Ministry of Defence

Defence Standard 02-820
Issue 2 Publication Date 7 June 2002

Requirements for Rubber for
Machinery Mounts

In accordance with MOD policy (promulgated in DCI GEN 197/97). following a risk-based assessment of the uses of this material. NES 821 Issue 2 DGS 8970A dated September 1974 NES 820 Issue 3 dated November 1996 NES 820 Issue 2 dated March 1989 NES 820 Issue 1 DG Ships 8969A dated September 1974 DG Ships 8969 . which. replaced by Product Conformity Certification. Type Approval has been removed from this standard and.AMENDMENT RECORD Amd No Date Text Affected Signature and Date REVISION NOTE This Standard has been revised to bring test methods and procedures into line with up-to-date requirements and has been re-formatted to align with D Stan methodology. HISTORICAL RECORD This standard supersedes the following: Def Stan 02-821/Issue 1 dated 1 April 2002 Def Stan 07-257/Issue 1 dated 1 April 2000 NES 821 Issue 3 dated February 1992. if required. shall be contractually invoked.

DEF STAN 02-820/2 CONTENT Description Page Content Preface Main Text SECTION 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 Table 1 Table 2 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Scope Warning Related Documents Information to be Supplied by the Purchaser Composition Processing and Quality requirements SECTION 2 7 8 9 1 2 3 3 3 3 4 5 6 TEST REQUIREMENTS Test samples Testing Marking and storage 7 7 9 Compositional requirements Test Requirements 5 7 1 .

Any enquiries regarding this standard in relation to an invitation to tender or a contract in which it is incorporated are to be addressed to the responsible technical or supervising authority named in the invitation to tender or contract. f. UK Defence Standardization (DStan) shall be informed so that a remedy may be sought. b. Plastics. This standard has been produced on behalf of the Standards Advisory Group (SAG). Adhesives and Adhesive Tapes. #3311. Bristol BS34 8JH. To the extent permitted by law. This standard provides the requirements for six natural rubber compounds intended for use in resilient machinery mounts. 2 . This standard has been devised solely for the use of the Ministry of Defence (MOD) and its contractors in the execution of contracts for the MOD. orders etc. Rubbers. d. If any difficulty arises which prevents application of the Defence Standard. This standard has been agreed by the authorities concerned with its use and is intended to be used whenever relevant in all future designs. c. the MOD hereby excludes all liability whatsoever and howsoever arising (including. The Technical Authority for this standard is Sea Technology Group. Ash 3C. liability resulting from negligence) for any loss or damage however caused when the standard is used for any other purpose. contracts. g. but without limitation. and whenever practicable by amendment to those already in existence. MOD Abbey Wood. e. Signature Reduction 2.DEF STAN 02-820/2 PREFACE Standards for Defence Requirements for Rubber for Machinery Mounts a. Compliance with this Defence Standard shall not in itself relieve any person from any legal obligations imposed upon them. Defence Procurement Agency.

Method for the Determination of Vulcanisation Characteristics Using an Oscillating Disc Curemeter. Elevated and Low Temperatures. Method for the Determination of Creep in Compression or Shear. Publications are grouped and listed in alphanumeric order. intended for use as the resilient component in the manufacture of shock and vibration mounts in accordance with the Book of Reference (BRs) 8472 and 8473. Designation Title BS 903: Part A1 Part A2 Part A6 Physical testing of rubber.2 The six grades of compound are specified by their hardness range and are designated RM 1.1 The publications shown below are referred to in the text of this standard. is subject to both United Kingdom and European laws regarding Health and Safety at Work. without exemption. Method for the Determination of Compression Set at Ambient.3 This standard shall be read in conjunction with the appropriate drawing to fully specify the size and type of resilient mount. Defence Standards or their use in no way absolves users from complying with statutory and legal requirements relating to Health and Safety at Work. Determination of Density. Heat Resistance and Accelerated Ageing Tests Determination of Hardness. Part A15 Part A19 Part A26 Part A60 3 . 2. like its contractors. Method for the Determination of Tensile Stress-Strain Properties.DEF STAN 02-820/2 MAIN TEXT Standards for Defence Requirements for Rubber for Machinery Mounts SECTION 1 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS SCOPE 1. 1.1 This standard specifies the requirements for six high quality natural rubber materials. All Defence Standards either directly or indirectly invoke the use of processes and procedures that could be injurious to health if adequate precautions are not taken. 3 RELATED DOCUMENTS 3. 6 and 7 as defined in Table 2. 1. 4. 2 WARNING The Ministry of Defence (MOD). 5.

