Packet Tracer Practical Tips

Nishant M Gandhi
Teaching Assistant,
Computer Engineering Department,
S V National Institute of Technology, Surat.
Nishantgandhi99@gmail.com

Introduction:
Packet Tracer is a proprietary tool of Cisco. It is used to
create & simulate network virtually. It gives same
environment virtually as it exists physically. So what
you do need to do and work same on all virtually
provided devices as you are working with them
physically. This is the beauty of this tool. This tool is
widely used in CCNA training.
This tool gives all type of network devices require to
create one real time working network and also provide
same interface as if you are working on real device.
Packet Tracer WIKI is available. You can read more online about it. Here my
focus is how to use it…

Different Operation:

Click on instrument. Select Desktop and go to “IP Configuration”. How to set IP Address in Router? A4. Then click on page to drop it.FastEthernet4/0. Desktop. Select Router . CLI. One menu will open having three tabs: Physical. Select Config. Q4. .Q1. How to set up instruments? A1. On left bottom cornet you will find sign like From here you can select your cable Q3. Config. Here you can set IP Addresses. i.e. Set IP Address in it & Check the ON check box. click on it. Select Interface in which you want to set IP. Q2. How to connect different instruments with cables? A2. How to set IP Address in any PC/Laptop or Server? A3. Config. Select PC in which you want to set IP Address. Click on it. One menu will open having three tabs: Physical.

. In most of the Routers. Now switch off the Router from the right top side on the picture of router. Select tab Physical. Select the one you want. Now on left side there is list of different kind of Ethernet cards whose detail is given in bottom. Select Router.Q5. if you want to connect more devices with Router. It has free physical slots which you can fill up. Now Drag the Ethernet card from right bottom most side and drop it on Routers’ empty slot. What to do if Router doesn’t have enough Ethernet port to connect? A5.

168.168.1. you need to add all the network addresses which you have entered in different Ethernet cards in your router.Switch on the Router again. You have configured FastEthernet 4/0 with 192.168. How to Configure RIP in Router? A6. In other word.2. i.e. In RIP configuration. You have Router 1.1/24 FastEthernet 6/0 with 192. Q6.0.1/24 So for RIP .1/24 FastEthernet 5/0 with 192. You just need to enter the network address of all interface that are directly connected with your Router.

2.0 1) One Network(with one PC) One Switch: .You need to enter three network addresses 192.168.0 192.168.1.0.168.0 192.

Step1: Put one PC & One Generic Switch Step2: Connect them both with copper straight cable Step3: Open property of My PC >> Desktop >> IP Configure Now set following.255.0 You Are UP!!!!!!!! 2) Two Network(two PC each) One Switch: .1 Subnet Mask: 255.168.0.255. IP Address: 192.

16.0 255.0 255.1 172.168.Step1: Put four PC & One Generic Switch PC0 & PC1 for Network 1 PC2 & PC3 for Network 2 Step2: Connect them all with copper straight cable Step3: Set following IP & Mask PC Name PC0 PC1 PC2 PC3 IP Address 192.0 Try to ping each other and see what happens… .255.255.255.0.16.2 172.0.0.0.0 255.0.255.255.168.255.2 Subnet Mask 255.1 192.0.

3) Two Network Two Switch One Router: . they must be in same logical network. Conclusion: For two computers to communicate.Observation: Though they are connected with each other with single switch only PC0&PC1 can communicate with each other and PC2&PC3 can communicate with each other.

255.16. One Generic Switch & One Generic Router PC0 & PC1 for Network 1 PC2 & PC3 for Network 2 Step2: Connect them all(Switch & PCs) with copper straight cable Step3: Connect Switches with Router using Fiber Cable Step4: Set following IP & Mask PC Name PC0 PC1 PC2 PC3 IP Address 192.0 .2 172.3 172.168.255.255.0 255.0 255.0 255.0.16.255.0.255.2 192.Step1: Put four PC.3 Subnet Mask 255.255.0.0.0.168.0.

