De La Salle – College of Saint Benilde

School of Multidisciplinary Studies
Consular and Diplomatic Affairs Program
Consular and Diplomatic Practices (CONDIP1)

Diplomacy in the context of International and Regional Politics:

Submitted by:
CONDIP1 LS203 TH 1620-1750

Submitted to:

3rd Term SY 2014-2015

To keep peace throughout the world. there are now 193 The headquarters of the United Nations is situated in Manhattan. 2. To develop friendly relations among nations. Philippines joined United Nations in 1945 South Sudan is the latest member of United Nations which joined last 2011 Purpose 1. New York City. V. and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms. The Organization shall ensure that states which are not Members of the United Nations act in accordance with these Principles.        established 24 October 1945 replacement for the ineffective League of Nations The organization was created following the Second World War to prevent another such conflict. to conquer hunger. Nairobi and Vienna The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. disease and illiteracy. All Members shall give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present Charter.Diplomacy in International and Regional Politics UNITED NATIONS International organization founded after the Second World War committed to maintaining international peace and security. All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state. the UN had 51 member states. III. At its founding. To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals Principles I. 3. VI. 4. sovereign equality of all its Members All members shall fulfill in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present Charter. and enjoys extraterritoriality. developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress. . II. better living standards and human rights. IV. To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people. Further main offices are situated in Geneva.

It services the other principal organs and carries out tasks as varied as the issues dealt with by the UN Peacekeeping Operations - Preventive Diplomacy – prevent disputes from arising between parties.United Nations’ central platform for reflection. It settles legal disputes between states and gives advisory opinions to the UN and its specialized agencies. .has primary responsibility.carries out the day-to-day work of the Organization. for the maintenance of international peace and security 3.the main deliberative. Economic and Social Council . Trusteeship Council .basic objective of the System was to promote the political. Organs 1. and innovative thinking on sustainable development. Trust Territories placed under the administration of 7 Member States - Togoland (under British administration) Somaliland (under Italian administration) Togoland (under French administration) Cameroons (under French administration) Cameroons (under British administration) Tanganyika (under British administration) Ruanda-Urundi (under Belgian administration) Western Samoa (under New Zealand administration) Nauru (administered by Australia on behalf of Australia. under the UN Charter. 6. to prevent disputes from escalating into conflicts. economic and social advancement of the Territories and their development towards self-government and self-determination. Secretariat . 2. Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the present Charter.VII.principal judicial organ of the United Nations. General Assembly . policymaking and representative organ of the UN. International Court of Justice . New Zealand and the United Kingdom) New Guinea (administered by Australia) Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands 5. 4. Security Council . debate.

- Peace-making – action to bring hostile parties to agreement by peaceful means. solidarity between generations and the protection of childrens' rights. equality between women and men. diplomatic conferences continue to be held. Nonetheless.  The EU's goal is to create a barrier-free trade zone and to enhance economic wealth by creating more efficiency within its marketplace. from time to time. if they violate it.  Successor of the European Economic Community  1 July 2013 Croatia became the newest member state of the EU  The Union shall also combat social exclusion and discrimination and promote social justice and protection. the euro. in order to negotiate and adopt multilateral treaties of particular significance to the international community. partly for reasons of practicality and cost-effectiveness. United Nations Diplomatic Conferences - Traditional method for the negotiation of treaties has been through the holding of a diplomatic conference of plenipotentiaries specifically convened for that purpose. In the contemporary practice of treaty-making many multilateral treaties are negotiated and adopted by the organs of international organizations such as the United Nations. EUROPEAN UNION  A group of European countries that participates in the world economy as one economic unit and operates under one official currency. security and justice without internal frontiers • sustainable development based on balanced economic growth and social justice . Peace-building – tend to strengthen and solidify peace in order to avoid relapse into conflict Peace enforcement .enable the UN to deploy troops quickly to enforce a ceasefire by taking coercive action against either party or both. Objectives (Lisbon Treaty) • the promotion of peace and the well-being of the Union´s citizens • an area of freedom.

