
.50
.59
.51
.45
1.00
.36
.20
.31
.24
.54
.39
.48
–.01
.16
.32
.26
–.12
.01
.13
.36
.31
.74
.15

.18
.09
.52
.52
.41
.38
.48
–.09
–.36
.44
.36
.19
.41
.42
.30
.31
.22
.30
.54
.46
.25
.33
.24
.34
.39
.48
.32
.38
.33
.45
.39
.55
.36
1.00
.36
.22
.13
.27
.27
.27
.11
.22
.32
.26
–.02
–.06
–.04
.40
.09
.52
.20

.06
.10
.22
.22
.17
.12
.18
.07
–.20
.15
.25
.08
.10
.21
.06
.27
.11
.26
.27
.24
.16
.10
.06
.17
.22
.15
.10
.12
.10
.19
.19
.21
.20
.36
1.00
.13
.09
.15
.16
.20
–.02
.15
.22
.11
–.09
–.02
.08
.23
–.09
.24
.06

.15
.12
.36
.23
.29
.17
.14
–.17
–.32
.26
.24
.76
.29
.24
.15
.26
.81
.21
.36
.30
.38
.21
.19
.18
.21
.30
.20
.18
.27
.33
.24
.24
.31
.22
.13
1.00
.39
.42
.29
.33
.01
.02
.17
.04
–.08
.09
.11
.25
.71
.30
.01

.09
.08
.28
.20
.17
.00
.08
–.28
–.27
.25
.09
.65
.27
.12
.14
.18
.72
.08
.27
.18
.34
.20
.09
.08
.13
.23
.23
.21
.25
.24
.24
.17
.24
.13
.09
.39
1.00
.42
.21
.19
.02
–.02
.14
.01
–.05
.08
.11
.11
.65
.26
–.03

.10
.24
.55
.43
.39
.26
.34
–.30
–.59
.44
.41
.69
.49
.36
.24
.47
.60
.39
.59
.47
.64
.35
.20
.31
.34
.44
.37
.33
.44
.49
.41
.40
.54
.27
.15
.42
.42
1.00
.42
.48
–.06
.08
.23
.16
–.07
.09
.36
.42
.50
.55
.05

.13
.24
.36
.27
.42
.20
.19
–.22
–.43
.24
.39
.44
.31
.32
–.03
.29
.37
.26
.47
.51
.75
.18
.15
.21
.39
.37
.20
.14
.24
.39
.33
.36
.39
.27
.16
.29
.21
.42
1.00
.35
–.12
–.08
.15
.07
.07
.17
.24
.39
.39
.42
–.29

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

34

Table 3-22. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (Community Hospital)—Women (N = 473)
Interpersonal
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Interest
Scales

FML

IPP

SAV

SHY

DSF

AES

MEC

.13
.19
.53
.47
.36
.31
.34
–.21
–.57
.43
.43
.42
.42
.36
.29
.46
.49
.43
.55
.41
.45
.32
.23
.31
.33
.37
.34
.32
.35
.45
.39
.44
.48
.27
.20
.33
.19
.48
.35
1.00
.02
.18
.28
.21
–.08
–.03
.14
.41
.28
.51
.14

.01
–.15
.28
.18
.09
.26
.36
–.08
–.19
.43
–.07
–.14
.37
.14
.57
.02
.04
–.02
.22
–.05
–.37
.30
.21
.12
.03
.29
.30
.34
.38
.26
.14
.19
–.01
.11
–.02
.01
.02
–.06
–.12
.02
1.00
.46
.39
.28
–.22
–.22
–.89
–.02
–.14
.18
.54

.00
–.09
.44
.34
.19
.35
.52
–.08
–.29
.55
.14
–.09
.43
.27
.68
.17
.05
.18
.35
.15
–.24
.41
.21
.22
.15
.37
.35
.46
.35
.32
.28
.31
.16
.22
.15
.02
–.02
.08
–.08
.18
.46
1.00
.52
.47
–.26
–.18
–.41
.20
–.16
.31
.87

.11
.14
.47
.41
.31
.32
.50
–.16
–.54
.62
.25
.11
.52
.30
.52
.32
.22
.26
.59
.29
.08
.41
.25
.23
.22
.43
.34
.36
.46
.53
.44
.37
.32
.32
.22
.17
.14
.23
.15
.28
.39
.52
1.00
.34
–.15
–.09
–.34
.31
.05
.49
.47

.14
.07
.45
.39
.25
.26
.39
–.04
–.33
.43
.21
.02
.37
.22
.42
.35
.07
.23
.39
.21
.03
.25
.22
.18
.15
.30
.29
.44
.34
.30
.26
.30
.26
.26
.11
.04
.01
.16
.07
.21
.28
.47
.34
1.00
–.16
.00
–.19
.24
–.03
.35
.44

–.03
.01
–.15
–.10
–.06
–.11
–.19
–.12
.17
–.19
–.05
.02
–.15
–.09
–.23
–.20
–.07
–.13
–.12
–.01
.12
–.14
–.10
–.14
.01
–.15
–.19
–.20
–.21
–.16
–.07
–.02
–.12
–.02
–.09
–.08
–.05
–.07
.07
–.08
–.22
–.26
–.15
–.16
1.00
.22
.17
–.06
.09
–.11
–.29

.09
.12
–.08
–.01
.04
–.09
–.13
.00
.05
–.15
.03
.24
–.11
–.05
–.21
.03
.09
–.01
–.02
.07
.27
–.16
–.02
–.04
–.02
–.03
–.09
–.13
–.11
–.09
–.04
–.06
.01
–.06
–.02
.09
.08
.09
.17
–.03
–.22
–.18
–.09
.00
.22
1.00
.24
.04
.38
–.05
–.25

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

Personality Psychopathology Five
(PSY-5) Scales
AGGR-r PSYC-r
.04
.20
–.10
–.02
.04
–.18
–.23
.04
.03
–.31
.18
.35
–.24
–.02
–.48
.16
.14
.13
–.06
.16
.56
–.19
–.13
–.01
.07
–.14
–.19
–.23
–.26
–.15
–.07
–.07
.13
–.04
.08
.11
.11
.36
.24
.14
–.89
–.41
–.34
–.19
.17
.24
1.00
.13
.27
–.05
–.50

.14
.27
.66
.56
.52
.33
.50
–.11
–.46
.36
.96
.29
.38
.40
.21
.47
.27
.83
.56
.88
.39
.30
.19
.31
.44
.52
.29
.32
.26
.42
.37
.50
.36
.40
.23
.25
.11
.42
.39
.41
–.02
.20
.31
.24
–.06
.04
.13
1.00
.21
.46
.11

DISC-r NEGE-r INTR-r
.12
.15
.27
.18
.24
.00
–.01
–.39
–.33
.20
.18
.91
.26
.14
.04
.25
.82
.12
.31
.29
.61
.13
.13
.10
.14
.24
.19
.14
.23
.27
.25
.17
.31
.09
–.09
.71
.65
.50
.39
.28
–.14
–.16
.05
–.03
.09
.38
.27
.21
1.00
.28
–.19

.04
.11
.74
.51
.56
.56
.60
–.38
–.77
.80
.43
.40
.78
.56
.55
.49
.43
.40
.88
.54
.46
.61
.38
.48
.47
.69
.53
.57
.69
.75
.84
.68
.74
.52
.24
.30
.26
.55
.42
.51
.18
.31
.49
.35
–.11
–.05
–.05
.46
.28
1.00
.33

–.05
–.16
.47
.32
.20
.43
.57
–.10
–.28
.65
.06
–.14
.52
.29
.85
.13
.03
.12
.34
.07
–.39
.52
.27
.26
.12
.40
.43
.52
.45
.32
.31
.32
.15
.20
.06
.01
–.03
.05
–.29
.14
.54
.87
.47
.44
–.29
–.25
–.50
.11
–.19
.33
1.00

35

Table 3-23.
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (VA Hospital)—Men (N = 1,128)
Validity
Scales
VRIN-r
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

1.00
.08
–.03
.13
.00
–.11
–.02
.05
.05
–.12
.10
.08
–.09
–.06
–.16
–.01
.08
.05
–.02
.06
.05
–.10
–.10
–.08
–.02
–.06
–.06
–.05
–.03
–.01
–.06
–.07
–.01
.09
.04
.10
.09
.01
.04
–.03
–.02
–.11
.00
.04
.05
.07
.04
.09
.09
–.06
–.15

TRIN-r
.08
1.00
.24
.19
.23
.08
.15
.00
–.29
.10
.31
.13
.19
.13
–.17
.30
.07
.28
.31
.29
.32
–.04
.11
.10
.13
.18
.10
.16
.15
.25
.20
.19
.11
.25
.17
.12
–.01
.14
.29
.19
–.18
–.13
.19
.13
.07
.10
.19
.33
.10
.19
–.23

F-r
–.03
.24
1.00
.63
.66
.60
.79
–.22
–.66
.77
.68
.41
.76
.66
.60
.51
.41
.66
.79
.73
.40
.55
.41
.52
.62
.78
.62
.59
.61
.62
.62
.73
.55
.50
.14
.32
.22
.54
.38
.53
.11
.47
.46
.50
–.10
–.03
.07
.71
.29
.73
.42

Fp-r
.13
.19
.63
1.00
.44
.31
.53
–.07
–.46
.46
.62
.36
.47
.35
.31
.47
.33
.62
.55
.56
.40
.26
.18
.30
.34
.49
.36
.41
.36
.40
.37
.53
.39
.44
.09
.25
.23
.44
.34
.43
.00
.26
.30
.43
–.04
.00
.16
.65
.27
.46
.19

Fs
.00
.23
.66
.44
1.00
.60
.64
–.11
–.45
.47
.59
.28
.48
.73
.30
.37
.25
.44
.60
.70
.38
.43
.56
.54
.67
.61
.32
.36
.36
.41
.46
.55
.41
.44
.19
.21
.11
.38
.40
.37
.00
.25
.30
.29
.00
.03
.13
.61
.18
.53
.17

Higher-Order (H-O)
Scales
FBS-r
–.11
.08
.60
.31
.60
1.00
.69
–.07
–.39
.64
.30
.03
.64
.77
.55
.10
.05
.26
.51
.38
.09
.64
.66
.69
.55
.61
.41
.47
.49
.42
.53
.57
.40
.35
.13
.02
–.04
.23
.19
.26
.15
.38
.29
.25
–.15
–.09
–.08
.33
–.06
.57
.39

RBS
–.02
.15
.79
.53
.64
.69
1.00
–.07
–.52
.71
.50
.10
.70
.68
.64
.38
.13
.45
.65
.59
.14
.57
.42
.56
.59
.81
.48
.56
.60
.57
.54
.62
.44
.43
.13
.08
.05
.33
.20
.33
.24
.51
.43
.46
–.18
–.11
–.10
.54
–.01
.61
.51

L-r

K-r

EID

.05
.00
–.22
–.07
–.11
–.07
–.07
1.00
.35
–.36
–.02
–.42
–.38
–.11
–.26
–.10
–.40
–.03
–.30
–.08
–.28
–.22
–.08
–.12
–.07
–.17
–.23
–.20
–.33
–.27
–.31
–.22
–.26
–.03
–.02
–.33
–.29
–.30
–.15
–.22
–.06
–.15
–.23
.00
–.04
–.04
.00
–.05
–.40
–.35
–.14

.05
–.29
–.66
–.46
–.45
–.39
–.52
.35
1.00
–.72
–.41
–.45
–.71
–.45
–.41
–.66
–.44
–.43
–.76
–.47
–.52
–.45
–.27
–.39
–.39
–.59
–.45
–.50
–.62
–.59
–.63
–.55
–.63
–.33
–.10
–.33
–.23
–.56
–.41
–.56
.03
–.35
–.49
–.37
.10
–.02
–.19
–.43
–.35
–.75
–.26

–.12
.10
.77
.46
.47
.64
.71
–.36
–.72
1.00
.32
.29
.94
.53
.81
.36
.34
.35
.77
.41
.21
.66
.38
.44
.41
.72
.59
.68
.82
.70
.72
.66
.58
.35
.08
.23
.21
.42
.22
.45
.28
.63
.62
.44
–.19
–.11
–.15
.36
.19
.79
.63

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

THD

BXD

.10
.31
.68
.62
.59
.30
.50
–.02
–.41
.32
1.00
.29
.34
.42
.12
.46
.23
.88
.57
.88
.45
.17
.21
.34
.45
.47
.26
.27
.26
.34
.37
.50
.32
.45
.18
.18
.12
.35
.47
.39
–.12
.14
.26
.28
.05
.05
.23
.97
.21
.44
.00

.08
.13
.41
.36
.28
.03
.10
–.42
–.45
.29
.29
1.00
.32
.16
.05
.35
.89
.26
.45
.35
.71
.08
.09
.17
.15
.22
.32
.12
.26
.25
.30
.35
.46
.14
–.03
.79
.61
.75
.41
.46
–.21
.03
.18
.19
.10
.24
.46
.30
.92
.40
–.08

36

Table 3-23. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (VA Hospital)—Men (N = 1,128)
Restructured Clinical (RC)
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Somatic/Cognitive
Scales

RCd

RC1

RC2

RC3

RC4

RC6

RC7

RC8

RC9

MLS

–.09
.19
.76
.47
.48
.64
.70
–.38
–.71
.94
.34
.32
1.00
.50
.71
.37
.36
.35
.74
.44
.27
.63
.37
.42
.40
.72
.58
.65
.85
.73
.70
.65
.53
.35
.06
.26
.22
.42
.27
.45
.24
.51
.53
.39
–.13
–.08
–.11
.38
.23
.76
.51

–.06
.13
.66
.35
.73
.77
.68
–.11
–.45
.53
.42
.16
.50
1.00
.42
.32
.15
.34
.55
.51
.24
.62
.64
.82
.84
.62
.32
.40
.37
.41
.47
.53
.41
.40
.23
.10
.04
.30
.27
.28
.04
.31
.28
.28
–.07
–.03
.06
.45
.06
.55
.28

–.16
–.17
.60
.31
.30
.55
.64
–.26
–.41
.81
.12
.05
.71
.42
1.00
.15
.16
.18
.43
.19
–.15
.67
.32
.33
.32
.59
.46
.59
.61
.50
.44
.46
.31
.20
.00
.07
.09
.19
–.08
.25
.50
.70
.43
.39
–.27
–.25
–.39
.16
–.03
.48
.85

–.01
.30
.51
.47
.37
.10
.38
–.10
–.66
.36
.46
.35
.37
.32
.15
1.00
.28
.46
.55
.48
.49
.18
.16
.28
.32
.43
.31
.38
.30
.41
.37
.36
.40
.28
.08
.25
.15
.43
.34
.41
–.17
.16
.27
.42
–.04
.06
.32
.48
.27
.44
.07

.08
.07
.41
.33
.25
.05
.13
–.40
–.44
.34
.23
.89
.36
.15
.16
.28
1.00
.24
.41
.29
.50
.13
.08
.15
.15
.23
.35
.13
.30
.28
.29
.33
.38
.09
–.02
.83
.70
.61
.35
.52
–.05
.11
.20
.18
.04
.10
.25
.24
.83
.37
.04