Production. Identification of Rubbers by Infra-Red Spectrometry Chemical Tests for Raw and Vulcanized Rubber General Criteria for Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity Packaging. 4 INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED BY THE PURCHASER The purchaser shall state clearly on his contract or order and/or the relevant drawing for the fabricated items the following requirements: 4. particularly when forming part of an invitation to tender or contract. Requests for such information can be made to the DStan Helpdesk. 3. users shall be fully aware of the issue and amendment status of all related documents. How to contact the Helpdesk is shown on the outside rear cover of this Defence Standard. 3.2 Reference in this standard to any related document means in any invitation to tender or contract the edition and all amendments current at the date of such tender or contract unless a specific edition is indicated. resilient natural rubber. Responsibility for the correct application of standards rests with users. Category 3 Quality System Requirements for Design/Development. Mixing and Vulcanization of Rubber Test Mixes. Installation and Servicing (Adoption of ISO9002-1994 with Supplementary Requirements) Specification for the Accelerator Unit of Type L Resilient Mounts Category 2 Specification for the Decelerator Unit of Type L Resilient Mounts Category 2 General Requirements for the Quality Assurance of Fully Compounded Unvulcanized Rubber and Vulcanized Rubber Products Rubber. Specification for the Controlled Storage and Packaging of Vulcanized Rubber and Rubber Products.2 above. 3. 4.1 The classification of the particular material required e.3 In consideration of 3. Raw Natural – Specification.2 Any Product Conformity Certification requirements.g. 4 .4 DStan can advise regarding where related documents are obtained from.DEF STAN 02-820/2 SECTION 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Part A64 BS 3574 BS 4181 BS 7164 BS EN 45014 Def Stan 02-724 Def Stan 05-91 Def Stan 05-92 Def Stan 22-20 Def Stan 22-21 Def Stan 93-50 ISO 2000 Method for the Preparation. grade RM2 to Defence Standard 07-257. Installation and Servicing (Adoption of ISO90011994 with Supplementary Requirements) Quality System Requirements for Production.

Filler A suitable carbon black or mixture of blacks in proportions necessary to give required physical properties. substantially free from bloom and shall comply with all the relevant test requirements of this standard. 5. Grades RM4 and RM5 shall contain medium thermal black only. vulcanised with sulfur /organic accelerator system and activated with stearic acid and zinc oxide.5phr shall be permitted.DEF STAN 02-820/2 SECTION 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS SECTION 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 4. phr) Material Designation RM1 RM2 RM4 RM5 RM6 RM7 Natural Rubber 100 100 100 100 100 100 Stearic Acid Not more than 2 phr by mass Zinc Oxide As required to ensure effective vulcanization. 2L. additional to those of clause 5. an amount of thiuramsulphide accelerator between 0. COMPOSITION 5.1 The mandatory preconditions for the composition by mass per hundred of rubber (phr) of each mix shall be in accordance with the requirements of Table 1.2 The mixes shall be based entirely on high quality plantation (Hevea) rubber. RSS1. pale crepe.4 The accelerator shall be either N-cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazyl sulphenamide or mercaptobenzthiazole. To boost the cure rate. not less than 5 parts by mass of the natural rubber. The vulcanizate shall be homogeneous. 5L or associated CV grades.5 All ingredients shall be of recognized rubber compounding quality unless otherwise specified and they shall be uniformly dispersed. 5.6 Table 1 No reclaimed or ground vulcanised rubber. are permissible and shall meet the requirements of ISO 2000. factice or extender shall be used.3 5 Any limitations to the composition. 5. 5 . 5. Compositional requirements Constituents(contents. The zinc oxide content shall not be less than 5 phr by mass of the natural rubber.25 to 0.3 Grades of Hevea rubber. 5. 5.