both meet every week and their main task being to process and prepare material for discussion and decision by the EU Council. In addition to the Economic and Social Committee and the Council of the Regions there are: 1.• a social market economy . 1967 in Bangkok. The Presidency of the Council – rotates every six months between memberstates. The Committee of the Permanent Representatives (COREPER) – consists of two committees. Thailand and Singapore ● It’s headquarter is located at Jakarta. Thailand. ● The founding fathers of ASEAN are Indonesia. ASEAN ● ASEAN was established on August 8. 3. The European Commission – acts as the Executive of the Union and has the sole right of initiating measures to be adopted by the union 2. Philippines.highly competitive and aiming at full employment and social progress • a free single market Institutions and Decision-making Bodies 1. The Council of the European Union – consists of Ministers nominated by. 5. Whichever member has the Presidency presides also over all the various Council and committee meetings and determines their agenda. and representing. Malaysia. 2. Indonesia . The European Parliament – it has the fundamental powers of legislation. and its Foreign Minister delivers the opening speech to the European Parliament. The General Affairs Council – composed of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of all member-states. supervision of the executive and ultimate control of the annual Budget. acts as the Supreme Court in all matters relating to the Union and generally in interpretation of the Union Treaties. and can veto or amend proposals from the Commission 4. 3. The European Council (“Summit”) – consists of Heads of State or government of member states accompanied by their Ministers for Foreign Affairs who meet together with the President of the Commission at least twice a year in order to determine overall policy. The European Court of Justice – consists of sixteen independent judges. each of the member states.

● The members of ASEAN are: o Brunei Darussalam o Cambodia o Indonesia o Lao PDR o o o o o o Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam .

It eschews any "aid-based" relationship taken forward under our bilateral relations in favour of a more general process of dialogue and cooperation based on mutual respect and mutual benefit. India and the EU. and should not seek to duplicate what is being done within bilateral and other multilateral relationships with Asia.It provides a platform for meeting of heads of states or governments. In this way. The inaugural meeting of the ARF was held in Bangkok on 25 July 1994.The Twenty-Sixth ASEAN Ministerial Meeting and Post Ministerial Conference. economic and socio-cultural dimensions. ○ Participants: Australia. ○ informal multilateral dialogue ○ Objective: promote external dialogue on enhancing security in the region. and with an increasing focus on fostering contacts between societies in all sectors in the two regions. ministers and senior officials.established in 1996 at the first summit in Bangkok. Republic of Korea. ■ Informality . ○ Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in South-East Asia ● Asia-Europe Meeting. 5 core principles of the ASEAN single market and production base a b c d e Free flow of goods Free flow of services Free flow of investment Free flow of capital Free flow of skilled labor Diplomacy in ASEAN ● ASEAN REGIONAL FORUM .It provides an open forum for policy makers and officials to discuss any political. which were held in Singapore on 23-25 July 1993. Thailand ○ Objective: enhance the relation between the 8 European Union member states. economic and socio-cultural issues of common interest. Russia and US.● Brunei became a member on January 1984. Laos and Myanmar on July 1997 and the most recent member is Cambodia which happened last April 1995 ● The goals of the Association are to accumulate economic growth. ■ Emphasis on equal partnership . ■ Multi-dimensionality . Japan. social progress and cultural development in the region and to promote peace and stability. New Zealand.As an informal process of dialogue and cooperation. Vietnam on July 1995. agreed to establish the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF). 2 other European countries.It covers the full spectrum of relations between the two regions and devotes equal weight to political. it complements rather than duplicates the work already being carried out in bilateral and other multilateral fora. . based on equal partnership and enhancing mutual understanding. Canada. China. ASEM can best work to facilitate and stimulate progress in other fora. ■ Dual focus on high-level and people-to-people . and the European Union with 21 Asian countries and the ASEAN Secretariat ○ Key Characteristics .

(n.AEC . The last summits happened in Milan. The last one happened in Vietnam on October 2012.d. Ministerial Meetings held on foreign affairs. R. It is attended by a government minister. Netherlands 2014) Environment Ministers' Meetings (4 meetings. cultural or educational issues.Summits Summits Conducted 10 Summits. Retrieved from http://aseanup. it already happened 4 times. last: Milan. (n.d. Diplomatic Handbook (New York: Addison Wesley Longman 1998) .asean. Cultural Ministers' Meetings (6 meetings.).php/page/view/asean-memberstates/view/709/newsid/789/philippines.d.html Foreign Trade Statistics of the Philippines: 2013 | National Statistics Office. financial.). the Summits are attended by the heads of state and government of the respective ASEAN Member States.d. last: Rotterdam. last: Mongolia 2012) Finance Ministers’ Meetings (11 meetings. Retrieved from http://investasean. last: China 1999) Ministerial Conferences held when needs arise to discuss specific issues and areas beyond the regular ministerial meetings. (n.).d.ASEAN About the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) | ASEM InfoBoard. Retrieved from http://census. ( References: ● ● ● ● ● ● Benefits of the ASEAN Economic Community .) Italy on October. environmental. 2014. (n. economic.). Retrieved from Philippines | ASEAN Member States | ASEAN Feltham. last: Malaysia 2013) Science and Technology Ministers' Meetings (1 meeting. Retrieved from http://www. last: India 2013) Meetings for Ministers of Education (4 meetings.aseminfoboard. Italy 2014) Foreign Ministers' Meetings (11 meetings.asean. Labor and Employment Ministers’ Conferences the recent.