.05
.28
.66
.62
.44
.26
.45
–.03
–.43
.35
.88
.26
.35
.34
.18
.46
.24
1.00
.52
.65
.37
.17
.17
.29
.36
.43
.28
.29
.28
.33
.35
.46
.30
.37
.13
.17
.12
.32
.36
.42
–.07
.18
.26
.30
.03
.03
.16
.85
.20
.41
.08

–.02
.31
.79
.55
.60
.51
.65
–.30
–.76
.77
.57
.45
.74
.55
.43
.55
.41
.52
1.00
.66
.54
.41
.34
.47
.49
.71
.47
.54
.62
.72
.70
.75
.70
.51
.21
.33
.22
.58
.49
.56
.04
.40
.61
.45
–.04
.03
.13
.60
.32
.86
.27

.06
.29
.73
.56
.70
.38
.59
–.08
–.47
.41
.88
.35
.44
.51
.19
.48
.29
.65
.66
1.00
.51
.25
.27
.42
.54
.62
.34
.32
.34
.42
.46
.57
.40
.48
.21
.25
.16
.43
.54
.42
–.10
.19
.31
.32
.04
.04
.24
.88
.26
.54
.05

.05
.32
.40
.40
.38
.09
.14
–.28
–.52
.21
.45
.71
.27
.24
–.15
.49
.50
.37
.54
.51
1.00
.02
.13
.24
.25
.29
.23
.17
.20
.27
.37
.38
.54
.26
.08
.42
.31
.69
.71
.47
–.46
–.14
.13
.17
.18
.26
.67
.45
.62
.48
–.35

–.10
–.04
.55
.26
.43
.64
.57
–.22
–.45
.66
.17
.08
.63
.62
.67
.18
.13
.17
.41
.25
.02
1.00
.41
.49
.49
.56
.35
.43
.49
.41
.48
.44
.33
.22
.09
.07
.07
.19
.06
.20
.20
.42
.28
.25
–.19
–.12
–.14
.20
.00
.50
.50

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

GIC
–.10
.11
.41
.18
.56
.66
.42
–.08
–.27
.38
.21
.09
.37
.64
.32
.16
.08
.17
.34
.27
.13
.41
1.00
.44
.41
.36
.23
.29
.28
.25
.31
.38
.25
.27
.12
.06
.01
.17
.15
.17
.06
.22
.17
.15
–.05
–.03
.00
.24
.01
.34
.22

HPC

NUC

COG

–.08
.10
.52
.30
.54
.69
.56
–.12
–.39
.44
.34
.17
.42
.82
.33
.28
.15
.29
.47
.42
.24
.49
.44
1.00
.57
.50
.28
.32
.31
.35
.41
.46
.38
.31
.16
.09
.06
.30
.25
.22
.00
.24
.22
.22
–.06
.00
.10
.37
.09
.47
.20

–.02
.13
.62
.34
.67
.55
.59
–.07
–.39
.41
.45
.15
.40
.84
.32
.32
.15
.36
.49
.54
.25
.49
.41
.57
1.00
.59
.26
.33
.29
.35
.40
.45
.35
.37
.24
.10
.06
.26
.31
.29
.01
.24
.23
.24
–.03
–.04
.07
.45
.06
.48
.20

–.06
.18
.78
.49
.61
.61
.81
–.17
–.59
.72
.47
.22
.72
.62
.59
.43
.23
.43
.71
.62
.29
.56
.36
.50
.59
1.00
.43
.54
.58
.67
.60
.61
.50
.45
.19
.18
.09
.37
.36
.40
.17
.42
.44
.39
–.13
–.05
–.05
.52
.12
.68
.40

37

Table 3-23. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (VA Hospital)—Men (N = 1,128)
Internalizing
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Externalizing
Scales

SUI

HLP

SFD

NFC

STW

AXY

ANP

BRF

MSF

JCP

SUB

AGG

ACT

–.06
.10
.62
.36
.32
.41
.48
–.23
–.45
.59
.26
.32
.58
.32
.46
.31
.35
.28
.47
.34
.23
.35
.23
.28
.26
.43
1.00
.50
.48
.38
.41
.43
.36
.17
–.02
.24
.25
.40
.18
.37
.11
.31
.25
.31
–.10
–.04
.04
.29
.27
.46
.33

–.05
.16
.59
.41
.36
.47
.56
–.20
–.50
.68
.27
.12
.65
.40
.59
.38
.13
.29
.54
.32
.17
.43
.29
.32
.33
.54
.50
1.00
.57
.54
.50
.46
.40
.30
.08
.08
.06
.28
.14
.30
.18
.38
.36
.39
–.16
–.08
–.08
.30
.05
.55
.42

–.03
.15
.61
.36
.36
.49
.60
–.33
–.62
.82
.26
.26
.85
.37
.61
.30
.30
.28
.62
.34
.20
.49
.28
.31
.29
.58
.48
.57
1.00
.63
.59
.50
.42
.27
.05
.22
.19
.35
.20
.38
.25
.44
.47
.31
–.15
–.05
–.14
.29
.19
.63
.45

–.01
.25
.62
.40
.41
.42
.57
–.27
–.59
.70
.34
.25
.73
.41
.50
.41
.28
.33
.72
.42
.27
.41
.25
.35
.35
.67
.38
.54
.63
1.00
.60
.51
.46
.40
.21
.24
.14
.33
.29
.37
.24
.38
.55
.36
–.07
–.04
–.14
.39
.17
.66
.32

–.06
.20
.62
.37
.46
.53
.54
–.31
–.63
.72
.37
.30
.70
.47
.44
.37
.29
.35
.70
.46
.37
.48
.31
.41
.40
.60
.41
.50
.59
.60
1.00
.58
.52
.38
.17
.21
.16
.39
.35
.43
.04
.33
.45
.29
–.08
.03
.05
.40
.21
.85
.27

–.07
.19
.73
.53
.55
.57
.62
–.22
–.55
.66
.50
.35
.65
.53
.46
.36
.33
.46
.75
.57
.38
.44
.38
.46
.45
.61
.43
.46
.50
.51
.58
1.00
.52
.46
.15
.23
.19
.46
.38
.44
.07
.39
.36
.35
–.04
–.03
.09
.52
.24
.69
.31

–.01
.11
.55
.39
.41
.40
.44
–.26
–.63
.58
.32
.46
.53
.41
.31
.40
.38
.30
.70
.40
.54
.33
.25
.38
.35
.50
.36
.40
.42
.46
.52
.52
1.00
.36
.11
.28
.19
.61
.35
.46
–.12
.31
.32
.36
–.11
.03
.29
.33
.29
.73
.20

.09
.25
.50
.44
.44
.35
.43
–.03
–.33
.35
.45
.14
.35
.40
.20
.28
.09
.37
.51
.48
.26
.22
.27
.31
.37
.45
.17
.30
.27
.40
.38
.46
.36
1.00
.35
.08
–.02
.24
.32
.24
–.01
.22
.31
.28
–.04
.02
.07
.47
.04
.47
.12

.04
.17
.14
.09
.19
.13
.13
–.02
–.10
.08
.18
–.03
.06
.23
.00
.08
–.02
.13
.21
.21
.08
.09
.12
.16
.24
.19
–.02
.08
.05
.21
.17
.15
.11
.35
1.00
.01
–.07
–.02
.17
.05
–.01
–.02
.15
–.05
.06
–.06
–.02
.19
–.14
.20
–.07

.10
.12
.32
.25
.21
.02
.08
–.33
–.33
.23
.18
.79
.26
.10
.07
.25
.83
.17
.33
.25
.42
.07
.06
.09
.10
.18
.24
.08
.22
.24
.21
.23
.28
.08
.01
1.00
.40
.45
.29
.38
–.05
.06
.18
.14
.04
.11
.21
.19
.76
.28
–.01

.09
–.01
.22
.23
.11
–.04
.05
–.29
–.23
.21
.12
.61
.22
.04
.09
.15
.70
.12
.22
.16
.31
.07
.01
.06
.06
.09
.25
.06
.19
.14
.16
.19
.19
–.02
–.07
.40
1.00
.37
.21
.24
.00
.02
.12
.11
.05
.07
.12
.12
.61
.20
–.01

.01
.14
.54
.44
.38
.23
.33
–.30
–.56
.42
.35
.75
.42
.30
.19
.43
.61
.32
.58
.43
.69
.19
.17
.30
.26
.37
.40
.28
.35
.33
.39
.46
.61
.24
–.02
.45
.37
1.00
.38
.46
–.20
.20
.23
.32
–.02
.18
.53
.36
.57
.54
.09

.04
.29
.38
.34
.40
.19
.20
–.15
–.41
.22
.47
.41
.27
.27
–.08
.34
.35
.36
.49
.54
.71
.06
.15
.25
.31
.36
.18
.14
.20
.29
.35
.38
.35
.32
.17
.29
.21
.38
1.00
.38
–.22
–.06
.14
.10
.14
.11
.32
.47
.35
.42
–.31

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

38

Table 3-23. (continued)
MMPI-2-RF Scale Intercorrelations—Psychiatric Inpatients (VA Hospital)—Men (N = 1,128)
Interpersonal
Scales
VRIN-r
TRIN-r
F-r
Fp-r
Fs
FBS-r
RBS
L-r
K-r
EID
THD
BXD
RCd
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC6
RC7
RC8
RC9
MLS
GIC
HPC
NUC
COG
SUI
HLP
SFD
NFC
STW
AXY
ANP
BRF
MSF
JCP
SUB
AGG
ACT
FML
IPP
SAV
SHY
DSF
AES
MEC
AGGR-r
PSYC-r
DISC-r
NEGE-r
INTR-r

Interest
Scales

FML

IPP

SAV

SHY

DSF

AES

MEC

–.03
.19
.53
.43
.37
.26
.33
–.22
–.56
.45
.39
.46
.45
.28
.25
.41
.52
.42
.56
.42
.47
.20
.17
.22
.29
.40
.37
.30
.38
.37
.43
.44
.46
.24
.05
.38
.24
.46
.38
1.00
–.07
.21
.27
.26
.03
.05
.20
.40
.38
.50
.14

–.02
–.18
.11
.00
.00
.15
.24
–.06
.03
.28
–.12
–.21
.24
.04
.50
–.17
–.05
–.07
.04
–.10
–.46
.20
.06
.00
.01
.17
.11
.18
.25
.24
.04
.07
–.12
–.01
–.01
–.05
.00
–.20
–.22
–.07
1.00
.35
.27
.12
–.17
–.24
–.88
–.10
–.18
.03
.45

–.11
–.13
.47
.26
.25
.38
.51
–.15
–.35
.63
.14
.03
.51
.31
.70
.16
.11
.18
.40
.19
–.14
.42
.22
.24
.24
.42
.31
.38
.44
.38
.33
.39
.31
.22
–.02
.06
.02
.20
–.06
.21
.35
1.00
.50
.48
–.28
–.22
–.25
.16
–.05
.39
.88

.00
.19
.46
.30
.30
.29
.43
–.23
–.49
.62
.26
.18
.53
.28
.43
.27
.20
.26
.61
.31
.13
.28
.17
.22
.23
.44
.25
.36
.47
.55
.45
.36
.32
.31
.15
.18
.12
.23
.14
.27
.27
.50
1.00
.35
–.11
.02
–.20
.29
.14
.50
.40

.04
.13
.50
.43
.29
.25
.46
.00
–.37
.44
.28
.19
.39
.28
.39
.42
.18
.30
.45
.32
.17
.25
.15
.22
.24
.39
.31
.39
.31
.36
.29
.35
.36
.28
–.05
.14
.11
.32
.10
.26
.12
.48
.35
1.00
–.15
–.04
.03
.30
.13
.37
.41

.05
.07
–.10
–.04
.00
–.15
–.18
–.04
.10
–.19
.05
.10
–.13
–.07
–.27
–.04
.04
.03
–.04
.04
.18
–.19
–.05
–.06
–.03
–.13
–.10
–.16
–.15
–.07
–.08
–.04
–.11
–.04
.06
.04
.05
–.02
.14
.03
–.17
–.28
–.11
–.15
1.00
.16
.13
.05
.14
–.09
–.33

.07
.10
–.03
.00
.03
–.09
–.11
–.04
–.02
–.11
.05
.24
–.08
–.03
–.25
.06
.10
.03
.03
.04
.26
–.12
–.03
.00
–.04
–.05
–.04
–.08
–.05
–.04
.03
–.03
.03
.02
–.06
.11
.07
.18
.11
.05
–.24
–.22
.02
–.04
.16
1.00
.25
.06
.39
.01
–.29

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

Personality Psychopathology Five
(PSY-5) Scales
AGGR-r PSYC-r
.04
.19
.07
.16
.13
–.08
–.10
.00
–.19
–.15
.23
.46
–.11
.06
–.39
.32
.25
.16
.13
.24
.67
–.14
.00
.10
.07
–.05
.04
–.08
–.14
–.14
.05
.09
.29
.07
–.02
.21
.12
.53
.32
.20
–.88
–.25
–.20
.03
.13
.25
1.00
.21
.36
.11
–.38

.09
.33
.71
.65
.61
.33
.54
–.05
–.43
.36
.97
.30
.38
.45
.16
.48
.24
.85
.60
.88
.45
.20
.24
.37
.45
.52
.29
.30
.29
.39
.40
.52
.33
.47
.19
.19
.12
.36
.47
.40
–.10
.16
.29
.30
.05
.06
.21
1.00
.22
.47
.03

DISC-r NEGE-r INTR-r
.09
.10
.29
.27
.18
–.06
–.01
–.40
–.35
.19
.21
.92
.23
.06
–.03
.27
.83
.20
.32
.26
.62
.00
.01
.09
.06
.12
.27
.05
.19
.17
.21
.24
.29
.04
–.14
.76
.61
.57
.35
.38
–.18
–.05
.14
.13
.14
.39
.36
.22
1.00
.27
–.14

–.06
.19
.73
.46
.53
.57
.61
–.35
–.75
.79
.44
.40
.76
.55
.48
.44
.37
.41
.86
.54
.48
.50
.34
.47
.48
.68
.46
.55
.63
.66
.85
.69
.73
.47
.20
.28
.20
.54
.42
.50
.03
.39
.50
.37
–.09
.01
.11
.47
.27
1.00
.29

–.15
–.23
.42
.19
.17
.39
.51
–.14
–.26
.63
.00
–.08
.51
.28
.85
.07
.04
.08
.27
.05
–.35
.50
.22
.20
.20
.40
.33
.42
.45
.32
.27
.31
.20
.12
–.07
–.01
–.01
.09
–.31
.14
.45
.88
.40
.41
–.33
–.29
–.38
.03
–.14
.29
1.00

39

New and Updated
References
Ben-Porath, Y. S., & Tellegen, A. (2008/2011).
MMPI‑2‑RF (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality
Inventory-2-Restructured Form) manual for
administration, scoring, and interpretation.
Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Nelson, N. W., Sweet, J. J., & Heilbronner, R. L.
(2007). Examination of the new MMPI-2
Response Bias Scale (Gervais): Relationship with
MMPI-2 validity scales. Journal of Clinical and
Experimental Neuropsychology, 29, 67–72.

Ben-Porath, Y. S., & Tellegen, A. (2011). MMPI‑2‑RF
(Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2Restructured Form) user’s guide for reports (2nd
ed.). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Sellbom, M., & Bagby, R. M. (2008). The validity
of the MMPI‑2‑RF (Restructured Form) L-r
and K-r scales in detecting under-reporting in
clinical and non-clinical samples. Psychological
Assessment, 20, 370–376.

