# CHAPTER III

METHODOLOGY

3.1

RESEARCH DESIGN

3.2

RESEARCH PROCEDURE
(1) Gathered data from any kind of resources such as internet and books available in the
library to conduct this research study.
(2) Prepared all the budget, apparatus/materials and facilities needed.
(3) Sent a letter of permission to Prof. Conrado L. Pioquinto (noted by our adviser Engr.
Audrey B. Aba, Program Head Engr. Jerry S. Porras, VPAA Dr. Dolores S. Daguino
and Dean Engr. Danilo C. Galindo) for the entry of our delivery of Cement, sand,
gravels and PVC pipes. Then, bought the said materials afterwards.
(4) Conducted laboratory procedures of the first two objectives which are to determine
the individual properties (such as Grading, Specific Gravity & Absorption, Bulk
Density, Surface Texture, Fineness and Moisture Content) of the cement, sand and
gravels (river-source & crushed stone).

The following laboratory procedures were based on ASTM:
4.1 Sieve Analysis of River source stone & Crushed stone:

3 Mass Density River source stone & Crushed stone: Materials: Tamping rod. Weigh and jot down as   the saturated surface-dry condition. Procedure:   Take a 5 kilogram sample of the aggregate and note as the initial weight. After weighing. After oven-drying. weighing scale and sample coarse aggregates. Weigh the sample. Take the sample off the water then wipe its surface dry. spring balance and a weighing scale.1 Grading Requirements for Coarse Aggregates (ASTM 33/ AASHTO M80) 4. 4. Compute for  volume of the noted measurements. Procedure:  Fill the cylindrical container with the coarse aggregates. 4.4 Moisture Content of River source stone & Crushed stone: . Note: when placing the sample in the container.2 Specific Gravity & Absorption of River source stone & Crushed stone: Materials: Bucket. weigh using the spring balance while it is completely submerged in water. ruler. repeat in several times until the aggregates surface is free of foreign objects. medium-sized pan. cylindrical container. then. Place the sample in the oven for 2 hours. aggregates. Place the sample in the wire basket then soak in water. measure the inner diameter and the height of the container. The weight   observed minus the weight of the wire basket is noted as the buoyant weight. leave the sample soaked in the water for 3 days. wire basket. oven.Table 1. use the tamping rod to allow the sample fill the voids. let it cool before weighing as the oven-dry condition of the sample.  Then.

water. funnel. Procedure:  Weigh the pan first and put a 500g of sand then weigh again and noted as W1. cover it and shake the container up &   down direction. 500g of sand and observation sheet. graduated cylinder. After 1 hour. enamel tray. filter paper. Empty the container & place the water in the enamel tray.6 Specific Gravity & Absorption of Sand: Materials: Weighing balance.  Place the 500g of sand in the Erlenmeyer flask. air tight container. Then completely fill it with clean water. Joined the accumulated sand in the sand in the enamel tray and oven it good  for 1 hour. Water in the enamel tray is separated by placing it in the beaker.2 Fine Aggregates Grading Limits (ASTM C33/ AASHTO M 6) 4. Water place in the beaker being filtered in the graduated cylinder and wait until the sand  totally separated in the water. Weigh the refilled flask  and note as W3. Erlenmeyer flask.4.5 Sieve Analysis of Sand: Table 1. . Wash and clean the flask and refill it with clean water up to same level. fill it partially with clean  water & entrapped air be eliminated by stirring it with the glass rod. glass rod. oven. pan. weigh it and noted as W4. Weigh the filled container and note it as W2. removed the tray and the sand being cooled in the air tight container.