When speaking of India, the same words usually come to mind: poor, dirty, underdeveloped. In a sense, this is true,
and will take years to remedy. Despite this, those living here see change come about day by day, ever so slowly.
The sprawling maze of stacked houses and delicately intertwining alleyways known as Dharavi is the largest slum in
India. That’s one million people crammed into just 1.75 square kms. Imagine one million people in half of New York’s
Central Park, that’s Dharavi. This series will focus on the economics of Dharavi and how this makes it so different
from other slums and townships around the world. People usually assume that slums are no more than some stacked
houses and beggars, but this cannot be said for Dharavi. To give you an idea of the size of the industry, the annual
turnover of Dharavi is estimated to be Rs. 30 billion. This is the product of many different industries such as, leather,
textiles,pottery, plastic and metal recycling, food products and money lending.

India's growing middle class has access to more goods, services and products than ever before.
This new consumerism heaped atop rapid urbanization has left municipalities with an issue much
less glamorous than the new malls, grocery stores and mega-shops dotting the cities. Massive solid
waste accumulation has become an overwhelming environmental, health and aesthetic hazard for
urban areas. Mumbai, for example, generates nearly 7,025 tons of waste on a daily basis, according
to the Bombay Community Public Trust. Yet, as the study points out, this trash is from officially
recognized areas of the city and likely leaves out thousands more tons from informal slums.
As a result of this lack of infrastructure, a large informal ragpicking and recycling industry
has grown among the urban poor. Ragpickers — mostly women and children — wade through
piles of unwanted goods to salvage scraps that can be sold off to earn a daily living.

According to an article in the Guardian that explores the narrow bylanes of the 13th Compound, a
growing number of environmental campaigners say that Dharavi is "becoming the green lung
stopping Mumbai choking to death on its own waste." The vast operation employs an estimated
250,000 of the urban poor who sort, separate, clean, and recycle everything imaginable collected
from all corners of the city. Glass, paper, aluminum, plastics and tins are part of the 4,000 tons of

SPEECH 5 CONCLUSION A lesson to be learnt Recycling is still very much the focus of many developed countries. fill less landfills. Resources are limited but wants are unlimited. India has no municipal waste management policy or program of recycling which makes the work of the ragpickers indispensable to the city.000 to 15. This fascinating world of generating revenue out of trash has earned the industry the label ‘Dharavi’s Recycling Miracle’. . Extraordinarily. Despite many of the social and ethical controversies surrounding the recycling industry in India. In India." but the lack of infrastructure in Dharavi works against the scale-up of the recycling industry to reach its true earning potential SPEECH 4 DID YOU KNOW? Over 80% of Mumbai’s waste is given a new lease of life. as well as conserving resources and reducing costs.waste that get processed every day. Dharavi has carved a reputation for itself as the ecological heart of Mumbai. says an article on Dharavi's recycling potential by the blog Green Jobs for India. While the staggering numbers have earned the 13th Compound a label of "Dharavi's recycling miracle. In fact. The seller and the buyer both make money thus making it a true revenue-generating idea. waste management will continue to be a pressing issue of today’s environmental climate. wages in Dhavari are well above the monthly average at 3. the fact remains that recycling has helped reduce the ever-increasing volumes of trash. The industry generates US$72 million per year.000 rupees per month. who continuously strive to improve their recycling endeavours. recycling up to 80% of all its waste material produced by the city. produce bio gas and provide cleaner societies. With an accelerating consumer culture and population numbers on the rise.

plastic is put into moulds. water bottles to toy cars! So now when you’re drinking you Evian or Fiji water.000 one-room factories and employs over 250. Sometimes. Next. oppressive room with a huge metal machine. producing a combined economic output valued at over $1 billion per year. the pieces of the same colour are melted in a different machine and are then rolled into thin strings. This. When the plastic has hardened they are taken out of their moulds and used again. The process continues in a cramped. so called factory.The scavenger mentality. just remember that what you’re drinking out of may have been made in Dharavi by a man who is being paid just 100 rupees (USD 2) per day. they sort all of the plastic by colour and quality. The most prominent of these industries is recycling. Firstly the small pieces are dyed a certain colour and the machine that does this also heats them slightly. The last stage of recycling is not done in Dharavi itself. These now ‘clean’ crushed pieces are laid on the roof to dry and lay in wait for the next stage. The pellets are put into a machine which melts them down and the. they even buy old shoes as material to recycle! Some of the recycling factories even have agreements with hospitals and restaurants. which collects and reuses an estimated 80 percent of Mumbai's plastic waste in 15. The next stage has two parts. wherein they give their rubbish directly to them. is where the plastic is crushed into small pieces and then washed in a large bucket of water (which is probably dirtier than the crushed pieces themselves). grassroots recycling and sheer necessity of Dharavi’s ragpickers have led to imaginative leaps in deploying waste and a growing number of environmental campaigners recognize Dharavi as becoming the green lung stopping Mumbai choking to death on its own waste.000 people. This strings are then cut into small pieces. EXTRA People migrate to Dharavi from all over India to work in diverse industrial enterprises that capitalize on cheap labor and virtual lack of regulation. populated by men AND WOMEN with neither gloves nor goggles or helmets. So now that the ragpickers have collected all of this rubbish. They can be many things. OR AS WE WOULD LIKE TO CALL IT. . now liquid. THE SLUM INNOVATION SPEECH 6 THE PLASTIC PROCESS” The process starts with ragpickers collecting all the rubbish that they can from around the city of Mumbai. known to the workers as pellets.

Some call the Dharavi slum an embarassing eyesore in the middle of India's financial capital. 15 per tin container. food. Asif explains how in those years the quantities of tin containers were very rare as people would prefer keeping them at home after the actual purpose of those containers was reached. The ones that are either rusted. Mr. Asif deals with empty tin scrap. and that’s when he knew exactly what he wanted to do. Asif gets around 2800 tin containers in a month.1012 Mr. Mr. The entire profit earned per container does not belong to him. 25-28 per container. When asked how he entered this field.1011.SPEECH 7 TIN ENTREPREUR: SMA 1010. he explains how he had seen his father get into the tin recycling industry. So Asif’s father would flatten the containers up and sell it to the oil industries which would make them again according to their own specifications. Even though he has his own vehicle that transports the containers. The tin containers are cleant with warm water from inside and outside. are sold at the rate of Rs. He buys them at the rate of Rs. And once the containers are cleant they are segregated into 2 parts depending upon their condition. The cleaner ones are then sent to the potential buyers and after having a look at them closely. Its residents call it home. damaged or even broken are hammered and flattened up in a flat tin sheet and are sold to the traders. phone recharges and even paan for the workers. tea. . He has been into the industry for over 18 yrs. he does have to incur costs like wages. In today’s time.