Castro, Y., Gordon, K. H., Brown, J. S., Anetsis,
J. C., & Joiner, T. E. (2008). Examination of
racial differences on the MMPI‑2 Clinical and
Restructured Clinical Scales in an outpatient
sample. Assessment, 15, 277–286.
Downing, S. K., Denney, R. L., Spray, B. J., Houston,
C. M., & Halfaker, D. H. (2008). Examining the
relationship between the Restructured Scales
and the Fake Bad Scale of the MMPI‑2. The
Clinical Neuropsychologist, 22, 680–688.
Gervais, R. O., Ben-Porath, Y. S., & Wygant, D. B.
(2009). Empirical correlates and interpretation
of the MMPI-2-RF Cognitive Complaints scale.
The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 23, 996–1015.
Gervais, R. O., Ben-Porath, Y. S., Wygant, D. B., &
Green, P. (2007). Development and validation
of a Response Bias Scale (RBS) for the MMPI-2.
Assessment, 14, 196–208.
Gervais, R. O., Ben-Porath, Y. S., Wygant, D. B., &
Green, P. (2008). Differential sensitivity of the
Response Bias Scale (RBS) and MMPI-2 validity
scales to memory complaints. The Clinical
Neuropsychologist, 22, 1061–1079.
Gervais, R. O., Ben-Porath, Y. S., Wygant, D. B., &
Sellbom, M. (2010). Incremental validity of the
MMPI-2-RF over-reporting scales and RBS in
assessing the veracity of memory complaints.
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 25, 274–284.
Graham, J. R. (2011). MMPI‑2: Assessing personality
and psychopathology (5th ed.). New York: Oxford
University Press.
Lange, R. T., Sullivan, K. A., & Scott, C. (2010).
Comparison of MMPI-2 and PAI validity
indicators to detect feigned depression and
PTSD symptom reporting. Psychiatry Research,
176, 229–235.

Sellbom, M., Ben-Porath, Y. S., & Bagby, R. M. (2008a).
On the hierarchical structure of mood and
anxiety disorders: Confirmatory evidence and
elaboration of a model of temperament markers.
Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117, 576–590.
Sellbom, M., Ben-Porath, Y. S., & Bagby, R. M. (2008b).
Personality and psychopathology: Mapping the
MMPI‑2 Restructured Clinical (RC) Scales onto
the five factor model of personality. Journal of
Personality Disorders, 22, 291–312.
Smart, C. M., Nelson, N. W., Sweet, J. J., Bryant, F. B.,
Berry, D. T., Granacher, R. P., & Heilbronner, R.
L. (2008). Use of MMPI-2 to predict cognitive
effort: A hierarchically optimal classification
tree analysis. Journal of the International
Neuropsychological Society, 14, 842–852.
Tellegen, A. (1995/2003). Multidimensional
Personality Questionnaire–276 (MPQ–276) test
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(2010). The utility of the Post-concussive
Symptom Questionnaire. Archives of Clinical
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Whitney, K. A., Davis, J. J., Shephard, P. H., &
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Bias Scale and other MMPI-2 validity scales
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Scale: Findings from disability and criminal
forensic settings. Psychological Assessment, 22,
745–756.

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

40

Table B-1.
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Means
RawScore
Mean

Validity Scales
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

RawScore
Mean

0.0

33.83

133.07F

42.35

42.37

41.89

25.82

29.11

37.39

24.43

0.0

0.1

34.31

132.32F

42.80

43.22

42.70

26.14

29.54

37.88

24.77

0.1

0.2

34.79

131.56F

43.26

44.08

43.52

26.46

29.96

38.36

25.12

0.2

0.3

35.28

130.81F

43.71

44.93

44.33

26.77

30.38

38.85

25.46

0.3

0.4

35.76

130.05F

44.17

45.78

45.15

27.09

30.80

39.33

25.80

0.4

0.5

36.24

129.30F

44.62

46.64

45.96

27.41

31.22

39.81

26.15

0.5

0.6

36.73

128.55F

45.08

47.49

46.78

27.73

31.65

40.30

26.49

0.6

0.7

37.21

127.79F

45.53

48.35

47.59

28.04

32.07

40.78

26.83

0.7

0.8

37.69

127.04F

45.99

49.20

48.41

28.36

32.49

41.26

27.18

0.8

0.9

38.18

126.28F

46.44

50.05

49.22

28.68

32.91

41.75

27.52

0.9

1.0

38.66

125.53F

46.90

50.91

50.04

28.99

33.33

42.23

27.86

1.0

1.1

39.15

124.77F

47.35

51.76

50.85

29.31

33.76

42.72

28.21

1.1

1.2

39.63

124.02F

47.81

52.62

51.67

29.63

34.18

43.20

28.55

1.2

1.3

40.11

123.26F

48.26

53.47

52.48

29.95

34.60

43.68

28.89

1.3

1.4

40.60

122.51F

48.72

54.32

53.30

30.26

35.02

44.17

29.23

1.4

1.5

41.08

121.75F

49.17

55.18

54.11

30.58

35.44

44.65

29.58

1.5

1.6

41.56

121.00F

49.63

56.03

54.93

30.90

35.86

45.14

29.92

1.6

1.7

42.05

120.24F

50.08

56.88

55.74

31.21

36.29

45.62

30.26

1.7

1.8

42.53

119.49F

50.54

57.74

56.56

31.53

36.71

46.10

30.61

1.8

1.9

43.02

118.74F

50.99

58.59

57.37

31.85

37.13

46.59

30.95

1.9

2.0

43.50

117.98F

51.45

59.45

58.19

32.17

37.55

47.07

31.29

2.0

2.1

43.98

117.23F

51.90

60.30

59.00

32.48

37.97

47.56

31.64

2.1

2.2

44.47

116.47F

52.36

61.15

59.82

32.80

38.40

48.04

31.98

2.2

2.3

44.95

115.72F

52.81

62.01

60.63

33.12

38.82

48.52

32.32

2.3

2.4

45.43

114.96F

53.27

62.86

61.45

33.43

39.24

49.01

32.66

2.4

2.5

45.92

114.21F

53.72

63.72

62.26

33.75

39.66

49.49

33.01

2.5

2.6

46.40

113.45F

54.18

64.57

63.08

34.07

40.08

49.98

33.35

2.6

2.7

46.88

112.70F

54.63

65.42

63.89

34.39

40.51

50.46

33.69

2.7

2.8

47.37

111.94F

55.09

66.28

64.71

34.70

40.93

50.94

34.04

2.8

2.9

47.85

111.19F

55.54

67.13

65.52

35.02

41.35

51.43

34.38

2.9

3.0

48.34

110.43F

56.00

67.99

66.34

35.34

41.77

51.91

34.72

3.0

3.1

48.82

109.68F

56.45

68.84

67.15

35.65

42.19

52.40

35.07

3.1

3.2

49.30

108.92F

56.91

69.69

67.97

35.97

42.62

52.88

35.41

3.2

3.3

49.79

108.17F

57.36

70.55

68.78

36.29

43.04

53.36

35.75

3.3

3.4

50.27

107.42F

57.82

71.40

69.60

36.61

43.46

53.85

36.10

3.4

3.5

50.75

106.66F

58.27

72.25

70.41

36.92

43.88

54.33

36.44

3.5

3.6

51.24

105.91F

58.73

73.11

71.23

37.24

44.30

54.82

36.78

3.6

3.7

51.72

105.15F

59.18

73.96

72.04

37.56

44.73

55.30

37.12

3.7

3.8

52.21

104.40F

59.64

74.82

72.86

37.87

45.15

55.78

37.47

3.8

3.9

52.69

103.64F

60.09

75.67

73.67

38.19

45.57

56.27

37.81

3.9

4.0

53.17

102.89F

60.55

76.52

74.49

38.51

45.99

56.75

38.15

4.0

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

41

Table B-1. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Means
RawScore
Mean

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

RawScore
Mean

4.1

53.66

102.13F

61.00

77.38

75.30

38.83

46.41

57.23

38.50

4.1

4.2

54.14

101.38F

61.46

78.23

76.12

39.14

46.84

57.72

38.84

4.2

4.3

54.62

100.62F

61.91

79.09

76.93

39.46

47.26

58.20

39.18

4.3

4.4

55.11

99.87F

62.37

79.94

77.75

39.78

47.68

58.69

39.53

4.4

4.5

55.59

99.11F

62.82

80.79

78.56

40.09

48.10

59.17

39.87

4.5

4.6

56.08

98.36F

63.28

81.65

79.38

40.41

48.52

59.65

40.21

4.6

4.7

56.56

97.61F

63.73

82.50

80.19

40.73

48.95

60.14

40.56

4.7

4.8

57.04

96.85F

64.19

83.35

81.01

41.05

49.37

60.62

40.90

4.8

4.9

57.53

96.10F

64.64

84.21

81.82

41.36

49.79

61.11

41.24

4.9

5.0

58.01

95.34F

65.10

85.06

82.64

41.68

50.21

61.59

41.58

5.0

5.1

58.49

94.59F

65.55

85.92

83.45

42.00

50.63

62.07

41.93

5.1

5.2

58.98

93.83F

66.01

86.77

84.27

42.31

51.05

62.56

42.27

5.2

5.3

59.46

93.08F

66.46

87.62

85.08

42.63

51.48

63.04

42.61

5.3

5.4

59.94

92.32F

66.92

88.48

85.90

42.95

51.90

63.53

42.96

5.4

5.5

60.43

91.57F

67.37

89.33

86.71

43.27

52.32

64.01

43.30

5.5

5.6

60.91

90.81F

67.83

90.19

87.53

43.58

52.74

64.49

43.64

5.6

5.7

61.40

90.06F

68.28

91.04

88.34

43.90

53.16

64.98

43.99

5.7

5.8

61.88

89.30F

68.74

91.89

89.16

44.22

53.59

65.46

44.33

5.8

5.9

62.36

88.55F

69.19

92.75

89.97

44.53

54.01

65.95

44.67

5.9

6.0

62.85

87.79F

69.65

93.60

90.79

44.85

54.43

66.43

45.02

6.0

6.1

63.33

87.04F

70.10

94.46

91.60

45.17

54.85

66.91

45.36

6.1

6.2

63.81

86.29F

70.56

95.31

92.42

45.49

55.27

67.40

45.70

6.2

6.3

64.30

85.53F

71.01

96.16

93.23

45.80

55.70

67.88

46.04

6.3

6.4

64.78

84.78F

71.47

97.02

94.05

46.12

56.12

68.37

46.39

6.4

6.5

65.27

84.02F

71.92

97.87

94.86

46.44

56.54

68.85

46.73

6.5

6.6

65.75

83.27F

72.38

98.72

95.68

46.75

56.96

69.33

47.07

6.6

6.7

66.23

82.51F

72.83

99.58

96.49

47.07

57.38

69.82

47.42

6.7

6.8

66.72

81.76F

73.29

100.43

97.31

47.39

57.81

70.30

47.76

6.8

6.9

67.20

81.00F

73.74

101.29

98.12

47.71

58.23

70.79

48.10

6.9

7.0

67.68

80.25F

74.20

102.14

98.94

48.02

58.65

71.27

48.45

7.0

7.1

68.17

79.49F

74.65

102.99

99.75

48.34

59.07

71.75

48.79

7.1

7.2

68.65

78.74F

75.11

103.85

100.57

48.66

59.49

72.24

49.13

7.2

7.3

69.14

77.98F

75.56

104.70

101.38

48.97

59.92

72.72

49.48

7.3

7.4

69.62

77.23F

76.02

105.56

102.20

49.29

60.34

73.21

49.82

7.4

Validity Scales

7.5

70.10

76.48F

76.47

106.41

103.01

49.61

60.76

73.69

50.16

7.5

7.6

70.59

75.72F

76.93

107.26

103.83

49.93

61.18

74.17

50.50

7.6

7.7

71.07

74.97F

77.38

108.12

104.64

50.24

61.60

74.66

50.85

7.7

7.8

71.55

74.21F

77.84

108.97

105.46

50.56

62.03

75.14

51.19

7.8

7.9

72.04

73.46F

78.29

109.83

106.27

50.88

62.45

75.62

51.53

7.9

8.0

72.52

72.70F

78.75

110.68

107.09

51.19

62.87

76.11

51.88

8.0

8.1

73.00

71.95F

79.20

111.53

107.90

51.51

63.29

76.59

52.22

8.1

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

42

Table B-1. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Means
RawScore
Mean

Validity Scales
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

RawScore
Mean

8.2

73.49

71.19F

79.66

112.39

108.72

51.83

63.71

77.08

52.56

8.2

8.3

73.97

70.44F

80.11

113.24

109.53

52.15

64.14

77.56

52.91

8.3

8.4

74.46

69.68F

80.57

114.09

110.35

52.46

64.56

78.04

53.25

8.4

8.5

74.94

68.93F

81.02

114.95

111.16

52.78

64.98

78.53

53.59

8.5

8.6

75.42

68.17F

81.48

115.80

111.98

53.10

65.40

79.01

53.93

8.6

8.7

75.91

67.42F

81.93

116.66

112.79

53.41

65.82

79.50

54.28

8.7

8.8

76.39

66.66F

82.39

117.51

113.61

53.73

66.24

79.98

54.62

8.8

8.9

76.87

65.91F

82.84

118.36

114.42

54.05

66.67

80.46

54.96

8.9

9.0

77.36

65.16F

83.30

119.22

115.24

54.37

67.09

80.95

55.31

9.0

9.1

77.84

64.40F

83.75

120.07

116.05

54.68

67.51

81.43

55.65

9.1

9.2

78.33

63.65F

84.21

120.93

116.87

55.00

67.93

81.92

55.99

9.2

9.3

78.81

62.89F

84.66

121.78

117.68

55.32

68.35

82.40

56.34

9.3

9.4

79.29

62.14F

85.12

122.63

118.50

55.63

68.78

82.88

56.68

9.4

9.5

79.78

61.38F

85.57

123.49

119.31

55.95

69.20

83.37

57.02

9.5

9.6

80.26

60.63F

86.03

124.34

120.13

56.27

69.62

83.85

57.37

9.6

9.7

80.74

59.87F

86.48

125.19

120.94

56.59

70.04

84.34

57.71

9.7

9.8

81.23

59.12F

86.94

126.05

121.76

56.90

70.46

84.82

58.05

9.8

Fs

9.9

81.71

58.36F

87.39

126.90

122.57

57.22

70.89

85.30

58.39

9.9

10.0

82.20

57.61F

87.85

127.76

123.39

57.54

71.31

85.79

58.74

10.0

10.1

82.68

56.85F

88.30

128.61

124.20

57.85

71.73

86.27

59.08

10.1

10.2

83.16

56.10F

88.76

129.46

125.02

58.17

72.15

86.76

59.42

10.2

10.3

83.65

55.35F

89.21

130.32

125.83

58.49

72.57

87.24

59.77

10.3

10.4

84.13

54.59F

89.67

131.17

126.65

58.81

73.00

87.72

60.11

10.4

10.5

84.61

53.84F

90.12

132.03

127.46

59.12

73.42

88.21

60.45

10.5

10.6

85.10

53.08F

90.58

132.88

128.28

59.44

73.84

88.69

60.80

10.6

10.7

85.58

52.33F

91.03

133.73

129.10

59.76

74.26

89.18

61.14

10.7

10.8

86.06

51.57F

91.49

134.59

129.91

60.07

74.68

89.66

61.48

10.8

10.9

86.55

50.82F

91.94

135.44

130.73

60.39

75.11

90.14

61.83

10.9

11.0

87.03

50.06

92.40

136.30

131.54

60.71

75.53

90.63

62.17

11.0

11.1

87.52

50.69T

92.85

137.15

132.36

61.03

75.95

91.11

62.51

11.1

11.2

88.00

51.45T

93.31

138.00

133.17

61.34

76.37

91.59

62.85

11.2

11.3

88.48

52.20T

93.76

138.86

133.99

61.66

76.79

92.08

63.20

11.3

11.4

88.97

52.96T

94.22

139.71

134.80

61.98

77.22

92.56

63.54

11.4

11.5

89.45

53.71T

94.67

140.56

135.62

62.29

77.64

93.05

63.88

11.5

11.6

89.93

54.47T

95.13

141.42

136.43

62.61

78.06

93.53

64.23

11.6

11.7

90.42

55.22T

95.58

142.27

137.25

62.93

78.48

94.01

64.57

11.7

11.8

90.90

55.97T

96.04

143.13

138.06

63.25

78.90

94.50

64.91

11.8

11.9

91.39

56.73T

96.49

143.98

138.88

63.56

79.32

94.98

65.26

11.9

12.0

91.87

57.48T

96.95

144.83

139.69

63.88

79.75

95.47

65.60

12.0

12.1

92.35

58.24T

97.40

145.69

140.51

64.20

80.17

95.95

65.94

12.1

12.2

92.84

58.99T

97.86

146.54

141.32

64.51

80.59

96.43

66.29

12.2

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

43

Table B-1. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Means
RawScore
Mean