1 The manufacturer shall comply with the relevant requirements of BS 903 Part A64 and Def Stan 93-50 for processing of the rubber mix and the manufacture of items.5 phr by mass containing at least 2 phr of an anti-flex cracking agent. 6. The balance may be completed with acetone diphenylamine condensation product.5 to 3 phr of sulfur and 0.2 The oscillating disc curemeter characteristics of the mixes shall be determined in accordance with BS 903 Part A60 between temperatures of 140° and 153°C in order to prevent excessive degradation of the elastomer. The cure applied to the test specimens and resulting mounts shall be at least 95% of the optimum modulus 6. Anti-Oxidants Not less than 2.6 to 1 phr of accelerator.DEF STAN 02-820/2 SECTION 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Table 1 Compositional requirements Sulfur and Organic Accelerators As required to achieve physical properties except that RM4 shall contain 2.e.3 The quality system shall comply with the requirements of Def Stan 05-91 or 05-92. depending on the status of the manufacturing operation. 6 . i.5 phr excluding stearic acid. is permitted. alkyl phenyl p-phenylenediamine type. Softeners/ Aromatic Process Oils. 5 phr max. For RM4. 6 PROCESSING AND QUALITY REQUIREMENTS 6. Not more than 7.

A test sheet as detailed in Def Stan 93-50 shall be prepared from each batch of material under the manufacturers’ recommended curing instructions. rubber items. Table 2 Test requirements Test Property Grade 1 2 Hardness. taken as described in 7. to verify that the composition is essentially in accordance with clause 5. Mg/m 3 Method RM1 RM2 RM4 RM5 RM6 RM7 52 ± 4 78 ± 4 As tested1 49 ± 3 61 ± 3 40 agreed value ± 0. A sample shall consist of a sufficient number of mounts that will enable tests to be carried out in order to verify that the state of cure is satisfactory. Unless otherwise specified. the tests shall be conducted at 23 ± 2°C and ideally 50 ± 5% relative humidity.1 Tested by the method specified. 8. samples representative of each type of mount shall be selected from each production lot.DEF STAN 02-820/2 SECTION 2 7 TEST REQUIREMENTS TEST SAMPLES 7. 8. Sample items. 8. Sample items shall be tested in accordance with the requirements of the drawing or specification for the particular item. shall be tested. For steam pan or oven cures. IRHD Density. Where physical tests not complying with the appropriate test methods given in the table are carried out. The methods described in BS 7164 and in BS 4181 shall be used where appropriate.2. In the case of press cures. the sample test sheets. In addition.3 Chemical tests.2 Physical tests: rubber items. 8 TESTING 8. the requirements for the results of such tests shall be agreed with the purchaser and/or the technical authority. one sample per curing cycle shall normally be taken. 8 type A creep test buttons complying with BS 903 part A15 shall be prepared. or sample items. During production. as practicable. having regard to thickness and surface finish of the items and whether standard test pieces can be obtained from them.02 +5 Def Stan 93-50 −4 BS903:Part A1 Continued on page 8 7 . Chemical analysis may be carried out on the rubber mix. shall comply with the requirements given in Table 2. 7.1 Rubber mixes.2 Rubber items. one sample per production lot of each item shall normally be taken.4 Special tests.

