Styles or Movements in

Art

Discobolus by Myron
-concentrated
-perefect stance and
perfect body

Apollo Belvedere by
Leochares
-idea of beauty is
youth (that’s why not
erected genetalia
-innocence, youth and
inactive participant of
desire

CLASSICAL
-Greek art in general
-man, ideal, nautre
and reason (minr)
-embody and ideal
type
-Gods are human
representation of
nature
-RULE of THIRDS:
don’t put something
in the middle, it would
look ugly

Venus de Milo by
Andros of Antioch, son
of Menides

Victory of Samothrace

-bottom heave size of woman
-ideal of a perfect woman: has
enough to nurture a child
hips and body facing audience
but not the face

-NIKE
-Goddess of Victory
-stillness: She seems to connect
with movement (feet position,
looks like she’s moving through
air

ROMANTICISM
-Opposite of Classical Art
-depict through emotions and imagination

Liberty Leading the
People Eugene
Delacroix

-Emotion over logical/
portrays high drama
-“you can’t have what I
have so I’ll destroy you all”

The Death of
Sardanapalus by
Eugene Delacroix

-Gericault equated the alps as Rome
(he’s on the side of Rome

Hannibal Crossing the Alps
by Theodore Gericault

-First person to threaten Rome:
Hannibal
-Hannibal: Enemy of Rome

Man holding his legs: Indian (her
lover)
Her upper body: Priest

The Burial of
Atala
Anne-Louis
Girodet

Atala vowed to chastity so she can’t
marry the man she really loves. She
poisoned herself to die
Woman caught with two things that
is important to her: Religion and the
man he loves

Her body is not proportioned

Le Grande Odalisque
Jean-Auguste Ingres

The object you desire is desiring you back

Invention of Camera: Start of Realism
Photography

Horse Racing at Epsom
Theodore Gericault

Eadward
Muybridge

Realism
Subjects in painting is more real; not
focused on the ideal and not portraying
beauty all the time
captures what the world is all about

The Gleaners Jean
Francois Millet

The Gleaners and The noonday rest
by Jean Francois Millet; The Third
Class Wagon by Honore Daumier
All about poor people; third class in
the classification of people

The Noonday Rest Jean
Francois Millet

The Third Class Wagon
Honore Daumier

Music at the tuileries garden is a
gathering of middle class people

Music at the Tuileries Garden
Edouard Manet

If they’re rich they can affort an
event place

Mt. Shasta, California Albert
Bierstadt

If you’re good at
painting nature you’re
an excellent painter

Water
Peter
Bougie

Dance Class Albert
Bierstadt

Dance Class by Albert Beirstadt and
Blue Dancers by Edgar Degas are in
Realism and Impressionism

Edgar Degas; portray
movement in one
painting

Blue Dancers
Edgar Degas

Where the name
“impressionism” came from
Harbour is the setting

Sunrise, Impression
Claude Monet

Impressionist: a moment is
the only thing you need to
pain: insist that they are
more real
IMPRESSIONISM is how
SUNLIGHT/LIGHT hits the
object

Happened in the Morning

The Beach at Sainte-Adresse
Claude Monet

IMPRESSIONISM
PAINTINGS HERE ARE
ALL DRAWN BY
CLAUDE MONET

Happened in the AFTERNOON

Sunlight strikes the grass
and the dress of Madame
Monet

Madame Monet and her
son
Claude Monet

Haystacks, at the end
of Summer
Claude Monet

Haystacks in Autumn
Claude Monet

Season and how different it is

Haystacks, Morning
Snow Effect
Claude Monet

Sun Breaking Through the
Fog, H.o.P. Claude Monet

Water –
Lilies
Claude
Monet

Fauvism came from the french word;
LES FAUVES which means “Wild
Beast”
Fauvist uses earthly colors, they said
that they’re nearer to art because they
deal with the things produced by earth.
Fauvist believes in the PURITY OF
COLOR

The Open
Window,
Collioure
Henri
Matisse

No blending and no 3D; colors as it is
Childlike paintings; FLAT PAINTINGS

FAUVISM

Landscape with Red Trees,
Maurice de Vlaminck

Harmony in Red,
Henri Matisse

Icarus
Henri
Matisse

SYMBOLISM
SYMBOLISM
signifier- physical thing that you
see
signified- idea and concept (no
shape, something abstract
Symbolist use symbols that we
have that’s why they use
GREEK MYTHOLOGY

Hylas and the Nymphs
John William Waterhouse

NYMPHS-look lik goddesses; they seduce
mortals; guardian of the bodies of water;causes
the downfall of MAN (here on the picture is
HYLAS)
Represents temptation; when it’s there it is easy to
fall for it than to resist it

Orpheus wife is Erydice who was in the
underworld
His head thrown in the river and it still sings
(resting on his lyre)
Guilt because he has doubt that his wife won’t
follow him so he looked back (condition was
don’t look back or else Erydice would die)

Orpheus

Jean Delville

Ophelia is the fiance of HAMLET
Hamlet lost time for her so she
jumped in the river
foreshadowing: she was lying
down with the flowers, she died
whit flowers surrounding her

Ophelia John William
Waterhouse

Paintings as follows:
John William WaterHouse
Jean Delville
John William Waterhouse
Gustave Moreau
John William Waterhouse
Gustave Moreau
John William Waterhouse

Galatea

Galatea and Pygmalion

Gustave
Moreau

Famous lovers in Greek Myth
Pygmalion is a sculptor who fell in love
with his own sculpture; Aphrodite
(Goddess
of beauty) because of
Sympathy turned Galatea as a mortal

Thisbe
John William
Waterhouse

Wall is represented by anger that is
palpable; emotion of families about
anger and hate

Oedipus
and the
Sphinx
Gustave
Moreau

Cleopatra

Normal: with man’s face
Sphinx guards the city by giving riddles an
ordinary human can’t solve: Oedipus
answered the riddle
“you are strong but you can’t fight your
destiny
Egyptians hate her, calls her “whore queen”
because they thought that she give herself
to the emperors of Rome to protect her
empire

John
William
former ruler of Egypt
Waterhouse

Depicted as “woman of power”

EXPRESSIONISM
Expressionism is influenced by impressionism
would blend colors and would be fascinated how
colors affect emotions
focus in INTERNAL world; it’s subjective
direct reaction to Impressionism

!

Gogh painted Starry Night
“when i look at the starts, they always make me dream” -Gogh

Starry!Night!by!
Vincent!Van! flow of line is evident
Gogh!
the sky moves while the earth is still (baligtad)

“somebody cut them off with
greatest potential”

Four%Cut%Sunflowers%%%%!!
Vincent!Van!Gogh!

Vincent s Chair
with Pipe
smoke pipe and just ordinary floor

Vincent Van Gogh
portrays that Paul
has more potential
and talent than him

Gaugin s Chair
with Books and
Candle
Vincent Van Gogh

Looks cultured, carpeted floor

The Scream
Edvard
Munch

EXPRESSIONISM

Can deal with things and feelings that are ugly
no way to idealize it and beautify it
Puberty
Edvard
Munch

showing real emotions

SURREALISM!

The!Persistence!of!
Memory!by!Salvador!
Dali!

The movement of time is different
from the movement of memory

Two opposite means that could not meet

The Lovers
Salvador Dali

drugs-liason
mirror supposed to tell the truth

Dangerous Liasons
Rene Magritte

Memory
Rene
Magritte

Homesickness
Rene Magritte

sometimes it’s hard to talk to the person

The Art of
Conversation
Joan Miro