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

RawScore
Mean

12.3

93.32

59.75T

98.31

147.40

142.14

64.83

81.01

96.92

66.63

12.3

12.4

93.80

60.50T

98.77

148.25

142.95

65.15

81.43

97.40

66.97

12.4

12.5

94.29

61.26T

99.22

149.10

143.77

65.47

81.86

97.89

67.31

12.5

12.6

94.77

62.01T

99.68

149.96

144.58

65.78

82.28

98.37

67.66

12.6

12.7

95.25

62.77T

100.13

150.81

145.40

66.10

82.70

98.85

68.00

12.7

12.8

95.74

63.52T

100.59

151.67

146.21

66.42

83.12

99.34

68.34

12.8

12.9

96.22

64.28T

101.04

152.52

147.03

66.73

83.54

99.82

68.69

12.9

13.0

96.71

65.03T

101.50

153.37

147.84

67.05

83.97

100.31

69.03

13.0

13.1

97.19

65.78T

101.95

154.23

148.66

67.37

84.39

100.79

69.37

13.1

13.2

97.67

66.54T

102.41

155.08

149.47

67.69

84.81

101.27

69.72

13.2

13.3

98.16

67.29T

102.86

155.93

150.29

68.00

85.23

101.76

70.06

13.3

13.4

98.64

68.05T

103.32

156.79

151.10

68.32

85.65

102.24

70.40

13.4

13.5

99.12

68.80T

103.77

157.64

151.92

68.64

86.08

102.73

70.75

13.5

13.6

99.61

69.56T

104.23

158.50

152.73

68.95

86.50

103.21

71.09

13.6

13.7

100.09

70.31T

104.68

159.35

153.55

69.27

86.92

103.69

71.43

13.7

13.8

100.58

71.07T

105.14

160.20

154.36

69.59

87.34

104.18

71.77

13.8

13.9

101.06

71.82T

105.59

161.06

155.18

69.91

87.76

104.66

72.12

13.9

14.0

101.54

72.58T

106.05

161.91

155.99

70.22

88.19

105.15

72.46

14.0

14.1

102.03

73.33T

106.50

162.77

156.81

70.54

88.61

14.1

14.2

102.51

74.09T

106.96

163.62

157.62

70.86

89.03

14.2

14.3

102.99

74.84T

107.41

164.47

158.44

71.17

89.45

14.3

14.4

103.48

75.60T

107.87

165.33

159.25

71.49

89.87

14.4

14.5

103.96

76.35T

108.32

166.18

160.07

71.81

90.30

14.5

14.6

104.45

77.10T

108.78

167.03

160.88

72.13

90.72

14.6

14.7

104.93

77.86T

109.23

167.89

161.70

72.44

91.14

14.7

14.8

105.41

78.61T

109.69

168.74

162.51

72.76

91.56

14.8

14.9

105.90

79.37T

110.14

169.60

163.33

73.08

91.98

14.9

15.0

106.38

80.12T

110.60

170.45

164.14

73.39

92.41

15.0

15.1

106.86

80.88T

111.05

171.30

164.96

73.71

92.83

15.1

15.2

107.35

81.63T

111.51

172.16

165.77

74.03

93.25

15.2

15.3

107.83

82.39T

111.96

173.01

166.59

74.35

93.67

15.3

15.4

108.31

83.14T

112.42

173.87

167.40

74.66

94.09

15.4

15.5

108.80

83.90T

112.87

174.72

168.22

74.98

94.51

15.5

15.6

109.28

84.65T

113.33

175.57

169.03

75.30

94.94

15.6

15.7

109.77

85.41T

113.78

176.43

169.85

75.61

95.36

15.7

15.8

110.25

86.16T

114.24

177.28

170.66

75.93

95.78

15.8

15.9

110.73

86.91T

114.69

178.14

171.48

76.25

96.20

15.9

16.0

111.22

87.67T

115.15

178.99

172.29

76.57

96.62

16.0

16.1

111.70

88.42T

115.60

179.84

76.88

97.05

16.1

16.2

112.18

89.18T

116.06

180.70

77.20

97.47

16.2

16.3

112.67

89.93T

116.51

181.55

77.52

97.89

16.3

Validity Scales
Fs

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

44

Table B-1. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Means
RawScore
Mean

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

FBS-r

RBS

16.4

113.15

90.69T

116.97

182.40

77.83

98.31

16.4

16.5

113.64

91.44T

117.42

183.26

78.15

98.73

16.5

16.6

114.12

92.20T

117.88

184.11

78.47

99.16

16.6

16.7

114.60

92.95T

118.33

184.97

78.79

99.58

16.7

16.8

115.09

93.71T

118.79

185.82

79.10

100.00

16.8

16.9

115.57

94.46T

119.24

186.67

79.42

100.42

16.9

17.0

116.05

95.22T

119.70

187.53

79.74

100.84

17.0

17.1

116.54

95.97T

120.15

188.38

80.05

101.27

17.1

17.2

117.02

96.73T

120.61

189.24

80.37

101.69

17.2

17.3

117.51

97.48T

121.06

190.09

80.69

102.11

17.3

17.4

117.99

98.23T

121.52

190.94

81.01

102.53

17.4

17.5

118.47

98.99T

121.97

191.80

81.32

102.95

17.5

17.6

118.96

99.74T

122.43

192.65

81.64

103.38

17.6

17.7

119.44

100.50T

122.88

193.50

81.96

103.80

17.7

17.8

119.92

101.25T

123.34

194.36

82.27

104.22

17.8

17.9

120.41

102.01T

123.79

195.21

82.59

104.64

17.9

18.0

120.89

102.76T

124.25

196.07

82.91

105.06

18.0

18.1

121.37

103.52T

124.70

196.92

83.23

105.49

18.1

18.2

121.86

104.27T

125.16

197.77

83.54

105.91

18.2

18.3

122.34

105.03T

125.61

198.63

83.86

106.33

18.3

18.4

122.83

105.78T

126.07

199.48

84.18

106.75

18.4

18.5

123.31

106.54T

126.52

200.34

84.49

107.17

18.5

18.6

123.79

107.29T

126.98

201.19

84.81

107.59

18.6

18.7

124.28

108.04T

127.43

202.04

85.13

108.02

18.7

18.8

124.76

108.80T

127.89

202.90

85.45

108.44

18.8

18.9

125.24

109.55T

128.34

203.75

85.76

108.86

18.9

19.0

125.73

110.31T

128.80

204.61

86.08

109.28

19.0

19.1

126.21

111.06T

129.25

205.46

86.40

109.70

19.1

19.2

126.70

111.82T

129.71

206.31

86.71

110.13

19.2

19.3

127.18

112.57T

130.16

207.17

87.03

110.55

19.3

19.4

127.66

113.33T

130.62

208.02

87.35

110.97

19.4

19.5

128.15

114.08T

131.07

208.87

87.67

111.39

19.5

19.6

128.63

114.84T

131.53

209.73

87.98

111.81

19.6

19.7

129.11

115.59T

131.98

210.58

88.30

112.24

19.7

19.8

129.60

116.35T

132.44

211.44

88.62

112.66

19.8

19.9

130.08

117.10T

132.89

212.29

88.93

113.08

19.9

20.0

130.56

117.86T

133.35

213.14

89.25

113.50

20.0

20.1

131.05

118.61T

133.80

214.00

89.57

113.92

20.1

20.2

131.53

119.36T

134.26

214.85

89.89

114.35

20.2

20.3

132.02

120.12T

134.71

215.71

90.20

114.77

20.3

20.4

132.50

120.87T

135.16

216.56

90.52

115.19

20.4

Validity Scales
Fs

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

L-r

K-r

RawScore
Mean

45

Table B-1. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Means
RawScore
Mean

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

FBS-r

RBS

20.5

132.98

121.63T

135.62

217.41

90.84

115.61

20.5

20.6

133.47

122.38T

136.07

218.27

91.15

116.03

20.6

20.7

133.95

123.14T

136.53

219.12

91.47

116.46

20.7

20.8

134.43

123.89T

136.98

219.98

91.79

116.88

20.8

20.9

134.92

124.65T

137.44

220.83

92.11

117.30

20.9

21.0

135.40

125.40T

137.89

221.68

92.42

117.72

21.0

21.1

135.89

126.16T

138.35

92.74

118.14

21.1

21.2

136.37

126.91T

138.80

93.06

118.57

21.2

21.3

136.85

127.67T

139.26

93.37

118.99

21.3

21.4

137.34

128.42T

139.71

93.69

119.41

21.4

21.5

137.82

129.17T

140.17

94.01

119.83

21.5

21.6

138.30

129.93T

140.62

94.33

120.25

21.6

21.7

138.79

130.68T

141.08

94.64

120.68

21.7

21.8

139.27

131.44T

141.53

94.96

121.10

21.8

21.9

139.76

132.19T

141.99

95.28

121.52

21.9

22.0

140.24

132.95T

142.44

95.59

121.94

22.0

22.1

140.72

133.70T

142.90

95.91

122.36

22.1

22.2

141.21

134.46T

143.35

96.23

122.78

22.2

22.3

141.69

135.21T

143.81

96.55

123.21

22.3

22.4

142.17

135.97T

144.26

96.86

123.63

22.4

22.5

142.66

136.72T

144.72

97.18

124.05

22.5

22.6

143.14

137.48T

145.17

97.50

124.47

22.6

22.7

143.62

138.23T

145.63

97.81

124.89

22.7

22.8

144.11

138.99T

146.08

98.13

125.32

22.8

22.9

144.59

139.74T

146.54

98.45

125.74

22.9

23.0

145.08

140.49T

146.99

98.77

126.16

23.0

23.1

145.56

141.25T

147.45

99.08

126.58

23.1

23.2

146.04

142.00T

147.90

99.40

127.00

23.2

23.3

146.53

142.76T

148.36

99.72

127.43

23.3

23.4

147.01

143.51T

148.81

100.03

127.85

23.4

23.5

147.49

144.27T

149.27

100.35

128.27

23.5

23.6

147.98

145.02T

149.72

100.67

128.69

23.6

23.7

148.46

145.78T

150.18

100.99

129.11

23.7

23.8

148.95

146.53T

150.63

101.30

129.54

23.8

23.9

149.43

147.29T

151.09

101.62

129.96

23.9

24.0

149.91

148.04T

151.54

101.94

130.38

24.0

24.1

150.40

148.80T

152.00

102.25

130.80

24.1

24.2

150.88

149.55T

152.45

102.57

131.22

24.2

24.3

151.36

150.30T

152.91

102.89

131.65

24.3

24.4

151.85

151.06T

153.36

103.21

132.07

24.4

24.5

152.33

151.81T

153.82

103.52

132.49

24.5

Validity Scales
Fs

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

L-r

K-r

RawScore
Mean

46

Table B-1. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Means
RawScore
Mean

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

FBS-r

RBS

24.6

152.82

152.57T

154.27

103.84

132.91

24.6

24.7

153.30

153.32T

154.73

104.16

133.33

24.7

24.8

153.78

154.08T

155.18

104.47

133.76

24.8

24.9

154.27

154.83T

155.64

104.79

134.18

24.9

25.0

154.75

155.59T

156.09

105.11

134.60

25.0

25.1

155.23

156.34T

156.55

105.43

135.02

25.1

25.2

155.72

157.10T

157.00

105.74

135.44

25.2

25.3

156.20

157.85T

157.46

106.06

135.86

25.3

25.4

156.68

158.61T

157.91

106.38

136.29

25.4

25.5

157.17

159.36T

158.37

106.69

136.71

25.5

25.6

157.65

160.12T

158.82

107.01

137.13

25.6

25.7

158.14

160.87T

159.28

107.33

137.55

25.7

25.8

158.62

161.62T

159.73

107.65

137.97

25.8

25.9

159.10

162.38T

160.19

107.96

138.40

25.9

26.0

159.59

163.13T

160.64

108.28

138.82

26.0

26.1

160.07

161.10

108.60

139.24

26.1

26.2

160.55

161.55

108.91

139.66

26.2

26.3

161.04

162.01

109.23

140.08

26.3

26.4

161.52

162.46

109.55

140.51

26.4

26.5

162.01

162.92

109.87

140.93

26.5

26.6

162.49

163.37

110.18

141.35

26.6

26.7

162.97

163.83

110.50

141.77

26.7

26.8

163.46

164.28

110.82

142.19

26.8

26.9

163.94

164.74

111.13

142.62

26.9

27.0

164.42

165.19

111.45

143.04

27.0

27.1

164.91

165.65

111.77

143.46

27.1

27.2

165.39

166.10

112.09

143.88

27.2

27.3

165.88

166.56

112.40

144.30

27.3

27.4

166.36

167.01

112.72

144.73

27.4

27.5

166.84

167.47

113.04

145.15

27.5

27.6

167.33

167.92

113.35

145.57

27.6

27.7

167.81

168.38

113.67

145.99

27.7

27.8

168.29

168.83

113.99

146.41

27.8

27.9

168.78

169.29

114.31

146.84

27.9

28.0

169.26

169.74

114.62

147.26

28.0

28.1

169.74

170.20

114.94

28.1

28.2

170.23

170.65

115.26

28.2

28.3

170.71

171.11

115.57

28.3

28.4

171.20

171.56

115.89

28.4

28.5

171.68

172.02

116.21

28.5

28.6

172.16

172.47

116.53

28.6

Validity Scales
Fp-r

Fs

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

L-r

K-r

RawScore
Mean

47

Table B-1. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Means
RawScore
Mean