5 13. Continued on page 9 8 . % Min 600 450 550 400 250 150 BS903:Part A2 Type 2 dumbbells 5 Compression Set.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A 4. 24 Hours @ 70°C % max 30.0 8.0 Def Stan 93-50 6 Resistance to Heat Ageing. MPa. Duration 1000 minutes.0 19.0 20. % of Initial Low Temperature Torsional Modulus @ -50°C.5 11.0 13. % Max.0 20. Max.5 N/A N/A N/A N/A ii) at 50 ± 1°C 3.DEF STAN 02-820/2 SECTION 2 TEST REQUIREMENTS Table 2 Test requirements (Continued) Test Property Grade Method RM1 RM2 RM4 RM5 RM6 RM7 3 Tensile Strength.0 3.0 30. MPa Max.0 30. Min 7.0 BS903:Part A2 Type 2 dumbbells 4 Elongation @ Break.0 8. 7 8b 0 to +5 0 to +5 0 to +5 0 to +5 0 to +5 N/A ±10 ±10 ±10 ±10 ±10 0 to -10 +5 to -25 +5 to -25 +5 to -25 +5 to -25 +5 to -15 0 to -25 N/A N/A 70. 168 Hours @ (70 ± 1)°C (Maximum permitted BS903:Part A19 change): Method A or B 6a Change in Apparent Hardness.0 N/A N/A N/A N/A ii) at 50 ± 1°C 13.5 N/A N/A N/A N/A Creep Rate.5 Def Stan 93-50 BS903:Part A2 Type 2 dumbbell BS 903:Part A13 BS 903:Part A15 Type A testpieces.0 9.0 N/A N/A N/A i) at 30 ± 1°C 9.0 30. % of Initial Value 8 Change in Elongation at Break. Creep Resistance: 8a Creep. i) at 30 ± 1°C 3. lubricated. % per Decade. IRHD 6b 6c Change in Tensile Strength.

g. 9 9 MARKING.257/2 Contract or order number. STORAGE AND DELIVERY 9. each container shall be securely closed and marked with the relevant batch details to avoid contamination and misuse in accordance with BS 3574 and Def Stan 02-724. After filling. Def Stan 07. Quantity of contents. 9. e. Rubber for machinery mounts Defence Standard number viz. certificate of analysis. the packages constituting a consignment shall each be legibly and durably marked with the following details: a. pieces. 9 .1 Prior to the manufacture of mounts. % Max. d. f. suitable for the product. 30 minute 24 Hours @ relaxation period.2 It is the manufacturer’s responsibility to mark packages in accordance with any legal requirements.. initials or recognized trade mark: and such other markings as may be prescribed in the terms of the contract or order. g. NOTE: Grade RM4 does not have a nominal hardness owing to the variable amount of filler allowed to achieve the require deflection of the mount as specified in Def Stans 22-20 and 22-21. The use of contaminated containers will render the whole consignment liable to rejection. In addition.0 N/A N/A N/A BS 903:Part A6 Crystallisation Type A testResistance. e. the material shall be stored in sound. Distinctive lot or batch number. Minus 25°C.DEF STAN 02-820/2 SECTION 2 TEST REQUIREMENTS Table 2 Test requirements (Concluded) Test Property Grade RM1 RM2 Method RM4 RM5 RM6 RM7 N/A N/A 30. Date of manufacture/cure date (quarter and year). 9. and in accordance with the requirements of the contract or order. b.3 The consignment shall be accompanied by a certificate of conformity meeting the requirements of BS EN 45014 together with a full batch release test report. c. clean and dry containers or trays etc. Designation viz. The initial hardness is measured to obtain a datum from which to measure the hardness change after ageing. Manufacturer’s name.

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It is important that users of Defence Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest issue or amendment. Revision of Defence Standards Defence Standards are revised as necessary by up issue or amendment.mod. Any person who. .uk File Reference The DStan file reference relating to work on this standard is D/DStan/069/02/820. Compliance with a Defence Standard does not in itself confer immunity from legal obligations. when making use of a Defence Standard encounters an inaccuracy or ambiguity is requested to notify the Directorate of Standardization (DStan) without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.© Crown Copyright 2002 Copying Only as Agreed with DStan Defence Standards are Published by and Obtainable from: Defence Procurement Agency An Executive Agency of The Ministry of Defence Directorate of Standardization Kentigern House 65 Brown Street GLASGOW G2 8EX DStan Helpdesk Tel 0141 224 2531/2 Fax 0141 224 2503 Internet e-mail enquiries@dstan. Contract Requirements When Defence Standards are incorporated into contracts users are responsible for their correct application and for complying with contractual and statutory requirements. Information on all Defence Standards is contained in Def Stan 00-00 Standards for Defence Part 3 . Index of Standards for Defence Procurement Section 4 ‘Index of Defence Standards and Defence Specifications’ published annually and supplemented regularly by Standards in Defence News (SID News).