1 255. Conclusion: With Router.16. .0/16 can communicate now.0.0. When different networks are connected with only one router then they don’t need to use routing algorithm because router knows the all networks and where to send packets.0 Switch 1 Try to ping each other and see what happens… Observation: Two network 192. Interface IP Address Subnet Mask Cable connected with 192.168. We can make communication between two different networks.0.0.255.255.16.0.168.255.0 Switch 0 Cable connected with 172.Step5: Set the Router’s FastEthernet IP Address in its respective Interface IP Configuration as follow. We have not specified(applied) any routing algorithm.1 255.0/24 and 172.

One Generic Switch & One Generic Router PC0 & PC1 for Network 1 PC2 & PC3 for Network 2 Step2: Connect them all(Switch & PCs) with copper straight cables Step3: Connect Switches with Router using Fiber Cables Step4: Connect Routers with Fiber Cables Step5: Set following IP & Mask .4) Two Network Two Switch Two Router: Step1: Put four PC.

168.255.255.255.255.PC Name PC0 PC1 PC2 PC3 IP Address 192.0 172.255.1.0.0.255.0.16.1 Subnet Mask 255.3 192.255.2 192.0.1 Subnet Mask 255.0.0.2 255.255.1.255.168.0 Router 1: 192.255.255.168.0 172.0 172.2 192.255.0 .168.255.0 172.168.16.255.0.3 Subnet Mask 255.1.1.0.0 IP Address 192.1 255.168.0 Step6: Set the Router’s FastEthernet IP Address in its respective Interface IP Configuration as follow.255.16.0 255.0 255.255.0 Step7: Add network address in RIP for routing the packets.168.16. Router 0: 192. Router 0: Interface Cable connected with Switch 0 Cable connected with Router 1 Router 1: Interface Cable connected with Switch 1 Cable connected with Router 0 IP Address 192.0 255.168.

1. . When different networks are connected with more than router then we need to use routing algorithm because router has to decide where to send packets.0/24 can communicate now.0/24 and 192.168. We can make communication between two different networks. Conclusion: With Router.168.0. We have to configure routing algorithm (In our case RIP).Try to ping each other and see what happens… Observation: Two network 192.

5) Three Network Three Switch Three Router: Step1: Put six Generic Router PC0 & PC1 PC2 & PC3 PC4 & PC5 PC. three Generic Switch & three for Network 1 for Network 2 for Network 3 .

168.2.16.255.255.168.0 255.1.1 255.0 172.2 192.2.0.168.255.2 255.255.0 255.16.255.255.168.255.2 192.255.255.0 255.255.1 255.1.1 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.3 192.0 255.0.Step2: Connect them all(Switch & PCs) with copper straight cables Step3: Connect Switches with Router using Fiber Cables Step4: Connect Routers with Fiber Cables Step5: Set following IP & Mask PC Name PC0 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 IP Address 192.0.1 Subnet Mask 255.0 255.168.168.255.1.255.255.168.0 Step6: Set the Router’s FastEthernet IP Address in its respective Interface IP Configuration as follow.3 Subnet Mask 255. Router 0: Interface Cable connected with Switch 0 Cable connected with Router 1 Router 1: Interface Cable connected with Switch 1 Cable connected with Router 0 Cable connected with Router 2 IP Address 192.255.168.255.0 .2 192.0.0 172.255.255.3 192.255.16.0.255.0 172.1.255.0 IP Address 192.

0/24 and 192.168.2. .16.1.1.0.0 172. Conclusion: With Routers.0/24 and 192.168. We can make communication between many different networks.0 172.168. Router 0: 192.255.255.1 Subnet Mask 255.0 Step7: Add network address in RIP for routing the packets.2.168.2.1.0.16.16.0.Router 2: Interface Cable connected with Switch 2 Cable connected with Router 1 IP Address 192.0 172.0 Router 2: 192.255.0/24 can communicate now.168.16.0 Try to ping each other and see what happens… Observation: Three network 192.2 255.168.0. We have to configure routing algorithm (In our case RIP).0 172.168.255.0 Router 1: 192.0.

THE END .