VRIN-r

28.7

172.65

172.93

116.84

28.7

28.8

173.13

173.38

117.16

28.8

28.9

173.61

173.84

117.48

28.9

29.0

174.10

174.29

117.79

29.0

29.1

174.58

174.75

118.11

29.1

29.2

175.07

175.20

118.43

29.2

29.3

175.55

175.66

118.75

29.3

29.4

176.03

176.11

119.06

29.4

29.5

176.52

176.57

119.38

29.5

29.6

177.00

177.02

119.70

29.6

29.7

177.48

177.48

120.02

29.7

29.8

177.97

177.93

120.33

29.8

29.9

178.45

178.39

120.65

29.9

30.0

178.93

178.84

120.97

30.0

30.1

179.42

179.30

30.1

30.2

179.90

179.75

30.2

30.3

180.39

180.21

30.3

30.4

180.87

180.66

30.4

30.5

181.35

181.12

30.5

30.6

181.84

181.57

30.6

30.7

182.32

182.03

30.7

30.8

182.80

182.48

30.8

30.9

183.29

182.94

30.9

31.0

183.77

183.39

31.0

31.1

184.26

183.85

31.1

31.2

184.74

184.30

31.2

31.3

185.22

184.76

31.3

31.4

185.71

185.21

31.4

31.5

186.19

185.67

31.5

31.6

186.67

186.12

31.6

31.7

187.16

186.58

31.7

31.8

187.64

187.03

31.8

31.9

188.13

187.49

31.9

32.0

188.61

187.94

32.0

32.1

189.09

32.1

32.2

189.58

32.2

32.3

190.06

32.3

32.4

190.54

32.4

32.5

191.03

32.5

32.6

191.51

32.6

32.7

191.99

32.7

Validity Scales
TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

RBS

L-r

K-r

RawScore
Mean

48

Table B-1. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Means
RawScore
Mean

VRIN-r

32.8

192.48

32.8

32.9

192.96

32.9

33.0

193.45

33.0

33.1

193.93

33.1

33.2

194.41

33.2

33.3

194.90

33.3

33.4

195.38

33.4

33.5

195.86

33.5

33.6

196.35

33.6

33.7

196.83

33.7

33.8

197.32

33.8

33.9

197.80

33.9

34.0

198.28

34.0

34.1

198.77

34.1

34.2

199.25

34.2

34.3

199.73

34.3

34.4

200.22

34.4

34.5

200.70

34.5

34.6

201.19

34.6

34.7

201.67

34.7

34.8

202.15

34.8

34.9

202.64

34.9

35.0

203.12

35.0

35.1

203.60

35.1

35.2

204.09

35.2

35.3

204.57

35.3

35.4

205.05

35.4

35.5

205.54

35.5

35.6

206.02

35.6

35.7

206.51

35.7

35.8

206.99

35.8

35.9

207.47

35.9

36.0

207.96

36.0

36.1

208.44

36.1

36.2

208.92

36.2

36.3

209.41

36.3

36.4

209.89

36.4

36.5

210.38

36.5

36.6

210.86

36.6

36.7

211.34

36.7

36.8

211.83

36.8

Validity Scales
TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

RBS

L-r

K-r

RawScore
Mean

49

Table B-1. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Means
RawScore
Mean

VRIN-r

36.9

212.31

36.9

37.0

212.79

37.0

37.1

213.28

37.1

37.2

213.76

37.2

37.3

214.24

37.3

37.4

214.73

37.4

37.5

215.21

37.5

37.6

215.70

37.6

37.7

216.18

37.7

37.8

216.66

37.8

37.9

217.15

37.9

38.0

217.63

38.0

38.1

218.11

38.1

38.2

218.60

38.2

38.3

219.08

38.3

38.4

219.57

38.4

38.5

220.05

38.5

38.6

220.53

38.6

38.7

221.02

38.7

38.8

221.50

38.8

38.9

221.98

38.9

39.0

222.47

39.0

39.1

222.95

39.1

39.2

223.44

39.2

39.3

223.92

39.3

39.4

224.40

39.4

39.5

224.89

39.5

39.6

225.37

39.6

39.7

225.85

39.7

39.8

226.34

39.8

39.9

226.82

39.9

40.0

227.30

40.0

Validity Scales
TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

RBS

L-r

K-r

RawScore
Mean

50

Table B-6.
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Standard Deviations
RawScore
SD

Validity Scales
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

RawScore
SD

0.1

0.48

0.75

0.45

0.85

0.81

0.32

0.42

0.48

0.34

0.1

0.2

0.97

1.50

0.91

1.71

1.63

0.63

0.84

0.97

0.69

0.2

0.3

1.45

2.26

1.36

2.56

2.44

0.95

1.27

1.45

1.03

0.3

0.4

1.93

3.01

1.82

3.42

3.25

1.27

1.69

1.93

1.37

0.4

0.5

2.42

3.76

2.27

4.27

4.07

1.59

2.11

2.42

1.72

0.5

0.6

2.90

4.51

2.73

5.13

4.88

1.90

2.53

2.90

2.06

0.6

0.7

3.38

5.26

3.18

5.98

5.69

2.22

2.95

3.38

2.41

0.7

0.8

3.86

6.02

3.64

6.84

6.50

2.54

3.38

3.86

2.75

0.8

0.9

4.35

6.77

4.09

7.69

7.32

2.86

3.80

4.35

3.09

0.9

1.0

4.83

7.52

4.55

8.55

8.13

3.17

4.22

4.83

3.44

1.0

1.1

5.31

8.27

5.00

9.40

8.94

3.49

4.64

5.31

3.78

1.1

1.2

5.80

9.02

5.45

10.26

9.76

3.81

5.06

5.80

4.12

1.2

1.3

6.28

9.77

5.91

11.11

10.57

4.13

5.49

6.28

4.47

1.3

1.4

6.76

10.53

6.36

11.97

11.38

4.44

5.91

6.76

4.81

1.4

1.5

7.25

11.28

6.82

12.82

12.20

4.76

6.33

7.25

5.15

1.5

1.6

7.73

12.03

7.27

13.68

13.01

5.08

6.75

7.73

5.50

1.6

1.7

8.21

12.78

7.73

14.53

13.82

5.40

7.17

8.21

5.84

1.7

1.8

8.70

13.53

8.18

15.38

14.63

5.71

7.59

8.70

6.19

1.8

1.9

9.18

14.29

8.64

16.24

15.45

6.03

8.02

9.18

6.53

1.9

2.0

9.66

15.04

9.09

17.09

16.26

6.35

8.44

9.66

6.87

2.0

2.1

10.14

15.79

9.55

17.95

17.07

6.67

8.86

10.14

7.22

2.1

2.2

10.63

16.54

10.00

18.80

17.89

6.98

9.28

10.63

7.56

2.2

2.3

11.11

17.29

10.45

19.66

18.70

7.30

9.70

11.11

7.90

2.3

2.4

11.59

18.05

10.91

20.51

19.51

7.62

10.13

11.59

8.25

2.4

2.5

12.08

18.80

11.36

21.37

20.33

7.94

10.55

12.08

8.59

2.5

2.6

12.56

19.55

11.82

22.22

21.14

8.25

10.97

12.56

8.93

2.6

2.7

13.04

20.30

12.27

23.08

21.95

8.57

11.39

13.04

9.28

2.7

2.8

13.53

21.05

12.73

23.93

22.76

8.89

11.81

13.53

9.62

2.8

2.9

14.01

21.80

13.18

24.79

23.58

9.21

12.24

14.01

9.97

2.9

3.0

14.49

22.56

13.64

25.64

24.39

9.52

12.66

14.49

10.31

3.0

3.1

14.98

23.31

14.09

26.50

25.20

9.84

13.08

14.98

10.65

3.1

3.2

15.46

24.06

14.55

27.35

26.02

10.16

13.50

15.46

11.00

3.2

3.3

15.94

24.81

15.00

28.21

26.83

10.48

13.92

15.94

11.34

3.3

3.4

16.43

25.56

15.45

29.06

27.64

10.79

14.35

16.43

11.68

3.4

29.91

3.5

16.91

26.32

15.91

28.46

11.11

14.77

16.91

12.03

3.5

3.6

17.39

27.07

16.36

29.27

11.43

15.19

17.39

12.37

3.6

3.7

17.87

27.82

16.82

30.08

11.75

15.61

17.87

12.71

3.7

3.8

18.36

28.57

17.27

12.06

16.03

18.36

13.06

3.8

3.9

18.84

29.32

17.73

12.38

16.46

18.84

13.40

3.9

4.0

19.32

30.08

18.18

12.70

16.88

19.32

13.75

4.0

4.1

19.81

18.64

13.02

17.30

19.81

14.09

4.1

4.2

20.29

19.09

13.33

17.72

20.29

14.43

4.2

4.3

20.77

19.55

13.65

18.14

20.77

14.78

4.3

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

51

Table B-6. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Standard Deviations
RawScore
SD

VRIN-r

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

RawScore
SD

4.4

21.26

20.00

13.97

18.57

21.26

15.12

4.4

4.5

21.74

20.45

14.29

18.99

21.74

15.46

4.5

4.6

22.22

20.91

14.60

19.41

22.22

15.81

4.6

4.7

22.71

21.36

14.92

19.83

22.71

16.15

4.7

4.8

23.19

21.82

15.24

20.25

23.19

16.49

4.8

4.9

23.67

22.27

15.56

20.68

23.67

16.84

4.9

5.0

24.15

22.73

15.87

21.10

24.15

17.18

5.0

5.1

24.64

23.18

16.19

21.52

24.64

17.53

5.1

5.2

25.12

23.64

16.51

21.94

25.12

17.87

5.2

5.3

25.60

24.09

16.83

22.36

25.60

18.21

5.3

5.4

26.09

24.55

17.14

22.78

26.09

18.56

5.4

5.5

26.57

25.00

17.46

23.21

26.57

18.90

5.5

5.6

27.05

25.45

17.78

23.63

27.05

19.24

5.6

5.7

27.54

25.91

18.10

24.05

27.54

19.59

5.7

5.8

28.02

26.36

18.41

24.47

28.02

19.93

5.8

5.9

28.50

26.82

18.73

24.89

28.50

20.27

5.9

6.0

28.99

27.27

19.05

25.32

28.99

20.62

6.0

6.1

29.47

27.73

19.37

25.74

29.47

20.96

6.1

6.2

29.95

28.18

19.68

26.16

29.95

21.31

6.2

Validity Scales
TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

6.3

28.64

20.00

26.58

21.65

6.3

6.4

29.09

20.32

27.00

21.99

6.4

6.5

29.55

20.63

27.43

22.34

6.5

6.6

30.00

20.95

27.85

22.68

6.6

6.7

21.27

28.27

23.02

6.7

6.8

21.59

28.69

23.37

6.8

6.9

21.90

29.11

23.71

6.9

7.0

22.22

29.54

24.05

7.0

7.1

22.54

29.96

24.40

7.1

7.2

22.86

30.38

24.74

7.2

7.3

23.17

25.09

7.3

7.4

23.49

25.43

7.4

7.5

23.81

25.77

7.5

7.6

24.13

26.12

7.6

7.7

24.44

26.46

7.7

7.8

24.76

26.80

7.8

7.9

25.08

27.15

7.9

8.0

25.40

27.49

8.0

8.1

25.71

27.84

8.1

8.2

26.03

28.18

8.2

8.3

26.35

28.52

8.3

8.4

26.67

28.87

8.4

8.5

26.98

29.21

8.5

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

52

Table B-6. (continued)
T-Score Values for Validity Scale Raw-Score Standard Deviations
RawScore
SD

K-r

RawScore
SD

8.6

27.30

29.55

8.6

8.7

27.62

29.90

8.7

8.8

27.94

8.8

8.9

28.25

8.9

9.0

28.57

9.0

9.1

28.89

9.1

9.2

29.21

9.2

9.3

29.52

9.3

9.4

29.84

9.4

9.5

30.16

9.5

Validity Scales
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

RBS

L-r

53

Table C-2.
Means and Standard Deviations of MMPI‑2‑RF Scales Within and Across Booklets
MMPI-2 Twice
(N = 156)
Group 1

MMPI‑2‑RF Twice
(N = 183)

Group 2

Group 1

MMPI-2 and MMPI‑2‑RF
(N = 151)

Group 2

MMPI-2

MMPI‑2‑RF

Scale

M

SD

M

SD

M

SD

M

SD

M

SD

M

SD

VRIN-r

52.42

9.79

52.70

10.13

52.62

10.33

52.57

9.70

52.31

10.63

52.15

9.94

TRIN-r

50T

7.95

51F

9.15

51T

8.38

51F

8.53

51F

8.72

51F

8.80

F-r

53.21

11.36

53.97

12.21

54.13

11.78

53.56

10.75

54.49

13.53

53.65

11.47

Fp-r

56.09

12.78

57.30

12.41

55.95

11.95

55.99

11.57

59.50

14.07

57.41

11.74

Fs

55.61

13.19

55.51

12.50

55.87

13.14

54.80

12.68

55.98

13.31

54.95

12.42

FBS-r

49.80

10.74

50.03

10.73

52.51

11.38

52.63

11.27

51.47

11.58

52.01

11.52

RBS

52.90

11.62

52.46

11.76

52.30

10.95

52.73

10.91

52.36

10.70

53.07

10.48

L-r

51.57

9.93

51.22

9.58

51.57

8.96

52.63

9.52

51.43

8.87

53.03

9.00

K-r

48.62

10.00

48.98

10.79

46.96

9.07

47.79

9.84

49.40

10.53

48.45

10.94

EID

49.84

10.87

50.07

12.18

51.41

11.17

51.26

10.80

50.51

11.01

50.52

11.03

THD

51.00

10.68

51.55

10.41

51.98

10.60

51.98

10.23

51.67

11.16

51.23

10.19

BXD

52.24

9.82

52.20

9.46

53.20

9.80

52.65

9.78

52.26

10.49

51.58

10.12

RCd

52.55

10.71

52.96

11.71

54.68

10.43

54.57

10.39

52.99

10.60

53.11

10.62

RC1

53.56

9.30

53.09

11.06

53.69

10.97

54.06

10.39

53.39

10.84

54.38

10.32

RC2

48.33

10.36

48.71

11.70

49.19

11.23

48.46

11.17

48.43

10.13

48.33

10.55

RC3

54.68

10.76

55.51

10.95

54.80

9.92

54.97

10.97

55.36

11.03

54.81

10.57

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

54

Figure C-1.
MMPI-2/MMPI‑2‑RF Validity Scales Means and Standard Deviations: Booklet Comparability

Mean T Scores

MMPI-2 Mean
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

MMPI-2-RF Mean

VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

MMPI-2 Mean
SD

52
11

51 F
9

54
14

59
14

56
13

51
12

52
11

51
9

49
11

MMPI-2-RF Mean
SD

52
10

51 F
9

54
11

57
12

55
12

52
12

53
10

53
10

48
10

Note.
Note.
N =N=151.
151.

