Inversion of

subject
1 Questions and sentences that might look like questions
The ECPE grammar section might try to trick you with a sentence that
might look like a question when it isn't.
They are bound to ask us _____.
a. if has been cancelled the order
b. why the order was cancelled
c. why did we cancel the order
d. the reason to be cancelled the order
We need "why" to complete this sentence but option c is wrong
because this sentence is not a question (so we don't want the
inverted verb-subject word order). The correct answer is b.
Don't be caught out by longer questions that have the inversion in an
initial phrase such as: "Could you tell me..." "Would you mind..." etc.
If there is an inversion at the beginning like this, there won't be
another inversion in the main part of the sentence. For example:
Would you be so kind as to tell me where the money is? (Not
"...where is the money")
And don't be caught out by sentences used to make enquiries that
are not really questions.
"I wonder if you could tell me when the next train to Houston is due."
(Not "...when is the next train to Houston due")
2 Inversions with "so", "neither" and "nor"

") "I am fond of flamenco dancing. Bob rarely speaks to himself. we need an inversion. Here are some examples with other phrases used in the same way." Or they can be used in the following way (also including an inversion).) 3 Inversions after negative adverbials There are some words and phrases that function as adverbials that sometimes need an inversion.When "so". Seldom does Bob get invited to parties." (Or: "Nor am I. If it comes after the subject. At no time did the prisoner look as if he might confess. and neither do we. but if it comes before the subject. Not only is she a great dancer but she is also an amazing mathematician. Look at these two sentences. Jennifer buys only organic fruit and vegetables. there is no inversion (as in the first sentence). "neither" and "nor" are used to make short agreements they are followed by an inversion. The adverb here is "rarely". and sentences like this are less common in ordinary conversation. The word order is inverted and in the case of the sentence about Bob we use the auxilliary verb "does" in the same way we do in questions (although this isn't a question).nor do we. Rarely does Bob speak to himself. Not until she took up rock climbing did she overcome her fear of . "I am not into hip hop. and so does Hugh. They don't mind the higher prices.. (seldom = rarely) Never have we seen such a breathtaking view. The sentence with the inversion sounds more formal or more literary." "Neither am I." "So am I. (Or: ..

The following sentences with "only" include inversions.heights. Only after he arrived at the airport did he look for his passport. Compare the following sentences with the corresponding sentences above. It was not until Effie left Brooklyn that she realized how attached she had become to the place. Only if you look through this dark glass will you be able to see the spots on the sun. Note that the past perfect tense is used to describe the event that happened first. Under no circumstances* will prisoners be allowed to give interviews to the media. Little** did she realize that her grandmother was really a wolf.B. . No sooner had he stepped outside than it started to rain. Scarcely had he stepped outside when it started to rain. The alternative without the inversion is: Prisoners will not be allowed to give interviews to the media under any circumstances. ** This means that the girl didn't realize at all that her grandmother was really a wolf. The following three are used to describe an event that happened immediately after another. Hardly had he stepped outside when it started to rain. * This is used to describe rules for which there are no exceptions. She is not only a great dancer but she is also an amazing mathematician. Note that it is not always the first verb that is inverted. N. Remember that no inversion is possible if the adverbial doesn't come before the subject.

5 Inversions with "so" and "such" So excited were they that they couldn't sit still. Only Fiona knew the answer to the question.We accepted the invitation. In these sentences "as" indicates the similarity between two things. Only by threatening extreme physical violence was the teacher able to control the class. "were" and "had" are the only verbs that can be inverted in this way. Note that "should". (And "were" is also used with he. Should you see Nigel. Note that there is no inversion when "only" is used in the following way. 3 Conditionals with inversions In conditional (hypothetical) sentences we can sometimes drop "if" and use an inversion. .) 4 Inversions with "as" Elisabeth was too shy to dance. give him my regards. Were I in your shoes. as was Gerald. she and it. I would make a formal complaint. I would have bought her a gift. as did Gerald. Had I known it was her birthday. Only later did we suspect it might be a trap. Such was their excitement that they began to jump up and down. She decided to leave early.

we were sorry to leave in the end. * Here the past participle is used like an adjective. 6 Inversions after adjectives A few very literary sentences begin with an adjective and include an inversion. However there is no inversion in the following sentence. Blessed are the children who are still unaware of what the future holds. Strange as it may seem. .. Gone* are the days when I could have been happy.Note that "so" is followed by an adjective and "such" can be replaced by "so great" (So great was their excitement that..).