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

55

Table C-4.
Means and Standard Deviations of MMPI‑2‑RF Scales Across Booklets and Cohorts
Men

Women

MMPI-AX
Booklet
1984–1986

MMPI-2
Booklet
1992–1993

MMPI‑2‑RF
Booklet
2006–2007

MMPI-AX
Booklet
1984–1986

MMPI-2
Booklet
1992–1993

MMPI‑2‑RF
Booklet
2006–2007

(N = 103)

(N = 274)

(N = 89)

(N = 458)

(N = 501)

(N = 140)

Scale

M (SD)

VRIN-r

53 (11)

54 (12)

TRIN-r

55 (10)

52 (10)

53 (10)

54 (10)

51T (10)

51T (10)

51F (9)

51T (9)

50 (8)

50 (8)

F-r

56 (13)

59 (13)

57 (12)

53 (12)

56 (13)

55 (11)

Fp-r

55 (11)

58 (14)

59 (15)

54 (11)

57 (13)

57 (12)

Fs

53 (11)

55 (13)

59 (15)

52 (11)

57 (13)

56 (12)

FBS-r

47 (10)

48 (10)

50 (10)

55 (11)

54 (12)

56 (11)

RBS

50 (11)

52 (12)

55 (12)

49 (11)

52 (12)

53 (11)

L-r

48 (9)

50 (8)

54 (8)

48 (8)

48 (8)

50 (9)

K-r

45 (9)

45 (9)

47 (9)

45 (10)

44 (10)

45 (9)

EID

52 (10)

52 (10)

50 (11)

55 (10)

54 (11)

54 (10)

THD

56 (9)

57 (11)

56 (10)

54 (10)

57 (12)

53 (9)

BXD

61 (10)

60 (10)

59 (10)

52 (9)

53 (9)

51 (9)

RCd

55 (10)

55 (10)

54 (9)

56 (10)

56 (11)

57 (10)

RC1

51 (10)

52 (9)

53 (10)

54 (11)

56 (10)

58 (10)

RC2

49 (10)

49 (10)

49 (13)

49 (9)

49 (11)

51 (10)

RC3

54 (8)

56 (9)

57 (9)

52 (9)

55 (10)

54 (10)

RC4

58 (11)

57 (11)

57 (11)

52 (9)

52 (10)

52 (9)

RC6

56 (11)

58 (12)

58 (11)

53 (11)

56 (12)

56 (10)

RC7

55 (10)

54 (11)

52 (9)

58 (11)

57 (11)

56 (11)

RC8

57 (11)

58 (11)

58 (10)

55 (11)

58 (12)

54 (10)

RC9

62 (12)

61 (11)

58 (11)

56 (10)

57 (11)

53 (10)

MLS

51 (8)

51 (9)

N/A

53 (9)

54 (10)

N/A

GIC

49 (8)

50 (10)

51 (11)

54 (13)

55 (13)

56 (14)

HPC

50 (10)

51 (10)

49 (9)

53 (11)

55 (12)

56 (11)

NUC

52 (10)

54 (10)

55 (10)

52 (11)

54 (11)

56 (10)

COG

55 (10)

56 (11)

57 (12)

54 (10)

56 (12)

59 (11)

SUI

51 (11)

53 (14)

49 (11)

52 (13)

52 (13)

49 (10)

HLP

49 (9)

51 (12)

51 (11)

50 (10)

51 (11)

51 (10)

SFD

52 (9)

52 (11)

51 (10)

54 (11)

55 (12)

56 (12)

NFC

52 (9)

52 (9)

51 (10)

54 (10)

55 (11)

57 (11)

STW

53 (10)

52 (10)

52 (11)

55 (11)

55 (11)

57 (11)

AXY

52 (12)

54 (12)

53 (10)

56 (13)

58 (14)

58 (14)

ANP

54 (10)

55 (11)

51 (10)

54 (11)

54 (11)

53 (11)

BRF

51 (11)

52 (11)

49 (8)

54 (12)

55 (12)

56 (12)

MSF

46 (7)

46 (7)

44 (7)

52 (9)

52 (9)

50 (8)

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

56

Figure C-6.
MMPI-AX/MMPI‑2‑RF Validity Scales Means and Standard ­Deviations: Normative Comparability—Men
MMPI-AX Mean

MMPI-2-RF Mean

120
110

Mean T Scores

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

MMPI-AX Mean
SD

53
11

51 T
10

56
13

55
11

53
11

47
10

50
11

48
9

45
9

MMPI-2-RF Mean
SD

55
10

51 F
9

57
12

59
15

59
15

50
10

55
12

54
8

47
9

Note.
MMPI-AX
MMPI-2-RF
N=89.
Note.
MMPI-AX
N = N=103.
103. MMPI‑2‑RF
N = 89.

Figure C-7.
MMPI-AX/MMPI‑2‑RF Validity Scales Means and Standard Deviations: Normative Comparability—Women
MMPI-AX Mean

MMPI-2-RF Mean

120
110

Mean T Scores

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
VRIN-r

TRIN-r

F-r

Fp-r

Fs

FBS-r

RBS

L-r

K-r

MMPI-AX Mean
SD

52
10

51 T
9

53
12

54
11

52
11

55
11

49
11

48
8

45
10

MMPI-2-RF Mean
SD

54
10

50
8

55
11

57
12

56
12

56
11

53
11

50
9

45
9

MMPI-2-RF
N=140.
Note.
MMPI-AX
Note.
MMPI-AX
N = N=458.
458. MMPI‑2‑RF
N = 140.

MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual

57

Table D-1.
Comparison Group T-Score Means and Standard Deviations
Outpatients,
Community Mental
Health Center

MMPI‑2‑RF
Normative

Outpatients,
Independent Practice

M
(n = 1,138)

W
(n = 1,138)

M
(n = 370)

W
(n = 582)

M
(n = 246)

W
(n = 432)

VRIN-r

50 (11)

50 (9)

51 (10)

52 (10)

50 (9)

51 (9)

TRIN-r

50 (11)

51T (10)

51T (10)

51T (9)

50 (9)

50 (9)

F-r

50 (10)

50 (10)

72 (24)

75 (23)

56 (17)

62 (20)

Fp-r

51 (10)

49 (10)

58 (14)

58 (14)

50 (10)

54 (12)

Fs

50 (10)

50 (10)

62 (18)

68 (21)

52 (13)

58 (18)

FBS-r

48 (9)

52 (10)

60 (15)

70 (15)

56 (13)

67 (14)

RBS

50 (10)

50 (10)

62 (18)

67 (19)

54 (14)

59 (16)

L-r

50 (10)

50 (10)

52 (11)

53 (11)

51 (11)

50 (9)

K-r

50 (10)

50 (10)

43 (11)

41 (10)

50 (11)

46 (10)

EID

49 (10)

51 (10)

64 (15)

68 (14)

54 (13)

62 (14)

THD

50 (10)

50 (10)

57 (15)

59 (13)

50 (11)

52 (12)

BXD

53 (10)

47 (9)

60 (12)

54 (11)

53 (11)

47 (9)

RCd

49 (9)

51 (10)

64 (14)

68 (13)

55 (13)

63 (13)

RC1

49 (9)

51 (10)

61 (15)

67 (15)

52 (13)

61 (14)

RC2

50 (10)

50 (10)

62 (16)

65 (15)

54 (12)

59 (14)

RC3

51 (10)

49 (10)

56 (11)

57 (12)

49 (11)

50 (10)

RC4

52 (10)

48 (9)

62 (13)

59 (11)

54 (11)

52 (9)

RC6

51 (10)

49 (10)

62 (15)

62 (15)

54 (12)

54 (13)

RC7

48 (9)

52 (10)

56 (13)

62 (13)

50 (11)

57 (13)

RC8

50 (10)

50 (10)

57 (13)

57 (13)

49 (10)

51 (12)

RC9

51 (11)

49 (9)

53 (11)

50 (10)

48 (10)

46 (9)

MLS

50 (9)

51 (10)

63 (14)

66 (13)

54 (12)

60 (12)

GIC

49 (9)

51 (11)

59 (16)

67 (18)

54 (14)

61 (17)

HPC

48 (9)

52 (11)

57 (13)

63 (14)

53 (12)

60 (14)

NUC

50 (10)

50 (10)

60 (15)

62 (16)

52 (12)

56 (13)

COG

50 (10)

50 (10)

61 (16)

64 (16)

53 (13)

58 (15)

SUI

49 (10)

51 (10)

61 (21)

61 (21)

52 (14)

56 (17)

HLP

50 (10)

50 (10)

58 (15)

59 (15)

51 (11)

54 (13)

SFD

49 (9)

51 (11)

61 (13)

64 (12)

53 (12)

59 (13)

NFC

49 (9)

51 (11)

57 (13)

61 (13)

50 (11)

56 (12)

STW

49 (9)

51 (10)

59 (13)

62 (12)

53 (11)

59 (12)

AXY

49 (9)

51 (11)

60 (16)

67 (17)

54 (14)

63 (17)

ANP

50 (10)

50 (10)

57 (14)

59 (12)

52 (12)

55 (12)

BRF

48 (9)

52 (11)

52 (11)

59 (15)

48 (8)

55 (13)

MSF

46 (8)

54 (10)

47 (8)

54 (10)

47 (9)

53 (10)

Scale

MMPI‑2‑RF Technical Manual

58

Psychiatric Inpatients,
Community Hospital

Psychiatric
Inpatients,
VA Hospital

Substance Abuse
Treatment,
VA Hospital

Bariatric Surgery
Candidates

M
(n = 659)

W
(n = 498)

M
(N = 1,059)

M
(N = 1,151)

M
(n = 228)

W
(n = 435)

53 (10)

53 (10)

53 (10)

54 (10)

46 (9)

48 (9)

52T (10)

51T (10)

52T (11)

53T (10)

52F (8)

52F (8)

76 (28)

78 (27)

84 (28)

77 (27)

52 (12)

51 (10)

60 (15)

62 (15)

62 (15)

59 (15)

48 (9)

48 (8)

63 (19)

66 (19)

70 (21)

66 (20)

51 (10)

51 (11)

62 (14)

69 (15)

68 (15)

58 (15)

52 (10)

58 (11)

63 (18)

67 (18)

72 (20)

64 (18)

52 (10)

50 (11)

53 (12)

53 (12)

53 (11)

53 (10)

53 (11)

51 (9)

45 (12)

44 (11)

42 (10)

42 (10)

53 (11)

52 (10)

63 (16)

66 (16)

68 (14)

62 (14)

49 (11)

51 (11)

59 (17)

59 (16)

61 (17)

60 (16)

47 (8)

47 (8)

60 (12)

54 (12)

58 (13)

66 (11)

51 (10)

47 (8)

64 (15)

67 (15)

68 (13)

63 (14)

49 (10)

52 (10)

58 (14)

63 (15)

65 (15)

62 (15)

53 (10)

57 (11)

63 (17)

64 (17)

67 (16)

58 (15)

52 (10)

53 (10)

52 (12)

53 (12)

55 (12)

60 (12)

48 (10)

46 (9)

64 (13)

59 (13)

60 (13)

69 (11)

50 (10)

49 (9)

63 (17)

64 (17)

64 (18)

64 (15)

50 (9)

50 (9)

56 (14)

60 (15)

61 (14)

59 (14)

46 (10)

49 (9)

58 (15)

58 (15)

61 (15)

61 (15)

47 (9)

47 (8)

52 (12)

49 (11)

52 (12)

57 (12)

46 (9)

45 (8)

62 (14)

66 (14)

69 (13)

64 (13)

64 (10)

65 (10)

58 (15)

63 (17)

61 (17)

58 (16)

50 (9)

53 (12)

54 (12)

59 (14)

59 (13)

57 (13)

52 (9)

58 (11)

60 (14)

62 (15)

66 (16)

62 (16)

54 (11)

53 (11)

60 (16)

63 (16)

67 (16)

61 (16)

51 (11)

48 (10)

74 (25)

74 (25)

73 (25)

64 (22)

47 (7)

47 (7)

58 (16)

59 (15)

63 (15)

54 (14)

46 (9)

45 (7)

60 (13)

62 (13)

63 (12)

58 (13)

50 (11)

53 (11)

57 (13)

60 (13)

60 (13)

57 (12)

47 (10)

49 (10)

58 (13)

60 (13)

61 (12)

58 (12)

48 (9)

49 (10)

61 (17)

67 (18)

67 (19)

62 (17)

48 (9)

50 (9)

53 (12)

55 (12)

58 (13)

56 (13)

49 (10)

48 (10)

53 (12)

59 (14)

57 (13)

56 (12)

48 (7)

48 (8)

47 (9)

52 (10)

49 (9)

51 (9)

47 (7)

51 (8)

MMPI‑2‑RF Technical Manual

59

Table D-1. (continued)
Comparison Group T-Score Means and Standard Deviations
Outpatients,
Community Mental
Health Center

MMPI‑2‑RF
Normative

Outpatients,
Independent Practice

M
(n = 1,138)

W
(n = 1,138)

M
(n = 370)

W
(n = 582)

M
(n = 246)

W
(n = 432)

JCP

52 (11)

48 (9)

61 (13)

57 (12)

54 (12)

50 (10)

SUB

52 (10)

48 (9)

55 (13)

51 (11)

51 (11)

49 (10)

AGG

51 (11)

49 (9)

57 (13)

54 (12)

49 (11)

49 (9)

ACT

49 (10)

51 (10)

50 (11)

52 (12)

47 (10)

49 (10)

FML

49 (10)

51 (10)

58 (14)

63 (14)

51 (11)

57 (13)

IPP

49 (10)

51 (10)

49 (10)

54 (12)

48 (9)

53 (11)

SAV

51 (10)

49 (10)

57 (13)

56 (13)

54 (12)

52 (11)

SHY

49 (9)

51 (10)

52 (11)

55 (12)

49 (10)

52 (11)

DSF

51 (11)

49 (9)

55 (14)

54 (13)

51 (12)

50 (10)

AES

47 (10)

53 (9)

46 (10)

48 (10)

44 (9)

51 (10)

MEC

56 (9)

44 (6)

55 (10)

44 (7)

54 (10)

44 (6)

AGGR-r

52 (11)

48 (9)

53 (11)

48 (10)

51 (10)

46 (8)

PSYC-r

50 (10)

50 (10)

56 (14)

58 (13)

50 (11)

52 (12)

DISC-r

54 (10)

46 (8)

58 (11)

50 (9)

53 (10)

46 (8)

NEGE-r

49 (10)

51 (10)

60 (14)

65 (13)

53 (12)

59 (13)

INTR-r

51 (11)

49 (9)

58 (14)

59 (14)

54 (12)

55 (12)

Scale

MMPI‑2‑RF Technical Manual

60

Psychiatric Inpatients,
Community Hospital

Psychiatric
Inpatients,
VA Hospital

Substance Abuse
Treatment,
VA Hospital

Bariatric Surgery
Candidates

M
(n = 659)

W
(n = 498)

M
(N = 1,059)

M
(N = 1,151)

M
(n = 228)

W
(n = 435)

61 (14)

57 (13)

59 (13)

64 (12)

54 (12)

51 (11)

61 (15)

55 (13)

56 (14)

73 (13)

47 (7)

46 (7)

55 (13)

53 (12)

56 (14)

59 (14)

47 (9)

45 (8)

51 (13)

53 (14)

52 (13)

53 (12)

44 (8)

47 (10)

57 (14)

61 (14)

57 (13)

57 (13)

46 (9)

49 (10)

51 (11)

53 (12)

51 (11)

46 (9)

47 (8)

50 (10)

55 (13)

55 (13)

59 (14)

55 (13)

54 (11)

52 (12)

53 (11)

54 (12)

55 (11)

53 (11)

47 (10)

49 (10)

56 (15)

56 (14)

60 (16)

58 (15)

50 (10)

48 (8)

47 (11)

51 (11)

45 (10)

46 (10)

42 (8)

49 (10)

54 (10)

45 (8)

57 (10)

60 (9)

59 (9)

44 (6)

50 (10)

48 (9)

51 (11)

58 (11)

52 (9)

48 (8)

58 (17)

59 (15)

61 (16)

60 (16)

47 (9)

47 (8)

60 (11)

51 (10)

56 (11)

64 (11)

53 (9)

46 (8)

58 (14)

62 (14)

63 (14)

61 (14)

47 (10)

49 (10)

58 (15)

58 (15)

62 (15)

55 (14)

54 (11)

52 (11)

MMPI‑2‑RF Technical Manual

61

Table D-1. (continued)
Comparison Group T-Score Means and Standard Deviations
Spine Surgery
Candidates

College
Counseling Clinic

College
Students

M
(n = 263)

W
(n = 265)

M
(n = 367)

W
(n = 894)

M
(n = 1,227)

W
(n = 1,989)

VRIN-r

48 (9)

48 (10)

52 (9)

52 (9)

53 (11)

52 (10)

TRIN-r

52F (9)

52F (9)

51T (9)

52F (8)

51T (9)

51T (9)

F-r

56 (13)

56 (11)

64 (18)

63 (19)

58 (15)

57 (16)

Fp-r

49 (8)

49 (8)

57 (13)

56 (13)

59 (14)

58 (13)

Fs

54 (13)

55 (14)

58 (15)

59 (16)

57 (14)

56 (14)

FBS-r

60 (11)

65 (11)

59 (14)

66 (14)

48 (11)

55 (12)

RBS

56 (12)

58 (12)

58 (15)

60 (15)

54 (12)

54 (12)

L-r

59 (11)

59 (11)

50 (10)

50 (9)

52 (8)

50 (9)

K-r

53 (10)

53 (10)

43 (10)

43 (10)

46 (9)

45 (10)

EID

50 (11)

51 (10)

62 (13)

64 (13)

50 (11)

53 (12)

THD

48 (9)

48 (9)

53 (11)

52 (11)

56 (12)

54 (12)

BXD

50 (9)

42 (7)

56 (10)

49 (9)

59 (10)

52 (9)

RCd

50 (11)

52 (10)

64 (13)

66 (13)

54 (11)

56 (11)

RC1

61 (11)

63 (11)

55 (13)

60 (13)

52 (10)

56 (11)

RC2

54 (11)

55 (10)

59 (14)

61 (14)

49 (11)

49 (11)

RC3

49 (10)

46 (10)

53 (11)

52 (11)

57 (10)

56 (10)

RC4

50 (9)

44 (7)

57 (11)

53 (10)

56 (11)

52 (10)

RC6

51 (10)

49 (9)

56 (12)

55 (12)

57 (12)

56 (12)

RC7

45 (11)

46 (9)

56 (12)

58 (12)

53 (12)

56 (12)

RC8

47 (9)

48 (9)

55 (11)

53 (12)

57 (12)

56 (12)

RC9

46 (9)

42 (8)

53 (11)

48 (9)

61 (11)

56 (11)

MLS

66 (11)

69 (11)

59 (11)

62 (11)

51 (9)

54 (10)

GIC

54 (13)

56 (14)

57 (15)

62 (17)

50 (10)

55 (13)

HPC

60 (8)

62 (9)

52 (12)

59 (14)

50 (10)

55 (12)

NUC

62 (12)

63 (13)

55 (13)

56 (13)

55 (11)

56 (12)

COG

52 (12)

54 (11)

61 (14)

60 (14)

57 (12)

57 (13)

SUI

48 (9)

48 (9)

57 (19)

55 (17)

52 (13)

51 (13)

HLP

50 (11)

50 (10)

54 (13)

53 (13)

51 (11)

51 (11)

SFD

49 (10)

51 (10)

61 (13)

62 (13)

52 (11)

54 (12)

NFC

47 (10)

47 (9)

57 (13)

58 (12)

52 (10)

55 (11)

STW

51 (11)

50 (10)

59 (13)

61 (12)

52 (11)

54 (11)

AXY

50 (11)

52 (12)

60 (15)

63 (16)

54 (13)

59 (15)

ANP

48 (10)

47 (9)

54 (12)

55 (12)

53 (11)

54 (12)

BRF

48 (8)

51 (10)

50 (10)

54 (12)

51 (10)

57 (13)

MSF

45 (7)

51 (8)

44 (7)

48 (8)

45 (7)

51 (9)

Scale

MMPI‑2‑RF Technical Manual

62

Forensic, Child
Custody Litigants
M
(n = 243)

Forensic, Disability
Claimants

W
(n = 238)

Forensic, Neuropsychological
Litigants/Claimants

M
(n = 523)

W
(n = 480)

M
(n = 463)

W
(n = 578)

43 (8)

45 (8)

52 (9)

51 (9)

52 (10)

51 (9)

52F (7)

51F (6)

51T (10)

51T (10)

51F (11)

52F (10)

47 (7)

49 (10)

78 (22)

73 (21)

71 (18)

72 (18)

45 (5)

46 (6)

57 (13)

55 (12)

55 (12)

54 (12)

46 (7)

48 (11)

70 (21)

69 (22)

64 (18)

68 (21)

50 (8)

56 (11)

75 (14)

79 (14)

71 (15)

78 (15)

47 (8)

49 (9)

74 (19)

73 (18)

76 (17)

78 (17)

56 (12)

55 (12)

56 (11)

57 (11)

59 (12)

58 (12)

60 (9)

58 (9)

43 (10)

45 (10)

47 (10)

47 (10)

42 (9)

46 (11)

65 (13)

64 (13)

57 (12)

60 (12)

47 (9)

49 (9)

58 (14)

56 (12)

55 (12)

54 (12)

47 (9)

43 (8)

56 (12)

46 (10)

50 (10)

43 (8)

43 (8)

47 (11)

65 (12)

64 (12)

59 (12)

61 (11)

44 (8)

49 (11)

74 (13)

75 (13)

70 (13)

75 (13)

47 (8)

47 (10)

66 (14)

64 (13)

60 (13)

63 (13)

42 (8)

43 (7)

53 (11)

49 (11)

51 (11)

49 (11)

48 (9)

45 (9)

55 (12)

49 (11)

49 (10)

44 (8)

51 (11)

53 (12)

60 (14)

56 (13)

57 (13)

54 (12)

40 (8)

44 (9)

58 (14)

58 (14)

51 (12)

54 (12)

45 (8)

46 (7)

59 (13)

57 (12)

56 (12)

56 (12)

43 (8)

42 (7)

51 (11)

46 (9)

48 (10)

44 (9)

47 (8)

49 (11)

75 (10)

75 (9)

70 (12)

73 (10)

47 (7)

52 (14)

67 (17)

67 (18)

59 (16)

64 (17)

46 (7)

50 (11)

68 (11)

71 (11)

68 (13)

72 (11)

46 (9)

49 (10)

73 (14)

71 (14)

71 (14)

74 (14)

44 (7)

46 (9)

70 (15)

68 (15)

71 (14)

73 (13)

46 (5)

46 (4)

61 (21)

57 (19)

54 (16)

53 (16)

44 (6)

46 (7)

62 (15)

58 (14)

56 (14)

55 (13)

45 (6)

47 (9)

60 (12)

60 (12)

53 (11)

55 (11)

41 (7)

46 (10)

57 (12)

57 (13)

54 (11)

55 (11)

45 (8)

49 (9)

58 (12)

58 (12)

53 (11)

55 (11)

47 (8)

50 (11)

66 (19)

66 (18)

56 (15)

62 (17)

42 (7)

43 (8)

58 (13)

55 (12)

54 (12)

55 (13)

45 (6)

48 (10)

54 (13)

57 (14)

52 (11)

56 (13)

46 (8)

50 (9)

47 (8)

53 (10)

48 (8)

55 (11)

MMPI‑2‑RF Technical Manual

63

Table D-1. (continued)
Comparison Group T-Score Means and Standard Deviations
Spine Surgery
Candidates

College
Counseling Clinic

College
Students

M
(n = 263)

W
(n = 265)

M
(n = 367)

W
(n = 894)

M
(n = 1,227)

W
(n = 1,989)

JCP

54 (11)

46 (8)

55 (11)

50 (10)

54 (11)

49 (9)

SUB

47 (7)

44 (6)

54 (12)

51 (11)

55 (13)

52 (11)

AGG

47 (10)

44 (7)

53 (11)

50 (10)

57 (13)

51 (11)

ACT

44 (9)

44 (9)

52 (12)

51 (11)

53 (10)

56 (12)

FML

45 (9)

46 (9)

55 (13)

57 (13)

51 (10)

53 (11)

IPP

46 (9)

50 (9)

50 (11)

54 (11)

44 (8)

47 (9)

SAV

53 (10)

50 (10)

53 (12)

52 (12)

47 (10)

45 (10)

SHY

46 (9)

46 (8)

52 (11)

52 (11)

50 (10)

51 (11)

DSF

51 (10)

48 (8)

53 (12)

51 (11)

53 (11)

51 (10)

AES

41 (7)

47 (9)

48 (10)

50 (10)

43 (8)

47 (10)

MEC

58 (10)

45 (7)

53 (10)

44 (6)

56 (10)

45 (6)

AGGR-r

54 (10)

48 (8)

50 (10)

45 (8)

56 (11)

50 (9)

PSYC-r

47 (9)

47 (9)

55 (11)

53 (11)

56 (12)

55 (11)

DISC-r

51 (9)

42 (6)

58 (10)

49 (8)

60 (10)

51 (9)

NEGE-r

48 (11)

48 (10)

58 (13)

61 (12)

53 (11)

56 (12)

INTR-r

55 (11)

54 (11)

55 (13)

55 (13)

46 (10)

44 (10)

Scale

MMPI‑2‑RF Technical Manual

64

Forensic, Child
Custody Litigants
M
(n = 243)

Forensic, Disability
Claimants

W
(n = 238)

Forensic, Neuropsychological
Litigants/Claimants

M
(n = 523)

W
(n = 480)

M
(n = 463)

W
(n = 578)

50 (10)

46 (9)

58 (13)

50 (11)

52 (11)

46 (8)

47 (7)

46 (7)

50 (10)

46 (8)

46 (8)

44 (6)

44 (8)

44 (7)

55 (12)

49 (10)

50 (11)

48 (9)

43 (9)

45 (8)

49 (11)

50 (11)

48 (10)

49 (11)

44 (8)

46 (9)

52 (11)

54 (12)

49 (10)

49 (11)

48 (8)

51 (10)

47 (9)

51 (10)

48 (9)

51 (10)

48 (8)

47 (9)

57 (12)

55 (12)

54 (12)

55 (12)

43 (8)

46 (9)

52 (10)

51 (10)

48 (9)

49 (9)

45 (4)

45 (5)

56 (15)

53 (13)

54 (13)

52 (12)

43 (8)

47 (9)

41 (8)

46 (9)

42 (8)

46 (10)

55 (9)

45 (7)

57 (9)

44 (7)

55 (9)

43 (6)

49 (7)

46 (7)

54 (11)

48 (8)

52 (10)

48 (8)

45 (8)

47 (9)

57 (13)

56 (12)

54 (12)

54 (12)

50 (8)

43 (7)

55 (11)

45 (9)

49 (9)

41 (7)

43 (8)

47 (9)

61 (13)

60 (14)

54 (12)

57 (13)

50 (8)

48 (9)

61 (14)

59 (14)

57 (13)

59 (14)

MMPI‑2‑RF Technical Manual

65

Table D-1. (continued)
Comparison Group T-Score Means and Standard Deviations
Forensic, Pre-Trial
Criminal
M
(n = 551)

W
(n = 223)

VRIN-r

54 (10)

TRIN-r
F-r

Prison
Inmates

Personnel Screening,
Law Enforcement Officers

M
(n = 34,933)

W
(n = 7,353)

M
(n = 988)

W
(n = 337)

M&W
(N = 674)

54 (10)

52 (11)

54 (11)

41 (7)

41 (6)

41 (7)

52T (10)

50 (10)

51T (10)

51T (11)

52F (6)

52F (6)

52F (6)

75 (28)

69 (23)

59 (17)

62 (19)

44 (3)

44 (4)

44 (3)

Fp-r

59 (15)

56 (15)

55 (13)

56 (13)

45 (5)

44 (5)

44 (4)

Fs

64 (20)

66 (22)

54 (13)

59 (16)

45 (6)

45 (6)

45 (6)

FBS-r

60 (16)

65 (16)

48 (11)

55 (13)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

RBS

63 (19)

62 (17)

51 (12)

55 (14)

46 (7)

44 (7)

45 (7)

L-r

55 (12)

54 (11)

57 (11)

58 (11)

59 (13)

58 (13)

59 (13)

K-r

46 (11)

46 (11)

47 (10)

46 (10)

63 (8)

63 (8)

63 (8)

EID

59 (15)

61 (14)

50 (11)

54 (11)

36 (6)

37 (6)

36 (6)

THD

62 (18)

56 (15)

55 (13)

56 (13)

44 (7)

44 (7)

44 (6)

BXD

61 (12)

54 (11)

63 (12)

58 (11)

48 (7)

45 (7)

46 (7)

RCd

60 (14)

61 (14)

52 (10)

55 (11)

40 (5)

40 (5)

40 (5)

RC1

60 (15)

63 (15)

53 (11)

59 (13)

41 (6)

43 (7)

42 (6)

RC2

58 (14)

58 (14)

49 (10)

51 (11)

41 (7)

40 (6)

41 (6)

RC3

56 (12)

52 (11)

58 (11)

57 (11)

44 (8)

44 (8)

44 (8)

RC4

64 (13)

59 (12)

65 (12)

61 (12)

46 (7)

45 (7)

45 (7)

RC6

66 (18)

59 (16)

59 (14)

58 (13)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

RC7

56 (14)

56 (13)

50 (11)

54 (12)

38 (6)

38 (5)

38 (6)

RC8

60 (16)

56 (14)

54 (12)

55 (12)

44 (7)

44 (7)

44 (7)

RC9

52 (11)

48 (10)

53 (11)

51 (11)

43 (8)

42 (7)

43 (8)

MLS

59 (14)

63 (13)

53 (9)

56 (11)

43 (6)

43 (6)

43 (6)

GIC

57 (16)

62 (18)

51 (11)

55 (14)

46 (4)

47 (5)

47 (5)

HPC

56 (13)

61 (14)

51 (11)

57 (13)

43 (5)

44 (6)

44 (5)

NUC

61 (16)

61 (15)

53 (12)

57 (13)

45 (7)

46 (7)

45 (7)

COG

60 (16)

59 (16)

51 (12)

53 (13)

43 (6)

43 (5)

43 (5)

SUI

63 (24)

57 (19)

51 (13)

51 (13)

46 (2)

45 (1)

45 (1)

HLP

55 (14)

53 (13)

50 (11)

50 (11)

42 (4)

42 (3)

42 (4)

SFD

57 (13)

59 (13)

50 (10)

52 (11)

43 (4)

43 (4)

43 (4)

NFC

55 (12)

57 (13)

51 (10)

53 (11)

41 (6)

40 (5)

41 (6)

STW

56 (12)

58 (12)

51 (10)

52 (11)

41 (6)

41 (6)

42 (7)

AXY

60 (17)

62 (17)

53 (13)

56 (14)

45 (3)

45 (4)

45 (3)

ANP

54 (13)

53 (12)

51 (11)

52 (11)

41 (5)

41 (5)

41 (5)

BRF

53 (12)

55 (13)

53 (11)

57 (13)

44 (4)

44 (5)

44 (4)

MSF

48 (9)

55 (10)

48 (8)

56 (10)

43 (6)

46 (8)

44 (7)

Scale

MMPI‑2‑RF Technical Manual

66

Personnel Screening,
Corrections Officers
M
(n = 4,850)

W
(n = 1,518)

Personnel Screening,
Clergy
M&W
(N = 3,036)

M
(n = 1,289)

W
(n = 869)

M&W
(N = 1,738)

43 (8)

43 (8)

43 (8)

43 (8)

44 (8)

44 (8)

52F (7)

52F (7)

52F (7)

52F (7)

52F (7)

52 F (7)

45 (5)

44 (4)

45 (4)

46 (5)

45 (5)

45 (5)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (7)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (7)

46 (7)

46 (7)

45 (7)

47 (6)

46 (6)

49 (7)

51 (7)

50 (7)

47 (7)

46 (7)

46 (7)

49 (8)

48 (8)

49 (8)

61 (13)

59 (13)

60 (13)

57 (13)

56 (13)

56 (13)

61 (9)

62 (8)

61 (8)

59 (9)

60 (8)

60 (9)

38 (7)

38 (7)

38 (7)

41 (7)

42 (7)

41 (7)

45 (8)

45 (7)

45 (7)

48 (9)

47 (8)

48 (8)

47 (8)

44 (7)

46 (8)

46 (7)

41 (6)

43 (7)

41 (6)

41 (6)

41 (6)

43 (7)

44 (7)

43 (7)

44 (7)

45 (7)

44 (7)

45 (8)

46 (8)

45 (8)

42 (7)

42 (7)

42 (7)

45 (8)

45 (7)

45 (7)

47 (10)

46 (10)

47 (10)

44 (8)

42 (7)

43 (7)

46 (8)

44 (7)

45 (7)

45 (8)

42 (7)

44 (7)

47 (8)

47 (8)

47 (8)

50 (9)

49 (8)

49 (9)

39 (6)

40 (7)

39 (6)

41 (7)

42 (7)

42 (7)

45 (8)

44 (7)

44 (7)

48 (8)

47 (8)

48 (8)

44 (9)

42 (8)

43 (8)

43 (8)

41 (6)

42 (7)

44 (7)

44 (7)

44 (7)

45 (8)

45 (7)

45 (8)

47 (5)

47 (6)

47 (5)

47 (5)

48 (7)

47 (6)

44 (5)

45 (7)

45 (6)

46 (7)

48 (9)

47 (8)

46 (8)

46 (8)

46 (8)

47 (8)

47 (8)

47 (8)

44 (6)

44 (6)

44 (6)

46 (7)

45 (7)

45 (7)

46 (2)

46 (3)

46 (2)

47 (5)

46 (5)

47 (5)

43 (5)

43 (5)

43 (5)

43 (5)

43 (5)

43 (5)

44 (5)

44 (5)

44 (5)

46 (7)

46 (8)

46 (7)

43 (7)

43 (7)

43 (7)

44 (7)

45 (7)

44 (7)

42 (7)

43 (7)

43 (7)

43 (8)

44 (7)

44 (7)

45 (5)

46 (6)

45 (5)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

41 (6)

42 (6)

41 (6)

43 (7)

42 (6)

43 (6)

45 (5)

46 (7)

45 (6)

46 (7)

47 (7)

47 (7)

44 (7)

49 (8)

47 (8)

45 (7)

50 (9)

47 (8)

MMPI‑2‑RF Technical Manual

67

Table D-1. (continued)
Comparison Group T-Score Means and Standard Deviations
Forensic, Pre-Trial
Criminal
M
(n = 551)

W
(n = 223)

JCP

62 (14)

SUB
AGG

Prison
Inmates

Personnel Screening,
Law Enforcement Officers

M
(n = 34,933)

W
(n = 7,353)

M
(n = 988)

W
(n = 337)

M&W
(N = 674)

55 (12)

65 (13)

60 (12)

50 (9)

49 (9)

49 (9)

62 (15)

57 (13)

62 (15)

59 (14)

45 (6)

45 (6)

45 (6)

55 (13)

50 (11)

53 (12)

51 (11)

42 (7)

42 (6)

42 (6)

ACT

52 (13)

52 (13)

50 (11)

52 (12)

43 (8)

45 (9)

44 (9)

FML

54 (14)

55 (14)

50 (11)

52 (12)

42 (6)

44 (7)

43 (6)

IPP

49 (11)

52 (11)

45 (8)

48 (9)

46 (7)

46 (6)

46 (6)

SAV

54 (12)

54 (12)

49 (10)

51 (10)

48 (8)

45 (7)

46 (7)

SHY

51 (11)

52 (11)

48 (10)

50 (10)

42 (7)

41 (6)

42 (6)

DSF

55 (14)

52 (12)

51 (11)

51 (11)

46 (5)

45 (4)

45 (4)

AES

45 (10)

49 (11)

46 (9)

49 (10)

40 (7)

43 (9)

41 (8)

MEC

57 (10)

44 (7)

61 (9)

46 (8)

63 (9)

52 (9)

57 (11)

AGGR-r

53 (11)

47 (9)

57 (11)

52 (10)

51 (7)

50 (6)

50 (6)

PSYC-r

61 (18)

54 (15)

54 (13)

55 (13)

43 (7)

44 (7)

43 (6)

DISC-r

60 (11)

51 (10)

63 (11)

54 (10)

53 (7)

48 (7)

51 (7)

NEGE-r

58 (13)

59 (13)

52 (11)

55 (12)

39 (6)

39 (6)

39 (6)

INTR-r

55 (12)

54 (13)

48 (10)

50 (10)

49 (8)

46 (7)

47 (7)

Scale

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Personnel Screening,
Corrections Officers
M
(n = 4,850)

W
(n = 1,518)

Personnel Screening,
Clergy
M&W
(N = 3,036)

M
(n = 1,289)

W
(n = 869)

M&W
(N = 1,738)

50 (9)

47 (8)

49 (9)

48 (9)

44 (7)

46 (9)

44 (6)

44 (5)

44 (5)

45 (6)

44 (5)

45 (6)

43 (7)

43 (6)

43 (7)

44 (7)

42 (6)

43 (6)

44 (9)

44 (9)

44 (9)

46 (9)

46 (9)

46 (9)

43 (7)

44 (7)

44 (7)

44 (7)

46 (8)

45 (8)

46 (7)

48 (7)

47 (7)

48 (7)

50 (7)

49 (7)

47 (8)

46 (8)

47 (8)

49 (8)

49 (8)

49 (8)

43 (7)

44 (7)

43 (7)

42 (7)

43 (7)

42 (7)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

46 (6)

40 (7)

43 (8)

41 (8)

47 (9)

51 (9)

49 (9)

61 (10)

48 (9)

54 (11)

55 (9)

43 (6)

49 (10)

52 (7)

50 (7)

51 (7)

49 (7)

46 (6)

48 (7)

45 (8)

44 (8)

45 (8)

49 (9)

48 (8)

48 (8)

52 (8)

45 (7)

48 (8)

48 (7)

42 (6)

45 (7)

40 (7)

41 (7)

41 (7)

42 (7)

43 (7)

42 (7)

48 (8)

47 (8)

48 (8)

50 (8)

50 (8)

50 (8)

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Table D-2.
Demographic Characteristics of the Comparison Groups
Age

Ethnicity (%)

n

M (SD)

Caucasian

African American

Other

Men

1,138

41.7 (15.3)

82.0

11.1

6.9

Women

1,138

40.4 (15.2)

81.5

12.0

6.5

Men

370

33.8 (10.8)

82.0

16.4

1.6

Women

582

32.8 (9.8)

80.8

18.2

1.0

Men

246

37.2 (10.5)

80.3

11.5

8.2

Women

432

37.0 (11.0)

90.1

4.7

5.2

Men

659

34.0 (10.6)

77.9

16.4

5.7

Women

498

34.1 (11.3)

75.8

17.8

6.4

1,059

47.8 (13.7)

90.4

6.6

3.0

1,151

44.7 (8.6)

39.1

59.8

1.1

MMPI‑2‑RF Normative

Outpatients, Community
Mental Health Center

Outpatients, Independent
Practice

Psychiatric Inpatients,
Community Hospital

Psychiatric Inpatients,
VA Hospital
Men
Substance Abuse Treatment,
VA Hospital
Men
Bariatric Surgery Candidates
Men

228

45.4 (10.4)

84.0

8.0

8.0

Women

435

36.8 (9.8)

85.9

10.2

3.9

Men

263

47.9 (12.2)

85.9

3.9

10.2

Women

265

48.4 (13.4)

87.1

9.7

3.2

Men

367

26.3 (8.5)

89.1

5.5

5.4

Women

894

23.8 (6.7)

90.3

4.3

5.4

Men

1,227

19.6 (2.5)

91.2

5.9

2.9

Women

1,989

19.4 (3.6)

87.4

9.5

3.1

Men

243

40.3 (7.8)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Women

238

36.9 (7.2)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Men

523

41.0 (10.7)

92.0

2.6

5.4

Women

480

40.1 (11.0)

90.4

4.3

5.3

Men

463

38.7 (11.8)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Women

578

39.2 (11.9)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Men

551

35.8 (18.3)

77.6

21.2

1.2

Women

223

36.3 (11.9)

82.8

15.8

1.4

Spine Surgery Candidates

College Counseling Clinic

College Students

Forensic, Child Custody Litigants

Forensic, Disability Claimants

Forensic, Neuropsychological
Examination Litigants/
Claimants

Forensic, Pre-Trial Criminal

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Table D-2. (continued)
Demographic Characteristics of the Comparison Groups
Age

Ethnicity (%)

n

M (SD)

Caucasian

African American

Other

34,933

29.1 (8.9)

49.6

49.5

0.9

7,353

31.6 (8.4)

43.3

56.5

0.2

Men

988

27.4 (5.1)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Women

337

27.1 (5.4)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Men

4,850

31.2 (8.8)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Women

1,518

31.9 (8.4)

N/A

N/A

N/A

1289

42.8 (14.6)

N/A

N/A

N/A

869

44.1 (12.5)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Prison Inmates
Men
Women
Personnel Screening,
Law Enforcement Officers

Personnel Screening,
Corrections Officers

Personnel Screening, Clergy
Men
Women
Note. N/A = not available.

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comparison group T-score means and standard deviations
305, 307
demographic characteristics of 312
over-reporting indicators 14–15
correlations with MMPI-2 over-reporting indicators
27–31
means and standard deviations 28, Appendix D
See also F Scale, F-r Scale, FBS Scale, FBS-r Scale, FP Scale,
and Fp-r Scale
overlap, item
Clinical Scales (MMPI-2) 4, 7
RC (Restructured Clinical) Scales 8

P
Pa Scale (MMPI-2) 5
Patient Description Form (PDF)
correlations of items with MMPI-2-RF scales 95–129
correlations of scales with MMPI-2-RF scales 31,
82–94
“patienthood, sense of” 4
See also Demoralization
Pd Scale (MMPI-2) 5
PDF See Patient Description Form
Perceptual Aberration Scale 186–193
personal injury/disability sample
and correlations between MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF
Validity Scales 28, 29
demographic characteristics of 22
personality disorder 19
Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) Scales
See PSY-5 Scales
See also AGGR-r Scale, DISC-r Scale, INTR-r Scale,
NEGE-r Scale, and PSYC-r Scale
personality scale development, sequential system for 4
personnel screening 28, 31, 303
comparison groups See corrections officers sample and
law enforcement officers sample
Pleasantness-versus-Unpleasantness dimension 4, 7
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 31
See also DAPS
pre-trial criminals sample
comparison group T-score means and standard deviations
308, 310
demographic characteristics of 312
prediction weights, non-optimized 6
prison inmates sample
comparison group T-score means and standard deviations
308, 310
demographic characteristics of 316
PSY-5 (Personality Psychopathology Five) Scales
(MMPI-2) 19, 32
PSY-5 (Personality Psychopathology Five) Scales
(MMPI-2-RF) 1, 3, 19–20
comparability study of MMPI-AX and MMPI-2-RF 301
comparability study of MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF 292
correlations with MMPI-2 scales 330–332, 342–344,
354–356, 366–368, 378–380, 390–392, 402–404
correlations with other MMPI-2-RF scales 41, 45, 49,
53, 57, 61, 65
external correlates of See Index to Tables by Scale
Set 73
raw-score means converted to T scores 264–270

raw-score standard deviations converted to T scores
283–285
reliability and standard errors of measurement of 25–26
See also AGGR-r Scale, DISC-r Scale, INTR-r Scale,
NEGE-r Scale, and PSYC-r Scale
PSYC-r (Psychoticism-Revised) Scale 3, 25, 32
See also PSY-5 Scales (MMPI-2-RF)
psychiatric inpatients (community hospital) sample
and comparison group T-score means and standard
deviations 304, 306
demographic characteristics of 22, 316
external correlates of 31, 130–145, 154–169, 178–180,
182–184
See also Index to Tables by Setting 73
and MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF scale correlations 32–37,
369–392
and MMPI-2-RF scale intercorrelations 54–61
and reliability and standard errors of measurement of
MMPI-2-RF scales 23–25
psychiatric inpatients (male–VA hospital) sample
and comparison group T-score means and standard
deviations 304, 306
demographic characteristics of 22, 316
external correlates of 31, 146–153, 170–177, 180–181,
184–185
See also Index to Tables by Setting 73
and MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF scale correlations 32–37,
393–404
and MMPI-2-RF scale intercorrelations 62–65
and reliability and standard errors of measurement of
MMPI-2-RF scales 23–25
psychiatric inpatients–over-reporting sample
and correlations between MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Validity
Scales 28, 29
demographic characteristics of 22
psychiatric nosology, underlying MMPI 3
psychotic patients, distinguishing from neurotic 7
psychoticism (P) 17
Psychoticism-Revised (PSYC-r) Scale See PSYC-r Scale
Pt Scale (MMPI-2), as indicator of neuroticism 5
PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) 31
See also DAPS

R
R (Repression) Scale, Welsh 16–17
race/ethnicity
of archival samples 22–23
of comparison groups 316–317
and RC Scales research 8
random responding 2, 11, 14, 21, 26–27
ratings See intake variables
raw scores
raw-score means converted to T scores 237, 238–270
raw-score standard deviations converted to T scores
237, 271–285
RBS (Response Bias Scale) 2, 15, 26, 28, 31-32
See also Validity Scales
RC (Restructured Clinical) Scales 2, 17–18
and autism spectrum disorders 8
and bariatric surgery patients 8
in college counseling 8

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